summarizing by wanghonghx

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									Summarizing
Step by step
Summary Steps
   Find the Main idea:- look at the title and
    introduction & paragraph topics
   Find the main supporting ideas: look for
    paragraph topics and key points in paragraph
   The main supporting ideas are the ones that best
    support the topic of text (= title & Main idea)
   Look for repeated words/words in title/topic
   Paraphrase & link the main points together
       TITLE

THE WAYS IN WHICH
COMPUTER NETWORKS
HAVE PROVIDED
ACCESS TO GLOBAL
COMMUNICATION
TOPIC

THE WAYS IN WHICH
COMPUTER NETWORKS
HAVE PROVIDED
ACCESS TO GLOBAL
COMMUNICATION
Controlling idea

THE WAYS IN WHICH
Computer networks
HAVE PROVIDED
ACCESS TO GLOBAL
COMMUNICATION
KEY WORDS = LOOK FOR
title words, related words, repeated words/ideas

   Communications and networks are the fastest growing areas of computer
   technology. Adding substantially to this growth is the popularity of the
   Internet and the World Wide Web, which is a service of the Internet that
   supports graphics and multimedia. Together, the Internet and the WWW
   represent one of today’s most exciting uses of networks. Already, these
   networks have changed the way people gather information,
    conduct
   research, shop, take classes, and collaborate on projects. Over the years,
   the total number of computers connected to the original network has
   increased steadily and within the last few years has exploded. Today,
   experts estimate that tens of millions of computers distribute information
   over the Internet.
Key ideas                           main idea
   Communications and networks are the fastest growing areas of
    computer technology.
   Adding substantially to this growth is the popularity of the
   Internet and the World Wide Web, which is a service of the Internet
    that supports graphics and multimedia.
   Together, the Internet and the WWW represent one of today’s most
    exciting uses of networks. Already, these
   networks have changed the way people gather
    information,
    conduct business, shop, take classes, and collaborate on projects.
   Over the years, the total number of computers connected to the
    original network has increased steadily and within the last few
    years has exploded.
   Today, experts estimate that tens of millions of computers
    distribute information over the Internet.
Main Points – Notes
key words from title

   Communications and networks
   fastest growing
   Internet and the World Wide Web
   Substantial growth also
   Changed the way people get
    information
MAIN IDEA - SENTENCE

   Communications and networks
    are the fastest growing areas of
    computer technology.
   the Internet and the World Wide
    Web have increased also
   They have changed the way
    people get information
Topic parag 1

   Similar to main idea- look for new
    information
   the total number of computers
    connected to the original network
    has increased
   ….has exploded
Topic parag 2: Look for points that
support topic of text & parag topic

   The ability to communicate information instantly and
    accurately
   is changing the way 1.people conduct business and 2. interact
    with each other and 3. the way students learn.
   Electronic mail, voice mail, fax, telecommuting,
   online services, videoconferencing, the Internet, and the
    World Wide Web
   are examples of applications that rely on communications
    technology.
   E-mail, one of the original features of the Internet, is the
    transmission of messages and files via a computer network.
    Today, e-mail enables communication with millions of
    Internet users all over the world
   for both personal and business use.
Parag 2 Main idea

   The different ways business and
    people communicate via the web

   Note the key words above relate to
    title, topic of text and first sentence
    of paragraph
TITLE
MAIN IDEA
FIRST SENTENCE PARAG 2
   THE WAYS IN WHICH COMPUTER NETWORKS
    HAVE PROVIDED ACCESS TO GLOBAL
    COMMUNICATION
   Communications and networks are the
    fastest growing areas of computer
    technology. the Internet and the World Wide
    Web have increased also They have changed
    the way people get information
   The ability to communicate information
    instantly and accurately is changing
    the way people conduct business………
Parag 2
Main Support Ideas
   The ability to communicate information instantly and
    accurately is changing
   the way 1.people conduct business and 2. interact with each
    other and 3. the way students learn
   Eg. Electronic mail, voice mail, fax, telecommuting are
    examples communications technology
   E-mail enables communication   ….Internet
   personal and business use

   Note how supporting ideas relate to paragraph topic
   Words in green relate to title
   Now try a summary in 1-2 sentences
Parag 3
What is the topic?
    There are a variety of uses for the Internet.
   Businesses encourage users to browse their Web-based
    catalogues, send them e-mail for customer service requests,
    and buy their products online.
   The government publishes thousands of Web pages to
    provide individuals with materials
   such as legislative updates, tax forms, and e-mail addresses
    for political representatives.
    Colleges even give tours of their campuses on the Web,
     accept applications online, and offer classes on the Internet.
    The future will bring even more uses for this technology
Parag 3 Topic

 How different organizations
  use the Internet
 What are the Key supporting
  points?
 Underline these points in
  Parag 3
           point
Parag 3 Main
Supporting points
   There are a variety of uses for the Internet.
   Businesses encourage users to browse their Web-based
    catalogues, send them e-mail for customer service requests,
    and buy their products online.
   The government publishes thousands of Web pages to
    provide individuals with materials
   such as legislative updates, tax forms, and e-mail addresses
    for political representatives.
    Colleges even give tours of their campuses on the Web,
     accept applications online, and offer classes on the Internet.
    The future will bring even more uses for this technology

   Now, write 2-3 sentences on parag 3
Parag 3 summary
   The Internet can be used to buy and sell
    products via online web sites which display
    their goods and prices, take orders and mail
    them to you. Also, a huge number of
    government documents such as tax forms
    and govt publications are available online*
    and education courses are delivered to
    students everywhere via the web*
   Note the subjects are consistent=3
    organizations, and reference to the Internet
Parag 4 too long
Delete detail now
   Without question, the Web will continue to evolve as a primary communications
   channel for people around the world.
    Experts predict that in the next few years, the Internet will connect 80 percent of the
    world’s computers. Most teachers will have access to the Internet in their classrooms.
   The Web will become an integral part of all education and
   will revolutionize the way students learn core subjects. Everyday home
   and office appliances and other devices that use computer technology,
   such as automobiles, will have built-in Internet access capabilities.
   In addition, in the future Web search capabilities will be more intelligent and
   focused.
   Within a few years, the Web will operate at speeds 100 to 1,000
   times faster than today.
    Businesses will continue to be the driving force behind the Web’s expansion.
   Communications will continue to impact on the way people work, learn, teach, access
    information, and use computers.
   Because of communications technology people can obtain information
    from anywhere in the world. Installing communications networks is just
    one way that organisations and individuals use communications technology
Parag 4
Too long so delete detail
     Without question, the Web will continue to evolve as a primary communications
    channel for people around the world.
     Experts predict that in the next few years, the Internet will connect 80 percent of the world’s
     computers. Most teachers will have access to the Internet in their classrooms.
    The Web will become an integral part of all education and
    will revolutionize the way students learn core subjects. Everyday home
    and office appliances and other devices that use computer technology,
    such as automobiles, will have built-in Internet access capabilities.
    In addition, in the future Web search capabilities will be more intelligent and
    focused.
    Within a few years, the Web will operate at speeds 100 to 1,000
    times faster than today.
     Businesses will continue to be the driving force behind the Web’s expansion.
    Communications will continue to impact on the way people work, learn, teach, access information, and
     use computers.
    Because of communications technology people can obtain information
    from anywhere in the world. Installing communications networks is just
    one way that organisations and individuals use communications technology
    to meet current and future challenges

    Delete Detail now
Parag 4 Notes

   Web continue to grow in size due to
    businesses
   Operate faster
   Important tool in education
   And way to access information
   Available in many appliances
   Now, make sentences to
    summarize parag 4
Summary of text
   In the article (Aspen 2003) “the ways in which computer networks have
    provided access to global communications” the author states that
    communication and network technologies such as the Internet and World
    Web, have increased dramatically, which has changed the way people access
    information and do business.
   Because of these increases, millions of people can communicate with each
    other, both at work and home, rapidly using communication technology like e
    mail, voice mail, fax and other means using the Internet
   The Internet can be used to buy and sell products via online web sites which
    display their goods and prices, take orders and mail them to you. Also, a
    huge number of government documents such as tax forms and govt
    publications are available online* and education courses are delivered to
    students everywhere via the web*. (note online & web are the subjects in an
    active sentence)
   The web will expand and develop as the major means of communication,
    mostly due to businesses. Thus, It will be an important tool education and
    learning, and be accessible from a wide variety of everyday appliances.
    Internet access will get faster and faster and   become the main means of
    personal and work communication.
Summary
Linking, subjects, repetition
   In the article (Aspen 2003) “the ways in which computer networks have
    provided access to global communications” the author states that
    communication and network technologies such as the Internet and World
    Web, have increased dramatically, which has changed the way people access
    information and do business.
   Because of these increases, millions of people can communicate with each
    other, both at work and home, rapidly using communication technology like e
    mail, voice mail, fax and other means using the Internet
   The author points out that the Internet can be used to buy and sell products
    via online web sites which display their goods and prices, take orders and
    mail them to you. Also, a huge number of government documents such as tax
    forms and govt publications are available online* and education courses are
    delivered to students everywhere via the web*. (note online & web are the
    subjects in an active sentence)
   According to the author, the web will expand and develop as the major
    means of communication, mostly due to businesses. Thus, It will be an
    important tool education and learning, and be accessible from a wide
    variety of everyday appliances. Internet access will get faster and faster and
    become the main means of personal and work communication.
Summary
Subjects
   In the article (Aspen 2003) “the ways in which computer networks have
    provided access to global communications” the author states that
    communication and network technologies such as the Internet and World
    Web, have increased dramatically, which has changed the way people access
    information and do business.
   Because of these increases, millions of people can communicate with each
    other, both at work and home, rapidly using communication technology like e
    mail, voice mail, fax and other means using the Internet
   The author points out that the Internet can be used to buy and sell products
    via online web sites which display their goods and prices, take orders and
    mail them to you. Also, a huge number of government documents such as tax
    forms and govt publications are available online* and education courses are
    delivered to students everywhere via the web*. (note online & web are the
    subjects in an active sentence)
   According to the author, the web will expand and develop as the major
    means of communication, mostly due to businesses. Thus, It will be an
    important tool education and learning, and be accessible from a wide
    variety of everyday appliances. Internet access will get faster and faster and
    become the main means of personal and work communication.
Summary
Repetition of key words
   In the article (Aspen 2003) “the ways in which computer networks have
    provided access to global communications” the author states that
    communication and network technologies such as the Internet and World
    Web, have increased dramatically, which has changed the way people access
    information and do business.
   Because of these increases, millions of people can communicate with each
    other, both at work and home, rapidly using communication technology like e
    mail, voice mail, fax and other means using the Internet
   The author points out that the Internet can be used to buy and sell products
    via online web sites which display their goods and prices, take orders and
    mail them to you. Also, a huge number of government documents such as tax
    forms and govt publications are available online* and education courses are
    delivered to students everywhere via the web*. (note online & web are the
    subjects in an active sentence)
   According to the author, the web will expand and develop as the major
    means of communication, mostly due to businesses. Thus, It will be an
    important tool education and learning, and be accessible from a wide
    variety of everyday appliances. Internet access will get faster and faster and
    become the main means of personal and work communication.
Use of Author

   Note the use of reference to the
    author. It is usual to mention the
    author 2-3 times in summary
   Underline these references
Author reference

   The author states that communication
    and network technologies…..
   The author points out that the
    Internet can be used….
   According to the author, the web will
    expand……
THE END

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    Summary Writing was designed
    written and produced by Quentin

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