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					                   JORDAN – UNITED STATES
                   FREE TRADE AGREEMENT



                  QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
                       CATALOG




                                 PRODUCED BY
                                THE FTA UNIT

                                   JUNE,    2004




This publication is intended to provide guidance and information to the trade community
           on the implementation of the Jordan – U.S. Free Trade Agreement
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               ii
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                                    THE FTA UNIT

The FTA Unit is the National Secretariat of the Jordanian private sector on the Jordan-U.S. Free
Trade Agreement (JUSFTA). It develops and provides trade information services on implementing
the JUSFTA and disseminates information for the benefit of the TIJARA Coalition.
The Unit acts as an inquiry point and referral center on the JUSFTA. It administers the TIJARA
website, a virtual trade information center, coordinates the work of the TIJARA Coordinating
Committee and the four TIJARA Forums, and provides the Coalition with support in implementing
the Jordan-United States Free Trade Agreement.
A. General Trade Information

      Information on trade and tariffs
      Foreign trade regulations, standards and certification requirements
      Foreign customs regulations
      Export documentation
      Country and industry market research
      Trade statistics
      Trade agreements
      Help in the exporting process
      International trade leads
      Trade shows and trade events
      Trade inquires from Jordanian and U.S. companies

   Publications:

      Library resources: new publications, documents, on-line access to trade journals, trade
       associations' websites.
      Sales of customized publications
      Other fee-based publications: Access to information on companies on the website, access
       and posting of business opportunities, company listings, market intelligence reports, other
       reports
B. Research on international/ bilateral trade development:

    Free Trade Agreements
    Jordan – U.S.FTA related trade services development
C. Market Information Services:

      Latest developments and trends in the U.S. market
      Reports on outgoing, incoming missions
      Reports on meetings with the private sector, government agencies, trade associations, U.S.
       or other foreign companies
      Seminars, workshops, and trade events


   FTA Unit contact info: Telephone: +962 6 565 1864; Fax: + 962 6 565 2864
                          E-mail: ftaunit@jaba.org.jo; website: www.jordanusfta.org.jo
           Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                                                                iii
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T H E F T A U N I T ........................................................................................................................................ i

INTRODUCTION TO THE JORDAN- U.S. FREE TRADE AGREEMENT ............................................ 1

A D V A N T A G E S F O R T R A D E I N T H E J U S F T A .......................................................................... 2

T R A D E I N G O O D S ............................................................................................................................... 5
    What export documentation and supporting information is required under the JUSFTA? ...................... 5
    What information must a commercial invoice contain?.............................................................................. 5
    What kind of information is contained in the importer’s declaration?....................................................... 5
    Who will supply the importer with such information? ................................................................................ 5
    What are other declaration requirements for the importer? ....................................................................... 6
    What would qualify my product for export under the JUSFTA preferential treatment? ........................... 6
    What are the "Country of Origin marking" requirements?........................................................................ 6
    What are Rules of Origin and why are they important? .............................................................................. 6
    What types of Rules of Origin are there? ..................................................................................................... 6
    What are the Rules of Origin provisions? .................................................................................................... 6
    What are the “costs or value of the materials” produced in one country? ................................................. 7
    What are the "direct costs of processing operations"? ............................................................................... 7
    What is the appraised value of the merchandise? ........................................................................................ 7
    What is the binding ruling program? ........................................................................................................... 8
    How do I get a binding ruling for my product? ........................................................................................... 8
    What is the Harmonized Tariff Schedule? ................................................................................................... 8
    Will I benefit from tariff reductions if I am an importer, i.e. I want to buy goods from the USA and sell
    them in the Jordanian market? .................................................................................................................... 8
    When will tariffs be reduced? ....................................................................................................................... 8
    Which Jordanian products have already reached duty-free access to the USA? ....................................... 8
    Which Jordanian products will really have an opportunity in the US market? ......................................... 8
    Which products will not benefit from any tariff reductions during the 10 years transition period
    necessary to arrive at a free trade area between the two countries? ........................................................... 9
    What is the difference between Absolute vs. Tariff Rate Quotas? .............................................................. 9
    What Jordanian products have quantity quotas applied to them and how will they be affected with the
    trade liberalization process? ......................................................................................................................... 9
    How can I obtain countries eligible for U.S. preferential duty-rates? ........................................................ 9
    What types of products require special import licenses in the U.S.? ........................................................... 9
    What are the Jordanian Customs requirements for importing goods from the U.S. to Jordan? ............. 11

T R A D E I N S E R V I C E S ..................................................................................................................... 11
           Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                                                                             iv
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   What modes of supply can Jordanian or U.S. business providers use to trade in services (between the
   two countries)? ............................................................................................................................................ 11
   Do Jordanian service exports to the U.S. enjoy free market access? ........................................................ 11
   What are the sectors that enjoy a comparative advantage in the American market? ............................... 12
   What is the expected impact on Jordanian imports of American services?................................................. 12
   Are there any specific services that are restricted to Jordanian service providers? ................................. 12
   Are there any specific services that are restricted to U.S. nationals in the United States? ...................... 12
   What are the rules governing the operations of specialized financial institutions in Jordan? ................ 12
   What competition or joint ventures options exist for a U.S. service provider to operate in the
   transportation sector in Jordan? ................................................................................................................ 12
   What competition or joint ventures options exist for a U.S. service provider to operate in the information
   technology sector in Jordan?...................................................................................................................... 13
   What export or joint venture options could a Jordanian management consultant pursue with U.S.
   counterparts? .............................................................................................................................................. 13
   Have Jordan and the U.S. committed to provide market access to service providers mainly working in
   areas requiring market research, opinion polling and newsletter publications? ...................................... 13
   Can a Jordanian physician invest in medical services in the U.S.? .......................................................... 13
   How do I become a licensed physician? ..................................................................................................... 14
   Are there any particular jobs in Jordan that can only be undertaken by Jordanian nationals? ............. 14
   Are there any particular jobs in the United States that can only be undertaken by United States citizens?
   ..................................................................................................................................................................... 14

B U S I N E S S O P P O R T U N I T I E S .................................................................................................... 14
   How do I get export assistance? ................................................................................................................. 14
   What should I consider when making the decision to begin exporting? .................................................. 15
   How do I begin an export business? .......................................................................................................... 15
   How do I determine if my company is "export-ready"? ............................................................................ 15
   Are there any sources of legal assistance for people who are new to exporting? ..................................... 15
   How can I find export financing? .............................................................................................................. 16
   How do I obtain market research for a specific country and / or product? .............................................. 16
   Where can I obtain information on foreign markets and trade opportunities for industry sectors? ....... 16
   Does the Jordanian Government have any programs to help advertise my products overseas? .............. 16
   Does my association develop any programs or undertake any activities to help advertise my products
   overseas? ..................................................................................................................................................... 16
   Where can I find trade statistics? ............................................................................................................... 16
   How can I find out about investment practices in a certain country? ...................................................... 16
   Do you have lists of U.S. importers, exporters and agents? ...................................................................... 17
   Do you have lists of export trading/export management companies in Jordan? ...................................... 17
   Is there any legislation governing export oriented Jordanian companies? .............................................. 17
   How do I locate trade leads for my exporting business? ........................................................................... 17
            Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                                                                       v
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    How do I locate potential distributors in the US market? ......................................................................... 17
    Where can I find a list of US companies in a particular industry or sector? ........................................... 17
    How do I find information about a particular overseas company?........................................................... 17
    How can I receive information on U.S. regulations, standards or certification requirements for my
    product?....................................................................................................................................................... 17
    Do I need an export license to ship my product to the US market? .......................................................... 17
    How and where do I get my export documentation processed and completed? ........................................ 18
    Where can I find information on US trade sanctions?.............................................................................. 18
    How can I get information on importing into the United States? ............................................................. 18
    Are there special private and or public programs dedicated to Jordan - US Trade enhancement?......... 18
    Where can a US exporter company seek assistance in identifying advantages of the FTA? ................... 18
    Where can a Jordanian exporter company seek assistance in identifying advantages of the FTA? ....... 18

E - C O M M E R C E ..................................................................................................................................... 18
    What commitments have Jordan and the US made in the JUSFTA to promote e-commerce opportunities
    between Jordan and the U.S.? .................................................................................................................... 18
    What are the general principles of the Jordan – U.S. Joint Statement on E-commerce? ........................ 19
    What major policy issues did both countries agree to implement in the Jordan – US Joint Statement on
    E-commerce? .............................................................................................................................................. 19
    What future-work agenda did Jordan and the US agree to implement? .................................................. 21

A N T I D U M P I N G .................................................................................................................................... 21
    What do Antidumping and countervailing measures mean? .................................................................... 21

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS ................................................................................................... 22
    What are Jordan’s Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) commitments under the FTA?............................ 22
    How does Customs protects Intellectual Property rights? ......................................................................... 22
    If I have a patented pharmaceutical product in Jordan, do I still have to register it in the US, and if so,
    what is the responsible agency and what are the steps necessary? ........................................................... 22
    If I have a patented pharmaceutical product in US, do I still have to register it in the Jordan, and if so,
    what is the responsible agency and what are the steps necessary? ........................................................... 22
    I am a U.S. artist, how is my work protected in Jordan? ........................................................................... 23
    I am a Jordanian artist, how is my work protected in Jordan and the US? ............................................. 23
    How do I register a patent in Jordan? ....................................................................................................... 23

L A B O R ........................................................................................................................................................ 23
    What are the labor commitments ?............................................................................................................. 23
    How will we in Jordan be affected with the labor provision and commitment made in the FTA? .......... 23

E N V I R O N M E N T .................................................................................................................................. 23
    What will be the effect of the environment commitments? ........................................................................ 23
            Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                                                                             vi
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    How will we in Jordan be affected with the environment provision and commitment made in the FTA?
    ..................................................................................................................................................................... 23

D I S P U T E S E T T L E M E N T .............................................................................................................. 24
    If any problem or dispute arises, how may it be solved, how long will it take, and will the decisions made
    be binding? .................................................................................................................................................. 24
    Will the FTA increase Jordan’s commitments over and above its commitments in the World Trade
    Organization (WTO) Agreement? .............................................................................................................. 24
    Does the FTA affect taxation in the U.S. and Jordan? ............................................................................. 25

V I S A ............................................................................................................................................................. 25
    What travel documents and identification is required for a foreign national to enter the U.S.? ............. 25
    What is the Visa Waiver Program? ............................................................................................................ 25
    Will the FTA change visa requirements between the U.S. and Jordan? .................................................. 25

T I J A R A C O A L I T I O N .......................................................................................................................... 26
Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                      1
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         INTRODUCTION TO THE JORDAN- U.S. FREE TRADE AGREEMENT

The United States-Jordan Free Trade Area (FTA) Agreement, signed into law in September 2001,
became effective December 17, 2001. It was the United States fourth free trade agreement and the
first signed with an Arab country. It provides for the elimination of duties and commercial barriers
in trade in goods and services that originate in the United States and Jordan over a period of ten
years.

The JUSFTA achieved significant and extensive liberalization across a wide spectrum of trade
issues. The major provisions addressed in the JUSFTA include:

       Tariffs: The JUSFTA eliminates duties and commercial barriers to bilateral trade in goods
        and services originating in the United States and Jordan

       Intellectual Property Rights: The JUSFTA includes the most up-to-date international
        standards for copyright, patent, and trademark-related commitments.

       Electronic Commerce: The JUSFTA promotes a liberalized trade environment for
        electronic commerce (e-commerce).

       Trade-Related Environmental provisions: The JUSFTA includes provisions to implement
        environmental protection laws.

       Labor Provisions: The JUSFTA includes provisions to protect the worker’s rights.

       Services: The JUSFTA provides a liberalization in certain sectors of trade in services

       Consultation and Dispute Settlement: The JUSFTA provides for a dispute settlement panel
        which will issue legal interpretations of the JUSFTA after consultation of both countries.

The FTA does not cover investment encouragement and protection as Jordan and the United States
had already concluded a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) endorsed following the signing of the
JUSFTA.

The agreement provides for outstanding business opportunities, giving Jordanian and U.S.
companies greater access to each other's markets. By engaging on the path of economic reform,
improved investment and business climate, Jordan is becoming an increasingly attractive market for
global trade and investment.

Trade between the two countries has increased in a rapid pace, reaching in the year 2003 $1.16
billion. For the same year Jordan’s exports to the U.S. market have reached $674 million, an
increase of 63.3% compared to 2002.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             2
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                 ADVANT A GE S FO R T RADE I N T H E JUS FT A


    Tariff Elimination on Trade in Goods
The JUSFTA will eliminate duties and commercial barriers to bilateral trade in goods and services
originating in the United States and Jordan. Specifically, the agreement will eliminate tariffs on
virtually all trade between the two countries within 10 years, in accordance with WTO principles
governing the operation of FTAs. The tariff reductions take place in four stages: Current tariffs of
less than 5 percent will be phased out in two years; those that are now between 5 and 10 percent
will be eliminated in four years; those between 10 and 20 percent will be eliminated in five years;
and those that are currently higher than 20 percent will be eliminated in 10 years. Jordan and the
U.S. will not increase any customs duties, except for antidumping or countervailing duties, duties
adopted under section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974, user fees, certain duties on agricultural
products, and duties on imports that are equivalent to internal taxes imposed on similar domestic
goods.

    Trade in Services
With respect to trade in services, the commitments between the USG and the GOJ are based on the
obligations and concepts of the WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Jordan
already enjoys near complete access to the U.S. services market. The JUSFTA will also open the
Jordanian services market to U.S. companies. Specific liberalization has been achieved in many
key service sectors, including energy distribution, convention services, printing and publishing,
courier services, audiovisual, education, environmental, financial, health services, tourism and
transport. The text of the JUSFTA ensures that the relevant GATS exceptions (and any future
exceptions) and qualifications apply to the Parties' commitments in those areas.

   Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
The obligations contained in the intellectual property section of the JUSFTA build upon
commitments that Jordan made under the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property
Rights (TRIPS), and on the commitments Jordan made at the time it acceded to the WTO. The
JUSFTA commits Jordan, within two years, to ratify the World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, to which the
United States is a party, and to implement these treaties by making necessary changes to Jordanian
law. These treaties supplement the substantive standards for protection in the TRIPS Agreement
and take into account the advent of the Internet.

  Opportunities for E-commerce
Jordan and the U.S. have also committed to promoting a liberalized trade environment for
electronic commerce. This commitment should encourage investment in new technologies and
stimulate the innovative uses of networks to deliver products and services. Both countries agreed to
seek to avoid imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions, imposing unnecessary barriers
to market access for digitized products, and impeding the ability to deliver services through
electronic means.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               3
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  Trade & Environment
The agreement also includes substantive provisions on trade and environment. The United States
and Jordan have committed to make every effort to maintain high levels of environmental
protection and to improve their environmental laws, which are defined to include statutes or
regulations focused on the protection of the environment or the prevention of a danger to human,
animal, or plant life or health. The JUSFTA environmental provisions also focus on effective
enforcement of U.S. and Jordanian environmental laws, and the agreement provides for dispute
settlement procedures to resolve issues related to enforcement of such laws. Under the JUSFTA,
the United States and Jordan also recognized the objective of sustainable development and agreed
to avoid relaxing environmental laws to encourage trade. The United States and Jordan also agreed
on an environmental cooperation initiative, which establishes a U.S.-Jordan Joint Forum on
Environmental Cooperation for ongoing discussion of environmental priorities, and identifies
environmental quality and enforcement areas of initial focus. The environmental elements of the
JUSFTA package also include language on transparency and public input (discussed below), and on
environmental exceptions. Finally, the JUSFTA includes a “win/win” initiative – an initiative that is
good for both business and the environment – by eliminating tariffs on a number of environmental
goods and services and technologies and liberalizing Jordanian restrictions on certain
environmental services.

  Trade & Labor
The agreement also includes key provisions that reconfirm the relationship between free trade and
the protection of workers rights. These include provisions on not lowering labor standards to
promote trade, reaffirming the Parties’ support for the core labor standards adopted in the 1998
International Labor Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its
follow-up, and on the effective enforcement of national labor laws. The Parties agreed to settle
disagreements concerning the enforcement of national labor laws through a dispute settlement
process. The Parties also agreed in principle to strive to improve their labor standards.

  Safeguard Mechanism
The JUSFTA also provides a bilateral mechanism to safeguard against a surge of imports that cause
harm to domestic industry (referred to as a “safeguard mechanism”). This safeguard mechanism
allows either Party to return duties on a product to the MFN rate if increased imports of that product
resulting from tariff concessions under the JUSFTA are a substantial cause of serious injury to a
domestic industry. This provision is similar to global safeguards under section 201 of the Trade Act
of 1974 and bilateral safeguards under NAFTA. The safeguard measures are available only in the
15-year period following implementation of the JUSFTA, cannot last longer than four years, and
cannot be extended or re-imposed. The JUSFTA specifies that nothing limits the availability of
global safeguard measures under Article XIX of GATT 1994 and the WTO Agreement on
Safeguards, except that either Party may exclude the other from a global safeguard measure.

  Joint Committee to administer the JUSFTA
The administration and operation of the JUSFTA will be overseen by the “Joint Committee”, which
is composed of the Jordanian minister with primary responsibility for trade matters and the U.S.
Trade Representative, or their designees. It is envisaged that the Joint Committee will meet in
regular session each year, and at any time agreed upon by the Parties. The Committee is expected to
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                   4
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provide a context for consultations on issues arising under the JUSFTA and also will serve as the
first stage of dispute settlement.


  Dispute Settlement Mechanism
As for the dispute settlement provisions of the JUSFTA, they stipulate that dispute settlement
procedures begin with consultations, which are available to discuss any matter affecting the
operation or interpretation of the JUSFTA. Given the close working relationship between the two
Governments, and the volume of trade between the two countries, few differences, if any, are
expected to arise over interpretation or application of the Agreement. Both the United States and
Jordan have agreed to resolve any differences under the Agreement without recourse to formal
dispute settlement procedures. In particular, each Government has stated that it does not expect or
intend to apply the procedures to secure each country’s rights under the Agreement in a manner that
result in blocking trade. In light of the wide range of the bilateral ties and the spirit of collaboration
that characterizes the relationship between the United States and Jordan, each Government
considers the appropriate measure for resolving any differences would be through bilateral
consultations and other procedures, particularly alternative mechanisms that will help to secure
compliance without recourse to dispute settlement.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                5
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TRADE IN GOODS

What export documentation and supporting information is required under the JUSFTA?
The following are the documents that the Jordanian exporter must prepare in order to export under
the Jordan-US FTA:
         Commercial Invoice - containing description of merchandise, quantity, value, country of
           origin, 8-digit tariff number, name and address of manufacturer/seller.
         Packing List - indicating the weight and number of packages, the invoice number and
           the importer’s name.
         Certificate of Origin - issued by the Chamber of Industry or Commerce as requested by
           Jordanian Customs Authorities.

What information must a commercial invoice contain?
The commercial invoice must contain:
       A detailed description of the merchandise, including the name by which each item is
          known, the grade or quality, and the marks, numbers, and symbols under which it is
          sold by the seller or manufacturer, together with the marks and numbers of the packages
          in which the merchandise is packed;
       The country of origin ( include a statement proving that the article is a product of
          Jordan)
       The quantities in weight and measures
       The port of entry to which the merchandise is destined
       Names of buyer and seller or names of shipper and receiver
       The value of each item in the currency in which the transactions are made
       All charges upon the merchandise, itemized by name and amount including freight,
          insurance, commission, cases, containers, coverings, and cost of packing.

What kind of information is contained in the importer’s declaration?
Whenever an importer enters an article as eligible for the preferential treatment provided by the
JUSFTA, he shall be able to certify that such article qualifies for the preferential treatment provided
for by the Agreement.
The information on the Customs’ declaration should contain at least the following:

           A description of the article, quantity, numbers, and marks of packages, invoice number,
            and bills of lading;
           A description of the operations performed in the production of the article in
           Jordan and identification of the direct costs of processing operations;
           A description of any materials used in production of the article which are wholly the
            growth, product, or manufacture of Jordan, and a statement as to the cost or value of
            such materials;
           A description of the operations performed on, and a statement as to the origin and cost
            or value of, any foreign materials used in the article which are claimed to have been
            sufficiently processed in Jordan so as to be materials produced in Jordan; and
           A description of the origin and cost or value of any foreign materials used in the article,
            which have not been substantially transformed in Jordan.

Who will supply the importer with such information?
The manufacturer/exporter shall keep all documents relevant to the manufacture of the goods for a
period of five years and be able to provide them to the importer when required.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                   6
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What are other declaration requirements for the importer?
If JUSFTA preferential tariff treatment is claimed at the time of entry, a written claim shall be filed
on the entry document by placing the symbol "JO" as a prefix to the subheading of the HTS for
each article for which such treatment is claimed.

What would qualify my product for export under the JUSFTA preferential treatment?
       Ensure that your product satisfies all the standards and specification requirements
         necessary to enter the US market generally, and find out whether your product needs to
         comply with any specific state or agency requirements.
       Ensure that your product complies with the Rules of Origin requirements.

What are the "Country of Origin marking" requirements?
United States customs laws require each imported article produced abroad to be marked in a
conspicuous place as legibly, indelibly and permanently as the nature of the article permits, with the
English name of the country of origin, to indicate the country in which the article was manufactured
or produced.

What are Rules of Origin and why are they important?
The origin of merchandise that is imported into the customs territory of a country can affect the rate
of duty, entitlement for special programs, admissibility, quota, anti-dumping or countervailing
duties, procurement by government agencies and marking requirements. In order to determine a
product's country of origin, the importer should consult the applicable rules of origin.

What types of Rules of Origin are there?
There are two basic types of rules of origin:
       Non-preferential rules generally apply in the absence of bilateral or multilateral trade
           agreements.
       Preferential rules are applied to merchandise to determine its eligibility for special
           treatment under various trade agreements or special legislation such as the Generalized
           System of Preferences (GSP), Jordan- U.S. Free Trade Agreement, the North American
           Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) etc.

What are the Rules of Origin provisions?
Annex 2.2 of the JFTA provides for the rules of origin to determine whether a good qualifies for
preferential tariff treatment under the JUSFTA. Under the agreement, a good qualifies for
preferential tariff treatment as a "Product of Jordan," only if:

       (a) It is wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of Jordan; or
       (b) It is a new or different article of commerce that has been grown, produced, or
           manufactured in Jordan; and
       (c) The sum of:
             (1) The cost or value of the materials produced in Jordan, plus
             (2) the direct costs of processing operations performed in Jordan is not less than 35%
           of the appraised value of the article at the time it is entered into the territory of the U.S.

       If the cost or value of materials produced in the customs territory of the United States is
       included with respect to an eligible article, an amount not to exceed 15 percent of the
       appraised value of the article that is attributable to such United States cost or value may be
       applied toward the 35 percent added value.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                7
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       (d) The articles are imported directly from one party to the other party, either:

           (i) Without passing through the territory of any intermediate country, or
           (ii) If shipment is through the territory of an intermediate country, the articles in
           shipment do not enter the commerce of any intermediate country and the invoices, bills
           of lading, and other shipping documents, show the other Party as the final destination.

What are the “costs or value of the materials” produced in one country?
According to the JUSFTA, the cost or value of the materials produced in the exporting party for
purposes of this Agreement includes:
        The manufacturer’s actual cost for the materials,
        When not included in the manufacturer’s actual cost for the materials, the freight,
           insurance, packing, and all other costs incurred in transporting the materials to the
           manufacturer’s plant,
        The actual cost of waste or spoilage (material list), less the value of recoverable scrap,
           and
        Taxes and/or duties imposed on the materials by a Party provided they are not remitted
           upon exportation.

What are the "direct costs of processing operations"?
The “direct costs of processing operations” include, but are not limited to:
        All actual labor costs involved in the growth, production, manufacture or assembly of
           the specific merchandise, including fringe benefits, on-the-job training and the costs of
           engineering, supervisory, quality control and similar personnel.

          Dies, molds, tooling and depreciation on machinery and equipment that are allocable to
           the specific merchandise

Direct costs of processing operations do not include costs which are not directly attributable to the
merchandise or are not costs of manufacturing the product, such as: (1) profit and (2) general
expenses of doing business that are either not allocable to the specific merchandise or are not
related to the growth, production, manufacture or assembly of the merchandise: administrative
salaries, casualty and liability insurance, advertising and sales staff salaries, commissions etc.

What is the appraised value of the merchandise?
The appraised value is the transaction value of the merchandise. The transaction value is the price
actually paid or payable for the merchandise when sold for exportation to the United States, and
amounts for the following items if they are not included in the price:

          The packing costs incurred by the buyer.
          Any selling commission incurred by the buyer.
          The value of any assist
          Any royalty or license fee that the buyer is required to pay as a condition of the sale
          The proceeds, accruing to the seller, of any subsequent resale, disposal, or use of the
           imported merchandise

Excluded from the transaction value are international freight, insurance, and other c.i.f. charges that
the buyer makes to the seller.
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                            8
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What is the binding ruling program?
The binding ruling program enables exporters and other interested parties to get binding pre-entry
classification decision prior to exporting a product or binding guidance about other Customs
regulations pertaining to marking of the country of origin requirements. The program promotes
compliance, uniformity and accuracy. For information about the Customs Rulings Online Search
System (CROSS), visit http://rulings.customs.gov/

How do I get a binding ruling for my product?
Submit (or have your buyer submit) a letter describing the product, detailed description on the
manufacturing process and provide a sample of the product for a ruling. Requests for tariff
classifications or country of origin determinations should be submitted in the form of a letter and
forwarded to Director, National Commodity Specialist Division, United States Customs Service. A
response is received within 30 days.

What is the Harmonized Tariff Schedule?
The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) publishes the Harmonized Tariff
Schedule for classification of merchandise for duty-rates and statistical purposes. The tariff
schedule is divided into various sections and chapters dealing separately with merchandise in broad
product categories. Please visit the USITC web site at: www.datweb.usitc.gov for the Harmonized
Tariff Schedule1 of the U.S. effective January 1, 2004.

Will I benefit from tariff reductions if I am an importer, i.e. I want to buy goods from the
USA and sell them in the Jordanian market?
Yes, you will benefit from free or reduced duty-rates, depending on your product's schedule in the
Jordanian tariff schedule under the JUSFTA. By the tariff reduction, you will be able to import at a
lower cost and therefore make the product available to the consumer at competitive prices (See
Liberalization in Trade in Goods).

When will tariffs be reduced?
The tariff reduction schedules for both countries vary depending on the good in question. The
schedules range from immediate tariff elimination to a ten-year reduction period. A description of
the various schedules can be found in Annex 2.12 of the FTA. A full tariff schedule for each country
is also annexed to the FTA text.
The FTA is now in year four of tariff reductions. Year one reductions were effective on December
17, 2001. Subsequent reductions take place on January 1 of each year.

Which Jordanian products have already reached duty-free access to the USA?
Jordanian products that fall under category A, B, E and G according to the USA tariff schedule are
eligible for duty-free entry into the US market. Reciprocally, US goods falling under the same
categories are eligible for duty-free tariff when entering Jordan. Check the JUSFTA web site at
www.jordanusfta.com to find the complete staging categories for both Jordan and the U.S.


Which Jordanian products will really have an opportunity in the US market?
Every product has an opportunity as long as it meets all import requirements, but some products can
already enter the US market duty-free (see categories A, B, G, E), while others are still tariff bound
(see categories C,D,F,H).


1
    http://hotdocs.usitc.gov/tariff_chapters_current/toc.html
2
    http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/tariff.pdf
           Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             9
           Q & A Catalog




Category 2001        2002 2003           2004 2005          2006 2007     2008 2009 2010
(NTR
Base-
rate)
 A (4%) (2%)         free
 B (8%)   (6%)       (4%) (2%)           free
 C (15%) (12%)       (9%) (6%)           (3%) free
 D (25%) (22.5%) (20%) (17.5%) (15%) (12.5%) (10%) (7.5%) (5%) (2.5%) free
 E                                       Duty-free, bound under WTO
 F        N       o      t             E      l     i     g     i     b    l   e    free
 G        Immediate duty-free status in 2001
 H        Special treatment, read U.S. Staged Tariff Elimination Schedule
Note: Numbers in brackets are for illustration purposes only.


 Which products will not benefit from any tariff reductions during the 10 years transition
 period necessary to arrive at a free trade area between the two countries?
 According to the U.S. tariff schedule products that fall under category F retain the base rate for nine
 years of the Agreement and they become duty-free on January 1, 2010. (e.g., cotton sweaters,
 pullovers etc)

 What is the difference between Absolute vs. Tariff Rate Quotas?
 Absolute quotas limit the quantity of goods that may enter the commerce of the United States in a
 specific period. When an absolute quota is filled, further entries are prohibited during the remainder
 of the quota period. Some quotas are global while others are allocated to specified foreign
 countries.

 Tariff-rate quotas permit a specific quantity of imported merchandise to be entered at a reduced rate
 of customs duty during the quota period. There is no limitation of the amount of the quota product
 that may be imported into the U.S. at any time, but quantities entered during the quota period in
 excess of the quota quantity for that period are subject to higher duty rates.

 What Jordanian products have quantity quotas applied to them and how will they be affected
 with the trade liberalization process?
 The Agreement refers to certain agricultural and dairy products that are subject to tariff rate quota
 in the US. The JUSFTA calls for the elimination on tariffs and quotas by year 2010. Check Annex
 1, General Notes/ Tariffs Schedule of the U.S. on the JUSFTA3 web site.

 How can I obtain countries eligible for U.S. preferential duty-rates?
 To obtain a current list of countries that are eligible for U.S. reduced duty rates or duty-free
 treatment visit the International Trade Commission's web site.4

 What types of products require special import licenses in the U.S.?

 3
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/
 4
     http://www.dataweb.usitc.gov/
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               10
       Q & A Catalog

U.S. importers are required to obtain special licenses upon importing certain types of products. The
following is a list of products that require special import licenses:
Cheese, milk, and dairy products are subject to requirements of the Food and Drug Administration5
and the Department of Agriculture6 . Most importations of cheese require an import license and are
subject to quotas administered by the Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service,
Washington, DC.

Fruits, vegetables and nuts must meet United States import requirements relating to grade, size,
quality, and maturity (7 U.S.C. 608(e)). These commodities are inspected and an inspection
certificate must be issued by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the Department of
Agriculture to indicate import compliance. Inquiries on general requirements should be made to the
Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250.
Additional restrictions may be imposed by the Food and Drug Administration.

Livestock and animals must meet the inspection and quarantine requirements of the Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). In addition, all animal imports must be accompanied by
a veterinary health certificate. Meat and meat products offered for entry into the United States are
subject to the regulations of the Department of Agriculture and must be inspected by the Animal
and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)7 the Food Safety and Inspection Service of that
department prior to release by U.S. Customs.

Poultry and poultry products are subject to the requirements and regulations of the Animal and
Plant Heath Inspection Service and the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the Department of
Agriculture.

Household appliances, commercial and industrial equipment The Department of Energy, Office
of Codes and Standards’ Energy Policy and Conservation Act is responsible for test procedures and
energy performance standards for certain major household appliances and for labeling them to
indicate expected energy consumption or efficiency.
Importation of these products must comply with the applicable Department of Energy and Federal
Trade Commission requirements. Importers should contact these agencies for requirements which
will be in effect at the time of anticipated shipment. It should be noted that not all appliances are
covered by requirements of both agencies.

Foods, Cosmetics, etc. are governed by the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic
Act, which is administered by the Food and Drug Administration of the Department of Health and
Human Services. That Act prohibits the importation of articles that are adulterated or misbranded,
including products that are defective, unsafe, filthy, or produced under unsanitary conditions. The
term “misbranded” includes statements, designs, or pictures in labeling that are false or misleading,
or that fail to provide required information in labeling. The Act also prohibits the importation of
pharmaceuticals that have not been approved by the FDA for admission into the United States.

Imports of Diamonds, Jewelry, Stones, Rubies, Sapphires, Emeralds, Pearls
Commercial imports of diamonds, jewelry, pearls, precious and semi-precious stones valued at
$2,000 or more require a formal entry. Please see the guidelines for formal entries in the publication



5
  www.fda.gov
6
  www.usda.gov
7
  www.aphis.usda.gov
         Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               11
         Q & A Catalog

entitled "U.S. Import Requirements" of the U.S. Customs and border Protection8.
A Customs bond CF 301 is required for all formal entries. You can obtain a bond from a surety
company. A list of sureties is available on the U.S. Department of Treasury9 web site under
publications, circular 570. You may also want to consider hiring a Custom broker to file your
entries on your behalf.

Gold and Silver The provisions of the National Stamping Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 291-300) are
enforced in part by U.S. Customs and by the FBI.

What are the Jordanian Customs requirements for importing goods from the U.S. to Jordan?
The following are the documents that the U.S. exporter must prepare in order to export under the
U.S.-Jordan FTA:
        Commercial Invoice - contains description of merchandise, quantity, value, country of
           origin, 8-digit tariff number, name and address of manufacturer/seller
        Packing List - indicates the weight and number of packages, the invoice number and the
           importer’s name
        Bill of Lading
        Certificate of Origin to indicate the country of origin



TRADE IN SERVICES

What modes of supply can Jordanian or U.S. business providers use to trade in services
(between the two countries)?
Services are traded in four modes:

            Cross border supply (e.g. using E-commerce channels or messaging networks to export
             a service)
            Consumption abroad (e.g. traveling to receive medical treatment, staying at a hotel
             abroad, or using tour guides to join you on site seeing)
            Commercial presence (e.g. establishing a marketing company abroad or appointing an
             agent with a power of attorney to represent your company overseas)
            Presence of natural persons (e.g. a physician performing an operation and returning
             home, inter-company transfers, or sending a executive from the home office to
             undertake company business)

Do Jordanian service exports to the U.S. enjoy free market access?
Export of Jordanian services is free of tariffs, quotas, and other known forms of service’s trade
barriers. However, there are other trade limitations such as market access, licensing,
residency/citizenship requirements, and investment regulations. In some cases, the US limits the
importation of certain services such as transportation, basic telecommunication services, and financial
services. However, there are lesser restrictions on other services such as specialized business services
(i.e., accounting, legal matters, industrial and architectural engineering).




8
    www.cbp.gov
9
    www.ustreas.gov
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             12
          Q & A Catalog


What are the sectors that enjoy a comparative advantage in the American market?
Sectors that have opportunities to compete in the American market include tourism, software
development, and IT services. Some sectors will enjoy increased opportunities to enter the US market,
such as specialized transportation services, medical services, nursing, and management consulting.

What is the expected impact on Jordanian imports of American services?
The agreement includes a vast liberalization of trade in services. Therefore, the trade commitments
will increase opportunities for U.S. investment and ownership as well as increase imports of U.S.
services mainly in communications, tourism, research and development services, scientific and human
sectors, management consulting, and market research studies. In addition, there are high opportunities
for increasing imports in the conference services, publishing and printing, courier services, audio and
visual, educational and environmental services.

Are there any specific services that are restricted to Jordanian service providers?
Yes, there are. Examples:
         Real estate services
         Public transportation services (taxi cars, busses and trucks)
         Construction services and products used for constructing buildings
         Intelligence, investigation, security, and sports clubs (excluding health and fitness
        centers)
         Freight forwarding services (taking into consideration all flexibility measures given in
        this sector)

Are there any specific services that are restricted to U.S. nationals in the United States?
Yes, there are. Examples:
         Legal services (excluding international law)
         Medical services
         Transportation services (sea transportation, internal waterways, shipping and public
        transportation)

What are the rules governing the operations of specialized financial institutions in Jordan?
The establishment of a commercial presence or the conduct of new activities is restricted to public
shareholding companies constituted in Jordan, and to branches and subsidiaries of foreign banks,
unless otherwise stated in the specific sub-sectors of the Jordanian services schedule. Only banks
may undertake activities involving the acceptance of deposits and other repayable funds from the
public and extend guarantees and commitments services and money brokering. Financial service
companies are licensed to undertake Investment Trusteeship, Investment Management, Financial
Consultations, Financial Brokerage, Depository, and Management of Primary Issues.

What competition or joint ventures options exist for a U.S. service provider to operate in the
transportation sector in Jordan?
Under Jordan’s Schedule of Specific Commitments10 (FTA text/ Annex 3.1/ Jordan/Schedule of
Specific Commitments), foreign ownership of certain sub sectors of transport services is limited to
a maximum of 50%. These sub sectors limited to foreign equity include, but are not limited to:
         Maritime transport services (passenger transportation, freight transportation) and
        maritime auxiliary services (rental services of sea-going vessels with operator)


10
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/Services- Jordan.pdf
         Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             13
         Q & A Catalog

           Internal waterway transport (passenger transportation and freight/ infrastructure is
          owned by the Jordanian Government and the number of service providers may be
          restricted)
           Rail transport (infrastructure is owned by the Jordanian Government and the number of
          service providers may be restricted)

Foreign investors cannot invest or provide services in certain transportation modes, such as (i.e.,
trucks, taxis, and buses).

What competition or joint ventures options exist for a U.S. service provider to operate in the
information technology sector in Jordan?
There is ample room for U.S. competition or more so for local-U.S. joint ventures in the
information technology (IT) sector in Jordan. This rule is applicable in virtually all sub sectors of
the IT. Both countries have made commitments of liberal access to each other’s information
technology markets. Jordan can benefit from the technological advances of the United States IT
market, meanwhile U.S. service providers may benefit from the advanced skills of Jordanians in
this field. Both countries clearly define their commitment to the IT market under Jordan’s Schedule
of Specific Commitments and The United States’ Schedule11 of Specific Commitments.
Intellectual property rights (IPR) also play an important role with the commitment of advancement
in the IT sector. Concerned about IPR, the United States and Jordan specifically addressed the
protection of IPR in Article 412 of the FTA and in a Memorandum of Understanding13 on Issues
Relating to IPR.

What export or joint venture options could a Jordanian management consultant pursue with
U.S. counterparts?
The JUSFTA opened the management consulting profession for providers from either side to
provide services in either country. Under the JUSFTA, both Jordan and the United States’
Schedules of Commitments allow for open access to the management-consulting field, including
100% foreign ownership of such services.

Have Jordan and the U.S. committed to provide market access to service providers mainly
working in areas requiring market research, opinion polling and newsletter publications?
Jordan and the U.S. both allow for 100% foreign ownership in market research services. Regarding
public polling services, Jordan states under its Schedule of Commitments that the director of the
Public Opinion Bureau in Jordan must be a Jordanian national. Ownership of periodical
publications, including newsletters is restricted to Jordanians.

Can a Jordanian physician invest in medical services in the U.S.?
The United States did not commit to physician and dental services under its Schedule of
Commitments. However, there are professional organizations within the United States that can
assist in this matter.
The American Dental Association14 does provide a document on “Dentistry in the United States for
Dentists Educated Outside of the United States and Canada”. This document would be a useful tool
for Jordanian dentists interested in practicing in the United States; furthermore, the association can
address any additional questions you may have.


11
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/services-us.pdf
12
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_4.pdf
13
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/memo_property.pdf
14
     www.ada.org
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                          14
          Q & A Catalog

How do I become a licensed physician?
There are several steps to take in order to become a licensed physician in the United States. You
must obtain a certificate from the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates 15, as
well as a visa16. The ECFMG, through its program of certification, assesses the readiness of
international medical graduates to enter United States residency or fellowship programs. An
accredited residency program and three-step licensing examinations must be completed in order to
gain full licensure in the U.S. The ECFMG can address any additional questions you may have
regarding physician licensing.
If you would like to establish and manage a hospital then you would have to share your investment
with an American citizen. You may need to contact the responsible professional bodies in the U.S.
for further information.

Are there any particular jobs in Jordan that can only be undertaken by Jordanian nationals?
Jordan’s Schedule of Specific Commitments (FTA text/Annex 3.1/Jordan/ Jordan’s Schedule of
Special Commitments) lists several jobs that can only be undertaken by Jordanian nationals. These
jobs include, but are not limited to:

             Managers for research and development
             Real estate agents
             Publishing house managers
             Laboratory managers
             Accountants
             Veterinarians
             Pharmacists
             Physicians

Are there any particular jobs in the United States that can only be undertaken by United
States citizens?
The United States’ Schedule of Specific Commitments (FTA text/Annex 3.1/The United States’
Schedule of Special Commitments lists several jobs that can only be undertaken by United States
citizens. These jobs include, but are not limited to:

             Licensed real estate brokers in Mississippi and New York
             Licensed accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services in North Carolina
             Legal services-practice as a qualified United States lawyer
             Private investigator and security guards in Maine and New York



BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

How do I get export assistance?
Exporters interested in finding quick information resources about a certain foreign market or about
exporting a Jordanian product to a specific country have several options. They can
       Contact the FTA Unit,
       Use the FTA Unit’s Referral Center to get assistance from another business association in
          the TIJARA Coalition, or
       Refer to the FTA Unit Q&A Catalog for reference and guidance on export assistance.

15
     www.ecfmg.org
16
     obtained from the U.S. Embassy in Amman : www.usembassy-amman.org.jo/cons/Consular.html
             Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                           15
             Q & A Catalog


What should I consider when making the decision to begin exporting?
In addition to the normal business startup procedures that are relevant to financial and managerial
resources as well as expertise, consider the following steps:

              Contact the FTA Unit to obtain an index of the “Trade Secrets” guide for small and
               medium-sized exporters in Jordan, which provides information on how to make the
               decision to export
              Read the “Business Opportunities” section on the JUSFTA web site
              Conduct an export readiness assessment to assess your export skills
              Assess your corporate and institutional resources compared to the size and requirements
               of the target market and share such assessment with experts
              Seek technical assistance from your business association and other national institutions.

How do I begin an export business?
Generally, among the first steps in the export process is examining your product vis-à-vis your
target market. You will do such an examination based on an informed knowledge that the target
market has demand or could accept a product you make, or a product you wish to invest in making.
Accordingly, the decision to begin to export is an informed decision.
        Your business association could be your starting point to begin your business.
        The FTA Unit is your most useful and easiest resource to contact in seeking help on how
          to start exporting to the U.S. Read the “Export Toolkit” on JUSFTA web site.
        Collect the necessary information about the technical aspects of your product from both
          local sources and sources in the targeted market.
        Commit your company to the exporting process in terms of management, resources,
          expertise, and export readiness.
        Study your export target market thoroughly starting with a preliminary market research
        Cover all product / market assessment aspects, whether you are starting a new export
          business or expanding your current business.
        Determine the legal infrastructure, nationally and in the targeted market to assess trade
          facilities.
        Learn the export planning process, such as strategy writing, market targeting, penetration,
          and designation of the team that will be responsible for implementation.
        Ask the FTA Unit for assistance on Export Planning and Export Readiness Assessment.
        Visit Alriyadi17 (Jordanian Entrepreneur Resource Information) web site to get
          electronic assistance on starting a business in Jordan.

How do I determine if my company is "export-ready"?
Pursue one of the following steps:
      Seek consulting assistance to conduct an export readiness assessment of your company
         and product.
      Use the FTA Unit’s website to read about the export readiness process and its
         requirements.
      Use existing interactive export readiness modules on the Internet.
      Contact the FTA Unit to get training on conducting your export readiness assessment and
         making it a continuous practice in your company.

Are there any sources of legal assistance for people who are new to exporting?
      Legal assistance is available at the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

17
     http://www.alriyadi.net/
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                           16
          Q & A Catalog

           Contact the FTA Unit for referral to the proper business association that can assist with
            legal issues.
           Check the “FTA Referral Center” on the website for service providers offering legal
            assistance to new-to-export companies and current exporters.

How can I find export financing?
The following Jordanian institutions can provide export financial assistance:
       JEDCO’s export financing program
       Jordan Loan Guarantee Corporation
       Jordan Micro Credit Company
       Local banks

How do I obtain market research for a specific country and / or product?
The Internet provides sufficient resources on country / product information. The normal procedures
to obtain information are to:
       Contact local sources for published reports.
       Contact market research companies.
       Contact the FTA Unit for the latest available list of research reports.
       Visit “FTA Research and Analyses Online” on the JUSFTA web site
       Learn how to use sources over the Internet available for public access.

Where can I obtain information on foreign markets and trade opportunities for industry
sectors?
       Contact the Ministry of Industry and Trade to obtain information on foreign markets.
       Contact the FTA Unit for customized assistance on foreign markets (U.S., European,
         Asian etc)

Does the Jordanian Government have any programs to help advertise my products overseas?
Contact the Promotions Department at JEDCO for information on overseas exhibitions.

Does my association develop any programs or undertake any activities to help advertise my
products overseas?
Business Associations, which are members of the TIJARA Coalition, have planned programs and
activities to undertake the implementation of the TIJARA Action Plan. Please contact your
business association for further assistance.

Where can I find trade statistics?
     The FTA Unit compiles monthly trade statistics on Jordan-US trade. The Unit also
        generates specialized statistical data using available programs and modules on the latest
        Jordan-US trade.
     Visit the FTA Unit’s web site for links to statistical references and assistance on specifics
        for trade with other countries or international trade in general.
     Visit Government web sites providing statistical information.

How can I find out about investment practices in a certain country?
     JIB, a member of TIJARA Coalition, provides assistance to Jordanian investors on
        incoming and outgoing investment missions.
     Contact the FTA Unit for a list of investment authorities and promotional offices
        overseas.
     Visit “FTA Documents On-line” on the FTA web site to obtain a list of links to internet
        resources on policies, regulations, and practices of involved countries.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                          17
       Q & A Catalog


Do you have lists of U.S. importers, exporters and agents?
The FTA Unit is the first resource to check for names and addresses of U.S. importers and agents.
The latest profiles and data on American importers and agents are available in the “FTA Documents
On-line” of the FTA web site.

Do you have lists of export trading/export management companies in Jordan?
Contact the FTA Unit to obtain a list of Jordanian companies with international licenses to offer
export trading or management services overseas.

Is there any legislation governing export oriented Jordanian companies?
There is no Jordanian law or legislation governing operations of export trading companies in
Jordan. Any Jordanian company licensed to offer commercial or business services is free to engage
in export management services.

How do I locate trade leads for my exporting business?
Visit the FTA Unit or the “FTA Documents On-line” facility on the FTA website for the link to the
trade lead portals on the internet classified by country or product.

How do I locate potential distributors in the US market?
   The FTA Unit is in continuous contact with US trade organizations providing US market
      based commercial assistance to enable Jordanian exporters to sell in the US market. The
      Unit is contacting selected US market intermediaries to identify US distributors interested
      in handling Jordanian products exported to US buyers.
   Visit the “Business Opportunities” On-line facility on the FTA website to learn about the
      latest additions to US distributors handling Jordanian products in the US market.

Where can I find a list of US companies in a particular industry or sector?
The FTA Unit compiles North American databases on a continuous basis. Any request for U.S.
company information will be addressed on a case-by-case basis either by using existing databases
or by referring inquiries to resource points in the US market.

How do I find information about a particular overseas company?
   Check “FTA Documents On-line” on the web site for a list of worldwide company
      information providers, such as Dunn & Bradstreet, Bureau Veritas and others.
   You could also contact the FTA Unit for a list of U.S. companies providing credit and
      business reports on a fee or free basis.

How can I receive information on U.S. regulations, standards or certification requirements
for my product?
     The FTA Unit updates information on US standards and regulations requirements. The
       “FTA Documents online” facility provides the latest information available on US
       regulations, standards, and certification requirements.
     Contact the FTA unit and it will address any requirements through consultation with the
       U.S.

Do I need an export license to ship my product to the US market?
There are no specific Jordanian licensing requirements to export to the U.S. under the JUSFTA.
However all QIZ exporters must contact the Ministry of Industry and Trade for eligibility
requirements.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             18
       Q & A Catalog


How and where do I get my export documentation processed and completed?
Visit the FTA Referral Center on the JUSFTA web site to get links to Jordanian Customs, clearing
agents, brokers, for processing of export documentation.

Where can I find information on US trade sanctions?
The U.S. Customs and Border Protection provides information on U.S. trade sanctions.

How can I get information on importing into the United States?
A book on importing into the U.S. that is used to respond to inquiries is available at the FTA Unit.
You could inquire about a certain issue or download the book from the Internet.

Are there special private and or public programs dedicated to Jordan - US Trade
enhancement?
Achievement of Market-Friendly Initiatives and Results Program (AMIR)18,
Jordan United States US Business Partnership JUSBP19,
BUYUSA20- U.S. Commercial Service in Jordan

Where can a US exporter company seek assistance in identifying advantages of the FTA?
U.S. firms wishing to do business in Jordan are encouraged to read the Background Notes
published by the Office of Electronic Information and Publications of the Bureau of Public
Affairs, U.S. Department of State. U.S. exporters seeking information on exporting to Jordan
can also contact the US Government Export portal at www.export.gov21. Companies looking to
invest in Jordan should contact the Jordan Investment Board22

Where can a Jordanian exporter company seek assistance in identifying advantages of the
FTA?
Jordanian individuals or businesses interested in doing business with or exporting to the U.S.
should contact the Jordanian Embassy in Washington, DC, the Ministry of Industry and Trade23,
and/or the Jordan Export Development Company (JEDCO)24. They can also contact the Jordan-
U.S. Business Partnership



E-COMMERCE

What commitments have Jordan and the US made in the JUSFTA to promote e-commerce
opportunities between Jordan and the U.S.?
Jordan and the U.S. agreed to refrain from:
             Deviating from its existing practice of not imposing customs duties on electronic
                transmissions;
             Imposing unnecessary barriers on electronic transmissions, including digitized
                products; and

18
   http://www.amir-jordan.org/
19
   http://www.jusbp.org/
20
   http://www.buyusa.gov/jordan/en/
21
   http://www.export.gov/
22
   http://www.jordaninvestment.com/
23
   http://www.mit.gov.jo/
24
   http://www.jedco.gov.jo/
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                            19
          Q & A Catalog

                  Impeding the supply through electronic means of services subject to a commitment
                   under Article 325 of this Agreement, except as otherwise set forth in the Party’s
                   Services Schedule in Annex 3.1.

Jordan and the U.S. also agreed to make publicly available all relevant laws, regulations, and
requirements affecting electronic commerce and to reaffirm the principles announced in the U.S.-
Jordan Joint Statement on Electronic Commerce.

What are the general principles of the Jordan – U.S. Joint Statement on E-commerce?
Jordan and the U.S. agreed that:
         The private sector should lead in the development of electronic commerce and in
            establishing business practices,
         Both governments should avoid imposing unnecessary regulations or restrictions on
            electronic commerce,
         Government actions, when needed, should be transparent, minimal, non-discriminatory,
            and predictable to the private sector,
         Governments should encourage effective self-regulation through codes of conduct,
            model contracts, guidelines, and enforcement mechanisms developed by the private
            sector, and
         Cooperation among all countries, from all regions of the world and all levels of
            development, will assist in the construction of a seamless environment for electronic
            commerce.

What major policy issues did both countries agree to implement in the Jordan – US Joint
Statement on E-commerce?
Jordan and the U.S. agreed to:
         Promote the Internet and information technology as powerful tools for tackling difficult
            social challenges as well as fostering economic growth
         Encourage countries to open their markets to private sector investments to help
            modernize their communications infrastructure.
         Work jointly to advance international cooperation to achieve this goal and to avail
            themselves of international organizations and financial institutions to further this goal.
         Promote competition in all information and communications markets, which should
            result in lower prices, more customer choice, and faster deployment of new
            technologies.
         Encourage the setting up of advanced communications networks that can benefit all
            countries through information and information technology integration into the global
            economy, and facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and technologies to citizens
            and companies.
         Ensure that new technologies will widen the circle of opportunity to business in both
            countries.
         Cooperate in making it easier to use the Internet to address social challenges, such as
            helping working adults to acquire new skills; increasing access to healthcare, especially
            in isolated rural communities; improving the quality of life for people with disabilities,
            and strengthening democracy.
         Promote universal technological literacy and encourage the wide availability of
            information technology at public institutions such as schools, libraries, and community
            centers.


25
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_3.pdf
Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             20
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   Promote open access to information, cultural diversity, and content through the use of
    the Internet.
   Protect the rights of intellectual property owners and explore Jordanian participation in
    the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned
    Names and Numbers (ICANN). The GAC is attempting to set standards for "best
    practices" for country code top-level domain names (ccTLDs).
   Encourage international cooperation between law enforcement authorities to prevent,
    investigate and prosecute illegal activities on the Internet, including those by criminal
    and terrorist organizations and those involving goods or services that contain
    intellectual property.
   Use e-commerce to improve the quality and access to government services and
    information in both countries.
   Contribute to the development of the information economy by acting as role models
    and market catalysts.
   Enhance business and user confidence by effective government use of electronic
    payments systems.
   Cooperate in developing innovative methods for the provision of government services
    through the use of electronic commerce.
   That the current practice of not imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions
    should be maintained with a view to making it permanent and binding as soon as
    possible.
   Treat electronic commerce within the scope of WTO rules and commitments and
    conduct electronic commerce in conformity with these rules and commitments to
    ensure a predictable, trade-liberalizing environment and to promote the growth of
    electronic commerce in creating opportunities for trade and development.
   Consider that any taxation of the Internet or electronic commerce should be clear,
    consistent, neutral and non-discriminatory.
   Participate within, and coordinate with, the Organization for Economic Cooperation
    and Development (OECD) and work toward achieving a consensus regarding the
    taxation of electronic commerce.
   Pursue close cooperation and mutual assistance between Jordan and the United States
    tax authorities to ensure effective tax administration and to prevent tax evasion and
    avoidance on the Internet.
   Work towards a global approach that supports, domestically and internationally, the
    recognition and enforcement of electronic transactions and electronic authentication
    methods (including electronic signatures).
   Work jointly at the international level on a convention or other arrangements to achieve
    a common legal approach that will support electronic transactions as well as a variety
    of authentication technologies and implementation models.
   Remove paper-based obstacles to electronic transactions by adopting relevant
    provisions from the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce.
   Permit parties to a transaction to determine the appropriate authentication technologies
    and implementation models for their transaction, with assurance that those technologies
    and implementation models will be recognized and enforced.
   Permit parties to a transaction to have the opportunity to prove in court that their
    authentication technique and their transaction are valid.
   Take a non-discriminatory approach to electronic signatures and authentication
    methods from other countries.
   Ensure the effective protection of privacy with regard to the processing of personal data
    on global information networks.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               21
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           Implement personal data protection mechanisms and consider consumers' concern
            about their private information.
           Pursue flexible means of privacy protection in handling content, usage, and the method
            for collection of private information, which is different from industry to industry.
           Encourage the private sector to develop and implement enforcement mechanisms,
            including preparing guidelines and developing verification and recourse methodologies.
           Use the OECD Privacy Guidelines as a basis for policy development.
           Use the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems as a basis for
            national approaches to information security.
           Provide advice on threats, vulnerabilities, and security responses to ensure that critical
            information infrastructures are protected.
           Undertake industry awareness and industry-based solutions to address information
            security issues.
           Recognize the importance of private sector leadership in electronic payment systems
            and promote both a competitive market for, and user confidence in electronic payment
            systems.
           Undertake adequate and effective protection of intellectual property including industrial
            property and copyright.
           Implement the protection of copyrighted works in the digital environment through the
            prompt ratification and implementation of the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the WIPO
            Performances and Phonograms Treaty and undertake provisions to appropriately limit
            the liability of carriers for copyright infringement where such carriers have no direct
            relationship to the infringing content and remove infringing content when made aware
            of the infringement.
           Protect consumers in the online environment through enforcement of existing consumer
            protection laws.
           Modify existing consumer laws to accommodate the unique characteristics of the online
            environment.
           Undertake consumer education, and industry supported mechanisms to empower
            consumers and resolve consumer complaints and concerns.

What future-work agenda did Jordan and the US agree to implement?
Both governments agreed to continue to work together to support the development of global
electronic commerce in the future, through:
         Close policy coordination between the United States and Jordan to promote electronic
            commerce;
         Continuing substantive bilateral discussions at the experts level on issues regarding
            electronic commerce;
         Encouraging private sector leadership through dialogue and cooperation between the
            private sectors of both countries and both governments; and
         Close cooperation between the United States and Jordan at international fora to support
            the development of global electronic commerce.



ANTIDUMPING

What do Antidumping and countervailing measures mean?
Antidumping and countervailing duties are types of additional duties used to offset the effects of
two unfair trade practices that give imports an unfair advantage over competing goods.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                              22
       Q & A Catalog

Antidumping duties are assessed on imported merchandise that is sold at less than its fair value and
by this brings injures to local industries.



INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

What are Jordan’s Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) commitments under the FTA?
Upon signing the FTA, Jordan agreed to accede to the WIPO Copyright Treaty26 (WCT) and the
WIPO Performances and Phonographs Treaty27 (WPPT) called “Internet Treaties” by December
2003. Both agreements went into effect in April, respectively May, 2004.
Jordan also agreed to accede to the Articles 1-22 of the International Convention for the Protection
of New Varieties of Plants28 (UPOV) within one year of enactment of the FTA. Jordan also agrees
to particular obligations regarding Certain Regulated Products29, primarily in the pharmaceutical
sector.
Finally, Jordan agreed to meet other patent, copyright, and trademark-related obligations within
three years of enactment. Particulars of these commitments are in the text of the FTA and in a
related Memorandum of Understanding on IPR issues signed by the U.S. and Jordan on October 24,
2000.

How does Customs protects Intellectual Property rights?
Customs examines cargos to determine whether or not an importation infringes on someone else's
intellectual property right. Customs maintain an IPR database of trademarks, trade names, and
copyrights that have been recorded with the Customs.
Trade names must be recorded with Customs in order for them to determine trade name
infringements. Trademarks and copyrights that have been registered with the Patent and Trademark
Office or the Copyright Office--respectively--may be recorded with Customs for a fee of $190.

Trademarks and Trade Names. Articles bearing counterfeit trademarks are subject to seizure and
forfeiture. Marks that copy or simulate a registered trademark that has been recorded with Customs
are subject to detention and possible seizure and forfeiture. The U.S. Customs Service also affords
similar protection against unauthorized shipments bearing trade names that are recorded with
Customs pursuant to regulations.

Copyrights. Articles imported into the United States that are piratical of a registered copyright are
subject to seizure and forfeiture.

If I have a patented pharmaceutical product in Jordan, do I still have to register it in the US,
and if so, what is the responsible agency and what are the steps necessary?
Yes, you will have to register at the IPR office at the USTR, and the relevant Federal Health
Agency, and get market approval on it. Another way it is to insure protection over the product to
prevent others from claiming it or trying to use it.

If I have a patented pharmaceutical product in US, do I still have to register it in the Jordan,
and if so, what is the responsible agency and what are the steps necessary?


26
   http://www.wipo.int/clea/docs/en/wo/wo033en.htm
27
   http://www.wipo.int/clea/docs/en/wo/wo034en.htm
28
   http://www.upov.org/eng/convntns/1991/content.htm
29
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_4.pdf
         Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             23
         Q & A Catalog

Yes, you do have to register it at The Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Industry and Trade
and get market approval.

I am a U.S. artist, how is my work protected in Jordan?
As an artist, you will have copyright over your work, and anyone who tries to imitate your work or
claim it for themselves could be prosecuted and face legal penalty.

I am a Jordanian artist, how is my work protected in Jordan and the US?
As an artist, you will have copyright over your work, and anyone who tries to imitate your work or
claim it for themselves could be prosecuted and face legal penalty.

How do I register a patent in Jordan?
In order to do so the patent owner has to be register 18 months outside of Jordan prior to any
registration in Jordan to insure patent protection in Jordan, according to Article (4 f) of the patent
law.



LABOR

What are the labor commitments ?
According to Article 6 of the FTA, the United States and Jordan agree to enforce their existing
labor laws; agree to reaffirm their obligations under the International Labor Organization’s30
Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up; and agree not to
relax labor laws in order to promote trade. There are no new labor commitments in the FTA.

How will we in Jordan be affected with the labor provision and commitment made in the
FTA?
Jordanians must enforce its international commitments and national laws in a manner that it will not
lower labor standards in order to encourage trade.



ENVIRONMENT

What will be the effect of the environment commitments?
According to Article 531 of the FTA, the United States and Jordan agree to enforce existing
environmental laws; agree not to relax environmental protection in order to encourage trade; and
agree to encourage the improvement of their respective environmental regimes. A United States
Trade Representative (USTR) study found no significant environmental effects on the United States
in the provisions of the FTA. A similar study carried out by the Government of Jordan found no
significant environmental effects in the provisions of the FTA

How will we in Jordan be affected with the environment provision and commitment made in
the FTA?
Jordanians must enforce its international commitments and national laws in a manner that it may
not lower environmental standards in order to encourage trade and Jordan should abide to all the
environmental commitments that it undertook under the FTA.

30
     http://echo.ilo.org/pls/declaris/DECLARATIONWEB.INDEXPAGE?var_language=EN
31
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_5.pdf
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                               24
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DISPUTE SETTLEMENT

If any problem or dispute arises, how may it be solved, how long will it take, and will the
decisions made be binding?
There is a certain settlement mechanism for any dispute that may arise, if:
A Party considers that the other Party has failed to carry out its obligations under this Agreement;
or
    1. A Party considers that measures taken by the other Party severely distorts the balance of
        trade benefits accorded by this Agreement, or substantially undermine fundamental
        objectives of this Agreement.
    2. A Party seeking needs to submit a request for consultations to the contact point assigned for
        such a task (usually the Ministry of Industry & Trade in Jordan or the USTR office in the
        USA).
    3. Through consultations within 60 days of the submission of such request, either Party may
        refer the matter to the Joint Committee, which shall be convened and shall endeavor to
        resolve the dispute.
    4. If a matter referred to the Joint Committee has not been resolved within a period of 90 days
        after the dispute was referred to it, or within such other period as the Joint Committee has
        agreed, either Party may refer the matter to a dispute settlement panel. Unless otherwise
        agreed by the Parties, the panel shall be composed of three members: each Party shall
        appoint one member, and the two appointees shall choose a third who will serve as the
        chairman.
    5. The panel shall, within 90 days after the third member is appointed, present to the Parties a
        report containing findings of fact and its determination as to whether either Party has failed
        to carry out its obligations under the Agreement or whether a measure taken by either Party
        severely distorts the balance of trade benefits accorded by this Agreement or substantially
        undermines the fundamental objectives of this Agreement. Where the panel finds that a
        Party has failed to carry out its obligations under this Agreement, it may, at the request of
        the Parties, make recommendations for resolution of the dispute. The report of the panel
        shall be non-binding.
    6. If the dispute settlement panel under this Agreement or any other applicable international
        dispute settlement mechanism under an agreement to which both Parties are Party has been
        invoked by either Party with respect to any matter, the mechanism invoked shall have
        exclusive jurisdiction over that matter.
    7. If the mechanism described fails for procedural or jurisdictional reasons to make findings
        of law or fact, as necessary, on any claim, the Party may invoke another mechanism to
        settle the claim.
The report of the panel shall be non-binding.

Will the FTA increase Jordan’s commitments over and above its commitments in the World
Trade Organization 32(WTO) Agreement?
As part of the FTA, the U.S. and Jordan reaffirmed their WTO commitments. In addition, dispute
settlement 33 measures in the FTA are designed to be consistent with WTO commitments. Finally,
the U.S. and Jordan issued a Joint Statement on WTO 34Issues on October 24, 2000 that further
clarifies their commitments.

32
   http://www.wto.org/
33
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_17.pdf
34
   http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/WTOstmt.pdf
          Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                             25
          Q & A Catalog


Does the FTA affect taxation in the U.S. and Jordan?
According to Article 12 35 of the FTA, with a few specific exceptions, the FTA will not apply to
taxation measures.



VISA

What travel documents and identification is required for a foreign national to enter the U.S.?
A foreign national or alien entering the U.S. is generally required to present a passport and valid
visa issued by a U.S. Consular Official, unless they are coming from a country eligible for the Visa
Waiver Program.

What is the Visa Waiver Program?
The Visa Waiver Program allows foreign nationals from certain countries to be admitted to the U.S.
under limited conditions and for a limited time without obtaining a visa. The foreign national must
be coming from an eligible country, staying no more than 90 days, for business or pleasure/medical
purposes, and able to prove they are not inadmissible. The foreign national is still required to have a
passport.

Will the FTA change visa requirements 36between the U.S. and Jordan?
The FTA gives Jordanians the opportunity to apply for “Treaty Trader” E-1 and “Treaty Investor”
E-2 visas. It also allows U.S. citizens to apply for similar visas to Jordan.




35
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_12.pdf
36
     http://www.jordanusfta.com/documents/article_8.pdf
     Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                                                       26
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                                   TIJARA COALITION


The Jordan-US Free Trade Agreement Coordinating Committee was established in October 2001 with the
following objectives:
  1. Create a forum for discussion on FTA related issues and their expected impact on the
     Jordanian economy.
  2. Explore means of promoting trade and investment between Jordan and the US under the
     FTA.
  3. Study issues arising from FTA implementation and present case studies for discussion to
     the Joint Jordan-US Committee, which meets on bi-annual basis to review the concerns of
     both sides and make necessary amendments.
  4. Coordinate activities and plan joint projects between the various organizations involved with the FTA.

In November of 2001, a decision was made by the Committee to create a national strategy that
will systemize Jordan’s approach to the implementation of the FTA and would provide a road
map for Jordan’s private sector to capitalize on the JUSFTA. The strategy was called Trade,
Investment, Jordan-America Reciprocal Agreement (TIJARA) and became better known as the
acronym TIJARA.

TIJARA, a strategy for implementing the Jordan - US Free Trade Agreement was officially
launched on January 14, 2002.

The new TIJARA Strategy 2.0 for 2004-2007 is a comprehensive national plan for JUSFTA
implementation, providing a roadmap for enhancing trade and investment between Jordan and
the United States. It builds on experiences and lessons learned from the original TIJARA
strategy, developed in 2002 and incorporate new developments in Jordan-U.S. trade relations as
well as the evolution of Jordan’s overall economic strategy.

In reflecting on Jordan’s current capabilities and the experiences of other countries, the TIJARA
Coalition has identified three main challenges around which Jordan must focus its efforts in order
to achieve these goals:

     Build the capacity of Jordanian industry
     Enhance cooperation among the public and private sectors
     Develop a proactive approach to investment and trade promotion

The TIJARA Strategy addresses these challenges by outlining actions that coalition members will
commit to undertaking either individually or in collaboration with each other. These actions have
been organized into four broad categories that form the pillars of the strategy. The strategy will be
supported by annual action plans, the first of which takes effect on June 1, 2004.

With this document, TIJARA Coalition members – thirty-five public and private-sector
institutions alike – claim ownership of the implementation process and reaffirm their commitment
to promote the JUSFTA.
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement   27
       Q & A Catalog


Members of the TIJARA Coalition:

American Chamber of Commerce in Jordan (JABA)
Contact info: PO Box 840817
              Amman 11184 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 5651860
              Fax: +962 6 565 1862
              E-mail: mail@jaba.org.jo
              Website: www.jaba.org.jo

Amman Chamber of Commerce (ACC)
Contact info: PO Box 287
             Amman, 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +962 6 566 6151/4
             Fax: + 962 6 566 6155
             E-mail: info@ammanchamber.org.jo
             Website: www.ammanchamber.org


Amman Chamber of Industry (ACI)
Contact info: PO Box 1800
             Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +962 6 464 3001
             Fax: + 962 6 464 7852
             E-mail: aci@aci.org.jo
             Website: www.aci.org.jo


Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA)
Contact info: PO Box 2565
              Aqaba 77110, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 3 203 5757/8
              Fax: +962 3 203 0912
              Email: info@aseza.jo
              Website: www.aqabazone.com

Amman World Trade Center (AWTC)
Contact info: PO Box 962140
              Amman 11196, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 5791/2/4
              Fax: +962 6 560 5793
              Email: info@awtc.com
              Website: www.awtc.com
      Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                28
      Q & A Catalog

Business and Professional Women – Amman (BPWA)
Contact info: Telephone: +926 465 5157
              Fax: +962 6 461 5721
              Email: jitt@nets.com.jo


Foreign Investors Association (FIA)
Contact info: Telephone: +926 77 331 175
              Fax: +926 2 738 5358
              Email: alahad@go.com.jo


Economic Consultative Council (ECC)
Contact info: through the Royal Court Operator +962 6 463 7341

Information Technology Association (Int@j)
Contact info: PO Box 2383
              Amman 11953, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 515 2322
              Fax: + 962 6 515 2344
              E-mail: info@intaj.net
              Website: www.intaj.net


Institute of Management Consultants (IMC)
Contact info: PO Box 926550
              Amman 11110, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 553 0856
              Fax: + 962 6 553 0858
              E-mail: imc@go.com.jo


Irbid Chamber of Industry (ICI)
Contact info: PO Box 3535
              Irbid, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 2 725 8221/2
              Fax: + 962 2 724 2771
              E-mail: ici@go.com.jo
              Website: www.ici.com.jo


Jordan Association of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers (JAPM)
Contact info: PO Box 941247
              Amman 11194, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 560-5634
              Fax: + 962 6 569-1116
              E-mail: info@japm.com
              Website: www.japm.com
      Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                           29
      Q & A Catalog


Jordan Businessmen Association (JBA)
Contact info: PO Box 926182
              Amman 11118 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 568 0855
              Fax: + 962 6 568 0663
              Email: jba@nets.com.jo


Jordan Chamber of Commerce (JCC)
Contact info: PO Box 7029
              Amman 11118 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 566 5492
              Fax: + 962 6 568 5997
              E-mail: fjcc@go.com.jo
              Website: www.jocc.org.jo


Jordan Customs Department (JCD)
Contact info: PO Box 90
              Amman, Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 462 3186 / 88
              Fax: + 962 6 464 7791
              E-mail: customs@customs.com.jo
              Website: www.customs.com.jo


Jordan Exporters Association (JEA)
Contact info: PO Box 830432
              Amman 11183 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 568 5603/4
              Fax: + 962 6 568-5605
              E-mail: info@jordanexporters.org
              Website: www.jordanexporters.org


Jordan Exporters & Producers Association for Fruits & Vegetables (JEPAFV)
Contact info: PO Box 930058
              Amman 11193 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 552 3946/7
              Fax: + 962 6 552 4118
              E-mail: jepa@nets.com.jo


Jordan Garments, Accessories & Textiles Exporters’ Association (JGate)
Contact info: Telephone: +962 6 565 0929
              Fax: + 962 6 568 4266
              E-mail: jgate@jusbp.org
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                     30
       Q & A Catalog

Jordan Export Development and Commercial Centers Corporation (JEDCO)
Contact info: P. O. Box 7704
              Amman 11118 Jordan
              Tel: +962 6 5603507
              Fax: +962 6 5684568
              E-mail: jedco@jedco.gov.jo
              Website: www.jedco.gov.jo

Jordan Forum for Business and Professional Women (JFBPW)
Contact info: PO Box: 910415
              Amman 11191 Jordan
              Telephone: +926 6 551 1647/8
              Fax: +926 6 553 0092
              Email: jfbpw@nets.com.jo
              Website: www.jfbpw.org.jo

Jordan Inbound Tour Operators Association (JITOA)
Contact info: PO Box: 408
              Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 553 8597
              Fax: +926 6 552 8598
              Email: info@jitoa.org
              Website: www.jitoa.org


Jordan Institute for Standards and Metrology (JISM)
Contact info: PO Box: 941287
              Amman 11194 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 568 0139
              Fax: +926 6 568 1099
              Email: jism@nic.net.jo
              Website: www.jism.gov.jo

Jordan Intellectual Property Association (JIPA)
Contact info: PO Box: 926412
              Amman 11190 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 551 5007
              Fax: +926 6 551 4603
              Email: jipa@link.net.jo

Jordan Investment Board (JIB)
Contact info: PO Box: 893
              Amman 11821 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 560 8400/15
              Fax: +926 6 560 8416
              Email: info@jib.com.jo
              Website: www.jordaninvestment.com
      Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement            31
      Q & A Catalog


Jordan Stone and Marble Association (JOStone)
Contact info: PO Box: 941865
              Amman 11194, Jordan
              Email: info@jostone.com
              Website: www.jostone.com

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MIT)
Contact info: PO Box: 2019
              Amman 11181 Jordan
              Telephone: +926 6 562 9030/60
              Fax: +926 6 568 4892
              Email: info@mit.gov.jo
              Website: www.mit.gov.jo

Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC)
Contact info: PO Box: 555
              Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 464 4466/70
              Fax: +926 6 464 2247
              Email: webadmin@mop.gov.jo
              Website: www.mop.gov.jo


Shipping Agents Association – Jordan
Contact info: PO Box: 184502
              Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 566 9968
              Fax: +926 6 563 9968
              Email: info@shipping.com.jo


U.S. Embassy – Economic Section (USE-ES)
Contact info: PO Box: 354
              Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 590 6000
              Fax: +926 6 592 0146
              Email: LawlessGF@state.gov
                    EasonRM@state.gov
              Website: www.usembassy-amman.org.jo


U.S. Embassy – Commercial Section (USE-CS)
Contact info: PO Box: 354
              Amman 11118 Jordan
             Telephone: +926 6 590 6000
       Jordan – United States Free Trade Agreement                      32
       Q & A Catalog

             Fax: +926 6 592 0146
             Email: farkouhmh@state.gov
             Website: www.buyusa.gov/jordan

U.S. Agency for International Development – Jordan (USAID)
Contact info: P.O. Box 354
              Amman 11118, Jordan
             Tel: (9626) 596 0000
              Fax: (9626) 592 0143
              Website: www.usaidjordan.org


Young Entrepreneurs Association (YEA)
Contact info: P.O. Box 1652
              Amman 11821, Jordan
              Tel: +962 6 565 2151
              Fax: +962 6 565 2159
              Website: www.yea.com.jo


Zarka Chamber of Industry (ZCI)
Contact info: P.O. Box 830432
             Zarka, Jordan
             Tel: +962 5 365 6600
             Fax: +962 5 365 6604
             E-mail: zci@wanadoo.jo


Support organizations:

Achievement of Market-Friendly Initiatives and Results Program - AMIR
Contact info: PO Box 940503, Shmeisani
              Amman, 11194 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 550 3050
              Fax: +962 6 550 3069
              E-mail: info@amir-jordan.org
              Website: www.amir-jordan.org

Jordan United States Business Partnership (JUSBP)
Contact Info: PO Box 941865, Shmeisani
              Amman 11194 Jordan
              Telephone: +962 6 566 9134, 568 4250, 566 7639
              Fax: + 962 6 568 4266
              E-mail: info@jusbp.org
              Website: www.jusbp.org

				
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