The European co-operation in Vocational Education and Training Benoît Desjeux, European Commission DG EAC Unit B4 : Vocational Education and Training, Leonardo da Vinci Why European Commission is active in Education and Vocational training ? A legal basis, EC Treaty Article 149 Article 150 To contribute to the The Community shall development of implement a quality education by vocational training encouraging policy which cooperation between supports and Member States and, if supplements the necessary, by action of the Member supporting and States. supplementing their action. Member States are in charge of their education systems and policy… …and the European Commission has a supporting, fostering role The role of DG Education and Culture (EAC) - DG EAC Mission Statement “To reinforce and promote lifelong learning, linguistic and cultural diversity, mobility and the engagement of European citizens, in particular the young.” - DG EAC coordinates 2 types of activities - Policy cooperation with Member States - Action programmes with grant schemes The Copenhagen process - Is a Political process reviewed every two years (Maastricht, Helsinki, Bordeaux, Bruges…) - Enhances European cooperation to improve : • Performance and attractiveness of VET • Transparency and guidance regarding VET systems • Recognition of competence and qualification • Quality assurance in VET Achievements so far : common frameworks, principles or tools. • Single framework for transparency of qualifications and competences (EUROPASS) • Common principles for validation of non-formal and informal learning • European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong learning (EQF) • Credit system for VET (ECVET) • European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for VET (EQAVET) • Strengthening policies, systems and practices for lifelong guidance – (Council recommendations) The European Qualifications Framework for Life long learning (EQF) Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council (April 2008) www.ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learning-policy/doc44_en.htm www.eacea.ec.europa.eu/llp/eqf/documents/eqf_projects_overview.pdf The 8 EQF reference levels and their descriptors • Meta-framework based on learning outcomes (knowledge, skills and competence) • 8 levels covering all levels of academic and vocational qualifications • Integrates Bologna descriptors (within learning outcomes of levels 5-8) Country A EQF Level 8 Country B NQF EQF Level 7 Q / NQF NQS EQF Level 6 / Q NQS NQF Q / EQF Level 5 NQS NQF EQF Level 4 / NQS Q NQF Q / NQS EQF Level 3 NQF EQF Level 2 NQF Q / / Q NQS NQS EQF Level 1 9 The European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) Adopted by the European Parliament and the Council – June 2009 www.ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learning-policy/doc50_en.htm www.ecvet-projects.eu/Documents/LdV_ECVET_Projects.pdf www.ecvet-projects.eu/ The ECVET package • Description of qualifications in units of learning outcomes • Transfer Process (assessment, validation, recognition and accumulation of learning outcomes) • Credit points allocated to units achieved by individuals Learning outcomes, what for ? • better match between labour market needs and education and training systems • facilitates modularisation, transfer and use of qualifications across different countries • facilitates validation of non-formal and informal learning • facilitates pathways between education and training systems Bruges Review –December 2010 - Common priorities A new agenda for VET for the coming 10 years - Proposes short term deliverables Coherent with EU2020 and E&T 2020 OMC Regular monitoring of progress Supported by EU programmes (LLP, SFs) Structured cooperation with third countries Coherent with EU 2020 and ET2020 • EU 2020 – Creating value by basing growth on knowledge – Empowering people in inclusive societies – Creating a competitive, connected and greener economy • ET2020 – Make lifelong learning and mobility a reality – Improve quality and efficiency – Equity and active citizenship – Foster innovation and creativity including entrepreneurship Human capital: The core of the Europe 2020 strategy Smart Growth Knowledge, Skills and competences Inclusive Growth Sustainable Growth A vision for VET for 2020 Quality & efficiency VET should be: • Attractive • Accessible Lifelong Learning Innovation & creativity, & Mobility entrepreneurship • Flexible • Inclusive • Relevant Social inclusion, equity & citizenship • Supporting mobility • Integrated part of lifelong learning Bruges Communiqué • Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality – Lifelong learning – Mobility • ECVET implementation – Guide for validation of learning outcomes – Promotion : Label, expert team – Thematic networking – User guide for mobility • Skills passport - 2012 • Foster mobility • Mobility for apprentice initiatives • Strengthen language learning Bruges Communiqué • Improving the quality and efficiency of VET – Attractiveness : enhancement of skills competition at European and world level – Quality and relevance • EQAVET guide for VET providers - June 2011 • Operational glossary of key terms - 2011 (Cedefop) • EQAVET implementation guidelines for QNRAP • Thematic networking • Vademencum on work based learning • Tearchers and trainers competence frameworks - with Cedefop • Enhancing creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship − VET business forum Bruges Communiqué • Promotion, equity, social cohesion and active citizenship − Thematic networking on social inclusion − Council recommendation on reducing early school leavers − VET and civil society - a charter with youth organisations − Conference on VET and social mobility • Governance, regular monitoring of progress and ownership − Structured cooperation with VET providers − Structured cooperation between ET and employment policy fields − Meeting of the Directors General for Vocational Training (DGVT) − Advisory Committee for Vocational Training (ACVT) Lifelong Learning Programme • Duration: January 2007 – December 2013 • Budget: € 7 billion • Participating countries: 27 EU-Member States as well as… + Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Republic of Croatia, Switzerland The aim of LLP programme funds projects, actions, networks or studies to • Bring education closer to labour market – validating and recognizing learning outcomes, implement the New skills for job agenda • Promote mobility and innovation • Implement social policies – Reducing drop outs, promote key competences, languages skills… • Set up guidance and counselling… LLP: the budget Comenius Erasmus Leonardo da Vinci Grundtvig ≥ 13% ≥ 40% ≥ 25% ≥ 4% School education Vocational Adult education Higher education education and & advanced training training (VET) Leonardo da Vinci programme promotes cooperation in VET It contributes to: Develop a VET European area in well- functioning with labour market Modernise the European Education and Training systems LDV Actions - Mobility - Partnerships - Multilateral projects on development of innovation - Multilateral projects on transfer of innovation Leonardo da Leonardo da Vinci Vinci- Mobility Mobility Target Group Activity Duration IVT Training Placements at the 2 – 39 Mobility of persons in work place or within a weeks initial vocational training training organisation PLM Training Placements at the Mobility of People on the work place or within a 2 - 26 weeks Labour Market training organisation Leonardo da Vinci- Mobility Target Group Activity Duration Trainers, Teachers, human VETPRO resource managers, guidance Mobility of Professionals specialists,... 1 - 6 weeks in Vocational Education to exchange experiences on and Training vocational training in different countries Preparation of future projects Max Preparatory Visits (for all project types in LdV) 1 week Multilateral Projects Multilateral projects on Multilateral projects on development of transfer of innovation innovation Maximum Duration 3 years 2 years Minimum number of 3 partners / 3 partners / partners 3 countries 3 countries Co-financing by EU Max. 75 % Max. 75 % Level of funding Maximum per year 200 000 € 150 000 € Maximum per project 400 000 € 300 000 € Leonardo da Vinci Progamme statistics • 2000-2006: LdV II – 1800 innovative transnational projects – 10.000 partner organisations involved – 20.000 mobility projects (more than 350.000 participants) • 2007-2013: LLP-LdV - since 2007 – more than 600 projects on Transfer of Innovation started – 60 Development of Innovation projects started – Around 6500 mobility projects (around 150.000 participants) – 160 partnerships (started 2008) How to get information on Leonardo da Vinci project : 1. Go to web page - http://www.adam- europe.eu/adam/project/extendedsearch.htm 2. For « Project type » chose « Development of Innovation » OR « Network » OR « Accompanying measure » Thank you for your attention!