Mangling_Modifiers

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					Mangling Modifiers

1. Misplaced Modifiers
2. Dangling Modifiers
              Examples

From Mary Poppins:
Bert: “I know a man with a wooden
  leg named Smith.”
Albert: “What’s the name of the
  other leg?”
-Examples provided by Richard Lederer.
               Examples

 Yoko Ono will talk about her husband,
  John Lennon, who was killed in an
  interview with Barbara Walters.

 She watched as her father returned
  home with horses all dressed in cowboy
  attire.
            More Examples

It is time to renew your Denver city
 license for your pet, which expires
 in a month.
An oil spill was first reported to the
 Coast Guard in early May by a
 person who saw oil-covered rocks
 walking along the shore.
           More Examples

Hunters have gained the right to
 hunt deer in the Illinois Supreme
 Court.

We saw many bears driving through
 Yellowstone Park.
           More Examples

A new security device can detect a
 person approaching your home right
 through the walls.

A flight attendant announced, “I
 have a pearl earring from a
 passenger I found on the floor.”
    What is a modifier anyway?


A MODIFIER is a word or phrase
 which describes another word or
 phrase (acts as an adjective or
 adverb would).
       Examples of Modifiers

Single word modifier (adjective or
 adverb)
Participle Phrase
Prepositional Phrase
Adjective Clause
Adverb Clause
          Misplaced Modifiers

 A modifier functions to clarify or make
  more definite the word it modifies.
 Place modifiers as closely as possible to
  the words they modify. Otherwise, the
  sentence becomes more confusing
  (remember…you are trying to clarify,
  not to confuse).
     Misplaced modifiers confuse
              readers.
 Confusing:
  I bought a small computer for the
  staff, which gave everyone a great
  deal of trouble.
 Clear:
  I bought the staff a small computer,
  which gave everyone a great deal of
  trouble.
    Misplaced Modifiers…Recap

If a sentence has a misplaced
 modifier, then a modifier is present
 in the sentence, it’s just in the
 wrong place.
To correct a sentence with a
 misplaced modifier, just move the
 modifying word or phrase as close
 as possible to the word it modifies.
   Misplaced Modifiers…Practice

 Correct the following sentence:


Yoko Ono will talk about her
 husband, John Lennon, who was
 killed in an interview with Barbara
 Walters.
            Correction:


In an interview with Barbara
 Walters, Yoko Ono will talk about
 her husband, John Lennon, who was
 killed.
   Misplaced Modifiers…Practice

 Correct the following sentence:


We saw many bears driving through
 Yellowstone Park.
                   Correction:

 Driving through Yellowstone Park, we
  saw many bears.
 While we were driving through
  Yellowstone Park, we saw many bears.
 In the first correction, the participle phrase is
  merely moved. In the second, the participle phrase
  is changed to a dependent clause, a DC, IC
  sentence.
         Dangling Modifiers

Dangling modifiers are modifiers
 that appear in sentences but have no
 words in the sentence to sensibly
 modify.
           Dangling Modifiers

 Dangling modifier:
Carrying a heavy pile of books, her
 foot caught on the step.
 Correction:
Carrying a heavy pile of books, she
 caught her foot on the step.
           Dangling Modifiers

 Dangling modifier:
Representing the conservative point
 of view, the liberals rebutted her.
 Correction:
Representing the conservative point
 of view, she was rebutted by the
 liberals.
     Dangling Modifiers…Recap
 If a sentence has a dangling modifier,
  then the modifier is present in the
  sentence, but the noun or pronoun it
  modifies is not present.
 To correct a sentence with a dangling
  modifier, just add the noun or pronoun
  that’s being modified.
 Place the noun or pronoun as closely as
  possible to the dangling modifier.
    Dangling Modifiers…Practice

 Correct the following sentence:

To win the baseball championship
 this year, Luis and Oscar should
 join our team.
 Who is trying to win the baseball
  championship? Add that noun to the
  sentence.
             Correction:

To win the baseball championship
 this year, we should get Luis and
 Oscar to join our team.
If we want to win the baseball
 championship this year, Louis and
 Oscar should join our team.
    Dangling Modifiers…Practice

 Correct the following sentence:

Left alone in the house, the
 thunderstorm terrified him.

 Who was left alone in the house? You have
  to add the person into the sentence.
                     Correction:

Left alone in the house, he was
 terrified by the thunderstorm.
When he was left alone in the
 house, the thunderstorm terrified
 him.
 In the first correction, the word he is added next to
  the participle phrase. In the second sentence, the
  participle phrase is changed to a dependent clause
  to form a DC,IC sentence.
                   Review

 A MODIFIER is a word or phrase which
  describes another word or phrase.
 Types of modifiers include:
   Adjective or adverb

   Participle phrase

   Prepositional phrase

   Adjective clause

   Adverb clause
                 Review

A misplaced modifier occurs when
   A modifier is present in the sentence
   The noun it modifies is also present

   The modifier is in the wrong place

    because it is not next to the noun it
    modifies
                  Review

To correct a misplaced modifier:
   Simply move the modifier in the
    sentence so that it is next to the word
    it modifies.
   Or, change the sentence into a DC,IC

    sentence that makes sense.
               Review

A dangling modifier occurs when
  A modifier is present in the

   sentence
  The word the modifier describes

   is not present in the sentence
               Review

To correct a dangling modifier:
  Simply add to the sentence a word
   which the modifier should
   sensibly describe.
  Or, change the sentence into a
   DC,IC sentence that makes sense.
       The End

Created by Sarah Fergusson
           2005

				
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