jlpt_n3_vocabulary - Tanos by wanghonghx

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									List created by www.mund-tandem.com
It contains ~3700 words and is using ~690 kanji.

あっ                            あっ
ああ                            ああ                   (interjection) Ah!, Oh!, Alas!, Yes, Indeed, That is correct, Hey!,
愛                             あい                   (noun,) love, affection
あいかわらず                        あいかわらず               (noun) as ever, as usual, the same
愛情                            あいじょう                (nouns) love, affection
アイスクリーム                       アイスクリーム              (noun) ice cream, icecream
間                             あいだ                  (noun) space (between), gap, interval, distance, time (between
相手                            あいて                  (noun) companion, partner, company, other party, addressee, o
アイデア/アイディア                    アイデア/アイディア
あいにく                          あいにく                 (nouns) unfortunately, Sorry, but ...
アイロン                          アイロン                 (noun) (electric) iron
合う                            あう                   (intransitive) to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet, to
アウト                           アウト                  (noun) out
青                             あお                   (noun) blue, green, green light, black (horse coat color); (prefix
あおぐ                           あおぐ                  (transitive) to fan, to incite, to instigate
赤                             あか                   (noun) red, crimson, scarlet, red-containing colour (e.g. brown,
あかちゃん                         あかちゃん                (noun) baby, infant
明い                            あかるい                 (adjective) bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledg
あき                            あき                   (noun) space, room, emptiness, gap, opening, vacancy, empty s
秋                             あき                   (noun) autumn, fall
明らか                           あきらか                 (noun) obvious, evident, clear, plain
あきらめる                         あきらめる                (transitive) to give up, to abandon
あきれる                          あきれる                 (intransitive) to be amazed, to be shocked
開く                            あく                   (transitive) to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.); (intrans
空く                            あく                   (intransitive) to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty
あくしゅ                          あくしゅ                 (noun) handshake
アクセサリー                        アクセサリー               (noun) accessory
アクセント                         アクセント                (noun) accent
あくび                           あくび                  (noun) yawn, yawning (and stretching)
あくまで                          あくまで                 (adverb) to the end, to the bitter end, to the last, stubbornly, p
明くる~                          あくる~
開ける                           あける                  (transitive) to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, packa
明ける                           あける                  (transitive) to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, packa
あげる (=やる)                     あげる (=やる)
あこがれる                         あこがれる                (intransitive) to long for, to yearn after, to admire, to be attract
朝                             あさ                   (noun) morning
あさって                          あさって                 (noun) day after tomorrow
あし                            あし                   (noun) foot, leg, gait, pace, bottom structural component (i.e. r
味                             あじ                   (noun) flavor, flavour, taste, charm, style, experience; (adjectiv
あした                           あした                  (noun) morning
足元                            あしもと                 (noun) at one's feet, underfoot, gait, pace, step; (pronoun) you
明日                            あす                   (noun) tomorrow
あずかる                          あずかる                 (transitive) to look after, to take care of, to keep, to hold on to,
あせ                            あせ                   (noun) sweat, perspiration, moisture, condensation
あそこ      あそこ      (nouns) there (place physically distant from both speaker and li
遊び       あそび      (noun,) playing, play (margin between on and off, gap before p
あたためる    あたためる    (transitive) to warm, to heat
頭        あたま      (counter) counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle)
新しい      あたらしい    (adjective) new
あたり      あたり      (noun) on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond), (in the
あたりまえ    あたりまえ    (nouns) natural, reasonable, obvious, usual, common, ordinary
あちこち     あちこち     (pronoun) here and there; (noun) to get things in the wrong ord
あひら      あひら
あっち      あっち      (nouns) that way (direction distant from both speaker and liste
あちらこちら   あちらこちら   (pronoun) here and there; (noun) to get things in the wrong ord
厚かましい    あつかましい   (adjective) impudent, shameless, brazen
集まり      あつまり     (noun) gathering, meeting, assembly, collection
集める      あつめる     (transitive) to collect, to assemble, to gather
あてな      あてな      (noun) (addressee's) name, (recipient's) name and address
あてはまる    あてはまる    (Godan) to apply (a rule), to be applicable, to come under (a ca
あてはめる    あてはめる    (transitive) to apply, to adapt
あてる      あてる      (transitive) to hit, to expose, to apply (e.g. patch), to allot, to ca
後        あと       (nouns) behind, rear, after, later, after one's death, remainder,
あと       あと       (noun) trace, tracks, mark, sign, remains, ruins, scar
あと       あと       (nouns) behind, rear, after, later, after one's death, remainder,
あな       あな       (noun,) hole, deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meet
アナウンサー   アナウンサー   (noun) announcer
あなた      あなた      (nouns) you (referring to someone of equal or lower status), de
兄        あに       (noun) older brother
姉        あね       (noun) older sister, elder sister
あの       あの       (pre-noun) that (someone or something distant from both spea
アパート     アパート     (noun) apartment building, apartment block, apartment house,
浴びる      あびる      (transitive) to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
油        あぶら      (noun) oil
アフリカ     アフリカ     (nouns) Africa
あぶる      あぶる      (transitive) to warm (i.e. one's hands over a fire), to dry, to scor
あふれる     あふれる     (intransitive) to overflow, to brim over, to flood
あむ       あむ       (transitive) to knit, to plait, to braid, to compile (anthology, dict
雨        あめ       (noun) rain
アメリカ     アメリカ     (noun) America
あやまり     あやまり     (noun) error, mistake, slip, bug
あら       あら       (adverb) almost, roughly, approximately
新た       あらた      (noun) new, fresh, novel; (adverb) newly, freshly, re-
あらゆる     あらゆる     (pre-noun) all, every
あらわす     あらわす     (transitive) to write, to publish
ありがとう    ありがとう    (Expressions) Thank you
あるいは     あるいは     (Expressions) or, possibly
歩く       あるく      (intransitive) to walk
アルバイト    アルバイト    (noun) part-time job, side job; (noun) albite
アルバム     アルバム     (noun) album
あれ       あれ       (noun) that (indicating something distant from both speaker an
あれこれ     あれこれ     (pronoun) one thing or another, this and that, this or that
あわせる     あわせる     (transitive) to match (rhythm, speed, etc.), to join together, to
あん       あん       (noun,) idea, plan, thought, draft plan, motion, rough copy, exp
安易       あんい      (noun) easy, simple, easy-going
あんき      あんき      (noun) memorization, memorisation, learning by heart
安心       あんしん     (noun) relief, peace of mind
安全       あんぜん     (noun) safety, security
安定       あんてい     (noun) stability, equilibrium
アンテナ     アンテナ     (noun) antenna, person who collects information or opinions
あんな      あんな      (pre-noun) such (about something or someone distant from bo
あんない     あんない     (noun) information, guidance, leading; (noun) to guide, to show
あんなに     あんなに     (Expressions) to that extent, to that degree
胃        い        (noun) stomach, Chinese "stomach" constellation (one of the 2
~位       ~い
いい       いい       (adjective) good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable, suffi
いえ       いえ       (noun) house, residence, dwelling, family, household, lineage, f
言い付ける    いいつける    (transitive) to tell (to do), to order, to charge, to direct, to tell o
委員       いいん      (noun) committee member
言う       いう       (Godan) to say, to call (i.e. to give a name)
家        いえ       (noun) house, residence, dwelling, family, household, lineage, f
以下       いか       (noun) not exceeding, and downward, ... and below, below (e.g
意外       いがい      (noun) unexpected, surprising
いかが      いかが      (adverb) how, in what way, how about
医学       いがく      (noun) medical science, medicine
いき       いき       (noun,) bound for ...; (noun) going (to)
息        いき       (noun) breath, breathing, tone, mood
いぎ       いぎ       (noun) meaning, significance
勢い       いきおい     (noun) force, vigor, vigour, energy, spirit, life, influence, author
生きる      いきる      (intransitive) to live, to exist
いく~      いく~
行く       いく       (intransitive) to go, to proceed, to take place, to die, to pass aw
育児       いくじ      (noun) childcare, nursing, upbringing
いくら~ても   いくら~ても
池        いけ       (noun) pond
いけない     いけない     (Expressions) wrong, not good, of no use, hopeless, past hope,
意見       いけん      (nouns) opinion, view
以後       いご       (noun) after this, from now on, hereafter, thereafter, since (ver
イコール     イコール     (adjectival) equal, the equality sign (=); (Expressions) equals (A
石        いし       (noun) stone, gem, jewel
医師       いし       (nouns) doctor, physician
意思       いし       (noun) intention, purpose
いじ       いじ       (noun) maintenance, preservation, improvement
意識       いしき      (noun) consciousness, awareness, sense, mano-vijnana (menta
いじめる     いじめる     (transitive) to tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
医者       いしゃ      (noun) (medical) doctor, physician
いじょう     いじょう     (noun) strangeness, abnormality, disorder
いずみ      いずみ      (noun) spring, fountain
いずれ         いずれ         (nouns) where, which, who, anyway, anyhow, at any rate, soon
以前          いぜん         (noun) ago, since, before, previous
板           いた          (noun) board, plank, sheet (of metal), plate (of glass), pane, slab
いたい         いたい         (adjective) painful, sore; (suffix) exceeding
いだい         いだい         (noun) greatness
いだく         いだく         (transitive) to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug
いたずら        いたずら        (noun) tease, prank, trick, practical joke, mischief
いただきます      いただきます      (Expressions) expression of gratitude before meals
いただく        いただく        (transitive) to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy, to eat,
いたみ         いたみ         (noun) pain, ache, sore, grief, distress
~いち         (日本一)
位置          いち          (noun) place, situation, position, location
いちおう        いちおう        (adverb) once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being, just in
一時          いちじ         (noun) moment, time
いちだんと       いちだんと       (adverb) greater, more, further, still more
一度          いちど         (adverbial) once, one time, on one occasion; (adverbial) tempo
一度に         いちどに        (adverb) all at once
市場          いちば         (noun) (town) market, (the) marketplace
一番          いちばん        (adverbial) best, first, number one, game, round, bout, fall, eve
一流          いちりゅう       (nouns) first-class, top grade, school (of art), foremost, top-not
いつ          いつ          (noun) being comfortable, relaxing
五日          いつか         (noun) the fifth day of the month, five days
いつか         いつか         (adverb) sometime, someday, one day, some time or other, the
一家          いっか         (noun) a house, a home, a family, a household, one's family, on
一昨年         いっさくねん      (noun) year before last
一種          いっしゅ        (noun) species, kind, variety
いっしゅん       いっしゅん       (noun) moment, instant
いっしょ        いっしょ        (nouns) together, at the same time, same, identical
一生          いっしょう       (nouns) whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a g
いっしょうけんめい   いっしょうけんめい   (noun) very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for d
いっせい        いっせい        (noun) simultaneous, all at once
いっそう        いっそう        (nouns) much more, still more, all the more, (would) rather, so
一体          いったい        (nouns) ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g.
いったん        いったん        (adverb) once, for a moment, temporarily; (noun) one morning
いっち         いっち         (noun) coincidence, agreement, union, match, conformity, cons
五つ          いつつ         (noun) five
一定          いってい        (adjectival) fixed, settled, constant, definite, uniform, regularize
いっていらっしゃい   いっていらっしゃい
いってらっしゃい    いってらっしゃい    (interjection) have a good day, take care, see you
いってまいります    いってまいります    (Expressions) So long (lit:"(I'm) going and coming back"), I'm off
いってきます      いってきます      (Expressions) I'm off, see you later
いつでも        いつでも        (adverb) (at) any time, always, at all times, whenever
いつのまにか      いつのまにか      (adverb) before one knows, before one becomes aware of, unn
いっぱん        いっぱん        (nouns) general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
一方          いっぽう        (noun) one (esp. of two), the other, one way, the other way, on
いつまでも       いつまでも       (adverb) forever, for good, eternally, as long as one likes, indefi
いつも         いつも         (noun) always, usually, every time, never (with neg. verb)
移転       いてん      (noun) moving, transfer, demise
糸        いと       (noun,) thread, yarn, string
いど       いど       (noun) water well
移動       いどう      (noun) removal, migration, movement, mobile (e.g. communica
いとこ      いとこ      (noun) male cousin
いとこ      いとこ      (noun) cousin (female)
以内       いない      (noun,) within, inside of, less than
いなか      いなか      (nouns) rural area, countryside, the sticks, hometown
犬        いぬ       (noun) dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris), snoop (i.e. a detective, a sp
いね       いね       (noun) rice-plant
命        いのち      (noun) (mortal) life
いはん      いはん      (noun) violation (of law), transgression, infringement, breach
いふく      いふく      (noun) clothes
今        いま       (noun) now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (on
今にも      いまにも     (adverb) at any time, soon
意味       いみ       (noun) meaning, significance
イメージ     イメージ     (noun) (one's) image, (computer) image, artist's impression
妹        いもうと     (noun) younger sister
いや       いや       (noun) disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
いや       いや       (noun) no, the noes
いよいよ     いよいよ     (adverb) more and more, all the more, increasingly, at last, fina
以来       いらい      (noun) since, henceforth
いらい      いらい      (noun) request, commission, dispatch, despatch, dependence, t
いらいら     いらいら     (adverb) getting nervous, irritation
いらっしゃい   いらっしゃい   (noun) (used as a polite imperative) come, go, stay, welcome!
いらっしゃる   いらっしゃる   (intransitive) to come, to go, to be (somewhere); (auxiliary) (aft
入口       いりぐち     (nouns) entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
いりょう     いりょう     (nouns) medical care, medical treatment
居る       いる       (intransitive) to be (of animate objects), to exist, to stay; (auxili
入れる      いれる      (transitive) to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to
色        いろ       (noun) colour, color, complexion, appearance, look, love, lust, s
岩        いわ       (noun) rock, crag
祝い       いわい      (noun) congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, co
言わば      いわば      (adverb) so to speak, so to call it, as it were
いわゆる     いわゆる     (pre-noun) what is called, as it is called, the so-called, so to spe
~員       ~いん
インク      インク      (nouns) ink
インキ      インキ      (nouns) ink
印刷       いんさつ     (noun) printing
印象       いんしょう    (noun) impression
引退       いんたい     (noun) retire
インタビュー   インタビュー   (noun) interview (i.e. television, newspaper, etc.)
ウイスキー    ウイスキー    (noun) whisky, whiskey
ウーマン     ウーマン     (nouns) woman
ウール      ウール      (noun) wool
上        うえ       (noun,) above, up, over, top, summit, surface, on, before, previ
ウエートレス   ウエートレス   (noun) waitress
魚        うお       (noun) fish
うがい      うがい      (noun) cormorant fishing, cormorant fisherman
うかがう     うかがう     (transitive) to visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told; (Goda
うく       うく       (intransitive) to float, to become merry, to become loose, to fe
受付       うけつけ     (noun) reception (desk), information desk; (noun) receipt, acce
動く       うごく      (intransitive) to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing, to op
牛        うし       (noun) cattle, cow, ox, oxen, beef, Chinese "Ox" constellation (o
失う       うしなう     (transitive) to lose, to part with
内        うち       (nouns) inside, within, while, among, amongst, between; (noun
うち       (三つの~)   (nouns) house, home (one's own); (nouns) (one's) family, (one'
打合せ      うちあわせ    (noun) business meeting, previous arrangement, appointment
うちゅう     うちゅう     (noun) universe, cosmos, space
打つ       うつ       (Godan) to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on som
うっかり     うっかり     (noun) carelessly, thoughtlessly, inadvertently
美しい      うつくしい    (adjective) beautiful, lovely
うで       うで       (noun) arm, skill
うどん      うどん      (noun) udon (thick Japanese wheat noodles)
うなずく     うなずく     (intransitive) to nod, to bow one's head in assent
うなる      うなる      (intransitive) to groan, to moan, to roar, to howl, to growl, to h
うばう      うばう      (transitive) to snatch away, to dispossess, to steal
馬        うま       (noun) horse, promoted bishop (shogi)
うまい      うまい      (adjective) skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful, delicious, ap
生まれ      うまれ      (noun) birth, birthplace
生まれる     うまれる     (intransitive) to be born
海        うみ       (noun) sea, beach
有無       うむ       (noun) existence or nonexistence, presence or absence, consen
うめ       うめ       (noun) plum, Japanese apricot, prunus mume, lowest (of a thre
うめる      うめる      (transitive) to cover, to bury (e.g. one's face in hands), to subm
うやまう     うやまう     (transitive) to show respect, to honour, to honor
うら       うら       (noun) bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), unde
うらやましい   うらやましい   (adjective) envious (feeling, etc.), jealous, enviable (position, et
うらやむ     うらやむ     (transitive) to envy
売上       うりあげ     (noun) amount sold, proceeds
売り切れ     うりきれ     (noun) sold-out
売り切れる    うりきれる    (intransitive) to be sold out
売り場      うりば      (nouns) place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales flo
売る       うる       (transitive) to sell
うるさい     うるさい     (noun) noisy, loud, fussy, annoying, troublesome, tiresome, imp
うれしい     うれしい     (adjective) happy, glad, pleasant
売行き      うれゆき     (noun) sales, demand
売れる      うれる      (intransitive) to sell (well), to be well known, to be popular, to b
うろうろ     うろうろ     (noun) loiteringly, aimless wandering
上~       うわ~
うん       (感)      (interjection) yeah, uh huh; (noun,) some (at the start of a num
運        うん       (noun) fortune, luck
運転       うんてん     (nouns) operation, motion, driving
うんと      うんと      (adverb) a great deal, very much, a lot, with a great amount of
運動        うんどう      (noun) motion, exercise
え         え         (noun) handle, grip, stalk (of a mushroom, leaf, etc.)
絵         え         (noun,) picture, drawing, painting, sketch
えいが       えいが       (nouns) movie, film
えいきょう     えいきょう     (noun) influence, effect
営業        えいぎょう     (noun) business, trade, sales, operations
英語        えいご       (nouns) English (language)
えいせい      えいせい      (nouns) satellite
えいよう      えいよう      (nouns) nutrition, nourishment
ええ        ええ        (interjection) yes, that is correct, right, um, errr, huh?, grrr, gah
ええと       ええと       (interjection) let me see, well, errr ...
笑顔        えがお       (noun) smiling face, smile
えがく       えがく       (transitive) to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
駅         えき        (noun) station
エスカレーター   エスカレーター   (noun) escalator
枝         えだ        (noun) branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
エチケット     エチケット     (noun) etiquette
エネルギー     エネルギー     (noun) energy
エプロン      エプロン      (noun) apron
選ぶ        えらぶ       (transitive) to choose, to select
エレベーター    エレベーター    (noun) elevator, lift
円         えん        (noun) Yen, money; (noun) circle
~円        ~えん
~園        ~えん
えんき       えんき       (noun) postponement, adjournment
演技        えんぎ       (nouns) acting, performance
えんげき      えんげき      (nouns) play (theatrical)
円周        えんしゅう     (nouns) circumference
えんじょ      えんじょ      (nouns) assistance, aid, support
エンジン      エンジン      (noun) engine
演説        えんぜつ      (noun) speech, address
えんそう      えんそう      (noun) musical performance
えんちょう     えんちょう     (noun) extension, elongation, prolongation, lengthening; (noun
お         お         (prefix) honourable, honorable
おん~       おん~
おい        おい        (noun) old age, old person, the old, the aged
おいかける     おいかける     (transitive) to chase, to run after, to pursue
おいしい      おいしい      (adjective) delicious, tasty, nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuan
おいでになる    おいでになる    (Godan) to be, to come, to go
オイル       オイル       (noun) oil, engine oil, kerosene
王         おう        (noun,) king, ruler, sovereign, monarch, king (for senior player)
追う        おう        (transitive) to chase, to run after, to pursue, to follow (i.e. a set
おうえん      おうえん      (noun) aid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting, barracking
王子        おうじ       (noun) prince
おうじる      おうじる      (intransitive) to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, t
おうふく      おうふく      (nouns) round trip, coming and going, return ticket
おうべい      おうべい      (nouns) Europe and America, the West
おうよう       おうよう       (noun) application, put to practical use
終える        おえる        (transitive) to finish
おお~        大~
おおい        おおい        (adjective) many, numerous
大いに        おおいに       (adverb) very, much, greatly, a lot of
大きい        おおきい       (adjective) big, large, great, loud
オーケストラ     オーケストラ     (noun) orchestra
大勢         おおぜい       (nouns) many, crowd, great number of people
オートメーション   オートメーション   (noun) automation
オートバイ      オートバイ      (noun) motorcycle
オーバー       オーバー       (noun) overcoat, over, exceeding, going beyond, exaggeration,
オーバーコート    オーバーコート    (noun) overcoat
おおよそ       おおよそ       (noun) about, roughly, as a rule, approximately
おか         おか         (noun) hill, height, knoll, rising ground
お母さん       おかあさん      (noun) mother
お帰り        おかえり       (noun) return; (interjection) welcome home
おかげ        おかげ        (noun) (your) backing, assistance, thanks or owing to
おかけください    おかけください    (Expressions) please sit down, please have a seat
おかげさまで     おかげさまで     (Expressions) Thanks to god, thanks to you
おかしい       おかしい       (adjective) strange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
おかず        おかず        (noun) accompaniment for rice dishes, side dish, food for thoug
おかまいなく     おかまいなく     (Expressions) please don't fuss over me
お代わり       おかわり       (noun) second helping, another cup, seconds; (interjection) com
~おき        ~おき
おきのどくに     おきのどくに     (Expressions) my sympathies, that's too bad, my condolences
おく         おく         (noun) interior, inner part, inside
置く         おく         (Godan) to put, to place, to leave (behind), to do something in
おく         おく         (numeric) 10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million
おくさん       おくさん       (noun) wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
おくりがな      おくりがな      (noun) kana written after a kanji to complete the full (usually ku
送る         おくる        (transitive) to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch, to take o
おくる        おくる        (transitive) to send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
おげんきで      おげんきで
お子さん       おこさん       (noun) (someone else's) child
行う         おこなう       (Godan) to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
おさえる       おさえる       (transitive) to pin something down, to hold something down, to
おさきに       おさきに       (adverb) before, previously, ahead; (Expressions) Pardon me fo
おじ         おじ         (noun) uncle (older than one's parent)
おじいさん      おじいさん      (noun) grandfather, male senior-citizen
おしいれ       おしいれ       (noun) closet
おじさん       おじさん       (noun) uncle, old man, mister (vocative), manybar goatfish (Par
小父さん       おじさん       (noun) uncle, old man, mister (vocative), manybar goatfish (Par
おじさん       おじさん       (noun) uncle, old man, mister (vocative), manybar goatfish (Par
おしゃれ       おしゃれ       (nouns) smartly dressed, stylish, fashion-conscious; (noun) som
おしゃべり      おしゃべり      (noun) chattering, talk, idle talk, chat, chitchat, gossip, chatty, t
おじゃまします    おじゃまします    (Expressions) excuse me for disturbing (interrupting) you, greet
おす         おす         (transitive) to push, to press, to apply pressure from above, to
おせわになりました   おせわになりました
おせん         おせん         (noun) pollution, contamination
おだいじに       おだいじに       (Expressions) take care of yourself
おたがい        おたがい        (noun) mutual, reciprocal, each other
おっしゃる       おっしゃる       (transitive) to say, to speak, to tell, to talk
夫           おっと         (noun) wife, dear (formerly used by romantically linked men an
おてあらい       おてあらい       (noun) font of purifying water placed at the entrance of a shrin
おでかけ        おでかけ        (noun) about to start out, just about to leave or go out
お手伝いさん      おてつだいさん     (noun) maid
音           おと          (noun,) sound, noise, report, note (music), fame, Chinese-deriv
お父さん        おとうさん       (noun) father
弟           おとうと        (noun) younger brother, pupil, apprentice
おどかす        おどかす        (transitive) to threaten, to menace, to startle, to surprise
男           おとこ         (noun) man
男の子         おとこのこ       (noun) boy, male child, baby boy
男の人         おとこのひと      (noun) man
おととし        おととし        (noun) year before last
大人          おとな         (noun) adult
おとなしい       おとなしい       (adjective) obedient, docile, quiet
おどり         おどり         (noun) dance
おどる         おどる         (intransitive) to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
おどろく        おどろく        (intransitive) to be surprised, to be astonished
おなか         おなか         (noun) stomach
おなじ         おなじ         (noun) same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, com
おに          おに          (noun) ogre, demon, spirit of a deceased person, ogre-like pers
お兄さん        おにいさん       (noun) older brother, elder brother, (vocative) young man, bud
お姉さん        おねえさん       (noun) elder sister, (vocative) young lady, miss (referring to a w
おねがいします     おねがいします     (Expressions) please
おばあさん       おばあさん       (noun) grandmother, female senior-citizen
おばさん        おばさん        (noun) aunt
おばさん        おばさん        (noun) aunt
小母さん        おばさん        (noun) old lady, ma'am (vocative)
おはよう        おはよう        (interjection) Good morning
帯           おび          (noun) obi (kimono sash), paper wrapper on books, CDs, etc.
オフィス        オフィス        (noun) office
おぼれる        おぼれる        (intransitive) to nearly drown, to sink below the surface (of wat
おまたせしました    おまたせしました    (Expressions) Thank you for waiting, Have I kept you waiting?
おまちください     おまちください
おまちどおさま     おまちどおさま     (Expressions) I'm sorry to have kept you waiting
おめでたい       おめでたい       (noun) special, auspicious, happy, naive, inncocent, good-natur
おめでとう       おめでとう       (interjection) congratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
おめにかかる      おめにかかる      (Godan) to meet (someone of higher status), to be recognized (
思い出         おもいで        (noun) memories, recollections, reminiscence
思う          おもう         (transitive) to think, to consider, to believe, to think (of doing),
重たい         おもたい        (adjective) heavy, massive, serious, important, severe, oppress
表           おもて         (noun) surface, face (i.e. the visible side of an object), front (of
主に          おもに         (adverb) mainly, primarily
思わず     おもわず     (adverb) unintentionally, reflexively, spontaneously, involuntar
おや      おや       (noun) oh!, oh?, my!
親       おや       (noun) parent, parents, dealer (in cards), founder, (pet) owner
おやすみ    おやすみ     (noun) holiday, day off, absence, sleep, rest; (Expressions) Good
おやつ     おやつ      (noun) between meal snack, mid-afternoon (around 3 o'clock) s
およそ     およそ      (noun) about, roughly, as a rule, approximately
オルガン    オルガン     (noun) organ (musical instrument)
折れる     おれる      (intransitive) to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner
おろす     おろす      (transitive) to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to dro
終       おわり      (noun) the end
~終る     ~おわる
音楽      おんがく     (noun) music, musical movement
おんけい    おんけい     (noun) grace, favor, favour, blessing, benefit
おんせん    おんせん     (noun) spa, hot spring, onsen
おんだん    おんだん     (noun) warmth
おんちゅう   おんちゅう    (noun) stomach
温度      おんど      (noun) temperature
女       おんな      (noun) woman
女の子     おんなのこ    (noun) girl
女の人     おんなのひと   (noun) woman
可       か        (noun,) passable, acceptable, tolerable, fair
か       か        (noun) mosquito
課       か        (noun,) lesson, section (in an organization), division, departmen
~日      ~か
~下      ~か
~化      ~か
~科      ~か
~家      ~か
~歌      ~か
画~      が~
~画      ~が
カー      カー       (noun) car
カーテン    カーテン     (noun) curtain, curtains
カード     カード      (noun) card, curd
カーブ     カーブ      (noun) curve, curve ball (baseball)
会       かい       (noun) gathering (esp. Buddhist, festive, etc.)
回       かい       (counter) counter for occurrences; (counter) counter for inning
かい      かい       (noun) shell, shellfish
~階      ~かい
がい      がい       (noun) injury, harm, evil influence, damage
外~      がい~
~外      ~がい
会員      かいいん     (noun) member, the membership
絵画      かいが      (noun) picture, painting
開会      かいかい     (noun) opening of a meeting
海外      かいがい     (nouns) foreign, abroad, overseas
会館      かいかん     (noun) meeting hall, assembly hall
海岸      かいがん    (nouns) coast, beach
会議      かいぎ     (nouns) meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, conve
会計      かいけい    (nouns) account, finance, accountant, treasurer, paymaster, rec
解決      かいけつ    (noun) settlement, solution, resolution
会合      かいごう    (nouns) meeting, assembly, association, (astronomical) conjunc
外交      がいこう    (noun) diplomacy
外国      がいこく    (nouns) foreign country
解散      かいさん    (noun) breakup, dissolution
開始      かいし     (noun) start, commencement, beginning, initiation
会社      かいしゃ    (noun) company, corporation, workplace
かいしゃく   かいしゃく   (noun) explanation, interpretation
会場      かいじょう   (noun) assembly hall, meeting place, the grounds
回数      かいすう    (noun) number of times, frequency, count
改正      かいせい    (nouns) revision, amendment, alteration
解説      かいせつ    (nouns) explanation, commentary, exposition, elucidation
かいぜん    かいぜん    (nouns) betterment, improvement, kaizen (Japanese business p
改造      かいぞう    (noun) remodeling, remodelling, restructuring, modding
かいだん    かいだん    (noun) stairs, stairway, staircase
快適      かいてき    (noun) pleasant, agreeable, comfortable
回転      かいてん    (noun) rotation (usu. around something), revolution, turning
かいとう    かいとう    (noun) answer, solution
回答      かいとう    (noun) reply, answer
外部      がいぶ     (noun) the outside; (nouns) external
回復      かいふく    (noun) recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, res
解放      かいほう    (noun) release, unleashing, liberation, emancipation, setting fre
開放      かいほう    (noun) open, throw open, liberalization, liberalisation
買い物     かいもの    (nouns) shopping, purchased goods
海洋      かいよう    (nouns) ocean
会話      かいわ     (noun) conversation
かえって    かえって    (adverb) on the contrary, rather, all the more, instead
帰り      かえり     (noun) return, coming back
反る      かえる     (intransitive) to warp, to be warped, to curve, to be curved, to b
顔       かお      (noun) face (person)
かおり     かおり     (noun) aroma, fragrance, scent, smell
画家      がか      (nouns) painter, artist
かかえる    かかえる    (transitive) to hold or carry under or in the arms, to have (esp. p
かかく     かかく     (noun) price, value, cost
科学      かがく     (noun) science
化学      かがく     (nouns) chemistry; (suffix) chemical company (e.g. Acme Chem
かがみ     かがみ     (noun) mirror
かがやく    かがやく    (Godan) to shine, to glitter, to sparkle
かかる     かかる     (intransitive) to take; (Godan) to hang; (Godan) to come into vi
かかる     かかる     (Godan) to suffer from
係わる     かかわる    (intransitive) to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned
書取      かきとり    (noun) writing down from other written material, writing kanji
限る      かぎる     (intransitive) to restrict, to limit, to confine
書く      かく      (transitive) to write
かく         かく         (transitive) to scratch, to perspire, to shovel, to paddle
各~         かく~
かぐ         かぐ         (transitive) to sniff, to smell
家具         かぐ         (noun) furniture
がく         がく         (noun) learning, scholarship, erudition, knowledge
額          がく         (noun,) picture (framed), amount or sum (of money)
かくう        かくう        (nouns) aerial, overhead, fiction, fanciful
かくご        かくご        (noun) resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
確実         かくじつ       (noun) certainty, reliability, soundness
学者         がくしゃ       (nouns) scholar
かくじゅう      かくじゅう      (nouns) expansion
学習         がくしゅう      (noun) study, learning, tutorial
学術         がくじゅつ      (noun) science, learning, scholarship
学生         がくせい       (noun) student (esp. a university student)
かくだい       かくだい       (noun) magnification, enlargement, expansion
各地         かくち        (nouns) every place, various places
角度         かくど        (nouns) angle
かくにん       かくにん       (noun) affirmation, confirmation, validation
学部         がくぶ        (nouns) department of a university; (noun) undergraduate (cou
かくれる       かくれる       (intransitive) to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disap
かげ         かげ         (noun) shadow, silhouette, reflection, image, presence, sign, lig
かげ         かげ         (noun) yin (i.e. the negative), unseen location (i.e. somewhere
かけざん       かけざん       (noun) multiplication
かけつ        かけつ        (noun) approval, adoption (e.g. motion, bill), passage
~ヶ月        ~かげつ
欠ける        かける        (intransitive) to be chipped, to be damaged, to be broken, to be
かげん        かげん        (adjectival) addition and subtraction, allowance for, degree, ext
過去         かこ         (noun) the past, bygone days, the previous
火口         かこう        (noun) crater, caldera
囲む         かこむ        (transitive) to surround, to encircle
かさい        かさい        (noun) conflagration, fire
重ねる        かさねる       (transitive) to pile up, to put something on another, to heap up
火山         かざん        (nouns) volcano
かし         かし         (noun) loan, lending
かし         かし         (nouns) pastry, confectionery
かじ         かじ         (noun) fire, conflagration
家事         かじ         (noun) housework, domestic chores, family affairs, household m
かしこまりました   かしこまりました   (Expressions) certainly!
貸し出し       かしだし       (noun) lending, loaning
過失         かしつ        (noun) error, blunder, accident, fault, defect
かじつ        かじつ        (noun) fruit, nut, berry
貸間         かしま        (noun) room to let, room for rent
歌手         かしゅ        (noun) singer
かしょ        かしょ        (noun) passage, place, point, part
かじょう       かじょう       (noun) excess, over-
かじる        かじる        (transitive) to chew, to bite (at), to gnaw, to nibble, to munch, t
数          かず         (adverb) often, again and again, frequently
ガス         ガス         (nouns) gas
かぜ         かぜ         (noun) pretence (pretense), show, appearance, behaviour, swin
かぜ         かぜ         (noun) cold (illness), common cold
課税         かぜい        (noun) taxation
下線         かせん        (noun) underline, underscore
カセット       カセット       (noun) cassette (tape), game cartridge
加速         かそく        (noun) acceleration, speed up; (noun) accelerator
家族         かぞく        (nouns) family, members of a family
ガソリン       ガソリン       (noun) gasoline, petrol
ガソリンスタンド   ガソリンスタンド   (noun) gas station, petrol station
方          かた         (noun) direction, way, person, lady, gentleman; (noun,) method
型          かた         (noun) model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.), type, style, p
かた         かた         (noun) shoulder
~方         ~かた
かたい        かたい        (adjective) hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e
方々         かたがた       (noun) they (of people), gentlemen (of the ...), you (usu. plural)
形          かたち        (noun) form, shape, figure, visage
かたむく       かたむく       (Godan) to incline toward, to slant, to lurch, to heel over, to be
語る         かたる        (transitive) to talk, to tell, to recite
勝ち         かち         (noun) win, victory
かち         かち         (noun) value, worth, merit
~がち        ~がち
かつ         かつ         (intransitive) to win, to gain victory
~月         ~がつ
学科         がっか        (noun) study subject, course of study
学会         がっかい       (noun) scientific society, academic meeting, academic conferen
がっかり       がっかり       (adverb) feel disappointed, dejected, lose heart, feel emotional
楽器         がっき        (nouns) musical instrument
かっこ        かっこ        (nouns) parenthesis, brackets
格好         かっこう       (nouns) shape, form, posture, appearance, manner, suitability,
学校         がっこう       (noun) school
勝手に        かってに       (adverb) arbitrarily, of its own accord, involuntarily, wilfully, wi
活動         かつどう       (noun) action, activity
かつやく       かつやく       (noun) activity (esp. energetic), great efforts, conspicuous servi
活用         かつよう       (noun) practical use, application, conjugation, declension, inflec
活力         かつりょく      (noun) vitality, energy
家庭         かてい        (nouns) home, family, household
過程         かてい        (noun) process
角          かど         (noun,) angle, square (or cube), bishop (shogi), third degree (of
かな         かな         (noun) alias, pseudonym, pen name, nom de plume
かなづかい      かなづかい      (noun) kana orthography, syllabary spelling
必ず         かならず       (adverb) necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariabl
必ずしも       かならずしも     (adverb) (not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) all, (not) entirely
かなり        かなり        (adverb) considerably, fairly, quite
金          かね         (nouns) gold
かね         かね         (noun) bell (often a large hanging bell), chime
金持ち        かねもち       (noun) rich man
可能       かのう      (noun) possible, practicable, feasible
かのじょ     かのじょ     (nouns) she, her, girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
カバー      カバー      (noun) cover (e.g. book), kava (Piper methysticum)
かばん      かばん      (noun) going off duty
過半数      かはんすう    (noun) majority
かぶ       かぶ       (noun) share, stock, stump (of tree)
かぶせる     かぶせる     (transitive) to cover (with something), to put on (e.g. on someo
かべ       かべ       (noun) wall, barrier, Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28
神        かみ       (noun) god, deity, divinity, spirit, kami
かみ       かみ       (noun) hair (on the head)
かみくず     かみくず     (noun) wastepaper, paper scraps, paper waste
かみそり     かみそり     (noun) razor
かむ       かむ       (transitive) to bite, to chew, to gnaw, to fumble or falter with o
ガム       ガム       (noun) chewing gum
カメラ      カメラ      (noun) camera
科目       かもく      (noun) (school) subject, curriculum, course
かもしれない   かもしれない   (Expressions) may, might, perhaps, may be, possibly
貨物       かもつ      (noun) cargo, freight, money or assets
かゆい      かゆい      (adjective) itchy, itching
かよう      かよう      (intransitive) to go back and forth, to ply between, to commute
空        から       (nouns) emptiness, vacuum, blank
から       から       (noun) shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff
カラー      カラー      (noun) collar, color, colour, calla (variety of arum lily)
からかう     からかう     (Godan) to ridicule, to tease, to mock, to chaff, to razz, to bante
ガラス      ガラス      (noun) glass, pane
体        からだ      (nouns) body, health
~がる      ~がる
かるた      かるた      (noun) playing cards, card game
かれ       かれ       (noun) that (indicating something distant from both speaker an
かれら      かれら      (nouns) they (usually male), them
カレンダー    カレンダー    (noun) calendar, calender (machine for flattening things)
カロリー     カロリー     (nouns) calorie
かわ       かわ       (noun) river, stream; (suffix) the .... river, (suffix used with the n
皮        かわ       (noun) skin, hide, pelt, fur, rind, peel, husk, bark, shell, sheath,
かわ       かわ       (noun) leather
~側       ~がわ
かわいがる    かわいがる    (Godan) to love, to be affectionate
かわいらしい   かわいらしい   (adjective) lovely, sweet
かわく      かわく      (intransitive) to get dry
かわく      かわく      (intransitive) to be thirsty
かわせ      かわせ      (noun) money order, draft, exchange (e.g. foreign)
かわら      かわら      (noun) gram, gramme
代わり      かわり      (noun) substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensatio
かわる      かわる      (intransitive) to take the place of, to relieve, to be substituted f
変わる      かわる      (intransitive) to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revise
かん       かん       (noun) can, tin
~刊       ~かん
~間      ~かん
~かん     ~かん
~館      ~かん
~感      ~かん
考え      かんがえ    (noun) thinking, thought, ideas, intention
感覚      かんかく    (noun) sense, sensation, feeling, intuition
かんかく    かんかく    (noun) space, interval, SPC
観客      かんきゃく   (noun) audience, spectator, spectators
かんきょう   かんきょう   (nouns) environment, circumstance
関係      かんけい    (noun) relation, connection
かんげい    かんげい    (nouns) welcome, reception
観光      かんこう    (nouns) sightseeing
かんごふ    かんごふ    (noun) (female) nurse
関西      かんさい    (noun) Kansai (south-western half of Japan, including Osaka)
観察      かんさつ    (noun) observation, survey
感じ      かんじ     (noun) feeling, sense, impression
漢字      かんじ     (noun) Chinese characters, kanji
元日      がんじつ    (noun) New Year's Day
かんしゃ    かんしゃ    (noun) thanks, gratitude
かんじゃ    かんじゃ    (noun) (a) patient
かんしょう   かんしょう   (noun) appreciation (e.g. of art), aesthetic sense
感情      かんじょう   (nouns) emotion, feeling, feelings, sentiment
感じる     かんじる    (Ichidan) to feel, to sense, to experience
かんずる    かんずる    (intransitive) to feel, to sense
かんしん    かんしん    (noun) admiration, Well done!
関心      かんしん    (noun) concern, interest
完成      かんせい    (noun) complete, completion, perfection, accomplishment
かんせつ    かんせつ    (nouns) indirection, indirectness
完全      かんぜん    (nouns) perfection, completeness
感想      かんそう    (noun) impressions, thoughts
観測      かんそく    (noun) observation
寒帯      かんたい    (noun) frigid zone or belt
かんたん    かんたん    (noun) simple
かんちょう   かんちょう   (noun) government office, authorities
関東      かんとう    (noun) Kantou (eastern half of Japan, including Tokyo)
感動      かんどう    (noun) being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, d
かんとく    かんとく    (nouns) supervision, control, superintendence, direction; (noun
かんばん    かんばん    (noun) sign, signboard, doorplate, poster, billboard, appearance
かんむり    かんむり    (noun) cap (esp. a traditional cap worn with sokutai or ikan clot
管理      かんり     (noun) control, management (e.g. of a business)
関連      かんれん    (suffix) relation, connection, relevance
漢和      かんわ     (noun) China and Japan, Chinese and Japanese (languages), Chi
木       き       (noun) tree, wood, timber
気       き       (noun) spirit, mind, heart, nature, disposition, motivation, inten
~期      ~き
~器      ~き
~機      ~き
議員     ぎいん    (noun) member of the Diet, congress or parliament
きおく    きおく    (noun) memory, recollection, remembrance, storage
気温     きおん    (noun) atmospheric temperature
機会     きかい    (noun) chance, opportunity
きかい    きかい    (noun) machine, mechanism, instrument, appliance, apparatus
きかい    きかい    (noun) machine, mechanism, instrument, appliance, apparatus
議会     ぎかい    (noun) Diet, congress, parliament
期間     きかん    (noun) period, term, interval
機関     きかん    (noun) engine, agency, organisation, organization, institution, o
きぎょう   きぎょう   (noun) enterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
ききん    ききん    (noun) famine, drought, shortage, crop failure
聞く     きく     (transitive) to hear, to listen (e.g. to music), to ask, to enquire,
効く     きく     (intransitive) to be effective, to show effect, to do its work, to c
きけん    きけん    (nouns) danger, peril, hazard; (adjectival) dangerous, hazardous
期限     きげん    (noun) term, period, time frame, time limit, deadline, cutoff (da
きげん    きげん    (noun) humour, humor, temper, mood
気候     きこう    (noun) climate
岸      きし     (noun) bank, coast, shore
きじ     きじ     (noun) cloth, material, texture, one's true character, unglazed p
記事     きじ     (noun) article, news story, report, account
ぎし     ぎし     (noun) engineer, technician
ぎしき    ぎしき    (nouns) ceremony, rite, ritual, service
きしゃ    きしゃ    (noun) train (steam)
記者     きしゃ    (nouns) reporter
技術     ぎじゅつ   (noun) art, craft, technique, technology, engineering, skill
きじゅん   きじゅん   (nouns) standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
規準     きじゅん   (nouns) standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
きしょう   きしょう   (nouns) rising, getting out of bed
きず     きず     (noun) wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar, ch
きせつ    きせつ    (nouns) season
きせる    きせる    (transitive) to put clothes on (someone), to plate, to gild, to ven
きそ     きそ     (nouns) foundation, basis
規則     きそく    (noun) rules, regulations, conventions
北      きた     (noun) north
ギター    ギター    (noun) guitar
期待     きたい    (noun) expectation, anticipation, hope
きたい    きたい    (noun) vapour, vapor, gas
きち     きち     (noun) base
きちょう   きちょう   (noun) precious, valuable
議長     ぎちょう   (noun) chairman, speaker (e.g. of assembly), president (e.g. of c
きちんと   きちんと   (noun) precisely, accurately, neatly
きつい    きつい    (adjective) intense, severe, hard, determined, forceful, formida
きっかけ   きっかけ   (noun) chance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, occasion
きっと    きっと    (noun) surely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 9
ぎっしり   ぎっしり   (adverb) tightly, fully
切手     きって    (noun) stamp (postage), merchandise certificate
記念     きねん    (noun) commemoration, memory
きのう      きのう      (noun) yesterday
機能       きのう      (noun) function, facility, faculty, feature
きばん      きばん      (noun) foundation, basis, base, footing
寄付       きふ       (noun) contribution, donation
気分       きぶん      (noun) feeling, mood
希望       きぼう      (noun) hope, wish, aspiration
きほん      きほん      (nouns) foundation, basis, standard
君        きみ       (nouns) you, buddy, pal, monarch, ruler, sovereign, (one's) mas
気味       きみ       (noun) sensation, feeling
~気味      ~ぎみ
きみょう     きみょう     (noun) strange, queer, curious
ぎむ       ぎむ       (nouns) duty, obligation, responsibility
気持ち      きもち      (noun) feeling, sensation, mood
着物       きもの      (noun) clothing, clothes, kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothi
ぎもん      ぎもん      (noun) question, problem, doubt, guess
客        きゃく      (noun) guest, visitor, customer, client, shopper, spectator, audi
客間       きゃくま     (noun) parlor, parlour, guest room
キャプテン    キャプテン    (noun) captain
ギャング     ギャング     (noun) gang, gangster
キャンパス    キャンパス    (noun) campus
キャンプ     キャンプ     (noun) camp
九        きゅう      (numeric) nine
旧        きゅう      (prefix) ex-, former, old
級        きゅう      (noun,) class, grade, rank, school class, grade
球        きゅう      (noun) globe, sphere, ball
きゅうか     きゅうか     (noun) holiday, day off, furlough, absence (from work)
休業       きゅうぎょう   (noun) closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holid
きゅうけい    きゅうけい    (noun) rest, break, recess, intermission
きゅうげき    きゅうげき    (noun) sudden, precipitous, radical
きゅうしゅう   きゅうしゅう   (noun) absorption, suction, attraction
救助       きゅうじょ    (noun) relief, aid, rescue
急速       きゅうそく    (noun) rapid (e.g. progress)
急に       きゅうに     (adverb) swiftly, rapidly, suddenly, abruptly, immediately
ぎゅうにゅう   ぎゅうにゅう   (noun) (cow's) milk
きゅうよ     きゅうよ     (noun) pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply
給料       きゅうりょう   (noun) salary, wages
今日       きょう      (noun) today, this day
~教       ~きょう
~行       ~ぎょう
~業       ~ぎょう
強化       きょうか     (noun) strengthen, intensify, reinforce, solidify, enhancement
教会       きょうかい    (nouns) church
境界       きょうかい    (noun) boundary
教科書      きょうかしょ   (noun) textbook, text book
競技       きょうぎ     (nouns) game, match, contest
ぎょうぎ     ぎょうぎ     (noun) manners, behavior, behaviour
きょうきゅう   きょうきゅう   (noun) supply, provision
共産~      きょうさん~
教師       きょうし     (nouns) teacher (classroom)
行事       ぎょうじ     (noun) event, function
教室       きょうしつ    (noun) classroom
きょうじゅ    きょうじゅ    (nouns) professor, teaching, instruction
きょうしゅく   きょうしゅく   (noun) shame, very kind of you, sorry to trouble
競争       きょうそう    (nouns) competition, contest; (noun) to compete
兄弟       きょうだい    (noun) siblings, brothers and sisters
きょうちょう   きょうちょう   (noun) emphasis, highlight, stress, stressed point
共通       きょうつう    (noun) commonness, community; (noun,) -wide
共同       きょうどう    (nouns) doing together (as equals), sharing, common (land, etc
きょうふ     きょうふ     (noun) fear, dread, dismay, terror
きょうみ     きょうみ     (noun) interest (in something)
きょうよう    きょうよう    (nouns) culture, education, refinement, cultivation
協力       きょうりょく   (nouns) cooperation, collaboration
強力       きょうりょく   (noun) powerful, strong
許可       きょか      (noun) permission, approval, authorization
漁業       ぎょぎょう    (nouns) fishing (industry)
局        きょく      (noun,) channel (i.e. TV or radio), station, department, affair, si
きょだい     きょだい     (noun) huge, gigantic, enormous
きらい      きらい      (noun) dislike, hate; (suffix) suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
~きる      ~きる
切れ       きれ       (noun) piece, slice, strip, scrap, cloth, sharpness; (counter) coun
~切れ      ~きれ
きれい      きれい      (adjectival) pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair, clean, clear, pure, tidy
切れる      きれる      (intransitive) to cut well, to be sharp, to break (off), to snap, to
キロ       キロ       (prefix) kilo-, kilogram, kilogramme, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
記録       きろく      (noun) record, minutes, document, a record (e.g. in sports), res
ぎろん      ぎろん      (noun) argument, discussion, dispute, controversy
気を付ける    きをつける    (Expressions) to be careful, to pay attention, to take care
銀        ぎん       (nouns) silver, silver coin, silver paint; (noun) silver general (sho
きんえん     きんえん     (nouns) No Smoking!, Smoking Prohibited!; (noun) abstaining fr
金額       きんがく     (noun) amount of money
きんぎょ     きんぎょ     (noun) goldfish
金庫       きんこ      (noun) safe, vault, treasury, provider of funds
銀行       ぎんこう     (nouns) bank
禁止       きんし      (noun) prohibition, inhibition, ban
近所       きんじょ     (nouns) neighbourhood, neighborhood
きんせん     きんせん     (nouns) money, cash
きんぞく     きんぞく     (noun) metal
近代       きんだい     (nouns) present day, modern times
きんちょう    きんちょう    (noun) tension, mental strain, nervousness
きんにく     きんにく     (nouns) muscle, sinew
きんゆう     きんゆう     (nouns) financing, credit transacting, loaning of money, circulat
金曜       きんよう     (noun) Friday
具合       ぐあい      (noun) condition, state, manner, health
くいき      くいき      (noun) limits, boundary, domain, zone, sphere, territory, area (
空~      くう~
空気      くうき     (noun) air, atmosphere
空港      くうこう    (noun) airport
空中      くうちゅう   (noun) sky, air
クーラー    クーラー    (noun) cooler, air conditioner
くぎ      くぎ      (noun) nail (i.e. small metal spike)
草       くさ      (noun) grass
くさい     くさい     (adjective) stinking, smelly, suspicious, fishy, clumsy
くし      くし      (noun) comb
くしゃみ    くしゃみ    (noun) sneeze
苦情      くじょう    (noun) complaint, troubles, objection, grievance
くず      くず      (noun) waste, scrap, garbage, chad
薬       くすり     (noun) medicine, pharmaceuticals, (legal) drugs, efficacious che
くずれる    くずれる    (intransitive) to collapse, to crumble
管       くだ      (noun,) pipe, tube
具体      ぐたい     (noun) concrete, tangible, material
くだく     くだく     (transitive) to break, to smash
くだける    くだける    (intransitive) to break, to be broken
くたびれる   くたびれる   (intransitive) to get tired, to wear out
果物      くだもの    (noun) fruit
くだらない   くだらない   (adjective) good-for-nothing, stupid, trivial, worthless
下り      くだり     (noun,) down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, dow
口       くち      (noun) mouth, opening, hole, gap, orifice, mouth (of a bottle), s
~口      ~くち
くつ      くつ      (noun) shoes, footwear
くっつく    くっつく    (Godan) to adhere to, to keep close to
くっつける   くっつける   (Ichidan) to attach
ぐっすり    ぐっすり    (adverb) sound asleep, fast asleep
くどい     くどい     (adjective) verbose, importunate, wordy, repetitious, long-wind
国       くに      (noun) country, (the) state, region, province (of Japan), home (i
首       くび      (noun) head, mind, brain, intellect, top, hair (on one's head), ba
工夫      くふう     (noun) scheme, device, scheming, devising, figuring out, comin
くみ      くみ      (noun) set (of items), group (of people), class (of students), com
組合      くみあい    (noun) association, union
組合せ     くみあわせ   (noun) combination
くむ      くむ      (Godan) to cross (legs or arms), to link (arms), to put together,
くむ      くむ      (transitive) to draw (water), to ladle, to dip, to scoop, to pump,
くむ      くむ      (transitive) to serve sake
雲       くも      (noun) cloud
位       くらい     (suffix) throne, crown, (nobleman's) seat, government position
~くらい    ~くらい
くらし     くらし     (noun) living, livelihood, subsistence, circumstances
クラシック   クラシック   (noun) classical music; (adjectival) classic, classical; (noun) (the)
クラス     クラス     (noun) class
グラス     グラス     (noun) glass, grass
比べる     くらべる    (transitive) to compare, to make a comparison, to compete, to
グラム     グラム     (noun) gram, gramme
グランド     グランド     (noun) gland, grand, ground (e.g. land, electrical, base material
クリーニング   クリーニング   (noun) cleaning, dry cleaning, laundry service
クリーム     クリーム     (noun) cream
くりかえす    くりかえす    (intransitive) to repeat, to do something over again
クリスマス    クリスマス    (noun) Christmas
グループ     グループ     (noun) group (usu. of people)
車        くるま      (noun) car, automobile, vehicle, wheel
くるむ      くるむ      (transitive) to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover w
くれ       くれ       (suffix) year end, sunset, nightfall, end
くれぐれも    くれぐれも    (adverb) repeatedly, sincerely, earnestly
くれる      くれる      (transitive) to give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
黒        くろ       (noun) black, dark, bad guy, 'black hat'
苦労       くろう      (noun) troubles, hardships
くわえる     くわえる     (transitive) to hold in one's mouth
くわしい     くわしい     (adjective) knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
くん       くん       (noun) native Japanese reading (rendering) of a Chinese charac
~君       ~くん
軍        ぐん       (noun,) army, force, troops
ぐんたい     ぐんたい     (noun) army, troops
訓練       くんれん     (noun) practice, practise, training
毛        け        (noun) hair, fur
下        げ        (noun) below, down, under, bottom, beneath, underneath, just
計        けい       (noun,) plan, meter, measuring device; (prefix) (in) total, total (
~形       ~けい
~型       ~けい
経営       けいえい     (noun) management, administration
計画       けいかく     (noun) plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
けいかん     けいかん     (nouns) policeman
景気       けいき      (noun) condition, state, business (condition)
経験       けいけん     (noun) experience
けいこう     けいこう     (noun) tendency, trend, inclination
けいこく     けいこく     (nouns) warning, advice
けいざい     けいざい     (noun) economics, business, finance, economy
けいさつ     けいさつ     (nouns) police
計算       けいさん     (noun) calculation, reckoning, count, forecast
けいじ      けいじ      (noun) notice, bulletin, post, posting, placard
けいじ      けいじ      (noun) (police) detective; (noun) criminal matter
形式       けいしき     (noun) form (as opposed to substance), formality, method, syst
芸術       げいじゅつ    (noun) (fine) art, the arts
けいぞく     けいぞく     (nouns) continuation
けいと      けいと      (noun) knitting wool
けいど      けいど      (noun) longitude
芸能       げいのう     (noun) public entertainment, accomplishments, attainments
競馬       けいば      (nouns) horse racing
けいび      けいび      (noun) defense, defence, guard, policing, security
けいやく     けいやく     (noun) contract, compact, agreement
経由       けいゆ      (noun) go by the way, via
けいようどうし   けいようどうし   (noun) na-adjective (adj-na), quasi-adjective, adjectival noun, n
ケーキ       ケーキ       (noun) cake
ケース       ケース       (noun) case, Computer-Aided Software Engineering, CASE
ゲーム       ゲーム       (noun) game
けが        けが        (noun) injury (to animate object), hurt
外科        げか        (nouns) surgical department
げき        げき        (noun) drama, play, powerful drug
げきじょう     げきじょう     (nouns) theatre, theater, playhouse
けしき       けしき       (nouns) scenery, scene, landscape
下車        げしゃ       (noun) alighting (from train, bus, etc.), getting off
げじゅん      げじゅん      (noun) month (last third of)
けしょう      けしょう      (noun) make-up, cosmetics
けち        けち        (adjectival) stinginess, miserliness, penny-pinching, cheesparing
血液        けつえき      (noun) blood
結果        けっか       (noun) result, consequence, outcome, effect; (noun) coming to
けっかん      けっかん      (noun) defect, fault, deficiency, deformity, shortage, gap
結局        けっきょく     (noun) after all, eventually, in the end
結構        けっこう      (noun) splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet; (adjectival) s
けっこん      けっこん      (noun) marriage
決して       けっして      (adverb) never, by no means, decidedly, indisputably
決定        けってい      (noun) decision, determination
けつろん      けつろん      (nouns) conclusion
気配        けはい       (noun) indication, sign, hint, presence, trend, quotation (esp. st
下品        げひん       (adjectival) inferior article
けむい       けむい       (adjective) smoky
けむり       けむり       (noun) smoke, fumes
ける        ける        (transitive) to kick, to refuse, to reject
県         けん        (noun) prefecture (of Japan), county (of China)
~けん       ~けん
現~        げん~
げんいん      げんいん      (noun) cause, origin, source
見解        けんかい      (noun) opinion, point of view
限界        げんかい      (nouns) limit, bound
見学        けんがく      (noun) inspection, study by observation, field trip
げんかん      げんかん      (nouns) entranceway, entry hall, vestibule, foyer
元気        げんき       (noun) health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stam
研究        けんきゅう     (noun) study, research, investigation
現金        げんきん      (noun) cash, ready money, mercenary, self-interested
言語        げんご       (noun) language
けんこう      けんこう      (noun) health, sound, wholesome
げんこう      げんこう      (noun) manuscript, copy
検査        けんさ       (noun) inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.
現在        げんざい      (noun) now, current, present, present time, as of
げんし       げんし       (nouns) origin, primeval
現実        げんじつ      (noun) reality
けんしゅう     けんしゅう     (noun) training (esp. in-service), induction course
げんじゅう     げんじゅう     (noun) strict, rigour, rigor, severe, firm, strong, secure
現象      げんしょう   (noun) phenomenon
現状      げんじょう   (nouns) present condition, existing state, status quo
建設      けんせつ    (noun) construction, establishment
けんそん    けんそん    (nouns) humble, humility, modesty
現代      げんだい    (noun) nowadays, modern era, modern times, present-day
建築      けんちく    (noun) construction, architecture
限度      げんど     (noun) limit, bounds
けんとう    けんとう    (noun) aim, mark, estimate, guess, approximation, direction
けんとう    けんとう    (noun) consideration, examination, investigation, study, scrutin
現場      げんば     (nouns) actual spot, scene, scene of the crime
けんぽう    けんぽう    (nouns) constitution
けんめい    けんめい    (noun) eagerness, earnestness, risking one's life
けんり     けんり     (noun) right, privilege
げんり     げんり     (noun) principle, theory, fundamental truth
げんりょう   げんりょう   (noun) raw materials
子       こ       (noun,) child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offs
小~      こ~
~個      ~こ
~湖      ~こ
五       ご       (numeric) five
ご       ご       (noun,) language, word
~ご      ~ご
こい      こい      (noun) love, tender passion
こい      こい      (adjective) deep (colour), dark, strong (flavour, smell, etc.), thic
こいびと    こいびと    (noun) lover, sweetheart
こう      こう      (transitive) to ask, to request, to invite
高~      こう~
~校      ~こう
~港      ~こう
~号      ~ごう
こういん    こういん    (noun) factory worker
強引      ごういん    (noun) overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed
こうえん    こうえん    (noun) (public) park
講演      こうえん    (noun) lecture, address, speech
効果      こうか     (nouns) effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result
こうか     こうか     (noun) coin
ごうか     ごうか     (noun) wonderful, gorgeous, splendor, splendour, pomp, extrav
こうがい    こうがい    (nouns) suburb, outskirts
こうがい    こうがい    (nouns) pollution, public nuisance, contamination
合格      ごうかく    (noun) success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
こうかん    こうかん    (noun) exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, su
こうぎ     こうぎ     (noun) lecture
高級      こうきゅう   (nouns) high class, high grade
こうきょう   こうきょう   (nouns) public, community, public service, society, communal
工業      こうぎょう   (noun) (manufacturing) industry
航空      こうくう    (nouns) aviation, flying
光景      こうけい    (noun) scene, spectacle
工芸      こうげい    (nouns) industrial arts
合計      ごうけい    (noun) sum total, total amount
こうげき    こうげき    (noun) attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
こうけん    こうけん    (noun) contribution, services
こうこう    こうこう    (noun) filial piety
高校      こうこう    (noun) senior high school
広告      こうこく    (nouns) advertisement
こうさ     こうさ     (nouns) crossing, intersection, (genetic) crossing over
講師      こうし     (noun) lecturer
工事      こうじ     (noun) construction work, construction, work (related to constr
こうしき    こうしき    (adjectival) formality, formal, official, formula
こうして    こうして    (conjunction) thus
こうしゃ    こうしゃ    (noun) school building
工場      こうじょう   (noun) factory, plant, mill, workshop
こうすい    こうすい    (noun) perfume
こうせい    こうせい    (noun) justice, fairness, impartiality
構成      こうせい    (nouns) organization, organisation, configuration, composition
こうせき    こうせき    (noun) achievements, merit, meritorious service, meritorious d
こうせん    こうせん    (noun) beam, light ray
こうそう    こうそう    (nouns) multistory, multistoried, high-rise, high, tall
構造      こうぞう    (noun) structure, construction
高速      こうそく    (nouns) high speed, high gear, highway, freeway, expressway, m
こうたい    こうたい    (noun) alternation, change, relief, relay, shift, substitution (spo
こうち     こうち     (noun) arable land
交通      こうつう    (noun) communication, transportation, traffic, intercourse
高度      こうど     (noun) altitude, height, advanced, high-grade, strong
高等      こうとう    (nouns) high class, high grade
行動      こうどう    (nouns) action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mo
ごうとう    ごうとう    (noun) robber, mugger, robbery, burglary
合同      ごうどう    (noun) combination, incorporation, union, amalgamation, fusio
こうはい    こうはい    (noun) junior (at work or school)
こうひょう   こうひょう   (noun) official announcement, proclamation
こうほ     こうほ     (noun) candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list, candid
こうもく    こうもく    (noun) (data) item, entry
交流      こうりゅう   (noun) intercourse, (cultural) exchange, intermingling, alternati
声       こえ      (noun) voice
コース     コース     (noun) course
コーチ     コーチ     (noun) coach
コート     コート     (noun) coat, court (i.e. tennis, basketball, etc.)
コード     コード     (noun) code, cord, chord
コーラス    コーラス    (noun) chorus
氷       こおり     (noun) ice, shaved ice (usually served with flavored simple syru
ゴール     ゴール     (noun) goal
ごかい     ごかい     (noun) misunderstanding
こきゅう    こきゅう    (nouns) breath, respiration, knack, trick, secret (of doing somet
こきょう    こきょう    (noun) home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, nativ
~国      ~こく
国王        こくおう      (nouns) king
国語        こくご       (noun) Japanese (language), national language, native Japanese
国際        こくさい      (nouns) international
こくせき      こくせき      (noun) nationality
こくふく      こくふく      (noun) subjugation, conquest, victory
国民        こくみん      (noun) nation, nationality, people, citizen
国立        こくりつ      (nouns) national
ここ        ここ        (noun) here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointe
午後        ごご        (noun) afternoon, p.m.
こごえる      こごえる      (intransitive) to freeze, to be chilled, to be frozen
九日        ここのか      (noun) the ninth day of the month, nine days
心         こころ       (noun) mind, heart, spirit, the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
こし        こし        (noun) back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region, body (of ha
こしょう      こしょう      (noun) break-down, failure, fault, accident, out of order
こしょう      こしょう      (nouns) pepper
こしらえる     こしらえる     (transitive) to make, to manufacture
個人        こじん       (nouns) individual, private person, personal, private
こする       こする       (Godan) to touch lightly, to take a percentage (from)
午前        ごぜん       (noun) morning, a.m.
ごぞんじですか   ごぞんじですか
答         こたえ       (noun) response, reply, answer, solution
こたえる      こたえる      (intransitive) to answer, to reply
ごちそう      ごちそう      (noun) feast, treating (someone); (noun) to treat (someone, e.g
ごちそうさま    ごちそうさま    (interjection) word used after one has been treated (esp. used
こちら       こちら       (noun) this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the s
こっち       こっち       (noun) this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the s
こちらこそ     こちらこそ     (Expressions) it is I who should say so
国家        こっか       (noun) state, country, nation
国会        こっかい      (nouns) National Diet, parliament, congress
国境        こっきょう     (nouns) national or state border
コック       コック       (noun) cook, tap, spigot, faucet, cock, cock (male fowl), cock (p
こっそり      こっそり      (adverb) stealthily, secretly
コップ       コップ       (noun) glass (i.e. drinking vessel), tumbler, cop (police officer)
こてん       こてん       (nouns) old book, classics, classic
事         こと        (noun) thing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, exp
こと        こと        (noun) koto (13-stringed Japanese zither), stringed instrument,
~毎        ~ごと
~ごと       (まるごと)
今年        ことし       (noun) this year
言付ける      ことづける     (transitive) to tell (to do), to order, to charge, to direct, to tell o
言葉        ことば       (noun) language, dialect, word, words, phrase, term, expression
こども       こども       (noun) child, children
ことわざ      ことわざ      (noun) proverb, maxim
この        この        (numeric) nine
このあいだ     このあいだ     (adverbial) the other day, lately, recently, during this period, m
こないだ      こないだ      (noun) the other day, lately, recently
このごろ      このごろ      (noun) recently, nowadays, these days
好み        このみ       (noun) liking, taste, choice
コピー       コピー       (noun) copy, photocopy, blurb on a book jacket, catch copy
ごぶさた      ごぶさた      (noun) not writing or contacting for a while, neglecting (failing)
こぼす       こぼす       (transitive) to spill, to grumble
こぼれる      こぼれる      (intransitive) to spill, to fall out of, to overflow, to peek through
細かい       こまかい      (adjective) small, fine, minute, minor, trivial, sensitive, attentive
ごみ        ごみ        (noun) rubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
~こむ       ~こむ
ゴム        ゴム        (nouns) gum, rubber, eraser, condom
米         こめ        (noun) metre, meter, meter (i.e. a gauge), gauge
ごめん       ごめん       (noun) your pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permissio
ごめんください   ごめんください   (Expressions) may I come in?
ごめんなさい    ごめんなさい    (Expressions) I beg your pardon, excuse me
小屋        こや        (noun) hut, cabin, shed, (animal) pen
ごらく       ごらく       (nouns) pleasure, amusement
これ        これ        (pronoun) this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action
コレクション    コレクション    (noun) collection, correction
これら       これら       (nouns) these
ころ        ころ        (noun,) (approximate) time, around, about, toward, suitable tim
殺す        ころす       (transitive) to kill
こん        こん        (noun) navy blue, deep blue
今~        こん~
今回        こんかい      (noun) now, this time, lately
コンクール     コンクール     (noun) contest
コンクリート    コンクリート    (noun) concrete
今後        こんご       (noun) from now on, hereafter
コンサート     コンサート     (noun) concert
コンセント     コンセント     (noun) electrical outlet (concentric plug), consent, concentric
今度        こんど       (noun) now, this time, next time, another time
こんな       こんな       (pre-noun) such (about something/someone close to the speak
こんなに      こんなに      (adverb) so, like this, in this way
こんなん      こんなん      (noun) difficulty, distress
こんにちは     こんにちは     (interjection) hello, good day (daytime greeting)
こんばんは     こんばんは     (Expressions) good evening
コンピューター   コンピューター   (noun) computer
こんらん      こんらん      (noun) disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
差         さ         (noun,) difference, variation
さあ        さあ        (interjection) come, come now
サークル      サークル      (noun) circle, club (e.g. company sports club)
サービス      サービス      (nouns) service, support system, goods or services without cha
際         さい        (noun) edge, brink, verge, side
再~        さい~
最~        さい~
~さい       ~さい
~祭        ~さい
在学        ざいがく      (noun) (enrolled) in school
最近        さいきん      (noun) latest, most recent, nowadays
最後       さいご      (noun) last, end, conclusion; (Expressions) (after -tara form or -
最高       さいこう     (nouns) highest, supreme, the most
再三       さいさん     (noun) again and again, repeatedly
財産       ざいさん     (noun) property, fortune, assets
祭日       さいじつ     (nouns) national holiday, festival day
最終       さいしゅう    (nouns) last, final, closing
最初       さいしょ     (noun) beginning, outset, first, onset
さいちゅう    さいちゅう    (noun) in the middle of, height of, in course of, midst
最低       さいてい     (nouns) least, lowest, worst, nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
さいてん     さいてん     (noun) marking, grading, looking over
才能       さいのう     (noun) talent, ability
さいばん     さいばん     (nouns) trial, judgement, judgment
さいふ      さいふ      (noun) purse, handbag, wallet
さいほう     さいほう     (noun) sewing
材料       ざいりょう    (noun) ingredients, material
サイレン     サイレン     (nouns) siren
サイン      サイン      (noun) autograph, signature; (noun) sign; (noun) sine
坂        さか       (noun) slope, hill
境        さかい      (noun) border, boundary, mental state
逆様       さかさま     (nouns) inversion, upside down
さかのぼる    さかのぼる    (intransitive) to go back, to go upstream, to make retroactive
さかり      さかり      (suffix) peak (e.g. of cherry blossom season), height (e.g. of sum
さかん      さかん      (adjectival) popular, prosperous, enthusiastic, energetic, vigoro
先        さき       (prefix) previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding, poin
さきおととい   さきおととい   (noun) two days before yesterday, three days back (ago)
先程       さきほど     (noun) some time ago
作業       さぎょう     (noun) work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
さく       さく       (intransitive) to bloom
さく       さく       (transitive) to tear, to rip up, to cut up, to cleave, to cut open (e
昨        さく       (prefix) last (year), yesterday
作者       さくしゃ     (noun) author, authoress
作成       さくせい     (noun) framing, drawing up, making, producing, creating, creati
さくせい     さくせい     (noun) manufacture
作品       さくひん     (noun) work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performa
作文       さくぶん     (noun) writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition, formal writi
作物       さくもつ     (noun) literary work
さくら      さくら      (noun) cherry tree, cherry blossom, decoy, fake buyer, shill, hir
酒        さけ       (noun) alcohol, sake
さける      さける      (transitive) to avoid (physical contact with); (transitive) to avoid
下げる      さげる      (transitive) to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss
支える      ささえる     (transitive) to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold
ささやく     ささやく     (intransitive) to whisper, to murmur
さす       さす       (transitive) to insert, to put in, to graft, to wear in belt
注す       さす       (transitive) to pour (drink), to serve (drinks)
さす       さす       (Godan) to shine
流石       さすが      (nouns) as one would expect, still, all the same, even... (e.g. "ev
ざせき      ざせき      (nouns) seat
札        さつ       (noun,) note, paper money
~さつ      ~さつ
さつえい     さつえい     (noun) photographing
作家       さっか      (noun) author, writer, novelist, artist
さっき      さっき      (noun) some time ago
作曲       さっきょく    (noun) composition, setting (of music)
さっさと     さっさと     (adverb) quickly
ざっし      ざっし      (noun) journal, magazine, periodical
ざっと      ざっと      (adverb) roughly, in round numbers
さっぱり     さっぱり     (adverb) feeling refreshed, feeling relieved, neat, trimmed, plai
さて       さて       (interjection) well, now, then
さとう      さとう      (noun) sugar
さばく      さばく      (noun) desert
さびる      さびる      (intransitive) to rust, to become rusty
差別       さべつ      (noun) discrimination, distinction, differentiation
~様       ~さま
様々       さまざま     (noun) varied, various
冷ます      さます      (transitive) to cool, to dampen, to let cool, to throw a damper o
左右       さゆう      (noun) left and right, influence, control, domination
さようなら    さようなら    (interjection) good-bye
再来月      さらいげつ    (noun) month after next
再来週      さらいしゅう   (noun) week after next
サラダ      サラダ      (noun) salad
サラリーマン   サラリーマン   (noun) office worker, company employee
さわぎ      さわぎ      (noun,) uproar, disturbance
さわやか     さわやか     (noun) fresh, refreshing, invigorating, clear, fluent, eloquent
さわる      さわる      (intransitive) to touch, to feel
三        さん       (numeric) three
~山       ~さん
~産       ~さん
参加       さんか      (nouns) participation
産業       さんぎょう    (nouns) industry
参考       さんこう     (nouns) reference, consultation
賛成       U?[い     (nouns) approval, agreement, support, favour, favor
さんせい     さんせい     (noun) acidity; (nouns) acidic
さんそ      さんそ      (nouns) oxygen
サンダル     サンダル     (noun) sandal
産地       さんち      (noun) producing area
サンドイッチ   サンドイッチ   (noun) sandwich
残念       ざんねん     (noun) deplorable, bad luck, regret, disappointment
サンプル     サンプル     (noun) sample
四        し        (numeric) four
市        し        (noun) market, fair
し        し        (noun) family name, lineage, birth
し        し        (noun) song, classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka), modern poe
~史       ~し
~紙       ~し
~時      ~じ
~寺      ~じ
試合      しあい     (noun) match, game, bout, contest
しあさって   しあさって   (noun) (in) three days time (two days after tomorrow)
幸せ      しあわせ    (noun) happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
シーズン    シーズン    (nouns) season (sporting)
シーツ     シーツ     (noun) sheet
寺院      じいん     (noun) temple
しいんと    (する)
ジーンズ    ジーンズ    (noun) jeans
じえい     じえい     (nouns) self-defense, self-defence
ジェット機   ジェットき   (noun) jet aeroplane, jet airplane
塩       しお      (noun) salt
しかい     しかい     (noun) chairmanship, leading a meeting
しかく     しかく     (nouns) square
しかし     しかし     (conjunction) however, but
仕方      しかた     (noun) way, method, means, resource, course
直に      じかに     (adverb) directly, in person, headlong
しかも     しかも     (conjunction) moreover, furthermore, nevertheless, and yet
しかる     しかる     (transitive) to scold
時間      じかん     (noun) time; (counter) hours
~時間     ~じかん
~時間目    ~じかんめ
式       しき      (noun,) equation, formula, expression, ceremony, style, enforce
~しき     (日本式)
直       じき      (adjectival) straight, ordinary, common, doing nothing
時期      じき      (noun) time, season, period; (adverb) soon, shortly
しきち     しきち     (noun) site, plot, lot, grounds
支給      しきゅう    (noun) provision, supply, payment, allowance, grant
しきゅう    しきゅう    (nouns) urgent, pressing
しきりに    しきりに    (adverb) frequently, repeatedly, often, incessantly, constantly,
しく      しく      (Godan) to spread out, to lay out, to take a position, to impose
しげき     しげき     (noun) stimulus, impetus, incentive, encouragement, motivatio
試験      しけん     (noun) examination, test, study, trial, experiment
しげん     しげん     (noun) resources
事件      じけん     (noun) event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
じこ      じこ      (noun) accident, incident, trouble, circumstances, reasons
じこく     じこく     (noun) instant, time, moment
仕事      しごと     (nouns) work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation
自殺      じさつ     (noun) suicide
事実      じじつ     (noun) fact, truth, reality
支出      ししゅつ    (noun) expenditure, expenses
じしょ     じしょ     (noun) dictionary, lexicon, letter of resignation
事情      じじょう    (noun) circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reas
しじん     しじん     (noun) poet
自身      じしん     (noun) by oneself, personally
じしん     じしん     (noun) earthquake
静か         しずか     (adjectival) quiet, peaceful
しせい        しせい     (noun) attitude, posture
自然         しぜん     (noun) nature, spontaneity; (adverb) naturally, spontaneously
思想         しそう     (noun) thought, idea, ideology
時速         じそく     (noun) speed (per hour)
した         した      (noun) tongue, tongue-like object, clapper (of a bell), talon (of a
死体         したい     (nouns) dead body, corpse, cadaver
じたい        じたい     (noun) situation, (present) state of affairs, circumstances
時代         じだい     (noun) period, epoch, era, age, the times, those days, oldness,
じたく        じたく     (noun) one's home
七          しち      (numeric) seven
自治         じち      (noun) self-government, autonomy
質          しつ      (noun,) quality
室~         しつ~
~室         ~しつ
しっかり       しっかり    (noun) firmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
実感         じっかん    (noun) feelings (actual, true)
失業         しつぎょう   (nouns) unemployment
実験         じっけん    (noun) experiment
実現         じつげん    (noun) implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, mate
しつこい       しつこい    (adjective) insistent, obstinate
実行         じっこう    (noun) practice, practise, performance, execution (e.g. program
実際         じっさい    (noun) practicality, practical, reality, actuality, actual conditions
じっし        じっし     (noun) enforcement, implementation, putting into practice (pra
実績         じっせき    (noun) achievements, actual results
じっと        じっと     (noun) motionlessly, fixedly (e.g. of staring), patiently, firmly (e
実に         じつに     (adverb) indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
実は         じつは     (adverb) as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to
失敗         しっぱい    (noun) failure, mistake, blunder
しっぴつ       しっぴつ    (noun) writing (e.g. as a profession)
しっぽ        しっぽ     (noun) tail (animal)
質問         しつもん    (nouns) question, inquiry, enquiry
実用         じつよう    (noun) practical use, utility
実力         じつりょく   (noun) (real) ability, true strength, merit, efficiency, competenc
しつれいしました   (感)     (noun) excuse me, I'm sorry
指定         してい     (noun) designation, specification, assignment, appointment, po
してつ        してつ     (noun) private railway
支店         してん     (noun) branch store (office)
自転車        じてんしゃ   (noun) bicycle
指導         しどう     (noun) leadership, guidance, coaching, shido (disciplinary action
自動         じどう     (noun) automatic, self-motion, intransitive verb
児童         じどう     (noun) children, juvenile
自動車        じどうしゃ   (noun) automobile
品          しな      (noun,) thing, article, goods, dignity, class, quality; (counter) co
支配         しはい     (noun) rule, control, direction
しばい        しばい     (noun) play, drama
しばしば       しばしば    (adverb) often, again and again, frequently
しはらい      しはらい      (noun) payment
しはらう      しはらう      (transitive) to pay
しばらく      しばらく      (nouns) little while, short while, moment, instant, a while, quite
じばん       じばん       (noun) stronghold, base, (the) ground
字引        じびき       (noun) dictionary
しびれる      しびれる      (intransitive) to become numb, to go to sleep (e.g. a limb)
自分        じぶん       (nouns) myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself, I, me
しへい       しへい       (noun) paper money, notes, bills
しぼう       しぼう       (nouns) death, mortality
しぼむ       しぼむ       (intransitive) to wither, to fade (away), to shrivel, to wilt
資本        しほん       (noun) funds, capital
島         しま        (noun) island, territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, e
しまい       (終わり)     (noun) sisters
姉妹        しまい       (noun) sisters
しまう       (終わる)     (transitive) to finish, to close, to do something completely, to p
しまった      (感)       (Expressions) damn it!, damn!, oops!, oh dear!, oh no!
しまる       しまる       (intransitive) to be shut, to close, to be closed, to be locked, to
地味        じみ        (noun) plain, simple, subdued, sober
しみじみ      しみじみ      (adverb) earnestly, keenly, fully, deeply, heartily, seriously, calm
市民        しみん       (noun) citizen, townspeople
事務        じむ        (nouns) business, office work
しめい       しめい       (noun) full name, identity
しめきり      しめきり      (noun) closing, cut-off, end, deadline, Closed, No Entrance
示す        しめす       (transitive) to denote, to show, to point out, to indicate, to exe
しめた       (感)       (noun) I've got it, all right, fine
しめる       しめる       (transitive) to comprise (some part of the whole), to account fo
~車        ~しゃ
~者        ~しゃ
~社        ~しゃ
じゃあ       じゃあ       (interjection) then, well, so, well then, combination of 'de' and
ジャーナリスト   ジャーナリスト   (noun) journalist
社会        しゃかい      (noun) society, public
しゃがむ      しゃがむ      (intransitive) to squat, to crouch
しゃこ       しゃこ       (noun) garage, car shed, carport
しゃしょう     しゃしょう     (noun) (train) conductor
写真        しゃしん      (noun) photograph, photo, movie
シャツ       シャツ       (noun) shirt, singlet
借金        しゃっきん     (noun) debt, loan, liabilities
しゃっくり     しゃっくり     (noun) hiccough, hiccup
シャッター     シャッター     (noun) camera shutter, shutter (door, window, etc.)
しゃぶる      しゃぶる      (transitive) to suck, to chew
しゃべる      しゃべる      (intransitive) to talk, to chat, to chatter
しゃれ       しゃれ       (noun) frank, open-hearted
ジャム       ジャム       (noun) jam
シャワー      シャワー      (noun) shower
じゃんけん     じゃんけん     (noun) rock, paper, scissors game
~手        ~しゅ
~酒       ~しゅ
週        しゅう       (noun,) week
州        しゅう       (noun) state, province, county (UK), department (of ancient Ch
~集       ~しゅう
自由       じゆう       (noun) freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
十        じゅう       (numeric) 10, ten
じゅう      じゅう       (noun) gun, rifle, small arms
重~       じゅう~
~重       ~じゅう
~中       ~じゅう
周囲       しゅうい      (nouns) surroundings, environs, circumference
集会       しゅうかい     (noun) meeting, assembly
しゅうかく    しゅうかく     (noun) harvest, crop, ingathering
習慣       しゅうかん     (nouns) custom, habit, manners
住居       じゅうきょ     (noun) dwelling, house, residence, address
しゅうきょう   しゅうきょう    (noun) religion
しゅうきん    しゅうきん     (noun) money collection
集合       しゅうごう     (nouns) gathering, assembly, meeting, set
じゅうし     じゅうし      (noun) importance, stress, serious consideration
住所       じゅうしょ     (noun) address (e.g. of house), residence, domicile
しゅうしょく   しゅうしょく    (noun) finding employment, inauguration
ジュース     ジュース      (noun) juice, soft drink (any (sweet) non-alcoholic beverage, ca
しゅうせい    しゅうせい     (noun) amendment, correction, revision, modification, alteratio
じゅうたい    じゅうたい     (noun) seriously ill, serious condition, critical state
じゅうたい    じゅうたい     (noun) congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
重大       じゅうだい     (noun) serious, important, significant, grave, weighty
じゅうたく    じゅうたく     (noun) residence, housing, residential building
集団       しゅうだん     (noun) group, mass
じゅうたん    (カーペット)   (noun) carpet
集中       しゅうちゅう    (nouns) concentration, convergence, centralization, integration
重点       じゅうてん     (noun) important point, lay stress on, colon, emphasis
しゅうにゅう   しゅうにゅう    (noun) income, receipts, revenue
しゅうにん    しゅうにん     (nouns) inauguration, assumption of office
十分       じゅうぶん     (noun) 10 minutes
周辺       しゅうへん     (noun) circumference, outskirts, environs, around, in the area o
住民       じゅうみん     (noun) citizens, inhabitants, residents, population
重要       じゅうよう     (noun) important, momentous, essential, principal, major
しゅうり     しゅうり      (nouns) repairing, mending, servicing
しゅうりょう   しゅうりょう    (noun) end, close, termination
重量       じゅうりょう    (nouns) weight, heavyweight boxer
しゅぎ      しゅぎ       (noun) doctrine, rule, principle
じゅぎょう    じゅぎょう     (noun) lesson, class work
しゅくしょう   しゅくしょう    (nouns) reduction, curtailment
しゅくはく    しゅくはく     (noun) lodging
受験       じゅけん      (noun) taking an examination
手術       しゅじゅつ     (nouns) surgical operation
首相       しゅしょう     (noun) Prime Minister, Chancellor (Germany, Austria, etc.), Pre
主人       しゅじん      (nouns) head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietr
しゅだん     しゅだん      (noun) means, way, measure
しゅちょう    しゅちょう     (noun) claim, request, insistence, assertion, advocacy, emphasi
述語       じゅつご      (noun) predicate
出場       しゅつじょう    (noun) (stage) appearance, participation, performance
出身       しゅっしん     (nouns) person's origin (town, city, country, etc.), institution fro
出席       しゅっせき     (noun) attendance, presence, appearance; (noun) to attend, to
しゅっちょう   しゅっちょう    (noun) official tour, business trip
出発       しゅっぱつ     (noun) departure
出版       しゅっぱん     (noun) publication
首都       しゅと       (nouns) capital city, metropolis
主婦       しゅふ       (noun) housewife, mistress (of the house), homemaker
しゅみ      しゅみ       (noun) hobby, tastes, preference
じゅみょう    じゅみょう     (noun) life span
主役       しゅやく      (nouns) leading part, leading actor (actress)
主要       しゅよう      (noun) chief, main, principal, major
じゅよう     じゅよう      (noun) demand, request
種類       しゅるい      (noun) variety, kind, type, category; (counter) counter for differ
順        じゅん       (noun,) order, turn
しゅんかん    しゅんかん     (noun) moment, second, instant
じゅんさ     じゅんさ      (noun) police, policeman
順々       じゅんじゅん    (noun) in order, in turn
じゅんじょう   じゅんじょう    (noun) pure heart, naivete, self-sacrificing devotion
じゅんすい    じゅんすい     (nouns) pure, true, genuine, unmixed
順調       じゅんちょう    (noun) favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right
準備       じゅんび      (noun) preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
初~       しょ~
しょ~      しょ~
~所       ~しょ
女~       じょ~
~女       ~じょ
使用       しよう       (noun) use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
小        しょう       (noun,) smallness, small item, short month (i.e. having fewer th
章        しょう       (noun) chapter, section, medal
賞        しょう       (noun,) prize, award
省~       しょう~
~省       ~しょう
~商       ~しょう
~勝       ~しょう
~状       ~じょう
~場       ~じょう
~じょう     ~じょう
しょうかい    しょうかい     (nouns) introduction, referral
しょうがい    しょうがい     (noun) obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier, han
小学生      しょうがくせい   (noun) elementary school student, primary school student, gra
正月       しょうがつ     (noun) New Year, New Year's Day, the first month, January
小学校      しょうがっこう   (noun) primary school, elementary school, grade school
しょうがない    しょうがない     (Expressions) it can't be helped, it is inevitable, nothing can be
しょうぎ      しょうぎ       (noun) shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi
じょうぎ      じょうぎ       (noun) (measuring) ruler
乗客        じょうきゃく     (noun) passenger
商業        しょうぎょう     (nouns) commerce, trade, business
じょうきょう    じょうきょう     (nouns) state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
消極的       しょうきょくてき   (adjectival) negative, half-hearted, passive, unmotivated, pessim
賞金        しょうきん      (noun) prize, monetary award
上下        じょうげ       (noun) high and low, up and down, unloading and loading, prais
じょうけん     じょうけん      (noun) condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, require
正午        しょうご       (noun) noon, mid-day
しょうじ      しょうじ       (noun) shoji (paper sliding door)
正直        しょうじき      (noun) honesty, integrity, frankness; (adverb) honestly, frankly
常識        じょうしき      (noun) common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general kno
商社        しょうしゃ      (noun) trading company, firm
じょうじゅん    じょうじゅん     (noun) first 10 days of month
尐女        しょうじょ      (noun) young lady, little girl, virgin, maiden, daughter
しょうしょう    しょうしょう     (noun) just a minute, small quantity
しょうじょう    しょうじょう     (nouns) symptoms, condition
生ずる       しょうずる      (intransitive) to cause, to arise, to be generated
小数        しょうすう      (nouns) fraction (part of), decimal fraction
小説        しょうせつ      (nouns) novel, (short) story
招待        しょうたい      (nouns) invitation
じょうたい     じょうたい      (noun) current status, condition, situation, circumstances, state
じょうだん     じょうだん      (nouns) jest, joke
しょうち      しょうち       (noun) consent, acceptance, assent, admitting, acknowledgmen
商店        しょうてん      (noun) shop, small store, business, firm
しょうてん     しょうてん      (nouns) focus (e.g. photographic), focal point
しょうとつ     しょうとつ      (noun) collision, conflict
しょうにん     しょうにん      (noun) recognition, acknowledgement, acknowledgment, appro
尐年        しょうねん      (noun) boys, juveniles
商売        しょうばい      (noun) trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation
消費        しょうひ       (nouns) consumption, expenditure
商品        しょうひん      (noun) commodity, article of commerce, goods, stock, merchan
しょうひん     しょうひん      (noun) prize, trophy
勝負        しょうぶ       (noun) victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout
消防        しょうぼう      (noun) fire fighting, fire department
しょうぼうしょ   しょうぼうしょ    (noun) fire station
情報        じょうほう      (noun) news, gossip, (military) intelligence, information (data c
しょうめい     しょうめい      (nouns) proof, verification
正面        しょうめん      (prefix) front, frontage, facade, main
しょうらい     しょうらい      (noun) future (usually near), prospects
しょうりゃく    しょうりゃく     (noun) omission, abbreviation, abridgment, abridgement
女王        じょおう       (nouns) queen
じょきょうじゅ   じょきょうじゅ    (noun) assistant professor
職         しょく        (noun,) employment
~色        ~しょく
職業       しょくぎょう   (nouns) occupation, business
食事       しょくじ     (noun) meal; (noun) to eat
食堂       しょくどう    (noun) dining room, dining hall, cafeteria, messroom, restauran
職人       しょくにん    (nouns) worker, mechanic, artisan, craftsman
職場       しょくば     (noun) one's post, place of work, workplace
食品       しょくひん    (noun) commodity, foodstuff
植物       しょくぶつ    (noun) plant, vegetation
食料       しょくりょう   (noun) food
しょくりょう   しょくりょう   (noun) provisions, rations, food supply
女子       じょし      (nouns) woman, girl
助手       じょしゅ     (noun) helper, helpmeet, assistant, tutor
じょじょに    じょじょに    (adverb) slowly, little by little, gradually, steadily, quietly
女性       じょせい     (nouns) woman, female, feminine gender
しょせき     しょせき     (noun) book, publication
ショップ     ショップ     (noun) shop
書店       しょてん     (noun) bookshop, bookstore
書道       しょどう     (nouns) calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
しょめい     しょめい     (noun) signature
じょゆう     じょゆう     (nouns) actress
しょり      しょり      (noun) processing, dealing with, treatment, disposition, disposa
書類       しょるい     (noun) documents, official papers
知らせ      しらせ      (noun) notice, notification
知らせる     しらせる     (transitive) to notify, to advise, to inform
しり       しり       (noun) ass, arse, buttocks, rear, end, acupuncture point
知合い      しりあい     (noun) acquaintance
シリーズ     シリーズ     (noun,) series
しりつ      しりつ      (nouns) private (establishment)
資料       しりょう     (nouns) materials, data, document
知る       しる       (transitive) to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to f
印        しるし      (noun) seal, stamp, mark, print, mudra (symbolic hand gesture)
白        しろ       (noun) white, good guy, 'white hat'
しろ       しろ       (noun) castle
しろうと     しろうと     (nouns) amateur, novice
しん       しん       (noun) wick, marrow, staple (for stapler), (pencil) lead, stuffing,
~人       ~じん
進学       しんがく     (noun) entering a higher-level school, esp. going on to universit
しんかんせん   しんかんせん   (noun) bullet train (very high speed), Shinkansen
神経       しんけい     (noun) nerve, sensitivity
しんこう     しんこう     (noun) (religious) faith, belief, creed
信号       しんごう     (noun) traffic lights, signal, semaphore
人工       じんこう     (nouns) artificial, manmade, human work, human skill, artificial
しんこく     しんこく     (noun) serious
しんさつ     しんさつ     (noun) medical examination
人事       じんじ      (nouns) personnel affairs, human affairs, human resources, HR
神社       じんじゃ     (noun) Shinto shrine
人種       じんしゅ     (nouns) race (of people)
しんしん     しんしん     (nouns) mind and body
しんせい     しんせい     (noun) application, request, petition
人生       じんせい     (noun) (human) life (i.e. conception to death)
しんせつ     しんせつ     (noun) kindness, gentleness
しんせん     しんせん     (adjectival) fresh
しんぞう     しんぞう     (noun) heart
身体       しんたい     (nouns) body, health
しんだん     しんだん     (nouns) diagnosis
身長       しんちょう    (noun) height (of body), stature
しんちょう    しんちょう    (noun) discretion, prudence, caution, care
心配       しんぱい     (noun) worry, concern, anxiety; (noun) care, help, aid, assistanc
しんぱん     しんぱん     (noun) refereeing, trial, judgement, judgment, umpire, referee
人物       じんぶつ     (noun) character, personality, person, man, personage, talente
新聞       しんぶん     (nouns) newspaper
進歩       しんぽ      (noun) progress, development
深夜       しんや      (noun) late at night
しんゆう     しんゆう     (noun) close friend, bosom (old, intimate) friend, buddy, crony,
信用       しんよう     (noun) confidence, dependence, credit, faith, reliance, belief, c
しんらい     しんらい     (noun) reliance, trust, faith, confidence
心理       しんり      (noun) mentality
森林       しんりん     (nouns) forest, woods
親類       しんるい     (nouns) relation, kin
人類       じんるい     (noun) mankind, humanity
しんろ      しんろ      (noun) course, direction, compass bearing
神話       しんわ      (nouns) myth, legend
す        す        (noun) nest, rookery, breeding place, hive, den, haunt, (spider's
す        す        (noun) vinegar
図        ず        (noun,) figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
水泳       すいえい     (nouns) swimming
水産       すいさん     (noun) marine products, fisheries
水準       すいじゅん    (noun) level, standard, water level
すいせん     すいせん     (nouns) recommendation
スイッチ     スイッチ     (noun) switch
すいてい     すいてい     (nouns) presumption, assumption, estimation
水道       すいどう     (noun) water service, water supply
すいみん     すいみん     (nouns) sleep
水面       すいめん     (noun) water's surface
すいよう     すいよう     (noun) Wednesday
数学       すうがく     (noun) mathematics, arithmetic
数字       すうじ      (noun) numeral, figure, digit, numeric character
ずうずうしい   ずうずうしい   (adjective) impudent, shameless
スーツ      スーツ      (noun) suit
スーツケース   スーツケース   (noun) suitcase
ずうっと     ずうっと     (adverb) continuously in some state (for a long time, distance),
スーパー     スーパー     (noun) super, supermarket, superimpose, superheterodyne, (fil
スープ      スープ      (noun) (Western) soup
末        すえ       (noun) top end, tip
すがた      すがた      (noun) figure, shape, appearance
スカート      スカート      (noun) skirt
スカーフ      スカーフ      (noun) scarf
好き        すき        (noun) liking, fondness, love
すぎ        すぎ        (noun) Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica
~過ぎ       ~すぎ
スキー       スキー       (noun) skiing, ski, skis
好き好き      すきずき      (noun) matter of taste
~過ぎる      ~すぎる
すぐに       すぐに       (adverb) instantly, immediately
すくう       すくう       (transitive) to rescue from, to help out of, to save
スクール      スクール      (noun) school
すくなくとも    すくなくとも    (adverb) at least
すぐれる      すぐれる      (intransitive) to surpass, to outstrip, to excel
スケート      スケート      (noun) skate, skates, skating
スケジュール    スケジュール    (noun) schedule
すごい       すごい       (adjective) terrible, dreadful, amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e
尐し        すこし       (noun) small quantity, little, few, something, little while, short d
尐しも       すこしも      (adverb) anything of, not one bit (with negative sentence)
すじ        すじ        (noun) muscle, string, sinew, line, stripe, plot, plan, source (of b
すずむ       すずむ       (intransitive) to cool oneself, to cool off, to enjoy evening cool
進める       すすめる      (transitive) to advance, to promote, to hasten
すすめる      すすめる      (transitive) to recommend, to advise, to encourage, to offer (w
スター       スター       (noun) star
スタート      スタート      (noun) start
スタイル      スタイル      (noun) style, (female) figure
スタンド      スタンド      (noun) stand
スチュワーデス   スチュワーデス   (noun) stewardess, (female) flight attendant
~ずつ       ~ずつ
すっかり      すっかり      (adverb) all, completely, thoroughly
すっきり      すっきり      (noun) clearly, refreshed, shapely, neatly, refinedly, cleanly, wit
すっと       すっと       (noun) straight, quickly, directly, all of a sudden, quietly, gently
ずっと       ずっと       (adverb) continuously in some state (for a long time, distance),
ステージ      ステージ      (noun) stage, performance
すでに       すでに       (adverb) already, too late
ステレオ      ステレオ      (noun) stereo
ストッキング    ストッキング    (noun) stockings
ストップ      ストップ      (noun) stop
すな        すな        (noun) sand, grit
すなお       すなお       (noun) obedient, meek, docile, unaffected, honest, frank
スピーカー     スピーカー     (noun) speaker
スピーチ      スピーチ      (noun) speech
スプーン      スプーン      (noun) spoon
全て        すべて       (noun) all, the whole, entirely, in general, wholly, overall
スポーツ      スポーツ      (nouns) sport, sports
スマート      スマート      (noun) smart, stylish, slim
住まい       すまい       (noun) dwelling, house, residence, address
すませる      すませる      (transitive) to finish, to make an end of, to get through with, to
すまない    すまない      (adjective) inexcusable, unjustifiable, unpardonable, sorry, rem
すみ      すみ        (noun,) corner, nook, recess
すみ      すみ        (noun) ink
~ずみ     ~ずみ
すみません   (感)       (interjection) sorry, excuse me, thank you
すもう     すもう       (noun) sumo wrestling, sumo wrestler, rikishi
スライド    スライド      (noun) slide, change (in value or situation), proportional change
ずらす     ずらす       (transitive) to shift, to slide (e.g. something away from somethi
ずらり     ずらり
すり      すり        (noun) pickpocket
スリッパ    スリッパ      (noun) slipper, slippers
する      する        (transitive) to print, to color or pattern fabric using a wooden m
する      する        (suru) to do, to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into),
ずるい     ずるい       (adjective) sly, cunning, dishonest, sneaky, crafty
すると     すると       (conjunction) thereupon, hereupon
すれちがう   すれちがう     (intransitive) to pass by one another, to disagree, to miss each
ずれる     ずれる       (intransitive) to slide, to slip off, to get dislocated, to be out of a
せ       せ         (noun) height, stature
正       せい        (nouns) (logical) true, regular, 10^40, original, positive, plus
生       せい        (prefix) pure, undiluted, raw, crude
性       せい        (noun) one's nature, one's destiny, custom, tradition, habit
せい      せい        (noun) surname, family name, hereditary title (used in ancient
せい      せい        (noun) act, deed, one's doing
~製      ~せい
~性      ~せい
税       ぜい        (suffix) tax
性格      せいかく      (noun) character, personality
せいかく    せいかく      (adjectival) accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
生活      せいかつ      (noun) living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
せいき     せいき       (noun) century, era
せいきゅう   せいきゅう     (noun) claim, demand, charge, application, request, billing (for
税金      ぜいきん      (noun) tax, duty
制限      せいげん      (noun) restriction, restraint, limitation, limit
せいこう    せいこう      (noun) success, hit
製作      せいさく      (nouns) manufacture, production
制作      せいさく      (noun) work (film, book)
生産      せいさん      (noun) production, manufacture
政治      せいじ       (noun) politics, government
正式      せいしき      (noun) due form, official, formality
清書      せいしょ      (noun) clean copy
青尐年     せいしょうねん   (noun) youth, young person
精神      せいしん      (noun) mind, soul, heart, spirit, intention
成人      せいじん      (noun) adult; (noun) to grow up, to mature; (noun) to come of
せいすう    せいすう      (noun) integer, whole number
精々      せいぜい      (adverb) at the most, at best, to the utmost, as much (far) as po
成績      せいせき      (noun) results, record, grades
せいそう    せいそう      (noun) cleaning
製造      せいぞう      (nouns) manufacture, production
せいぞん    せいぞん      (noun) existence, being, survival; (noun) to exist, to live, to surv
成長      せいちょう     (noun) growth, grow to adulthood
せいちょう   せいちょう     (noun) growth, increment
生徒      せいと       (nouns) pupil
制度      せいど       (nouns) system, institution, organization, organisation
せいとう    せいとう      (nouns) (member of) political party
青年      せいねん      (noun) youth, young man
性能      せいのう      (noun) ability, performance, efficiency
せいび     せいび       (noun) maintenance, servicing, outfitting
製品      せいひん      (noun) manufactured goods, finished goods, product
政府      せいふ       (noun) government, administration
生物      せいぶつ      (nouns) living things, creature
成分      せいぶん      (noun) ingredient, component, composition
性別      せいべつ      (noun) distinction by sex, sex, gender
生命      せいめい      (noun) life, existence
せいもん    せいもん      (noun) main gate, main entrance
西洋      せいよう      (nouns) the west, Western countries
せいり     せいり       (noun) sorting, arrangement, organization, putting in order, adj
成立      せいりつ      (noun) coming into existence, arrangements, establishment, co
セーター    セーター      (noun) sweater, jumper
世界      せかい       (noun) the world, society, the universe
席       せき        (noun) seat, location (of a gathering, etc.), place, position, post
~せき     ~せき
石炭      せきたん      (noun) coal
責任      せきにん      (noun) duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff), liability, o
石油      せきゆ       (noun) oil, petroleum, kerosene
世間      せけん       (noun) world, society
説       せつ        (noun,) theory
折角      せっかく      (noun) with trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
積極的     せっきょくてき   (adjectival) assertive, positive, active, proactive
接近      せっきん      (noun) getting closer, drawing nearer, approaching
設計      せっけい      (noun) plan, design, layout
せっせと    せっせと      (adverb) diligently, assiduously
絶対      ぜったい      (adverb) absolutely, unconditionally; (nouns) absolute, uncondi
セット     セット       (noun) set, set meal
設備      せつび       (noun) equipment, device, facilities, installation
説明      せつめい      (nouns) explanation, exposition
ぜつめつ    ぜつめつ      (nouns) destruction, extinction
せともの    せともの      (noun) earthenware, crockery, china
せなか     せなか       (noun) back (of body)
ぜひ      ぜひ        (noun) certainly, without fail, right and wrong, pros and cons
ぜひとも    ぜひとも      (adverb) by all means (with sense of not taking "no" for an answ
せまる     せまる       (intransitive) to draw near, to press (someone for something)
ゼミ      ゼミ        (noun) seminar
せめて     せめて       (adverb) at least, at most
せめる     せめる       (transitive) to attack, to assault
せめる     せめる       (transitive) to condemn, to blame, to criticize, to criticise
セメント    セメント      (noun) cement
ゼロ      ゼロ        (nouns) zero
世話      せわ        (noun) looking after, help, aid, assistance
千       せん        (numeric) 1,000, thousand
せん      せん        (noun) stopper, cork, stopcock
線       せん        (noun,) line (also telephone, railway), wire, beam
~船      ~せん
~戦      ~せん
ぜん      ぜん        (noun) good, goodness, right, virtue
全       ぜん        (prefix) all, whole, entire, complete, overall, pan
前~      ぜん~
~前      ~ぜん
全員      ぜんいん      (noun) all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, eve
前後      ぜんご       (suffix) around, throughout, front and back, before and behind,
せんこう    せんこう      (nouns) major subject, special study
全国      ぜんこく      (nouns) country-wide, nation-wide, whole country, national
せんざい    せんざい      (noun) detergent, washing material
先日      せんじつ      (noun) the other day, a few days ago
選手      せんしゅ      (noun) player (in game), team member
全身      ぜんしん      (nouns) whole (body), full-length (e.g. portrait); (noun) systemi
前進      ぜんしん      (noun) advance, drive, progress
先生      せんせい      (noun) teacher, master, doctor; (suffix) with names of teachers
せんせい    せんせい      (nouns) despotism, autocracy
先々月     せんせんげつ    (noun) month before last
先々週     せんせんしゅう   (noun) week before last
戦争      せんそう      (noun) war
センター    センター      (noun) centre, center
全体      ぜんたい      (noun) whole, entirety, whatever (is the matter)
せんたく    せんたく      (noun) washing, laundry
せんたく    せんたく      (noun) selection, choice, option
せんたん    せんたん      (nouns) pointed end, tip, fine point, spearhead, cusp, vanguard
センチ     センチ       (noun) centimeter; (prefix) centi-, 10^-2; (adjectival) sentiment
せんでん    せんでん      (noun) propaganda, publicity, advertisement, advertising
先頭      せんとう      (noun) head, lead, vanguard, first
せんぱい    せんぱい      (noun) senior (at work or school), superior, elder, older graduat
ぜんぱん    ぜんぱん      (nouns) (the) whole, universal, wholly, general
全部      ぜんぶ       (nouns) all, entire, whole, altogether
せんもん    せんもん      (nouns) speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
全力      ぜんりょく     (nouns) all one's power, whole energy
~そい     ~そい
そう      そう        (adverb) so, really, seeming; (suffix) (after masu stem and adj-s
総~      そう~
~そう     ~そう
ぞう      ぞう        (noun) phenomenon
そうい     そうい       (noun) difference, discrepancy, variation
そういえば   そういえば     (Expressions) which reminds me ..., come to think of it ..., now
そうおん     そうおん      (noun) noise
増加       ぞうか       (noun) increase, increment, addition
ぞうきん     ぞうきん      (noun) house-cloth, dust cloth
そうこ      そうこ       (noun) storehouse, warehouse, godown
そうご      そうご       (nouns) mutual, reciprocal
そうさ      そうさ       (noun) operation, management, processing, manipulating to on
そうさく     そうさく      (nouns) production, literary creation, work
そうじ      そうじ       (noun) cleaning, sweeping
そうしき     そうしき      (nouns) funeral
そうして     そうして      (conjunction) and, like that
造船       ぞうせん      (noun) shipbuilding
想像       そうぞう      (nouns) imagination, guess
そうぞく     そうぞく      (noun) succession, inheritance
増大       ぞうだい      (noun) enlargement, increase
相談       そうだん      (noun) consultation, discussion
そうち      そうち       (noun) equipment, installation, apparatus, device
そうっと     そうっと      (noun) softly, gently, quietly, secretly
相当       そうとう      (noun) befitting, becoming, worthy of, proportionate, in keepin
総理大臣     そうりだいじん   (noun) Prime Minister
そうりょう    そうりょう     (noun) postage, carriage
~足       ~そく
続々       ぞくぞく      (adverb) successively, one after another
測定       そくてい      (noun) measurement
速度       そくど       (noun) speed, velocity, rate
そこ       そこ        (noun) there (place relatively near listener), there (place just m
底        そこ        (noun) bottom, sole
そこで      そこで       (conjunction) so, accordingly, now, then, thereupon, therefore
そしき      そしき       (noun) organization, organisation, structure, construction, tissu
そして      そして       (conjunction) and, and then, thus, and now
そそぐ      そそぐ       (Godan) to pour (into), to fill, to sprinkle on from above, to she
そそっかしい   そそっかしい    (adjective) careless, thoughtless
育てる      そだてる      (transitive) to raise, to rear, to bring up
そちら      そちら       (nouns) that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to t
そっち      そっち       (nouns) that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to t
卒業       そつぎょう     (nouns) graduation, completion (e.g. of a course), outgrowing s
そっくり     そっくり      (noun) all, altogether, entirely, just like, the spitting image of
卒直       そっちょく     (noun) frankness, candour, candor, openheartedness
そっと      そっと       (noun) softly, gently, quietly, secretly
外        そと        (noun) outside, exterior, open air, other place
備える      そなえる      (transitive) to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install, to hav
具える      そなえる      (transitive) to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install, to hav
その       その        (pre-noun) that (something or someone distant from the speak
そのうえ     そのうえ      (conjunction) in addition, furthermore, above (which), on top o
そのうち     そのうち      (adverb) eventually, sooner or later, of the previously mentione
そのころ     そのころ
そのため     そのため      (noun) hence, for that reason
そのほか     そのほか      (conjunction) etc., otherwise, besides, in addition, the rest, the
そのまま    そのまま     (nouns) without change, as it is (i.e. now)
側       そば       (noun) near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity, besides, while; (n
祖父      そふ       (nouns) grandfather, old man, kyogen mask used for the role of
ソファー    ソファー     (noun) sofa, couch
そる      そる       (transitive) to shave
それ      (接。感)    (noun) that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the
それから    それから     (Expressions) and then, after that
それで     それで      (conjunction) and, thereupon, because of that
それでは    それでは     (Expressions) well then ..., in that situation, in which case
それでも    それでも     (conjunction) but (still), and yet, nevertheless, even so, notwith
それと     それと      (conjunction) and then, and
それとも    それとも     (conjunction) or, or else
それなのに   それなのに    (conjunction) and yet, despite this, but even so, but even then,
それなら    それなら     (conjunction) If that's the case ..., If so ..., That being the case ..
それに     それに      (conjunction) besides, moreover
それほど    それほど     (adverb) to that degree, extent
それる     それる      (intransitive) to stray (turn) from subject, to get lost, to go astra
そろう     そろう      (intransitive) to become complete, to be all present, to be a ful
そろえる    そろえる     (transitive) to put things in order, to arrange, to make uniform,
そろそろ    そろそろ     (adverb) gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly, soon
そろばん    そろばん     (noun) abacus
損       そん       (noun,) loss, disadvantage
損害      そんがい     (noun) damage, injury, loss
そんけい    そんけい     (noun) respect, esteem, reverence, honour, honor
そんざい    そんざい     (nouns) existence, being
ぞんずる    ぞんずる     (intransitive) to think, feel, consider, know, etc.
そんちょう   そんちょう    (noun) respect, esteem, regard
そんな     そんな      (pre-noun) such (about the actions of the listener, or about ide
そんなに    そんなに     (Expressions) so much, so, like that
田       た        (noun) rice field
田ぼ      たんぼ      (noun) paddy field, farm
他       た        (adverbial) other (esp. places and things), the rest
対       たい       (conjunction) opposite, opposition, versus, vs, to (i.e. "we won
大       だい       (prefix) big, large
台       だい       (noun,) stand, rack, table, support, belt; (counter) counter for m
だい      だい       (noun) title, subject, theme, topic, problem (on a test), question
第~      だい~
~代      ~だい
体育      たいいく     (noun) physical education, gymnastics, athletics
だいいち    (副)      (noun) first, foremost, number one
大会      たいかい     (nouns) convention, tournament, mass meeting, rally
大学      だいがく     (noun) post-secondary education institution, incl. university, co
大学院     だいがくいん   (noun) graduate school
大気      たいき      (noun) atmosphere
代金      だいきん     (noun) price, payment, cost, charge, the money, the bill
大工      だいく      (noun) carpenter
たいけい    たいけい     (noun) system, organization, organisation, architecture
たいざい      たいざい      (noun) stay, sojourn
たいさく      たいさく      (noun) counter-plan, counter-measure
大使        たいし       (nouns) ambassador
大事        だいじ       (noun) important, valuable, serious matter
大した       たいした      (pre-noun) considerable, great, important, significant, a big dea
大して       たいして      (adverb) (not so) much, (not) very
体重        たいじゅう     (noun) one's body weight
対象        たいしょう     (nouns) target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxat
だいじょうぶ    だいじょうぶ    (noun) safe, all right, OK, okay
大臣        だいじん      (noun) cabinet minister
体制        たいせい      (noun) order, system, structure, set-up, organization, organisat
大切        たいせつ      (noun) important, valuable, worthy of care
大戦        たいせん      (noun) great war, great battle
たいそう      たいそう      (noun) very much, exaggerated, very fine
たいそう      たいそう      (nouns) gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
たいど       たいど       (nouns) attitude, manner, behaviour
だいとうりょう   だいとうりょう   (noun) president, chief executive
台所        だいどころ     (nouns) kitchen
大半        たいはん      (noun) majority, mostly, generally
代表        だいひょう     (nouns) representative, representation, delegation, type, exam
タイプ       タイプ       (noun) type, kind, sort, style, typewriter, typing
台風        たいふう      (noun) typhoon, hurricane
大部分       だいぶぶん     (noun) most part, greater part, majority
タイプライター   タイプライター   (noun) typewriter
大変        たいへん      (adverb) very, greatly; (noun) immense, enormous, great, serio
たいほ       たいほ       (noun) arrest, apprehension, capture
タイア       タイア       (noun) tire, tyre
ダイヤ       ダイヤ       (noun) diamond, (railway) schedule, diagram, dyer
ダイヤグラム    ダイヤグラム    (noun) diagram
ダイヤモンド    ダイヤモンド    (noun) diamond
ダイヤル      ダイヤル      (noun) dial
太陽        たいよう      (noun) sun, solar
平ら        たいら       (noun) flatness, level, smooth, calm, plain, sitting tailor fashion
代理        だいり       (nouns) representation, agency, proxy, deputy, agent, attorney
大陸        たいりく      (nouns) continent
?立        たいりつ
絶えず       たえず       (adverb) constantly, always, continually, steadily
タオル       タオル       (noun) (hand) towel
だが        だが        (conjunction) but, however, (and) yet, nevertheless, still, for all
高い        たかい       (adjective) high, tall, expensive
たがい       たがい       (noun) mutual, reciprocal
たから       たから       (noun) treasure
だから       だから       (noun) so, therefore
たく        たく        (noun) house, home, husband
たく        たく        (transitive) to cook (esp. grain, pulses, etc., such as rice or bean
たく        たく        (transitive) to burn, to kindle, to build a fire
タクシー      タクシー      (noun) taxi
竹       たけ          (noun) bamboo, middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
だけど     だけど         (conjunction) however
たしか     (~3年前だった)   (adjectival) certain, sure, definite; (adverb) if I'm not mistaken,
確か      たしか         (adjectival) certain, sure, definite; (adverb) if I'm not mistaken,
多尐      たしょう        (noun) more or less, somewhat, a little, some
出す      だす          (transitive) to take out, to get out, to put out, to reveal, to show
~だす     ~だす
たずねる    たずねる        (transitive) to visit
ただいま    ただいま        (Expressions) Here I am, I'm home!; (adverb) presently, right aw
戦い      たたかい        (noun) battle, fight, struggle, conflict
たたく     たたく         (transitive) to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat, to play drums, to
ただし     ただし         (conjunction) but, however, provided that
直ちに     ただちに        (adverb) at once, immediately, directly, in person
たたみ     たたみ         (counter) counter for tatami mats, measure of room size (in ma
たたむ     たたむ         (transitive) to fold (clothes), to close (a shop), to vacate
~たち     ~たち
立場      たちば         (noun) standpoint, position, situation
たちまち    たちまち        (adverb) at once, in a moment, suddenly, all at once
たつ      たつ          (intransitive) to stand, to rise, to stand up; (intransitive) to find
だって     だって         (particle) but, however, still, yet, although, even though; (suffix
たっぷり    たっぷり        (noun) full, in plenty, ample
たて      たて          (noun) the vertical, height, front-to-back, length
建物      たてもの        (noun) building
立てる     たてる         (transitive) to stand (something) up, to erect (something), to m
建てる     たてる         (transitive) to build, to construct
例えば     たとえば        (adverb) for example, e.g.
谷       たに          (noun) valley
他人      たにん         (noun) another person, unrelated person, outsider, stranger
種       たね          (noun,) kind, variety, (biological) species, (logical) species
楽しみ     たのしみ        (noun) enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement, hobby, ant
たのむ     たのむ         (Godan) to request, to beg, to ask, to call, to order, to reserve,
度       たび          (counter) time (three times, each time, etc.), times
旅       たび          (noun) travel, trip, journey
ダブル     ダブル         (noun) double
たぶん     たぶん         (noun) perhaps, probably; (nouns) generous, many, much, grea
玉       たま          (noun) ball, sphere; (noun,) coin; (noun) jewel, pearl, testicles;
たま      たま          (noun) bullet, shot, shell
たま      たま          (adverb) casually, unexpectedly, accidentally, by chance
たまご     たまご         (noun) eggs, egg, spawn, roe; (noun) hen egg; (noun) (an exper
だます     だます         (transitive) to trick, to cheat, to deceive
たまたま    たまたま        (adverb) casually, unexpectedly, accidentally, by chance
たまに     たまに         (suffix) occasionally, once in a while
たまらない   たまらない       (adjective) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable, cannot help (
たまる     たまる         (intransitive) to collect, to gather, to save, to accumulate, to pil
だまる     だまる         (intransitive) to be silent
ダム      ダム          (noun) dam; (noun) dumb
ため      ため          (noun) good, advantage, benefit, welfare, sake, purpose, object
ためいき    ためいき    (noun) sigh
ためらう    ためらう    (intransitive) to hesitate
ためる     ためる     (transitive) to amass, to accumulate, to store, to leave unpaid
~だらけ    ~だらけ
だらしない   だらしない   (adjective) slovenly, loose, sluttish, slatternly
短~      たん~
~団      ~だん
単位      たんい     (noun) unit, denomination, credit (in school)
だんかい    だんかい    (noun) gradation, grade, stage, steps, order, class, phase
短期      たんき     (nouns) short term
たんこう    たんこう    (noun) coal mine, coal pit
男子      だんし     (noun) youth, young man
たんじゅん   たんじゅん   (noun) simplicity
たんじょう   たんじょう   (noun) birth, creation, formation
ダンス     ダンス     (noun) dance
単数      たんすう    (nouns) singular number
男性      だんせい    (nouns) man, male, masculine gender
団体      だんたい    (noun) organization, organisation, association
団地      だんち     (noun) multi-unit apartments
たんとう    たんとう    (noun) (in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessa
単なる     たんなる    (pre-noun) mere, simple, sheer
単に      たんに     (noun) simply, merely, only, solely
血       ち       (noun) blood, consanguinity
地       ち       (noun,) earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a p
地位      ちい      (noun) (social) position, status
ちいき     ちいき     (noun) area, region
チーズ     チーズ     (noun) cheese; (Expressions) say cheese! (when taking photogr
チーム     チーム     (noun) team
ちえ      ちえ      (noun) wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence, prajna (insigh
地下      ちか      (nouns) basement, cellar, underground place; (prefix) undergro
ちがい     ちがい     (noun,) difference, discrepancy
ちがいない   ちがいない   (adjective) (phrase) sure, no mistaking it, for certain
近く      ちかく     (noun) near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity; (noun,) ne
ちかごろ    ちかごろ    (noun) lately, recently, nowadays
地下鉄     ちかてつ    (noun) underground train, subway
力       ちから     (noun) force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy, capability,
地球      ちきゅう    (nouns) the earth
ちぎる     ちぎる     (transitive) to pledge, to promise, to swear, to have sexual inte
地区      ちく      (nouns) district, section, sector
知事      ちじ      (nouns) prefectural governor
知識      ちしき     (noun) knowledge, information
知人      ちじん     (noun) friend, acquaintance
地図      ちず      (noun) map
地帯      ちたい     (noun) area, zone
父       ちち      (noun) father
父親      ちちおや    (noun) father
ちぢめる    ちぢめる    (transitive) to shorten, to reduce, to boil down, to shrink
ちぢれる     ちぢれる     (intransitive) to be wavy, to be curled
ちっとも     ちっとも     (adverb) not at all (neg. verb)
チップ      チップ      (noun) gratuity, tip, chip
地点       ちてん      (noun) site, point on a map, spot
地方       ちほう      (nouns) area, locality, district, region, province, countryside, ru
ちめい      ちめい      (nouns) place name
茶        ちゃ       (noun) tea, tea plant (Camellia sinensis), tea preparation, makin
茶色い      ちゃいろい    (adjective) light brown, tawny
~着       ~ちゃく
~ちゃん     ~ちゃん
チャンス     チャンス     (noun) chance, opportunity
ちゃんと     ちゃんと     (noun) perfectly, properly, exactly
中        ちゅう      (noun) inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle, during
ちゅう      ちゅう      (noun) annotation, explanatory note, comment
注意       ちゅうい     (noun) caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
中央       ちゅうおう    (nouns) centre, central, center, middle
中学       ちゅうがく    (noun) middle school, junior high school
中間       ちゅうかん    (noun) middle, midway, interim
中止       ちゅうし     (noun) suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
ちゅうしゃ    ちゅうしゃ    (noun) injection
ちゅうしゃ    ちゅうしゃ    (nouns) parking (e.g. car)
ちゅうじゅん   ちゅうじゅん   (noun) middle of a month, second third of a month
昼食       ちゅうしょく   (noun) lunch, midday meal, food served at a tea party (tea cere
中心       ちゅうしん    (nouns) center, centre, middle, heart, core, focus, pivot, empha
中年       ちゅうねん    (nouns) middle-age, middle age, midlife, one's middle years
注目       ちゅうもく    (noun) notice, attention, observation
注文       ちゅうもん    (nouns) order, request
長~       ちょう~
~ちょう     ~ちょう
~兆       ~ちょう
~町       ~ちょう
~長       ~ちょう
~ちょう     ~ちょう
ちょうか     ちょうか     (noun) excess, being more than
長期       ちょうき     (noun) long time period
ちょうこく    ちょうこく    (noun) carving, engraving, sculpture
調査       ちょうさ     (noun) investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
調子       ちょうし     (noun) tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm, vein, mood, way, m
ちょうしょ    ちょうしょ    (noun) strong point, merit, virtue, advantage
長女       ちょうじょ    (noun) eldest daughter
ちょうじょう   ちょうじょう   (nouns) top, summit, peak
ちょうせい    ちょうせい    (noun) regulation, adjustment, tuning, modification, alteration
長短       ちょうたん    (noun) length, long and short, advantages and disadvantages, p
ちょうてん    ちょうてん    (nouns) top, summit
ちょうど     ちょうど     (noun) just, right, exactly
長男       ちょうなん    (noun) eldest son
~ちょうめ    ~ちょうめ
チョーク    チョーク    (nouns) chalk, choke, chock
貯金      ちょきん    (noun) (bank) savings
直後      ちょくご    (noun) immediately following
直接      ちょくせつ   (nouns) direct, immediate, personal, firsthand
ちょくせん   ちょくせん   (nouns) straight line
直前      ちょくぜん   (noun) just before
ちょしゃ    ちょしゃ    (noun) author (usu. of a particular book, etc.), writer
ちょっかく   ちょっかく   (nouns) right angle, perpendicular
散らかす    ちらかす    (transitive) to scatter around, to leave untidy
ちり      ちり      (noun) geography
ちりがみ    ちりがみ    (noun) (a) tissue, toilet paper
ついに     ついに     (adverb) finally, at last, (with neg) in the end
追加      ついか     (nouns) addition, supplement, append (e.g. to a file), appendix
一日      ついたち    (noun) first day of the month, one day
~ついて    ~ついて
~通      ~つう
通過      つうか     (noun) passage through, transit, passing
通貨      つうか     (nouns) currency
つうきん    つうきん    (noun) commuting to work
通行      つうこう    (noun) passage, passing
通ずる     つうずる    (Ichidan) to run to, to lead to, to communicate, to understand,
通信      つうしん    (noun) correspondence, communication, transmission, news, s
通知      つうち     (noun) notice, notification, report, posting
つうやく    つうやく    (noun) interpretation (i.e. oral translation)
つうよう    つうよう    (noun) popular use, circulation; (noun) to pass as
~づかい    ~づかい
使う      つかう     (transitive) to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to pu
つかむ     つかむ     (transitive) to seize, to catch, to grasp, to grip, to grab, to hold,
つかれ     つかれ     (noun) tiredness, fatigue
月       つき      (noun) moon; (noun) month
~付      ~つき
次       つぎ      (nouns) next, following, subsequent, stage, station
付き合い    つきあい    (noun) association, socializing, socialising, fellowship
つきあたり   つきあたり   (noun) end (e.g. of street)
次々      つぎつぎ    (noun) in succession, one by one
付く      つく      (intransitive) to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, t
着く      つく      (Godan) to arrive at, to reach, to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
つく      つく      (Godan) to ascend (the throne), to accede, to take (seat, positio
点く      つく      (intransitive) to be lit (e.g. electricity comes on), to be lighted, t
つく      つく      (transitive) to prick, to stab, to poke, to prod, to push, to thrust
つくえ     つくえ     (noun) desk
作る/造る   つくる
付ける     つける     (transitive) to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick
着ける     つける     (transitive) to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick
点ける     つける     (transitive) to turn on, to switch on, to light up
つける     つける     (transitive) to soak, to seep, to dip in, to pickle
都合      つごう     (noun) circumstances, condition, convenience
伝える     つたえる    (transitive) to convey, to report, to transmit, to communicate, t
土       つち      (noun) earth, soil, dirt, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed t
続き      つづき     (noun,) sequel, continuation, (also suffix) continuation (in time
続く      つづく     (intransitive) to continue, to last, to go on, to be unbroken, to o
~続く     ~つづく
続ける     つづける    (transitive) to continue, to keep up, to keep on
~続ける    ~つづける
包む      つつむ     (transitive) to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover w
つとめる    つとめる    (transitive) to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in), to s
務める     つとめる    (transitive) to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in), to s
努める     つとめる    (transitive) to endeavor (endeavour), to try, to strive, to make a
つながり    つながり    (noun) connection, link, relationship
つながる    つながる    (intransitive) to be tied together, to be connected to, to be rela
つなぐ     つなぐ     (transitive) to tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
つなげる    つなげる    (transitive) to tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
常に      つねに     (adverb) always, constantly
つばさ     つばさ     (noun) wing, Chinese "Wings" constellation (one of the 28 man
つぶす     つぶす     (transitive) to smash, to crush, to shut down, to thwart, to bloc
つぶれる    つぶれる    (intransitive) to be smashed, to become useless, to cease funct
妻       つま      (noun) wife, dear (formerly used by romantically linked men an
つまずく    つまずく    (intransitive) to stumble, to trip, to fail
つまらない   つまらない   (adjective) dull, uninteresting, boring, insignificant, trifling
罪       つみ      (noun) crime, fault, indiscretion, sin
つめ      つめ      (noun) nail (e.g. fingernail, toenail), claw, talon, hoof, plectrum
つめる     つめる     (Ichidan) to pack, to fill, to plug, to stop up, to shorten (length o
つゆ      つゆ      (noun) rainy season, rain during the rainy season
強気      つよき     (noun) firm, strong
~づらい    ~づらい
つり      つり      (noun) fishing, angling, change (e.g. for a purchase)
つりあう    つりあう    (intransitive) to balance, to be in harmony, to suit, to go well to
つる      つる      (transitive) to fish
つる      つる      (Godan) to hang, to suspend (something from something), to b
つるす     つるす     (transitive) to hang, to hang up
手       て       (noun) hand, arm, forepaw, foreleg, handle, hand, worker, help
出会い     であい     (noun) meeting, rendezvous, encounter
であい     であい     (noun) encounter
低~      てい~
ていあん    ていあん    (noun) proposal, proposition, suggestion
定員      ていいん    (noun) fixed number of regular personnel, capacity (of boat, ha
ていか     ていか     (noun) list price, regular price, established price
低下      ていか     (noun) fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
定期      ていき     (nouns) fixed term, fixed-term commutation pass, fixed-term d
ていこう    ていこう    (noun) electrical resistance, resistance, opposition
停止      ていし     (noun) suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt,
ていしゅつ   ていしゅつ   (noun) to present, to submit (e.g. a report or a thesis), to hand
程度      ていど     (noun,) degree, amount, grade, standard, of the order of (follow
ていねい    ていねい    (noun) polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, co
デート        デート          (noun) date, go on a date
テープ        テープ          (noun) tape
テーブル       テーブル         (nouns) table
テープレコーダー   テープレコーダー     (noun) tape recorder
テーマ        テーマ          (noun) topic, theme, project
てき         てき           (noun,) rival, opponent, adversary, foe, enemy
~的         ~てき
的確         てきかく         (noun) precise, accurate
適確         てきかく         (noun) precise, accurate
出来事        できごと         (noun) incident, affair, happening, event
テキスト       テキスト         (noun) text, text book
適切         てきせつ         (noun) pertinent, appropriate, adequate, relevance
適当         てきとう         (adjectival) suitable, adequate, relevant, appropriate, fit, rando
適用         てきよう         (noun) applying (e.g. a technology), adoption
できる        (可能。出現。発生)   (transitive) to be out of, to have no more at hand
できれば       できれば
出口         でぐち          (noun) exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
ですから       ですから         (conjunction) so, therefore
テスト        テスト          (noun) test
でたらめ       でたらめ         (noun) irresponsible utterance, nonsense, bullshit, codswallop,
てちょう       てちょう         (noun) notebook, memo pad
鉄          てつ           (noun) iron
てつがく       てつがく         (noun) philosophy
手続き        てつづき         (noun) procedure, (legal) process, formalities
てってい       てってい         (noun) thoroughness, completeness
鉄道         てつどう         (noun) railroad
テニス        テニス          (noun) tennis
テニスコート     テニスコート       (noun) tennis court
では         では           (interjection) then, well, so, well then
デパート       デパート         (noun) department store
手前         てまえ          (noun) before, this side, one's standpoint, one's appearance; (n
でも         でも           (particle) but, however, still, yet, although, even though; (suffix
デモ         デモ           (noun) demo, demonstration
寺          てら           (noun) temple (Buddhist)
テレビ        テレビ          (noun) television, TV
点          てん           (noun) dot, point, mark, gidayuu musicians (in kabuki)
~点         ~てん
店員         てんいん         (nouns) shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
てんかい       てんかい         (noun) development, expansion (opposite of compression)
天気         てんき          (noun) weather, the elements, fair weather, fine weather
電気         でんき          (noun) electricity, (electric) light
てんけい       てんけい         (nouns) type, pattern, archetypal
天候         てんこう         (noun) weather
電子         でんし          (noun) electron, (esp. as a prefix) electronic, electronics
電車         でんしゃ         (noun) (electric) train
でんち        でんち          (noun) battery
点々         てんてん         (adverb) here and there, little by little, sporadically, scattered in
てんてん       てんてん      (noun) moving from place to place, being passed around repea
でんちゅう      でんちゅう     (noun) telephone pole, telegraph pole, lightpole
テント        テント       (noun) tent
でんとう       でんとう      (noun) electric light
でんとう       でんとう      (nouns) tradition, convention
天然         てんねん      (nouns) nature, spontaneity, natural airhead
てんのう       てんのう      (noun) Emperor of Japan
電波         でんぱ       (noun) electro-magnetic wave, radio wave; (adjectival) nonsens
テンポ        テンポ       (noun) tempo
てんらんかい     てんらんかい    (noun) exhibition
電力         でんりょく     (noun) electric power
電話         でんわ       (nouns) telephone
戸          と         (noun) door (esp. Japanese-style), entrance (to a home), narrow
都          と         (noun) capital, metropolis
ドア         ドア        (noun) door (Western-style)
問い         とい        (noun) question, query
問い合わせ      といあわせ     (noun) enquiry, inquiry, ENQ, query, interrogation
トイレ        トイレ       (noun) toilet, restroom, bathroom, lavatory
とう         とう        (noun,) party (political), faction, -ite
とう         とう        (noun,) tower, pagoda
~頭         ~とう
~等         ~とう
~島         ~とう
どう         (接。副)     (adverb) how, in what way, how about
銅          どう        (noun) copper
同~         どう~
~道         ~どう
どういたしまして   (感)       (interjection) you are welcome, don't mention it, not at all, my
とういつ       とういつ      (noun) unity, consolidation, uniformity, unification, compatible
同一         どういつ      (nouns) identity, sameness, similarity, equality, fairness
道具         どうぐ       (noun) implement, tool, means
とうけい       とうけい      (nouns) statistics
東西         とうざい      (nouns) East and West, whole country, Orient and Occident, W
当時         とうじ       (noun) at that time, in those days
同時         どうじ       (nouns) simultaneous(ly), concurrent, same time, synchronous,
当日         とうじつ      (noun) appointed day, very day
どうして       どうして      (interjection) why?, for what reason, how, in what way, for wha
どうしても      どうしても     (adverb) by all means, at any cost, no matter what, after all, in
とうしょ       とうしょ      (noun) letter to the editor, letter from a reader, contribution
登場         とうじょう     (noun) entry (on stage), appearance (on screen), entrance, intro
どうせ        どうせ       (adverb) anyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at m
どうぞ        どうぞ       (adverb) please, kindly, by all means
どうぞよろしく    どうぞよろしく   (Expressions) pleased to meet you
とうちゃく      とうちゃく     (nouns) arrival
とうとう       とうとう      (adverb) finally, at last, reaching a head
とうなん       とうなん      (noun) theft, robbery
とうひょう      とうひょう     (nouns) voting, poll
動物       どうぶつ     (noun) animal
とうぶん     とうぶん     (noun) division into equal parts
とうめい     とうめい     (noun) transparency, cleanness
どうも      どうも      (interjection) thanks; (adverb) much (thanks), very (sorry), quite
とうゆ      とうゆ      (noun) lamp oil, kerosene
東洋       とうよう     (nouns) Orient
同様       どうよう     (noun) identical, equal to, same (kind), like, similarity
どうりょう    どうりょう    (noun) coworker, colleague, associate
道路       どうろ      (noun) road, highway
通り       とおり      (noun) avenue, street, way
~通り      ~とおり
とおりかかる   とおりかかる   (intransitive) to happen to pass by
都会       とかい      (nouns) city
とがる      とがる      (intransitive) to taper to a point, to become sharp, to look displ
時        とき       (noun) time, hour, occasion, moment
時々       ときどき     (nouns) sometimes, at times
どきどき     どきどき     (noun) throb, beat (fast)
とく       とく       (transitive) to dissolve (paint), to scramble (eggs), to melt (meta
解く       とく       (transitive) to solve, to answer, to untie, to comb, to untangle (
退く       どく       (intransitive) to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to ma
得意       とくい      (adjectival) triumph, prosperity, pride, one's strong point, one's
とくしゅ     とくしゅ     (nouns) special, unique
読書       どくしょ     (noun) reading
特色       とくしょく    (noun) characteristic, feature, idiosyncrasy, personal colour
独身       どくしん     (nouns) bachelorhood, single, unmarried, celibate
とくちょう    とくちょう    (noun) feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
とくちょう    とくちょう    (noun) forte, merit
特定       とくてい     (nouns) specific, special, particular
独特       どくとく     (adjectival) peculiarity, uniqueness, characteristic
特に       とくに      (adverb) particularly, especially
特別       とくべつ     (nouns) special
独立       どくりつ     (noun) independence (e.g. Independence Day), self-support
時計       とけい      (noun) watch, clock, timepiece
とける      とける      (intransitive) to melt, to thaw, to fuse, to dissolve
解ける      とける      (intransitive) to be solved, to loosen, to come untied, to be rem
退ける      どける      (transitive) to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject
どこか      どこか      (adverb) somewhere, anywhere, in some respects
とこや      とこや      (noun) barbershop, barber
所        ところ      (suffix) place, spot, scene, site, address, district, area, locality, o
~ところ     ~ところ
ところが     ところが     (conjunction) even so, however, still, whereupon, even though,
ところで     ところで     (conjunction) by the way, incidentally, even if, no matter (who,
登山       とざん      (noun) mountain climbing
年        とし       (noun) year; (suffix) age
都市       とし       (nouns) town, city, municipal, urban
図書       としょ      (noun) books
年寄       としより     (noun) old people, the aged, sumo coaches
とじる      とじる      (Ichidan) to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
都心       としん      (noun) city centre (center) (esp. capital city), urban centre, hea
とたん      とたん      (noun) just (now, at the moment, etc.)
土地       とち       (noun) plot of land, lot, soil
とちゅう     とちゅう     (noun) on the way, en route, in the middle of, midway
どちら      どちら      (noun) which way, which direction, where, which one (esp. of t
どっち      どっち      (noun) which way, which direction, where, which one (esp. of t
とっくに     とっくに     (adverb) long ago, already, a long time ago
とつぜん     とつぜん     (adverb) abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
どっと      どっと      (adverb) suddenly
トップ      トップ      (noun) top, top position, senior management, senior bureaucra
とても      とても      (adverb) very, awfully, exceedingly, (before a negative form) (n
とどく      とどく      (intransitive) to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at, to be
とどける     とどける     (transitive) to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file not
どなた      どなた      (noun) who?
となり      となり      (nouns) neighbor (neighbour), next to (esp. living next door to)
とにかく     とにかく     (adverb) anyhow, at any rate, anyway, somehow or other, gene
どの       どの       (suffix) form of address used for official letters and business let
~どの      ~どの
止める      とめる      (transitive) to stop (something or someone), to turn off, to con
留める      とめる      (transitive) to stop (something or someone), to turn off, to con
とめる      とめる      (transitive) to give shelter to, to lodge
友        とも       (noun) friend, companion, pal
ともかく     ともかく     (adverb) anyhow, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaki
友達       ともだち     (noun) friend, companion
共に       ともに      (noun) sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along
土曜       どよう      (noun) Saturday
とら       とら       (noun) tiger (feline, Panthera tigris), drunk person, trouble
ドライブ     ドライブ     (noun) drive, trip by car, driving; (intransitive) to (go for a) drive
トラック     トラック     (nouns) truck, track (running, CD, DVD, etc.)
ドラマ      ドラマ      (noun) drama
トランプ     トランプ     (noun) playing cards (from trump)
鳥        とり       (noun) bird, bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
取り入れる    とりいれる    (transitive) to harvest, to reap, to take in, to gather in, to adopt
努力       どりょく     (noun) great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
取る       とる       (transitive) to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose, to
どれ       どれ       (noun) which (of three or more), whichever, any; (interjection)
トレーニング   トレーニング   (noun) training
ドレス      ドレス      (noun) dress
取れる      とれる      (transitive) to come off, to be removed, (of pain, a fever, etc.) t
とん       (1000    (noun) ton (now usu. a metric ton, i.e. 1,000kg)
とんでもない   とんでもない   (noun) unthinkable, unexpected, outrageous, offensive; (Expres
どんどん     どんどん     (adverb) drumming (noise), rapidly, steadily
どんな      どんな      (pre-noun) what, what kind of
どんなに     どんなに     (adverb) how, how much
トンネル     トンネル     (noun) tunnel
名        な        (noun) name, reputation
ない      ない      (adjective) nonexistent, not being (there), unpossessed, unown
~内      ~ない
ないせん    ないせん    (noun) phone extension, indoor wiring, inner line
ナイフ     ナイフ     (noun) knife
内容      ないよう    (noun) subject, contents, matter, substance, detail, import
ナイロン    ナイロン    (noun) nylon
なお      なお      (conjunction) furthermore, still, yet, more, still more, in additio
~直す     ~なおす
仲       なか      (noun) relation, relationship
流す      ながす     (transitive) to drain, to pour, to spill, to shed (blood, tears), to w
仲直り     なかなおり   (noun) reconciliation, make peace with
なかなか    なかなか    (adverb) very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly,
半ば      なかば     (noun) middle, half, semi, halfway, partly
仲間      なかま     (nouns) samurai's attendant, footman
中身      なかみ     (nouns) contents, interior, substance, filling, (sword) blade
中味      なかみ     (nouns) contents, interior, substance, filling, (sword) blade
流れ      ながれ     (noun) stream, current, flow
泣く      なく      (Godan) to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
鳴く      なく      (Godan) to sing (bird), to bark, to purr, to make sound (animal)
なぐさめる   なぐさめる   (transitive) to comfort, to console, to amuse
無くす     なくす     (transitive) to lose something; (transitive) to get rid of; (transiti
なくす     なくす     (transitive) to lose something; (transitive) to get rid of; (transiti
無くなる    なくなる    (intransitive) to disappear, to get lost
なくなる    なくなる    (intransitive) to die
なさる     なさる     (transitive) to do
なぜなら    なぜなら    (conjunction) because
なぞなぞ    なぞなぞ    (noun) riddle, puzzle, enigma
なだらか    なだらか    (noun) gently-sloping, gentle, easy
夏       なつ      (noun) summer
なっとく    なっとく    (noun) consent, assent, understanding, agreement, comprehen
なでる     なでる     (transitive) to brush gently, to stroke, to caress
等       など      (particle) et cetera, etc., and the like, and so forth, (indicating a
何       なに      (nouns) what; (prefix) how many (some counter); (noun) euph.
何か      なにか     (Expressions) something
なにも     なにも     (adverb) nothing (with neg. verbs), not any, and everything else
七日      なのか     (adverbial) the seventh day of the month, seven days
名前      なまえ     (noun) name, full name, given name, first name
なまける    なまける    (intransitive) to be idle, to slacken; (transitive) to neglect (e.g. o
波       なみ      (noun) wave
なみだ     なみだ     (noun) tear, tears, lachrymal secretion, sympathy
ならべる    ならべる    (transitive) to line up, to set up, to enumerate, to itemize
生る      なる      (intransitive) to bear fruit
なるべく    なるべく    (adverb) as much as possible, wherever practicable
成程      なるほど    (adverb) I see, That's right!, Indeed
何~      なん~
南極      なんきょく   (nouns) South Pole, the Antarctic, Antarctica
~なんて    ~なんて
何でも     なんでも     (adverb) any, whatever one likes, by all means, anything, every
何とか     なんとか     (noun) something, something or other, so-and-so, somehow, a
なんとなく   なんとなく    (adverb) somehow or other, for some reason or another
ナンバー    ナンバー     (noun) number
南米      なんべい     (noun) South America
南北      なんぼく     (noun) south and north
二       に        (numeric) two
にえる     にえる      (intransitive) to boil, to cook, to be cooked
におう     におう      (intransitive) to be fragrant, to smell (good), to stink, to smell (b
苦手      にがて      (noun) poor (at), weak (in), dislike (of)
にぎやか    にぎやか     (adjectival) bustling, busy
肉       にく       (noun) flesh, meat, the physical body (as opposed to the spirit),
~にくい    ~にくい
にくらしい   にくらしい    (adjective) odious, hateful
にこにこ    にこにこ
西       にし       (noun) west
にじ      にじ       (noun) rainbow
日       にち       (noun) day, days, sun, sunshine, sunlight, case (esp. unfortunat
日常      にちじょう    (noun) ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
日曜      にちよう     (noun) Sunday
日記      にっき      (noun) diary, journal
日中      にっちゅう    (noun) daytime, during the day; (noun) Sino-Japanese
にっこり    にっこり     (adverb) smile sweetly, smile, grin
日程      にってい     (noun) schedule, program, programme, agenda
荷物      にもつ      (noun) luggage, baggage, burden, payload (of a packet, cell, etc
入院      にゅういん    (noun) hospitalization, hospitalisation
入学      にゅうがく    (noun) entry to school or university, matriculation
入社      にゅうしゃ    (noun) entry to a company
入場      にゅうじょう   (noun) entrance, admission, entering
ニュース    ニュース     (noun) news
にらむ     にらむ      (transitive) to glare at, to scowl at, to keep an eye on
庭       にわ       (noun) garden
にわか     にわか      (noun) sudden, abrupt, unexpected, improvised, offhand
人気      にんき      (adjectival) popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
人形      にんぎょう    (noun) doll, puppet, figure
人間      にんげん     (noun) human being, man, person, character (of a person)
ぬく      ぬく       (transitive) to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw
ぬける     ぬける      (intransitive) to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be miss
ぬすむ     ぬすむ      (transitive) to steal
布       ぬの       (noun) cloth, bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China
ぬらす     ぬらす      (transitive) to wet, to soak, to dip
温い      ぬるい      (adjective) lukewarm, tepid
ね       (感)      (noun) root (of a plant), root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a
根       ね        (noun) root (of a plant), root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a
ね       ね        (nouns) price, cost, value, worth, merit, variable (computer pro
願い      ねがい      (noun) desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application
ネクタイ    ネクタイ     (noun) tie, necktie
ねこ      ねこ       (noun) cat, shamisen, geisha, wheelbarrow, clay bed-warmer, s
ねじ      ねじ       (noun) screw, key (of a clock, watch, etc.), spring (of a clock, wa
ねじる     ねじる      (transitive) to screw, to twist, to distort, to parody, to make a p
ねだん     ねだん      (noun) price, cost
熱       ねつ       (noun,) fever, temperature
ネックレス   ネックレス    (noun) necklace
熱心      ねっしん     (noun) zeal, enthusiasm
熱帯      ねったい     (noun) tropics
ねぼう     ねぼう      (noun) sleeping in late
ねらい     ねらい      (noun) aim
~年      ~ねん
年間      ねんかん     (noun) year (period of)
~年生     ~ねんせい
年代      ねんだい     (noun) age, era, period, date
年度      ねんど      (noun,) year, fiscal year, school year, term
ねんれい    ねんれい     (noun) age, years
野       の        (noun) plain, field, hidden (structural) member; (noun,) wild, la
能       のう       (noun,) talent, gift, function, noh (theatre)
農家      のうか      (noun) farmer, farm family
農業      のうぎょう    (nouns) agriculture
農産物     のうさんぶつ   (noun) agricultural produce
農村      のうそん     (noun) agricultural community, farm village, rural
のうど     のうど      (noun) concentration, thickness, density, cardinality
農民      のうみん     (nouns) farmers, peasants
農薬      のうやく     (nouns) agricultural chemical (i.e. pesticide, herbicide, fungicide
能力      のうりょく    (noun) ability, faculty
ノー      (no)     (noun) no
ノート     ノート      (noun) notebook, copy-book, exercise book; (noun) note; (noun
残す      のこす      (transitive) to leave (behind, over), to bequeath, to save, to res
残り      のこり      (nouns) remnant, residue, remaining, left-over
のぞく     のぞく      (transitive) to peek (though a keyhole, gap, etc.), to look down
のぞく     のぞく      (transitive) to remove, to exclude, to except
のぞみ     のぞみ      (noun) wish, desire, hope, prospect, expectation, (one's) hopes
ノック     ノック      (noun) knock, fungo (baseball)
のべる     のべる      (transitive) to state, to express, to mention
のりこし    のりこし     (noun) riding past (one's station)
のろのろ    のろのろ     (adverb) slowly, sluggishly
のんき     のんき      (noun) carefree, optimistic, careless, reckless, heedless, happy-
のんびり    のんびり     (noun) carefree, at leisure
歯       は        (noun) tooth
葉       は        (noun) leaf
場       ば        (noun) place, occasion, situation, field (physics)
はあ      (感)      (interjection) yes, indeed, well, ha!, what?, huh?, sigh
場合      ばあい      (noun) case, situation
パーセント   パーセント    (noun) percent, percentage
パーティー   パーティー    (noun) party
はい      (感)      (interjection) yes, OK (used to get attention prior to an utteran
はい       はい        (noun) ash, ashes
倍        ばい        (noun) twice, double; (suffix) times, -fold
バイオリン    バイオリン     (noun) violin
ハイキング    ハイキング     (noun) hiking
はいく      はいく       (noun) haiku poetry (17-syllable poem usually in 3 lines of 5, 7 a
バイバイ     バイバイ      (Expressions) bye-bye, good-bye
売買       ばいばい      (noun) trade, buying and selling
パイプ      パイプ       (noun) pipe, tube, channels, official or otherwise, (business) co
はいゆう     はいゆう      (nouns) actor, actress, player, performer
入る       はいる       (intransitive) to get in, to go in, to come in, to flow into, to set,
パイロット    パイロット     (noun) pilot
はう       はう        (Godan) to creep, to crawl
生える      はえる       (intransitive) to grow, to spring up, to cut (teeth)
はか       はか        (noun) gravesite, tomb
葉書       はがき       (noun) postcard, memo, note, card
はがす      はがす       (transitive) to tear off, to peel off, to rip off, to strip off, to skin,
はかせ      はかせ       (nouns) doctorate, PhD, Dr (as a title); (noun) expert, learned p
ばからしい    ばからしい     (adjective) absurd
はかり      はかり       (noun) scales, weighing machine
はきはき     はきはき      (noun) briskly, smartly, promptly, clearly, lucidly
はく       (ズボンを~)   (transitive) to sweep, to brush, to gather up
はく       はく        (transitive) to put on (or wear) lower-body clothing (i.e. pants,
はく       はく        (transitive) to sweep, to brush, to gather up
はく       はく        (transitive) to breathe, to tell (lies), to vomit, to disgorge
~はく      ~はく
はくしゅ     はくしゅ      (noun) clapping hands, applause
ばくだい     ばくだい      (noun) enormous, vast
ばくはつ     ばくはつ      (noun) explosion, detonation, eruption
はくぶつかん   はくぶつかん    (noun) museum
バケツ      バケツ       (noun) bucket, pail
箱        はこ        (noun) box, car (of a train, etc.), shamisen case, shamisen, man
運ぶ       はこぶ       (Godan) to carry, to transport, to move, to convey, to come, to
はさみ      はさみ       (noun) scissors, tongs
はさむ      はさむ       (transitive) to interpose, to hold between, to insert
破産       はさん       (noun) bankruptcy, insolvency
橋        はし        (noun) bridge
はし       はし        (noun) near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity, besides, while; (n
はし       はし        (noun) chopsticks
はしご      はしご       (noun) ladder, stairs; (noun) going to several places in successio
始まり      はじまり      (noun) origin, beginning
始めに      はじめに      (Expressions) to begin with (used as an introduction), first of all
初めに      はじめに      (Expressions) to begin with (used as an introduction), first of all
初めて      はじめて      (noun) for the first time, only after ... is it ..., only when ... do yo
はじめまして   はじめまして    (Expressions) How do you do?, I am glad to meet you
~始める     ~はじめる
場所       ばしょ       (noun) place, location, spot, position, room, space, basho (sum
はす       はす        (adjectival) diagonal
バス      バス      (noun) bus, bath, bass
パス      パス      (noun) path; (noun) pass (e.g. skipping a move, passing an exam
パスポート   パスポート   (noun) passport
はた      はた      (noun) flag, pataka (banner)
はだ      はだ      (noun,) skin, body (in the context of intimate bodily contact), su
バター     バター     (noun) butter
パターン    パターン    (noun) pattern
はだか     はだか     (nouns) naked, nude, bare
果して     はたして    (adverb) as was expected, just as one thought, sure enough, as
はたち     はたち     (noun) 20 years old, twenty
二十      はたち     (noun) twenty
働き      はたらき    (noun) work, workings, activity, ability, talent, function, labor, l
働く      はたらく    (intransitive) to work, to labor, to labour, to function, to operat
八       はち      (numeric) eight
~発      ~はつ
×       ばつ      (noun) x-mark (used to indicate an incorrect answer in a test, e
二十日     はつか     (noun) twentieth (day of the month), twenty days
はっきり    はっきり    (noun) clearly, plainly, distinctly
バック     バック     (noun) back; (noun) to go backwards, to reverse; (noun) to refu
バッグ     バッグ     (noun) bag
発見      はっけん    (noun) discovery, detection, finding
発行      はっこう    (noun) issue (publications), publishing, raising an event (softwa
はっしゃ    はっしゃ    (noun) departure of a vehicle
はっしゃ    はっしゃ    (noun) firing, shooting, discharge, catapult, ejaculation (sl)
発想      はっそう    (noun) expression (e.g. in music), idea, conception
はったつ    はったつ    (noun) development, growth
ばったり    ばったり    (adverb) with a clash (thud), with a bang, plump, flop, suddenly
はってん    はってん    (noun) development, growth, advancement, unfurling, expansi
発電      はつでん    (nouns) generation (e.g. power)
発売      はつばい    (noun) sale, offering for sale, release (for sale), launch (product
発表      はっぴょう   (noun) announcement, publication
はで      はで      (noun) showy, loud, gay, flashy, gaudy
花       はな      (noun) flower, blossom, bloom, petal, blooming (esp. of cherry
鼻       はな      (noun) nose
話       はなし     (noun) talk, speech, chat, story, conversation, discussions, nego
話合い     はなしあい   (noun) discussion, conference
はなれる    はなれる    (intransitive) to be separated from, to leave, to go away, to be
放れる     はなれる    (intransitive) to leave, to get free, to cut oneself off
ばね      ばね      (noun) spring (e.g. coil, leaf), mainspring, power spring
母       はは      (noun) mother
はば      はば      (noun) width, breadth
母親      ははおや    (nouns) mother
省く      はぶく     (transitive) to omit, to eliminate, to curtail, to economize, to ec
はめる     はめる     (transitive) to insert, to put in (such that there is a snug fit), to h
場面      ばめん     (nouns) scene, setting (e.g. of novel)
林       はやし     (noun) woods, forest, copse, thicket
流行る     はやる     (intransitive) to be popular, to come into fashion, to be prevale
はら       はら       (noun) abdomen, belly, stomach, one's mind, one's real intentio
はら       はら       (prefix) original, primitive, primary, fundamental, raw
バランス     バランス     (noun) balance
はり       はり       (noun) needle, pin, hook, stinger, thorn, hand (e.g. clock, etc.),
春        はる       (noun) spring, springtime, new year, prime (of one's life, etc.), a
はる       はる       (Godan) to stick, to paste, to affix, to stretch, to spread, to stra
はれる      はれる      (intransitive) to clear up, to clear away, to be sunny, to stop rai
半        はん       (noun,) half, semi-
反~       はん~
ばん       ばん       (noun) evening; (counter) counter for nights
番        ばん       (noun) number (in a series), (one's) turn, watch, guard, lookout
バン       バン       (noun) bun, van (caravan), value-added network, VAN
はんい      はんい      (noun) extent, scope, sphere, range, span
はんえい     はんえい     (noun) reflection, influence
ハンカチ     ハンカチ     (noun) handkerchief
番組       ばんぐみ     (noun) program (e.g. TV), programme
判子       はんこ      (noun) seal (used for signature)
番号       ばんごう     (noun) number, series of digits
犯罪       はんざい     (nouns) crime
ばんざい     ばんざい     (noun) strolling comic dancer
ハンサム     ハンサム     (noun) handsome
判事       はんじ      (noun) judge, judiciary
反省       はんせい     (noun) reflection, reconsideration, introspection, meditation, c
反対       はんたい     (nouns) opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast,
判断       はんだん     (noun) judgement, judgment, decision, adjudication, conclusion
パンツ      パンツ      (noun) underpants, women's trousers
バンド      バンド      (noun) band; (noun) to perform in a band, to create a (pop) ban
半島       はんとう     (noun) peninsula
ハンドバッグ   ハンドバッグ   (noun) handbag, purse
ハンドル     ハンドル     (noun) handle, steering wheel, (bicycle) handlebar
犯人       はんにん     (noun) offender, criminal
はんばい     はんばい     (noun) sales, selling, marketing
半分       はんぶん     (noun) half
~番目      ~ばんめ
火        ひ        (noun,) fire, flame, blaze
ひ        ひ        (noun) light, lamp
非~       ひ~
~費       ~ひ
ピアノ      ピアノ      (noun) piano
ビール      ビール      (noun) beer
ひがい      ひがい      (noun) damage
ひかく      ひかく      (nouns) comparison
東        ひがし      (noun) east, eastern Japan, six-stringed Japanese zither, my spo
ぴかぴか     ぴかぴか     (nouns) glitter, sparkle
光        ひかり      (noun) light
~ひき      ~ひき
引算       ひきざん     (noun) subtraction
引き止める     ひきとめる     (transitive) to detain, to check, to restrain
引く        ひく        (transitive) to pull, to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest
ひく        ひく        (transitive) to flip, to snap, to repel
ひく        ひく        (transitive) to run somebody over (with vehicle), to knock some
ピクニック     ピクニック     (noun) picnic
ひげ        ひげ        (noun) moustache, beard, whiskers, extremely short pulse appe
ひげき       ひげき       (nouns) tragedy, disaster
飛行        ひこう       (noun) aviation
久しぶり      ひさしぶり     (nouns) a long time (since the last time), it's been a while (since
ひじ        ひじ        (noun) elbow
非常        ひじょう      (nouns) emergency, extraordinary, unusual
非常に       ひじょうに     (adverb) very, extremely, exceedingly
ピストル      ピストル      (noun) pistol
ビタミン      ビタミン      (nouns) vitamin
ぴたり       ぴたり
左         ひだり       (nouns) left, left hand side
びっくり      びっくり      (noun) to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be as
ひっくりかえす   ひっくりかえす   (transitive) to turn over, to overturn, to knock over, to upset, to
ひっくりかえる   ひっくりかえる   (intransitive) to be overturned, to be upset, to topple over, to b
日付        ひづけ       (nouns) date, dating
必死        ひっし       (nouns) frantic, desperate, inevitable death, brinkmate (inevita
ひつじゅひん    ひつじゅひん    (noun) necessities, necessary article, requisite, essential
ぴったり      ぴったり      (adverb) exactly, neatly, sharp
必要        ひつよう      (adjectival) necessary, needed, essential, indispensable; (noun)
ひてい       ひてい       (nouns) negation, denial, repudiation, NOT operation
ビデオ       ビデオ       (noun) video
人         ひと        (suffix) -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to d
一~        ひと~
ひどい       ひどい       (adjective) cruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heav
一言        ひとこと      (noun) single word
人差指       ひとさしゆび    (noun) index finger
一つ        ひとつ       (noun) one, for one thing (often used in itemized lists), (after a
ひとまず      ひとまず      (adverb) for the present, once, in outline
一休み       ひとやすみ     (noun) rest
ひとりでに     ひとりでに     (adverb) by itself, automatically, naturally
ビニール      ビニール      (nouns) vinyl
日日        ひにち       (noun) every day, daily, day after day, days (e.g. good old days)
ひねる       ひねる       (transitive) to twist, to wrench, to turn (a switch on or off, etc.)
日の入り      ひのいり      (noun) sunset
ひはん       ひはん       (noun) criticism, judgement, judgment, comment
ひびき       ひびき       (noun) echo, sound, reverberation, noise
ひびく       ひびく       (intransitive) to resound, to be heard far away, to reverberate,
ひひょう      ひひょう      (nouns) criticism, review, commentary
ひふ        ひふ        (nouns) skin
ひみつ       ひみつ       (nouns) secret, secrecy
びみょう      びみょう      (noun) delicate, subtle, sensitive, difficult, delicate (situation), c
百         ひゃく       (numeric) 100, hundred
費用       ひよう      (noun) cost, expense
~病       ~びょう
病院       びょういん    (nouns) hospital
ひょうか     ひょうか     (noun) valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation; (noun) to
病気       びょうき     (nouns) illness, disease, sickness
表現       ひょうげん    (noun) expression, presentation, representation, notation
ひょうじゅん   ひょうじゅん   (noun) standard, level, norm
表情       ひょうじょう   (noun) facial expression
平等       びょうどう    (noun) equality, impartiality, evenness
ひょうばん    ひょうばん    (nouns) fame, reputation, popularity, rumour (rumor), talk
表面       ひょうめん    (noun) surface, outside, face, appearance
ひょうろん    ひょうろん    (noun) criticism, critique
ビル       ビル       (noun) building, bill
昼        ひる       (noun) noon, midday, daytime, lunch
ビルディング   ビルディング   (noun) building
昼間       ひるま      (noun) daytime, during the day
広い       ひろい      (adjective) spacious, vast, wide
広げる      ひろげる     (transitive) to spread, to extend, to expand, to enlarge, to wide
広さ       ひろさ      (noun) extent
広場       ひろば      (noun) plaza
広々       ひろびろ     (adverb) extensive, spacious
びん       びん       (noun) earthenware pot
びん       びん       (noun,) flight (e.g. airline flight), trip (e.g. train trip), service, ma
ピン       ピン       (noun) pin, dowel
ピンク      ピンク      (nouns) pink
びんせん     びんせん     (noun) writing paper, stationery
不        ふ        (prefix) un-, non-, negative prefix
ぶ        ぶ        (noun) ignorance
分        ぶ        (noun) minute
~部       ~ぶ
ファスナー    ファスナー    (noun) fastener, zipper
不安       ふあん      (noun) anxiety, uneasiness, insecurity, suspense
フィルム     フィルム     (noun) film
~風       ~ふう
風景       ふうけい     (nouns) scenery
夫婦       ふうふ      (noun) married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
プール      プール      (noun) (swimming) pool; (noun) pool (billiards); (noun) pool (to
フォーク     フォーク     (noun) fork, folk, folk song, hawk
武器       ぶき       (noun) weapon, arms, ordnance
ふきゅう     ふきゅう     (noun) diffusion, spread
付近       ふきん      (noun,) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, environs, appro
ふく       ふく       (Godan) to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument, to emit
ふく       ふく       (transitive) to wipe, to dry
服        ふく       (noun,) clothes (esp. Western clothes); (counter) counter for do
副~       ふく~
複雑       ふくざつ     (adjectival) complex, complicated
ふくし      ふくし      (nouns) adverb
ふくしゃ    ふくしゃ    (noun) copy, duplicate
複数      ふくすう    (nouns) several, plural, plurality, multiple
ふくそう    ふくそう    (noun) garments
ふくめる    ふくめる    (transitive) to include, to instruct, to make one understand, to p
ふくろ     ふくろ     (noun) bag, sack, skin of an orange (and other like fruits), dead
不幸      ふこう     (noun) unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, dea
夫妻      ふさい     (noun) man and wife, married couple
ふさがる    ふさがる    (intransitive) to be closed, to be blocked, to be healed (e.g. wou
ふさぐ     ふさぐ     (transitive) to stop up, to close up, to block (up), to occupy, to f
ふざける    ふざける    (Ichidan) to romp, to gambol, to frolic, to joke, to make fun of,
ぶさた     ぶさた     (noun) not writing or contacting for a while, neglecting (failing)
ふし      ふし      (noun) occasion, time, section (of a literary work), verse, stanza
ぶし      ぶし      (noun) warrior, samurai
無事      ぶじ      (noun) safety, peace, quietness
不自由     ふじゆう    (noun) discomfort, inconvenience, poverty, want, destitution, d
夫人      ふじん     (noun) wife, Mrs, madam; (noun) wife of a nobleman (aristocra
婦人      ふじん     (noun) woman, lady, adult female
不正      ふせい     (noun) injustice, unfairness, iniquity, impropriety, irregularity, d
不足      ふそく     (noun) insufficiency, shortage, deficiency, lack, dearth
ふぞく     ふぞく     (nouns) attached, belonging (to), included, enclosed, affiliated,
ぶたい     ぶたい     (noun) stage (theatre, theater), scene or setting (e.g. of novel, p
再び      ふたたび    (adverb) again, once more, a second time
二つ      ふたつ     (noun) two
二人      ふたり     (noun) two persons, two people, pair, couple
ふだん     ふだん     (nouns) usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always
ふち      ふち      (noun) related to (some place), affinity, connection
~物      ~ぶつ
ふつう     ふつう     (nouns) general, ordinary, usual; (adverb) normally, generally, u
二日      ふつか     (noun) second day of the month, two days
ぶっか     ぶっか     (noun) prices of commodities, prices (in general), cost-of-living
ぶつかる    ぶつかる    (Godan) to strike, to collide with, to bump into
ぶつける    ぶつける    (transitive) to knock, to run into, to nail on, to strike hard, to hi
物質      ぶっしつ    (noun) material, substance
ぶっそう    ぶっそう    (noun) dangerous, disturbed, insecure
ぶつぶつ    ぶつぶつ    (adverb) grunt, grumble, complaint, mutter, pimples, spots, eru
物理      ぶつり     (nouns) physics, law of nature
筆       ふで      (noun) writing brush
ふと      (副)     (adverb) suddenly, casually, accidentally, incidentally, unexpect
ふね      ふね      (noun) ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship, tank, tub, vat,
船       ふね      (noun) ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship, tank, tub, vat,
部品      ぶひん     (noun) parts, accessories, components
部分      ぶぶん     (noun) portion, section, part
父母      ふぼ      (noun) father and mother, parents
不満      ふまん     (noun) dissatisfaction, displeasure, discontent, complaints, unh
冬       ふゆ      (noun) winter
フライパン   フライパン   (noun) fry pan, frying pan
ブラウス    ブラウス    (noun) blouse
ぶらさげる     ぶらさげる     (transitive) to hang, to suspend, to dangle, to swing
ブラシ       ブラシ       (noun) brush; (noun) brushy
プラス       プラス       (noun) plus
プラスチック    プラスチック    (noun) plastic
プラットホーム   プラットホーム   (noun) platform
プラン       プラン       (noun) plan
不利        ふり        (noun) disadvantage, handicap, unfavorable, unfavourable, dra
~ぶり       ~ぶり
フリー       フリー       (noun) free
ふりがな      ふりがな      (noun) furigana (kana over or beside kanji to indicate pronuncia
ふりむく      ふりむく      (Godan) to turn one's face, to turn around
プリント      プリント      (noun) handout, flyer
ふる        ふる        (intransitive) to descend, to go down, to come down, to be han
古~        ふる~
ふるえる      ふるえる      (intransitive) to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quave
ふるさと      ふるさと      (noun) home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, nativ
ブレーキ      ブレーキ      (noun) brake
プレゼント     プレゼント     (noun) present, gift; (noun) to give a present or gift
ふれる       ふれる       (intransitive) to touch, to feel, to experience, to come in contac
プロ        プロ        (nouns) professional
ブローチ      ブローチ      (noun) brooch
プログラム     プログラム     (noun) program, programme
ふろしき      ふろしき      (noun) wrapping cloth, cloth wrapper
ふわふわ      ふわふわ
~分        ~ふん
文         ぶん        (noun) letter, writings
ふんいき      ふんいき      (noun) atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience, ambiance
ふんか       ふんか       (nouns) eruption
文化        ぶんか       (noun) culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-18
文学        ぶんがく      (noun) literature
文芸        ぶんげい      (nouns) literature, art and literature, belles-lettres
文章        ぶんしょう     (noun) sentence, article, composition, (writing) style
分数        ぶんすう      (nouns) fraction
ぶんせき      ぶんせき      (noun) analysis
ぶんたい      ぶんたい      (nouns) literary style
ぶんぽう      ぶんぽう      (nouns) grammar, syntax
文明        ぶんめい      (noun) civilization, civilisation, culture, Bummei era (1469.4.28-
分野        ぶんや       (noun) field, sphere, realm, division, branch
平均        へいきん      (noun) average, mean, balance, equilibrium
へいこう      へいこう      (nouns) (going) side by side, concurrent, abreast, at the same ti
平日        へいじつ      (noun) weekday, ordinary days (i.e. non-holiday); (noun) kanji r
平野        へいや       (noun) plain, open field
平和        へいわ       (noun) peace, harmony
ページ       ページ       (noun) page
へこむ       へこむ       (Godan) to be dented, to be indented, to yield to, to give, to sin
へそ        へそ        (noun) navel, belly button
下手        へた        (noun) humble position, inferior, underarm grip on opponent's
別        べつ       (noun,) distinction, difference, different, another, particular, se
べっそう     べっそう     (noun) holiday house, villa
ベッド      ベッド      (noun) bed
別に       べつに      (adverb) (not) particularly, nothing, separately, apart
ベテラン     ベテラン     (nouns) person with a lot of experience, old hand, veteran (in a
部屋       へや       (noun) room, sumo stable
ヘリコプター   ヘリコプター   (noun) helicopter
ベル       ベル       (noun) bell, bel, B
ベルト      ベルト      (noun) Belt for western clothes
へん       へん       (noun) strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric,
~編       ~へん
~へん      ~へん
ぺん       ぺん
~べん      ~べん
変化       へんか      (noun) change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, trans
ペンキ      ペンキ      (noun) paint
勉強       べんきょう    (noun) study, diligence, discount, reduction
へんこう     へんこう     (noun) change, modification, alteration, revision, amendment
返事       へんじ      (noun) reply, answer, response
編集       へんしゅう    (nouns) editing, compilation, editorial (e.g. committee)
ペンチ      ペンチ      (noun) pliers
ベンチ      ベンチ      (noun) bench
べんとう     べんとう     (noun) bento (Japanese box lunch)
便利       べんり      (adjectival) convenient, handy, useful
~歩       ~ほ
~ぽい      ~ぽい
法        ほう       (noun,) law, act, principle, method, mood, dharma
~ほう      (比較)
ぼう       ぼう       (noun) pole, rod, stick
防~       ぼう~
貿易       ぼうえき     (noun) trade (foreign)
ほうき      ほうき      (noun) broom
ぼうけん     ぼうけん     (noun) risk, venture, adventure
方向       ほうこう     (noun) direction, orientation, bearing, way, course (e.g. of actio
報告       ほうこく     (noun) report, information
ぼうし      ぼうし      (noun) hat, cap
防止       ぼうし      (noun) prevention, check
ほうしん     ほうしん     (noun) objective, plan, policy
放送       ほうそう     (nouns) broadcast, broadcasting
ほうたい     ほうたい     (nouns) bandage, dressing
ぼうだい     ぼうだい     (nouns) huge, bulky, enormous, extensive, swelling, expansion
豊富       ほうふ      (noun) abundance, wealth, plenty, bounty
方法       ほうほう     (noun) method, process, manner, way, means, technique
方面       ほうめん     (noun) direction, district, area, field (e.g. of study)
ほうもん     ほうもん     (nouns) call, visit
ほうりつ     ほうりつ     (nouns) law
放る       ほうる      (transitive) to let go, to abandon, to leave undone, to throw, to
ほえる     ほえる     (intransitive) to bark, to bay, to howl, to bellow, to roar, to cry
ボーイ     ボーイ     (noun) boy
ボート     ボート     (noun) boat, rowing boat
ボーナス    ボーナス    (noun) bonus
ホーム     ホーム     (nouns) platform, home
ボール     ボール     (noun) ball, bowl, board (e.g. cardboard, pasteboard)
ボールペン   ボールペン   (noun) ball-point pen
ほがらか    ほがらか    (noun) brightness, cheerfulness, melodious
ぼく      ぼく      (noun) servant, manservant, menial
ポケット    ポケット    (noun) pocket
ほけん     ほけん     (nouns) health preservation, hygiene, sanitation
ほこり     ほこり     (noun) pride, boast
ほこり     ほこり     (noun) dust
星       ほし      (noun) star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (ex
ぼしゅう    ぼしゅう    (noun) recruiting, taking applications
ほしょう    ほしょう    (noun) guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
ポスター    ポスター    (noun) poster
ポスト     ポスト     (noun) post, position, postbox, mail box, pillar box; (prefix) pos
ほぞん     ほぞん     (noun) preservation, conservation, storage, saving (e.g., to disk
ボタン     ボタン     (noun) button
ホテル     ホテル     (noun) hotel
ほどう     ほどう     (noun) footpath, walkway, sidewalk
ほどく     ほどく     (transitive) to unfasten, to untie, to unwrap (e.g. parcel)
仏       ほとけ     (noun) France
ほとんど    ほとんど    (noun) mostly, almost
ほね      ほね      (noun) knack, skill, trick, secret, know-how, the ropes, hang
ほほえむ    ほほえむ    (intransitive) to smile
ほり      ほり      (noun) moat, canal
ほり      ほり      (noun) moat, canal
ぼろ      ぼろ      (prefix) rag, scrap, tattered clothes, fault (esp. in a pretense, pr
本       ほん      (noun) origin, source, base, foundation, cause, ingredient, (som
本~      ほん~
~本      ~ほん
ぼん      ぼん      (noun) O-Bon, Bon Festival, Lantern Festival, Festival of the Dea
本当      ほんと     (noun) truth, reality
本人      ほんにん    (nouns) the person himself
ほんの~    ほんの~
本部      ほんぶ     (noun) headquarters, head office, main office
本物      ほんもの    (nouns) genuine article
ほんやく    ほんやく    (noun) translation, de-encryption, deciphering, rendering
ぼんやり    ぼんやり    (noun) absent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
本来      ほんらい    (nouns) originally, primarily, essentially, naturally, by nature, in
まあ      まあ      (interjection) you might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
マーケット   マーケット   (noun) market
まあまあ    まあまあ    (interjection) so-so; (interjection) now, now (used in calming pe
毎~      まい~
マイク     マイク     (noun) mike, mic, microphone
マイナス   マイナス     (nouns) minus
前      まえ       (prefix) previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding, poin
任せる    まかせる     (transitive) to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to, to pa
まく     まく       (transitive) to wind, to coil, to roll
まく     まく       (transitive) to scatter, to sprinkle, to sow (seeds)
まく     まく       (transitive) to scatter, to sprinkle, to sow (seeds)
まく     まく       (noun) curtain, bunting; (counter) act (in play)
負け     まけ       (noun) defeat, loss, losing (a game)
孫      まご       (noun) grandchild
まごまご   まごまご     (noun) confused
まさか    まさか      (interjection) by no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say
まさつ    まさつ      (noun) friction, rubbing, rubdown, chafe
真面目    まじめ      (noun) one's true character, one's true self, oneself, seriousnes
先ず     まず       (adverb) first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well,
まずい    まずい      (adjective) poor-quality, shoddy, crude, unskillful, inexpert, ma
マスク    マスク      (noun) mask
マスター   マスター     (noun) to master, to learn; (noun) proprietor, manager, bar-ow
ますます   ますます     (adverb) increasingly, more and more
未だ     まだ       (adverb) as yet, hitherto, still, not yet (with negative verb)
またぐ    またぐ      (Godan) to straddle
町      まち       (noun) town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood, street, road
まち     まち       (prefix) .. street, .. quarter, .. district
待合室    まちあいしつ   (noun) waiting room
まちがい   まちがい     (noun) mistake
まつ     まつ       (intransitive) to wait, to await, to look forward to, to anticipate
まつ     まつ       (noun) pine tree, highest (of a three-tier ranking system)
真っ黒    まっくろ     (noun) pitch black
真っ直ぐ   まっすぐ     (noun) straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward,
全く     まったく     (adverb) really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly, ind
マッチ    マッチ      (noun) matcH (contest, lighting fires. etc.)
祭      まつり      (noun) festival, feast
まど     まど       (noun) window
まどぐち   まどぐち     (noun) ticket window, teller window, counter, contact person,
まとまる   まとまる     (intransitive) to be collected, to be settled, to be in order
まとめる   まとめる     (transitive) to put in order, to collect, to bring to a conclusion, t
招く     まねく      (transitive) to invite
真似る    まねる      (transitive) to mimic, to imitate
まぶしい   まぶしい     (adjective) dazzling, radiant
マフラー   マフラー     (noun) muffler (garment, vehicle), scarf
ママ     ママ       (noun) Mama, female proprietress (of a bar, etc.)
~まま    ~まま
間も無く   まもなく     (adverb) soon, before long, in a short time, (after verb) lacking
守る     まもる      (transitive) to protect, to guard, to defend, to keep (i.e. a prom
マラソン   マラソン     (noun) marathon, long-distance race
丸      まる       (noun) circle; (prefix) full (e.g. month, day, etc.), perfection, pur
まるで    まるで      (adverb) quite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to
回り     まわり      (noun,) circumference, perimeter, edge, surroundings, locality,
周り       まわり      (noun,) circumference, perimeter, edge, surroundings, locality,
万        まん       (prefix) many, all
満員       まんいん     (nouns) full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, fu
まんが      まんが      (noun) comic, cartoon
マンション    マンション    (noun) large apartment (from mansion), apartment house
満足       まんぞく     (noun) satisfaction, sufficiency
真中       まんなか     (noun) middle, centre, center, mid-way
身        み        (noun) body, oneself, one's place, one's position, main part, me
実        み        (nouns) truth, reality, sincerity, honesty, fidelity, content, subst
未~       み~
~み       (接尾)
見送り      みおくり     (noun) seeing one off, farewell, escort
見送る      みおくる     (transitive) to see off (e.g. to the station, an airport, etc.), to es
みがく      みがく      (transitive) to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth), to refine, to
味方       みかた      (nouns) friend, ally, supporter
右        みぎ       (noun) right, right hand side, afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical J
見事       みごと      (adjectival) splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable; (noun)
ミシン      ミシン      (noun) sewing machine
ミス       ミス       (noun) mistake, error, failure; (noun) Miss; (noun) myth
水        みず       (noun) water (cold, fresh)
湖        みずうみ     (noun) lake
自ら       みずから     (adverb) naturally, as a matter of course
店        みせ       (noun) store, shop, establishment
店屋       みせや      (noun) store, shop
~みたい     ~みたい
見出し      みだし      (noun) heading, caption, subtitle, index
道        みち       (noun) road, street, way, path, course, route, lane, distance, wa
みつ       みつ       (adjectival) density, thickness, secrecy, minute, fine
三日       みっか      (noun) the third day of the month, three days
三つ       みっつ      (noun) three
みっともない   みっともない   (adjective) shameful, indecent
みとめる     みとめる     (transitive) to write up
緑        みどり      (noun) green, greenery (esp. fresh verdure)
みな       みな       (noun) all, everyone, everybody, everything
港        みなと      (noun) harbour, harbor, port
南        みなみ      (noun) south
身分       みぶん      (noun) social position, social status
みまう      みまう      (transitive) to ask after (health), to visit
未満       みまん      (noun,) less than, insufficient
耳        みみ       (noun) ear, hearing, edge, crust, selvedge (non-fray machined e
みょう      みょう      (noun) strange, unusual, (something) superb, (something) exce
明~       みょう~
明後日      みょうごにち   (noun) day after tomorrow
未来       みらい      (nouns) the future (usually distant), future tense, the world to c
ミリ       (メートル)   (prefix) milli-, 10^-3, millimetre, millimeter
みりょく     みりょく     (noun) charm, fascination, glamour, glamor, attraction, appeal
みる       みる       (transitive) to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe, to loo
ミルク      ミルク      (noun) milk
民間       みんかん     (nouns) private, civilian, civil, popular, folk, unofficial
民主~      みんしゅ~
六日       むいか      (noun) sixth day of the month, six days
向かい      むかい      (nouns) facing, opposite, across the street, other side
昔        むかし      (noun) olden days, former
向く       むく       (Godan) to face, to turn toward, to be suited to, to be fit for
むく       むく       (transitive) to peel, to skin, to pare, to hull
~向け      ~むけ
向ける      むける      (transitive) to turn towards, to point
虫        むし       (noun) insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
むし       むし       (noun) disregard, ignore
むじゅん     むじゅん     (nouns) contradiction, inconsistency
むしろ      むしろ      (adverb) rather, better, instead
むずかしい    むずかしい    (adjective) difficult
息子       むすこ      (noun) son, penis
結ぶ       むすぶ      (Godan) to tie, to bind, to link, to bear (fruit)
むすめ      むすめ      (noun) unmarried woman; (noun,) (after a name) Miss; (noun,)
六つ       むっつ      (numeric) six
むね       むね       (noun) breast, chest
村        むら       (noun) village
無理       むり       (noun) unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
無料       むりょう     (nouns) free, no charge
め        め        (noun) eye, eyeball, eyesight, look, experience, viewpoint; (suff
め        め        (noun) sprout
~目       ~め
名~       めい~
~名       ~めい
明確       めいかく     (adjectival) clear, precise, definite, distinct
名人       めいじん     (noun) master, expert
めいめい     めいめい     (noun) each, individual
命令       めいれい     (noun) order, command, decree, directive, (software) instructio
めいわく     めいわく     (noun) trouble, bother, annoyance
メーター     メーター     (noun) meter (i.e. measuring device), metre (i.e. 100 cm), mete
メートル     メートル     (noun) metre, meter, meter (i.e. a gauge), gauge
めぐまれる    めぐまれる    (intransitive) to be blessed with, to be rich in, to abound in
飯        めし       (noun) meals, food, cooked rice, one's livelihood
めちゃくちゃ   めちゃくちゃ   (noun) absurd, unreasonable, nonsensical, preposterous, incoh
めっきり     めっきり     (adverb) remarkably
めったに     めったに     (adverb) rarely (with neg. verb), seldom
めでたい     めでたい     (adjective) happy, auspicious, propitious, joyous, naive
メニュー     メニュー     (noun) menu
めまい      めまい      (nouns) dizziness, giddiness, vertigo
メモ       メモ       (noun) memorandum
目安       めやす      (noun) criterion, standard, yardstick, reference, aim, rough esti
面        めん       (noun) face, surface, mask (esp. a noh or kyogen mask)
綿        めん       (noun) cotton
めんきょ      めんきょ      (noun) license, permit, licence, certificate
面積        めんせき      (noun) area
面接        めんせつ      (noun) interview
めんどう      めんどう      (noun) trouble, difficulty, care, attention
めんどうくさい   めんどうくさい   (adjective) bother(some) to do, tiresome
メンバー      メンバー      (noun) member
もう        もう        (interjection) already, anymore, soon, shortly, more, further, ot
もうかる      もうかる      (intransitive) to be profitable, to yield a profit
もうける      もうける      (transitive) to get, to earn, to gain, to have (bear, beget) a child
モーター      モーター      (noun) motor
木材        もくざい      (noun) lumber, timber, wood
目的        もくてき      (noun) purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention
もくひょう     もくひょう     (noun) mark, sign, landmark
もぐる       もぐる       (intransitive) to drive, to pass through, to pass under, to evade,
もし        もし        (adverb) if, in case, supposing
文字        もじ        (noun) letter (of alphabet), character; (nouns) literal
もしかしたら    もしかしたら    (adverb) perhaps, maybe, perchance, by some chance, by any c
もしかすると    もしかすると    (adverb) perhaps, maybe, by some chance
もしも       もしも       (adverb) if
もしもし      もしもし      (interjection) hello (e.g. on phone), excuse me! (when calling ou
もたれる      もたれる      (intransitive) to lean against, to lean on, to recline on, to lie hea
モダン       モダン       (noun) modern
~持ち       ~もち
もちろん      もちろん      (adverb) of course, certainly, naturally
持つ        もつ        (Godan) to hold, to carry, to possess
もったいない    もったいない    (adjective) impious, profane, sacrilegious, too good, more than
もっと       もっと       (adverb) (some) more, even more, longer, further
最も        もっとも      (adverb) most, extremely
もっとも      もっとも      (noun) quite right, plausible, natural, but then, although
モデル       モデル       (noun) model
元         もと        (noun) origin, source, base, foundation, cause, ingredient, (som
もと        もと        (noun) origin, source, base, foundation, cause, ingredient, (som
もと        もと        (noun) origin, source, base, foundation, cause, ingredient, (som
求める       もとめる      (transitive) to seek, to request, to demand, to want, to wish for
物         もの        (noun) thing, object, the natural thing, a frequently done thing,
者         もの        (noun) person (rarely used w.o. a qualifier)
物語        ものがたり     (nouns) tale, story, legend
ものすごい     ものすごい     (adjective) earth-shattering, staggering, to a very great extent,
モノレール     モノレール     (noun) monorail
もむ        もむ        (transitive) to rub, to crumple (up), to wrinkle, to massage, to b
もよう       もよう       (noun) pattern, figure, design
森         もり        (noun) forest, shrine grove
もる        もる        (intransitive) to prosper, to flourish, to copulate (animals)
門         もん        (noun) door (esp. Japanese-style), entrance (to a home), narrow
~問        ~もん
もんく       もんく       (noun) phrase, complaint
問題        もんだい      (noun) problem, question
~屋       ~や
~夜       ~や
やがて      やがて      (adverb) before long, soon, at length
やかましい    やかましい    (adjective) noisy, boisterous; (adjective) strict, faultfinding, carp
夜間       やかん      (noun) at night, nighttime
やかん      やかん      (noun) kettle
焼く       やく       (transitive) to bake, to grill; (transitive) to develop (photos); (in
役        やく       (noun) war, campaign, battle, unpaid work
やく       やく       (adverb) approximately, about; (noun) promise, shortening, red
役者       やくしゃ     (noun) actor, actress
役所       やくしょ     (noun) government office, public office
約束       やくそく     (noun) arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement
役人       やくにん     (noun) government official
やくわり     やくわり     (noun) part, assigning (allotment of) parts, role, duties
焼ける      やける      (intransitive) to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunbur
やこう      やこう      (noun) walking around at night, night train, night travel
野菜       やさい      (nouns) vegetable
~やすい     ~やすい
休み       やすみ      (noun) rest, recess, respite, vacation, holiday, absence, suspens
やせる      やせる      (intransitive) to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) w
やたらに     やたらに     (adverb) randomly, recklessly, blindly
やちん      やちん      (noun) rent
八つ       やっつ      (numeric) eight
やっつける    やっつける    (transitive) to beat, to attack (an enemy), to do away with, to fi
やっと      やっと      (adverb) at last, at length
宿        やど       (noun) inn, lodging
やとう      やとう      (transitive) to employ, to hire, to charter
屋根       やね       (noun) roof
やはり      やはり      (noun) also, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
やっぱり     やっぱり     (noun) also, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
破く       やぶく      (transitive) to tear, to violate, to defeat, to smash, to destroy
破れる      やぶれる     (intransitive) to get torn, to wear out
山        やま       (noun) mountain, pile, heap, climax, critical point, speculated a
止む       やむ       (intransitive) to cease, to stop, to be over
やむをえない   やむをえない   (Expressions) cannot be helped, unavoidable
やめる      やめる      (transitive) to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
やや       やや       (adverb) a little, partially, somewhat, a short time, a while
やる       やる       (transitive) to do, to have sexual intercourse, to kill, to give (to
湯        ゆ        (noun) hot water, hot bath, hot spring
ゆいいつ     ゆいいつ     (adverb) only, sole, unique
夕方       ゆうがた     (noun) evening
夕刊       ゆうかん     (noun) evening paper
勇気       ゆうき      (noun) courage, bravery, valour, valor, nerve, boldness
友好       ゆうこう     (noun) friendship
有効       ゆうこう     (noun) validity, legality, availability, effectiveness
ゆうしゅう    ゆうしゅう    (noun) superiority, excellence
ゆうしょう    ゆうしょう    (noun) overall victory, championship
ゆうじょう   ゆうじょう    (noun) friendship, fellowship, camaraderie
友人      ゆうじん     (noun) friend
ゆうひ     ゆうひ      (noun) (in) the evening sun, setting sun
ゆうびん    ゆうびん     (noun) mail, postal service
有名      ゆうめい     (adjectival) famous; (noun) fame
ユーモア    ユーモア     (noun) humor, humour
有利      ゆうり      (noun) advantageous, better, profitable, lucrative
有料      ゆうりょう    (nouns) toll, fee, charge, admission-paid
ゆか      ゆか       (noun) bed, bedding, sickbed, alcove, riverbed, seedbed, straw
雪       ゆき       (noun) snow
行方      ゆくえ      (noun) (one's) whereabouts, course, direction
輸出      ゆしゅつ     (adjectival) export, efferent (medical)
輸送      ゆそう      (noun) transport, transportation
豊か      ゆたか      (adjectival) abundant, wealthy, plentiful, rich, affluent
ゆっくり    ゆっくり     (adverb) slowly, at ease, restful
ゆでる     ゆでる      (transitive) to boil
輸入      ゆにゅう     (nouns) importation, import, introduction
湯飲み     ゆのみ      (noun) teacup
指       ゆび       (noun) finger, toe, digit
夢       ゆめ       (noun) dream
許す      ゆるす      (transitive) to permit, to allow, to approve, to exempt (from fin
ゆれる     ゆれる      (intransitive) to shake, to sway
夜       よ        (noun) evening, night
用       よう       (noun,) task, business, use, duty, service, call of nature, excretio
よう      よう       (noun) mess, sorry state, plight, sad sight; (suffix) way, manner
用意      ようい      (noun) preparation
容易      ようい      (noun) easy, simple, plain
八日      ようか      (noun) the eighth day of the month, eight days
ようがん    ようがん     (noun) lava
容器      ようき      (noun) container, vessel
ようき     ようき      (adjectival) cheerful, merry; (noun) season, weather
要求      ようきゅう    (noun) demand, firm request, requisition, requirement, desire
用語      ようご      (noun) term, terminology
ようし     ようし      (noun) point, essentials, gist, summary, fundamentals
ようじ     ようじ      (noun) tasks, things to do, errand, business (to take care of), aff
ようじ     ようじ      (noun) infant, baby, child
ようじん    ようじん     (noun) care, precaution, guarding, caution
様子      ようす      (noun) state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances, appearan
ようそ     ようそ      (noun) component, factor, item (e.g. in list), element (e.g. in arr
ようちえん   ようちえん    (noun) kindergarten
ようと     ようと      (noun) use, usefulness, utility, service
曜日      ようび      (noun) day of the week
洋品店     ようひんてん   (noun) shop which handles Western-style apparel and accessor
ようやく    ようやく     (adverb) finally, at last, barely, narrowly, hardly, only just, gradu
ヨーロッパ   ヨーロッパ    (nouns) Europe
よく~     よく~
よけい     よけい      (noun) too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus
横         よこ        (noun) horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down, side-to-s
よこす       よこす       (transitive) to send, to forward, to hand over (e.g. money)
よごれる      よごれる      (intransitive) to be violated, to be corrupted, to be polluted, to
予算        よさん       (nouns) estimate, budget
止す        よす        (transitive) to cease, to abolish, to resign, to give up
寄せる       よせる       (transitive) to come near, to let someone approach, to collect,
余所        よそ        (noun) another place, somewhere else, strange parts
予測        よそく       (noun) prediction, estimation
四日        よっか       (noun) fourth day of month, four days
四つ角       よつかど      (noun) four corners, crossroads
四つ        よっつ       (noun) four
ヨット       ヨット       (noun) yacht (usually only used for a sailing boat with one mast
予定        よてい       (noun) plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, ex
世の中       よのなか      (noun) society, the world, the times
予備        よび        (nouns) preparation, preliminaries, reserve, spare
よぶ        よぶ        (transitive) to call out (to), to call, to invoke, to summon (a doc
予報        よほう       (noun) forecast, prediction
予防        よぼう       (nouns) prevention, precaution, protection against
読み        よみ        (noun) reading
よめ        よめ        (noun) wife, bride, (one's) daughter-in-law
予約        よやく       (nouns) reservation, appointment, booking, advance order, con
よゆう       よゆう       (noun) surplus, composure, margin, room, time, allowance, flex
より        より        (particle) from, out of, since, at, than, other than, except, but, m
よる        よる        (intransitive) to visit, to drop in, to approach
因る        よる        (intransitive) to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to tu
よると       よると       (Expressions) according to
よろこび      よろこび      (noun) joy, delight, rapture, pleasure, gratification, rejoicing, co
喜び        よろこび      (noun) joy, delight, rapture, pleasure, gratification, rejoicing, co
よろしい      よろしい      (adjective) good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
よろしく      (感)       (adverb) well, properly, suitably, best regards, please remembe
来         らい        (noun) next (year, etc.), since (last month, etc.)
ライター      ライター      (noun) lighter, writer
来日        らいにち      (noun) arrival in Japan, coming to Japan, visit to Japan
ラケット      ラケット      (noun) paddle, racket
ラジオ       ラジオ       (noun) radio
ラッシュアワー   ラッシュアワー   (noun) rush hour
らん        らん        (noun) column of text (e.g. in a newspaper), field (in a form, we
ランチ       ランチ       (noun) launch, lunch
ランニング     ランニング     (noun) running, tank top
りえき       りえき       (noun) profit, gains; (noun) benefit, advantage, interest (of the
理科        りか        (nouns) science
理解        りかい       (noun) understanding, comprehension, appreciation, sympathy
利害        りがい       (noun) advantages and disadvantages, interest
陸         りく        (adjectival) good, satisfactory, worthy, decent
りこん       りこん       (noun) divorce
リズム       リズム       (noun) rhythm
理想        りそう       (nouns) ideal, dream
率          りつ         (noun,) rate, ratio, proportion, percentage
リットル       リットル       (noun) litre
りっぱ        りっぱ        (noun) splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent
リボン        リボン        (noun) ribbon
略す         りゃくす       (transitive) to abbreviate, to omit, to take, to capture
理由         りゆう        (noun) reason, pretext, motive
~流         ~りゅう
留学         りゅうがく      (noun) studying abroad (usu. at university level)
流行         りゅうこう      (nouns) fashion, fad, vogue, craze
利用         りよう        (noun) use, utilization, utilisation, application
量          りょう        (noun,) quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
りょう        りょう        (noun) hostel, dormitory, bureau (government department ben
両~         りょう~
~料         ~りょう
~領         ~りょう
料金         りょうきん      (noun) fee, charge, fare
料理         りょうり       (noun) cooking, cookery, cuisine, dealing with something, hand
旅館         りょかん       (noun) Japanese hotel, inn, ryokan
~力         ~りょく
旅行         りょこう       (nouns) travel, trip
りんじ        りんじ        (nouns) temporary, special, extraordinary
例          れい         (nouns) custom, practice, habit, usual, said, aforementioned, in
礼          れい         (noun) thanking, expression of gratitude
れい         れい         (noun) zero, nought
例外         れいがい       (nouns) exception
冷静         れいせい       (noun) calm, composure, coolness, serenity
れいぞうこ      れいぞうこ      (noun) refrigerator
れいぼう       れいぼう       (noun) cooling, air-conditioning
レインコート     レインコート     (noun) raincoat, mackintosh, macintosh, trench coat
歴史         れきし        (nouns) history
レクリェーション   レクリェーション   (noun) recreation, re-creation
レコード       レコード       (noun) record (e.g. LP), record (e.g. athletics)
レジャー       レジャー       (noun) leisure
レストラン      レストラン      (noun) restaurant (esp. Western-style)
列          れつ         (noun) queue, line, row, column, sequence, string, train
列車         れっしゃ       (noun) train (ordinary)
列島         れっとう       (noun) archipelago, chain of islands
レベル        レベル        (noun) level, rebel, revel
レポート       レポート       (noun) report, paper
リポート       リポート       (noun) report, paper
れんが        れんが        (noun) brick
連合         れんごう       (nouns) union, alliance, combination; (noun) RENGO (Japanese
練習         れんしゅう      (noun) practice, practise
レンズ        レンズ        (noun) lens
連続         れんぞく       (noun) serial, consecutive, continuity, occurring in succession, c
れんらく       れんらく       (nouns) to contact, to get in touch; (noun) contacting, getting in
老人         ろうじん       (nouns) the aged, old person
ろうそく     ろうそく     (noun) candle
労働       ろうどう     (nouns) manual labor, manual labour, toil, work, Labour Party
ローマじ     ローマじ     (noun) Latin alphabet, transliteration of Japanese in "Roman" o
六        ろく       (numeric) six
録音       ろくおん     (noun) (audio) recording
ロケット     ロケット     (noun) locket, rocket
ロッカー     ロッカー     (noun) locker
ロビー      ロビー      (noun) lobby, lounge
~ろん      ~ろん
ろんそう     ろんそう     (nouns) controversy, dispute
ろんぶん     ろんぶん     (noun) thesis, essay, treatise, paper, article
輪        わ        (counter) counter for wheels and flowers
和~       わ~
~羽       ~わ
ワイシャツ    ワイシャツ    (noun) shirt, business shirt, dress shirt
ワイン      ワイン      (noun) wine
わが~      わが~
わがまま     わがまま     (noun) selfishness, egoism, self-indulgence, wilfulness, willfulne
別れ       わかれ      (noun) parting, separation, farewell, (lateral) branch, fork, offsh
わく       わく       (intransitive) to grow hot (of water, etc.), to boil, to be in a stat
わく       わく       (intransitive) to well (up), to gush forth (of water), to spring out
分ける      わける      (transitive) to divide, to separate, to make distinctions, to diffe
わざと      わざと      (adverb) on purpose
わずか      わずか      (noun) only, merely, (a) little, small quantity
わすれる     わすれる     (transitive) to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to fo
話題       わだい      (nouns) topic, subject
わたくし     わたくし     (nouns) I, me, private affairs, personal matter, secrecy, selfishn
わびる      わびる      (intransitive) to apologize, to apologise
笑い       わらい      (noun) laugh, laughter, smile, sneer
わりあい     わりあい     (noun) rate, ratio, percentage, proportion, comparatively, cont
わりあいに    わりあいに    (adverb) comparatively
わりざん     わりざん     (noun) division
わりと      わりと      (adverb) relatively, comparatively
わりびき     わりびき     (nouns) discount, reduction, rebate, tenths discounted
わる       わる       (transitive) to divide, to cut, to break, to halve, to separate, to s
われる      われる      (intransitive) to break, to be smashed, to split, to crack, to fissu
われわれ     われわれ     (nouns) we
わん       わん       (noun,) bay, gulf, inlet
わん       わん       (noun) bowl (porcelain)
ワンピース    ワンピース    (nouns) dress
あ        あ        (noun) that (indicating something distant from both speaker an
あいさつ     あいさつ     (nouns) greeting, greetings, salutation, salute, speech (congratu
上がる      あがる      (intransitive) to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be rais
あかんぼう    あかんぼう    (noun) baby
あげる      あげる      (transitive) to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kit
アルコール    アルコール    (nouns) alcohol
いくら~ても   いくら~ても
いただく       いただく            (transitive) to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy, to eat,
~いん        ~いん
うそ         うそ              (noun) lie, falsehood, incorrect fact, Really!, Unbelievable!, No
うれしい       うれしい            (adjective) happy, glad, pleasant
運転手        うんてんしゅ          (noun) driver, chauffeur
お祝い        おいわい            (noun) congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, co
~おき        ~おき
起こす        おこす             (transitive) to raise, to cause, to wake someone
おたく        おたく             (noun) your house, your home, your family, your husband, you
落ちる        おちる             (intransitive) to fall down, to drop, to fail (e.g. exam), to crash,
おつり        おつり             (noun) change (i.e. money), balance
お祭り        おまつり            (noun) festival, feast
おみまい       おみまい            (noun) calling on someone who is ill, enquiry, inquiry
お土産        おみやげ            (noun) present, souvenir
おる         おる              (transitive) to weave
お礼         おれい             (noun) thanking, expression of gratitude
終わり        おわり             (noun) the end
~おわる       ~おわる
~か         ~か
~かい        ~かい
会議室        かいぎしつ           (noun) conference room, council room
~がくぶ       ~がくぶ
かける        かける             (transitive) to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g
かたい        かたい
課長         かちょう            (noun) section manager, section chief
かっこう       かっこう            (noun) each school
お金持ち       かねもち/おかねもち      (noun) rich person
かまう        かまう             (Godan) to mind, to care about, to be concerned about, to care
かれら        かれら             (nouns) they (usually male), them
急          きゅう             (adjectival) urgent, sudden, abrupt, sharp, steep, precipitous, ra
教育         きょういく           (noun) training, education
~く         ~く
くださる       くださる            (Godan) to give, to confer
~くん        ~くん
けが         けが              (noun) injury (to animate object), hurt
けれど/けれども   けれど/けれども
~けん        ~けん
けんか        けんか             (noun) quarrel, brawl, fight, squabble, scuffle
研究室        けんきゅうしつ         (noun) laboratory, seminar room, professor's office
ご~         ご~
高校/高等学校    こうこう/こうとうがっこう
高校生        こうこうせい          (noun) senior high school student
校長         こうちょう           (noun) principal, headmaster
こうむいん      こうむいん           (noun) government worker, public (civil) servant
~ございます     ~ございます
ご主人        ごしゅじん           (noun) your husband, her husband
ごぞんじ       ごぞんじ            (noun) knowing, (an) acquaintance
ごちそう         ごちそう          (noun) feast, treating (someone); (noun) to treat (someone, e.g
こと           こと            (noun) koto (13-stringed Japanese zither), stringed instrument,
ごみ           ごみ            (noun) rubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
こむ           こむ            (intransitive) to be crowded, to be packed, to be complex; (aux
ごらんになる       ごらんになる        (Godan) to see, to look, to watch, (after the -te form of a verb)
これから         これから          (noun) after this
             コ
コンピュータ/コンピューター ンピュータ/コンピューター
今夜           こんや           (noun) this evening, tonight
~さま          ~さま
さ来月          さらいげつ         (noun) month after next
さ来週          さらいしゅう        (noun) week after next
字            じ             (suffix) section of village
しかる          しかる           (transitive) to scold
~しき          ~しき
(~て)しまう      (~て)しまう
事務所          じむしょ          (noun) office
社長           しゃちょう         (noun) company president, manager, director
じゃま          じゃま           (noun) hindrance, intrusion
じゅうどう        じゅうどう         (noun) judo
食料品          しょくりょうひん      (noun) foodstuff, groceries
人口           じんこう          (noun) population, common talk
新聞社          しんぶんしゃ        (noun) newspaper company
ずいぶん         ずいぶん          (adverb) very, extremely, surprisingly, considerably; (adjectival)
スーパー(マーケット) スーパー(マーケット)
すく           すく            (transitive) to like, to love, to be fond of
スクリーン        スクリーン         (noun) screen
すごい          すごい           (adjective) terrible, dreadful, amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e
ステーキ         ステーキ          (noun) steak
すばらしい        すばらしい         (adjective) wonderful, splendid, magnificent
すり           すり            (nouns) repairing, mending, servicing
~せい          ~せい
ぜひ           ぜひ            (noun) certainly, without fail, right and wrong, pros and cons
ぜんぜん         ぜんぜん          (adverb) not at all (with neg. verb), wholly, entirely, completely
ソフト          ソフト           (nouns) soft; (noun) soft hat; (noun) software
~だい          ~だい
大学生          だいがくせい        (noun) university student, college student
たいてい         たいてい          (noun) mostly, ordinarily, usually, generally, probably; (noun) m
~だす          ~だす
建て           ~だて
だめ           だめ            (noun) useless, no good, hopeless
チェック         チェック          (nouns) check, plaid
~ちゃん         ~ちゃん
中学校          ちゅうがっこう       (noun) junior high school, middle school, lower secondary scho
ちゅうしゃじょう     ちゅうしゃじょう      (noun) parking lot, parking place
~ちょう         ~ちょう
~(に)ついて      ~(に)ついて
つき           つき            (noun) desk
~つき        ~つき
~つづける      ~つづける
できるだけ      できるだけ      (Expressions) as much as one can, as much as possible, if at all p
天気予報       てんきよほう     (noun) weather forecast, weather report
動物園        どうぶつえん     (noun) zoo, zoological gardens
遠く         とおく        (noun) far away, distant, at a distance, distant place, by far
とこや        とこや        (noun) barbershop, barber
直る         なおる        (intransitive) to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mend
治る         なおる        (intransitive) to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mend
中々         なかなか       (adverb) very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly,
なるほど       なるほど       (adverb) I see, That's right!, Indeed
におい        におい        (noun) odour, odor, scent, smell, stench, aura, whiff, smacks of
~にくい       ~にくい
ぬれる        ぬれる        (intransitive) to get wet
ねだん        ねだん        (noun) price, cost
ねっしん       ねっしん       (noun) zeal, enthusiasm
のど         のど         (noun) throat, singing voice
乗り物        のりもの       (noun) vehicle
パート(タイム)   パート(タイム)
歯医者        はいしゃ       (noun) dentist
~ばかり       ~ばかり
~はじめる      ~はじめる
パソコン       パソコン       (nouns) personal computer
パパ         パパ         (noun) Papa
ハンバーグ      ハンバーグ      (noun) hamburger (meat, no bun), Hamburg steak
ひげ         ひげ         (nouns) self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation
美術館        びじゅつかん     (noun) art gallery, art museum
びっくりする     びっくりする
昼休み        ひるやすみ      (noun) lunch break, noon recess, noon rest period
ファックス      ファックス      (noun) facsimile, FAX
部長         ぶちょう       (noun) head (chief, director) of a section or department, head o
ぶどう        ぶどう        (noun) martial arts, military arts, Bushido
ほど         ほど         (noun) degree, extent, bounds, limit; (particle) indicates approx
ほめる        ほめる        (transitive) to praise, to admire, to speak well
まじめ        まじめ        (noun) diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
まず         まず         (adverb) first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well,
または        または        (Expressions) or, otherwise
~まま        ~まま
回る         まわる        (intransitive) to go around, to return, to surround, to concern (u
見つかる       みつかる       (intransitive) to be found, to be discovered
見つける       みつける       (transitive) to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come
向かう        むかう        (intransitive) to face, to go towards
~め         ~め
もうすぐ       もうすぐ       (Expressions) very soon
もちろん       もちろん       (adverb) of course, certainly, naturally
もっとも       もっとも       (adverb) most, extremely
もらう        もらう        (transitive) to receive, to take, to accept, to get somebody to d
役に立つ        やくにたつ       (Godan) to be helpful, to be useful
~やすい        ~やすい
やせる         やせる         (intransitive) to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) w
やはり/やっぱり    やはり/やっぱり
やむ          やむ          (intransitive) to cease, to stop, to be over
夕飯          ゆうはん        (noun) evening meal
(~に)よると     (~に)よると
よろしい        よろしい        (adjective) good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
両方          りょうほう       (nouns) both sides, both parties
レジ          レジ          (noun) (cash) register
レポート/リポート   レポート/リポート
ワープロ        ワープロ        (noun) word-processor
明るい         あかるい        (adjective) bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledg
あさごはん       あさごはん       (noun) breakfast
あちら         あちら         (nouns) that way (direction distant from both speaker and liste
あびる         あびる         (transitive) to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
あまり         あまり         (noun,) remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, rem
ある [存在]     ある [存在]
ある [所有]     ある [所有]
いい/よい       いい/よい
いくつ         いくつ         (adverb) how many?, how old?
いくら         いくら         (noun) how much?, how many?
いす          いす          (noun) chair, post, office, position
一           いち          (prefix) one; (suffix) best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective
いちばん        いちばん        (adverbial) best, first, number one, game, round, bout, fall, eve
いつ          いつ          (pronoun) when, how soon
いろいろ        いろいろ        (adverb) various, various colors (colours)
後ろ          うしろ         (noun) back, behind, rear
えいがかん       えいがかん       (noun) movie theatre (theater), cinema
~えん         ~えん
お~          お~
大きな         おおきな        (noun) big, large, great
おかし         おかし         (noun) confections, sweets, candy
お金          おかね         (noun) money
おくさん        おくさん        (noun) wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
お酒          おさけ         (noun) alcohol, sake
お皿          おさら         (noun) plate, dish
おじさん        おじさん
お茶          おちゃ         (noun) tea (usu. green), tea break (at work), tea ceremony
おてあらい       おてあらい       (noun) toilet, restroom, lavatory, bathroom
おなか         おなか         (noun) stomach
おばさん        おばさん
おふろ         おふろ         (noun) bath
おべんとう       おべんとう       (noun) bento (Japanese box lunch)
~かい         ~かい
~かい         ~かい
外国人         がいこくじん      (noun) foreigner
かぎ          かぎ          (noun) key, lock
~かげつ        ~かげつ
カップ         カップ         (noun) cup
かぶる         かぶる         (transitive) to wear (on head, usu. one's own), to put on (over h
紙           かみ          (noun) paper
火曜日         かようび        (noun) Tuesday
~がる         ~がる
カレー         カレー         (noun) curry
川/河         かわ
きっさてん       きっさてん       (noun) coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
牛肉          ぎゅうにく       (nouns) beef
着る          きる          (Ichidan) to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders dow
キロ/キログラム    キロ/キログラム
キロ/キロメートル   キロ/キロメートル
金曜日         きんようび       (noun) Friday
ください        ください        (Expressions) please give me, (after te-form of a verb or a noun
くもり         くもり         (noun) cloudiness, cloudy weather, shadow
~くらい/ぐらい    ~くらい/ぐらい
月曜日         げつようび       (noun) Monday
~こ          ~こ
~ご          ~ご
~ころ/~ごろ     ~ころ/~ごろ
今月          こんげつ        (noun) this month
今週          こんしゅう       (noun) this week
こんばん        こんばん        (noun) tonight, this evening
~さい         ~さい
~さつ         ~さつ
さ来年         さらいねん
~さん         ~さん
~じ          ~じ
~じかん        ~じかん
じゃ/じゃあ      じゃ/じゃあ
~じゅう        ~じゅう
~しゅうかん      ~しゅうかん
しょうゆ        しょうゆ        (noun) soy sauce, shoyu
~にん         ~にん
水曜日         すいようび       (noun) Wednesday
~すぎ         ~すぎ
~ずつ         ~ずつ
ストーブ        ストーブ        (noun) heater (from stove)
ズボン         ズボン         (noun) trousers
先月          せんげつ        (noun) last month
先週          せんしゅう       (noun) last week, the week before
そう/そうです     そう/そうです
そうして/そして    そうして/そして
そば          そば          (noun) buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), soba (Japanese bu
~だい         ~だい
大使館      たいしかん    (noun) embassy
大好き      だいすき     (noun) loveable, very likeable, like very much
たいへん     たいへん     (adverb) very, greatly; (noun) immense, enormous, great, serio
~だけ      ~だけ
~たち      ~たち
たて       たて       (noun) mansion, small castle, nobleman, noblewoman; (noun) b
食べ物      たべもの     (noun) food
たんじょうび   たんじょうび   (noun) birthday
小さな      ちいさな     (pre-noun) small, little, tiny
ちゃわん     ちゃわん     (noun) rice bowl, tea cup, teacup
作る       つくる      (transitive) to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to co
出かける     でかける     (intransitive) to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outin
手紙       てがみ      (nouns) letter
~ど       ~ど
十日       とおか      (noun) the tenth day of the month, ten days
図書館      としょかん    (noun) library
土曜日      どようび     (noun) Saturday
とり肉      とりにく
~ながら     ~ながら
夏休み      なつやすみ    (noun) summer vacation, summer holiday
~など      ~など
なる       なる       (intransitive) to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to atta
なん~      なん~
にぎやか     にぎやか     (adjectival) bustling, busy
~にち      ~にち
日曜日      にちようび    (noun) Sunday
~ねん      ~ねん
飲み物      のみもの     (noun) drink, beverage
~はい      ~はい
初め/始め    はじめ
~ばん      ~ばん
パン       パン       (noun) bread, pastries (e.g. croissants), pastry-based products,
ばんごはん    ばんごはん    (noun) dinner, evening meal
~ひき      ~ひき
飛行機      ひこうき     (noun) aeroplane, airplane, aircraft
一月       ひとつき     (adverbial) January
ひるごはん    ひるごはん    (noun) lunch, midday meal
ぶたにく     ぶたにく     (nouns) pork
ふろ       ふろ       (noun) bath, bathtub, bathroom, bathhouse, room for drying la
~ふん      ~ふん
ペット      ペット      (noun) pet, trumpet
ペン       ペン       (noun) pen
ほう       ほう       (noun) salary
~ほん      ~ほん
ほんだな     ほんだな     (noun) bookshelves, bookshelf, bookcase
ほんとう     ほんとう     (noun) main island, this island
~まい      ~まい
毎朝        まいあさ        (noun) every morning
毎月        まいげつ/まいつき   (noun) every month, each month, monthly
毎週        まいしゅう       (noun) every week
毎日        まいにち        (noun) every day
毎年        まいねん/まいとし   (noun) every year, yearly, annually
まいばん      まいばん        (noun) every night
~まえ       ~まえ
また        また          (noun) crotch, crutch, groin, thigh, fork (in a tree, road, river, et
まだ        まだ          (adverb) as yet, hitherto, still, not yet (with negative verb)
まっすぐ      まっすぐ        (noun) straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward,
丸い/円い     まるい
みなさん      みなさん        (noun) all, everyone, everybody
みんな       みんな         (noun) all, everyone, everybody, everything
木曜日       もくようび       (noun) Thursday
屋         ~や          (suffix) (something) shop; (suffix) somebody who sells (someth
ゆうびんきょく   ゆうびんきょく     (noun) post office
昨夜        ゆうべ         (noun) evening, last night
ゆっくりと     ゆっくりと
来月        らいげつ        (noun) next month
来週        らいしゅう       (noun) next week
来年        らいねん        (noun) next year
ラジカセ      ラジカセ        (noun) radio-cassette player
りっぱ       りっぱ         (noun) splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent
留学生       りゅうがくせい     (noun) overseas student, exchange student
両親        りょうしん       (noun) parents, both parents
分かる       わかる         (intransitive) to be understood, to be comprehended, to be gra
わたる       わたる         (intransitive) to cross over, to go across, to extend, to cover, to
昨夜        ゆうべ
ゆっくりと     ゆっくりと
来月        らいげつ
来週        らいしゅう
来年        らいねん
ラジカセ      ラジカセ
りっぱ       りっぱ
留学生       りゅうがくせい
両親        りょうしん
分かる       わかる
わたる       わたる
Indeed, That is correct, Hey!, Yo!, Uh huh, Yeah yeah, Right, Gotcha




rval, distance, time (between), pause, break, span (temporal or spatial), stretch, period (while), relationship (between, among), members
any, other party, addressee, opponent (sports, etc.)




 merge, to unite, to meet, to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct, to be profitable, to be equitable; (Godan) (after the -masu

ack (horse coat color); (prefix) immature, unripe, young

ontaining colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange), Red (i.e. communist), red light; (noun) red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red; (n

 ful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
ap, opening, vacancy, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing




ccount, festival, etc.); (intransitive) to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width), to hold, to give
 ded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry




end, to the last, stubbornly, persistently, to the utmost

to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to clear out, to make space, to make room; (intransitive) to dawn
to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to clear out, to make space, to make room; (intransitive) to dawn

after, to admire, to be attracted by


m structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji, means of transportation
m, style, experience; (adjectival) smart, clever, witty, strange

ait, pace, step; (pronoun) you, thou

are of, to keep, to hold on to, to keep in custody, to take charge of, to be entrusted with, to receive on deposit, to reserve (judgment), to
ure, condensation
 tant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder; (noun) genitals, that far (something psychologically distant from both
ween on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)

 s (e.g. head of cattle)

 of (e.g. a river, pond), (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
ous, usual, common, ordinary
 to get things in the wrong order (back to front), to become muddled up

 t from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder, that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or somethin
 to get things in the wrong order (back to front), to become muddled up

 bly, collection

 ent's) name and address
 plicable, to come under (a category), to fulfill

 ply (e.g. patch), to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class), to guess (an answer), to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
after one's death, remainder, the rest, descendant, successor, heir, past, previous; (adverbial) more (i.e. five more minutes)
 mains, ruins, scar
after one's death, remainder, the rest, descendant, successor, heir, past, previous; (adverbial) more (i.e. five more minutes)
ssing person (in a team, meeting, etc.), vacancy, opening, flaw, profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others, upset victory (wit

e of equal or lower status), dear (what a wife calls a husband)


ething distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
ment block, apartment house, apartment
e sun, to shower


nds over a fire), to dry, to scorch, to broil, to toast, to grill
 over, to flood
 d, to compile (anthology, dictionary, etc.), to edit




  newly, freshly, re-




 distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly), that pers
his and that, this or that
ed, etc.), to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up, to face, to be opposite (someone), to compare, to check with, to cause to mee
plan, motion, rough copy, expectation

on, learning by heart




 cts information or opinions
g or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
ding; (noun) to guide, to show (around), to conduct

h" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

ice, pleasant, agreeable, sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared, profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), benefic
, family, household, lineage, family name
 , to charge, to direct, to tell on (someone), to report, to often say


, family, household, lineage, family name
 ard, ... and below, below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level), the below-mentioned, the following, the rest




 , spirit, life, influence, authority, power, might, impetus, momentum, course (of events); (adverbial) naturally, necessarily


 take place, to die, to pass away; (auxiliary) to continue




 no use, hopeless, past hope, must not do

reafter, thereafter, since (verb) (after -te form of verb), after (time), since (then)
n (=); (Expressions) equals (A equals B)




, improvement
sense, mano-vijnana (mental consciousness, cognizer of sensory information)
o persecute, to chastise
ay, anyhow, at any rate, sooner or later, eventually, at some future date or time

tal), plate (of glass), pane, slab, cutting board, chopping board, stage (i.e. at a theatre)


 the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug; (transitive) to harbour (e.g. grudge) (harbor), to bear (e.g. a grudge), to entertain (e.g. suspicion); (Godan)
al joke, mischief
ude before meals
ccept, to take, to buy, to eat, to drink, to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top), to have (as one's leader), to live und




ne, for the time being, just in case


e occasion; (adverbial) temporarily, for a moment; (adverbial) one degree, one tone, one musical interval


 , game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
 ol (of art), foremost, top-notch, unique


e day, some time or other, the other day, in due course, in time
 a household, one's family, one's folks, a style




e, same, identical
hrough life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era; (nouns) (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
ort, with all one's might, for dear life

the more, (would) rather, sooner, might as well; (noun) single layer (or storey, etc.)
 heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?"); (noun) one object, one body, unity, one form, one s
porarily; (noun) one morning
nion, match, conformity, consistency, cooperation

t, definite, uniform, regularized, regularised, defined, standardized, standardised, certain, prescribed

ke care, see you
 ng and coming back"), I'm off, see you later

all times, whenever
e one becomes aware of, unnoticed, unawares
 ordinary, average
r, one way, the other way, one direction, the other direction, one side, the other side, one party, the other party; (conjunction) on the on
lly, as long as one likes, indefinitely, no matter what
, never (with neg. verb)
ment, mobile (e.g. communications)




 e sticks, hometown
 s), snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.); (noun,) counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful


 ssion, infringement, breach

t now, soon, immediately, (one) more


 image, artist's impression

 npleasant, reluctant

more, increasingly, at last, finally, beyond doubt, (at the) last moment, worst possible time

atch, despatch, dependence, trust

e) come, go, stay, welcome!
e (somewhere); (auxiliary) (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
 roach, mouth

 jects), to exist, to stay; (auxiliary) (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing
 ake in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.), to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire, to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy,
 appearance, look, love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover, kind, type, variety

 tions, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift

 alled, the so-called, so to speak




 ewspaper, etc.)




mit, surface, on, before, previous, superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder), on top of that, besides, what's more, upon (further inspecti
ant fisherman
 re, to hear, to be told; (Godan) to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior); (intransitive) to visit, to speak to (a
merry, to become loose, to feel out of it, to be cut off (e.g. from those around you)
on desk; (noun) receipt, acceptance
hift, to shake, to swing, to operate, to run, to go, to work, to be touched, to be influenced, to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver, certa
  Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

ng, amongst, between; (nouns) we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.), our; (nouns) my spouse; (noun) imperial palace ground
  (nouns) (one's) family, (one's) household
s arrangement, appointment

ate), to strike, to beat (on something), to type, to tap (e.g. a key), to inject, to indulge in gambling, to visit (on a pilgrimage)
nadvertently




 head in assent
o roar, to howl, to growl, to hum, to buzz, to sough
possess, to steal

wise, successful, delicious, appetizing, appetising, fortunate, splendid, promising




 presence or absence, consent or refusal, yes or no; (noun) flag indicator, presence or absence marker
unus mume, lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
one's face in hands), to submerge, to fill (completely), to stuff, to pack, to cram, to fill up
nour, to honor
at is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side, rear, back, behind (the house), lining, inside, out of sight, behind the sc
jealous, enviable (position, etc.)




ld, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)

g, troublesome, tiresome, importunate, bossy


 ell known, to be popular, to be famous


,) some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)


a lot, with a great amount of effort
 shroom, leaf, etc.)




 ight, um, errr, huh?, grrr, gah, Must I?; (noun) good


 etch, to depict, to describe




 ongation, lengthening; (noun) Enchou era (923.4.11-931.4.26)




move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet


narch, king (for senior player) (shogi)
 to pursue, to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend), to drive out, to oust, to expel, to drive (i.e. a herd), (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time
orcement, rooting, barracking, support, cheering

y, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
 ing, return ticket
er of people


 going beyond, exaggeration, ball hit over the head of an outfielder (baseball)

pproximately




thanks or owing to
ase have a seat

g, ridiculous
shes, side dish, food for thought (esp. in the context of conversation, or material for assisting arousal during masturbation)

up, seconds; (interjection) command to have dog place its second paw in one's hand

 's too bad, my condolences

(behind), to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
 dred million
 arried lady, madam
o complete the full (usually kun) reading of the word (may inflect), declensional kana ending
spatch, to despatch, to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person), to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury, to spend (tim
award to, to confer on


duct oneself, to carry out
n, to hold something down, to hold something back, to stop, to restrain, to curb, to seize, to grasp, to arrest, to gain control of something,
d; (Expressions) Pardon me for leaving (before you)




cative), manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus)
cative), manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus)
cative), manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus)
ashion-conscious; (noun) someone smartly dressed; (noun) to dress up, to be fashionable
hat, chitchat, gossip, chatty, talkative, chatterbox, blabbermouth
 bing (interrupting) you, greeting used on going to someone's home
pply pressure from above, to press down, to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
by romantically linked men and women to refer to one another), garnish (esp. one served with sashimi), embellishment
ced at the entrance of a shrine
 ut to leave or go out

 (music), fame, Chinese-derived character reading


e, to startle, to surprise




ping dance)
e astonished

 orm, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike; (adverb) (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
ceased person, ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.), it (i.e. in a game of tag), Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 2
er, (vocative) young man, buddy, fella, laddie
ng lady, miss (referring to a waitress, etc.), ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)




wrapper on books, CDs, etc.

 ink below the surface (of water), to indulge in, to lose one's head over something
ng, Have I kept you waiting?

pt you waiting
 naive, inncocent, good-natured
 auspicious occasion!
her status), to be recognized (esp. by someone of higher status), to be visible, to be seen, to be noticed
eminiscence
o believe, to think (of doing), to plan (to do), to judge, to assess, to regard, to imagine, to suppose, to dream, to expect, to look forward to
s, important, severe, oppressed
e side of an object), front (of a building, etc.), obverse side (i.e. "head") of a coin, outside, exterior, appearance, public, first half (of an inn
ly, spontaneously, involuntarily, instinctively

cards), founder, (pet) owner
 leep, rest; (Expressions) Good night
afternoon (around 3 o'clock) snack, afternoon refreshment, afternoon tea
pproximately

d, to give in, to turn (a corner)
), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle




nization), division, department; (counter) counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)




; (counter) counter for innings (baseball)
 ion, assembly, council, convention, congress
 ant, treasurer, paymaster, reckoning, bill

 ation, (astronomical) conjunction




ginning, initiation


 ce, the grounds


 , exposition, elucidation
 t, kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement)
 estructuring, modding


ething), revolution, turning




provement, rehabilitation, restoration, convalescence
 ion, emancipation, setting free, deallocation (of computer memory)
 ation, liberalisation




all the more, instead

ed, to curve, to be curved, to be arched, to bend (backward)




 or in the arms, to have (esp. problems, debts, etc.), to employ, to engage, to hire


 al company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)


hang; (Godan) to come into view, to arrive; (Godan) to come under (a contract, a tax); (Godan) to start (engines, motors); (Godan) to atten

 influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)
written material, writing kanji text from hiragana, transcription (of spoken material)
 to shovel, to paddle




tion, knowledge
or sum (of money)

 diness, preparedness




 t, expansion




 y; (noun) undergraduate (course, program, etc.)
n, to conceal oneself, to disappear
 ion, image, presence, sign, light (stars, moon)
een location (i.e. somewhere private)

otion, bill), passage

damaged, to be broken, to be lacking, to be missing, to be insufficient, to be short, to be deficient, to be negligent toward, (of the moon)
on, allowance for, degree, extent, measure, condition, state of health, seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment, influence (of th




 thing on another, to heap up, to add, to repeat




es, family affairs, household matters




o gnaw, to nibble, to munch, to crunch, to have a smattering of, to dabble in (e.g. hobby, instrument)
 , appearance, behaviour, swing, swinging, lacking a reservation or introduction (at a restaurant, etc.), unsewn part of a hanging sleeve on




oun) accelerator




y, gentleman; (noun,) method of, manner of, way of; (noun,) care of ..; (noun,) person in charge of ..; (noun,) side (e.g. "on my mother's si
ne, goods, etc.), type, style, pattern, mold (mould), template, model, kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, spo


 , tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, b
 n (of the ...), you (usu. plural); (adverb) various

t, to lurch, to heel over, to be disposed to, to trend toward, to be prone to, to go down (sun), to wane, to sink, to decline




c meeting, academic conference
ed, lose heart, feel emotionally drained, feel let down


 earance, manner, suitability, moderateness (in price)

 ord, involuntarily, wilfully, willfully, as one pleases

 eat efforts, conspicuous service; (noun) to flourish, to participate actively, to play an active role
conjugation, declension, inflection




 shop (shogi), third degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale), Chinese "horn" constellation (one of the 28 mansions), jiao (mon
me, nom de plume

  hout fail, positively, invariably
 sarily, (not) all, (not) entirely


 bell), chime
end, sweetheart
per methysticum)




 ng), to put on (e.g. on someone else's head), to plate something (with a metal), to pour or dash a liquid (on something), to charge (a pers
l" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)


 paper waste

aw, to fumble or falter with one's words




s, may be, possibly


 to ply between, to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)


variety of arum lily)
ock, to chaff, to razz, to banter with, to make fun of, to poke fun at, to make cracks about




 distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly), that pers

ne for flattening things)

.. river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
eel, husk, bark, shell, sheath, wrapping




nge (e.g. foreign)

alternate, relief, compensation, second helping; (noun,) in place of, as a substitute for
 to relieve, to be substituted for, to be exchanged, to change places with, to take turns, to be replaced
nsformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
 of Japan, including Osaka)




esthetic sense




fection, accomplishment




an, including Tokyo)
onally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
rintendence, direction; (noun) director, superintendent, supervisor, coach, foreman, manager, overseer, controller, boss
 poster, billboard, appearance, figurehead, policy, attraction, closing time
worn with sokutai or ikan clothing), crown, diadem, coronet; (noun) top kanji radical, first verse of a haikai, etc.; (adverb) best, peerless, fi
 of a business)

nd Japanese (languages), Chinese Character-Japanese dictionary

disposition, motivation, intention, mood, feelings, atmosphere, essence
ess or parliament
embrance, storage


 ument, appliance, apparatus
 ument, appliance, apparatus


on, organization, institution, organ, system, facility, facilities
orporation, business
  crop failure
to music), to ask, to enquire, to query
 ow effect, to do its work, to carry out its function well, to be possible to use
 ectival) dangerous, hazardous
 ime limit, deadline, cutoff (date)




 e's true character, unglazed pottery, uncooked dough, batter




 ology, engineering, skill
 norm, reference, datum
 norm, reference, datum

ruise, scratch, scrape, scar, chip, crack, scratch, nick, flaw, defect, weakness, weak point, stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, d

 eone), to plate, to gild, to veneer, to accuse (of some crime), to give (a bad name)




assembly), president (e.g. of council, senate, etc.), moderator (e.g. of a newsgroup)

determined, forceful, formidable, strong, tight, close
 motive, impetus, occasion
st certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent), sternly, severely

dise certificate
, ruler, sovereign, (one's) master




or other trad. Japanese clothing)

 ent, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger




absence (from work)
s suspended, shutdown, holiday




, abruptly, immediately

nce, grant, supply




orce, solidify, enhancement
orry to trouble
un) to compete

  stressed point
 (noun,) -wide
), sharing, common (land, etc.), joint (statement, etc.), cooperation, co-operation, collaboration, association


ment, cultivation




station, department, affair, situation

ion, tendency, smack (of)

oth, sharpness; (counter) counter for scraps, pieces, etc.

ul, fair, clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat, completely, entirely
 rp, to break (off), to snap, to wear out, to be injured, to burst, to collapse, to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connectio
 e, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
t, a record (e.g. in sports), results, score; (noun) to record, to document, to set a record (e.g. in sports), to show a result, to reach a value
ute, controversy
 attention, to take care
 int; (noun) silver general (shogi)
ohibited!; (noun) abstaining from smoking, quitting smoking




ng, loaning of money, circulation of money


zone, sphere, territory, area (e.g. in programming languages)
ious, fishy, clumsy


ion, grievance

, (legal) drugs, efficacious chemical (i.e. gunpowder, pesticide, etc.), (pottery) glaze, small bribe




id, trivial, worthless
om Tokyo), down-slope, downward going
 orifice, mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece, gate, door, entrance, exit, speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip), taste, palate, mouth




wordy, repetitious, long-winded, heavy (taste), gaudy, loud, greasy
, province (of Japan), home (i.e. hometown, home country), land, earth
, top, hair (on one's head), bangs, fringe, top structural component of a kanji
 devising, figuring out, coming up with, solving ingeniously, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
ople), class (of students), company (esp. construction), family (i.e. mafia), team, typesetting, composition


 link (arms), to put together, to construct, to assemble, to produce (e.g. TV program), to braid, to plait, to grapple, to wrestle, to unite, to
le, to dip, to scoop, to pump, to have a drink together, to consider, to sympathize with, to sympathise with


s) seat, government position, court rank, social standing, rank, class, echelon, rung; (noun) grade (of quality, etc.), level, tier, rank; (noun)

ce, circumstances
 classic, classical; (noun) (the) classics


 comparison, to compete, to vie
and, electrical, base material of textiles, etc.)


ething over again




to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in; (Godan) to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by


e, to do for one, to be given




ailed, full, accurate
endering) of a Chinese character




m, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings), trade-in; (noun,) preli
vice; (prefix) (in) total, total (of)




heme, program, programme




ce, economy




 riminal matter
ance), formality, method, system, style, format, mode, appearance, form (something takes), math expression




mplishments, attainments

olicing, security
i-adjective, adjectival noun, nominal adjective

 ware Engineering, CASE




etc.), getting off


, penny-pinching, cheesparing, miser, pinchpenny, skinflint, cheapskate, tightwad, niggard, shabby, cheap, mangy, poor, petty, narrow-mi

 me, effect; (noun) coming to fruition, bearing fruit
eformity, shortage, gap

delicious, sweet; (adjectival) sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you; (adjectival) well enough, OK, tolerab

 dedly, indisputably


 nce, trend, quotation (esp. stock market)




nty (of China)




vation, field trip
 estibule, foyer
 our, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep

nary, self-interested




actory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
sent time, as of


nduction course
 firm, strong, secure
g state, status quo


odern times, present-day


 , approximation, direction
n, investigation, study, scrutiny, discussion
of the crime

king one's life




ng woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, bird egg; (noun,) (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)




ong (flavour, smell, etc.), thick (consistency), dense, strong (possibility, etc.), thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)




hy, forcible, high-handed




ndor, splendour, pomp, extravagance

, contamination

itching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques)


 service, society, communal
 ticism, censure




netic) crossing over

 ction, work (related to construction, e.g. painting, concrete-pouring, etc.)
 ial, formula




n, configuration, composition
torious service, meritorious deed

high-rise, high, tall

hway, freeway, expressway, motorway
relay, shift, substitution (sports, etc.)

ation, traffic, intercourse
 high-grade, strong

 r, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation

n, union, amalgamation, fusion, congruence


 pect, pick, choice, list, candidacy, candidature, nomination

 ange, intermingling, alternating current, AC




ketball, etc.)


ved with flavored simple syrup)


 , trick, secret (of doing something)
d village, historic village, native place, one's old home
nal language, native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)




e to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place, these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: ti

ed, to be frozen

aning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
ps, lumbar region, body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
accident, out of order


 personal, private
 percentage (from)




(noun) to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
 has been treated (esp. used after a meal), used after hearing something lovey-dovey
 the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction, here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is), this one (something physic
 the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction, here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is), this one (something physic




ock, cock (male fowl), cock (penis)

tumbler, cop (police officer)

stances, business, reason, experience
  zither), stringed instrument, zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng




 , to charge, to direct, to tell on (someone), to report, to often say
ords, phrase, term, expression, remark, speech, (manner of) speaking




ecently, during this period, meanwhile, in the meantime
 a book jacket, catch copy
or a while, neglecting (failing) to write (call, visit, etc.), long silence

 to overflow, to peek through, to become visible (although normally not), to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
nor, trivial, sensitive, attentive




 gauge), gauge
mething), dismissal, permission




 near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic), this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group), now, here, I (m


nd, about, toward, suitable time (or condition), time of year, season




c plug), consent, concentric
another time
g/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this


time greeting)




 oods or services without charge
 essions) (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences), one's final mom




 in course of, midst
 , disgusting, horrible, yuck!




 n) sign; (noun) sine




 tream, to make retroactive
m season), height (e.g. of summer), prime (of one's life), one's best days, rutting, being in heat
enthusiastic, energetic, vigorous
 me time ago, preceding, point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line), front, ahead, the other side, the future, hereafter, destinatio
 , three days back (ago)

 uring, fatigue duty

 t up, to cleave, to cut open (esp. the abdomen), to forcibly separate (i.e. two lovers), to spare (time, money, etc.), to use part of somethin


ng, producing, creating, creation, preparing, writing

position, etc.), opus, performance, production
 c.), composition, formal writing with little real meaning

m, decoy, fake buyer, shill, hired applauder, horse meat

 act with); (transitive) to avoid (situation); (Ichidan) to ward off, to avert
move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
 sustain, to underlay, to hold up, to hold at bay, to stem, to check

graft, to wear in belt


  all the same, even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
relieved, neat, trimmed, plain, simple, completely, entirely, not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all; (noun) completely




differentiation


let cool, to throw a damper on, to spoil
ntrol, domination




ng, clear, fluent, eloquent




port, favour, favor




t, disappointment




etry (esp. tanka), modern poetry
ays after tomorrow)
uck, blessing




 urce, course

 ore, nevertheless, and yet




 sion, ceremony, style, enforcement regulations (of the ritsuryo)

mmon, doing nothing
erb) soon, shortly

 , allowance, grant

 ften, incessantly, constantly, strongly, eagerly
 to take a position, to impose widely (e.g. over a city)
 e, encouragement, motivation
 ial, experiment

 , plot, trouble, scandal
  circumstances, reasons

pation, employment, vocation, task, work




 f resignation
 on, conditions, situation, reasons
rb) naturally, spontaneously


, clapper (of a bell), talon (of a lock)

f affairs, circumstances
e times, those days, oldness, ancientness, antiquity, antique, period piece




el-headed, steady




 ystem), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation

ance, execution (e.g. program) (programme), realization, realisation, implementation
ty, actuality, actual conditions, bhutakoti (limit of reality)
tion, putting into practice (practise), carrying out, operation, working (e.g. working parameters), enactment

of staring), patiently, firmly (e.g. hold), restrained
 , truly, actually, very, quite
e way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly




 merit, efficiency, competency, arms, force

assignment, appointment, pointing at




hing, shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo)
ransitive verb


ty, class, quality; (counter) counter for meal courses; (noun) flirtatiousness, coquetry
oment, instant, a while, quite a time; (interjection) it's been a long time


go to sleep (e.g. a limb)
himself, herself, I, me


way), to shrivel, to wilt

tute, organized crime gang, etc.), turf


o something completely, to put away, to put an end to
ps!, oh dear!, oh no!
to be closed, to be locked, to tighten, to be tightened, to become sober, to become tense

eeply, heartily, seriously, calmly




ne, Closed, No Entrance
point out, to indicate, to exemplify

t of the whole), to account for, to make up (of), to hold, to occupy




hen, combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles; (auxiliary) plain copula




oor, window, etc.)
K), department (of ancient China), continent; (suffix) (after someone's name) dear




rcumference




  consideration
 idence, domicile

 t) non-alcoholic beverage, carbonated or uncarbonated), deuce
evision, modification, alteration, retouching, update, fix
 on, critical state
 lay, stagnation
 ant, grave, weighty
ntial building


ce, centralization, integration, gathering together
on, colon, emphasis




 nvirons, around, in the area of, in the vicinity of, (computer) peripheral
ents, population
 sential, principal, major




 (Germany, Austria, etc.), Premier
oprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, one's husband, (one's) employer, (one's) master, host, hostess

assertion, advocacy, emphasis, contention, opinion, tenet

pation, performance
, country, etc.), institution from which one graduated, director in charge of employee relations
earance; (noun) to attend, to be present, to appear




e house), homemaker




y; (counter) counter for different sorts of things




crificing devotion

 g well, OK, all right
ements, provision, reserve




ent, utilization, utilisation
rt month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days), elementary school, younger or inferior (of two items or people with the same name), unit of fie




drance, difficulty, barrier, handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
 , primary school student, grade school student
  the first month, January
y school, grade school
 is inevitable, nothing can be done




  u), situation, circumstances
 , passive, unmotivated, pessimistic

n, unloading and loading, praising and blaming
m, terms, requirement, requirements


 ss; (adverb) honestly, frankly
 entional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense


 , maiden, daughter


 be generated




 ituation, circumstances, state

nt, admitting, acknowledgment, acknowledgement, compliance, agreement, awareness




ment, acknowledgment, approval, consent, agreement

 , transaction, occupation

 merce, goods, stock, merchandise

 ontest, game, bout


 elligence, information (data contained in characters, signals, code, etc.)




 ridgment, abridgement
 feteria, messroom, restaurant, eatery, snack bar, diner




dually, steadily, quietly




eatment, disposition, disposal




nd, acupuncture point




d, to be acquainted with, to feel
udra (symbolic hand gesture), India




tapler), (pencil) lead, stuffing, pith, core, heart, centre, center

ool, esp. going on to university
d), Shinkansen




an work, human skill, artificiality


affairs, human resources, HR
oun) care, help, aid, assistance
t, judgment, umpire, referee
son, man, personage, talented man




ntimate) friend, buddy, crony, chum
 redit, faith, reliance, belief, credence




 ce, hive, den, haunt, (spider's) web

, picture, illustration




, estimation




eric character




te (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way, much (better, etc.), by far, far and away, far away, long ag
mpose, superheterodyne, (film with) subtitles
p out of, to save




zing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific, to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
  omething, little while, short distance
 with negative sentence)
 stripe, plot, plan, source (of business information), reason, logic
ool off, to enjoy evening cool
 e, to hasten
 ise, to encourage, to offer (wine)




 neatly, refinedly, cleanly, without trouble, clearly, plainly, distinctly, completely, thoroughly, not at all (with negative sentence), not even
ll of a sudden, quietly, gently, softly
te (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way, much (better, etc.), by far, far and away, far away, long ag




affected, honest, frank




general, wholly, overall




nd of, to get through with, to let end
ble, unpardonable, sorry, remorseful, apologetic, conscience-stricken, contrite; (Expressions) excuse me, (I'm) sorry, thank you




tuation), proportional change; (noun) to slide, to slip; (noun) to change (in value, e.g. with a sliding scale), to change (in situation)
omething away from something else), to move (e.g. something out of the way), to put off, to delay, to postpone, to stagger (e.g. working




ttern fabric using a wooden mold
to make (into), to turn (into), to serve as, to act as, to work as, to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.), to judge as being, to view as bei
, sneaky, crafty

 er, to disagree, to miss each other
o get dislocated, to be out of alignment, to get dislodged, to deviate, to shift (position), to be out of sync., to be slightly off, to be off-point

40, original, positive, plus

, custom, tradition, habit
editary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)




act, authentic, veracious
ence), livelihood

plication, request, billing (for a service)




o mature; (noun) to come of age

he utmost, as much (far) as possible
 noun) to exist, to live, to survive




ization, organisation




hed goods, product




 nization, putting in order, adjustment, regulation, liquidation
angements, establishment, conclusion, completion


ng, etc.), place, position, post


upervision of staff), liability, onus




s, long-awaited
 ive, proactive
arer, approaching


lly; (nouns) absolute, unconditional, unmistakable; (noun) absoluteness

es, installation




t and wrong, pros and cons
 of not taking "no" for an answer)
ss (someone for something)
, to criticize, to criticise




ay), wire, beam




e, overall, pan


ll hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
and back, before and behind, before and after, about that (time), longitudinal, context, nearly, approximately

e, whole country, national




e.g. portrait); (noun) systemic

uffix) with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific




(is the matter)


t, spearhead, cusp, vanguard, advanced, leading edge
10^-2; (adjectival) sentimental
ertisement, advertising

superior, elder, older graduate, progenitor, old-timer
olly, general

ct of study, expert


x) (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of




., come to think of it ..., now that you mention it ..., on that subject ..., so, if you say ...
 rocessing, manipulating to one's benefit; (noun) to operate, to manipulate, to fiddle (e.g. the books)




 paratus, device

 y of, proportionate, in keeping with, suitable, considerable, substantial; (noun) to be worthy of, to be proportionate to; (noun) to corresp




  listener), there (place just mentioned), that place, then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised), you

w, then, thereupon, therefore
 structure, construction, tissue, system

prinkle on from above, to shed (e.g. tears), to concentrate one's spirit or strength on; (intransitive) to fall onto (of rain, snow)


 t from the speaker, close to the listener), there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener), that one (something close to the lis
 t from the speaker, close to the listener), there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener), that one (something close to the lis
  .g. of a course), outgrowing something, moving on
  t like, the spitting image of
 r, openheartedness

 other place
 or, to equip, to install, to have ready, to prepare for, to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
 or, to equip, to install, to have ready, to prepare for, to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
meone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the; (inter
more, above (which), on top of (which)
er, of the previously mentioned


 des, in addition, the rest, the others, and so forth
, proximity, besides, while; (noun) third person
gen mask used for the role of an old man


person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it, that time, then, there (indicating a place near the liste

ause of that
situation, in which case
evertheless, even so, notwithstanding


, but even so, but even then, however, nevertheless, for all that, notwithstanding that
If so ..., That being the case ...


ubject, to get lost, to go astray
, to be all present, to be a full set, to have everything at one's disposal, to be equal, to be uniform, to gather, to assemble
to arrange, to make uniform, to get something ready
y, slowly, soon




e, honour, honor

er, know, etc.

s of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of




 things), the rest
n, versus, vs, to (i.e. "we won the game five to three"), equal footing, equal terms, against ..., anti-, toward ..., to ...

, belt; (counter) counter for machines, incl. vehicles; (noun) setting (e.g. in jewellery)
 problem (on a test), question; (counter) counter for questions (on a test)


stics, athletics

mass meeting, rally
institution, incl. university, college, etc., the Great Learning - one of the Four Books


ge, the money, the bill

nisation, architecture
mportant, significant, a big deal


 , study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)


 et-up, organization, organisation




 cises, calisthenics




 ation, delegation, type, example, model
 writer, typing




mense, enormous, great, serious, grave, dreadful, terrible, difficult, hard, major incident, disaster


  e, diagram, dyer




 m, plain, sitting tailor fashion
 roxy, deputy, agent, attorney, substitute, alternate, acting (principal, etc.)


 nually, steadily

  yet, nevertheless, still, for all that




 lses, etc., such as rice or beans), to boil
e-tier ranking system)

 (adverb) if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
 (adverb) if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly

 to put out, to reveal, to show, to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in, to publish, to make public, to send (e.g. letter), to produce (a sound), to


 !; (adverb) presently, right away, right now, just now

 st, to beat, to play drums, to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult, to use up money

ectly, in person
, measure of room size (in mat units)
 se (a shop), to vacate


 ddenly, all at once
 tand up; (intransitive) to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position); (intransitive) to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
although, even though; (suffix) even, even if, or something

o-back, length

 p, to erect (something), to make (a noise, a sound), to put (tooth, claw, pointed object) to, to set (a plan, etc.), to decide (objective, sched




 person, outsider, stranger
pecies, (logical) species
 sion, amusement, hobby, anticipation, looking forward to
, to call, to order, to reserve, to entrust to, to rely on
time, etc.), times


  generous, many, much, great
 noun) jewel, pearl, testicles; (noun) staple (for a stapler), person (when commenting on their nature), character

 ccidentally, by chance
un) hen egg; (noun) (an expert) in the making

ccidentally, by chance

e, unendurable, cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do, tremendous, out of this world, irresistible
 to save, to accumulate, to pile up


welfare, sake, purpose, objective, aim, consequence, result, effect, affecting, regarding, concerning
te, to store, to leave unpaid




eps, order, class, phase




 association

esponsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)




 lace, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)


 heese! (when taking photographs)

e, intelligence, prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)
ound place; (prefix) underground, below ground; (prefix) secret, under cover; (noun) underground (railway), subway, metro

king it, for certain
hborhood, vicinity; (noun,) nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to; (adverb) shortly, soon


our (vigor), energy, capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty, efficacy, effect, effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions, power, auth

 to swear, to have sexual intercourse (esp. between husband and wife), to share a bed




to boil down, to shrink
 on, province, countryside, rural area, coast (esp. as seen from the water), person singing ballads in Noh, person in charge of music in a Jap

 ensis), tea preparation, making tea, brown; (adjectival) mockery




 enter (centre), middle, during, while
ote, comment
 ntion (heed), warning, advice




 ontinuance, interruption


 third of a month
 erved at a tea party (tea ceremony)
 art, core, focus, pivot, emphasis, balance
midlife, one's middle years




 , inquiry, enquiry, survey
e, rhythm, vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack, condition, state of health, impetus, spur of the moment, strain, trend




ning, modification, alteration
antages and disadvantages, pluses and minuses, strong and weak points, merits and demerits
 al, firsthand


 book, etc.), writer




pend (e.g. to a file), appendix




ommunicate, to understand, to be well-informed
cation, transmission, news, signal


oun) to pass as

d, etc.), to make use of, to put to use, to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate, to use (tim
rasp, to grip, to grab, to hold, to catch hold of, to lay one's hands on




nt, stage, station
ialising, fellowship


e connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling, to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye, to bear (fruit, interest, etc.), to be acquired (of
 it on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
o accede, to take (seat, position, course, etc.), to assume, to start (on a journey), to commence, to depart, to study (under teacher), to be
 ity comes on), to be lighted, to catch fire
ke, to prod, to push, to thrust, to nudge, to hit, to strike, to use (a cane), to prop oneself up with, to press against (the floor, etc.), to attac


dd, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment), to furnish (a house with), to wear, to put on, to keep a d
dd, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment), to furnish (a house with), to wear, to put on, to keep a d
 n, to light up
p in, to pickle
convenience
o transmit, to communicate, to tell, to impart, to propagate, to teach, to bequeath
 historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from
o suffix) continuation (in time and space), second series, succession, spell
 o go on, to be unbroken, to occur again and again, to lead to, to connect to

 p, to keep on

 to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in; (Godan) to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by
mployed (at), to serve (in), to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of), to conduct a religious service
mployed (at), to serve (in), to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of), to conduct a religious service
 ur), to try, to strive, to make an effort, to exert oneself, to be diligent

to be connected to, to be related to
nnect, to transfer (phone call)
nnect, to transfer (phone call)

 stellation (one of the 28 mansions); (counter) counter for birds or bird wings
shut down, to thwart, to block, to kill (time), to waste (e.g. talents)
ecome useless, to cease functioning, to go bankrupt
by romantically linked men and women to refer to one another), garnish (esp. one served with sashimi), embellishment

 ing, insignificant, trifling

 ), claw, talon, hoof, plectrum, pick, hook, clasp
o stop up, to shorten (length or distance), to move over, to make room (for someone), to work out (details)
he rainy season


g. for a purchase)
harmony, to suit, to go well together, to counterbalance, to reach equilibrium

 ething from something), to be hanged (by the neck)

 g, handle, hand, worker, help, trouble, care, effort, means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship, hand, handwriting, kind, type, sort




 rsonnel, capacity (of boat, hall, aeroplane, airplane, etc.)
 ablished price
erioration, degradation
mmutation pass, fixed-term deposit
ance, opposition
 toppage, ban, standstill, halt, hang-up, deadlock, stalemate, abeyance
 a report or a thesis), to hand in, to file, to turn in; (noun) presentation, submission, filing
 andard, of the order of (following a number)
care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
 , foe, enemy




equate, relevance
 evant, appropriate, fit, random, halfhearted, on the spot, whatever works

o more at hand

tlet, leak, vent


onsense, bullshit, codswallop, random, haphazard, unsystematic




ndpoint, one's appearance; (nouns) we, you
although, even though; (suffix) even, even if, or something




musicians (in kabuki)

 clerk, salesperson
opposite of compression)
r weather, fine weather




electronic, electronics


ittle, sporadically, scattered in drops, dot, spot
e, being passed around repeatedly, rolling about
pole, lightpole




dio wave; (adjectival) nonsense




 entrance (to a home), narrows




ry, interrogation




on't mention it, not at all, my pleasure
 mity, unification, compatible
rity, equality, fairness


ntry, Orient and Occident, Western and Eastern, Your attention, please!

ent, same time, synchronous, together

on, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
 no matter what, after all, in the long run, cravingly, at any rate, surely
rom a reader, contribution
ce (on screen), entrance, introduction (into a market)
ny rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
 ch (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret); (adverb) quite, really; (adverb) somehow; (adverb) no matter how hard one may try; (interjection


 ind), like, similarity




o become sharp, to look displeased, to look sour




 cramble (eggs), to melt (metal, etc.), to mix (water with flour, etc.)
 untie, to comb, to untangle (hair)
ve (i.e. out of the way), to make way, to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
ride, one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty, frequent customer (client, etc.)


 syncrasy, personal colour
married, celibate
c, pecularity


s, characteristic


 ndence Day), self-support

use, to dissolve
en, to come untied, to be removed (e.g. restrictions), to be cleared (e.g. misunderstandings), to be broken (e.g. spells, curses), to melt
, to repulse, to reject
n some respects

dress, district, area, locality, one's house, point, part, space, room, whereupon, as a result, (after present form of a verb) about to, on the

till, whereupon, even though, nevertheless, on the contrary, as a matter of fact, despite
ally, even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)
 meeting, etc.), to shut
apital city), urban centre, heart of city a metropolis


 e middle of, midway
n, where, which one (esp. of two alternatives), who
n, where, which one (esp. of two alternatives), who

ted, all at once

anagement, senior bureaucrat
y, (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
o get through, to get at, to be attentive, to pay attention, to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
 to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)

t to (esp. living next door to)
way, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case
fficial letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors, Mr

someone), to turn off, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind, to fix into place, to park, to leave somewher
someone), to turn off, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind, to fix into place, to park, to leave somewher


ow or other, generally speaking, in any case

, both, alike, together, along with, with, including

s), drunk person, trouble
 ntransitive) to (go for a) drive, to go on a trip by car; (transitive) to drive (e.g. a car); (transitive) to drive (innovation, change, etc.), to pro




en meat), fowl, poultry
 take in, to gather in, to adopt
eavour, endeavor, effort
harvest, to earn, to choose, to steal, to eat, to have (a meal), to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
whichever, any; (interjection) well, now, let me see


 oved, (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear, to be caught, to be harvested, to be interpreted (as), to be taken as, (of balance, etc.) to be atta
, i.e. 1,000kg)
outrageous, offensive; (Expressions) absolutely not!, not at all!, far from it!, impossible!, preposterous!, what a thing to say!, no way!, bull
 (there), unpossessed, unowned, not had, unique, indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility; (auxiliary) (after the

 iring, inner line

substance, detail, import

et, more, still more, in addition, greater, further


 ill, to shed (blood, tears), to wash away, to distribute (e.g. electricity over wires, music over a PA system, etc.), to circulate, to broadcast,

 , readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather, by no means (with negative verb)


nce, filling, (sword) blade
nce, filling, (sword) blade


purr, to make sound (animal)

 nsitive) to get rid of; (transitive) to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)
 nsitive) to get rid of; (transitive) to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)




 ding, agreement, comprehension, grasp
oke, to caress
 ke, and so forth, (indicating an approximate quote or vague suggestion) or something, (lessening the significance or value of the previous
 some counter); (noun) euph. for genitals or sex

 , not any, and everything else (with noun plus "mo"), all
  month, seven days
me, first name
; (transitive) to neglect (e.g. one's work)

etion, sympathy
o enumerate, to itemize

 rever practicable
by all means, anything, everything
 ther, so-and-so, somehow, anyhow, one way or another
ome reason or another




ell (good), to stink, to smell (bad), to glow, to be bright


ody (as opposed to the spirit), thickness, ink pad




unlight, case (esp. unfortunate), event




noun) Sino-Japanese

mme, agenda
payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)

ty, matriculation




, to keep an eye on

 d, improvised, offhand
eling, business conditions

 , character (of a person)
surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug; (suffix) to do something to the end; (noun) to ejaculate (gen. with ref. to masturbation)
out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape, to exit (a program loop)

d bronze coin of ancient China)


 tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.), root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis, one's true nature, (fishing) reef
 tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.), root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis, one's true nature, (fishing) reef
merit, variable (computer programming, programing), value, count, number; (noun) to have value, to have merit
er, petition, application
elbarrow, clay bed-warmer, submissive partner of a homosexual relationship
ch, etc.), spring (of a clock, watch, etc.)
 istort, to parody, to make a pun, to torture, to wrest




ral) member; (noun,) wild, lacking a political post




rm village, rural
 ensity, cardinality

pesticide, herbicide, fungicide, etc.), agrochemical, agrichemical


 cise book; (noun) note; (noun) notebook PC
 , to bequeath, to save, to reserve
 ng, left-over
hole, gap, etc.), to look down into (a ravine, etc.), to peek into (a shop, bookstore, etc.), to sneak a look at, to take a quick look at, to peep

ct, expectation, (one's) hopes




ss, reckless, heedless, happy-go-lucky, easygoing




field (physics)
 !, what?, huh?, sigh




attention prior to an utterance), okay, giddy-up, giddap
oem usually in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables)


al or otherwise, (business) connections

 come in, to flow into, to set, to set in


 , to cut (teeth)


 to rip off, to strip off, to skin, to flay, to disrobe, to deprive of, to detach, to disconnect
 tle); (noun) expert, learned person


 clearly, lucidly

wer-body clothing (i.e. pants, skirt, etc.), to put on (or wear) footwear, to affix a sword to one's hip, to affix a bowstring to a bow

), to vomit, to disgorge




hamisen case, shamisen, man who carries a geisha's shamisen, receptacle for human waste, feces (faeces)
move, to convey, to come, to go, to wield (a tool, etc.), to use; (intransitive) to go (well, etc.), to proceed, to progress

etween, to insert


 , proximity, besides, while; (noun) third person

 to several places in succession (e.g. barhopping)

as an introduction), first of all, in the beginning
as an introduction), first of all, in the beginning
r ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
m glad to meet you

 on, room, space, basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
 ping a move, passing an examination, ticket to allow entry, etc.)


 of intimate bodily contact), surface, grain (e.g. of wood), texture, disposition, temperament, character, type




one thought, sure enough, as a result, really? (in questions), ever?


bility, talent, function, labor, labour, action, operation, movement, motion, conjugation, inflection, achievement
 labour, to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play, to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to


n incorrect answer in a test, etc.), impossibility, futility, uselessness
th), twenty days

 rds, to reverse; (noun) to refund a customer


hing, raising an event (software)

 catapult, ejaculation (sl)
 dea, conception

 a bang, plump, flop, suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly
 ancement, unfurling, expansion, extension, enlargement, playing around, having an active sex life

ase (for sale), launch (product)


etal, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom, ikebana, Japanese playing cards, beauty, (the) best

onversation, discussions, negotiation, argument

m, to leave, to go away, to be a long way off
 to cut oneself off
 spring, power spring




 o curtail, to economize, to economise
 h that there is a snug fit), to have sex, to fuck, to pigeonhole (into a particular category), to place a ring-shaped object around something


me into fashion, to be prevalent, to spread widely (e.g. disease), to be endemic, to flourish, to thrive
one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive, loop (physics); (counter) counter for hard roe
y, fundamental, raw

thorn, hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer, staple (for a stapler), needlework, sewing, malice; (noun,) counter for stitches
ar, prime (of one's life, etc.), adolescence, puberty, sexuality
 to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten, to form (e.g. ice on a pond), to fill, to swell, to stick out, to put, to slap, to be expensive
away, to be sunny, to stop raining, to refresh (e.g. spirits), to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion), to be dispelled, to be banished




s) turn, watch, guard, lookout, bout, match (sumo)
 dded network, VAN




, introspection, meditation, contemplation
tagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
 sion, adjudication, conclusion, decipherment, divination

 a band, to create a (pop) band; (noun) The Bund (Shanghai, China)


cycle) handlebar




nged Japanese zither, my spouse
tion, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.), to draw back, to draw (a card), to draw (plan, line, etc.), to catch (cold), to play (string instr.), to look u

(with vehicle), to knock someone down

rs, extremely short pulse appearing on an electrical signal


time), it's been a while (since I last saw, mailed, etc., you)




zed, to be frightened, to be astonished; (noun) surprise (e.g. surprise party); (noun) surprise
rn, to knock over, to upset, to turn inside out
 be upset, to topple over, to be reversed

ble death, brinkmate (inevitable checkmate) (shogi)
le, requisite, essential

sential, indispensable; (noun) necessity, need, requirement
ion, NOT operation

ches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation), (usu. in compound words) ma

ry bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent


sed in itemized lists), (after a noun) only, (with a verb in negative form) (not) even; (adverbial) just (i.e. "just try it")




day, days (e.g. good old days)
 turn (a switch on or off, etc.), to wring (a neck), to puzzle over, to defeat easily

ment, comment

ard far away, to reverberate, to shake, to vibrate, to come (home), to remain (with someone), to have an affect, to make an impression




difficult, delicate (situation), complicated, doubtful, questionable, dicey
ssment, evaluation; (noun) to value, to assess, to estimate value; (noun) to appreciate, to value highly, to acknowledge the value (of som

epresentation, notation




ity, rumour (rumor), talk




o expand, to enlarge, to widen, to broaden, to unfold, to open, to unroll




ip (e.g. train trip), service, mail, post, letter, opportunity, chance




rity, suspense




usband and wife, couple, pair
ool (billiards); (noun) pool (together)




hood, vicinity, environs, approaching
ay a wind instrument, to emit, to spout, to whistle

hes); (counter) counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
 to make one understand, to put in one's mouth
e (and other like fruits), dead end, plot of land surrounded by water
ortune, disaster, accident, death

locked, to be healed (e.g. wound), to be shut up, to be clogged, to be plugged up, to be occupied, to be taken (e.g. accommodation)
, to block (up), to occupy, to fill up, to take up, to stand in another's way, to plug up, to shut up
rolic, to joke, to make fun of, to flirt, to mess around, to screw around, to josh
or a while, neglecting (failing) to write (call, visit, etc.), long silence
 a literary work), verse, stanza, node (of a plant stem), clause, (taxonomical) section


, poverty, want, destitution, disability, impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
wife of a nobleman (aristocrat, etc.); (noun) consort of the emperor

ty, impropriety, irregularity, dishonesty, illegality, fraud
iciency, lack, dearth
ncluded, enclosed, affiliated, annexed, associated, subordinate, incidental, dependent, auxiliary
ene or setting (e.g. of novel, play, etc.)




everyday, always
finity, connection

adverb) normally, generally, usually, train that stops at every station

ces (in general), cost-of-living
to bump into
 o nail on, to strike hard, to hit and attack, to try (an idea) on someone


nt, mutter, pimples, spots, eruption, rash, cutting into small pieces, simmering


entally, incidentally, unexpectedly, unintentionally
 el, steamship, tank, tub, vat, trough; (counter) counter for boat-shaped containers (e.g. of sashimi)
 el, steamship, tank, tub, vat, trough; (counter) counter for boat-shaped containers (e.g. of sashimi)




 , discontent, complaints, unhappiness, disgruntled
o dangle, to swing




nfavorable, unfavourable, drawback


de kanji to indicate pronunciation)


wn, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, (often in neg. form) to

o quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver
d village, historic village, native place, one's old home

e a present or gift
experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive, to touch on a subject, to allude to, to be in conflict (with),




 mood, ambience, ambiance

tion, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)

re, belles-lettres
ion, (writing) style




ture, Bummei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)


urrent, abreast, at the same time, occurring together, parallel, parallelism
e. non-holiday); (noun) kanji radical 73




 ted, to yield to, to give, to sink, to collapse, to cave in, to be snubbed, to be overwhelmed, to feel down, to be forced to yield

underarm grip on opponent's belt (sumo)
ferent, another, particular, separate, extra, exception


g, separately, apart
ience, old hand, veteran (in a particular field)




rd, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy, unexpected, change, incident, disturbance, disaster, accident; (noun,) flat (music)




n, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation, sidesteppin


ation, revision, amendment

orial (e.g. committee)




d, mood, dharma




ring, way, course (e.g. of action)




xtensive, swelling, expansion

way, means, technique
d (e.g. of study)


to leave undone, to throw, to toss, to fling
owl, to bellow, to roar, to cry




board, pasteboard)




ene, sanitation


 reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon), suspect (police slang)

 nce, pledge, warranty

ail box, pillar box; (prefix) post-
 , storage, saving (e.g., to disk), maintenance




 o unwrap (e.g. parcel)


now-how, the ropes, hang




s, fault (esp. in a pretense, pretence), defect, run-down or junky
ation, cause, ingredient, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), trunk, first section of a waka; (


rn Festival, Festival of the Dead, tray, family, household




  deciphering, rendering
 , dim, faint, vague
ntially, naturally, by nature, in (and of) itself, proper, legal
Wow!, Well!

now, now (used in calming people down); (interjection) my, my (expression of wonder, surprise, etc.)
 me time ago, preceding, point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line), front, ahead, the other side, the future, hereafter, destinatio
 to another, to leave to, to passively leave to someone else's facilities, to leave to take its natural course, to continue (something) in a nat

 to sow (seeds)
 to sow (seeds)
 act (in play)




 , well, I never!, you don't say!

 true self, oneself, seriousness, earnestness
  about, almost, anyway, well, now, hardly (with neg. verb)
 rude, unskillful, inexpert, maladroit, inept, foolish, clumsy, unlucky

 proprietor, manager, bar-owner; (noun) master (e.g. arts, science)

 yet (with negative verb)

 d, neighborhood, street, road, 109.09 m, 0.99 hectares




 ook forward to, to anticipate, (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
ee-tier ranking system)

 right, erect, straightforward, honest, frank
mpletely, wholly, perfectly, indeed; (interjection) good grief (expression of exasperation)




ow, counter, contact person, point of contact
e settled, to be in order
ect, to bring to a conclusion, to put (it all) together




s (of a bar, etc.)

 ort time, (after verb) lacking time to ..., without time to ...
o defend, to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow

nth, day, etc.), perfection, purity, suffix for ship names
ly, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
 edge, surroundings, locality, neighborhood, rotation, circulation
 edge, surroundings, locality, neighborhood, rotation, circulation

ld out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded

nsion), apartment house


 one's position, main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(a
 nesty, fidelity, content, substance, (good) result




 tation, an airport, etc.), to escort (e.g. home), to farewell, to see out, to send off, to let pass, to wait and see, to continue (e.g. in legal con
brush (e.g. teeth), to refine, to improve

e-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
 beautiful, admirable; (noun) praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed

un) Miss; (noun) myth




urse, route, lane, distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways"), the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals, teachings (esp. Confucian or Bu
recy, minute, fine
, three days




elvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
ng) superb, (something) excellent


 ), future tense, the world to come

ur, glamor, attraction, appeal
ch, to view, to observe, to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge, to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of, to view (
ular, folk, unofficial


he street, other side

o be suited to, to be fit for




) (after a name) Miss; (noun,) (after a line of work) -ess, -ette




 , experience, viewpoint; (suffix) ordinal number suffix; (suffix) somewhat, -ish




directive, (software) instruction, statement

ce), metre (i.e. 100 cm), meter
 gauge), gauge
o be rich in, to abound in
 ne's livelihood
sensical, preposterous, incoherent, extreme, senseless, reckless, wanton, disorder, confusion, mess, wreck


pitious, joyous, naive




ck, reference, aim, rough estimate, approximation
noh or kyogen mask)
oon, shortly, more, further, other, again; (adverb) interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)

, to have (bear, beget) a child


ve, intention

ugh, to pass under, to evade, to hide, to survive

 ter; (nouns) literal
nce, by some chance, by any chance


), excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
an on, to recline on, to lie heavy (on the stomach)




legious, too good, more than one deserves, unworthy of, wasteful
, longer, further

ral, but then, although

ation, cause, ingredient, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), trunk, first section of a waka; (
ation, cause, ingredient, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), trunk, first section of a waka; (
ation, cause, ingredient, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), trunk, first section of a waka; (
 demand, to want, to wish for, to search for, to pursue (pleasure), to hunt (a job), to buy
hing, a frequently done thing, used to express emotional involvement, used in giving a reason


ering, to a very great extent, terrible, frightful, horrible

), to wrinkle, to massage, to be troubled about, to worry over, to train, to coach


h, to copulate (animals)
entrance (to a home), narrows
ective) strict, faultfinding, carping, fussy


 tive) to develop (photos); (intransitive) to suntan, to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch; (intransitive) to be jealous, to be en

oun) promise, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)


pointment, pact, engagement, convention, rule

of) parts, role, duties
 d, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset), to be jealous, to be envious
ght train, night travel


 on, holiday, absence, suspension, dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
ose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim, to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile




enemy), to do away with, to finish off




pite of, absolutely, of course
pite of, absolutely, of course
efeat, to smash, to destroy

ax, critical point, speculated area covered by an examination


quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
hat, a short time, a while
ntercourse, to kill, to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.); (auxiliary) to do for (inferiors), to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g




alor, nerve, boldness

y, effectiveness
itable, lucrative

 ve, riverbed, seedbed, straw "core" of a tatami mat, floor

se, direction


entiful, rich, affluent




approve, to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off, to confide in, to give up, to yield


 ervice, call of nature, excretion
ad sight; (suffix) way, manner


h, eight days


 ) season, weather
uisition, requirement, desire

mary, fundamentals
business (to take care of), affairs, engagement


tion, circumstances, appearance, look, aspect, sign, indication
.g. in list), element (e.g. in array), member (e.g. data structure)




rn-style apparel and accessories
rowly, hardly, only just, gradually, little by little, by degrees


traneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
vertical), lying down, side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth, side (of a box, etc.), beside, aside, next to, unconnected
  hand over (e.g. money)
 corrupted, to be polluted, to be stained

 resign, to give up
 meone approach, to collect, to gather, to add, to put aside
 else, strange parts




r a sailing boat with one mast)
ule, program, programme, expectation, estimate

s, reserve, spare
 to invoke, to summon (a doctor, etc.), to invite, to designate, to name, to brand, to garner (support, etc.), to gather, to take as one's wife

rotection against


 , booking, advance order, contract, subscription, pledge
n, room, time, allowance, flexibility, scope, rope
han, other than, except, but, more

aused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from

ure, gratification, rejoicing, congratulations, felicitations
ure, gratification, rejoicing, congratulations, felicitations
, very well, will do, may, can
 est regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
 month, etc.)

Japan, visit to Japan




wspaper), field (in a form, web page, etc.)


t, advantage, interest (of the public, etc.), grace (of God, Buddha, etc.) (esp. as attained through rightful actions, prayer, adherence to one

nsion, appreciation, sympathy
ages, interest
rthy, decent
elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate

 to take, to capture


niversity level)


, portion (of food)
(government department beneath a ministry under the ritsuryo system)




dealing with something, handling, administration, management




sual, said, aforementioned, instance, example, case, illustration, usage, precedent, annual




 ntosh, trench coat




 equence, string, train




on; (noun) RENGO (Japanese Trade Union Confederation)


uity, occurring in succession, continuing
 ; (noun) contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message, connection, coordination, junction; (nouns) intercalary, intercalaris, i
our, toil, work, Labour Party
ion of Japanese in "Roman" or Latin letters, romanization, romanisation, romaji




dulgence, wilfulness, willfulness, disobedience, whim
ell, (lateral) branch, fork, offshoot, division, section
 r, etc.), to boil, to be in a state of excitement, to get excited, to take place energetically
 forth (of water), to spring out, to surge, to appear (esp. suddenly) (sweat, tears, etc.), to hatch (esp. of parasitic insects, etc.)
 to make distinctions, to differentiate (between)


elessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)

onal matter, secrecy, selfishness


oportion, comparatively, contrary to expectations




 e, tenths discounted
eak, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to crack, to smash, to dilute
hed, to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn, to be divided, to cleave, to come to light




distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly), that pers
tion, salute, speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address, reply, response, revenge, retaliation; (Expressions) a fine thing to say (used
ome up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to g

 do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show som
ccept, to take, to buy, to eat, to drink, to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top), to have (as one's leader), to live und

ct, Really!, Unbelievable!, No way!


tions, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift

ake someone
ur family, your husband, your organization; (nouns) you (referring to someone of equal status with whom one is not especially close)
, to fail (e.g. exam), to crash, to degenerate, to degrade, to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)


 ill, enquiry, inquiry




to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag), to sit; (Ichidan) to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete), to take (time, money), to expend (




o be concerned about, to care for, to look after, to prepare for, to intefere with, to meddle in, to tease

t, sharp, steep, precipitous, rapid, swift, fast; (noun) emergency, crisis, hurrying, haste, (in gagaku or noh) end of a song




 professor's office




c (civil) servant
(noun) to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
 zither), stringed instrument, zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng

e packed, to be complex; (auxiliary) to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly, to do intently
 (after the -te form of a verb) try to




ger, director




ngly, considerably; (adjectival) contemptible, reprehensible




zing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific, to a great extent, vast (in numbers)




t and wrong, pros and cons
), wholly, entirely, completely
 n) software


 generally, probably; (noun) most, almost all, (before a neg. form) ordinary; (adjectival) proper, appropriate, moderate




school, lower secondary school
 as much as possible, if at all possible


 nce, distant place, by far

 ell, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
 ell, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
 , readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather, by no means (with negative verb)

stench, aura, whiff, smacks of ..., sense, flavour, flavor




 , Hamburg steak
  self-depreciation


noon rest period

 ection or department, head of a (school) club, head of a (school) team

mit; (particle) indicates approx. amount or maximum, upper limit
o speak well
ober, grave, earnest, steady
 about, almost, anyway, well, now, hardly (with neg. verb)


urn, to surround, to concern (usu. of disputes)

g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect, to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault, to be used to seeing, to be familia




accept, to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
ose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim, to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile




, very well, will do, may, can




 ful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean

t from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder, that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or somethin
e sun, to shower
remains, scraps, residue, remnant; (adverb) not very (with negative sentence), not much, surplus, excess, fullness, too much, overjoyed, o




 ost (...) in (where an adjective follows)
 , game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)




 arried lady, madam




 (at work), tea ceremony
 one's own), to put on (over head, usu. one's own), to crown (oneself), to pour or dash water, dust, etc. (on oneself), to bear (e.g. someon




, (rather formal) cafe

nese, from the shoulders down), to put on, to bear (guilt, etc.)




er te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me




culentum), soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles)
mense, enormous, great, serious, grave, dreadful, terrible, difficult, hard, major incident, disaster


 eman, noblewoman; (noun) boat cabin




 o manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a doc
 (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out




o grow, to be, to reach, to attain, to result in, to prove to be, to consist of, to be composed of, to succeed, to be complete, to change into,




ants), pastry-based products, pan, frying pan; (noun) panning (in a film)




bathhouse, room for drying lacquerware, base (wooden joint connecting the blade of a hoe, spade, etc., to the handle)
, fork (in a tree, road, river, etc.), tines (of a fork)
 yet (with negative verb)
right, erect, straightforward, honest, frank




somebody who sells (something) or works as (something); (suffix) somebody with a (certain) personality trait; (noun) house, roof




elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate


 be comprehended, to be grasped, to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
across, to extend, to cover, to range, to span
ship (between, among), members (within, among); (conjunction) due to, because of




quitable; (Godan) (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together




e or proof-reading), (in) the red; (noun,) complete, total, perfect, obvious




 distance, width), to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)




make room; (intransitive) to dawn, to grow light, to end
make room; (intransitive) to dawn, to grow light, to end




deposit, to reserve (judgment), to leave undecided
g psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point




speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that; (pronoun) that person (someone physically




 five more minutes)

 five more minutes)
nown by others, upset victory (with a large payoff), pit (of a theater), hiding place, underbelly (of society, etc.)




hout naming it directly), that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors), over there; (noun) down there (i.e. one's genitals), period
re, to check with, to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate), to place together, to connect, to overlap, to mix, to combine, to put blade to




d listener), so, that, sort of




deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial, OK




urally, necessarily
ntertain (e.g. suspicion); (Godan) to sleep with; (Godan) to sit on eggs


have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)




t, etc.) of one's life




one body, unity, one form, one style, one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.); (adverb) generally, in general




her party; (conjunction) on the one hand, on the other hand, whereas, although, but at the same time, meanwhile, in turn; (noun,) (after
(i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
mply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to, to include, to pay (one's rent, etc.), to cast (




hat's more, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reaso
intransitive) to visit, to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)


 vary, to fluctuate, to waver, certain, factual, to be transferred


use; (noun) imperial palace grounds, emperor; (nouns) I (primarily used by women and children), me




t (on a pilgrimage)




 inside, out of sight, behind the scenes, proof, opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.), inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.), bottom (of a
sive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
ring masturbation)




e departed), to bury, to spend (time), to live one's life, to pass (down the line), to affix okurigana




rest, to gain control of something, to govern, to keep down (e.g. information), to suppress, to catch happening, to determine (important p
embellishment




anyway, anyhow, in either case
"ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)




eam, to expect, to look forward to, to feel, to desire, to want, to recall, to remember

arance, public, first half (of an innings), top (of an inning), cover (for tatami mats, etc.), foreground
op off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw money from an account, to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fille
engines, motors); (Godan) to attend, to deal with, to handle; (auxiliary) to have started to, to be on the verge of, to overlap (e.g. informati
e negligent toward, (of the moon) to wane, to go into eclipse
ation, adjustment, influence (of the weather), chance
sewn part of a hanging sleeve on a traditional Japanese woman's garment




oun,) side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
 t, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.), form (i.e. customary procedure), size (i.e. clothing, shoes), (taxonomical) form


t, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy


o sink, to decline




ne of the 28 mansions), jiao (monetary unit of China; one-tenth of a yuan)
(on something), to charge (a person with a guilt)




hout naming it directly), that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors), over there; (noun) down there (i.e. one's genitals), period
, controller, boss

kai, etc.; (adverb) best, peerless, first
reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
t of, to expire, to sever (connections) with, to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind, to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time), to fli

o show a result, to reach a value
k (i.e. gossip), taste, palate, mouth (to feed), opening (i.e. vacancy), available position, invitation, summons, kind, sort, type, opening (i.e.




rough Zen meditation)




o grapple, to wrestle, to unite, to link up, to form an alliance, to set (e.g. type), to issue (e.g. money order)




ality, etc.), level, tier, rank; (noun) digit (e.g. the tens, the hundreds, etc.), place, degree, extent, amount
of siblings), trade-in; (noun,) preliminary, preparatory
p, mangy, poor, petty, narrow-minded, quibbling, mean-spirited, bad luck, ill omen, glitch




djectival) well enough, OK, tolerable; (adverb) reasonably, fairly, tolerably; (noun) construction, architecture
-er (often of young women)




es"), close, deep (love, etc.)
ation noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker), these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a no




ker is), this one (something physically close to the speaker); (nouns) I, me, this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of eq
ker is), this one (something physically close to the speaker); (nouns) I, me, this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of eq
n one's in-group), now, here, I (me), certainly
e consequences), one's final moments




, the future, hereafter, destination, the other party




ney, etc.), to use part of something, to have a tattoo in the corner of one's eye
verb), not at all; (noun) completely ignorant, not doing at all
ost, hostess




e with the same name), unit of field area (approx. 400 sq m)
ar, far and away, far away, long ago, direct, straight
with negative sentence), not even slightly

ar, far and away, far away, long ago, direct, straight
 (I'm) sorry, thank you




e), to change (in situation)
ostpone, to stagger (e.g. working hours)




), to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as, to decide on, to choose; (intransitive) to be sensed (of a smell, n




., to be slightly off, to be off-point
oportionate to; (noun) to correspond to (in meaning, function, etc.), to be equivalent; (adverb) extremely, considerably




just raised), you




l onto (of rain, snow)


at one (something close to the listener); (nouns) you, your family, that person (someone close to the listener)
at one (something close to the listener); (nouns) you, your family, that person (someone close to the listener)




rstood by the listener), the; (interjection) um..., er..., uh...
e (indicating a place near the listener), you




ther, to assemble
. letter), to produce (a sound), to start (fire), to serve (food); (suffix) to begin




n, etc.), to decide (objective, schedule)
way), subway, metro




ndeavors), exertions, power, authority, influence, good offices, agency, support, help, aid, assistance, stress, emphasis, means, resources
 person in charge of music in a Japanese dance performance




nt, strain, trend
anage, to manipulate, to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume, to use (language), to speak, to take (one's lunch), to circulate (ba




, interest, etc.), to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.), to take root, to accompany, to attend, to follow, to

t, to study (under teacher), to be an apprentice

ss against (the floor, etc.), to attack, to brave (the rain, etc.)


h), to wear, to put on, to keep a diary, to make an entry, to appraise, to set (a price), to bring alongside, to place (under guard or doctor),
h), to wear, to put on, to keep a diary, to make an entry, to appraise, to set (a price), to bring alongside, to place (under guard or doctor),
g mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in On'youdou)




t a religious service
t a religious service




embellishment




hand, handwriting, kind, type, sort, one's hands, one's possession, ability to cope, hand (of cards), direction
w hard one may try; (interjection) greetings, hello, goodbye




en (e.g. spells, curses), to melt




t form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
place, to park, to leave somewhere for a time
place, to park, to leave somewhere for a time




 (innovation, change, etc.), to propel




ken as, (of balance, etc.) to be attained, to be obtainable

what a thing to say!, no way!, bullshit, don't mention it, you're welcome
 mpossibility; (auxiliary) (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective) not ..., (after the -te form of a verb) to not be..., to have not ...




m, etc.), to circulate, to broadcast, to beam, to cruise (e.g. taxi), to float, to set adrift




 nificance or value of the previous word) the likes of
n. with ref. to masturbation)




true nature, (fishing) reef
true nature, (fishing) reef
at, to take a quick look at, to peep (through a telescope, microscope, etc.); (intransitive) to stick out (a scarf from a collar, etc.), to peek th
fix a bowstring to a bow




d, to progress
. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice, to be conjugated




shaped object around something (esp. one that restricts freedom, such as handcuffs), to entrap, to set someone up (i.e. frame them for a
 for stitches

ut, to slap, to be expensive
led, to be banished
ld), to play (string instr.), to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult; (transitive) to haul, to pull (vehicles), to subtract, to ebb, to fade, to desce




on), (usu. in compound words) man, person, people




n affect, to make an impression
o acknowledge the value (of something)
taken (e.g. accommodation)
capitulate, (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea




o allude to, to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.), to proclaim




, to be forced to yield
r, accident; (noun,) flat (music)




eclension, conjugation, sidestepping (sumo)
c.), trunk, first section of a waka; (counter) counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
, the future, hereafter, destination, the other party
, to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim), to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to
pposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)




d see, to continue (e.g. in legal contexts), to let a pitch go by (baseball), to watch a batted ball go into the stands




ls, teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma, field (of medicine, etc.), subject, way, method, means




n eye on, to take care of, to view (e.g. flowers, movie), (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
ion (often exasperation)




c.), trunk, first section of a waka; (counter) counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
c.), trunk, first section of a waka; (counter) counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
c.), trunk, first section of a waka; (counter) counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
ntransitive) to be jealous, to be envious




, to be envious




ody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch), to move (something to), to row (a boat), (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, d
in, to give up, to yield
de, aside, next to, unconnected




.), to gather, to take as one's wife




actions, prayer, adherence to one's faith, etc.), blessing, miracle
(nouns) intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
parasitic insects, etc.)




 hout naming it directly), that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors), over there; (noun) down there (i.e. one's genitals), period
pressions) a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark); (Expressions) (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another
 to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advan

a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in s
have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)




m one is not especially close)




o take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.), to make (a call), to multiply, to secure (e.g. lock), to put on (glasses, etc.), to cover, t




h) end of a song
e), to do thoroughly, to do intently, to continue in the same state




ate, moderate
to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that; (pronoun) that person (someone physically

s, fullness, too much, overjoyed, overwhelmed; (noun,) more than, over
(on oneself), to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.), to overlap
, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phra




d, to be complete, to change into, to be exchanged for, to play a role, to be promoted (shogi)




to the handle)
 trait; (noun) house, roof




e realised, to be found out
 that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener




n there (i.e. one's genitals), period, menses; (interjection) hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh?; (noun) that (something mentione
o mix, to combine, to put blade to blade, to fight
meanwhile, in turn; (noun,) (after noun, adjective-stem or plain verb) just keeps, being inclined to ..., tending to be ..., tending to do ..., co
, to pay (one's rent, etc.), to cast (a vote), to make (tea, coffee, etc.), to turn on (a switch, etc.), to send (a fax), to call




cerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"); (noun,) suffix indicating higher social standing, place of one's superior (i.e. the throne), emperor, so
of a hypothesis, etc.), bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
pening, to determine (important points), to find (proof), to understand
clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
verge of, to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover; (auxiliary) to (come) at, to be fastened, to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-
axonomical) form
n there (i.e. one's genitals), period, menses; (interjection) hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh?; (noun) that (something mentione
figure), to beat (e.g. a time), to flip, to lose one's temper; (auxiliary) to be able to do completely
ons, kind, sort, type, opening (i.e. beginning); (counter) counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
owed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...




 lly close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
 lly close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
nsitive) to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.), to be (in a state, condition, etc.), to be worth, to cost, to pass (of time), to elapse; (suru) verb
ly, considerably
ress, emphasis, means, resources
take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)




company, to attend, to follow, to study with, to side with, to belong to, to possess, to haunt, to be lit, to be lighted, to be settled, to be re




to place (under guard or doctor), to follow, to shadow, to load, to give (courage to), to keep (an eye on), to establish (relations or unders
to place (under guard or doctor), to follow, to shadow, to load, to give (courage to), to keep (an eye on), to establish (relations or unders
o not be..., to have not ...
carf from a collar, etc.), to peek through (sky though a forest canopy, etc.), to face
someone up (i.e. frame them for a crime, etc.)
subtract, to ebb, to fade, to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic), to quote, to raise (as evidence), to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable
h, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
n there (i.e. one's genitals), period, menses; (interjection) hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh?; (noun) that (something mentione
meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
 ogress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses

ne (away), to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll), to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to
o put on (glasses, etc.), to cover, to burden someone, to apply (insurance), to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.),
that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener
etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fab
nown by both speaker and listener), there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western natio




(noun) that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
ding to be ..., tending to do ..., continuously ..., just keeps on ...ing, only
a fax), to call




rior (i.e. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
e covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.), to be caught in, to get a call, to depend on
(noun) that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
ass (of time), to elapse; (suru) verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs"); (suru) creates a hu
o be lighted, to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided, to be given (of a name, price, etc.), to be sensed, to be perceived, to be lucky; (G




 , to establish (relations or understanding), to turn on (light)
 , to establish (relations or understanding), to turn on (light)
, to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
(noun) that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)

o be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut o

d sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's ene
o set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.), to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on, to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.), to bind, to pour (o
nown by both speaker and listener), there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western natio
o make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
eign country (esp. a Western nation)
f speech "vs"); (suru) creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go"), to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to
d, to be perceived, to be lucky; (Godan) (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
o stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be d

e, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc
ty, hope, etc.), to bind, to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto, to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a co
eign country (esp. a Western nation)
mit (a sin, etc.)
to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
me (a state, condition, etc.)
urn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat,

r, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding); (intransitive) (of the tide) to come in; (tran
ting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.), to increase further, to catch (in a trap, etc.), to set atop, to erect (a makeshift building),
e gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), (in Kyoto) to go north; (Godan)

tive) (of the tide) to come in; (transitive) to vomit; (auxiliary) (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else); (auxiliary)
p, to erect (a makeshift building), to hold (a play, festival, etc.); (auxiliary) (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (s
e), (in Kyoto) to go north; (Godan) (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion

 sake of someone else); (auxiliary) (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete; (auxiliary) used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to
icates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
e -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility

								
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