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					Technology and
     Rachel Brown
     Julie Grimley
 Stephanie Kozikowski
      Peter North
    What is Multimedia?
 The integration of various forms of media
 Synthesis of:
       Text
       Graphics
       Animation
       Audio
       Still images
       Motion video
1.   History of Multimedia Technologies in
2.   Beginning of Multimedia As We Know It
3.   Modern-Day Multimedia Technologies
History of Multimedia
Technologies in Isolation:
  Text, Image, and Audio
Key Moments in Text
 1450:   Invention of the Printing Press
 1702:   First newspaper, The Daily Current
 1837:   Invention of the telegraph
 1867:   Invention of the manual typewriter
 1953:   Electric Typewriter invented
Key Moments in Still Image
 1837: Daguerreotype (photographic
  reproduction) invented
 1881: Halftone process enables mass
  reproduction of images
 1888: Kodak camera and roll film
 1947: First instant camera by Polaroid
 1996: Affordable digital cameras widely
Key Moments in Moving Image
 1888: Kinetograph (first motion picture
  camera) invented
 1895: First Motion Picture, La Sortie des
  Ouvriers de L’usine Lumiere a Lyon
 1906: First Animation Film, Humorous
  Phases of Funny Faces
 1980: First consumer camcorder
Key Moments in Audio
   1837: Telegraph receiver and transmitter
   1858: Transatlantic cable laid
   1876: First phone call
   1877: Invention of phonograph; first recording
   1948: First transistor developed
   1948, 1963, 1983, 1991: Formations of vinyl
    records, audio cassettes, CDs, and mp3s
Beginning of Multimedia As We Know It
   Different media forms continued to
    develop in isolation, but they also began
    to converge…
The Synthesis
   1839: Visual images        1926: Demonstration
    in magazines (wood          of first television
    cuts and lithographs)      1927: “The Jazz

                                       The First Talkie!!
The Synthesis Continued
   1972: First video
    game system
   1999: Birth of Napster
   2001: iTunes rocks
    the world
The Synthesis Continued
 1958: First transistor computer
 1965: Word processor introduced
 1977: First PC with color graphics, Apple II
 1985: First true multimedia computer
  born, the Commodore Amiga
The Synthesis Continued
   1971: First email message
   1983: Birth of Internet
   1985: NSFNET connects supercomputers at 5
   1987: Hypercard (helps construct interactive
    hypermedia documents) by Apple
   1991: World Wide Web introduced
   1992: Introduction of HTML
  Modern Examples of
Evolved Hybrid Multimedia
From Pens to Podcasts

 Text synthesized with image, and then
  abandoned for sound and video.
 One way communication limitation.
 Ease of publication.

   Text evolved into image and sound.

 Added element of interactivity.
 Two different sides of technological
Evolution of Purpose I
Evolution of Purpose II
Modern-Day Multimedia
  E-mail, Instant messaging,
           Blogs, and
   Wireless Communication
The Internet
   E-mail
       Predates the internet, was crucial in
        developing the internet
       Started in 1965 to aid communication between
        users of a time-sharing mainframe computer
       Ray Tomlinson of ARPANET first to put “@”
        between name and machine in 1971
       Today, 91% of internet users between 18 and
        64 use e-mail
   Instant Messaging Services
       Began in 1970s using UNIX and other multi-
        user operating systems
       Graphical User Interface (GUI) based
        messaging services (ICQ, AIM) developed in
        late 1990s
       Originally a text-only form of communication
        like email, IM services now include
            Video conferencing
            Voice Over Internet Protocols
            Web conferencing
   Blogs
       An abbreviation of “web log,” they are online diaries
       Began sometime in 1994; the actual word “blog” wasn’t
        coined until 1999
       Predominantly text based, blogs today may also include
        photos, sketches, audio files/podcasts, videos, and
       Today, blogs have stretched beyond diary form, and
        they can be found discussing everything from politics to
        newspaper comics
       Blogs are being seen more and more as important
        sources of news not covered by mainstream media
            Hurricane Katrina
            CBS – “Rathergate”
Wireless Communication
•   Developed as an offshoot of radio,
    wireless systems today use radio waves to
    transmit info
•   Two main forms of wireless
    communication today: Bluetooth and Wi-Fi
   Bluetooth
       Became popular by enabling communication
        between cell phones and hands-free headsets
       Low power consumption
       Range of 10~100 meters
       Can be used with a wide range of devices cell
        phones, laptops, printers, digital cameras, PCs,
        video game consoles
   Wi-Fi
       greater power consumption than Bluetooth in
        exchange for a stronger connection
       Need to be near a “hotspot,” or access point to
        use Wi-Fi enabled devices
       Wi-Fi devices must be configured to transmit
        files and share resources and audio links
       Faster connection than bluetooth, hotspots
        have better range, overall Wi-Fi is more secure
       Wi-Fi allows users to connect to the internet
        and each other (through peer-to-peer mode)