Raising Aspirations Leonardo Project Incubator

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					  The European co-operation in
Vocational Education and Training

                       Benoît Desjeux,
                       European Commission
                       DG EAC
                       Unit B4 : Vocational Education and Training,
                       Leonardo da Vinci
Why European Commission is active
in Education and Vocational training ?
A legal basis,
                         EC Treaty

      Article 149                          Article 150
  To contribute to the               The Community shall
    development of                        implement a
 quality education by                 vocational training
     encouraging                         policy which
 cooperation between                     supports and
 Member States and, if                 supplements the
     necessary, by                   action of the Member
    supporting and                          States.
 supplementing their
Member States are in charge
of their education systems and policy…

          …and the European Commission
           has a supporting, fostering role
The role of DG Education and Culture
 - DG EAC Mission Statement

  “To reinforce and promote lifelong learning,
   linguistic and cultural diversity,
   mobility and the engagement of European citizens,
   in particular the young.”

 - DG EAC coordinates 2 types of activities
   - Policy cooperation with Member States
   - Action programmes with grant schemes
               The Copenhagen process

- Is a Political process reviewed every two years
(Maastricht, Helsinki, Bordeaux, Bruges…)

- Enhances European cooperation to improve :

• Performance and attractiveness of VET

• Transparency and guidance regarding VET systems

• Recognition of competence and qualification

• Quality assurance in VET
Achievements so far :
common frameworks, principles or tools.
• Single framework for transparency of qualifications and competences

• Common principles for validation of non-formal and informal learning

• European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong learning (EQF)

• Credit system for VET (ECVET)

• European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for VET (EQAVET)

• Strengthening policies, systems and practices for lifelong guidance –
  (Council recommendations)
 The European Qualifications Framework
         for Life long learning


Recommendation of the European Parliament and of
           the Council (April 2008)
   The 8 EQF reference levels and their

• Meta-framework based on learning outcomes
  (knowledge, skills and competence)

• 8 levels covering all levels of academic and vocational

• Integrates Bologna descriptors (within learning
  outcomes of levels 5-8)
    Country A    EQF Level 8   Country B

           NQF   EQF Level 7
Q           /
                 EQF Level 6       /       Q
Q           /    EQF Level 5
                 EQF Level 4       /
                                  NQS      Q
Q           /
           NQS   EQF Level 3

           NQF   EQF Level 2
Q           /                      /           Q
           NQS                    NQS
                 EQF Level 1

The European Credit system for Vocational
         Education and Training


Adopted by the European Parliament and the Council – June
                The ECVET package

• Description of qualifications in units of learning outcomes

• Transfer Process (assessment, validation, recognition and
accumulation of learning outcomes)

• Credit points allocated to units achieved by individuals
       Learning outcomes, what for ?

•   better match between labour market needs and
    education and training systems

•   facilitates modularisation, transfer and use of
    qualifications across different countries

•   facilitates validation of non-formal and informal learning

•   facilitates pathways between education and training
       Bruges Review –December 2010

                               - Common priorities
A new agenda for VET           for the coming 10
                               - Proposes short term
        Coherent with EU2020 and E&T 2020 OMC

        Regular monitoring of progress

       Supported by EU programmes (LLP, SFs)

       Structured cooperation with third countries
   Coherent with EU 2020 and ET2020

• EU 2020
   – Creating value by basing growth on knowledge
   – Empowering people in inclusive societies
   – Creating a competitive, connected and greener economy

• ET2020
   – Make lifelong learning and mobility a reality
   – Improve quality and efficiency
   – Equity and active citizenship
   – Foster innovation and creativity including entrepreneurship
              Human capital:
   The core of the Europe 2020 strategy

                     Smart Growth

                   Knowledge, Skills
                   and competences

Inclusive Growth                       Sustainable Growth
                      A vision for VET
                          for 2020

              Quality & efficiency                     VET should be:
                                                       • Attractive
                                                       • Accessible
Lifelong Learning           Innovation & creativity,
    & Mobility                 entrepreneurship        • Flexible
                                                       • Inclusive
                                                       • Relevant
     Social inclusion, equity & citizenship            • Supporting mobility
                                                       • Integrated part of
                                                       lifelong learning
              Bruges Communiqué
• Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality
  – Lifelong learning
  – Mobility
      • ECVET implementation
          – Guide for validation of learning outcomes
          – Promotion : Label, expert team
          – Thematic networking
          – User guide for mobility
      • Skills passport - 2012
      • Foster mobility
      • Mobility for apprentice initiatives
      • Strengthen language learning
                     Bruges Communiqué
• Improving the quality and efficiency of VET
     – Attractiveness : enhancement of skills competition at European and
       world level

     – Quality and relevance
         •   EQAVET guide for VET providers - June 2011
         •   Operational glossary of key terms - 2011 (Cedefop)
         •   EQAVET implementation guidelines for QNRAP
         •   Thematic networking
         •   Vademencum on work based learning
         •   Tearchers and trainers competence frameworks - with Cedefop

•   Enhancing creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship
       − VET business forum
                    Bruges Communiqué

 • Promotion, equity, social cohesion and active citizenship
       −   Thematic networking on social inclusion
       −   Council recommendation on reducing early school leavers
       −   VET and civil society - a charter with youth organisations
       −   Conference on VET and social mobility

• Governance, regular monitoring of progress and
      − Structured cooperation with VET providers
      − Structured cooperation between ET and employment policy fields
      − Meeting of the Directors General for Vocational Training (DGVT)
      − Advisory Committee for Vocational Training (ACVT)
     Lifelong Learning Programme

• Duration: January 2007 – December 2013

• Budget: € 7 billion

• Participating countries:
  27 EU-Member States as well as…
  + Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Republic of
  Croatia, Switzerland
        The aim of LLP programme

funds projects, actions, networks or studies to
  • Bring education closer to labour market
     – validating and recognizing learning outcomes,
       implement the New skills for job agenda
  • Promote mobility and innovation
  • Implement social policies
     – Reducing drop outs, promote key competences,
       languages skills…
  • Set up guidance and counselling…
                           LLP: the budget
   Comenius           Erasmus         Leonardo da Vinci     Grundtvig

    ≥ 13%              ≥ 40%            ≥ 25%             ≥ 4%
School education                        Vocational        Adult education
                   Higher education    education and
                     & advanced           training
                       training            (VET)
            Leonardo da Vinci programme
            promotes cooperation in VET

It contributes to:

   Develop a VET European area in well- functioning
    with labour market

   Modernise the European Education and Training
                  LDV Actions

- Mobility

- Partnerships

- Multilateral projects on development of innovation

- Multilateral projects on transfer of innovation
   Leonardo da
Leonardo da Vinci Vinci- Mobility
      Target Group                  Activity           Duration

IVT                         Training Placements at the 2 – 39
Mobility of persons in      work place or within a
initial vocational training training organisation

PLM                         Training Placements at the
Mobility of People on the   work place or within a     2 - 26 weeks
Labour Market               training organisation
             Leonardo da Vinci- Mobility

      Target Group                       Activity              Duration

                            Trainers, Teachers, human
VETPRO                      resource managers, guidance
Mobility of Professionals   specialists,...
                                                               1 - 6 weeks
in Vocational Education     to exchange experiences on
and Training                vocational training in different

                            Preparation of future projects     Max
Preparatory Visits
                            (for all project types in LdV)     1 week
                      Multilateral Projects
                         Multilateral projects on   Multilateral projects on
                            development of          transfer of innovation

Maximum Duration                 3 years                    2 years

Minimum number of              3 partners /               3 partners /
partners                       3 countries                3 countries

Co-financing by EU             Max. 75 %                  Max. 75 %

Level of funding
Maximum per year                200 000 €                  150 000 €
Maximum per project             400 000 €                  300 000 €
Leonardo da Vinci Progamme statistics

  • 2000-2006: LdV II
     – 1800 innovative transnational projects
     – 10.000 partner organisations involved
     – 20.000 mobility projects (more than 350.000 participants)

  • 2007-2013: LLP-LdV - since 2007
     –   more than 600 projects on Transfer of Innovation started
     –   60 Development of Innovation projects started
     –   Around 6500 mobility projects (around 150.000 participants)
     –   160 partnerships (started 2008)
How to get information on Leonardo da Vinci project :

1. Go to web page - http://www.adam-

2.   For « Project type » chose
     « Development of Innovation » OR
     « Network » OR « Accompanying
     measure »
Thank you for your attention!

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