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					PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II

Environmental Protection:
“European Environmental Policy – Impacts on SMEs
– with a practical example (car service station –
repairing, washing, painting, filling station)”

 Dr. Bernd Schumacher,
Euro-Schools-Organisation
and HWK Trier




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Structure:

     1. Introduction/ background Information about environmental
        protection in the enterprise influenced by European law in the
        older members of EU

     2. Practical example: Car service station (activities: repairing,
        washing, painting, filling station)

     3. Funding –support from EU

     4. Financial helps and counselling by the Commission, especially
        for environmental issues in SMEs

     5. Further suggestions for specific research



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Legal situation – no exceptions for SMEs …

  Which responsibilities result from environmental policy?
   Regulations : super-ordinate law for all EU- member states - obligatory for
  SMEs, e.g. European regulations have the character of minimal standards
  and have to be followed by all.
   Directives are at the moment of publication still facultative – but will in
  the medium-term after a period of transition become compulsive as well;
  e.g. disposal of cars and producer liability for components.
  Thereby they will become obligatory also for SMEs on a medium-term
  perspective.
   Resolutions:

  SMEs which have direct contact with hazardous substance have to
  comply with the already existing resolutions.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       A. Introduction / background information


   There are a number of areas of EU environmental legislation
      relevant to SMEs (since the 70s of the last century):
     Air quality, emissions and noise
     Chemicals ‫‏‬
         Waste                         http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                        onment/sme/legislation/l
         Water
                                        egislation_en.htm
         Soil
         Energy
         Greener Products (ECO-Labelling)‫‏‬     (since the 90s)
         Environmental Management (EMAS)


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       A. Introduction of background information

   The European legislative acts were in the past influenced by a
      sectoral point of view (Air – water – soil). For example:
     Air quality management and industrial risks (a lot of directives)
     Waste (framework directive on waste)‫‏‬
     Water and waste water (framework water directive)‫‏‬
     Drinking water (drinking water directive)
     Handling of dangerous chemicals (a lot of directives , recently
          REACH)
      Soil and soil contamination (framework soil directive)
   A lot of different regulations for enterprises were made to have a
       better environment. But         the efforts were not very good.


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     A. Introduction of background information


   Recently there have been new targets:
   Prevention and avoidance of ecological pollution and
      climatic change are basic principles of European
      environmental policy
    No support of “end of pipe”- technologies is intended, but the
      development and use of
          - resource- and environmentally friendly methods,
          - products and services,
      which pursues the aim of introducing and developing
          optimized cycles of materials and processes



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Focus areas of the 6th EAP (2002-2012)‫‏‬


        Climate change
        Nature and biological diversity
        Environment and health
        Natural resources and waste

         with seven thematic strategies:
         air, waste and recycling, marine environment, soil,
         pesticides, natural resources, rural development




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Ecologically sound corporate action – also for SMEs


         Basis of integrated product policy:
         accession of new market segments by developing new
         ecologically relevant products and services

        Internal use of ecologically relevant materials

        Introduction of environmental stocktaking in regard to
         ecological work processes

        Ecological optimization of product lifecycles as a company-
         wide task of production and administration



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
         Elements of a production process as part of
                           an exemplary product cycle

                                                     energy

               materials                                                          waste and recycling




                 soil                                                                          heat



                 air
                                            water/ waste water                            noise




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Environmentally friendly products and services



          Energy efficient buildings, heating and cooling
          Energy efficient office equipment, computers
          Recyclable paper
          Energy-efficient cars and trucks
          environmentally friendly public transport
          Organic food canteens
          Using of renewable energy sources (solar, wind, biogas
           geothermic energy)
          Using of eco labelled products




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Using environmental aspects as a motor…


  The EC wants to use environmental aspects as a motor of innovation to
  SMEs. Best practise examples of ecological active SME show:

  Objective 1: Active companies are more future-compatible in
  changed market and technology conditions

  Objective 2: active companies are able to chance strategic
  positioning and new positioning of the whole company for future-
  oriented activities

  This includes the maintenance or the acquisition of regional
  and supra-regional customer groups


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Innovative SM-Enterprises                                              Aims of integrative
                                                                            environmental actions:

                                                                            Adaptation and/or development
 Instruments:
                                                                            of new products
                    Further education
                                                                            - adaptation and/or
                                                                            development of new services

                                                                             - procurement and use of new
                                                                            tools and materials
                  Operational check
                  and re-organisation                                       - Revision of corporate process
                                                                            organisation
                                       Demonstration
Information campaigns
                                         projects                           - introduction of holistic
                                                                            product/process cycles




 This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
 its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Positive point balance from the point of view of the company



Conformity with environmental legislation
-avoiding penalties, etc.
Acquisition of new markets (sales and
      procurement)‫‏‬
 - acquisition of new customers and suppliers
Realisation of savings potentials in regard to
   - optimised use of finances and resources by
   - improved use of materials and work
      processes
Reorganisation of operative work through the
      introduction of product cycles and recycling
      of raw materials
Development of staff through further education




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Fields of action in environmental policy for the EU Commission


        Air and exhaust air
        Prevention and disposal of waste, as well as recycling e.g. of
         - batteries
         - electronic components
         - oil
         - recycling of cars
        Materials and chemicals
        Water and waste water (incl. resulting heat)‫‏‬
        Soil
        Energy resources and optimised use




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     e.g.: prevention of waste and recycling


         waste management:
         - Batteries and und rechargeable batteries
         - packaging
         - electronic components, electronic waste and dangerous
            components
         - oils and dangerous substances
         - car-recycling
         e.g. by means of producer liability/ take-back requirement,
         etc.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     B. Identifying corporate fields of action – Checklist for SMEs


       Please use the accompanying documents (“checklist for companies”)
 Instructions for presentation:

 1. step: individual work:
       Please take your checklist and answer the question in written form. Work through the whole list from
       beginning to end. The reference should be your own company. You have approximately 20 minutes for
       this.

 2. step: work in small groups
       Form work groups of up to 4 persons and discuss the individual points on the checklist. Talk about
       remaining questions and specify – on the basis of exchanging experiences in the group – the individual
       characteristics of your company. If necessary add missing information or write down any questions that
       remain. You have approximately 15 minutes for this.

 3. step: Suggestion for further work:
       Both individual work with the checklist and the exchange of experiences in the group should be
       documented in writing. Before the groups start working, each group must name a responsible person
       and a speaker for the group.
       Reporting of on the whole 4-5 corporate cases or, respectively, the results of group work will be done
       later in section 4: “Exchange of experiences about the actual operative situation”




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II




a practical example (car service station – repairing,
washing, painting, filling station)”




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   Typical environmental effects of a Car Service Station
      Flow of material and energy
   Input:
         raw material (steel, Aluminium)
         operating fluids and auxiliary materials (solvents, cooling liquids,
          welding gases, lacquers and paints etc.)
         spare parts
         Energy (electricity, gas, oil)
          water (from the public distribution network)
       Output:
         Emissions (exhaust air, dust, solvents, residues of various chemicals)
         waste (different fractions like batteries, end-of-life-vehicles, waste
          oils, packaging materials, residual waste, hazardous waste )‫‏‬
                 waste water (oil         extractor residues, process water)‫‏‬


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
How to get an overview about the Input/Output

   operating licences (administration, local authority)
   operation authorisation and manuals (technology - for plant and
    machinery (paint shop, oil extractor, washing plant – local
    authority/manufactor))
   amounts of energy, water, buying
   amounts of waste fractions like batteries, end-of-life-vehicles, waste
    oil disposal, residual waste)
   amounts of residual waste and waste water
   amounts of service, operations and maintenance
Hint: normally in the operating licences or operation authorisation for
    machinery there are commitments for permitted emissions



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
Exposure to waste

Waste can result from buying (packaging material), repairing or changing
   of parts and fuels (cooling liquids, batteries, oil filters) or end-of-life-
   vehicles
Typical waste fractions: waste oil, solvents, cooling liquids, Chlorofluorocarbons
    (air conditioning), batteries, paints, filter materials, plastics and plastics
    sheet, different metals and Aluminium, paper and carton, glass, residual
    waste
Foundations of the European regulations:
1. avoid (if possible)
2. utilise (substantial or through energy recovery) of different separated
   waste fractions (glass, plastics, wood etc.)
3. dispose (environmentally acceptable; materials which can not be utilised)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
        Waste collection and fractionation




   Source: DEKRA Umwelt GmbH




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   Exposure to waste

   Goal: Avoidance of soil, water and air pollution (no open burning of
      waste at your business) and disposal of waste materials as well as
      preserving resources through recycling feedstock and residual
      waste.

   Waste management of the company:
   -  Waste containers for different waste fractions
   -  Waste collecting points and waste intermediate storage
   -       Waste disposal with waste disposal contractors (residual waste,
          mixed commercial waste, plastics, glasses etc.)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   Exposure to waste

   Waste management of the company:
   -  dangerous waste must be committed to certified waste disposal
      contractors
      further information: European waste catalogue
          (all wastes are classified by a six-figure numerical code)
   -            waste oil = 130204* or 130205*;
                used tire = 160103;
                mixed commercial waste = 200301;
                solvents = 140603*
          (* = dangerous waste (special instructions)                                    Source: DEKRA Umwelt GmbH

   -      bigger companies: yearly waste balances (only bigger SMEs)



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
 Waste water
 Waste water can result from:

 Wet grinding, car cleaning, cleaning of the company
    grounds and factory, sanitary sewage
 Goal: prevention of soil and water contamination by means of avoiding
    or reducing wastewater (no waste, no dangerous substances like heavy
        metals oils, organic solvents or toxic substances etc.)

 Company management must make sure:
 -  Only materials and substances which are allowed may come into the
    sewage water system. The company must guarantee this fact in
    every case (storage, exposure, transport, collecting) technical elements
    like an oil extractors, instruction of the employees, constructive
    elements



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   Exposure to dangerous
   substances

   Dangerous substances can result from buying
      (solvents, lacquers and paints), from repairing (waste
       oil, asbestos containing brake covering), from welding (gases,
      dust, grime)
   Goal: Through proper buying, storage, transporting, handling, disposal
      of water contaminating, flammable and noxious/toxic substances,
      pollution of the environment as well as adverse health effects to
      employees can be avoided (no dangerous substances into the
          wastewater or groundwater, air (if possible) or soil , no private burning of
          dangerous substances)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
Exposure to dangerous substances

Management of dangerous substances in the company:
•  if possible: avoid dangerous substances (substitution)
•  if not avoidable: have a proper Exposure
      •     risk assessment
      •     register of dangerous substances
      •     safety of the workers through technical procedure (encapsulation,
            exhaustion, ventilation) or personal protective equipment
      •     safekeeping storage (safety cabinets, impermeable floors, explosion
            prevention through separate storage, exhaustion, fire and explosion proof design
            of construction)
      •     instruction of the employees
      •     correct labelling of all canisters and tanks




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
Air pollution prevention

If a company has

•     a painting plant
•     exhaust system
•     greater boilers or furnace
                                             Source: DEKRA Umwelt GmbH
•     Freon (R 134a) recovery technology
•     processes that produce greater quantities of dust, smoke, odors

then it is necessary to have plant and machinery in agreement with the
    regulations of the EU and countries own technical requirements. Often
    it must be regularly inspected by external experts.



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
Other environmental impacts

Noise
Goal: noise reduction lowers the incidence of impaired hearing among
     employees and avoids complaints from neighbourhood residents
(if possible avoid it, otherwise try to minimize it (technology, work
     organisation) and protect the employees by personal protective
     equipment (low value protective action)

Underground storage tanks (no contamination; regular inspection is
      necessary if the storage tank is a big one)


Rain water collecting and floor drains (no contamination)


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
Other environmental impacts


Environmentally friendly buying lowers impacts
      (energy-efficient products, easy to maintain products, Chemicals which
      substitute dangerous substances)


Industrial Safety (Fire and explosion protection measures can save lives and
      can preserve company assets; environmental protection measures can avoid
      hazards; a well functioning industrial safe organisation therefore indirectly
      can have benefits environmental protection)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  Entrepreneur-Responsibility
  In European regulations a central aspect is the responsibility of the
       entrepreneur. What does it mean exactly?


  •      permissions (occupation, plant and machinery – keyword: security of
         machinery)
  •      maintenance and operation duties (the European law divided for
         qualified internal persons and external experts)
             • Welding equipment – internal qualified person
             • Oil extractor, compressors – normally external expert
  •      instruction of the employees (dangerous substances, fire prevention,
         first aid, safety installations)
  •      waste disposal and waste water treatment conforming to law
  •      handling and storing of dangerous substances and chemicals
  •      emergency-prevention (fire and explosion prevention)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       Problems of SMEs in the implementation of
       European law
      Representing a large percentage of the European economic
       activities; about 70 % of all environmentally impacts in the EU (not as
       an individual firm but with their combined total impact across sectors).
       Most firms are not aware of this.
      No internal experts (specialists for questions of environmental protection,
       work safety, food processing/HACCP and other themes)
      In the qualification of entrepreneurs, managers and qualified
       persons knowledge of environmental aspects is not passed on
      The managers and entrepreneurs do not see their responsibility in
       every case
      Quotation by the European Commission: “SMEs face different and
       sometimes greater challenges than larger companies, and have to
       deal with specific problems when tackling environmental impacts
       and complying with environmental legislation.”


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       Problems of SMEs in the implementation of
       European law
      The EU has more than thirty years of experience with environmental
       regulations.

      The regulations of the EU are often not concrete, they label just
       objectives. International harmonized standards or national standards
       describe technical ways of implementation.

      The implementation of European regulations is a continuous long
       time process.

      Often SMEs do not reach quantitative threshold values for specific
       requirements. Therefore not all regulations must be realized.



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       Problems of SMEs in the implementation of
       European law

      Every new country – highly industrialized countries too – need a
       phase of accommodation/assimilation

      If institutions like chamber of handicrafts, chamber of commerce
       and industry, trade associations help the SMEs – for example make
       projects with model plants – it is possible to adapt European
       regulations in a practical way




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
        Prospective Elements of European Community


The European Community wants to have a more intensive focus on SMEs.
Here some statements of the EC:
Wide industrial sectors are moving to cleaner production processes to be
more energy-efficient and to decrease climate change effects. The EC is
frightened that „SMEs can miss the chance to reap the economic benefits
of the opportunities presented by better environmental management“
(new markets).
„The environmental impacts of SMEs – associated with low awareness and
low legal compliance – could have the effect of increasing health and
safety risk to workers (exposure to chemicals, air pollution etc.)“

Therefore the EC want to have „more eco-efficient SMEs“


This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
    C. Funding – Support from EU:
    European structural funds (2007 – 13)


       Which EU support opportunities are there in support
       period 2007- 13?
       Which approaches to support an environmentally sound
       design of operative work in SMEs can be identified?


       - European Funds for Regional Development
       - European Social Funds
       - European Cohesion Funds




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
          Objectives                               Structural Funds and instruments

           Convergence
                                                                                                    Cohesion
                                                European    European                                  Fund
                                                 Regional  Social Fund
  Regional Competitiveness                                    (ESF)
      and Employment                           Development
                                                   Fund
      European territorial                        (ERDF)
         Cooperation




                                                                                                  Environmental
                                                                            Vocational
                                                Infrastructure,                                        and
   Covered themes                                 innovation,
                                                                             training,
                                                                                                 transport infra-
                                                                            employment
                                                 investments…                                       structure,
                                                                               aids…
                                                                                                 renewable energy

                                                                                                   Member States
    Eligible regions                                All Member States and regions                   w. GDP/head
                                                                                                     below 90%




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     European Funds for regional development (EFRE)



   Aim: Balancing regional differences in economic power,
   increasing competitiveness, innovation, creation of
   sustainable jobs and supporting environmentally relevant
   growth in the regions, especially
    Long-term jobs in regions with high unemployment
      Infrastructure projects, which support regional development
    Local initiatives which support regional economic
   development
      Tourism and culture projects



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUNDS (ESF)




          Investments in people and jobs
          Improvement of corporate human resources

          Priority of financial support depends on assignment to a
           target area 1-4


          New European Member states have high priority and are
           currently assigned the highest level of support




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      COHESION FUNDS




    For member states whose gross national product is less than
     90% of the EU-average, measures are financed, which aim
     at higher energy efficiency or trans-European transport
     networks.
  For the support period 2007 – 2013 the following countries
     are eligible:
         Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary,
         Lithuania, Malta, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
         Slovakia and Slovenia




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
                                                                  Integrated measures
                                                              accepted by the Commission to
          European Programmes                                  strengthen the cooperation
                                                                  among Member States




                                                                Policy implementation
          Sectoral Programmes                                  instruments with sectoral
                                                              focus and EU-wide scope




                                                                   Regional development
     Cohesion policy instruments                                    and socio-economic
                                                                    cohesion instruments




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      D. Financial helps and counselling by the Commission, especially for
      environmental issues in SMEs



  Which special programmes are there which offer further
     information and support specific projects for and in SMEs by
     subsidies?

        LIFE plus
        JEREMIE (Joint European Resources for Micro to
         Medium Enterprises)‫‏‬
        CIP (Competitiveness and Innovation framework
         Programme)
        CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)‫‏‬




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     LIFE plus

  Exemplary Demonstration projects
  for energy and environmental concerns


  Information campaigns for raising awareness among stakeholders
  For energy and environmental concerns (incl. fire prevention)‫‏‬


  No research and development projects, only dissemination projects!
  Note: very interesting for transnational consortiums of SMEs and
  associations



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
 JEREMIE (2007-2013):
 Joint European Resources for Micro to Medium Enterprises



 Target group: SMEs on a regional level
 = companies with less than 10 or, respectively, 50
               employees
 = annual turnover lower than 2 or, respectively,10 Mio.
 EUR
 = privately owned production companies
 Environmental initiatives are an important focal area.
 Also counselling and technical help are eligible for funding.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      CIP (Framework programme for innovation and
      competition)  (2007 – 2013)‫‏‬

  Focus areas:

        Energy efficiency and renewable energies

        Promotion of “clean” energy sources and their use by SMEs

        Access for SMEs through independent evaluators

        Trainings for SME-employees for the development of
         environmentally relevant competences




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     CSR (Corporate Social Responsability)‫‏‬


           Small and medium-sized enterprises are the predominant
            form of enterprise in the European Union (absolute numbers,
            contribution to GDP, contribution to employment). If Europe
            and its enterprises are to reap the full benefits of CSR, it is
            vital to make sure that SMEs are fully engaged and that what
            they do is fully recognised. This is a particular challenge
            because CSR as a term and as a definable business concept
            has been created mainly by and for larger companies. The
            support and encouragement of CSR amongst SMEs is one of
            the priority areas of the European Commission's policy on
            CSR.
           Internet: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/csr/sme.htm



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     … Environmental concerns as integrated programme and project aims



    in basically all focal areas of action of the commission, such as
        e.g.

          CSR in the area of operating in social partnerships
          Vocational training programmes (Sokrates, Leonardo, etc.)‫‏‬
          Study programmes for trainers


          Note: The effort of applying for this is usually too high for a single
           SME; it is much more promising to join forces in application-groups
           or to let a bigger association partner with experience in carrying out
           European projects deal with the application




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     SME-Portal: Online- Instrument for SME-Orientation

  http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sme - (available in many languages)‫‏‬
      This online-tool presents a choice of current EU-programmes,
      which are especially interesting for SMEs. Under the heading of
      finances many hints for application-opportunities for SMEs can be
      found.
      critical note:
      Taking into account the limited resources it must be asked how an
      SME can apply with the chance of success in view of:
      - missing experience
      - long preparation and preliminary times before the support starts
      - high administrative efforts
      - post-projects efforts for project-controlling
      - the trend towards a preference for big and leading bidder
      consortiums?



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Integration principle applies also for environmental concerns



        According to the integration principle which applies also
         for environmental policy, principally all programmes of
         the commission are open to SMEs.

        This means that respective environmental aims and
         questions of SMEs can be integrated into all general
         focus areas (e.g. in the area of the ESF or special calls
         for bids in the area of vocational training).




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     E. Further suggestions for specific research


      Use the training materials for further specific answers to your
       unanswered questions!
   e.g. useful internet addresses:
      SME-programme of the commission (contains many hints towards
       possibilities of financial support and focus areas of support)‫‏‬

          can be found on the INTERNET under
          http://www.europa.eu/environment/index_en.htm
          site: http://ec.europa.eu/policies/index_en.htm
          - now available in 7 languages
         Register of harmful substances:
          http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/eper.htm




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Additional training components for answering more detailed and still
     unsolved questions:


          Group work in topic-centred small groups

          Together with company counsellors and technology
           experts on the national / regional level



          Alternatively: individual counselling of SMEs




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Suggestions for further reading:
       Contiero, Marco: Your Rights Under the Environmental Legislation of the EU, Brussels 2004

       http://www.dur.de/publikationen/eur/archiv/euro508-09-
        sh.pdf?PHPSESSID=6f6ae692bd29a106a48ba0dd607e2414

       European Commission: Buying green! A handbook on environmental public procurement, Luxembourg
        2004, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/pdf/buying_green_handbook.en.pdf

       European Environmental Bureau (EEB):EU environmental policy Handbook
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/policy_handbook.htm , can be ordered at International Books, Grifthoek 151,
        3514 Utrecht, Netherlands, i-books@antenna.nl, http://www.antenna.nl~i-books/

       European Environmental Bureau (EEB): Your Rights Unter the Environmental Legislation of the EU,
        Special Report by the EEB, December 2004, Brussels

        Institute for European Environmental Policy (Monkhouse, Claire; Wilkonson, David; Herodes, Martina;
         Hjerb. Peter): Environmental Compliance Assistance for SMEs. Analysis of Specific Initiatives 41 National
         and Local Level and Identification of best Practices. Final Report 2006
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/sme/pdf/sme_final_report_en.pdf

       Scheer, Hermann et al.: Handbook of Renewable Energies in the European Union. Case studies of the EU
        - 15 States, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 2. Aufl., 2005 (auch DVD)‫‏‬




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II
                        Thank you!
Environmental Protection:
“European Environmental Policy – Impacts on
SMEs”

Dr. Bernd Schumacher,
Euro-Schools-Organisation
and HWK Trier




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.