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Vol. 80, No. 3, 2008 VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 neWS in engineering The OhiO STaTe UniverSiTy COllege Of engineering txt: Millennials on the Move From the Dean The past few months have accentuated the interdisciplinary problems will be the mantra st struggles of our country and globe on all of the 21 century engineer. We also must levels: risks to the economy, raw materials, reconsider how we reward faculty instruction; consumption and the lifestyles to which we we need to have greater rewards in place for have become accustomed. faculty who are innovative or great teachers. With all the problems before us, we as We have, in fact, recently adopted several engineers must endeavor to respond. of the “Engineer of 2020” principles, which If we were to parse out current challenges in mainly focus on a well-rounded engineer: energy, global warming, aging infrastructure, • enhancing and personalizing education security and conflict, water, communication to meet today’s student needs under the and trade, all are predominantly engineering guidance of our Engineering Education problems. We all know these issues are not Innovation Center; new. So what’s different? • hiring practicing engineers as faculty Now we compete in a world dominated and inviting them to work with students by time. Information and decisions travel at through our capstone programs and our light speed. We need people who can make new Ohio Innovation Initiative (see p. 7); GreGOry WashiNGtON, iNterim DeaN decisions and act quickly and rationally. This • continuing emphasis on interdisciplinary Success on dictates a very rigorous learning by facilitating teamwork among training. When you look engineering and other disciplines through for individuals trained various centers, such as our new National the Fast to think logically, who Science Foundation Materials Research are interdisciplinary at Science and Engineering Center (see p. 8); the core and who can • and promoting engineering and Track make decisions quickly, technology literacy through new courses engineers are more we plan to offer universitywide. competent than any. Some of those “Engineer of 2020” How we prepare recommendations have long been successful our engineering here at Ohio State, such as encouraging students for this rapid, global domain is a students to aspire to advanced degrees; question engineering colleges are examining improving math, science and engineering nationwide, spurred by the 2005 National education at the K-12 level with outreach Academy of Sciences “The Engineer of 2020” efforts; and teaching the essence of report that began reinventing engineering engineering, with design, prediction, building education. We must differentiate the degrees and testing, in the first year of college we offer here at Ohio State from those offered education through our Fundamentals of nationally and internationally if we’re going to Engineering program. compete in a world market. The way we are preparing students for the First, we’ve got to globalize our curriculum challenges facing the world is to return to and our educational process. That doesn’t what made us great as Americans throughout necessarily mean sending our students to our history. We must go back to the ingenuity, study abroad, although that’s part of it. It really innovation and creativity that have essentially means infusing in our students a mindset that made us a great country — and infuse these they are in a global community. The problems into the development of the next generation they have to solve in classrooms and labs of students. should not just be those affecting the United States but also nations around the world. Second, we need to look at ways to make the curriculum more flexible so students acquire more breadth, because solving VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG 1 16 Millennials on the Move illUSTraTiOn matt treFZ Get ready to be impressed as we introduce you to today’s students in the College of Engineering, where they not only excel in the classroom but fill their hours with service activities, study abroad, research, entrepreneurship — and even some fun. 02 News in Engineering Meet Gregory Departments 2070 Neil avenue Columbus, Oh 43210 (614) 292-4064 editor-in-Chief Gina m. Langen Washington editor Joan slattery Wall 2 College Report Graphic Designer Contributing Writers matt trefz matthew Caracciolo tom Knox terri stone The college’s new interim dean shares his goals 24 Research Update Photographers ed Crockett Karen Crockett and motivations. Kevin Fitzsimons 30 Student Update Geoff hulse 08 Jo mcCulty 34 Alumni Update Address Changes: Tomorrow’s 40 Faculty Focus e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org OsU alumni: (614) 292-8306 engineering.osu.edu/nie Electronics 41 Buckeye Connection News in engineering is published by the Ohio state University College of engineering 2070 Neil ave. The National Science Foundation supports Columbus, Oh 43210 (614) 292-4064 a new Materials Research Science and Dean and Chairs Engineering Center at the college. 11 Interim Dean Gregory N. Washington Exploring Aerospace Engineering m. J. “mike” Benzakein the Galaxy Aviation Nawal taneja Biomedical Engineering On this 50th anniversary of NASA, we look at richard t. hart faculty, student and alumni interactions with Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering stuart L. Cooper the agency. 36 Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science Alumni Highlight: Carolyn merry Computer Science and Engineering Doug Roble Xiaodong Zhang Electrical and Computer Engineering robert Lee See this engineering alumnus’ work at a Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering theater near you. thomas Bean Industrial, Welding and Systems Engineering Julia higle Knowlton School of Architecture ann Pendleton-Jullian Materials Science and Engineering rudy G. Buchheit Ohio state engineering: Mechanical Engineering Excellence · Impact · Innovation Cheena srinivasan 2 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Meet Gregory matt treFZ Washington If you receive an e-mail from the new leader of the College of Engineering, one of the first things you’ll notice is the exclamation point he always adds after the initials he uses as his signature — a move that says a lot about the energy and enthusiasm he brings to the position. Gregory Washington was appointed interim dean Oct. 1, succeeding William A. “Bud” Baeslack III, who was hired as provost at Case Western Reserve University. Washington, College of engineering interim Dean Gregory Washington (left) visits with who was promoted from associate dean for research, is a General motors representatives Chris Brandly (center), a manufacturing professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and planning manager who leads the Gm recruiting team, and mel stewart, the interim director of Ohio State’s Institute for Energy and senior manager, academic relations, at the engineering Career expo the Environment. He has been involved in research in the during fall quarter. design and control of smart material systems, the design and control of hybrid electric vehicles, and the design of smart electromagnetic systems. Here, he shares his insights about the college, engineering education and his motivation. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 COLLeGe rePOrt 3 What specific goals do you have for the College? The primary and overarching goal is to continue with the strong and groundbreaking strategic plan that was put in process by Dean Baeslack. In general, I plan to focus on three areas: revenue, reputation and retooling. We’re going to increase and use our revenue more efficiently by maintaining federal support but growing relationships with industry in interdisciplinary research, using the increased revenue to develop innovative programs at the cutting edge of education. We want our reputation to be in alignment with the achievements of our faculty and students, who do tremendous things. These are things people need to know about our college. If you look at our research dollars, if you look at student production, if you look at many of these entities, our numbers have increased far greater than many of our counterparts, but our rankings have not. Most of this is about perception. We haven’t marketed ourselves as strongly as we should; this is one thing we plan to change. And we need to retool. Our college faculty will change dramatically over the next five to seven years due to retirements or job changes. We need to plan an infrastructure to bring in new faculty and orient them so they are ready to prepare students for the global future. We’re retooling to differentiate ourselves from national as well as international competition. How do you see yourself relying on alumni to meet Students, faculty and staff admire your energy and some of these challenges? ambition. What inspires or motivates you? Our alumni are critical to reaching these challenges. We Overall, it’s watching others succeed and knowing I could actively call on our alumni for scientific and technical help. be a part of helping other people succeed. I love to be in an We now have at least five former executives from industry environment where people say, “You can’t. This can’t be done. working at the college to help us with research and curriculum You can’t do it.” I think there’s something to be gained when development, and we intend to do much more of that. We people finally figure out that they can. A lot of that is from my depend on our alumni for their feedback. We have advisory own background and upbringing; I was always told I couldn’t. boards in all of our departments, and we have a strategy And I’ve always been able to succeed even in that environment. council in our college. I am now working on putting together So that’s where the passion and energy come from. what I call a vanguard group, which is a small group of highly It doesn’t matter what the problem is in front of us. If we put successful individuals who will help chart the course for this our minds to it, if we become passionate about it, if we get our college for the next 20 years. And finally, we depend on alumni hearts right, we can solve virtually any problem. Everything we for financial support. These major problems that are afflicting need is here; we just have to arrange it and organize it properly. the country will not be solved by government. It doesn’t have the capacity to solve these problems, but private individuals What do you do to unwind? coupled with industry and universities do, and that’s what’s going to solve it. Lift weights. And I like playing games with my kids. My wife, Nicole, and I have a 6- and an 8-year-old, both boys. We What is your teaching philosophy, and what do you do a lot of fun things like football and lots of thought games. hope students gain from their education here at the We play lots of strategy games in my house: Connect Four, College of Engineering? checkers, chess, UNO, games that require you to think and be strategic. I’m very big on that because I think these are the skills I fundamentally believe there’s a mismatch between the way that are important as we look forward in life. many engineering faculty teach and the way many engineering Jim BrOWN, OsUmC students learn. To give an example: Engineering students generally are more “big picture.” They want to know why a concept is important. Engineering faculty tend more to teach the focus of “how” to solve a specific problem. Engineering students prefer to reason visually, but most of their instruction is verbal, more by lecture. One of my fundamental beliefs in teaching is you should use as many different teaching styles and as many pieces of information to reach as many different students as possible. In my classes, for instance, I take advantage of the technology students are using and often have visual learning, methods of both induction and deduction and lots of active and peer-to-peer learning. We have to appeal to all of the different ways in which students learn. This is important for diversity because our students have a much more diverse U.s. sen. John Glenn (left) speaks with (from left) interim Dean Gregory background and thought process in terms of how they learn. Washington; richard hart, Department of Biomedical engineering chair; Our teaching has to be aligned with that. and William marras, director, Ohio state Biodynamics Lab, and professor of industrial, welding and systems engineering, before “engineering and medicine: the Prescription for an aging Population,” a Nov. 5 panel discussion in recognition of the 10-year anniversary of Glenn’s 1998 space mission. 4 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG College Names New associate Deans formerly held by Robert J. Gustafson, who is now director of the Engineering Education Innovation Center, in July. Until Tomasko steps in, Ann D. Christy, associate professor of food, agricultural and biological engineering, will serve as interim associate dean for undergraduate education and student services. Tomasko, who joined Ohio State in 1993, received his doctoral degree in chemical engineering from the University mOses tOmasKO Christy of Illinois. He was promoted to professor in 2005 and currently Engineering faculty members have been appointed to college serves as director of the Honors Collegium. He received the associate dean positions. Ohio State Alumni Award for Distinguished Teaching in 2002. Randolph (Randy) L. Moses has been named the College His research focuses on thermodynamics, separations and of Engineering’s interim associate dean for research, replacing materials processing, promoting the use of environmentally Gregory Washington, who is the college’s new interim dean. benign solvents in chemical and materials processing. His Moses, who received his doctoral degree in electrical current focus is the application of supercritical fluids to the engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State processing of polymers and pharmaceuticals. University, joined Ohio State in 1985. In addition to serving Christy joined Ohio State in 1996 and received her doctorate as associate dean, Moses will retain his faculty position in the in environmental systems engineering from Clemson Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. University. She is a 2006 recipient of the Ohio State Alumni His research accomplishments include three Lumley Award for Distinguished Teaching. Research Awards and the Research Accomplishment Award Her primary research interests include bio-environmental from the College of Engineering, as well as an Outstanding engineering, field and laboratory studies of solid waste Research Contributions award from the Defense Advanced management systems, landfill bioreactors, fracture flow Research Projects Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense. hydrogeology and containment support as well as design He is also a recipient of the Harrison Faculty Award for of ground water and soil bioremediation systems. She has won Excellence in Engineering Education. more than 15 teaching and service awards, and her David L. Tomasko, professor of chemical and biomolecular work has been published in more than 70 education and engineering, has been named associate dean for undergraduate technical publications. education and student services. Tomasko will fill the position, Biomedical engineering adds Undergraduate major The Department of Biomedical Engineering has introduced a new undergraduate major in biomedical engineering. While the department has had a graduate program since 1971 as well as an undergraduate minor program for several years, the undergraduate major received its final approval Oct. 7 from the Ohio Board of Regents. The objective of the biomedical engineering undergraduate program is to provide educational opportunities for students to creatively integrate engineering and life sciences so graduates can successfully pursue: • Advanced study • Advanced study • Careers in biomedical leading to research or leading to research or engineering professional practice professional practice industries or related in biomedical in health care technical and engineering professional fields The major will start with a small cadre of up to 25 exceptional students, beginning winter quarter 2009, and will steadily increase to a projected full capacity of 75 students per class. More information about the new major is available online at www.bme.ohio-state. edu/bmeweb3/bme_ugmajor.html. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 COLLeGe rePOrt 5 Building engineering excellence through Diversity By mary Juhas While I think this quote (right) by Ms. Abzug, who in 1976 was the first woman to run for the U.S. Senate from New York, was appropriate for the 1970s (and today), I would only add “Our struggle today is that schlemiels from all underrepresented minorities and those with disabilities be promoted as quickly as white, male, able- not to have a female bodied schlemiels, especially in engineering. After 13 years in higher education, most recently serving Einstein get appointed as the senior assistant dean for diversity and outreach in JUhas Ohio State’s College of Engineering, I was thrilled when as an assistant an opportunity arose to take my own passion for building engineering excellence through diversity to the national level. professor. It is for a I have just returned to the university after serving two years at the National Science Foundation as a program director, which gave me an opportunity to help the woman schlemiel Foundation create programs to broaden participation in the STEM fields. I was hired in October 2006 with the charge to create a sustainable roadmap for diversity in the to get as quickly Directorate for Engineering and to reach out to the academic community and work within the engineering directorate and across other NSF directorates to address policy promoted as a male issues in a holistic way to help reach this goal. With a clean slate and a reasonable budget that underscored NSF’s commitment schlemiel.” to diversity, I undertook the most exciting and meaningful challenge of my career as an engineer. — U.S. Rep. Bella Abzug (1920-1998) My accomplishments at NSF could not have been realized in such a short time span without the aid of the Engineering Diversity Working Group, which had representation from all the engineering divisions. This group of women and men was actively involved in important directorate-wide activities such as the drafting of the Mary Juhas, ’89 Ph.D. MSE, joined Ohio first Broadening Participation Plan for Engineering, which will drive NSF engineering State as a research scientist in materials directorate business practices to be inclusive of underrepresented groups. science and engineering in 1998 and was Another new program, “Broadening Participation Research Initiation Grants in named senior assistant dean for diversity Engineering” (BRIGE), provides funding to help faculty members, including those and outreach in the College of Engineering from underrepresented groups, engineers at minority-serving institutions and in 2002. This fall, she also was appointed persons with disabilities, to initiate research programs early in their careers. The program director of the new Project CEOS, goals are to increase the number of proposals to the Directorate for Engineering Comprehensive Equity at Ohio State. from individuals who can serve as role models for the U.S. engineering workforce (Read more about Project CEOS on p. 6.) of the future and to support innovative plans for recruiting and retaining a broad representation of researchers. In its inaugural year, the BRIGE program successfully Contact: funded 20 percent of submitted proposals from early career faculty members from Mary Juhas, underrepresented groups — exceeding the engineering directorate’s typical funding (614) 688-8239, email@example.com level of approximately 15 percent. My program funded the first workshop for Women Engineers in Advanced Academic Positions, with participants who hold positions from the dean and above who discussed issues from building interdisciplinary research to surviving today’s fiscal challenges. I also funded a workshop, “Bridges to Engineering Research 2020: a Foundation for National Partnerships,” at North Carolina A&T State University, a historically black institution, to bring together engineering deans from major research universities and minority-serving institutions to initiate research partnerships. Although these two years passed more quickly than I had wished, I am gratified in knowing that my programs will continue due to NSF’s commitment to building engineering excellence in our country through diversity. 6 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Career award Boosts Bioengineering researcher’s Work Samir Ghadiali, a new associate imaging, drug delivery and even cancer treatment, when the professor of biomedical engineering, bubbles are injected into a patient’s bloodstream. However, received a National Science Foundation microbubbles also cause significant injury when they form CAREER Award of $375,000 for in the lungs of patients who are breathing on a mechanical “Mechanobiology of Microbubble ventilator. Ghadiali is using a sophisticated combination of Induced Cellular Injury in the computational modeling and high-resolution microscopy to Pulmonary System.” Scientists have reveal how microbubbles damage cells. Ultimately, the project discovered that tiny gas bubbles, called may lead to new drugs that prevent lung injury GhaDiaLi “microbubbles,” can enhance ultrasound during ventilation. NsF Grant targets improved Culture Professor to help for Women in science Launch energy The Ohio State University will use federal funding to help female faculty advance in the sciences by launching a five-year initiative to increase the presence and success Center in india of women at all faculty ranks and in faculty leadership positions across the STEM disciplines: science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The National Science Bhavik Bakshi, professor of chemical Foundation awarded Ohio State a $3.6 million grant to fund a program called Project and biomolecular engineering and co- CEOS, or Comprehensive Equity at Ohio State. director of the Center for Resilience, has Participating units in Project CEOS are the College of Biological, Mathematical and formed a partnership with the University Physical Sciences within the Federation of the Arts and Sciences, and the Colleges of Institute of Chemical Technology Engineering and Veterinary Medicine. (UICT) in Mumbai, India, to help launch Mary Juhas, senior assistant dean for diversity and outreach in the College of the new Centre for Energy Bioscience. Engineering, has been named program director to oversee the day-to-day operations UICT and its partners, including Ohio of Project CEOS. State and Purdue University, have Carolyn Merry, chair of civil and environmental engineering and geodetic science, received a grant of approximately is the College of Engineering representative to the project. She is responsible for $6 million from the Indian government developing targeted entrepreneurship training, with emphasis on business processes to establish the center, with a mission associated with licensing and commercializing technology, for women who are center to find new bio-based technologies for directors and research team leaders. reducing India’s growing dependence on Specific goals of Project CEOS include retaining all of the current female assistant petroleum fuels and cut down emission professors in STEM disciplines from hiring through promotion and tenure; achieving of greenhouse gases. Bakshi will co- 30 percent representation by women among the 80 faculty hires anticipated over advise graduate students working on the next five years in the participating colleges; hiring at least six new faculty who evaluating the life cycle environmental are African-American, Hispanic, Asian-American or Native-American women; and economic implications of various appointing at least three additional women as associate deans and chairs; and fuel options. He has been given a visiting increasing entrepreneurial activity done by women by 50 percent. professor appointment at UICT for this On the Web: Read more about Project CEOS online at www.osu.edu/news/ purpose. In addition, there are funds in newsitem2147. the grant for bringing the UICT graduate students to Ohio State and Purdue for a few months. Chaykowski appointed executive Director for engineering advancement Stephen B. Chaykowski has been named executive director for engineering advancement. He joins Ohio State from the Cleveland Clinic, where he served as senior director for development. In his new position, Chaykowski will coordinate the efforts of the Office of Development and Office of Communications for the College. He will oversee all fundraising efforts and initiatives, alumni relations, print and electronic communications and the College of Engineering Web site. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 COLLeGe rePOrt 7 engineering, Business Join Forces Faculty awards and honors in New Capstone Program Jennifer evans-Cowley, associate professor, city and regional planning, received the Outstanding The new Ohio Innovation Initiative program in the college’s Use of technology and Urban and regional Engineering Education Innovation Center will better prepare Planning award from the technology Division of the business and engineering students for solving practical american Planning association for work by evans- industrial problems while helping to revitalize Ohio’s Cowley and her students to aid hurricane Katrina industrial sector. recovery in harrison County, miss. “Innovation is the engine that holds the greatest promise l.S. fan, professor, chemical and biomolecular to revitalize industrial companies that are critical to the Ohio engineering, was named one of the “One economy,” says Charles Martin, a 1960 engineering physics hundred engineers of the modern era” by the rOGers alumnus, who is supporting the initiative through the Charles american institute of Chemical engineers for his D. and Twyla R. Martin Foundation. contributions in fluidization and powder technology, The initiative’s premise is that a company’s existing management team may be too which has led to significant process improvements engaged in the day-to-day operations of the enterprise to conceive new approaches in the chemicals and fuels industries, and received to the business, including the application of new, innovative technologies and/or the 2008 award for innovation in Coal Conversion business practices. from the international Pittsburgh Coal Conference. “Bright, creative individuals — our engineering students — from outside the the fontana Corrosion Center received the company may be better positioned to identify and develop big ideas and innovations Distinguished Organization award from NaCe that can have a transforming effect on the future of the enterprise,” says Peter Rogers, international for its 60 years of leadership and director of the initiative. “And working with company managers, staff, competitors, contribution to the corrosion community through vendors and customers to solve a broad array of problems gives students a better education, research and professional development. understanding of businesses and prepares them to make significant contributions as Patrick J. fox, professor, civil and environmental they enter the labor force.” engineering and geodetic science, received the Rogers, a senior manufacturing executive with more than 30 years of industrial Chandra s. Desai excellent Contributions medal experience on both the operations management and business development side of from the international association for Computer companies, has held leadership positions at entities including BH Thermal Corp., G.E. methods and advances in Geomechanics and Schmidt Inc., Sensotec Inc., Edison Welding Institute and Battelle. He received his the international Geosynthetics society award doctorate in mechanical engineering from the University of Massachusetts and is chief for his research contributions on the strength of operating officer, co-owner and co-founder of MastCheck Inc., a Columbus company geosynthetic clay liners. in addition, he received specializing in inspection products and services. the 2008 thomas a. middlebrooks award from “I’ve been successful working with engineering students to create innovative the Geo-institute of the american society of Civil solutions, and I’ve witnessed the excitement and energy they bring to an industrial engineers. environment. Creating these collaborative teams provides Ohio companies with an Denny guenther, professor, mechanical effective resource that can have a transforming effect on their future,” Rogers says. engineering, has been named a Fellow of The initiative will be launched as a pilot program in winter and spring quarters. the society of automobile engineers for his “This program is designed to be a collaboration between student teams and international reputation as a prolific researcher, corporate partners whereby companies benefit by getting fresh new ideas for their author and educator in automotive design, vehicle growth and students gain practical experience in confronting real world challenges handling and stability, and accident injury analysis. working in interdisciplinary teams comprised of both engineering and business Jozsef gozon, professor, civil and environmental members,” says Martin, who is chairman, CEO and chief investment officer of Mont engineering and geodetic science, received a Pelerin Capital, an investment management firm he founded in 2005. In 2007, he Golden Diploma from miskolc University, hungary, received the College of Engineering’s Benjamin G. Lamme Meritorious Achievement for 50 years of service in mining. Medal, the college’s most prestigious honor for alumni. James gregory, assistant professor, aerospace The college is seeking Ohio manufacturing executives interested in participating engineering, and Ji-Cheng (J.-C.) Zhao, associate in the new program. For more information, contact Rogers at firstname.lastname@example.org or professor, materials science and engineering, were (614) 579-3462. among 82 of the nation’s brightest young engineers selected for the National academy of engineering’s 14th annual U.s. Frontiers of engineering symposium. Brian K. hajek, senior research engineer and associate chair, nuclear engineering, received the 2008 arthur holly Compton award from the american Nuclear society. (continued on p. 9) 8 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG materials science and engineering Professor Nitin Padture (left), who will direct the new materials research science and engineering Center, works with doctoral JO mCCULty student Jenny Dorcena on a project to make iron oxide nanowires that could be used to develop computers that store more data in less space, process data faster and consume less power. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 COLLeGe rePOrt 9 Ohio state awarded Prestigious faculty awards and honors, cont. materials research Center l. James lee, professor, chemical engineering, received the Council for Chemical research’s 2008 By Pam Frost Gorder malcolm e. Pruitt award and the 2008 Plastics engineering/technology (Fred O. Conley) award A new $10.8 million interdisciplinary research center at Ohio State University will from the society of Plastics engineers. study and develop materials for tomorrow’s electronics. William rich, professor emeritus, mechanical The National Science Foundation awarded funds to Ohio State over six years to engineering, received the american institute establish a Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC). With this, of aeronautics and astronautics 2008 the university joins a national network of 27 MRSECs that foster active collaboration Plasmadynamics and Lasers award. between universities and industry. george l. Smith, professor emeritus, industrial and To the $10.8 million in NSF funds, the university will add a $6.2 million cost share, systems engineering, received the Fred C. Crane bringing the total funds to $17 million. Distinguished service award from the institute of The Ohio State MRSEC will be called the Center for Emergent Materials (CEM), industrial engineers. and it will marshal Ohio State’s considerable expertise in electronic materials. The robert h. Wagoner, professor, materials science CEM faculty members are experts in understanding and manipulating materials and engineering and mechanical engineering, from plastics to semiconductors to unique hybrid materials on the atomic, molecular, received an honorary doctorate from the technical nanometer and micrometer levels. University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj, romania. The Ohio State CEM is the largest among the five new MRSECs that were awarded eric Walton, retired senior research scientist, by NSF out of 87 applications in a national competition held every three years. electroscience Lab, received the 2008 antenna “This is a first for Ohio State and for the state of Ohio,” says Nitin Padture, professor measurements techniques association of materials science and engineering and director of the center. “The fact that we won Distinguished achievement award. this highly sought-after center speaks volumes about the outstanding quality of our Deliang Wang, professor, computer science and faculty team and its interdisciplinary research, and the excellent infrastructure and engineering, received the 2008 helmholtz award support we enjoy.” from the international Neural Network society for The cornerstone of the new center will be research into magnetoelectronics, he his contributions in sensation and perception. explains. Also known as spintronics, this approach utilizes the spin of electrons in William e. Wolfe, professor, and Tarunjit Butalia, atoms to push beyond looming barriers for computer chips. This focus emerged from research scientist, civil and environmental two years of collaborations within two interdisciplinary organizations at Ohio State: engineering and geodetic science, were Electronic & Magnetic Nanoscale Composites of Multifunctional Materials and the recognized by the U.s. ePa’s Coal Combustion Institute for Materials Research. Products Partnership with the 2008 award for Magnetoelectronics could be the key to developing computers that store more data research. in less space, process data faster and consume less power. A computer with this kind Steve yurkovich, professor, electrical and of integrated magnetic memory would function as soon as it was switched on — no computer engineering and mechanical engineering, “boot up” needed. is the recipient of the 2008 John r. ragazzini award To make that happen, researchers must not only develop new materials but also in Control education from the american automatic find new ways to study and manipulate materials. The 21 CEM faculty members — in Control Council. departments as diverse as chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, and electrical and computer engineering — are collaborating across disciplines to do just that and to integrate their research with education. “A significant number of undergraduates, graduate students and postdoctoral scholars will be educated and trained under the auspices of the CEM,” Padture says. “The creation of this large and diverse work force in highly interdisciplinary materials research will contribute toward maintaining U.S. global leadership in the field of advanced materials and related technologies.” Ohio State is already home to another NSF-funded materials-related center, the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC), which supports research in nanotechnology. Only eight universities nationwide boast both an NSEC and a MRSEC: University of California, Santa Barbara; Cornell University; Harvard University; University of Pennsylvania; Northwestern University; University of Massachusetts; University of Wisconsin; and now Ohio State. Pam Frost Gorder is assistant director of research communications at Ohio State. Contact Nitin Padture, (614) 247-8114, email@example.com 10 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG it all adds Up 800 some key College of engineering figures Maximum square footage of the Solar Decathlon house, which is being built by students competing in the fall 2009 U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored competition 1kg @5,000psi The hydrogen carried on the Buckeye Bullet 2 hydrogen fuel cell powered streamliner racer 5 0 ,8 3 3 $20 million be Oh glo St io ate t he The second-largest single gift to the university, donated eng ss ine ering alumni living acro anonymously for the exploration of outer space. Part of the 1,082 funds will go toward the John Glenn Chair in the Department of Aerospace Engineering. The number of 2008 first-quarter 220 seconds Amount of time in which the Mars Panoramic Scanner, a new freshmen declaring engineering as their camera system by Rongxing (Ron) Li, professor of civil and major — the most of any major here at environmental engineering and geodetic science, can scan the Ohio State horizon and form a full 360-degree panorama VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 eXPLOriNG the GaLaXy 11 Exploring the Galaxy Five decades ago, NASA began its mission to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research. Ohio State College of Engineering students, alumni and faculty could fill a book with their own experiences with the agency. Here are just a few of their stories, in honor of NASA’s 50th anniversary. 12 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG enhancing access to space Jack McNamara, assistant professor of aerospace engineering, and Andrea Serrani, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, are using $1.2 million this image, captured from animation video, illustrates the in funding from NASA to investigate SCRAMjet-propelled hypersonic vehicles, X-43a research vehicle, which is a hypersonic vehicle which obtain the oxidizer for combustion from the atmosphere rather than carrying representative of models Jack mcNamara and andrea it on board. The research will focus on developing innovative multi-disciplinary serrani are using to conduct research for Nasa. models that capture unique interactions between the vehicle structure, propulsion, Nasa DryDeN FLiGht researCh CeNter COLLeCtiON aerodynamic and control systems. astrobucks Four aerospace engineering students traveled to NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston in 2008 to test a new technique for extracting oxygen from lunar soil. The team members — Rachel Neff, Richard Jedrey, Elizabeth Carruthers and Michael Boehler — conducted the experiments aboard NASA’s C-9 aircraft. The flight simulated lunar gravity, which is about one-sixth of Earth’s gravity. “The reason this process is so interesting is that it may be possible to set up ‘gas stations’ on the moon,” says Neff, who graduated cum laude with honors in spring 2008 and is a project engineer at ASE Technologies in Greenville, S.C. “Any space mission launched from Earth could swing by the moon to pick up oxygen for its trip.” Jedrey plans to complete a co-op rotation at Johnson Space Center before graduating next summer. Boehler is finishing his degree and staying at Ohio State to aerospace engineering students rachel Neff (left) and obtain a master’s degree. Carruthers, also a Johnson Space Center co-op, expects to michael Boehler perform an experiment in simulated graduate in spring 2010. lunar gravity aboard a Nasa C-9 jet. Ohio state moonbuggy team members sara Canale moonbuggy (front) and ian Gilmore, both welding engineering seniors, guide their vehicle through Nasa’s 2008 Great An Ohio State team of welding engineering students had an impressive showing moonbuggy race at the U.s. space & rocket Center. at the 15th annual Great Moonbuggy Race, sponsored by NASA in spring 2008 at the Canale and Gilmore graduated in spring 2008 and are U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Ala. Student teams designed vehicles that welding engineers in houston. Canale works for acute addressed engineering problems similar to those faced by the original Moonbuggy technological services; Gilmore is employed by CrC- team during the Apollo 15 mission in 1971. evans automatic Welding. The Ohio State team was named the Rookie of the Year, received the Pit Crew Award for ingenuity and persistence in overcoming problems during the race, and placed ninth overall. The team’s Moonbuggy is a manually powered vehicle, similar to two recumbent bicycles, joined and pedaled through a 0.7-mile lunar terrain surface. “This is the first time for Ohio State to have a team entered in the competition,” says team member Sara Canale. “We have alumni down there (in Huntsville); they were very proud of our showing.” COUrtesy OF the OhiO state mOONBUGGy team VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 FeatUre 13 Project Puma A team of Ohio State sophomores placed third in the 2008 NASA Fundamental Aeronautics Competition to design the next- generation DC-3-type aircraft. Aerospace engineering majors Kevin Disotell, Robert Craun, Nachiket Deshpande, Alvaro Hernandez, Masha Tolstykh, Stephen Norris and Kevin Holcomb Jr. and mechanical engineering major Matthew Hansen emphasized performance and efficiency in a design of an aircraft they called the “Puma.” Meeting NASA specifications, the team designed the Puma to cruise at Mach 0.8 and carry 25,000 pounds of payload. It would leap from the runway in 3,000 feet and be outfitted with noise abatement technologies, such as a variable area bypass nozzle on the aircraft’s twin GE CF34-10 engines to minimize Ohio state’s Puma is named after the mountain lion, a flow instabilities that lead to noise. The Ohio State entry also explored alternative fuels quick and nimble animal that can leap from the ground in such as biofuel and lighter materials. a short distance, because the aircraft was designed to “This design competition was an excellent way for us to engage with challenges be a short takeoff and landing vehicle. facing the aerospace industry: the need for better fuel economy, greater access to airports and decreased noise levels,” says Disotell, project leader. imaGe By KeViN GeCsi As a result of the competition, team members Craun, Deshpande and Holcomb received summer internships at NASA. “It was a privilege to work with the talented NASA employees on a real aeronautics modeling and analysis problem, the Blended Wing-Body aircraft, which gave me much exposure to various areas of research as well as experience in systems thinking,” says Deshpande. “I feel like I have reached a new level of thinking, of comprehension and of capability after being there.” The 2008-2009 team has expanded to 23 students majoring in aerospace, civil and mechanical engineering. Lunar exploration this artist’s rendering shows an astronaut’s-eye view of the lunar navigation system, called the Lunar astronaut NASA awarded Rongxing (Ron) Li $1.2 million to develop a navigation system for spatial Orientation and information system, that ron Li astronauts on the moon. Images taken from orbit and from the moon surface will and his colleagues are developing. create maps of lunar terrain; motion sensors on lunar vehicles and on the astronauts will allow computers to calculate their locations; and signals from lunar beacons, the lunar lander and base stations will give astronauts a picture of their surroundings similar to what drivers see when using a GPS device on Earth. Li, the Lowber B. Ohio state engineers are designing a system to extract Strange Designated Professor of civil and environmental engineering and geodetic oxide and metal byproducts from an oxygen reactor science, works on the project with Alper Yilmaz, assistant professor, and Bo Wu, to cast them for use in other lunar applications. the research associate, also from Li’s department, as well as researchers from NASA, system is operated using a countergravity casting Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of California at Berkeley. In method, which uses a pressure differential to push addition, NASA selected Li as one of 24 scientists to participate in research related to a molten material up a tube into a mold that sits above new moon exploration mission, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, scheduled for launch the furnace. next spring. metals on the moon Doru Stefanescu, Ashland Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Evan Standish, a master’s student, are investigating metal casting as it relates to a NASA project to build a permanent base on the moon. NASA has a long-standing goal of generating oxygen on the moon from lunar soil, and a process being developed at MIT with capability to do so would produce as byproducts molten oxides, iron and silicon. Stefanescu and Standish are examining the means of extracting those oxide and metal byproducts from an oxygen reactor to cast them for use in other lunar applications. Technical difficulties include problems related to the very high temperature of the molten materials (1,650 degrees Celsius) and the high reactivity of the molten lunar soil with containment materials. So far, NASA has funded the project at $100,000. 14 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG imaGe COUrtesy OF Nasa imaGe COUrtesy OF raLPh rOCKOW Ohio state alumnus ernest Levert is an engineer at Lockheed martin, which is working with Nasa’s Constellation Program on the development of the Orion spacecraft, shown here in an artist’s rendering, that will return humans to the moon and prepare for future voyages to mars and other destinations in our solar system. ernest Levert, ’82 WE Production Operations Technical Excellence Staff and Senior Staff Manufacturing Engineer, Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, Dallas this artist’s rendering depicts the apollo descending to the moon. engineering From 1995 to 2002, Levert and colleagues at Lockheed alumnus ralph rockow worked on the lander’s descent engine, part of which is Martin Missiles and Fire Control developed welding systems showing in the rendering as the conical shape emitting exhaust, as an engineer for the heat rejection system and the photovoltaic radiators for and manager for trW’s space technology Laboratories. the International Space Station. He discovered the direction for his career at Ohio State, when ralph rockow, ’58, B.S. and M.S. ME astronaut Ronald McNair spoke at an awards banquet. Founder and President, Exodyne Inc., Phoenix “He said, ‘Pick an area of your career and become an expert; As a manager and engineer at then-TRW’s Space Technology don’t be a typical welding engineer.’ So I took every class Laboratories in Redondo Beach, Calif., in the mid- to late Professor Charles Albright offered and specialized in power 1960s, Rockow was responsible for a team that designed and beam processes,” he says. developed 80 percent of the engine that landed Neil Armstrong Levert is chairman of the International Institute of Welding and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin on the lunar surface in 1969. Commission IV, Power Beam Processes. He frequently speaks “We started on the thrust chamber, the nozzle extension and at school career days, giving students “Ron McNair Words the gimbal ring system on the descent engine for the Apollo of Wisdom,” he says of his inspiration, who died in the 1986 Lunar Landing missions,” Rockow remembers. “The lunar Space Shuttle Challenger explosion. “I share with them: You can excursion module descent engine was used to retro brake the become a rocket scientist.” return of the Apollo 13 mission for re-entry into Earth’s orbit Now Levert, a 2004 College of Engineering Distinguished for the safe ocean landing of astronauts James Lovell, Fred Alumnus, works on the launch abort system for the Orion, part Haise Jr. and John Swigert Jr.” of NASA’s Constellation Program to send human explorers back In 1982, Rockow started his own company, Exodyne, a to the moon and then other destinations in the solar system. holding company with subsidiaries in areas such as developing “It was a great personal experience to have worked with some safety features for transportation, training and educating young of these astronauts,” he says, “and then there’s the fact that my people through subsidiary Dynamic Educational Systems Inc. work is now in outer space.” and being involved in real estate investments. Rockow, who sits on Ohio State’s foundation board and many committees at the College of Engineering, has received a number of special recognitions from Ohio State, including The Sequel the Benjamin G. Lamme Meritorious Achievement Medal, the Considering the five decades of NASA history and nearly most honored award presented by the College of Engineering, 50,000 Ohio State engineering graduates, we’re sure more and the 2003 University Distinguished Service Award. of you have stories about having worked on a NASA Rockow says his conversations with people about his career project. Do share! We’ll post responses online or in a almost always gravitate toward his Apollo experiences. future edition of News in Engineering. “This program was separated from others in my career based on the fact that President Kennedy said we were going to put a Send your information to firstname.lastname@example.org or News in man on the moon by 1970. We were all driven to accomplish Engineering, ATTN: Editor, The Ohio State University, that goal,” Rockow says. “It’s like anything in life, leadership is College of Engineering, 025 Hitchcock Hall, 2070 Neil what counts. When you’re working on a program comparable Ave., Columbus, OH 43210. to the Apollo program, you know you’re working on something that’s going to be historic.” VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 eXPLOriNG the GaLaXy 15 the View from Cloud Nine By tim Priser As I stood in the Horseshoe with my diploma in my hand in 1987, nothing could have forecast my career path. Yet engineering alumnus tim Priser worked on the entry, descent and landing that was where my ascent to cloud for the Phoenix mars Lander, shown here partway through assembly and nine began. testing at Lockheed martin space systems, Denver, in september 2006. in this Preparing for the Phoenix Lander’s photograph, the lander’s fan-like circular solar arrays have been spread open entry, descent and landing on Mars — a for testing. the arrays were in this configuration when the spacecraft was project we began in 2005 — was the most active on the surface of mars. Priser exhaustive test and analysis program our Nasa/JPL/Ua/LOCKheeD martiN industry has ever formulated and executed under a cost-capped mission plan. When we launched Phoenix from Earth in August 2007, we were confident in our EDL design under nominal and days of landing, we had made our first trench in the surface, reasonably off-nominal scenarios. But we still re-doubled again revealing the water ice that resides just below the surface. our efforts during the 10-month cruise phase to drive down At that point, the scientists were joining me on cloud nine, remaining risks. Two months prior to EDL, we loaded the because their dreams and designs were coming to fruition just handful of robustness modifications on-board and declared like mine did on EDL day. ourselves ready. From that point forward the only thing left to Thinking back to 1987 and holding that diploma, my career do was execute. path has been more of a random walk than a targeted set of With the lander’s three major configuration changes, 22 goals and objectives. To my fellow alumni and current students: pyrotechnic events and a velocity change from 12,500 to 0 mph, I know some of you have very clear ambitions and destinations. all in less than 15 minutes, our second-guessing haunted every But for those of you who don’t: Don’t worry. Let your interests waking and sleeping moment. As the day drew nearer and the and your talents and your evolved experiences propel you spacecraft and operations team continued to perform flawlessly, along. Who knows? Maybe you’ll also sit on cloud nine — or it all became very surreal. It was like watching a test — a very the northern plains of Mars — some day. nominal test — and yet this was the real deal. Everything and everyone involved executed perfectly; Phoenix landed May 25. Read more about the Phoenix Mars Mission online at Now I know personally that the view from cloud nine truly phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu. is spectacular. After working so hard, for so long, with so many committed people, the feeling of accomplishment was simply Editor’s Note: Tim Priser, a 1987 aeronautical and aerospace wonderful. engineering graduate, shares his experiences of leading the Following the perfect landing, the work continued. We had Entry, Descent, and Landing (EDL) Design for the Mars Phoenix a new machine on the surface of Mars that needed care and Lander as an engineer with Lockheed Martin Space Systems. feeding and also needed to be exercised in the manner for The company awarded him its teamwork and leadership NOVA which it was sent. Our descent thrusters blew the loose soil Awards, given to employees in honor of outstanding contributions away directly under the nozzles and exposed the top of the to Lockheed Martin’s mission and business objectives, for his work ice — the ice that we were sent to look for. And within a few on the Phoenix mission. 16 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Millennials on the Move Meet the engineering students of today By Joan Slattery Wall and Matthew Caracciolo Photos by Jo McCulty VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 miLLeNNiaLs ON the mOVe 17 They type text messages on cell phones while walking down stairs to a classroom, balance a morning java in one hand while steering their bikes down Neil Avenue with the other, and listen to their iPods while checking their phones for messages as they make their way across the Oval. And that’s just the technology end of things. If you could describe today’s College of Engineering students in one word, “multi-taskers” might be the best fit. Wait until you learn what occupies the time of some of these students we’ve highlighted for you in this edition of News in Engineering. We found them not only studying for heavy course-hour loads and doing research with professors but also launching service organizations, starting their own businesses today’s College of engineering undergraduates and serving as officers of multiple student groups. Oh, and excel in the classroom, but you’ll also find them they do make time for hobbies: learning a foreign language, rushing off to the other multiple facets of their lives: playing guitar and piano, traveling and dancing, just to sports, band, service and leadership activities name a few. and research. 18 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 miLLeNNiaLs ON the mOVe 19 The students we’ve highlighted are just a handful of examples sections; students can apply to be Scholars if they are in the representative of the entire college student body, as evidenced top 20 percent of their high school class and have relative by these impressive statistics: ACT and SAT scores of at least 27 or 1220, respectively. • The average Ohio State freshman engineering student • For the 2007-2008 school year, approximately 65 percent scored 28.5 on the ACT. The average for all students of engineering undergraduates earned university and/or nationally: 21.1. College of Engineering scholarships, totaling more than • By commencement, 67 percent of Ohio State engineering $10 million, based on their academic performance. undergraduates have engineering experience through co- Last year the college established the Engineering Education ops or internships. Innovation Center to guide ever-changing efforts to meet the • Thirty percent of engineering undergraduates are members needs of these always-on-the-move students. of the university’s Honors or Scholars programs. Honors Read on. We’re sure you’ll be impressed with the young students must be in the top 10 percent of their high school Buckeyes roaming the halls of your alma mater … as well as our class and have a score of at least 30 on the ACT composite “Guiding the Way” notes — a selection of the college’s efforts to or 1340 or higher on the SAT critical reading and math ensure students’ success following graduation. Logan Krueger Senior, mechanical engineering Hometown: West Salem, Ohio Making Tracks: Since his freshman year, Logan has been a member of the Buckeye Baja SAE team, an experience that gave him inroads to four internships: three with Polaris Industries, a company that makes ATVs, and one with Xtrac Motorsport Transmissions. He is obtaining an entrepreneurship minor through Fisher College of Business, where he is a member of Business Builder’s Club. He also is a member of the Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity, and he plays intramural sports including sand volleyball, hockey, flag football and softball. To unwind, he plays piano and acoustic guitar. Full Speed Ahead: “My Baja experience got me all of my jobs. It taught me how to use money wisely, how to lead people, and how to recruit people, which was a hard thing to do considering that being a team member is voluntary rather than a class requirement.” What’s next: “I’m taking an entrepreneurship minor through Fisher College of Business. I absolutely love those classes. That’s ultimately where I want to end up. I’m getting the engineering degree for credibility and background, and I want to run a business myself or be part of a small business where I have a lot of decision-making power.” What was most surprising to you about living in a campus dorm? “I was surprised at how many kids were shut-ins. I lived in the honors dorm. I came here to leave the door open and chat and meet people. It was surprising how many other students were plugged in to music or video games with their doors shut.” Guiding the Way One of Logan’s classes was Engineering 494, “From Great Ideas to Great Products,” taught by alumnus Phil Schlosser, ’65 engineering physics and ’67 M.S. and ’72 Ph.D. nuclear engineering, an entrepreneur himself who has started three companies and holds 22 patents. Students in the course form teams that perform a quarter-long, in-depth engineering design, manufacturing and market analysis of a technical product. Following his passion, Logan chose a 4-wheel ATV for his project. Whether he’s behind the wheel or working with tools in hand, Logan Krueger says his experience working on the Buckeye Baja sae team has been a boon to his college years. 20 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Carol Udoh (left) tutors Lindsay roberts, a junior, during her job as a teaching assistant for the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular engineering. Carol was helping Lindsay understand how to use an entropy equation of state. Udoh Carol and biomolecular engineering What’s next: “After this past summer internship, senior, chemical I was given a full-time offer for the Engineering Hometown: Cincinnati, Ohio Development Program at General Mills, and I’m Singing praise: Carol will graduate in March. Meanwhile, she serves as the leaning toward taking that offer.” finance chair for the National Society of Black Engineers and mentors members. What do you do to unwind? “I go running and She has been involved in the African American Voices gospel choir and then eat double-stuffed Oreos.” volunteers for many high school outreach programs for Women in Engineering. “For example, four or five times a quarter, I do a lab for a group of girls that Guiding the Way: shows how chemical engineering can be used in making lip gloss,” Carol says. In addition to volunteer service that “We try to recruit 11th- and 12th-grade high schoolers to do engineering at undergraduates like Carol offer to student Ohio State.” organizations, the college has more formal service- Quality time: “I like to talk about the quality of education here. A lot of high learning opportunities such as Engineers for school students come here and talk about schools with higher rankings, but I Community Service, ECOS, which promotes life- like to talk about my good experiences here. My time at Ohio State has been long professionalism via educational experiences good to me.” using engineering skills for service projects. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 FeatUre 21 Wensing Pat electrical and computer engineering engineering, and I am really glad that when I was a kid, my Senior, parents got me involved in activities like Science Olympiad. So Hometown: Wickliffe, Ohio when I’m mentoring, hopefully I can show that kind of passion A Dynamic Presence: Pat is busy researching for engineering to the people I work with.” “Dynamic Movement in Bipedal Locomotion,” making What’s next: Pat wants to teach at the university level. a robot capable of high-energy movements such as What was the most interesting thing you found in your running or jumping. He also is a teaching assistant for dorm room or apartment when you moved out last spring? Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors, helps Ohio “I found a soaking wet dress shirt in a plastic bag.” State FIRST Robotics as a mentor for the Columbus School for Girls, is a Eta Kappa Nu member Guiding the Way: and plays the E-flat cornet in the Ohio State Even as undergraduates, Pat and his peers can conduct University Marching Band. Pat has volunteered research. “Our undergraduate students engage in research in at the South Side Settlement House in different ways, from theoretical modeling to prototype design Columbus and was on and field testing,” says Randy Moses, interim associate dean for the leadership team research. “Students apply classroom knowledge to unsolved for the E-Council problems and develop independent thinking and technical Career Expo. communication skills on the way. They get to work one-on- Mentoring to one with faculty members and share with them in the thrill of Inspire: “I love discovery and the creation of new ideas and knowledge.” Laura Tufts computer science and engineering Freshman, electrical engineering and Hometown: Cincinnati, Ohio Sleep is not an Option: Laura is involved with several clubs at Ohio State. She is a member of the Ohio State Honors and Women in Engineering programs, Society of Women Engineers and College Republicans. The publicist in the Association of Computing Machinery for Women club, she was recently accepted into Leadership Ohio State. When she’s not attending club meetings or going to class, she manages to find time to be an office assistant in Lincoln Tower. eD CrOCKett, OhiO state marChiNG BaND Destined for Success: “I’ve learned a lot about myself. I think leadership qualities are essential in attaining success in the world, and I have pretty lofty goals.” What’s next: Laura wants to be a chief information Pat Wensing joins tBDBitL on the officer for a Fortune 500 company. practice field before the Buckeyes What is on your computer faced Penn state in the ’shoe Oct. 25. desktop? The 2008 Pittsburgh Wensing plays the e-flat cornet. Penguins team photo. Guiding the Way: Since 2006, Brad Clymer, associate professor of electrical and “ECOS fulfills a critical need by providing computer engineering and biomedical informatics, has satisfied opportunities for students to collaborate and the technology appetites of students like Laura by uploading practice engineering for the benefit of people in movies of his lectures to the Internet. Then students who have need,” says John Merrill, director of the First- scheduling conflicts can get the lectures and all students can Year Engineering Program and instructor for the review them as often as necessary while doing homework and Honduras Service Learning course. “Our students studying for exams. “I have had very supportive comments have been able to work in Honduras on behalf of from the students since I started doing this,” Clymer says. “It orphaned children, conduct assessment projects is especially helpful for students to be able to see complicated in Nicaragua and Mexico, and develop new methods like how to do convolution or solve circuit analysis projects with farmers in Guatemala. At the same problems again and again. Since I have started this, the exam time, they work close to home with Columbus scores in courses with these topics have improved dramatically.” childcare centers and retirement communities. They develop technical knowledge, leadership Laura tufts works as an office assistant in the Lincoln tower dorms. Between work, skills and cultural understanding that they can internships, classes and hobbies, she often subsists on just two hours of sleep a apply locally and globally.” night, which she insists is plenty of rest to keep her going. 22 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG masha tolstykh (center) assists first-year engineering students (from left) Brandon mcKenzie, Drew stratton, megan Feagles and rob Kapaku in the Fundamentals of engineering for honors lab, where she is a teaching assistant. “i like working with students and helping them understand the basics that all engineers need to know,” she says. Katie architecture O’Lone Junior, landscape Hometown: Mason, Ohio Serving her community: Katie is president of the SERVitecture club, a recently established community service group for Knowlton students that focuses on architecture-related service projects. Katie is also a member of Architecture Scholars and is involved in several intramural sports. She was a captain for her soccer intramural team. Katie also traveled to London her freshman year for the Architecture Scholars spring break study abroad trip. Sharing Space: “As a landscape architecture student, your interaction with the community is close. We understand how space works in a community, and we apply that knowledge in studio.” What’s next: “I think I would like working in a multi-disciplinary firm.” What’s the most played song on your iPod? “the ‘Mamma Mia!’ soundtrack” Guiding the Way: Kay Bea Jones, associate professor, architecture, leads the College of Engineering’s International Task Force, which is charged with recommending how the college can provide significant international experiences for its students like Katie at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. “The 21st-century engineer needs technical aptitude along with multilingual and cultural awareness, knowledge of world markets, and professional flexibility and mobility,” Jones says. “But perhaps the most important, and immeasurable, value of study abroad is the impact it has on an individual’s life and future. Opportunities to explore new environments and meet others often lead to profound lessons about oneself.” Katie O’Lone and fellow students are designing a ballpark for the Clintonville (Ohio) Knights as a project of serVitecture, a student service organization of which O’Lone is a founding member and president. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 FeatUre 23 Masha Tolstykh Senior, aeronautical and astronautical engineering What’s next: Masha plans to pursue a master’s degree in Hometown: Solon, Ohio aerospace and then obtain a research and development position High Ambition: Masha is secretary of Sigma Gamma Tau within the industry. “I want to do computational fluid dynamics and was a member of the Project Puma team for the 2008 with mathematical modeling. I really like programming and NASA Fundamental Aeronautics Competition to design a next- computers. I think I’m going to try to integrate my aerospace generation DC-3-type aircraft. For four quarters she has been a education with my mathematical and computer background.” teaching assistant for Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors, What do you take on your Chipotle burrito? Guacamole, and she received Ohio State’s Medalist Scholarship and is on the and lots of it. dean’s list. Her hobbies include travel and dancing. She is fluent in Russian and has studied Spanish extensively. Guiding the Way: Exploring her Options: Masha had two internships with Engineering Career Services facilitates connections between Procter & Gamble, one in fabric care in Lima, Ohio, and one students and the hundreds of local, regional and national in blades and razors in Boston. “I really enjoyed the R&D work employers who recruit engineering graduates like Masha. More I got to do this summer in Boston. That’s the most valuable than 81 percent of the college’s graduating seniors in the class thing I took away, knowing what I want to do in life,” she of 2007 had commitments even before commencement, with says, adding that the fabric care internship allowed her to see 65 percent already hired into jobs and 16 percent reporting the manufacturing aspect of engineering. “When you design graduate or professional school plans. In 2007, 67 percent of all something in research and development, it should be easy to undergraduate engineering students had one or more quarters implement on the manufacturing side. Integrating the design of co-op or intern experience prior to graduation. process between the stages of research and development and manufacturing is something all engineers should know about.” Bamba Rahim and biomolecular engineering Senior, chemical Hometown: Cleveland Leading Others: Rahim is president of Iota Phi Theta fraternity, where he has improved his people skills and conducts service activities such as mentoring middle school students. He conducts research on hemoglobin-based blood substitutes in associate professor Andre Palmer’s lab. He also is Unity Chair for the National Pan Hellenic Council, president of Lambda Psi Minority Engineering Honorary, and a member of the National Society of Black Engineers, American Institute of Chemical Engineers and Band of Brothers. An independent business owner through Amway Global, Rahim has held internships with Procter & Gamble and IBM. From the Books to the Lab: Rahim enjoys solving real problems through research: “You get to apply what you learned, and you learn new skills. One example would be your analytical skills, because you’re controlling your experiment and truly understanding the way things behave. One of the most important things you learn is meaningful collaboration. There are hundreds of people doing related research, and you learn to communicate with them and hopefully get collaborators or at least build off of what they found as opposed to redoing it yourself.” What’s next: Rahim would like to be a professor in bioengineering and is particularly interested in doing stem cell research. What would be your typical Saturday attire? During the day I’d dress comfortably because I’d probably study, so sweats, a T-shirt and maybe a hoodie. When I go out, of course, I dress to impress. GQ, that’s me, with a button-up shirt and jeans and dress shoes. Guiding the Way: The College of Engineering offers students like Rahim opportunities to hone their leadership skills through traditional student teams, including Concrete Canoe, Bio-environmental Design or vehicle projects at the Center for Automotive Research. Classroom options include a seminar, taught by Tau Beta Pi alums who are practicing engineers throughout the United States, that gives students training in teamworking and interpersonal skills. rahim Bamba is working on a project to purify hemoglobin with associate professor andre Palmer. “after we purify the hemoglobin, we are trying to recreate a synthetic cell using polymer materials to surround the hemoglobin,” Bamba says, explaining that this method of creating blood substitutes would eliminate viruses and blood type concerns. 24 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Generating electricity from Lost energy By Pam Frost Gorder Considering all that money we pour into our gas tanks, our vehicles’ engines don’t give us a very good return on the investment. Some experts argue that only about 25 percent of the energy produced by a typical gasoline engine is used to move a car or power its accessories, and nearly 60 percent is lost through waste heat — much of which escapes in engine exhaust. Joseph Heremans, an Ohio Eminent Scholar and professor of mechanical engineering and physics, and an international team of colleagues have invented a new material that will make cars more efficient by converting that heat wasted through engine exhaust into electricity, with twice the efficiency of anything currently on the market. Scientists call such materials thermoelectric materials, and they rate the materials’ efficiency based on how much heat they can convert into electricity at a given temperature. Previously, the most efficient material used commercially in thermoelectric power generators was an alloy called sodium-doped lead telluride, which had a “thermoelectric figure of merit,” or efficiency rating, of 0.71. The new material, thallium-doped lead telluride, has a rating of 1.5 — more than twice that of the previous leader. What’s more important to Heremans is that the new material is most effective between 450 and 950 degrees Fahrenheit — a typical temperature range for power systems such as automobile engines. The same technology could work in power generators and heat pumps, says Heremans. A thermoelectric device would make a practical addition to an automobile, Heremans says, because it is simple and lightweight and has no moving parts to wear out or break down. “The material does all the work,” he explains. “It produces electrical power just like conventional heat engines — steam engines, gas or diesel engines — that are coupled to electrical generators, but it uses electrons as the working fluids instead of water or gases and makes electricity directly.” “Thermoelectrics are also very small,” he adds. “I like to say that thermoelectric converters compare to other heat engines like the transistor compares to the vacuum tube.” Heremans expects the new material could be used in commercial applications within five years. In another automotive technology project, Heremans is working with Ford Motor Co., Visteon, BSST and the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Renewable Laboratory to accelerate the development of thermoelectric systems that provide the heating, ventilation and air conditioning in vehicles. The partnership in December received $4.2 million in funding, with an equal cost-share by the partners, from the Department of Energy. In this research, Heremans is investigating materials that convert electricity into cooling. He hopes to develop a zonal thermoelectric HVAC system that reduces energy consumption by one third. Pam Frost Gorder is assistant director of research communications at Ohio State. Contact: Joseph Heremans, (614) 247-8869, email@example.com On the Web: Read more about this research at researchnews.osu.edu/archive/thermal.htm. JO mCCULty Joseph heremans, an Ohio eminent scholar and professor of mechanical engineering and physics, has developed a new high-temperature thermoelectric alloy, thallium-doped lead telluride, that could be used to convert heat wasted through engine exhaust into electricity. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 researCh UPDate 25 engineering and Oncology: Developing solutions for surgeons On a typical “I had built a system to use AC selectively detect cancer cells in vitro and day at the College current to detect particles of soot in in mouse models. of Engineering, diesel engines. That is now a commercial Heremans and the team also you might find product sold by Delphi that goes into determined that the probe oncologists Joseph Heremans diesel-powered construction vehicles would use during surgery required improving and military vehicles in Iraq,” he says. a penetration length on the order of thermoelectric “The first cancer detection idea we had 2 to 3 centimeters, so they now are converters so they was based on exactly the same idea: investigating the use of either near- heremaNs harvest energy Attach gold nanoparticles to the cancer infrared or X-ray light energy ranges as more efficiently and cost-effectively. and detect them with microwaves. The the light for the imaging probe. But when he learned that surgeons goal of this project is to give a tool to Because iodine labeling of cancer need a better way to test cells for cancer the surgeon, no matter what technology already is an established technique, and right in the operating room, his research is used. This is the way I’d run a GM because X-ray fluorescent probes exist took a detour. product development.” commercially, they also are investigating Heremans, an Ohio Eminent Scholar After a couple of ideas came to dead the use of X-ray fluorescence of non- and professor of mechanical engineering ends, the team settled upon using an radioactive iodine as a possible route. and physics, teamed up with Ohio State organic dye — found with the help of After those studies are completed, the oncology surgeon Edward Martin Jr., Claudia Turro, an Ohio State chemistry team will seek manufacturers to produce M.D., and other faculty members in professor — that fluoresces in infrared a handheld probe that doctors could medicine, engineering, pharmacy and light. They are investigating ways to use in the operating room to find the chemistry to look for a solution. bond it to antibodies that would find the cancerous cells. For Heremans, the project started to cancer cells when injected into patients. The work has received $90,000 in look much like a patented solution he So far, the theory has worked on mouse funding in Interdisciplinary Materials had found when he worked as a research antibodies. Their next step following the Research Grants from Ohio State’s fellow at Delphi Research Labs, a General near-infrared path is to experiment with Institute for Materials Research. Motors spinoff in Michigan. the dye-antibody conjugate to make it Federal Grants support engineering research The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded L.S. Fan Ness Shroff, Ohio Eminent Scholar and professor, $2.8 million to continue his research on clean coal technology. electrical and computer engineering and computer science Fan, a Distinguished University Professor and the John and engineering, has received a five-year, $6 million Multi- C. Easton Professor of Engineering in the Department of disciplinary University Research Initiative grant from the Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, has developed new Army Research Office for his project “MAASCOM: Modeling, technology, called Coal Direct Chemical Looping, to efficiently Analysis, and Algorithms for Stochastic Control of Multi-Scale convert coal into hydrogen and/or electricity while capturing Networks” to explore the impact of long-range dependence on carbon dioxide. Such a technology can be applied to existing military networks. pulverized coal combustion power plants without the need for Carolyn Sommerich, associate professor, industrial, welding major modifications. and systems engineering, and Steven Lavender, associate With the new grant, Fan will continue to improve the professor, industrial, welding and systems engineering and technology, which uses the assistance of a patented iron oxide- orthopaedics, have received a three-year, $1 million grant based composite oxygen carrier particle, through experimental from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health testing under bench and sub-pilot scales to show its technical to continue work with their novel model of carpal tunnel and economical advantages. syndrome with partners John Buford, associate professor, Fan is working on the project with the Babcock and Wilcox physical therapy, School of Allied Medical Professions, and Co., CONSOL Energy Inc., CRI/Criterion Inc. (a Shell William Pease, chair, physical medicine and rehabilitation, company), Air Products and Chemicals Inc., and Clear Skies College of Medicine. Consulting. In addition to the Department of Energy funding, Ji-Cheng (J.-C.) Zhao, associate professor, materials science the Ohio Coal Development Office has agreed to provide cash and engineering, received U.S. Department of Energy grants support of $300,000, and Ohio State will provide cost sharing of $1.1 million for “Aluminoborane Compounds for On-Board of $473,738. Other project participants will provide an in-kind Vehicular Hydrogen Storage” and $1.2 million for “Lightweight cost share of $339,284. Intermetallics for Hydrogen Storage.” 26 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Protecting Computer Networks from internet Worms College of Engineering scientists model of the early stages of worm growth. With Saurabh may have found a new way to combat a Bagchi, assistant professor of electrical and computer dangerous form of computer virus. engineering at Purdue, they developed a model that calculated The methods effectively contain the the probability that a virus would spread. spread of an Internet worm by restricting “The difficulty was figuring out how many scans were too the total number of scans originated many,” Shroff says. “You want to make sure the number is small from any machine. Administrators can to contain the infection. But if you make it too small, you’ll isolate suspicious machines that have interfere with normal network traffic. shrOFF sent too many scans and quarantine “It turns out that you can allow quite a large number of scans, them for checkups and repairs. and you’ll still catch the worm,” he says, noting that his team Ness Shroff, Ohio Eminent Scholar in Networking and chose 10,000 as the optimum number because it is well above Communications and professor of computer science and the number of scans a typical computer network would send engineering, and his colleagues have discovered how to contain out in a month. “An infected machine would reach this value the most virulent kind of worm: the kind that scans the Internet very quickly, while a regular machine would not. A worm has randomly, looking for vulnerable hosts. The worm then to hit so many IP addresses so quickly in order to survive.” overloads computer networks. He and his colleagues are working on adapting their strategy The key, Shroff and his team found, is for software to monitor to stop targeted Internet worms — ones that have been the number of scans that machines on a network send out. designed specifically to attack certain vulnerable IP addresses. When a machine starts sending out too many scans, a sign that it has been infected, administrators should take it off line and Contact: check it for viruses. Ness Shroff, (614) 247-6554, firstname.lastname@example.org Shroff was working at Purdue University in 2004 when On the Web: Read more details about this research at doctoral student Sarah Sellke suggested making a mathematical researchnews.osu.edu/archive/networm.htm. a Better Way to make hydrogen from Biofuels A professor of chemical and “Our research lends itself to what’s called a ‘distributed biomolecular engineering has found a production’ strategy,” Ozkan explains. “Instead of making way to convert ethanol and other biofuels hydrogen from biofuel at a centralized facility and transporting into hydrogen efficiently. it to gas stations, we could use our catalyst inside reactors that Umit Ozkan, who conducted the are located at the gas stations. We could store the biofuel and research, says a new catalyst makes make hydrogen on the spot.” hydrogen from ethanol with 90 percent The new dark gray powder is made from tiny granules of yield, at a workable temperature, and cerium oxide, a common ingredient in ceramics, and calcium, OZKaN using inexpensive ingredients. covered with even smaller particles of cobalt. It produces Ozkan says the new catalyst costs less than others being hydrogen with 90 percent efficiency at 660 degrees Fahrenheit developed around the world because it does not contain (around 350 degrees Celsius), a low temperature by industrial precious metals, such as platinum or rhodium. standards. “Our catalyst does not use any precious metals and is much “Whenever a process works at a lower temperature, that less expensive — by thousands of dollars in some cases,” Ozkan brings energy savings and cost savings,” Ozkan says. “Also, if says. the catalyst is highly active and can achieve high hydrogen Ozkan’s catalyst could help make the use of hydrogen- yields, we don’t need as much of it. That will bring down the powered cars more practical in the future, she says. size of the reactor and its cost.” Contact: Umit Ozkan, (614) 292-6623, email@example.com On the Web: Read more details about this research at researchnews.osu.edu/archive/biohydro.htm. Listen to Ozkan describe her work for “Science Friday,” a National Public Radio program, here: www.sciencefriday.com/program/ archives/200808224. (Click on the play button under “Listen.”) VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 researCh UPDate 27 more than meets the eye a visualization system allows transitioning among perspectives. A military UAV surveys the ground below. Air traffic controllers on the nearby base, meanwhile, monitor the airspace of the UAV and other aircraft. And satellites provide the view of multiple airspaces — over an entire country, perhaps. David Woods and Alex Morison have developed a visualization system that allows a commander to transition among all of the perspectives provided by those different sensors and vehicles in order to make better decisions in any given situation. Called a “perspective controller,” it enables humans to explore environments where they are not physically located by extending their natural perceptual ability. Woods, a professor of industrial, welding and systems engineering and director of the Cognitive Systems Engineering Laboratory, and Morison, a doctoral candidate in industrial, welding and systems engineering, have built a prototype system — a computer screen mounted to a five-degree-of-freedom arm — that uses a remote camera network to see classrooms, buildings alex morison (left) and David Woods demonstrate how the perspective controller can be used to explore and the environment surrounding their environments remotely by transitioning among various views using video camera networks. offices at Ohio State. Through the system, cameras are tied to the computer view in much the same way your eyes and your commander can lose track of what is going on in the scene observations are tied to your head movements and your natural of interest as he or she switches between the view from the desire to explore your world. The perspective controller device UAV and from the control tower while trying to incorporate is constructed so that its mechanics are designed to match a the overview from the satellite. With the new technology of perspective-taking theory developed earlier by Woods and a perspective control, switching among views is eliminated. The former doctoral student. commander simply sees the multiple perspectives available and For example, in the military scene, cameras would be moves smoothly toward the view that is most interesting for the mounted on the UAV, air traffic control tower and satellite. The task at hand.” commander at the military base who wants to understand the Woods is in the process of filing for a patent on the conditions in the area would physically pull back the controller perspective controller. In addition to military aviation or arm to view the entire scene on the computer screen from the surveillance uses, he envisions its applications in areas such as perspective of the satellite. If he notices an incoming plane that disaster response. he knows is blocked from the view of the UAV and the control Woods’ work results from a larger Army Research Laboratory tower, he could move the controller arm toward the direction project, which over eight years has provided $8 million in of the UAV and navigate around so the camera on board is funding to cognitive and computer science engineers at Ohio facing the incoming plane. Then he could zoom in on it and State as part of a Collaborative Technologies Alliance among determine whether it is a fellow pilot or an enemy. government, industry and university representatives. Woods emphasizes how the system mixes the natural expertise of human perception and judgment with the range of Contact: sensing networks to overcome data overload. David Woods, (614) 946-0123, firstname.lastname@example.org “With this tool, you can explore a world you are not in physically,” he explains. “With today’s technology, the military 28 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG College of engineering Boyer Award for Excellence in Teaching Innovation, for outstanding contributions to the 2008 Faculty awards improvement of undergraduate engineering education: Kevin Passino, electrical and computer engineering; John Merrill, The College of Engineering annually honors faculty first-year engineering; Harold Walker, civil and environmental members for their teaching and research. Here is a engineering and geodetic science; Roger Dzwonczyk, College summary of the 2008 honorees: of Medicine; and Erin Galloway, College of Education and Human Ecology Stanley E. Harrison Award, presented to an early to mid-career “Building Bridges” Excellence Award, for a non- faculty member and based on excellence engineering faculty member at Ohio State whose collaborative in teaching, exceptional fundamental work with the college has advanced the excellence, impact and or applied research or a single or reputation of both colleges and the university: Karen A. Bell, unique contribution to engineering College of the Arts or architecture concepts: Hesham eL GamaL El Gamal, electrical and computer Charles E. MacQuigg Award, presented by students engineering, for his fundamental to faculty who have demonstrated interest in and willingness to contributions in the area of wireless communications; his help students: Richard Freuler, Fundamentals of Engineering dedication to educating, training and graduating doctoral for Honors; Prasad Mokashi, mechanical engineering; and students of the highest caliber; and his leadership role in Charles Drummond, materials science and engineering building the curriculum in the communications area at both the graduate and undergraduate level. David C. McCarthy Engineering Teaching El Gamal has pioneered the area of algebraic space-time Award, for junior faculty and staff who create more coding in wireless communication and developed a systematic innovative and effective teaching and learning: Richard approach for designing multi-antenna wireless systems with Freuler, Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors high throughput and reliability. He has worked in Cairo, where he helped launch the first research center in Egypt, at Nile Dean’s Meritorious Service to Students University, focusing on intelligent wireless networks. He is also Award, for someone from outside Ohio State for exemplary the principle investigator on a major collaborative teaching service to students: Ronald Harris, volunteer teaching and contract between Ohio State and Nile University, in which mentoring of undergraduates; Eric Setzler, Burgess and Niple; Ohio State faculty will teach classes at Nile and visit its Wireless Megan Moses; Peggy Williams, Avantec Technologies Inc.; Intelligent Networks Center, of which he is founding director. Toula Xenikis, Scotts Co.; and Monica Valdez, Nestlé Faculty Diversity Excellence Award, for Peter L. & Clara M. Scott actions that support the college’s priority goal of achieving Award for Excellence in excellence through diversity and creating an environment and Engineering Education, organizational culture in which all individuals are accepted, given to a senior faculty member respected and valued: Diane Foster, civil and environmental who has achieved both national and engineering and geodetic science international status as a leading educator and researcher: James C. Williams, Honda-OSU Partnership Award, for significant materials science and engineering, for contributions to promoting and strengthening this historic WiLLiams his pioneering work in aerospace alloys partnership: James C. Wolever, Honda of America research and materials science policy and education. Manufacturing Inc. Williams has held research and leadership positions at Boeing Corp., Rockwell International and General Electric. He Innovators Award, for innovation in the development was president of the Mellon Institute and dean of engineering of a product and/or technology originating from the Ohio at Carnegie Mellon University and at Ohio State. His specific State research enterprise: W.S. Winston Ho, chemical and focus has been on phase transformations, microstructural biomolecular engineering, and Rongxing Li, civil and evolution and mechanical properties of titanium alloys. His environmental engineering and geodetic science previous honors include serving as commissioner on the National Research Council Commission for Engineering and Lumley Interdisciplinary Research Award, Technical Systems and as chair of the Los Alamos National presented to a team with excellence in interdisciplinary Laboratory Division Review Committee, Materials Science and research through co-authored publications, joint-sponsored Technology, and receiving the ASM Gold Medal award (1992) research programs and co-advised students: Mohammad and the TMS Leadership Award (1993). Samimy, mechanical engineering, and Andrea Serrani, electrical and computer engineering VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 researCh UPDate 29 Lumley Engineering Research Outside Looking in: Awards, presented to a select group of outstanding researchers who have VisiBuilding to help soldiers search buildings safely shown exceptional activity and success in pursuing new knowledge of a fundamental By tom Knox or applied nature: As a soldier stands outside of a Dorota Grejner-Brzezinska, civil and suspected insurgent’s door, sweat on his environmental engineering and geodetic brow and full of concern, his mind races: science What is behind this door? José Castro, industrial, welding and Over the next two to three years, systems engineering College of Engineering researchers Edward Collings, materials science and will work with Raytheon, a defense engineering technology firm, to build a sensor set Eylem Ekici, electrical and computer that will allow soldiers to sense inside engineering buildings. Hesham El Gamal, electrical and computer Electrical and computer engineering engineering researchers John Volakis, Randy Moses, Somnath Ghosh, mechanical engineering Bob Burkholder, Ron Marhefka and Joel Johnson, electrical and computer Emre Ertin are in the second of three engineering phases of the U.S. Defense Advanced Harold Keener, food, agricultural and Research Projects Agency (DARPA) the VisiBuilding sensor technology would enable biological engineering VisiBuilding project, which aims to remote searches of structures to keep military or rescue Kurt Koelling, chemical and biomolecular develop sensor systems that provide personnel out of harm’s way. engineering information on building interiors. Rongxing Li, civil and environmental Along with seeking hidden enemies, engineering and geodetic science soldiers could use VisiBuilding to automatically estimate interior floor plans and Chia-Hsiang Menq, mechanical locate concealed materials, all without ever entering the building. Having this kind of engineering advance information could save lives during military operations. Randolph Moses, electrical and computer “This is the first time to consider the possibility of generating building layouts engineering without ever having to open a door,” Volakis says. Emily Patterson, industrial, welding and Researchers at Ohio State are focusing on developing algorithms to process sensor systems engineering data that then provides building layout features. P. Saday Sadayappan, computer science “You can think of it as a stethoscope: Stick it on the wall and then it shows you and engineering what’s happening on the other side. You might not have to stick VisiBuilding on Mohammad Samimy, mechanical the wall, you might be 10 feet away, but it’s the same idea,” says Moses, the college’s engineering interim associate dean for research. Kubilay Sertel, electrical and computer The researchers create the images by using sensor data collected from the building engineering from different angles. With successive sensor sweeps, they create a more complete James Schmiedeler, mechanical picture of the building interior. The resulting images from the sensor sweeps may be engineering messy because of the furniture and desks inside the building — one of the problems David Tomasko, chemical and researchers are trying to tackle. biomolecular engineering Engineers now working on VisiBuilding’s second phase, which consists of building Charles Toth, civil and environmental a prototype and conducting field tests, will soon begin the final stage of the research to engineering and geodetic science complete the device and put it into soldiers’ hands. Robert Wagoner, materials science and engineering Tom Knox is a former student communications assistant for Engineering Allen Yi, industrial, welding and systems Communications. Story and photo approved for public release, distribution engineering unlimited, DARPA. Lingying Zhao, food, agricultural and biological engineering Contact: John Volakis, (614) 292-5846, email@example.com On the Web: www.ece.osu.edu/~volakis Randy Moses, (614) 292-1325, firstname.lastname@example.org On the Web: www.ece.osu.edu/~randy 30 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG student snapshot Katie sherer-taylor: For most Ohio State students, the chance to participate in one of the greatest college football traditions in the country is right on the dot slim to none. For Katie Sherer-Taylor, it was just a matter of time. By matthew Caracciolo “I started playing sousaphone to be in the marching band and dot the ‘i,’” says Sherer-Taylor, a fifth-year materials science and tt ND, eD CrOCKe engineering student. This September, she was the lucky band member who had the privilege to dot the “i” for the Ohio State vs. Troy game. “It was one of those things that’s hard to put into marChiNG Ba words. It’s hard to remember the little details. You’ve worked for four years to get to that spot.” Sherer-Taylor had two weeks to prepare to dot the “i,” since e UNiVersity the previous week’s game was away, but the night before and morning of the Troy game were still like any other football weekend. the OhiO stat “The sousaphone has to be shined the night before every game,” she says, adding that game morning routines include donuts and rehearsal. Choosing to play the sousaphone might have been an easy decision, but when it came to selecting a major, the stakes were a little higher. “My sister was already studying materials science and engineering when I was looking at colleges,” she says, “but I also liked the mix of chemistry and physics.” Coming to Ohio State seemed to be a much easier pick. “A lot of it was the band,” she explains, “but it didn’t hurt that they had a good engineering program.” Sherer-Taylor has been taking advantage of both aspects while on campus. Besides being a member of the marching band, she applied her engineering experiences at Ohio State in internships with Diamond Innovations and Quaker Oats and two internships with CC Technologies. She also received the Women in Engineering Outstanding Academic Award sponsored by Northrup Grumman. “The internship with Quaker Oats wasn’t as engineering- related as the other ones,” Sherer-Taylor explains, “but it was probably the most interesting. I got to see the entire production line.” On top of her internships, she also found time to be a teaching assistant in the Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors program, a series geared for first-year students. “When I went through it as a first-year, I really enjoyed it,” Kett Sherer-Taylor adds. “I saw what a good springboard it was. It’s , KareN CrOC interesting to go through the program as a freshman and then go through it again as an assistant with the knowledge you have from classes since then.” rChiNG BaND Matthew Caracciolo is the student communications assistant for the College of Engineering. UNiVersity ma Katie sherer-taylor dots the “i” at the Ohio state vs. troy game sept. 20. e the OhiO stat VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 stUDeNt UPDate 31 Up to the Challenge: students re-imagine vehicles of the future By matthew Caracciolo A vehicle re-engineered by a team of College of Engineering Research and professor of mechanical engineering. The team students placed third in the nation this spring in a U.S. also received six silver medals and a bronze. Department of Energy competition to improve automotive After the competition, the Department of Energy named technology in vehicle efficiency and tailpipe emissions. Ohio State as one of 17 universities selected to participate in The Ohio State Reverb was announced among the winners the next competition, called EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge, at the conclusion of Challenge X at the nation’s Capitol. Only in which students, over a three-year period, must re-engineer 17 teams were selected to participate in the competition, which a 2009 Saturn VUE to achieve improved fuel economy and involved re-engineering a Chevy Equinox, a crossover sport reduced emissions while retaining the vehicle’s performance utility vehicle, to make it more environmentally friendly yet still and consumer appeal. attractive for consumers. “In keeping with the marketing, recruiting and engineering “The team left nothing unnoticed and did absolutely from last year, the team is making an effort to build and test everything to go the extra mile,” says Eric Schacht, a team components to be used in the Saturn VUE,” says Schacht. leader who is a senior in electrical engineering. “We chose a In September, the team traveled to the GM Renaissance vehicle design that is very much in tune with market demand, Center in Detroit, where donated products, upcoming reports which helped get everyone excited about the task at hand.” and rules were reviewed in preparation for the competition. During the four-year Challenge X competition, the Reverb The team is also busy keeping the Reverb on the road, team increased the vehicle’s fuel economy to 32.5 mpg from promoting Ohio State Engineering. 24 mpg and the 0-60 mph acceleration to 9 seconds from 10 All this activity may discourage some students, but for seconds. The team also demonstrated that the Ohio State- Schacht, the experience has been a blessing. designed diesel after-treatment could reduce criteria emissions “When evaluating where I wanted to spend my spare time JOhN NeaL, CeNter FOr aUtOmOtiVe researCh by 70 to 80 percent with only a 1 percent loss of fuel economy. in college,” he says, “I saw no better way than to increase my In addition to taking third place overall, the Ohio State resume and at the same time work on a fun project.” Challenge X team won the Published Technology Report and Control Strategy Presentation awards; first place in the On the Web: www.osuchallengex.com and ecocar.osu.edu MathWorks model-based design; and third place in both Outreach and Freescale Semiconductor: Silicon on the move. In five categories, the Reverb team received gold medals, which denote that the vehicle exceeds expectations and is eric schacht, an Ohio state Challenge X team leader and senior in essentially a production-ready prototype in those categories, electrical engineering, drives the reverb through an official handling run says Giorgio Rizzoni, director of the Center for Automotive during the competition. 32 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG engineering students Win Premier scholarship awards By tom Knox matt treFZ One of the most prestigious national awards for undergraduate researchers studying the sciences has been awarded to three College of Engineering students. Seniors Craig Buckley, a chemical engineering major; Ehsan Sadeghipour, in mechanical engineering; and Christine Zgrabik, in engineering physics, received the highly competitive Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship. Craig Buckley’s research involves finding a better method of preparing biocompatible polymers for tissue engineering through the use of elemental gold nanoparticles. One possible application of this work is in special coatings for implanted probes that can provide deep brain stimulation. “Deep brain stimulation through probes implanted directly into the brain is becoming more common as a treatment for advanced Parkinson’s disease,” he says. College of engineering students (from left) ehsan However, the usefulness of this treatment diminishes over time as the immune sadeghipour, mechanical engineering; Craig response to the probe can cause neuronal death in the surrounding tissue. Buckley Buckley, chemical engineering; and Christine expects his coatings to prevent the body’s natural cells from having negative reactions Zgrabik, engineering physics, received the highly to the probes. competitive Barry m. Goldwater scholarship. He plans to earn a doctoral degree in chemical engineering, conduct research on nanotechnology for biochemistry and biomedical applications and teach at the university level. NsF Fellows Ehsan Sadeghipour’s research could be used to build a more efficient transmission in a walking robot. He is designing a new type of magneto-rheological damper, which National fellowships are helping is a piston and cylinder with fluid inside that makes it more difficult for the piston to engineering students further their research move. Research has shown that putting a spring with the robotic transmission at the as they pursue graduate degrees. knee joint can increase the energy efficiency of a bipedal robot. Hannah Gustafson and Julie “Safe and autonomous bipedal robots may be used to increase the quality of life for Thompson received National Science our society and especially the elderly without changing the makeup of our human- Foundation Graduate Research centered environment,” Sadeghipour says. Fellowships, which provide three years Upon graduation, he plans to attain a doctoral degree in mechanical engineering to of support for study leading to research- teach at a university and conduct research in controls at the nano level. based master’s or doctoral degrees, totaling Christine Zgrabik’s main research project was to find new semiconductor materials nearly $121,500 for each award recipient. that are cheaper, easier to produce and more widely available in electronics. Gustafson, a graduate student in “Semiconductors are important in many different realms of electronics as they are mechanical engineering, works to make used in common items such as computers, cell phones and MP3 players,” Zgrabik crash-test dummies more biofidelic by said. testing different types of impacts on the Her research involved studying the electrical properties of single crystal zinc oxide dummies and relating those test results as a semiconductor and trying to understand why it behaves as it does electrically. to data on cadavers. She’s finding that not “If we understand how it works, we are able to modify and control its electrical all crash-test dummies respond the way characteristics, and it could become an important next generation semiconductor,” an actual human might during a vehicle she explains. accident. Gustafson notes that she could After her undergraduate studies, Zgrabik plans to pursue a doctoral degree in use her funding for a potential project applied physics and conduct research in medical imaging at a large laboratory. to find factors that influence rib fracture The Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship, awarded to 321 students nationwide this year, tolerance. 52 of whom are engineering students, provides $7,500 for up to two years. Thompson, who also studies biomechanics, is enrolled in the BS/ MS track of mechanical engineering and works in the Neuromuscular Biomechanics Lab at Ohio State. She uses a forward dynamic computer simulation for her research to investigate how changing the prosthetic component alignment in total knee replacements will affect the knee motion and function. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 stUDeNt UPDate 33 Awards and Honors Two teams of students received first- Project from the Small Town and Rural his presentation “Hollowfiber Filtration and second-place Achievement Awards Planning Division of the American of Hemoglobin.” His research seeks a safe as best among seven Columbus, Ohio, Planning Association in recognition of alternative to blood transfusions. entries in the 2008 Hines Student Urban their work to aid the Hurricane Katrina Geodetic science doctoral students Design Competition. Teams had to recovery in Harrison County, Miss. Karla Edwards and Shahram Moafiporr have five graduate students from at least The students are Joshua Anderson, Ian received the 2008 Topcon Positioning three different disciplines. The winning Beniston, Ma’ayan Citron, Nathan Systems Graduate Student Award. teams included graduate students from Leppo, Bridget Troy, Erica Wicks and The annual awards recognize research architecture, city and regional planning, Rickie Yeager. achievements of the geodetic science landscape architecture and real estate. Rohit Belapurkar, a doctoral student graduate students and are given for The first-place team members were Kelly in aerospace engineering, won second exceptional achievements in graduate Casto, real estate; Mark Lundine, city place in the master’s division of the research in the art and science of satellite and regional planning; Zhiguo Chen, American Institute of Aeronautics navigation and geodetic surveying. landscape architecture; Ryan Szymanski, and Astronautics Foundation Student Don Liang, a doctoral student in real estate; and Kyle Wade, architecture. Competition for his master’s thesis paper materials science and engineering, The second place team members were “Decentralized Distributed Engine received a first-place Mars Fontana Cyrus Dioun, real estate; Matt Leasure, Control Systems under Communication Award for Corrosion Engineering, from Justin Weidl and Brandon Mark, Constraints,” which he co-authored NACE International for his project city and regional planning; and Kris with Rama K. Yedavalli, professor of “Development of Chromium-Free Cochran, architecture. aerospace engineering. Welding Consumable for Austenitic Three engineering and architecture Mary Cavanaugh, a doctoral student Stainless Steel.” students have received Wolfe Study in materials science and engineering, Vineet Rawat, a doctoral student in Abroad Scholarships. This scholarship received a first-place Marcel Pourbaix electrical and computer engineering, was established by John F. Wolfe, Award for Corrosion Science from received a second-place best paper chairman and CEO of the Dispatch NACE International, the National award at the 2008 International IEEE Printing Co., and has been given Association of Corrosion Engineers, for Antennas and Propagation Symposium annually since 1999. Twenty-five her project “Statistical Characterization for “A Domain Decomposition for Time- scholarships, in the amount of $2,000 of corrosion Initiation and Damage Harmonic Electromagnetics.” each, are awarded each year. Accumulation in AA 7075-T651.” Valentina Samodelov, a senior in The engineering and architecture Laura Christobek, a sophomore mechanical engineering, was selected awardees, along with their chosen in mechanical engineering, has been to participate in the 2008-2009 country of study, are Amy DeDonato, named to a new President’s Council Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange a junior majoring in architecture on Sustainability at Ohio State. for Young Professionals, a scholarship (Italy); Charles Murman II, a University President Gordon Gee program designed to give participants sophomore majoring in industrial created the council to help coordinate understanding of everyday life, education systems engineering (France); and the university’s efforts regarding of and professional training in Germany Matthew Suguitan, a junior majoring in environmental sustainability. and the United States. mechanical engineering with a minor in Frederick Crawford, a sophomore in Kenton Williams received a one- German (Germany). chemical and biomolecular engineering, year university fellowship to pursue his Master’s degree students in city and received a first-place undergraduate doctorate at MIT as well as a three-year regional planning received the Jim research award from the New Mexico fellowship from the Ford Foundation. Segedy Award for Outstanding Student Alliance for Minority Participation for Williams graduated with his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering spring quarter. Going Green Shannon Yee, a master’s degree student in mechanical engineering, has Ellis Robinson,. a senior in chemical engineering, has received a five-year Hertz Fellowship and been named a Morris K. Udall Scholar for his demonstrated will continue his education at University commitment to a career related to the environment. of California, Berkeley, where he will He is an aspiring environmental engineer who intends to study thermal science. The Fannie go to graduate school, where he plans to research, teach and and John Hertz Foundation awards lead engineering-service initiatives. Eventually, he hopes the fellowships for doctoral studies to hone his introductory technical skills into formidable to promising applied scientists and tools targeted at eliminating poverty through the creation engineers with the potential to change of appropriate environmental technology in and for the world for the better. developing areas of the world 34 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG 2008 engineering alumni awards KeViN FitZsimONs texnikoi Outstanding alumnus award Each year the active membership of Texnikoi selects one of the younger alumni of the College of Engineering as a recipient of the Texnikoi Outstanding Alumni Award; this award is based upon their achievements since graduation, as evaluated in light of the objectives of Texnikoi. Vineet Arya is a two-time graduate of Ohio State, with a bachelor’s WiNFieLD degree in electrical engineering in the Benjamin G. Lamme meritorious achievement medal 1993 and an MBA from the arya The Benjamin G. Lamme Meritorious Achievement Medal, the College of Engineering’s Fisher College of most prestigious award, is presented annually to a technical graduate for meritorious Business in 2000. Arya is the founder achievement in engineering. and CEO of Everest Technologies, an IT consulting company in Worthington, Michael D. Winfield, a native of Grove City, Ohio, received his bachelor of Ohio, that provides software design, chemical engineering degree from Ohio State in 1962 and earned a master’s of architecture, development, testing and business administration degree from the University of Chicago. implementation services. Winfield began his career at Universal Oil Products Co., a world leader in Arya leads the overall strategic providing technology, products and services to the oil refining, petrochemical and gas business direction and also lends processing industries. In 1992 he was named president and CEO of the company. He oversight to Everest’s daily operations. has received patents for improvements in catalytic reforming, hydrocracking and fluid His devotion to building strong, catalytic cracking. long-lasting customer relationships is Now retired, Winfield is a previous College of Engineering Distinguished Alumni the foundation of Everest’s business awardee who also received the Fuel and Petrochemicals Award from the American philosophy. His extensive experience as Institute of Chemical Engineers and an honorary membership in the Instrument an IT consultant, manager and executive Society of America. He received, on behalf of Universal Oil Products, the National is a key factor in the success of Everest Medal of Technology Award from the U.S. government, an honor symbolizing Technologies. continuous innovation and commercialization of technology that has made a For more than a decade, Arya dramatic, positive impact on mankind. has been responsible for supporting Winfield has been active in technical societies such as the American Institute of technology initiatives in the areas of Chemical Engineers, American Petroleum Institute, Catalyst Society of America, e-commerce, supply chain management American Chemical Society and the National Petrochemical and Refining and logistics and distribution. His work Association. includes the design, development and Winfield and Arlene, his wife of 44 years, have two sons and three daughters and implementation of several mission- live in Long Grove, Ill. critical systems for clients such as Gap, Limited Brands and J.Crew. An avid cricket fan, Arya helped establish the Cricket Club and the Midwest Cricket Tournament during his time at Ohio State. Arya resides in Lewis Center, Ohio, with his wife and two children. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 aLUmNi UPDate 35 meritorious service Citation 2008 Distinguished alumni awards The Meritorious Service Award gives The Distinguished Alumni Awards recognize achievement of alumni in the fields of public recognition to non-alumni and/ engineering or architecture by reason of significant inventions, important research or or alumni of the college who have been design, administrative leadership or genius in production. singularly significant in the college’s quest for excellence. Navy Banvard, ’82 ARCH Michael Heschel, ’64, ’67 M.S. IE Malibu, Calif. Austin, Texas Mark Eisenman Co-founder, Van Tilburg, Banvard & Retired Executive Vice President, earned his Soderbergh AIA Kroger Co. bachelor’s degree John Baysore, ’83 WE James Houseman, ’68, ’70 Ph.D. CER in civil and Grand Rapids, Mich. Powell, Ohio environmental President and CEO, Dematic Corp. President and Chairman, Harrop engineering and Thomas Claugus, ’73 CE Industries Inc. geodetic science Marietta, Ga. Allan Johnson, ’59 CE from Ohio State President, GMT Capital Highland Heights, Ohio eiseNmaN in 1972. Dan Cooperrider, ’79 AGR Retired Administrative and Operating Eisenman, who passed away in Cross Lanes, W.Va. Head, Ohio Turnpike Commission March, was president of Korda/Nemeth President, Mid-Atlantic Group of Vyomesh Joshi, ’80 M.S. EE Engineering Inc. in Columbus, Ohio, Oldcastle Materials San Diego between 1995 and 2007. He worked on Alfred Devereaux Jr., ’63, ’73 Ph.D. GEO Executive Vice President, Hewlett- the design of many of the buildings on (honored posthumously) Packard Imaging and Printing Group his alma mater’s campus, including the Assistant Secretary of the Department of Daniel Kramer, ’80 EE, ’82 M.S., ’89 Hagerty Hall renovation, the Peter L. and Environmental Protection and adjunct Ph.D. BME Clara M. Scott Laboratory mechanical professor, Florida A&M and Florida State Dublin, Ohio engineering building, the Psychology University Director, Program Management Office, Building, the Sisson Hall addition Frederick Dodge, ’48 ME Medical Device Solutions Group, Battelle and renovation, the Heffner Wetland Scottsdale, Ariz. M. Tamer Özsu, ’81 M.S., ’83 CIS Research and Education Building and Retired Vice President of Technology Waterloo, Ontario, Canada buildings on the Newark, Lima and and Production, Honeywell Europe Professor and Director, David R. Wooster campuses. Greg Ficke, ’76 M.S. NUCENG Cheriton School of Computer Science, While he was proud of his professional Mason, Ohio University of Waterloo accomplishments, he was especially Retired President, Cincinnati Gas & John Rumberger Jr., ’72 B.S. and M.S., devoted to his community service work. Electric Co. ’76 Ph.D. AAE He was past president of the Dublin- Edward George, ’01 LARCH Hopewell, N.J. Worthington Rotary Club, vice president Brentwood, Tenn. Director of Cardiac Imaging, Princeton of the Worthington Arts Council and Founder and Part Owner, EDGE Group Longevity Center twice past chairman of the Worthington Chautauqua committees, the first time the 2008 College of engineering Distinguished alumni awardees are (front row, from left), michael heschel, John having served as part of the Worthington Baysore, Dorie-ellen eisenman (widow of awardee mark eisenman), melissa Devereaux (widow of awardee Bicentennial Committee. He also was alfred Devereaux Jr.) and Frederick Dodge, and (back row, from left) Dan Cooperrider, James houseman, Greg pleased to have his company contribute Ficke, Navy Banvard, allan Johnson and Daniel Kramer. Not pictured: edward George, Vyomesh Joshi, m. tamer to the sponsorship of Ohio State’s Mini Özsu and John rumberger Jr. Baja Design Competition. KeViN FitZsimONs Eisenman was married to Dorie-Ellen, whom he met at Ohio State, and father to Brian, Kelly and Tracie. 36 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG alumni highlight COUrtesy OF 20th CeNtUry FOX Doug roble m.s. ’87 and Ph.D. ’92, computer science and engineering By adam King When a 14-year- old Doug Roble saw “Star Wars” in 1977, he knew creating movie magic was what he wanted to do with engineering alumnus Doug roble developed the software tool that produced this flood scene from the rest of his life. “the Day after tomorrow.” What he COUrtesy OF NeW LiNe CiNema never could have imagined, however, happened more than three decades after that childhood dream. Early this year, the computer science and engineering alumnus accepted his second award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, this time for developing a software tool that allows graphic artists in the movie industry to create surging water effects. His fluid simulator software was featured in “The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring,” “The Day After Tomorrow” and “Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End.” “For a geek like me, this is the ultimate software developed by roble also was used to simulate the flood waters in the movie “the Lord of the rings: the job,” says Roble, who is creative director Fellowship of the ring.” artists then merged the water formed in the shape of horses with the flood to create the of software for Digital Domain in Venice, effect shown in this image. Calif. “You have impressive software engineers, mathematicians and creative dissertation work to develop the TRACK interested in the technical side of the people sitting next to fantastic artists, system for camera position calculation industry and for artists. and they can take the tools you create and scene reconstruction. It essentially “Good artists who aren’t afraid of and do fabulous things with them.” helps artists analyze filmed images to programming or math are the most This summer, Roble was honored once better determine where to add graphics. sought-after people in our biz,” Roble again by being invited to be a member of TRACK earned Roble his first adds. the visual effects branch of the academy, Technical Achievement Award, in 1998. Roble’s recent work includes the which requires members to have eight Computer science and engineering summer 2009 movies “G.I. Joe: Rise of years of working in the industry and professor Rick Parent, under whom Cobra” and “Transformers: Revenge of experience working in a supervisory role Roble studied while attending Ohio the Fallen” as well as “The Curious Case in the making of films, Roble explains. State, sees Roble as a role model for of Benjamin Button,” which came out in “It’s a very exclusive club, and it’s great current students who hope to get into the December. Although Digital Domain is fun participating in academy stuff with film business. keeping the precise details under wraps, people I’ve heard about all my life. It’s the “For students coming through Ohio surely Roble will push the envelope for ultimate if you’re into movies, and I am State, or other places for that matter, digital effects yet again. very much into movies!” Roble says. seeing Doug receive these awards makes After receiving his doctorate from the possibility of success in the industry Adam King is associate editor of Ohio State, Roble was immediately much more feasible,” Parent says. onCampus, Ohio State’s faculty and hired by Digital Domain as a software Roble suggests fluency in math staff newspaper. engineer. He expanded on his and programming both for students VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 aLUmNi UPDate 37 the Lowries honor slider with Professorship in Chemical and Biomolecular engineering JO mCCULty By terri stone William G. “Bill” Lowrie fondly recalls his experiences in Professor H.C. “Slip” Slider’s classes during the mid-1960s. In addition to his chemical engineering major, Lowrie decided to focus on petroleum engineering in classes taught by Slider, who suggested that his students spend a summer working for an oil company. When Lowrie learned through Slider that Amoco was reinstituting a program for entry-level laborers, he applied and was soon on his way to Lake Charles, La., where he worked for two summers and was offered a job upon his graduation in 1966. “I have a deep sense of gratitude for what Slip did and the doors he opened for me,” Lowrie says. “That initial involvement with him during my early days of school had a profound assistant professor Jessica Winter and chemical engineering major John impact on my life. My relationship with him influenced where I Larison, right, help then-reynoldsburg (Ohio) high school student Kunal Parikh ultimately wound up in my career. learn about introductory laboratory research in the College of engineering. “Being an engineer in an oil field means no two days are Parikh is now a chemical engineering student at Ohio state. alike. There are short-term results, and it makes the work a great deal of fun.” riCK harrisON, OhiO state aLUmNi assOCiatiON Lowrie spent his entire career at Amoco and retired as president of the company in 1999. He and his wife, Ernestine, now residents of Brays Island Plantation, S.C., established the H.C. “Slip” Slider Professorship in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering in appreciation of Slider’s teaching and mentoring of chemical engineering and petroleum engineering students. The fund will provide salary and program support for an untenured, highly promising faculty member, who will hold the distinction for the lesser of five academic years or until the individual receives tenure. Jessica Winter, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and biomedical engineering, is the first faculty member to hold the professorship. She is researching plastic coatings that could someday help neural implants treat conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and macular degeneration. Lowrie took note of Winter’s dedication to the undergraduate students she mentors and was impressed to hear that a high school senior who worked in her lab eventually decided to come to Ohio State to study chemical and biomolecular engineering. William G. Lowrie, ’66 Che, makes comments Slider, too, was devoted to undergraduate education. after receiving the alumni medalist award at Slider joined the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1942, with his crew giving him the the Ohio state University alumni association’s nickname of “Slippery,” eventually shortened to “Slip” and used for the rest of his 50th annual recognition banquet this fall. the life. After earning a bachelor’s and master’s degree in engineering in 1949, he joined award is presented to alumni who have gained Shell Oil as a field engineer and rose to division reservoir engineer, gaining several national or international distinction as outstanding years of industrial experience before returning to Ohio State as a professor. It was a representatives of a chosen field or profession career he cherished until his retirement in 1983. During his tenure, he also served as and who have brought extraordinary credit to the a consultant to major oil companies around the world. He passed away in 2007 at the university and significant benefit to mankind. age of 83. “For some time, I have wanted to find a way to attach his name to the department in perpetuity,” Lowrie says. Slider’s widow, Jennie, was initially speechless when the Lowries told her about the professorship. “When I heard what they wanted to do, I had tears in my eyes. Everyone in our family was pleased,” she says. “Honoring Slip in this way was totally unexpected.” Terri Stone is manager of publications and internal communications for On the Web: Read more about Winter’s research online at University Development. www.chbmeng.ohio-state.edu/people/winter.html. 38 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG coordinates activities of delegates 2000s Alumni Updates are compiled using submissions from from 52 countries whose expertise adam alexander, ’01 LarCh, College of Engineering alumni. If you would like us to include lies in power beam processes. Levert is an environmental protection information about your career changes, fill out an update form is a senior staff manufacturing specialist for the Federal highway online at engineering.osu.edu/alumniupdate, send an e-mail engineer for Lockheed martin administration in Washington, D.C. to email@example.com, or call the editor at (614) 292-4064. Feel free to missiles and Fire Control in Dallas. Outaiel araar, ’06 ise, works for include a color photo if you wish. Jeffrey ramsey, ’80 Cis, is a senior Cargill inc. in sidney, Ohio. engineer for L-3 Communications in Jonathan Blank, ’01, ’02 m.s., ’08 Camden, N.J. Ph.D. mse, is a material application 1950s Brian Stephens, ’87 aae, is engineering team leader for Ge ronald martin, ’56 ie, is a retired supervisory engineer for the U.s. aviation in Cincinnati. alumni Contacts supervisor for GmC and resides in Navy and is based in New Bern, N.C. rakesh Dhaka, ’07 m.s. mse, is a DO yOU haVe a qUestiON aBOUt markleville, ind. mike Williams, ’81 Cis, ’83 ee, works research project engineer at U.s. the COLLeGe OF eNGiNeeriNG? at raytheon Co. in tucson, ariz. steel Corp. in munhall, Pa. WaNt tO FiND Ways tO reCONNeCt With yOUr 1960s raymond yurick, ’86 Che, is a senior richard Delmont, ’05 mse, is a aLma mater Or FeLLOW GraDUates? Peter Jasanis, ’69 aae, is retired process engineer at Chemstress project engineer for the Protective ChOOSe The alUmni COnTaCT infOrmaTiOn as the Long range Land attack Consultant Co. in akron, Ohio. Group, which custom designs and fOr yOUr DeParTmenT: Projectile program manager at installs advanced lightweight armor aerospace engineering Lockheed martin in Orlando, Fla. 1990s systems for military aircraft and land James W. Gregory, assistant professor, aerospace Brian Delmonico, ’95 me, is a project vehicles. he resides in miramar, Fla. engineering, (614) 292-5024, firstname.lastname@example.org 1970s engineer for UtilX Corp. in Lewis andrew emge, ’06 m.s., ’08 Ph.D. Knowlton School of architecture victor harris, ’73 eNGPhys, is a Center, Ohio. mse, is an engineer/technologist at Becky Lonardo, (614) 247-7244, computer specialist with Office of the Jason gehrmann, ’97 Ce, is a Ge in evendale, Ohio. email@example.com Director of National intelligence in solutions architect for hP in eden michael fiorino, ’01 me, ’03 m.s. aviation Washington, D.C. Prairie, minn. NUCeNG, is a senior reactor operator a.J. iarussi, ’90 aV, firstname.lastname@example.org richard Kennedy, ’78 m.s. GeO, is the rohit goyal, ’95 m.s., ’99 Ph.D. Cse, for Progress energy at the company’s www.bigtent.com/groups/osuaas lead application software developer is co-founder and vice president Brunswick Nuclear Plant, near Biomedical engineering for the Boeing Co. in seattle. of engineering of neosaej Corp. in southport, N.C., and resides in Kure richard t. hart, professor and chair, (614) 292-9733, michael Kerner, ’72 arCh, is a code Burlington, mass. Beach, N.C. email@example.com development engineer for Dietrich Keith grider, ’94, ’96 m.s. me, is Zaher Kassas, ’03 m.s. eCe, is a Chemical and Biomolecular engineering industries inc. in Pittsburgh. an engineering program manager research and development engineer sherry stoneman, (614) 292-7907, for insight Product Development in at National instruments in austin, firstname.lastname@example.org 1980s Chicago. texas, and an adjunct professor at www.chbmeng.ohio-state.edu/alumni Darin Beach, ’88 ise, is deputy Brent harle, ’92 m.s. We, ’93 m.s. texas state University. Civil and environmental director of FDi at Bretagne mse, is lead engineer of asset erin martin, ’01 Ce, is a project engineering and geodetic Science international in rennes, France. integrity for Canadian Natural engineer at Lidstone & associates Carolyn merry, professor and chair, (614) 292-2771, David emerling, resources Ltd. in Calgary, Canada. inc. in Fort Collins, Colo. email@example.com; www.alumni-osu.org/~civilengr ’81 me, of West Pierre Kwan, ’98 Ce, is a Washington alexander moore, ’07 Cse, is a Computer Science and engineering Bloomfield, state drinking water business leader software developer for tDCi in Carrie stein, (614) 688-5390, or sherry Little, (614) 292- mich., conducts for hDr engineering in Bellevue, Columbus, Ohio. 5973, firstname.lastname@example.org corporate and Wash. matthew mottern, ’05 m.s., ’07 Ph.D. www.cse.ohio-state.edu/alumni-society foundation Brian mcfarland, ’96 LarCh, is a mse, is an engineer at intel Corp. in electrical and Computer engineering relations for the Center of automotive senior development manager at Walt hillsboro, Ore. Carol Duhigg, (614) 292-7392, email@example.com research at Ohio state’s College of Disney imagineering in Orlando, Fla. Bryan neely, ’05 We, is a www.ece.osu.edu/aboutus/alumni.html engineering. Jason mudd, ’96 ise, is a Lean six manufacturing engineer for industrial, Welding and Systems engineering amy hulsizer, ’89 ise, is a senior sigma Consultant for iBm and lives in Caterpillar in Waco, texas. Darline Wine, (614) 292-6351, firstname.lastname@example.org technical analyst at Celanese in Durham, N.C. Drew norman, ’07 Ce, is an estimator www.iwse.osu.edu/alumni.cfm Florence, Ky. robert Schofield, ’96 mse, is a with Kokosing Construction Co. in materials Science and engineering James Kiser, ’81, ’83 m.s. Cer, is a manufacturing technology engineer Columbus, Ohio. a long-snapper Cameron Lindsey, (614) 292-6255, email@example.com senior ceramic research engineer for arcelormittal in Cleveland. with the football Buckeyes from 2002 www.mse.eng.ohio-state.edu/alumni at Nasa’s Glenn research Center in leslie Wood, ’96 mse, is the through 2006, he has been writing a mechanical engineering Cleveland, Ohio. director of international business column, “always a Buckeye,” for the emily Burkhart, (614) 292-9432, firstname.lastname@example.org ernest levert, ’82 We, is chairman development at amsted rail, where Columbus Dispatch sports section. www.mecheng.ohio-state.edu/alumni of the international institute of he is responsible for technical and Barbara Padgett, ’01, ’05 m.s., ’08 for general information or departments not listed Welding Commission iV, one of commercial activities for wheels, Ph.D. mse, is a project engineer for Kerry Gastineau, director of alumni/ae affairs and special the top leadership positions in the axles, and wheel sets around the CC technologies, a DNV company, in projects, (614) 292-3912, email@example.com welding field. as chairman, Levert globe. he is based in Chicago. Dublin, Ohio. VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 aLUmNi UPDate 39 Jayson Parrish, ’07 mse, is a quality medal and College of engineering professor at the Knowlton school of interested in lean/Six Sigma? engineer at Kohler in Kohler, Wis. Distinguished alumni award in 1999. architecture until his retirement in Ohio state’s Fisher College of Business yoseph Setiadi, ’00 ise, is an he received an honorary doctorate 2002. he received the Distinguished offers online and classroom training engineering manager for CsC of humane letters from the university Faculty service award from and certification in Lean and six Worldwide in Columbus, Ohio. in 2002. Knowlton in 1997 and the university’s sigma solutions through its executive andrew Stroman, ’07 aae, is a richard lawrence Spetka, ’50 ie, of Distinguished service award in education program. stress analyst with the Boeing Co. in mount Vernon, Ohio, died sept. 27, 2007. his service in coordinating six sigma is a disciplined, data- everett, Wash. 2008. Ohio state’s Campus master Plan driven approach for eliminating heidi Theunissen, ’06 m.s. arCh, is a Joseph P. Walsh, ’38 mete, of continues to influence the university’s waste by improving the quality of designer at Cook+Fox architects LLP Poland, Ohio, died march 9, 2008. built environment. organizational processes, products in New york. Paul e. young Jr., ’55 arCh and and/or services. Lean principles Diana Tout, ’00 Ce, is a project professor emeritus of architecture, emphasize innovation pointing to the engineer at hNtB Corp. in Columbus, of Columbus, Ohio, died June 23, streamlining of operations processes Ohio. 2008. young was chairman of the and the improvement of administration Joshua Tuggle, ’05 mse, of Grove Department of architecture at Ohio effectiveness. City, Ohio, is an engineer at CC state from 1970 to 1978 and a full For more information, visit fisher.osu. technologies, a DNV company, in edu/exec or call Donald Gray, program Dublin, Ohio. manager, at (614) 292-8574. Brian Wilson, ’00 Cse, of London, Ohio, is director of technology for Ohio state’s Fisher College of Business. memorials: William arthur, ’49 Che, of Columbus, Keith D. Trott, ’86 Ph.D. EE, of Shrewsbury, Mass., was promoted to Ohio, died Feb. 12, 2008. an Engineering Fellow at Raytheon. The Fellows Program is reserved for mark eisenman, ’72 Ce, of the top 4 percent of the organization and recognizes significant individual Worthington, Ohio, died march 19, contributions to the success of the company and to the engineering 2008. profession. Most recently, Trott was the engineering team lead for the Jeffrey elias, ’82 Che, of Columbus, design and development of the EHF and X-Ka SATCOM Antennas for the Ohio, died may 10, 2008. U.S. Navy’s Zumwalt class destroyer program. James P. fenstermaker, ’49 ee, of Before joining Raytheon, he spent three years as a group leader for the Westerville, Ohio, died July 4, 2008. Mission Research Corp., Electromagnetics Applications Group, Combat Bruce gurney, ’51 ee, of san marcos, Applications Division, in Valparaiso, Fla. Prior to working at Mission Calif., died may 11, 2008. Research Corp., he completed 25 years with the U.S. Air Force, including frederick B. hamel, ’48 me, of allison more than five years as an autopilot/instrument technician on the FB- Park, Penn., died Jan. 25, 2008. 111A, where he achieved Master Technician status. He completed his howard e. lefevre, ’29 arCheNG, military career with the rank of lieutenant colonel with nearly 20 years of a Granville, Ohio, resident who experience in Air Force laboratories. was a regional trustee emeritus of the Ohio state University Newark campus, died June 30, 2008. in 1946 major Codes he founded B&L motor Freight, aae aerONaUtiCaL CSe COmPUter sCieNCe & iSe iNDUstriaL & systems now known as truck One. LeFevre & astrONaUtiCaL eNGiNeeriNG eNGiNeeriNG eNGiNeeriNG was instrumental in setting up Ohio agr aGriCULtUraL eNGiNeeriNG eCe eLeCtriCaL & COmPUter larCh LaNDsCaPe arChiteCtUre state’s first regional campus, in arCh arChiteCtUre eNGiNeeriNG mCrP master OF City & reGiONaL Newark, in 1957. he established the arCheng arChiteCtUraL eNGiNeeriNG ee eLeCtriCaL eNGiNeeriNG PLaNNiNG howard e. LeFevre ’29 Fellowship aTmSCi atmOsPheriC sCieNCes em eNGiNeeriNG meChaNiCs me meChaNiCaL eNGiNeeriNG at the austin e. Knowlton school of avn aViatiON eng eNGiNeeriNG meTe metaLLUrGiCaL eNGiNeeriNG architecture and has supported the Bme BiOmeDiCaL eNGiNeeriNG engPhyS eNGiNeeriNG PhysiCs mine miNiNG eNGiNeeriNG WOsU stations and the Department BSS sUrVeyiNG env eNVirONmeNtaL eNGiNeeriNG mSe materiaLs sCieNCe & of athletics. he was the recipient C&rP City & reGiONaL PLaNNiNG faB FOOD, aGriCULtUraL eNGiNeeriNG of Ohio state awards including the Ce CiViL eNGiNeeriNG & BiOLOGiCaL eNGiNeeriNG nUCeng NUCLear eNGiNeeriNG alumni Centennial award in 1970, the Cer CeramiC eNGiNeeriNG geO GeODetiC sCieNCes PeTe PetrOLeUm eNGiNeeriNG Distinguished service award in 1976, Che ChemiCaL eNGiNeeriNG geOmaT GeOmatiCs eNGiNeeriNG We WeLDiNG eNGiNeeriNG the ralph Davenport mershon award CiS COmPUter & iNFOrmatiON ie iNDUstriaL eNGiNeeriNG in 1986, and the everett D. reese sCieNCe 40 NeWs iN eNGiNeeriNG Faculty Focus Designing education for Future engineers By Joan slattery Wall It’s fairly typical for a professor, not unlike a student, to trek across campus carrying a laptop and cell phone these days. Blaine Lilly, on the other hand, has been spotted lugging a bumper. From a car. A Honda Accord, to be exact. The associate professor of industrial, welding and systems engineering and mechanical engineering has also arrived to classes with desktop and laptop computers, gears, injection moldings and perhaps his most common teaching tools — Kodak disposable cameras and one-piece aluminum cans. “I can pick up about any product other JO mCCULty than a paper clip and talk about it for half an hour. That’s an exaggeration,” he says after a hesitant pause that makes you mechanical engineering graduate student tony Lushman (right) demonstrates for associate professor think he may not be stretching the truth Blaine Lilly an alcohol stove that Lushman and fellow students designed for a class project. Lushman’s at all, “but I love this stuff.” team adapted the stove, which fits inside the cooking pot and can be easily carried with the handle that The “stuff ” that makes classes exciting collapses onto the pot, for use by military troops based on Lushman’s experience as a National Guard for Lilly and his students — he has member serving in afghanistan. “While we were overseas we constantly needed a small heating element received four teaching awards since he of some sort to heat up water or food but always had a hard time getting one other than creating a fire pit,” joined the faculty at Ohio State full time Lushman says. “most of the time we ended up eating raw (hard, cold) ramen noodles right out of the bag, in 1998 — is product design, specifically or eating/rubbing ground coffee beans from instant coffee pouches on our gums to stay awake during 12- in the areas of new product development plus-hour perimeter security shifts.” and sustainability. “For me product design is much bigger into GM’s apprenticeship program. design. Aside from a German university, than just engineering. That’s what I tell “I liked the Ohio State courses, and Folkwang Hochschule, and the highly my students,” says Lilly, who also holds I ended up taking 19 quarters with no respected Technical University of Delft an adjunct faculty appointment in the break, working my way through school in The Netherlands, he was surprised College of the Arts’ design department for a mechanical engineering degree,” he to find that the United States is further and collaborates with the Center for says. During a work layoff in the 1980s along in meshing the two disciplines. Entrepreneurship at the Fisher College of he went for his master’s and eventually His goal is to develop a more integrated Business as well as ergonomics experts in a doctorate, both at Ohio State, and engineering/design program at Ohio the College of Engineering. realized he enjoyed teaching at the State. His interest sprang from an industry university level. “I tell my students the first day of career as a production worker at General “Being a manufacturing guy, I taught class: My goal is that when you leave Motors that he started after originally manufacturing processes and became this class, you are no longer able to pick earning an Ohio State bachelor’s degree more interested in products. My courses up anything without looking at it and in English. “I was going to write the evolved into product design,” he says, asking, ‘Who is this made for, how was it ‘Great American Novel’ and live off the adding that these days more and more made, and how could I make it better?’” movie rights,” he grins, “but that didn’t engineering students are taking design as Lilly says. “That’s what engineering is all work out.” a minor. about — how to make things better.” Instead, as the fourth person in his Following that interest, Lilly recently family to seek a career as a tool and returned from a yearlong sabbatical in die maker, Lilly started taking college Europe investigating how engineers engineering courses to gain acceptance abroad are integrating production with VOL. 80, NO. 3, 2008 a WaCO biplane landed on the Oval during engineer’s Day activities in 1927, marking the second time in history that an aircraft touched down on campus. in 1917, university trustee Charles F. Kettering, a 1904 electrical engineering alumnus, landed a Wright-Dayton biplane in a field west of townshend hall. he had been appointed to a committee, along with aviation pioneer Orville Wright, to determine what university property would be suitable for an airfield for the aviation school. PhOtO COUrtesy OF OhiO state UNiVersity arChiVes Buckeye Connection mark your Calendar Please Keep in touch! 12th Annual Buckeye Reunion Under the Stars Submit your address changes or alumni updates by filling 6 p.m. Friday, Sept. 11, 2009 out the form on our Web site. You can find it by visiting Please join us on the Hitchcock and Knowlton Hall patios to engineering.osu.edu/alumniupdate. renew acquaintances with friends and professors and to meet You also can give us your news by sending an e-mail to current faculty and students. Brutus Buckeye, the Ohio State firstname.lastname@example.org or by contacting Kerry Gastineau, director of cheerleaders, engineering student project teams and the Glee alumni relations, (614) 292-3912, email@example.com. Club also are expected to attend. To receive Alumni E-News in an occasional e-mail, send For more information about the event, contact Kerry your request to firstname.lastname@example.org. Gastineau, director of alumni relations, (614) 292-3912, email@example.com. The Ohio State University Non Profit Org. mike Farley (right), an instructor at the Ohio state College of Engineering U.S. Postage University airport, and meredith Frederick, a senior 2070 Neil Ave. PAID aviation major and student assistant for airport external Columbus, OH 43210-1278 Columbus, Ohio relations, discuss the full-sized Cirrus sr22 that was 14019.011000.61804 Permit No. 711 displayed on the patio between hitchcock hall and Change Service Requested Knowlton school of architecture Nov. 19-21 in honor of aviation history month. hundreds of students stopped by to learn more about Ohio state aviation. the Cirrus arrived in five parts in a 40-by-8½-foot trailer pulled by a pickup truck. then it was assembled — without the engine — by aviation students, airport employees and Cirrus representatives. more than eight decades ago, an airplane was actually flown onto campus grounds. For that story, see page 41. JO mCCULty
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