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					English                   Oromo
a fourth                  kurmaana, ruubi, tokko afraffa
a long time               yeroo dheera
a lot                     hedduu, baayee
a third                   siisoo, nuusii, tokko sadaffaa
about, in regard to       waa'ee, waayee
above                     irra, ol
absolutely                guutuumaatti, tasa, gonkumaa
accident                  balaa
accidentally              tasuma, utuu hin yaadamiin, dimmaa
accomplice                tumsaa, tumsituu, baabsii
accomplishment            raawwii
account, calculation      herrega
accountant                herregaa, herregduu
accurate, correct         sirrii
accusation                himannaa
accustomed, familiar      beekamaa
ache                      waraansa
action                    gochaa, hojimaata
active                    si'aawaa, si'ooftuu, hisataa, hisattuu
activity                  sochii, hojii
actor                     ta'aa
actress                   taatuu
actually                  dhugaadhumatti
addiction                 araada, haraaraa
addictive                 arachiisaa
additional                dabalata, edaasa
address                   teesso
adequate, satisfactory    ga'aa, quubsaa
adjacent                  wal bira, cinaa
adjective                 addeessa
administration            bulchiinsa
administrator, governor   bulchaa, geggeessaa
admirer                   leellisaa, leellistuu
adolescent                dardara, shamara
adorable                  jaallatamaa, jaallatamtuu
adult                     ga'eessa, geessuu
advantage                 faayidaa, bu'aa
adverb                    dabalgochima
adversity                 rakkina, yeroo gadhee
advertisement             beeksisa, dhaadheessa
advice                    gorsa
affection                 jaalala, kabajaa
affluent                  sooressa, badhaadhaa
afforestation             manca'a bosoonaa
after                     booda
after that                sanaan booda, ergasi, isa booda
after…                         erga…booda
afternoon                      waaree booda
afterwards                     eger, booddee
again                          ammas, lamuum, irra deebii
age                            umrii, ganna, waggaa
agenda                         ajandaa
agent                          abbaanaa
aggression                     miira diinummaa, jibba
ago, before                    dura
agony                          dhiphina, gidiraa, gadadoo, hiraara
agreement                      waliigaltee, dilaala, walta'iinsa
agricultural office            waajjira qonnaa
agriculture                    qonnaa, qotiisa
ahead                          gara fulduraatti
aid                            gargaarsa
aim, goal                      kaayyoo, galii, akeeka
air                            qilleensa
air pollution                  faalama qileensa
airplane                       xiyyaara
airport                        dirree xiyyaaraa
alarming                       rifachiisaa, rifachiistuu
alcohol                        alkoolii
all                            cufa, hunda, mara, jiblaa
allergy                        adanyoo
allowance                      durgoo, olmaayaa
alone, by oneself              qobaa
alphabet                       arfii, qubee
already                        dursee, ammaan dura
also                           itti dabalee, akkasumas
alteration                     jijjiirama
although                       ta'ullee, ta'us
always                         yeroo hunda, hooggayyuu
amazing, awesome, surprising   dinqisiisaa
amiable                        gammachiisaa, gammachiistuu
among                          baay'ee keessaa, keessaa
amusing                        kofalchiisaa, kofalchiistuu
ancestor                       abuduroo, abuturoo
ancient                        kan bara durii
and                            fi
angry                          kan aare
animal                         neefkaa, bineelda, horii
animal (wild)                  bineensa
ankle                          kuburuu, kibirii
anklet                         albo, bitoo
annoyance, anger               aarii, dallansuu
annual                         kan waggaa
another, other                 kan biraa, abbii
answer, change ($)     deebii
ant                    jaamaa, mixii, gonjaree
antelope               arroolee
anti-                  farra-
anus                   futee
anxiety                yaaddoo, cinqii, badada
anxious                dhiphataa, dhiphattuu, cinqamaa, cinqamtuu
any                    kamiyyuu, eenyuyyuu, tokkollee
anybody                eenyuyyuu, nami kamiyyuu
anything               halle, cufa, tokkollee
anyway                 haala kaminiyyuu, karuma ta'en
anywhere, everywhere   bakkayyuu, eessattuu
apology, excuse me     dhiifama
appearance             bifa
apple                  poomii
appointment            beellama
April (9th-May 8)      Ebila
apt                    mijaa'aa, tolaa, sirrii
area                   bakka
argument               falmii, falammii
arm, forearm           irree
armpit                 ukoo, bobaa
army                   raayyaa, ijaaba
around, environment    naannoo
arrogant               farangagsaa, oftuulaa, oftuultuu
arrow                  xiyyaa, xiyyee
as much as, until      haga
as, like, similar to   akka
ash                    daaraa
ashamed                qaana'aa
ask                    qorqoro
ass, donkey            harree
attorney, lawyer       abukaattoo
attractive             hawwataa, hawwattuu
August (7th-Sept. 5)   Hagayya
aunt                   adaadaa
author                 barreessaa, barreessituu
authority              aangoo
average (arithmetic)   giddu galeesaa
avocado                abukaadoo
awful                  sodaachiisaa, jibbisiisaa
awkward                heefa
axe                    qottoo, dhakaraa
baby                   daa'ima
back of house          boroo
backbone               dugugguruu, lafee dugdaa
bad                    gadhee
badly                akka hamaa, haala gadheedhaan
bag                  boorsaa, daduu, marraa, subba
ball                 kuphaa, kubba
bamboo               leemmana, leemoo
banana               muuzii
barely               maqaadhaaf
barley               garbbu
basic                ambiiroo, yayyaba
basketball           kuphaa kaachoo
bat (animal)         lillixa, simbira halkanii, duduba
bathroom             kutaa dhiqannaa
battery              baatirii, tiriika
bean                 baaqelaa
beard, mustache      areeda
beautiful            xuurumbullee, bareedduu, miidhagduu
because              sababinsa, sababiin isaa
bed                  siree
bedbug               bacoo
bedroom              kutaa rafiitii, kutaa siree, kutaa ciisichaa
bee                  kanniisa
beer                 biiraa
beet                 huunde diima, dindaa
before that          sanaan dura
before…              otuun/osoon…dura
beggar               kadhataa, kadhattuu
behavior, trait      amala
behind               booda, duuba
belief               amantaa, amantii
belongings, wealth   qabeenyaa
below                jalatti, gad
belt                 qabatto, saqqii
berry                goraa
beside               maddii
better, best, most   daran
between              jidduu
beverage, drink      dhugaatii
Bible                Macaafa Qulqulluu
bicycle              biskileeta
big, large           guddaa
binoculars           naaduraa
bird                 simbira
birthday             guyya dhalota
biscuit              biskuuti
bishops weed         sunqoo adii
bitter               hadhaa
black                gurraacha, gurraattii
black cumin          sunqoo gurracha
black pepper           qundo barbbaarree
blackboard             gabatee gurraacha
blank                  duwwaa, qullaa
blanket                banjaa, baanaa, awusaa, birdlibsii
blessing, graduation   eebba
blood                  dhiga
blue                   dooqee
boar                   gol'aa
boat                   jabala
body                   qaama, nafa, dhagna
bone                   lafee
book                   kitaaba
bookcase               dulaaba kitaabaa
boot                   bottii
boring                 nuffisiisaa, nuffisiistuu
both                   lachuu
bottle                 dulloo, xarmuushii, qaruuraa
bottle opener          baantu xarmuushii
bottom (adj)           gad, gajjallaa
boundary, limit        daangaa, timjii
bowl                   caabii, shanni golboo
box                    saanduqa, baakkoo
boy                    ilma
boyfriend              jaalalle dhiiraa
bracelet               saldaaqa, anbar, laakkaa
brain                  surrii
brave                  goota
bread                  daabboo
break (recess)         boqonnaa
breakfast              ciree
brick                  xuubii
bridge                 riqicha
broken                 cabaa, cabduu
broom                  harataa, hartuu, haxooftuu
brother                obboleessa
brown                  daammii
budget                 bajata
buffet                 biifee
bulb, light bulb       balbii
bull, ox               sangaa
bus                    otobisii
but, however           garuu
butter                 dhadhaa
butterfly              billaacha
buttocks               fagaara
cabbage                xiqil goomanni, shaanaa, yumoo, kaaboolii
cake, pastry           keekii
calendar           kaaleendara
calf (young cow)   jabbii
camel              gaala
campus             adaalloo
can                xaasaa, kimboo
candle             shaamaa
candy              karameela
canoe              bidiruu
car accident       balaa makiina
cardamon           ogiyo
carpet, rug        afaa, afata lafaa, jibbaa
carrot             kaarooti
cash               qarshii, maallaqa, saantima
cat                adurree
cattle             horii, loon
cave               boongoo, holqa, qaalaa
certificate        waraqaa ragaa
chair              barcuma, teessoo, kursi
chalk              boronqii, cooki
chapter            boqonnaa
charcoal           kasala, cilee
charity            arjummaa, raamata
cheap              rakasa
cheese             aybii, saqana, qimixuu
chest              laphee, qoma
chickpea           shunburaa
child              daa'ma
children           ijoolee, daa'immaan
chin               maloolee, shangoobata
choice             filmaata, filannoo
christening        cuuphaa
Christmas          Ayyaana qillee
church             bataskaana
cinnamon           qarafaa
circle             geengoo, agaggee
citizens           biyyooma, lammii
citrus seed        heeli
city, town         magaalaa, diira
classroom          kuuta barnoota, kuuta daree
clean, holy        qulqulluu
clear              ifa
clever             abiddee, kormee, qumburree, hilluu, goolee, qaroo

climate change     jijiirama qilleensa
clock              sa'aatii gidgidaa
closed             cufaa
clothes            wayyaa, huccuu, uffata, daara
cloud                   duumessa
cloudy                  duumessaa'aa
clove                   qurunfudii
coat                    kootii
coffee                  buna
coffee cup              shiini
cold                    diilallaa'aa, qorraa
collar                  kullittaa, mormee
color                   halluu, dibeeta
community               bahaddaa
compost                 kosii, dikee
compound (to live in)   moora
conclusion              xumura
confused                joonja'aa, joonjoftuu
congratulations         baga ittin isin gahe
connection              quunnamtii, walitti dhufeenya
conservation            eegumsa, kunuunsa
coriander               dimbilaala
corn, maize             boqqolloo, bondogee
corn, maize (fresh)     asheeta, shawwee
cost, price             gatii
cough                   qufaa
count                   lakkaa'a
country                 biyya
cow                     sawwa, sa'a
cows                    looni
cripple                 naafa
culture, tradition      aadaa, difuu, duudhaa, jifuu
cup                     kubbaayyaa
customer                maamiila
cutting board           maktafa
dark                    gurraacha
darkness                dukkana
daughter                intala
dawn                    barii
day, date               guyyaa
dead                    du'aa, duutuu
death                   du'a
December(10th-Jan. 8)   Muddee
decide                  murteessuu
decision, judgement     murtii
deforestation           cirama bosoonaa
delicious, sweet        mi'aawaa
description             ibsa, hubachiisa
desert                  gammoojji o'ae
desertification         gammoojjummaa
development             misooma
development worker   hojjataa misooma
diarrhea             garaa kaasa
different            adda, adda-adda, garaagara
difficult            rakkisaa, ulfaataa, dadhabsiisaa
dinner, supper       irbaata, dhiyaana
dirty                balfaa, kosii, xuraawaa
discussion           marii
disease, illness     dhukkuba, dhibee
disgusting           jibbisiisaa
dish                 shaanii
distant, far away    fagoo, hiixuu
district             aanaa
ditch                daafaa, huurufa
docile               kurunduufa, kasoo
doctor               hakiimii, doktarii
dog                  saree
domestic animals     bineensoota mana
domestic, local      kan biyya keesa
door, gate           balbala, hulaa, karra, cufaa, cufantaa
doubt, suspicion     shakkii, ciicannoo
doubtful             shakkisiisaa, shakkisiistuu
down                 gad, daka, goda
down payment         kaffaltii duraa
downward             gaditti
dozen                darzana
dress                wandaboo, qaamisii
drought              caamsaa, ongee, hongee
drunk, intoxicated   machaa'aa
dry                  gogaa, gogduu
duck                 daakkiyye
dusk                 dimimmisa
dust                 awwaara
each                 tokkoon tokkoon
each other           wal, wali
eager                hawwii
ear                  gurra
earring              gutichaa, lootii
earth                lafa, dachee
earthquake           kirkira lafaa
east                 baha
Easter               Faasiikaa
easy, simple         salphaa
economy              dinagdee
ecosystem            sirnakkoo
education, lesson    barumsa
effect               taafee
effort               carraaqa
egg                        hanqaaquu, buphaa, killee, okokkaa
eight                      saddeet
eighty                     sadeettama
elbow                      ciqilee
election                   filannoo, filmaata
elephant                   arba
empty                      duwwaa, adiyyoo
end                        dhuma
energy                     jumna
engineer                   maandisa
English                    Ingilizii
enough                     ga'aa
enrollment                 galmeessuu
entire                     guutuumaatti
entrance                   balbala, seensaa
envelope                   poostaa
environmental protection   kunuunnsa naannoo
Epiphany                   Ayyaana cuuphaa
equal                      wal qixxee
era                        bara
erosion                    dhiqama biyyee
error, fault               balleessaa, dogoggora
especially                 keessattuu, keessattiyyuu, addatti, keessumattuu

eucalyptus                 baargamoo
evening                    galgala
every                      hunda, mara,, cufa
everybody                  namuu
everyday                   guyyuu, fardii
everything                 hundumaa
exam                       qormaata, mallaggaa
example                    fakkeenya
except, without            malee
excrement                  udaan, bobbaatii, huusoo
exercise (classroom)       gilgaala
exercise book              dabtara, dabtarii
exit                       hulaa bahiisaa
expensive                  mi'aa, qaalii, wuddii
expert, intellectual       haqila, hayyuu
explanation                ibsa
eye                        ija
eyeball                    boolla ijaa
eyebrow                    nyaara
eyeglasses                 kalaa, fulee ijaa, maaxaxarii
face                       fuula
fact, reality              dhugaa, haqa
factory                    warshaa
faith, religion         amantii
fall (season), autumn   arfaasaa
family                  maatii
famine                  beela
famous, popular         beekamaa, beekamtuu
far                     fagoo
farewell                nagaatti
farm                    bakka qonnaa
farmer                  qonnann bulaa, qonnann bultuu, qoteebulaa,
                        qoteebultuu
farmland                lafa qonna
fasting                 soomana, laamii
fat (adj)               riidama, furdaa
fate, fortune, luck     hiree, carraa
father                  abbaa
fatigued (adj)          bututaa, bututuu
favor (n)               galata
fear                    sodaa
February (8th-Mar. 9)   Guraandhala
female                  dubartii, dhaltuu, naayaa, dhalaa
fence                   dallaa, kellaa, dhayii
fertilizer              xaa'oo
festival                jila
fever                   gubaa, layidaa, qandhoo
few                     xinnoo, xiqqoo
field                   dirree
fifty                   shantama
finally                 xumuratti, dhumarratti
finger                  quba
fingernail              qeensa
fire                    ibidda, abidda
fire accident           balaa abidda
firm, forceful          jabaa, cimaa
first                   jalqaba
first-born              angafa
fish                    qurxummi
five                    shan
flag                    alaabaa
flashlight              baatirii harkaa, tirigii
flea                    tafkii
flee                    atiiluu, baqachuu
flood                   galoo, lolaa
floor                   afaala
floor, story            fooqii, darbii
flour, powder           daakuu
flower                  abaaboo, daraaraa
fly                     tisiisa
fog                     hurrii, qayyoota
fold (e.g., "3 fold")   dachaa
folder                  ukaankaa
folklore                afoola
follow                  hordofuu, duukaa bu'uu
food                    nyaata
food poisoning          summaa'u nyaata
foolish                 gowwaa, jiitoo, sephaa, daalee, dedhee, roodaa
foot, leg               miilla
football (soccer)       kubbaa miillaa
for rent (adj)          kireeffamu
forbidden               dhorkaa
force                   humna, anniisaa, giidoo
forehead                adda
foreign                 kan bakkee, alaa
forest                  bosona, caakkaa, riibaa
fork                    shukkaa
form (paper)            uunkaa
formerly                yeroo darbe
forty                   afurtama
four                    afur
free                    bilisa
freedom, liberty        bilisummaa, walabummaa
frequent                yerroo hedduu
fresh (food)            o'aa
Friday                  jimaata
friend                  hiriyaa, iriyaa, saahiba, fira, michuu
friends                 hiriyoota
frog                    fattee
from                    irra, biraa
front                   fuullee, fuldura
fruit                   fuduraa
frying pan              maxabashaa, kalaankaltu
full                    guutuu, mijuu
fun                     gammachuu, qoosaa, tapha
funeral                 sirna awwaalaa
future                  fuulduratti, durana, yeroo dhufu
game                    tapha, morkii
garbage, waste          balfaa, kosii, hubba
garden                  manduubee
garlic                  qullubbii
gas stove               butta gaasi
gender                  kornaayaa, saalaa
generation              dhaloota, labata
generator               maddisaa
get off                 bu'i, bu'a
giant (adj)             jaafoo
gift, present            argaa, kennaa, tarfaasaa, gumaata
ginger                   jijimbla
girl                     durba
girlfriend               jaalalle durbaa
give me                  naa keeni
glass (cup)              birciqqoo
glass (material)         fullee
glove                    gaantii, shurraaba harkaa
glue                     haphee
gnat                     bookee
go                       deemi
goat                     reetii
God                      Waaqayyo, Waaqa
gold                     warqee
goo tidings, good news   aaga
good                     gaarii, bayyeessa, misha, dansaa
Good Friday              Ayyaana fanno
government               mootummaa
grade (on a test)        maarkii, qabxii
grade, level             sadarkaa
grain                    midhaan
grammar                  caasluga, seerluga
grandfather              akaakayyuu, akaakaa
grandmother              akkoo, akkawoo
grapes                   wayinii
grass                    marga, buuyoo, gaalala
grassland                lafa margaa
grave                    awwaala
gravel                   korata, cirracha
green                    magariisa
green pepper             qaaraa
grey, gray               daalacha, daara'aa, daaroftuu
ground                   lafa
group                    gartuu, garee, tuuta
guard                    waardiyyaa, eegduu
guest                    keessummaa
gum (chewing)            maastiikaa
gun                      qawwee
habit                    bartee, barmaata
habitat                  bidoollee
hair                     rifeensa
half                     walakkaa, tokko lamaffaa
hall                     galma
hand                     harkka, gana
handsome                 shaggaa, bareedaa, miidhagaa
happy                    gammadaa
harassment               cinqursaa, roorroo
harvest                 makara
hat, cap                kooffiyyaa, qoobii
hay                     hookaa
he                      inni
head (body part)        mataa
headache                mataa boo
health                  fayyaa
health center           bufata fayya
healthy                 fayyaaleessa, fayyaaleettii
heap (n)                tuullaa
heart                   onnee
heartbeat               rukuttaa onnee
heartburn               singiggoo
heavy                   ulfaataa
height                  hojjaa, dheerina
help (n)                gargaarsa, deggersa, hirpha
helpful                 gargaaraa
hen                     lukku, handaaqqoo
henceforth              amma irraa qabee, gara fulduraatti
her (obj.)              ishee, isee, ishii, isii
her, hers (possesive)   ishee, isee, ishii, isii
here                    addana, asi
hero                    goota
high                    ol'aanaa
highland                baddaa
hill                    tulluu, gaara, daabbaa
hilly                   gaareen baayyee qaba
him                     isa
hip                     tafa, luqqeettuu
his                     saa, isaa
history, story          seenaa
hive                    gaagura
hoe                     doomaa
hole                    uraa, qaawwaa
holiday                 ayyaana
homework                hojii mana
honest                  amanamaa, kan dhugaa dubbatu
honey                   damma
honor, respect          kabajaa, ulfina, tabaroo
hope                    abdii
horn                    gaafa, gaanfa
horrible                qaxaxii, rifachiisaa, balaa'amaa
horse                   farda
horse cart              gaarii
hospital                hospitaala
hot                     o'aa, bulluqaa
hotel                   hoteela
hour                   sa'aatii
hourly                 sa'atii sa'atiidhaan
house                  mana, waxee
housewife              haadha manaa
how                    akkam
how (rel. pron.)       akkamitti
humid, moist, wet      jiidhaa
humor                  qoosaa, baacoo
hundred                dhibba
hungry                 beela'aa
husband                abbaa manaa, dhirsa, jaarsa
hut                    godoo, hoxxee
hyaena                 warab-esa
hyena                  waraabessa
hypocrite              farangagaa, oftuulaa, oftuultuu, boogganaa,
                       booggantuu, ofjajaa, ofjajjuu
I                      ani, an
ice, snow              cabbii
ID, ID card            eenyummeessaa
idea, thought          yaada
idiom                  jechama, ciigoo
idiot                  nama jufunfula, gowwaa, raatuu, gadareessa
if                     yoo, osoo, otuu
illegal                seeraala, seera maleessa
image                  fakkii
imagination            nuura
immediately            daddafiidhaan, battaluma, ariitiidhaan
immigrant              godaanaa, godaantuu
immunity               eegumsa, nageenya
impact, collision      tima, giphee
impediment, obstacle   gufuu
important              baay'ee barbaachisaa
impoverished           deegaa, deegduu
impression             yaada, hubannaa, ilaalcha
impressive             dinqisiisaa, maalalchiissa, maalalchiiftuu, hawwataa

improvement            fooyya'insa, fooyyii
impure                 booruu, boora'aa
in front of            fuuldura
in, inside             keessa
incense                qayii, libaana, sorsa, ixaana
incense stick          naddii, sandalii
incidentally           utuu dubbannuu, akka tasaa
income                 galii
incomplete             hanqina qabu, hir'uu, dan hin guutne
inconvenient           rakkisaa, kan hin mijoofne
incorrect, wrong       dogoggora
indecent, vulgar        addaggee, guddisbaddee, algala
indeed                  dhugaa, dhugaatuu
independent             bilisa, walaba
individual              matayyaa
induction               sinina
infamy                  salphina
infantry                lafoo
inferior                kan gadii, gad aanaa
influence, impact       dhiibbaa
information             odeeffannoo
inhumane, vicious       hamaa, hamtuu, haxaarii
initial                 kan jalqabaa, kan duraa
injection               maarfee
injera                  buddeena, biddeena
injured                 madaa'aa
ink                     halluu
in-law                  soddaa
innocent                tabuu, qulqullu, kasoo, jargee
innovation, invention   argannoo
input                   soyiraa, ciicata
insane                  maraatuu, maraataa
inspection              qormaata, to'annoo, sakattaa
instant (adj)           battala, yeroo gabaabaatti
instead                 iddoo isaa
institution             dhaabbata, jaarmayaa, inistiitiiyuutii
instructions            ajaja, qajeelfama
instrument              meeshaa
insult                  arrabsoo
insurance               baraarsa
intelligent             beekaa, beektuu, qaroo
intense                 jabaa, ulfaata, miira o'aa
intention               yaada, karoora
interest                fedhii, hawwii
interest (monetary)     dhala
interesting             hawwatu
intern                  hidhuu
international           dunyaaleessa, guutuu addunyaa
internet                intarneetii
interview               gaafannoo
intestine, gut          mar'ummaan
introduction            seensa
intuition               dandeettii
invasion                weerara
iron (for clothes)      kaawuyyaa
iron (material)         sibiilaa
irrigation              jallisii, maksaa, bonee
island                  baqqanaa, oddoola, cittuu
itch                   cittoo, hoqxoo
jackal                 wangoo, sardiida, jeedala
jacket                 jaakeettii
janitor                qulqulleessituu
January (9th-Feb. 7)   Amajjii
jar                    huuroo
jaw                    a'ama, mangaagaa
jerrycan               saafiiyaa
jewellery              faayaa meetii
job (n)                jiruu, hojii, dalagaa
job title              maqaa ramaddii hojii
joke                   qoosaa, baacoo, falqa seekoo
journalist             gaazexessaa, galaalchaa
journery, trip         deemsa, imala
judge (n)              baahira, daanyaa, doorii
jug                    ninniga
juice                  cuunfaa, cimmiiga
July (8th-Aug. 6)      Adoolessa
June (8th-July 7)      Waxabajjii
jungle                 bosona, caakkaa, huuruma
juniper                mi'eessaa
junk                   shokorkota, hanshaafa, haafa
jury                   salganee
justice, judgment      haqa
kale, spinach          qoosxaa
kerosene               kerosiinii, laambaa, gaasii adii
kettle                 jabanaa
key                    bantuu, hiiktuu, qulfii, furtuu, danqaroo
kidney                 kalee
kind, generous         arjaa, arjoomaa, arjoomtuu, balchaa
king                   mootii
kiss (n)               dhungoo
kitchen                kuushiina, alwaadaa
kite                   khurruu
knee                   jilba
knife                  billaa, ablee, albee, daaduu, sulluuda
knowledge              beekumsa
knuckle                buusaa
ladder                 xafxafoo, yaabbannoo, riqaa
ladle                  cilfaa
lake                   haroo
lamb                   xabboota, sookkee
lame                   naafa, laasha'aa, laashoftuu
lamp                   laambaa, ampuulii
land                   dachee, lafa
land degradation       daruu lafaa
landlord               abbaa lafaa
landslide                       jogoo
language                        afaan, qooqa
larynx                          qokkee
last night                      eda
last week                       torban darbe
last year                       baredheengaddaa
late evening                    waarii
latrine                         shoroonii, manajaa, manfincaanii
laughter                        kolfa
law                             seera
lazy                            dhibaa'aa, dhibooftuu, daagii, abiidhoo, dankaayii,
                                jaatanoo
leaf                            baala, shafo, obeensa
leather                         gogaa
leave                           hambisa
left                            bitaa
legitimate                      seeromaa
lemon, lime                     loomii
length                          dheerina
lentil                          misira
leopard                         qeerransa
lesson plan                     karoora barnoota
letter (of the alphabet)        qubee, arfii
letter (that you send)          xalayaa
lettuce, salad                  salaaxaa
library                         mankitaabaa, manmacaafaa
lice                            injiraan
lid                             qadaada
lie, fib, falsehood             soba, kijiba, dhara
life                            jiruu, jireenya
light (artificial), lightning   ibsaa
light (in weight)               salphaa
light (natural)                 ifa
lightning                       balaqqeessa, calanqeettii
like that                       akkasi
like this                       akkana
line                            xurree, toora, sarara
lion                            leenca
lip                             hidhii
liquid                          dhangala'aa, yaatoo
list                            tarreeffama, tarreessa
literature                      ogbarruu
liver                           tiruu
living room                     gorduba, haga
loan (n)                        liqii, ergisa, ergifannaa
lock                            qulfii, cuftuu
logical                         amansiisaa
logo                    asxaa, faajjii
long hair               daabee
long, tall              dheera
lord                    gooftaa, rabbi
loud                    sagalee guddaa
love (n)                jaalala
lover                   jaalallee
lowlands                gammoojjii
loyal                   amanamaa, amanamtuu
loyalty                 amanamummaa
luggage                 shaanxtaa, subbaa uffataa
lumber                  laaxaa
lump                    guroo
lunatic                 maraataa, maraatuu
lunch                   laaqana
lungs                   somba
machete                 meencaa, gajaraa
machine                 maashinii
magic                   tolcha, calfala
maid                    wandaqa, xomboree
main                    muummee, ijoo
mainly                  caalaatii
majority                Irra-jireessa, harka caalu
malaria                 busaa malaria
male                    dhiiraa
male (married)          suubboo
male (unmarried)        qeeroo
man, person             nama
management              bulchiinsa, taliigaa
manager                 moora, geggeessaa, geggeessituu, hoogganaa,
                        hooggantuu, duree
mandatory, obligation   dirqama
mane                    gamma
mango                   maangoo
many                    baayee, danuu, hedduu, gorba, mooga
map                     kaartaa
March (10th-Apr. 8)     Bitooteesa
market                  gabaa, dikkoo, machaara
marriage                heeruma, fuudha, gaa'ila
married                 fuudhe, heerumte
mattress                firaashii, kefaa, darsaa
May (9th-June 7)        Caamsaa
maybe, likely           tarii
mayor                   kantiibaa
me                      na, ana
meadow                  araddee
meaning                 hiika, kiikkaa
meanwhile, meantime                 gidduutti, achumann, hangasitii
measurement                         bikkooma
meat                                foon
mechanic                            makaanikii
medicine                            dawaa, qoricha, qorsa
medium (adj)                        walakkeessa
medium sized                        jidduu galeessa
meesenger                           ergamaa
meeting                             walga'ii, kora
member                              miseensa
membership                          miseensummaa
memory                              birminyii, qaabata
mental (adj)                        sammuu
merchant                            daladalaa, daldaltuu
mercy, forgiveness                  aagii
message                             ergaa, dhaamsa, beenoo
meter (for utilities)               lakkooftuu
method                              tooftaa, mala
middle                              wiirtuu, walakkaa, gidduu
midget                              tashaa, dinkii
midnight                            waarii, halkan walakkaa, halkan qixxee
migration                           godaansa
military                            loltuu
milk                                annan
mill                                baabura midhaanii
million                             kitila, miiliiyoonii
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural   Ministeera qonna fi misomaa baadiyyaa
Development
minute (n)                          daqiiqaa
miracle                             raajii
mirror                              fuullee, daawitii, oflaallee
mischief                            shira
misdeed                             yakka
misery                              mankaraara, gidiraa, gadadoo, sili'a, dararama, hiraara

Miss                                durbee
mistake                             dogoggora, balleessaa, badii
mixed, mixture                      makaa
modern                              ammayyaa
moment                              yeroo gabaabduu
Monday                              wiixata, aagoo
money                               qarshii, horii, maallaqa
monk                                moloksee
monkey                              qalamee
monster                             bulguu
month                               ji'a
monument, statue                    siidaa
moon              addeessa, ji'a, baatii
moral, morals     safuu
morning           ganama
morning (early)   barraaqa, obboroo
mosque            masgiida
mosquito          bookee, biimmee
mosquito net      matayoo bookee busaa
mostly            caalaatti
moth              fuutuu
mother            haadha, harmee, ayyoo, da'ee, coree
motion            sochii
motivation        kaka'umsa
motorcycle        dokdoqqee, bududdee
mountain          tulluu, gaara, tabba
mouse, rat        hantuuta
mouth, language   afaan
Mr                obbo
Mrs               adde
mud               dhoqqee, laaqii, orofa, dhoobboo
muddy             bootoo, booruu, dhoqqaa'aa
mugger            saamtuu, hattuu
mule              gaangee
muscle            maashaalee
mushroom          shashara, uukkoo, waakkoo, horroqoo, amboshilla

music             muuziiqaa
mustard           shunfaa, sanaabii, sanaafica
mute (adj)        duudaa
my, mine          koo, kiyya
myth              himtee
nail, screw       mismaara
naïve             gowwaa, jufunfula, sephaa
naked             qullaa
name              maqaa, cibra
narrow, tight     dhipoo
national          biyyaaleessa
nationality       lammummaa
nature            uumamaa
nausea            locaa, lollojjii
near              bira, cinaa, dhihoo, kaloo
necessarily       dirqamaan
necessary         barbaachisaa
neck              morma, moqoo, lukuma, lumma
necklace          amartii, dubul
need (n)          fedhii
needle            limmoo
neighbor          ollaa
nephew                   durbii
nervous                  qaanjibbaa'aa, sodaataa
nest                     mandhee, man'ee, godoo
net                      marayoo, dabboo, saaphana
network                  mantagoo
neutral                  imbaabsa
never                    abadan, tasa, gonkumaa, qarayyuu, abilla
new                      haaraa
New Year                 Wagga haaraa
news                     oduu
newspaper                gaazexaa
next                     itti aanee, ergasii, itti fufee
next week                torban dhufu
next year                bara dhufu
night                    halkan
nine                     sagal
ninety                   sagaltama
no                       lakki, miti, hi'iyoo
nobody, no one           homtuu, eenyullee
none                     tokkollee
nonsense                 shokorkota, hanshaafa, qaayyaatuu
noon                     saafaa
north                    kaaba
nose                     funyaan
not                      miti
not far away             dhiyoo
not know                 wal'aala
note                     yaadachiisa
notebook                 yaadanno
nothing                  homaa, homtuu
noun                     maqaa
novel (book), fiction    asoosama
November (10th-Dec. 9)   Sadaasa
now                      amma
nowadays                 yeroo ammaatti
nowhere                  eessayyuu
numb                     adoodaa
number                   lakkoobsa
nun                      gaaltama
nurse                    narsii
nut                      boloonii
oats                     omborii, ayisaa, matajaboo
obedient                 abboomamaa, abboomamtuu
observation              qalbifannaa, hubannaa
October (11th-Nov. 9)    Onkololeessa
of                       kan
off                      irraa, gara alaatti
office                              biiroo, waajjira
often                               yeroo baayee, irra deddeebiyee
oil                                 zayitii, quyyisa
oily                                zayitaawaa
okay                                tolee
old (object)                        moofaa
old (person)                        dulloomaa
on                                  irra, gubbaa
one after another                   wal faana
one, a                              tokko
one-eyed                            ballaa
oneself                             ofi
only, alone                         qofa, kophaa, duwwaa
onto                                gara
operation (medical)                 baqaqsanii hodhuu
opinion                             yaada, amantii, ilaalcha
opportunity                         hayya, carraa
opposite                            faallaa
or (in a question)                  moo
or (in a sentence)                  yookiin
orange                              birtukaanii
orchard                             oyiruu fuduraa
ordinal number suffix (e.g., -th)   -affaa
ordinary                            dasiiba
orphan                              gasharee, yatima
oryx                                saalaa
otherwise                           silaa
our, ours                           keenya
out, outside                        ala
outside the house                   diida
oven                                furnoo
over                                gubbaa, irra
ownership                           abbummaa
package                             awwagii
pact, promise                       waadaa, ahadii, waliigaltee
page                                fuula
Pagume (Sept. 6-10)                 Qaammee
paid                                kaffalame
pain                                dhibee, dhukkuba
paint                               barashaa, halluu
pair                                mirree
pajamas                             biijaamaa
palm (of hand)                      harruu, ganaa
palm tree                           meexxii
pancake                             maxinoo
panic                               baaraga, shororkaa, sodaa
pants, trousers                     surree, fiddoo, kofoo
papaya                   paappaayee
paper                    waraqaa, waraqata
paragraph                keeyyata
parasite                 akankarreettii
park                     paarkii, caayaa
party, invitation        afeerraa
password                 barreertuu
pasta                    paasta
pastoralist              horsiisee bulaa
pasture                  dheedichaa
path                     daandii, mocii, karaa
patience, tolerance      obsa
patient (adj)            obsaa, obsituu
patient (n)              dhukkubsataa, dhukkubsattuu
pattern                  akkina
payment                  kaffaltii
pea                      atara, daangulee, haatoo
peace                    nagaa, dada
peach, apricot           kookii
peanut                   ocholooni
peel (n)                 qola
pen                      biirii, qalama
penalty, punishment      adaba, adabbii
pencil                   irsaasii
people                   uummata, saba, jamaa, liiban
percent                  dhibbeentaa
perfectly                sirritti
permanent                dhaabbataa, siranaa
permission, license      hayyama, eeyyama
personal                 dhuunfaa
pesticide, insecticide   farra ilbiisootaa
pests, insects           ilbiisootaa
pharmacy                 faarmaasii, mana dawaa, mana qorichaa
philosophy               falaasama
phone                    bilbila
phone card               kaardii moobayilii
photo, photograph        suuraa
phrase                   gaalee, anqoo
physician                hogeessafayya, haakimii
picture                  fakkeettii, fakkii, suuraa
pig, hog                 booyyee
pile                     tuullaa, kaabii
pillow                   boraatii
pineapple                anaanaasii
pink                     diiminee
pit, well                boolla
place                    bakka, iddoo
plan                 karoora, akeeka
plantation           danfisuu, biqilchuu
plastic              laastikii
plate                shaani
pleasant             gammachiisaa
please               maaloo
pliers               ciniintuu
plough               maarashaa, sibattii
pocket               kiisii
poem, poetry         walaloo
point, sharp         qara
poison               summii, hadhaa, suunkii
police               poolisii
policy               imaammata
politics             siyaasa
pollution            faalama, waarrii
pond, pool           eela, haroo
poor                 hiyyeessa, hiyyeettii
population           uummata
post office          mana poosta
postbox              saanduqa poostaa
pot                  biir disti, okkotee, giicuu, washoo
potato               dinnichaa, mosee,sayee, ifaatee, shonee, jurgufee

poverty              hiyyummaa, dhaba, deegummaa
power, force         humnaa
prayer               kadhannaa, sagada, kadhata
precious             qushuna
preface              ariirrata
pregnant             ulfa
pregnant (animal)    rimaa
prescription         ajaja
previously           duratti
pride                boona, bajiga, galdaasa
prison, jail         mana hidhaa, wankii
privacy              kophummaa ofii
private (property)   gulummaa
private school       mana barumsa dhunfa
problem              rakkoo, rakkina, ko'oo
process              adeemsa
product              oomisha, bahaatii, atoota
profession           ogummaa, hojii, dalagaa
pronoun              maqadhaal
pronunciation        afaaneffannoo, sagaleessoo
property             qabeenyaa, leecalloo
prostitute           gumna, sagaaggaltuu, dhadhaabamtuu
proverb, saying      mammaaksa
public school       mana barumsa motuma
puppy               cuquu, xuuxxillaa
purple              dhiilgee
purse               koro'oo, boorsaa maallaqaa
quarter             kurmaana
quarter birr        simunii
queen               giiftii
quest               barbaacha, soqaa
question            gaffii, qora
quickly, soon       battaluma, dafee
quiet               callisaa, callistuu
rabbit              illeettii, illeensa
rabies              nyanyee
radio               raadiyoonii, raadiyoo
rain                rooba, bokkaa
rainbow             sabbata Waaqaa
razor               haaduu, shiggiree, qarabaa
ready               qophaa'eraa
ready, prepared     qophaa'aa, qixaa'aa
really              dhugaal
reason              sababa
rebellion           fincila
receipt             naga'ee
recently            dhihootti
receptionist        keessummeessituu
recognize           qalbifachuu, hubachuu
record, roster      galmee
red                 diimaa
reflection          balaqqee, calanqeettii
refugee             kooluu-galaa, kooluu-galtuu
relationship        hariiroo
relatives           obbolaa
reliable            abdachiisaa, amanamaa
rent                kiraayii
resident            jiraataa
result, outcome     bu'aa, bahii
retired             soorama kan ba'e, soorama baye jira
reward              badhaasuu
rib                 dirra, cinaacha
rice                ruuzii
right (direction)   mirga
ring                qubeelaa, qubee, hogee
ripe                bilchaataa, gormaa
river               laga, malkaa
road, street        karaa, daandii, boochoo
robber              saamtuu, saamaa
rock                kattaa, qarsaa, qassoo, qa'oo
roof                       gardaaffoo, diikkaa, soraa, awayaata
room, part, division       kutaa
root                       hundee, hidda
rope                       funyoo, haada, madhaa
rotten, spoiled            tortoraa, tortortuu, samaa, samtuu
round-about                adabaabaayi, addababa'ii
rude                       algala, addaggee, baalbaasee, saragee
rule                       danbii
ruler (measuring)          sarartuu, bo'eessaa
rumor                      hasaasa, jette-jettee
rural                      baadiyyaa
sack                       keeshaa, jooniyyaa
sad                        gadda
salary                     miindaa
salt                       ashaboo, soogiida
sample                     eddattoo, fakkisa
sand                       cirracha, maansa
satisfaction               boohartii, gammachuu, quufa
satisfied                  boohare
Saturday                   sanbata
saucepan                   distii, gochoo, moslolee
saw                        minshaara, ilkoo, misumeenoo
scarf                      uffarmaa
scent, smell (n)           foolii, urgaa, urgoo
school                     mana barnootaa, mana barumsa
science                    saayinsii
scissors                   maqxuu, maaqasii
sea                        galaana, maanya
season                     woqtii, tibba, mosina
seat                       iddon, teessuma, barcuma
second (n)                 sekoondii
secret                     iccitii
secretary                  barreessituu, bareessaa
seed                       sanyii
self                       of
September (11th-Oct. 10)   Fulbaana
serious                    jabaa, ulfaataa
service                    tagaajila
seven                      torba
seventy                    torbaatama
sex, copulation            salma, kaacha
shade                      gaaddisa, gaaddiddu
shame                      saalfii, qaanii, yeelloo
shape                      boca, naqa
she                        isee, ishee, ishii, isiin, isii
she                        isheen, iseen, ishiin, isiin
sheep                      hoolaa, bidoo
sheet (bed)            ansoolaa, beleshee
shelf                  dulaaba, ansaada, girgijii, zalangaa
shelter                da'oo
shiny                  calaqqisaa, cululuqaa
ship                   doonii
shirt                  shamizii, qomee, ubaara, biddiqqoo
shoes                  kophee
shop                   suuqii, dukkaana
short                  gabaabaa, gabaabdu, kuchubbii, murqicha
shorts                 surree gababa, kushee, bolee
shoulder               gateettii, qoyiirara, gurmuu, qucee
shovel                 akaafaa
shy                    ija-laafeessa, ija-laafettii
sick, ill              dhukkubsataa, dhibamaa
sickle                 haamtuu, halbee
side                   maddii, cinaa, bira, kallattii, gomolee
sifter                 gingilchaa
sight                  mul'ii
sign                   ballaccee, mallattoo
signal, signature      mallattoo
significant            barbaachisaa, hiika qabu
silence                calleensa, callisa, tasgabbii
silk                   arrii
silly                  sephaa, gowwaa, daafura
similar                wal fakkaataa
sin                    cubbuu, nagaroo, xurii
since, from, after     eega, erga
sincerity              dugaadhaan, amanamummaadhaan
singer                 weelistuu, weellisaa
single, singular       leexaa, baaqqee
sister                 obboleettii
sister-in-law          sayyuu
situation, condition   akkaataa, haala
six                    jaha
sixty                  jahaatama
size                   hammamaa, qixxaayina
skin                   googa
skinny                 guuffee, godeessa, godeettii, huuqqataa, huuqqattuu

skirt                  wandaboo qexxaa, gombisoo, hamfala, qaamisii mudhi
                       gadi
skull                  buqqee mataa
sky                    samii, waaqa
slave, ocean           garba
sleep                  rafiitii, irriba
slender, slim          jorroo, lulee, sorooroo, lawwee
slippery             sigigaataa, sigiggee, mucuca, mucucaataa, mucucaattuu

slow                 juulii
slowly               suuta, adada
small bowl           killa
small, little, few   xiqqoo, xinnoo, maddee, merqa, canuu, shiikkoo, bicuu

smile                seeqa
smoke                aara
snack                ciree, sharfaa, qacanii, oolchaa
snake                shaawwisa, bofa
sneezing             haththissoo
so                   eega, kanaaf, akkas
soap                 saamunaa, andarqii
soccer               kuphaa miillaa
society              waldaa, hawaasa
socks                kaalsii
sofa                 soofaa
soft                 laafaa
soil                 biyyoo, kooticha
solution             furmaata, fala
some, a few          muraasa
sometimes            yeroo tokko tokko
son                  ilmo, ilma
song                 absaala, faarsaa, faarfannaa, faaruu, sirba
sorrow               addeenya, gadda
soul, spirit         lubbuu, afuura
sound, voice         sagalee
soup                 shorbaa, hurgufoo
sour                 dhangaggaa'aa, kiikkoo
south                kibba
spacious             arawaca, bakka ballaa
spark                qaanqee, qaanteetii
special, unique      adda
species              sanyii
specifically         addatti, keessattiyuu
speech, talk         haasaa, dubbii
speed                tafii, sardamsuu, ariitii
spelling             qubeessa
spice                quyyifa, kuyyisa, mi'eessituu
spider               sariitii, cincoo, daarabaaftuu, orbobiisa
spine                miqiqqirii
sponge               liifaa, sarphaphuu
spoon                fallaana
sport                ispoortii
spouse               dhiirsa, niitii
spring (season)      birraa
spy                    basaasaa, basaastuu
square                 addababa'ii
squirrel               osolee
stainer                calaltuu, miirtuu
stamp                  sumuda, chaappaa
stapler                qonyeessituu
star                   urjii
start                  jalqaba, eegala
starvation             beela, xannee
station                buufata
steam                  hurka
stepfather             abbaa buddeenaa, abbaaddaa
stepmother             haadha buddeenaa, gayyaa, ayyaaddaa, haadhaddaa

stew                   ittoo, waxii
stick                  ulee
still                  calleensa
stomach                garaacha, macoo
stone                  dhagaa
storeroom              kuusaa
storm                  obonboleettii, suulaa, bubbee
story                  durdurii, sheekoo, seenaa
stove                  siliindarii, saamaawaaraa, shaawulaa, girgaatii
straight               qajeelaa, qajeeltuu, qajeeltoo
straw (grass)          citaa
strength               jabina, cimina, anniisaa
string                 siibaagoo, fo'aa, tushii
strong                 cimaa, jabaa
student                barataa, barattuu
substitute             iddoomaa, iddoomtuu
subtle                 abshaala, gamna, haxxee
success                milkaawwii
successful             milkaa'aa, milkooftuu
sudden                 tasa
sugar                  sukkaara
sugarcane              meejoo, shonkooraa
suggestion             yaada dhidaatu
suit                   kittaa, iraraajala
suitable               mijaa'aa, tolaa
sum                    ida'ama, edaasa
summary                xumura, guduunfaa, goolabbii
summer                 bona
summit (of mountain)   qarree, fiixee, bantii
sun                    aduu, biiftuu
Sunday                 dilbata
sunrise                bahiisa aduu
sunset                 seensa aduu
superstition              tolchituu
surprise                  dinqisiifannaa
suspicious                ciicataa, ciicattuu, shakkituu, shakkisiisaa
swamp                     dhaqdhaqii, caffee, leephoo, duduba
sweat                     dafqa
sweater                   shurraaba, golfoo
sweet                     mi'aawaa, mi'ooftuu
sweet potato              maxaaxisha, camcamee, soogiddee
swimsuit                  uffata daakaa
swollen                   dhodhommoqaa, dhiita'aa
synonym                   moggoyyaa
system                    sirna
table                     minjaala
talent                    dandeettii, kennaa
tall                      dheeraa, lawwee
tapeworm                  minnii, koosoo
target                    manii
taste (n)                 dhandhama, camii, akkaataa, filannaa
tax                       qaraxa, ashuuraa
taxi                      taaksii
tea                       shaayii, shaayee
tea leaves                baala shayyii
teacher                   barsiisaa, barsiistuu
teachers                  barsiisoota
team                      gartuu, gumii, tuuta, garee
teapot                    moqorqoraa shaayee
tedious                   nuffisiisaa
tee shirt                 ti shartii
teenager                  yarsuma
teeth                     ilkaan
temperate zone            badda daree
temperature (air)         sadarkaa o'aa, haala qilleensaa
temperature (body)        layidaa
ten                       kudhan
tent                      waaroo, dunkaana
termite                   rimma, gadulessa
thank you                 galatomi, galatoma
that (pron)               sun, sana
the                       -icha, -ittii
the day after tomorrow    iftaan
their, theirs             isaani, saani
them                      isaani
there                     achi
therefore                 kanaaf
therefore, in that case   eegasu
these                     kunniin, kanneen
they                      isaan
thief                      hattuu
thigh                      gudeeda, sarbaa, kofa, uduuda
thin                       qallaa, qalloo, huuqqataa, huuqqattuu
thing                      waanta, meeshaa
things                     wantoota
thirsty                    dheebuu, dhabsuu
thirty                     soddoma
this                       kun, kana
this year                  barana
those                      sunniin, sanneen
though (conj)              ta'u illee, ta'u
thousand                   kuma
thread                     fo'aa, kirrii
threat                     doorsisa
three                      sadii
throat                     kokkee, qoonqoo
through                    keessaan
thumb                      abbuudduu
thunder                    bakakkaa, mandisuu, kakawee
Thursday                   kamisa
tie (necktie)              karabaatii
timber                     saanqaa
time                       yeroo
times (e.g., "5 times")    hoggaa, si'a
timid                      na'aa, naatuu
tin                        qorqorroo
tire                       golollee, gommaa
tiring                     dadhabsiisaa
tissue paper               sooftii, arrigoo
title (book), headline     mata duree
to abhor                   jibbuu, balfuu
to absorb                  xuuxuu
to accept, receive, take   fudhachuu
to accompany               faana deemuu
to accomplish              fiixaan baasuu, raaw'achuu
to accuse                  yakkuu, himata
to acquire                 argachuu, gonfachuu
to adapt                   madaqsuu
to add, increase           dabaluu, eda'uu
to adjust                  sirreessuu, tottolchuu
to admire                  jajuu, dinqisiifachuu
to advise                  gorsuu
to affirm                  mirkaneessuu
to agree                   waliigaluu, wal ta'uu
to aim                     qiyyaafachuu, akeekuu
to allow, permit           hayyamuu, eeyyamuu
to alter                   geeddaruu, jijjiiruu
to amaze                      dinqamuu
to amputate                   kutuu, muruu
to amuse                      gammachiisuu, kofalchiisuu
to analyze                    xiinxaluu, gamaaggamuu
to annoy                      aarsuu, dallansiisuu
to apologize                  dhiifama gaafachuu
to appreciate                 leellisuu, dinqisiifachuu
to argue                      falmuu
to arrange                    sirreessuu, qopheessuu
to arrive                     ga'uu
to assemble                   walitti dacha'uu, walga'uu
to assess                     tilmaamuu, qorachuu
to assign                     ramaduu
to assist                     gargaaruu, deggeruu
to attach                     maxxansuu, qabsiisuu
to avoid, inhibit             ittisuu, dhorkuu
to bake                       tolchuu
to bathe                      dhiquu
to be able                    danda'uu
to be born                    dhalachuu
to be called                  jedhamuu
to be glad                    gammaduu
to be hungry                  beela'uu
to be ill                     dhukkubuu
to be located                 argamuu
to be next to                 aanuu
to be sorry                   gadduu, gaabbuu
to be suitable                mijaa'uu
to be thirsty                 dheebochuu
to be tired                   dadhabuu, bututuu
to be, to become              ta'uu
to beat                       dha'uu, reebuu, tumuu, gobuu
to believe                    amanuu
to bite                       ciniinuu, hidduu
to blame                      haalachuu, komachuu
to bleed                      dhiiguu
to bless                      eebbisuu
to blow, pump                 afuufuu
to boil                       danfisuu
to borrow (and then return)   ergifachuu
to borrow (consumables)       liqeeffachuu
to bother                     rakkisuu
to break                      cabsuu
to bring                      fiduu
to brush                      riguu
to build                      ijaaruu
to burn                       gubuu, boba'uu, bobeessuu
to buy                     bituu
to calculate               herreguu
to call                    waamuu, bilbiluu
to cancel                  haquu
to carry                   baacuu
to cease, stop, halt       dhaabuu
to change                  jijjiiruu, geeddarumsa, sharafuu
to chase                   ari'uu, kurkursuu
to chat                    haasa'uu
to cheat, trick, deceive   gowoomsuu, mujaadaluu
to choose, vote            filuu, fo'uu
to circle, orbit           naanna'uu
to clean                   qulqulleessuu, haruu
to close, shut             cufuu
to come                    dhufuu
to come back, return       deebi'uu
to connect                 walitti qabsiisuu
to conserve, protect       kunuunsuu
to contact, touch          tuquu
to continue                fufuu
to control                 abboommachuu, to'achuu
to cook                    affeeluu
to correct                 sirreessuu
to cough                   qufa'uu
to count                   lakkaa'uu
to create, invent          uumuu
to cross                   cee'uu
to cry                     boo'uu, iyyuu
to cut                     ciruu, kutuu, muruu
to delete                  booxuu, haquu
to deny                    ganuu, haaluu
to describe                ibsuu, addeessuu
to desire, wish            fedhuu, hawwuu
to destroy                 barbadeessuu, balleessuu
to die                     du'uu
to dig                     soquu
to disagree                walitti bu'uu
to disappear               baduu
to dislike                 jibbuu
to disobey, refuse         diduu
to dispose                 gatuu
to divide                  hiruu, qooduu
to do                      gochuu, hojjechuu, dalaguu
to dress                   uffachuu
to drink                   dhuguu
to drive                   oofuu
to earn                    argachuu
to eat                              nyaachuu
to edit                             gulaaluu
to elect                            filuu
to encourage                        jajjabeessuu
to enter                            galuu, seenuu
to erase                            balleessuu, haquu
to escape                           miliquu, baqachuu
to examine                          qorachuu
to exit                             ba'uu
to explain                          ibsuu
to fail, fall                       kufuu
to farm, plough                     qotuu
to fear                             sodaachuu
to fight                            waraanuu, loluu
to fill                             guutuu
to finish                           xumurtuu, fixuu
to fix, repair                      suphuu
to fly                              barrisuu
to forget, to neglect               irraanfachuu, dagachuu
to forgive                          dhiifama gochuu
to frighten                         sodaachiisuu
to get in, get on                   seenuu
to get off                          bu'uu
to give                             kennuu, laachuu
to give back, to return (a thing)   deebisuu
to give birth                       dhaluu, da'uu
to go                               deemuu
to gossip                           ususuu, gumgumuu
to govern                           bulchuu
to greet                            nagaa gaafachuu, dubbisuu
to grieve                           gadduu
to grin, to smile                   seequu, qummaaduu
to grow                             biqiluu, marguu
to grow up                          guddachuu
to guard, protect                   eeguu
to guess                            tilmaamuu, heduu
to harass                           doorsiisuu, sossodaachiisuu
to harm, injure                     miidhuu, hubuu
to harvest                          kassabuu, sassaabuu
to hate                             falquu, jibbuu
to have                             qabuu, qabaachuu
to heal                             fayyuu
to hear                             dhaga'uu
to help                             gargaaruu, deggeruu, faduu
to hide                             dhoksuu
to hire                             mindeessuu, obarayeessuu
to hit                              dha'uu, rukutuu, gobuu, reebuu
to hold                               qabuu
to hug                                hammachuu, itti dhiyaachuu
to hunt                               adamsuu
to hurry                              ariifachuu, jarjaruu, si'achuu
to imagine                            yaaduu
to immigrate                          godaanuu
to immunize                           talaaluu
to impale                             uruu
to impede                             gufachiisuu, ittisuu
to imply, suggest                     yaada dhiheessuu
to improve, modify                    fooyyessuu
to include                            dabaluu, of keessatti qabachuu
to infect                             dhukkuba qabsiisuu
to influence                          dhiibbaa uumuu
to ingest                             liqimsuu
to inherit                            dhaaluu
to inquire, ask                       gaafachuu
to inspect                            sakatta'uu, qorachuu, to'achuu
to inspire, motivate                  kakaasuu
to insult                             arrabsuu
to intend                             karoorfachuu, yaaduu
to interrupt                          addaan kutuu
to intimidate                         sossodaachiisuu, quuxessuu
to introduce (people to each other)   wal barsiisuu

to invite                             affeeruu
to joke                               qoosuu, baacuu
to jump                               xarrisuu, utaaluu
to kick                               dhiituu, qeera'uu
to kill                               ajjeesuu
to kiss                               dhungachuu
to knock (on a door)                  balbala rukutuu
to know                               beekuu, baruu, amanfachuu
to laugh                              kolfuu
to launder, wash clothes              miiccuu
to lay (something down)               ciibsuu
to lead                               geggeessuu, hoogganuu
to leak                               dhimmisuu
to learn                              barachuu, baruu
to leave                              baatuu, gadhiisuu
to leave, quit                        dhiisuu
to lessen                             xinneessuu, xinnaachuu
to lick                               arraabuu
to lie, fib                           kijibuu, sobuu
to like, love                         jaalachuu
to limp                               okkoluu
to listen                             dhaggeeffachuu, caqasuu
to live                      jiraachuu
to loan, lend                liqeessuu, ergisuu
to lock                      qollofuu
to look                      ilaaluu, arguu
to lower, bring down         buusuu
to make                      gochuu, tolchuu
to manufactor, produce       oomishuu
to marry                     fuudhuu, heerumuu
to measure, weigh            madaaluu, safaruu, lakkaa'uu
to meet, encounter           quunamuu
to memorize                  yaadachuu
to milk                      elmuu
to mimic                     akkeessuu
to mix                       waliin makuu, walitti dabaluu
to moan                      aaduu, gadooduu
to mourn                     gufufuu
to move                      wawarraaquu, socho'uu
to multiply                  baay'isuu
to need                      barbaaduu, badaduu
to nominate                  eeruu
to notice, notify            beeksisuu
to obey                      abboomamuu
to offend                    mufachiisuu, aarsuu, dallansiisuu
to open                      banuu, saaquu
to oppress                   cinqursuu, gad-qabuu
to optimize                  fooyyessu
to organize                  gurmeessuu, qixeessuu, gamteessuu
to paint                     dibuu
to pass                      darbuu, taruu
to pay                       kaffaluu
to peel                      quncisuu
to pierce                    waraanuu, uruu
to pile                      tuuluu
to plan                      karoorsuu, karoorfachuu
to plant, erect, establish   dhaabuu
to play                      taphachuu, xabachuu
to pollute                   faaluu, areeruu
to pour                      dhangala'uu, dhangalaasuu
to practice                  shaakaluu
to preach                    lallabuu
to predict                   raajuu, raaguu
to prepare                   qopheessuu
to pretend                   fakkeessuu
to print                     maxxansuu
to pull                      harkisuu
to punish                    adabuu
to push                      dhiibuu
to put, place, store   kaa'uu
to rain                roobuu
to read                dubbisuu
to reduce              xiqqeessuu, hir'isuu
to regret              gaabbuu, sheena'uu
to remain              hafuu
to remember            yaadachuu, qaabachuu
to remind              yaadachiisuu
to rent                kireessuu
to ride                gulufsiisuu
to roast               waaduu, affeeluu, kalaankaluu
to rob                 saamuu
to rot                 raamma'uu, tortoruu
to run                 fiiguu, arreeduu, kaachuu
to satisfy             booharsuu, quubsuu
to saw                 seeruu
to say                 jedhuu
to scream              iyyuu, wacuu
to see                 ilaaluu, arginuu
to seem                fakkaachuu
to sell                gurguruu
to send                erguu
to serve               tajaajiluu
to sew                 hodhuu, xibiiruu
to sharpen             qaruu
to shave               haaduu, aaduu, aaddachuu
to show, indicate      agarsiisuu
to sift                gingilchuu, soruu
to signify, mean       agarsiisuu, mul'isuu
to sing                weeddisuu, weellisuu, alalaasuu
to sit                 taa'uu
to slaughter           gorra'uu, qaluu
to sleep               rafuu, ciisuu
to slip                mucucaachuu
to smash               hurreessuu, unkuteessuu
to smell               suufuu, fuunfachuu, urgeeffachuu, suurachuu
to soak                dhuubuu, laaffisuu
to sow seed, scatter   facaasuu
to spend the day       ooluu
to spend the night     buluu
to spit                tufuu
to sqeeze              cimmiiguu, cuunfuu
to start               jalqabuu, eegaluu
to startle             birrachuu, wareeruu, dammaqsuu
to stay                turuu
to steal               hatuu
to sting               hidduu
to stir                       bulbuluu, irbuu, mooquu, sochoosu
to study                      qu'achuu
to succeed                    milkaa'uu
to supply                     dhiheessuu
to support                    deggeruu, utubuu, kibuu, gargaaruu
to surprise                   dinqisiisuu
to surround                   marsuu
to suspect                    shakkuu
to swallow                    liqimsu
to sweat                      dafquu
to sweep                      haxaa'uu, haruu
to sweeten                    mi'eessuu
to swim                       daakuu
to take (someone somewhere)   geessuu
to take care                  eeggachuu
to talk, speak                dubbachuu, haasa'uu, baanuu, qaaquu
to teach                      barsiisuu, leenjisuu
to tear                       tarsaasuu, baqasuu
to tell                       himuu
to think                      yaaduu, abbaaluu
to threaten                   doorsisuu, sodaachisuu, quuxessuu
to throw                      darbachuu, ha'uu
to till                       shukunuu, jaala soquu
to trade                      daldaluu
to translate                  hiikuu
to try                        yaaluu, badaduu
to turn (in direction)        goruu
to turn (something)           garagaluu
to turn over, peddle          garagalchuu
to understand                 hubachuu
to untie                      hiikuu
to update                     ammayyoomsuu
to use                        fayyadamuu
to visit                      daaw'achuu
to vomit                      hooqqisiisuu, balaqqamsiisuu, balaqqamuu
to wait                       afachuu, eeguu, turuu
to wake (someone) up          dammaqsuu
to wake up, be startled       dammaquu
to wake up, get up            ka'uu
to walk                       adeemuu, tarkaanfachuu
to want                       barbaaduu, fedhuu, badaduu
to warn                       akeekkachiisuu, beekkachiisuu, seerachiisuu,
                              weellefachuu
to wash                       dhiqqachuu, miiccuu, sharaquu
to waste                      baraaxuu, afoollessuu
to water (plants)             bishaan obaasuu
to wear                       uffachuu, keewwachuu
to weed          aramuu
to wet           jiisuu
to whistle       fooricuu, siissuu, fooqqisuu, shawwisuu
to win           injifachuu, mo'uu
to winnow        calleessuu
to wip           dhaanuu
to work          hojjechuu
to worry         dhiphachuu, yaadda'uu
to write         barreessuu, katabuu
to yawm          hamuummachuu
today            har'a
toe              quba miillaa
together         walitti, wajjin, walii-wajjin
toilet           boolii, golbobbaa
toilet room      manni fincaani
tomato           timaatimii, ajaagaarii
tomorrow         boru, bor
tongue           arraba
tonight          edana, har'a galgala
tooth            ilka, ilkaan
toothpaste       saamunaa ilkaanii
toothpick        rigaa
total            dimshaasha, waliigala
tourist          daaw'ataa, daaw'attuu, imalaa, imaltuu
toward           gara, kallattii
towel            fooxaa, waccuu
toxic            summaa'aa
train            baabura geejjibaa
traitor          gantuu, haalaa, haaltuu
translation      hiikkaa
transportation   geejjiba
treatment        wal'aansa
tree, wood       muka
trial, try out   yaalii
triangle         rogsadee, sadakkuu
tribe            gosa
truck            makiina fe'issa
true, real       dhugaa
trust            amaanaa
Tuesday          kibxata, facaasaa, balloo
turn, order      dabaree
twenty           digdama
twin             lakkuu
two              lama
type, kind       gosa, akaakuu, sanyii
ugly, untidy     fokkisaa, fokkistuu
umbrella         dibaaba, daatuu, gaaddisee
uncle (maternal)             eessuma, hubuyu, abbo guddoo
uncle (paternal))            wasiila, abuyyaa
under                        jala
underpants                   pantii, butaantii
underskirt, slip             minxii liibsii
underwear                    jalaanii
uniform (clothes)            fooyituu, walagoo
university                   yunivarsiitii
unless…                      yoo…malee
unripe                       xobbee
untidy                       boosacha, booseettii, samaa, samtuu
until                        hamma, hanga
until the end                hamma dhuma
up                           irra, gara olii, hanga, gararraa
upwards                      ol
urine                        fincaan
us                           nu
use (n)                      faayidaa, dantaa, bu'aa
useful                       faayidaa qabeessa
useless                      badduu, goofoo, faayidaa-maleessa
usually, frequently, often   yerroo baa'ee
vaccination                  talaallii
value                        sona, safuu, gatii
valueless, vain              bilaasha
vegetables                   kuduraa
vegetation                   biqiltuulee
vehicle                      makiinaa, koonkoolata
ventilation                  qilleensa afarsuu
verb                         gochima, gocha
very                         baayee, baay'ee
vest                         jalaanii, sadarya
victory                      injifannoo, mo'icha
view, vision                 mul'ata, daayyaa
village                      ganda, araddaa, amba
violence                     jeequmsa, kolboo, goolii
visitor                      daaw'ataa, daaw'attuu
volume                       qabiyyee
vomit                        diddiga, haqqee, bulgaatii, balaqqama
waist                        mudhii
waiter                       keessummeessisa, keessummeessitu
wall                         goorroo, dadaa, gidaaraa
war                          waraana, lola
wardrobe                     kabata, wancarii, ansaada
warehouse                    mankuusa
wasteful                     afoollessaa, afoollessituu, baraaxxuu, firfirstuu
watch                        ilaala, fana
watch (wrist)                sa'aatii harka
water                     bishaan
water bottle, canteen     koddaa
water pollution           faalama bishaanii
waterfall                 fincaa'aa, gootuu, xinniqee
watermelon                luxxee, habaaba
way                       karaa, daandii
we                        nuti, nuyi
weak                      dadhabaa, dadhabduu, kokottaa'aa, kokottooftuu,
                          muyoo
weather                   haala qilleensaa
weather condition         amaleensa
wedding                   cidha, aruuza
Wednesday                 roobi
weed                      huura, aramaa, buuchaa, dobaa, tusii
week                      torban
weekend                   sanbata fi dilbata
weight                    ulfina
welcome                   baga nagaa dhuftan
west                      lixa, dhiha, ilgalchuu
what                      maal
what (rel. pron.)         waan
wheel (of car)            masakaa
when                      yoom
when (rel. pron.)         yoommu
whenever…                 yoommu…kamittiyyu/yeroohundaa
where                     eessa, garam
where (rel. pron.)        bakkii
which                     kam
white                     adii, calqii, weeca
white board               gabatee aadi
who                       eenyu
who, which (rel. pron.)   kan, tan
whoever                   eenyuyyuu
whose                     kan eenyu, kaneenyu
why                       maaliif
why (rel. pron.)          waan <verb>+f
wick (candle or stove)    fo'aa
wide                      bal'aa
width                     dalgeeta, bal'ina
wife                      niti, haadha manaa, jaartii
wild animals              bineensoota alaa
wildlife                  bineensa bosonaa
wind (moving air)         qilleensa, bubbisa
window                    foddaa
windy                     qilleensa'aa
wing                      baallee, gofla, goblaa, koochoo, kola
winter (season)           ganna
wip                            alangaa
wire                           shiboo
wisdom                         ogummaa
wise                           aaqila, ogeessa, ogeettii, qaroo
wish                           abbala, fedhii, hawwii
with                           wajjin, waliin, duukaa
with pleasure                  gammaccuu wajjin
wolf                           yeeyyii
woman                          nitinaayee, dubartii, gennee, nadheen
woman (married)                gadarba
woman (old)                    alkoo
wood beetle                    qiinqee, qiinqani
word                           jecha
work                           hojii
world                          addunyaa
worm                           raammoo
worn, worn out                 bututaa, moofaa
wound (n)                      madaa
wounded                        madaa'aa, madooftuu
yam                            goodarree
year                           waggaa, bara, ganna
years                          waggaawwan
yellow                         booraa, keelloo
yes                            eeyee, ee
yesterday                      kaleessa
yet                            hanga ammaatti, ammallee
yield                          oomisha, horata, callaa, atootota
yield, product                 callaa
yogurt                         itittuu
you (pl., obj.)                isini
you (pl., subj.)               isin
you (sing., obj.)              si, si'i
you (sing., subj.)             ati
young                          laccee
your, yours (pl.)              keessan, keessani
your, yours (sing.)            kee
zipper                         shaarneellaa
zone                           godina, ambaala
"and you?"                     ati hoo?
"Don't touch me!"              nan tuqin!
"for example"                  fakkeenyaaf
"here you are" (when giving)   kunoo
"I don't understand"           nan galle, hin hubanne
"I understand"                 na gale, hubadhee jira
"I want to be alone"           qobaa koo ta'uun barbaada
"I'll call back"               deebiseen bilbila
"it's possible"                danda'ama
"there it is"                  kuunnoo
"What happened to you/what's   maal taate?
wrong?"

				
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