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National Waterways

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					 Returning to Our
National Waterways
           Dabney Hegg
     U.S. Senate Committee on
 Commerce, Science and Transportation
     Committee on Commerce, Science and
               Transportation
The Committee has jurisdiction over:
• Inland Waterways, Except Construction and Dredging
• Coast Guard
• Interstate Commerce
• Marine and Ocean Navigation
• Merchant Marine
This Translates in Oversight of:
• Coast Guard (navigation, safety, security, vessel documentation, enforcement etc.)
• Maritime Administration (cargo preference, Jones Act, marine highways, port
    development)
• U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) (cargo security, and Jones Act
    enforcement)
• National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
• Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)
• Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)
                Freight Transportation
•   The U.S. supply chain is a competitive advantage and major economic engine
    employing more the 8 million people.
•   Higher fuel costs, congestion, aging infrastructure are all driving up logistics costs
    as a percentage of our GDP.
•   By 2030 our population is predicted to grow to 364 million, vehicle miles traveled
    to grow by 150%, and freight rail to increase by 92%.
•   By total tonnage, 78 % of domestic freight moves by truck, 16 % by the freight-rail
    system, and 6% by barges and coastal shipping.
•   50% of freight moves to west coast ports from Asia.
•   Shippers are diversifying their gateways into the United States to use more east
    coast and gulf ports such as Savannah, Norfolk and Houston to serve Mid-Atlantic
    and Mid-West markets . This industry shift is driven by costs, ease of conducting
    business , and minimizing risk.
•   The widening of the Panama Canal in 2014 will dramatically alter the flow of cargo
    from Asia to the United States and will optimize the potential for inland
    waterways to be a more significant mode for freight transportation.
  North American Rail Network
(Bottlenecks & Congestion Areas)
Major Freight Truck Bottlenecks
America’s Marine Highways:
        A solution
Marine Highway Corridors
   Easing Congestion




                           7
                  Energy Independence and
                    Security Act of 2007
Requires the Secretary of Transportation to establish a
  Short Sea Transportation Program that includes:
   o   Regional Transportation Planning - Encourage the development of multi-
       jurisdictional and regional coalitions to focus public and private investments on
       maritime transportation

   o   Marine Highway Corridors - Identify and designate regional marine corridors
       as an extension of the surface transportation system

   o   Marine Highway Projects – Identify regional maritime transportation projects
       on approved marine highway corridors that can provide a public benefit by
       transitioning freight off the roads to relieve highway congestion and
       transportation bottlenecks

   o   Incentives, Impediments and Solutions - Working with stakeholders and
       Congress to identify all necessary means for advancing the program

   o   Vessel Construction - Vessels engaged in Marine Highway operations now
       also qualify for Capital Construction Fund benefits


                                                                                           8
                           Next Steps
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
   • Provides the Secretary of Transportation with $1.5 billion is
   discretionary funds for capital investments in our surface
   transportation infrastructure.
   • Grants States the flexibility to utilize highway formula funds for port
   infrastructure development.

Maritime Administration Authorization Act of 2010
    • Building on the Energy Policy Act of 2010 by authorizing the
    allocation of grants to fund projects identified to support the
    development of marine highways
    • Support President’s Budget which recommends a start up of this
    program of $15 million for Fiscal Year 2010
    • Establishes a Port Infrastructure Development Program to assist
    States, territories, municipalities, and port facilities, at their request,
    with the management and federal coordination of their port
    infrastructure development projects
                       Next Steps Cont….

Harbor Maintenance Tax (HMT) Relief
    • S.551 introduce by Senator Lautenberg eliminates the HMT for domestic
    moves

Tax Credits
    •The Committee is reviewing a proposal to authorize federal tax credits for
    shippers that utilize marine highways for the transportation of containerized
    freight

National Inland Waterways Information Gateway
    •Development of the Marine View information technology system to serve as a
    web-based tool to collect, stores, analyzes data and
    exchange information relevant to the inland
    waterways.

				
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