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					  Unit 14               Jules Verne
                              Vocabulary
type                                 ‫ٔىع‬    sunglasses                    ‫ٔظبعح شّس‬
hot air balloon           ‫ثبٌىْ / ِٕـبص‬     butcher                                  ‫جؼاع‬
coloured                             ْ‫ٍِى‬   sell / sold / sold                      ‫يجيغ‬
rubber bag            ‫ويس ِٓ اٌّـبؽ‬         café                                 ً‫ِمه‬
toy                                 ‫ٌؼجخ‬    kitchen                                ‫ِـجز‬
decoration                   ٓ‫ػيٕخ / رؼيي‬   mechanic                           ً‫ِيىبٔيى‬
transport                ‫ٔمً / ِىاطالد‬      contain                        ًٍ‫يذزىي ػ‬
available                 ‫ِزبح / ِزىافغ‬     next door                              ‫ِجبوع‬
exploration                  ‫اسزىشبف‬        argument                            ‫ِٕبلشخ‬
explore                       ‫يسزىشف‬        disagreement       ‫سالف / ٔؼاع / ػضَ ارفبق‬
explorer                    ‫ِسزىشف‬          agreement           ‫ارفبق / ارفبليخ / ِىافمخ‬
unfamiliar                    ‫غيغ ِأٌىف‬     criminal                               َ‫ِجغ‬
arrest                       ًٍ‫يمجغ ػ‬       crime                                ‫جغيّخ‬
lawyer                          ًِ‫ِذب‬       railway line                ‫سؾ سىخ دضيض‬
law                                ْ‫لبٔى‬    across                                    ‫ػجغ‬
court                            ‫ِذىّخ‬      servant                                 َ‫سبص‬
realize                             ‫يضعن‬    serve                                  َ‫يشض‬
notice                             ‫يالدظ‬    succeed                                 ‫يٕجخ‬
science fiction             ًٍّ‫سيبي ػ‬       success                               ‫إٌجبح‬
space travel               ‫اٌسفغ ٌٍفؼبء‬     successful                              ‫ٔبجخ‬
submarine                         ‫غىاطخ‬     kidnap                     ‫يشـف / يشزـف‬
rocket                            ‫طبعور‬     rescue                           ‫يٕمظ / إٔمبط‬
port                          ‫ِيٕبء ثذغي‬    fuel problems               ‫ِشبوً اٌىلىص‬
hide / hid / hidden      ‫يشجئ / يشزجئ‬       real                                ً‫دميم‬
studies                          ‫صعاسبد‬     international date line ًٌّ‫سؾ اٌزىليذ اٌؼب‬
earn                      ‫يىست / يغثخ‬       hurry                                  ‫يسغع‬
well-known             ‫ِؼغوف / ِشهىع‬        arrival                               ‫وطىي‬
magazine                            ‫ِجٍخ‬    illness                                ‫ِغع‬
death                                ‫ِىد‬    traffic jam                  ‫اسزٕبق اٌّغوع‬
article                   ‫ِمبٌخ / سٍؼخ‬      flu                                  ‫أٔفٍىٔؼا‬
novel                              ‫عوايخ‬    infected                    ‫ِظبة ثبٌؼضوي‬
poem                             ‫لظيضح‬      prepare                          ‫يؼض / يجهؼ‬
airport                             ‫ِـبع‬    master                                   ‫سيض‬
teenager                         ‫ِغاهك‬      slave                                   ‫ػجض‬
robot                        ًٌ‫إٔسبْ آ‬      congratulate                           ‫يهٕئ‬
astronaut                       ‫عائض فؼبء‬   chance                                 ‫فغطخ‬
information                     ‫ِؼٍىِبد‬     route                                  ‫ؿغيك‬
                                       (1)
home town          ‫اٌّضيٕخ اٌزً رؼيش فيهب‬      victims                         ‫ػذبيب‬
collect                              ‫يجّغ‬      financial help          ‫ِسبػضح ِبٌيخ‬
charity                   ‫ِؤسسخ سيغيخ‬          description                      ‫وطف‬
earthquake                           ‫ػٌؼاي‬     frightened                       ‫سبئف‬


                       Idioms & Expressions
filled with                        ‫ٍِّىء ثـ‬    on TV                  ْ‫فً اٌزٍيفؼيى‬
come out                       ‫يظهغ / يشغج‬     do the homework          ‫يذً اٌىاجت‬
available for            ‫ِزبح ٌـ / ِزىافغ ٌـ‬   adapt to                    ‫يزىيف ِغ‬
speak for                  ٓ‫يزذضس ٔيبثخ ػ‬      live with                   ‫يؼيش ِغ‬
on their journey              ُ‫فً عدٍزه‬        work for                    ‫يؼًّ ٌضي‬
interested in                        ‫ِهزُ ثـ‬   at the same time       ‫فً ٔفس اٌىلذ‬
hear of                           ٓ‫يسّغ ػ‬      look for                    ٓ‫يجذش ػ‬
grow up                                 ‫يىجغ‬   save …… from              ِٓ ... ‫يٕمظ‬
busy with                         ‫ِؼصدُ ثـ‬     get to                       ًٌ‫يظً إ‬
leave for                         ًٌ‫يغدً إ‬     run away                         ‫يهغة‬
pay for                            ّٓ‫يضفغ ص‬    on holiday                  ‫فً أجبػح‬
earn money                    ‫يىست اٌّبي‬       on the way                ‫فً اٌـغيك‬
live on                         ًٍ‫يؼيش ػ‬       keep away from               ٓ‫يجزؼض ػ‬
wait for                              ‫يٕزظغ‬    go round                   ‫يضوع / يٍف‬
listen to                      ًٌ‫يسزّغ إ‬       take off               )‫رمٍغ (اٌـبئغح‬
next to                 ِٓ ‫ثجىاع / ثبٌمغة‬      come up                           ‫رظهغ‬


                           Vocabulary Study
 balloon: coloured rubber bag that is filled with air to use as a toy or decoration,
             or for transport.                                       ‫ثبٌىْ . ِٕـبص‬
 come out: become available for people to buy.                   ‫سغجذ / ظهغد‬
 exploration: travelling through an unfamiliar area to find out what it is like.
                                                                       ‫إسزىشبف‬
 lawyer: Someone who advises people about the law and speaks for them in
            court.                                                         ًِ‫ِذب‬
 realise: notice something that you have not noticed or understood before. ‫يضعن‬
 science fiction: books and stories about life in the future.      ًٍّ‫اٌشيبي اٌؼ‬
 argument: a disagreement between people.‫جضاي‬
 criminal: a person who has done something bad.              َ‫ِجغ‬
 reach: arrive at + ‫ = ِىبْ طغيغ‬arrive in + ‫ِىبْ وجيغ‬           ًٌ‫يظً ا‬
 servant: person who lives with and works for another person.            َ‫سبص‬


                                           (2)
                          Confusable words

 journey /voyage:
    journey:                  ) ‫عدٍخ ؿىيٍخ ( ثغيخ / جىيخ‬
     - His wife accompanied ‫ يظـذت‬him on his journey to America.
   voyage: )‫عدٍخ (ثذغيخ / فؼبئيخ‬
    - During their voyage at sea, a storm blew.
 on time / in time:
   on time: punctual ‫فً اٌّيؼبص‬
     - Despite the bad weather, our plane left on time.
   in time: not late, early enough. ‫فً اٌىلذ إٌّبست‬
     - We arrived at the airport in time to eat before the plane lefty.
 during / while:
  during + v. + ing / noun ‫سالي :اسم‬
    - I woke up several times during the night.
  while + v. + ing / ‫ + فاعل‬was / were + v. + ing: ‫أصٕبء‬
    - I heard him come in while we were having dinner.
    - I heard him come in while having dinner.
 manage / succeed:
  manage + to + ‫يزّىٓ ِٓ :مصدر‬
  succeed in + v. + ing: ً‫يٕجخ ف‬
   - He managed to get the driving test. (succeeded)
   - He succeeded in getting the driving test.
 by / on / in + ‫:وسيلة مواصالت‬
  by + ‫:وسيلة مواصالت‬
    by ( plane – train – ship – boat – car – taxi – elephant – bus.
                                                    on foot / on horseback ‫ٌىٓ ٔمىي‬
  on + ‫:وسيلة مواصالت + أداة أو صفة ملكية‬
   on (a ship – a plane – the bus – the train – my bicycle)
                                             in a car / in my car / in a taxi ‫ٌىٓ ٔمىي‬
 accept / agree:
   accept: (an invitation / an offer / an apology / a present / a bribe / advice)
                                    )‫يمجً (صػىح / ػغع / اػزظاع / هضيخ / عشىح / ٔظيذخ‬
    - She accepted his invitation to dance.
  agree: ) ‫يىافك ( ال يٍيه ِفؼىي ثه‬
   - He suggested going to the club but no one agreed.
  agree to: (a plan / a suggestion / an idea) )‫يىافك ػًٍ (سـخ / الزغاح / فىغح‬
   - They finally agreed to our offer.
  agree with:          )‫يزفك ِغ (ششض‬
   - I objected ‫ يؼزغع‬and they agreed with me.
                                         (3)
   agree on: ًٍ‫يزفك ػ‬
    - They are still trying to agree on a date for the wedding.



                           Language Notes

 spend + time +( v – ing ): ‫يمؼً ولذ‬
  - Jules Verne spent a lot of his time writing stories.
 Stop + v. + ing:  ‫يّٕغ‬
  - He stopped paying for his son's studies and told him he had to find a job

 avoid + v. + ing: ‫يزجٕت‬
  - He avoids meeting bad people.



                          Verbs and Nouns
                                      Catch
Catch   a   ball       ‫يّسه اٌىغح / يظض‬     Catch   a criminal    َ‫يمجغ ػًٍ اٌّجغ‬
Catch   a   bus           ‫يٍذك األرىثيس‬     Catch   a disease            ‫يظبة ثّغع‬
Catch   a   train             ‫يٍذك اٌمـبع‬   Catch   cold                  ‫يظبة ثبٌجغص‬
Catch   a   flight           ‫يٍذك اٌـبئغح‬   Catch   flue             ‫يظبة ثبإلٔفٍىٔؼا‬
                                       Lose
Lose a ball              ‫ يؼيغ اٌىغح. هضف‬Lose a race                 ‫يؼيغ اٌسجبق‬
Lose a criminal            َ‫ يفٍذ اٌّجغ‬Lose weight                  ‫يفمض وػْ . يشس‬
Lose a match                  ‫ يؼيغ ِجبعح‬Lose appetite               ‫يفمض اٌشهيـخ‬
                                       Miss
Miss a ball                                 Miss a match
Miss a bus                                  Miss a train
Miss a flight                               Miss a person




                                Tapescript
 You probably don't know much about the writer Jules Verne, but you may have
  heard of two of his most famous novels: Journey to the Centre of the Earth and
  Around the World in Eighty Days. Verne wrote stories about air travel, space
  travel and submarines before planes, rockets or submarines were used. This is
  why many people call Jules Verne the 'father of science fiction'.
 Verne was born in 1828. He grew up in a port called Nantes in northern France.
  It was always busy with ships coming and going. This may be why Jules became
  interested in travel and exploration. There is a story that when he was very
  young, he wanted to travel so much that he hid on a ship as it was leaving
  Nantes for America.
 After he left school, Jules Verne studied to be a lawyer, but spent a lot of his
  time writing stories about fantastic journeys. His father, who was also a lawyer,
  realised this, so he stopped paying for his son's studies and told him he had to
  find a job. His first story, which was called Five Weeks in a Balloon, came out in
  1863. After that, he wrote two books every year and earned enough money to
  live on his writing. His most well-known book, that he wrote in 1873, was
  Around the World in Eighty Days. It first came out in a magazine.
 In 1905, Jules Verne became ill and died. His last novel came out after his
  death. It was called The Lighthouse at the End of the World.

                                    (4)
                            Questions & answers
1- Name two of Jules Verne's most famous novels.
  - Journey to the Centre of the Earth and Around the World in Eighty Days.
2-Why do many people call Jules Verne the father of science fiction ?
  - Because he wrote stories about air travel, space travel and submarines before
   planes, rockets or submarines were used.
3- Why did Jules become interested in travel and exploration?
  - Because he grew up in a port called Nantes, a port busy with ships coming and
   going.
4- What shows that Jules Verne wanted to travel so much when he was
   very young?
  - He hid on a ship as it was leaving Nantes for America.
5- What did Jules Verne do after he left school?
 - After he left school, he studied to be a lawyer.
6- Why did Jules Verne's father stop paying for his son's studies?
 - Because Jules spent a lot of his time writing stories about journeys.
7- What was Jules Verne's first story called?
 - Five Weeks in a Balloon.
8- What did Jules Verne do to earn money to live?
 - He wrote two books every year and earned enough money to live.
9- What is Jules Verne's most well-known book?
  - His most well-known book is Around the World in Eighty Days.
10- What is Jules Verne's last novel?
  - The Lighthouse at the End of the World.
11- When did Jules Verne's last novel come out?
 - His last novel came out after his death.



                Reading & Critical Thinking
                   Around the World in Eighty Days
The story begins in a London club on October 2, 1872. Phileas Fogg, a rich man,
  has an argument with a friend about how long it would take him to travel round
  the world. Fogg's friend does not believe that Fogg can finish the journey in 80
  days. If he succeeds, Fogg will win £20,000.

                                        (5)
 Fogg leaves London, with his servant Passepartout, at 8.45 pm on October 2.
  They will have to return at the same time on December 21. After seven days,
  they reach Suez, where they meet a man called Fix. Fix is a policeman who
  thinks that Fogg is the criminal he is looking for. The three men travel to
  Bombay by ship, then to Calcutta by train. Unfortunately, the railway line is not
  finished and they need to travel part of the way by elephant. On their journey,
  they save a young woman from death. She is called Aouda and she goes with
  them on their journey. From Calcutta, they travel by ship to Hong Kong, then
  across the Pacific to San Francisco.
 In San Francisco, Fogg, Passepartout, Fix and ; Aouda catch the train to New
  York, but during this journey Passepartout is kidnapped. Fogg rescues his
  servant, but they get to New York late and miss their boat to Liverpool. After
  fuel problems, the next boat finally reaches Britain.
 As Soon as they arrive, Fix arrests Fogg. He quickly realises that Fogg is not the
  real criminal, but by now they have missed their train to London, lost a day and
  so lost the money. However, Passepartout discovers that it is December 20, not
  December 21. Because they had travelled east, they had crossed the
  International Date Line and saved a day! Fogg Passepartout hurry to the club
  and arrive in time to win the £ 20,000.

                            Questions & answers
1- Where did the story begin?
  - The story began in a London club.
2- In what year does the story begin?
 - In 1872
3- Where does Fogg begin and end his journey in "Around the World in
   Eighty Days"?
 - London.
4- Why do you think Fogg has the time to spend travelling for 80 days?
 - Because he is a very rich man who does not need to work.
5- Why does Phileas Fogg's friend think fogg cannot travel round the
   world in 80 days?
 - He thinks it will be impossible to do it so quickly, because things may go wrong
   and transport was slow then.
6- Would you like to travel around the world as fast as possible? How
   would you travel?
- Yes, I would. By air.
7- How much will Fogg win if he succeeds?
 - If Fogg succeeds, he will win £20,000.
8- Why did Fogg and his friends have to travel by elephant in India?
  - Because the railway line was not finished.
                                           (6)
9- What do you think Fogg's servant does on the journey?
 - He carries things, looks after Fogg's clothes and prepares his food, books tickets
   etc.
10- How do you think Fogg and Passepartout prepared for their journey?
 - I think they prepared food, drink and arranged for means of transport.

11- What do you think Fogg's friend says to him when he arrives back in
    London after 80 days?
 - He congratulates him.
12- Why do you think Fogg decided to try to go round the world in eighty
    days?
 - He wanted the challenge and excitement. Perhaps he needed something to fill
  his free time.
13- If you had the chance to travel round the world, which route would
    you choose?
 - Land route.
14- What would you most look forward to seeing on this journey?
  - Sights, parks, museums and historical places.
15- Many people use journeys like these to collect money for charity.
     Which charity would you collect money for? Why?
 - Building hospitals to cure chronic ِٓ‫ ِـؼ‬diseases like cancer, caring of orphans
   and homeless to relieve ‫ يشفـف‬their pains and suffering ‫ ِؼبٔـبح‬to help them lead
   a normal life.
16- What did Fix think of Fogg?
 - The criminal that he was looking for.
17- What did Fogg and Passepartout lose in Britain?
They lost a day and so lost the money.
18-Why did Passepartout discover that it was December 20, not
  December 21?
 - Because they travelled east and crossed the International Date Line and saved
    a day.
19- When did Aouda go with Fogg and Passepartout on their journey?
 - After they saved her from death.
20- What do Fogg and Passpartout miss in New York?
 - They miss their boat to Liverpool.
21- What two things do they lose in Britain?
 - They lose a day and so lose the money.

                                        (7)
 Choose the correct answer:
  1- The earliest type of air travel was the hot air (balloon-saloon-plane-ship).
  2- Hemingway's novel A Farewell to Arms came (in-over-with-out) in 1929.
  3- In 1492, Christopher Columbus left Italy on a journey of (discovery-invention-
     exploration-expectation).
  4- After he left school, Jules Verne studied law to be a (mayor-lawyer-buyer-
     seller).
  5- Verne spent a lot of his time (write-writing-writes-wrote) stories about
     fantastic journeys.
  6- Jules' father stopped (paying-pays-pay-paid) for his studies.
  7- Most science (faction-fiction-fact-factory) books tell stories about life in the
     future.
  8- I've (realized-relaxed-known-reached) that I don't have to go to school today
     because it's a holiday.
  9- When the man was (taken-arrested-killed-injured), he asked to speak to his
     lawyer.
  10- Have you ever heard (at-by-of-with) Jules Verne?
  11- Jules Verne grew (in-over-up-at) a port in France.
  12- Nantes is a port busy (at-of-about-with) ships coming and going.
  13- Jules was interested (in-by-of-at) travel and exploration.
  14- Her earned enough money to live (with-on-by-at) his writing.
  15- A lawyer speaks (of-on-for-by) people who have been arrested.
  16- (On-At-By-While) a journey of exploration, people discover new places.
  17- (During-While-When-As) the journey, he was kidnapped.
  18- If you don't hurry up, we'll (catch-lose-miss-win) the train.
  19- If you don't (catch-lose-miss-win) weight, you won't feel better.
  20- I enjoy (listen-to listen-listens-listening) to is my grandfather.
  21-

Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets:-
 1- The police managed to get the thief as he was running away. (catch)
 2- My illness began at Leila's birthday party.                 (catch)
  3-   My taxi had to wait in a traffic jam, so I didn't catch my train. (miss)
  4-   To run in the race, I must be less heavy.                         (lose)
  5-   My football team didn't win their match at the weekend.           (lose)
  6-   My family are on holiday. I wish I could see them,                (miss)
  7-   Everyone at school has flu. I hope I am not infected,            (catch)



                                 Language focus

                                 Relative Pronouns
  Who –         whom – which – that – whose – where - when
              . ‫ تستخـدو نسبـط انجًـم ببعضهـا وتحـم يحـم اإلسـى أو انضًيس انًكـسز فً انجًهـه انثاَيـة‬
 Who = that
        . ‫ بدال يُهـا‬that ‫ تحـم يحـم فاعـم عاقـم وتىضـع بعـد انفاعـم انري تصفـه ويًكٍ استخـداو‬
Ahmed is my friend. He won the prize. (who)
Ahmed who (that) won the prize is my friend.
                                                                                 ‫ الحــظ :ـ‬
That is the man. He helped me
That is the man who (that) helped me.

 Who = whom = that
          . ‫ بـدال يُهًـا‬that ‫ تحـم يحـم يفعـىل عاقـم و يأتـً بعـدهـا انفاعـم ويًكـٍ استخـداو‬
Ahmed is my brother. You met him yesterday.               (whom)
Ahmed whom ( who - that ) you met yesterday is my brother.


                                               (9)
                         . ‫ الحــظ :ـ يًكـٍ حـرف ضًـيس انىصـم إذا كاٌ يحـم يحـم يفعـىل‬
Ahmed, you met yesterday, is my brother.
That's the man. You are talking about.
That's the man whom / who / that you are talking about.
That's the man you are talking about.
‫ فقــط‬whom ‫ الحــظ :ـ يبقـً حـسف انجــس كًـا هــى بعــد انفعــم أو يىضــع قبــم ضًيــس انىصــم‬
                                                                          . who – that ‫ونيـس‬
That's the man about whom you are talking.
 which = that
that ‫ تحـم يحـم انفاعـم أو انًفعـىل غيس انعاقـم وتىضـع قبم أو بعد االسى انري تصفه ويًكٍ استخداو‬
                                                                                            . ‫بدال يُها‬
The books are all mine. They are on the shelf.
The books which (that) are on the shelf are all mine.
I opened the window. It overlooks the garden. (which)
I opened the window which (that) overlooks the garden.
The dog is mad. You killed it.
The dog which (that) you killed is mad.
The dog, you killed is mad.
                         . ‫ يحـم انًفعـىل نرنـك يًكـٍ حرفـها‬which ‫ الحــظ :ـ حهـت‬
He bought a new car.            He made an accident with it.
He bought a new car which (that) he made an accident with.
He bought a new car with which he made an accident.
           . that ‫ ) ونيس‬which ( ‫ يبقـً حـسف انجـس كًـا هـى بعـد انفعـم أو يستخـدو قبـم‬

 whose
.( my , his , her ( ‫' ) أو صفـة انًهكيـة‬s ( ‫ تستخـدو نهًهكيـة عاقـم وغيـس عاقـم وتحـم يحـم‬
                                                         , its , your , their , our
That's the man. His son succeeded.          (whose)
That's the man whose son succeeded.
My uncle travelled abroad. We live in his house. (whose)
My uncle in whose house we live travelled abroad.
                . ‫ بـدال يُهـا‬that ‫ الحــظ :ـ يًكـٍ إستخـداو حـسف انجـس قبههـا وال تستخـدو‬
 where
                                                                                                                                   . ٌ‫ تستخـدو يـع انًكـا‬
This is the house. We live in it now.                                                    (Where)
This is the house where we live.
                                                                                       (10)
 when
                                                                                                                  . ) ‫ تستخـدو يـع انزيـٍ ( انىقـت‬
It is the month July. We go on holiday. (when)
It's the month July when we go on holiday.
v. to be ‫ عُـديا تحـم يحـم انفاعـم إذا بـاه بعـدهى‬who , which ‫ ملحوظة :ـ يًكـٍ حـرف‬
                                                        . v.to be ‫أو يبًُ نهًجهىل ويحرف‬
They boy who was punished yesterday got the worst marks.
The boy, punished yesterday got the worst marks.
The food which was left in the dirty container has turned bad.
The food left in the dirty container, has turned bad.
  ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬

Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets:-
  1- I shouted at a man but he didn't come back again.         (The man who)
  2- That's the boy. His brother sits next to me.         (whose)
  3- Ahmed will come on Saturday. I'll be at home on that day. (when)
  4- Seven o'clock is when I usually have breakfast.                 (which)
  5- Only clever students can do this exercise. (who)
  6- A lot of people spend their summer holiday in Alexandria . (where)
  7- I'm writing a letter to my aunt . She lives in France .         (who)
  8- The computer is a useful machine . It stores a lot of information .   (that)
  9- That is the factory. I've worked in it for ten years .    (where / which)
  10- I like Cairo. I live in it .                                   (which)
  11- My sister studied in France . She got her PHD from France . (where)
  12- A girl in blue jeans is asking for help .                            (who)
  13- This is my study. I spend most of my time reading in it . (where)
  14- The flat overlooks the Nile. I want to buy it .             (which)
  15- There is a woman living next door. She is a doctor . (The woman)
  16- Hala goes to school. Her school is modern .              (which)
  17- The girl with a black hand-bag was punished yesterday.         (whose)
  18- My uncle is very kind to me. I'm living with him .             (with whom)
  19- That's the boy. His bicycle was stolen yesterday .             (whose)
  20- The man is the pilot of the plane . I was talking with him .      (whom)
  21- Ali is a nice fellow. He lives next door to us .               (who)
  22- This is the school. I was educated in it .                           (where)
  23- The doctors are very good. They work in this hospital .        (Who)
  24- The man was annoyed because his flat was robbed .              (whose)

 Choose the correct answer:
  1- Dickens was the writer (which-who-whose-where) wrote Oliver Twist.
  2- I visited Alexandria, the city (who-which-where-when) Gamal Abdel Nasser
     was born.
  3- The book about Dickens, (who-whom-whose-which) my friend gave me, is very
     interesting.
  4- They've built a new school next to the house (who-which-where-when) I grew
     up.
  5- Someone (who-which-whose-where) I enjoy listening to is my grandfather.
  6- Neil Armstrong was the first man (where-when-who-whose) walked on the
     moon.
  7- Will you lend me the DVD (who-whom-which-when) you bought last week.
  8-
  9- The girl (which-who-whose-that) mother is ill is crying.
  10- This is the house (which-where-whose-that) I spent my childhood.
                                      (11)
  11- Elba is the island (who-whose-whom-where) Napoleon was exiled.
  12- These are the books (that-whom-who-what) give you all the information you
    need on space.
  13- This is the mechanic (which-whose-who-whom) repaired my car.
  14- Romeo and Juliet were two lovers (which-whose-who-that) parents hated
    each other.
  15- Summer is the season (when-who-which-where) many people take vacations.
  16- Armstrong was the first man (whom-whose-which-who) walked on the moon.
  17- We had a river in (which-that-where-what) we could swim.
  18- I don’t like people (who-whose-which-what) drive fast cars.
  19- July is the month (when-who-which-where) I go on holiday.
  20- He met one of his old friends in Tanta (which-that-where-who) he lives.
  21- This is the time (which-when-who-that) she usually arrives.
  22- When she sees (which-why-what-that) you have done, she will be angry.




                                  Test 14
                         A- Language Functions
1- Finish the following dialogue between Rania and her friend Dalia.
Menna     : What are you reading?
Ahmed     : ……………………………………(1)…………….………….
Menna     : 2).........................?
Ahmed     :.Jules Verne wrote this story
Menna     : Really! I want something about science fiction.
Ahmed     : Why do many people call him the father of science fiction?
Menna     :......................................(3)...................................
Ahmed     : ………………………………(4)……………………………….. ?
Menna     : No, his father was a lawyer.

2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
     1- You want to ask your friend if he heard of Jules Verne.
     2- A friend thinks that science fiction is rubbish. ‫هغاء‬
     3- Your brother asked," What today's science fiction writers write about?"
     4 - Your father asked you "Would you like to be a lawyer or a writer?"

                               B- Vocabulary and Structure
3- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
      1- Marconi, ………………., invented the radio, was born in 1874.
         a) whom              b) whose             c) who         d) which
      2- A ………………….. is someone who has done something wrong.
         a) gang              b) servant           c) lawyer      d) criminal
      3- I've just ……………… that I forgot my wallet at home.
         a) realised           b) relaxed           c) known       d) reached
      4- If we …………… the bus at 12.30, we can get the next one at 3 o'clock
         a) catch              b) leave              c) miss      d) lose
      5- This is the bedroom ……….. I sleep, use my computer and do my homework.
         a) where               b) which            c) when       d) there
      6- The Old Man and the Sea, ……………… was written by Hemingway, is about
         an old fisherman.
         a) who                b) whose              c) where     d) which
      7- Millions of people are waiting for the new book to come ………………. .
         a) out                 b) over               c) into     d) down
      8- On a journey of …………………. , people discover new places.
         a) discovery          b) exploration        c) invention d) expectation
      9- ……………… is a kind of travel which uses hot air.
         a) Gallon            b) Saloon              c) Balloon   d) Baboon
     10- They've built a new school next to the house………..I grew up.
         a) who                     b) which            c) where       d) when

4- Rewrite the following sentences, using the word(s) in brackets:
1-   The police force managed to get the criminal.                                              (catch)
2-   William Shakespeare wrote King Lear. He was English.                                  (who)
3-   My driver had to wait in a traffic jam, so I didn't catch my plane.                   (miss)
4-   Everyone at school has flu. I hope I am not infected,                                (catch)
5- Where are the new CDs? You bought them yesterday            (which)

5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:
       Fogg and his ……(1)……. left London, After seven days, they …(2)…. Suez,
  where they met Fix who thought that Fogg was the criminal he was looking
  …(3)….. The three men travelled to Bombay by ship, then to Calcutta ……(4)….
  train. On their journey, they saved a young woman …(5) …. death, but
  (6)……………. this journey Passepartout was kidnapped.

                (C) Reading Comprehension and Set Books
6- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
       One of the results of technology and pollution grown is the increase of water
 pollution throughout the world. According to a United Nations report the future of
 all life on earth will be endangered if man does not control contamination of the
 environment. It is time we realized the full extent of the dangers that face
 mankind.
      For instance, here in Egypt, look at our River Nile. It is strange to see how
 everything is thrown into it as if it were our litter basket. Instead of keeping it
 clean and pure, we pollute it. We ourselves, not our enemies, dirty it with our
 own hands. Some farmers wash themselves, their clothes, their animals, their
 pots and pans in its water. They even throw away their dead animals, and birds
 into it. Some people living in cities and towns throw their old tyre and broken
 bottles and rusty tins into it. Factories throw their waste chemicals and garbage.
 In this way the Nile water gets poisoned, kills fish, poisons land, weakens crops
 and destroys health.
     So it would be foolish to shut our eyes to the dangers of the pollution that man
 causes to the very thing on which his life depends. Please keep our Nile clean.
A- Answer the following questions:
  1-   In what way has technology led to the increase of water pollution?
  2-   How do people in the countryside dirty the Nile?
  3-   Why does the writer describe the people who pollute the Nile as “enemies”?
  4-   What are main ideas in this passage?
B)choose the correct answer from a,b,c,d:
  5. Contamination mean ………… .
     a- full extent`    b- realize c- pollution d- environment
  6. Technology led to ………… of the Nile.
     a- pollution b- dangers c- poison    d- growth of population
  7. Pollution makes our crops ………… .
     a- weakens b- destroyed        c- weak     d- poisoned
                                      (14)
7- Answer only Four (4) of the following questions:
   1- Why does phileas Fogg's friend think that he can't travel around the
      world in eighty days?
   2- Why do you think Fogg decided to try to go round the world in eighty
      days?
     3- Why do you think he has the time to spend travelling like this?
     4- If you had the chance to travel round the world, which route would you
      choose?
     5- What would you most look forward to seeing on this journey?
     6- What did Fix think of Fogg?

                                      D. Novel
8-
           ‫أسئٍخ اٌمظخ فً اٌجؼء اٌشبص ثبٌمظض اٌمظيغح‬

                                     E- Writing

   W
9- ً rite a paragraph of ( 7 ) sentences about:
           "The role of youth in the progress of the country"

                                   F- Translation
10- A) Translate into Arabic:
     1- Verne was born and grew up in a port called Nantes in northern France. This
        may be why Jules became interested in travel and exploration.
      2 - Have you heard of a writer published his work after his death? In 1905,
         Jules Verne became ill and died. His last novel came out after his death.

     B) Translate into English.
                                                                                     ‫ي‬
ً‫- ُؼزجغ جىٌيؼ فيغْ أثى اٌشيبي اٌؼًٍّ ألٔه وزت لظض ػٓ اٌـبئغاد واٌظىاعيز و اٌغىاطبد لجـ‬
                                                                                   ‫ر‬
                                                                             .‫أْ ُشزغع‬




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