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THE WASHINGTON ADMINISTRATION

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THE WASHINGTON ADMINISTRATION Powered By Docstoc
					THE WASHINGTON
ADMINISTRATION

   1789 TO 1797
  FIRST INAUGURATION
WASHINGTON RECEIVED 100% OF
ELECTORAL VOTE
NEW YORK TEMPORARY CAPITAL
JOHN ADAMS FIRST V.P.
WASHINGTON TAKES OFFICE
UNIVERSALLY RESPECTED
GLOOMY PERSONALITY
58 YEARS OLD
EVERY ACTION BECOMES
PRECEDENT FOR FUTURE
PRESIDENTS
  INAUGURAL ADDRESS
RECOGNIZED RESPONSIBILITY
“PRESERVATION OF THE FIRE OF
LIBERTY”
“TEST OF THE REPUBLICAN MODEL
OF GOVERNMENT”
CONSTITUTION AN OUTLINE
WASHINGTON BEGINS TO FILL IN THE
DETAILS
JAMES MADISON LEADS CONGRESS
FIRST LAW A TARIFF TO FUND THE
GOVERNMENT
 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS
         SMALL
WASHINGTON APPOINTS ONLY
SUPPORTERS OF THE CONSTITUTION
CREATES THE CABINET, NOT
MENTIONED IN THE CONSTITUTION
      FIRST CABINET
JEFFERSON SEC. OF STATE (VA.)
HAMILTON, SEC OF THE TREASURY
(NY)
HENRY KNOX, SEC OF WAR (MASS.)
EDMUND RANDOLPH , ATTORNEY
GENERAL (VA)
  THE JUDICIAL BRANCH
JOHN JAY (NY) 1ST CHIEF JUSTICE
CONGRESS PASSES JUDICIARY ACT 1789
– 6 JUSTICES
– 13 JUDICIAL DISTRICTS
– GRANT COURT POWER TO ISSUE WRITS OF
  MANDAMUS
– NO MENTION OF “JUDICIAL REVIEW”
– HAMILTON HAD DESCRIBED IT IN FEDERALIST
  PAPERS.
   HAMILTON’S FINANCIAL
        PROGRAM
REPORT ON PUBLIC CREDIT
– FUND ALL DEBTS AT PAR VALUE PLUS
  INTEREST ($50 MILLION )
– ASSUME STATE DEBTS $20 MILLION
– THIS WILL ESTABLISH CREDIT RATING
– DEAL FOR ASSUMPTION OF STATE
  DEBTS SET CAPITAL SITE
            MORE..
A WHISKEY TAX (STAMP ACT)
– ASSERT FEDERAL RIGHT TO DIRECTLY
  TAX
– LEADS TO WHISKEY REBELLION
– FEDERAL TROOPS CRUSH THE UPRISING
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
STRICT CONSTRUCTION
LOOSE CONSTRUCTION
FIRST USE OF “IMPLIED POWERS”
   PROTECTIVE TARIFF
HAMILTON WANTS TO PROTECT
AMERICAN INDUSTRY
CONGRESS REJECTS PLAN
HAMILTON’S ONLY DEFEAT
WASHINGTON’S FOREIGN
       POLICY
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
  CAUSES PROBLEMS
1789 THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
BEGINS
STARTS AS A MODERATE
CHANGE- END THE ABSOLUTE
MONARCHY.
1792 THE JACOBINS SEIZE
CONTROL- “REIGN OF TERROR”
IN 1799 NAPOLEON TAKES
         CHARGE.
THE FEDERALISTS FEAR THE
EXCESS OF THE REVOLUTION
HAMILTON- THE REIGN OF
TERROR PROVES MAN CAN NOT
BE TRUSTED.
REPUBICANS SUPPORT THE
REVOLUTION.
WAR BETWEEN BRITAIN AND
     FRANCE BEGINS
THE U.S. IS IN A BIND. THE AMERICAN
FRENCH TREATY OF 1778 TIES US TO
PERPETUAL FRIENDSHIP.
BUT WE ARE WEAK AND NOT READY
FOR WAR.
1793 CITIZEN GENET COMES TO ASK
FOR ASSISTANCE.
WHAT WILL OUR POLICY BE?
JEFFERSON- “WE MUST HONOR OUR
COMMITMENT.”
HAMILTON- “OUR COMMITMENT WAS
TO THE KING.”
WASHINGTON ORDERS CITIZEN
GENET DEPORTED.
NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION OF 1793.
PROBLEMS WITH BRITAIN.
THEY STILL MAINTAIN FORT ON
AMERICAN SOIL.
REFUSE TO RECOGNIZE OUR
NEUTRALITY
BLOCKADE THE FRENCH WEST INDIES
IMPRESS AMERICAN SEAMEN INTO
THE BRITISH NAVY.
    MORE PROBLEMS
BRITISH ARM THE INDIANS ON THE
FRONTIER.1794 WAR IS NEAR.
WASHINGTON SENDS JOHN JAY TO
LONDON TO NEGOTIATE.
“MAD” ANTHONY WAYNE “BATTLE OF
FALLEN TIMBER” 1794
 THE JAY TREATY 1794
BRITISH PROMISE TO WITHDRAW
FROM NORTHWEST
BRITISH GIVEN MOST FAVOR TRADE
STATUS.
US AGREES TO PAY PRE-WAR DEBT
NO MEMTION OF IMPRESSMENT.
    WAS THIS A GOOD
  TREATY FOR THE U.S.?
HAMILTON HAD UNDER CUT OUR
POSITION BY TELLING THE BRITISH
WE WOULD NEVER GO TO WAR.
REPUBLICAN DENOUNCED THE
TREATY.
FEDERALIST CONTROLLED SENATE
RATIFIES IT.
  THE PINCKNEY TREATY
          1795
SPAIN GRANTS UNLIMITE USE OF THE
MISSISSIPPI
THE RIGHT OF DEPOSIT IN NEW
ORLEANS
PROMISES TO CONTROL THE INDIANS
SETTLES A BOUNDARY DISPUTE.
    WAS THIS A GOOD
  TREATY FOR THE U.S.?
YES, SPAIN WAS AN ALLY OF
FRANCE AND WANTED TO AVOID
WAR WITH U.S.
1797 WASHINGTON RETIRES
     AFTER TWO TERM.
SET THE 2 TERM TRADITION.
DELIVERS THE FAMOUS
FAREWELL ADDRESS. WARNS
“BEWARE OF FOREIGN
ENTANGLING ALLIANCES.”
AVOID POLITICAL FACTIONS.
     WASHINGTON’S
   ACCOMPLISHMENTS
ESTABLISHES THE FOUNDATION OF
OUR GOVERNMENT
SETS OUR FOREIGN POLICY
EARNS RESPECT FOR THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT
HAMILTON FINANCIAL PROGRAM
AVOIDS WAR
 WASHINGTON DIES TWO
    YEARS LATER.
HE WAS 66 WHEN HE RETIRED.
HE WAS BLED TO DEATH BY HIS
DOCTOR.

				
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