The Trinity

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					The Trinity; Who is Jesus; What has Jesus done; How has He done it; The
Church - what is it and what should it be doing; Doctrine of Redemption;
What is a Christian; Christian life and character; Heaven and Hell; Spiritual
gifts; the Future.

The Trinity
‘God’ exists as three persons, yet he is one God.

God the Father, God the Son (Jesus) and God the Holy Spirit all share the
same attributes - they are all eternal, omnipresent, omnipotent and
omniscient. They are all infinitely and equally wise, holy and loving.

God exists in the persons of Father, Son and Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost), yet
he is one God.

The Bible teaches that:-

1.     God is three persons;
2.     Each person is fully God; and
3.     There is one God.

Revelation of the Trinity in the Bible – it is a progressive revelation – O/T
through to the New.

God is never referred to as a Trinity in name in the Bible, but the Bible does
reveal right from the beginning that God is more than a single individual.

Genesis 1:26; 3:22; 11:7
Isaiah 6:8; 48:16

This plurality is further clarified in the N/T –

Matthew 3:16-17; 28:19

N/T writers generally use ‘God’ (Gk. theos) for God the Father, and Lord (Gk.
kyrios) for God the Son, Jesus – 1 Cor 12:4-6

Ephesians 4:4-6
1 Peter 1:2
Jude 20-21

1. God is three persons – the Father is not the Son, the Son is not the
Holy Spirit, the Father is not the Holy Spirit.

John 1:1-2; John 17:24; and Hebrews 7:25 indicate a clear distinction between
God the Father and God the Son, Jesus.

John 14:26 and Romans 8:27 show the distinct personality of God the Holy
Spirit.
Matthew 28:19 and John 16:7 clearly define the three personalities of God.

2. Each person is fully God.
From Genesis 1:1 God the Father is God.

Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 40:3 (Matthew 3:3)

John 1:1-4 shows the full deity of Jesus – God the Son

Also John 20:30-31

Hebrews 1 affirms the nature of God the Son Jesus as the very same as God
the Father.

Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1 and Romans 9:5 all speak of Jesus as God.

Col 2:9 shows God the Son to be fully God.

The Holy Spirit is also fully God

Psalm 139:7-8
Matthew 28:19
John 3:5-7
Acts 5:3-4
1 Cor 2:10-11
1 Cor 3:16

1 John 3:9

So far three persons, and each person fully God.

But the Bible does not teach that there are three divine beings…instead it
teaches that…


3. There is One God

Deuteronomy 6:4-5
Exodus 15:11
1 Kings 8:60
Isaiah 45:5-6
Isaiah 45:21-22

1 Tim 2:5
Romans 3:30
1 Cor 8:6
James 2:19
To sum up – God eternally and necessarily exists as the Trinity.
Because God is unchanging, and unchangeable, God can exist as no other, and
human failings in describing ‘three in one’ does not alter the truth of God’s
existence as One.

The summary of the Trinity is therefore, as above:-

   1. God is three persons
   2. Each person is fully God
   3. There is One God

The persons of the Trinity have different primary functions in relating to the
World –

In creation God the Father spoke the creative words to bring the universe into
being, but it was through God the Son, Jesus, that the creative process was
implemented, and God the Holy Spirit sustained and manifested God’s
presence in his creation.
Gen 1:1-2; Psalm 33:6,9; Psalm 139:7;John 1:3; 1 Cor 8:6; Col 1:16; Heb 1:2

In redemption there are also differing functions – God the Father planned the
redemption and sent God the Son, Jesus, into the world to achieve it. Neither
God the Father nor the Holy Spirit died for the sins of humanity, God the Son,
Jesus, did. John 3:16; Gal 4:4; Eph 1:9-10; John 6:38; Heb10:5-7;

After the resurrection of Jesus, God sent the Holy Spirit to apply redemption
to us, Jesus having fulfilled his role sent the promise of God – John 14:26;
16:7; 15;26.

The role of the Holy Spirit is to bring regeneration (new spiritual life), to
sanctify us and to empower us for service in the Kingdom. God the Holy Spirit
completes the work in humanity God the Father planned and implemented in
and through God the Son, Jesus.
John 3:5-8; Romans 8:13; 15:16; 1 Peter 1:2; Acts 1:8; 1 Cor 12:7-11.

Therefore – the deity of the persons of the Trinity are all the same, but the
roles are different.

The difference in the roles is eternal (eternity past and future), not temporary
– 1 Cor 15:28.

The three persons of the Trinity eternally existed as Father, Son and Holy
Spirit.

God the Father planned, commanded and sent -

God the Son obeyed, and reveals to us the nature of the Father (the model for
all human fatherhood).

These roles could not have been reversed, or else the identities would become
changed – and God is unchangeable.
Eph 3:14-15; John 1:1-5, 14, 18; 17:4; Phil 2:5-11.



Foundation key-point no. 1
God the Father chose us in (and saw us united with) God the Son
before any of us were created. We are all predestined to be like
Jesus because of the eternal and unchanging existence of the
Trinity.
Eph 1:3-4

				
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posted:6/27/2011
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