Allison Matthews by keralaguest


									Title: Tracing Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action through Newspaper
Content Analysis
Authors: Allison Matthews and Philip Cohen
Affiliation Allison Matthews (Howard University), Philip Cohen (University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill)

The constitutionality of affirmative action programs to remedy past discrimination
against minorities and women has been a debated topic, with attitudes ranging from full
support to complete opposition. In order to understand the attitudes of critics in the
White and black community toward affirmative action in education and employment, I
conducted a content analysis on newspapers with dates ranging from 1978 to 2005. The
content analysis included The New York Times, The Washington Post, and several local
newspapers targeted toward a Black audience. I used several pro and con categories to
measure attitudes for and against affirmative action programs in the newspaper articles,
ranging from advocacy for affirmative action because it fights discrimination and
segregation to objection for such programs because they are unfair and undermine the
merit/quality of the institution. This article shows that the majority of White and Black
critics were in favor of affirmative action, but for different reasons. Editorialists from
The New York Times and The Washington Post who endorsed affirmative action
programs said they provided all people with equal opportunity, while those who opposed
it said they presented unfair preferential treatment to "unqualified" individuals or
amounted to quota systems. Alternately, writers from the local Black newspapers
supported affirmative action when it worked to remedy past and present discrimination,
but opposed it when they saw it as ineffective in helping the entire Black community or
promoting tolerance and understanding of different races and cultures.

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