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Career in Special Education

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         By Sadaket Malik Special education is the education of
students with special needs in a way that addresses the student’s
individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the
individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching
procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and
other interventions designed to help learners with special needs achieve
a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and
community than would be available if the student were only given access
to a typical classroom education. Common special needs include learning
disability, communication challenges, emotional and behavioral disorders,
physical disabilities, and developmental disabilities.[1] Students with
these kinds of disabilities are likely to benefit from additional
educational services, different approaches to teaching, and use of
technology. Intellectual giftedness is a difference in learning and can
also benefit from specialized teaching techniques or different
educational programs, but the term "special education" is generally used
to specifically indicate instruction of students whose special needs
reduce their ability to learn independently or in a classroom, and gifted
education is handled separately. Special education can be an
extraordinarily rewarding career for the right person. It takes someone
with a great deal of patience, a love of children, and a thick skin to
deal with difficult problems. But as in any field, the jobs with the
greatest challenges tend to offer the highest rewards. You want a career
that allows you to help others. Being a special educator allows you to
make a positive difference in the lives of children with disabilities.
With the help of special educators, an increasing number of children with
disabilities have succeeded in school and enrolled in college. Being a
special educator gives you the opportunity to use many talents and skills
creatively and to grow both professionally and personally. The need for
special education professionals has never been greater. The U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics estimates that the need for qualified special
educators and related service personnel will increase "faster than most
other professions" in the next 10 years. And the U.S. Department of
Education reports "The number of students with disabilities served under
IDEA continues to increase at a rate higher than both the general
population and school enrollment." Read about the need for special
education professionals. The personal rewards of educating children and
youth with disabilities is greater than you can ever imagine. Â Â Â Â Â
These days many schools and universities across the country are making
efforts in teacher education reform in order to better the training of
instructors, educators and therefore the education of children. Besides
this, factors like reduced class sizes and an increase in the number of
students are also forcing many schools to acquire teachers who have
skills to handle every student effectively. Â Â Â Â Â Looking at the
present scenario, educators or teachers require special skills that can
be nurtured through intensive training. Addressing to meet this demand,
special education degrees have increased its popularity in recent years.
So, if you are already involved in this teaching profession and wish to
advance your career in the education leadership, a special education
degree is a necessity. Today where teaching is considered as a highly
noble profession, attaining a degree in special education can enhance
your teaching career. A special education program can even help you learn
special skills including understanding diversity, teaching reading
literacy, counseling and special education. During this course, you will
receive training and educational information that educates you how to
translate the knowledge to the students. Once you complete this special
education program, you will be able to make decisions and take a stand on
political issues that affect education and learning. Another good thing
about this degree program is that it gives teachers more opportunities in
private schools and universities. This special education course provides
you with one of the most convenient ways to gain higher income and
greater career opportunities in the field of education. Today, in fact
many of the employed teaching professionals looking to advance their
career to leadership roles like principal or dean are considering
attaining a degree in special education.There are lots of institutions
and schools that offer degree programs in special education. They can
vary from student behavior management, institutionalized learning
methods, student-teacher supervision, specific areas and solutions for
effective child education and more.Enjoying a better salary and job
security, today a special education degree can put you at an advantage
and may boost your career path. It is one of the best options for all
those who are planning for career advancement in education. Â In the
last few years the requirement for qualified educators has boomed
rapidly. In fact, with the rise in education standards and the number of
educational institutes and schools, the education industry expects to
look for more qualified educators in the coming years. Today, we cannot
deny the fact that education is an extremely rewarding career field but
currently it demands more qualified teachers to educate children at the
elementary school or college level. Looking at the present scenario,
educators or teachers require special skills that can be nurtured through
intensive training. Addressing to meet this demand, special education
degrees have increased its popularity in recent years. So, if you are
already involved in this teaching profession and wish to advance your
career in the education leadership, a special teaching degree is a
necessity. Today where teaching is considered as a highly noble
profession, attaining a degree in special education can enhance your
teaching career. A special education program can even help you learn
special skills including understanding diversity, teaching reading
literacy, counseling and special education. During this course, you will
receive training and educational information that educates you how to
translate the knowledge to the students. Once you complete this special
teaching program, you will be able to make decisions and take a stand on
political issues that affect education and learning. Another good thing
about this degree program is that it gives teachers more opportunities in
private schools and universities. This special education course provides
you with one of the most convenient ways to gain higher income and
greater career opportunities in the field of education. Today, in fact
many of the employed teaching professionals looking to advance their
career to leadership roles like principal or dean are considering
attaining a degree in special education. There are lots of institutions
and schools that offer degree programs in special teaching. They can vary
from student behavior management, institutionalized learning methods,
student-teacher supervision, specific areas and solutions for effective
child education and more.                The popular
national level institutes for disabled persons are the National institute
for Hearing Handicapped, National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped,
National Institute of the Visually Handicapped and National Institute for
orthopedically handicapped. National Institute of Rehabilitation,
Training and Research and The Institute for Physically Handicapped are
other two national level institutes run by government. Moreover,
government has initiated District Rehabilitation Centre (DRC) scheme in
ten states to make all-inclusive rehabilitation. Moreover, four Regional
Rehabilitation Training Centers are there to train the staff and teachers
who work with these institutes.Today due to global competitiveness,
education scenario in India is fast changing. Along with that, special
education is also catching importance and various government agencies are
working hard to make it available to masses. There are almost 37 diploma
courses in the field of special education in India some of the institutes
offer courses like B.Ed as well. All these courses are regulated and
governed by the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)- a legislative body
under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.However over the
years many scholars have questioned the importance of special education
in India as they feel that it leads to segregation and isolation of the
differently abled children. They argue that by segregating the children
at young age the very purpose bringing all children to the mainstream of,
the purpose of special education is defeated. Institutions Offering
Special Education Courses in IndiaCourses Offered by Rehabilitation
Council of India (RCI) New Delhi:- Sl.No Training Course Duration in
Year(s) (In the Field of Visual Impairment) 1. M.Ed. (Special Education)
- Visual Impairment Norms for Appointment of Faculty for B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed
Spl. Edu. 1 2. B.A. B.Ed. (Visual Impairment) 4 3. B.Ed. (Special
Education) - Visual Impairment Norms for Appointment of Faculty for B.Ed.
&amp; M.Ed Spl. Edu. 1 4. Bachelor in Mobility Science 1 5. Diploma in
Education-Special Education (Visual Impairment) 2 6. Diploma in Education
- Special Education (Deafblind) 1 (In the field of Hearing Impairment) 7.
M.Ed. (Special Education) - Hearing Impairment) Norms for Appointment of
Faculty for B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed Spl. Edu. 1 8. B.Ed. (Special Education) -
Hearing Impairment) Norms for Appointment of Faculty for B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed
Spl. Edu. 1 9. Diploma in Education - Special Education ( Hearing
Impairment) 2 10. Diploma in Teaching Young Hearing Impaired Children 1
11. Diploma in Indian Sign Language Interpreting(Level !,B,&amp;C each of
Four months duration) 1 (In the field of Mental Retardation) 12. M.Ed.
(Special Education) - Mental Retardation Norms for Appointment of Faculty
for B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed Spl. Edu. 1 13. B.Sc. (Special Education and
Rehabilitation) 3 14. B.Ed. (Special Education)- Mental Retardation)
Norms for Appointment of Faculty for B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed Spl. Edu. 1 15.
B.Ed. (Special Education) - Learning Disability 1 16. P.G. Diploma in
Early Intervention 1 17. P.G. Diploma in Special Education (Mental
Retardation) * Same as Sl.No. 13 1 18. Diploma in Education - Special
Education (Mental Retardation) 2 19. Diploma in Vocational Rehabilitation
(MR) 1 20. Diploma in Early Childhood Special Education (MR) 1 (In the
field of Rehabilitation Engineers / Technicians) 21. Master of
Prosthetics &amp; Orthotics 2 22. Bachelor of Prosthetic and Orthotics 4
1/2 23. Diploma in Prosthetic and Orthotics 2 1/2 24. Certificate Course
in Prosthetic &amp; Orthotic 1 25. Certificate Course in Hearing Aid(
only for persons with hearing impairment)        ½ 26.
Certificate Course in Ear Mould Technology(only for persons with hearing
impairment) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 1/2 (In the field of Community Based
Rehabilitation) 27. P.G. Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation 1 28.
Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation 1 ( In the field of
Rehabilitation Psychology) 29. M.Phil (Rehabilitation Psychology) 2 30.
P.G. Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology 1 (In the field of Clinical
Psychology) 31. M.Phil (Clinical Psychology) 2 (In the field of Speech
and Hearing) 32. "A"-Master in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
(MASLP) - Annual "B"-Master in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
(MASLP) - Semester 2 33. M.Sc. in Audiology 2 34. M.Sc. in Speech
Language Pathology 2 35. "A"- Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language
Pathology (BASLP) - Annual"B"- Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language
Pathology (BASLP) - Semester 4 36. Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech
1 37. Diploma in Hearing Aid and Ear Mould Technology 1 (In the field of
Locomotor and Cerebral Palsy) 38. B.Ed (Special Education) – Locomotor
and Neurological Disorder 1 39. P.G. Diploma in Special Education:
Multiple Disabilities -Physical and Neurological 1 40. P.G. Diploma in
Developmental Therapy (Cerebral Palsy &amp; Neurological Disabilities) 1
41. Diploma in Education - Special Education (Cerebral Palsy) 1 42. Basic
Development Therapy Course for Children with Cerebral Palsy and other
Neurological Handicaps 1 (In the field of Autism Spectrum and Disorder)
43. Diploma in Education - Special Education ( Autism Spectrum Disorder)
1 (In the field of Rehabilitation Therapy) 44. Bachelor in Rehabilitation
Therapy 4 45. Diploma in Rehabilitation Therapy 2 1/2 46. Certificate
Course in Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant 1 (In the field of Vocational
Counselling and Rehabilitation Social Work/Administration) 47. Master in
Rehabilitation Science ( Rehab Social Worker) 2 48. M.Sc. (Psycho-Social
Rehabilitation) 2 49. Bachelor in Rehabilitation Science ( Vocational
Counsellor) 3 50. Master in Disability Rehabilitation Administration 2
51. Post-Graduate Diploma in Disability Rehabilitation and Management 1
Credit System   Final Guide-Book B.Ed. &amp; M.Ed.   Final Guide-
Book Diploma  Care Givers   Foundation Course in Care Giving  Â
     Training Courses conducted through Distance Education Mode
in collaboration with various Universities. 1. B.Ed Spl Edu.-HI/VI/MR/LI
&amp; CP 2 2. P.G. Professional Diploma for in-service teachers 1 3. P.G.
Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation -Planning &amp; Management 1 4.
P.G. Diploma in Disability Management for Doctors 1 5. Diploma in
Community Based Rehabilitation 1 6. Certificate in Clinical Psychology 1
The list of Institutions offering courses in several states of India:
ANDHRA PRADESH: 1.Thakur Hari Prasad Institute of Research &amp;
Rehabilitation for the Mentally Handicapped, Vivekanand Nagar, Dilsukh
Nagar, Hyderabad-500660. 2.National Institute for the Mentally
Handicapped, Manovikas Nagar, P.O Bowenpally, Secunderabad. 3.Department
of Special Education, Andhra University, Vishakapatnam. 4.College of
Teachers Education, Andhra Mahila Sabha, Durga Bai Deshmukh
Vidhyapeethem, Osmania University Campus, Hyderabad-500007. 5.Sri
Padmavathi Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati-517502. DELHI: 6. Department
of Rehabilitation,Safdarjung Hospital, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110016 7.
Spastic Society of Northern India, Balbir Saxena Marg, Hauz khas, New
Delhi-16 8. Institute of Special Education, Y.M.C.A. Nizamuddin, New
Delhi-110013. 9. Jamia Millia Islamia, Institute of Advanced Studies of
education, Faculty of Education, Maulana Mohammed Ali Jauhar Marg, New
Delhi-110025. 10. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically
Handicapped (Ministry of Social Justice &amp; Empowerment, Govt. of
India), 4, Vishnu Digamber Marg, New Delhi-110002. GUJARAT: 11. B.M
Institute of Mental Health, Ashram Road, New Nehru Bridge, Navrangpura,
Ahmedabad-380009. 12. Sh. K.L Institute for the Deaf, 51, Vidyanagar,
Bhavnagar-364002. 13. Training College for Teachers of the Deaf &amp;
Blind, Navrangpura, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad-380009 14. Ankur Special
School for Mentally Retarded, Plot No. 1945, Near Working Women’s
Hostel, Sardarnagar Circle, Bhavnagar-364002. JAMMU &amp; KASHMIR: 15.
Composite Regional Centre for Persons with Disabilities (Ministry of
Social Justice &amp; Empowerment) Bemina, bye pass (Near Women’s
Polytechnic College), Srinagar-18. 16. MIER College of Education, Under
Model Institute of Education &amp; Research, B.C Road, Jammu-180001.
KARNATAKA: 17. Dr. S.R Chandrashekar Institute of Speech &amp; Hearing,
Hennur Road, Bangalore-5600084. 18. All India Institute for Speech &amp;
Hearing, Manus Gangothri, Mysore-570006. MAHARASHTRA: 19. Mind’s
College of Education Research Society for the Care Treatment &amp;
Training of Children in Need of Social Care, Sewri Hills, Sewri Road,
Mumbai-400033. 20. The Poona School &amp; Home for the Blind, Teachers
Training Centre, 14-17, Koregaon Park, Dr. S.R Machave Road, Poona-
411001. 21. S.N.D.T. Women’s University, Deptt. of Special Education,
Sir Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Juhu Road, Santacruz (W) Mumbai-400049. 22.
Dikush Teacher Training in Special Education, Church Road,Juhu, Mumbai-
400049. 23. Hashu Advani College of Special Education, 64-65,
Collector’s Colony, Chembur, Mumbai-400764. 24. The Spastics Society of
India, Upper Colaba Road, Opp. Afghan Church, Colaba, Bombay-400005.
ORISSA: 25. Training Centers for Teachers of the Visually Handicapped,
S.I.R.D Campus, Unit- VIII, Bhubaneshwar 751012. 26. Swami Vivekhanand
National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Oltapur, P.O
Bairoi, Dist Cuttack 754 010. 27. Training Centre for Teachers of the
Deaf ( A joint Project of State Govt. &amp; AYJNIHH), S.I.R.D Campus,
Unit- 8, Bhubaneshwar-15. TAMIL NADU: 28. Sri Ramakrishna Mission
Vidhyalaya, College of Education, Sri Ramakrishna Vidhyalaya post,
Coimbatore-641020. 29. Regional Training Centre, C/o Govt. Hr. School for
the Blind, Poonamalle, Chennai-56. 30. Madras Institute to Habilitate
Retarded Affiliated, D-171, RV Nagar, Anna Nagar, Chennai-600010. 31.
Govt. Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, K.K Nagar, Chennai-600083.
32. S.B.T. College of Special Education, Dr. M. A Thangaraj Compound, DRO
Colony, Madhurai-625007. 33. Holy Cross College, Dept. of Rehabilitation
Science &amp; Special Education, Tiruchirapalli-620002. 34.
Avinashilinagam Deemed University, Institute of Home Science &amp; Hr.
Education for Women. Coimbatore (0422-2641043) 35. The YMCA College of
Physical Education, Nandham, Chennai-600035. 36. Bala Vidyalaya Institute
for Teachers Training, 18, 1st Cross Street, Shashtri Nagar, Chennai-20.
37. N.K.T. National College of Education for Women, 21, Dr.Besant Road,
Triplicane, Madras-600005. UTTAR PRADESH: 38. U.P. Institute for the
Hearing Handicapped, 4-7, Malviya Road, George Town, Allahabad-211002.
39. Chetna (A Society of the Welfare of Handicapped), Sector-C, Aliganj,
Lucknow-226024. 40. Training College of Teachers of the Deaf, Aishbagh,
(Tilak Nagar), Lucknow-226004. 41. Institute of Advanced Studies in
Education, M.J.P. University, Bareilly-243006. 42. Banaras Hindu
University, Faculty of Education, Kamachha, Varanasi. 43. Jagadguru
Rambadrachry Handicapped University, Chitrakoot, U.P-210204. WEST BENGAL:
44. National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Bon-Hooghly,
BT Road, Calcutta-700090. 45. National Institute for the Mentally
Handicapped, Eastern Regional Centre,NIOH Campus, Bon-Hooghly, BT Road,
Calcutta-700088. 46.AYNJIHH, Regional Training Centre, N.I.O.H Campus,
Bon-Hooghly, BT Road, Calcutta-90. 47. Indian Institute for the Cerebral
Palsy, (Formerly Spastic Society of Eastern India), P-35/1, Taratolla
Road, Calcutta-700088. 48. Training Institute for the Teachers of the
Visually Handicapped, Narenderpur, Calcutta-700103. 49. Manovikas Kendra,
Rehabilitation and Research Institute for the Handicapped, 482-Madudah,
Plot—24, Sec-J, Eastern Metropolitan Bypass, Calcutta-700107. 50.
Training College for the Teachers of the Deaf, 293, Acharya Prafulla
Chandra Road, Calcutta-09. 51.Speech &amp; Hearing Institute and Research
Centre, (SHRC), State Resource Centre (HI), 10, Mandeville Garden,
Kolkata. Â Sadaket Malik is an Educational Consultant based in Jammu
and can be contacted at sadaketmalik@rediffmail.com            <!--
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