Messiah's Resurrection

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					                        Messiah‘s Resurrection

                In Accordance With the Hebrews Scriptures

―Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not,
yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: 9
Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. 10 Of
this salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who
prophesied of the grace that should come to you: 11 Searching what, or
what manner of time the Spirit of Christ who was in them did signify,
when he testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that
should follow.‖
                                 1 Peter 1:8-11


Genesis 49:22-24 (AV/M.T.) 22 Joseph {is} a fruitful bough, {even} a fruitful
bough by a well; {whose} branches run over the wall: 23 The archers have sorely
grieved him, and shot {at him}, and hated him: 24 But his bow abode in strength,
and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty {God} of
Jacob: from thence {is} the shepherd the stone of Israel:

cross references :
Matthew 3:17 ―And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am
well pleased.‖
Matthew 28:1-6 ―In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the
week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
 2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven,
and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
 3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
 4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
 5 And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus,
which was crucified.
6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.‖

Psalm 105:17-22, LXX, vs 17 ―He sent a man before them; Joseph was sold for a slave.
18 They hurt his feet with fetters; his soul passed into iron,
19 until the time that his cause came on; the word of the Lord tried him as fire.
20 The king sent and loosed him; even the prince of the people, and let him go free.
21 He made him lord over his house, and ruler of all his substance;
22 that he like himself might instruct princes, and teach his elders wisdom.‖

Deuteronomy 33:17, LXX ; ― His beauty is as the firstling of his bull, his horns are the horns of a unicorn; with
them he shall thrust the nations at once, even from the end of the earth: these are the ten thousands of Ephraim,
and these are the thousands of Manasse.‖ [ft]

       [ft] Gill comments on Deut.33:17; ―The Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem refer this to the birthright
       which belonged to Reuben, and was taken from him, and given to Joseph, see 1Ch_5:2. Some will have
       Joshua intended by the firstling of his bullock, so Jarchi; who was of the tribe of Ephraim, and so
       famous for his strength and courage, his warlike exploits and victories, and the glory, honour, and
       renown he obtained; and who was a type of Christ, the first and only begotten Son of God, the
       brightness of his Father's glory, and the express image of his person; this is applied to the Messiah in
       some ancient Jewish writings.‖

Isaiah 50:6-8, LXX (Thomson version) ; ―My back have I given to scourges, and my cheeks to
be slapped with an open hand, and I turned not my face from the shame of spittles.
Vs 7 Indeed the Lord God was my helper; therefore I was not ashamed, but kept my
countenance firm as a rock. I knew indeed that I should not be confounded, because He who
justifies me is near at hand.
Vs 8 Who is he that contendeth with m? Let him stand up with me face to face.‖
Isaiah 53:11 LXX Thomson‘s Version ; ― Moreover, it is the determination of the Lord to take
away the trouble of His soul-to shew Him light and inform Him with understanding-to justify
the Righteous One Who is serving many well. And He shall bear away their sins;‖

1 Timothy 3:16, AV/Webster ―And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was revealed in
the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen by angels, preached to the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up
into glory.‖

Matthew 21:33-42 33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, who planted a vineyard, and
hedged around it, and dug a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to vinedressers, and went into a far
country: 34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the vinedressers, that they might
receive its fruits. 35 And the vinedressers took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned
another. 36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did to them in like manner. 37 But last of
all he sent to them his son, saying, They will reverence my son. 38 But when the vinedressers saw the son, they
said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance. 39 And they
caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him. 40 When therefore the lord of the vineyard cometh,
what will he do to those vinedressers? 41 They say to him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and
will let out his vineyard to other vinedressers, who shall render him the fruits in their seasons. 42 Jesus saith to
them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of
the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes ?‖

Acts 4:10-12 10 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of
Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, {even} by him doth this man stand here before
you sound. 11 This is the stone which was set at naught by you builders, which is become the head of the
corner. 12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is no other name under heaven given among men, by
which we must be saved.‖

1 Peter 2:4 ―Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious,

John Gill (on verse 23) ; ―Gen 49:23 – ‗The archers have sorely grieved him, and
shot at him, and hated him.‘ His brethren who grieved him with their ill usage, shot
out bitter words against him, and hated him for his dreams, and because his father
loved him; and they could not speak peaceably to him, they mocked at him,
conspired to kill him, stripped him of his clothes, cast him into a pit, and then sold
him; in all which he was a type of Christ, as used by the Jews. His mistress also,
and Satan by her, grieved him with her temptations and solicitations to sin, which
were as fiery darts shot at him; but being resisted, her impure love was turned into
hatred to him, and she shot her lies, calumnies, and reproaches, as so many darts at
him; and, as the Targum of Jonathan, the magicians of Egypt, who envied him for
his superior knowledge, and perhaps many others in Pharaoh's court, who were
displeased at his preferments, might bring accusations to Pharaoh against him, out
of hatred to him; and Satan and his principalities and powers, whose temptations
are compared to fiery darts, are not to be exempted, which they shoot at and grieve
the people of God, who are hated by them. Perhaps reference may be had to the
wars of the posterity of Joseph under Joshua, who was of the tribe of Ephraim, with
the Canaanites.
 ‗from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel’; from Jacob descended Joseph; or
from the God of Jacob it was that Joseph through divine Providence was sent into
Egypt to be as a shepherd, to feed his father's family, and as a stone to uphold and
support it; in which he was a type of Christ, the great and good Shepherd of the
flock, and the stone that is laid in Zion, on which the whole spiritual Israel of God
is built; the foundation stone on which they are laid, and are safe, and the corner
stone which knits them together. And some think that Christ is principally meant,
who in his office capacity was from the mighty God of Jacob, a Shepherd of his
providing and appointing, and a stone of his laying;…‖

Spurgeon ; ―…So is it with Christ Jesus. The builders cast him away. He was a
plebeian; he was of poor extraction; he was a man acquainted with sinners, who
walked in poverty and meanness; hence the worldly-wise despised him. But when
God shall gather together, in one, all things that are in heaven and
that are in earth, then Christ shall be the glorious consummation of all
Christ reigns in heaven the topmost stone,
And well deserve the praise.
He shall be exalted; he shall be honored; his name shall endure as long as
the sun, and all nations shall be blessed in him, yea, all generations shall call
him blessed.‖

Hippolytus ; ― Who is the son goodly and envied, even to this day, but our Lord
Jesus Christ? An object of envy is He indeed to those who choose to hate Him, yet
He is not by any means to be overcome. For though He endured the cross, yet as
God He returned to life, having trampled upon death, as His God and Father
addresses Him, and says, ―Sit Thou at my right hand.‖ And that even those are
brought to nought who strive with the utmost possible madness against Him, he has
taught us, when he says, ―Against Him the archers took counsel together, and
reviled Him.‖ For the ―archers‖ - that is, the leaders of the people - did convene
their assemblies, and take bitter counsel. ―But their bows were broken, and the
sinews of their arms were relaxed, by the Hand of the Mighty One of Jacob,‖ that is
to say, by God the Father, Who is the Lord of Power, Who also made His Son
‗Blessed‘ in heaven and on earth.‖
Matthew Henry ; ― Herein Joseph was a type, [1.] Of Christ ; He was shot at and
hated, but borne up under His suffering ( Isaiah 50:7-9), and was afterwards
advanced to be ‗the shepherd and stone.‘
[2.] Of the church in general, and particular believers ; hell shoots its arrows
against the saints, but Heaven protects and strenghtens them, and will crown them.‖
Calvin ; ―...under this type, the image of Christ is depicted to us, who, before he
should come forth as the Conqueror of death and the Author of life, was set as a
mark of contradiction, (Hebrews 12:3) against Whom all cast their darts...‖
Adam Clark ;Verse 26. ―The blessing of thy father, etc.- The blessings which thy
father now prays for and pronounces are neither temporal nor transitory; they shall
exceed in their duration the eternal mountains, and in their value and spiritual
nature all the conveniences, comforts, and delicacies which the everlasting hills can
produce. They shall last when the heavens and the earth are no more, and shall
extend throughout eternity. They are the blessings which shall be communicated to
the world by means of the Messiah.‖
Psalm 144:10 ―Even to Him who gives salvation to kings: who hath redeemed His
servant David from the hurtful sword.‖
John Gill ; ―..David mystically, Christ the son of David, God‘s righteous servant,
He chose, called, upheld; and in whom He was glorified, by doing His work
diligently, faithfully, and completely; Him He delivered from the sword of justice,
when He had satisfied it; and from wicked men, like a sword; and from all His
enemies, and death itself, when He raised Him from the dead, and gave Him glory;
see Ps 22:20, 17:13,.. Isaiah 53:8.
Matthew Henry ; ― This may refer to Christ the Son of David, and then it is a new
song indeed, a New-Testament song. God delivered Him from the hurtful sword,
upheld Him as His servant, and brought Him off a conqueror over all the powers of
darkness, Isa. 42:1; 49:8. To Him He gave salvation, not for Himself only, but for
us, raising Him up to be a horn of salvation. II. He prays for the continuance of
God‘s favour. 1. That He might be delivered from the public enemies, v. 11. Here
He repeats His prayer and plea, v. 7, 8. His persecutors were still of the same
character, false and perfidious, and who would certainly over-reach an honest man
and be too hard for Him: ―Therefore, Lord, do thou deliver He from them, for they
are a strange sort of people.‖
Herbert Lockyer ; ―…after suffering at the hands of his bretheren and false
accusation, and further suffering in prison, is then exalted to rule. He then gives
mercy rather than judgement on his bretheren.‖

Isaiah 45:13, (AV/MT) ; “I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct
all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price
nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.”
Dead Sea Scroll Isaiah 45 (13.) ―I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will straighten all
his ways: he shall build [{my city, and the ca}]ptive he shall send out, not for price nor reward,
says YHWH of hosts.‖ (the parentheses indicates that this portion is lost from the scrolls)

cross references:
Jeremiah 23:5-6, 9 LXX (Thomson version) , verse 5 ; ―Behold the days are coming, saith the
Lord, when I will raise up for David a righteous shoot who shall reign as king and shall
understand and execute judgement and justice on the earth.
Vs 6 In his days Juda shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell securely.
Vs 9 And the name which the Lord will give him by the prophets shall be Josedek [Lord our
Isaiah 52:3 LXX (Thomson version) ―For thus saith the Lord: You were sold for nought; and
you shall be ransomed, not with money.‖
Isaiah 61:1-10, LXX (Thomson version) vs 1 ; ―THE Spirit of the Lord is upon me, for the
business for which He anointed me. He hath sent me to publish glad tidings to the poor, to heal
them who are broken hearted; to proclaim a deliverance to captives, and a recovery of sight to
the blind: [2] to proclaim an acceptable year of the Lord and a day of retribution. To comfort all
who are mourning; [3] that to the mourners in Sion may be given, glory instead of ashes, oil of
joy to the mourners, robes of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called
generations of righteousess, a plant of the Lord for glory. [4] And the wastes of old times shall
be rebuilded; and former desolations shall be repaired, and wasted cities renewed which had
lain in ruins for ages. [6] And strangers shall come and feed thy flocks and foreigners shall be
thy ploughmen and vine-dressers. [6] But you shall be called priests of the Lord, ministers of
God. You shall eat the wealth of nations and for their riches be admired. [7] Thus shall they
again inherit the land; and everlasting joy shall be on their head. [8] For I am the Lord Who
love righteousness and hate the spoils of injustice; and I will give the righteous the fruit of their
toil and make an everlasting covenant with them [9] and their seed shall be distinguished
among the nations, and their offspring in the midst of peoples. Every one who seeth them will
know them, that they are a seed whom God hath blessed. [10] And they shall rejoice in the
Lord with joy.‖

Hippolytus ; (ANF vol 5, p 225) ; It is of the Son that the Father says, ‗I have
raised Him up in righteousness‘ And that the Father did raise up His Son in
righteousness, the Apostle Paul bears witness , saying, ‗But if the Spirit of Him that
raised up Christ Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He that raised up Christ Jesus
from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in
you‘ (Romans 8:11) ―Behold, the word spoken by the prophet is thus made good, ‗I
have raised Him up in righteousness.‘‖
John Gill ; ―Isaiah 45:13 - I have raised him up in righteousness,.... Though this
may be said with some respect to Cyrus, yet chiefly to Christ, of whom Cyrus was
a type; him the Lord appointed and determined to be the Saviour and Redeemer of
his people; him he sent forth in time for that purpose, in righteousness or
faithfulness to concerning him: or, "unto righteousness" (s), as the Vulgate Latin
version; to bring in an everlasting righteousness for the justification of his people:
or, "with righteousness", as the Septuagint version is:
I have raised him up a King with righteousness; a righteous King, a King that
reigns in righteousness, as Christ does, and better agrees with him than Cyrus; see
Flavel ; ―… we are said to die in Adam…as the branches die in the death of a root,
so we are said to ‗be raised‘ from death in Christ, Who is the Head, Root, and
representative of all His seed.‖
Jamieson Faussett, Brown ; ―Isa 45:13 - him--Cyrus, type of Messiah, who redeems
the captives of Satan "without money and without price" (Isa_55:1), "freely"
(gratuitously) (Isa_52:3; Isa_61:1; Zec_9:11; Rom_3:24).

Isaiah 53:10 AV/MT ; “Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; he hath put Him
to grief: when thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His
seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in
His hand.”
Dead Sea Scroll (Qumran) ; “And YHWH was pleased to crush Him and He has
caused Him grief.. If you will appoint His soul a sin offering He will see His seed
and He will lengthen His days and the pleasure of YHWH in His hand will
LXX Isaiah 53:10 ; “The Lord also is pleased to purge Him from His stroke. If ye
can give an offering for sin, Your soul shall see a long-lived seed:”

Cross references :
Psalm 61:5 For thou, o God, hast heard my prayers; thou hast given an inheritance to them that
fear thy name.‖
Isaiah 55:13 ― Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come
up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not
be cut off.‖
Zephaniah 3:17 ―The LORD thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will
rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.‖
Luke 15:7 I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth,
more than over ninety and nine just
John 6:39 And this is the Father‘s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I
should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
Ephesians 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to
himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,‖
Revelation 1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen;
and have the keys of hell and of death.‖
Collossions 1:12 Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of
the inheritance of the saints in light:
Collossions 3:24 Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for
ye serve the Lord Christ.
1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved
in heaven for you,‖

Hengstenberg ; ― Long life and numerous descendents are regarded by the
Hebrews as the highest prosperity, as a theocratic blessing and a reward of piety. In
a higher and spiritual sense shall this reward be given to the Messiah. These
descendents are none other than the many and mighty, whom God, according to the
twelfth verse, has given to the Messiah for a possession, and who, according to the
fifteenth verse of the fifty-second chapter, were to be freed from sin, and the
eleventh verse, justified through Him, the punishment of whose sins He has taken
upon Himself in the fifth verse, and for whom, in the twelfth verse, He intercedes
with God.‖....‖ Thus in the thirty-first verse of the twenty-second Psalm : ‗The seed
which shall serve Him shall be reckoned to the Lord for a posterity,‘i.e. the
descendents of the Messiah shall be considered as God‘s posterity, as His
Miller ; ―An offering for sin. [asham ] the word is used repeatedly in the O.T. and
translated as ―trespass offering‖ The King James Old Testament/Masoretic text
translates ―if His soul shall consider it a recompense for guilt, He shall see His
The text is properly translated in the KJV but the Masoretic requires extra words to
arrive at this translation. It clearly states that when you shall place (the Messiah‘s
soul) as a sin offering He shall see His seed and prolong His days . ―
Matthew Henry ; ―the Father promises to glorify Him, not only with the glory He
had, as God, before the world was (John 17:5), but with the glories of the Mediator.
He shall have the glory of an everlasting Father. Under this title He was brought
into the world (ch. 9:6), [my ft]
     [FT] Dead Sea Scroll Isaiah 9:6 ; ―Because a Child shall be born to us and a
     Son is given to us and the government shall be upon His shoulders and He
     shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father the
     Prince of Peace.‖
and He shall not fail to answer the title when He goes out of the world. This was
the promise made to Abraham (who herein was a type of Christ), that He should be
the Father of many nations and so be the Heir of the world, Rom. 4:13, 17. As He
was the root of the Jewish church, and the covenant was made with Him and His
seed, so is Christ of the universal church and with Him and His spiritual seed is the
covenant of grace made, which is grounded upon and grafted in the covenant of
redemption, which here we have some of the glorious promises of. It is promised,
(1.) That the Redeemer shall have a seed to serve him and to bear up his name, Ps.
22:30. [my ft]
     [ft] Psalm 22:30 LXX ; ―And my seed shall serve him: the generation that is
     coming shall be reported to the Lord.‖
True believers are the seed of Christ; the Father gave them to him to be so, John
17:6. [my ft]
     [ft] John 17:6 ; ―I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest
     me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have
     kept thy word.‖
He died to purchase and purify them to Himself, fell to the ground as a corn of
wheat, that He might bring forth much fruit, Jn. 12:24. [my ft]
     [ft] John 12:24 ; ― Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall
     into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much
The word, that incorruptible seed, of which they are born again, is His word; the
Spirit, the great Author of their regeneration, is His Spirit; and it is His image that
is impressed upon them. (2.) That He shall live to see His seed. Christ‘s children
have a living Father, and because He lives they shall live also, for He is their Life.
Though He died, He rose again, and left not His children orphans, but took
effectual care to secure to them the Spirit, the blessing, and the inheritance of sons.
He shall see a great increase of them; the word is plural, He shall see His seeds,
multitudes of them, so many that they cannot be numbered. (3.) That He shall
Himself continue to take care of the affairs of this numerous family: He shall
prolong His days. Many, when they see their seed, their seed‘s seed, wish to depart
in peace; but Christ will not commit the care of His family to any other, no, He
shall Himself live long, and of the increase of His government and peace there shall
be no end, for He ever lives. Some refer it to believers: He shall see a seed that
shall prolong its days, agreeing with Ps. 89:29, 36, [my ft]
     [ft] Psalm 89:29 LXX ; ―And I will establish His seed for ever and ever, and
     His throne as the days of heaven.‖
Psalm 89:36 ― His seed shall endure for ever, and His throne as the sun before Me.‖
― His seed shall endure for ever. While the world stands Christ will have a church
in it, which He Himself will be the Life of. (4.) That His great undertaking shall be
successful and shall answer expectation: The pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in
His hand. God‘s purposes shall take effect, and not one iota or tittle of them shall
fail. Note, [1.] The work of man‘s redemption is in the hands of the Lord Jesus, and
it is in good hands. It is well for us that it is in His, for our own hands are not
sufficient for us, but He is able to save to the uttermost. It is in His hands who
upholds all things. [2.] It is the good pleasure of the Lord, which denotes not only
His counsel concerning it, but his complacency in it; and therefore God loved Him,
and was well pleased in Him, because He undertook to lay down His life for the
sheep. [3.] It has prospered hitherto, and shall prosper, whatever obstructions or
difficulties have been, or may be, in the way of it. Whatever is undertaken
according to God‘s pleasure shall prosper, ch. 46:10. Cyrus, a type of Christ, shall
perform all God‘s pleasure (ch. 44:28), and therefore, no doubt, Christ shall. Christ
was so perfectly well qualified for His undertaking, and prosecuted it with so much
vigour, and it was from first to last so well devised, that it could not fail to prosper,
to the honour of his Father and the salvation of all His seed. (5.) That He shall
Himself have abundant satisfaction in it‖
Jamiasson Faucett Brown ― He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be
satisfied: by His knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for He shall
bear their iniquities ‗prolong . . . days‘—also esteemed a special blessing among
the Jews (Ps 91:16). Messiah shall, after death, rise again to an endless life (Hosea
6:2; Romans 6:9). prosper-- (Isaiah 52:13, Margin).
W.E.Vine ; ―...another blessing regarded as a high favor among Israelites
(cp.Ps.91:16; Prov.3:2,16). Here, however, the reference is to the unending
resurrection life of the Lord, and to the joy that breathes through His words ―I was
dead, and behold I am alive forevermore‖ (Rev.1:18)
John Gill ; ― He shall see his seed; or, ―a seed‖; a spiritual seed and offspring; a
large number of souls, that shall be born again, of incorruptible seed, as the fruit of
His sufferings and death; see Joh 12:24, this He presently began to see after His
resurrection from the dead, and ascension to heaven; when great numbers were
converted among the Jews, and after that multitudes in the Gentile world, and more
or less in all ages; ever since has He had a seed to serve Him; and so He will in the
latter day, and to the end of time:
‗He shall prolong His days‘: live long, throughout all ages, to all eternity; though
He was dead, He is alive, and lives for evermore; lives to see all the children that
the Father gave Him, and He has gathered together by His death, when scattered
abroad, and see them all born again, and brought to glory. Some connect this with
the preceding clause, ―He shall see a seed that shall prolong its days‖ for Christ will
never want issue, His church will never fail, His seed will endure for ever, see Ps
89:29,36. So the Targum, paraphrasing the words of Christ and His seed, ―they
shall see the kingdom of their Messiah; they shall multiply sons and daughters;
they shall prolong their days:‖ and so Aben Ezra says these words are spoken of the
generation that shall return to God, and to the true religion, at the coming of the
Keil and Delitzsch ; ―…It was men who inflicted upon the Servant of God such
crushing suffering, sich deep sorrow; but the supreme causa efficiens [my ft]
     [ft] reason of accomplishment
in the whole was God, who made the sin of subservient to His pleasure, His will,
and predetermined counsel. The suffering to glory was to lead to the establishment
of a church of the redeemed, which would spring from Him; in other words, it
would become the commencement of that fulfillment of the divine plan of
Coffman ; ―He shall prolong his days…
(Isaiah 53:10). For one who was indeed put to death, this is undeniably a prophecy
of his resurrection from the dead. By no other means, whatever, could it be said
that of one who had poured out his soul unto death that he would prolong his days.
As Christ himself stated it: I am the first and the last and the Living one; and I was
dead, and, behold, I am alive forever more, and I have the keys of death and of
Hades (Revelation 1:18).
 This stanza points to the glorification which God appointed for the Suffering
  Servant after the sufferings ended, constituting the problem that remained
  insoluble for the pre-Christian prophets. See 1 Peter 1;10-12. Added to the
  exaltation prophesied in the first stanza, the eternity of The Lord Jesus Christ is
  clearly visible.
 This last stanza makes the worldwide success of Christ the marvel of all ages.
  He shall see his seed, i.e., number his followers in the countless millions; he
  shall prolong his days, i.e., be raised from the dead; the pleasure of Jehovah shall
  prosper in his hand, i. e., righteousness shall prosper in the world; he shall justify
  many, i. e., countless millions shall be saved from their sins through him; I will
  divide him a portion with the great, i.e., Jesus Christ shall attain worldwide and
  perpetual "greatness." In connection with this it should be remembered that all
  history falls into A.D. and B.C, and that more great and beautiful buildings have
  been constructed and dedicated to his glory in a single century than were ever
  erected and dedicated to all the kings and potentates who ever lived in the
  previous millenniums of human history, etc.
 He was numbered with the transgressors and made intercession for the
  (Isaiah 53:12). This prophecy was fulfilled by the Saviour himself when he
  prayed for those who nailed him to the cross, Father, forgive them, for they
  know not what they do (Luke 23:34).
 Once, as this writer traveled southward on the Missouri-Pacific from St. Louis to
  Little Rock, a Unitarian noticed my reading the New Testament; and he said:
  "You Christians have your arithmetic all wrong. How could the atoning sacrifice
  of one man wipe out the sins of billions of men'"?.
 The reply was: "Indeed, you are right. The sacrifice of one man would not even
  wipe out that one man's sins, much less the sins of all men. Your mistake, Sir, is
  in your failure to see that Jesus Christ was in no sense whatever only one man.
  He was and is The Son of God, God manifested in the flesh; and that Holy
  Being's atoning sacrifice was more than sufficient to wipe out the sins of all the
  myriads of men who ever lived." This answer left the questioner without reply.‖
Spurgeon ; ―…first of all, THE DEATH OF CHRIST AS PRODUCED A
POSTERITY. We do not read here that the Lord Christ has followers. That would
be true; but the text prefers to say he has a seed. We read just now that the Lord
Jesus has disciples. That would be distinctly true; but the text does not so read. It
says, "He shall see his seed." Why his seed? Why, because everyone, who is a true
follower or disciple of Christ, has been born by a new birth from him into the
position of disciple. There is no knowing Christ except through the new birth. We
are naturally sold under sin, and we cannot discern the spiritual and real Christ until
we have a spirit created within us by the new birth, of which he said, "Ye must be
born again." This is the gate of entrance into discipleship. None can be written in
the roll of followers of Christ unless they are also written in the register of the
family of God—"this and that man was born there." Other men can get disciples for
themselves by the means that are usual for such ends; but all the disciples of Christ
are produced by miracle. They are all discipled by being newly-created. Jesus, as
he looks upon them all, can say, "Behold, I make all things new." They all come
into the world, of which he is King, by being born into it. There is no other way
into the first world but by birth: and there is no other way into the second world,
wherein dwelleth righteousness, but by birth, and that birth is strictly connected
with the pangs of the Saviour's passion, "when thou shalt make his soul an of
offering for sin, he shall see his seed." See, then, the reason why we have here the
remarkable expression—"his seed."
     Learn from this that all who truly follow Christ, and are saved by him, have his
life in them. The parent's life is in the child. From the parent that life has been
received. It is Christ's life that is in every true believer—"For ye are dead, and your
life is hid with Christ in God; when Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall
you also appear with him in glory." We have our natural life, and this makes us
men: we have our spiritual life, and this makes us Christians. We take life from our
parents, this links us with the first Adam: we have taken life from Christ, and this
joins us to the second Adam. Do not mistake me; that same life which abides in
Christ, at the right hand of God, is that everlasting life which he has bestowed upon
all those who put their trust in him. That water springing up into everlasting life he
gave us. He made it to be in us a well of water springing up. The first drops of that
living spring, the whole outcome of the spring, and the spring itself, came from
―…the man who really believes in Jesus, and in whom the diving life is strong and
powerful, is like to Jesus, and especially like to Jesus in this—that, as the Christ
consecrated himself wholly to God's service and glory, so has this believer done;
and as the Christ founded his successes on being dead and buried, surrendering
honor, and comfort, and life itself, for his work, so should the true believer be
willing to give up anything and everything, that he may achieve his life-purpose,
and bring glory to God. "As he is, so are we in this world"—that is, we are bent
upon the glory of God; filled with love to men, and anxious for their salvation, that
God may be glorified thereby. You know best, brothers and sisters, whether this is
true of you; but if we have not the Spirit of Christ, we are none of his. If we are not
like Christ, it is not possible that we are his seed, for the seed is like the parent.
Surely, children are like their father—not all to the same degree; but still there is
the evidence of their sonship in their likeness to him from whom they came. Our
Lord's true people are like him, or they could not be styled "his seed." Alas, the old
nature blots and blurs the resemblance! The stamp of the first Adam is not
altogether removed; but it ought to grow fainter and fainter, while the lines of the
divine portrait should grow stronger and clearer. Is this the experience of our life in
Christ? I pray that it may be so. It should cause us great searching of heart if there
is not in us an increasing likeness to our Lord.
There is this to be said also for those who are called his seed—that they prosecute
the same ends, and expect to receive the same reward. We are towards Christ, his
seed, and thus we are heirs to all that he has—heirs to his business on earth, heirs to
his estate in heaven. We are to be witnesses to the truth as Jesus was, and to go
about doing good as he did, and to seek and save the lost after his example. This we
must inherit, as a son follows his father's business. All that Christ has belongs to his
seed. As a man hands down to his posterity his possessions, Christ Jesus has made
over to his people all that he is, and all that he has, and all that he ever will be, that
they may be with him, and behold his glory, and shine with him as the stars for
ever and ever. We are his seed in this respect—that he has taken us into his family,
and given us the family patrimony, and made us partakers of all things in himself.
    Now, beloved, this is all through his death. We are made his seed through his
death. Why through his death principally? Why, because it was by reason of his
death for us that the Father could come and deal with us, and the Spirit could
breathe upon us, and new-create us. There was no dealing with us by a just God
until the atoning Sacrifice had rolled away the stone that blocked the way, namely,
the necessity that sin should be punished. Christ having died for us, we came into
another relation to justice, and it became possible for us to be regenerated, and
brought into the household of God. Beloved, I think that you know, in your own
experience, that it was his death that really operated most upon you in the matter of
your conversion. I hear a great talk about the example of Christ having great effect
upon ungodly men; but I do not believe it, and certainly have never seen it. It has
great effect upon men when they are born again, and are saved from the wrath to
come, and are full of gratitude on this account; but before that happens, we have
known men admire the conduct of Christ, and even write books about the beauty of
his character, while, at the same time, they have denied his Godhead. Thus they
have rejected him in his essential character, and there has been no effect produced
upon their conduct by their cold admiration of his life. But when a man comes to
see that he is pardoned and saved through the death of Jesus, he is moved to
gratitude, and then to love. "We love him because he first loved us." That love
which he displayed in his death has touched the mainspring of our being, and
moved us with a passion to which we were strangers before; and, because of this,
we hate the sins that once were sweet, and turn with all our hearts to the obedience
that once was so unpleasant. There is more effect in faith in the blood of Christ to
change the human character than in every other consideration. The cross once seen,
sin is crucified: the passion of the Master once apprehended as being endured for
us, we then feel that we are not our own, but are bought with a price. This
perception of redeeming love, in the death of our Lord Jesus, makes all the
difference: this prepares us for a higher and a better life than we have ever known
before. It is his death that does it.
    And now, beloved, if by his death we have become his seed (and I think I speak
at this time to many who can truly say they hope that it is so with them), then let us
consider the fact for a minute. We are his seed. They speak of the seed royal. What
shall I say of the seed of Christ? Believer, you may be a poor person, living in an
obscure lane, but you are of the imperial house. You are ignorant and unlettered, it
may be, and your name will never shine in the roll of science, but he who is the
divine Wisdom owns you as one of his seed.‖
―…We are truly of the seed of Jesus, even as the Jews are of the seed of Israel—not
born after the flesh, for he had none born to him in that way; but born after the
Spirit, wherein his seed is as the stars of heaven. We rejoice with exultation as we
read the text, "He shall see his seed."
―…His church, then, will never die out while the world standeth; and throughout
eternity that seed must still exist in the endless state; for world without end our
Lord Jesus shall see his seed.
    I notice that the word is in the plural—He shall see his seeds," as though some
were truly his seed, and yet for a time, at least, differed from the rest. Our Lord said
of those not yet converted, "Other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them
also I must bring;" and again, "Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also
which shall believe on me through their word." Christ will see generation after
generation of those redeemed by his blood who shall be born into his family, and
shall call him blessed. Instead of the fathers shall be the children, whom he will
make princes in all the earth. The Septuagint reads it, "He shall see a long-lived
seed." Though I do not think that the version is correct, it shows that still it was
thought and believed that the Messiah would have a perpetual seed. Certainly it is
so. Beloved, if it had been possible to destroy the church of God on earth, it would
have been destroyed long ago.‖
―…But what a seed he will have to see in the morning! I am not yet an old man, as
some suppose from the many years of my ministry, but I am often looking forward
to that blessed morning, when all the sacred seed shall meet around the throne. I
believe the Christ will come in to see all his beloved purchased ones; and he will
search to see whether we are all there. Then shall the sheep pass again under the
hand of him that telleth them, and he will count them, for he knows whom he
bought with his blood,…‖
―…Oh, but the joy we shall have in being there—the delight in beholding his face;
yet, if all our joys are put together, they will not equal the joy that he will have
when he finds them all there for whom he shed his blood—all whom the Father
gave him—all who gave themselves to him—all who were born as his seed—not
one lost! "Of all whom thou hast given me, I have lost none." Oh, the joy, the
delight, of our Well-beloved in that day! Then shall he see his seed!
    And I believe that it will be a part of his heaven for him to look upon his
redeemed. He is the Bridegroom, they make up the bride; and the bridegroom's joy
is not in seeing his bride for once on the wedding-day, but he takes delight in her as
long as they both live. A true husband and a true spouse are always lovers: they are
always linked together by strong ties of affection; and it is so with that model
husband, the Lord Christ, and his perfect church above. He loves his people no less,
and he could not love them any more, than when he died for them, and so for ever
‗he shall see his seed.‘ ‖
KJV Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great, and He
shall divide the spoil with the strong; because He hath poured out His soul unto
death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of
many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Dead Sea Scroll Isaiah 53 verse 12 Therefore I will apportion to Him among the
great ones and with the mighty ones He shall divide the spoil because He laid
bare to death His soul and with the transgressors He was numbered, and He, the
sins of many, He bore, and for their transgressions He entreated.” (This reference
and the footnoted commentary from the Moellerhaus webpage) [ft]
       [ft]An offering for sin. [asham] the word is used repeatedly in the O.T. and translated as ―trespass
       offering‖ The Masoretic text translates ―if His soul shall consider it a recompense for guilt, He shall see
       His seed...‖The text is properly translated in the KJV but the Masoretic requires extra words to arrive at
       this translation. It clearly states that when you shall place (the Messiah‘s soul) as a sin offering He shall
       see His seed and prolong His days.‖
       The Biblical scholars Hengstenberg and Lowth subscribe to the Septuagint reading over the Massoretic
       text here wherefore this verse is also found in the Messiah Resurrection Prophecies from the Greek
       texts as well as here. The Greek Old Testament version is :Isaiah 53:12 LXX ―Therefore He shall
       inherit much, and divide the spoils of the strong. His soul was delivered up to death: and He was
       numbered among transgressors; and bore away the sins of many, and on account of their iniquities was
       delivered up.‖

Cross references :
Psalm 2:8 ―Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost
parts of the earth for thy possession.‖
Acts 26:18 (the Resurrected and ascended Jesus appearing and speaking to Paul or rather Saul) ; ―To open
their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that
they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them who are sanctified by faith
that is in Me.‖
Philippians 2:9-11 ―Therefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which
is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven,
and things on earth, and things under the earth; 11 And that every tongue should confess that
Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.‖
Jude 1:14-15 14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold,
the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, 15 To execute judgment upon all, and to
convict all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have impiously
committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was
set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the
throne of God.
Colossians 1:12-22 12 ―Giving thanks to the Father, who hath made us qualified to be
partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: 13 Who hath delivered us from the power of
darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his beloved Son: 14 In whom we have
redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: 15 Who is the image of the invisible
God, the firstborn of all creation: 16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and
that are upon earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or
powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 And he is before all things, and by him
all things consist. 18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the
firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may have the preeminence. 19 For it pleased the
Father that in him should all fulness dwell; 20 And, having made peace through the blood of
his cross, by him to reconcile all things to himself; by him, I say, whether they are things on
earth, or things in heaven. 21 And you, that were once alienated and enemies in your mind by
wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled 22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present
you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:‖
Judges 5:31 LXX (Thomson version) ―So perish all Thine enemies, 0 Lord, let them who love
Thee be like the going forth of the Sun in his might.‖
Hebrews 12:2 ―Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that
was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of
the throne of God.‖

Matthew Henry ; ― v. 12. Because He has done all these good services, therefore
will I divide Him a portion with the great, and, according to the will of the Father,
He shall divide the spoil with the strong, as a great general, when He has driven the
enemy out of the field, takes the plunder of it for Himself and His army, which is
both an unquestionable evidence of the victory and a recompense for all the toils
and perils of the battle.‖
Spurgeon ; ―Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great.‖ ―I will do it; I
will see that He conquers; I will see that He has the reward of His labor. My own
Right Hand and My Holy Arm shall so be with Him that He shall tread down His
enemies, and He shall take from them mountains of prey.‖ Who is this that saith ―I
will divide Him a portion?‖ It is He at whose voice the earth trembles.‖-
―‖and He shall divide.‖ God gives Him the victory, and He takes it Himself. The
Father grants it, and the Son grasps it by His own Right Hand. The glorious
Jehovah cries, ―He shall divide,‖ and the ever-blessed Son of the Highest as a
conqueror comes forth actually to divide the spoil. Oh, my brethren, Jesus is as
gentle as a lamb; but I might say of Him as they of the Red Sea said of Jehovah,
―The Lord is a man of war: tis Lord is His name.‖ This Lamb is the Lion of the
tribe of Judah, and who shall stand before Him when He goes forth to war? Who
shall rouse Him up? They that came against Him to take Him in the days of His
humiliation stumbled and fell when He uttered the words, ―I AM‖; and if they fall
when the power of that ―I AM‖ had been let loose upon them they had not merely
staggered to their falling, but each man among them had stumbled into his grave.‖-
...‖God, even the Father, the selfsame one whom it pleased to bruise His Son, when
He made the iniquity of us all to meet upon Him - that selfsame God Who knows
all things, and weighs all things aright, and is the very source and soul of honor, He
shall crown our Lord Jesus. Must it not be a glorious victory? He has crowned
Him; He is crowning Him; He shall continue to crown Him; for thus it is written,
―Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great.‖-...‖‖He shall divide the spoil
with the strong.‖ That is, He will divide it out, and allot portions to all those who
came to the help of the Lord against the mighty. Just as David after Ziklag when he
had taken the prey from the Amalekites, sent portions all round to his friends in
Judah, so when the King Eternal takes the spoil, He will give a share to you and to
me, if we have been faithful to Him. There shall be a portion even for us whom the
Lord made strong for Himself in the day of battle. Does it not make your heart
laugh to think of it? Jesus wins the victory, but He will not enjoy it alone; He will
glorify His people. Even the sick folk that go not down to the battle shall have their
share of the spoil; for this is David‘s law, [my ft]
     [ft] 1 Samuel 30:23-24 ; verse 23 ; ― And David said, Ye shall not do so, after
     the Lord has delivered the enemy to us, and guarded us, and the Lord has
     delivered into our hands the troop that came against us.
24 And who will hearken to these your words? for they are not inferior to us; for
according to the portion of him that went down to the battle, so shall be the portion
of him that abides with the baggage; they shall share alike. ―
and the law of the Son of David, that they that abide with the stuff shall share with
those that go down to the fight. He will give to each faithful sufferer or worker a
portion of the prey. Make haste, O Champion, make haste to give to everyone of us
a prey of divers colors, [my ft]
     [ft], Judges 5:30, LXX ; ― Will they not find him dividing the spoil? he will
     surely be gracious to every man: there are spoils of dyed garments for Sisara,
     spoils of various dyed garments, dyed embroidered garments, they are the
     spoils for his neck.
meet for the necks of them that take the spoil!‖-...‖Let me remind you that, in
consequence of what our Lord has done, myriads of souls will be redeemed. How
many will escape from sin and death and hell to live for ever is not revealed. We
have every reason to believe that a number that no man can number, out of every
nation, and people, and kindred, and tongue, shall praise their redeeming,; Lord.
Christ‘s death will not spend its force in the conversion of here and there one, but
‗He will see of the travail of His soul and will be satisfied‘; and we are convinced
that no little thing‘ will satisfy Him. The great result of our Lord‘s death will be the
eternal salvation of myriads untold.
Next to that will be the overthrow of every form of evil which now reigns in the
world, and the extermination of religious falsehood, vice, drunkenness, war, and
every horrible mischief born of the fall and of human depravity. Christ will conquer
these, and there shall be new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth
righteousness. For ever and ever boundless honors shall be given to Christ for his
victory over every force of evil. The seed of the woman shall trample on the
As the result of Christ‘s death Satan‘s power will be broken. He will no longer go
forth to rule among the nations.
Death also will have lost its dominion over the sons of men. The Son of David shall
restore that which He took not away. More than our first father lost shall Christ
bring back. There shall be glory substantial to Himself in the lives of His people on
earth, in their deaths, and in their lives for ever.
Glory shall be brought to God of a new and unusual kind. A light will be shed upon
the character of God which, so far as we know, could not have come to us by any
other means except by the death of the Only Begotten.
Hallelujahs louder than before shall rise up before the throne. Praises shall ascend
unto God such as creation never produced, ―for Thou wast slain, and hast redeemed
as unto God by Thy blood, and we shall reign for ever
and ever.‖… ― Sin cannot be victorious if Jesus has carried it on His shoulders and
hurled it into His sepulcher. If the darkest days were to come, and all the churches
of Christ were to be extinguished, if there were left only one Christian, and He as
good as dead by reason of weakness, yet might He believe that God from the dead
would raise up seed unto His Son, and fulfill His covenant and keep His word. It
must be so. The offering of Christ‘s soul for sin secures to Him a seed for ever.‖…
―Isaiah the prophet - ―I will divide him a portion with the great and he shall divide
the spoil with the strong.‖ God divides, and Christ divides. The triumph is God‘s;
the Father ―divides for Him a portion with the great;‖ it is equally Christ‘s, He
―divides the spoil with the strong.‖
Set not one Person before the Other; reverently adore Them alike, for they are One
- one in design, one in character, and one in essence; and whilst they be truly three,
we may in adoration exclaim, ―Unto the One God of heaven and earth the glory, as
it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.‖
John Calvin ; ― 12. ― ‗Therefore will I divide to him a portion‘. Isaiah again
declares what will be the result of the death of Christ. It was necessary that he
should add this doctrine as to the victory which Christ obtained by His death; for
what was formerly stated, that by His death we are reconciled to the Father, would
not have sufficiently confirmed our hearts. Here he borrows a comparison from the
ordinary form of a triumphal procession held by those who, after having obtained a
signal victory, are commonly received and adorned with great pomp and splendor.
Thus also Christ, as a valiant and illustrious general, triumphed over the enemies
whom he had vanquished.‖-
― For us Christ subdued death, the world, and the devil. In a word, the Prophet here
applauds the victory which followed the death of Christ; for ―although He was
crucified through the weakness of the flesh, yet by the power of the Spirit‖ He rose
from the dead, and triumphed over His enemies. (2 Corinthians 13:4) Such is the
import of the metaphor of ―Spoil,‖ which the Prophet used; for ―He ascended on
high, that he might lead captivity captive and give gifts to men.‖ (Psalm 68:18;
Ephesians 4:8)‖
Isaiah 22;20-25, verse 20 ; “ And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call
my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:
21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I
will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the
inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall
open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious
throne to his father’s house.
24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring
and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all
the vessels of flagons.
25 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure
place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it
shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.”
Isaiah 22:20-25, Dead Sea Scroll (20)And it will be in that day that I will call to
my servant to Eliakim, son of Hilkiah (21) And I will cause him to be dressed in
your tunic and will strengthen him with your girdle and I will give your
government into his hand and he shall be as a father to the inhabitants of
Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. (22) And I will give him the key of the
house of David upon his shoulder and he will open and no one shall shut and
shut and no one will open. (23) And I will drive him as a nail in an established
place and he shall be for a throne of glory for his father’s house. (24) And they
shall hang upon him all the glory of the house of his father, and all the offspring
and the produce of all the vessels, from the small vessels as basins to all
containers like pitchers. (25) In that day says YHWH of Hosts He shall remove
the peg that is fastened in a secure place and it shall be chopped down and fall
and the burden shall be cut off that was upon it because YHWH has spoken.”

LXX (Thomson‘s version) for verse 22 has a reference to the ― glory of David‖ as well as ―and
he shall rule, and there shall be no antagonist:‖ ...; ― Isaiah 22:22 (LXX) ; ― And I will give him
the glory of David; and he shall rule, and there shall be no antagonist: and on his shoulder I
will lay the key of the house of David; and he will open and none shall shut ; and he will shut
and none shall open:‖

Cross references:
John 5:22-23 ; ―for neither doth the Father judge any one, but all the judgment He
hath given to the Son, Vs.23 that all may honour the Son according as they honour
the Father; he who is not honouring the Son, doth not honour the Father who sent
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government
shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor,
The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon
the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with
judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of
hosts will perform this.
Adam Clarke ; ―...ver. 20, etc., probably point out the change of the Jewish
priesthood, and the
proclaiming of the unchangeable priesthood of Christ. See Psalm 110:4. Eliakim
signifies The resurrection of the Lord; or, ‗My God, He shall arise‘.[my ft]
      [ft] ―God raises‖or ―…sets up‖ see Strong‘s Dictionary #471
Hilkiah signifies ‗The Lord my portion or lot‘. ‗The key of David, shutting and
opening‘ etc., may intend the way of salvation through Christ alone. For the hope
of salvation and eternal life comes only through Eliakim, the resurrection of Jesus
Christ from the dead.
It is said, ver. 24, ‗They shall hang upon him all the glory of his father‘s
house‘…for, in Jesus Christ dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily; and the
offspring [my ft]
     [ft] offspring, produce. , ―offspring of men, produce of the earth.‖
and the issue, [my ft]
     [ft]Hebrew h['ypic. {tsef-ee-aw‘} • from the same as 06848; TWOT - 1953a;
     n f • AV - issue 1; 1 • 1) offshoot, leaf, shoot 1a) meaning dubious ―
     (see Strong‘s # 6840 also treasure or hidden thing

―to go out‖, - the suckers from the root; the sideshoots, the apostles and primitive
ministers of his word. The issue,...probably means the issue‘s issue; so the Targum.
The grandchildren, all those who believe on the Lord Jesus through their word.‖
John Gill ; ― This man was a type of Christ; his name agrees with him which
signifies, ‗my God will raise up‘; that is, the dead by him, 1Corinthians 6:14 [my
     [ft] 1 Corinthians 6:14 ―And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also
     raise up us by His own power.
and so does the character of a servant, frequently given to Christ in this book; see
Isaiah 42:1 49:3 53:11 nor did Christ take any office to Himself, but was called
unto it by his Father, Hebrews 5:4,5.[my ft]
     [ft] Hebrews 5:5 ―So also Christ glorified not Himself to be made an High
     Priest; but He that said unto Him, ‗Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten
He was a type of Christ, invested with the priestly, or rather with the kingly office,
crowned with glory and honour; and who is seen among his churches, clothed with
a garment down to the feet, Revelation 1:13:[my ft]
     [ft] ―Revelation 1:13 ; ― and in the midst of the seven lamp-stands, one like to
     a son of man, clothed to the foot, and girt round at the breast with a golden
‗and strengthen Him with thy girdle‘: which was a symbol both of power and of
strength; both priests and princes had their girdles.‘ ― Christ‘s girdle, in the
administration of His office, is faithfulness and righteousness, Isaiah 11:5‖;{my ft]
     [ft] ―Isaiah 11:5 ―And righteousness hath been the girdle of His loins, And
     faithfulness—the girdle of His reins.‖ a girdle was a waistband or belt.
‗and I will commit thy government into his hand; the government of the king‘s
house,‘ ―typical of the government of the church, put into the hands of Christ by his
Father,‖ Isaiah 9:6,7 John 5:22,23: [my ft]
     [ft] Isaiah 9:6 ; ― For a Child hath been born to us, A Son hath been given to
     us, And the princely power is on His shoulder, And He doth call his name
     Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9:7 ― To the increase of the princely power, And of peace, there is no end,
On the throne of David, and on his kingdom, To establish it, and to support it, In
judgment and in righteousness, Henceforth, even unto the age, The zeal of Jehovah
of Hosts doth this.‖

(verse 22) ―In the mystical sense, Christ is said to have this key, Re 3:7{my ft]
     [ft]Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These
     things saith He that is holy, He that is true, He that hath the key of David, He
     that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;‖
―so He shall open, and none shall shut; and He shall shut, and none shall open; all
which is expressive of the government of the church being on His shoulders, and of
His absolute and uncontrollable power over it; who opens the treasures of His
word, of His grace, and of wisdom and knowledge, and communicates them unto,
and shuts or hides them from, whom He pleases; who opens and shuts the doors of
His church, His house, and lets in, and keeps out, whom He thinks fit; and who also
opens and shuts the door of the kingdom of heaven, and introduces into it His own
people, and excludes others.
where the following words are applied to Him: ‗so He shall open, and none shall
shut; and He shall shut, and none shall open;‘ all which is expressive of the
government of the church being on His shoulders, and of His absolute and
uncontrollable power over it; who opens the treasures of His word, of His grace,
and of wisdom and knowledge, and communicates them unto, and shuts or hides
them from, whom He pleases; who opens and shuts the doors of His church, His
house, and lets in, and keeps out, whom He thinks fit; and who also opens and
shuts the door of the kingdom of heaven, and introduces into it His own people,
and excludes others.‖
Spurgeon ;‖It has been generally propounded and admitted by commentators and
expositors that Eliakim is a type of our Lord Jesus Christ. While this passage
literally refers to Eliakim himself, it may, with very great instructiveness, be used
as applicable to the Lord Jesus, and so I use it...‖ - ...( on verse 24)... ―Lift up your
heads, ye poor and needy: rejoice, ye downtrodden and oppressed, ye toiling
workers, ye forgotten ones among the sons of men, for if your destiny be linked
with the person of the once crucified, but now exalted, Savior, you shall partake of
his glory in the day of his appearing, and be for ever sharers of the splendor which
eternally shall surround your Lord.‖

Isaiah 55:3 “Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live;
and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of
 Isaiah 55:3, Dea Sea Scroll “Extend your ear, and come to me: hear, and your
soul shall live; and I will make with you an everlasting covenant, the faithful
mercies of David.
For commentary on Isaiah 55:4 see the ―Christ‘s Resurrection In Accordance With the Greek Scriptures or
LXX‖ section of this study.
Cross references:
Ezekiel 37:24-25 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one
shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
Vs.25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your
fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their
children‘s children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.
Jeremiah 30:9 but they shall serve the Lord their God; and I will raise up to them David their
Acts 13:34, NKJV ; "And that He raised Him from the dead, no more to return to corruption,
He has spoken thus: 'I will give you the sure mercies of David.‖
John 6:44-45 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I
will raise him up at the last day.
Vs.45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore
that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.‖
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall
hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
1 John 5:11 And this is the testimony, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in
his Son.‖
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God hath come, and hath given us an understanding,
that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ.
This is the true God, and eternal life.‖

John Gill ; ―As another proof, out of the Old Testament, that the Messiah was to
rise from the dead, the apostles produce (Acts 13:34) Isaiah 55:3. I will give you
the sure mercies of David. That the Messiah is here intended, appears very manifest
from His name David, which name is frequently given to him (see Jeremiah 30:9;
Ezekiel 34:23, 24; Hosea 3:5); as also from His several offices in the following
verse, where He is said to be given for a witness to the people, a leader and
commander of them; which words, as well as the former, are by Aben Ezra and
Kimchi understood of the Messiah; but the greatest difficulty is how this appears to
be a pertinent proof of the Messiah‘s resurrection from the dead; and therefore, in
order to make it appear to be so, let it he observed, that by the sure mercies of
David, are to be understood the blessings of the everlasting covenant, which the
Messiah, by His death and sufferings, was to procure for all His people; but had He
only died and not been raised from the dead, those blessings had not been ratified
or made sure unto them; therefore, when God promises His people, that he will
give them the sure mercies of David, or of the Messiah, He promises that the
Messiah shall not only die to procure mercies for them, but that He shall rise again
from the dead to make them sure to them.‖
Pulpit commentary ; ―Almost all commentators allow that the Christian covenant is
intended — that ―new covenant‖ (Hebrews 9:15) under which man obtains pardon
and salvation through the Mediatorship of Christ. Even the sure mercies of David.
The ―sure mercies of David‖ are the loving and merciful promises which God made
to him. These included the promise that the Messiah should come of his seed, and
sit on his throne, and establish an everlasting kingdom (Psalm 89:2- 5, 19-37), and
triumph over death and hell (Psalm 16:9, 10), and give peace and happiness to
Israel (Psalm 132:15-18). The promises made to David, rightly understood, involve
all the essential points of the Christian covenant.‖

Psalm 98:1 {A Psalm.} O sing unto the LORD a new song; for he hath done
marvellous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the
The LXX reads; “Sing to the Lord a new song; for the Lord has wrought
wonderful works, his right hand, and his holy arm, have wrought salvation for
Isaiah 49:24. Dead Sea Scroll ―Shall that which is taken be taken from the mighty, or the
terrorist‘s captive be delivered?‖
Isaiah 53:12 DEAD SEA SCROLL ; ―Therefore I will apportion to him among the great ones
and with the mighty ones he shall divide the spoil because he laid bare to death his soul and
with the transgressors he was numbered, and he, the sins of many, he bore, and for their
transgressions he entreated.‖
LXX(Thomson‘s Version) ; ― therefore He shall inherit much and divide the spoils of the
strong. His soul was delivered up to death and he was numbered among transgressors and bore
away the sins of many, and on account of their iniquities was delivered up.‖

Colossians 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly,
triumphing over them in it.‖
Revelation 19:11 ―And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and He that sat upon
him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He doth judge and make war.‖
Revelation 19:15 And out of His mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it He should smite the
nations: and He shall rule them with a rod of iron: and He treadeth the winepress of the
fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.‖

Spurgeon; ―Jesus, our King, has lived a marvellous life, died a marvellous death,
risen by a marvellous resurrection, and ascended marvellously into heaven. By His
divine power He has sent forth the Holy Spirit doing marvels, and by that sacred
energy His disciples have also wrought marvellous things and astonished all the
earth. Idol have fallen, superstitions have withered, systems of error have fled, and
empires of cruelty have perished. For all this He deserves the highest praise. His
acts have proved His Deity, Jesus is Jehovah, and therefore we sing unto Him as
the Lord. ― His right hand, and His holy arm , has gotten Him the victory‖, not by
the aid of others, but by His own unweaponed hand His marvellous conquests have
been achieved. Sin, death, and hell fell beneath His solitary prowess, and the idols
and the errors of mankind have been overthrown and smitten by His hand alone.
The victories of Jesus among men are all the more wonderful because they are
accomplished by means to all appearance most inadequate; they are due not to
physical but to moral power-the energy of goodness, justice truth; in a word, to the
power of His holy arm. His holy influence has been the sole cause of success. Jesus
never stoops to use policy, or brute force; His unsullied perfections secure to Him a
real and lasting victory over all the powers of evil, and that victory will be gained
as dexterously and easily as when a warrior strikes his adversary with his ― right
hand‖ and stretches him prone upon the earth. Glory be to the Conquerer, let new
songs be chanted in His praise.‖
Matthew Henry; ―Our Redeemer has surmounted all the difficulties that lay in the
way of our redemption, has broken through them all, and was not discouraged by
the services or sufferings appointed him. He has subdued all the enemies that
opposed it, has gotten the victory over Satan, disarmed him, and cast him out of
his strong-holds, has spoiled principalities and powers (Col. 2:15), has taken the
prey from the mighty (Isaiah. 49:24), and given death his death‘s wound. He has
gotten a clear and complete victory, not only for himself, but for us also, for we
through him are more than conquerors. He got this victory by his own power; there
was none to help, none to uphold, none that durst venture into the service; but his
right hand and his holy arm, which are always stretched out with good success,
because they are never stretched out but in a good cause, these have gotten him the
victory, have brought him relief or deliverance. God‘s power and faithfulness,
called here his right hand and his holy arm, brought relief to the Lord Jesus, in
raising him from the dead, and exalting him personally to the right hand of God.‖
Spurgeon; ―The salvation which Jesus has accomplished is wrought out with
wonderful wisdom, hence we read of His holy arm ; it is His own unaided work,
hence all the glory is ascribed to Him ; and it is marvellous beyond degree, hence it
deserves a new song.‖

Genesis 49:27 MT/AV(Majority text)” Benjamin shall raven as a wolf: in the
morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.”
Genesis 49:27 LXX (Thomson version) “Benjamin is a ravening wolf. In the
morning he is still eating, And for the evening he provideth food.”

Cross references:
Isaiah 53:12 DEAD SEA SCROLL ; ―Therefore I will apportion to him among the great ones
and with the mighty ones he shall divide the spoil because he laid bare to death his soul and
with the transgressors he was numbered, and he, the sins of many, he bore, and for their
transgressions he entreated.‖
LXX(Thomson‘s Version) ; ― therefore He shall inherit much and divide the spoils of the
strong. His soul was delivered up to death and he was numbered among transgressors and bore
away the sins of many, and on account of their iniquities was delivered up.‖

Colossians 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly,
triumphing over them in it.‖
Revelation 19:11 ―And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and He that sat upon
him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He doth judge and make war.‖
Revelation 19:15 And out of His mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it He should smite the
nations: and He shall rule them with a rod of iron: and He treadeth the winepress of the
fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.‖

John Gill seems alone in even suggesting that this verse is Messianic. The reader
will need discernment whether to include this verse in the Messianic
Resurrection/Exaltation context.
Most commentators relate this verse as fulfilled in Saul and Paul the Apostle.

John Gill ;...and why may it not be applied to Christ Himself, seeing the blessing of
Benjamin by Moses, Deuteronomy 33:12 seems to belong to Him? He is God‘s
‗Benjamin‘, ‗the son and man of his right hand‘, as dear to Him as his right hand, in
whom His power has been displayed, and Who is exalted at His right hand; and
may as well be compared to a wolf as to a lion, as He is the lion of the tribe of
Judah, and as God himself is compared to a lion and bear, Hosea 13:7,8 and Who is
expressly said to divide the spoil with the strong, Isa 53:12 spoiled principalities
and powers, delivered his people as a prey out of the hands of the mighty, and will
make an utter destruction of all His and their enemies. Some of these things were
done in the morning of the Gospel dispensation, and others will be done in the
evening of it, Col 2:15 Re 19:11,15.‘ ‖

KJV Isaiah 26:19 “Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye
that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.”
Isaiah 26:19 fromThe Qumran Scroll ( Dead Sea Scroll) has; “your dead ones shall live with my dead body
they shall arise. They shall awake and sing O inhabitants of the dust. because your dew is as the dew of
light and the earth shall cast out the departed.”
Isaiah 26:19, LXX ; “The dead shall rise, and they that are in the tombs shall be raised, and they that are in
the earth shall rejoice: for the dew from thee is healing to them: but the land of the ungodly shall perish.”

Cross references :
Matthew 27:52-53 ; ―And the graves were opened; and many bodies of saints who slept were raised,
Vs.53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared to many.‖
1 Corinthians 15:20-26 ―But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
Vs. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
 23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
 24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule
and all authority and power.
 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.‖

John Gill ; ― Another prophecy, which seems to regard the resurrection of the Messiah, is Isaiah 26:19. ‗Thy
dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise;‘ which, by many interpreters, both Jewish and
Christian, is understood of the resurrection from the dead; now these words are not the words of the prophet,
but are an answer to the prophet‘s complaint, in the preceding verses, where, in He is assured, that though his
people should be distressed and diminished by several calamities, as captivity, sword, famine, etc. yet they
should live again in the resurrection of the just; and the person speaking, appears to be the Messiah, from the
characters of him in the context, who is the Lord Jehovah, in whom is everlasting strength, verse 4 the desire,
the expectation of his people, verses 8, 9 who ordains peace for them, and works all their works in them verse
12 and has the sole dominion over them, verse 13. Now, at the time of the resurrection of the Messiah‘s dead
body from the grave, others were to arise with Him, which was accordingly fulfilled in Jesus, for the graves
were opened, and many bodies of the saints, which slept, arose, and came out of the graves after his
resurrection. (Matthew 27:52, 53) Though these words may be rendered, ‗Thy dead men shall live, as my dead
body shall they arise‘, that is, either in the same way and manner as my dead body shall they arise; or, as sure
as I shall arise, so sure shall they; agreeable hereunto, the resurrection of Jesus is both the exemplar and pledge
of ours, ‗for Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept‘ (1 Cor. 15:20 )
Adam Clarke ; ―Do not these words speak of the resurrection of our blessed Lord; and of that resurrection of
the bodies of men, which shall be the consequence of his body being raised from the dead? Thy dead men shall
live, - with my dead body shall they arise.] This seems very express.‖
The Illustrated Bible Dictionary ; ―It‘s preciousness is therefore taken up as an emblem of resurrection; ―thy
dew is a dew of light, and on the land of the shades thou wilt let it fall:‖ (Isaiah 26:19). From this prophecy was
based the talmudic phrase ‗the dew of the resurrection‘.‖
Albert Barnes ; ―…And the earth shall cast out the dead – “This is language which is derived from the
doctrine of the resurrection of the body; and shows also that that doctrine was understood by the Hebrews in
the time of Isaiah. The sense is, that as the earth shall cast forth its dead in the resurrection, so the people of
God in Babylon should be restored to life, and to their former privileges in their own land.‖
Keil and Delitzch ; ―…When compared with the New Testament Apocalypse, it is ―the first resurrection‖
which is here predicted by Isaiah. The confessors of Jehovah are awakened in their graves to form one glorious
church with those who are still in the body. In the case of Ezekiel also ( Ezekiel_37:1-14), the resurrection of
the dead which he beholds is something more than a figurative representation of the people that were buried in
captivity. The church of the period of glory on this side is a church of those who have been miraculously saved
and wakened up from the dead. Their persecutors lie at their feet beneath the ground.‖

This verse of prophecy supports the promise that the Messiah‘s dead body would be resurrected and that of
particular note declared in the Dead Sea Scroll text ; is that the ―dew of light‖ shall fall on, as the Dead Sea
Scroll has it ; ―your dead ones‖ that were to be cast out of the earth and the NIV has ―…give birth to your
dead.‖ rather than ―…the earth shall cast out the dead.‖and the NRS ; ―…and the earth will give birth to those
long dead.‖

Jeremiah 23:5-6 ; 5 KJV “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will
raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and
shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his
name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Young‘s Literal Translation ―Lo, days are coming—an affirmation of Jehovah, And I have
raised to David a righteous shoot, And a king hath reigned and acted wisely, And done judgment and
righteousness in the earth.‖
Vs.6 In his days is Judah saved, and Israel dwelleth confidently [ft1], And this His name that Jehovah
proclaimeth him, ‗Our Righteousness.‘‖[ft2]
       [ft] in the greek (LXX) the transliteration from the Hebr. is from ―peithw‖; ―believe, trust in, rely upon,
       obey, be a follower‖ etc.]
       Also this from the ― Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament ; ―... this righteousness, actually
       possessed by Messiah ( Jeremiah 23:6) is bestowed by Him, thus pointing toward the NT doctrine of
       Christ our Righteousness. The righteousness of God‘s heirs of salvation is the righteousness of the
       Messiah attributed to them by God through faith in the redemptive work of Messiah in which God
       declares them righteous only because of the grace provided through the redemptive work‖ (of Christ)]

This verse and it‘s exposition is also found in the ―Messiah Resurrection Prophecies from the Greek text
portion of this study.
Cross references:
Isaiah 4:2 Douey-Rheims ; ―In that day the bud of the Lord shall be in magnificence and glory,
and the fruit of the earth shall be high, and a great joy to them that shall have escaped of
Dead Sea Scroll Isaiah 4:2 ( Qumran) ; ― In that day shall the branch of YHWH be as beauty
and as glory and the fruit of the earth as majesty and pride for the escaped of Israel.‖
Isaiah 11:1 LXX, Thomson Version, ―And there shall spring up a shoot from the root of Jessai-
even from that root shall spring up a blooming shoot:‖
DSS (Qumran)‖ And there shall come a rod out of the stem of Jesse and a branch from His
roots will bear fruit.‖
Zechariah 3:8 ―Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee:
for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.‖
{wondered…: Heb. of wonder, or, sign}
Zechariah 6:12-13 ―And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying,
Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he
shall build the temple of the LORD: {grow…: or, branch up from under him}‖
Vs.13 ―Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit
and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall
be between them both.‖
John 1:45 ―Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses
in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.‖

It may be noted here that the Hebr. word for ―branch‖ or ―nazar‖ is the word from which
―Nazarene‖ originates see Moellerhaus)

Matthew Henry comments on versus 5 and 6 ; ―... Messiah the Prince, that great
and good Shepherd of the sheep, shall in the latter days be raised up to bless his
church, and to be the glory of his people Israel, v. 5, 6. The house of David seemed
to be quite sunk and ruined by that threatening against Jeconiah (ch. 22:30), that
none of his seed should ever sit upon the throne of David. But here is a promise
which effectually secures the honour of the covenant made with David
notwithstanding; for by it the house will be raised out of its ruins to a greater lustre
than ever, and shine brighter far than it did in Solomon himself. We have not so
many prophecies of Christ in this book as we had in that of the prophet Isaiah; but
here we have one, and a very illustrious one; of him doubtless the prophet here
speaks, of him, and of no other man. The first words intimate that it would be long
ere this promise should have its accomplishment: The days come, but they are not
yet. I shall see him, but not now. But all the rest intimate that the accomplishment
of it will be glorious. (1.) Christ is here spoken of as a branch from David, the man
the branch (Zechariah 3:8), his appearance mean, his beginnings small, like those
of a bud or sprout, and his rise seemingly out of the earth, but growing to be green,
to be great, to be loaded with fruits. A branch from David‘s family, when it seemed
to be a root in a dry ground, buried, and not likely to revive. Christ is the root and
offspring of David, Rev. 22:16. In him doth the horn of David bud, Ps. 132:17, 18.
He is a branch of God‘s raising up; he sanctified him, and sent him into the world,
gave him his commission and qualifications. He is a righteous branch, for he is
righteous himself, and through him many, even all that are his, are made righteous.
As an advocate, he is Jesus Christ the righteous. (2.) He is here spoken of as his
church‘s King. This branch shall be raised as high as the throne of his father David,
and there he shall reign and prosper, not as the kings that now were of the house of
David, who went backward in all their affairs. No; he shall set up a kingdom in the
world that shall be victorious over all opposition. In the chariot of the everlasting
gospel he shall go forth, he shall go on conquering and to conquer. If God raise him
up, he will prosper him, for he will own the work of his own hands; what is the
good pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in the hands of those to whom it is
committed. He shall prosper; for he shall execute judgment and justice in the earth,
all the world over, Psalm 96:13. The present kings of the house of David were
unjust and oppressive, and therefore it is no wonder that they did not prosper. But
Christ shall, by his gospel, break the usurped power of Satan, institute a perfect rule
of holy living, and, as far as it prevails, make all the world righteous. The effect of
this shall be a holy security and serenity of mind in all his faithful loyal subjects. In
his days, under his dominion, Judah shall be saved and Israel shall dwell safely;
that is, all the spiritual seed of believing Abraham and praying Jacob shall be
protected from the curse of heaven and the malice of hell, shall be privileged from
the arrests of God‘s law and delivered from the attempts of Satan‘s power, shall be
saved from sin, the guilt and dominion of it, and then shall dwell safely, and be
quiet from the fear of all evil. See Luke 1:74, 75. Those that shall be saved
hereafter from the wrath to come may dwell safely now; for, if God be for us, who
can be against us? In the days of Christ‘s government in the soul, when he is
uppermost there, the soul dwells at ease. (3.) He is here spoken of as The Lord our
righteousness. Observe, [1.] Who and what he is. As God, he is Jehovah, the
incommunicable name of God, denoting his eternity and self-existence. As
Mediator, he is our righteousness. By making satisfaction to the justice of God for
the sin of man, he has brought in an everlasting righteousness, and so made it over
to us in the covenant of grace that, upon our believing consent to that covenant, it
becomes ours. His being Jehovah our righteousness implies that he is so our
righteousness as no creature could be. He is a sovereign, all-sufficient, eternal
righteousness. All our righteousness has its being from him, and by him it subsists,
and we are made the righteousness of God in him. [2.] The profession and
declaration of this: This is the name whereby he shall be called, not only he shall be
so, but he shall be known to be so. God shall call him by this name, for he shall
appoint him to be our righteousness. By this name Israel shall call him, every true
believer shall call him, and call upon him. That is our righteousness by which, as an
allowed plea, we are justified before God, acquitted from guilt, and accepted into
favour; and nothing else have we to plead but this, ―Christ has died, yea, rather has
risen again;‖ and we have taken him for our Lord.‖ and ...‖ Just 490 years (70
weeks) after they came out of Babylon Messiah the Prince set up the gospel temple,
which was the greatest glory of that nation that was so wonderfully brought out of
Babylon; see Daniel 9:24, 25. Now the spiritual glory of the second part of that
nation, especially as transferred to the gospel church, is much more admirable and
illustrious than all the temporal glory of the first part of it in the days of Solomon;
for that was no glory compared with the glory which excelleth.‖
John Gill ; ―...the Messiah; so it is explained by the Targum, which calls him the
Messiah of the righteous; and by Kimchi and Ben Melech; and by the ancient Jews
also; who is frequently by the prophets spoken of as a branch, [ Isa 4:2 11:1‖] and
here, his descent from the family of David, when that was in a low and mean
condition, to be his successor in his throne and kingdom, not in a temporal, but in a
spiritual sense; and is a branch and plant not of man‘s raising, but of the Lord‘s, his
human nature being formed without the help of man; and is that tabernacle which
God pitched, and not man; and is therefore elsewhere called the Branch of the
Lord, and said to be brought forth by him, ―see Isa 4:2 Zec 3:8‖; the epithet of
―righteous‖ is given him, because righteous in himself, and the author of
righteousness to others; a branch that brings forth and bears the fruits of
righteousness, from whence all those that are ingrafted in him come to have
righteousness; ―and a King shall reign and prosper‖; the King Messiah, the same
with David‘s righteous Branch, his son and offspring; who was appointed by God
the Father ―King‖ over Zion, the church, from all eternity; was always promised
and spoken of as a King, and came as such, though his kingdom was not with
observation, it being not of this world; and when he ascended to heaven, he was
declared Lord and Christ; and now ―reigns‖ on the same throne with his Father, and
will till all enemies are put under his footstool: and as he prospered in his priestly
office, by obtaining the redemption and salvation of his people, which is the
―pleasure of the Lord‖ that was to ―prosper in his hand‖, ― Isa 53:10‖[ft4]
     [ft4] Isaiah KJV 53:10 ―Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put
     him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see
     his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall
     prosper in his hand.‖Dead Sea Scroll ―And YHWH was pleased to crush Him
     and He has caused Him grief. If you will appoint His soul a sin offering He
     will see his seed and He will lengthen His days and the pleasure of YHWH
     in His hand will advance.‖
so likewise in his kingly and prophetic offices, by going forth in his Gospel
conquering and to conquer; riding forth therein prosperously, and subduing his
enemies, and causing his ministers to triumph in him: or, ―shall deal prudently‖ , as
the word is rendered in ―Isa 52:13‖; see Gill on ―Isaiah 52:13;
―and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth‖: in his church, and among his
people, by governing them with righteous laws, and by protecting and defending
them from their enemies; for ―all judgment [is] committed to the Son‖; who will
judge one day the whole world in righteousness; see ―John 5:22, Acts 17:31, Isaiah

Spurgeon ; ―What a glorious name for our King, who is made of God unto us
―righteousness.‖ We may well rejoice to think that all the perfect righteousness of
our great King and Lord shall belong to us, for this shall be His very name, ―THE

S. Conway (exerpt from the ―Pulpit Commentary‖) ―…our Lord Jesus was that
Messiah the Scriptures constantly assert. He was ―the Root and the Offspring of
David,‖ was born ―of the house and lineage of David‖ according to the flesh. He
was the tender Shoot, the Sprout that sprang from the original root when all the
stock and branches of the stately tree that had once grown on that root had died
down, decayed, and disappeared. But he was more than the Branch of Jesse: he was
the Lord from heaven, the Son of God. Therefore to speak of him as Jehovah is
consistent with all the Scripture representations of his Divine dignity. And although
the day of his complete triumph has not yet come, nor is his kingdom fully set up,
still we clearly see its beginnings, its advance, and its continual growth, so that it is
not hard to believe in all those coming glories of his reign on which the ancient
prophets, as Jeremiah here, loved to dwell. On all these grounds, therefore, we
claim this high and sacred title for the Lord Jesus Christ. He the Church has held all
along is ―the Lord our Righteousness‖ whom the inspired prophet foretold.‖

J. Waite (exerpt from the ―Pulpit Commentary‖) ― His was a righteousness
wrought out through all the patient obedience of a blameless life, consummated in
the vicarious shame and sorrow of the cross. As the sunbeam receives no
contamination from the foulest thing on which it may chance to fall, so did he pass
triumphantly through all the evil of the world and go back to the bosom of the
Father with a purity as unsullied as that in which he came. ―Declared to be the Son
of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the
dead‖ (<450104>Romans 1:4).
―…―A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of his kingdom,‖ and wherever he
reigns the discords of the world are resolved into a blessed harmony. He is the
Creator of ―the new heavens and the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.‖
D. Young (exerpt from the ―Pulpit Commentary‖) ―There never has been such a
king as Jesus of Nazareth; never any one who has elicited such whole-hearted
homage, such complete, faithful, selfdenying service. He prospers and he makes his
servants prosper. The more his glory shines, the more their lives are brightened.
This surely is indeed a royal prosperity.‖

Dead Sea Scroll ; “ Of the toil of His soul He shall see light and He shall be
satisfied and by His knowledge shall He make righteous even my righteous
servant for many and their iniquities He will bear.”
Isaiah 53:11 MT/KJV ; ―He shall see of the travail of His soul, and shall be
satisfied: by His knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for He shall
bear their iniquities.‖
Note; see this Scripture verse also researched in the LXX (Greek Old Testament) section of this study. The
Messianic prophecy of Resurrection is more apparent in the Septuagint (LXX) than in the ―Authorized Version
(A.V) or Massoretic Text (M.T.) and is a clearer witness to the Messiah‘s (Christ‘s) resurrection. [my ft]
       [ft] with regards to the authenticity of the Qumran and LXX versions of Isaiah 53:11, Arie Van Der
       Kooij (a text critic) writes (concerning both versus 11 and 12) ; ―The fact that these variants are attested
       by all the early witnesses so far available for these versus strongly favours the assumption that they are
       to be seen as belonging to the pre-masoretic text of Isaiah…..‖

Psalm 17:15 LXX (Septuagint)―But I shall appear in righteousness before thy face: I shall be
satisfied when thy glory appears.‖
Timothy 1:10 ―but has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has
abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,‖
John 12:24 ―Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone:
but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.‖

Hengstenberg ; ― The Messiah takes upon Himself the sins of every one, who, after
His exaltation, fulfills this condition, i.e. He causes His own vicarious obedience to
be imputed to him, and imparts to him forgiveness.‖
Keil and Delitzsch ; ―…Let us remember also, that the Servant of Jehovah, whose
priestly mediatorial work is unfolded before us here in ch. 53, upon the ground of
which He rises to more that regal glory (ch. 52:15, compare 53:12), is no other than
He to whom His God has given the tongue of the learned, ―to know how to speak a
word in season to him that is weary, i.e., to raise up the wary and heavy laden‖ (ch
50:4). He knows God, with whom He stands in a loving fellowship; He knows the
counsels of His love and the will of His grace, in the fulfillment of which His own
life ascends, after having gone down into death and come forth from death; and by
virtue of this knowledge, which rests upon His own truest and most direct
experience, He, the righteous One, will help ―the many,‖ i.e., the great mass
…,hence all His own nation, and beyond that , all mankind…to a right state of life
and conduct, and one that should be well-pleasing to God.‖… and elsewhere while
commenting on this verse 11 Keil and Delitszch says:
―His continued lading [my ft]
       [ft] loading or carrying the burden
of our trespasses upon Himself is merely the constant presence and presentation of
His atonement, which has been offered once for all. The dead yet living One,
because of His one self-sacrifice, is an eternal Priest, who now lives to distribute
the blessings that He has acquired.‖
Martin Luther ; ― doubt, there is not, in all the Old Testament Scriptures, a
clearer text of prophecy, both of the suffering and the resurrection of Christ, than in
this chapter.‖
Keil and Delitzsch ; commenting on the Servant of Jehovah―...He knows God, with
whom He stands in loving fellowship; He knows the counsels of His love and the
will of His grace, in the fulfillment of which His own life ascends, after having
gone down into death and come forth from death; and by virtue of this knowledge,
which rests upon His own truest and most direct experience, He, the righteous One,
will help ‗the many‘ i.e., the great mass,...hence all His own nation, and beyond
that, all mankind...(so far as they were susceptible of salvation...)‖

―The figure under which it is all described is not that of the pangs of childbirth, but
the toiling endurance of one who breaks up the earth of a garden or field and, after
much painful labour, casts into it his seed. It is a labour in the sphere of death and
desolation in order to achieve the production of a living fruitful harvest - a labour
of the most exacting and anguishing kind.

What a picture this is of Christ and the task he came to accomplish! The sphere of
his operation was this world, blasted and desolated by sin, under the wrath and
curse of God, a sphere where death reigned. And Jesus came so that, through death,
'he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver
them who ofthrough fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage' (Heb.
2: 14). death were all ttheir lifetime subject to bondage' (Heb. 2: 14).heir lifetime
subject to bondage' (Heb. 2: 14).‖ (author unkown)
Job 19:25-27 KJV (from the A.V./Massoretic text) vs.25: “For I know that my
redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:
Vs.26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I
see God:
Vs.27 Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another;
though my reins be consumed within me.”
[see my ft]
      [ft] ).‖ Thomson‘s LXX (from ancient Greek texts) : [25] ―For I know that He is eternal,
      [26] Who is about to dissolve me on earth, to raise anew this body of mine which
      suffereth these things. [27] For from the Lord those things have been done to me, of
      which I alone am conscious-which mine eyes have seen, and no other; and which have
      all been done to me in my bosom.‖

      Friberg‘s Lexicon defines the word ―body as used in the greek text ―…; (1) lit. (a) as the
      living body of a human being or animal (Matthew 6.25; James 3.3); (b) as the dead body
      of a human being or animal corpse (Mark 15.43; Hebrews 13.11); (c) pl. by meton., of
      pers. valued impersonally as bodies for serving slaves (Revelation 18.13); (d) as the
      distinctive form of created things, as plants (1Corinthians 15.37, 38), and sun, moon, or
      stars (1Corinthians 15.40); (e) as the seat of mortal life, and subject to immortal life
      through resurrection body (1C orinthians15.44); (f) as the material part of man in
      distinction fr. soul and spirit body (1Thessalonians 5.23); (g) in relation to the sexual
      function, the reproductive powers (Romans 4.19; 1Corinthians 6.13;7.4); (2) fig. (a) as
      substance or reality in contrast to shadow (Collosions 2.17); (b) as a group of people
      united by a mystical union body, used of the church as the body of which Christ is the
      head (Romans 12.5

Cross references:
 John 5:24 ―Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that
sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death
unto life.‖
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall
hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.‖
1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last
Adam was made a living spirit.
Revelation 1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen;
and have the keys of hell and of death.
John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye
shall live also.
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall
hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
John 5:28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall
hear his voice,
John 5:29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and
they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.‖

Matthew Henry ; ― He shall be raised up, or, He shall be, at the latter day, (that is,
in the fulness of time: the gospel day is called the last time because that is the last
dispensation) upon the earth: so it points at His incarnation; or, He shall be lifted up
from the earth (so it points at His crucifixion), or raised up out of the earth (so it is
applicable to his resurrection), or, as we commonly understand it, At the end of
time He shall appear over the earth, for He shall come in the clouds, and every eye
shall see Him, so close shall he come to this earth. He shall stand upon the dust (so
the word is), upon all His enemies, which shall be put a dust under His feet; and He
shall tread upon them and triumph over them. Observe here, (1.) That there is a
Redeemer provided for fallen man, and Jesus Christ is that Redeemer. The word is
Goël which is used for the next of kin, to whom, by the law of Moses, the right of
redeeming a mortgaged estate did belong, Lev. 25:25. Our heavenly inheritance
was mortgaged by sin; we are ourselves utterly unable to redeem it; Christ is near
of kin to us, the next Kinsman that is able to redeem; He has paid our debt, satisfied
God‘s justice for sin, and so has taken off the mortgage and made a new settlement
of the inheritance. Our persons also want a Redeemer; we are sold for sin, and sold
under sin; our Lord Jesus has wrought out a redemption for us, and proclaims
redemption for us, and proclaims redemption to us, and so He is truly the
Redeemer. (2.) He is a living Redeemer. As we are made by a living God, so we
are saved by a living Redeemer, who is both almighty and eternal, and is therefore
able to save to the uttermost. Of him it is witnessed that He liveth, Hebrews 7:8;
Revelation 1:18. We are dying, but He liveth, and hath assured us that because He
lives we shall live also, John 14:19.‖...and... ―his ( Job‘s) friends have often
charged him with ignorance or vain knowledge; but he knows enough, and knows
to good purpose, who knows Christ to be his Redeemer. (5.) There will be a latter
day, a last day, a day when time shall be no more, Revelation 10:6. That is a day
we are concerned to think of every day. (6.) Our Redeemer will at that day stand
upon the earth, or over the earth, to summon the dead out of their graves, and
determine them to an unchangeable state; for to Him all judgment is committed. He
shall stand, at the last, on the dust to which this earth will be reduced by the
conflagration. 2. He believes the happiness of the redeemed, and his own title to
that happiness, that, at Christ‘s second coming, believers shall be raised up in glory
and so made perfectly blessed in the vision and fruition of God; and this he
believes with application to himself. (1.) He counts upon the corrupting of his body
in the grave, and speaks of it with a holy carelessness and unconcernedness:
Though, after my skin (which is already wasted and gone, none of it remaining but
the skin of my teeth, v. 20) they destroy (those that are appointed to destroy it, the
grave and the worms in it of which he had spoken, ch. 17:14) this body. The word
body is added: ―Though they destroy this, this skeleton, this shadow (ch. 17:7), this
that I lay my hand upon,‖ or (pointing perhaps to his weak and withered limbs)
―this that you see, call it what you will; I expect that shortly it will be a feast for the
worms.‖ Christ‘s body saw not corruption, but ours must. And Job mentions this,
that the glory of the resurrection he believed and hoped for might shine the more
brightly. Note, It is good for us often to think, not only of the approaching death of
our bodies, but of their destruction and dissolution in the grave; yet let not that
discourage our hope of their resurrection, for the same power that made man‘s
body at first, out of common dust, can raise it out of its own dust. This body which
we now take such care about, and make such provision for, will in a little time be
destroyed. Even my reins (says Job) shall be consumed within me (v. 27); the
innermost part of the body, which perhaps putrefies first. (2.) He comforts himself
with the hopes of happiness on the other side death and the grave: After I shall
awake (so the margin reads it), though this body be destroyed, yet out of my flesh
shall I see God. [1.] Soul and body shall come together again. That body which
must be destroyed in the grave shall be raised again, a glorious body: ‗Yet in my
flesh I shall see God.‘ The separate soul has eyes wherewith to see God, eyes of the
mind; but Job speaks of seeing him with eyes of flesh, in my flesh, with my eyes;
the same body that died shall rise again, a true body, but a glorified body, fit for the
employments and entertainments of that world, and therefore a spiritual body, 1
Co. 15:44. Let us therefore glorify God with our bodies because there is such a
glory designed for them. [2.] Job and God shall come together again: In my flesh
shall I see God, that is, the glorified Redeemer, who is God. I shall see God in my
flesh (so some read it), the Son of God clothed with a body which will be visible
even to eyes of flesh. Though the body, in the grave, seem despicable and
miserable, yet it shall be dignified and made happy in the vision of God. Job now
complained that he could not get a sight of God (ch. 23:8, 9), but hoped to see him
shortly, never more to lose the sight of him, and that sight of him will be the more
welcome after the present darkness and distance. Note, It is the blessedness of the
Blessed that they shall see God, shall see Him as He is, see Him face to face, and
no longer through a glass darkly. See with what pleasure holy Job enlarges upon
this (v. 27): ―Whom I shall see for myself,‖ that is, ―see and enjoy, see to my own
unspeakable comfort and satisfaction. I shall see him as mine, as mine with an
appropriating sight,‖ Rev. 21:3. God Himself shall be with them and be their God;
they shall be like Him, for they shall see Him as He is, that is seeing for
themselves, 1 Jn. 3:2. My eyes shall behold him, and not another. First, ―He, and
not another for Him, shall be seen, not a type or figure of Him, but He Himself.‖
Glorified saints are perfectly sure that they are not imposed upon; it is no ―deceptio
visus‖-―illusion of the senses‖. Secondly, ―I, and not another for me, shall see Him.
Though my flesh and body be consumed, yet I shall not need a proxy; I shall see
Him with my own eyes.‖ This was what Job hoped for, and what he earnestly
desired, which, some think, is the meaning of the last clause: My reins are spent in
my bosom, that is, ―all my desires are summed up and concluded in this; this will
crown and complete them all; let me have this, and I shall have nothing more to
desire; it is enough; it is all.‖
John Gill ; ― …, the word here used, our near kinsman and so our Redeemer, to
whom the right of redemption belonged; and who was spoken of by all the holy
prophets, from the beginning of the world, as the Redeemer of His people, who
should redeem them from all their sins; from the law, its curses and condemnation;
from Satan, and His principalities and powers; from death and hell, and everlasting
destruction; and that by giving Himself a ransom for them; all which was known in
the times of Job, Job 33:24; and known by him, who speaks of him as living; He
then existed not only as a divine Person, as He did from all eternity, but in His
office capacity as Mediator, and under the character of a Redeemer; for the virtue
of his future redemption reached to all the ages before it, from the foundation of the
world; besides, the epithet ―living‖ points at Him as the ―living God‖, as He is, Heb
3:12; and so equal to the work of redemption, and able to redeem, and mighty to
save; of Whom it is said, not that He has lived, or shall live, but ―liveth‖; ever lives;
and so an expression of the eternity of Christ, who is from everlasting to
everlasting, the same today, yesterday, and for ever; and Who, though He died in
human nature, yet is alive, and lives for evermore; He has life in and of Himself, as
He is God over all blessed for ever; and has life in Him for all His people, as
Mediator; and is the Author of spiritual life in them, and the donor of eternal life to
them; and because He lives, they shall live also. Now Job had an interest in Him as
the living Redeemer, and knew he had, which is the greatest blessing that can be
enjoyed; an interest in Christ is of infinitely more worth than the whole world, and
the knowledge of it exceeds all others; this knowledge was not merely speculative,
nor only approbational and fiducial, though such Job had, Job 13:15,16; but the
knowledge of assurance of interest; to know Christ as a Redeemer of men...‖
and...‖and that He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; appear in the world in
human nature; be the seed of the woman, and born of one, be made flesh, and dwell
among men, and converse with them, as Jesus did; who stood upon the land of
Judea, and walked through Galilee, and went about doing good to the bodies and
souls of men; and this was in the last days, and at the end of the world, Heb 1:1
9:26; as a pledge of this there were frequent appearances of the son of God in an
human form to the patriarchs...‖ and ― it may respect His resurrection from the
dead; He was brought to the dust of death, and was laid in the grave, and buried, in
the earth, and was raised out of it; and whose resurrection is of the greatest moment
and importance, the justification, regeneration, and resurrection of his people
depending on it: but this is not to be understood as if He was the last that should
rise from the dead; for he is the Firstfruits of them that sleep, and the Firstborn
from the dead, the first that rose to an immortal life; but that he who, as to his
divine nature, is the first and the last; or that, in his state of humiliation, is the last,
the meanest (humiliated), and most abject of men ; or rather, who, as the public and
federal head of His people, is ―the last Adam‖, 1Corinthians 15:45; and Who did
rise as such for their justification, which makes the article of His resurrection an
unspeakable benefit: or, ―He shall stand over the earth in the latter day‖ in the last
times of all, in the close of time, at the end of the world, at His appearing and
kingdom, when He shall come to judge the quick and dead; those that will be alive,
and those that will be raised from the dead, who will meet Him in the air over the
earth, and shall be for ever with Him; and even then ―He shall stand upon the
earth‖; for it is expressly said, that when He shall come, and all the saints with
Him, ―His feet shall stand on the mount of Olives‖, Zechariah 14:4,5; or, ―He shall
stand against the earth at the latter days‖ ; in the resurrection morn, and shall
exercise His authority over it, and command the earth and sea to give up their dead;
and when at his all commanding voice the dead shall come out of their graves, as
Lazarus came out of his, he shall stand then upon the dust of the earth, and tread
upon it as a triumphant Conqueror, having subdued all his enemies, and now the
last enemy, death, is destroyed by the resurrection of the dead: what a glorious and
enlarged view had Job of the blessed Redeemer!‖
2 Samuel 12:24-25 vs24 ―And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in
unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon:
and the LORD loved him.
25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah,
because of the LORD.‖
The Lord called Solomon ; ―Jedidiah‖, which means ― beloved of the Lord‖ and
A.B.Simpson ;of says ―...and we are told that the Lord loved him. Beautiful type of
Him who is the Son of His love and Who comes to represent the mercy of God and
stand for sinful men. Again, Solomon was not the firstborn, but the secondborn of
this union. The first had to die under the ban and doom of sin, but the secondborn
lived as the child of grace. This is the very principle of the regenerate life. The first,
natural, passes away. The second is divine and eternal. The first man Adam,
sinned; the second Adam lives. The first natural generation perishes; the second
birth, regeneration, brings life and salvation. Solomon represented this, and thus the
very germ and priciple of the gospel is embodied and impersonated in his life.‖
Matthew Henry ; ―And, in this name, he typified Jesus Christ, that blessed
Jedediah, the son of God‘s love, concerning whom God declared again and again,
‗This My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.‘ ‖

2 Samuel 23:5 NIV; "Is not my house right with God? Has he not made with me
an everlasting covenant, arranged and secured in every part? Will he not bring to
fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire?”

The word in the Hebrew to grow ( as in the KJV, NAS), prosper ( as in the NRS), and bring to
fruition is defined in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament as the word ―semah‖ (in
part) ; ―1928.0 ..( xm;c', semah) sprout, spring up. (1928a).. (semah) sprout, growth, branch.
Christ Jesus sprang up; or to put it another way, sprouted like a germinating seed-to-plant
when He was resurrected. To see a more in-depth study of the word picture ―spring up‖ or
―sprout‖ see the ―Word Pictures‖ portion of this study.

Cross references:
2 Samuel 23:3-4 NIV 3 ―The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: 'When one
rules over men in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God, 4 he is like the light of
morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain that brings the grass
from the earth.' ‖
Psalm 132:11 LXX, (Thomson version) [ll] ―The Lord hath sworn a truth to David, and will
not annul it; of the fruit of thy body I will set on thy throne; [I2] if thy children keep My
covenant, and these My testimonies,
which I will teach them, their children also shall sit on thy throne forever. [13] For the Lord
hath chosen Sion, and made choice of it for His habitation. [14] This shall be My rest forever.
Here I will dwell, for I have chosen it.‖
Jeremiah 23:5-6, 9 LXX (Thomson version) , verse 5 ; ―Behold the days are coming, saith the
Lord, when I will raise up for David a righteous shoot who shall reign as king and shall
understand and execute judgement and justice on the earth.
Vs 6 In his days Juda shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell securely.
Vs 9 And the name which the Lord will give him by the prophets shall be Josedek [Lord our
Zechariah 3:8-9, LXX (Thomson version with correction of verse number) ; ―Hearken now, 0
Jesus, the high priest, thou and they near thee who sit in [thy] presence, for they are men who
foretell wonderful things; for lo! I am bringing My servant Anatole, [the Day-spring], [9] since,
with regard to that stone which I have set
before Jesus,-upon that one stone there are seven eyes.‖
Isaiah 55:3 Dead Sea Scrolls ―Extend your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live;
and I will make with you an everlasting covenant, the faithful mercies of David.‖
Acts 13:34 ―And as concerning that he raised him from the dead, now no more to return to
corruption, he said in this way, ‗I will give you the sure mercies of David.‘ ‖

John Gill ; ―yet He hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all
things, and sure; or, ―for He hath made‖, &c. the covenant by which the kingdom
was settled on David and his seed was a covenant that would continue for ever, and
would be kept, ―observed‖, and ―preserved‖ in all the articles of it, and so be sure
to his seed, particularly to the Messiah that should spring from him, in whom it was
fulfilled, (Luke 1:32,33); and the covenant of grace made with David‘s antitype,
with Christ the head of the church, and the representative of it, and so with all His
people in Him, is an everlasting one: it was made with Christ from everlasting, as
appears from the everlasting love of God, the source and spring of it; the earliness
of the divine counsels on which it is formed, and blessings and promises of it, with
which it is filled, which were before the world was; and from Christ being set up as
the Mediator of it from everlasting: and it will continue to everlasting; it is a
covenant that cannot be broken, will never be removed, nor give way to or be
succeeded by another: it is ―ordered in all things‖: to promote and advance the
glory of all the three Persons in the Godhead, Father, Son, and Spirit; to secure the
persons of the saints, and to provide everything needful for them for time and
eternity: and it is ―sure‖; it stands upon a sure basis, the unchangeable will and
favour of God, and is in the hands of Christ, the same today, yesterday, and for
ever; its mercies are the sure mercies of David, and its promises are yea and amen
in Christ, and are sure to all the seed. Though things may not be with them God-
ward, as they desire, and could be wished for; though they may be attended with
many sins and infirmities, the temptations of Satan, divine desertions, and various
afflictions, and be guilty of many backslidings, yet covenant interest always
continues; and so, though in the kingdom and interest of Christ in the world, there
are, and may be, many things disagreeable; it may be attended with persecutions,
heresies, scandals, &c. yet it shall continue and increase, and spread, and be an
everlasting kingdom:‖...‖for this is all my salvation: all depends upon this
covenant; the safety of David‘s family, and the security of the kingdom in it, and to
his seed, till the Messiah came, depended on the covenant made with him
respecting that; and the spiritual and eternal salvation of the Lord‘s people depends
upon the covenant of grace; which was contrived, formed, and settled in it, in
which the Saviour is provided, and the persons to share in his salvation are taken
into it and secured, with all blessings both of grace and glory:‖...‖Christ, the ruler
over men, described, (2 Samuel 23:3,4); with whom the covenant of grace is made,
in whom is the salvation of men; he is the author and the only author of it; in whom
it is complete and perfect; ―all‖ salvation is in Him, and which they can claim as
theirs; to whom is ―all their desire‖; and in whom is ―all their delight‖, as it may be
rendered; on account of the glory of His person, the fulness of His grace, and His
suitableness as a Saviour; whom they desire to know more of, and have more
communion with:...‖and ―...the Messiah, the Man, the Branch, does not yet shoot
forth, though He certainly would; or, ―for shall He not bud forth‖ (Jeremiah 23:5
Zechariah 3:8 6:12.)
Matthew Henry ; ― Of the covenant of royalty (in the type) which God made with
David and his seed, touching the kingdom, Psalm 132:11, 12. But, [2.] It must look
further, to the covenant of grace made with all believers, that God will be, in
Christ, to them a God, which was signified by the covenant of royalty, and
therefore the promises of the covenant are called the sure mercies of David, Isaiah
55:3. It is this only that is the everlasting covenant...‖
B. Dale of the Pulpit Commentary (commenting on vss.1-7) ―…Typical
representation, in his office as theocratic king, divinely chosen, ―the Lord‘s
anointed‖ (messiah, christ), the representative of God and of the people; his
devotion to the purpose of his calling, fulfilling the will of God, contending against
his enemies, and ruling his people righteously; his exaltation, through suffering (1
Peter 1:11), by the mighty hand of God, to power, honour, and dominion; his
influence in securing national deliverance, religious benefits, temporal order,
prosperity, and happiness; whereby he foreshadowed an incomparably greater
Ruler of a kingdom ―not of this world,‖ who saves his people from their sins,
reconciles them to God, and gives them eternal life.‖

G. Wood of the Pulpit Commentary ; ―…The covenant was made to David directly
and personally, through Nathan. The covenant of God in the gospel is with all those
who conform to its requirements — all who repent, believe, and obey. Whoever
sincerely accepts Christ as Saviour and Lord, is warranted to regard the promises of
God as made to himself, and will be able to do so with increasing confidence as his
faith, love, and holiness increase. These are at once the work of the Holy Spirit, and
his witness to each Christian that he is a Christian indeed, one of ―the children of
God,‖ who are ―heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ‖

Isaiah 60:2, Dead Sea Scroll, (vs2 .) “For, behold, the darkness shall cover the
earth, and thick darkness the nations but He shall arise YHWH will shine on
you, and his glory upon you shall be seen.”
Internet link to a picture of this scroll :
Isaiah 60:2 LXX (Brenton’s translation) “Behold, darkness shall cover the
earth, and there shall be gross darkness on the nations: but the Lord shall appear
upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.”
Cross references:
Revelation 21:23 ―And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for
the glory of God lightened it, and the Lamb is its lamp.‖
Habakkuk 3:2-6 LXX (Thomson version) [vs.2] ―0 Lord, I have heard the report of Thee and
am terrified;
I have considered Thy works and am struck with amazement. In the midst of two living beings
Thou wilt be known; when the years draw nigh Thou wilt be acknowledged; when the time is
come Thou wilt be pointed out: when my soul is troubled, in wrath remember mercy. [3] God
will come from Thaiman, even the Holy One from the thick shady mountains of Pharan. His
glory obscured the heavens; and the earth was full of His praise. [4] His splendour will be like
light-beaming rays in His hands, which impressed a lasting love of His Majesty. [5] Before him
the word [Logos] wilt march, and advance into the plain. [6] He stood, and the earth was
shaken; He looked, and nations melted away; the mountains were violently convulsed, the
everlasting hills melted with His everlasting marches.‖

Malachi 4:2 LXX Thomson version) ―But to you who fear My name the Sun of righteousness
will arise with healing in his wings; and you shall go forth and leap for joy like young bullocks
loosed from yokes.‖

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in
our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.‖
Hebrews 1:2 ―Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir
of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;‖
Hebrews 1:3 ―Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and
upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat
down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;‖

John Gill ; ―…Christ shall appear in the glory of his person and of his offices, and
especially his kingly office; and in the glory of his grace and righteousness, in the
ministration of his word among his people.‖
Matthew Henry ; ―…When Christ arose as the sun of righteousness, and in him the
day-spring from on high visited us, then the glory of the Lord was seen upon us, the
glory as of the first-begotten of the Father."
Edward J. Long ; ―…When Isaiah speaks the earth is still enshrouded in darkness,
there being only the morning star of the divine promises; but when Christ came, the
Sun arose and light broke forth. This light of salvation will draw the nations unto it,
and therein lies the reason why Zion is glorious….‖

Genesis 29:10 ; “And it came to pass when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of
Laban, his mother’s brother, and the sheep of Laban, his mother’s brother, that
Jacob came and rolled away the stone from the mouth of the well, and watered
the sheep of Laban, his mother’s brother.”

Cross references :
Genesis 29:1-3 (for context) ―And Jacob started and went to the land of the east to Laban, the
son of Bathuel the Syrian, and the brother of Rebecca, mother of Jacob and Esau.
 2 And he looks, and behold! a well in the plain; and there were there three flocks of sheep
resting at it, for out of that well they watered the flocks, but there was a great stone at the
mouth of the well.
3 And there were all the flocks gathered, and they used to roll away the stone from the mouth
of the well, and water the flocks, and set the stone again in its place on the mouth of the well.‖

Matthew 28:2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended
from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.‖

Spurgeon ; ―...‖He is not here, but He is risen: He has left the dead, no more to
die.‖ I was minded, as I thought over this passage of my discourse, of that time
when Jacob journeyed to the house of Laban. It is said he came to a place where
there was a well, and a great stone lay upon it, and the flocks and herds were
gathered round it, but they had no water till one came and rolled away the great
stone from the well‘s mouth, and then they watered the flocks. Even so the tomb of
Jesus is like a great well springing up with the purest and most divine refreshment,
but until this stone was rolled away, none of the flocks redeemed by blood could be
watered there; but now, every Sabbath day, on the resurrection morning, the first
day of the week, we gather round our Lord‘s open sepulcher, and draw living
waters from that sacred well…‖
Matthew Henry ;‖What is said of the care of the shepherds for their sheep, may
remind us of the tender concern which our Lord Jesus, the great Shepherd of the
sheep, has for his flock the church; for he is the good Shepherd, that knows his
sheep, and is known of them. The stone at the well‘s mouth was to secure it; water
was scarce, it was not there for every one‘s use:…‖
Indeed, the resurrection of Jesus is efficacious only to those who as Himself said ;
―...Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.‖
[my ft]
     [ft] Matthew 11:28
Psalm 82:8 ; ―Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.‖
―And since He was crucified on the day of the Preparation, and rose again at break
of day on the Lord‘s day, the scripture was fulfilled which saith, ―Arise, O God;
judge the earth: for Thou shalt have an inheritance in all the nations;‖ Author
unknown , early second-century
Calvin ; ―He alludes to the dawn; for, as the morning-star begins the day in one
quarter only of heaven, and immediately the sun enlightens the whole world, so the
daybreak was first in Judea, from which the Light arose and was afterwards
diffused throughout the whole world ; for there is no corner of the earth which the
Lord has not enlightened by this Light.‖
Isaiah 25:8 KJV ; “He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will
wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take
away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.”
Isaiah 25:8 LXX (Brenton’s transl) Death has prevailed and swallowed men up;
but again the Lord God has taken away every tear from every face. He has taken
away the reproach of his people from all the earth: for the mouth of the Lord has
spoken it. [see my ft]
DSS ; “ He will swallow up death perpetually and the Lord YHWH shall wipe
away tears from upon all faces and the shame of His people He shall turn away
from all the earth because YHWH has spoken.”
       [ft] The Syriac has ; ‗..IN VICTORY‖ as do the LXX of Augustine, Aquila, and Theodotian.

Cross references:
1 Corinthians 15:54 [ an Apostolic scripture (Paul)] ;; ― So when this corruptible shall have put
on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the
saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.‖
1 Corinthians 15:55 NKJV "O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?"

1 Chronicles 29:11 LXX (Thomson version) ; ― To Thee, O Lord, be ascribed greatness, and
power, and exultation, and victory, and majesty; for Thou hast dominion over all things in
heaven and on earth. At Thy presence every king and nation is struck with awe. From Thee art
the head of all dominion, and in Thy hand is majesty and power. And by Thy hand, O Almighty
Sovereign, all tings are made great and strong.‖

Adam Clarke comments; ―Verse 54. Death is swallowed up in victory.- katepoth o
thanatos eis nikov.‘ In victory - Hebrew, ‫ לנצח‬la netsach.
He (God) hath swallowed up death in victory; or, for ever. These words in the
Septuagint are thus translated: ‗katepien o thanatos iscusas‘, kate,pien o qa,natoj
ivscu,saj ? Death having prevailed, or conquered, hath swallowed up.
Bishop Pearce observes, in such kind of phrases, signifying the same thing, because
eternity conquers all things; and accordingly, in 2 Samuel 2:26, where the
Septuagint have ‗mh eis nikos katafagetai h romfaia‘, mh. eivj ni/koj katafa,getai h
Bible scholar-commentators Barnes and Young both cite the Syriac and
Theodotion‘s LXX manuscripts that agree or ―unites‖ this ancient document with
Paul‘s quote from Isaiah 25:8.
Barnes ; ―...Death shall be completely, permanently, destroyed; that is, a complete
‗victory‘ shall be gained over it The Syriac unites the two ideas of victory and
perpetuity. ‗ Death shall be swallowed up ‗in victory forever.‘
Barnes comments ; ―This will take place under the reign of the Messiah,, and shall
be completed only in the morning of the resurrection, when the power of death over
the people of God shall be completely and for ever subdued.‖[ft]

     [ft] Barnes comments on the swallowed up ―in victory‖ part of the text ; ―In victory - Hebrew, ‫ לנצח‬la netsach. Paul, in
     1Co_15:54, has translated this,            κο Eis nikos - ‗Unto victory.‘ The word       κο nikos (victory) is often the
     translation of the word (see 2Samuel_2:26; Job_36:7; Lam: Lamentations_3:18; Amos_1:2; Amos_8:7); though here the
     Septuagint has rendered it ‗strong (or prevailing) death shall be swallowed up.‘ The word may be derived from the Chaldee
     verb ‫ נצח‬netsach, to conquer, surpass; and then may denote victory. It often, however, has the sense of permanency,
     duration, completness, eternity; and may mean for ever, and then entirely or completely. This sense is not materially
     different from that of Paul, ‗unto victory.‘ Death shall be completely, permanently, destroyed; that is, a complete victory
     shall be gained over it. The Syriac unites the two ideas of victory and perpetuity. ‗Death shall be swallowed up in victory
     forever.‘ This will take place under the reign of the Messiah, and shall be completed only in the morning of the resurrection,
     when the power of death over the people of God shall be completely and forever subdued.‖

J. Young remarks ; ...‖ Paul‘s usage 1 Cor. 15:54, agrees with Theodotion‘s text B
reads katepien o thanatos ischusas kate,pien o qa,natoj ivscu,saj , death, having
become strong, swallowed (them) up‘‖...
Young comments ; ―His death Christ did swallow up death in victory. At the same
time, we also learn from the New Testament that the effects of sin remain, and that
the effects of sin remain, and that only with the second advent of Christ will we see
then promised blessings realized to their fullest extent.‖...
Matthew Henry : ― That death should be conquered, the power of it broken, and the
property of it altered: He will swallow up death in victory, v. 8. 1. Christ will
Himself, in His resurrection, triumph over death, will break its bands, its bars,
asunder, and cast away all its cords. The grave seemed to swallow Him up, but
really He swallowed it up. 2. The happiness of the saints shall be out of the reach of
death, which puts a period to all the enjoyments of this world, embitters them, and
stains the beauty of them. 3. Believers may triumph over death, and look upon it as
a conquered enemy: O death! where is thy sting?‖ C.H. Spurgeon ; ― But the
sleeping ones, the myriads who have left their flesh and bones to moulder back to
earth, death shall be destroyed even as to them, for when the trumpet sounds they
shall rise from the tomb. The resurrection is like destruction of death. We never
taught, nor believed, nor thought that every particle of every body that was put into
the grave would come to its fellow, and that the absolutely identical material would
rise; but we do say that the identical body will be raised, and that as surely as there
cometh out of the ground the seed that was put into it, though in very different
guise, for it cometh not forth as a seed but as a flower, so surely shall the same
body rise again. The same material is not necessary, but there shall come out of the
grave, ay, come out of the earth, if it never saw a grave, or come out of the sea if
devoured by monsters, that selfsame body for true identity which was inhabited by
the soul while here below. Was it not so with our Lord? Then so shall it be with his
own people, and then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, ―Death is
swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting! O grave where is thy
―The resurrection of our Lord is glorious in contrast with his humiliation.
It has in it sufficient of glory to redeem his passion from the shame which gathered
about it. We read in Matthew 20:18, 19, how he was to be betrayed, condemned to
death, delivered to the Gentiles, mocked, scourged, and crucified; but we note that
all the gloom of that dread tragedy is removed by the few words with which our
Lord ended the story:
―And the third day he shall rise again.‖ The blaze of resurrection lights up
the whole length of the Valley of the Shadow. His death wears no dishonor on its
brow, for his rising again hath set a diadem thereon. We celebrate Gethsemane and
Calvary, and find no bitterness in all their grief, because death is swallowed up in
the victory of resurrection. The whole earthly life of Jesus with its poverty, its
slander, its sorrow, its scourging, its spitting, its crucifixion, is raised above all
trace of dishonor by his glorious resurrection.‖
Psalm 41:11 ; “By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth
not triumph over me.”
[footnote] Two LXX have ―delighted‖ rather than ―favourest‖ (me)
       cf. Matthew 27:43 "He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, 'I am
       the Son of God.' " note that the phrase ―will have Him‖ is from the same greek root word ; qe,lei that
       ―favourest Me‖ (in Psalm 41:11)

Colossians 2:15 ―Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of
them, triumphing over them in it.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and
her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Psalm 68:18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received
gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.‖
Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil
with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the
transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.‖

John Gill ―By this I know that thou favourest me, &c.] Or ―delightest in me‖ ..; as
he did, both as his Son and his servant; in his obedience, sufferings, and death,
whereby his counsels were accomplished, his covenant ratified, and the salvation of
his people procured; and which delight and well pleasedness in him was the ground
of his deliverance from the power of death and the grave; see Ps 18:19 22:8; the
token by which Christ knew this was,‖
Augustine : ―By this I know that Thou favourest Me, that Mine enemies shall not
triumph over Me‖ (ver. 11.) Because the Jews did triumph, when they saw Christ
crucified; they thought that they had fulfilled their will to do Him hurt: the fruits of
their cruelty they saw in effect, Christ hanging on the Cross: they shook their
heads, saying, ―If Thou be the Son of God, come down from the Cross.‖ He came
not down, who could; His Potency He showed not, but patience taught. For if, on
their saying these things, He had come down from the Cross, He would have
seemed as it were to yield to them insulting, and not being able to endure reproach,
would have been believed conquered: more firm remained He upon the Cross, than
they insulting; fixed was He, they wavering. For therefore shook they their heads,
because to the true Head they adhered not. He taught us plainly patience. For
mightier is that which He did, who would not do what the Jews challenged. For
much mightier is it to rise from the sepulchre, than to come down from the Cross.
―That Mine enemies shall not triumph over Me.‖ They triumphed then at that time.
Christ rose again, Christ was glorified, Now see they in His Name the human race

Leviticus 18:5, NKJV, “You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments,
which if a man does, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.”
Leviticus 18:5, LXX ; “So ye shall keep all my commandments, and all my
judgments, and do them; which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the Lord
your God.”

Cross references:
Romans 10:4-8 ; ― For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those
things shall live by them.
 6 But the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, "Do not say in your heart, 'Who will ascend
into heaven?' " (that is, to bring Christ down from above)
7 or, " 'Who will descend into the abyss?' " (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
8 But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the
word of faith which we preach):‖
Galatians 2:20 "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in
me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me
and gave Himself for me.‖
Ezekiel 18:23, LXX ; ―Shall I at all desire death of the sinner, saith the Lord, as I desire that he
should turn from his evil way, and live?‖

Rudolph Stier ; ―…the Risen Redeemer, the Servant is glorified as the Son, the
kingdom of the King and the Lord, of which also all had foretold, begins to appear.
The Lord who died especially for the fulfilment of the Law, though to that also the
Prophets contributed their testimony, liveth now expecially for the fulfilment of
prophecy in its stricter sense ; although the promise of the Law- ‗He that doeth
these things shall live!‘ Is realized also in Him, who as the Righteous One has
voluntarily accomplished in Himself the command of the Law-for thy sin shalt thou
die ! even to the attainment of a superabundance of righteousness. This life, thus by
right as well as grace obtained for us, is one with the Blessing of the first promise
to Abraham ; and thus the righteousness of the Law itself, which was forever
beyond our own attainment, turns in Christ into a righteousness of faith for us
(Galatians 3:8-14).‖ [my ft]

      [ft] Galatians 3:8-14 ; ― And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen
      through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations
      be blessed.
       9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
       10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written,
      Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the
      law to do them.
       11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just
      shall live by faith.
       12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
     13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is
     written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
     14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that
     we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith‖

Adam Clarke (on Romans 10:4-7) ; ―Verse 4. For Christ is the end of the law]
Where the law ends, Christ begins. The law ends with representative sacrifices;
Christ begins with the real offering. The law is our schoolmaster to lead us to
Christ; it cannot save, but it leaves us at his door, where alone salvation is to be
Christ as an atoning sacrifice for sin, was the grand object of the whole sacrificial
code of Moses; his passion and death were the fulfillment of its great object and
design. Separate this sacrificial death of Christ from the law, and the law has no
meaning, for it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away
sins: wherefore the Messiah is represented as saying, Sacrifice and observing thou
didst not desire; burnt-offering and sin-offering thou hast not required; then said I,
Lo, I come to do thy will; a body hast thou prepared me, Psalm 40: 6, 7; Heb. x. 4-
10; which proves that God never designed that the sacrifices of the law should be
considered the atonement for sin, but a type or representative of that atonement;
and that THE atonement was the sacrifice offered by Christ.
Thus he was the END of the law, in respect to its sacrifices. And, as sacrifices were
offered merely to procure pardon of sin, righteousness, or justification, Christ is the
end of the law for this justification to every one that believeth on him, as dying for
their offenses, and rising again for their justification, having made peace through
the blood of his cross. Therefore every Jew who rejected Christ rejected salvation,
and that very salvation which the law witnessed and required, and which could not
be had but through Christ alone.
Verse 5. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law] The place to
which the apostle refers, seems to be Leviticus 18. 5: Ye shall therefore keep my
statutes and my judgments; which if a man do, he shall live in them. These words
seem to be spoken in answer to an objection which might be made by a Jew: "Did
not Moses give us a law, the observance of which should secure our salvation?"
Such a law Moses undoubtedly gave, and that law promises life to those who
perform its precepts: but who can plead for life on this ground, who rejects that
Christ who is the end of the law? No man ever did, nor ever can, fulfill that law, so
as to merit salvation by the performance of it: for, as all have sinned and come
short of the glory of God, they are all under the curse of the law, which says:
Cursed is every one who continueth not in all the things that are written in the book
of the law to do them, Deuteronomy. 27:. 26; Gal. iii. 10; therefore by the deeds of
this law none can be justified, because all are in a state of condemnation for
transgressions already committed against it. If, therefore, there were not such a
provision as is made by the death of Christ, no soul could be saved.
Verse 6. But the righteousness which is of faith] As it is most evident that there can
be no justification by works, as all are sinful and all in a guilty state; if God will
grant salvation at all, it must be by faith: but faith must have an object and a reason
for its exercise; the object is Jesus Christ-the reason is the infinite merit of his
passion and death.
Who shall ascend unto heaven? &c.] As Christ is the end of the law for justification
to every one that believes, no observance of the law can procure him. Who, by the
practice of the law, can bring Christ down from heaven? or, when brought down,
and crucified and buried, as a sacrifice for sin, who can bring him up again from
the dead? And both his death and resurrection are essentially necessary for the
salvation of a lost world. Or the sense of the apostle may be this: They who will not
believe in Christ crucified must in effect be seeking another Messiah to come down
from heaven with a different revelation; or they who will not credit the doctrine
that we preach concerning his resurrection seem in effect to say, Christ yet remains
to be raised from the dead, and reign over the Jews as a mighty secular sovereign,
subjecting the Gentile world to the sway of his righteous scepter.‖
Vincent‘s Word Studies (on Romans 10:8) ; ―…Christ has accomplished the two
great things necessary for salvation. He has descended to earth and has risen from
the dead. All that is necessary is to accept by faith the incarnate and risen Christ,
instead of having recourse to the long and painful way of establishing one's own
righteousness by obedience to the law.‖

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