By Kara Buttigieg Antarctica Penguins • All together there are 17 species of Penguins . They are … • Adeline • African • Chinstrap • Emperor • Erect • Crested • Fairy • Fiordland • Galapage • Gentoo • Humbolt • King • Magellanic • Rockhopper • Royal • Snares • Island • Yellow eyed Antarctica Seals • Here is a list of most of the Antarctic Seals • Fur Seal • Crabeater Seal • Leopard Seal • Ross Seal • Southern Elephant Seal • Weddell Seal Antarctica Birds • Here is a list of some of Antarctica’s birds • Fulma Bird • Snow Bird • Storm Bird • Cape Bird • Giant Antarctica Bird • Skua Bird Antarctica Whales • There are so many ranges of whales and here are a list of some of them … Minke Whale • Humpback Whale • Southern Right Whale • Sei Whale • Fin Whale • Blue Whale Facts on Animals • Whales, seals and birds, have a layer of fat to insulate and protect them from the cold. Penguins and seals have a compact body shape and thick skin to help keep in their body heat. Birds have both waterproof feathers and downy feathers to keep them warm. Many of the fish and insects have special chemicals in their blood that keep them from freezing. • Some animals leave Antarctica between June and August, its coldest months. For example, Humpback whales eat huge amounts of krill before migrating to warmer waters, where there is little krill, to give birth to their calves . • Some animals remain in Antarctica all the time, for example, the Emperor penguins This picture diagram shows the body of an Emperor Penguin Facts on a Penguin • Penguins are birds that cannot fly, but they swim very well and spend most of their lives in the sea. There are 17 species of penguin. • Feathers: Penguins have shiny, waterproof feathers that help keep their skin dry. They have more feathers than most other birds - about 70 feathers per square inch. Each year, penguins molt, losing their old feathers and growing new ones. Some penguins have a feathery crest (like the Macaroni penguin and the Rockhopper penguin). • Anatomy: The Emperor Penguin is the largest penguin. It is up to 3.7 feet (1.1 m) tall and weighs up to 65 pounds (30 kg); this is bit less than half the size of an adult person. Males and females look very similar. All penguins have a big head, a short, thick neck, a streamlined shape, a short, wedge-shaped tail, and tiny, flipper-like wings. They have webbed feet which they use for swimming. Penguins are counter shaded; they have a lighter color on the belly and a darker color on their back; this coloration helps camouflage them when they are in the water, hiding them from predators. • Habitat: All penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere (south of the equator). They live in climates ranging from the warm tropics to the frigid Antarctic. These defenseless birds usually live on predator-free islands or on remote parts of a continent. Some penguins, like the Emperor Penguin, live on pack ice in Antarctica. • Diet: Penguins eat in the ocean. They eat fish, crustaceans (like krill, etc.), and squid.