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					Cause & Effect: British
    Rule in India
Rise of the British East India Company

   Causes
   land and trade
   lack of Indian unity/rival kingdoms/conflict
   long decline of Mughal Empire
   Seven Years War (1756 – 1763)
     British/French Rivalry
     Treaty of Paris 1763: Britain rights in India

   Robert Clive: BEIC
Rise of the British East India Company

   Effects
   competition between British and French for
    control of India – defeat of French in Bengal
   wealth from India
   right to collect taxes from Mughal Empire
   protect BEIC with laws and courts
   control more land – direct/indirect rule
            Sepoy Rebellion (1857)
   Causes
   sepoy: Indian troop who served in British Army
   1st wide spread Indian rebellion
   grievances against British rule
   interfered with social and religious customs
   Examples
       High taxes on farmers
       Resentment of Christian missionaries
       Lose caste if traveled overseas
       Muslim and Hindus together
       cartridge grease
                 Sepoy Rebellion
   Effects
   India becomes a British colony/direct rule
       Act for Better Government For India
   increased distrust between Indians and British
   official start of British Raj (British rule in India)
            British Improved Indian
   Causes
   to British wanted to increase trade and control
    their colony
       Sepoy Rebellion
          British Improved Indian
   Effects
   improved/built roads, railroads, modernized
    ports, telegraphs, schools, health care
   improved response to uprisings/disasters
   increased trade
   better control of colony by British
   India more connected
          New Economic Patterns
   Causes
   British Raj
   Industrial Revolution
       Need for raw materials and foreign markets
   Discouraged local Indian industries and limited
    Indian imports to Britain
          New Economic Patterns
   Effects (listing Question)
   Destroyed Indian traditional economy
     Locally made goods disappeared
     Indians bought expensive British made products:
   Cash crop economy
       Less food crops
   India dependent on Great Britain
               Social Changes
   Causes
   British Raj: imposed British way of life
   better health care/improved sanitary conditions
   need for jobs
   schools/colleges for higher castes
   ethnocentrism of British education
   Outlawed certain customs
                  Social Changes
   Effects (Listing Question)
   population growth
   urbanization
   British educated Indian middle class
       make like British (p.197)
   English a common language
   learned about liberty, freedom, democracy
   resentment to British rule = rise of Indian
      Formation of the INC (1885)
   Causes
   Indian Educated elite = learning about liberty,
    freedom, democracy
   wanted to return to Hindu traditions = Hindu
   wanted political reform
     Formation of the INC (1885)
   Effects
   gradual political change/more gov’t jobs to
   1920: Gandhi: wanted home rule
Formation of the Muslim League (1906)
    Causes
    Hindu Nationalism/Formation of INC
    respect for Muslim Culture/past conflicts
    protection of Muslim rights
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Formation of the Muslim League (1906)
    Effects
    Increased tension between Hindus and Muslims
    Push to divide India into 2 nations based on
    With a partner or independently evaluate
     whether the economic and social changes were
     positive (+) or negative (-) on India.
    1.   Place a “+” for positive or a “-” next to each effect
         under “New Economic Patterns” and “Social
    2.   On the back of the Chart:
         Were the effects of the British Raj on India mostly
         positive or negative? Support your answer with
         several pieces of evidence.

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