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ASAS in NextGen - ASAS TN

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					Surveillance and       Federal Aviation
                       Administration
Broadcast Services
ASAS in NextGen




By: Roberta Massiah
Date: April 24, 2007
Agenda

•    Transition to NextGen
•    Initial Applications
•    Benefits
•    Future Applications
      – Balancing
      – Prioritization
      – Qualitative Score Sheet
• Next Steps


Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   2   2
April 24, 2007                        Administration
Realizing NextGen
   Current Programs                    Key Near-Term Investments                          NextGen

                                             ERAM Enhancements                Trajectory-Based Operations
   ERAM                                   Automated Problem Resolution
                                                                             Aircraft Data Communications
                                          Concept Demonstrations
   TFM-M                                 Trajectory-Based Ops/High Density
                                                                                      Performance-Based
                                                 Infrastructure
                                            Robust Flow of Information
                                                                                  Operations and Services
   STARS/CARTS
                                              TFM-M Enhancements
                                                                                   Separation Management
                                               Time-Based Metering
   RNP/RNAV                                 Terminal Enhancements                         Collaborative TFM
                                              Merging and Spacing Tools
   Airspace Mgmt Program                      RNP/RNAV Expansion                       Precision Navigation
                                                  Precise Navigation
                                              Data Communications                       Weather Integration
   Initial ADS-B
                                                 Flight Intent Downlink
                                                      ADS-B                           Surveillance Services
   Initial SWIM                                 Aircraft Separation
                                         SWIM/Net-Enabled Weather                           Network-Centric
                                         Net-Centric Information Sharing
                                                                                        Information Sharing



 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                          Federal Aviation      3   3
 April 24, 2007                                                               Administration
 Background: Initial ADS-B Services
 FY2007- FY2010
Services:                                               ASAS / RFG Conversion
Surveillance Broadcast Services (en route, - Airport surface surveillance (ADS-B-
terminal, surface)                         APT)
                                           - ATC surveillance in non-radar airspace
                                           (ADS-B-NRA)
                                           - ATC surveillance in radar areas (ADS-B-
                                           RAD)
                                           - Aircraft derived data for ground tools
                                           (ADS-B-ADD)
Traffic Information Broadcast Services                  - Enhanced traffic situational awareness
                                                        during flight operations (ATSA-AIRB)
Flight Information Broadcast Services                   Not applicable




                             Link to Initial Services and Applications Detail


 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                            Federal Aviation   4   4
 April 24, 2007                                                                 Administration
 Background: Initial ADS-B Applications
 FY2007- FY2010
FAA Applications:                                        ASAS / RFG Conversion
Enhanced Visual Acquisition                              - Enhanced traffic situational awareness
                                                         during flight operations (ATSA-AIRB)
Enhanced Visual Approaches                               - Enhanced visual separation on
Includes:                                                approach (ATSA-VSA)
• Merging and Spacing                                    • Merging and Spacing and CAVS are not
• Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI)          applicable
Assisted Visual Separation (CAVS)
Final Approach and Runway Occupancy                      - Enhanced traffic situational awareness
Awareness                                                on the airport surface (ATSA-SURF)
Airport Surface Situational Awareness                    - Enhanced traffic situational awareness
                                                         on the airport surface (ATSA-SURF)
Conflict Detection                                       - Enhanced traffic situational awareness
                                                         during flight operations (ATSA-AIRB)


                             Link to Initial Services and Applications Detail


 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                            Federal Aviation   5   5
 April 24, 2007                                                                 Administration
Sample Initial Applications

Enhanced Visual Acquisition                           Enhanced Visual Approach

                                      Range
                                      Indication


                                      Climb/descent
                                      rate

                                      Selected
                                      Target


                                      Closure Rate




                                      Selected
                                      Target Info


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                        Federal Aviation   6   6
April 24, 2007                                             Administration
    Quantified Benefits for Initial Applications
                                                                                                            Risk Adjusted
                                                                                                               Benefit
FAA Application                                  Outcome                                                      (BY07$M)
                                                 Surveillance cost avoidance                                  $1,225.9
                                                 More efficient spacing on approach in IMC and MVMC by
                                                                                                              $1,519.3
Radar Airspace ATC Surveillance                  reducing the spacing buffer
                                                 Increased safety on the surface by controllers                 $14.2
                                                 More efficient ATC management of surface movement              $87.0
Enhanced Visual Acquisition and Conflict
Detection                                        Fewer aircraft-to-aircraft conflicts                          $569.2
                                                 Fewer encounters with hazardous weather                      $1,052.6
Weather and NAS Status Situational Awareness     More efficient routes in adverse weather                       $12.2
                                                 Fewer aircraft-to-terrain conflicts                           $749.4
Enhanced Visual Approach - Initial Application   More efficient spacing on approach in VMC                    $1,356.8
Enhanced Visual Approach - CAVS                  Continuation of visual approaches in marginal conditions      $603.3
Enhanced Visual Approach - Merging and Spacing   Increased ability to perform continuous descent
                                                                                                              $2,329.6
ADS-B ATC Automation Integration                 approaches

Airport Surface Situational Awareness            More efficient movement on surface by pilots                  $782.7
Final Approach and Runway Occupancy
Awareness                                        Increased safety on the surface by pilots                     $313.7
Total                                                                                                         $10,615.9

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                 Federal Aviation       7        7
    April 24, 2007                                                                      Administration
 Future Applications
FAA Applications:                                               ASAS / RFG Conversion
CDTI / MFD Assisted Visual Separation                           Not applicable
Merging and Spacing                                             Not applicable
In-Trail Procedure in Oceanic Airspace                          - In-trail procedure in oceanic airspace
                                                                (ATSA-ITP)1,2
                                                                - In-trail procedure in oceanic airspace
                                                                (ASEP-ITP)1
Approach Spacing for Instrument                                 Not applicable
Approaches
Enhanced Sequencing and Merging                                 - Sequencing and merging operations
                                                                (ASPA-S&M)1,2
                                                                - Sequencing and merging operations
                                                                (ASEP-S&M)1
Independent Closely Spaced Parallel                             Not applicable
Approaches
  1 – ASAS Application; 2 – RFG Application

                                              Link to Future Applications Detail

 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                               Federal Aviation    8   8
 April 24, 2007                                                                    Administration
Future Applications
FAA Applications:                                                ASAS / RFG Conversion
Airborne Conflict Management                                     - Self separation in segregated free flight
                                                                 airspace (SSEP-FFAS)1
                                                                 - Self separation in managed airspace
                                                                 (SSEP-MAS)1
                                                                 - Organized track system (SSEP-FFT)1
Paired Approach                                                  Not applicable
Not applicable                                                   - Enhanced crossing and passing
                                                                 operations (ASPA-C&P) 1,2
Not applicable                                                   - Lateral crossing and passing (ASEP-
                                                                 LC&P)1
Not applicable                                                   - Vertical crossing and passing (ASEP-
                                                                 VC&P)1
Not applicable                                                   - In-trail follow (ASEP-ITF)1
   1 – ASAS Application; 2 – RFG Application



                                               Link to Future Applications Detail

 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                 Federal Aviation   9      9
 April 24, 2007                                                                      Administration
Selection Approach

                       Lifecycle
                         Cost
             • Research, design, and
             development cost                        System
                                                  Effectiveness
             •Construction cost
                                             • System performance
             •Production cost
                                             •Availability, dependability, reliability,
             •System operation cost
                                             maintainability, and supportability
             •Maintenance and support cost
                                             •Constructability
             •Retirement, material
                                             •Human Factors
             recycling, and disposal cost
                                             •System quality
                                             •Disposability
                                             •Other technical factors




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                        Federal Aviation         10    10
April 24, 2007                                             Administration
                        Prioritization
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The work we do as we                     Activities to ensure that the              Air to Air
                                                      Simulation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      execute the selected array               innovations we develop are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of applications, which                   effectively applied to produce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Applications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      taken together, produce                  value for the airspace users
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the capabilities we need

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Develop                          Deploy




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Concept
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Exploration
                                                        Scorecard
Application: Insert                            Description: Insert operational description of the proposed application
application name,
including RFG / ASAS
Conversion (if applicable)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Score
1.0 User Demand: State whether the application demand is by the user, an ANSP, or both.

2.0 Reward Criteria:

Business Case Benefits Criteria
                            Efficiency                                                                                                   Safety                              Capacity Cost Avoidance
                                                                                                                                                  Improved
                          Efficient               Efficient                                                         Reduced Reduced Reduced Search
                          Routes in Efficient ATC   Pilot                                                            A/C to Hazardous A/C to        and    Increased        Improved
                Efficient Adverse      Surface    Surface Efficiency                            Surface               A/C      Weather    Terrain  Rescue Medevac    Safety Separation Reduced Legacy
                Spacing Weather Management Movement Subscore                                     Safety             Conflicts Encounters Conflict Services Access Subscore Standards     Investment
                                                                                               ATC Pilot
 User
ANSP
Business Case Cost Criteria




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Decide
      Payback Period                                                                       User                                                                                                                       ANSP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Discover
                                                  Avionics Upgrade                     Aircraft Retrofit            User Cost Subscore                   ATC Workforce                        Automation Impact                               ANSP Subscore

3.0 Risk

                                Regulatory Impact                                                      Environmental Impact                                                                                           Political Impact

Assessment: Additional risk assessment should be based on the Likelihood and Consequence tables below. Choose a level of Likelihood (A – E) based on the probability of the
risk occurring (A being the lowest and E the highest). Then, rate the impact of the risk occurrence (1 being the lowest and 5 the highest).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Rating
                                                             Likelihood                                                                               Consequence:
                                                                                                                                                       Impact                                    Technical                                          Schedule
                E                                          Level          Description                     Existing Approach…
                                                                                                                                                       1 – Low                    Technical goals will still be met           Program schedule will still be met
                                                             E            High/               Cannot mitigate this type of risk; no known              Program success not
                D                                                                                                                                      impacted
                                                                          Near Certainty      processes or alternatives are available
   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                       2 – Minor                  Minor performance shortfall within          Schedule slip but able to meet key dates with
                C                                            D            Significant/        Cannot mitigate this risk, but a different approach      Program success not        acceptable limits; no design or process     additional activities or effort; critical path not affected
                                                                          Highly Likely       might                                                    impacted                   change needed
                B                                                                                                                                      3 – Moderate               Moderate performance shortfall;             Some key dates missed; workarounds available;
                                                             C            Moderate/           May mitigate this risk, but workarounds will be
                                                                                                                                                       Limited impact to          workarounds available; minor                critical path not affected.
                                                                          Likely              required                                                 program success            design/process change needed
                A
                                                             B            Minor/              Have usually mitigated this type of risk with            4 – Significant            Unacceptable performance; workarounds       Program critical path affected; workarounds
                    1    2        3        4      5                       Low Likelihood      minimal oversight in similar cases                       Program success could      available; significant design or process    available; major program milestones not affected.
                                                                                                                                                       be jeopardized             change needed
                             Consequence                     A            Low/                Will effectively avoid or mitigate this risk based on
                                                                                                                                                       5 – High                   Unacceptable performance; workarounds       Cannot achieve major program milestones; re-
                                                                          Not Likely          standard practices                                       Program success in doubt
                        Low    Medium   High                                                                                                                                      not available                               baseline required




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       All the things we do to explore
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Steps we take to screen the many ideas          and understand our applications,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     we could pursue and narrow them                  opportunities, the directions we
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     down to the select portfolio(s) we will                could choose to pursue in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     pursue with our limited resources                 addressing our airspace needs

                              Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Federal Aviation       11     11
                              April 24, 2007                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Administration
Prioritization (continued)
                                                                           In-Service
             Concept
                                              Test
 •Vision                                                                 Delivery
•Strategic
Roadmaps
             Requirements                                          Validation
•Con Ops           High
                   Level
                                                                              •Deployment
                                              Test
                                                                                 Plans
                        Low                                      High
                       Level                                                     •Pilots
                                                                 Level
                           Design

                             High
                                                               Verification
                             Level            Test
               Portfolio
              Investment                                            Plans,
                                 Low
                 Plan                                             Schedules,
                                Level                  Low        Resources,
                                                      Level        Progress
                                                                   Tracking

                                        Development


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                           Federal Aviation             12   12
April 24, 2007                                                Administration
Generic Scorecard
Application: Insert                             Description: Insert operational description of the proposed application
application name,
including RFG / ASAS
Conversion (if applicable)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Score
1.0 User Demand: State whether the application demand is by the user, an ANSP, or both.

2.0 Reward Criteria:

Business Case Benefits Criteria
                            Efficiency                                                                                                                 Safety                 Capacity Cost Avoidance
                                                                                                                                                   Improved
                           Efficient               Efficient                                                         Reduced Reduced Reduced Search
                           Routes in Efficient ATC   Pilot                                                            A/C to Hazardous A/C to        and    Increased        Improved
                 Efficient Adverse      Surface    Surface Efficiency                            Surface               A/C      Weather   Terrain   Rescue Medevac    Safety Separation Reduced Legacy
                 Spacing Weather Management Movement Subscore                                     Safety             Conflicts Encounters Conflict Services Access Subscore Standards     Investment
                                                                                                ATC Pilot
 User
ANSP
Business Case Cost Criteria
      Payback Period                                                                        User                                                                                                                       ANSP

                                                   Avionics Upgrade                     Aircraft Retrofit            User Cost Subscore                   ATC Workforce                        Automation Impact                               ANSP Subscore

3.0 Risk

                                 Regulatory Impact                                                      Environmental Impact                                                                                           Political Impact

Assessment: Additional risk assessment should be based on the Likelihood and Consequence tables below. Choose a level of Likelihood (A – E) based on the probability of the
risk occurring (A being the lowest and E the highest). Then, rate the impact of the risk occurrence (1 being the lowest and 5 the highest).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rating
                                                              Likelihood                                                                               Consequence:
                                                                                                                                                        Impact                                    Technical                                          Schedule
                 E                                          Level          Description                     Existing Approach…
                                                                                                                                                        1 – Low                    Technical goals will still be met           Program schedule will still be met
                                                              E            High/               Cannot mitigate this type of risk; no known              Program success not
                 D                                                                                                                                      impacted
                                                                           Near Certainty      processes or alternatives are available
   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                        2 – Minor                  Minor performance shortfall within          Schedule slip but able to meet key dates with
                 C                                            D            Significant/        Cannot mitigate this risk, but a different approach      Program success not        acceptable limits; no design or process     additional activities or effort; critical path not affected
                                                                           Highly Likely       might                                                    impacted                   change needed
                 B                                                                                                                                      3 – Moderate               Moderate performance shortfall;             Some key dates missed; workarounds available;
                                                              C            Moderate/           May mitigate this risk, but workarounds will be
                                                                                                                                                        Limited impact to          workarounds available; minor                critical path not affected.
                                                                           Likely              required                                                 program success            design/process change needed
                 A
                                                              B            Minor/              Have usually mitigated this type of risk with            4 – Significant            Unacceptable performance; workarounds       Program critical path affected; workarounds
                     1    2        3        4      5                       Low Likelihood      minimal oversight in similar cases                       Program success could      available; significant design or process    available; major program milestones not affected.
                                                                                                                                                        be jeopardized             change needed
                              Consequence                     A            Low/                Will effectively avoid or mitigate this risk based on
                                                                                                                                                        5 – High                   Unacceptable performance; workarounds       Cannot achieve major program milestones; re-
                                                                           Not Likely          standard practices                                       Program success in doubt
                         Low    Medium   High                                                                                                                                      not available                               baseline required




                Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                                                                                                               Federal Aviation                                                     13      13
                April 24, 2007                                                                                                                                                                                    Administration
Scoring Guidelines
                         Score = 0                                                       Score = 10
1.0 Demand
                         - Minimal sponsorship by user and ANSP                          - Strong sponsorship by user and ANSP
                         - Low probability of implementation success                     - High probability of implementation success
                         - Speculative improvement to airspace environment               - Predictable positive impact on airspace environment
2.0 Reward Criteria
Business Case Benefits   - Marginal airspace / surface efficiency contribution in high   - Considerable airspace / surface efficiency contribution
Criteria                 density environment                                             in high density environment

                         - Minimal surface / airspace safety contribution in high        - Significant surface / airspace safety contribution in high
                         density environment                                             density environment

                         - Nominal cost avoidance                                        - Considerable cost avoidance
Business Case Cost       - Rough estimate of application payback period is greater       - Rough estimate of application payback period is less
Criteria                 than 10 years                                                   than 5 years

                         - Rough estimate of incremental cost for application            - Rough estimate of incremental cost for application
                         User:                                                           User:
                            -Avionics costs are greater than $100K/aircraft                 -Avionics costs are less than $40K/aircraft
                            -Aircraft retrofit cost are greater than $500K/aircraft         -Aircraft retrofit cost are less than $100K/aircraft
                         ANSP:                                                           ANSP:
                            -ATC workforce increase greater than 3 per shift                -ATC workforce increase less than 1 per shift
                            -ATC automation lifecycle costs greater than $10M               -ATC automation lifecycle costs less than $1M

3.0 Risk
                         - High regulatory impact                                        - Low regulatory impact
                         - High negative environmental impact                            - Low negative environmental impact
                         - Negative political impact                                     - Positive political impact



 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                       Federal Aviation                14      14
 April 24, 2007                                                                                            Administration
Deciding the ‘Right’ Application To Invest In

                                                                             Program
                                                 Standards and           Management, $3.3,
                                                Rulemaking, $4.2,              4%
                                                      5%
Application   Score   Risk

     1         26       G                       Systems
                                            Engineering, $8.0,
                                                  10%
     2         22       G

     3         20       Y
                                      Ops Support, $6.6,
                                            8%
     4         20       R

     5          11      R




                                                                                         Implementation,
                                                                                           $57.9, 73%




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                 Federal Aviation         15    15
April 24, 2007                                                      Administration
Next Steps

• Developing applications to the point of
  implementation

• Measuring value in demonstration trials

• Leverage activities across international
  community to maximize value



Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   16   16
April 24, 2007                        Administration
Additional Presentations

• Randy Bone will be presenting on Flight
  Deck Merging and Spacing




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   17   17
April 24, 2007                        Administration

				
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