EXPRESSIONISM By Farhan M. and Elena G. They concentrated on the philosophy of art, rather than style. The artwork was very abstract. The artworks in this group are difficult to distinguish and classify as Expressionistic art. Began in 1905 in Paris The Bedroom – Vincent Van Gogh THE FAUVES The name derives from the French word for “wild beasts” This movement was radical because of the hot, bright and raw colors that they used. Emphasis on their extraordinary color schemes distinguished them as a notable art movement. Emotion was expressed by: -Exaggerated hues - Extremes: warm became hot and cool became cold - complementary schemes made colors stand out to draw attention Beasts of the Sea - Henri Matisse What happened before? The starry night over the Rhone - Vincent Van Gogh Antibes, The Pink Cloud - Paul Signac Post Impressionism Artists began to use different methods of conveying the artwork in a more self expressive way. Use of varying, and unrealistic colors emerged. Vincent Van Gogh - (30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) - He was born in Groot- Zundert, Holland - Most popular in Germany - Had a very troubled life - Considered to be a part of the The Starry Night - Vincent Van Gogh post-impressionist period but had a great influence on the expressionist period and artists - Used pure and bold colours in his artworks (contrasting colours) - His paintings way of painting (through colours, long curvy brushstrokes and composition) showed his feelings Edvard Munch -(12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) - Born in Loten, Norway - Left college to become a painter - Lost most of his family to sickness - Munch had a very difficult life, his emotions of sorrow, pain, passion and stress, were shown through his paintings - He is a well-known German Expressionist painter The Scream - Edvard Munch Max Beckmann -(February 12, 1884 – December 28, 1950) - Born in Leipzig, Saxony - Began to study art at a young age - He painted a number of self- portraits - His paintings showed a great deal of contour, bold colours and loose brushstrokes - Well-known German Expressionist painter Self-portrait with Horn - Max Beckmann -(31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) -Born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France - In 1887, Matisse went to Paris to study law and later worked as a court administrator -He discovered his love for painting in 1889 -His mother inspired him to listen to his own emotions rather than follow the artistic norm -he was also a sculptor, a printmaker and a draughtsman -during the expressionist period, Matisse’s paintings showed uses of bright colours and focused on expression rather than details Woman with a Hat – Henri Weisses Haus in Dangast - Erich Heckel Erich Heckel -(31 July 1883- 27 January 1970) - Born in Döbeln, Saxony - He was a painter and a printmaker - Heckel Admired the works of Evard Munch - Left college to found an expressionist group "Die Brücke" with three other friends - many of his artworks were destroyed by the Nazi Party because they were seen as degenerate Train Smoke - Edvard munch Self-portrait as a Soldier - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner By the Shore - Edvard Ravine – Vincent Van Gogh Potsdamer Platz Mountain Studio – - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Now it’s time for a Quiz! YAY! • Quiz • 1. When did the expressionism period begin? • 2. Where did it begin? • 3. Expressionism was based on __________ rather than ___________. • 4. What movement came before expressionism? • 5. Name 5 expressionist painters. • 6. Name three expressionist paintings. • 7. Name the expressionsist painting that is found on our classroom door and also in our slideshow? • 8.What type of brush strokes were prominent in Vincent Van Gogh's paintings? • 9.What was the distinguishing feature of expressionist art? • 10.What is being said in the following statement: "Warm became hot and cool became cold."? • BONUS: • 11. What completely irrelevant creature was present in our slideshow?