dengue fever fast fact

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					                                                                        Health Department

                                                                                            August 2009

                                        Dengue Fever
What is Dengue Fever?                                             For more information
Dengue (pronounced den’ gee) is an acute fever
caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of an         Contact the Sedgwick County Health Department
infected mosquito. It occurs in two forms, Dengue            Epidemiology Office at 316-660-7392
Fever and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever.                                           or
Where can outbreaks of Dengue occur?
Outbreaks of Dengue occur primarily in areas         What are the signs and symptoms of Dengue
where Aedes aegypti mosquitoes live. This includes
most tropical urban areas of the world. Dengue       Hemorrhagic Fever?
viruses may be introduced into areas by travelers     *Severe and continuous pain in abdomen
who become infected while visiting other areas of      *Bleeding from the nose, mouth and
the tropics where Dengue commonly exists.               gums or skin bruising
Dengue cannot be spread directly from person-to        *Frequent vomiting with or without blood
-person.                                               *Black stools, like coal tar
                                                       *Excessive thirst
                                                       *Pale, cold skin
What are the symptoms of Dengue Fever?                 *Restlessness, or sleepiness
 *High fever
 *Severe headache (mostly in the forehead)
 *Pain behind the eyes which worsens with            Is there an effective treatment for DHF?
   eye movement
 *Body aches and joint pains                         As with Dengue, there is not specific medication
 *Nausea or vomiting                                 for DHF. However, it can be effectively treated by
                                                     fluid replacement therapy, if an early clinical
                                                     diagnosis is made.
What is the treatment for Dengue?
There is no specific medication for treatment of
Dengue infection. Individuals who think they have
Dengue should use pain relievers with                How can you prevent Dengue and DHF?
acetaminophen and avoid those containing             No vaccine is available. Travelers should be
aspirin. They should also rest, drink plenty of      advised that they can reduce their risk of getting
fluids, and contact a physician.                     this illness by doing the following:

                                                       *Remaining in well-screened or air-
What is Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)?                 conditioned areas when possible
DHF is a more severe form of Dengue in which           *Wearing clothing that adequately
bleeding and sometimes shock occurs. It can be          covers the arms and legs
fatal if unrecognized and not properly treated.        *Applying insect repellent to both skin
Symptoms of bleeding usually occur after 2-7 days       and clothing.
of fever.