; value_pencil_shading
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Value is an element of design.
Value is defined as the lights and darks in
 an art work.
Value can be black, white and ranges of
Value can be a color and the lights (tints)
 and darks (shades) of that color.
             Value Scale

A gradation of value from light to dark.
       Pencil Value

• Create a pencil value scale
  with a range of 7
Create a value scale

1. Use a ruler to draw a 1 inch by 7 inch
   rectangle. Center on the paper.
2. Use a ruler to divide the rectangle into 7
   equal blocks
Create a value scale

3.One end of the scale will be the darkest
    value (black).
4. The other end of the scale will be white.
Create a value scale

5. Each of the center blocks should show
    the gray value scale making a transition
    from white to black.
6. Each block must be a different value.
Use the Pencil to apply values

7. The pencil value should have a smooth
  surface. Use light, smooth strokes and
  build up the value by overlapping layers of
    Using a Pencil to create
•   A Pencil can be used to show the range
    of values that a light source produces on
    an object or group of objects.
•   Pencil shading can be used to show the
    cast shadows as well.
•   These techniques will help you to create
    the illusion of three-dimensions.
       Graduate the pencil values
           from light to dark.

1. Identify the direction of the light source.
2. Remember that the side of an object
   nearest to the light source will be white
   or the lightest value.
3. The side farthest away from the light
   source will be black or the darkest value.
…Graduate the pencil values from light to dark.
…Use the shape of the object as your guide.

 Light source
…Add cast shadows away from the light
        Pencil values can be:
• Created to imitate the texture of the
  objects that you are drawing.

     • Smooth objects should be drawn with a smooth
       technique while textured objects should be drawn
       using stippling, hatching or other specific drawing

     • Value should be built up by overlapping layers of

     • Make sure to shade with the shape of the object!
Grading Criteria:
Your drawing should show a…
Range of values/gradation.
Appropriate rendering of
 surface texture.
Good craftsmanship.

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