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					                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

KINDERGARTEN
                                                                   Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
    Discover that wind is moving air and has strength and direction
Space
    Understand that we live on the planet Earth
    Identify that Earth is one of the many planets in the solar system
Changes in the Earth
    Investigate how the observable properties of sand change when sand is mixed with water
    Show that sand takes the shape of the container it is in
      Observe that rocks come in many different shapes, colors, and sizes
    Know that water is found in many places
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Sound and Light
 Identify the primary colors of pigment as red, yellow, and blue
 Identify that the secondary colors green, orange, and purple are made by mixing primary colors
 Demonstrate that colors can be created in a variety of ways
Matter
    Discover that objects and materials have similarities and differences
    Investigate water and how it can be compared to other liquids by observing properties of each
    Demonstrate how that water takes the shape of its container
    Observe that different objects sink and float in water
Forces, Motion, and Energy
    Explain that things move in different ways
    Explore that the position and motion of an object can be changed by pushing and pulling
    Observe that non-living things do not move by themselves
    Explore that the Sun supplies heat and light to Earth
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Electricity and Magnetism
    Know that magnets can be used to make some things move without being touched
LIFE SCIENCE
Animals
Classification
    Identify the many different types of animal grouping
Cycles
    Explore that animals need certain conditions for energy and growth
Characteristics
    Identify the characteristics of living and nonliving things
    Know that animals closely resemble their parents
Behavior
    Show that animals have observable behavior
Plants
Characteristics
    Observe that most plants have stems, roots, leaves, flowers, and buds
    Know that plants will closely resemble their parents
    Know that people can use what they know about plant needs to care for plants
Life Cycles
    Explore that plants need certain conditions for energy and growth
    Investigate how seeds sprout and how they grow into plants
Classification
    Discover that many kinds of seeds are found in the environment
Environment
    Illustrate that water is a habitat
Human Body
    Observe that human bodies have similarities and differences
    Investigate how our ears allow us to hear sound differences, quality, and direction
    Investigate how our skin enables us to use our sense of touch
    Investigate how our eyes provide us with our sense of sight
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

FIRST GRADE
                                                                  Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
    Infer that the water cycle plays a role in weather
    Know that air has many uses
    Understand that the Earth is surrounded by air called the atmosphere
    Demonstrate that air exists and takes up space
    Discover that air temperature varies with time and place
    Know that short-term weather conditions can change daily and weather patterns change over the seasons
    Identify how rainy, sunny, snowy, and cloudy days have similarities and differences
    Identify that rain and snow come from clouds
    Measure air temperature using a thermometer
Space
    Realize that the Earth is a planet that supports life
Changes in the Earth
    Discover that erosion can change rocks and landscapes
Earth’s Structure/Composition
    Know that Earth materials consist of solid rocks, soils, liquid water, and the gases of the atmosphere, and have different
       properties
    Know three types of rocks
    Discover that rocks of different sizes have different masses
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Matter
    Learn that water and solids have weight
Forces, Motion, and Energy
    Identify that energy is needed for things to grow or move
LIFE SCIENCE
                                                 Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                          Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Animals
Cycles
    Illustrate that animals have life cycles
    Identify the life cycle of an insect
Characteristics
    Discover that insect adaptations help them survive
Behavior
    Observe that animals move, grow, change, and reproduce
    Infer that insects can be beneficial or harmful
    Evaluate that some insects are social
Plants
Characteristics
    Identify the parts of a seed
Classification
    Explain that people and animals use plants in many ways
Environment
Habitats
    Understand that different animals have different types of homes
Human Body
    Identify the type of teeth and their function
    Demonstrate how to properly care for your teeth
                                                 Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                          Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

SECOND GRADE
                                                                       Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Space
    Know that gravity is a force that pulls objects toward Earth
    Realize that the Sun is the central and largest body in the solar system
    Know the basic patterns of the movement of the sun and moon
    Know that the stars are unevenly dispersed and of unequal brightness
    Recognize that an astronaut needs to adapt to living and working in space
Earth’s Structure/Composition
    Identify the layers of the Earth
    Recognize that the Earth’s surface is mostly water
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Sound and Light
    Explore that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object
    Discover that white light can be split up into the colors of the rainbow
    Demonstrate that the rainbow, or spectrum is a pattern
    Relate how sounds in our environment can be used to identify objects, communicate, and obtain information
    Investigate how properties of objects affect the sounds they make when they vibrate
    Relate how different kinds of vibrations cause different kinds of sounds
    Demonstrate how sounds travel through air and sometimes through solids to reach our ears
    Know that sound may be harmful to our ears
Forces, Motion and Energy
   Know that heat can be produced in many ways
   Know that things near the Earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up
Electricity and Magnetism
    Know that electricity in circuits can produce heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects
LIFE SCIENCE
                                                 Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                          Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Animals
Cycles
    Discover that animals need certain conditions to grow and survive
    Explain that all living things reproduce
Characteristics
    Investigate how animal tracks provide clues about animals
Plants
Adaptations
    Know that plants need certain conditions to grow and survive
Environment
Habitats
    Explain different plants live in different habitats
Human Body
    Observe that human body parts have functions that are adapted for special tasks
    Identify healthy lifestyle, habits, and proper hygiene
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

THIRD GRADE
                                                                     Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
    Identify rain, snow, hail and sleet as forms of precipitation
    Understand that the Sun is the source of energy that drives the water cycle
    Know that air is a substance that surrounds us, takes up space, and moves around as wind
    Know that the Sun provides the light and heat necessary to maintain the temperature of the Earth
    Identify stratus, cumulus, and cirrus as the three main categories of clouds
    Understand the formation of a cloud and fog
Space
    Know that the Earth is part of a solar system consisting of a sun, several planets and their moons, asteroids, comets, and
      meteors
    Explain that gravity holds people and objects to the Earth’s surface and is a force throughout the solar system
    Know that night and day are caused by the Earth's rotation on its axis
    Infer that the tilt of the Earth's axis in relation to the Sun causes the seasons
    Analyze that the planets rotate on their axis and revolve around the Sun
    Infer that spatial bodies are large and separated by vast distances
Changes in the Earth
    Explain that soil is made up of particles of stone and dead plant and animal material
Earth’s Structure/Composition
    Discover that soil has properties
    Demonstrate that different soils hold different amounts of water
    Identify soil as one of the Earth's layers
    Observe fossil samples and understand how they are formed
    Describe that water is used in many ways
    Identify the major differences between fresh and ocean waters
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Matter
    Identify how objects have similarities and differences
    Discover that substances are soluble or insoluble in water
Forces/Motion and Energy
    Infer that electrical appliances make life easier
    Identify the six simple machines
    Observe that simple machines can reduce the force needed to perform work
    Evaluate that simple machines can be combined in different ways to create complex machines
Electricity/Magnetism
    Infer that electrical energy can be dangerous
LIFE SCIENCE
Animals
Classifications
    Know different ways living things can be grouped
    Identify that animals are vertebrates and invertebrates
Cycles
    Explain that an endangered organism is a kind of animal that is in danger of becoming extinct
Plants
Characteristics
    Explain the importance of sunlight, water, air and nutrients to the growth and survival of plants
    Describe the function of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers
    Identify the parts of a flower
    Explain that vegetables are the root, stem, leaf, seed, or fruit of a plant
Life Cycles
    Know that plants and animals progress through life cycles of birth, growth and development, reproduction, and death
    Compare/contrast life cycles for different organisms
    Explain that fruits develop from the flower of a plant
Environment
Habitats
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
    Explain that animals can survive only in environments in which their needs can be met
    Infer that an animal's habitat is the environment in which it lives
    Explain that animals obtain the things they need from their habitats
Adaptations
    Observe how animals adapt to their habitats
    Identify an extinct organism that no longer lives on Earth
    Explain that certain plants and animals are either threatened, endangered, or extinct
    Know that fossils can be compared to one another and to living organisms to observe their similarities and differences
Interaction of Living Things
    Know that changes in the environment can have an impact on different organisms
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

FOURTH GRADE
                                                                   Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
   Relate that the water cycle consists of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and the accumulation of surface and ground water
Changes in the Earth
 Understand that smaller rocks come from the breaking or weathering of bedrock and larger rocks
 Relate how erosion is the moving of rocks and soil
 Know how features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changing by a combination of slow and rapid processes
Earth’s Structure/Composition
    Relate that properties of soil impact how people use land
    Identify the three types of rocks
    Know that geologists classify rocks using physical and chemical changes
History and Nature of Science
    Infer that people can prepare for and help prevent erosion
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Matter
    Investigate how the size, shape, mass, and material of an object determines whether it will sink or float in water
    Explain that buoyancy is connected to sinking and floating
    Identify that matter may be composed of parts too small to be seen without magnification
    Identify matter in three forms and know it has the ability to change form
    Explain that matter is neither created nor destroyed, but can change form
    Investigate how properties of matter change by heating and cooling
Forces/Motion and Energy
    Observe that heat is a common byproduct when energy changes form
    Describe how people’s use of energy has changed over time
    Explain that energy is the ability to do mechanical work or to produce a change in temperature
    Identify the many different types of energy
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Electricity/Magnetism
     Investigate magnetic attraction to steel and iron materials
     Discover that electricity travels in circuits
     Demonstrate the organization of a simple circuit
     Discover that static electricity jumps from negative to positive charge
     Illustrate ways electricity can be conserved
LIFE SCIENCE
Animals
Classification
     Explain that the terms carnivore, herbivore, and omnivore are used to describe animals that eat other animals, plants or a
       combination of animals and plants
Characteristics
     Explain that a predator is an animal that catches and eats other animals
Plants
Characteristics
     Identify that plants create their own food source
     Identify that stems support the plant and transport water and nutrients
     Explain the role of flowers in reproduction
 Life Cycles
Classification
     Explain that energy is transferred through food chains
Environment
Adaptations
     Explain that animal and plant adaptations are a result of interaction with the environment
Interaction of Living things
     Explain that plants, animals, and the physical surroundings are interdependent
     Discover that plants and animals interact with one another and their surroundings to form an ecosystem
Cells, Heredity and Classification
     Recognize different animals and plants within their kingdoms
     Organize plants and animals using a classification system
                                                 Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                          Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
FIFTH GRADE
                                                               Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
    Observe that weather instruments measure temperature, air pressure, wind direction and speed, and precipitation
    Use various weather instruments to collect data and make predictions
    Illustrate that weather maps use symbols to display weather data
Space
    Understand objects in the solar system are in constant motion caused by natural forces which impact many changes we see in
       our world
    Identify constellations and their position in relation to the Earth
    Know that planets look like stars, but over time they appear to wander among the constellations
Earth’s Structure/Composition
    Explain how metamorphic rocks are formed in the Earth's crust by pressure, heat, and water
    Investigate how sedimentary rocks form when sediment settles and becomes compacted
    Recognize how igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and hardens
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Sound and Light
    Investigate that light travels in straight paths
    Discover that white light is composed of colors that can be revealed and separated using a prism
    Identify reflection, refraction, and absorption as properties of light
    Observe that concave and convex lenses can change the path of light
    Investigate how light is a form of energy
    Explain how people use light in many ways
    Explain how sound is caused by vibrations
    Discover that pitch is affected by frequency
    Infer that sound travels in waves
Matter
    Investigate substances that dissolve to form solutions
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Forces/Motion and Energy
    Investigate how changing the weight, size, shape, or material of an object will change the way it moves through the air
    Demonstrate the motion of an object can be described by tracing and measuring its position over time
    Explain that when a force is applied to an object, the object starts moving, stops moving, speeds up, slows down, or goes in a
       different direction
    Identify the relationship between the strength of a force and its effect on an object
    Identify conductors and their effect on the movement of heat
    Observe that objects that travel through the air are acted upon by the forces of thrust, lift, drag, and gravity
    Investigate that motors can be powered by electrical energy
Electricity/Magnetism
    Investigate magnetic attraction to steel and iron materials
    Know that electricity produces positive and negative charges: like charges repel, opposites attract
LIFE SCIENCE
Animals
Behavior
    Know that an animal’s behavior is influenced by internal cues and external cues
Plants
Characteristics
    Recognize how plants capture energy from the sun to produce food through photosynthesis
Adaptations
    Know that plant behavior is influenced by internal cues and external cues
    Plants have senses that help them to detect these cues
Environment
Adaptations
    Describe how organisms’ adaptive characteristics affect their survival
Interaction of Living Things
    Know that all organisms cause changes in their environments and these changes can be beneficial or detrimental
    Know that an organism’s patterns of behavior are related to the nature of that organism’s environment
    Explain that energy is transferred through food chains
    State that a food web is a number of connected food chain
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
Human Body
   Explain that the skeletal, muscular, circulatory, and respiratory systems interact with one another and perform specific functions
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid

SIXTH, SEVENTH AND EIGHTH GRADE
                                                                 Topic
EARTH SCIENCE
Weather
    Explain how heat, moisture, and air movement determine weather
    Understand that the Sun's energy drives the water cycle and that the water cycle is a continuous process of recycling
    Demonstrate wind flow from high pressure areas to low pressure areas
    Analyze how temperature, pressure, and the Coriolis Effect cause wind and water currents
    Describe how global atmospheric movement influences local weather
    Examine how geographic features affect climates
    Know the composition and structure of the Earth's atmosphere
    Investigate how the greenhouse effect leads to global warming
    Explain standard safety procedures used regarding various natural disasters
    Explain how the tilt of the earth determines seasons and length of day
Space
    Understand how the force of gravity keeps the planets and other bodies in orbit
    State Newton's Laws of Gravitation
    Explain orbital motion of objects in the solar system
    Understand that stars give off light and produce energy by nuclear fusion
    Realize that light years and astronomical units are used to measure distance in space
    Understand how humans use technology to explore space
    Know what characteristics of a planet support life
    Know that billions of galaxies exist in the universe
Changes in the Earth
    Know that successive layers of sedimentary rock are affected by folding, breaking, and uplifting of layers
    Know that land forms are created through constructive and destructive forces
    Know that the Earth's crust is divided into plates that move in response to mantle movement
Earth’s Structure/Composition
                                                    Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                             Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
      Know the components of soil and other factors that influence soil texture, fertility, and resistance to erosion
      Communicate that the Earth is comprised of layers including a core, mantle, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere
      Identify the characteristics of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks and know the formation process
      Know the interrelationship involved in the process of the rock cycle
      Know that the fossils contained in the successive layers of rock can be used to confirm the age, history, and changing life forms
       of the Earth
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Sound and Light
   Demonstrate that light travels in straight lines unless reflected or refracted
   Identify visible light as one component of the electromagnetic spectrum
   Demonstrate that light interacts with matter by transmission, absorption, or reflection
   Demonstrate that light can be reflected with mirrors or refracted with lenses
   Explain how the Sun is the major source of energy for the Earth
   Demonstrate that light is essential for vision
   Demonstrate how things that absorb light often transmit heat
   Identify and explain that photosynthesis is the process of using light to make food
   Observe and demonstrate that sound is affected by the matter through which it travels
   Describe how sound travels in waves
   Explain that sound waves have wave length, frequency, and amplitude
   Demonstrate how the ear is a receptor for sound
Matter
   Know the major ideas of atomic theory and molecular theory
   Know the history and development of the present atomic model
   Model how all matter is composed of atoms, consisting of protons, neutrons, and electrons
   Describe physical and chemical interactions among substances
   Develop an understanding of the physical and chemical properties of matter
   Realize that particles of matter are in constant motion, and when heated, the motion of the molecules increases and they move
       farther apart
   Understand the flow of electrons in bonding
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
    Understand how each element is represented on the Periodic Table
    Know the organization of the Periodic Table
    Know the materials that contain equal numbers of positive and negative charges are electrically neutral
    Realize that any change in the balance of charges produces an electric force proportional to the charge
    Know that electromagnetic forces exist with and between atoms
Forces, Motion, and Energy
    Investigate the motion of objects and explain motion in terms of speed, velocity, acceleration, momentum, and Newton's Laws of
       Motion and their application to real-life situations
    Identify the Law of Conservation of Energy
    Explain gravitational force is applied
    Explain that nuclear forces are stronger than electromagnetic forces, which are stronger than gravitational forces
    Demonstrate how machines can be used to do work more efficiently
    Identify how devices have been designed to convert energy from one form to another
    Give a basic explanation of the gas laws, Archimedes Principle, and Bernoulli's Principle and recognize their real-life
       applications
    Describe and investigate the properties of light, heat, gravity, magnetic fields, electrical fields and sound waves and their
       interactions with common objects
    Infer that as energy transformations occur, some energy escapes as heat, sound, or light
    Being made aware of decisions about the future of energy resources
Electricity and Magnetism
    Explain that electric currents can produce magnetic forces and magnets can produce electric currents
    Explain the relationship between magnetic forces and electric forces
    Identify the role of electromagnetic forces in electric motors, generators, radio, television, and other technologies
    Observe that different materials act as insulators and conductors of electric current
LIFE SCIENCE
Animals
Classifications
 Identify different taxonomic groups of the Animal Kingdom
Cycles
                                                  Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                           Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
 Know that sexual reproduction results in the continuation of the species
 Describe the basic life processes that all animals carry out
Characteristics
 Know that animals have a variety of body structures with specific functions for survival
Plants
Characteristics
    Describe the chemical process of photosynthesis
Life Cycles
    Discover that plants carry on basic life processes
    Understand that sexual and asexual reproduction are necessary for the continuation to the species
Classification
    Compare and contrast monocots and dicots
    Identify various plant tissues and explain their functions
    Describe how plants are producers
Adaptations
    Know that plants have a variety of body structures with specific functions for survival
    Explain plant responses to environmental stimuli
Environment
Habitats
    Understand that through the process of succession, communities change over time
    Describe the eight biomes in terms of their distinct biotic and a biotic characteristics
Adaptations
    Recognize how things evolve
    Know the process of natural selection
    Know the history of the Theory of Evolution
Human Body
    Explain that a human being has interactive systems
    Know that humans carry on basic life processes
    Describe how disease is caused by internal and external factors
    Understand homeostasis
                                                   Archdiocese of Milwaukee
                                            Science Exit Expectation Alignment Grid
    Describe the stages of development of a growing embryo and fetus
Cells, Heredity and Classification
    Realize that both heredity and the environment contribute to the development of living things
    Know that organisms are classified based on similarities that reflect their evolutionary relationships
    Identify the levels of organization in living things: cells, tissues, organs, systems, and organisms
    Know the structure and function of the different parts of a cell
    Describe how chromosomes are contained in both egg and sperm and carry instructions for the new individual
    Model how an inherited trait is determined by one or more genes using a Punnet Square
    Know the chemical and structural properties of DNA and its role in specifying the characteristics of an organism within a
       organism

				
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