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Dermatitis Eczema

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					Dermatitis (Eczema)

  By: Sheeva Bhutani
Definition and causes of
Dermatitis:
   Inflammation of the skin
   Several causes such as:
    – Bacteria
    – Fungi
    – Parasites
    – Allergens
    – Also from allergies
Symptoms of general
Dermatitis:
 Different forms of the condition
 Range from skin rashes to bumpy rashes or
  blisters
 All types of dermatitis have different
  symptoms but here are the similarities:
    –   Redness of the skin
    –   Swelling
    –   Itching
    –   Skin lesions
    –   Oozing and scarring
    •   All types of dermatitis is affected to an open area
        on your body
Contact Dermatitis:


   Is the condition caused by an allergen
    or an irritating substance. Irritant
    contact dermatitis accounts for 80% of
    all cases of contact dermatitis
Symptoms of Contact
dermatitis:
 Contact with the skin
 Often in single areas:
    – Neck, wrist, forearm, thigh, ankle
    – Itchy skin may come and go (don’t stay
      very long, but come back)
    – More painful than itchy
Atopic Dermatitis:
 Very common worldwide and is
  increasing in the world
 Affects males and females equally
 Tends to run in families susceptible to
  asthma and hay fever
Symptoms of Atopic
Dermatitis:
   Vary from person to person
   Common symptoms: dry, itchy, red skin
   Affected areas:
    – Folds of arms
    – Back of knees
    – Wrists
    – Face
    – Hands
    Lots of itching
    Thickening
     Cracking
Dermatitis Herpetifermis:
 Particular type of dermatitis that
  appears as a result of a gastrointestinal
  condition, known as celiac disease
 Celiac disease:
    –   Is an autoimmune disorder of the small
        intestine that occurs in genetically
        predisposed people of all ages from
        middle infancy onward.
Symptoms of Dermatitis
Herpetiformis:
   Itching, stinging, and a burning sensation
   Small red bumps- 1 cm in size, red in color
   Usually grouped or distributed
   Areas:
    – Upper and lower back
    – Butt
    – Elbows
    – Knees
    – Neck
    – Shoulders
    – And scalp
    May be found inside the mouth or near the hairline
Seborrheic Dermatitis:


   Is a common, inflammatory skin
    condition that causes flaky, white to
    yellowish scales to form on oily areas
    such as the scalp or inside the ear.
Symptoms of Seborrheic
Dermatitis:
 Dry or greasy scaling of the scalp to
  hair loss
 Severe causes:
    –   Pimples along the hairline
    –   Behind the ears
    –   On the eyebrows
    –   Bridge of the nose, around the nose
    –   Chest
    –   Upper back
Causes of Dermatitis:
 General causes: Health conditions,
  allergies, genetic factors and irritants
 Different types have different causes
 Contact Dermatitis:
    – Laundry soap
    – Cleaning products
    – Detergents
    – Skin soaps
Causes of Contact Dermatitis:
   Also allergens:
    –Rubber, metal (nickel), jewelry, cosmetics,
     fragrances, perfume, weeds (poison ivy),
     or a common ingredient found in topical
     antibiotic creams (neomycin)
    People who become sensitive to an allergen
     will be allergic to it for the rest of their lives
Causes of Dermatitis:
   Dry skin, chronic irritation
   Seborrheic dermatitis:
    – Physical stress, neurological conditions
      (Parkinson’s disease) or by traveling
    – Varicose veins and chronic conditions or
      infections that affect the blood flow in the legs
      account for potential causes of stasis dermatitis
    Atopic Dermatitis: caused by:
      - genetic (hereditary) and environmental factors
    Stress does not cause this, but makes it worse
    - Makeup, moisturizers, and dental products that
      contain fluoride may cause perioral dermatitis
Examples of Contact
Dermatitis:
Treatments:
   First identify and eliminate the cause
   In the case of mild skin inflammation try a
    room-temperature bath, followed by
    application of a shielding lotion
   Use creams that contain corticosteroids
   Wet compresses
   Avoid allergens and irritants
   Nonsteroidal medications- relieve signs and
    symptoms
   Use over the counter antihistamines-
    reduces itching
   If nothing works go see your dermatologist.
Sources:
 https://health.google.com/health/ref/Se
  borrheic+dermatitis
 http://www.skincarenet.org/dermatitis.h
  tml
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dermatitis

				
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