[English] [Español] 1 FLOSS (Free/Libre/Open Source Software) for MS Windows Users For almost every proprietary program which runs in MS Windows, there exists a free software (open source) alternative. In order to replace the proprietary software on your MS Windows machine, here is a list of possible software replacements. For a more comprehensive list of every program available, see the OSSwin Project. For Spanish speakers, see the comprehensive list at CDLibre.org. If comparing costs between proprietary software and its FLOSS alternative, see this list of software prices. If you would like to download all these programs at once, The Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society has compiled a WinOSS CD with the latest versions of most of these programs. For Spanish versions of these programs, CDLibre.org offers a DVD and several CDs with most of these programs. If you just want a basic introduction to free software, try The Open CD (no Spanish version available). Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) Web Navigator MS Internet Mozilla FireFox Internet Explorer is a security Win, Linux, Explorer ($0) nightmare and should only be used Mac AOL Netscape ($0) when a webpage has been Opera ($0) programmed to only work with Microsoft's proprietary extensions of the standard internet formats. Most spyware and other forms of malware has been designed to take advantage of the gaping security holes in Internet Explorer. According one test, an Internet Explorer user will receive 21 times more malware than a FireFox user. SeaMonkey SeaMonkey uses the same Win, Linux, codebase as FireFox but is a Mac complete suite that uses less memory and has more tools than FireFox, although it doesn't support as many extensions as FireFox. E-Mail MS Outlook Express Mozilla MS Outlook is a security hazard Win, Linux, (in Windows XP: Thunderbird which can be a vector for Mac $199, $299) dangerous scripts in email. MS Outlook ($109, Thunderbird doesn't have all the in MS Office: $399, features of MS Outlook, but is $499) much more secure, since it has Qualcomm Eudora built-in spam filters and doesn't ($0, $49.95) allow dangerous scripts to run. Corel WordPerfect SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Mail is very similar to Win, Linux, Mail ($29, $35; in Mail Thunderbird but supports a couple Mac WP Office: $99, more advanced options. Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) $299, $399) Internet Instant AIM (AOL Instant Gaim Unlike the proprietary internet chat Win, Linux, Messenger Messenger) ($0) programs which can only Mac MS Windows Live communicate in their own chat Messenger ($0) protocol, Gaim can handle all Yahoo! Messenger protocols so you don't have to ($0) switch between programs if you Jabber ($0) want to talk to people using MSN, Yahoo, Google, IRC, ...etc. It even supports spell-checking. FTP Client InternetSoft FTP FileZilla A fully featured FTP client based Win Commander on the PUtty command-line tool. It ($29.95, $49.95) is very useful for long uploads and Glub Tech Secure downloads when you want to FTP ($25) pause and later resume. WinSCP WinSCP is an FTP client also Win based upon PUtty with a simpler interface than FileZilla. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) EDonkey2000 ($0) BitTorrent For almost all the P2P networks, Win, Linux, KaZaA (FileTrack) there are free software clients Mac ($0) available. Use aMule for eDonkey Napster ($0) networks, Gnucleus for Gnutella networks, and KCeasy for FileTrack networks. In place of Napster, use OpenNap. BitTorrent, however, is the best of the P2P clients in the opinion of many free software users. Many free software projects prefer that their software be downloaded by BitTorrent. Podcast Receiver PodFeeder ($0) Juice Juice is a handy program for Win, Mac, nimiq ($0) receiving podcasts automatically Linux (in the Doppler ($0) from many different sources. future) Essential for people who follow the alternative news on the internet from shows like Democracy Now! and CounterSpin. Internet Skype ($0, charge Speak Freely Speak Freely is dificult to Win Telephone per call) configure, but if both the sender Symantec and receiver have it installed, they pcAnywhere can talk to each other for free, ($99.95, $199.95) unlike Skype which charges for Iready DigiPhone each phone call. In order to use (monthly fee) Speak Freely, both the sender and VocalTec Internet receiver need an IP number, which Phone can be tricky if the IP number is automatically assigned and can change. Plain Text Editor MS Notepad (in Notepad2 Quite frankly MS Notepad is a Win Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) Windows XP: $199, very inadequite as a bare text $299) editor. Notepad2 is far superior, yet maintains a simple design. Unfortunately Notepad2 like MS Notepad can only open one document at a time. Notepad++ Notepad++ has so many options Win that many programmers use it in place of the text editors found in Integrated Development Environments. It recognizes and properly highlights almost every programming language. A real delight to use, although the non- programmer probably won't ever need most of its options. emacs This programmable text editor that Win, Linux, xemacs can do everything, including check Mac your email and run LISP. It has a steep learning curve and is almost a culture within itself, but it can do some amazing things--it has accumulated a lot of functions over the last 25 years. Word Processor MS Word ($229, in OpenOffice.org OOo Writer is better than MS Win, Linux, MS Office: $399, Writer Word according to many Mac $499) reviewers. In my opinion, Corel WordPerfect WordPerfect is slightly better than (in WP Office: $99, OO Writer, but WordPerfect is $299, $399) more liable to unexpected crashes. IBM Lotus Word OO Writer runs in Windows, Pro (in SmartSuite: Linux/UNIX, and OS X, unlike $281 per year) MS Word and WP. It can export documents as PDF and saves in a text format, so documents can easily be recovered or exported. It exports to HTML better than any of the other major word processors. Its only major drawbacks are a lack of reveal codes like in WP and its non- intuitive search features which are designed for people used to UNIX regular expressions. OO Writer can also open and save in many formats including MS Word's DOC format. AbiWord AbiWord is small, fast word Win, Linux, processor. The upcoming version Mac 2.5 will support internet collaboration editing like Writely Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) does. AbiWord runs on all platforms and can open and save in many formats including DOC format. Its major drawback is that occasionally the formatting on screen will appear out-of-whack until the screen is redrawn. Presentations MS PowerPoint OpenOffice.org Impress is just as user-friendly as Win, Linux, ($229, in MS Office: Impress PowerPoint and creates nice Mac $399, $499) presentations, but Powerpoint has Corel a few more advanced options than Presentations (in WP Impress. Occasionally you will Office: $99, $299, need to reformat imported $399) PowerPoint documents in Impress. Spreadsheet MS Excel ($229, in OpenOffice.org OOo Calc is just as good as the Win, Linux, MS Office: $399, Calc proprietary spreadsheets, although Mac $499) graph manipulation is slightly Corel Quattro Pro better in MS Excel. (in WP Office: $99, Gnumeric Gnumeric uses the R statistics Win, Linux $299, $399) language, so its statistical and IBM Lotus 123 (in scientific functions are better than SmartSuite: $281 those found in the proprietary per year) spreadsheets. Its graph manipulation, however, is rather limited.. Tax Accounting Intuit TurboTax OpenTaxSolver OpenTaxSolver can calculate Win, Linux, ($9.95, $39.95, (OTS) federal taxes for the US and Mac $59.95) Canada and the taxes for H&R Block TaxCut California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia, Ohio, New York, Pennsylvania, and Ontario. In the future, check the Tax Code Software Foundation which plans to have free software for preparing the 2006 US federal taxes. Personal Finance/ MS Money ($19.99 - Grisbi Grisbi is a personal accounting Win, Linux, Accounting $89.99) application developed by a French Mac Intuit Quicken group which is easy to set up and ($29.99 - $79.99) use. It doesn't support double entry bookkeeping and some other types of advanced accounting. Business Finance/ MS Small Business Currently none In GNU/Linux, GnuCash offers Accounting Accounting ($149) more advanced accounting, but Intuit QuickBooks only preliminary attempts have ($99.95 - $3000) been made to port it to Windows. SQL-Ledger is accounting software that can run on Windows web servers. ERP (Enterprise Oracle PeopleSoft InfoSiAL FacturaLUX manages the Win, Linux, Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) Resource ERP FacturaLUX accounting and all other kinds of Mac Planning) SAP mySAP ERP data in the management of a MS Project ($599, business. The version for Windows $999) XP is not yet stable. The Windows version should only be used in Windows NT and Windows 2000. Statistics SAS JGR (Java Gui JGR (pronounced as "jaguar") and Win, Linux, SPSS Base ($1599) for R) R Commander are graphical user Mac Insightful S-PLUS R Commander interfaces for the R statistics language, which is a free software implemention of S. Although the SAS and SPSS are nicer GUIs, many statisticians like R better that the languages which come with SAS and SPSS. In addition, Gnumeric provides an easy way to use R functions inside of a spreadsheet. Web Page Editor MS FrontPage Nvu Nvu is a web page editor with a Win, Linux, ($199, in MS Office: nice user interface, but fewer Mac $399, $499) options than FrontPage and Adobe DreamWeaver. Its table editing Dreamweaver needs improvement and there is no ($399) option to see both the HTML code and the web page at the same time while editing. Nvu is prone to frequent crashes and still has a number of annoying bugs, but I still prefer Nvu to FrontPage, because it adds less garbly-gook to my html code. In GNU/Linux, many use Quanta Plus, but its interface is much less intuitive than Nvu. OpenOffice.org Writer has a web page mode so Win, Linux, Writer you can edit web pages, but you Mac can't see the HTML code, so it is rather limited in its web editing capabilities. PDF (Publishing Adobe Acrobat OpenOffice.org Although there is not free software Win, Linux, Format) ($299, $449) program for editing existing PDF Mac documents like Adobe Acrobat, you can edit your documents in OpenOffice and save them as a PDF. OpenOffice PDFs support hyperlinks, but do not support forms and the other advanced features of Adobe Acrobat. PDFCreator PDFCreator converts documents in Win a print format such a postscript Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) into PDFs. It doesn't support hyperlinks, forms, and other advanced PDF features xpdf Although the main xpdf viewer Linux, doesn't run under Windows, its (Command programs to extract images from Line tools: PDF files and to convert PDF files Win, Mac) into postscript or text do run in Windows. Desktop MS Publisher ($169, Scribus Scribus is fast approaching the Win, Linux, Publishing $209, in MS Office: utility of Pagemaker and has Mac $399, $499) already bypassed Publisher, Adobe Pagemaker although it isn't as user-friendly. ($499) Before installing Scribus, make QuarkXPress ($749, sure to first download and install $1499) Ghostscript for viewing postscript files. Simple Graphics MS Paint (in OpenOffice.org OpenOffice Draw is better than Win, Linux, Windows XP: $199, Draw MS Paint by all measures. It also Mac $299) supports basic diagramming. It's only drawback is its poor export quality to other image formats like png and jpeg. Diagramming MS Visio ($199, Dia Dia lacks some of the advanced Win, Linux, $499) features of Visio, but will handle Mac the diagram drawing that most people want. For its code size, it is an amazing program. Currently Dia can't open Visio files and there is no easy way to share files between Dia and Visio users. Advanced Adobe PhotoShop GIMP (GNU Some people say that the GIMP is Win, Linux, Graphics ($649) Image more difficult to use than Mac CorelDRAW ($399) Manipulation PhotoShop, although it may just be Corel Paint Shop Project) that they are used to PhotoShop. In Pro ($99) any case, the GIMP has the same graphical editing capabilities of the PhotoShop, although some things like red-eye removal are harder to do. Vector-based Adobe Illustrator InkScape InkScape is a vector image editor. Win, Linux, drawing ($499) It doesn't support all the features of Mac Corel PaintShop Pro the proprietary SVG editors, but it ($99) is rapidly improving. Animation Adobe Macromedia Blender Blender is a 3-D modeling Win, Linux, Flash ($399, $699) program which can be used to Mac Corel Animation create animations, although it is Shop ($39) harder to use than Macromedia, AutoDesk Maya especially for creating web page Complete ($1999) animations. It has steep learning Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) curve, but you can make animated movies with it. GIMP with GIMP supports SVG animation Win, Linux, extension (See with an extension, but is Mac above) significantly harder to use than Macromedia. Computer Aided AutoDesk AutoCAD RibbonSoft QCad is a 2 dimensional drafting Win?, Linux Drafting ($899, $3995) QCad program and circuit board designer RibbonSoft QCad Community which is easier to learn to use than Professional (~$31, Edition AutoCAD. Although it doesn't ~$44, ~$287) offer the 3-D modeling and some MathSoft of the advanced features of Pro/ENGINEER AutoCAD, it will serve for most drafting needs. RibbonSoft has released a free software edition of its software which is the same as QCad Professional except for support for the scripting and polyline modules. QCad is widely available in Linux, but to use it in Windows, you have to download the source code and compile it with the Qt library which isn't free in Windows. Although other Qt programs for Windows such as Scribus are available for download, I have been unable to find a compiled version of QCad for Windows. If you have access to Qt in Windows, please compile it for the rest of us who can't afford Qt licensing fees. Photo Manager Apple iPhoto (in Currently none Picasa is decent freeware (not free iLife: $79) software) for Windows. In Nero PhotoShow GNU/Linux, F-Spot, gThumb and ($39.99) KSquirrel are nice photo Sonic Roxio managers, but they haven't been PhotoSuite ($29.95) ported to Windows. Google Picasa ($0) Multimedia Player RealNetworks VLC VLC has a couple of novel features Win, Linux, RealPlayer ($0, (VideoLAN that no other media players Mac $19.99) Client) support. As good as RealPlayer MS Media Player and Media Player for watching ($0) movies, it falls short as a music Apple QuickTime player. VLC doesn't support ($0, $29.99) ripping, and its play list features aren't very user-friendly. It uses normal menus and buttons, unlike some annoying media players which try to imitate physical stereos and VCRs, but users who Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) like skins may find its selection limited. If a video has multiple sound tracks, VLC won't always auto-select the correct sound track- -you have to select it from the menu. MPlayer The Hungarian answer to Command RealPlayer, but it doesn't have a line: Win; GUI interface in Windows yet. GUI: Linux, Some free software advocates Mac don't like it because it supports a lot of proprietary formats, but it will play just about every format imaginable. MediaFrame A nice Java-based media player, Win, Linux, but it should be avoided since it Mac supports Digital Rights Management, an industry plan to restrict your digital rights. Music Player Nullsoft Winamp MusikCube MusikCube is an excellent music Win ($0) player and ripper with a very Musicmatch intuitive interface and nice play list Jukebox ($0, features. It supports MP3, but is $19.95) uses Ogg Vorbis by default which is a superior sound format. MusikCube doesn't support “skins”, which some may see as a drawback. Unfortunately its GUI is programmed in Visual Basic, so it isn't portable to other operating systems. Sound Editor & Sony Sound Forge Audacity Audacity is a well-designed and Win, Linux, Mixer ($69.95, 319.96) easy-to-use sound editor, but it Mac Sony ACID ($69.95, doesn't have track indicators, so $374.96) you can only do very basic multi- Steinberg Wavelab track mixing. There are better ($149, $649) proprietary sound editing programs Adobe Audition but they priced beyond the reach of ($349) most amateur musicians and redubbers. Video Editor Adobe Premiere VirtualDub There is no free software Win ($99, $849) replacement for the proprietary Apple Final Cut movie editors, but VirtualDub is a ($299, $1299) handy video capture/processing Ulead MediaStudio utility designed for AVI video. It Pro ($399.99) can read, but not write, MPEG 1 Avid Pinnacle video as well. If you want a Studio ($69.99, freeware movie editor, check out $99.99, $129.99) Zwei-Stein Video Editor. CinePaint CinePaint edits bitmap images for Win, Linux, tradition movie formats which use Mac Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) frames. DVD player InterVideo See VLC above. VLC occasionally has problems Win, Linux, WinDVD ($39.95, with DVD menus and doesn't deal Mac $49.95) very gracefully with bad spots in Orion DirectDVD DVDs, but it will play most ($99, $149) movies just as well as proprietary CyberLink DVD software. The big problem is PowerDVD (49.95, that there are ridiculous legal 59.95, $69.95) restrictions on decoding MPEG formats and decrypting the CSS (Content Scrambling System). If you believe as I do that most forms of intellectual property are morally wrong or if you believe that you should have the legal right to watch a movie which you paid for, then watch movies with a clear conscience with VLC. If you believe that big media companies should have the right to charge you for the act of decoding and decrypting information in their proprietary formats, then don't use VLC. CD/DVD Burner Nero ($79.99) CDRDAO (CD CDRDAO is a command-line tool Command Sonic Roxio Recorder Disk- for burning CDs which runs in just Line: Win, DigitalMedia Studio At-Once) about every platform. To use it Linux, Mac ($69, $99, $149) requires creating a text file which contains information about how to burn the CD. Unfortunately CDRDAO can't burn DVDs and doesn't have a graphical interface. Burn-At-Once has created a graphical front-end for CDRDAO which is free for non-commercial use. CDBurnerXP Pro is a decent freeware CD burner for Windows, although it is not free software. Annoyingly, it defaults to ISO 1, so you have to select ISO 2 if you don't want shortened filenames. In GNU/Linux, K3B is an excellent CD/DVD burner, but it hasn't been ported to Windows. First-person ID Software Doom Cube Cube doesn't have any artificial Win shooter game ($20, $25) & Quake intelligence, so you can only play ($40, $50) against other human beings in 3D Realms Duke internet multi-person play, but the Nukem ($19.99) graphics engine is rather nice. War Strategy Blizzard Warcraft Wesnoth Not as slick as some of the Win Game ($19.99, $29.99) commercial games, but definitely Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) MS Age of Empires an enjoyable battlefield strategy ($49.95) game. Personal Database MS Access ($229, in OpenOffice.org OOo Base is currently only a Win, Linux, MS Office Pro: Base limited replacement for a visual Mac $499) database like Access, but it is Corel Paradox (in rapidly improving. Although there WP Office Pro: are a number of excellent free $399) software databases, none have as MS Visual FoxPro good of a GUI interface as the ($649, in Visual proprietary databases. There is Studio: $299, $799) certainly no visual programing FileMaker Pro database program like Visual ($299, $499) FoxPro in free software. Enterprise MS SQL Server MySQL MySQL is a small and quick Win, Linux, Database (Server) ($3899, $5999, database that outperforms most Mac $24999) propriety databases in small and Oracle Database medium scale server applications. ($400, $4995, Before version 5 it didn't support $40000) many of the functions used by IBM DB2 large enterprise databases. SAP PostGresQL According to test data, Win, Linux, PostGresQL is faster than Oracle. Mac It supports all the advanced database functions and is an excellent large-scale enterprise database. Web Page Server MS Internet Apache Apache is faster, more secure, and Win, Linux, Information Server has more configuration options Mac (in Windows XP than IIS. Roughly 70% of webpage Pro: $299, in servers use Apache. Windows Server: $999, $2999) Email Server Magic WinMail SendmailSendmail is more configurable and Win, Linux Server ($129 - is faster than its proprietary $1299) competitors. Sendmail was one of Merak Mail Server the first email serving programs Engine ($264 - and is used by over 40% of email $980) servers, making it the market leader. If looking for a highly secure email server, check out postfix for UNIX-like systems. C/C++ MS Visual C/C++ Bloodshed Dev- Bloodshed Dev C/C++ is an Win Programming (in Visual Studio: C++ integrated development $299, $799) environment (IDE) like Visual Borland C++Builder C/C++ in Visual Studio. It uses the ($1090, $2490, MinGW (or alternatively Cygwin Turbo: $399) compiler which is based upon the Freescale gcc (GNU compiler collection). CodeWarrior Bloodshed can only compile C/C++ code, but in GNU/Linux Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) there are nice multilingual IDEs like KDE Developer and Anjuta DevStudio which are comparable to MS Visual Studio. For cross- platform programs, write C/C++ programs using free libraries like GTK+ and wxWidgets which will run in almost any operating system. MGWin MGWin Developer Studio is an Win, Linux Developer IDE for the MinGW compiler. It Studio comes with a nice resource editor for creating visual components for your programs. C# Programming MS C# (in Visual Mono Mono is a free software Win, Linux, Studio: $299, $799, implementation of C# that runs in Mac $2499) both Windows and Unix-like Borland C#Builder systems. It hasn't implemented all ($1090, $2490, of the MS C# libraries yet and $3490, Turbo: $399) doesn't come in an IDE like Visual Studio. Pascal Borland Delphi Bloodshed Dev- Bloodshed Dev-Pascal is an IDE Win Programming ($1090, $2490, Pascal which can use either the Free $3490, Turbo: Pascal or GNU Pascal compilers. $399)2 Although it doesn't have the Rapid Application Development and other visual programming features of Delphi, it is a good tool for teaching programming. BASIC MS Visual Basic (in GNU/Liberty There are a number of free Basic Win, Linux Programming Visual Studio: $299, Basic Compiler interpreters/ compilers available. $799, $2499) Collection Probably the best for general use is (GLBCC) the GLBCC, although it doesn't come with an IDE. The next version of wxBasic for wxWidgets programming looks promising, although the current version is incomplete and difficult to use. Mono's Basic.NET Compiler also bears watching for people who program in MS Visual Basic, although it is currently not a complete implementation. Java Programming MS Visual J++ (in GCJ (GNU Although programmers can Win, Linux, Visual Studio: $299, Compiler for develop Java programs without Mac $799, $2499) Java) + paying licensing fees, SUN has SUN Java ($0) ClassPath been roundly criticized for not Borland JBuilder releasing Java as free software. It ($499, $3500, appears that SUN will give Java a Turbo: $399) free software license in the future, Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) but in the meantime, the GNU Compiler for Java (GCJ) and Classpath can replace SUN's Java. Unfortunately, Classpath hasn't implemented all of SUN's java libraries yet, so some Java code won't run with it. For a good development environment for Java, check out Eclipse. Eclipse Eclipse is an IDE and toolkit for Win, Linux, 12 different languages, including Mac C/C++, Fortran, PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby, but it most used for Java programming. The Eclipse SDK uses a different widget toolkit than standard SUN Java and has a number of GUI tools to simplify the construction of applications. Compression Corel WinZIP 7-Zip 7-Zip can decompress 15 different Win, ($29.95 - $59.90) compression formats, so it can (Command RARLAB WinRAR open just about any compressed Line: Linux, ($29) file. It has a unique compression Mac) PKWARE PK-ZIP format which is 10% more ($29) compact than RAR and 75% more WinAce ($29, $39) compact than the standard ZIP compression used by most programs. It's only drawbacks are its odd interface and the fact that it can't decompress multi-volume ZIP files. Anti-virus Symantec Norton ClamWin Free ClamWin is based on the ClamAV Win AntiVirus ($39.99) Antivirus scanning engine which has a McAfee AntiVirus relatively high rate of virus Plus ($39.99) detection. ClamWin does not an on-access real-time scanner like some of the proprietary anti-virus programs, but it does have a scheduler for regular anti-virus scanning and a plugin to scan email in MS Outlook for viruses. Internet Security McAfee Internet currently none Since most forms of internet (anti-spyware, Security Suite malware simply don't function in etc.) ($49.99) GNU/Linux, few free software Symantec Norton developers feel the need to develop Internet Security counter-measures for a threat that ($69.99) doesn't bother them. If you need freeware to protect against spyware, try . Network Security Tenable Network nmap nmap scans networks for security Win, Linux, Scanner Security Nessus problems. In Linux, nmap can be Mac Software Proprietary FLOSS Comparison Platforms Category Programs Alternative (Cost in US) (version 3) ($1200 used with the GUI front end per year) nmapFE, but in Windows it can only be used from the command line. Nessus (version Nessus is an excellent network Win, Linux 2) / OpenVAS security scanner which used to be free software, but Tenable Network Security decided to turn it into proprietary software with version 3. Open source advocates are developing a free version called OpenVAS based upon the old version 2 code, but it is not yet available for download. Scanner and OCR Nuance OmniPage GOCR There is no free software in Win ($149.99, $499.99) Windows for controlling scanners. ABBYY FineReader For OCR, GOCR is a very ($199, $399) rudimentary command-line tool for NewSoft Presto! converting image files into text ($99.95) files. Nobody has created a graphical interface for it and people who aren't used to the command-line will find it difficult to use. If you want the help files, you have to download the source files as well. Voice Recognition Nuance Dragon currently none None of the current free software NaturallySpeaking voice recognition projects are ($99, $199, $899) developed to the point that they IBM ViaVoice can be used by normal Windows ($29.99, $49.99, users. IBM recently released some $79.99, $189.99) key code as free software, so we may see something in the distant future. Command Line MS-DOS (in Cygwin DOS is extremely limited as a Win Windows XP: $199, command line interface, which $299) should be avoided when possible. Cygwin is a UNIX emulator which provides the basic command line capabilities of UNIX inside Windows. Cygwin can be used to manipulate Windows files, but can't run BAT files or Windows programs, so it can't fully replace DOS in Windows. FreeDOS FreeDOS is a free software implementation MS-DOS. It works fine as a DOS boot disk, but it won't run inside of Windows 95 or later. Installation of Spanish Versions of the software Most of these free software programs will automatically detect the default language in Windows and set it as the user interface language. Some programs however require special downloads or the user interface language needs to be selected. OpenOffice.org After installing the English version of OpenOffice 2, download and install the Spanish Language Pack. It should automatically put interface in Spanish, but if not, go to go to Tools->Opcions->Language Configuration->Languages and select Español as the User Interface Language. To add Spanish spell-checking, go to Archivo->Assistantes->Instalar diccionarios nuevos. Select Español and click Ejecutar DicOOo. After downloading the Spanish [es_ES] dictionaries for spelling, silable separation, and sinonyms, exit and restart OpenOffice. If you have set up OpenOffice for quickstart, you will have to exit that as well. Look for the OpenOffice icon in the expandable tray on the right-hand side of the taskbar in Windows and right-click on it. Select the option Salir de Quickstarter. After restarting OpenOffice, go to Herramientas-> Opciones-> Configuración de idioma-> Lingüística. Under Modulos disponibles de idioma, click Editar. In the Editar Modulos dialog box, select Español (España) under Idioma. To spell check in Spanish, select the text, then go to Formato->Carácter and select Español (España) under Idioma. To set Spanish as the default language for spell checking, go to: Herramientas-> Opciones-> Configuración de idioma-> Idiomas. Bajo Idiomas predeterminados para los documentos, select Español (España) for Occidental. If Espanol does have check mark next to it when selecting it from the list of language, then OpenOffice can't find the dictionary files for Spanish. Exit OpenOffice, and go to the C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.0\share\dict\ooo\ directory and make sure that you see the files es_ES.dic, es_ES.aff, hyph_es_ES.dic, th_es_ES.dic, th_es_ES.aff. If not, you will have to download these files and place them in the directory. Then add the following lines to the dictionary.lst file in the same directory: DICT es ES es_ES HYPH es ES es_ES THES es ES es_ES Save the file as bare text and then restart OpenOffice. Now it should be able to spell- check in Spanish. If you want to set your documents to spell check in Spanish from another country, you will have to rename your dictionary files to the ISO code for that country. For instance, if you want to set Peruvian Spanish as your language, you will have to rename the dictionary files to es_PE.dic, es_PE.aff, hyph_es_PE.dic, th_es_PE.dic, th_es_PE.aff and change the dictionary.lst file to: DICT es PE es_PE HYPH es PE es_PE THES es PE es_PE Mozilla-based Software NAVE offers full Spanish versions of Mozilla Firefox, Thunderbird, Sunbird, SeaMonkey, and Nvu for download. Or you can install the English version and then later install a separate XPI Spanish Language Pack. Mozilla Firefox After installing the XPI Spanish Language pack, go to: Tools-> Options-> Advanced-> General. Click "Edit Languages" and in the "Languages" dialog box, click "Add" and select "Spanish [es]" from the list. Then click on "Move up" to put Spanish first on the list. Seamonkey To install the XPI Spanish Language Pack go to Edit-> Preferences-> Appearance-> Language/Content. Click "Download more..." and select Spanish. After downloading, select Spanish as your prefered language, click "OK" and then restart SeaMonkey. 7-Zip Currently there is no spanish translation of the latest version of 7-Zip, but older versions have been translated. See http://www.7-zip.org/es for the latest available version. MusikCube Currently there is no Spanish version of MusikCube, although somebody has started a translation. MGWin Developer Studio There is no Spanish translation available. This document has NO copyright and is PUBLIC DOMAIN. Please share and modify freely. Amos Batto <amosbatto AT yahoo DOT com> If you have suggested changes, please email me. Last Revised: 30 Sept 2006 Notes 1 Free software has been around since the dawn of computing, but it was formally coined as a term in 1984 with the beginning of the GNU project and the later creation of the Free Software Foundation. Today roughly 70% of free software uses the GNU General Protection License (GPL) created by the Free Software Foundation, although there are over 60 other free software licenses such as the BSD, MPL, and MIT. Free software is often referred to as "Open Source" in the press, a term coined in 1998 to woo the business community and to distance the movement from the Free Software Foundation which trenchantly insists that the "4 fundamental freedoms" of software users are paramount to any technical or commercial considerations. If you care about the ethical and social implications of technology, use the term "free software" to signal that choice to others. If you care about things like peer review of the code and superior development methodology (or you just like to pander to business interests), use the term "Open Source". Since speakers of Romance languages like Spanish, French, and Italian don't have the confusion between "free" and "gratis" in their languages, they generally use the term "software libre" or "software livre" without controversy. If you want to use a neutral term for the software, refer to it as "FLOSS" (Free/Livre/Open Source Software). Whatever you do, don't refer to it as "freeware" or "shareware" because those types of software don't give you the right to freely use, study, modify, and redistribute the code. 2 For people who want to use Delphi without paying a license fee, Borland recently released a version called Explorer which can be downloaded for free. Unlike the old Personal version, Explorer can be used for commercial projects. Unfortunately, Borland has abandoned development of Cylix, its version de Delphi and C++ Builder for Linux. Cylix can still be used with old versions of glibc and some special configuration.