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					              LANDNET AMERICAS


            A Virtual Office for the
           Summit of the Americas
        Property Systems Initiative


       www.LandNetAmericas.org

Mariana Herrera (OAS) in coordination with Jolyne Sanjak (USAID/LAC)
  Why Property Registration?


To provide those who have informal
property rights or limited access to
property with economic opportunity,
better governance and sociopolitical
participation.
Main issues in property registration
   and land management in the
           Hemisphere:
 large numbers of informal property holders
 insecurity of indigenous property rights
 lack of adequate land dispute resolution
  mechanisms
 centralization of authority
 complicated land administration systems
 lack of information and disorderly data on
  property rights
Summit of the Americas Process

       Heads of Governments declare property
registration as key to Poverty Alleviation.

    Property    registry   reform   influences
Summit goals:

    justice, human rights, gender equality,
     education and economic integration.
       Second Summit of the Americas
            Santiago, Chile 1998
Heads    of Governments        addressed     the   issue
“Eradication of Poverty and Discrimination” the most
relevant to the work outlined in the Plan of Action.

To rationalize and standardize their respective
national property registration systems, Member States
agreed:
      adopting transparent, simplified procedures
      disseminating information
      utilizing, whenever feasible, state-of-the-art technologies
      incorporating alternative dispute resolution mechanisms
      avoiding overlapping administrative fees
   Third Summit of the Americas
       Quebec, Canada 2001

   Under the mandate “Growth with
               Equity”:

States call for focus on legal reforms.
Request        multilateral      cooperation
 institutions to continue supporting and
 strengthening, their financial and technical
 assistance programs.
Special Summit of the Americas
   Monterrey, Mexico 2004

 The    heads      of    State and
 Government from the Americas
 agreed on strengthening property
 rights and expand the use of
 property as collateral.
  The Inter-Summit Property
   Systems Initiative (IPSI)

In response to the Summit mandate,
the U.S. Agency for International
Development     (USAID)   and    the
Government of El Salvador, in
partnership with the Organization of
American States (OAS), created IPSI.
             IPSI’s Objectives:

 Help countries rationalize and modernize their
  property registration systems.
 Improve coordination among donors, government
  agencies and civil society.
 Foster   consensus     building   among client
  governments, donors and partners through
  dialogue and information sharing.
 Help shape donor projects related to property
  registration.
 Mobilize civil society resources towards achieving
  the property registration goals.
      IPSI’s activities to date:
Initiated in 1998 with creation of website
Property-Registration.org as tool for sharing
 information and supporting research.
Comparative study of Land Markets in C.A.
Organized regional Policy Dialogue Forum in
 C.A. which led to creation of Permanent Council
 of Property Registrars for C.A. and Panama.
In 2002, transformed this tool from a static
 web-page to a „community of practice‟:
 LandNetAmericas.org
 What is LandNetAmericas.org?

IPSI‟s new interactive community of practice is
 called      LandNet       Americas,        url:
 LandNetAmericas.org


Co-branded, bilingual portal (English- Spanish)
 established with support from multilateral
 organizations (IDB, GTZ and WB), NGOs and
 private organizations -- others welcome!
         LandNetAmericas offers:
Information on the Summit of the Americas
 mandates and implementation review process
Regular  updates     of   significant   events   and
 documents
Direct access for registered users to upload their
 documents, news and events to the site
Streamlined   searching   through   the   Knowledge
 Center.
A platform for collaboration that avoids duplication
 of efforts -- this virtual office belongs to the
 community rather than any one member!
                 Key Areas
 Conflict and alternative dispute resolution
 Decentralization
 Indigenous peoples and communal tenure
 Land administration
 Land policy
 Land tenure
 Legal frameworks
 Market and credit access
 Modernization of the cadastre and registry
 Regularization of property rights
Knowledge Center
          Sources of information:
International development donors: initial population
 of database by Jolyne Sanjak (USAID) and the Land
 Tenure Center (Beverly Phillips and Lynn Burns.)
Multilateral organizations: continual search and
 investigation to update archives by OAS staff
 (Natasha Sacouman and Mariana Herrera.)
Civil   society    organizations:     contributions    by
 community groups, such as the Central American
 Virtual Library (BiViCAT), our focal point in the region.
Private foundations: Development Gateway‟s AiDA
 database automatically uploads information …this
 feature could be repeated with other databases if
 interested partners are found.
            Final Remarks

The      technical    bases    for  creating
 comprehensive      and     modern   property
 information systems are known. Introducing
 appropriate institutional change remains the
 big challenge.


We invite you to participate in our community
 of practice at LandNetAmericas.org, where you
 will be able to interact directly with policy
 experts, advisors and other members of the
 public.


            Please Visit Us!

				
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posted:6/27/2011
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