Pennsylvania Smart Infrastructure Incubator by mikeholy


									                                     The Institute for Complex Engineered Systems
                                  Winter 2010 Newsletter

             Breaking Ground for Groundbreaking Research:
                       PSII Helps Companies Lead Revolution in Our Infrastructure

                                                 Pennsylvania Smart
                                                 Infrastructure Incubator

                                                              Also in this issue…

ICES, Carnegie Mellon University
                                                              Biomedical device start-up
1201 Hamburg Hall
                                                              is indebted to PITA funding
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
                                                              Focused on the Future
                                                              Phil Campbell, Susan Finger, and Annette
                                                              Jacobson devote their time to outreach

                                                              Northrop Grumman Fellows
                                                              Fernando Cerda Carrizo and Judy Shum
                                                              are the first to receive the award
director’s message

This fall has seen a flurry of ICES activity, as this latest issue
of iNews will show…from the creation of a new technology
incubator focused on critical infrastructure technology; to
projects impacting areas as wide-ranging as advances in
nano- and micro-technology, and furthering the local econo-
my through partnerships between industry and academia.

A major event for ICES this fall was the creation of the Pennsyl-
vania Smart Infrastructure Incubator (PSII). Together, found-
ing partners Bombardier Corporation and IBM and Carnegie
Mellon researchers will work to integrate the physical-infra-
structure with cyber-infrastructure to enable new capabilities,
ensure greater safety and reliability, and contribute to the         The Pennsylvania Infrastructure Technology Alliance (PITA)
more efficient use of these systems. With $2.2 million in fund-      grants continue to yield research that makes a significant re-
ing, the PSII will develop new facilities on campus as well as       gional impact, strengthening the Pennsylvania economy with in-
utilize off-campus testing facilities. Coordinated through ICES,     dustry partnerships and technological advances. PITA funding
the collaboration will bring together researchers from Civil and     has allowed ICES Research Scientist Alan Rosenbloom to de-
Environmental Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engi-          velop medical devices that monitor molecular events occurring
neering and attract more industry and government partners.           in a patient’s body by measuring blood glucose and chemo-
                                                                     therapy drugs. He has since received follow-on funding from
This issue of iNews also highlights the continued research           the National Institutes of Health to establish his start-up com-
being conducted by the ICES research centers and clusters.           pany InVivoMon and to hire personnel to develop prototypes.
Nano- and micro-technology, in particular, have seen signifi-        Researchers Michael Bockstaller and Kryzsztof Matyjaszewicki
cant advances. The Center for the Environmental Implica-             are exploring ways to use nanoparticle additives to improve the
tions of Nanotechnology (CEINT@ CMU) recently received a             properties and marketability of polymer film coatings.
National Science Foundation (NSF) Integrative Graduate Edu-
cation and Research Traineeship (IGERT) award to enable              Also featured in this issue are news on the scholarship of the
graduate students from multiple disciplines to gain proficiency      new ICES-Dowd Fellows and the awarding of the first Northrop
in the analysis of environmental issues pertaining to nano-          Grumman Fellows. Some dedicated faculty have also found
technology, decision science, and policy analysis.                   time in their careers to devote themselves to the educational ef-
                                                                     forts of inspiring and educating the next generation of engineers.
Alan McGaughey, assistant professor of mechanical engi-              And ICES researchers continue to attract funding from agencies
neering, and Yang Wang, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center             that are interested in the research present in our institute.
senior scientific specialist, with the Center for Multiscale Mod-
eling for Engineering Materials (CM2EM) received NSF fund-           I hope that you are inspired by the stories in this issue of iN-
ing to support their work on the transport of thermal energy         ews. If you are currently involved with ICES research, please
by phonons across interfaces in nanostructured materials.            send us your good news so we can feature it in future issues.
Also, recent work in the Microsystems research cluster has           If you inspired by what you read to pursue a new or deeper
been focused on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)                relationship with ICES, please feel free to contact me. In the
technology with broad ranging applications in chemical sen-          meantime, enjoy our good news about what multidisciplinary,
sors and in neural prosthetics.                                      high-impact engineering research can achieve.

                                                                     Gary K. Fedder, ICES Director

table of contents
                                                                     PITA NEWS
                                                                     Biomedical Device Start-up                      8
                                                                     Novel High-Tech Polymer Applications            9
Breaking Ground for Groundbreaking Research                 1
                                                                     Focused on the Future                           10
IGERT Award Expands Mission of CEINT                        4
                                                                     ICES-PJAS Award Winner Attends SEE              12
New Faculty Members are Familiar CenSCIR Faces 4
                                                                     ICES Presents! Moving 4th in the Fall           12
NSF Funds Heat Transfer Research at Atomic Level 5
ECE Student Fabricates New Chemical Sensors                 6        AWARDS & DISTINCTIONS
Neural Prosthetics to Aid Brain Performance                 6        Dowd-ICES Fellowship Research Seminar 7
Spotlight on Peter Gilgunn                                  back     First Northrop Grumman Fellows                  13
                            Pennsylvania Smart
                            Infrastructure Incubator

Breaking Ground for Groundbreaking Research:
PSII Helps Companies Lead Revolution in Our Infrastructure

On a sunny and warm morning in November, researchers with          President Cohon noted the potential of this collaborative en-
the Institute for Complex Engineered Systems (ICES) along          deavor when he said: “It is our vision, one that we share with
with industry and government leaders gathered together at          all of our corporate and government partners present today,
Carnegie Mellon University’s University Center to celebrate        that people around the world will also know this region and
the groundbreaking of the new Pennsylvania Smart Infrastruc-       the state of Pennsylvania as a hub for ‘smart’ infrastructure
ture Incubator (PSII).                                             and manufacturing. Today’s groundbreaking ceremony marks
                                                                   an important step in that direction.”
This new incubator will integrate the physical-infrastructure
that is used every day (transportation and transit systems,        The PSII: Bringing Together Diverse Talents
buildings, pipes, power grid, concrete and steel) with cyber-
infrastructure (computers, networks and sensors) in ways           As PSII Co-director Schlesinger – also department head of
that will enable new capabilities, ensure greater safety and       ECE – stated at the ceremony: “When you talk about infra-
reliability, and contribute to the more efficient use of these     structure, you are talking about everything.”
systems. The development of these technologies will also re-
quire a new generation of employees to design, operate, and        This partnership of academics, industry, and government
maintain new cyber-physical infrastructure systems. The PSII       promises to create the opportunity for innovative infrastructure
will also help Pennsylvania be a leader in educating workers       research as it eliminates boundaries, whether they are intel-
to meet the new demand.                                            lectual, institutional, or geographical.

PSII founding industrial partners Bombardier Corporation and       CMU leadership of the PSII includes three co-directors:
IBM, other industry and government representatives, and            Schlesinger; Garrett, who also heads CMU’s CEE Depart-
Civil and Environmental (CEE) and Electrical and Computer          ment; and ICES Director Gary Fedder, who will help integrate
Engineering (ECE) researchers broke ground on $2.2 million         the incubator into other multidisciplinary research within the
in new research facilities designed to support the exploration     College of Engineering (CIT).
of a variety of critical infrastructure technology areas.
                                                                   Garrett, Jr. adds, “We’ve been working for a number of years
Speaking at the official groundbreaking ceremony were CMU          on interdisciplinary research to help better manage critical
President Jared L. Cohon, PSII Executive Director Matthew          infrastructure using advanced technologies. Our goal has
Sanfilippo, PSII Faculty Directors T.E. (Ed) Schlesinger and       been to deploy a variety of sensors to collect significant
James H. Garrett, Jr., President of Bombardier Systems Divi-       amounts of new data that can be analyzed and turned into
sion Eran Gartner, and IBM Vice President of Corporate Envi-       actionable information so that people who build, maintain, or
ronmental Affairs and Product Safety Wayne Balta. A number         manage infrastructure can do so in a more efficient and cost
of PSII research projects were also on display, including the      effective manner.”
electrical vehicle “ChargeCar,” Bombardier’s autonomous
transit vehicle research project, an instrumented natural gas      Article continues on page 2…
pipeline monitoring project, sensors for energy efficient build-
ings, and the Sensor Andrew campus sensing project.

Article continued from page 1…                    of the construction of these new labs is
                                                  expected by early spring 2011.
Initial funding has come, in large part,
from founding industry partners Bom-              These new facilities will join other campus
bardier and IBM in the form of financial          facilities, including s Smart Infrastructure
assistance and equipment. The                     Research Consortium, Smart Infrastruc-
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania                      ture Testbed Management Center (Sen-
has also provided a significant eco-              sor Andrew testbed control center), a
nomic development grant through the               Smart Infrastructure Test Track Facility (at
Redevelopment Assistant Capital Program           Bombardier’s existing facility), and a Smart
(RACP) to help establish the incubator            Infrastructure Field Test Facility (existing
and develop the research labs. “We are            CMU Robot City site).
extremely grateful for this support which
has transformed the PSII from a concept           Bombardier: Leading Innovative
to reality,” says Fedder.                         Transportation Infrastructure                   The Western Pennsylvania region ha
                                                                                                  because of the transformation of its
Two new facilities are being built as a part      Bombardier Inc., a global leader in rail and
of the PSII: 1) the new Bombardier Smart          aerospace transportation, has been a long-
                                                                                                  of the past to a center for knowledge
Infrastructure Collaboration Center that will     time and valued partner of CIT. As Gartner      ogy companies of the 21st Century.
be a state-of-the-art distance collabora-         notes, “the founding of the PSII builds on
tion facility and will allow conferencing         the existing relationship between Bombar-       ing, but the new Carnegie Mellon/Bombar-
of experts in the smarter infrastructure          dier and CMU, the genesis of which goes         dier collaboration plans to improve these
field from around the world for events,           back nearly 50 years with the advance-          technologies and train a new generation of
seminars, and collaborative research and          ment of driverless automated transit.”          employees to design and operate them.
2) the new IBM Smarter Infrastructure
Lab at Carnegie Mellon that will allow for        The world’s trillion-dollar network of rails,   “Creation of the Bombardier Collaboration
research into the management, simulation,         roads, bridges, water distribution systems,     Center will enable joint research in fields
and visualization of data collected from          and power networks have varying amounts         such as smart guidance systems, rail con-
smart infrastructure systems. Completion          of automated management and monitor-            trol solutions, sensing robotics and so much

                     Chargecar                                                                     Electronic Guidance for
                                                                                                   Automated People Movers

The ChargeCar project is working to make electric vehicles                   Bombardier and CMU teamed together to transfer technol-
practical and affordable enough to revolutionize urban com-                  ogy developed for fully autonomous cars (specifically "Boss,"
muting. These researchers are examining the common ur-                       the robot Chevy Tahoe that won the 2007 DARPA Urban
ban commute to determine if cars powered by predictively                     Challenge) onto Bombardier’s automated people movers
managed supercapacitor-battery systems are a solution                        (APMs). The proposed future electronic guidance system
that can reduce cost of ownership for a commuter car. The                    will be used to let the APM "see" the track so it can steer
ChargeCar team is also working together with researchers at                  itself. This sensor system will also be able to detect the pres-
Bombardier expanding their research to include application                   ence of obstacles on the track.
to Bombardier People Movers.

2                                               Current PSII Research Projects featured at the groundbreaking event
                                                  that enhance the efforts of IBM’s Smarter       stand exposure to risks, and help predict
                                                  Planet initiative, IBM’s offerings in Busi-     outcomes of management and operational
                                                  ness Analytics and Optimization, and            decisions with greater certainty.
                                                  CMU’s work within the Center for Sensed
                                                  Critical Infrastructure Research (CenSCIR).      “With CMU’s renowned reputation in engi-
                                                  The new lab will be a focal point and           neering and IBM’s leadership regarding a
                                                  catalyst for collaboration with like-minded     Smarter Planet and business analytics, this
                                                  research colleagues from IBM Research           new lab can drive innovation and develop
                                                  and across the university, including its en-    new technologies to help leaders world-
                                                  gineering, architecture, public policy, and     wide optimize their use of finite resources,”
                                                  business schools.                               says Balta.

                                                  One of the challenges associated with           The Future of PSII
                                                  the development of a smarter infrastruc-
as become an international model                  ture is the massive amounts of data such        With founding industry collaborators in-
                                                  systems will produce. Researchers will          cluding Bombardier and IBM, the PSII has
 economy from the heavy industries
                                                  collect and analyze this data such as the       already begun to attract additional industry
e, innovation, and the high-technol-              physical condition and energy efficiency        and government partners. Within the next
     – President Cohon                            of buildings, condition of water pipelines,     six months the incubator expects to an-
                                                  and other infrastructure on which govern-       nounce a significant number of
  more,” said Romuald Ponte, vice president       ments, businesses societies, and individu-      new partners.
  of engineering at Bombardier’s Systems          als depend. One of the research initiatives
  Division and the Centre of Competence.          the lab will undertake is to explore physical   Membership in the PSII is open to com-
                                                  infrastructures with innovative digital sen-    panies that are presently conducting
  IBM: Analyzing Infrastructure Data              sor networks. These networks will produce       research with CMU in the area of Smart
  for a Smarter Planet                            large amounts of new data that will be          Infrastructure, or are actively pursuing a
                                                  acquired in real-time and integrated with       project or proposal with CMU in the area
  The IBM Smarter Infrastructure Lab at           advanced analytical tools. Such analysis        of Smart Infrastructure.
  Carnegie Mellon will develop technologies       will be directed to detect patterns, under-

                           Instrumented Pipeline                                                      Sensor Andrew

     The general objective of this project is to research technolo-              Sensor Andrew is a large-scale project to create a middle-
     gies for the monitoring of pipeline delivery integrity, using a             ware infrastructure that facilitates communication with sen-
     network of sensors and controllers to detect and diagnose                   sors. Currently there are hundreds of sensors deployed
     developing defects, leaks, and failures. Specifically, these                across campus for different purposes, yet there is no single
     researchers are using ultrasonic waves that are generated by                unifying infrastructure that allows researchers to easily ac-
     small piezoceramic wafers attached to steel pipe specimens                  cess, manage and utilize these resources. We are devel-
     in the lab. These waves travel down steel pipe specimens in                 oping a solution to transform CMU into a living test-bed for
     the lab and then reflect from flaws or defects. This technique              experimenting with a shared sensing infrastructure.
     is being tested as a way to monitor long distances of pipe.

center news

IGERT Award Expands Mission of CEINT

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University        Gregory Lowry, professor of civil and            VanBriesen will be joined in the program
(CMU) and Howard University have re-             environmental engineering and director of        development and implementation by a
ceived a five-year, $3.15 million grant from     the Center for Environmental Implications        cadre of professors including: Lowry; Eliza-
the National Science Foundation (NSF) to         of Nanotechnology at CMU (CEINT@CMU)             beth Casman, associate research profes-
launch a new interdisciplinary program in        explains that “the IGERT will serve an im-       sor of engineering and public policy; and
the environmental effects and policy impli-      portant role in expanding the educational        Kimberly L. Jones and Lorraine Fleming,
cations of nanotechnology. Funding from          mission of CEINT. It will develop a cur-         both professors in civil and environmental
a new NSF program called the Integrative         riculum specifically for IGERT and CEINT         engineering at Howard University.
Graduate Education and Research Trainee-         Ph.D. students that complements the
ship (IGERT) will enable the creation of         research and educational activities already      Additional Carnegie Mellon faculty partici-
interdisciplinary programs educating U.S.        underway in CEINT.”                              pants in this NSF-funded project include:
Ph.D.s in science and engineering.                                                                Allen Robinson, professor of mechanical
                                                 Graduate students from multiple disci-           engineering; Kelvin Gregory, assistant
“The IGERT program at Carnegie Mellon            plines will participate in a two-year training   professor of civil and environmental en-
and Howard will operate at the interface         program to learn the fundamentals of             gineering; Kris Dahl, assistant professor
of science and environmental policy to           their core disciplines and gain proficiency      of biomedical engineering and chemical
produce an environmentally and policy            in the analysis of environmental issues          engineering; Michael Bockstaller, associate
literate generation of nanoscience profes-       pertaining to nanotechnology, deci-              professor of materials science; Moham-
sionals with the skills needed to create         sion science, and policy analysis in new         mad Islam, assistant professor of materials
novel nanotechnologies and to assess and         nanotechnology-themed courses. Follow-           science and chemical engineering; and
manage environmental risks associated            ing this foundation, students will conduct       Paul Fischbeck, professor of social and
with nanomaterials,” said Jeanne M. Van-         research at the interface of policy and          decision sciences and engineering and
Briesen, professor of civil and environmen-      nanotechnology. Students also will partici-      public policy. Additional Howard faculty
tal engineering who will lead the program.       pate in international laboratory exchange        participants include Gary Harris, professor
                                                 projects as well as internships at corpora-      of electrical and computer engineering.
                                                 tions active in nanotechnology.


New Faculty Members are Familiar CenSCIR Faces
Once doctoral students and now faculty members, Mario                extends the work he did as a Ph.D. student. Working on
Berges and Anthony Rowe continue their work with the Cen-            embedded and distributed systems and sensor networks,
ter for Sensed Critical Infrastructure Research (CenSCIR). As        his research has focused on the development of large-scale
doctoral students, Berges and Rowe were involved with the            sensor networks that are energy-efficient and provide real-
Sensor Andrew project, a large-scale effort to widely deploy         time properties. Rowe says, “I see sensor networking as a
sensing devices across Carnegie Mellon’s campus and                  practical mechanism for bringing contextual information and
create a living laboratory for real-world infrastructure chal-       new abilities to the already numerous embedded systems that
lenges. Today, they continue working on critical infrastructure      surround us.”
research as Carnegie Mellon engineering faculty members.
                                                                     As faculty members, their work together continues. In
As a Ph.D. student, Berges’ work focused primarily on devel-         November, they presented on “Contactless Sensing of Ap-
oping a framework for enabling detailed energy-awareness in          pliance State Transitions” with ECE Professor Ragunathan
buildings through minimally-intrusive approaches. Now as an          Rajkumar at the 2nd Association for Computing Machinery
assistant professor in the Civil and Environmental Engineering       (ACM) Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-
Department, Berges says he is “more generally interested in          Efficiency in Buildings.
instrumenting our civil infrastructure to increase its resilience,
adaptiveness, and self-monitoring capabilities.”                     “As well as continuing to work together on the Sensor Andrew
                                                                     project,” Berges reports, “we have started to leverage this
Rowe is now an assistant research professor in Electrical            work to develop a variety of applications in the areas of build-
and Computer Engineering and conducting research that                ing energy management, worker safety, etc.”                                 o

   NSF Funds Heat Transfer Research at Atomic Level
   Alan McGaughey, associate professor             interfaces with atomic-level precision.        calculations to study the mechanisms of
   of mechanical engineering, and Yang             When such interfaces are separated by          thermal transport by phonons across these
   Wang, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center          distances that are one thousandth to one       interfaces. He is doing this by using atom-
   senior scientific specialist, have received a   millionth the width of a human hair, as they   istic modeling tools including lattice dynam-
   National Science Foundation (NSF) award         are in computer chips and light-emitting       ics calculations, the Boltzmann transport
   to support their work on the transport of       diodes, they can cause thermal resis-          equation, molecular dynamics simulations,
   thermal energy across interfaces in nano-       tances much higher than what would be          and density functional theory calculations.
   structured materials. This is one of several    expected from standard models. High
   projects being conducted within the Center      thermal resistance makes it difficult to       Wang – an expert in density functional
   for Multiscale Modeling for Engineering         remove heat, leading to undesirably high       theory, a computational method for doing
   Materials (CM2EM).                              operating temperatures.                        quantum mechanical calculations – per-
                                                                                                  forms these needed calculations so the
   Nanostructured materials are used in the        McGaughey explains: “This research is          model predictions can be compared to
   semiconductor and energy industries as          important because it is very difficult, if     experimental measurements. He is also
   components in field-effect transistors,         not impossible, to carry out experiments       very familiar with the large-scale comput-
   lasers, and light emitting diodes. The          at such small length scales. Atomic-level      ing facilities available at the Pittsburgh
   small length scales lead to closely-spaced      modeling allows us to ‘observe’ what is        Supercomputing Center, which they need
   interfaces that allow for the indepen-          happening at the nanometer scale and           to carry out these calculations.
   dent control of electrons (electricity) and     use this information to identify fundamental
   phonons (heat) and how they interact with       physical mechanisms and to better under-       “This funding will further nanoscale thermal
   photons (light).                                stand experimental observations.”              transport research by providing an oppor-
                                                                                                  tunity to dig deeper into how atomic–level
   In this project, McGaughey and Wang will        Specifically, McGaughey is performing          structure influences behavior at larger
   model heat transfer across solid-solid          computer simulations and theoretical           length scales,” says McGaughey.

ence is measured in the microdialysate tubing.

orrection of glucose levels
in tracer.

                   Mario Berges                                                                         Anthony Rowe                           5
center news

ECE Student Fabricates New Capacitive Chemical Sensors
Advances in capacitive chemical sensors have benefitted             With funding received from the National Institute for Occupa-
from the union of sensor technology and microelectromechan-         tional Safety and Health (NIOSH), Lazarus worked specifical-
ical systems (MEMS). MEMS sensors are very sensitive, have          ly on the application of including chemical sensors in masks
quick response times, and use less power in the detection of        used in industrial plant settings.
chemicals in their environment. It is with this kind of research
that Nathan Lazarus, a doctoral student in Electrical and           These techniques have been successfully demonstrated for
Computer Engineering (ECE), has been involved. “I primarily         humidity sensing and have led to publications in the Journal
work on techniques for integrating several types of chemical        of Microelectromechanical Systems, the Proceedings of the
sensors with interface electronics,” explains Lazarus.              Solid-State Sensor, Actuator, and Microsystems Workshop
                                                                    2010, and the Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE International
                                                                    Conference on MEMS (MEMS 2009). His future efforts will be
                                                                    focused on investigating other capacitive materials and dem-
                                                                    onstrating that these sensors can be used for a wide variety
                                                                    of chemicals, rather than simply for water vapor.

                                                                    “His research began by working on humidity sensors and
                                                                    chemiresistor noise modeling in order to prove design con-
                                                                    cepts in fabricating integrated chemical sensors in foundry
                                                                    CMOS processes,” says Gary Fedder, Nathan’s faculty advi-
                                                                    sor, Howard M. Wilkoff Professor of ECE, and ICES Director.

                                                                    Lazarus explains that the latest focus of his research has
SEM image of a sensor (a) before and (b) after inkjetting of        been on sensors “for use in gas mask cartridges in order to
polymer with inset picture of filled release holes                  notify the user that chemicals have almost filled the cartridge
                                                                    and are about to leak into the facemask.”
Lazarus has investigated several methods for improving
the sensitivity of these chemical sensors by using MEMS             In order to reach the regulatory limits of detection for gas
micromachining, specifically using an integrated capacitive         masks, he has been developing a technique for lowering the
humidity sensor on-chip with complementary metal-oxide-             limit of detection of gold nanoparticle chemiresistors. This
semiconductor (CMOS) interface electronics. Integrating             type of sensor experiences higher noise at low frequencies,
chemical sensors on the same silicon die as that on which           but is typically measured at close to 0 Hz. By modulating
electronics is tested has the potential to reduce fabrication       the input voltage and measuring the sensors at high frequen-
costs because it shares process steps. Eliminating the need         cies, the noise can be reduced, allowing a smaller amount of
to take signals off chip to external circuitry also reduces noise   chemical to be detected.
in the system, improving the lower limit of detection.

Neural Prosthetics to Aid Brain Performance
The Center for Implantable Medical Microsystems                     Neural prosthetics are implanted medical microsystems used
(CIMM) at ICES is teaming with leading neuroscience                 to stimulate or record activity in a single brain cell or small
researchers from the University of Pittsburgh to develop            ensembles of brain cells. They help Parkinson's sufferers con-
a new generation of neural prosthetics whose mechani-               trol their tremors and will ultimately enable direct brain control
cal properties better match those of the brain. Their               of artificial limbs and increase cognitive abilities. Current
hypothesis is that compliance-matched neural prosthet-              state-of-the-art prosthetics operate reliably in living brains for
ics will maintain their performance over the lifetime of            periods up to months before their performance degrades.
the prosthetic recipient.                                           This failure mode precludes long-term chronic use and limits
                                                                    them to acute clinical scenarios.

                                                                                       awards & distinctions

Seminar Highlights Dowd-ICES Fellowship Research
The fall is always a busy and exciting time for the Dowd-ICES    • Minhua Qiu - “Nanometer Resolution Imaging and Com-
Fellowship. Not only are four new fellows awarded, but the       putational Analysis of Axonal Transport Defects in Drosophila
ICES community has the opportunity to hear about their fund-     Models of Alzheimer’s Disease” (advisor: Ge Yang, BME);
ed research at the annual Dowd-ICES Fellowship Seminar.
                                                                 • Mary Beth Wilson - “Thermally Reversible Polymers for Engi-
This year was no different. The 2010 Fellows were an-            neering 3D Synthetic Vascular Networks” (advisor: Phil Leduc,
nounced this summer and include doctoral students Ethan          BME/ME, with collaboration from Burak Ozdoganlar, ME).
Demeter from Chemical Engineering, Catherine Izard from
Civil & Environmental Engineering and Engineering & Public       The 2009 Fellows presented on the research they conducted
Policy, Minhua Qiu from Biomedical Engineering, and Mary         during their 2009-2010 fellowship tenure:
Beth Wilson from Biomedical Engineering.
                                                                 • Christopher Highly (BME) - “MEMS Technologies for Mi-
The seminar was held on October 27 in conjunction with           crocapsule-based Complex Tissue Engineering Constructs”
fellowship donors Philip and Marsha Dowd’s annual visit to       (advisor: Stefan Zappe, BME);
campus. At this event, the new 2010 Fellows, along with the
2009 Fellows and the 2009 Dowd Teaching Fellow, presented        • Jueun Lee (ME) - “Investigation of Bone and Cartilage
their research.                                                  Drilling for Orthopedic Surgery” (advisors: Burak Ozdoganlar,
                                                                 ME, and Yoed Rabin, ME);
The 2010 Fellows presented on the research they will under-
take during the 2010-2011 academic year:                         • Jacob Melby (MSE) - “Polarization Engineering in III
                                                                 Nitride-based Optoelectronic and Sensor Device” (advisors:
• Ethan Demeter - “Porous, Decorated Metal Electrodes for        Lisa Porter, MSE, and Robert Davis, MSE);
Oxygen Evolution in Water Splitting Applications” (advisor:
John Kitchin, CE);                                               • Scott Peterson (EPP) - “Vehicle to Grid Services: Integrat-
                                                                 ing PHEVs with the Grid” (advisors: Jay Apt, Tepper/EPP, and
• Catherine Izard - “Dynamic Assessment of Infrastructure        Jay Whitacre, MSE).
Flows in a Climate-constrained U.S. Electricity Sector” (advi-
sor: H. Scott Matthews, CEE, with collaboration from Ines de     2009 Dowd Teaching Fellow Marija Ilic presented on “The
Lima Azevedo, EPP);                                              Challenges and Opportunities in Educating Electric Energy
                                                                 Systems.” Ilic is a professor of electrical and computer engi-
                                                                 neering and engineering and public policy.

Back row (l tor): Scott Peterson, Jacob Melby, Christopher Highly, Ethan Demeter
Front (l tor): Marija Ilic, Mary Beth Wilson, Jueun Lee, Philip Dowd, Marsha Dowd, Minhua Qiu, Catherine Izard                    7
pita news

By 2007, ICES Research Scientist Alan           development,” Rosenbloom explains. “In
Rosenboom had understood how to                 our case, PITA funding has allowed us
create medical devices that can monitor         to bridge this gap. In turn, the funding
molecular events occurring in a patient’s       from secondary grants has allowed us to
body. Specifically, he conceptualized           establish Invivomon and to develop our
tools that would allow for the continuous       prototypes into medical devices.”
monitoring of the bloodstream in order
to measure blood glucose and chemo-             The secondary grants that Rosenbloom
therapy drugs. However, he did not yet          mentions are two National Institutes of
have the financial means to develop these       Health (NIH) Small Business Innovation
devices as products.                            Research grants the company recently
                                                received. These NIH grants have provided
His vision would soon become a reality. In      funding for Rosenbloom and Subrebost
that same year, Rosenbloom was awarded          to establish and equip InVivoMon as a
PITA funding that allowed him to test his       start-up biomedical engineering research
ideas, build prototypes, collect preliminary    company, to hire Subrebost as CEO and
data, and apply for competitive, follow-up      company engineer Heer Gandhi as a
grants. Two years later, he and his former      company engineer, and to hire consultants
postdoctoral fellow, now business partner –     to help develop their prototypes.
George Subrebost have created the spinoff
company InVivoMon, Inc., which focuses          The first grant funding allows for the
on creating practical, wearable systems         development of a continuous bloodstream
that are able to monitor patients’ molecular    glucose monitoring system. The completed
events in real time.                            system will incorporate sophisticated algo-
                                                rithms to allow precise glucose level control
The goal of the company is to use the           in critically ill patients. The second grant,
latest engineering technology to create         awarded in September, funds the develop-
robust, clinically useful tools that improve    ment of a system that will allow individu-
the quality of medical diagnostics available    alized dosing of cancer chemotherapy             Close-up of the imaging region where fluoresce
to physicians and treatment available to pa-    drugs. The system will incorporate phar-
tients. Its platform technology is based on     macokinetic modeling to produce optimal
continuous blood monitoring via intravenous     therapeutic levels, sharply limiting toxicity.
microdialysis. This technology eliminates
repeated testing and allows for continuous      The benefits from the devices that In-
adjustments of metabolite or drug levels        VivoMon is developing include precise
that are smoother, quicker, and safer.          management of cancer chemotherapy and
                                                insulin infusion for tight control of glucose
A fundamental requirement for microdialy-       blood levels in the critically ill and also in
sis to become a clinical tool is that col-      post-operative cardiac surgery patients.
lected analytes truly reflect the composi-
tion in the blood. InVivoMon is developing      PITA funding has also helped Rosenbloom
microdialysis technologies that will eventu-    to explore new targets for next generation
ally lead to a medical embedded system          patient monitoring. A pilot project will de-
with calibration, safety alarms, and wireless   velop near real-time monitoring of Procalci-
communication of analyte levels.                tonin, a peptide, in the blood. Procalcitonin
                                                is a marker of bacterial infection. The goal
“It’s difficult to imagine how this work        is to detect hospital acquired infection
would have progressed nearly as far and         early, so that treatment can begin rapidly.
fast as it has without the funding from         This technology will be developed in col-
PITA,” states Rosenbloom.                       laboration with Rockland Immunochemi-
                                                cals, Inc. (Gilbertsville, PA). Rockland has
“In reality, there is a large gap in funding    long-standing expertise in the develop-          The printed circuit board that performs error-co
between theoretical realization and product     ment of highly sensitive immunoassays.           by measuring the concentration of a fluorescei

                                                 PITA-Supported Research Enables
                                                 Novel High-Tech Polymer Applications
                                                 A variety of products like micro-      Specifically, they have been
                                                 electronics and protective and op-     developing nanocomposite mate-
                                                 tical coatings rely on polymer thin    rials that can resist wear and cor-
                                                 films. These tiny high-tech coat-      rosion, have improved thermome-
                                                 ings applications allow not only       chanical properties, and provide
                                                 for further miniaturization of prod-   shielding against undesirable
                                                 ucts like these, but also contribute   radiation while maintaining opti-
                                                 to energy efficiency because           cal transparency.
                                                 they are lighter in weight and less
                                                 energy is used in their production.    “The unique combination of ma-
                                                 However, polymer thin films still      terial properties that are typically
                                                 face the limitations of not being as   mutually exclusive is enabled by
                                                 stable as other materials and are      a novel technique developed in
                                                 not yet able to be manufactured in     the Matyjaszewski lab that facili-
                                                 a way that meets both economic         tates the control of the molecu-
                                                 and aesthetic demands.                 lar architecture of the particle
                                                                                        fillers,” Bockstaller describes the
                                                 A solution to this situation lies      research. “The combination of
                                                 with the use of nanoparticle ad-       these properties allows for new
                                                 ditives to improve the properties      material applications along with
                                                 of polymer film coatings. With         more aesthetic design possibili-
                                                 this in mind, Associate Professor      ties and thus, a greater chance
                                                 of Materials Science and Engi-         of marketability.”
                                                 neering Michael Bockstaller and
                                                 the J.C. Warner Professor of the       PITA seed funding has enabled
                                                 Natural Sciences and University        them to provide a proof-of-
                                                 Professor Kryzsztof Matyjasze-         concept evaluation of an original
ence is measured in the microdialysate tubing.   wiski were given the opportunity       approach to creating transparent
                                                 with Pennsylvania Infrastructure       polymer nanocomposite thin films
                                                 Technology Alliance (PITA) fund-       with improved thermomechanical
                                                 ing to address this need.              properties. In addition, they have
                                                                                        been able to secure government
                                                 With the help of PITA funding,         grants to further develop the
                                                 they have been able to create an       approach. For example, they re-
                                                 original approach to understand        ceived a grant from the Air Force
                                                 the effect nanoparticle additives      Office of Scientific Research
                                                 have on the thermomechanical           (AFOSR) to develop novel protec-
                                                 and optical characteristics of         tive radiation shields based on
                                                 particle-filled polymer thin films.    these novel material systems.

                                                 “Receiving the PITA grant allowed      The materials created from this
                                                 us to explore a high risk col-         research have also been used as
                                                 laborative project that aimed to       demonstration models in a new
                                                 resolve a fundamental challenge        nanotechnology course at Carn-
                                                 in the area of polymer nanocom-        egie Mellon University that is part
                                                 posite materials,” Bockstaller         of an effort to enhance undergrad-
                                                 explains. “The materials that were     uate education in nanotechnology.
                                                 developed in this project not only
                                                 satisfy scientific curiosity but
                                                 expand the range of marketable
orrection of glucose levels                      technology areas for polymer-
n tracer.                                        based materials.”

Faculty Devote Their Time to Outreach
 Educational outreach programming relies strongly on the devotion individual faculty
 members give to these endeavors, and ICES outreach is no different in this regard.
 It has benefitted from faculty members like Phil Campbell, Susan Finger, and
 Annette Jacobson who have given their time, expertise, passion, and commitment
 to furthering engineering outreach education. As well, current director Gary
 Fedder, ICES research faculty member Ender Finol, and former director Cristina
 Amon have played key roles in shaping what ICES outreach has become.                           The Western Pennsylvania region ha
                                                                                                because of the transformation of its
 Seeing the Bigger Picture                      and Surfaces (CPS) Laboratory in order to
 of S.T.E.M. Education                          provide a facility equipped to promote sci-
                                                                                                of the past to a center for knowledge
                                                ence and engineering education to youth         ogy companies of the 21st Century.
 Annette Jacobson is driven by the larger       and the public.
 picture of how individual teaching mo-
 ments, both formal and informal, contrib-      Benefitting from the CPS Lab and Jacob-
 ute to the development of students. In         son’s teaching was Connecting Science
 her current role as the associate dean for     with Engineering and Technology (C-SET),
 undergraduate studies in the College of        a Pennsylvania Infrastructure Technol-
 Engineering and teaching professor in          ogy Alliance (PITA) funded professional
 Chemical Engineering, she sees in the          development program for area S.T.E.M.
 undergraduate engineering student body,        educators. The goal of the C-SET project
 young adults who have benefited from a         was to create a collaborative effort be-
 series of teaching and mentoring moments       tween Carnegie Mellon engineering faculty
 that have led them to study engineering at     and area S.T.E.M. teachers in order to
 CMU. She also sees, now more than ever,        prepare introductory engineering content
 a greater push and need for K-12 S.T.E.M.      in modular form which teachers can use in
 (science, technology, engineering, math-       their classrooms.
 ematics) educational opportunities.
                                                As well, Jacobson has been involved
 Jacobson’s tenure with ICES educa-             with engineering programming for girls.
 tional outreach began in 1995 when she         After having taught separate engineer-
 became involved with Moving 4th Into           ing activities for middle and high school
 Engineering, an ICES program that invites      girls in the Engineering Your Future (EYF)
 local 4th graders to campus and engages        program, she, CPS Program Associate
 them in a variety of fun hands-on engi-        Director Rosemary Frollini, Finger and
 neering activities. Every year, she leads      Fedder created the Summer Engineering
 an activity called “Fun with Polymers,” in     Experience for Girls (SEE) program to be
 which students learn about applications        housed in and run by ICES. Since 2007,
 of polymers and how chemical engineers         she has been involved with the planning
 develop products with these materials,         of the program and teaching an activity
 which include some of their favorite things,   with Frollini on the environmental effects of
 like gummy worms and superballs.               climate change.
                                                                                                Pictured above (from the top down):
 In 1998, her involvement in outreach was       Catching the “A-ha!” Moment                     Phil Campbell, Annette Jacobson,
 enhanced when PPG Industries provided                                                          Ender Finol, and Susan Finger
 funding to Chemical Engineering to reno-       When Civil and Environmental Engineering        participating in ICES outreach.
 vate the PPG Industries Colloids, Polymers     Professor Susan Finger was in high school,


                                                    course gives undergraduates the oppor-            Mark Krotec and former Duquesne
                                                    tunity to explore and evaluate rapid and          University professor John Doctor. The
                                                    virtual prototyping in the context of col-        underlying assumption of the program
                                                    laborative design. One of the projects she        is that one of the roles of a teacher is
                                                    has her students consistently undertake is        as an advocate, as one who will learn
                                                    the development of activities that introduce      and then go on to teach and train other
                                                    fourth grade students to engineering con-         teachers. Together, they created a
                                                    cepts. This activity has been a consistent        program that gives premier middle
                                                    component of Moving 4th Into Engineering,         and high school science teachers from
                                                    and Finger has always had her students            Southwestern Pennsylvania the oppor-
                                                    participate and work with the Moving 4th          tunity to intern in a research engineer-
                                                    children on their various projects.               ing lab and develop related activities
                                                                                                      and lessons that can then be taught in
                                                    As well as working with Moving 4th Into           a school science class.
                                                    Engineering, Finger was one of the EYF
as become an international model                    faculty who made the decision to create           One of the resulting activities was
                                                    and house the SEE program in ICES. For            the Build a Bone activity which has
 economy from the heavy industries
                                                    the past four summers, Finger has devoted         become the ICES signature activity
e, innovation, and the high-technol-                extensive time, effort, and enthusiasm to         presented each year at National Engi-
     – President Cohon                              working with each cohort. She not only            neers Week at the Carnegie Science
                                                    leads each cohort of girls in an introductory     Center. Build a Bone was developed
                                                    engineering activity and a mathematical           by Krotec during this tenure as a
                                                    units of conversion refresher class, but she      Teachers Teaching Teachers intern as
                                                    works with them continually throughout            an activity to use with his students. It
                                                    the two weeks on their individually chosen        has become a consistent favorite ICES
                                                    research topics and presentations.                activity at the annual National Engi-
                                                                                                      neers Week event.
                                                    Affecting Students of
                                                    All Ages and Backgrounds                          Continuing the Tradition

  she volunteered at a nursery school pro-          Phil Campbell has always loved teach-             ICES outreach has truly benefitted from
  gram. She remembers those times when              ing. And he shares a similar motivation as        the passion and devotion its participat-
  she had the good fortune to observe a child       Susan Finger: “seeing it all go off in a stu-     ing faculty and graduate students have
  having an “a-ha!” moment, when a child            dent’s head…that aha moment…it makes              for passing their love of engineering on
  would figure out how to play with a particu-      it all worthwhile.” For Campbell, learning is     to the next generation. This commit-
  lar toy or notice something for the first time.   truly a lifelong process. He loves to teach       ment has motivated ICES Director Gary
  And she remembers the thrill of being wit-        students of all ages and to experience the        Fedder, who leads annually the SEE
  ness to it. The joy of being a part of such a     moment when he sees them understand a             girls in his electrical energy conserva-
  moment has fueled her love of teaching.           concept or idea. It doesn’t matter if it is the   tion activity and encourages them to
                                                    four-year old engaging in the “Build a Bone”      overcome gender stereotyping and
  Finger’s involvement with engineering out-        ICES educational activity at the annual           follow their love of S.T.E.M.
  reach began when she became involved              National Engineers Week event or a senior
  with the EYF program. Her involvement             citizen learning something new in one of          Also committed, ICES research faculty
  with outreach in the Engineering Design           Campbell’s Adult Lifelong Learning classes.       member Ender Finol leads his rocket
  Research Center (EDRC) – the National                                                               assembly and launching activity annu-
  Science Foundation (NSF) center from               “What keeps it fresh for me is the range         ally at Moving 4th Into Engineering. As
  which ICES evolved – began in 1996.               of students,” he explains. And the differ-        a CMU doctoral student, Finol became
  Since the EDRC was created as an NSF              ent classes, presentations, and activities        involved with Moving 4th in 1998 when
  engineering research center, outreach was         Campbell has taught to students from ages         his advisor, Cristina Amon, asked him
  a mandated component of the center’s              ranging from four to ninety four is extensive.    to assist her with the rocket activity,
  efforts. To help the center meet this need,                                                         which she directed at that time. Now
  Finger created an outreach component to           One of the significant activities Campbell        as a faculty member, he continues to
  her course Rapid Design through Vir-              names is the Teachers Teaching Teachers           lead this activity instilling in his stu-
  tual and Physical Prototyping, which she          program, which he founded with Central            dents the need to help shape the next
  continues to offer and teach today. This          Catholic High School science teacher              generation of engineers.

 outreach                                                         recently awarded ices grants

 ICES-PJAS Award Winner Attends SEE                               Recent ICES Awards
 Prior to attending ICES’s Summer                                 BIOENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FACULTY
 Engineering Experience for Girls (SEE)
 this past summer, Maria Melchiorre had                           Phil Campbell, funded by National Institutes of
 already distinguished herself by winning                         Health - Center for Disease Control “Engineering
 an ICES Societal Impact Award (Middle                            Differentiation of Multi-Tissue Units”
 School) at the Pennsylvania Junior Academy of Science
 (PJAS) Region 7 Competition in February. A rising 8th grade      CENSCIR/PSII FACULTY
 student at St. Sebastian School in the North Hills, Maria won
 for her project on “Color of Light and Heat Absorbed by a        Bombardier, IBM, and a Pennsylvania Redevelop-
 Solar Collector.” The award money she received helped to         ment Assistance Capital Program (RACP) grant
 fund her trip to the PJAS State Competition at the Pennsylva-    have provided funding to help found the Pennsylva-
 nia State University in May.                                     nia Smart Infrastructure Incubator.

 Other 2010 ICES-PJAS winners included:                           José M.F. Moura and Irving Oppenheim, funded
                                                                  by Westinghouse Electric Company, “Time Reversal
 • Societal Impact Award, High School: Smriti Vats, The Ellis     Acoustics for Online Monitoring of a Nuclear Steam
 School, for her project on “Devising a Rapid Test for the        Supply System”
 H1N1 Influenza”;
                                                                  CEINT FACULTY
 • Interdisciplinary Science Award, Middle School: Emily
 Yaruss, The Ellis School, for her project on “How Does Algae     Jeanne VanBriesen, funded by the National Sci-
 Affect the ph in Different Types of Solution?”;                  ence Foundation, “IGERT: Educating at the Inter-
                                                                  face: Nanotechnology-Environmental Effects and
 • Interdisciplinary Science Award, High School: Ishan Chat-      Policy (EI-NEEP)”
 terjee, Fox Chapel Area High School, for his project on “Anti-
 oxidant Remediation of Oxidative Stressed Stem Cell Line.”       CM2EM FACULTY

                                                                  Kaushik Dayal, funded by the Solid Mechanics
 ICES Presents!                                                   Program, Mechanical Sciences Division, Army
 Moving 4th in the Fall                                           Research Office, “Dynamics of Structural Phase
                                                                  Transformations using Molecular Dynamics”
 This year, ICES was pleased to offer a new fall version of
 our highly successful educational outreach program, Mov-         MICROSYSTEMS FACULTY
 ing 4th Into Engineering. Moving 4th in the Fall was led on
 Saturday, November 20 th by Chemistry professors Catalina        Gary Fedder, funded by the Defense Advanced Re-
 Achim and Subha Das. The two professors led participating        search Projects Agency, “Stirling MicroCooler Array
 students in new activities that show the art and science of      with Elemental In-Plane Flow”
 light, color, cooking! Participating area 4th grade students
 hail from Colfax Accelerated Learning Academy, Liberty           STEINBRENNER INSTITUTE FACULTY
 Elementary, Edgewood Elementary, and Assumption School.
                                                                  David Dzombak, funded by Colcom Foundation,
                                                                  “Steinbrenner Institute U.S. Environmental Sustain-
                                                                  ability Doctoral Fellowship Grant”

                                                                  Deborah Lange with Heritage Community Intia-
                                                                  tives, funded by United States Department of Labor
                                                                  Recovery Act, “Energy Training Partnership Grant”.
                                                                  The goal is for these organizations, along with local
                                                                  and regional business and academic leaders, to put
                                                                  their resources together during a 10-week training
                                                                  program this past summer in the hopes of making
                                                                  western Pennsylvania a green-friendly metro area.
                                                                  In Braddock, PA, they retrained 22 local workers
                                                                  into green collar employees and boosted both local
                                                                  economic growth and energy efficiency.
ICES Announces the First Northrop Grumman Fellows
This past August, ICES announced the very first Northrop        The Northrop Grumman Fellowship was established through
Grumman Fellows: Fernando Cerda Carrizo and Judy Shum.          an endowment gift given to ICES (then the Engineering De-
Carrizo and Shum have received these fellowships for the        sign Research Center) in 1988 by Litton Industries, now part
2010-2011 academic year for the academic excellence and         of the Northrop Grumman Corporation. The Northrup Grum-
high research productivity they have demonstrated in their      man Fellowship provides merit-based awards to doctoral stu-
doctoral work, as well as for the relevance of their work to    dents in the College of Engineering (CIT) who are conducting
ICES’s research strategic directions.                           multidisciplinary research that is associated with strategic
                                                                directions within ICES. The 2010-11 awards mark the first
Temporarily on leave from the faculty of the Department of      time the Northrop Grumman Fellowship has been awarded.
Civil Engineering at the Universidad de Concepcion, Carrizo
has been a Ph.D. student in the Department of Civil and En-
vironmental Engineering (CEE) at Carnegie Mellon University
since the fall of 2008. He has been conducting his research
with Thomas Lord Professor & Head of CEE James H.
Garrett and University Professor Jacobo Bielak to develop
a vehicle-data-driven approach for assessing damage in
bridge structures using multi-resolution signal processing
techniques. Judy Shum has been a familiar face at
ICES since she began her doctoral program three
years ago. She has been working with ICES Associ-
ate Research Professor Ender Finol and the Vascular
Biomechanics and Biofluids Laboratory on develop-
ing a diagnostic tool that can automatically calculate
a set of features to characterize the geometry of
abdominal aortic aneurysms.

                                                                Save the Date:
                                                                Thursday, April 7, 2011
                                                                ICES Anniversary Symposium
Calling all ICES readers! Be sure to save Thursday, April       in multidisciplinary engineering research. It will also be
7, 2011 for the ICES Anniversary Symposium. This event          an opportunity to see old and new faces, who represent
will be held in honor of the 25th anniversary of the creation   collectively the history of the EDRC and ICES.
of Engineering Design Research Center (EDRC), the
precursor of ICES.                                              The EDRC was a National Science Foundation Engineering
                                                                Research Center that was established in CMU’s College of
The ICES Symposium will feature talks on strategic research     Engineering in 1986. On February 1997, the Dean of the
areas within ICES, as well as talks that reflect on the past    College of Engineering announced the creation of ICES from
lessons learned through EDRC and ICES research. This will       the infrastructure of EDRC.
be an opportunity for academic researchers and industry
and government affiliates to network and discuss issues         More information on the ICES Symposium will be sent out shortly.

            Every day at CMU provides an opportunity to challenge myself to be a better engineer,
            scientist and human. I like working at CMU and ICES because these faculty members truly
            live their worldwide reputation for excellence, practical results, interdisciplinary collaboration
            and heartfelt fascination for research.
            — Peter Gilgunn

                                                  Peter Gilgunn is no stranger to ICES. Since 2003, he has been affili-
                                                  ated with the Institute: first, as a principal process engineer with the
                                                  company Bridge Semiconductor; then, as a doctoral student in Electri-
                                                  cal and Computer Engineering (ECE); and now, as a postdoctoral
                                                  fellow. And throughout this ongoing relationship, Gilgunn has brought
                                                  his passion for microtechnology research to the task at hand, while
                                                  continuing to enhance his expertise working on diverse projects with
                                                  engineering faculty and graduate students.

                                                  “My interest in microtechnology began in the semiconductor industry
                                                  where I made high frequency bipolar chips and dynamic random ac-
                                                  cess memory (DRAM) modules,” Gilgunn explains. “I became fasci-
                                                  nated with the possibilities of enhancing micromechanical systems by
                                                  integrating electronic and mechanical functions at microscopic scales.”

                                                  Gilgunn joined Bridge Semiconductor to work on an ICES-collaborative
                                                  infrared sensing product that used microstructures as the sensing ele-
                                                  ment. A year later, he applied and was accepted at CMU to work on a
                                                  Ph.D. with Howard M. Wilkoff Professor of ECE and ICES Director Gary
                                                  Fedder on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

                                                  As a doctoral student, Gilgunn’s work focused on high-density arrays
                                                  of micromirrors for scanning applications like laser range finders and
                                                  optical communications. The mirrors were made with a technology
                                                  called SOI-CMOS-MEMS (SOI: Silicon-On-Insulator; CMOS: Comple-
                                                  mentary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor).

                                                  “Peter’s doctoral research is a tour de force in creating the fabrication
                                                  technology needed to batch assemble CMOS MEMS actuation with
                                                  ultra-flat, high fill factor SOI mirror arrays,” Fedder states. He further
Spotlight on Peter Gilgunn:                       explains that the hybridization of these characteristics in a device
                                                  provides for independent optimization of the SOI mirrors and CMOS-
A Familiar Face                                   MEMS electrothermal actuators. The use of CMOS-MEMS enables
in Microtechnology Research                       the future integration of onboard sensing, control, and signal condi-
                                                  tioning functions.

                                                  Currently as a postdoctoral fellow for Fedder and ECE Professor Tamal
                                                  Mukherjee, Gilgunn is diversifying his expertise and working on two
                                                  different projects. One of his projects involves neural prosthetics, and
                                                  the other undertakes the creation of a micro- and nano- electrome-
   iNews Acknowledgements                         chanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) cyber-design community.

   Editor and Writer: Alicia Brown Angemeer       The neural prosthetic project is one of several projects being conduct-
   Designer: Tim Kelly                            ed by the Center for Implantable Medical Microsystems (CIMM) and
   Contributing Writers/Editors:                  entails the long-term implantation of electrical probes for brain stimula-
   Michael Bockstaler, Peter Gilgunn, Nathan      tion and signal extraction.
   Lazarus, Alan McGaughey, Matt Sanfilippo,
   Chriss Swaney                                  The goal of the MEMS/NEMS cyber-design community project is to
                                                  create a “self-sustaining, collaborative, online community of micro-
   To read more about ICES, please visit our      system and nanosystem designers ranging from novices to experts
   website at           that will provide open source intellectual and simulation resources,”
                                                  describes Gilgunn.

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