Georgia and the American Experience - Download Now PowerPoint

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					   Chapter 12:
 Baby Boomers,
Rebellion, and Wars
 ESSENTIAL       QUESTION
  What advances were made in civil rights
   during the postwar period?
   What words do I need to know?
     Brown v. Board of Education
     Southern Christian Leadership
      Conference
     Sit-in
     Student Nonviolent Coordinating
      Committee
     Civil Rights Act of 1964
     Voting Rights Act of 1965
   What people do I need to know?
       Martin Luther King, Jr.
       Charlayne Hunter & Hamilton Holmes
       Ivan Allen
       Andrew Young
   How did the events of the Civil Rights Movement
    affect you, and how do the ways people acted
    and were treated make you feel?
   1948: racial integration ordered in armed forces
   1950: Brown v. Board of Education – case struck down
    “separate but equal” concept; schools were to be
    integrated
   Sibley Commission: found that most Georgians would
    rather close schools than integrate
   More private schools opened
   1961: Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes first
    African American students at UGA
   1971: All Georgia public schools integrated
   Dec. 1, 1955: Rosa Parks,
    African American, refused to
    give up her bus seat to
    whites in Montgomery, AL
   Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
    and the NAACP organized
    civic leaders and prepared
    marches
   Supreme court ruled
    segregation on public
    transportation
    unconstitutional
   Martin Luther King, Jr. of Atlanta
   Developed a nonviolent
    approach to social change
   Four-prong approach:
     direct, nonviolent actions
     legal remedies
     ballots
     economic boycotts
   SCLC: Southern Christian
    Leadership Conference – civil
    rights group led by Dr. King
   Sit-in: Dr. King’s strategy to
    people refuse to leave a public
    building until their demands are
    met
   1961: Albany, GA becomes center
    of civil rights activity

   SNCC: Student Nonviolent
    Coordinating Committee –
    challenged segregated bus system
    in Albany

   Nearly 500 people jailed

   Biracial committee formed to study
    concerns of African Americans

   Video: “The Beat of Civil Rights”
   1963: Martin Luther King, Jr.
    begins work to integrate all
    aspects of public life in
    Birmingham, AL
   Over 3000 people arrested
   Bomb killed 4 black children in
    their church
   African Americans and whites
    from the north and south
    began to join together to stop
    the violence
   President Kennedy created
    new civil rights laws
   Kennedy was assassinated
    before the new laws came
    into effect
   Lyndon Johnson became
    president and pushed for
    passage of the Civil Rights
    Act of 1964
   All public facilities had to be
    integrated
   Discrimination was
    prohibited in business and
    labor unions
   1964: Freedom Summer –
    Martin Luther King, Jr. and
    SNCC worked to get African
    Americans registered to vote
   Selma-to-Montgomery, AL
    march led by Dr. King
   Nearly 30,000 marchers
   Congress passed the Voting
    Rights Act of 1965 – one
    million African Americans
    were registered to vote
   Some people moved from the
    nonviolent strategies to more
    aggressive ones
   SNCC and “Black Panthers”
    confronted police
   Malcolm X preached black
    separatism
   Race riots in Los Angeles,
    Detroit, and Newark
   April 1968: Dr. King
    assassinated in Memphis, TN
    while working with striking
    sanitation workers
   Integration in Atlanta was relatively peaceful

   Church leaders get much credit for this peaceful change

   William Hartsfield: Atlanta mayor who expanded Atlanta’s
    airport and worked with African American and white leaders;
    worked to integrate Atlanta’s schools

   Ivan Allen: Atlanta mayor ordered removal of “white” and
    “colored” segregation signs in the City Hall; integrated police
    and fire services and city government

   Troubled times followed but were overcome

   The city became known as “the city too busy to hate”

   Video: “Atlanta’s Example”
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