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Leonard7e_Mod02_ExamCE

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Leonard7e_Mod02_ExamCE Powered By Docstoc
					1. This combining form literally means flowing water and when used in medical
terms, refers to connective tissue.

~ Rationale: The combining form rheumat/o literally means flowing water, and refers
in medical terms to connective tissue. Connective tissue is that which supports and
binds other types of body tissue and body parts. Rheumatism describes any of a
variety of degenerative, inflammatory disorders of the muscles and joints,
characterized by pain, stiffness, and limitation of movement. Rheumatology is the
study of disorders characterized by inflammation and degeneration of connective
tissue.
Objective: Write the meanings of the word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.18

a. oncol/o
b. immun/o
*c. rheumat/o
d. inguin/o

2. Specialists in the branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of
diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat are called _____.

~ Rationale: Specialists (–logist) in the branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis
and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear (ot/o), nose (rhin/o), and throat
(laryng/o) are called otorhinolaryngologists.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 24
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.21

a. ENTs
b. otologists
c. audiologists
*d. otorhinolaryngologists

3. Specialists in the branch of surgery that deals with the preservation and
restoration of the bones and associated structures are called _____.

~ Rationale: Orthopedists specialize in orthopedics, the branch of surgery concerned
with preserving and restoring bones and their associated structures. Plastic surgeons
repair or reconstruct tissue and organs. Epidemiologists are specialists in
epidemiology, the field of study concerned with the factors that determine the
frequency and distribution of diseases. Pathologists specialize in the microscopic
examination of tissue and the evaluation of cellular changes that occur in disease.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 27
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.17

a. plastic surgeons
*b. orthopedists
c. epidemiologists
d. pathologists

4. The goals of this profession are to enable resistance to disease, to shorten disease
duration with early diagnosis and prompt therapy, to prevent accidents, and to limit
the degree of disability caused by disease.

~ Rationale: Preventive medicine is concerned with preventing the occurrence of
both mental and physical illness and disease. Holistic health asserts that the
physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual aspects of a person’s life must
be viewed as an integrated whole. A primary care physician is a medical doctor who
usually is the first (primary) health professional to examine a patient and who may
recommend specialists if further treatment is needed. Triage is a method of
establishing priorities of patient care according to the seriousness of injuries,
urgency of treatment, and available resources.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 28
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.33

*a. preventive medicine
b. holistic medicine
c. triage
d. primary care physician

5. These health care professionals are educated in the medical model and are
licensed to practice medicine under the supervision of a physician. They take medical
histories, perform physical exams, order and interpret lab tests, diagnose and treat
illnesses, and prescribe medication.

~ Rationale: A physician assistant is a person certified by the American Academy of
Physician Assistants. Depending on their skills, experience, and legal regulations,
physician assistants can deliver primary patient care much like a licensed physician.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 29
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.39

6. Which practitioner is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of
the internal organs of adults?

~ Rationale: Internal medicine, practiced by an internist, is the nonsurgical specialty
concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the internal organs in
adults. An orthopedist focuses on the musculoskeletal system. A dermatologist is a
skin specialist. An oncologist is a physician who specializes in the study and
treatment of tumors.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 19
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.26

a. orthopedist
*b. internist
c. dermatologist
d. oncologist

7. The branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of
mental and emotional disorders is _____.

~ Rationale: The main clue in the question is “branch of medicine.” Psychiatry is a
branch of medicine, practiced by medical physicians. Clinical psychology is a branch
of psychology. Psychologists are not medical doctors.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 24
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.3

*a. psychiatry
b. psychology
c. clinical psychology
d. clinical therapy

8. The three combining forms that mean elderly or aged are _____, _____, and
_____.

~ Rationale: Geront/o, ger/a, and ger/o are combining forms that mean elderly or
aged, as in the terms gerontology (geront/o) and geriatrics (ger/o).
Objective: Write the meanings of word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.27

a. gastr/o, geront/o, onc/o
b. geront, ger, gero
c. orth/o, ped/o, ger/o
*d. geront/o, ger/a, ger/o

9. The word root that means drugs or medicine is _____.

~ Rationale: Pharmac means drugs or medicine, as in the term pharmacology. The
combining form pharmaceut/o also means drugs, as in the term pharmaceuticals.
Objective: Write the meanings of word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 30
MTO: Section I, Lesson 6.1

*a. pharmac
b. pharmaceut/o
c. pharm/o
d. analgesi/o

10. The combining forms dent/i, dent/o, and odont/o all refer to _____.

~ Rationale: Dent/i, dent/o, and odont/o all refer to teeth, as in the terms dentist
and orthodontist.
Objective: Write the meanings of the word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 30
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.3

a. bones
b. small intestine
c. nose
*d. teeth

11. Specialists concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the
urinary tract and the male reproductive tract are called _____.

~ Rationale: Urology, practiced by urologists, is the branch of medicine concerned
with the identification and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract in men and
women, and of conditions affecting the male reproductive system.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 26
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.10

a. gynecologists
*b. urologists
c. internists
d. prostate specialists

12. Peri_____ means pertaining to the time and process of giving birth or being
born.

~ Rationale: The medical term that means pertaining to (–al) the time around (peri–
) birth (nat/o) is perinatal. Perinatology is the branch of medicine concerned with the
care of the mother and her child during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period of
approximately 6 weeks following delivery.
Objective: Write the meanings of the word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.14

a. oncologic
*b. natal
c. nostrum
d. natous

13. A _____ therapist used therapies such as exercise, heat, cold, and massage to
prevent disability or to restore function following illness or injury.

~ Rationale: Physical therapy is the treatment of body ailments by nonmedicinal
means (without drugs). It uses natural agents such as water, heat, massage, and
exercise in the treatment of disease. The goal of occupational therapy is to restore
the ability to perform the activities of daily living that may have been compromised
by injury, illness, or aging.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 31
MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.1
a. occupational
b. respiratory
c. medical
*d. physical

14. The combining form in the term biologist is _____, meaning _____.

~ Rationale: A biologist is one who studies (–logist) life (bi/o), specifically living
organisms.
Objective: Write the meanings of the word parts and use them to build and analyze
terms.
Text page(s): 30
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.4

*a. bi/o, life
b. bi/o, surgery
c. biolog/o, animal
d. biolog/o, life

15. A radiologic technologist provides rehabilitation in activities of daily living.

~ Rationale: Under the direction of radiologists, radiologic technologists operate
radiography machines and various types of highly specialized equipment to produce
images of the inner structures of the body. Occupational therapists provide
rehabilitation in activities of daily living.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 30, 31
MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.1

a. True
*b. False

16. The science of operative procedures on the mouth is _____.

~ Rationale: Oral means pertaining to (–al) the mouth (or/o). Oral surgery is done to
correct problems involving the teeth and surrounding oral tissues.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 31
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.7

a. oral dentistry
b. oral hygienetics
c. oral procedures
*d. oral surgery

17. _____ administer treatment to maintain or improve breathing.

~ Rationale: Respiratory therapists administer treatment to maintain or improve
breathing. A respiratory therapist is a specialist who holds a degree in respiratory
therapy, which is the treatment of disorders in which breathing may be impaired.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 31
MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.3

a. Physical therapists
b. Occupational therapists
c. Music therapists
*d. Respiratory therapists

18. Which medical specialty is associated with diseases and disorders of the brain
and spinal cord?

~ Rationale: The brain, spinal cord, and a vast network of sensory and motor nerves
activate, coordinate, and control all functions of the body. Together these structures
make up the nervous system. Neur/o means nerve. Neurology is the branch of
medicine that focuses on the nervous system and its disorders.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 26
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.19

*a. neurology
b. brain surgery
c. psychology
d. psychiatry

19. Measles in a small child would most likely be treated by a(n) _____.

~ Rationale: Because the patient is a small child (ped/o), she would probably receive
treatment from a pediatrician, a physician who specializes in the development, care,
and treatment of infants and children.
Objective: Identify the specialties associated with various medical conditions.
Text page(s): 23
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.4

a. gynecologist
b. immunologist
c. pediatrician*
d. epidemiologist

20. Problems with the voice box would most likely be treated by a(n) _____.

~ Rationale: A laryngologist is someone who specializes (–logist) in problems with
the larynx (laryng/o). The larynx is also called the voice box because it contains the
vocal cords. It is part of the respiratory system.
Objective: Identify the specialties associated with various medical conditions.
Text page(s): 24
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.8

*a. laryngologist
b. rhinologist
c. rhinolaryngologist
d. respiratory therapist

21. Treatment of a malignant tumor would most likely be by a(n) _____.

~ Rationale: An oncologist is a physician who specializes in the study and treatment
of tumors. Oncology is the branch of medicine involved with the study of the
cancerous growths. The word oncology is built from the combining form onc/o,
meaning swelling, mass, or tumor.
Objective: Identify the specialties associated with various medical conditions.
Text page(s): 23
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.29

a. gerontologist
b. otolaryngologist
*c. oncologist
d. radiologist

22. A benign cyst in the breast would most likely be treated by a(n) _____.

~ Rationale: Because the cyst is benign, it would most likely be treated by a
gynecologist. Gynecology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the
female reproductive system, including the breasts. Oncologists study and treat
malignant growths. Urologists include the male, not female, reproductive system in
their area of specialty. A plastic surgeon might be involved in cases of reconstructive
breast surgery following the removal of a breast, but not the treatment of a benign
breast cyst.
Objective: Identify the specialties associated with various medical conditions.
Text page(s): 22
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.12

a. oncologist
*b. gynecologist
c. urologist
d. plastic surgeon

23. Although not a licensed physician, _____ are licensed to practice medicine under
the supervision of a physician and can deliver primary care much like a licensed
physician.

~ Rationale: The physician assistant is a health care professional educated in the
medical model and licensed to practice medicine under the supervision of a
physician. Physician assistants take medical histories, perform physical exams, order
and interpret lab tests, diagnose and treat illnesses, and prescribe medication.
Objective: Match the terms for health professions presented in this module with their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 29
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.39

*a. physician assistants
b. licensed nurse practitioners
c. licensed vocational nurses
d. holistic medicine practitioners
24. Ophthalmologist is a combination of which set of word parts?

~ Rationale: An ophthalmologist is a specialist (–logist) in the physiology, anatomy,
and pathology of the eye (ophthalm/o) and in the diagnosis and treatment of
disorders of the eye.
Objective: Recognize prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, and word roots in medical
terms.
Text page(s): 18, 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.22

a. ophth/o + almol/o + –gist
b. ophthalm/o + log/i + –ist
c. ophthalm/o + malog/o + –ist
*d. ophthalm/o + –logist

25. Oral is a combination of which set of word parts?

~ Rationale: Oral means pertaining to (–al) the mouth (or/o). The combining vowel
is not used because the suffix already begins with a vowel.
Objective: Recognize prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, and word roots in medical
terms.
Text page(s): 18, 30
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.7

*a. or/o + –al
b. or/a + l (noun ending)
c. o– + –ral
d. or/a + –al

26. If someone were having his or her wisdom teeth pulled, it would probably be
done by a specialist called an oral _____.

~ Rationale: An oral surgeon will extract wisdom teeth. This procedure is often done
under general anesthesia. Oral surgeons may also restore teeth that have been
damaged or reconstruct facial malformations caused by traumatic accidents or
diseases of the head and neck.
Objective: Identify the specialties associated with various medical conditions.
Text page(s): 31
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.7

a. dentist
b. physician
*c. surgeon
d. technologist

Type: F
27. Listen to the pronunciation of this term and spell it.

~ Objective: Spell and pronounce the medical terms presented in this module.
Text page(s): 22
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.32
a. anesthesiologist

Type: F
28. Listen to the pronunciation of this term and spell it.

~ Objective: Spell and pronounce the medical terms presented in this module.
Text page(s): 23
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.4

a. pediatrician

Type: F
29. Listen to the pronunciation of this term and spell it.

~ Objective: Spell and pronounce the medical terms presented in this module.
Text page(s): 22
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.25

a. endocrinologist

Type: F
30. Listen to the pronunciation of this term and spell it.

~ Objective: Spell and pronounce the medical terms presented in this module.
Text page(s): 21
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.22

a. ophthalmology

Type: F
31. Listen to the pronunciation of this term and spell it.

~ Objective: Spell and pronounce the medical terms presented in this module.
Text page(s): 22
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.12

a. gynecology

32. If a pedodontist treats dental problems affecting children, who specializes in
providing dental care to older persons?

~ Rationale: Gerodontics, also known as gerodontology, is the study of the dentition
and dental needs of the elderly. Ger/o = old age, the aged. Odont/o = tooth.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.8

a. elderdontist
*b. gerodontist
c. gerontologist
d. pediatrician
33. What are the combining form and the suffix in the term optometry?

~ Rationale: The combining form opt/o refers to the eye or to vision, and the suffix –
metry means measurement. Thus, optometry is the measurement of vision. In
health care, it is the professional practice involving eye examination and the
prescribing of eyeglasses and contact lenses. One who practices optometry is called
an optometrist.
Objective: Recognize prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, and word roots in medical
terms.
Text page(s): 30
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.38



34. A gastroenterologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment
of diseases of the _____ and _____.

~ Rationale: Look for the combining forms in the term to figure out what a
gastroenterologist specializes in: the stomach (gastr/o) and the intestines (enter/o).
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 20
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.9

a. nose, throat
b. urinary tract, male reproductive organs
*c. stomach, small intestine
d. endocrine glands, hormones

35. Which medical specialist is concerned with study of the physiology, anatomy, and
pathology of the eye and the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye?

~ Rationale: Ophthalmology is concerned with study of the physiology, anatomy, and
pathology of the eye (ophthalm/o) and the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of
the eye. Individuals who experience visual problems will often visit an
ophthalmologist, a physician who specializes in this field. Optometry, practiced by an
optometrist, is the professional practice involving eye examination and the
prescribing of eyeglasses and contact lenses. An optician is a person who grinds and
fits eyeglasses and contact lenses by prescription.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 21
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.22

a. optometrist
b. optician
*c. ophthalmologist
d. gerontologist

36. Which medical specialist focuses on the skin?

~ Rationale: A dermatologist is a specialist (–logist) of the skin (dermat/o), trained
to diagnose and treat skin disorders. An anesthesiologist focuses on feeling,
sensation (esthesi/o). A pathologist studies disease (path/o) in general. A
cardiologist is a heart (cardi/o) specialist.
Objective: Match the terms for medical specialists with the areas in which they
specialize.
Text page(s): 21
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.23

a. anesthesiologist
*b. dermatologist
c. pathologist
d. cardiologist

				
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