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Mine Safety

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    SAFETY
 MANAGEMENT IN
     MINES
    ENGR. MUHAMMAD KHALID PERVAIZ
               PRESIDENT
INSTITUTE OF MINING ENGINEERS PAKISTAN
Safety Management System
The organizational structure,
processes,     procedures and
methodologies that enable the
direction and control of the
activities necessary to meet
safety requirements and safety
policy objectives
MINE
Means any excavation on surface,
or   sub-surface,    where     any
operation for the purpose of
searching or obtaining of minerals
has been or is being carried out.
MANAGEMENT
  HIERARCHY
   OF A MINE
  UNDER THE
MINES ACT 1923
1. OWNER
The immediate proprietor
or lessee or occupier of
the mines is being the
under the is to be the
owner of mines.
2. AGENT
Any person appointed or
representative of the owner
in respect of the management
of the mine or any part
thereof and as such superior
to the Manager under Act.
3. MANAGER
A person appointed by the
owner or agent to be a
manager of mine have a
prescribe qualification and
responsible  for      control,
management and direction of
the mine.
   ACCIDENTS

   Accidents are
unexpected events of
  damage or injury.
  SAFETY MANAGEMENT IN MINES
is based on
• Identification of hazards which is done by
  two methods.
INDUCTIVE METHOD
• based on available / observable data
• Predict what can happen in doing so and
  assess how a component of the part of a
  system will contribute to the success or
  the failure of a system as a whole.
DEDUCTIVE METHOD
• Based on identification of the
  failure of the components
  which contributed to the
  failure of system on the basis
  on inquiry.
          POTENTIAL DANGERS
MATERIAL ENGINEERING
• The method of mining.
• Fall of roof and sides;
• Obnoxious and inflammable gases;
• Drilling and Blasting;
• Mucking and Transportation of Materials and
  Minerals;
• Electric and Mechanical Break Downs;
• Use of Tools;
• Hauling of men-material and machinery;
                         Material Engineering… Contd.


• Inadvertent entry/fall of men-material in
 disused galleries etc;
• Mine Fires;

• Coal Dust and Methane Explosion;

• Rock Burst;

• Coal Bumps;

• Creeping of Pillars.
•   ORGANIZATIONAL ENGINEERING - CAUSES
• Absence of self-guards;
• Absence of strata or roof supports;
• Hand tools in unfit conditions;
• Lack of adequate instructions-guidelines
    or rules on accident prevention r;
• Non-isolation of men riding passage and
    transportation from material and
    machinery;
• Lack of adequate instructions and
    guidelines on work procedure;
           ORGANIZATIONAL ENGINEERING – CAUSES….. Contd.

• Lack of technical supervision or
 inspections while work in progress;
• Incorrect organization of work process;

• Non-adherence to prescribed work and
 procedure;
• Poorly designed structures and
 equipment;
• Use of low grade materials and many
 other causes.
    THE PURPOSE OF INQUIRY IS TO:-
•   Find facts;
•   Identify the causes;
•   Fix the responsibility;
•   Take into account the remedial measures
    to stop re-occurrence of accidents or
    dangerous events;
•   Suggest changes in the management
    practices; procedural or system;
    THE PURPOSE OF INQUIRY IS TO:-
•   Suggest changes if any in the legal or
    administrative system;
•   Ensure that the compensation proceedings
    are initiated on the report of the Inspector
    and disbursement made through            the
    Compensation Commissioner concerned
    under a speedy trial.
ACCIDENTS
 ANALYSIS
 DETAIL OF FATAL ACCIDENTS FOR THE YEAR 2008
                (DISTRICT-WISE)


                              Districts

            Sargodha   Khushab Mianwali   Chakwal   Jhelum   Total

  Fatal       09         12       05        19       05        50
Accidents
           12(24%)
           Khushab
                     9(18%)
                     Sargodha
5(10%)
Mianwali


                      5(10%)
                      Jhelum


           19(38%)
           Chakwal
DETAILS OF FATAL ACCIDENTS FOR THE YEAR 2008
               (MINERAL-WISE)

         Mineral          Fatal Accidents
  Coal                          26
  Ord. Stone                    04
  Rock Salt                     06
  Lime Stone                    03
  Silica Sand                   01
  Gypsum                        01
  Sand Stone                    06
  Fire Clay                     03
         Total:-                50
DETAILS OF FATAL ACCIDENTS FOR THE YEAR 2008
            (CLASSIFICATION-WISE)
          Classification    Fatal Accidents
Fall of Roof/Stone                15
Miscellaneous on Surface          06
Surface Machinery                 04
Explosive                         03
Haulage                           02
Electricity                       05
Suffocation by Gases              04
Fall of Side                      05
Foot Slipping                     04
Sundries Underground              02
               Total:-            50
PURPOSE OF THIS LECTURE

The purpose of the Mine Safety
Program is to promote safe
mining     practices      through
program services: inspections at
surface and underground mines,
with a focus on accident
prevention; certification testing;
mine rescue; and safety training
   MINE SAFETY INSPECTIONS &
      ACCIDENT PREVENTION
The     Inspectors      conduct   safety
inspections at all mine sites and
investigate accidents reported by mine
operators. Information collected during
these investigations is analyzed and
used to prepare recommendations for
prevention of similar accidents. The
Department     utilizes   Special  Alert
Bulletins to share this information with
the mining industry.
CERTIFICATION TESTING

Mine Safety staff conduct certification
testing for a variety of underground and
surface mining positions and assist in the
training that helps prospective applicants
acquire the knowledge and skills necessary
to become certified. Certification is an
essential part of promoting and maintaining
the safety and productivity of Ohio's mining
community.
       MINE SAFETY TRAINING
Sr. No.              Name of Course
  01      First Aid Course
  02      Timber man Courser
  03      Shot Firers Training Course
  04      Mine Ventilation Training Course
  05      Six Days Training Course
  06      Manager Permit
  07      Gas Testing Course
  08      Haulage Operator Course
  09      Mine Electrician Course
  10      Mine Rescue Training Course
  11      Mine Surveyor Training Course
  12      Mine Sirdar Training Course
 Detail of Samples collected by Mines Sample Testing
       Laboratory Khushab from different mines
                 during the year 2008


                                SAMPLES

                                                            PH. of           Total
Gas   Dust   Humidity   Light   Temperature   Ventilation            Noise
                                                            Water



438   129      438      438         438          144         91       96     2212
MINES RESCUE
               CHIEF INSPECTOR OF MINES



         MINES RESCUE & SAFETY STATION
                   KHUSHAB




MINES RESCUE        MINES RESCUE &   MINES RESCUE &
& SAFETY SUB          SAFETY SUB       SAFETY SUB
   STATION          STATION MUNARA      STATION
  C.S.SHAH                             MAKERWAL
    OBJECTIVES OF MINES RESCUE & SAFETY
            STATIONS IN PUNJAB
•   To provide prompt rescue facilities to the
    persons involved in accidents or disasters in
    mines.
•   To train mine workers in the field of mine rescue.
•   To hold refresher courses for teams employed by
    individual mine owners.
•   To hold periodical exercises in mines and to
    acquaint workers with the changing conditions of
    the mines because of development work.
•   To hold tests of competency in Rescue
    Operations and to grant certificates to the
    successful persons.
BENEFITS
i.    Availability of timely and efficient help
      in cases of mine accidents.
ii.   Proper knowledge of mine rescue
      work.
iii. Availability of efficient and trained
     workers to deal with emergencies.
iv. Possibility of saving lives which is not
    possible otherwise.
v.    Reposing confidence in the mine
      workers in their profession.
 DEMONSTRATION
FILM OF RESCUE &
   RECOVERY
THANKING YOU


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