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Getting Ready for the 2009 PSSA - Intermediate Unit 1

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					 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                 Getting Ready
                                              2008-2009
                                  Pennsylvania Statewide Assessments




                                                                                                          1
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education     www.pde.state.pa.us




                                               CONTENTS
       General Information                                         PASA
       Writing                                                     PSSA – M
       Mathematics                                                Access for ELLs

       Reading                                                    NAEP
       Science                                                    Resources



                                                                                                            2
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                       www.pde.state.pa.us



                              2008–2009
                         PSSA Testing Window
    Assessment                                              Dates                            Grade(s)

    PSSA Grade 12 Retest in Math,
                                                            October 20 - 31, 2008            12
    Reading, & Writing

    PSSA Writing                                            February 9 - 20, 2009            5, 8, 11

    PSSA Reading & Math                                     March 16 - 27, 2009              3 through 8, 11

    PSSA Science                                            April 27 - May 8, 2009           4, 8, 11

    PASA Math & Reading                                     February 16 - March 27, 2009     3 through 8, 11

    PASA Science                                            May 4 - 29, 2009                 4, 8, 11

    ACCESS for ELLs                                         January 12 - February 20, 2009   K - 12

    NAEP - in selected schools                              January 26 - March 6, 2009       4, 8, 12
                                                                                                                              3
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                         www.pde.state.pa.us



                              2009-2010
                          PSSA Testing Window
     Assessment                                                Dates                           Grade(s)
     PSSA Grade 12 Retest in Math,
                                                               October 26 - November 6, 2009   12
     Reading, Science, & Writing
     PSSA Reading & Math and
                                                               April 12 - 16, 2010             3 through 8, 11
     PSSA-Modified Reading & Math
     PSSA Writing                                              April 19 - 23, 2010             5, 8, 11
     PSSA Science and
                                                               April 26 - 30, 2010             4, 8, 11
     PSSA-Modified Science
     PSSA and PSSA-Modified
                                                               May 3 - 7, 2010                 As Applicable
     Make-Ups for All Subjects
     PASA Math & Reading                                       TBD                             3 through 8, 11
     PASA Science                                              TBD                             4, 8, 11
     ACCESS for ELLs                                           TBD                             K - 12
     NAEP - in selected schools                                TBD                             TBD                              4
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




    Academic Standards and Anchors
      • Academic Standards – Revised
        – Mathematics
        – Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening

      • Assessment Anchors/Eligible Content
        – Existing Anchors Have Not Changed
        – Assessment Anchors for Writing will be developed

                                                                                                          5
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                   PSSA Test Design
    • Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) is contractor
    • Embedded Field Test
    • Multiple Choice and Open Ended Items
    • Equating Block
       – Items that enable scores to be compared from last
         year to this year
    • Matrix has been eliminated


                                                                                                          6
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                         Scoring
     • Multiple Choice Items are Machine Scored

     • Open Ended Items are Hand Scored
       – Item Specific Scoring Guidelines for Math,
         Reading, and Science
       – Mode Specific Scoring Guidelines for Writing




                                                                                                          7
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                    Accommodations
    • Accommodations Guidelines for Students with IEPs
      and 504 Plans

    • Posted on PDE website

    • Training presentation
       – January 7, 2009
       – Broadcast from 3 PaTTAN sites

    • Accommodations Guidelines for ELLs
                                                                                                          8
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                          Modified Test Format
    • Braille and Large Print Books
      – Order from DRC

    • Spanish Side By Side Translated Versions for Math
      and Science




                                                                                                          9
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Performance Levels

     • Cut Scores remain the same for all subjects.

     • Performance Level Descriptors remain the same for
       all subjects.




                                                                                                      10
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




             Pennsylvania Information
            Management System (PIMS)
    • All student information for pre-code labels will come
      from PIMS.

    • IMPORTANT – Information in PIMS must be
      correct.

    • Questions about PIMS, contact the PIMS Help Desk.
      – http://remedyweb.state.pa.us/PDESubmit.jsp
                                                                                                      11
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                        MONITORING
    • In 2007, PDE began monitoring schools and districts
      regarding test security, administration, etc. This
      process will continue in 2009 and beyond. All visits
      will be unannounced.

    • PDE representatives were treated very well.




                                                                                                      12
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                         PSSA
                                      WRITING
                                     ASSESSMENT
                                       2008-2009


                                                                                                      13
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                              Writing in 2008-2009
         • February 9-20, 2009
         • Grades 5, 8, & 11
         • 20 Multiple-Choice
         • 3 Writing Prompts
         • Mode-specific Scoring Guidelines for composition
         • Conventions scored separately
         • Embedded field test multiple-choice items and
           writing prompts
         • Only one paper copy of Handbook for Assessment
           Coordinators will be shipped                                                               14
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                         About the Test
    • Alignment
      – Standards
      – End of elementary & middle
    • Holistic “hybrid” scoring
      – Mode-specific scoring guidelines are more
        appropriate for large-scale assessments
      – Multiple-choice adds validity & reliability


                                                                                                      15
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Who takes the test?
    • All students in grades 5, 8, & 11
    • Exceptions:
       – ELL students in first 12 months (optional)
       – PASA students
          • Take an educator-designed, alternate writing
            test based on IEP goals
          • Scored writing test is stored in IEP folder



                                                                                                      16
  PSSA Assessment 2009
 Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                       www.pde.state.pa.us




             Grades 5, 8 & 11 Test Format
  Approx.                          Number of Multiple-                               Number of Writing Prompts
   length                          Choice Items (1 pt.)                              (44 pts.)

55-65 min. Common                                       Field Test                   Common      Field Test
for section 1

65-75 min.
per sections                       12                            8                     2             1
2, 3, 4


  4-5 Total
                                           Student score (Common Only): 100 points
    hrs.                                                                                                                   17
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                         Grade 5
    • Multiple-Choice Section given first
      – 5 passages with embedded editing and revision
        errors
      – 4 questions for each passage
    • Writing prompts
      – 3 prompts
      – Any of the three modes



                                                                                                      18
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                            Grades 8 & 11
    • Multiple-Choice Section given first
      – 5 passages with embedded editing and revision
        errors
      – 4 questions for each passage
    • Writing prompts
      – 3 prompts
      – Informational & Persuasive modes only



                                                                                                      19
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us



                              Pennsylvania Writing
                              Reporting Categories
    RWSL Standards 1.4 and 1.5
    1. Composition
       – Writing prompts
       – 80% of total score
    2. Conventions
       – Writing prompts and Multiple-choice
       – 20% of total score

                                                                                                      20
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




              How Are Responses Scored?
    • Writing prompt responses scored by hand (10% are read 2x)
       – Focus, Content, Organization and Style
          • scored holistically
          • 1-4 pt. Mode-specific Scoring Guide
       – Editing & Revising:
          • scored separately
          • 1-4 pt. Conventions Scoring Guideline
    • Bubbled multiple-choice responses scored by machine
          • 1 pt. each

                                                                                                      21
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                     www.pde.state.pa.us




                       Maximum Score Points
Core Multiple -                                   Core Writing Prompts                               Totals
     choice                             Conventions                             Composition
       12                                     8                                       80               100
  12 items x 1                          2 items each                            2 items each      (12 + 8 + 80)
    point each                               worth a                                 worth a
    (12 x 1)                             maximum of                              maximum of
                                         4 points each                           4 points each.
                                           (2 x 4)                              The raw score
                                                                                     is then
                                                                                 multiplied by
                                                                                       10.
                                                                                (2 x 4) x 10
                                                                                                                        22
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                 No Total Score Reported if:
    1. Student’s response for any prompt receives 0 points
        for composition:
       – Incoherent
       – Insufficient
       – Blank paper
       – Illegible
    2. Student’s response for any prompt is off-prompt
    3. Student did not respond to all 4 sections

                                                                                                      23
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education               www.pde.state.pa.us




                              Writing Scale Score Ranges
    Performance
                                                    Grade 5                         Grade 8   Grade 11
       Level

                                                     1909                            1748      1806
       Advanced
                                                    and up                          and up    and up

                                                      1236-                          1236-     1236-
        Proficient
                                                      1908                           1747      1805

                                                       745-                          914-      952-
            Basic
                                                       1235                          1235      1235

                                                        700-                         700-       700-
     Below Basic
                                                        744                          913        951
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                           PSSA
                                          MATH
                                       ASSESSMENT
                                         2008-2009


                                                                                                      25
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       Who is Excused?

     Those who qualify to take the PASA
       • Students must meet 6 criteria in order to take the
         alternate assessment for students who have
         significant cognitive disabilities.
         See www.pasaassessment.org .




                                                                                                      26
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Student score comes from:
       – 60 Multiple Choice questions
       – 3 Open-Ended questions
    • Students take:
       – 72 MC at grades 3 - 8 and 11
       – 4 Open-Ended
    • All Grades will alternate subject areas with Math
      coming first.

                                                                                                      27
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                               www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
                                    2008 PSSA Mathematics Test                            Format
                                       Number of Multiple                             Number of Open-
                                        Choice Items per                               Ended Items per
                                       Student (1 pt. each)                          Student (4 pts. each)


                  Estimated         Common                                          Common                        Total
                                                    Equating          Field                  Equating   Field
                                    Multiple                                         Open-                       Number
     Grade         Time of           Choice
                                                     Block             Test
                                                                                     Ended
                                                                                              Block      Test
                                                                                                                 of Score
                     Test                            Items            Items                   Items     Items
                                     Items                                           Items                        Points



     3-8 and       2.5 hours                                                                                      60+12=
       11                               60               2              10            3         0        1
                   3 sessions                                                                                        72


    Scores come from the COMMON ONLY.
                                                                                                                                  28
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                          www.pde.state.pa.us




                                          Test Blueprint
      Reporting               Grade           Grade            Grade            Grade    Grade    Grade     Grade
      Category                  3               4                5                6        7        8        11
     Numbers and
                              40-50%         43-47%           41-45%            28-32%   20-24%   18-22%   12-15%
      Operations

     Measurement              12-15%         12-15%           12-15%            12-15%   12-15%   12-15%   12-15%

        Geometry              12-15%         12-15%           12-15%            15-21%   15-21%   15-20%   12-18%

        Algebraic
                              12-15%         12-15%           13-17%            15-20%   20-27%   25-30%   36-42%
        Concepts
     Data Analysis
          and                 13-16%         12-15%           12-15%            15-20%   15-20%   15-20%   12-18%
      Probability
                               72              72               72               72       72       72        72
     Total Points
                              Points          Points           Points           Points   Points   Points    Points
                                                                                                                             29
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Criterion Referenced
    • Based on the Assessment Anchor Content Standards
    • 5 Reporting Categories
       – Numbers and Operations
       – Measurement
       – Geometry
       – Algebra
       – Data Analysis

                                                                                                      30
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • MC items are based solely on the Eligible Content

    • OE items are based on the Anchor. The Content
      comes from EC but what students are asked to do, the
      Verbs (such as show, explain, create), can come from
      the Eligible Content, the Descriptor, or the Anchor.

    • Have students read the OE items carefully and answer
      exactly what is being asked.
                                                                                                      31
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Examples of how OE items might be phrased:
       – Show or explain all your work.
       – Show all your work. Explain why you did each
         step.
       – Explain why [something is true or false]
       – Explain how [doing something affects something
         else; to find something, etc]



                                                                                                      32
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Examples of how OE items might be phrased: (cont.)
       – List…               – Describe…
       – Graph…              – Solve…
       – Determine…          – Complete…
       – Tell…               – Show….
       – Shade…              – Create…
       – Complete…           – Estimate…


                                                                                                      33
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Embedded Field Test
    • Open-Ended items scored on a 0-4 scale
    • Item-specific scoring guidelines but no general
      rubric.
    • Formula sheets will be provided for grades 7, 8 and
      11. Formulas needed in grades 5 and 6 are provided
      with the item.
       – See Resource Materials on our website for the
         formula sheets and item samplers.
                                                                                                      34
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                     Example OE Item
    • Roy is running for class president. He polls 50 students. 60%
      of them say they will vote for him.

            A. There are 350 students in Roy’s class. Based on his
              survey, how many students should he expect to vote for
              him? Show or explain all your work.

            B. Roy will sell fruit drinks to raise money for his campaign.
              A fruit drink cost $0.10 and he sells it for $0.50. How many
              fruit drinks does Roy need to sell to earn $80? Show all
              your work. Explain why you did each step.
                                                                                                      35
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                            Rubric
    Part A:
       ½ point for correct answer
       1 point for complete and correct work OR
         ½ point for correct but incomplete work.
    Part B:
       1/2 point for correct answer
       1 point for correct and complete work OR
         ½ point for correct but incomplete work.
       1 point for correct and complete explanation.
         ½ point for correct but incomplete explanation.
                                                                                                      36
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                www.pde.state.pa.us




                                            Rubric Metric
          Total Points (within)                                                     Score (on)

                    4                                                                    4
                   3–3½                                                                  3
                   2–2½                                                                  2
                   ½-1½                                                                  1
                    0                                                                    0



                                                                                                                   37
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Testing time is approximately 2.5 – 3 hours for Math.

    • Testing in Grades 3 - 8 and 11.

    • Can have a “blemish” and still get a score of 4.

    • “e.g. missing $” may or may not be a blemish
      depending on the item and grade.

                                                                                                      38
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Grade 4 and up: calculators ARE permitted on all but
      the beginning few items.
    • Rulers will be provided at grades where needed.
      Students must use the rulers provided for the PSSA.
    • Rulers scaled in Metric and US Customary.
    • Protractors are provided as needed within the item
      itself.



                                                                                                      39
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                          Rulers
        Grade                                 Scaled to                                 Measure to

              3                         ¼th inch and                                   Nearest ½ inch
                                         centimeter
              4                        1/8th inch and                                Nearest ¼th inch or
                                         centimeter                                      centimeter
              5                        1/16th inch and                              Nearest 1/8th inch or
                                         centimeter                                      centimeter
              6                        1/16th inch and                              Nearest 1/16th inch or
                                         millimeter                                      millimeter
                                                                                                                      40
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • CALCULATOR POLICY
            – The PSSA is designed so that calculators are not necessary
              for students to be successful. If students choose to use a
              calculator on the portions of the PSSA for which
              calculators are permitted then they must adhere to the
              guidelines listed below. It is incumbent upon the school test
              coordinator to ensure that all calculator policies are
              implemented and followed, including making sure
              calculators have no programs stored in their memory.
              Please note that if a student wants to restore the deleted
              programs he or she will have to back them up prior to the
              assessment.

                                                                                                      41
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    The following are NOT allowed for the PSSA:
        – Non-calculators such as cell phones, PDAs, laptops, minicomputers,
           pocket organizers, etc.
        – Beaming capabilities. (These must be disabled.)
        – Wireless communication technologies. Calculators having wireless
           communication technologies may be used if those technologies are
           disabled.
        – Calculators with QWERTY keyboards or other typewriter-like
           keyboards or keypads (e.g. Dvorak).
        – Calculators with built in Computer Algebra Systems – CAS.
        – Calculators that make noise, have paper tape, need to be plugged in or
           talk unless these specific calculators are required as an accommodation.
           (Please refer to the Accommodations Manual.)
        – Sharing calculators by students during a test session.
        – All programs / information stored in a calculator. These must be
           deleted prior to using that calculator on any section of the PSSA.
           Typically these are graphing calculators but scientific calculators may
           also contain stored programs.
                                                                                                      42
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • This is intended to be a general description of
      what is not allowed. It is not meant to be an
      exhaustive list of specific calculators, devices
      or technologies that cannot be used on the
      PSSA.
    • As technology changes this policy will be
      reviewed and may also change.


                                                                                                      43
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Grade 3:

            – Cannot use calculators

            – Mark answers in the test booklet




                                                                                                      44
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪    Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                              www.pde.state.pa.us




                       Performance Level Cut
                        Scores – All Grades
                                                             Mathematics

    Performance
                                  Grade          Grade           Grade               Grade    Grade    Grade     Grade
        Level                       3              4               5                   6        7        8        11
                               1370              1445             1483                1476     1472     1446     1509
       Advanced               and up            and up           and up              and up   and up   and up   and up

                                  1180-          1246-            1312-              1298-    1298-    1284-      1304-
       Proficient                 1369           1444             1482               1475     1471     1445       1508

                                  1044-           1156-           1158-              1174-    1183-    1171-      1167-
          Basic                   1179            1245            1311               1297     1297     1283       1303

                                  750-            700-             700-               700-     700-     700-      700-
     Below Basic                  1043            1155             1157               1173     1182     1170      1166            45
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                            PSSA
                                         READING
                                        ASSESSMENT
                                          2008-2009

                                                                                                      46
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us



           Alignment and the Assessment
            Anchor Content Standards
  A . Comprehension and Reading Skills
         1.Fiction
         2.Nonfiction
  B . Interpretation and Analysis of Fiction and Nonfiction
         1.Components within or between texts
         2.Literary Devices
         3.Concepts and Organization of Nonfiction Text

                                                                                                      47
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                  About the Eligible Content
     The Eligible Content at each grade level shows the
       range of knowledge and skills drawn upon to design
       the PSSA for that grade level.

     Examining the Eligible Content across grade levels
       shows the progression of expectations from one grade
       to the next.



                                                                                                      48
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       Who is Excused?
    • Those who qualify to take the PASA
       • Students must meet 6 criteria in order to take the alternate
         assessment for students who have significant cognitive
         disabilities.
         See www.pasaassessment.org .
    • ELLs in their first 12 months of enrollment in a US School
      (not including PR)
       • Must take PSSA Math. Participation counts for AYP;
         performance does not.
       • Are not required to take PSSA Reading
       • Reading scores will not count
         for AYP performance. See www.pde.state.pa.us/esl/ .
                                                                                                      49
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




               Student’s English Language
                 Learner (ELL) status is:
• ELL and enrolled in a U.S. school after April 11, 2008
  (previous enrollment in Puerto Rico is not considered as
  enrollment in U.S. schools).
• ELL and enrolled in a U.S. school on or before April 11,
  2008.
• Exited an ESL/bilingual program and in the first year of
  monitoring.
• Exited an ESL/bilingual program and in the second year
  of monitoring.

                                                                                                      50
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                    ELLs and PSSA Reading
       When should a first-year ELL take the PSSA Reading
       test?

       Students who are expected to exit LEP (ESL)
       services, even in their first year in a U.S. school,
       should take the PSSA Reading test. This is because
       PSSA Reading test scores are used as part of the exit
       criteria for those services. Students who do not take
       the PSSA will not have the opportunity to register a
       PSSA score for program exit.
                                                                                                      51
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                           About the Test
    • Three Reading Sections on the PSSA
       – Math and Reading sections alternate
          • Math: Sections 1, 3, 5
          • Reading: Sections 2, 4, 6
    • Alignment with PA Academic Standard: Assesses
      knowledge and skills described in the Assessment
      Anchor Content Standards
    • Target Passage Types
       – Eligible passage genres identified at each grade
         level
                                                                                                      52
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                         Grade 3
    • 3 sessions
    • Sections 2, 4, & 6 (alternates w/Math)
    • Approximately 50 - 70 minutes each
    • Target Passage Types in Core
       – 2 Stories
       – 1 Poem
       – 1 Informational
       – 1 Autobiography/Biography
         or 1 Practical/How-to/Advertisement
    • 58 Multiple-choice items (40 in core)
    • 3 Open-ended items (2 in core)
    • Students write ALL answers in test booklet
                                                                                                      53
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                       www.pde.state.pa.us




                              Grade 3 Test Format
Approx.                  Number of Multiple-                                        Number of Open-Ended
 length                  Choice Items (1 pt.)                                       Items (3 pts.)
50 - 70                                                                   Field                                   Field
                       Common Equating Block                                        Common   Equating Block
minutes                                                                   Test                                    Test

 each
section                       40                      8                    10         2            0                 1
  Total
 2:35 –                                                Student score: 46 points
3:45 hrs.
                                                                                                                          54
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                        Grades 4-8 & 11
    • 3 sessions
    • Sections 2, 4, & 6 (alternates w/Math)
    • Approximately 50 –75 minutes each
    • Target Passage Types (mix varies by grade)
       – Story (all grades)
       – Poem (all grades)
       – Informational (all grades)
       – Autobiography/Biography (eligible at all grades)
       – Practical/How-to/Advertisement
       – Essay/Editorial (grades 5, 6, 7, 8, & 11)
    • 58 Multiple-choice items (40 in core)
    • 5 Open-ended items (4 in core)
    • Students write answers in answer booklet
                                                                                                      55
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                    www.pde.state.pa.us




       Grades 4–8 & 11 Test Format
Approx.                   Number of Multiple-                                       Number of Open-
 length                   Choice Items (1 pt.)                                      Ended Items (3 pts.)
                                              Equating                                    Equating
                       Common                                       Field Test Common                   Field Test
                                               Block                                       Block
 50-75
min.per
section                       40                    8                    10         4        0                 1

  Total
 2.5 – 3                                                Student score: 52 points
  hrs.
                                                                                                                       56
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




             Reading Test Question Types
    • Multiple-choice questions
      – Each is worth 1 point

    • Open-ended questions
      – Each is worth 3 points
      – Responses are scored using
        item-specific scoring guidelines



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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪    Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                      www.pde.state.pa.us



             Reading Reporting Clusters:
                      2008-09
                                  Comprehension                 Literature and       % of Passages   % Passages
          Grade                    and Reading                  Interpretation         (Genre)        (Genre)
                                  Skills % range                   % range              Fiction      Nonfiction

              3                         65-85                          15-35            60-85          15-35

              4                         60-80                          20-40            50-70          30-50

              5                         60-80                          20-40            50-70          30-50

              6                         50-70                          30-50            40-60          40-60

              7                         50-70                          30-50            40-60          40-60

              8                         40-60                          40-60            40-60          40-60

             11                         40-60                          40-60            30-50          50-70              58
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




               How Are Responses Scored?
    • Multiple-choice responses are bubbled in by the student and
      scored by machine.
          • 1 point each
    • Open-ended responses are written out by the student and
      scored by trained raters.
          • 3 points are possible for each
          • Item-specific scoring guide
    • Grade 3
          • Students write in test booklets
    • Grades 4 – 8 & 11
          • Students write in answer booklets

                                                                                                      59
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                              www.pde.state.pa.us


                                               Reading Scale Score Ranges
                                             by Performance Level and Grade


    Level               Grade 3            Grade 4           Grade 5           Grade 6      Grade 7   Grade 8      Grade 11

                          1442
 Advanced                                    1469              1497              1456        1470      1473           1492
                          and
                                            and up            and up            and up      and up    and up         and up
                           up

 Proficient               1235-              1255-             1275-                1278-    1279-     1280-          1257-
                          1441               1468              1496                 1455     1469      1472           1491

    Basic                 1168-              1112-             1137-                1121-    1131-     1146-          1112-
                          1234               1254              1274                 1277     1278      1279           1256

                          1000-
Below Basic                                                     700-                700-     700-      700-
                          1167            700-1111                                                                  700-1111
                                                                1136                1120     1130      1145

                                                                                                                                 60
  PSSA Assessment 2009
 Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                    www.pde.state.pa.us




                                              Not the Same!
     • Performance Level
       Descriptors
        – Advanced
                                                              ≠                      • Scores on Open-Ended
                                                                                       Reading Questions
                                                                                       –   3 points
        – Proficient                                                                   –   2 points
        – Basic                                                                        –   1 point
        – Below Basic                                                                  –   0 points

1) Scores on open-ended questions contribute to a student’s raw score.
2) The student’s raw score is converted to a scale score.
3) The student’s scale score is interpreted as a Performance Level.

                                                                                                                        61
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                       Prospective Scorers
                   for Open-ended Responses
                                     April through July, 2009;
                                     Harrisburg Scoring Center
                                     Pittsburgh Scoring Center

              Call:                     Human Resources, DRC
                                        1-800-835-4797


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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                            PSSA
                                          SCIENCE
                                        ASSESSMENT
                                          2008-2009


                                                                                                      63
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                      Test Composition
    • 50%                           Nature of Science
                                    (Inquiry)

    • 50%                           Biological Sciences
                                    Physical Sciences
                                    Earth and Space Sciences
                                    (Content)


                                                                                                      64
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  2009 Test Blueprint
         Reporting
                                                 Grade 4                            Grade 8   Grade 11
          Category
        The Nature of
                                                     50%                             50%        50%
          Science
         Biological
                                                   17.6%                            17.6%      17.6%
          Sciences
          Physical
                                                   16.2%                            16.2%      16.2%
          Sciences
     Earth and Space
                                                   16.2%                            16.2%      16.2%
        Sciences
          Total Points                          68 points                       68 points     74 points
                                                                                                                      65
     PSSA Assessment 2009
 Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                                          www.pde.state.pa.us



                                   2009 PSSA Science Test Format
                                                                                                                            Total Number
                       Total Number of Multiple Choice                               Total Number of Open-Ended                of points
                              Items per Student                                            Items per Student                  (Common
                                                                                                                             Items Only)
                                                                              Common        Common                           Number of Score
                                     Common         Equating       Field        Items       Scenario     Equating   Field    Points per Student
         Approx.      Common                         Block                                                Block
Grade                                Scenario                       Test      (2 points    Items     (               Test
         Length        Items
                                      Items          Items         Items        each)       (4 points     Items     Items
                                                                                              each)
        100-105
        Minutes
 4
           2            58               0              2            8           5             0            0        1       58+10=68
        Sections
        110-115
        Minutes
 8
           2            54               4              2           10           5             0            0        1       58+10=68
        Sections
        160-165
        Minutes
 11
           3            38             12               2           10           6             3            0        2      50+12+12=74
        Sections

                                                                                                                                                  66
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                    Pennsylvania Alternate
                     System of Assessment
                          2008-2009


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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                     Qualifications To Be
                    Administered The PASA
    • PASA Project, University of Pittsburgh is test
      contractor
    • Students must meet 6 criteria in order to take the
      alternate assessment for students who have significant
      cognitive disabilities. See www.pasaassessment.org
    • If a student meets the 6 criteria he/she will be
      administered the PASA for all content areas.

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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  PASA TIMELINE
    • October 1 – October 31, 2008 Enrollment of students
      to take PASA for Spring 2009

    • February 16, 2009 – March 27, 2009
       PASA Testing Window for
       Reading and Math

    • May 4 – May 29, 2009
      PASA Science Testing Window for Students in
      Grades 4, 8, and 11                                                                             69
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                          PASA
                   www.pasaassessment.org
                       412-648-7363



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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                     PSSA - Modified
        • Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) is test
          contractor
        • Field tests in all grades.
           – May 18-22, 2009
        • Operational in 2010
        • Focused Sample
        • Cognitive Labs


                                                                                                      71
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                        ACCESS FOR ELLs
                          ASSESSMENT
                            2008-2009


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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




     ACCESS for ELLs Test Window


                • JANUARY 12 – FEBRUARY 20, 2009




                                                                                                      73
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




             What is the ACCESS for ELLs?
   ACCESS for ELLs is the Commonwealth of
   Pennsylvania’s English Language Proficiency
   Assessment.
   The ACCESS tests students’ Reading, Writing, Listening,
   and Speaking skills.
   More information on the standards assessed and the
   performance level descriptors can be found at the WIDA
   website, http://www.wida.us/standards/elp.aspx.

                                                                                                      74
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                    Who takes the ACCESS?
           Students designated as LEP (Limited English
           Proficiency), also referred to as ELLs (English
           Language Learners) must take the ACCESS.


           All ELLs, grades K-12, participate in the
           ACCESS.



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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                         What about ELLs with
                          IEPs or 504 Plans?
          All ELLs, grades K-12, participate in the ACCESS.
          This includes ELLs with IEPs or 504 plans.
          There are plans to implement an Alternate ACCESS
          for students with severe cognitive disabilities. The
          Alternate ACCESS is under development.



                                                                                                      76
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education      www.pde.state.pa.us




                                   Who oversees the
                                  ACCESS for ELLs?
                              Pennsylvania participates in the WIDA consortium; the
                              consortium provides tester training and manages the
                              test development, distribution, scoring, and score
                              reporting processes with its partner, Metritech.


                              WIDA is accessible at this web address:
                              http://www.wida.us/, by emailing help@wida.us, or
                              calling toll free 1-866-276-7735.


                              At the PDE website you can find more information about
                              ACCESS and testing for ELLs at the ESL program page,
                              http://www.pde.state.pa.us/esl/ .
                                                                                                         77
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




 NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF
  EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS
        2008-2009


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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us



              National Assessment of
            Educational Progress (NAEP)
     • NAEP is a congressionally mandated project
       overseen by the National Center for Education
       Statistics (NCES) to continuously monitor the
       knowledge, skills, and performance of the nation’s
       children and youth.
     • As the “Nation’s Report Card” it measures and
       reports on a regular basis what America’s students
       know and can do in core subjects like reading,
       mathematics, writing and science
     • http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard
                                                                                                      79
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • In Pennsylvania, NAEP is required of the randomly
      selected schools.

    • Grades tested are 4, 8 and 12.

    • Main subjects are Mathematics, Reading & Science

    • Additionally – U. S. History, Civics, Geography,
      Science (hands on test -HOT), Science (interactive
      computer test-ICT), and a high school transcript study
      (HSTCS)                                                                                         80
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • NAEP is administered by Westat Inc., the contractor
      for the U. S. Department of Education.

    • Testing window January 26 to March 6, 2009.

    • Testing time is usually 90 minutes. Additional time
      may be needed for Science HOT & ICT and students
      with special needs.

                                                                                                      81
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • Grades and schools are randomly selected according
      to criteria from the U. S. Department of Education

    • Reporting for Mathematics will be in the Fall of 2009

    • Reporting for Reading will be in the Spring of 2010,
      due to new framework for NAEP.

    • Reporting for Science will be in the Summer of 2010.

                                                                                                      82
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




    ACCESS TO INFORMATION




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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education    www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Assessment Handbook
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2007-
              2008_Assessment_Handbook.pdf
    • Performance Level Descriptors
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=114348
    • Performance Level Cut Scores
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=114026
    • Getting Ready 2008-2009 Presentation
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2008_PSSA_Rollout.ppt
    • Calculator Policy
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/Calculator_Policy.pdf
    • Math Formula Sheets
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_tNa
              v=|680|&a_and_tNav=|
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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Item and Scoring Samplers
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_t
              Nav=|680|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Standards-Aligned Strategies and Lesson Plans for the Teaching of Writing
            – http://www.pawritingprojectnetwork.org/
    • Pennsylvania Writing Project Network Writing Strategies
            – http://www.pawritingprojectnetwork.org/
    • Assessment Anchor Content Standards (Assessment Anchors)
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=103127&a_and_t
              Nav=|6309|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Interpretation Aids
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=45153&a_and_t
              Nav=|681|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Accommodations Guidelines
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2008AccommodationsGuidelin
              es.pdf

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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Assessment Anchor Toolkits
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=108454&a_and_t
              Nav=|6404|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Target Passage Types for Reading
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/Target_Passage_Types_for_Re
              ading_PSSA.pdf
    • General Scoring Guidelines
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_t
              Nav=|680|&a_and_tNav=|




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 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                  www.pde.state.pa.us




             CONTACT INFORMATION
               Pennsylvania Department of Education
  Bureau of Assessment & Accountability                                             717-705-2343

  Division of Assessment                                                            717-787-4234




                              Data Recognition Corporation
  PA Customer Service                                                               1-800-451-7849
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                      www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Contact Information
Division of Assessment



      Jay Gift                                                 717-783-1144         rgift@state.pa.us
      Jack Hoerner                                             717-787-4865         jhoerner@state.pa.us
      Kevin Nlemchi                                            717-346-3290         knlemchi@state.pa.us
      Diane Simaska                                            717-346-8064         dsimaska@state.pa.us
      Stephanie Stauffer                                       717-346-7167         sstauffer@state.pa.us
      Charles Wayne                                            717-783-0358         cwayne@state.pa.us




                                                                                                                         88
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




       Office of Elementary/Secondary Education
       Diane Castelbuono, Deputy Secretary

       Bureau of Assessment and Accountability
       Shula Nedley, Ph.D, Director

       Division of Assessment
       Ray Young, Division Chief

                                                                                                      89
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




    The mission of the Pennsylvania Department of Education is to lead
    and serve the educational community, to enable each individual to grow
    into an inspired, productive, fulfilled lifelong learner.




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