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					 Sweden’s Green Gold


     Christer Segerstéen

LRF Forest owners’ association
The Oil Commission’s
proposals for 2020

 Increase energy efficiency by 20%
 Heat residences and premises without the
  use of oil
 Transporters should reduce their petrol
  and diesel consumption by 40 – 50%
 The industry should reduce their oil consumption by
  25 - 40%
Concentrating on the
forest
 Increased growth by 15 – 20%
   – clearing and thinning
   – cultivated plant material
   – ditch clearing
   – fertilizing
   – more intensive production on percentage of forest floor
 Afforest part of bare and arable land, approximately 200 000
  – 260 000 ha
 Scheme support in the event of afforesting bare and arable land
 The state to subsidy a number of pilot schemes that
  manufactures 2nd generation bio fuels
 Sweden’s Green Gold

 Water    CO2
                Sunlight




Fibre           Oxygen
Forest and
forest industry
 23 million ha of productive wooded
  ground
 Annual growth, 110 million m3
 Annual felling, 85 million m3
 99% of total amount of Swedish bio
  fuels
               Use of wood
  Heating
                         Pulp and
                         paper mills



Cellulose                 46% pulp
                                                36% pulp
                                                and paper
                          wood
ethanol                                       23% energy
                                     16%
                                     wood chip

                        Sawmill and
Black liquor            board industry          20% wooden
                                                goods
gasification
                   46% sawn
                   timber
                                 8% bark
Biomass                          and shavings

gasification               Heat
                           production
                                            16%
                                            energy
                   8% firewood

     ?
                      Pulp and
                      paper mills
  Heating
                       46% pulp                        36% pulp
                       wood                            and paper


                                                    23% energy
Cellulose                             16%
ethanol                               wood chip



                    Sawmill and                      20% wooden
                    board industry                   goods
Black liquor
gasification
                46% sawn
                timber
                                    8% bark
Biomass                             and shavings

gasification
                      Heat
                      production                   16%
                                                   energy


     ?         8% firewood
+ 25%
Ordinary wooded ground
 Improved forest care
 Cultivated plant material
 Fertilizing
 Ditch clearing
 Make nature and landscape
  preservation more effective
New wooded ground

 Afforest 130 000 – 160 000 ha bare
  ground
 Afforest 100 000 ha arable land with
  fast growing leaves


  Scheme support from the LBU
  program
Forest based energy (total)

                             2006    2010-2015    2050
Primary forest fuel           20            40     50
Forest planting bare and
arable land                     -            5     10
Lye from pulp industry
and industrial bi-products    80            85    100

Total                        100 TWh/year   130   160
                        Use of green biomass
   TWh
   Raw materials


                 1st generation                                    - Black liquor gasification
                 (Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME))                     - Direct biomass gasification
                                                                   - Ethanol forest raw materials
                                                 2nd generation?
                                                 Bio fuels




                  Heating
                  Electricity production




          2006                      2013           2015 




2006-06-21 CS
 Forest husbandry. E.g. Forest focus 2007-2010
 Swedish Forest Agency
 Affirmed by politicians
Running commercial energy prices in
Sweden 1970-2004 (incl. tax)

                         Fuel oil 1
                         Petrol, unleaded 95
                         Diesel oil
                         Natural gas, housing
                         Electric heating, private houses
                         District heating
                         Forest wood chips
SEK/kWh




          Source: SPI, SCB, Eurostat, Energimyndighetens bearbetning
The new Swedish model!


        Everything
 Nature and
 landscape     Bioenergy    Transport
preservation   Production




           85  105 million m3
Thank you

				
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posted:6/26/2011
language:English
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