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       Increasing Access and
      Participation in Outdoor
     Recreational Environments
            Kathleen Laurin, Ph.D.
    University of Montana Rural Institute -
                   MonTECH
                 Missoula, MT

              February 17, 2011

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    Montana – The Treasure
            State




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    Montana Public Lands




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    Montana has extraordinary
    natural assets that include:
       320 state fishing access sites
       50 State Parks
       6 National Parks and Monuments
       Lewis & Clark and Nez Perce National Historic
        Trails
       9 National Forests
       13 National Wildlife Refuges
       18 designated Wilderness Areas (3.3 million
        acres)
       24 Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
        Recreation sites
       953,574 acres of lakes, reservoirs, rivers and
        streams

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    No one resource that
    provides accessibility
         information




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    Montana Accessible Recreation
    Opportunities (MARO) project
     Pilot project funded by the DBTAC Rocky
     Mountain ADA Center
     Create a one-stop resource for comprehensive
     accessibility information for Montana public
     recreation lands within a 100 mile radius of
     Missoula




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    Montana Accessible Recreation
    Opportunities (MARO) project
     This included approximately one
     hundred recreation areas that are
     managed by state parks, national forest,
     and/or BLM
     We have expanded beyond the initial
     identified area and have currently
     completed assessments of 164 sites




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     Process
      Gathered user input from persons with
       disabilities, families, friends, and
       recreational land use professionals
      Identified database fields to provide
       relevant information
      Met with regional State Parks, Bureau
       of Land Management, and National
       Forest Service personnel to establish
       an awareness of the project and to
       acquire existing data.

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     Process, continued
      Compiled additional information from
      maps, guide books, internet, and other
      resources
      Created an accessible searchable SQL
      database
      Potential users reviewed database
      Made adjustments based on reviewer
      comments
      Created data dictionary for Trimble Unit
      Began inventory and assessment field work

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     Data Collection Criteria for
     MARO
      U.S. Access Board Draft Accessibility
       Guidelines for Outdoor Developed Areas
      Forest Service Outdoor Recreation
       Accessibility Guideline (FSORAG)
      Forest Service Trails Accessibility Guidelines
      Universal Design Guidelines




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     Access Board Guideline
     Outdoor Developed Areas
      Process began in 1997 when Board created
       the Outdoor Developed Areas Regulatory
       Negotiation Committee
      Regulatory Negotiation Committee
       presented its report to the Board in 1999
      Board published proposed guidelines for
       Federal outdoor developed areas in June
       2007
      Comment period for final draft ended
       December 18, 2009



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     Access Board Guideline
     Outdoor Developed Areas, continued (2)
      Guidelines will address trails, camping
      facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas,
      outdoor recreation access routes, and beach
      access routes
      Will apply to outdoor developed facilities that
      are constructed or altered by or on behalf of
      the federal government
      Will initially apply to sites developed or altered
      by Federal land management agencies,
      including the U.S. Forest Service, National Park
      Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of
      Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, and
      Army Corps of Engineers
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     Access Board Guideline
     Outdoor Developed Areas, continued (3)

      Future rulemaking will apply guidelines to
      facilities constructed or altered with federal
      grants or loans
      Board intends to develop similar guidelines
      for outdoor developed areas controlled by
      non-federal entities at a future date
      Guidelines can be found at
      http://www.access-board.gov/outdoor/



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     Why does the FS have their own
     guidelines for trails and outdoor areas?
      In April 2000, the FS began a policy of
      using the Draft Access Board guidelines.
      By 2001 the Access Board was estimating 3
      to 5 years before their 1999 Draft
      guidelines finished their
      rulemaking/approval process to be final
      guidelines.
      FS got a legal challenge for following the
      Draft Access Board guidelines before the
      guidelines had been out for public
      comment.

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     USDA attorneys told FS to
     either:
     1.   Stop all new construction and alteration in
          outdoor areas and on trails; or
     2.   Follow only UFAS/ADAAG, even for trails;
          or
     3.   Develop FS guidelines, to apply within
          National Forest System boundaries, and take
          them through the FS approval process (put
          them out for public comment).


     Forest Service picked option # 3
     http:///www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/accessibility



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     Universal Design
      Design of products and environments
      usable by the broadest public to the
      greatest extent possible
      Intent of universal design is to simplify life
      for everyone by making products,
      communications, and the built environment
      usable by as many people as possible
      Universal design means taking into
      consideration the needs of as many people
      as possible without the need of adaptation
      or specialized design for specific groups

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     Universal Design, continued.
      Benefits of universal design are safer and
      more welcoming parks and trails for all
      Universal design guidelines permit
      flexibility, if equal or greater accessibility
      can be provided by a different or more
      creative design solution
      In the best of all possible worlds, the
      concept of universal design would guide the
      creation of all facilities and programs



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     Principles of Universal Design as
     Applied to Parks
     1.   Equitable use: parks are accessible to all users, provide
          the same means for all users, identical where possible,
          equivalent when not;
     2.   Flexibility in use: parks accommodate a wide range of
          individual preferences and abilities, provide choice for all;
     3.   Simple and intuitive: understanding the park and
          context should be easy, regardless of the user’s
          experience, knowledge, language, or skill;
     4.   Perceptible information: information is communicated
          effectively to the user regardless of ambient conditions or
          the user’s sensory abilities;




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     Principles of Universal Design as
     Applied to Parks, continued
     5.   Tolerance for error: hazards and the adverse
          consequences of accidents are minimized (most used
          elements are the most accessible, hazardous elements
          are isolated or eliminated, provide warnings);
     6.   Low physical effort: the design can be used
          efficiently and comfortably with a minimum of fatigue;
          and
     7.   Size and space for approach and use: appropriate
          size and space is provided for approach, reach,
          manipulation, regardless of user’s body size, posture,
          or mobility.


     (Adapted from North Carolina University: The Center for
        Universal Design http://www.design.ncsu.edu/cud/)

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     Data Collection for MARO
      Tools
        Level (Smart Level)
        Measuring Wheel (DigiRoller)
        Tape Measure
        Pressure Gauge




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     Tools
       Handheld GPS Device (Trimble Handheld
        Computer)
       Data Sheets
       Digital Camera
       Livescribe Pulse Smartpen




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     Web Page




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     Database and Website-Search Page




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     Search Page




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     Search Results




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     Database and Website
      General information gathered:
        Contact information for land manager
        Land manager’s Internet site
        Directions to the site
        Information about the setting
        Information about other (non-
         accessible) recreation opportunities at
         the site


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     Database
      Accessibility information gathered:
        Accessible activities available at each site.
          We defined 12 broadly categorized accessible
          recreation activities that may be available at a site
        Provide detailed information (such as
        maximum slope, minimum trail width, and
        surface type) for each accessible activity
        available at the different sites to help users
        determine if the activity is accessible and
        desirable to them.



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     Information about a Site




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     Data Sheets/GPS Data
     Collection
      Information can be collected either by filling out
      the data sheets or the same information can be
      entered into the GPS hand held computer using
      an electronic form with drop down menus and
      text boxes.




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              Recreation Activities
        Camping                    Picnic/Day Use Sites
        Hiking (Trails)            Swimming/Water
        Biking (Trails)             Access
        Fishing (Access)           Hunting
        Boating (Launches)         Visitors’ Center
        Playing (Playgrounds)      Learning Opportunities
        Scenic/Wildlife
         Viewing




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     Data Collected – All Activities
      Parking
          Marked Accessible (type and number of stalls)
          Parking Space Dimensions
          Slope
          Surface Type (firm and stable)
      Access Routes from Parking to Activities or
      Facilities
          Running Slope and Cross Slope
          Width
          Tread Obstacles
          Surface Type
      New website design will allow for comments by
      the assessor to be entered for each activity

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     Data Collected – All Activities
      Information Signs/Bulletin Boards
        Height of information
        Font Size/Contrast
        Approach to Sign/Boards
      Restrooms/Toilets located near an
      accessible activity
       Accessible Route and Distance
       Meets standards for door width and
        turning radius
       Grab bars/toilet seat height and
        placements

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     Hiking/Biking Trail Data
      Hiking/Biking
       Length of Accessible Trail
       Type of Trail (Destination or Loop)
       Trail Users
       Maximum Running Slope and Cross Slope
       Tread Obstacles (Height)
       Minimum Width of Trail
       Passing Intervals
       Resting Areas/Benches
       Surface Type

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     Campsite Data
       Parking Pad Surface and Dimensions
       Outdoor Recreations Access Routes (ORARs)
       to campsite amenities
        Slopes, Tread Obstacles, Firm/Stable Surface
       Picnic Table Dimensions, Clearance, and Pad
        Surface
       Tent Pad Dimensions (if available)
       Fire Ring/Grill Dimensions and Clearance
       Accessible Routes to Drinking Water (Slopes,
        Tread Obstacles, Firm/Stable Surface)



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     Picnic/Day Use Areas Data
      Noted type of picnic area (group, single, sheltered)
      Outdoor Recreations Access Routes (ORARs) to
         each type of picnic area (Slopes, Tread Obstacles,
         Firm/Stable Surface)
        Number of Accessible Picnic Tables to total for each
         type
        Picnic Table Dimensions, Clearance, and Pad
         Surface
        Fire Ring/Grill Dimensions and Clearance
        Accessible Routes to Drinking Water (Slopes, Tread
         Obstacles, Firm/Stable Surface)
        Note other activities in day use area (eg. Horse
         shoe pits, volley ball courts, etc)

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     Fishing Access & Boat Launch
      Fishing Access
        Water Access (Shore, Pier, Fishing Platform,
         Dock, etc.)
        Access Route to Fishing Area/Boat Launch
         (Slopes, Tread Obstacles, Surface Type)
        Transfer Device available for Boat Launches




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     Playing and Swimming
      Play Areas
        Surface type
        Accessible play equipment available
        Access into play area (width, tread obstacles)
      Swimming Areas
        Water Access (Shore, Beach, Dock, etc.)
        Access Route to swimming area (Slopes,
        Tread Obstacles, Surface Type)




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     Scenic/Wildlife Viewing &
     Learning Opportunities
      Type of Viewing Area (pedestrian, from
       vehicle)
        Access Route to viewing area (Slopes, Tread
         Obstacles, Surface Type)
        Height of railing (will it obstruct views)
        Telescope Height and clearances
      Type of Learning Opportunity (Signage,
       Interpretive Programs, Special Events)
        Access Route to Learning Opportunity
         (Slopes, Tread Obstacles, Surface Type)
        Wheelchair Seating available for programs or
         events

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     Visitor Centers
      Parking (marked spaces, dimensions and number of
       spaces)
      Access Route to Entrance (curb cuts/slopes)
      Entrance Dimensions (tread obstacle, width, pressure to
       open door, door handle type and height)
      Exhibits and Displays
        Location of displays, display height, and clearance
        Paths of travel between displays
        Font Size and Contrast of Text with background
        Display Controls Operable with a closed fist
        Closed Captioning for video displays




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     Hunting
      Type of game
      Type of area
        Established blinds, only open to
         persons with disabilities, behind-gate
         vehicle access with permit, etc…
      Access Route to hunting area (Slopes,
       Tread Obstacles, Surface Type)




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      Database - GPS
      GPS coordinates of sites to allow users
      to preview sites within Google Earth
      and/or enter the coordinates into their
      own personal navigation systems to
      assist with trip planning and navigation.




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     Google Earth




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     Pictures and Descriptions of the
       Recreation Sites




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     Database – User Comments
      Accessibility information gathered:
       Comment feature that provides
        opportunity for users to share their
        experiences at a site or with an
        activity so that future users may be
        better aware of unique or changing
        conditions
       Users may voluntarily provide their
        email contact information so that they
        can directly contact each other for
        additional information

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     Future Plans/Improvements
      Different icons to denote accessible
       features
      Dynamic web map with the MARO
       website
      Better feature identification in Google
       Map
      Improvements in website general design
       and navigation



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     Partnerships & Projects
      DBTAC: Rocky Mountain ADA
       Center
      Community Parks
      State Parks
      National Forests
      National Parks
      Avista Utilities


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     DBTAC: Rocky Mountain ADA
     Center
      Collaborative Partnership in which we
       serve as members of their research
       committee and ADA Network
      Provided funding for Pilot Project and
       helped support training efforts




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     Community
      Three Forks Community Trail
      Evaluation




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     State
      Fish, Wildlife, and Parks Department
       Assessment of five State Parks and
        two fishing access sites on Flathead
        Lake




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     U.S. Forest Service
      Working with Northern Regional Office
      and Individual National Forests on
      multiple efforts regarding assessments,
      trainings, and inventories




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      Federal
      National Parks
       Glacier National Park - Two-
        day field trip looking at
        Glacier’s accessible
        opportunities and discussion
        of future plans.
       Yellowstone National Park –
        Utah Youth Conservation
        Corps




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     Avista Utilities
      Help maintain and improve
      multiple recreation sites in areas
      that they use for energy
      production




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     Montana Access To Outdoor
        Recreation (MATOR)

     A project which promotes participation in
       wildlife-associated recreation through the
       use of Assistive Technology and other
       supports.




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      MATOR Background
      Funded by the Rehabilitation Services
      Administration

        Began October, 2008 and Ends September,
         2011
        Draws on Montana’s heritage of outdoor
         recreation
        Increases participation in wildlife-associated
         recreational activities by people with
         disabilities and those who are aging
        Promotes participation in integrated settings
        Will be self-sustaining beyond grant cycle



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     Benefits of participation in
     recreational activities
      Enhanced mobility
      Increased socialization
      Increased independence
      Improved self-esteem & self-efficacy
      Community involvement
      Enhanced pathways to employment




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     MATOR Partners
      MonTECH/Montana Assistive Technology
         Program
        Montana FWP (Wildlife & Parks divisions)
        Montana Vocational Rehabilitation
        Montana Independent Living Centers
        US Forest Service
        Individual volunteers & sporting groups
        Private businesses and corporations
        Equipment developers & vendors

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     MATOR Services
      Education & Awareness
      Demonstration Events
      Equipment Loan
      Volunteer Network




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     Education and Awareness
      Provide awareness through outreach
        Literature, website, activities, trainings
        http://recreation.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/
        mator
      Integrate information into FWP modules
        FWP online & other education materials
      Dissemination through other entities




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     Demonstration Events
      Share information about programs &
      possibilities, display equipment, and
      allow participant trials
      Planned regionally to reach more
      participants
      Will occur throughout the funding cycle




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     Equipment Loan Program
      Gathered user input to identify
      equipment
      Purchased:
       Off-the-shelf devices

       Modified devices

       Specially designed devices

       Accessories that have applications for
       accessibility

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     Equipment Loan Program
      Recreational AT available
       for loan within Montana
      View & request a loan
       online
      Available throughout &
       beyond grant period




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     Optics
      Focus-free & image
      stabilizing binoculars
      Spotting scopes & scope
      camera display




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     Mounts, Stands & Tripods
      Mounts/supports with adapted
      options

      Easy-grip & quick release

      Offset tripod for wheelchair access

      Attach to most surfaces




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     Mount’n Mover by BlueSky Designs
      Universally adaptable
      Mounts to mobility devices
      Supports many types of
      devices, including
      recreational equipment




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     Navigation Equipment
      Obstacle detectors: blind/low vision
      personal navigation
      GPS units & 2-way radio; audio output

      Digital talking compass
      (English/Spanish)




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     Adaptive Fishing Rods &
     Reels
      Elec-tra-mate fishing reel drive

      Multiple switch adaptation options

      Modified standard reels




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     More Adapted Fishing
     Rods
      C5-6 & C4-5 quad rods

       Hand-powered cast

       Spring powered cast

      Sip and Puff rods

       Sip-cast, Puff-retrieve

      Power Caster

       Sip and Puff or chin control

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     Fly-fishing Complete Setups
      Temple Fork Outfitters (TFO) NXT
       combo
        Includes rod, line, manual reel,
         and case
      Martin automatic fly reels
        Aids limited dexterity &
         endurance




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     Fishing Accessories
      Turboset
      Strong Arm
      Angler’s Aid
      3rd Grip
      EZ Cast




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     Adaptive Shooting Sports
      Be Adaptive HQ100
        Adapted aim & fire
      Be Adaptive LM100
        Rifle support/stability
      Compound Bow Draw-Loc




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     Viewing/Hunting Blinds
      Accessible wildlife
      viewing/hunting blinds

      Easy Assembly

      Bush in a bag: covers body,
      head, & wheelchair




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     Trekking Poles
      Increases stability
      and balance
      Decreases fatigue

      Flip locks, twist
      locks, anti-shock
      Various
      grips/handles

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     RipPod Trekking/Shooting
     stick
      Lightweight trekking
      pole for balance &
      endurance
      Becomes shooting
      stick with magnetic
      attachment
      Attachment
      accessories for
      firearms & archery
      Planning to produce
      camera attachments
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     Off-Road Manual Wheelchair
      Axess IM

      Single, 12” fixed front
      tire
      Basket to carry gear

      Optional accessories

      www.axessoutdoors.com




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     Other Wheelchairs for Off-
     road
      Quickie 2 manual folding &
       rigid frames
      Invacare Crossfire
      Outdoor tires and impact
       guards
      Common child & adult
       widths




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     Trail Buddy
      Rickshaw-like device

      Attaches to front or
      back of wheelchair

      Facilitates assisted
      off-road navigation




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     FreeWheel
      Quick attachment /detachment for most rigid
       frame manual chairs
      Elevates casters & becomes front wheel
      Handles rough terrain




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     Accessible Camping
      Eureka Freedom Tent

       Sliding door; no threshold

      Wall Tent with frame

       Most accessible

      Accessories:

       Raised cot, remote lantern,
         accessible cook station




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     Camping Accessories
      Remote battery-powered
       lantern
      Mr. Heater propane heater
      Coleman camping cook
       station




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     Photography &
     Videography
      Switch adapted digital & video
       cameras
      Motorized pan & tilt head with
       remote
      Advanced cameras and lenses

      Tripods with mounting arms &
       brackets




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     Adapted Watercraft
      Cataraft with custom frame

      Standard frame with custom
      seats

      Applied ramps & access sites




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     Water Sports Accessories
      Inflatable PFD’s
      Standard PFD’s
      Oars & complete rafting
       accessories
      Mister personal cooling
       devices




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     Much, much more
     equipment…
      All equipment is available via the
      website for use in Montana
       View & search equipment; request a
        loan
       Call for assistance
      Additional equipment to be purchased
      through September 2011
      * Users asked to suggest equipment
       they like & will use

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     Volunteer Network
      Recruit sportsmen/women

      Assist with a variety of project
      activities

      Partner match provided upon
      request




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     MonTECH Services
      Consulting
      Training (on-site and distance)
      Presentations
      Customized Assessments and Reports
      Collecting GPS Data
      Mapping




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     Contact Information
     MonTECH
     http://montech.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/
     klaurin@ruralinstitute.umt.edu
     406.243.5769

     For questions relating to the recreation
       database and data sheets email:
     Jillian Jurica at
       jjurica@ruralinstitute.umt.edu


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     Questions?




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     Thank you!




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