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					1. ------IND- 2002 0410 S-- EN- ------ 20021112 --- --- PROJET



     Swedish National Road Admini-
     stration Statute Book (VVFS)
                                                                              VVFS 2003:
     Swedish National Road Administration                                     Printed (date) 2003
     Moped Regulations;

     adopted (date) 2003.

     The Swedish National Road Administration provides1 the fol-
     lowing by virtue of Chapter 11 sections 11, 12 and 16 of the
     Road Vehicles Order (2002:xxx), the Traffic Order
     (1998:1276) and section 11 a of the Order (1993:1067) on
     electromagnetic compatibility.

     Chapter 1. Introductory provisions

     Section 1             These regulations contain detailed rules
     governing the design and equipment of vehicles as provided in
     the Road Vehicles Act (2002:574) and the Road Vehicles Or-
     der (2002:xxx).
         These regulations must be applied to mopeds with or with-
     out side-car and trailer which are towed by class I mopeds.
         These regulations do not apply to new vehicles which have
     been type approved to Council Directive 92/61/EEC or Coun-
     cil Directive 2002/24/EC and which carry a type approval
     mark and are accompanied by a valid Certificate of Confor-
     mity pursuant to the templates provided in Annexes to the Di-
     rectives. However, these regulations apply when EC type ap-
     proved vehicles are first used.

     Section 2             For a vehicle that is lawfully manufac-
     tured or placed on the market in another Member State of the
     European Economic Area, an approval can be issued at the
     vehicle registration test provided that the vehicle, within the
     area that falls outside the scope of harmonised rules, satisfies
     the national regulations of the Member State concerned and

     1
       This draft is notified in accordance with Directive 98/34/EC of the
     European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a
     procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical stan-
     dards and regulations and of rules on information society services (OJ L
     204, 21.7.1998, p.37, Celex 31998L0034), and in accordance to Direc-
     tive 98/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 July
     1998 amended through Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament
     and of the Council (OJ L 217, 5.8.1998, p.18, Celex 31998L0048).
                                                                                  ISSN 0283-2135
VVFS 2003:


             that the Swedish National Road Administration (SNRA) is
             able to establish that the Member State’s national regulations,
             with respect to requirements as to the vehicle’s equipment and
             control of same, offer a level of protection that is equal to the
             requirements in these regulations.

             Section 3            Mopeds that were first used between 17
             June 1999 and 16 June 2003 may apply the requirements pro-
             vided in these regulations for mopeds that were first used be-
             fore 17 June 1999.

             However, this does not apply to the requirements in Chapter 7
             section 7 with regard to electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

             Section 4             The designations applied in these regula-
             tions have the meanings specified in the Act (2001:559) on
             Road Traffic Definitions, in the Order (2001:651) on Road
             Traffic Definitions, in the Road Vehicles Act (2002:574) and
             in the Road Vehicles Order (2002:xxx), unless otherwise
             stated.

             Section 5             When mopeds are referred to in these
             regulations or in European Directives or ECE Regulations,
             they are divided into the following categories:

             Designation              Meaning
             Category L1e             Two-wheel moped having a maxi-
                                      mum design speed of 45 km/h,
                                      maximum internal combustion en-
                                      gine capacity of 50 cubic centime-
                                      tres, or maximum continuous rated
                                      power of 4 kW if the vehicle has an
                                      electric motor.
             Category L2e             Three-wheel moped having a maxi-
                                      mum design speed of 45 km/h,
                                      maximum spark ignition internal
                                      combustion engine capacity of 50
                                      cubic centimetres, or maximum
                                      continuous rated power of 4 kW if
                                      the vehicle has an electric motor.
             Category L6e             Light quadricycle – Four wheels,
                                      with a maximum unladen mass of
                                      350 kg (not including the mass of
                                      the batteries in an electrically pow-
                                      ered vehicle), a maximum design
                                      speed of 45 km/h, a maximum spark
                                      ignition internal combustion engine
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                                                                   VVFS 2003:


                        capacity of 50 cubic centimetres or
                        maximum rated power of any other
                        internal combustion engine of 4 kW,
                        or maximum continuous rated
                        power of 4 kW if the vehicle has an
                        electric motor.

Section 6             When applying requirements as to new
powered vehicles under the EC Directives or ECE Regula-
tions, the most current version of the directive or regulation
must be used.
    When applying requirements under the EC Directives or
ECE Regulations as to the first use of powered vehicles, the
version of the directive or regulation must be used that was in
force when the vehicle was first used, unless otherwise stated.

Section 7              Whenever the term “type approved” is
used in these regulations, it means that a component, a system,
a separate technical unit or a type of vehicle with respect to
the installation of separate technical units or components is of
type approved design pursuant to an EC Directive, ECE Regu-
lation or SNRA Regulations.
     Whenever the term “satisfy requirement(s)” is used in
these regulations, it means that a component, a system or a
separate technical unit has been tested pursuant to an EC Di-
rective, ECE Regulation or SNRA Regulations and has been
found to satisfy the requirements laid down there, irrespective
of whether or not type approval has been issued. Rules gov-
erning certification to show that the requirements have been
satisfied are provided in the SNRA Regulations on ... testing
... , Chapter x, section y (VVFS 2003:xxx).

Section 8           References to standards and national
regulations made in these regulations are based on testing that
was done when the requirements in the regulations were first
laid down and do not necessarily imply that the standard or
regulation applies other than as a reference in these regula-
tions.

Section 9             When carrying out controls to ensure that
the requirements to which the vehicle is subject under these
regulations have been satisfied, the vehicle must stand on a
flat horizontal surface, in its normal state to be driven and at
kerb weight including driver’s weight, unless otherwise stated.




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VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 2. EC Directives

             Applicable EC Directives with regard to type approval

             Section 1            Notification of EC type approval of pow-
             ered vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units
             is governed by the following directives.

             Framework Directives

             Section 2            Council Directive 92/61/EEC of 30 June
             1992 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel mo-
             tor vehicles (OJ L 225, 10.8.1992, p. 72, Celex 31992L0061).
                 Directive 2000/7/EC of the European Parliament and of
             the Council amending Council Directive 92/61/EEC relating
             to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ
             L 106, 3.5.2000, p. 1, Celex 32000L0007).

             Section 3           Directive 2002/24/EC of the European
             Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to
             the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles and
             repealing Council Directive 92/61/EEC (OJ L 124, 9.5.2002,
             p. 1, Celex 32002L0024).

             Applicable EC Directives with regard to design and
             equipment

             Section 4           The Directives under sections 5 – 18 ap-
             ply with regard to design and equipment to the extent pro-
             vided in Chapters 4 – 24. References to basic Directives also
             include the amendment Directives mentioned in the respective
             paragraphs below.

             Separate Directives

             Section 5           Council Directive 78/1015/EEC of 23
             November 1978 on the approximation of the laws of the
             Member States on the permissible sound level and exhaust
             system of motorcycles (OJ L 349, 13.12.1978, p. 21, Celex
             31978L1015).
                Council Directive 89/235/EEC of 13 March 1989 amend-
             ing Council Directive 78/1015/EEC on the approximation of
             the laws of the Member States on the permissible sound level
             and exhaust system of motorcycles (OJ L 98, 11.4.1989, p. 1,
             Celex 31978L1015).



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                                                                    VVFS 2003:


Section 6            Council Directive 93/14/EEC of 5 April
1993 on the braking of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ
L 121, 15.5.1993, p. 59, Celex 31993L0014).

Section 7            Council Directive 93/29/EEC of 14 June
1993 on the identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators
for two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 188, 29.7.1993,
p. 1, Celex 31993L0029).
    Commission Directive 2000/74/EC of 22 November 2000
adapting to technical progress Council Directive 93/29/EEC
on the identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators for
two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 300, 29.11.2000, p.
24, Celex 32000L0074).

Section 8            Council Directive 93/30/EEC of 14 June
1993 on audible warning devices for two or three-wheel motor
vehicles (OJ L 188, 29.7.1993, p. 13, Celex 31993L0030).

Section 9            Council Directive 93/31/EEC of 14 June
1993 on stands for two-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 188,
29.7.1993, p. 19, Celex 31993L0031).
   Commission Directive 2000/72/EC of 22 November 2000
adapting to technical progress Council Directive 93/31/EEC
on stands for two-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 300,
29.11.2000, p. 18, Celex 32000L0072).

Section 10           Council Directive 93/32/EEC of 14 June
1993 on passenger hand-holds on two-wheel motor vehicles
(OJ L 188, 29.7.1993, p. 28, Celex 31993L0032).
   Commission Directive 1999/24/EC of 9 April 1999 adapt-
ing to technical progress Council Directive 93/32/EEC on
passenger hand-holds on two-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 104,
21.4.1999, p. 16, Celex 31999L0024).

Section 11           Council Directive 93/33/EEC of 14 June
1993 on protective devices intended to prevent the unauthor-
ised use of two- or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 188,
29.7.1993, p. 34, Celex 31993L0033).
    Commission Directive 1999/23/EC of 9 April 1999 adapt-
ing to technical progress Council Directive 93/33/EEC on pro-
tective devices intended to prevent the unauthorised use of
two- or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 104, 21.4.1999, p.
13, Celex 31999L0023).

Section 12           Council Directive 93/34/EEC of 14 June
1993 on statutory markings for two- or three-wheel motor ve-
hicles (OJ L 188, 29.7.1993, p. 40, Celex 31993L0034).


                                                                             5
VVFS 2003:


                 Commission Directive 1999/25/EC of 9 April 1999 adapt-
             ing to technical progress Council Directive 93/34/EEC on
             statutory markings for two- or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ
             L 104, 21.4.1999, p. 19, Celex 31999L0025).

             Section 13           Council Directive 93/92/EEC of 29 Oc-
             tober 1993 on the installation of lighting and light-signalling
             devices on two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 311,
             14.12.1993, p. 1, amended by corrigendum OJ L 81,
             11.4.1995, p. 7, Celex 31993L0092).
                Commission Directive 2000/73/EC of 22 November 2000
             adapting to technical progress Council Directive 93/92/EEC
             on the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on
             two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 300, 29.11.2000, p.
             20, Celex 32000L0073).

             Section 14         Council Directive 93/93/EEC of 29 Oc-
             tober 1993 on the masses and dimensions of two or three-
             wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 311, 14.12.1993, p. 78, amended
             by corrigendum OJ L 75, 4.4.1995, p. 30, Celex
             31993L0093).

             Section 15            Council Directive 93/94/EEC of 29 Oc-
             tober 1993 relating to the space for mounting the rear registra-
             tion plate of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 311,
             14.12.1993, p. 85, Celex 31993L0094).
                 Commission Directive 1999/26/EC of 20 April 1999
             adapting to technical progress Council Directive 93/94/EEC
             relating to the space for mounting the rear registration plate of
             two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 118, 6.5.1999, p. 32,
             Celex 31999L0026).

             Section 16           Directive 95/1/EC of the European Par-
             liament and of the Council of 2 February 1995 on the maxi-
             mum design speed, maximum torque and maximum net en-
             gine power of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 52,
             8.3.1995, p. 4, Celex 31995L0001).
                 Commission Directive 2002/41/EC of 17 May 2002 adapt-
             ing to technical progress Directive 95/1/EC of the European
             Parliament and of the Council on the maximum design speed,
             maximum torque and maximum net engine power of two or
             three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 133, 18.5.2002, p. 17, Celex
             32002L0041).

             Section 17          Directive 97/24/EC of the European Par-
             liament and of the Council of 17 June 1997 on certain compo-


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                                                                  VVFS 2003:


nents and characteristics of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
(OJ L 226, 18.8.1997, p. 5, Celex 31997L0024).
Chapter 1:           Tyres for two or three-wheel motor vehi-
                     cles and their fitting.
Chapter 2:           Lighting and light-signalling devices of
                     two or three-wheel motor vehicles.
Chapter 3:           External projections from two or three-
                     wheel motor vehicles.
Chapter 4:           Rear view mirrors for two or three-wheel
                     motor vehicles.
Chapter 5:           Measures to be taken against air pollution
                     caused by two or three-wheel motor ve-
                     hicles.
Chapter 6:           Fuel tanks of two or three-wheel motor
                     vehicles.
Chapter 7:           Anti-tampering measures for two-wheel
                     mopeds and motorcycles.
Chapter 8:           Electromagnetic compatibility of two or
                     three-wheel motor vehicles and electrical
                     or electronic separate technical units.
Chapter 9:           Permissible sound level and exhaust sys-
                     tem of two or three-wheel motor vehi-
                     cles.
Chapter 10:          Trailer coupling devices of two or three-
                     wheel motor vehicles.
Chapter 11:          Safety-belt anchorages and safety-belts
                     of bodied three-wheel mopeds, tricycles
                     and quadricycles.
Chapter 12:          Glazing, windscreen wipers, washers, de-
                     icers and de-misters of bodied three-
                     wheel mopeds, tricycles and quadricy-
                     cles.

Section 18           Directive 2000/7/EC of the European
Parliament and of the Council of 20 March 2000 on speed-
ometers for two- or three-wheel motor vehicles and amending
Council Directive 92/61/EEC relating to the type-approval of
two or three-wheel motor vehicles (OJ L 106, 3.5.2000, p. 1,
Celex 32000L0007).




                                                                           7
VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 3. ECE Regulations

             Applicable ECE Regulations with regard to design and
             equipment

             Section 1           The following ECE Regulations apply
             with regard to the vehicle’s design and equipment to the ex-
             tent provided in Chapters 4 – 24.

             ECE Regulation 1 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of motor vehicle headlamps emitting an asymmetri-
             cal passing beam and/or a driving beam and equipped with
             filament lamps of categories R2 and/or HS1.

             ECE Regulation 3 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of retro-reflecting devices for power-driven vehicles
             and their trailers.

             ECE Regulation 5 as to Uniform provisions for the approval
             of motor vehicle “sealed beam” headlamps (SB) emitting a
             European asymmetrical passing beam or a driving beam or
             both.

             ECE Regulation 6 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of direction indicators for motor vehicles and their
             trailers.

             ECE Regulation 7 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of front and rear position (side) lamps, stop-lamps
             and end-outline marker lamps for motor vehicles (except mo-
             tor cycles) and their trailers.

             ECE Regulation 8 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of motor vehicle headlamps emitting an asymmetri-
             cal passing beam or a driving beam or both and equipped
             with halogen filament lamps (H1, H2, H3, HB3, HB4, H7, H8,
             H9, HIR1, HIR2 and/or H11).

             ECE Regulation 10 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of vehicles with regard to electromagnetic compati-
             bility.

             ECE Regulation 13 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of vehicles of categories M, N and O with regard to
             braking.



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                                                                  VVFS 2003:


ECE Regulation 16 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of safety-belts and restraint systems for adult occu-
pants of power-driven vehicles.

ECE Regulation 19 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of motor vehicle fog lamps.

ECE Regulation 20 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of motor vehicle headlamps emitting an asymmetri-
cal passing beam or a driving beam or both and equipped
with halogen filament lamps (H4 lamps).

ECE Regulation 27 as to Uniform provisions for the ap-
proval of advance-warning triangles.

ECE Regulation 28 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of audible warning devices and of motor vehicles
with regard to their audible signals.

ECE Regulation 30 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of pneumatic tyres for motor vehicles and their trail-
ers.

ECE Regulation 31 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of halogen sealed-beam unit (HSB unit) motor vehi-
cle headlamps emitting an asymmetrical beam or a driving
beam or both.

ECE Regulation 37 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of filament lamps for use in approved lamp units of
power-driven vehicles and of their trailers.

ECE Regulation 38 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of rear fog lamps for power-driven vehicles and
their trailers.

ECE Regulation 39 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of vehicles with regard to the speedometer equip-
ment including its installation.

ECE Regulation 41 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of motorcycles with regard to noise.

ECE Regulation 43 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of safety glazing materials.




                                                                           9
VVFS 2003:


             ECE Regulation 46 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of rear-view mirrors and of motor vehicles with re-
             gard to the installation of rear-view mirrors.

             ECE Regulation 50 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of front position lamps, rear position lamps, stop
             lamps, direction indicators and rear-registration-plate illumi-
             nating devices for mopeds, motorcycles and vehicles treated
             as such.

             ECE Regulation 53 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of motorcycles with regard to the installation of
             lighting and light-signalling devices.

             ECE Regulation 54 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their
             trailers.

             ECE Regulation 56 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of headlamps for mopeds and vehicles treated as
             such.

             ECE Regulation 57 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of headlamps for motorcycles and vehicles treated
             as such.

             ECE Regulation 60 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of two-wheeled motorcycles and mopeds with regard
             to driver operated controls including the identification of con-
             trols, tell-tales and indicators.

             ECE Regulation 62 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of power-driven vehicles with handlebars with re-
             gard to their protection against unauthorized use.

             ECE Regulation 63 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of two-wheeled mopeds with regard to noise.

             ECE Regulation 64 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of vehicles equipped with temporary-use spare
             wheels/ tyres.

             ECE Regulation 72 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
             approval of motorcycle headlamps emitting an asymmetrical
             passing beam and a driving beam and equipped with halogen
             lamps (HS1 lamps).


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                                                                VVFS 2003:


ECE Regulation 74 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of category L1 vehicles with regard to the installa-
tion of lighting and light-signalling devices.

ECE Regulation 75 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of pneumatic tyres for motorcycles and mopeds.

ECE Regulation 76 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of headlamps for mopeds emitting a driving beam
and a passing beam.

ECE Regulation 78 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of vehicles of category L with regard to braking.

ECE Regulation 81 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of rear-view mirrors of two-wheeled power-driven
vehicles with or without side car, with regard to mounting of
rear-view mirrors on handlebars.

ECE Regulation 88 as to Uniform provisions concerning the
approval of retroreflective tyres for two-wheeled vehicles.

ECE Regulation 112 as to Uniform provisions concerning
the approval of motor vehicle headlamps emitting an asym-
metrical passing beam or a driving beam or both and
equipped with filament lamps.

ECE Regulation 113 as to Uniform provisions concerning
the approval of motor vehicle headlamps emitting a symmetri-
cal passing beam or a driving beam or both and equipped
with filament lamps.




                                                                        11
VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 4. Identification markings

             Section 1            Mopeds and trailers towed by class I mo-
             peds which were first used on or after 17 June 1999 must have
             identification markings which satisfy the requirements in Di-
             rective 93/34/EEC.
                The identification markings must consist of a maker’s data
             plate, and a vehicle identification number hammered or
             punched on the chassis or frame.

             Section 2            Mopeds which were first used before 17
             June 1999 and approved at a moped test from 1 January 1975
             inclusive or first used by virtue of a type certificate issued
             from that date, must have identification markings consisting
             of a frame number or equivalent designation applied clearly
             and indelibly, or a maker’s data plate and a vehicle identifica-
             tion number hammered or punched on the chassis or frame.


             Chapter 5. Engines etc.

             Anti-tampering measures

             Section 1            Two-wheel mopeds first used on or after
             17 June 1999 must with regard to anti-tampering measures
             satisfy the requirements in Chapter 7 of Directive 97/24/EC.

             Maximum design speed

             Section 2            Two- or three-wheel mopeds first used
             on or after 17 June 1999 must with regard to maximum design
             speed satisfy the requirements in Annex 1 to Directive
             95/1/EC.

             Speed of motion testing

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 3           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must with regard to speed of motion testing satisfy the
             requirements in Directive 95/1/EC.
                This means that the maximum speed of motion measured
             may deviate by  5 % from the fixed maximum design speed
             between > 30 km/h and  45 km/h and by  10 % up to and
             including 30 km/h.


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                                                                  VVFS 2003:


Section 4            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
must with regard to speed of motion testing either
    1. satisfy the requirements in Directive 95/1/EC or
    2. satisfy the requirements in section 5.

Requirements under section 4(2).

Section 5          The intentional design speed of motion
must be maximum 30 km/h and the measured maximum speed
of motion must be maximum 30 km/h + 10 %.

Maximum torque and maximum net engine power

Section 6            Two- or three-wheel mopeds first used
on or after 17 June 1999 must with regard to maximum torque
and maximum net engine power satisfy the requirements in
Annex 2 to Directive 95/1/EC.

Driving system

7§ The chain, belt or drive shaft must be protected in such a
way that the driver or passenger cannot be injured by involun-
tarily touching it.

Driving system with internal combustion engine

Comprehensive requirements

Section 8            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
must not have an engine rating in excess of 2.0 kW when
tested to
     1. the requirements in Annex 2 to Directive 95/1/EC,
     2. the international standard ISO 4164-1978 or
     3. the German standard DIN 70020, teil 6, 1976.
    Notwithstanding the requirements in sections 5 – 12, driv-
ing systems with internal combustion engines may be ap-
proved by virtue of the data contained in the SNRA or Swed-
ish National Road Safety Office’s approval certificate or type
certificate for mopeds that have previously belonged to an ap-
proved type or which have been included in a type certificate,
if no changes have been made to the engine.

Section 9 If the engine is intended to be powered by fuel other
than petrol, the intended fuel must be used when testing.

Markings

Section 10          The vehicle must bear a plate showing

                                                                          13
VVFS 2003:


                 1. the maker’s name or trademark
                 2. the vehicle type and class.
                The marking must be done in characters at least 3 mm high
             and must be easily legible.

             Technical requirements

             Section 11           The cylinder head gasket must not be
             thicker than 1.3 mm and the cylinder base gasket must not be
             thicker than 1.0 mm.

             Section 12           The piston when in the upper dead centre
             position must not cover any part of the opening of the air in-
             take duct. However, if the engine’s air intake system is fitted
             with a reed valve, the piston may cover the part of the opening
             that coincides with the opening of the transfer port. If the pis-
             ton is mounted in a position other than the intended, the en-
             gine’s maximum torque or power must not be increased by
             such means.

             Section 13            If the engine’s air intake duct, transfer
             port or exhaust port is fitted with a throttle sleeve this must be
             made of steel with a hardness of at least 60 Rc. The throttle
             sleeve must be cast or welded around its entire periphery or in
             some other way fixed so that it cannot be removed without
             rendering the cylinder unserviceable.

             Section 14           A combination of adjustments to the air
             intake, exhaust or ignition system, for example removing the
             intake silencer, changing the ignition timing, replacing the
             carburettor jet or changing the camshaft setting on a 4-stroke
             engine, must not together increase the moped’s top speed to
             more than 40 km/h.

             Section 15          At the engine speed which corresponds to
             the top speed on the highest gear or equivalent, the engine’s
             power curve must be downward.

             Driving system with electric motor

             General

             Section 16           The engine’s rated voltage must not be
             higher than the intended operating voltage.

             Section 17           There must be no easily removable
             power restrictors or RPM limiters, beyond the required speed

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                                                                  VVFS 2003:


controls for the moped, in the engine’s electrical power supply
system.

Chapter 6. Fuel system

Fuel tank

Section 1            Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 and which are fitted with an internal combustion engine
must have a fuel tank that is type approved to Annex 1 to
Chapter 6 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Installation of fuel tank

Section 2          Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must with regard to fuel tank installation satisfy the re-
quirements in Annex 2 to Chapter 6 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Fuel system for power fuel in liquid form

Comprehensive requirements

Section 3            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
must satisfy the requirements in sections 5 – 8.

Area of applicability

Section 4            This section is applicable to fuel tanks
and fuel systems for mopeds intended to be powered by fuel
that is liquid at normal temperature (+ 20 C) and normal
pressure (100 kPa).

General

Section 5               The fuel tank must be made of metal or
plastic.

Section 6           The opening for filling fuel or other
opening to the fuel tank must not be located in the driver’s
space, passenger space, baggage space or engine housing.
   This requirement does not apply to mopeds approved at a
moped test or included in a type certificate before 1 October
1982.

Section 7          The fuel line must be designed and
manufactured in such a way that it is not affected by the fuel
and the temperatures to which the vehicle is normally ex-
posed.
                                                                          15
VVFS 2003:



             Section 8            The union with the fuel line must be de-
             signed and manufactured in such a way that it remains satis-
             factorily leakproof.

             Fuel system for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 9            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
             and mopeds first used from 1 July 1984 must satisfy the re-
             quirements in sections 11 – 43.
                 The requirements in sections 19 and 36 may be applied for
             vehicles referred to in the first paragraph if the requirements
             in sections 20 – 24 are satisfied.

             Area of applicability

             Section 10           This section is applicable to mopeds that
             are designed to use LPG as fuel.

             Definitions

             Section 11          Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a hy-
             drocarbon which at normal pressure and normal temperature is
             a gas and at moderate compression becomes a liquid.
                Hydrocarbons of this type are mainly propane, butane,
             propene and mixtures of same.

             Section 12             The LPG fuel system for vehicles con-
             sists in principle of a filling valve, fuel tank with safety valve,
             liquid level valve, filling and draining attachments, automatic
             cut-off valve, gas regulator including evaporator, and gas
             mixer and necessary fuel lines.

             Section 13           Fuel tank within the meaning of these
             regulations is a frame suspended LPG tank.

             General

             Section 14           The LPG fuel system must be manufac-
             tured of a material which withstands the effects of the sub-
             stances with which it is assumed it will come into contact.

             Section 15           The LPG fuel system must be dimen-
             sioned for pressure of at least 3 MPa. However, this does not


16
                                                                     VVFS 2003:


apply to parts of the fuel equipment between the gas regula-
tor’s low pressure part and the internal combustion engine.

Fuel tank requirements

Section 16           Fuel tanks must be approved pursuant to
the Swedish National Board of Occupational Safety and
Health’s Proclamation with regulations on pressure vessels
and other pressure-bearing devices, and general advice on ap-
plying the regulations (AFS 1994:39).

Section 17         Fuel tanks and their mountings must be
located in such a way as to protect them as far as possible
from damage.

Section 18           LPG tanks must be frame suspended in
or on the vehicle. The tank must have an indelible text stating
how it is to be mounted.

Section 19          The LPG tank may be located in the
space intended for conveying passengers if required owing to
the design of the vehicle. In that case, the mountings on the
tank must be shielded with a gas-tight housing.

Section 20            If the fuel tank is located in a space that
is built together with a space intended for conveying passen-
gers, there must be a sealed screen between the spaces or the
mountings on the tank must be shielded with a gas-tight hous-
ing.

Section 21             Spaces provided with a gas-tight shield
under section 20 must at their lowest point have an opening
with an area of at least 5 cm². The opening must end at least
150 mm from the vehicle’s exhaust system and in such a way
that, as far as practically possible, it is prevented from getting
clogged up by dirt or similar.

Section 22           Housing referred to in sections 19 – 20
must be easily detachable. The housing must fit tightly up to
an internal excess pressure of at least 50 kPa.

Section 23            Housing referred to in sections 19 – 20
must be equipped with a drain with an area in cross section of
at least 5 cm². The drain must end at least 150 mm from the
vehicle’s exhaust system and in such a way that, as far as
practically possible, it is prevented from getting clogged up by
dirt or similar.


                                                                             17
VVFS 2003:


             Section 24            Housing referred to in sections 19 – 20
             must be designed and dimensioned in such a way that, with
             the exception of the persistent deformation requirement, it sat-
             isfies the requirements in Swedish Standard SS 2562 version 2
             paragraph 4 (surface load testing). However, deformation dur-
             ing testing to the standard must not be so great as to cause the
             housing to come into contact with the fuel tank’s mountings.

             LPG tank mounting requirements

             Section 25          The filling attachment must be fitted with
             a non-return valve.

             Section 26           The draining attachment must be fitted
             with a pipe break valve. The pipe break valve must close no
             later than when flow is three times the intentional flow in the
             line connected to the valve.

             Section 27            The safety valve must have an opening
             pressure which is 0.8 – 1.0 times the testing pressure of the
             LPG tank and must be located in that part of the LPG tank
             where the LPG is in gas form. The valve must have sufficient
             balancing capability.

             Section 28            In the absence of housing referred to in
             sections 19 or 20, the safety valve must be fitted with an outlet
             whose opening ends outside the bodywork of the vehicle. The
             opening must end at least 150 mm from the vehicle’s exhaust
             system and in such a way that, as far as practically possible, it
             is prevented from getting clogged up by dirt or similar.

             Section 29           The liquid level valve must automatically
             shut off the supply of LPG to the LPG tank when it has been
             filled to a maximum of 80 % LPG in liquid form.

             Section 30         The draining attachment            must    be
             equipped with a manual cut-off valve.

             Requirements as to couplings for filling the vehicle’s LPG
             tank

             Section 31           Couplings must be designed and manu-
             factured according to Swedish Standard SS 1785 version 1.

             Section 32           The coupling must be located on the out-
             side of the vehicle.


18
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


Section 33           The coupling must have a non-return
valve in direct union with the opening for filling LPG in the
tank and must have a protective cap.

Fuel line requirements

Section 34             The fuel line between the fuel tank and
the gas regulator must be made of copper or steel pipe. Copper
pipe must satisfy the requirements in Swedish Standard SS 14
50 15 version 5. The thickness of material in the line must be
at least 1 mm.
    The outer diameter of the fuel line should not be more than
8 mm.
    Between the filling coupling and the LPG tank, a fuel line
of hose may be used if the hose satisfies the requirements in
Swedish Standard SIS 24 82 53 version 2 and if the inner tube
in the hose satisfies the requirements in Swedish Standard SIS
24 82 61 version 2.

Section 35            Between the gas regulator and the gas
mixer, a fuel line of hose may be used if the hose satisfies the
requirements in Swedish Standard SIS 24 82 61 version 2
paragraphs 1 and 3.

Section 36          If the LPG tank is located in a space in-
tended for conveying passengers, a fuel line may be run
through the space to the extent required. The line must be
placed in such a way as to protect it as far as possible against
damage.

Section 37           The fuel line referred to in section 34
must be fitted with a shielding medium of plastic or similar
material. The line must be fixed in place in such a way as to
avoid damage occurring, for example through vibration, wear
or abrasion. The distance between fixing clamps must not ex-
ceed 500 mm.

Section 38            A fuel line that is located less than 100
mm from the vehicle’s exhaust system must, in addition to the
rule in section 37, have separate protection against heat radia-
tion.

Section 39          A fuel line may be spliced if it would in-
volve considerable technical difficulties to draw the line in
one piece.




                                                                           19
VVFS 2003:


             Section 40            Fuel line unions and splices must be exe-
             cuted in such a way as to remain tight and located so that they
             are easily accessible for inspection.

             Requirements as to cut-off valve etc.

             Section 41           There must be an automatic cut-off valve
             between the fuel tank and the gas regulator. The valve must be
             closed when the ignition is switched off.

             Section 42          There must be a device which shuts off
             the supply of LPG to the gas mixer if the internal combustion
             engine cuts out.

             Gas regulator requirements

             Section 43          The gas regulator must be designed and
             manufactured in such a way that gas does not flow through it
             when it is supplied with LPG up to a pressure of 3 MPa and
             when its connection to the engine has atmospheric pressure
             (0.1 MPa).

             Tightness requirements

             Section 44            The installed LPG fuel system must be
             tested for tightness through self-administered controls at a
             pressure of 0.7 ± 0.1 MPa.


             Chapter 7. Electrical and electronic systems

             Electrical system

             Section 1            Batteries must be satisfactorily fixed and
             located or protected in such a way as to render it difficult for
             foreign bodies to come into contact with terminals or cell con-
             nections.

             Section 2            Batteries located in the driver’s or pas-
             senger’s space must be well-ventilated and fitted with a pro-
             tective jacket to prevent the battery acid from escaping into
             the space.
                 However, batteries should not be placed in the driver’s or
             passenger’s space.

             Section 3           Electric cables must be fixed in the vehi-
             cle in such a way as to avoid exposure to abrasion and must
20
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


also have satisfactory insulation. Metal plate through-
connections must be equipped with protection against damage
to the insulation.

Section 4            Switches and light switch gear must be of
reliable design. Light switch gear for driving beam and pass-
ing beam must be set up so that they can be used quickly,
conveniently and without risk of the wrong light function be-
ing connected or the main beam headlamps being extin-
guished.

Section 5             The trailer contact must be satisfactorily
located in relation to the coupling device and designed so as to
avoid faulty connection to the trailer.

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Section 6           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must with regard to electromagnetic compatibility
(EMC) either
    1. satisfy the requirements in Chapter 8 of Directive
        97/24/EC or
    2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 10
        (amendment series 02).

Section 7             Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
and approved at a moped test after 1 July 1974 must be pro-
tected against radio interference (radio suppression) if the ve-
hicle is equipped with a high tension ignition system.
    This requirement will be considered satisfied if the moped
or electrical material in the moped’s ignition system either
    1. satisfies the requirements in Directive 72/245/EEC,
    2. satisfies the requirements in ECE Regulation 10 or
    3. satisfies the requirements in the regulations issued by
          virtue of the Proclamation on radio suppression
          (1972:384) or the Radio Suppression Order
          (1985:625).




                                                                           21
VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 8. Wheel systems etc.

             Tyres and tyre fitting

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 1            Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must as regards the fitting of tyres either
                 1. satisfy the requirements in Annex 3 to Chapter 1 of
                     Directive 97/24/EC or
                 2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 64.

             Section 2           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must have tyres that are either
                 1. type approved to Annexes 1 – 2 to Chapter 1 of Di-
                     rective 97/24/EC or
                 2. type approved to ECE Regulation 30, 54 or 75.

             General requirements

             Section 3 Devices fitted to mopeds to protect against skidding
             must be of such a nature that they do not damage the road.

             Section 4         Mopeds must not be fitted with tyres
             whose main tread has been deepened (pattern-cut tyres) or
             which have been renovated by a new rubber tread (retread
             tyres).


             Chapter 9. Exterior vehicle noise

             Sound level limits

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 1          Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must with regard to exterior vehicle noise satisfy the re-
             quirements in Annex 1 to Chapter 9 of Directive 97/24/EC,
             which means that the following sound level limits must be
             complied with.

             Moped                                Highest        permissible
                                                  sound level in dB(A)
             Class I                              71
             Class II                             66
             Three-wheel mopeds                   76

22
                                                                     VVFS 2003:


Section 2           Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
and included in a type certificate after 1 January 1991 or
which after that date were approved at a special moped test
must with regard to exterior vehicle noise emit a sound level
not higher than 70 dB(A) when tested which conforms with
ECE Regulation 63.

Section 3             Mopeds included in a type certificate be-
fore 1 January 1991 or which before that date were approved
at a special moped test must with regard to exterior vehicle
noise be fitted with a silencer set up so that the moped emits a
sound level no higher than 75 dB(A) measured at a distance of
7 m from the side of the moped (in passing), when tested pur-
suant to the relevant parts of Swedish Standard SIS 02 51 31
version 1.

Exhaust system

Comprehensive requirements

Section 4             Mopeds with an internal combustion en-
gine first used on or after 17 June 1999 must have an exhaust
system (exhaust pipe and silencer) which satisfies the re-
quirements in Chapter 9 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Section 5            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
and mopeds first used from 1 January 1991 must with regard
to exhaust system either
    1. be type approved to Directive 78/1015/EEC or
    2. satisfy the requirements in sections 6 – 7.

Requirements under section 5(2).

Section 6              The exhaust pipe must be pointing to the
rear and set up in such a way that the main direction of the ex-
haust gases is in a longitudinal vertical plane through the ve-
hicle or to the left of said plane and is directed horizontally or
obliquely downwards. However, the main exhaust direction
may deviate by a maximum of 20 upwards and a maximum
of 15 to the right from said plane.

Section 7              The exhaust pipe on a covered moped
must not end in or emit exhaust gases beneath the driver’s or
passenger’s space, nor beneath any other part of the bodywork
that is built together with such space .




                                                                             23
VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 10. Steering system

             Section 1            The steering system on a moped must be
             designed, manufactured and dimensioned in such a way that
             the risk of damage, injury or breakdown is slight. It must also
             give the vehicle good directional stability and well-controlled
             steering.


             Chapter 11. Braking system

             Brakes

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 1            Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must have a braking system which either
                 1. satisfies the requirements in Directive 93/14/EEC or
                 2. satisfies the requirements in ECE Regulation 78
                     (amendment series 02).

             Section 2            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
             must have a braking system which either
                 1. satisfies the requirements in Directive 93/14/EEC,
                 2. satisfies the requirements in paragraphs 1, 2, 5 and 6
                     of ECE Regulation 13 (amendment series 04) or
                 3. consists of two independently functioning braking
                     systems or one system which can be engaged by two
                     independently functioning devices and which satisfies
                     the requirements in sections 3 – 18.
                The service brake must be capable of reducing the speed of
             the moped and making it halt safely and quickly.
                A parking brake is required only on a three- or four-wheel
             moped and must be capable of keeping the vehicle motionless
             on a gradient, even in the absence of the driver.

             Requirements under section 2(3).

             General

             Section 3             The regulations apply to friction brakes
             and in relevant parts to brakes of other types also.

             Section 4            The braking system must function safely
             under normal operating conditions. The component parts of
             the braking system must be designed and manufactured in a
             manner satisfactory from the point of view of safety.
24
                                                                     VVFS 2003:



Section 5            The braked components of the service
brake and the parking brake must be directly connected with
the vehicle’s wheel (track) or connected with the wheel (track)
via components that are dimensioned so as not to jeopardise
the function of the brakes. No device is permitted between the
wheel (track) and braked component which could cause the
connection to be broken.

Section 6            The service brake must be designed, con-
structed and manufactured in such a way that the wheels on
one and the same axle are braked with the same power when
all the brake’s circuits are functioning and when the friction
between the wheels and the roadway is as great for the wheels
on the same axle.

Section 7            Controls and other components of the
braking system must offer so much motion reserve that the
braking requirements are satisfied even if the brakes are warm
and the brake lining is worn. Unless otherwise provided, in
each case the wear and tear on the service brake should be
easily taken up by an automatic or manual adjustment device.

Section 8             The brake fluid container must be easily
accessible for checks and refilling. It must either be set up and
located so as to enable the level of fluid to be checked easily
without needing to open the container or be equipped with a
signalling device to alert the deriver when the level of fluid in
the container is so low that there is a risk of the braking sys-
tem failing. Such a signalling device must be of reliable de-
sign and manufacture and set up so that the driver can easily
check its function even when there is a sufficient level of
fluid. The container must be made of a material that with-
stands corrosion well and also withstands the corrosive action
of battery acid.

Section 9             The brake fluid should satisfy the re-
quirements in SAE J1703. If the braking system is designed
for another type of brake fluid, there must in close proximity
to the refill opening be a plate fully visible to view stating the
type of brake fluid that must be used.

Section 10         Storage containers and brake wires
should be located where the risk of collision damage is insig-
nificant.

Section 11           Unless otherwise provided on a case by
case basis, the braking system must be tested on the roadway

                                                                             25
VVFS 2003:


             with a friction coefficient of 0.8 and with the vehicle loaded to
             its maximum gross weight.

             Section 12           Braking systems equipped with an anti-
             lock device (ABS anti-lock brake system) must be designed
             and manufactured so as to satisfy these regulations even if the
             anti-lock device ceases to function.

             Section 13           Braking systems equipped with an anti-
             lock device (ABS anti-lock brake system) must be equipped
             with an optical signalling device to alert the driver if the anti-
             lock device ceases to function.

             Service brake

             Section 14          The service brake must consist of a front
             wheel brake and a rear wheel brake.

             Section 15           When both brakes are applied simultane-
             ously, the service brake must develop sufficient brake power
             to give the moped a braking distance not exceeding v2/110 m
             (4.2 m/s2). When braking using only the rear wheel brake, the
             braking distance must not exceed v2/55 m (2.1 m/s2). v =
             speed in km/h.

             Section 16         When braking under section 15, the op-
             erating power may be maximum 196 N with a hand-operated
             brake or maximum 392 N with a foot-operated brake.

             Parking brake

             Section 17          The parking brake on a three-wheel
             moped may be combined with a mechanical service brake or
             part of a mechanical service brake. The braked parts must be
             designed and constructed so as to enable them to be held in
             the engaged position by fully mechanical means.

             Section 18           The parking brake on a moped with side-
             car may be combined with a hydraulic service brake. The
             braked parts must be designed and constructed so as to enable
             them to be held in the engaged position with a special locking
             device on the service brake control.


             Chapter 12. Protection against theft


26
                                                                  VVFS 2003:


Anti-theft device to prevent unauthorised use

Section 1            Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must have an anti-theft device which either
    1. satisfies the requirements in Directive 93/33/EEC or
    2. satisfies the requirements in ECE Regulation 62.


Chapter 13. Bodywork

Stand

Section 1           Two-wheel mopeds first used on or after
17 June 1999 must have at least one stand to keep the moped
steady when it is motionless and must satisfy the requirements
in Directive 93/31/EEC.

Passenger hand-holds

Section 2           Two-wheel mopeds intended to convey
passengers which are first used on or after 17 June 1999 must
have passenger hand-holds and must satisfy the requirements
in Directive 93/32/EEC.

Exterior projections

Section 3              Mopeds with or without bodywork must
not have projecting parts which could cause damage or injury
in the event of a collision.
    This requirement will be considered satisfied if a moped
which is first used on or after 17 June 1999 satisfies the re-
quirements in Annex 1 and 2 to Chapter 3 of Directive
97/24/EC.

Driver’s space and controls

Driver’s space

Section 4            The moped must have a driver’s com-
partment that is spacious and set up so as to provide a conven-
ient driving position. The passenger seat must not be further
forward than the driver’s seat.
   The requirements in sections 8 – 12 do not apply if the
moped is type approved to ECE Regulation 60.

Section 5           The driver’s seat with the exception of
the saddle and longitudinal driving seat must be at least 450
mm wide. The distance laterally between the centre of the

                                                                          27
VVFS 2003:


             steering mechanism’s operating controls and the axis of the
             driver’s compartment must not exceed 100 mm.

             Section 6            The back rest on the passenger seat must
             not be further forward than the back rest of the driver’s seat
             with the exception of the differences that can arise because of
             the seats’ adjustment possibilities. However, the back rest on a
             transverse seat may extend in longitudinal direction forward to
             the rearmost part of the steering mechanism’s operating con-
             trols.

             Section 7            The free space around the steering
             mechanism’s operating controls must be at least 50 mm in the
             vehicle’s longitudinal direction and otherwise at least 80 mm.

             Controls

             Section 8            Pedals and their connections with the de-
             vices they are intended to engage must be of reliable design
             and construction. Brake and coupling pedals must be equipped
             with skid protection consisting of pedal rubber or equivalent.

             Section 9            The throttle controls must be positioned
             so as to enable them to be controlled with the right foot or
             hand and set up so that the speed of the vehicle can be varied
             easily and safely without tiring the driver and must also be of
             a design and construction that is safe to operate. The controls
             must be set up so that they automatically return to the position
             for idling/neutral gear when the controls are released. How-
             ever, this does not apply when “cruise control equipment” is
             used.

             Section 10           The service brake must be designed and
             constructed so as to be operated by foot or by hand.
                However, the service brake controls on a powered vehicle
             which is intended to be driven by a disabled driver may be de-
             signed and constructed so as to be operated in another manner.

             Section 11          It must be possible to operate hand-
             operated service brake controls without the driver needing to
             move his hand from the steering mechanism’s operating con-
             trols.

             Section 12           The gear and supplementary gear con-
             trols must be positioned and set up so as to enable them to be
             used comfortably, easily and safely. It must be possible to op-


28
                                                                 VVFS 2003:


erate the supplementary gear controls without the view of the
vehicle’s speedometer being obscured.

Chapter 14. Mechanical coupling devices

General

Section 1           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 and which are intended to tow a trailer, must have a me-
chanical coupling device which satisfies the requirements in
Annex 1 to Chapter 10 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Fitting of mechanical coupling devices

Section 2            Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 and which are intended to tow a trailer must with regard
to the fitting of a mechanical coupling device satisfy the re-
quirements in Annex 1 to Chapter 10 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Chapter 15. Lighting and retro-reflectors

Lighting installation

Comprehensive requirements

Section 1             Mopeds, and trailer vehicles towed by
class I mopeds, which were first used on or after 17 June 1999
must with regard to the installation of lighting and light-
signalling devices either
    1. satisfy the requirements in Directive 93/92/EEC or
    2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 74.

Section 2             Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
must with regard to the installation of lighting and light-
signalling devices either
    1. satisfy the requirements in Directive 93/92/EEC,
    2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 74 or
    3. satisfy the general requirements and the requirements
         for the respective lighting devices pursuant to sec-
         tions 3 – 99 below.

Definitions

Section 3          In this chapter are applied the definitions
provided below. Where reference is made to EC Directives or
ECE Regulations, the definitions used there are applied.

Headlamp                Device intended to illuminate the road
                                                                         29
VVFS 2003:


                                    to afford the driver the required field of
                                    view. Headlamp also refers to lamp
                                    used for work lighting.
             Driving beam head-     Headlamp that emits a driving beam
             lamp                   and is intended to illuminate the road a
                                    long way ahead of the vehicle.
             Passing beam head-     Headlamp that emits a passing beam
             lamp                   and is intended to illuminate the road in
                                    front of the vehicle without dazzling
                                    oncoming traffic.
             Fog lamp               Headlamp intended for driving in fog or
                                    heavy rain.
             Reversing lamp         Lamp intended to be used when revers-
                                    ing in order to illuminate the road be-
                                    hind the vehicle and to warn other road-
                                    users that the driver of the vehicle is
                                    reversing or intends to reverse. The
                                    term reversing lamp also includes lamps
                                    which during reversing illuminate the
                                    roadway to the rear at the side of the
                                    vehicle.
             Lamp                   Device intended to make other road-
                                    users aware of the vehicle.
             Position lamp          Lamp intended to mark the vehicle’s
                                    presence and width.
             Parking lamp           Lamp intended to mark the vehicle’s
                                    presence when parked.
             Warning lamp           Lamp intended to increase the vehicle’s
                                    visibility when driving in daylight.
             Direction indicator    Lamp intended to show a planned
                                    change of direction when driving.
             Side marker lamps      Lamp intended to mark the presence of
                                    the vehicle.
             Stop lamp              Lamp intended to mark when the ser-
                                    vice brake is applied.
             Plate lamp             Lamp intended to illuminate the rear
                                    registration plate or equivalent plate.
             Rear fog lamp          Lamp intended to mark the presence of
                                    the vehicle when driving in poor visibil-
                                    ity.
             Retro-reflecting de-   Device intended to reflect light from the
             vice                   headlamps of other vehicles.
             Work lamp              Headlamp intended to be used as extra
                                    lighting when working adjacent to the
                                    vehicle. Work lamps also include spot
                                    lamps.
             Parking light          Light emitted with a position lamp or

30
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


                        parking lamp.

Position

Lateral position        The distance from the extreme outer
                        edge plane of the vehicle to the nearest
                        limit of the illuminating surface of a
                        headlamp, lamp or retro-reflecting de-
                        vice.
Vertical position       Lowest height: The distance from flat,
                        horizontal ground to the lower limit of
                        the illuminating surface of the head-
                        lamp, lamp or retro-reflecting device
                        on the vehicle at kerb weight including
                        driver’s weight.

                      Highest height: The distance from flat,
                      horizontal ground to the upper limit of
                      the illuminating surface of a headlamp,
                      lamp or retro-reflecting device on the
                      vehicle at kerb weight including
                      driver’s weight.
Longitudinal position The distance from a vertical plane, at
                      right angles to the vehicle’s longitudinal
                      axis, which at some point touches the
                      vehicle’s front or rear part (coupling
                      device and towing bar in front of the
                      bodywork is not included), to the near-
                      est limit of the illuminating surface of a
                      headlamp, lamp or retro-reflecting de-
                      vice.

Combination

Grouped lighting      Devices which have separate filament
devices               lamps and illuminating surfaces in a
                      common lamp or headlamp body.
Combined devices      Devices which have separate illuminat-
                      ing surfaces and a common filament
                      lamp in a common lamp or headlamp
                      body.
Reciprocally incorpo- Devices which have separate filament
rating devices        lamps or alternatively multi-filament
                      lamps in a common lamp or headlamp
                      body and which have a totally or par-
                      tially common illuminating surface.

Illuminating surfaces

                                                                           31
VVFS 2003:



             Illuminating surface    The perpendicular projection of the full
             of a headlamp           aperture of the reflector on a transverse
                                     plane. If the headlamp lens covers only
                                     part of the aperture of the reflector, this
                                     part only must be taken into account.
                                     For passing beams, the illuminating
                                     surface of the perpendicular projection
                                     is limited to the plane of the light/dark
                                     cut-off on to the lens. If the reflector
                                     and the lens are adjustable, the mean
                                     position must be included.
                                     The term illuminating surface of a head-
                                     lamp is identical to the term "Illuminat-
                                     ing surface of a lighting device" in ECE
                                     Regulation 74.
             Illuminating surface    The lamp’s perpendicular projection
             of a lamp               against a plane at right angles to the
                                     lamp’s reference axis and touching the
                                     lamp’s translucent exterior surface. The
                                     projection is bounded by screens with
                                     straight-line edges situated in this plane
                                     and which each reduce the luminous
                                     intensity of the light in the lamp’s refer-
                                     ence axis to 98 % of full value. When
                                     determining the horizontal and vertical
                                     limits of the surface, only screens with
                                     horizontal and vertical edges respec-
                                     tively must be used.
                                     The term illuminating surface of a lamp
                                     is identical to the term "Illuminating
                                     surface of a light-signalling device other
                                     than a retro-reflector" in ECE Regula-
                                     tion 74.
             Illuminating surface    The surface in a plane at right angles to
             of a retro-reflecting   the retro-reflecting device’s reference
             device                  axis which is bounded by screens paral-
                                     lel to the reference axis and touching
                                     the contour of the retro-reflector’s opti-
                                     cal system. When determining the hori-
                                     zontal and vertical limits of the surface,
                                     only screens with horizontal and verti-
                                     cal edges respectively must be used.
                                     The term illuminating surface of a retro-
                                     reflecting device is identical to the term
                                     "Illuminating surface of a retro-
                                     reflector" in ECE Regulation 74.

32
                                                                    VVFS 2003:


Angles of geometric    The angles which up, down and to the
visibility             sides determine the 4-sided pyramid in
                       which the device’s central point on the
                       lens (reference point) must be fully
                       visible.
                       When fixing the angles of geometric
                       visibility, any rim or similar found on
                       the component when the component is
                       being approved must not be included.
Extreme outer edge     A vertical plane, parallel to the vehi-
plane of the vehicle   cle’s longitudinal axis, and touching
                       the vehicle’s side contour at its extrem-
                       ity. Side contour at extremity does not
                       include
                       - tyre near its points of contact with the
                       ground, and tyre valve,
                       - anti-skid device mounted on the
                       wheel,
                       - rear view mirror,
                       Direction indicators, position lamps,
                       parking lamps, side marker lamps and
                       retro-reflecting devices.
                       On vehicles with variable wheel gauge
                       which can affect the extreme outer edge
                       plane of the vehicle, this plane is con-
                       sidered to be situated in the position it
                       acquires with normal wheel gauge.

General requirements

Colours

Section 4             Mopeds must not be equipped with lamps
or headlamps which can show or emit red light in a forward
direction or devices which when light from a source uncon-
nected with the vehicle shines on them can reflect red light in
a forward direction.
    Mopeds must not be equipped with lamps or headlamps
which can show or emit white light to the rear or devices
which when light from a source unconnected with the vehicle
shines on them can reflect white light to the rear.
    The requirement in the second paragraph does not apply to
registration plates, country identification marks, plate lamps,
reversing lamps or other headlamps used when the vehicle is
being used as a work tool or similar.

Section 5        The requirements in section 4 first para-
graph and in Chapter 3 section 76 of the Traffic Order

                                                                            33
VVFS 2003:


             (1998:1276) which state that vehicles in motion must not
             show other than a white or amber light at the front will be
             considered satisfied if none other than a white or amber light
             beam is visible within zone 1 in a perpendicular plane against
             the vehicle’s longitudinal axis 25 m ahead of the vehicle (see
             Figure 1).
                The requirements in section 4 second paragraph will be
             considered satisfied if no white light beam is visible within
             zone 2 in a perpendicular plane against the vehicle’s longitu-
             dinal axis 25 m behind the vehicle (see Figure 2).
                Zones 1 and 2 are delimited vertically by two horizontal
             planes situated 1 000 and 2 200 mm respectively above flat,
             horizontal ground.

             Figure 1: Visibility of red light to the front (zone 1).




             Fig. 2: Visibility of white light to the rear (zone 2).

             Section 6           The colour of the light at nominal voltage
             must be within the area determined by the following limits in
34
                                                                  VVFS 2003:


the co-ordinate system established by the International Com-
mission on Illumination (CIE).

White light

Bordering on blue      x  0.310
Bordering on yellow    x  0.500
Bordering on green     y  0.150 + 0.640x; y  0.440
Bordering on purple    y  0.050 + 0.750x
Bordering on red       y  0.382

Amber light

Bordering on red       y  0.138 + 0.580x
Bordering on green     y  1.29x – 0.100
Bordering on white     y  - x + 0.966
Bordering on spec-     y  - x + 0.992
trally pure colour

Orange light

Bordering on yellow    y  0.429
Bordering on red       y  0.398
Bordering on white     z  0.007

Red light

Bordering on yellow    y  0.335
Bordering on purple    z  0.008

Section 7            The vehicle must not have headlamps,
lamps or retro-reflecting devices which are afterwards fitted
with a colour film.

Installation

Section 8            The vehicle must not have headlamps or
lamps of a type other than those provided in these or other
regulations issued by the SNRA.

Section 9            Headlamps, lamps and retro-reflecting
devices must be fitted so that they do not vibrate or change
position during normal driving and thus fail to satisfy the re-
quirements laid down in these regulations.
   They must also be fitted so as to satisfy the assumptions
applicable at their separate component type approvals even
when they are fitted on the vehicle.

                                                                          35
VVFS 2003:


             Section 10            Headlamps and lamps must be located on
             the vehicle so as to avoid disturbing the driver of the vehicle.

             Section 11             For headlamps, lamps or retro-reflecting
             devices which are mandatory or permitted in pairs, the paired
             units must be positioned at the same height and distance from
             the vehicle’s axis.
                 The paired units must emit light of the same colour and
             have approximately the same luminous intensity. On vehicles
             of lateral asymmetrical design, these requirements must be
             satisfied as far as practically possible.

             Electrical system

             Section 12           The moped’s electrical system must be
             rated so that all combinations of current consumers which can
             be connected at the same time also function when the moped
             is at idling R.P.M..

             Miscellaneous

             Section 13           Light sources (filament lamps) intended
             for lighting devices which are type approved to the various
             ECE Regulations must be type approved to ECE Regulation
             37 and intended for the respective device.

             Section 14            Stone-protecting devices for mandatory
             lamps or mandatory headlamps must not be used on the vehi-
             cle if the protection manifestly impairs the light from the lamp
             or headlamp. This also applies to stone-protecting devices
             made of material which can easily be damaged so that it im-
             pairs the light from the lamp or headlamp.

             Section 15          Vehicles must not have devices which
             may cause annoying reflections or the risk of dazzling other
             drivers.
                 Vehicles must not have devices with which can be shown
             rotating or moveable pictures, text or similar while the vehicle
             is in motion, which are visible to road-users outside the vehi-
             cle.

             Driving beam headlamps

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 16         Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 may in front have one or two driving beam headlamps

36
                                                                  VVFS 2003:


capable of emitting white light and illuminating a long stretch
of road in front of the vehicle.

Section 17            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
may in front have one or two driving beam headlamps capable
of emitting white or amber light and illuminating a long
stretch of road in front of the vehicle.

Section 18           Driving beam headlamps on mopeds first
used on or after 17 June 1999 must either
    1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
        or
    2. be type approved to ECE Regulations 8, 20, 56, 57,
        76, 82, 112 or 113.

Installation requirements

Section 19           If a moped has only one driving beam
headlamp, it must be positioned in the vehicle’s axis. How-
ever, deviation of maximum 100 mm is permitted.

Section 20         A driving beam headlamp
    1. may be grouped with a forward-directed headlamp or
        lamp,
    2. must not be combined with another headlamp or
        lamp,
    3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a passing beam
        headlamp, fog lamp and front position lamp.

Section 21          Headlamps emitting a driving beam must
be connected up to the vehicle’s electrical system so as to ex-
tinguish immediately when switched from driving beam to
passing beam.

Passing beam headlamps

Comprehensive requirements

Section 22           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must at the front have one or two passing beam head-
lamps capable of emitting white light and illuminating the
road in front of the moped without dazzling oncoming road-
users.

Section 23            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
must at the front have one or two passing beam headlamps ca-
pable of emitting white or amber light and illuminating the
road in front of the moped without dazzling oncoming traffic.

                                                                          37
VVFS 2003:


                Mopeds of the cycle type with auxiliary motor may apply
             corresponding equipment rules as for cycles.

             Section 24           Two-wheel mopeds may have only one
             passing beam headlamp.
                 Two passing beam headlamps where the relative maximum
             distance between the illuminating surfaces is 200 mm will on
             two-wheel mopeds without a pedal or pedal-crank mechanism
             be considered as one passing beam headlamp.
                 Two-wheel mopeds which have a pedal or pedal-crank
             mechanism may in addition to the passing beam headlamp
             have an extra cycle headlamp.
                 Side-cars may have only one passing beam headlamp.
                 Three-wheel mopeds may have one or two passing beam
             headlamps.

             Section 25        Passing beam headlamps which emit an
             asymmetrical beam must be intended for right-hand traffic.

             Section 26            Passing beam headlamps on mopeds first
             used on or after 1 January 1989 must either
                  1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
                      or
                  2. be type approved to ECE Regulations 1, 5, 8, 20, 31,
                      56, 57, 76, 82, 112 or 113.
                 Mopeds which were included in type certificates or ap-
             proved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 may instead
             have a passing beam headlamp with the same passing beam
             light as with one engine r.p.m. equivalent to a speed of maxi-
             mum 30 km/h in highest gear, and must satisfy the require-
             ments in Swedish Standard SEN 31 07 02, version 1.

             Installation requirements

             Section 27 If a moped has only one passing beam headlamp it
             must be positioned in the vehicle’s axis. However, deviation
             of maximum 100 mm is permitted.

             Section 28           If a moped has two passing beam head-
             lamps the lateral position of the headlamps must be maximum
             400 mm.

             Section 29         The vertical position of passing beam
             headlamps must be no lower than 500 mm and no higher than
             1 200 mm.



38
                                                                               VVFS 2003:


Section 30          The geometric visibility of passing beam
headlamps for mopeds with one passing beam headlamp must
be 15 upwards and 10 downwards, and 45 to the right and
45 to the left.
   The geometric visibility for mopeds with two passing
beam headlamps must be 15 upwards and 10 downwards,
and 45 outwards and 10 inwards.
   This requirement applies also if a coupled side-car is
equipped with passing beam headlamps.

Section 31            Passing beam headlamps must be adjust-
able vertically so as not to emit a dazzling light.
   Passing beam headlamps may be turned to take into ac-
count the angle of rotation of the steering controls.

General advice

    This requirement will be considered satisfied if the headlamp is posi-
tioned so that – viewed in the outgoing direction of the light beam – to
the left of the vertical plane which goes through the centre of the head-
lamp and which is parallel to the vehicle’s longitudinal axis, the limit be-
tween illuminated and non-illuminated surface is horizontal and situated
approximately 1 % of the distance between the headlamp and the meas-
uring screen lower than the horizontal plane through the centre of the
headlamp.

Section 32          A passing beam headlamp
    1. may be grouped with a forward-directed headlamp or
        lamp,
    2. must not be combined with another headlamp or
        lamp,
    3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a forward-
        directed headlamp or lamp.

Fog lamps

Comprehensive requirements

Section 33           Mopeds may have a fog lamp which is
capable of emitting white or amber light.

Section 34         Fog lamps must either
    1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
        or
    2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 19.

Installation requirements



                                                                                       39
VVFS 2003:


             Section 35          Fog lamps must be positioned in the ve-
             hicle’s axis. However, deviation of maximum 250 mm is per-
             mitted.

             Section 36           The vertical position of fog lamps must
             be no lower than 250 mm. No part of the illuminating surface
             of the fog lamp may be positioned at a greater height above
             ground level than the upper part of the illuminating surface on
             the vehicle’s passing beam headlamp.

             Section 37           The geometric visibility of fog lamps
             must be 5 upwards and 5 downwards, and 45 to the right
             and 45 to the left.

             Section 38            Fog lamps must be positioned so that –
             viewed in the outgoing direction of the light beam and meas-
             ured in a vertical plane at right angles to the vehicle’s longitu-
             dinal axis – the upper limit between illuminated and non-
             illuminated surface is horizontal and situated approximately 2
             % of the distance between the headlamp and the measuring
             screen lower than the horizontal plane through the centre of
             the headlamp.
                 Fog lamps must be fitted in such a way that their position
             is not appreciably affected by normal handling of the vehicle
             and so as to avoid tangible vibration occurring under normal
             driving conditions.
                 These requirements will be considered satisfied if at any
             point on the headlamp’s periphery a backward-directed force
             of 150 N can be applied parallel with the vehicle’s longitudi-
             nal axis and the elastic displacement in that connection does
             not exceed 5 mm. After the force has been removed there
             must be no change in position of the headlamp.
                 The fitting device for the fog lamp must permit the head-
             lamp to be positioned accurately.

             Section 39         A fog lamp
                 1. may be grouped with another headlamp or lamp,
                 2. must not be combined with another headlamp or
                     lamp,
                 3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a driving beam
                     headlamp and front position lamp.

             Section 40            Fog lamps must be capable of being lit
             up without a driving beam headlamp or passing beam head-
             lamp being lit up at the same time.



40
                                                                   VVFS 2003:



Front position lamps (parking lamps)

Comprehensive requirements

Section 41           Three- and four-wheel mopeds first used
on or after 17 Jne1999 must have one or two position lamps at
the front capable of showing a white light in a forward direc-
tion.

Section 42            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
may have one or two position lamps capable of showing white
or amber light in a forward direction.
    Front position lamps (front lamps) on side-cars may only
show white light.

Section 43           Front position lamps must either
     1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
          or
     2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 7 or 50.
    The front position lamps on mopeds included in type cer-
tificates or approved at a moped test before 1 January 1989
need not be type approved.

Installation requirements

Section 44            An independent front position lamp may
be fitted above or below, or to one side of another front lamp:
if these lamps are one above the other, the reference centre of
the front position lamp must be located within the median
longitudinal plane of the moped; if these lamps are side by
side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to
the median longitudinal plane of the moped.
    A front position lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with
another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its ref-
erence centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of
the moped.
    Two front position lamps, one or both of them reciprocally
incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in
such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in rela-
tion to the median longitudinal plane of the moped.
    On side-cars, the front position lamp must be located on
the side away from the moped.
    For three-wheel mopeds with two front position lamps, the
edges of the illuminating surfaces which are furthest away
from the median longitudinal plane of the moped must not be
more than 400 mm from the extremity of the edge of the


                                                                           41
VVFS 2003:


             moped and the distance between the inner edges of the illumi-
             nating surfaces must not be less than 500 mm.
                Front position lights on mopeds included in type certifi-
             cates or approved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need
             not satisfy these requirements.

             Section 45         The vertical position of front position
             lamps may be no lower than 350 mm and no higher than 1 200
             mm.

             Section 46            The geometric visibility of front position
             lamps for mopeds with one position lamp must be 15 up-
             wards and 15 downwards, and 80 to the right and 80 to the
             left. The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the lamp is
             positioned lower than 750 mm above the ground.
                 The geometric visibility for mopeds with two position
             lamps must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards, and 80
             outwards and 45 inwards. The downward angle may be re-
             duced to 5 if the lamp is positioned lower than 750 mm
             above the ground.
                 Front position lamps on mopeds included in type certifi-
             cates or approved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need
             not satisfy these requirements.

             Section 47          A front position lamp
                 1. may be grouped with a forward-directed headlamp or
                     lamp,
                 2. must not be combined with a forward-directed head-
                     lamp or lamp,
                 3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a forward-
                     directed headlamp or lamp.

             Direction indicators

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 48            Bodied three- and four-wheel mopeds
             first used on or after 17 June 1999 must have an even number
             of visible direction indicators on each side which at the rear
             and at the front are capable of showing orange light to the rear
             and front respectively.

             Section 49           Trailers towed by class I mopeds must
             have direction indicators visible from the rear with one indica-
             tor on each side capable of showing orange light to the rear.


42
                                                                  VVFS 2003:


Section 50             Direction indicators on mopeds included
in type certificates or approved at a moped test from 1 January
1989 must either
     1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
         or
     2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 6 or 50, catego-
         ries 11 and 12.
    Direction indicators on mopeds included in type certifi-
cates or approved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need
not be type approved. The light from such direction indicators
must in daylight and clear conditions be visible at a distance
of 30 m.

Section 51            Direction indicators must emit a flashing
light at a flash frequency of 90  30 flashes per minute. This
must apply at the engine r.p.m. that is 50 % of the engine
r.p.m. equivalent to the moped’s maximum design speed.

Installation requirements

Section 52            For forward direction indicators on two-
wheel mopeds, the distance between the illuminating surfaces
must not be less than 240 mm and they must be located out-
side the vertical longitudinal plane which touches the outer-
most edges of the main beam headlamp’s illuminating sur-
faces.
    For forward direction indicators on two- or three-wheel
mopeds, the distance between the illuminating surfaces of the
direction indicators and the nearest illuminating surfaces of
the passing beam headlamps must not be less than
     1. 75 mm for a minimum luminous intensity on the di-
         rection indicators of 90 cd,
     2. 40 mm for a minimum luminous intensity on the di-
         rection indicators of 175 cd,
     3. 20 mm for a minimum luminous intensity on the di-
         rection indicators of 250 cd,
     4.  20 mm for a minimum luminous intensity on the di-
         rection indicators of 400 cd.
    For rear direction indicators on two-wheel mopeds, the dis-
tance between the inner edges of the rear direction indicators’
illuminating surfaces must not be less than 180 mm.
    For direction indicators on three-wheel mopeds, the edges
of the illuminating surfaces that are furthest away from the
median longitudinal plane of the moped must not be more
than 400 mm from the extremity of the edge of the moped and
the distance between the inner edges of the illuminating sur-
faces must not be less than 500 mm.


                                                                          43
VVFS 2003:


             Section 53           The vertical position of the direction in-
             dicators, on two-wheel mopeds, may be no lower than 350
             mm and no higher than 1 200 mm.
                 On three-wheel mopeds, the vertical position of the direc-
             tion indicators must be no lower than 350 mm and no higher
             than 1 500 mm.

             Section 54            The geometric visibility of the direction
             indicators must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards, and 80
             outwards and 20 inwards.
                 The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the direction
             indicator is positioned lower than 750 mm above the ground.
                 If a moped has two wheels at the front or rear, the geomet-
             ric visibility must be 80 outwards and 45 inwards where the
             moped has two wheels.

             Section 55          Direction indicators
                 1. may be grouped with a headlamp or lamp,
                 2. must not be combined with a headlamp or lamp,
                 3. must not be reciprocally incorporated with any other
                     lamp,
                 4. may be set up separately as a warning device if it
                     emits orange light.

             Section 56            Direction indicators must be connected to
             the vehicle’s electrical system in such a way that they can be
             used irrespective of whether or not the other lamps on the ve-
             hicle are lit up.

             Side marker lamps and side marker retro-reflectors

             Section 57          Mopeds must not have side marker
             lamps.

             Section 58             Two-wheel mopeds first used on or after
             1 January 1985 must have one or two non-triangular retro-
             reflecting devices, which when light from an external source
             shines on them reflect orange light to the side.
                 This requirement does not apply if at least one of the
             moped’s tyres is type approved to ECE Regulation 88 and
             which when light from a source unconnected with the vehicle
             shines on it reflects white light to the side.

             Section 59          Retro-reflecting devices on the side of a
             moped first used from 1 January 1985 must either
                 1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC,

44
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


    2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 3, Class I A or
       Class IV A or
    3. be type approved by the SNRA or the Swedish Na-
       tional Road Safety Office.

Rear position lamps (rear lamps)

Comprehensive requirements

Section 60           Mopeds must have one or two position
lamps at the rear which are capable of emitting red light to the
rear.
    On side-cars only one rear position lamp may be fitted.
    Trailers towed by class I mopeds must have one or two po-
sition lamps at the rear capable of emitting red light to the
rear.
    Mopeds of the cycle type with auxiliary motor may apply
the equivalent equipment rules as for cycles.

Section 61            Rear position lamps on mopeds included
in type certificates or approved at a moped test on or after 1
January 1989 must either
     1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
         or
     2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 7 or 50.
    Rear position lamps on mopeds included in type certifi-
cates or approved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need
not be type approved. The light from these position lamps
must in darkness and clear conditions be well visible at a dis-
tance of 150 m behind the vehicle.

Installation requirements

Section 62             If there is only one rear position lamp,
the reference centre of the lamp must be located within the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
    If there are two rear position lamps, they must be symmet-
rical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the moped.
    For mopeds with two rear wheels and two rear position
lamps, the distance between the two lamps must be at least
600 mm. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the total
width of the moped is less than 1 300 mm.
    On side-cars, the rear position lamp must be located on the
side away from the moped.

Section 63        The vertical position of the rear position
lamp may be no lower than 250 mm and no higher than 1 500
mm.

                                                                           45
VVFS 2003:



             Section 64             The geometric visibility of the rear posi-
             tion lamp must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards, and 80
             to the right and 80 to the left.
                 The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the lamp is
             positioned lower than 750 mm above the ground.
                 If the moped has two rear wheels or a side-car, the geomet-
             ric visibility must be 80 outwards and 45 inwards.

             Section 65          A rear position lamp
                 1. may be grouped with a headlamp or lamp at the rear,
                 2. must not be combined with a headlamp or lamp,
                 3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a stop lamp or
                     rear fog lamp.

             Section 66            A rear position lamp must be connected
             to the vehicle’s electrical system in such a way that it is lit up
             when the vehicle’s driving or passing beam headlamp, fog
             lamp or front position lamp is lit up.

             Stop lamps

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 67           Mopeds first used on or after 1 January
             1985 must have one or two stop lamps which show red light at
             the rear when the service brake is applied.
                Stop lamps on mopeds included in type certificates or ap-
             proved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need not be lit
             up when the moped’s front wheel brake is applied.
                Stop lamps are not required on two-wheel mopeds with a
             maximum design speed of 25 km/h and engine rating not ex-
             ceeding 0.5 kilowatts.
                Stop lamps are not required on a trailer towed by a moped.

             Section 68           Stop lamps on mopeds included in type
             certificates or approved at a moped test on or after 1 January
             1989 must either
                  1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
                       or
                  2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 7 or 50.
                Stop lamps on mopeds included in type certificates or ap-
             proved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need not be type
             approved. The luminous intensity of such stop lamps must be
             clearly and appreciably greater than that of the rear position
             lamps.

46
                                                                     VVFS 2003:


Installation requirements

Section 69             If there is only one stop lamp, its refer-
ence centre must be located within the median longitudinal
plane of the moped.
    If there are two stop lamps, they must be symmetrical in
relation to the median longitudinal plane of the moped.
    For mopeds with two rear wheels and two stop lamps, the
distance between the two lamps must not be less than 600
mm. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the moped’s
total width is less than 1 300 mm.
    Stop lamps on mopeds included in type certificates or ap-
proved at a moped test before 1 January 1989 need not satisfy
these requirements.

Section 70          The vertical position of stop lamps must
be no lower than 250 mm and no higher than 1 500 mm.

Section 71           The geometric visibility of stop lamps
must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards, and 45 to the right
and 45 to the left.
   The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the lamp is
positioned lower than 750 mm above the ground.

Section 72         A stop lamp
    1. may be grouped with a headlamp or lamp at the rear,
    2. must not be combined with a headlamp or lamp,
    3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a rear position
        lamp.

Plate lamps

Comprehensive requirements

Section 73           Class I mopeds first used on or before 17
June 1999 must have a plate lamp that emits white light, to il-
luminate the rear registration plate so that it can be read easily
in the dark.

Section 74          Plate lamps on class I mopeds must ei-
ther
     1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
        or
     2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 4 or 50.

Installation requirements

Section 75           A plate lamp
                                                                             47
VVFS 2003:


                 1.   may be grouped with a headlamp or lamp at the rear,
                 2.   may be combined with a rear position lamp,
                 3.   must not be reciprocally incorporated with another
                      lamp.

             Section 76            A plate lamp must be connected to the
             vehicle’s electrical system so that it is lit up when the vehi-
             cle’s rear position lamp is lit up.

             Rear fog lamps

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 77            Mopeds may have a rear fog lamp capa-
             ble of emitting red light at the rear.

             Section 78         Rear fog lamps must either
                 1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC
                     or
                 2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 38.

             Installation requirements

             Section 79           The lateral position of the rear fog lamp
             must be such that the distance between the illuminating sur-
             faces of the rear fog lamp and the stop lamp is at least 100
             mm.

             Section 80          The vertical position of the rear fog lamp
             must be no lower than 250 mm and no higher than 1 000 mm.

             Section 81           The geometric visibility of rear fog lamps
             must be 5 upwards and 5 downwards, and 25 to the right
             and 25 to the left.

             Section 82         A rear fog lamp
                 1. may be grouped with a lamp to the rear,
                 2. must not be combined with another lamp,
                 3. may be reciprocally incorporated with a rear position
                     lamp.

             Section 83           Rear fog lamps must be controlled by a
             separate switch.
                If the rear fog lamp is lit up, using light switch gear for
             driving beam or passing beam must not cause the rear fog
             lamp to be extinguished or to flash.


48
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


Section 84           There must be a tell-tale well visible
from the driver’s seat showing a fixed orange light when the
rear fog lamp is connected.

Reversing lamps

Comprehensive requirements

Section 85          Only three-wheel mopeds may have re-
versing lamps capable of emitting white light to the rear.

Installation requirements

Section 86             Reversing lamps must be positioned so
that their light does not dazzle the drivers of other vehicles.

Front retro-reflecting devices

Comprehensive requirements

Section 87            Mopeds may have a retro-reflecting de-
vice at the front which when light from a source unconnected
with the vehicle shines on it reflects a white light forwards.
   This retro-reflecting device must be non-triangular.

Section 88            Front retro-reflecting devices must either
    1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC,
    2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 3, class I A or
         class IV A or
    3. be type approved by the SNRA or Swedish National
         Road Safety Office.
   Front retro-reflecting devices on mopeds first used before
1 January 1985 may be type approved to ECE Regulation 3,
category I or II or of a type approved by the Swedish National
Testing Institute (SNTI) before 20 May 1980.

Installation requirements

Section 89           Three-wheel mopeds should be equipped
with retro-reflecting devices located so as to mark out the
width of the moped.

Section 90         The vertical position of a retro-reflecting
device must be no lower than 350 mm and no higher than 1
200 mm.




                                                                           49
VVFS 2003:


             Section 91            The geometric visibility of front retro-
             reflecting devices must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards,
             and 30 to the right and 30 to the left.
                 The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the retro-
             reflecting device is positioned lower than 750 mm above the
             ground.

             Section 92         A front retro-reflecting device may be
             combined with a headlamp or lamp.

             Rear retro-reflecting devices

             Comprehensive requirements

             Section 93             Mopeds must have one or two retro-
             reflecting devices at the rear which when light from a source
             unconnected with the vehicle shines on them reflect red light
             to the rear.
                 When the vehicle is driven in the dark, a retro-reflecting
             device must also be fitted on a coupled side-car and on a cou-
             pled cycle trailer, if there is no rear light on the cycle trailer.
             This retro-reflecting device must be non-triangular.

             Section 94            A rear retro-reflecting device must either
                 1. be type approved to Chapter 2 of Directive 97/24/EC,
                 2. be type approved to ECE Regulation 3, class I A or
                      class IV A or
                 3. be type approved by the SNRA or Swedish National
                      Road Safety Office.
                Rear retro-reflecting devices on mopeds first used before 1
             January 1985 may be type approved to ECE Regulation 3,
             category I or II or of a type approved by the Swedish National
             Testing Institute (SNTI) before 20 May 1980.

             Installation requirements

             Section 95           Three-wheel mopeds should be equipped
             with retro-reflecting devices located so as to mark out the
             width of the moped.

             Section 96          The vertical position of the retro-
             reflecting device must be no lower than 250 mm and no
             higher than 900 mm.

             Section 97            The geometric visibility of rear retro-
             reflecting devices must be 15 upwards and 15 downwards,
             and 30 to the right and 30 to the left.
50
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


    The downward angle may be reduced to 5 if the retro-
reflecting device is positioned lower than 750 mm above the
ground.

Section 98         A rear retro-reflecting device may be
combined with a lamp to the rear.

Pedal retro-reflecting devices

Section 99             Two- and three-wheel mopeds with non-
retractable pedals must have two retro-reflecting devices on
each pedal which when light from a source unconnected with
the vehicle shines on them reflect orange light to the front and
to the rear.
    Mopeds first used before 1 January 1987 may be equipped
with pedal retro-reflecting devices capable of reflecting amber
light to the front and to the rear.
    Mopeds first used before 1 January 1985 need not have
pedal retro-reflecting devices.




                                                                           51
VVFS 2003:


             Chapter 16. Audible warning devices

             Audible warning devices

             Section 1          Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must have an audible warning device which is either
                 1. type approved to Annex 1 to Directive 93/30/EEC or
                 2. type approved to ECE Regulation 28.

             Section 2            Mopeds first used before 17 June 1999
             must have an audible warning device and on class I mopeds it
             should be possible to emit a regular tone only.

             Fitting an audible warning device

             Section 3             Mopeds first used on or before 17 June
             1999 must with regard to fitting an audible warning device ei-
             ther
                  1. satisfy the requirements in Annex 2 to Directive
                     93/30/EC or
                  2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 28.


             Chapter 17. Warning triangles

             Section 1          Mopeds, with the exception of two-wheel
             mopeds, must have a warning triangle that must be carried on
             all journeys.

             Section 2          Warning triangles must be type approved
             to ECE Regulation 27.
                 Moped models manufactured in or after 1974 may have a
             warning triangle which is type approved by the Swedish Na-
             tional Road Safety Office or the former Swedish Board of
             Civil Engineering Works and which has markings to indicate
             that fact.


             Chapter 18. Safety belts

             Safety belt anchorages

             Section 1             Bodied three- and four-wheel mopeds
             first used on or after 17 June 1999 must have anchorages for
             safety belts which either
                  1. satisfy the requirements in Annexes 1 - 4 to Chapter
                      11 of Directive 97/24/EC or
52
                                                                   VVFS 2003:


    2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 16.

Safety belts

Section 2           Bodied three- and four-wheel mopeds
first used on or after 17 June 1999 must have safety belts
which are
      1. type approved to Annex 6 to Chapter 11 of Directive
          97/24/EC or
      2. type approved to ECE Regulation 16.


Chapter 19. Field of vision and aids to vision

Glazing

Section 1            Bodied three- or four-wheel mopeds first
used on or after 17 June 1999 must have a windscreen.

Section 2            Bodied three- or four-wheel mopeds
must, with regard to the fitting of glazing, be type approved to
Annex 1 to Chapter 12 of Directive 97/24/EC.

Rear view mirrors

Section 3           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must have rear view mirrors which are either
    1. type approved to Annex 1 and 2 to Chapter 4 of Di-
        rective 97/24/EC or
    2. type approved to ECE Regulation 81.

Section 4             Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
1999 must, with regard to the fitting of rear view mirrors, ei-
ther
     1. satisfy the requirements in Annex 3 to Chapter 4 of
        Directive 97/24/EC, or
     2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 81.

Windscreen washers and wipers

Section 5            Bodied three- or four-wheel mopeds first
used on or after 17 June 1999 must with regard to windscreen
wipers and windscreen washers satisfy the requirements in
Annex 2 to Chapter 12 of Directive 97/24/EC.

De-icing and de-misting devices



                                                                           53
VVFS 2003:


             Section 6           Bodied three- or four-wheel mopeds first
             used on or after 17 June 1999 must with regard to de-icing
             and de-misting devices satisfy the requirements in Annex 2 to
             Chapter 12 of Directive 97/24/EC.

             Chapter 20. Speedometers

             Section 1            Mopeds first used on or after 1 July 2002
             must have a speedometer which either
                 1. satisfies the requirements in Directive 2000/7/EC or
                 2. is type approved to ECE Regulation 39.


             Chapter 21. Controls and symbols

             Section 1             Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must with regard to the marking of controls, tell-tales
             and indicators either
                 1. satisfy the requirements in Directive 93/29/EEC or
                 2. satisfy the requirements in ECE Regulation 60.


             Chapter 22. Masses and dimensions

             Section 1           Mopeds first used on or after 17 June
             1999 must with regard to masses and dimensions satisfy the
             requirements in Directive 93/93/EEC.


             Chapter 23. Rear registration plates

             Mounting of rear registration plates

             Section 1            Class I mopeds first used on or after 17
             June 1999 must have a space to mount a rear registration plate
             and must satisfy the requirements in Directive 93/94/EEC.


             Chapter 24. Mopeds in international road traffic

             Section 1             Vehicles used in international road traffic
             under the Order (1987:27) on vehicles in international traffic
             in Sweden, may be used in traffic even though they do not sat-
             isfy the requirements in these regulations. However, they must
             satisfy the basic rules in Chapter 2 sections 1 – 5 of the Road
             Vehicles Order (SFS 2003:xxxx) and the basic requirements
             in section 3 below.
54
                                                                  VVFS 2003:



Section 2             Notwithstanding these regulations, a per-
son domiciled outside Sweden who is staying in Sweden tem-
porarily may use a light motorcycle he has imported into
Sweden if it satisfies the requirements that apply for such ve-
hicles in his own home country, provided that the engine has a
cylinder volume not exceeding 50 cubic centimetres and that
the person who imported the vehicle may drive it in his home
country without a driving licence or equivalent document.
    A moped which is imported into Sweden and used by a
person staying temporarily in Sweden must satisfy the condi-
tions applicable to mopeds in the user’s home country.

Section 3            The following basic requirements apply
with regard to design and equipment:
    1. exhaust pipe and silencer if the vehicle has an inter-
        nal combustion engine,
    2. de-icing and de-misting devices of bodied mopeds,
    3. rear view mirrors,
    4. service brake capable of reducing the speed of the
        vehicle and making it halt safely and quickly,
    5. parking brake on three- or four-wheel mopeds which
        on a gradient must be capable of keeping the vehicle
        motionless even in the absence of the driver,
    6. fuel tank if the vehicle has an internal combustion
        engine,
    7. tyres,
    8. trailer coupling device if the moped is intended to
        tow a trailer,
    9. audible warning device,
    10. one or two rear lamps capable of emitting red light to
        the rear,
    11. a plate lamp which illuminates the rear registration
        plate with white light,
    12. one or two passing beam headlamps capable of emit-
        ting white or amber light,
    13. one or two driving beam headlamps capable of emit-
        ting white or amber light,
    14. lamps for parking lights capable of showing white or
        orange light,
    15. passenger hand-holds on two-wheel mopeds designed
        to convey passengers,
    16. one or two retro-reflecting devices at the rear which
        when light from a source unconnected with the vehi-
        cle shines on them reflect red light,
    17. steering controls,
    18. stand on two-wheel moped,


                                                                          55
VVFS 2003:


             19. warning triangle (does not apply to two-wheel mo-
                 peds without side-car),
             20. windscreen of bodied three or four-wheel mopeds,
             21. windscreen washers of bodied three or four-wheel
                 mopeds,
             22. windscreen wipers of bodied three or four-wheel mo-
                 peds.




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