Spaying _ Neutering

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					Spaying & Neutering

        Aubrey Ivy
     3rd Year Vet Student
    Texas A&M University
• Class of 2009 veterinary student
• How I got here:
  – High School Diploma
  – Bachelors Degree in Biomedical Science
  (4 years)
  – Veterinary School (4 years), 1 ½ to go!
• Why did I want to
  become a veterinarian?
  – Started raising 4-H
    dairy goats in 6th grade
  – Enjoyed science and
    problem solving
  – Volunteered at local vet
    clinic over the summers
  – Wanted to learn how to
    help other animals
  What do veterinarians do?
• Take care of dogs, cats, horses, livestock,
  zoo animals, pocket pets, and people!
  – Give vaccinations
  – Educate owners about animal care
  – Diagnose and treat animal diseases
  – Inspect food for consumption by people
  – Research human and animal diseases
  – AND perform surgeries!
     • Such as spaying and neutering
        Why should I spay or
          neuter my pet?
Shelter overpopulation is a big problem!
• Approximately 61% of all dogs entering
  shelters are euthanized
• Approximately 75% of all cats entering
  shelters are euthanized
• As many as 25% of dogs entering shelters
  each year are purebreds
        Why should I spay or
          neuter my pet?
  Shelter overpopulation is expensive!

• It costs approximately $100 to catch, house,
  feed and provide medical care for each stray
  animal in a shelter
• This money must be paid by taxpayers!
         Why should I spay or
           neuter my pet?
• An estimated 52 million dogs and 57 million cats
  live with U.S. families

• For every human born, 7 puppies and kittens are

• More than 12 million dogs and cats are euthanized
  in shelters each year. Millions more are abandoned
  in rural and urban areas
How does pet overpopulation
   What is the consequence of
   letting just two cats breed?
•Year 1
          -1 female has 3 litters of 6 kittens each
          -Total new kittens year 1 = 18
          -Total feline population year 1 = 20
•Year 2
          -10 females having 3 litters of 6 kittens each
          -Total new kittens year 2 = 180
          -Total feline population year 2 = 200
•Year 3
          -100 females have 3 litters of 6 kittens each
          -Total new kittens year 3 = 1,800
          -Total feline population year 3 = 2,000
•Year 4
          -1,000 females have 3 litters of 6 kittens each
          -Total new kittens year 4 = 18,000
          -Total feline population year 4 = 20,000
Cat Population Growth
      Popular Excuses for not
      Spaying and Neutering
1. It's too expensive to have my pet spayed or
The price is relatively small considering the benefits for
the health of your pet and costs associated with having a

Benefits to your pet’s health:
   -decreased risk of infections and cancers of the
   reproductive tracts
   -prevent the diseases associated with breeding
   -give your pet a longer healthier life!!
     Popular Excuses for not
     Spaying and Neutering
2. I'll find good homes for all the puppies and

Each home you find means one less for the dogs and
cats in shelters who need good homes. And remember,
the problem of pet overpopulation is created and
perpetuated one litter at a time.
      Popular Excuses for not
      Spaying and Neutering
3. Isn’t it better to have one litter first?

Medical evidence indicates just the opposite. In fact, the
evidence suggests that females spayed before their first
heat are typically healthier and have a lower cancer risk
than intact females
     Popular Excuses for not
     Spaying and Neutering
4. My dog is purebred, isn’t that enough reason to
breed him or her?

Breeding purebred dogs and cats perpetuates the
genetic diseases brought about by centuries of
inbreeding. In fact, mixed breed animals have a lower
incidence of genetic diseases and a longer and
healthier life expectancy.

Besides, at least one out of every four pets brought to
animal shelters are purebred. You can find any breed
you want at a shelter!!
Once you have decided to
 spay or neuter your pet,
   what happens next?
       Spaying and Neutering
• When should my pet be spayed or neutered?
   • Generally by 6 months of age
• What is involved in the surgery?
   • Pets are evaluated to make sure they are healthy
   enough for anesthesia
   • Blood tests are run to evaluate internal organ
   function (liver, kidney, etc.)
   • Pets are given a sedative, pain medication,
   and an anesthetic so that they are comfortable
   and asleep during the surgery
           Tools of the Trade
• Towel clamps
             Tools of the Trade
• Scalpels
          Tools of the Trade
• Hemostats
          Tools of the Trade
• Spay hook
            Tools of the Trade
• Forceps
             Tools of the Trade
• Scissors
            Tools of the Trade
• Needle driver
           Tools of the Trade
• Suture
      Spaying and Neutering
So what if you want to be a vet?
• Things you can do starting now:
  •Volunteer in your community and at a veterinary clinic
  •Study hard and make good grades in school
  (especially in science classes)
  •Take opportunities for club involvement and
  leadership positions
  •Work at a vet clinic or other animal related job once
  you’re old enough
  •Start researching college options
    Oh, the places you will go!
Where veterinary medicine can take you
• Travel opportunities in veterinary medicine
The End

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