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					Compiled by the Climate Policy Program of the New America Foundation
www.newamerica.net
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488



State Coding Key
Completed Climate Action Plans


Climate Action Plans are Underway

In flux (These states have lots of separate actions
that would make up a plan but no plan in the vein
of the others)




Common Acronyms Used                                  Meaning
BAU                                                   Business-As-Usual
BMP                                                   Best management practice
CAFÉ                                                  Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CHP                                                   Combined Heat and Power
CO2 / CO2                                             Carbon Dioxide
DSM                                                   Demand-Side Management
EISA                                                  Federal Energy Independence and Security Act of 2000
FY                                                    Fiscal Year
GHG                                                   Greenhouse gas
GWh                                                   Gigawatt Hour
GWP                                                   Global Warming Potential
HSR                                                   High Speed Rail
LCFS                                                  Low Carbon Fuel Standard
LDV                                                   Light-Duty Vehicles
LGFTE                                                 Landfill Gas-To-Energy
MMtCO2e                                               Million Metric Tons CO2 Equivalent
PAYD                                                  Pay-As-You-Drive
RFS                                                   Rewenable Fuel Standard
RPS                                                   Renewable Portfolio Standard
VMT                                                   Vehicle Miles Travelled
ALASKA
STATUS




CONTACT



WEBSITE


DOCUMENTS


ADDITIONAL CLIMATE ACTIONS




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                      Page 2
                In process per Administrative Order 238 which created the Climate Change Sub-Cabinet on September
                14, 2007. The Sub-Cabinet is charged with preparing and implementing an Alaska Cliamte Change
                Strategy.                                      In July 2008, Alaska released the Governor's Report on
                the Climate Change Sub-Cabinet detailing the progress of the Sub-Cabinet.




                Larry Hartig, Chair, Executive Sub -Cabinet on Climate Change 907.465.5066, EMAIL:
                LARRY.hartig@alaska.gov

                http://www.climatechange.alaska.gov/


                 Governor's Report: http://www.climatechange.alaska.gov/docs/govrpt_jul08.pdf


                On September 21, 2007, Governor Palin signed on as an Observer to the Western Climate Initiative
                (WCI). The WCI is a collaboration launched in February 2007 between the Governors of Arizona,
                California, New Mexico, Oregon and Washington to meet regional challenges raised by climate change.
                Other States and Canadian Provinces have joined, some as partners, some as observers.




advisors.org/




                Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                          Draft date 6/24/2011
                Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                             Page 3
Plan Released 8/2006

ARIZONA
                                                                            Estimated Annual GHG   Estimated
                                                                             Reduction Potential    cost or
                                Climate                                          (MMtCO2e)                         Implementation
                                                                                                     cost
   Climate Mitigation Action   Mitigation                                                                           mechanism(s)
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings
         Categories            Action Sub                                                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                                                    per ton
                               Categories                                     2010       2020                       provincial plan
                                                                                                     GHG
                                                                                                   removed

Cross Cutting                               Set a State GHG Reduction                                          Executive Order
                                            Goal




                                            Establish a GHG Emissions                                          Reporting
                                            Reporting Mechanism



                                            Establish a GHG Emissions                                          Registry
                                            Registry

                                            Undertake Climate Action                                           Information/education
                                            Education and Outreach

Transportation, Land Use                    Adopt   the     Clean    Car                                       Standards, regulations
                                            Program



                                            Implement     Policies    to                                       Funding
                                            Promote    Smart     Growth                                        mechanisms/incentives
                                            Planning, Infill, Increased                                        ,    state   purchase
                                            Density     and      Transit-                                      preferences,
                                            Oriented/Pedestrian Friendly                                       regulations
                                            Development

                                            State Lead-By-Example (via                                         Executive Order
                                            procurement and SmartWay)



Residential/     Commercial/                Demand-Side        Efficiency                                      Incorporation         of
Industrial                                  Goals, Funds,     Incentives,                                      efficiency in a planning
                                            and Programs                                                       context, education and
                                                                                                               outreach



                                            Establish State Leadership                                         Funding mechanisms
                                            Programs to Achieve Energy                                         and            incentives,
                                            Savings and Promote Clean                                          legislation/statues,
                                            Energy                                                             codes and standards,
                                                                                                               and reporting
Residential/     Commercial/
Industrial




                                                                            Estimated Annual GHG   Estimated
                                                                             Reduction Potential    cost or
                                Climate                                          (MMtCO2e)                         Implementation
                                                                                                     cost
   Climate Mitigation Action   Mitigation                                                                           mechanism(s)
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings
         Categories            Action Sub                                                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                                                    per ton
                               Categories                                     2010       2020                       provincial plan
                                                                                                     GHG
                                                                                                   removed

                                            Implement         Enhanced                                         Codes and Standards
                                            Appliance         Efficiency
                                            Standards




                                            Encourage       Distributed                                        Information/education,
                                            Generation/ Combined Heat                                          training and technical
                                            and Power                                                          assistance,     funding
                                                                                                               mechanisms/incentives
                                                                                                               , voluntary/negotiated
                                                                                                               agreements, codes and
                                                                                                               standards, pilots and
                                                                                                               demos, market-based
                                                                                                               mechanisms, R&D




                                            Distributed                                                        Information/education,
                                            Generation/Renewable                                               training and technical
                                            Energy Applications                                                assistance,     funding
                                                                                                               mechanisms/incentives
                                                                                                               , voluntary/negotiated
                                                                                                               agreements, codes and
                                                                                                               standards, pilots and
                                                                                                               demos,           market
                                                                                                               mechanisms, R&D, and
                                                                                                               Regulatory



                                            Implement Electricity Pricing                                      Information/education,
                                            Strategies  that     Support                                       training and technical
                                            Energy Conservation                                                assistance,     funding
                                                                                                               mechanisms/incentives
                                                                                                               , codes and standards,
                                                                                                               pilots   and    demos,
                                                                                                               market-based
                                                                                                               mechanisms,        Rate
                                                                                                               Designs
                                                                            Estimated Annual GHG   Estimated
                                                                             Reduction Potential    cost or
                                Climate                                          (MMtCO2e)                         Implementation
                                                                                                     cost
   Climate Mitigation Action   Mitigation                                                                           mechanism(s)
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings
         Categories            Action Sub                                                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                                                    per ton
                               Categories                                     2010       2020                       provincial plan
                                                                                                     GHG
                                                                                                   removed

Energy Supply                               Environmental       Portfolio                                      Regulatory
                                            Standard/Renewable Energy
                                            Standard and Tariff

                                            Direct Renewable Energy                                            Funding mechanisms
                                            Support     (including   Tax                                       and/or incentives, pilots
                                            Credits and Incentives, R&D,                                       and demos, R&D
                                            and siting/zoning)




                                            National or Regional GHG                                           Market-based
                                            Cap and Trade                                                      mechanism


                                            Metering Strategies                                                Information       and
                                                                                                               Education,       tech
                                                                                                               assistance,   funding
                                                                                                               mechanisms        and
                                                                                                               incentives,   market-
                                                                                                               based mechanisms


                                            Pricing Strategies                                                 market-based
                                                                                                               mechanisms




                                                                                                                            CONTACT




                                                                                                                             WEBSITE




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
     Implementation Status (As of 2/2/10)



Reduce GHG emissions to the 2000 emissions level by
the year 2020, and to 50% below the 2000 level by 2040.




AZ is a board member of The Climate Registry.




AZ is a board member of The Climate Registry.


Ongoing.


State    Rules    adopted    June    20,    2008.    See
http://www.azsos.gov/public_services/Register/2008/25/co
ntents.shtm

Per Executive Order 2007-05, state agencies are to "direct
future discretionary funding to applicant communities that
agree to participate in and abide by this smart growth and
development process.




Convert the state vehicle fleet to low GHG-emissions
vehicles.



See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ




See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ
     Implementation Status (As of 2/2/10)



Arizona‘s Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards
(Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 44, Section 1375) set
minimum energy efficiency standards for 12 products, 11
of which have since been pre-empted by federal
regulation. HB 2332 of 2009 established new standards,
effective January 1, 2012 for three additional products.
The standards now apply to the following types of new
products sold, offered for sale or installed in Arizona
(dates listed in parenthesis signify the effective date):
Automatic commercial icemakers** (2008); Portable
electric    spas   (2012);     Residential   pool    pumps
(2012);Residential pool pump motors (2012).
** will be implemented until federal standards take place.




See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive
_Code=AZ03R&re=1&ee=1




See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive
_Code=AZ03R&re=1&ee=1




See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ
     Implementation Status (As of 2/2/10)



See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive
_Code=AZ03R&re=1&ee=1

See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ See also: Arizona Renewable Energy Tax
Incentive                   Program                    at
http://www.azleg.gov/DocumentsForBill.asp?Bill_Number=
1403&image.x=7&image.y=7


AZ participates in the Western Climate Initiative. See
www.westernclimateinitiative.org


See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ




See
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?CurrentPage
ID=1&State=AZ



Kurt Maurer
Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
(602) 771-4500
maurer.kurt@azdeq.gov

www.azclimatechange.gov
Plan Released 10/2008

ARKANSAS
                                                                  Estimated Annual
                       Climate                                     GHG Reduction       Cost-
 Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                 Potential (MMtCO2e) Effective-
                                     Climate Mitigation Actions
 Action Categories    Action Sub                                                        ness
                      Categories                                                Total $/tCO2e
                                                                 2015 2025 2009-
                                                                                2025
Cross Cutting         CC-1         GHG Inventories and Forecasts Not quantified




                      CC-2         State GHG Reporting and       Not quantified
                                   Registry




                      CC-3         Statewide GHG Reduction       Not quantified
                                   Goals or Targets




                      CC-4         The State's Own GHG           Not quantified
                                   Emissions (Lead by Example)




                      CC-5         Comprehensive Local           Not quantified
                                   Government Climate Action
                                   Plans
CC-6    State Climate Public Education Not quantified
        and Outreach




CC-7    Optimizing Best Scale of       Not quantified
        Reduction Policies




CC-8    Creative Financial Mechanisms Not quantified


CC-9    Adaptation and Variability     Not quantified




CC-10   Climate Change-Related         Not quantified
        Economic Development




CC-11   Regulatory Realignment in      Not quantified
        Government to Encourage
        Constructive Climate Action
Residential,      RCI-1    Improved Building Codes           0.2    0.6   5.3    -$22
Commercial, and
Industrial




                  RCI-2a   Utility and Non-Utility DSM for   0.01   0.02 0.21    -$52
                           Peak Use Electricity




                  RCI-2b   Utility and Non-Utility DSM and 1.1      4.1   30.5   -$48
                           Energy Efficiency for Electricity
RCI-3a   Reduced Energy Use in New      0.1   0.6    4.3   -$10
         and Retrofitted State-Owned
         Buildings




RCI-3b   Reduced Energy Use in Stat-    0.2   0.4    4.2   -$11
         Owned Buildings




RCI-4a   Promotion and Incentives for 0.2     1.1    7     -$23
         Improved New Building Design
         and Construction



RCI-4b   Promotion and Incentives for   0     0.3    1.7   -$23
         Improved Existing Buildings




RCI-5    Education for Consumers,       Not quantified
         Industry Trades, and
         Professions
RCI-6   Incentives and Funds To        0.2   0.8    5.1   -$23
        Promote Renewable Energy
        and Energy Efficiency




RCI-7   Green Power Purchasing for     0.2   0.6    4.7   $13
        Consumers




RCI-8   Nonresidential Energy          0.4   1      8.6   $68
        Efficiency




RCI-9   Support for Energy Efficient   Not quantified
        Communities, Including Smart
        Growth
                     RCI-10   Energy-Savings Sales Tax         0      0.1    0.7      -$47




Energy Supply        ES-1     Green Power Purchases and        Transferred to RCI TWG
                              Marketing
                     ES-2     Technology Research &            Not quantified
                              Development




                     ES-3     3a: Renewable Portfolio      0.3  3.6 21.9              $25
                              Standard (RPS)
                              3b: Renewable Energy Feed-In 0.2  2       12.3          $33
                              Tariff (REFIT)
                     ES-4     Grid-Based Renewable Energy Not quantified
                              Incentives and/or Barrier
                              Removal
                     ES-5     Approaches Benefiting From       Not quantified
                              Regional Application


                     ES-6     Combined Heat and Power          0.6    2.9    20       $44




                     ES-7     Geological Underground           2.9    5.6    56.5     $32
                              Sequestration for New Plants

                     ES-8     Transmission System              Not quantified
                              Upgrades
                     ES-9     Nuclear Power                    0     9.8 58.9         $27
                     ES-10    Carbon Tax                       Not quantified




                     ES-11    Efficiency Improvements and      2.3    2.3    31.8     $49
                              Repowering of Existing Plants

Transportation and   TLU-1    Study the Feasibility of Plug-In Not quantified - Qualitative
Land Use                      Vehicles                         Study Recommendation
Transportation and
Land Use




                     TLU-2    Research and Development of      Incorporated into Analysis for
                              Renewable Transportation         TLU-3
                              Fuels




                     TLU-3    Advanced Biofuels                0.88   2.54 21.26      -$108
                              Development and Expansion




                     TLU-4    Smart Growth, Pedestrian, and 0.06      0.17 1.36       <=0 (Net
                              Bicycle Infrastructure                                  savings)


                     TLU-5    Improve and Expand Transit       0      0.01 0.03       $1,479
                              Service and Infrastructure




                     TLU-6    School and University            0.01   0.01 0.113      N/A
                              Transportation Bundle




                     TLU-7    Promote and Facilitate Freight   0.33   0.47 6.1        $104
                              Efficiency




                     TLU-8    Procurement of Efficient Fleet   State "Lead by Example"
                              Vehicles (Passenger and          Qualitative Recommendation
                              Freight)
                     TLU-9    Fuel Efficiency: Clean Car       Not quantified - Qualitative
                              Incentive                        Study Recommendation




                     TLU-10   Public Education                 Not quantified
Agriculture, Forestry AFW-1   Manure Management              Not quantified
and Waste
Management




                    AFW-2     Promotion of     Soil Carbon   0.5    1.3   11     -$6
                              Farming
                              Practices that
                              Achieve GHG      Nutrient      0.1    0.3   2.4    -$27
                              Benefits         Efficiency




                    AFW-3     Improved Water Increased       0.01   0.01 0.1     $835
                              Management     Surface
                              and Use        Water



                                                Improved       0    0     0.01   -$39
                                                Purification
                    AFW-4     Expanded Use of Energy from 2.1       4.2   41     $40
                              Agriculture and Biomass
                              Forestry
                              Biomass
                              Feedstocks for
                              Electricity, Heat Energy from 0.01    0.02 0.2     $4
                              or Steam          Livestock
                              Production        Manure and
                                                Poultry Litter

                                               Capture of    0.02   0.06 0.5     -$140
                                               Waste Heat




                    AFW-5     Expanded Use of Advanced       1.4    2.2   20     $6
                              Biofuels
                   AFW-6      Expanded Use of Locally         0.03   0.06 0.6    $4
                              Produced Farm and Forest
                              Products




                   AFW-7      Forest          Urban           0.02   0.1   0.4   $41
                              Management      Forestry
                              and
                              Establishment
                              for Carbon
                                              Sustainable     4.1    10.4 91     $21
                              Sequestration
                                              Forest
                                              Management
                                              Afforestation   0.7    1.8   16    $12



                   AFW-8      Advanced Recovery and           1.5    4.4   36    -$8
                              Recycling




                   AFW-9      End-of-Use Waste                0.02   0.02 0.4    -$3
                              Management Practices




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
   Related Policies and Programs in Place                 Implementation Timing




Per the Federal Clean Air Act (CAA), for several    Implement refinement of the GHG
years ADEQ has been developing emission             inventory for previous and current
inventories for pollutants caused by stationary     time periods, as needed, to support
and mobile sources that formation of the criteria   implementation of this policy
air pollutants and regional haze. Certain sources   recommendation until the US EPA
are reported every year; other sources are          reporting rule on GHG emission
reported every 3 years. Currently, no GHGs are      inventories and forecasts become
directly tracked or inventoried by ADEQ.            clear.




It is recommended that the State join the Climate As quickly as possible.
Registry, a nonprofit organization that supports a
voluntary GHG emissions registry, as a board
member.


The GCGW recommends that Arkansas establish These goals should be adopted by
a statewide, economy-wide goal to reduce the  the state by 2009.
state's gross GHG emissions below 2000 levels
by 20% by 2020, 35% by 2025, and 50% by
2035. These goals should be adopted by the
state by 2009.



None cited.                                         The state's efforts to "lead by
                                                    example" should start immediately.
                                                    The first annual report by agencies
                                                    should be due by June 2010 or
                                                    sooner.



Eureka Springs, Fayetteville, Little Rock, and     In FY 2009, identify local government
North Little Rock have signed the US Mayors        leaders and model municipalities.
Climate Protection Agreement, and Fayetteville,
Little Rock, and North Little Rock have joined the
Cool Cities program. These jurisdictions may
already be taking action to reduce GHG
emissions and may have already embarked on
their own reporting plans.
ADEQ has an established network for education       FY 2009: Develop climate change
and outreach for issues similar to global warming   educational objectives
(e.g., pollution prevention, clean air). The        FY 2010: Identify potential projects
Arkansas Energy Office promotes energy              and resource needs; Develop
efficiency and emerging technologies through        appropriate education materials and
energy education and information programs. The      outreach programs, with the
APSC also supports energy efficiency programs       expectation of yearly increases for
in the state. The Arkansas Game and Fish            several years to reach additional
Commission also has an established network for      audiences.
education and outreach, inducing conservation
education centers located throughout the state.
The Arkansas Agriculture Dept. and Forestry
Commission also have well-established education
and outreach programs, including administration
of Arkansas' Alternative Fuels Development
Program




None cited.                                         This policy recommendation defines
                                                    "optimization" as opportunities that
                                                    further increase the state's overall
                                                    reduction goals by at least 1% per
                                                    year.




None cited.                                         Establish funding by mid-2009


Federal and state agencies, such as US EPA,      As soon as possible
national and state weather forecasting agencies,
the US Army Corps of Engineers, the Federal
Emergency Management Agency, etc., have
been in place to address various environmental
issues and emergencies that may arise that may
or may not be covered by this policy
recommendation


Equity Investment Incentive Act of 2007,            Basic seed money should be
Advantage Arkansas (income tax credit),             allocated by the end of the 2009
TrustArk (sales and use tax credit), Tax Back       legislative session
(sales and use tax refund), Create Rebate
Program, ArkPlus (income tax credit)


None cited.                                         Statewide program in place within 15
                                                    months of adoption
> Arkansas Energy Code                      Expand immediately
- Residential: 2003 International Energy
Conservation Code (IECC), with Arkansas
supplements and amendments to the 2003 IECC
- Commercial: 2003 IEECC(including
ASHRA/IESNA), with Arkansas supplements and
amendments to the 2003 IECC
- no set code review cycle
- last effective date, Oct. 1, 2004
> National Energy Code
- Residential: 2006 IECC
- Commercial: 2006 IEECC(including
ASHRA/IESNA), with Arkansas supplements and
amendments to the 2003 IECC
- 3-year code review cycle with yearly
supplements




Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs          Reduce growth in electric peak
in Arkansas: Ark. Code Ann. 23-3-401 et seq.         demand by 5% per year by 2010 and
authorizes the APSC to develop energy efficiency     10% per year by 2015. Energy
and conservation programs to address high            efficiency gains must remain constant
energy costs. The statute was passed in 1977         from 2015 through 2025.
during the previous energy crisis. During the 2005
session, the Arkansas General Assembly passed
Act 1939, which asked the Commission to report
on any actions taken or planed pursuant to Ark.
Code Ann. 23-3-401 et seq.
Net Metering Service: Pursuant to Ark Code
Ann.23-18-601, the APSC adopted net metering
rules.
There are currently no regulatory requirements for
municipally owned electric systems and electric
cooperatives to offer energy efficiency programs
to their customers.




Numerous existing programs, including Off-Peak       Interim targets are to be linear
and Interruptible Electric Service Rate Schedules    reductions of projected load growth
and Demand Response Programs; Electric               beginning in 2010. Approx. 16% of
Cooperative Energy Efficiency and Conservation       load growth will be met in each year
Programs and Demand Response Programs;               with new energy efficiency
Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company Energy             investments during 2010-2015: 16%
Audit Program; Entergy Arkansas, Inc., Home          in 2010, 32% in 2011, 48% in 2012,
Energy Solutions Program; Decoupling                 64% in 2013, 80% in 2014, and 100%
Mechanisms; Oklahoma Gas and Electric                by 2015.
Company Commercial Lighting Replacement
Program; Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company
Electric Motor Replacement Program; Compact
Fluorescent Light Bulb Replacement Program.
Natural Gas Commercial and Industrial              Beginning in 2009
Energy Audits: This program provides energy
audits conducted by a qualified third-party vendor
to commercial and industrial customers of the
natural gas distribution utilities in Arkansas.
Customers are provided a report and
recommendations based upon the audit to
improve the efficiency of their natural gas energy
use.



The existing Sustainable Building Design          Beginning in 2010
Practices Legislative Task Force is addressing
issues associated with high-performance
buildings


Existing gas energy efficiency actions are        Develop legislation in 2009; make
estimated to produce 1200 BBDO of reductions      incentives available in 2010; begin
per year through 2025.                            compliance in 2011.



Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company Energy Develop legislation in 2009; make
Audit Program: This program provides              incentive measures available in 2010;
residential energy audits that identify potential begin program in 2011
energy savings associated with installing
weatherization improvements and replacing or
upgrading heating and air conditioning equipment
with more energy-efficient equipment. Customers
are provided a report and recommendations
based upon the audit to improve the efficiency of
their electricity use.




Energy Efficiency Arkansas Education              By 2010, put the education/training
Program: This program is a component of a         recommendation in place and begin
larger group of energy efficiency and             outreach programs.
conservation programs offered by the electric and
gas utilities in Arkansas. It is intended to help
Arkansas utility customers identify opportunities
to engage in energy efficiency and conservation
practices.                         Natural Gas
Customer Education Programs: CenterPoint
Energy Arkla, Arkansas Western Gas Company,
and Arkansas Oklahoma Gas Corp. will each
provide additional company-specific customer
education messages.
Several existing programs, including Energy             Low-Income Pilot Program
Efficiency, Conservation, and DSM Programs;             - 2009-10-Launch a Low-Income Pilot
Federal Weatherization Program, HUD Code for            Program in select rural counties
Manufactured Homes; ENERY STAR-Qualified                through public-private partnership
Manufactured Homes; Arkansas Weatherization             - 2009-10-Build the state's capacity of
Program                                                 certified energy auditors/raters;
                                                        identify and prequalify subcontractors
                                                        statewide                   - July 2010-
                                                        Fund a program manager and
                                                        adequate staff to begin statewide
                                                        implementation of the goal 2,400
                                                        homes                      - 2010 and
                                                        beyond - Increase funding to meet
                                                        annual targets
                                                        Manufactured Homes
                                                        - Being in 2010 an incentive program
                                                        for ENERGY STAR-Qualified
                                                        Manufactured Housing or other
                                                        equivalent
                                                        Other
                                                        - Expand energy audit programs by
                                                        2010. Make the annual increase 10%
                                                        of the audited stock




Green Power Purchasing for Consumers: In                Consumers participate in green power
the near future, the Electric Cooperatives of           purchasing programs beginning in
Arkansas plan to introduce a green power                2010, achieving the 25% goal linearly
purchasing option for customers. It will be initially   by 2025.
based on available hydropower credits.
Net Metering Service: Pursuant to Ark Code
Ann.23-18-601, the APSC adopted net metering
rules.




Several existing programs in place, including EPA Achieve goals by 2010.
Combined Heat and Power Partnership; Energy
Policy Act of 2005; Incentives and Resources to
Promote CHP (a.k.a. Cogen); Support for
Switching to Less Carbon-Intensive Fuels (Ark.
Code Ann. 23-18-701 et seq.); Additionally
several power plans have constructed or plan to
construct natural gas-fired generating plants.




Many states have instituted telework legislation        Begin by 2009
ad executive orders.
Act 120 of the 1st Extraordinary Session of 1983 Implement the sales tax reduction by
exempts Gross Receipts Tax and Other State        2010
Excise Tax on the first 500kWh of electricity per
month for low- and moderate-income residential
customers.
Compact Fluorescent Light Bulb Replacement
Program: Offered by Entergy Arkansas Inc.,
Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company, and
Southwestern Electric Power Company, this
program provides coupons of $1-$4 to apply
toward the purchase of CFLs.


n/a                                               n/a

None cited.                                       Establish funding in the 2009
                                                  legislative session. Finish study within
                                                  2 years. Issue first request for
                                                  proposals as soon as possible after
                                                  obtaining legislative approval.

None cited.                                       Beginning in 2015.

None cited.                                       2010?

None cited.                                       Tax credits beginning in 2010 and
                                                  subsidies beginning in 2015

None cited.                                       Beginning as soon as possible



None cited.                                       The incentives should be introduced
                                                  right away, beginning in 2010




None cited.                                       Reductions achieved beginning in
                                                  2020.

None cited.                                       Phased in, beginning 2013, with the
                                                  established goal achieved by 2018.
None cited.                                       Operational in 2020
None cited.                                       Beginning in 2009 and the system in
                                                  place by late 2010, depending on the
                                                  status of efforts at the national level.

None cited.                                       5% improvements achieved by 2015;
                                                  10% achieved by 2020

A 3 year national study by the EPRI, Ford Motor   Ongoing
Company, and SCE began in 2007 and is
expected to be completed by 2010
Arkansas State University has established a      Legislation to be passed in the 2009
Center of Excellence on Biofuels and BioBased    Regular Session, with funds to be
Products which researches such topics as         available in fiscal year (FY) 2009-
cellulosic biomass conversion, environmental     2010.
sustainability, and engines.




Federal Energy Independence and Security Act       2012-2015
(EISA) of 2000: Fuel suppliers must increase the
amount of renewable fuel blended into
transportation fuels annually, to reach a level of
36 billion gallons in 2022.




Several programs in place that have room for     Most strategies to be implemented by
expansion                                        2010


Arkansas State Highway and Transportation        Reduce light-duty vehicle (LDV) total
Dept., Arkansas Statewide Long-Range             VMT in urban areas from 2008
Intermodal Transportation Plan: 2007 Update;     baseline growth by 1% per year
R egional long-range transportation plans        starting in 2010 until 2025; Increase
                                                 investment in transit service and
                                                 infrastructure by 2015.



Arkansas Safe Routes to School Program; "No      Beginning 2010
Idling" campaign of Toronto, Ontario




EPA provides partnership support to trucking     Reduce diesel truck idling by Class 8
companies through the "Smartway" program         trucks by 80% by 2010 and 100% by
                                                 2020.




None cited.                                      Beginning 2010



Federal Energy Independence and Security Act    Clean Car Incentive program in place
(EISA) requires automakers to increase the      by 2010
average fuel economy of LDVs offered in the
marketplace to an equivalent of 35 mpg by 2020.



None cited.                                      Implemented by 2010
Poultry Litter - Act 1061 (HB 1554): The act           Reduce CH4 and N2O emissions
declares various areas of the State to be nutrient     from dairy, hog, and poultry
surplus areas for phosphorus and nitrogen,             operations by 40% by 2025 compared
authorizes the Arkansas Natural Resources              to BAU
Commission to make rules concerning
management of nutrients in nutrient surplus
areas, and creates penalties for violations of the
act.                                         Poultry
Feeding Management Plans - Act 2294 (SB
116): The act requires that, after Jan. 1, 2007,
poultry litter be applied to soils or associated
crops within a nutrient surplus area in accordance
with a nutrient management plan or poultry litter
management plan.


None cited.                                            Goals achieved by 2025




Through Act 341 of 1995, Arkansas has invested Goals achieved by 2025
significant funding and technical support toward
using surface water as opposed to groundwater.
Three projects are currently underway (Bayou
Metro Water Management District, Boeuff Tensas
Water Management District, and White River
Irrigation District)
Electric Public Utility Renewable Energy              Various goals achieved by 2015 and
Resources - Act 755 (HB 2812): APSC is                2025
authorized to consider, propose, develop, solicit,
approve, implement, and monitor measures by
electric public utilities subject to its jurisdiction
that cause customers to incur costs of service
and investments that utilize, generate, or involve
clean energy resources or renewable energy
resources, or both. The APSC may encourage or
require electric public utilities subject to its
jurisdiction to cinder clean energy or renewable
energy resources, or both, as part of any
resources plan.



Alternative Fuels Development Program - Act            Increase the production of liquid
873 (HB 1379): The act creates the Arkansas            advanced biofuels in Arkansas, such
Alternative Fuels Dev. Program, to be                  that by 2025 the states utilizes
administered by the Arkansas Agriculture Dept.,        approx. 10% of available biomass
with the purpose of providing grant incentives for     supply per year to produce advanced
alternative fuel producers and distributors, and       biofuels with significantly lower
feedstock processors. The act also creates the         embedded GHG emissions compared
Arkansas Alternative Fuels Development Fund,           to conventional fueled products.
and repeals obsolete sections of the Arkansas
Code related to alternative fuels
Energy and Natural Resource Conservation             Goals achieved by 2025
Act - AR Code 22-3-1801: The act encourages
the use of wood in green buildings and requires
certain state buildings to meet specified
environmental construction standards.
Currently there are 54 farmers markets in
Arkansas.


None cited.                                          Urban tree -planting and -retention
                                                     programs in Arkansas urban areas
                                                     beginning 2009 with 100,000
                                                     additional trees planted each year
                                                     until 2025.         Implement
                                                     sustainable forest management
                                                     practices to achieve carbon benefits
                                                     on 25% of privately owned lands by
                                                     2025.


Recycling Goals - Act 94 (HB 1055): The act          Continuing on from the statutory
adds a new goal to the year 2000 recycling goals     recycling goal of 45% by 2010:
for Arkansas, which is to recycle 40% of the         - The 2015 goal would be a 2%
MSW by the end of 2005 and 45% of the MSW            improvement on the 2010 actual
by the end of 2010.                          Solid   recycling rate;
Waste Management and Recycling Fund - Act            - The 2020 goal would be a 2%
1325 (SB 575): The act permits grants from the       improvement on the 2015 actual
Solid Waste Management and Recycling Fund to         recycling rate; and
be used for the cost of "recycling programs"         - The 2025 goal would be a 2%
Opportunity to Recycle - Arkansas Code               improvement on the 2020 actual
Annotated 8-6-720(a)(1): Beginning July 1,           recycling rate
1992, each regional solid waste management
board must ensure that its residents have an
"opportunity to recycle," which means the
availability of curbside pick up or collection
centers for recyclable materials at sites that are
convenient for people to use.




None cited.                                          By 2025, 25% of all landfills develop
                                                     landfill gas-to-energy (LFGTE) and
                                                     anaerobic digester projects.

                                      CONTACTS Arkansas Department of
                                               Environmental Quality: Tony Davis @
                                               davisa@adeq.state.ar.us; Energy:
                                               Chris Benson,
                                               cbenson@1800arkansas.com; Office
                                               of Governor Mike Beebe: Ms. Jillian
                                               Hicks,
                                               jillian.hicks@governor.arkansas.gov



                                        WEBSITE http://www.arclimatechange.us/
                                                www.1800arkansas.com/energy/
RELEASED: 10/2008


CALIFORNIA - The Scoping Plan
                      Climate
                                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions           GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories


n/a                               State Government                         1




n/a                               Regional Cap-and-Trade Program (covering 34.4
                                  85% of CA's total emissions in 2020)




n/a                               Local government operations              TBD
                       Climate
                                                                                   Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                           Climate Mitigation Actions             GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                        (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


Adaptation




Transportation       T-1           Pavley I and II - Light-Duty Vehicle GHG   31.7
                                   Standards




                     T-2           Low Carbon Fuel Standard (Discrete Early   15
                                   Action)




                     T-3           Regional Transportation-Related GHG        5
                                   Targets
                       Climate
                                                                                     Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                            Climate Mitigation Actions              GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                     T-4           Vehicle Efficiency Measures (see a-d            4.5 (total of a-4 below)
                                   below)


                                   a. Tire Pressure Program                        0.55




                                   b. Tire Tread Standard                          0.3




                                   c. Low Friction Engine Oils                     2.8


                                   d. Solar Reflective Automotive Paint and        0.89
                                   Window Glazing



                     T-5           Ship Electrification at Ports (Discrete Early   0.2
                                   Action)


                     T-6           Goods Movement Efficiency Measures              3.7
                                   (see a-g below) Efficiency Improvements
                                   a. System Wide




                                   b. Vessel Speed Limit




                                   c. Clean Ships


                                   d. Port Drayage Trucks




                                   e. Commercial Harbor Craft Maintenance
                                   and Design Efficiency
                       Climate
                                                                                    Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                           Climate Mitigation Actions              GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                         (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                                   f. Cargo Handling Equipment Anti-Idling




                                   g. Transport Refrigeration Units Cold
                                   Storage Prohibition and Energy Efficiency




                     T-7           Heavy-Duty Vehicle GHG Emission             0.93
                                   Reduction (Aerodynamic Efficiency)




                     T-8           Medium and Heavy-Duty Vehicle               0.5
                                   Hybridization




                     T-8           Heavy-Duty Engine Efficiency                0.6




                     T-9           High Speed Rail (HSR)                       1




                                   Pay-as-you-drive (PAYD) Insurance           up to 1




Electricity and      E-1           Energy Efficiency (32,000 GWh of Reduced 15.2
Natural Gas                        Demand)                              -
                                   Increased Utility Energy Efficiency
                                   Programs
                                   - More Stringent Buildings and Appliance
                                   Standards                                -
                                   Additional Efficiency and Conservation
                                   Programs
Electricity and
Natural Gas




                       Climate
                                                                                 Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                            Climate Mitigation Actions          GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                      (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                     E-2           Increase Combined Heat and Power Use by 6.7
                                   32,000 GWh




                     E-3           Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) (33%     21.3
                                   by 2020)




                     E-4           California Solar Program (incl. New Solar   2.1
                                   Homes Partnership)




Commercial &         CR-1          Energy Efficiency (800 Million Therms       4.3
Residential                        Reduced Consumption)            - Utility
                                   Energy Efficiency Programs
                                   - Buildings and Appliance Standards
                                   - Additional Efficiency and Conservation
Commercial &
Residential




                      Climate
                                                                                     Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                           Climate Mitigation Actions               GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories


                     CR-2         Residential Solar Water Heater Installation   0.1
                                  (AB1470 Goal)




Water                W-1          Water Use Efficiency                          1.4




                     W-2          Water Recycling                               0.3




                     W-3          Water System Energy Efficiency                2




                     W-4          Reuse Urban Runoff                            0.2




                     W-5          Increase Renewable Energy Production          0.9




                     W-6          Public Goods Charge for Water                 TBD
                       Climate
                                                                                       Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                            Climate Mitigation Actions                GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                            (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


Industry             I-1           Energy Efficiency and Co-Benefits Audit for TBD
                                   Large Industrial Sources



                     I-2           Oil and Gas Extraction GHG Emission            0.2
                                   Reduction



                     I-3           GHG Leak Reduction from Oil and Gas            0.9
                                   Transmission

                     I-4           Refinery Flare Recovery Process                0.33
                                   Improvements




                     I-5           Removal of Methane Exemption from              0.01
                                   Existing Refinery Regulations




Recycling and        RW-1          Landfill Methane Control (Discrete Early       1
Waste                              Action)
Management




                     RW-2          Additional Reductions in Landfill Methane     TBD
                                   - Increase the Efficiency of Landfill Methane
                                   capture




                     RW-3          High Recycling/Zero Waste             (see a-e 9 (total of a-e below)
                                   below)
                     RW-3


                       Climate
                                                                                     Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                           Climate Mitigation Actions               GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                                   a. Mandatory Commercial Recycling            5




                                   b. Increase Production and Markets for       2
                                   Compost


                                   c. Anaerobic Digestion                       2




                                   d. Extended Producer Responsibility          TBD



                                   e. Environmentally Preferable Purchasing     TBD
                                   (EPP)




High Global          H-1           Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Systems:      0.26
Warming                            Reduction of Refrigerant Emission from
Potential                          Non-Professional Servicing (Discrete Early
Measures                           Action)


                     H-2           SF6 Limits in Non-Utility and Non-           0.3
                                   Semiconductor Application (Discrete Early
                                   Action)




                     H-3           High GWP Reduction in Semiconductor          0.15
                                   Manufacturing (Discrete Early Action)
                       Climate
                                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                            Climate Mitigation Actions         GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                     H-4           Limit High GWP Use in Consumer Products 0.25
                                   (Discrete Early Action)




                     H-5           High GWP Reductions from Mobile Sources 3.3
                                   (see a-d below)

                                   a. Low GWP Refrigerants for New Motor
                                   Vehicles Air Conditioning Systems;




                                   b. Air Conditioner Refrigerant Leak Test
                                   During Vehicle Smog Check;



                                   c. Refrigerant Recovery from
                                   Decommissioned Refrigerated Shipping
                                   Containers;



                                   d. Enforcement of Federal Ban on
                                   Refrigerant Release during Servicing or
                                   Dismantling of Motor Vehicle Air
                                   Conditioning Systems



                     H-6           High GWP Reductions from Stationary        10.9
                                   Sources (see a-e below)



                                   a. High GWP Stationary Equipment
                                   Refrigerant Management Program




                                   b. Foam Recovery and Destruction
                                   Program;



                                   c. SF6 Leak Reduction and Recycling in
                                   Electrical Applications;




                                   d. Alternative Suppressants in Fire
                                   Protection Systems;
                       Climate
                                                                                 Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                            Climate Mitigation Actions          GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                      (MMtCO2e)
                      Categories


                                   e. Residential Refrigeration Early
                                   Retirement Program


                     H-7           Mitigation Fee on High GWP Gases         5




Agriculture          A-1           Methane Capture at Large Dairies         1




Forestry             F-1           Sustainable Forests                      5




Green Buildings GB-1               Green Building Strategy             -     26
                                   Greening New and Existing State Buildings
                                   - Greening Public Schools             -
                                   Greening New Residential and Commercial
                                   Construction          - Greening Existing
                                   Homes and Commercial Buildings




                                                                                              CONTACT


                                                                                             WEBSITES




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
                      Climate
                                                                Estimated 2020 Annual
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions   GHG Reduction Potential
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                     (MMtCO2e)
                     Categories
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Ongoing. California is committed to once again lead and support a pioneering effort to
protect the environment and improve public health while maintaining a vibrant economy.
Every agency, department and division will bring climate change considerations into its
policies, planning and analysis, buildings and expanding current efforts to green its fleet
and buildings, and managing its water, natural resources, and infrastructure to reduce
GHG emissions. In all these efforts, CA is exercising a leadership role in global action to
address climate change. It is also exemplifying the essential role states play as the
laboratories of innovation for the nation.




Ongoing. California is working closely with 6 other states and 4 Canadian provinces in the
Western Climate Initiative (WCI) to identify, evaluate, and implement policies to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions, including the design and implementation of a regional cap-and-
trade program. The WCI partners released the recommended design for a cap-and-trade
program in Sept. 2008, and in Feb. 2009 released a work plan to guide implementation.




Ongoing. The ARB has set local government emissions reductions at 15% below today's
levels by 2020. Over 120 CA cities have already signed on to the U.S. Conference of
Mayors Climate Protection Agreement. In addition, over 30 CA cities and counties have
committed to developing and implementing Climate Action Plans. To provide local
governments guidance on how to inventory and report GHG emissions from government
buildings, facilities, vehicles, wastewater, and potable water treatment facilities, landfill and
composting facilities, and other government operations, ARB recently adopted the Local
Government Operations Protocol. Furthermore, the recent passage of SB 375 creates a
process whereby local governments and other stakeholders work together within their
region to achieve reduction of GHG emission through integrated development patterns,
improved transportation planning, and other transportation measures and policies. To
assist cities, counties, and special districts in achieving their GHG emission reduction
goal, the ARB is also partnering with other state agencies and organizations to maintain a
―Local Government Toolkit‖. The purpose of the Toolkit is to provide a ―one-stop-shop‖ for
resources to assist local governments in reducing GHG emissions. The Toolkit can be
found on the 'CoolCalifornia' website, at http://www.coolcalifornia.org/local-government
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



An Executive Order (EO) S-13-08) was issued in November 2008 requiring the California
Natural Resources Agency to address the state's management of climate impacts from
sea level rise, increased temperatures, shifting precipitation, and extreme weather events.
Implementation of the Executive Order involves, among other mandates, the completion of
a sea level rise assessment report (in progress), a preliminary transportation systems
vulnerability assessment (completed), land-use planning guidelines, and a state Climate
Adaptation Strategy (CAS). The CAS will focus on impacts expected within 6 sectors:
Biodiversity and Habitat, Infrastructure (roads, levees, buildings, etc.), Oceans and
Coastal Resources, Public Health, Water, and Working Landscapes (forestry and
agriculture). A draft of the CAS has been completed and will be released for public
comment in the summer of 2009.




The Pavley (AB 1493) regulation, which has already been adopted by ARB, requires GHG
emission reduction from passenger cars and light trucks. The regulations would reduce
GHG emissions from California passenger vehicles by about 22 percent by 2012 and
about 30 percent by 2016. On June 30, 2009 the U.S. EPA granted California authority to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions standards for new motor vehicles, beginning with the
current model year.




In progress. ARB is developing a LCFS which would reduce the carbon intensity of CA's
transportation fuels by at least 10% by 2020 as called for by Gov. Schwarzenegger in
Executive Order S-01-07. ARB identified the LCFS as a Discrete Early Action item. The
Air Board approved the regulation in April 2009.



In progress. On Sept. 30, 2008, Gov. Schwarzenegger signed Senate Bill 375 which
establishes mechanisms for the development of regional targets for reducing passenger
vehicle GHG emission. SB 375 requires ARB to develop, in consultation with metropolitan
planning organizations (MPOs), passenger vehicle GHG emission reductions targets for
2020 and 2035 by Sept. 30, 2010. This bill creates incentives for local governments and
developers by providing relief from certain California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA)
requirements of development projects that are consistent with regional plans that achieve
the targets. Furthermore, SB 375 requires MPOs to prepare a sustainable communities
strategy to reach the regional target provided by the ARB. In January 2009, the Air
Board appointed a Regional Targets Advisory Committee (RTAC) to provide
recommendations on factors to be considered and methodologies to be used in the ARB
target setting process, as required under SB 375. The Committee must provide its
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



(see a-d below)



Not yet implemented. Discrete Early Action scheduled for Board consideration in March
2009 and is to be enforced beginning on Jan. 1, 2010. The Air Board approved these
regulations in March 2009.



Not yet implemented. For the tire tread program, a two-phased approach is needed,
beginning with data gathering and education, followed by the development and adoption of
tire rolling resistance standards. It is estimated this action will be adopted 2009-2010.



Not yet implemented.


Not yet implemented. This measure now includes only window glazing and was
addressed at a meeting of the Air Board in June 2009. Decision is pending.



Completed. ARB adopted a regulation to require ship electrification at ports in Dec. 2007.
This regulation will be enforceable starting in 2010.


( see a-g below) Initial public workshops held in May 2009
In progress. Both the Goods Movement Emission Reduction Plan (GMERP) and the 2007
State Implementation Plan (SIP) contain numerous measures designed to reduce the
public health impact of goods movement activities in CA. Proposition 1B funds, as well as
clean air plans being implemented by CA's ports, will also help reduce GHG emission.




Ongoing. A voluntary VSR program is currently in place at the Ports of Los Angeles and
Long Beach. Both voluntary and regulatory approaches are currently being evaluated.



Not yet implemented. Needs to be investigated.


Underway. In Dec. 2007, the ARB approved a regulation to reduce GHGs, diesel PM, and
NOx emissions from drayage trucks operating at California's ports and rail yards through
retrofits and turnover of pre-1994 trucks . The second phase requires all engines to meet
or exceed the 2007 California and federal engine emission standards by Dec. 31, 2013.



Underway. In 2007, the Board adopted an airborne toxic control measure (ATCM) for
commercial harbor craft. ARB now proposes development of an educational program to
help commercial harbor craft owners and operators improve efficiencies in the operation of
commercial harbor craft by utilizing maintenance practices and operational improvements
that would reduce GHG emissions.
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Not yet implemented. In 2005, the Board adopted an ATCM for cargo handling
equipment at ports and intermodal rail yards. ARB plans to investigate and potentially
develop a new measure to restrict unnecessary idling.



Ongoing. In 2004, the TRU ATCM was adopted to reduce diesel particulated matter
emission from TRU engines. A new measure is being proposed for TRU that would go
beyond the current ATCM. In addition, another strategy proposed for TRUs is the
development of energy efficiency guidelines for refrigerated trucks and trailers.

Not yet implemented. This measure has been identified as a Discrete Early Action, which
means it must be enforceable starting in 2010. T-7 is up for Board consideration in Dec.
2008 and is scheduled to be implemented in a phased in schedule (20% by end of 2010;
40% by end of 2011; 65% by end of 2012; 100% by end of 2013)




Not yet implemented.




In progress. Schedule to be implemented 2008-2010




In progress. HSR implementation is dependent on voter approval and the "Safe, Reliable
High-Speed Passenger Train Bond Act for the 21st Century" appeared on the Nov. 2008
ballot at Proposition 1A. Prop 1A was approved and construction of HSR is anticipated to
begin in 2010, with full implementation anticipated in 2030.


Not yet implemented. The California Insurance Commissioner recently announced
support for PAYD and has proposed regulations to permit PAYD on a voluntary basis



Ongoing. Energy efficiency is first in California's "loading order" for meeting State
electricity and natural gas needs, as expressed in the State's Energy Action Plan (EAP).
The EAP, first adopted by the CPUC and CEC in 2003, represents a critical strategy for
reducing this sector's GHG emissions. This plans sets statewide energy demand
reductions targets of 32,000 GWh (E-1) and 800 million therms (CR-1) relative to business
as usual projects for the year 2020. Key energy efficiency strategies for this action include.
"Zero Net Energy" buildings, codes and standards strategies, whole-building retrofits for
existing buildings, innovative financing to overcome first-cost and split incentives for
energy efficiency, & more aggressive utility programs to achieve long-term savings, among
others. For more information, please refer to the Proposed Scoping Plan
(http.//www.arb.ca.gov/cc/scopingplan/document/psp.pdf)
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



In progress. California has supported CHP for many years, but market and other barriers
continue to keep CHP from reaching its full market potential. A 2005 draft report prepared
for the EPRI examined these barriers and their effects upon the market for CHP. EPRI
developed estimates of current CHP capacity in the state, estimated technical and
economic market potential and analyzed the costs and benefits of various incentive
options to promote development of the CHP market opportunity. Currently, the Waste
Heat and Carbon Emissions Reduction Act (AB 1613) requires the CPUC and CEC to
evaluate new rules and programs for small CHP systems. Increasing the deployment of
efficient CHP will require a multi-pronged approach that includes addressing significant
barriers and instituting incentives or mandates where appropriate.




Underway. On 11/17/2008, Gov. Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order S-14-08 (EO)
to streamline California's renewable energy approval process and increase the state's
Renewable Energy Standard to 33% renewable power by 2020.


Underway. On 8/21/2006, Schwarzenegger signed the legislation to complete the Million
Solar Roofs Plan (SB 1). This legislation set a goal to install 3,000 MW of new solar
capacity by 2017. The Initiative includes $2.9 billion in incentives to home owners and
building owners who install solar electric systems. The Million Solar Roofs Program
includes CPUC's California Solar Initiative and CEC's New Solar Homes Partnership, and
requires publicly-owned utilities (POUs) to adopt, implement, and finance a solar incentive
program. Furthermore, Gov. Schwarzenegger signed AB 1451 in Sept. 2008, a bill which
will build on the state's solar power usage by contiuning a property tax exclusion to builder-
installed solar energy systems in new homes.


Ongoing. Energy efficiency is first in California's "loading order" for meeting State
electricity and natural gas needs, as expressed in the State's Energy Action Plan (EAP).
The EAP, first adopted by the CPUC and CEC in 2003, represents a critical strategy for
reducing this sector's GHG emissions. This plans sets statewide energy demand
reductions targets of 32,000 GWh (E-1) and 800 million therms (CR-1) relative to
business as usual projects for the year 2020. Key energy efficiency strategies for this
action include. "Zero Net Energy" buildings, codes and standards strategies, whole-
building retrofits for existing buildings, innovative financing to overcome first-cost and split
incentives for energy efficiency, & more aggressive utility programs to achieve long-term
savings, among others. For more information, please refer to the Proposed Scoping Plan
(http.//www.arb.ca.gov/cc/scopingplan/document/psp.pdf)
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



In progress. The California Legislature took an initial step towards these goals with AB
14710, also known as the Solar Hot Water and Efficiency Act of 2007 (SHWEA). SHWEA
authorized a ten year, $250-million incentive program for solar water heaters with a goal of
promoting the installation of 200,000 systems in CA by 2017. The CPUC is currently
running a pilot program to evaluate the potential impacts on equipment prices, demand,
and overall cost-effectiveness of a SWH incentive program. If the pilot program proves to
be cost effective, the CPUC will design and implement a statewide incentive program.




Ongoing. The Governor directed State agencies to develop and implement a plan to
achieve a 20% reduction in per capita urban water use by 2020. This directive builds on
the California Water Plan Update 2005. Currently, a 5 agency group (DWR, CEC, PUC,
SWRCB, and DPH) are preparing a statewide water use efficiency measure for the Public
Review Draft of the California Water Plan Update 2009. Regulatory proceedings on this
measure have begun; a draft plan has been published and numerous public workshops
have been held.

Ongoing. Currently, the DWR estimates that 10% of municipal wastewater in California is
being recycled, but as much as 23% of the municipal wastewater flow could be recycled.
Modern municipal wastewater treatment facilities are capable of producing high quality
recycled water that is suitable for a wide range of beneficial uses. To date, policy has
been adopted, a public workshop was held; and a draft action plan has been developed.



Not yet implemented. DWR will evaluate the State Water Project energy resources and
include feasible and cost-effective renewable energy in the SWP's portfolio. As DWR
completes a GHG assessment through membership with the Climate Action Registry, and
investigations of cleaner energy sources to replace reliance on the Reid Gardner power
plant, the SWP will be able to significantly reduce its GHG emissions. To date numerous
research projects have been identified; workshops have been held; and guidelines for
funding opportunities are being developed including eligible projects for federal stimulus
funding in 2009/2010.


Not yet implemented. A pilot methodology is begin evaluated to estimate the volume of
water that could be obtained through urban storm water capture, infiltration, and/or storage




Not yet implemented.




Not yet implemented.
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Not yet implemented. Rulemaking will be initiated in October 2009, with implementation
in 2010. Public workshops were held in June 2009; the regulations are tentatively
scheduled for Air Board consideration October 2009


Not yet implemented. Rulemaking will be initiated in 2011 and the measure will be in
effect by 2015.



Not yet implemented. Rulemaking will be initiated in 2010 and the measure will be in
effect by 2015.

Not yet implemented. Rulemaking will be initiated in 2010 and the measure will be in
effect by 2012.




Not yet implemented. Rulemaking will be initiated in 2010 and the measure will be in
effect by 2012.




In progress. This measure is a Discrete Early Action measure and is currently in the
regulatory development process. The measure has a Board hearing in Jan. 2009 and will
be adopted in 2012. Draft proposed regulations were released in March 2009.




Not yet implemented. To support the landfill methane control measures (RW-1), CIWMB
recently published a guidance document titled "Technologies and Management Practices
for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Landfills". Implementation of this measure
(RW-2) described in this document can be used to further reduce emission from landfills
and improve gas collection efficiencies beyond RW-1.




(see below)
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Not yet implemented.




In progress. Studies underway for data development



Not yet implemented. Executive Order S-06-06 directs State agencies participating in the
Bio-energy Interagency Working Group to enhance the sustainable management and
development of biomass resources for electricity generation and production of bio-fuels.
This measure seeks to expedite the deployment of these GHG reducing technologies.



Not yet implemented.



Ongoing. California law (AB 498) and Executive Order (EO S-20-04) requires DGS to
promote and to increase EPP by coordinating with other agencies, creating training
programs, and publishing an EPP Best Practices Manual. Furthermore, the State Agency
Buy Recycled Campaign (SB 1106) is a joint effort between the CIWMB and DGS to
implement State law requiring State agencies and the Legislature to purchase products
with postconsumer recycled content.


Not yet implemented. This measure is classified as a Discrete Early Action measure and
the Board is expected to consider it at its January 2009 hearing and implement it by 2010.
The Air Board approved the regulation in January 2009.




Not yet implemented. This measure has been identified as a Discrete Early Action, which
means it must be enforceable starting in 2010. This action is up for Board consideration in
Jan. 2009, scheduled to be adopted in 2009 and implemented in 2010. The Air Board
approved the regulation in February 2009.




Not yet implemented. An existing national, voluntary GHG reduction agreement with the
US EPA will expire in 2010. This measure has been identified as a Discrete Early Action,
which means it must be enforceable starting in 2010. H-3 is up for Board consideration in
Feb. 2009. The Air Board approved a Resolution regarding this measure in February.
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Completed. Adopted June 2008 and will be enforceable by Jan. 2010




(see a-d below)


Not yet implemented. This measures is scheduled to be adopted in 2010 and
implemented by 2015.




Not yet implemented. This measures is scheduled to be adopted in 2011 and
implemented by 2012.



Not yet implemented. This measures is scheduled to be adopted in 2011 and
implemented by 2012.




Not yet implemented. This measures is scheduled to be adopted in 2009 and
implemented by 2010.




(see below)




Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2009 and
implemented in 2010.




Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2009 and
implemented in 2010.



Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2010 and
implemented in 2012




Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2010 and
implemented in 2011.
 Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
             the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)



Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2010 and
implemented in 2011.


Not yet implemented. This measure is scheduled to be adopted in 2009 and
implemented in 2010.


In progress. ARB and the California Climate Action Registry worked together on a
manure digester protocol to establish methods for quantifying GHG emissions reductions
from individual projects; the Board adopted this protocol in Sept. 2008. The voluntary
approach will be re-assessed at the five-year update of the Scoping Plan to determine if
the program should become mandatory for large dairies by 2020. Furthermore, the ARB
has begun a research program to better understand the variables affecting N2) emissions.




Ongoing. California's Board of Forestry and Fire Protection has the existing authority to
provide for sustainable management practices, and will, at a minimum, work to maintain
current carbon sequestration levels. In addition, the Resources Agency is support
voluntary actions. Currently, the California Forest Practice Rules are the strictest in the
country. There are several opportunities for additional reductions, including forest
conservation, forest management, afforestation/reforestation, urban forestry, and fuels
management. The Inter-agency Forestry Working Group (IFWG) has been formed and is
meeting regularly to develop recommendations and technical information to assist the
Board of Forestry in achieving the required GHG reduction goals.



In progress. Lengthy updates on this action, including but not limited to. - Green Building
Initiative (EO S-20-04) - California Green Buildings Standards Code (GBSC) - Zero Net
Energy Buildings (ZNE) - Funding Programs - Third-Party Green Building Rating
Systems (i.e. LEED) For more information, please refer to
http.//www.arb.ca.gov/cc/scopingplan/document/appendix1.pdf




Andrew Altevogt, aaltevogt@calepa.ca.gov , phone. 916.322.2564


www.energy.ca.gov/global_climate_change/index.html                                            -
www.climatechange.ca.gov/climate_action_team/
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
Implementation Status - The measures in this Scoping Plan will be developed over
            the next two years and be in place by 2012. (As of 3/2010)
COLORADO
Plan Released 12/2007


                                       COLORADO

                                       Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                      Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                Categories




Cross Cutting                                                          The Executive Order issued in April, 2008, establishes reduction
                                                                       goals for greenhouse gas emissions: 20 percent by 2020 and 80
                                                                       percent by 2050, both from 2005 levels.




                                                                       Establish and fund a research collaboration between the
                                                                       Colorado School of Mines, the University of Colorado, Colorado
                                                                       State University and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory




Agriculture                                                            Colorado laid the foundation to measure carbon sequestration
                                                                       and greenhouse gas reductions with House Bill 1203, signed by
                                                                       Governor Ritter on May 23, 2007. HB 1203 provides funding for
                                                                       Colorado State University to conduct county-level appraisal of
                                                                       carbon stocks and assess the carbon sequestration and
                                                                       greenhouse gas mitigation potential.




                                                                       The Governor issued an Executive Order directing the Colorado
                                                                       Department of Agriculture Offset Market in Aprill 2008.




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Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                       Page 77
                                            Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                          Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                     Categories




Transportation                                                              Incentives for Purchase and Operation of Low-GHG Vehicles; In
                                                                            April 2008, the Governor issued an Executive Order directing
                                                                            the Air Quality Control Division in the Department of Public
                                                                            Health and Environment to propose clean car standards to the
                                                                            Air Quality Control Commission within the next 12 to 24 months.
                                                                            The Governor instructed the Division and the Commission to
                                                                            ensure that the regulations will preserve consumer choice.




                                                                            Require state vehicles to use biofuel and expand funding for
                                                                            biofuel research



Renewable    Energy   and    Energy RE                                      The Executive Director of the Governor‘s Energy Office will
Efficiency                                                                  report bi-annually to the Governor on the status of renewable
                                                                            energy development in the state and additional measures that
                                                                            could be taken to accelerate renewable energy development in
                                                                            the state.




                                       RE                                   Map power line capacity to bring new sources of renewable
                                                                            energy from rural to urban areas




                                       RE                                   Require the State Land Board to identify suitable areas for
                                                                            renewable energy development




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Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                            Page 78
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Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                            Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                     Categories




                                       RE                                   Require rural electric co-ops to offer
                                                                            net metering




                                       RE                                   In April 2008, the Governor issued an Executive Order
                                                                            requesting the Public Utilities Commission to seek from each
                                                                            utility within its jurisdiction an Electric Resource Plan that
                                                                            includes an analysis that shows how that utility could achieve a
                                                                            20 percent reduction in CO2 emissions from 2005 levels by the
                                                                            year 2020. This is consistent with the overall state emissions
                                                                            goal the Governor established in a separate Executive Order.




                                       RE                                   The Governor requested the Executive Director of the
                                                                            Governor‘s Energy Office, in consultation with the Executive
                                                                            Directors of the Departments of Natural Resources, Public
                                                                            Health and Environment, and Regulatory Agencies, along with
                                                                            key stakeholders, to develop goals for rural electric coops and
                                                                            municipal utilities to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
                                                                            The Governor then requested that those entities submit plans
                                                                            showing how and when they propose to meet the goals.




                                       EE                                   Align city, town and county building codes with the 2003
                                                                            International Energy Conservation Code




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Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                             Page 79
                                            Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                           Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                     Categories




                                       EE                                   Require state buildings to meet LEED energy efficiency
                                                                            standards



                                       EE                                   Under the Energy Efficiency plan (not according to an Executive
                                                                            Order), the Governor directed the Energy Office to
                                                                            launch an Industrial Energy Efficiency program. It encourages
                                                                            large industrial customers to implement all efficiency measures
                                                                            available that can pay for themselves within five years.




                                       RE&EE                                Require utilities to boost their renewable energy portfolios and
                                                                            energy efficiency programs



                                       RE&EE                                Finance energy efficiency, renewable energy and transmission
                                                                            lines



                                       RE&EE                                Give statutory cities and towns authority to offer energy
                                                                            efficiency and renewable energy incentives



Cleaner Fossil Fuels                                                        The Departments of Natural Resources and Public Health and
                                                                            Environment will work with the oil and gas sector to reduce
                                                                            methane leakage.



                                                                            Offer incentives for clean energy development in rural areas




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Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                             Page 80
                                          Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                         Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                   Categories




                                       Clean Coal                         Explore technologies for cleaner coal




Reporting                                                                 Commit to join the climate registry and report statewide
                                                                          emissions




                                                                          The Governor to issue an Executive Order
                                                                          directing Colorado Department of Public Health and
                                                                          Environment to propose regulations to the Air Quality Control
                                                                          Commission to mandate reporting for all
                                                                          major sources of greenhouse gas emissions.




Greening Goverment                                                        The Governor‘s Energy Office to host an
                                                                          annual     conference    that  brings    together     community
                                                                          representatives and experts from around the state to educate
                                                                          participants and to encourage wider use of best practices.




                                                                          The Governor‘s Annual Excellence in Sustain- ability Awards
                                                                          include a ―Governor‘s Excellence in Climate Action‖ category. It
                                                                          recognizes     businesses,    communities    and      non-profit
                                                                          organizations that make the most significant efforts to reduce
                                                                          greenhouse gases.




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Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                          Page 81
                                       Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                      Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                Categories




                                                                       Increase trash and tire disposal fees to fund state government
                                                                       recycling programs




                                                                       The Governor‘s Energy Office and the Colorado Department of
                                                                       Public Health and Environment will continue to implement the
                                                                       initiatives in the Governor‘s Greening Government Executive
                                                                       Orders.




                                                                       An amendment to Governor Ritter‘s
                                                                       April 2007 Greening of State Government Executive Orders was
                                                                       issued in December 2007. It establishes a 75 percent by 2020
                                                                       waste diversion goal for state government. In that amendment,
                                                                       state agencies will begin demonstrating the three- bin strategy in
                                                                       their own operations.




Water Adaptation                                                       Water drought planning




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                                         Climate Mitigation Action Sub
Climate Mitigation Action Categories                                                         Climate Mitigation Actions
                                                  Categories




Forest Management                                                        The Governor will direct the Departments of
                                                                         Natural Resources and Public Health and the
                                                                         Environment, and the Governor‘s Energy
                                                                         Office to identify and implement actions to
                                                                         reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfire, promote the use of forest-
                                                                         based biofuels, and otherwise anticipate and respond to the
                                                                         potential adverse effects of climate change on our forests.




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/

Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                          Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                            Page 83
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                             Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       see below                 see below




                                       R&D                       Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                                                 Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.




                                       R&D                       This project is concluding and will be made available for review in
                                                                 2010.




                                       Programs                  A successful pilot program has been launched.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                        Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                          Page 84
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                            Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       Regulatory                The clean car standards proposition was thoroughly vetted in
                                                                 accordance with the Governor's Executive Order of 2008; the
                                                                 proposition was ready for launch when it became obviated by
                                                                 President Obama's National Fuel Efficiency Policy.




                                       Regulatory                Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       requirement, R&D          Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.



                                       Reporting                 The Governor's Energy Office continues to provide renewable energy
                                                                 (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) programs throughout the state of
                                                                 Colorado in concert with the state's utility where they provide such
                                                                 programs, and standing alone where they do not. The GEO also
                                                                 offers a variety of grant funds for EE and RE projects around the
                                                                 state. More information provided at www.colorado.gov/energy'




                                       R&D                       Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                                                 Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.




                                       Regulatory                Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       requirement, R&D          Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007; The Renewable
                                                                 Portfolio Standards established by the 2007 Legislature will lead to the
                                                                 development of over 5 gigawatts of renewable energy generation in
                                                                 the state and a high-profile role for Colorado in the new energy
                                                                 economy. This production of clean and renewable resources
                                                                 represents one-third of the proposed reduction in emissions by 2020
                                                                 from our utility sector.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                            Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                              Page 85
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                            Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       Regulatory                Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       requirement               Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.




                                       Regulatory program, Underway in accordance with Xcel's Electric Resource Plan. Xcel
                                       R&D                 drafted the ERP to get on track to meet its stated goal and Colorado's
                                                           Department of Public Health and Envrionment testified on their behalf.
                                                           The PUC approved the plan and the goal will likely be met.




                                       R&D; reporting            A report will be published by the GEO which outlines separate
                                                                 statements made by municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives
                                                                 on their current planning and actions in this area, as well as a set of
                                                                 resource planning options for the public power utilities to make the
                                                                 goal from an aggregate load perspective. It is anticipated that the final
                                                                 report will be published in the month of February 2010. This is not an
                                                                 official statement of policy. Rather, it constitutes a general snapshot
                                                                 of current actions on the part of non-IOU utilities and a general
                                                                 blueprint outlined by the GEO on several different potential pathways
                                                                 to meet the emissions reduction goal for the non-IOU portion of the
                                                                 electric power sector in Colorado.




                                       Standards        and Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       codes,      technical Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007; Legislation passed in
                                       support, education    the 2007 session increasing efficiency standards in building codes
                                                             immediately impacted emissions from new homes. By continuing to
                                                             update these codes, the state can keep pace with technological
                                                             advancements in construction methods and lower the energy impacts
                                                             of a growing population. Updated building codes will provide the
                                                             energy savings to meet 16 percent of the state's efficiency goal. Net
                                                             economic benefit: $1.32 billion.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                             Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                               Page 86
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                            Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       Regulatory                Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       requirement               Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.



                                       R&D; reporting            The program is up and running and the state is working with
                                                                 Colorado‘s 100 highest energy users to identify projects for efficiency.
                                                                 For the majority of this fiscal year (starting in July of 2009) the state
                                                                 has been identifying projects and intends to announce the first few
                                                                 projects at the start of 2010.




                                       Regulatory                Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       requirement               Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.



                                       Financial                 Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                                                 Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.



                                       Implementation;finan Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       cial incentives      Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.



                                       Regulatory                Underway; passed HB 1341 requiring reductions in methane leakage.




                                       R&D,          financial Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                       incentives              Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                             Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                               Page 87
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                           Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       R&D                       The Department of Natural Resources, in partnership with others, was
                                                                 successful in obtaining 4.8 million from The Department of Energy for
                                                                 a research project to study sequestering large volumes of CO2 in 3
                                                                 saline aquafers. The project is to be carried out in partnership with
                                                                 Utah, Tristate Generation and Transmission, R.A. Hill's Exploration
                                                                 and Production and others, and will be executed in CO just south of
                                                                 The Craig Power Station.




                                       Regulatory                Joined in 2007, committed to report statewide emissions through
                                                                 executive order in 2008.




                                       Regulatory                The EO was issued and the CDPHE drafted proposed regulations in
                                                                 2009. The regulations, however, were obviated by EPA's draft
                                                                 mandatory reporting role.




                                       Education/outreach, Action complete
                                       reviews          and
                                       recognition,
                                       procurement




                                       Education/outreach, Completed and ongoing
                                       reviews          and
                                       recognition,
                                       procurement




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                         Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                           Page 88
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                            Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       Financial                 Underway, in accordance with measures approved by legislators and
                                                                 Gov. Ritter during legislative session of 2007.




                                       Impementation             A few examples: 1) Agencies are working hard to use one standard
                                                                 software program (EnergyCAP) to track energy and water use. This
                                                                 consistency is needed to meet the State's Greening Government
                                                                 goals. 2) The State Fleet has reduced petroleum use by 11.6% since
                                                                 the baseline year of FY 2005. Much of this progress was from the
                                                                 replacement of fleet vehicles with hybrid vehicles and use of
                                                                 alternative fuels.    3) The State Purchasing Office developed and
                                                                 implemented an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Policy.
                                                                 4) Agencies embraced and vigorously implemented energy
                                                                 performance contracting to reduce energy and water consumption in
                                                                 state buildings and facilities.




                                       Impementation             The state is on its way to meeting this goal.




                                       R&D                       The Department of Natural Resources is engaged in the following: 1)
                                                                 Scientific investigation; the state is studying the effects of climate
                                                                 change on water resources through the Colorado River Water
                                                                 Availability Study and the Cooperative USGS Snowmelt Timing Study
                                                                 2) The state is engaged in extensive studies on future compact
                                                                 compliance. 3) The state is currenty in the process of revising its state
                                                                 drought plan required by the federal government. 4) In 2008 Gov Ritter
                                                                 convened a 3 day conference on drought planning and climate
                                                                 change, attended by stakeholdersa and water users, to focus on
                                                                 future drought scenarios.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                             Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                               Page 89
  Estimated Annual GHG
   Reduction Potential
       (MMtCO2e)           Estimated
                                          Implementation
                          cost or cost
                                           mechanism(s)
                          savings per
                                       anticipated in state or
                                                                           Implementation Status (As of 2/8/10)
                           ton GHG
                                           provincial plan
                           removed
    2012         2020


                                       R&D                       Ongoing; in 2008, the Governor convened a Forest Health Advisory
                                                                 Council.




                                                  CONTACT Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment: Climate
                                                          Change Manager, Ginny Brannon,
                                                          Gbrannon@smtpgate.dphe.state.co.us , 303.692.2007 Governor's
                                                          Energy Office : Patrick Hamel, phamel@smtpgate.dphe.state.co.us
                                                          Air Pollution Control Division: Mark McMillan, 303.692.3140




                                                   WEBSITE

                                                                 http://www.colorado.gov/energy/




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                     Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                       Page 90
RELEASED: 12/05                            for the most recent updates on CT state policy, please visit www.ctclimatechange.com

CONNECTICUT
                                                                                 Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                        Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                             2010           2020           2010             2020
Transportation              CCAP 1         LEV II - Adopt California Low 0.04                0.47            NQ               NQ
                                           Emission Vehicle II standards



                            CCAP 2         GHG Feebate Program - 0.036                       0.109           -$166.70         -$171.50
                                           Develop      system    where
                                           purchasers of high
                                           GHG vehicles pay a fee and
                                           purchases of low GHG vehicles
                                           receive a
                                           rebate


                            CCAP 2a        Environmental       Performance
                                           Label




                            CCAP 3         Fleet Vehicle Incentives and Reflected in RA Reflected in RA NQ                    NQ
                                           Initiatives - Establish             4        4
                                           incentives/initiatives           to
                                           encourage acquisition of low-
                                           GHG vehicles in
                                           public, private, and State fleets.



                            CCAP 4         Tailpipe GHG Standards - 0.05                     2.63            -$136.00         -$99.00
                                           Amend LEVII regulations to
                                           include GHG standards.



                            CCAP 5         Public Education Initiative on Reflected in RA Reflected in RA NQ                  NQ
                                           Low GHG Vehicles               4               4



                            CCAP 6         Hydrogen Infrastructure R&D Included              Included        NQ               NQ
                                           Program - Support research on
                                           low GHG vehicle technology,
                                           such as fuel cells, assess how to
                                           facilitate
                                           development of alternative fuel
                                           infrastructure and refueling
                                           networks.



                            CCAP 7a        Transit - double transit ridership 0.22           0.49            NQ               $280.00
                                           by 2020.
                                                                                Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                       Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                         2010              2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 7b        Smart Growth




                            CCAP 7c        VMT Reduction




                            CCAP 8         Multi-State Intermodal Freight 0                 0.14            NQ              NQ
                                           Initiative - Develop infrastructure
                                           plan for alternatives to freight
                                           trucks, including enhanced
                                           freight rail and intermodal
                                           transfer (shift 5% of truck traffic
                                           by 2020).




                            CCAP 9         Clean Diesel & Black Carbon - 0.8                2.4             NQ              $.006-$.013
                                           Accelerate use of ultra-low sulfur
                                           diesel, engine improvements,
                                           tailpipe control technology.




Residential,           CCAP 10             Appliance      Standards-  Set 0.105             0.206           -$89.00         -$89.00
Commercial, Industrial                     efficiency standards for 8
                                           appliances         that    are
                                           commercially available and do
                                           not require federal waiver for
                                           state regulation.
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                      Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                        2010              2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 11        Appliance-Swapping              0.016           0.02            -$78.00         -$78.00
                                           Program(from 2008)- Develop
                                           "pay as you save" program to
                                           replace      old    residential
                                           appliances with Energy Star
                                           clothes washers, room air
                                           conditioner,     refrigerators,
                                           dishwashers.




                            CCAP 11a       Rebates for appliances.




                            CCAP 11b       Rebates for HVAC, water
                                           heaters, heat pumps and ground
                                           source heat pumps.




                            CCAP 12        Heat Pump Water Heater 0.011                    0.013           -$121.00        -$121.00
                                           Replacement       Program     -
                                           Develop "pay as you
                                           save" program for WatterSaver
                                                                                 Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                        Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                          2010            2020            2010             2020
                            CCAP 13a       Bulk Purchasing of Appliances - 0.023             0.046           -$187.00        -$187.00
                                           CEEF HES Program.


                            CCAP 13b       Bulk Purchasing of Appliances -
                                           CEEF limited-income program.



                            CCAP 14        Mandate         Upgrades      to 0.057            0.212           -$172.00        -$172.00
                                           Residential and Commercial
                                           Building Energy Code- Adopt
                                           updates of residential and
                                           commercial energy codes
                                           within 18 months of availability
                                           of      International    Energy
                                           Conservation Code

                            CCAP 15        Promote Energy Efficient and 0.005                0.014           -$32.00         -$32.00
                                           Energy Improvement Mortgages
                                           - Increase awareness of
                                           financial products to encourage
                                           purchase of energy efficient
                                           homes.




                            CCAP 16        Revise the Energy Conservation NQ                 NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Loan Program (ECL) - Improve
                                           current
                                           ECL run by DECD.




                            CCAP 17        Residential       Weatherization
                                           programs-       see     various
                                           programs and
                                           savings detailed below.
                            CCAP 17a       Weatherization Program - State 0.006              0.006           $241.00         $241.00
                                           provide funding to double
                                           number of
                                           households served by Federal
                                           Weatherization      Assistance
                                           Program.



                            CCAP 17b       ARRA Weatherization program.
                                                                             Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                    Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                      2010            2020            2010                2020
                            CCAP 17c       CEEF Home Energy Solutions
                                           Weatherization program.




                            CCAP 17d       CEEF Limited-Income Program
                                           weatherization (WRAP and UI
                                           Helps).




                            CCAP 18a       CEEF         Residential New 0.017            0.044           -$3.00          -$3.00
                                           Construction Program - Double
                                           participation in
                                           Energy Star Homes program.
                                           0.044
                                                                                Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                       Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                         2010            2020            2010             2020
                            CCAP 18b       CEEF       Residential New
                                           Construction Program - Zero
                                           Energy Challenge.




                            CCAP 19        High Performance Schools and 0.017               0.058           $419.00         $419.00
                                           State-Funded       Buildings    -
                                           Mandate high
                                           performance                energy
                                           requirements for schools and
                                           other state-funded
                                           projects




                            CCAP 20        Program to encourage and 0.019                   0.052           $308.00         $308.00
                                           incent high performing
                                           commercial/industrial  private
                                           buildings - see programs and
                                           savings below.



                            CCAP 20a       High Performance Buildings:
                                           Privately-Funded Projects -
                                           Encourage high performance
                                           buildings in privately funded
                                           projects. (DOE Grant from 2005)

                            CCAP 20b       CEEF     Retro-Commissioning
                                           Program.




                            CCAP 21        Shared Savings Program for 0.124                 0.199           NQ              NQ
                                           Government Agencies - Allow
                                           state agencies to reinvest
                                           savings from energy efficiency
                                           cost savings.




                            CCAP 21a       Energy         Efficiency   in
                                           Government Agencies - Provide
                                           incentives for
                                           energy efficiency projects by
                                           state agencies.
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                      Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                           2010           2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 22        Training of Building Operators - 0.31           0.033           -$140.00        -$140.00
                                           train building operators to use
                                           maintenance approaches that
                                           improve energy efficiency.




                            CCAP 23        Green Campus Initiative - 0.183                 0.19            NQ              NQ
                                           Promote green campus initiative
                                           with all CT
                                           colleges, universities, private,
                                           and secondary schools.


                            CCAP 24        Energy Benchmarking and 0.119                   0.19            NQ              NQ
                                           Tracking Program for Municipal
                                           Buildings-
                                           Promote energy measurement,
                                           tracking, benchmarking and
                                           strategic
                                           planning at municipal facilities,
                                           including public schools.




                            CCAP 25        Pilot Fuel Switching Project - <0.001           <0.001          -$22.00         -$22.00
                                           Perform pilot project for B20
                                           biodiesel blend for heating at 2
                                           State facilities.


                            CCAP 26a       Remove Current Barriers to 3rd 0.018            0.033           -$34.00         -$34.00
                                           Party      Load     Management
                                           Techniques        -     Remove
                                           regulatory barriers that prohibit
                                           increased market diffusion of
                                           third-party load management for
                                           non-intrusive commercial loads.
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                      Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                         2010             2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 26b       Utility   Load        Response
                                           Programs.




                            CCAP 26c       Utility Emergency Generation
                                           and Distributed Generation
                                           (EGDG) programs.

                            CCAP 27        State        Procurement      of NQ             NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Environmentally       Preferable
                                           Services and Products- Increase
                                           preferences for products and
                                           service that
                                           decrease GHG emissions
                            CCAP 28        Review New England Demand NQ                    NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Response Initiative (NEDRI)


                            CCAP 29        Promote Voluntary Programs NQ                   NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           and Actions




                            CCAP 30        Encourage Clean Combined 0.532                  1.414           NQ              NQ
                                           Heat and Power (CHP)




                            CCAP 31        Restore Conservation and Load 0.31              0.41            $2.05-$39.09    $0.60-$29.66
                                           Management Fund - Restore
                                           and increase funding for CT
                                           Energy Efficiency Fund.
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                      Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                         2010             2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 32        Oil Conservation Fund - Create 1.02             1.89            -$184.00        -$737.00
                                           and monitor a fund dedicated to
                                           implementation of oil efficiency
                                           measures.


                            CCAP 33        Natural Gas Conservation Fund 1.44              2.07            -$360.00        -$1,450.00
                                           programs - Create and monitor
                                           a      fund    dedicated    to
                                           implementation of natural gas
                                           efficiency measures.




                            CCAP 33a       Natural gas measures under
                                           CEEF's Energy Conscious
                                           Blueprint Program (including
                                           CoolChoice and MotorUp) for
                                           C&l sector new construction,
                                           major renovation and new
                                           equipment.




                            CCAP 33b       Natural gas measures under
                                           CEEF's Energy Opportunities
                                           Program (including CoolChoice,
                                           Motor Up and Express Lighting)
                                           for C&l sector retrofits.




                            CCAP 33c       Natural gas measures under
                                           CEEF's Small Business Energy
                                           Advantage
                                           Program retrofit opportunities
                                           for small businesses.
                                                                              Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                     Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                       2010            2020            2010               2020
                            CCAP 33d       Natural gas measures under
                                           CEEF's       Operations  and
                                           Maintenance Services Program
                                           for C&I sector.




                            CCAP 33e       Natural gas measures under
                                           CEEF's Multi-Family program.



                            CCAP 34        Identify Measures to Reduce NQ                 NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           High Global Warming Potential
                                           Gases




Agriculture, Forestry, & CCAP 35           Install Centralized Manure 0.0171              0.0515          $112-$126       $112-$126
Waste                                      Digesters (1 by 2010, 2 by 2015,
                                           3 by 2020)




                            CCAP 36        Reduce Non-Farm Fertilizer Use 0.003           0.003           NQ              NQ
                                           (by 7.5% by 2010 and 15% by
                                           2020).

                            CCAP 37        Buy Local Produce - Increase 0.003             0.003           NQ              NQ
                                           amount of food consumed by
                                           CT residents from locally grown
                                           sources by 10% in 2010 and
                                           2020.

                            CCAP 38        Forest Management and Forest NQ                NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Carbon Offsets - Foster a
                                           research program on CT public
                                           and private forest management
                                           to       maximize       carbon
                                           sequestration and develop
                                           markets for offsets.




                            CCAP 39        Urban Tree Planting Program - 0.00083          0.0019          NQ              $9.82
                                           Plant 15,000 more sufficiently
                                           sized urban tress in 2010 and
                                           an additional 20,000 by 2020.
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                      Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                          2010            2020          2010               2020
                            CCAP 40        Forest and Agricultural Land 0.283              0.283           NQ              $137.00
                                           Preservation - Preserve existing
                                           forest and agricultural land.




                            CCAP 41        Promote Use of Durable Wood NQ                  NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Products       Over         Other
                                           Construction      Materials     -
                                           voluntary education campaign




Electricity                 CCAP 42        Support Economically Viable Included            Included        NQ              NQ
                                           Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects



                            CCAP 43        Increase Recycling,      Source 0.91            0.97            NQ              $4-$5
                                           Reduction to 40%



                            CCAP 44        Voluntary      Carbon      Offset NQ            NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Program - Encourage voluntary
                                           carbon offsets
                                           from agriculture, forestry , and
                                           waste reductions

                            CCAP 45        Renewable Energy Strategy NQ                    NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           (RES)     -    Includes #46
                                           Renewable Portfolio
                                           Standard, #47 Government
                                           Clean Energy Purchase, #48
                                           Production Tax Credit




                            CCAP 46        Renewable Portfolio Standard 1.3                3.2             NQ              NQ
                                           (RPS) - Increase required
                                           percentage for RPS


                            CCAP 47        Government Green Power 0.08                     0.21            Included        Included
                                           Purchase - State increase
                                           purchase of Class I renewable
                                           energy to 20% in 2010, 50% in
                                           2020, 100% in 2050.
                                                                                  Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                         Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                              2010           2020          2010             2020
                            CCAP 48        Production Tax Credit (PTC) - NQ                   NQ              Included        Included
                                           Explore PTC for new Class I
                                           project in CT that are not
                                           covered by federal renewable
                                           PTC.



                            CCAP 49a       Establish Clean Energy Option       0.43           0.81            $33.69          $21.92



                            CCAP 49b       Achieve Clean Energy Option
                                           goals of 3-5% by 2010, 5-10%
                                           by 2020, 11-20% by 2050.


                            CCAP 50        Renewable Energy Credits NQ                        NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           (RECs) - Allow for renewable
                                           energy credit trading in the
                                           Northeastern Region to meet
                                           compliance and voluntary
                                           market requirements for clean
                                           energy in CT.



                            CCAP 51a       Restore Clean Energy Fund - 0.31                   0.41            $2.05-$39.09    $0.60-$29.66
                                           restore full funding to CT Clean
                                           Energy Fund (CCEF)

                            CCAP 51b       Prevent further securitization of
                                           CCEF funding



                            CCAP 51c       Increase funding for CCEF



                            CCAP 52        Energy       Efficiency  and NQ                    NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Combined Heat and Power -
                                           Implement a package of energy
                                           efficiency and combined heat
                                           and power measures


                            CCAP 53        Regional Cap and Trade 0.95-1.98                   2.26-5.13       NQ              NQ
                                           Program- Work with other
                                           Northeastern states to develop a
                                           regional cap and trade program




                            CCAP 55        Emissions      Inventory     and NQ                NQ              NQ              NQ
                                           Registry
                                                                              Estimated Annual GHG       Estimated cost or cost savings per
                               Climate                                     Reduction Potential (MMtCO2e)        ton GHG removed
Climate Mitigation Action     Mitigation
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories              Action Sub
                              Categories                                       2010            2020            2010             2020
Education                   CCAP 54         Public Education Initiative - NQ              NQ              NQ              NQ
                                            Promote     awareness      and
                                            education of CT citizens about
                                            the solutions and impacts of
                                            global warming.




                                                                                                                                 CONTACT




                                                                                                                                  WEBSITE




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/

Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



LEV II standards effective with 2008 model year vehicles. LEV III envisioned for
2016+ model year vehicles.



Goal changed. DEP Feebate report (1/06), noting tax structure obstacles.
Action changed to Environmental Performance
labels for cars - see CCAP 2a.




Environmental Performance labels with "global warming score" effective with
2009 model year vehicles. Rule adopted. Labels affixed to vehicles but outreach
program suspended due to funding reprogramming.



No vehicle purchases expected through FY 7/10, probably 7/11. State
purchasing contracts include low GHG vehicles, towns use these contracts.
State fleet includes 11.54% hybrid vehicles.




CT adopted LEV II GHG provisions (12/05, amended 8/09). EPA granted waiver
to CA for tailpipe GHG standards (6/09). Program modifications this year to
account for EPA/NHTSA national GHG standards 2012-16.



See action CCAP 2a and CCAP 4 - Environmental Performance labels for
vehicles in effect (see CCAP 2a). Public education campaign to be funded
through fee on new car registration delayed due to budget crisis.

CT Hydrogen Fuel Cell Coalition is working to demonstrate and advance fuel cell
and hydrogen technologies and fueling systems in CT. Preparing for the
Hydrogen Economy: Transportation report (6/06).




Several transit improvements are being planned and programmed that include
rail, a potential transportation intermodal center in New London, and Bicycle and
Pedestrian concerns.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Governor's Executive Order 15 expanded planning capability at OPM and
created the Office of Responsible Growth. The Office of Responsible Growth is
looking at land use, housing , and transportation policies and projects which
would promote transit oriented development and thus reduce greenhouse gas
emissions. Some progress has been made, however, significant advances will
not be made prior to the completion of a legislative study due to be released
around 4/1/10.
The TelecommuteCT and NuRide programs continue to offer alternative ways to
reduce vehicle miles traveled.



CTDOT is participating in an on-going I-95 Corridor Coalition “Northeast Rail
Operations Study” (NEROPs) to identify “chokepoints” along the rail corridor and
the opportunity for enhanced use of rail to transport freight. A Memorandum of
Agreement (MOA) was initiated, which would have provided for the transport of
"feeder barges" between the Ports of New
York and New Jersey. This service would have been a component of the NY/NJ
Port Inland Distribution Network (a short sea shipping initiative). It was intended
to help alleviate roadway congestion along the I-95 corridor, thus reducing
greenhouse gases. Delays in acquiring landing rights in the Port of New York
and New Jersey resulted in the expiration of the MOA before the initiative was
realized.

National transition to ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) is complete. Additional
DERA funding going toward more retrofits.




Regulations have been approved. Regulation currently (2/10) covers four
products: bottle type water dispensers, commercial hot food holding cabinets,
hot tubs, and swimming pool pumps. Products for which standards were
established but were pre-empted by federal standards are: Commercial
Refrigerator/Freezers, established 7/1/08 and pre-empted 1/1/10; Large
packaged AC > 20 tons established 7/1/09 and pre-empted 1/1/10; Low voltage
dry-type transformers established 7/1/06 and pre-empted 1/1/07; unit heaters
established 7/1/06 and pre-empted 8/1/08; single voltage external power
supplies established 1/1/08 and pre-empted 7/1/08. In all cases, federal pre-
emption efficiency levels were equal to or greater than the state pre-emption
levels. OPM has established a compliance website to address those products
that have
not been pre-empted by federal standards.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



DPUC did a program with the electric distribution companies 3 years ago to
encourage drop off and recycling program for old air conditioners and
refrigerators. Air conditioner turn-in program in 2008 saved 145,497 annual kHz
(1.014,547 lifetime), 78
tons CO2 emissions and provided an annual savings of $26,589. The program
was discontinued in 2009 and there are no plans to offer it again in 2010.
See details on other appliance/equipment rebates below.




ARRA Rebates for appliances. In January 2010, the CT Recovery Appliance
Rebate Program was initiated for Connecticut residents purchasing new
appliances and heating/cooling systems. These rebates are funded by the
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Appliance rebates are $100
for clothes washers, $50 for refrigerators, $50 for freezers and $50 for room air
conditioners. For residents who participate in the CEEF's Home Energy
Solutions program, the CT Recovery Appliance Rebate program rebates can be
used in conjunction with the Home Energy Solutions rebates. Rebates are
available at: www.ct.gov/opm/ApplianceRebates.

CEEF Home Energy Solutions Appliance Rebates.
2009 and 2010 Participants in the CEEF's Home Energy Solutions program are
eligible for a number of appliance rebates. These rebates are only for HES
participants. Rebates are for dehumidifiers ($25), refrigerators ($50), freezers
($25) and washing machines ($50). In addition, a $0.50 per square foot rebate is
given to homeowners who need to replace their insulation with cap of 50% of
installed cost). Please see CCAP 17c for Home Energy Solutions program
energy savings and CO2 emissions reductions.



2010 CEEF rebates are as follows: HVAC: $500 for ENERGY STAR-rated
central air, heat pumps (including ductless heat pumps), and $1,000 for
qualifying ductless heat pumps for homes who heat with electricity. Natural Gas
Water Heaters: $300 for ENERGY STAR tankless or ENERGY STAR boilers
with indirect hot water. Ground Source Heat Pumps: $500 per ton for VIP
Commissioned systems with a cap of $1,500.

In 2009, 838 natural gas hot water rebates were submitted resulting in 79,300
annual ccf savings, 1,982,538 lifetime ccf
savings, and 478 CO2 emissions reduced. More than 4,551 HVAC (including
geothermal heat pump) rebates were submitted
in 2009. Their savings and resulting CO2 emissions reductions are detailed in
CCAP 17c.


CL&P ceased its Heat Pump Water Heater Replacement program in 2003. This
program did not materialize due to commercialization issues. Currently have
Heat Pump Air Source HVAC Rebate program. UI pilot of approximately 12
customers to gather technical/performance info on stand alone HPWH to be
used in conjunction with UI's off-peak water heaters. Beginning to pilot some
integrated HPWH units through CLM fund. Product availability in near term will
be limiting factor for even the operation of a pilot.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



CEEF does not do bulk purchasing of appliances for either its Home Energy
Solution or Limited-Income Programs.


CEEF does not do bulk purchasing of appliances for either its Home Energy
Solution or Limited-Income Programs. The CEEF's limited-income program does
replace inefficient refrigerators for free in qualifying homes only based on
efficiency of old unit.

Ongoing-State building code revised within 18 months of the release of IECC
and/or ASHRAE 90.1 updates.




No action - insufficient staff resources. The Connecticut Housing Investment
Fund currently offers low-interest loans to single-
and multi-family homes making energy conservation improvements.

In 2009 and 2010, the Energy Conservation Management Board who oversees
the CT Energy Efficiency Fund has a Residential Committee who is exploring
alternative financing options for homeowners wanting to make energy-efficient
improvements to their homes.




PA 07-242 extended interest rate reduction to 6/2008 and increased maximum
loan amount. Data for the two years 2008 and 2009 suggests that 28% of the
loans are for "non-efficiency" measures (22% for roofing and 6% for siding). The
remaining # of loans are for Windows (25%), Furnaces/Boilers (43%), and Solar
(4%). These percentage numbers are
based on 359 loans in 2008 and 335 loans in 2009. No action has been initiated
to improve the program due to lack of staff resources.




blank




$64.3 million has been added to this program as a part of the federal stimulus
package.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



The CEEF's Home Energy Solutions program is a whole-home solution that
reduces energy consumption and costs. Technicians perform an energy
assessment of the home and provide a variety of efficiency and weatherization
services.

2009 CEEF Home Energy Solutions program results: 16,342 customers
served (includes HVAC rebates), annual kWh savings of 11,348,776, lifetime
kWh savings of 134,133,221, annual ccf savings of 300,033, lifetime ccf savings
of 5,831,132, annual oil gallons savings of 422,693, lifetime oil gallons savings of
8,653,764, and CO2 emissions reductions of 13,464 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Home Energy Solutions program results: 13,884 customers
served, annual kWh savings of 12,698,378, lifetime kWh savings of
140,587,688, annual ccf savings of 362,624, lifetime ccf savings of
6,533,389, and CO2 emissions reductions of 8,996 tons (annual).



The CEEF's limited-income programs (WRAP and UI Helps) provide valuable
weatherization measures to help renters and homeowners reduce their energy
bills.

2009 CEEF Limited-Income program results: 15,132 customers served,
annual kWh savings of 15,256,224, lifetime kWh savings of 136,608,214, annual
ccf savings of 739,476, lifetime ccf savings of 13,659,543, annual oil gallons
savings of 500,532, lifetime oil gallons savings of 9,096,951, and CO2 emissions
reductions of 19,571 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Limited-Income program results: 11,213 customers served,
annual kWh savings of 15,006,187, lifetime kWh savings of 135,686,907, annual
ccf savings of 248,438, lifetime ccf savings of 3,464,191, and CO2 emissions
reductions of 9,545 tons (annual).



The CEEF's Residential New Construction program provides financial incentives
and technical assistance to make integrating
efficient design and technologies feasible in residential construction projects.

2009 CEEF Residential New Construction program results: 550 customers
served, annual kWh savings of 906,954, lifetime kWh savings of 13,539,88,
annual ccf savings of 50,950, lifetime ccf savings of 1,019,008,and CO2
emissions reduced by 799 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Residential New Construction program results: 938 customers
served, annual kWh savings of 2,337,593, lifetime kWh savings of 32,537,621,
and CO2 emissions reduced by 1,253 tons (annual).
                      Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



In 2009, the CEEF initiated Connecticut's first residential design and build
competition for single- and multi-family homes-- the CT Zero Energy Challenge.
In addition to energy-efficiency measures, each home must incorporate clean,
renewable energy technologies into the project's design. Zero net energy simply
means that a home uses no more energy from the electrical grid over a given
period than it produces on site. Eighteen home construction projects are
competing in the 2009
CT Zero Energy Challenge that ends December 2010.

Green building regulations adopted 9/09 for new State buildings >$5 million,
renovations > $2 million, new schools >$5 million with >$2 million in State
funding, and school renovations > $2 million with > $2 million in State funding.
CCEF's High Performance Schools Program provides education and incentives
for renewable systems, feasibility studies and project certification. CEEF also
provides incentives for energy efficiency measures.




blank




5 large buildings in SW CT (3 million square feet total) retrofitted under DOE
grant. Results indicate a 7% average savings,
equivalent to 4.2 million kWh annually. Utilities have initiated a retro
commissioning program as a result. (see CCAP 20 b)


For building > 100,000 s.f with a direct digitial control system, CEEF's Retro-
Commissioning Program provides technical, engineering and implementation
support to optimize the operation of facilities without installing capital equipment.
(2009 savings data pending)

Difficult to overcome budget barriers. Action changed to CCAP 21a - Energy
Efficiency in Government Agencies. A new shared savings provision has been
included in proposed in HB 5361 (2010).




Energy Star benchmarking performed on over 115 State buildings representing
11 state agencies. $5 million in stimulus funding to be spent targeting state
buildings. $5.9 million has been received by the State from Demand Response
program participation, which is being reinvested in energy efficiency retrofits at
the participating agencies.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Building operator certification courses held, using DOE funds. As a result of
strong support, stimulus funds were set aside to continue this series into 2012.




Very little state-level direction, but many programs have engaged CT campuses,
including: 11 CT colleges signed on to ACU
Presidents' Climate Commitment (C neutral), ISE outreach, CCEF outreach in
collaboration with Clean Water Fund, Clean Air- Cool Planet outreach, plus
many strong CT campus climate programs (e.g., Yale, UConn, Conn College,
ECSU).
The CCEF's Clean Energy Communities and CEEF's eeCommunities program
require municipalities to join the U.S. EPA's Community Energy Challenge. This
challenge requires all participants to benchmark their town's buildings to
compare their energy consumption with similar buildings across the United
States. This benchmarking is done through the EPA's Portfolio Manager online
software system. In August 2009, the EPA, CCEF, CEEF and ISE held two
workshops in New Britain and
Bridgeport to train municipalities and clean energy task forces on how to utilize
the Portfolio Manager software system. In the spring and summer of 2010, more
workshops will be held across the state to train the 42 (as of February 2010)
municipalities who have signed up for the EPA Community Energy Challenge.




 One pilot performed at ECSU, but testing conditions were not optimal.
RECOMMEND DROPPING THIS ACTION FROM THE LIST AND REPLACING
IT WITH WORK ON LOW CARBON FUEL STANDARD.




As a result of both the ’05 and ’07 Energy Independence Act, several initiatives
were undertaken to encourage the deployment of more demand/load
management resources. In 2005-2007 nearly 300 grants were awarded to
support the expansion of distributed generation in the state creating nearly 400
new megawatts for CT. The DG program is now completed. Also, the DPUC, in
conjunction with the CCEF, has conducted three rounds of Project 150 request
for proposals that have resulted to date in the approval of approximately 124
megawatts of new renewable generation. Unfortunately, some of the chosen
projects are experiencing challenges in securing additional needed financing
which will result in delays to their projected operating dates.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Load management programs offered by the utilities are designed to reduce peak
demand. Programs result in benefits including a reduction in Federally
Mandated Congestion charges on electric bills, decrease in power plant and
capital cost improvements, and improvement in tranmission system reliability.
When demand reduction is implemented, it reduces the necesity for electricity
from less efficient, dirtier fossil fuel plants. In 2009 the ISO Demand Reponse
Program, ISO-NE Demand Response Program (P.A. 05-01, Energy
Independence Act) and ISO's Price Response Program collectively resulted in a
demand reduction of 259,435 kW.


blank




DAS continues to contract for Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP)
whenever possible and encourages agencies to reuse rather than purchase
supplies and materials. Continue to keep DAS EPP website up to date and hope
to expand, showing recycled content separate from EPP. Working closely with
DEP on larger scale projects.


Working well. See American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE )
Sept. 2009 Report, that documents that CT’s
EE and DR Programs are one of the best in the country.

There is significant CT participation in the following voluntary programs that
reduce GHGs: CCEF Clean Energy Communities Program, CEEF's
eeCommunities program, Cities for Climate Protection, EPA Green Power
Partnership, voluntary LEED building certification (private and public buildings).
State should engage in other useful partnership programs as noted under
individual action items.

Class III Renewable Portfolio Standard includes CHP (effective 2007). Grants
provided for CHP. Grants established through P.A. 05-01 legislation. 1/3 of the
overall rate-payer subsidized grant money went to the installation of over 100
units of CHP throughout CT in schools, towns, hospitals and businesses. CCEF
supporting fuel cells through ratepayer and ARRA funding.




Until July 2008, CEEF programs operated on reduced funding due to the CEEF's
continued obligation to cover securitization bonds related to the diversion of
ratepayer conservation funds to the state's General Fund in 2004 to pay for
deficit reductions.

2004: Transfer to State Fund was $12 million (30% of CEEF budget).
2005: Transfer to State Fund (General Fund and Rate Reduction Bonds) was
$46,905,998 (37% of CEEF budget).
2006: Transfer to State Fund (General Fund and Rate Reduction Bonds) was
26.8% of CEEF budget.
2007: Transfer to State Fund (General Fund and Rate Reduction Bonds) was
21.0% of CEEF budget.
2008: Transfer to State Fund (General Fund and Rate Reduction Bonds) was
15.1% of CEEF budget.
2009: Transfer to State Fund was $0 or 0% of the CEEF budget.
                      Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Fuel Oil Conservation Board established 2007. Board created in early 2008.
Received and spent $2.5 million from budget surplus. Remaining authorized
funds of $7.5 M never allocated.




Please see CEEF Commercial & Industrial program write-ups below for energy
savings and carbon emission reductions from projects that result in the
conservation of natural gas. The CEEF currently has joint electric and natural
gas energy-efficiency programs.

2009 CEEF commercial, industrial and municipal building programs served
3,163 customers resulting in annual kWh savings of 152 million, lifetime kWh
savings of 2.0 billion, annual ccf (natural gas) savings of 1.1 million and lifetime
ccf savings of 15.9 million. 2009 C&I programs resulted in reduced CO2
emissions of 89,158 tons (annual). These 2009 savings are broken out
separately by CEEF C&I programs below.




2009 CEEF Energy Conscious Blueprint program results: 728 businesses
served, annual kWh savings of 35,541,908, lifetime kWh of 650,957,217, annual
ccf savings of 333,427, lifetime ccf savings of 5,130,490, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 23,448 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Energy Conscious Blueprint program results: 983 businesses
served, annual kWh savings of 64,241,087, lifetime kWh of 968,216,123, annual
ccf savings of 194,729, lifetime ccf savings of 2,938,327, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 35,621 tons (annual).


2009 CEEF Energy Opportunities program results: 1,021 businesses served,
annual kWh savings of 78,086,994, lifetime kWh savings of 965,325,610, annual
ccf savings of 742,721, lifetime ccf savings of 10,677,234, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 46,814 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Energy Opportunities program results: 779 businesses served,
annual kWh savings of 115,467,004, lifetime kWh savings of 1,500,066,430,
annual ccf savings of 35,890, lifetime ccf savings of 443,214, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 62,132 tons (annual).

2009 CEEF Small Business Energy Advantage program results: 1,344
businesses served, annual kWh savings of 31,164,251, lifetime kWh savings of
363,297,382, and CO2 emissions reduced by 16,896 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Small Business Energy Advantage program results: 1,999
businesses served, annual kHz savings of 46,734,459, lifetime kWh savings of
557,060,249, and CO2 emissions reduced by 25,060 tons (annual).
                    Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



2009 CEEF Operations & Maintenance program results: 32 businesses
served, annual kWh savings of 3,614,613, lifetime kWh savings of 32,279,903,
annual ccf savings of 6,683, lifetime ccf savings of 66,830, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 2,000 tons (annual).

2008 CEEF Operations & Maintenance program results: 65 businesses
served, annual kWh savings of 9,264,937, lifetime kWh savings of 86,718,708,
annual ccf savings of 1,377, lifetime ccf savings of 13,770, and CO2 emissions
reduced by 4,976 tons (annual).

blank




RGGI states have started to discuss refrigeration leak detection program. State
should actively promote voluntary programs, including: EPA GreenChill
Advanced Refrigeration Partnership, EPA SF6 Emission Reduction Partnership,
etc.


Landfill Methane Capture and Destruction is an eligible off-set category under
CT's RGGI program. Clearview Dairy Farm has a contract under CCEF's Project
150 and scheduled to come on-line between 2010 & 2015 barring financial
problems for project.




Organic land care standards, training, and certification program (NOFA). DEP
organic landcare DVD for towns, pilot projects
in some towns.

Numerous programs have developed/grown to promote local foods: CT Grown,
Farm to School, Farm to Chef, farmers markets, Farm link, Agriculture grants, CT
Seafood Council, CT Farm Wine Development Council, etc.




There is no specific CT research program on carbon sequestration and offset
markets. However, DEP has numerous assistance and outreach programs on
forest management, maintaining healthy forests. Sequestration of Carbon due to
Afforestation is an eligible off-set category under CT's RGGI program.




This goal is reasonable, but it is difficult to verify number of trees planted
statewide and to determine how much of this results in a net increase (rather
than tree replacements). CT towns have begun to set targets for tree planting.
More tools available to determine urban tree canopy cover.
                       Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Various programs support forest and agricultural land preservation: Forest
Legacy, PA 490 tax incentives (passed in 1963, codified in §12-107a – 107f of
the CGS), Farmland Protection Program, land acquisition, land trusts, etc. 2009
New England Governors' Land Conservation resolution establishes Keep
Forests as Forests and Keep Farmlands in Farming initiatives.




DAS contracts contain durable wood construction materials as well as durable
wood furniture. The following options are preferable to promoting the purchase
of new wood furniture: state surplus, a used/refurbished furniture contract,
availability of new product with recycled metal/plastic content.




Very limited viable landfills in state.




Solid Waste Management Plan (12/2006) established 58% disposal diversion
rate by 2024. The current state source reduction/recycling rate is approximately
26%. RECOMMEND REVISING THIS TO MATCH CURRENT 58% STATE
GOAL.

There are a number of voluntary carbon offset programs available to Connecticut
residents and businesses.




This action is a portfolio of other actions. See individual actions for status.




RPS increased to 20% by 2020 (in 2007 legislation), plus Class III requirement
added in 2007.



Executive Order 32 (4/04) requires State purchase of Class I renewable energy
at 20% in 2010, 50% in 2020, 100% in 2050.
State electricity contracts includes 18.24% renewable energy above RPS.
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



State PTC not viable.




CTCleanEnergyOptions program became available in April 2005; extended July
2008. Municipal utilities also offer green
power option to customers.

Participation in CTCleanEnergyOptions likely to fall short of 3% by 2010;
however, target possible if voluntary REC purchases are considered.



Effective 2006, CT RPS can be satisfied by Class I and II RECs from New
England Power Pool sources.




Funding restored which allowed additional investments in diverse renewable
programs, particularly solar PV.



CT is currently considering a number of budget deficit reduction measures,
including securitizing funds from the CEEF and
CCEF.


blank



Includes a combination of other actions that result in electricity demand
reductions for the purposes of running Integrated Planning Model (IPM).
RECOMMEND DELETING REFERENCE TO CHP. Refer to the annual
Conservation and Load Management Plan.




Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) caps carbon dioxide emissions from
the region's large power plants and reduces emissions by 10% by 2018
(effective January 2009). Caps vs. emission levels will be reviewed in 2012.
Minimum 90% of allowances to be sold or auctioned annually, resulting in
additional funds for EE and RE.




EPA mandatory GHG reporting program is now in place. 2010 data should be
available in mid-2011. DEP has historically collected data on Title V sources
only. Federal rule to have slightly broader impact..
                     Implementation Status (As of 4/8/10)



Accomplishments include: state climate change website -
www.ctclimatechange.com, establishment of annual competition
for middle/high school students - Keep CT Cool, establishment of CT Science
Center Collaborative, ongoing Climate Change
Education Committee, newly formed CT Partnership for Sustainability in
Education, development of numerous climate/energy
education curricula and resources - ctenergyeducation.com, Clean Energy
Climate Solutions., CT Science Center Energy City
Gallery, etc.

eesmarts
eesmarts is an energy efficiency and clean, renewable learning initiative funded
by the CT Energy Efficiency Fund. The eesmarts program offers professional
development workshops through a partnership with Wesleyan University's
Project to Increase Mastery of Mathematics and Science for Grade PreK-9
teachers for all educators throughout the state and offers an annual essay
contest on energy and climate change each spring for Grades 3-8 students.
More recently, eesmarts has worked closely with the CT Technical High School
System to train its electrician (for 4 years) and science teachers regarding energy
consumption and its inextricable link to climate change. eesmarts lessons and
workshops are fully aligned with the CT Mastery Test, CT State Science
Framework and the National Science Standards. In 2008 and 2009, the
eesmarts program trained 382 and 418 educators, respectively.


Lynn Stoddard, CT Dept. of Environmental Protection
Climate Change and Energy Team
79 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106
860.424.3236, fax: 860-424-4081 lynn.stoddard@po.state.ct.us



http://ctclimatechange.com/Progressin2007.html www.ctclimatechange.com
Plan released 1/2010




Delaware
                             Climate                                                                                     Estimated
                                                                                 Estimated GHG Reductions (MMtCO2e)
                            Mitigation                                                                                  cost or cost
Climate Mitigation Action   Action Sub                                                                                  savings per
                                              Climate Mitigation Actions
      Categories            Categories                                                                                   ton GHG
                                                                                                            Total 2008-   removed
                             (Option                                                  2012         2020
                                                                                                               2020      ($/tCO2e)
                             Number)
Agriculture, Forestry,      AFW-1        Forest management for enhanced
and Waste                                carbon sequestration
                            AFW-2        Managing urban trees and forests

                            AFW-3        Afforestation, reforestation, &
                                         restoration of forests and wetlands

                                         a. Afforestation
                                         b. Riparian areas
                            AFW-4        Protection & conservation of
                                         agricultural land, coastal wetlands
                                         and forested land
                                         a. Agricultural land
                                         b. Coastal wetlands                     NQ           NQ            NQ          NQ
                                         c. Forested land
                            AFW-5        Buy local programs
                                         a. Farmers' market
                                         b. Local produce                        NQ           NQ            NQ          NQ
                                         c. Locally grown & processed            NQ           NQ            NQ          NQ
                                         lumber
                            AFW-6        Expanded use of forest & farm
                                         feedstocks and by-products for
                                         energy production
                                         Biomass
                                         Methane utilization from livestock
                                         manure & poultry litter
                            AFW-7        In-state liquid biofuels production                         (see below)
                                         Ethanol
                                         Biodiesel
                            AFW-8        Nutrient trading with carbon benefits

                            AFW-9        Waste management through source
                                         reduction & advanced recycling

Energy Supply               ES-1         Promotion of Renewable Energy




                            ES-2         Technology-Focused Initiatives                                                 U
                            ES-3         GHG cap-and-trade                                           (see below)

                                         a. Account for all reductions under
                                         an auction-based cap-and-trade

                                         b. Account only for capped level of
                                         reductions
                            ES-4         CCSR incentives                              For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                         ES-5     Clean Distributed Generation
                                  a. Distributed Generation
                                  b. Combined Heat and Power
                         ES-6     Integrated Resource Planning       U            U             U           U
                         ES-7     Renewable Portfolio Standard




                         ES-8     Efficiency Improvements and
                                  Repowering Existing Plants
                                  a. Biomass component
                                  b. Repowering component                 For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                         ES-9     Carbon tax                              For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                         ES-10    Generation Performance Standards

Residential,             RCI-1    Improved Building and Trade Codes 0.6           2.4           13.8        -38
Commercial, Industrial




                         RCI-2    Demand-Side-Management

                         RCI-3    Grants for Energy Efficiency




                         RCI-4    Improved Design, Construction,
                                  Appliances, and Lighting
                         RCI-5    Energy Efficiency and
                                  Environmental Awareness
                         RCI-7    More Stringent Appliance/
                                  Equipment Efficiency Standards
                         RCI-8    Rate Structures and Technologies        For Information Only - Further Study Needed


                         RCI-10   Energy Efficiency Resource
                                  Standard (EERS)
                        RCI-11       Promotion and Incentives for             0.1     1.1           7.7            -47
                                     Energy Efficiency Lighting




Transportation & Land   TLU Area 1: Reduce VMT's contributions
Use
                        TLU-2        Land Use and Location Efficiency

                        TLU-3        Transit
                        TLU-5        Intercity Travel
                        TLU-6        Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance
                        TLU-8        Bike and Pedestrian Infrastructure

                        TLU-9        Incentives, Pricings and Resource
                                     Measures
                        TLU Area 2: Reduce Carbon per Unit of Fuel - For Information Only - Further Study Needed

                        TLU-4        Low GHG Fuel Standard (For
                                     Information Only)
                        TLU Area 3: Reduce Carbon per Mile and or per Hour

                        TLU-10       Transportation Technologies
Cross-Cutting           CC-1         GHG Inventories and Forecasting                        Not Quantified



                        CC-2         GHG Reporting and Registry                             Not Quantified




                        CC-3         Statewide GHG Reduction Goals                          Not Quantified
                                     and Targets



                        CC-4         State and Local Government GHG                         Not Quantified
                                     Emissions (Lead by Example)




                        CC-5         Public Education and Outreach                          Not Quantified
                        CC-6         Tax and Cap Policies                                   Not Quantified
                        CC-7         Review Institutional Capacity                          Not Quantified
                        CC-8         Participate in Regional, Multi- State,                 Not Quantified
                                     and National Efforts
                        CC-9         Promote Economic Development                           Not Quantified
                                     Opportunities
                        CC-10        Create Capacity for "After Peak Oil"                   Not Quantified

                        CC-11        Evaluate Policy Options to                             Not Quantified
                                     Determine Public Health Risks
                                                                                                                         Contacts
                                            Contacts




                                            Website




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
Progress on plan as of 5/16/10




              Implementation Status




The Delaware Green Energy Program offers rebates for
installed renewable energy systems. Present policy will
fund the installation of 1.0MW of new PV each year as well
as geothermal, wind and fuel cell technologies.


In progress: RGGI launched its first trade on 9/25/2008
In progress:"An Act to Amend the Delaware Code to
Increase the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard"
(SB19 as amended by HB1) increases Delaware's RPS
percentage requirements and created a solar carve-out.
The percentage started at 2% in 2007 and increases each
year to 20% in 2019. This legislation aslo created a solar
carve-out, increasing to 2% per year in 2019.




Enacted as "An Act to Amend Title 16 of the Delaware
Code Relating to Energy Conservation". This legislation
mandates the use statewide of the most recent versions of
ICC. IECC and ASHRA/IESNA codes for residential and
commercial building effective July 1, 2010. The legislation
also mandates that all new residential building construction
shall be zero net energy capable by 12/31/2025, and all
new commerical buidling construction must also be zero net
energy capable by 12/31/2030.

The U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has awarded
the Delaware Energy Office $9,593,500 for the Energy
Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG)
Program, which is being funded under the American
Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Of the award
total, 60 percent will be allocated to the 47 smaller local
governments that did not receive direct funding from the
U.S. Department of Energy.




Enacted as Delaware's "Energy Efficiency Resource
Standards Act of 2009", this legislation requires For each
affected electric energy provider, energy savings that is
equivalent to 2% of the provider's 2007 electricity
consumption, and coincident peak demand reduction that is
equivalent to 2% of the provider's 2007 peak demand by
2011, with both of the foregoing increasing from 2% to 15%
by 2015. It also requires that For each affected natural gas
distribution company, energy savings that is equivalent to
1% of the company's 2007 natural gas consumption by
2011, increasing to 10% by 2015.
Enacted as part of Federal "Energy Independence and
Security Act" (EISA) (P.L. 110-140, H.R. 6). This
legislation, which Congress passed in Dec. 2007, includes
improved standards for appliances and lighting. Light bulbs
sold in and after 2012 will be required to be 25% more
efficient. The sale of most incandescent light bulbs will be
banned.




In progress




Delaware will be implementing a Low Carbon Fuel Standard
as part of its participation in the RGGI Program.




Delaware relased its 2005 Greenhouse Gas Inventory in
May 2010. The 2009 Greenhouse Gas Inventory should be
released end-of-year 2010.
Enacted as the federal "Reconciliation Omnibus Act" (H.R.
2764). As part of its omnibus spending bill for FY2008,
Congress appropriated funds to the EPA to adopt rules
requiring the mandatory reporting of GHGs in all sectors of
the US economy. This act builds on the work of existing
and voluntary GHG registries such as The Climate
Registry, of which Maryland is a founding member.
Delaware currently has a Climate Change Action Plan that
was developed in 2000. It is out-dated and needs to be up-
dated before implementation begins. A team to begin this
process will be formed in 2010.

In February 2010, Govenor Markell signed the Executive
Order "Leading by Example towards a Clean Economy &
Sustainable Natural Environment". This landmark order
requires all state agencies to reduce their GHG emissions
by implementing energy conservation and efficiency, clean
transportation, green construction, waste minimization and
environmentally preferable purchasing measures.
Not yet implemented


Not yet implemented.
Part of RGGI




Crystal Nagyiski, Program Manager, DE Dept. Of Natural
Resources and Environmental Control, (302)739-9909,
crystal.nagyiski@state.de.us
www.dnrec.delaware.gov
Plan Released: 10/15/2008

Florida
                                                                   Estimated Annual GHG
                    Climate                                         Reduction Potential       Cost-
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                           (MMtCO2e)           Effective-
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                   ness
                   Categories                                                       Total   ($/tCO2e)
                                                                   2017     2025    2009-
                                                                                    2025
Energy Supply     ESD-5         Promoting           Renewable 17          34.5     319      -$29
and Demand                      Electricity through Renewable
                                Portfolio    Standard  (RPS),
                                Incentives      and    Barrier
                                Removal (20% by 2020)




                  ESD-6         Nuclear Power                  0          7.3      49.4     $36
ESD-7    Integrated Resource Planning         Not to be quantified
         (IRP)




ESD-8    Combined Heat and Power 1.8         2.2        26.5     $5
         (CHP) Systems

ESD-9    Power    Plant     Efficiency 8.4   8.9        111.4    -$14
         Improvements



ESD-11   Landfill      Gas-To-Energy 3.7     8.7        64.7     $1
         (LFGTE)
ESD-12    Demand-Side     Management 13       21.8       201.4    -$43
          (DSM)/Energy       Efficiency
          Programs, Funds, or Goals for
          Electricity




ESD-13a   Energy Efficiency in Existing 3.4   5.4        50.4     -$28
          Residential Buildings



ESD-14    Improved Building Codes for 0       4.9        9.9      -$27
          Energy Efficiency




ESD-15    Training and Education for           Not to be quantified
          Building   Operators    and
          Community        Association
          Managers
ESD-17    Consumer           Education         Not to be quantified
          Programs
                 ESD-23    Decoupling                          Not to be quantified




                 ** RECENT Building Codes for Energy 8        15.4       136.5    -$30
                 ACTION    Efficiency (HB 697 and
                           Executive Order 127)
Transportation   TLU-1     Develop and Expand Low- 6.2        12.62      106.41   -$142
and Land Use               GHG Fuels




                 TLU-2     Low Rolling Resistance Tires 0.8   1.84       13.99    -$90
                           and       Other      Add-On
                           Technologies
TLU-3     Smart Growth Planning        Not Quantified Separately; Included in
                                       Other Analyses




TLU-4     Improving    Transportation 3.94     6.98        63.91    -$80
          System Management (TSM)




TLU-5&6   Land Use Planning Processes 1.77     3.54        28.29    NQ
          and Increasing Choices in
          Modes of Transportation

TLU-7     Incentive    Programs     for 0.84   1.56        13.14    NQ
          Increased    Vehicle    Fleet
          Efficiency
                TLU-8   Increasing Freight Movement 0.59        1.1          11.52     $21
                        Efficiencies




Agriculture,    AFW-1   Forest Retention - Reduced     0.5      0.6          7.2       $26
Forestry, and           Conversion of Forested to Non-
Waste                   Forested Land Uses
Management




                AFW-2   Afforestation and Restoration   (see below)
                        of Non-Forested Lands
                        A. Forested Afforestation       1.6     3.1          28        $4.9
                        Landscape
                                      Reforestation     6.1     11.6         104       $5.3

                        B. Urban Forestry               4.6     8.7          78        $10




                AFW-3   Forest Management for           (see below)
                        Carbon Sequestration




                        A. Pine Plantation           0.5        0.9          7.9       $11
                        Management
                        B. Non-Federal Public Land   0.3        0.4          3.9       $11
                        Management
                AFW-4   Expanded Use of Agriculture, 21         40           361       $21
                        Forestry,      and     Waste
                        Management (AFW) Biomass
                        Feedstocks for Electricity,
                        Heat, and Steam Production




                AFW-5   Promotion      of    Farming
                        Practices that Achieve GHG
                        Benefits
                        A. Soil Carbon Management   0.5         0.9         8          -$9
                        B. Land-Use Management that                   Not quantified
                        Promotes Permanent Cover
                        C. Nutrient Management      0.2         0.3          2.6       $26
AFW-5




         D.    Improved Harvesting                 Not quantified
         Methods to Achieve GHG
         Benefits
AFW-6    Reduce     the  Rate    of 0.2      0.5          4.2       $93
         Conversion of Agricultural
         Land and Open Green Space
         to Development




AFW-7    In-State       Liquid/Gaseous 4     8.2          68        -$8
         Biofuels Production
AFW-8    Promotion     of     Advanced 1.9   4.4          34        $9
         Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
         Management        Technologies
         (Including           Bioreactor
         Technology)




AFW-9    Improved Commercialization (see below)
         of         Biomass-to-Energy
         Conversion and Bio-Products
         Technologies
         A. Manure Digestion/Other 0.01      0.09         0.8       -$17
         Waste Energy Utilization
         B. WWTP Biosolids Energy 2.4        5            42        $44
         Production & Other Biomass
         Conversion Technologies
         C. Bio-Products Technologies 0.2    0.3          2.6       -$62
         and Use
AFW-10   Programs to Support Local                 Not quantified
         Farming/Buy Local
Cap-and-Trade   C&T-1   Greenhouse   Gas   Cap-and- Results not included in cross sector
                        Trade                       totals




Government      GP-1    Targets, Reporting, Funding,             Not to be quantified
Policy and              and Accountability Measures
Coordination




                GP-2    Public Awareness and           Not to be quantified
                        Education
GP-3   Inter-Governmental Planning   Not to be quantified
       Coordination and Assistance




GP-4   "Green" Business              Not to be quantified
       Development Policies




GP-5   Introduce Core Competencies Not to be quantified
       Into Professional Licensing
       Programs
Adaptation   ADP-1   Advancing science data and    Not to be quantified
Strategies           analysis for climate change




             ADP-2   Comprehensive Planning        Not to be quantified
                     2.1: Local government level
                     2.2: Regional government
                     level
                     2.3: State government level
ADP-3   Protection of Ecosystems and Not to be quantified
        Biodiversity
        3.1: Uplands, freshwater, and
        marine systems
        3.2: Beaches and beach
        management
        3.3: Species Protection




ADP-4   Water resource management     Not to be quantified
ADP-5   Built environment,             Not to be quantified
        infrastructure and community
        protection
        5.1: Building Codes and
        Regulation
        5.2: Flood protection
        5.3: Beaches as infrastructure
        5.4: Transportation and other
        infrastructure




ADP-6   Transportation and other        Not to be quantified
        infrastructure (moved into ADP-
        5)


ADP-7   Economic development            Not to be quantified
        7.1 Tourism
        7.2: Other resource-based
        institutions
        7.2.1: Agriculture
        7.2.2: Forests
        7.2.3: Marine
        7.2.4: Aquaculture
        7.2.5: Mining
        7.3 Construction
ADP-8   Insurance (property and      Not to be quantified
        casualty)




ADP-9   Emergency preparedness and Not to be quantified
        response (extreme events)
ADP-10   Human health concerns         Not to be quantified
         10.1: Health care
         10.2: Air quality
         10.3: Wastewater treatment
         10.4: Disaster response
         10.5: Medicinal treatment and
         biomedicine development




ADP-11   Social effects                Not to be quantified
         11.1: Social justice issues
         11.2: Food and water security
         11.3: Housing
         11.4: Intersection of climate
         change and human behavior




ADP-12   Organizing state government   Not to be quantified
         for the long haul




ADP-13   State funding and financing   Not to be quantified
ADP-14   Coordinating with other       Not to be quantified
         regulatory and standards
         entities
         14.1: Federal government
         14.2 Professional societies




ADP-15   Public education and outreach Not to be quantified




                                                              CONTACTS




                                                               WEBSITE
Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
 Related Policies and Programs in Place           Implementation Timing




The Florida Public Service Commission Ramp up beginning in 2012 until the
(PSC) is currently engaged in rulemaking final level is reached in 2020 and
that would allow for a utility to meet the RPS continues linearly after 2020.
either directly through the production of
renewable energy or through the trading of
renewable energy credits. The percentage
must be based on retail sales, and HB 7135
also allows for added weight to those credits
for solar and wind. The Florida PSC and the
FECC are working to catalog all available
renewable     resources       in   the    state.
Furthermore,      Florida     has    taken     a
multifaceted approach to reducing barriers to
renewable generation and brining those
technologies to market such as by approving
standard offer contracts, approving tariffs to
implement aggressive net-metering laws,
and offering a host of state-sponsored
financial incentive programs. As for federal
action, the Energy Policy Act of 2005
(EPAct) directs states to consider upgrading
their standards for interconnecting small
generators within one year of enaction.




In recognition of the cost burden of nuclear New plants operational in 2020
power and to stimulate the development of
new nuclear facilities in Florida, during the
2007 session, the Legislature passed, and
Gov. Crist signed, legislation allowing utilities
to begin recovering the expenses associated
with nuclear facilities in advance. During the
2008 legislative session, HB 7135 added the
recovery of expenses associated with new,
expanded, or relocated electric transmission
lines needed for operation of a nuclear power
plant. The current federal administration has
been supportive of nuclear expansion and
Congress has offered significant financial
subsidies for new nuclear plants.
Florida has had a long-range electrical Final plan is to be completed by
resource planning process in place since June 30, 2010.
1974. All investor-owned utilities, as well as
OUC and JEA, are statutorily required to file
Ten-Year Site Plans (TYSP) with the PSC.
The TYSP is an annual filing that provides a
list of future generation for the next 10 years,
and the PSc acknowledges the TYSP. In
addition, the PSC determine the need for
generation (75 MW of steam or solar) in a
determination that is triggered by a utility's
TYSP filing. The PSC takes into account
availability of efficient and renewable
generation prior to approving the necessity of
a power plant. Lastly, the power plant must
go through the Power Plant Siting Act
(PPSA) process, a rigorous multiagency
review       that   requires     obtaining   all
environmental permits and ultimate approval
by the Governor and Cabinet sitting as the
Siting Board.




None cited.                                    Beginning in 2012, ramp up new
                                               CHP linearly, until 5 million MWh is
                                               reached in 2022.
 HB 7135 made major revisions for FEECA. Improvements being in 2012,
Utilities subject to the PSC's rate-making ramping up to a 10% improvement
jurisdiction may receive incentives for by 2020.
additional efficiencies.
Florida defines these technologies as          First landfill converted by 2012; by
renewable and has a production tax credit of   2025, 90% of all qualifying landfills
$0.01/kWh currently in place. The program is   in the state will be capturing their
capped at a total of $5 million. In 2007,      CH4 emissions and using or selling
Florida did not reach the cap.                 the gas for energy.
FEECA places emphasis on reducing the 2010 is the first year of compliance.
growth rates of weather-sensitive peak
demand, reducing and controlling the growth
rates of electricity consumption, and
reducing the consumption of scare resources
such as petroleum fuels. The PSC has
adopted rules requiring those electric utilities
that are subject to FEECA to implement cost-
effective           DSM             programs.
Section 366.82(4), Florida Statutes, directs
the commission to provide an annual report
to the Legislature and the Governor with the
DSM goals it has adopted under FEECA and
the progress it has made toward meeting
these goals. Section 553.975, Florida
Statues, requires the commission to prepare
a biennial report on the savings derived from
the efficiency stands for lighting equipment,
showerheads, and refrigerators enumerated
in Section 553.963, Florida Statutes - the
Energy Conservation Standards Act.




None cited.                                   10-year program from Jan. 1, 2011,
                                              through 2020, with results tracked
                                              annually from 2011 to 2030.

* The Florida Legislature recently passed Operational in 2010.
legislation that sets new energy efficiency
standards for the building code. The 2008
Florida Energy Bill HB 7135 directs the FBC
to select the most recent International
Energy Conservation Code (IECC) as a
foundation code. HB 697 targets a 20%
increase in building code energy efficiency
standards from 2007 levels by 2010.
Furthermore, HB 697 and HB 7135 call for
the energy efficiency requirements of the
Florida Energy Efficiency Code to be
incrementally scaled up to a 50% higher than
requirements in the 2007 Code by 2019.
*Florida Building Energy Rating System
(BERS)
* Florida Building Code, Building, Chapter
13, and Florida Building Code, Residential,
Chapter 11




None cited.                                   Programs in place by the end of
                                              2010.



A statewide campaign plan on energy             Begin outreach programs in 2010.
efficiency that incorporates radio, television,
and the Internet was developed and provided
to the Governor's Energy Office.
During the 2008 legislative session, the    New regulatory framework in place
Legislature passed and Gov. Crist signed HB by Jan. 1, 2010.
7135, which ordered the PSC to analyze
utility revenue decoupling and provide a
report and recommendation to the Governor,
the President of the Senate, and the
Speaker of the House of Representatives by
Jan. 1, 2009. The PSC began holding
workshops on this is early August 2008.


n/a                                              n/a



Florida's state Renewable Fuel Standards         Following the design period, the
(RFS) is among the most progressive              program proposal for standards
standard in the country.                         would be reviewed, discussed, and
Florida Grant Programs                           decided upon in the appropriate
* Alternative Fuels Production Incentive : The   legislative venue.
Innovation Incentive Program is created
within the Office of Tourism, Trade, and
Economic Development (OTTED) to provide
resources for business projects that allow
the state to effectively compete for high-
value research and development, including
alternative and renewable energy projects.
(reference HB 7135, 2008, and Florida
Statutes 377.804)                            *
Renewable Energy Grant: This program
provides matching grants fro demonstration,
commercialization, research and
development projects relating to renewable
energy technologies, including those that
generate or sue hydrogen or biomass
sources (reference Florida Statutes
377.804). Additionally, the most recently
passed federal law, the Energy
Independence and Security Act (EISA) of
2007, expanded the federal RFS
significantly. Under the new law, fuel
suppliers are required to blend 9 billion
gallons of renewable fuel into gasoline in
2008.




Example Program: In Oct. 2003, California        The requirement would phase
adopted the world's first fuel-efficient         beginning in 2011, reaching the 4%
replacement tire law (AB 877), which             gain no later than 2030.
directed the California Energy Commission        Intermediate targets may be set as
to develop a State Efficient Tire Program.       necessary to ensure achievement of
The California rule development process          the policy goal as soon as feasible.
began in January 2007. More information
about the California Fuel Efficient Tire
Program may be found at:
http://www.energy.ca.gov/tires
Potential overlap with ESD-13a, ESD-13b,          Establish a consortium of
and ESD-14.                                       universities to provide both research
Various state-level initiatives, financial        and training to local, state, and
incentive programs, development incentives,       regional officials as they implement
and tax incentives have begun across the          the goal that new development does
U.S regarding Smart Growth Planning. For          not increase GHG emissions.
more information, please refer to
http://www.flclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/it
ems/O12F20149.PDF (page C-28)



None cited.                                       Tam strategies have a variety of
                                                  implementation time frames. Some,
                                                  such as workplace-based
                                                  strategies, can begin
                                                  implementation almost immediately.
                                                  Others that are based on
                                                  infrastructure construction will have
                                                  an implementation timeline of 4-10
                                                  years. Systemic changes to the
                                                  urban landscape have the longest
                                                  horizon - up to 25 years.


Significant transit programs already exist        1-30 years.
around the state and major investments are
planned and under study.

Feebates: While feebates are set as a new         This improvement would be phased
proposal, they are not completely unlike the      in linearly over a 5 year time frame
application of existing taxes such as vehicle     starting with Model Year 2011 and
sales tax and gas guzzler tax, differing only     reaching the full targeted 2% for
in the method of calculation. Some European       Model Year 2015 vehicles.
countries have implemented feebate
programs and some US states are
considering both the rebate portion and gas
guzzler elements of feebate-type programs.
Canada introduced the Vehicle Efficiency
Incentive (VEI) program, which took effect in
March 2007.
CAFE: New federal CAFE standards are
under development. Rulemaking documents
are available at:
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/portal/site/nhtsa/me
nuitem.43ac99aefa80569ea57529cdba046a
0. The Florida Deep is undertaking a
rulemaking process related to adoption of
state clean car GHG standards. Rulemaking
documents are available at:
http://www.floridadep.org/air/rules/ghg/califor
nia/htm
Florida DEP is undertaking rulemaking         Implementation during      the   time
related to idling reduction of heavy duty     period 2010-2015
vehicles (62-285.420 FAC Heavy-Duty
Vehicle Idling Reduction). Additional
information and documents may be found at
http://www.floridadep.org/air/rules/heavy_dut
y.htm


Numerous programs, including:                Stabilize current statewide forest-
Preservation 2000; Florida Forever; NRCS's cover acres and achieve no net loss
Farm Bill programs; Environmental Quality    in carbon stocks by 2015.
Incentive Program (EQIP); US FWS's
Partners for Fish and Wildlife program;
Florida FWC's Landowner Assistance
Program; and, Florida Farm Bureau's
Carbon Trading Program. For more
information, please refer to
http://www.flclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/it
ems/O12F20150.PDF


Numerous programs, including: NRCS's           (see below)
Farm Bill programs; Environmental Quality
Incentive Program (EQIP); US FWS's             Increase the area of forested lands
Partners for Fish and Wildlife program;        in FL by 50,000 acres annually
Florida FWC's Landowner Assistance             between 2009 and 2025
                                               Implement reforestation activity on
Program; and Urban and Community               all harvested acreage from 2009 to
Forestry Program. For more information,        2025. and maintain enough trees in
please refer to                                Plant
http://www.flclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/it   urban areas to offset 2008
ems/O12F20150.PDF                              metropolitan carbon emissions by
                                               3% by 2025 and increase the tree
                                               canopy coverage in all developed
                                               areas to 30% by 2025.
Best management practices for silvicutlure     (see below)
have been developed by DACS, DEP, and
IFAS. There also is the FWC's Landowner
Assistance Program.


                                            Achieve an increase of at least 10%
                                            in productivity by 2025.
                                            Practice improved forest
                                            management for carbon
Exec Order 07-127 includes a request to the sequestration on 25% of upland
                                            Achieve goals by 2025.
PSC to establish an RPS that would require
utilities to obtain 20% of generation from
renewable sources, which would presumably
create demand for biomass feedstocks. The
DOF promotes the development of woody
biomass. Existing statutory prohibitions
promote the separate collection of year
waste biomass.



FDACS-BMP cost-share program                   Meet intermediate goals by 2015 if
                                               appropriate incentives are in place
FDACS-BMP cost-share program                 Meet intermediate goals by 2015 if
                                             appropriate incentives are in place




A number of programs already exist under Achieve the goal throughout the
Florida Law that provide incentives for the policy period.
preservation of conservation, agricultural
lands, and open space. For more
information,       please      refer      to
http://www.flclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/it
ems/O12F20150.PDF(page D93-94)


Currently some biofuel production facilities Achieve goals by 2025.
are already planned for Florida.
Existing regulations require the collection of Achieve goals by 2025.
landfill gas, testing the efficiency of collection
systems, and reporting the quantities of gas
collected to DEP. Existing regulatory
programs for small and closed landfills. DEF
and UF Hinkley Center for Solid and
Hazardous Waste Management are currently
funding 3 bioreactor demonstration projects
in Florida.

 E.O. 07-127 request may create additional   (see below)
      demand for methane digesters.



                                             20% utilization by 2025/

                                             50% utilization by 2025. Develop
                                             emerging technologies for more
                                             efficiency by 2025.
                                          Annually produce and            utilize
                                          150,000 tons by 2025
Florida Agricultural Promotional Campaign Ongoing.
(FAPC) promotes local farming and
agricultural products in Florida.
On June 25, 2008, Gov. Crist signed HB           Pursuant to HB 7135, rulemaking
7135, a comprehensive energy and                 should be completed by the end of
economic development package aimed at            2009, and proposed rules should be
reducing GHG emissions as well as                presented to the Legislature for
encouraging investment in alternative and        ratification in 2010.
renewable energy technologies. Section 65
of HB 7135 calls for the Florida Dept. of
Environmental Protection (DEP) to propose
rules for the creation of a cap-and-trade
regulatory program to reduce GHG
emissions        from    major       emitters.
Additionally, all GHG mitigation policies and
measures within capped sectors have the
potential to affect cap-and-trade program
costs and benefits. Related programs in
other states include RGGI, WCI, and the
Midwestern Regional Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Accord. It is recommended that
Florida become an observer to both the
RGGI and WCI regional cap-and-trade
programs.



Governor's Executive Order (E.O.) 07-126         Implementation of a GHG inventory
established GHG reductions goals for state       for previous years shall continue;
agencies. E.O. 07-127 established goals for      Timing of the current GHG inventory
reduction to 2000 levels by 2017, to 1990        and    forecasting    efforts shall
levels by 2025, and to 80% 1990 levels by        proceed as initiated under the
2050. The Executive Office of the Governor       Action Team process. Future efforts
is tracking and reporting financial savings      will be based on the timing of the
and emissions reductions associated with         US EPA reporting rule.
E.O. 07-126 via the Florida Government
Carbon Scorecard. E.O. 07-128 directs the
state to provide "Policies for emission
reporting and registry that measures and
documents emissions reductions." As a
result of E.O. 127 and the Florida Energy Bill
(HB 7135), the PSC held a series of
worksh9ops on RPSs in 2007, and in August
of 2008, they released a draft rule for public
comment.




Several Climate Change Instructional          Education and Outreach Committee
Materials (Lesson Plans and Curricula) exist. appointed by the Governor by
For more information, please refer to         October 1, 2009.
http://www.flclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/it
ems/O12F20151.PDF (E-18-19)
HB 697 provides signification direction in the   Contingent upon having available
area of transportation, comprehensive            funding and necessary programs in
planning, and GHG-emissions reductions.          place, all counties with a population
The Volunteer Florida program provides           of more than 200,000 need to have
assistance to Florida municipalities. The        a current GHG emissions
Florida Legislature passed HB 7135, which        inventories and mitigation action
establishes, in part, a "Florida Green           plans completed by the end of
Governments Grants Act". A number of             2010.
Florida cities and counties have adopted the
USCM's Climate Protection Agreement, the
ICLEI, and the Cool Counties program. In
addition, it is anticipated that the EECBG,
which has been passed by both houses of
Congress and is currently in the
appropriations process, will establish a
program similar to the Community
Development Block Grant (CDBG).




Current state programs in place:                As soon as possible.
* 10% target for renewable fuels
* PSC-RPS
* Florida Energy Efficiency and Conservation
Act (FEECA)                    * 2008 Florida
Energy Bill (HB 7135)             * Grants and
incentives - DEP, Florida Dept. of Agriculture
and Consumer Services (FDACS)
* Workforce development                      *
Florida Water Star and related water
conservation programs                         *
Best practices from other states and
regions; and
* The Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy
(FISE) housed at the University of Florida




* Certification programs such as HERS,           By 2010, all professional licensed
USGBC, LEED-AP, and FGBC                         testing and exams shall be modified
* Training courses through Florida's             to address policies and best
universities, community colleges, and            practices for the reduction of GHG
technical schools                                emissions and energy efficiencies.
* Continuing education programs offered
through professional associations
* Some of the education programs proposed
under GP-4
House Bill (HB 7135), passed in the 2008      N/a
Legislative Session, directly addressed
collecting and acquiring better emissions
data, as well as ensuring improved analysis
of all emissions data. Among other actions,
the bill created the Florida Energy Systems
Consortium (FESC) as a "supercenter of
excellence" within the State University
System (SUS) to better coordinate energy-
related research that can support adaptation.




Gov. Crist created the Florida Energy and    N/a
Climate Change Action Team through
executive order. That Action Team has
appointed Technical Work Groups (TWGs)
to address these issues.
The 2008 Florida Legislature passed HB
7135, which created the Florida Energy and
Climate Commission (FECC). The FECC will
continue the work of the Action Team and
consider and coordinate certain
recommended Action Team adaptations to
the land-use planning process. The bill also
amended Section 339.175, Florida Statutes,
to encourage metropolitan planning
organizations (MPOs) to consider GHG
emission in their planning process.
DEP includes in its annual "Florida Forever N/a
Work Plan" a list of lands that sequester
carbon, provide habitat, protect coastal lands
or barrier islands, and otherwise mitigate and
help adapt to the effects of SLR. DEP's
Office of Coastal and Aquatic Managed
Areas (CAMA) has 42 aquatic preserves
around the state that are managed to protect
natural values. CAMA also comanages with
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA) the Florida Keys
National Marine Sanctuary and three
National Estuarine Research Reserves. The
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission (FWC) oversees the Florida
Wildlife Legacy Initiative; which includes
major terrestrial, freshwater, and marine
systems and strives to keep common
species common. In addition DEP (state
parks), (DOF), the Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission (FWC), and other
state agencies have ongoing programs to
maintain natural systems in a healthy state.
On a parallel track, federal and local
governments and private organizations
maintain parks, and natural areas.




Chapter 373 of the Florida Statutes         N/a
recognizes the following four areas of
responsibility critical to water resource
management: water supply, water quality,
flood protection, and natural systems
protection.
HB 7135, passed by the 2008 Florida           N/a
Legislature, provides certain "lead by
example" improvements to local, state, and
regional government building and renovation
standards, including the use of specified
green building standards and energy-efficient
design. The Bill also creates the FECC to
centralize policy development and program
implementation for energy and climate
change and to review and consider
recommendations by the Action Team
concerning building standards and
adaptation. In addition, the Bill created the
FESC as a "supercenter of excellence"
within the SUS to better coordinate energy-
related research that supports Florida's
policy objectives for energy and climate
change.



None cited.                                  N/a




None cited.                                  N/a
In 2005, the Florida Legislature passed a law N/a
requiring all residential property insurance
companies to file with the Office of Insurance
Regulation (OIR) a range of premium
discounts offered to customers who live in
homes of certain construction types or who
apply loss mitigation devices (like shutters)
to their home. Beginning on Sept. 5, 2007,
all property insurers were required to offer
higher discounts to their insurance rates for
policyholders who had recognized loss
mitigation devices on their homes. Insurers
are required to send a list of those discounts
with exact dollar savings to all new and
renewed policyholders.              The NFIP,
managed by the federal government,
provides insurance for damage from flooding
(e.g., storm surge). Damage from wind and
other causes is typically covered by private
insurance. In 2007, Florida created the
Florida Citizens Property Insurance
Corporation (CPIC) to provide multi-cause
and wind-only insurance coverage to
homeowners and businesses in Florida.




Many of the impacts that climate change is N/a
projected to bring are already familiar to
Floridians. Consequently, programs to
address impacts such as increased intensity
of hurricanes and major storm events, storm
surge and erosion, saltwater intrusion, and
the availability of potable drinking water
supplies have been implemented.
Additionally, Florida's excellent emergency
response infrastructure has proven itself
under many scenarios, and the planning
mechanisms that are part of that
infrastructure are in place to deal with a large
variety of catastrophic events. However, it is
uncertain to what extent these programs and
infrastructure will be affected by future
impacts associated with climate change or to
what extent additional financial resources will
be needed to meet these future conditions.
None cited.                                     N/a




None cited.                                     N/a




The Legislature created the FECC, which         N/a
has the sufficient scope, powers, and
resources to accomplish the intent of this
element of adaptation planning.



HB 7135, passed by the 2008 Florida              N/a
Legislature, provided for the FECC, which is
already preparing to explore funding and
financing options with regard to adaptation
issues in this deliberations.
Many of the expected impacts that climate
change might bring are already familiar to
Floridians. Consequently, programs to
address such things as hurricanes and major
storm events, storm surge and erosion,
saltwater intrusion, and the availability of
potable drinking water supplies have been
implemented. Additionally, Florida's excellent
emergency response infrastructure has
proven itself under many scenarios and the
planning mechanisms that are part of that
infrastructure are in place to deal with a large
variety of catastrophic events. However, it is
not known to what extent these programs
and infrastructure will be pressured by future
climate change-associated impacts or to
what extent the funding will continue to be
adequate under those future conditions.
HB 7135, requires DEP and the Florida Dept. N/a
of Education (DEO), in coordination with the
business, environmental, and energy
communities, to develop an awards program
to recognize efforts or achievements in
conservation, energy and water use
reduction, green cleaning solutions, green
pest management, recycling efforts, and
curriculum development that enhance the
quality of education while preserving the
environment. The Legislature encouraged
the Florida DOE and DEP to form
partnerships with the private sector to help
fund the program. The provision would
implement an environmental and education
award/recognition program that encourages
district school boards, teachers, classes, and
students to actively participate in strategies
leading to environmental preservation.




HB 7135, requires DEP and the Florida Dept. N/a
of Education (DEO), in coordination with the
business, environmental, and energy
communities, to develop an awards program
to recognize efforts or achievements in
conservation, energy and water use
reduction, green cleaning solutions, green
pest management, recycling efforts, and
curriculum development that enhance the
quality of education while preserving the
environment. The Legislature encouraged
the Florida DOE and DEP to form
partnerships with the private sector to help
fund the program. The provision would
implement an environmental and education
award/recognition program that encourages
district school boards, teachers, classes, and
students to actively participate in strategies
leading to environmental preservation.




Mike Sole, Secretary DEP - 850-245-2011,
Steve Adams, DEP - 850.245-2002, Eric
Eikenberg, Deputy Chief of Staff, 850-488-
5603. Renewables: Alexander Mack – (850)
245-8002, Michael Ohlsen, 850.245.8279,
Jim Tatum, 850.245.8245 (solar)


http://www.flclimatechange.us/
Hawaii
STATUS                                In process per Act 234, Sessions laws of Hawaii 2007. This Act created a Task Force that is
                                      scheduled to complete a GHG workplan before Dec. 1, 2009 for the 2010 Legislature.


CONTACT
                                      Primary contact to Gov: Theodore E. Liu, State Energy Resources Coordinator. For climate
                                      change: Steven Alber, Energy Planner Dept. of Business, Economic Dev. And Tourism
                                      808.587.3837, salber@dbedt.hawaii.gov, also for more specific info: Maurice Kaya (Division
                                      Chief), mkaya@dbedt.hawaii.gov or branch manager, John Tantlinger,
                                      jtantlin@dbedt.hawaii.gov

WEBSITE                               http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/energy/planning/greenhouse
DOCUMENTS                             Act 234: http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/sessioncurrent/bills/HB226_CD1_.htm




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                      Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                      Page 156
Plan Released 12/08
IOWA
                                                                                            Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                                                                                                  Potential (MMtCO2e)
                                                     Climate Mitigation Actions

                      Climate Mitigation
 Climate Mitigation
                         Action Sub
 Action Categories
                         Categories
                                                                                                                    Total
                                                                                            2012      2020.000      2009-
                                                                                                                    2020


Energy Efficiency     EEC-1                Consumer Education Programs                   Not quantified
and Conservation


                      EEC-2                Demand-Side Management (DSM)/Energy           0.08      1.240          5.43
                                           Efficiency Programs for Natural Gas




                      EEC-3                Financial Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency    1.62      6.110          36.81


                      EEC-4                Improved Building Codes for Energy Efficiency 0.05      0.400          1.89



                      EEC-5                Incentive Mechanisms for Achieving Energy     0.35      3.290          16.33
                                           Efficiency


                      EEC-6                Promotion and Incentives for Improved Design 0          0.120          0.46
                                           and Construction in the Private Sector




                      EEC-7                Training and Education for Builders and       Not quantified
                                           Contractors


                      EEC-8                Focus on Specific Residential Market          0.09      0.980          4.83
                                           Segments


                      EEC-9                Midwestern Governors Association Energy       0.13      4.130          17.14
                                           Security and Climate Stewardship Platform



                      EEC-10               Energy Management Training/Training of        0.1       1.290          5.48
                                           Building Operators


                      EEC-11               Rate Structures and Technologies to Promote   0.04      0.210          1.2
                                           Reductions


                      EEC-12               Demand-Side Management(DSM)/Energy            0.39      4.380          20.33
                                           Efficiency Programs for Electricity
                     EEC-13   Government Lead by Examples: Improved          0.08    0.360    1.97
                              Design, Construction, and Energy Operations
                              in New and Existing State and Local
                              Government Buildings




                     EEC-14   More Stringent Appliance Efficiency Standards 0.94     2.200    17.33



Clean and            CRE-1    Education                                      Not quantified
Renewable Energy



                     CRE-2    Technology Initiatives, Including Renewables   4.7     33.400   192.6


                     CRE-3    MGA Cap and Trade, Including Offsets to        Not quantified
                              Promote Renewables


                     CRE-4    Decarbonization Fund                           2.2     11.400   74.1
                     CRE-5    Performance Standards (50% Reduction by        4.9     11.400   95.4
                              2050)


                     CRE-6    Voluntary GHG Commitments                      Not quantified


                     CRE-7    Policies Related to Nuclear Power              0       9.700    9.7


                     CRE-8    Support for Grid-Based Renewable Energy &      0       2.300    4.3
                              Development (MGA Target 20% of retail sales
                              by 2020)




                     CRE-9    Transmission System Upgrading                  Not quantified


                     CRE-10   R&D for Emerging Technologies and              Not quantified
                              Corresponding Incentives



                     CRE-11   Distributed Generation/Co-Generation           0       0.100    0.5



                     CRE-12   Combined Heat and Power                        0.3     2.100    13.6


                     CRE-13   Pricing Strategies to Promote Renewable        1.2     5.600    35
                              Energy and/or CHP


Transportation and   TLU-1    Smart Growth Bundle with Transit               0.076   0.242    1.53
Land Use


                     TLU-1a   Expand and Improve Transit Infrastructure      0.004   0.026    0.127
Transportation and
Land Use




                     TLU-2    GHG Impacts for State and Local Capital          Quantified as part of TLU-1 and TLU-1a
                              Funding


                     TLU-4    Support Passenger Rail Service in Iowa           n/a      0.008              0.026




                     TLU-5a   Adopt Best Workplaces for Commuters in Iowa 0.02          0.020              0.21


                     TLU-5b   Distributed Workplace Models                     Non-quantified, qualitative option


                     TLU-6    Light Duty Vehicles Fuel Efficiency Incentives   0.44     3.650              17.7



                     TLU-7    Fuel Efficient Operations for Light Duty         0.11     0.650              3.41
                              Vehicles


                     TLU-8    New Vehicle Standards (Tailpipe GHG and          n/a      0.800              4.1
                              Fuel Economy)


                     TLU-9    Freight Strategies (Truck and Rail)              0.39     0.630              5.9


                     TLU-10   Fuel Strategies (20% Low Carbon Fuel             0.6      5.110              22.03
                              Standard)


Agriculture,        AFW-1     Nutrient             Increase Efficiency of      0.11     0.530              3
Forestry, and Waste           Management           Fertilizer
Management


                                                   Seasonally Flooded Areas 0.002       0.009              0.05
                                                Improved Nutrient              0.02     0.100              0.55
                     AFW-2                      Distribution
                              Wetlands and Drainage                            0.01     0.160              0.57
                     AFW-3    Expanded Use of Agriculture and Forestry         4.4      20.000             113
                              Biomass Feedstocks for Electricity, Heat, or
                              Steam Production
                AFW-4   Encourage Large- Methane Management            0.8      3.000   17
                        Scale               Capture Utilization
                        Manure/Methane
                        Management
                        Capture Utilization
                                            Manure Management          0.2      0.700   4.6
                AFW-5   Land Management Conservation Tillage           2.9      9.000   56
                        to Promote
                        Sequestration
                        Benefits
                                        Agriculture Land               0.1      0.400   2.6
                                        Conversion
                                        Conservation Grazing           0.1      0.300   1.7
                                            Afforestation              0.2      0.600   4.1
                                            Unmanaged Grazed           0.3      0.800   5.5
                                            Forested Land
                                            Urban Forestry             0.1      0.400   2.4
                AFW-6   Cellulosic Biofuel                             2        9.800   49
                AFW-7   Improved On-Farm Renewable Energy              0.02     0.080   0.5
                        (or First Point of
                        Purchase) Energy
                        Use and Efficiency

                                        Energy Efficiency              0.2      0.900   5.9
                AFW-8   Waste Management Strategies                    1.5      4.100   26.5


                AFW-9   Landfill Methane Energy Programs               0.2      0.800   4.8


Cross-Cutting   CC-1    GHG Inventories, Forecasting, Reporting, and   Not quantified
                        Registry




                CC-2    Statewide GHG Reduction Scenarios              Not quantified


                CC-3    State and Local Government GHG Emissions       Not quantified
                        (Lead by Example)



                CC-4    Public Education and Outreach                  Not quantified


                CC-5    Tax and Cap Policies - Lead Transferred to the Not quantified
                        CRE SC


                CC-6    Seek Funding for Implementation of ICCAC       Not quantified
                        Options


                CC-7    Adaptation and Vulnerability                   Not quantified
                    CC-8                 Participate in Regional and Multistate GHG    Not quantified
                                         Reduction Efforts




                    CC-9                 Encourage the Creation of a Business-Oriented Not quantified
                                         Organization to Facilitate Investment in Climate-
                                         Related Business Opportunities and to Share
                                         Information and Strategies, Recognize
                                         Successes, and Support Aggressive GHG
                                         Reduction Goals




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors


http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/


Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                 Implementation Status (Iowa’s Climate Change Advisory Council has
                  not met since it issued its final report in January, but their Regents
    Cost/ton$
                Universities have been tasked with completing a climate impacts study
    ($/tCO2e)
                by 1/01/2011 and are required to meet with the Council twice during that
                                                 process.)




-$35.29




-$21.87


-$24.44



-$24.48



-$24.57




-$25.37



-$21.92




-$23.63



-$21.45



-$21.88
$0.53




-$40.85




$29.40




4.3
$27.80




$27.60


$21.80




$29.10



$41.40


$32.10



-245



$57.00
LU-1 and TLU-1a



              597




                               Governor Culver signed Senate File 151 on May 4, 2009. Senate File 151
                               includes several provisions related to freight and passenger rail service. The
                               bill eliminates the Iowa Railway Finance Authority and transfers the
                               responsibilities for the administration of the Rail Revolving Loan and Grant
                               Fund and Passenger Rail Service Revolving Fund to the Department of
                               Transportation. In addition, the bill removes the maximum threshold that
                               applies to grants in the Rail Revolving Loan and Grant Program, and
                               expands the Director of Transportation‘s authorization to enter into
                               agreements related to passenger rail service See
                               http://coolice.legis.state.ia.us/Cool-
                               ICE/default.asp?Category=BillInfo&Service=Billbook&ga=83&menu=text&hbil
                               l=SF151 and http://www.governor.iowa.gov/news/2009/05/4_5.php.
              $         3.00


tive option


              NQ



              -$90.00



              -$60.00



              $5.00


              -$62.00



              -$34.00




              $194.00
              $693.00
              $218.00
              $38.00
$4.00




-$8.00
-$0.10



$76.00

-$67.00
$53.00
$17.00

-$41.00
-$29.00
$51.00




-$104.00
-$8.00


$0.80


           The Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) continues to prepare a
           limited annual bottom-up GHG inventory of emissions from Title V sources
           and supports the Climate Registry as required in Iowa Code 455B.851.
             Iowa is an active participant in the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction
             Accord.




   CONTACT The Chairman of the Iowa Climate Change Advisory Council is Dr. Jerald
           Schnoor. He can be contacted at jerald-schnoor@uiowa.edu or at (319) 335-
           5649.
           For more information, contact Marnie Stein, Department of Natural
           Resources at (515) 281-8468 if you have questions.


  WEBSITE http://www.iaclimatechange.us/
DOCUMENTS ICCAC Interim Report:
          http://www.iaclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/items/O90F15062.pdf
          Executive Order Six:
          http://www.iaclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/items/O90F15062.pdf
Idaho
STATUS




CONTACT




WEBSITE


DOCUMENTS




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 167
             In process per Executive Order 2007-05, signed on May 16, 2008 by Governor Otto. , which directed the
             Department of Environmental Quality to: - Complete a statewide emissions inventory; -Work with state
             governments to implement GHG reductions within each agency; -Provide recommendations to the Governor; -
             Serve as a central point for coordinating GHG reduction-related efforts and information for the state. NOTE:
             Right now Idaho is not looking at producing a comprehensive, long-term climate action plan. They are doing
             many smaller scale things regarding climate change but have not rolled everything up into a comprehensive
             plan yet.


             Jess Byrne
             DEQ Director's Office
             1410 N. Hilton
             Boise, Idaho 83706
             ph: (208) 373-0114
             jess.byrne@deq.idaho.gov


             http://www.deq.state.id.us/air/prog_issues/climate_change/ghg_state_government.cfm/


             Executive Order 2007-05: http://gov.idaho.gov/mediacenter/execorders/eo07/eo_2007_05.html




eventh Generation Advisors
eventhgenerationadvisors.org/
na Haddad, 310.581.5488




             Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                 Draft date 6/24/2011
             Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                 Page 168
Release tbd

Illinois
** Illinois' recommendations are complete (see below); however, the final report is still being developed and has not been released. Therefore, as of 10/06/20
status is unknown.
                                                                  Estimated Annual
                                                                                     Estimated
                                                                   GHG Reduction
                                                                                      cost or
                      Climate                                         Potential
                                                                                       cost        Implementation mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                      (MMtCO2e)
                                   Climate Mitigation Actions                         savings     anticipated in state or provincial
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                      per ton                    plan
                     Categories
                                                                   2012     2020       GHG
                                                                                     removed

Transport                         Implement smart growth
                                  initiatives and expansion of
                                  mass transit

                                  GHG emission standards
                                  for automobiles (California
                                  standards)

                                  Incentives for fuel efficient
                                  vehicles
                                  Low-carbon fuels standard;
                                  based    on      California
                                  proposal

                                  Fuel efficiency and/or low
                                  carbon fuel requirements
                                  for all government vehicles


                                  Passenger and freight rail
                                  upgrades

Power/Energy                      CO2              emission
                                  performance standards for
                                  electricity generation or
                                  procurement           (new
                                  generation only)

                                  Small             renewable
                                  distributed      generation:
                                  rules,           legislation,
                                  incentives
                                  Energy         efficiency
                                  standards for appliances
                                  and equipment

                                  Carbon capture & storage
                                  (from the outset) portfolio
                                  standard of 5%. Utilities
                                  must buy if available.
                                                                   Estimated Annual
                                                                                      Estimated
                                                                    GHG Reduction
                                                                                       cost or
                      Climate                                          Potential
                                                                                        cost       Implementation mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                       (MMtCO2e)
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions                           savings    anticipated in state or provincial
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                       per ton                   plan
                     Categories
                                                                    2012     2020       GHG
                                                                                      removed

                                  Establish residential and
                                  commercial          energy
                                  efficiency    construction
                                  codes beyond international
                                  standards;          energy
                                  efficiency         building
                                  codes/standards          for
                                  government buildings.


                                  Phase-in     of    energy
                                  efficiency standards for
                                  light bulbs
                                  Energy conservation and
                                  efficiency programs for
                                  existing state facilities

                                  Enhanced         renewable
                                  portfolio standard of 25%
                                  by 2025
                                  Enhanced        energy
                                  efficiency: 2% demand
                                  reduction by 2015. No
                                  revenue cap.
Cap and Trade                     20%       carbon    offset
                                  requirements for new fossil
                                  fuel generation
                                  Cap-and-trade program for
                                  power     generators   and
                                  relatively large industrial
                                  sources: preference to link
                                  with other states


Commercial,                       Programs to encourage
Industrial,                       forest        management,
Agriculture (CIA)                 reforestation, tree- and
                                  grass-planting
                                  Encourage     or   require
                                  reductions in emissions of
                                  high GWP gases (N2O,
                                  HFCs, PFCs, SF6)
                                  Energy            efficiency
                                  incentives,     assistance
                                  and/or     standards      for
                                  commercial/industrial
                                  generators and boilers
                                  Expand     use    of   no-till
                                  farming
Commercial,
Industrial,
Agriculture (CIA)




                                                                  Estimated Annual
                                                                                     Estimated
                                                                   GHG Reduction
                                                                                      cost or
                      Climate                                         Potential
                                                                                       cost       Implementation mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                      (MMtCO2e)
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions                          savings    anticipated in state or provincial
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                      per ton                   plan
                     Categories
                                                                   2012     2020       GHG
                                                                                     removed

                                  Encourage          methane
                                  capture from coal mines,
                                  landfills, livestock farms
                                  and wastewater treatment
                                  plants.
                                  Increase          traditional
                                  recycling diversion rate
                                  with municipal goals and
                                  by stimulating demand for
                                  recycled materials
                                  Land use development
                                  offset requirement
                                                                                                                        CONTACT


                                                                                                                         WEBSITE




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
been released. Therefore, as of 10/06/2008 so the implementation




                          Implementation Status
Implementation Status
            Implementation Status




Energy: Bill Haas, Energy Division Rep,
312.814.47.63, william.haas@illinois.gov

http://www.epa.state.il.us/air/climatechange/
Kansas
STATUS                             In process per Executive Order No. 08-03 which created the Kansas Energy and
                                   Environmental Planning Advisory Group (KEEP) on March 21, 2008. KEEP shall submit a
                                   preliminary written report of its activities and progress to the Governor on or before the first
                                   day of the 2009 regular session of the legislature. The Advisory Group shall submit a final
                                   written report of its activities and recommendations on or before the first day of the 2010
                                   regular session of the legislature.


CONTACT                            Jennifer Knorr, Office of the Governor, 785.296.2213
                                   Jennifer.knorr@ks.gov

                                   Tom Looby
                                   Center for Climate Strategies
                                   970.668.4836
                                   tomlooby@colorado.net




WEBSITE                            http://www.ksclimatechange.us/
                                   http://www.kcc.state.ks.us/energy/index.ht
DOCUMENTS                          Executive Order No. 08-03: http://www.ksclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/items/O1F17348.pdf
                                   Corresponding Press Release Issued by the Governor:
                                   http://www.governor.ks.gov/news/NewsRelease/2008/nr-08-0321a.htm




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                         Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                         Page 175
Kentucky
STATUS                            In process per Executive Order No. 08-03 which created the Kansas Energy and
                                  Environmental Planning Advisory Group (KEEP) on March 21, 2008. KEEP shall submit a
                                  preliminary written report of its activities and progress to the Governor on or before the first
                                  day of the 2009 regular session of the legislature. The Advisory Group shall submit a final
                                  written report of its activities and recommendations on or before the first day of the 2010
                                  regular session of the legislature.


CONTACT                           Talina R. Mathews, Ph.D., Assistant Director
                                  Division of Carbon Management
                                  Department for Energy Development and Independence
                                  Energy and Environment Cabinet

                                  E-mail: talina.mathews[at]ky.gov

WEBSITE                           http://www.ksclimatechange.us/
                                  http://www.kcc.state.ks.us/energy/index.ht
DOCUMENTS                         Executive Order No. 08-03: http://www.ksclimatechange.us/ewebeditpro/items/O1F17348.pdf
                                  Corresponding Press Release Issued by the Governor:
                                  http://www.governor.ks.gov/news/NewsRelease/2008/nr-08-0321a.htm




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
RELEASED: 2004

MASSACHUSETTS
Massachusetts released a Climate Protection Plan in 2004 but is currently re-examining it. Therefore,
there is currently no comprehensive effort underway.
Released 8/2008

Maryland
                       Climate                                                                                 Estimated
                                                                         Estimated GHG Reductions (MMtCO2e)
                      Mitigation                                                                              cost or cost
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub                                                                              savings per
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions
 Action Categories    Categories                                                                               ton GHG
                                                                                                  Total 2008-   removed
                       (Option                                              2012          2020
                                                                                                     2020      ($/tCO2e)
                       Number)
Agriculture,        AFW-1          Forest management for enhanced        0.04       0.09          0.66        135
Forestry, and Waste                carbon sequestration




                      AFW-2        Managing urban trees and forests      0.73       1.9           13.27       -152




                      AFW-3        Afforestation, reforestation, &                          (see below)
                                   restoration of forests and wetlands




                                   a. Afforestation                      0.21       0.6           3.9         29
                                   b. Riparian areas                     0.01       0.05          0.25        44
                      AFW-4        Protection & conservation of                             (see below)
                                   agricultural land, coastal wetlands
                                   and forested land




                                   a. Agricultural land                  0.11       0.28          1.93        87
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09   0.66    135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-4




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9    13.27   -152




                            b. Coastal wetlands                NQ     NQ     NQ      NQ




                            c. Forested land                   2.2    2.7    30.5    37
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09         0.66    135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9          13.27   -152




                  AFW-5     Buy local program                                (see below)




                            a. Farmers' market                 0.01   0.03         0.2     -167
                            b. Local produce                   NQ     NQ           NQ      NQ
                            c. Locally grown & processed       NQ     NQ           NQ      NQ
                            lumber
                  AFW-6     Expanded use of forest & farm                    (see below)
                            feedstocks and by-products for
                            energy production




                            Biomass                            0.12   0.5          2.83    12
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced        0.04         0.09          0.66        135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-6




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests      0.73         1.9           13.27       -152




                            Methane utilization from livestock    0.01         0.04          0.25        0.2
                            manure & poultry litter
                  AFW-7     In-state liquid biofuels production                        (see below)




                            Ethanol                               For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                            Biodiesel                             0.1          0.17          1.41        7
                  AFW-8     Nutrient trading with carbon benefits 0.05         0.14          0.99        -30




                  AFW-9     Waste management through source 8.8                29.27         184         -6
                            reduction & advanced recycling
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced        0.04           0.09          0.66        135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests      0.73           1.9           13.27       -152




Energy Supply     ES-1      Promotion of Renewable Energy         0.2            0.5           3.3         27
                            Resources




                  ES-2      Technology-Focused Initiatives for    U              U             U           U
                            Electricity Supply




                  ES-3      GHG cap-and-trade                                           (see below)




                            a. Account for all reductions under
                            an auction-based cap-and-trade

                            b. Account only for capped level of   U              6.95          U           -36.4
                            reductions
                  ES-4      CCSR incentives                              For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                  ES-5      Clean Distributed Generation                                (see below)




                            a. Distributed Generation             0.3            1.1           6.7         37.5
                            b. Combined Heat and Power            0.3            1             6.3         14.4
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04           0.09          0.66        135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73           1.9           13.27       -152




                  ES-6      Integrated Resource Planning       U              U             U           U




                  ES-7      Renewable Portfolio Standard       5.2            13.8          100.7       25.7




                  ES-8      Efficiency Improvements and                              (see below)
                            Repowering Existing Plants




                            a. Biomass component               1.2            2             17.9        21.8
                            b. Repowering component                   For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                  ES-9      Carbon tax                                For Information Only - Further Study Needed
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09   0.66    135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9    13.27   -152




                  ES-10     Generation Portfolio Standard      4.9    6.6    17.9    21.8




Residential,      RCI-1     Improved Building and              0.6    2.4    13.8    -38
Commercial,                 Trade Codes and
Industrial                  Beyond-Code Building
                            Design and Construction




                  RCI-2     Demand-Side-Management &           1.8    4.5    35      -54
                            Energy Efficiency
Residential,
Commercial,
Industrial


Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04         0.09          0.66         135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73         1.9           13.27        -152




                  RCI-3     Low-Cost Loans for Energy          0.3          0.5           4.1          -45
                            Efficiency




                  RCI-4     Improved Design, Construction,     0.2          1.3           6.4          -53
                            Appliances, and Lighting




                  RCI-5     Energy Efficiency and              Jointly considered with the Cross-Cutting TWG, Policy
                            Environmental Awareness                                     CC-5
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04           0.09          0.66        135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73           1.9           13.27       -152




                  RCI-7     More Stringent Appliance/          0.1            0.2           1.2         -54
                            Equipment Efficiency Standards




                  RCI-8     Rate Structures and Technologies          For Information Only - Further Study Needed
                                                               0.1            0.2           2           120
                  RCI-10    Energy Efficiency Resource         2.9            11.9          71          -52
                            Standard




                  RCI-11    Promotion and Incentives for       0.1            1.1           7.7         -47
                            Energy Efficiency Lighting
Agriculture,        AFW-1      Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09   0.66    135
Forestry, and Waste            carbon sequestration




                   AFW-2       Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9    13.27   -152




Transportation &   TLU Area 1: Reduce VMT's contribution to GHG          16.7
Land Use           Emissions




                   TLU-2       Land Use and Location Efficiency   1.1    4.6    27.6    Large Net
                                                                                        Savings
Agriculture,        AFW-1      Forest management for enhanced       0.04        0.09           0.66          135
Forestry, and Waste            carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2        Managing urban trees and forests     0.73        1.9            13.27         -152




                  TLU-3        Transit                              1.1         2.8            20.3          Net Savings




                  TLU-5        Intercity Travel                     0.2         0.3            2.4           TBD




                  TLU-6        Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance           1           4.3            27.2          Net Savings




                  TLU-8        Bike and Pedestrian Infrastructure                     Included in TLU-3




                  TLU-9        Incentive, Pricing and Resource      2.7         4.7            37.4          Net Savings
                               Measures




                  TLU Area 2: Reduce Carbon per Unit of Fuel - For Information Only - Further Study Needed

                  TLU-4        Low GHG Fuel Standard (For         0.7           1.9            12.8          30-90
                               Information Only)
                  TLU Area 3: Reduce Carbon per Mile and or per Hour
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09           0.66     135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9            13.27    -152




                  TLU-10    Transportation Technologies        0.4    0.44           4.17     -200 - +1500




                  TLU-11    Evaluate GHG from Major Projects




Cross-Cutting     CC-1      GHG Inventories and Forecasting                  Not Quantified




                  CC-2      GHG Reporting and Registry                       Not Quantified
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09           0.66     135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




Cross-Cutting




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9            13.27    -152




                  CC-3      Statewide GHG Reduction Goals                    Not Quantified
                            and Targets




                  CC-4      State and Local Government GHG                   Not Quantified
                            Emissions (Lead by Example)



                  CC-5      Public Education and Outreach                    Not Quantified




                  CC-6      Tax and Cap Policies                             Not Quantified
                  CC-7      Review Institutional Capacity                    Not Quantified
Agriculture,        AFW-1   Forest management for enhanced           0.04   0.09           0.66     135
Forestry, and Waste         carbon sequestration




                  AFW-2     Managing urban trees and forests         0.73   1.9            13.27    -152




                  CC-8      Participate in Regional, Multi- State,                 Not Quantified
                            and National Efforts




                  CC-9      Promote Economic Development                           Not Quantified
                            Activities




                  CC-10     Create Capacity for "After Peak Oil"                   Not Quantified




                  CC-11     Evaluate Policy Options to                             Not Quantified
                            Determine Public Health Risks




                                                                                                       Contacts




                                                                                                           Website
Agriculture,        AFW-1       Forest management for enhanced     0.04   0.09   0.66    135
Forestry, and Waste             carbon sequestration




                    AFW-2       Managing urban trees and forests   0.73   1.9    13.27   -152




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
      Implementation Status (As of 4/6/10)



Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


Submitted United States Forest Service (USFS) grant to
continue development of BayBank and associated
LandServer, held meetings with local governments to refine
local policies towards establishment, expansion and
protection of riparian zones and wetlands, and reported
afforestation and buffer planting accomplishments; DNR will
continue to pursue periodic meetings with local
governments to refine local policies towards establishment,
expansion and protection of
riparian zones and wetlands.




DNR launched the GreenPrint website as an interactive tool
to map ecological land conservation priorities and track
accomplishment of State funded land conservation
programs, updated the Statewide Green Infrastructure
Assessment to produce forest and wetland prioritization,
drafted Blue Infrastructure maps that identify and prioritize
important coastal and aquatic habitats to resource
managers; GreenPrint Targeted Ecological Areas and
statistical measures will be updated to reflect revised forest
and wetland protection priorities in February 2010, MALPF
will continue to new sources of funding, and MET will
continue working with DNR on legislation to improve the tax
benefits for donation of conservation easements.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


Enacted as "Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Critical
Area Protection Program" (HB1253/SB844). This legislation
called for the State to create new Critical Area maps for
each local jurisdiction. In addition, the State is now required
to establish a process and standards for future maps and
boundary updates to accommodate future changes in
shoreline conditions and sea level rise. Furthermore, as part
of this enacted legislation, the General Assembly also
instituted a variety of changes that should ultimately help
MD protect its shoreline and natural resources and reduce
the impacts so sea level rise and coastal flooding in areas
of future growth and development.
In addition, The Living Shoreline Protection Act of 2008
(HB 973), requires improvements to protect a person's
property against erosion shall consist of nonstructural
shoreline stabilizations measures (i.e., living shorelines)
except where the person can demonstrate that such
measures are not feasible. The Act also require MDE, in
consultation with the Dept. of Natural Resources (DNR), to
adopt regulations to implement specific provisions.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


Launched www.marylandsbest.net site to list Maryland
farms that produce non-commodity products and sources of
Maryland agricultural products, executed promotional and
educational campaigns to increase consumption of locally-
grown fruits and vegetables to combat childhood obesity,
updated regular newsletter and website with expanded
resources for farmers,
food service staff, teachers, parents, students and the
public, held the first annual Maryland Farm to School
Workshop, and assisted in the Maryland Home Grown
Lunch Week in which schools throughout Maryland feature
food items from more than 30 different Maryland farms;
MDA will continue to pursue monthly promotions of various
activities and produce through press releases, advertising
on print, radio, and social media,
in addition to periodic promotional and educational
campaigns to increase consumption of locally-grown fruits
and vegetables to combat childhood obesity.




Assisted several entities with wood energy: University of
MD; Baltimore Zoo; forest industry on Lower Shore,
continued partnership with MES for contracted technical
expertise in advising MES clients on developing wood
energy facilities, pursued use of MEA funds to incent wood
energy projects for public facilities, continued discussions
with major corporations for underwriting Fuels for Schools
pilot in western Maryland, and explored opportunities with
MDSE for pilot Fuels for Schools demonstration project,
likely in Baltimore or Howard Counties; DNR will continue to
promote the use of local biomass from sustainable supplies
for generating electricity and thermal energy.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.




Identified supplementary budget requirement, reviewed
current biofuel capacities, needs, and issues, identified
potential new and expanded production facilities designed
to match local distribution with demand, completed data-
gathering on demand, production, and local consumption,
and integrated efforts into the Comprehensive Energy Plan;
A preliminary action to implement AFW-7 goals will be
established on February 28, 2010 and coordination with
supporting agencies to determine final action plan to
include monitoring and tracking of targeted performance will
occur on May 31, 2010.




Encouraged the addition of carbon credits to the Upper
Chesapeake Bay nutrient trading program through the
development of Maryland‘s Nutrient Trading Calculation
Tool; MDA will finish pilot testing of calculation tools and
issue final guidance on January 30, 2010, hold public
workshops in Salisbury, Chestertown, Central
Maryland and Hagerstown through February 2010, and
begin development of a carbon calculation tool on April 20,
2010.



Implemented SB 473/ GB 1290 Recycling – Public
School Plans and 1263 Mercury Switch Removal
From Vehicles, held conference calls and meetings on
the proper disposal of pharmaceuticals, held
conference calls and meetings with the Association of
State and Territorial Solid Waste Management
Officials Product Stewardship Task Force to increase
awareness Product Stewardship and discuss the
policy document; MDE will continue to refine and implement
as many practices as possible to meet the goals of this
policy.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


MEA has reviewed the barriers/incentives of renewable
generation and has integrated potential actions into the
Comprehensive Energy Plan; MEA will continue to develop
plans to promote renewable energy sources and will hold a
state agency review meeting in April 2010.


MEA has reviewed approaches and legislative/policy issues
with technology-focused initiatives for electricity supply;
Through 2010, MEA will identify new technology variables,
develop a new technology tracking mechanism and then
train and implement a tracking system.


MDE continues to participate in RGGI through the sixth
auction and has completed and made publically available
offset project applications and guidance documents; The
RGGI auction process will continue beginning with the
seventh auction in 2010.




MEA has reviewed approaches and legislative/policy issues
with clean distributed generation and has integrated
potential actions into the Comprehensive Energy Plan; MEA
and PSC will develop a plan for clean distributed generation
by January 31, 2010 and will hold a state agency review
meeting on April 30, 2010.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


PSC has investigated the implementation of a statewide
Climate Protection Program and continues to partner with
utilities to participate in regional projects to help inform
common protocols and methodologies for evaluating the
energy savings and demand reductions of demand-side
management programs and determine appropriate cost-
recovery for the utility‘s 2009-2011 EmPOWER Maryland
programs; The folowing is expected in the first quarter of
2010: The Ten Year Plan (2009 – 2018) of Electric
Companies in Maryland, The EmPower Maryland Energy
Efficiency Act Standard Report is planned to be submitted
to the General Assembly by March 1, 2010, and the PSC in
conjunction with the EmPower Maryland utilities is
conducting an assessment and characterization study (i.e.,
baseline study) of existing electric end-use baseline data in
the residential (existing and new), commercial, industrial
and agricultural sectors in Maryland, with preliminary results
expected in March 2010.




PSC has developed a more streamlined certification
process for Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) and
continues to both monitor and enforce Load Service Entity
(LSE) compliance with the Maryland RPS and certify large
numbers of solar facilities to participate in the RPS market;
PSC expects the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard
Report of 2010 to be released before the February 1, 2010
deadline.
MEA has reviewed the barriers/incentives of renewable
generation, integrated potential actions into the
Comprehensive Energy Plan, and continues to work
towards the 2014 goal of the policy; MEA will coordinate
with PSC on monitoring and tracking on May 31, 2010 and
will hold a state agency review meeting on April 30, 2010.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


As per the Commission‘s preference, MDE has deferred
state action pending the adoption of a national GPS;
Through 2010, MDE will continue tracking the progress of
federal climate change legislation in the 111th session of
Congress as it pertains to GPS.


Reviewed codes published by the International Code
Council for adoption into the Maryland Building
Performance Standards, initiated the Maryland regulation
process, submitted proposed regulations to adopt the new
codes in Maryland through Administrative Executive
Legislative Review Committee; and conducted MBPS
statewide training; In January 2010, Maryland will adopt
the 2009 MBPS along with the State of Maryland
Performance Code (MPC) for industrialized/modular
buildings (local code jurisdictions will adopt the 2009 MBPS
in July 2010). Note: MDE is conducting a policy analysis of
the Maryland Flood Hazard Management Act of 1976 and
will take a lead role in developing any necessary legislation
or regulatory amendments to remedy policy deficiencies.




Received approval of 2010 fund budget plan, identified
supplementary budget requirements, drafted a report on
Maryland‘s Energy Supply and Demand Outlook, and
hosted a public meeting to discuss viable options
associated with enhancing Maryland‘s ability to achieve its
stated energy goals; MEA will develop a plan for demand-
side management energy efficiency programs by January
31, 2010, and will review and analyze options with
recommendations for achieving policy goals by 2014.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


Coordinated with the Public Service Commission on
implementation, monitoring, and tracking, identified
supplementary budget requirements, identified potential
loan recipients for fiscal year 2010, developed
residential/commercial loan strategies, and integrated
efforts into the Comprehensive Energy Plan; Loan
programs - Res/Comm/Ind. - will be implemented on April
30, 2010.


Implemented the Baltimore Green Building Law, held state
agency meetings to discuss regulatory changes, issued an
annual report to the Governor, provided recommendations
on adopting 2009 International Energy Conservation Code,
re-opened the Cherrydale Apartments which were
renovated to meet
Enterprise Green Communities Criteria for affordable
housing, held green building network public meetings to
discuss Maryland green building and development projects,
supported the Truxtun Park Recreation Center, which was
constructed with ―green‖ building techniques and materials,
with a Program Open Space Grant, and held information
meetings on Baltimore‘s new processes for preserving open
spaces managed
by communities; MDE, DGS, and MEA will continue to work
with other state agencies on implementation plans and
regulatory changes, if appropriate, as well as attend
quarterly meetings of the Green Building Council (GBC)
with a final report due to Governor each year in November.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


Identified supplementary budget requirements, identified
appliances without federal energy efficiency standards,
reviewed appliance standards to make recommendations,
and integrated efforts into the Comprehensive Energy Plan;
MEA will develop a plan for more stringent
appliance/equipment efficiency standards from the final
report on January 31, 2010.




Identified supplementary budget requirements, reviewed
Energy Efficiency Resource Standard approaches and their
relation to Empower Maryland, and integrated these efforts
into the Comprehensive Energy Plan; MEA will develop a
plan for an energy efficiency resource standard from the
final report on January 31, 2010.


Identified supplementary budget requirements, and
received approval from the Public Service Commission for
residential lighting programs, developed MEA marketing
campaign(s) funded by the Strategic Energy Investment
Fund, and integrated efforts into the Comprehensive Energy
Plan; MEA will continue to promote and incentivise energy-
efficient lighting into the future.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


TLU Area 1 is a suite of policy options aimed at reducing
vehicle miles traveled (VMT) as a means of reducing GHG
emissions in the transportation sector. Because the
strategies in this area are highly inter-related, mulitple
strategies implemented through a coordinated approach
will realize more significant GHG reductions. Therefore, the
strategies are intended to be deployed as a bundle. As the
bundle is implemented, some of the strategies in the bundle
may become more important and some less important.
Individual policy option summaries in Area 1 follow: MDOT
completes the re-assessment of the GHG emissions
modeling update for the transportation sector that includes:
(1) a revised transportation sector BAU VMT and GHG
emissions analysis for 2006 and 2020, and (2) revised VMT
/ emission reduction goals to help meet the emission
reduction targets of the Maryland Climate Action Plan.
MDOT completes initial assessment of the following - (1)
transportation infrastructure included in the completed State
and MPO plans and programs to be in place by 2020; (2)
transportation sector related technology and fuels programs
implemented through 2020; (3) all TERM projects planned
and programmed through 2020. MDOT also completes
initial assessment of additional transportation related
infrastructure and technology programs that are organized
by TLU that were recommended by MDOTs multi-agency
(state, regional and local agencies) Working Groups and
Coordinating Committee; and (4) DRAFT macro-level cost
assessment of all TLUs.




MDOT has completed a draft report (2006 baseline and
2020 forecast) and it is under review; MDOT will continue to
conduct periodic meetings with TLU working groups, and
coordinating committee and consultants to discuss policy
options and implementation.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


MDOT has completed a draft implementation plan which
under review, funding being the critical question; MDOT will
continue to conduct periodic meetings with TLU working
groups, and coordinating committee and consultants to
discuss policy options and implementation.


MDOT has completed a draft implementation plan which
under review, funding being the critical question; MDOT will
continue to conduct periodic meetings with TLU working
groups, and coordinating committee and consultants to
discuss policy options and implementation.


MIA continues to work at adding additional companies to
provide PAYD insurance; MIA will continue to conduct TLU
working group meetings.

MDOT has completed a draft implementation plan which is
under review, funding being the critical question (see
Appendice C for more information); MDOT will continue to
conduct periodic meetings with TLU working groups, and
coordinating committee and consultants to discuss policy
options and implementation.


MDOT has completed a draft implementation plan which is
under review, funding being the critical question (see
Appendice C for more information); MDOT will continue to
conduct periodic meetings with TLU working groups, and
coordinating committee and consultants to discuss policy
options and implementation.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


MDOT/MDE continues to review emerging technologies and
opportunities for reduced ghg emissions due to technology
improvements (see Appendice C for more information);
MDOT will continue to conduct periodic meetings with TLU
working groups, and coordinating committee and
consultants to discuss policy options and implementation.



MDOT has completed a draft implementation plan which is
under review, funding being the critical question (see
Appendice C for more information); MDOT will continue to
conduct periodic meetings with TLU working groups, and
coordinating committee and consultants to discuss policy
options and implementation.


MDE has begun review of CCS inventory, as well other
methodologies (EIA and EPA); Throughout 2010, MDE will
examine specific MD data inputs, customize GHG EI for
MD, develop business as usual groth factors and publish
the 2006 GHG EI and 2020 BAIJ GHG EI by mid-2011.



MDE has been working on getting 2008 data certified by
ISO/ANSI-certified verification body and accepted by The
Climate Registry; The 2008 TCR data certified by the
independent ISO/ANSI-certified verification body will be
verified and made available to the public in 2010
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


On May 7, 2009, Maryland Governor Martin O‘Malley signed
into law the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act of
2009, which contains a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission
reduction target for the state. The legislation sets the target
at 25 percent below 2006 levels by 2020 and requires that a
task force create and submit a plan for achieving this target;
the plan is to be adopted by December 2012. As a whole,
emission reduction measures in the plan must provide a net
economic benefit to the state and a net increase in jobs.
;MDE has begun holding stakeholder and lead agency
meetings; MDE will continue to develop a schedule for
developing a draft plan for submission to GA and Governor
on or before 12/31/11 in addition to continuing
to evaluate and implement early action options including
drafting of regulations to provide credits for voluntary early
actions, if appropriate.




Draft Executive Order on ―Green Purchasing Policy‖
submitted to the Governor; Maryland is working towards
several green building initiatives focused on state agency
buildings.
MDE in co-operation with Education continues to provide
outreach while limited by current budget constraints; MDE
will continue with the annual one-day conferences for
regional public media representatives on the state of
climate change mitigation in Maryland and the level of
attainment of State GHG goals in addition to periodic
lessons on Coastal Bays and Clean Air Partners (CAP) ―On
the Air‖.



MDE has been coordinating the Governor‘s effort to track
climate change efforts through the GDU process; Maryland
continues to review staffing and the relationship to all of
Maryland's climate initiatives.
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.


MDE has been involved in RGGI and NACAA efforts to
reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; as well as
providing comments on pending federal legislation; MDE
plans to continue to be an active member in RGGI and
numerous other regional and national groups focused on
climate change and multipollutant
planning.
DBED has created a new Green Job Creation and
Retention group; DBED will continue with communication,
education, and outreach efforts by providing assistance to
50 sector companies and visiting with 25 Marylandbased
green companies by July 2010, participating in business
education forums, workgroups, conventions, and seminars,
and creating an outreach program for in-state small green
companies.


MEA published the Maryland Energy Outlook; MEA will
continue to increase capacity to address climate change
after the first Advisory Council meeting is held prior to
4/30/10.
DHCD continues to evaluate the risks associated with
climate change.




John R. Griffin, Secretary, Maryland Dept. of Natural
Resources, Office Of The Secretary Executive Direction,
410.260.8101, jgriffin@dnr.state.md.us
Brian J. Hug, Deputy Program Manager, Air Quality
Planning Program, MD Dept. of the Environment, 410-537-
4125, bhug@mde.state.md.us

Renee Fizer, Climate Change Division Chief,
rfizer@mde.state.md.us

http://www.mdclimatechange.us/
Established Forestry Subcommittee of NRCS State
Technical Committee to advise on forestry policy related to
NRCS programming, worked with the Center for
AgroEcology to hold several listening sessions regarding
the future of forestry in Maryland, surveyed Emerald Ash
Borer populations which revealed no expansion of known
EAB populations and no new
infestations, completed gypsy moth eradication efforts,
drafted legislation to amend the NRA 5-304 Woodland
Incentive Fund to allow use with federal cost-share
programs, and drafted Forest Products Operators (FPO)
legislation; DNR will continue to develop and promote new
sustainable forestry management practices in Maryland to
increase CO2 sequestration.


Implemented the Sustainable Forestry Act of 2009 and the
No-Net-Loss of Forest legislation, received urban tree
canopy assessments, and reported results of ―Marylanders
Plant Trees‖; DNR will continue to pursue periodic outreach
efforts to communities regarding the values of establishing
an Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) goal.
RELEASED:
11/2004
Maine
                       Climate                       Estimated Annual GHG
                                                      Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                       Climate            (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                      Mitigation                            savings per      anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                       Actions                               ton GHG            state or
                       (Option                         2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                       Number)
Energy                1            Offset           0.365      0.549        $10.00         Legislative action
Supply/Waste                       Requirements




                      3            Regional Cap 0.376          0.755        -$90.00        Regional     RGGI
                                   and Trade                                               Initiative




                      5            Renewable      0.334        0.689        $30.00
                                   Energy System
                                   Benefit Charge




                      7            Emission      0.484         0.327        $23.00         Standards
                                   Standards for
                                   Electricity
                                   Generation



                      8            Biomass          0.574      .269-.574    $15-$17        Tax Incentives
                                   Generation:
                                   Existing Units




                      9.27         Landfill    Gas 0.21        0.55         NE             Regulatory
                                   Management;
                                   Energy
                                   Production, and
                                   Flaring to Avoid
                                   Emissions
                       Climate                     Estimated Annual GHG
                                                    Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                      Climate           (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                     Mitigation                           savings per      anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                      Actions                              ton GHG            state or
                       (Option                       2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                       Number)
                      11           Renewable      0.247      0.527        $10.00         Legislative action
                                   Portfolio
                                   Standards




                      15           Recycling/Sour 0.168      0.374        $0.00          Utilize  existing
                                   ce Reduction                                          programs;
                                                                                         grants; market-
                                                                                         mechanisms




                                   Biomass        0.269      0.269        $15.00
                                   Restart
                                   Nonoperating
                                   units
                                   Landfill Gas 0.109        0.109        $2.00
                                   Management:
                                   Flaring
                      34           State   Green 0.031       0.045        $28.00         Executive Order
                                   Power
                                   Purchases




                      36           Combined Heat 0.086       0.038        -$185.00       Standards     and
                                   and       power                                       codes
                                   Incentive policy




                      43           Waste-to-      0.024      0.024        $9.00          Voluntary action
                                   Energy



Transporation/Lan 2                Implement CA 0.1375       0.934        -$48.00        Propose
d Use                              Tailpipe GHG                                          amending
                                   Emissions                                             Chapter 127 to
                                   Standards                                             include    new
                                                                                         CARB regulation
                      Climate                       Estimated Annual GHG
                                                     Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                     Mitigation
                                     Climate             (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                    Mitigation                             savings per      anticipated in
Action Categories    Categories
                                     Actions                                ton GHG            state or
                      (Option                        2010        2020       removed         provincial plan
                      Number)
                     4            Clean   Diesel 0.3838       0.74         $14.00         Research,
                                  Technologies to                                         legislative action
                                  Reduce Black
                                  Carbon


                     6            Set a Low-GHG 0.0635        0.64         $34.00         Legislative
                                  Fuel Standard                                           authority




                     13           Pay as You 0.0069           0.379                       Pilot project
                                  Drive Insurance


                     17           Slowing   VMT 0.0875        0.286
                                  Growth




                     24           Low-GHG Fuel 0.0191         0.158        $10.00         Executive Order
                                  for State Fleets



                     32           Add       ZEV 0             0.053        $0.00          Rulemaking
                                  Mandate     to
                                  LEV          II
                                  Standards
                     41           Encourage Anti- 0.012       0.03                        Installation  of
                                  Idling                                                  technology,
                                  Measures:                                               education    and
                                  Freight                                                 outreach

                     46           GHG Feebates 0.0038         0.019        $0.00          Legislation
                                  (state    or
                                  regional)



                     53           Low-GHG Fuel 0.0004         0.002        $1,482.00      Providing
                                  Infrastructure                                          incentives;
                                  (CNG, LPG)                                              investing in low-
                                                                                          GHG            fuel
                                                                                          infrastructure
                       Climate                     Estimated Annual GHG
                                                    Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                      Climate           (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                     Mitigation                           savings per      anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                      Actions                              ton GHG            state or
                       (Option                       2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                       Number)
Forestry              10           Increased      0.5317     0.532        $1.00          Education       and
                                   Stocking with                                         Outreach,
                                   Faster Growing                                        Projects,      cost
                                   Trees                                                 sharing


                      14           Forestland     0.376      0.376        -$6.00         Regulatory and
                                   Protection                                            market-based
                                                                                         land             use
                                                                                         standards        and
                                                                                         goals;         direct
                                                                                         incentive
                                                                                         payments;
                                                                                         cluster      zoning
                                                                                         requirements or
                                                                                         incentives;
                                                                                         revised
                                                                                         transportation
                                                                                         infrastructure
                                                                                         investments;
                                                                                         improvements to
                                                                                         forest
                                                                                         management
                                                                                         profitability;
                                                                                         education



                      16           Early          0.3317     0.332                       Voluntary;
                                   Commercial                                            education   and
                                   Thinning                                              outreach; market
                                                                                         development



                      20           Timber Harvest 0.2395     0.24         $4.00          Education;
                                   to       Capture                                      technical
                                   Anticipated                                           assistance;
                                   Mortality                                             programs


                      21           Biomass        0.2284     0.228        $0.00
                                   Electricity
                                   Feedstocks


                      25           Expanded Use 0.1298       0.13         $3.00
                                   of       Wood
                                   Products
                       Climate                      Estimated Annual GHG
                                                     Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                       Climate           (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                      Mitigation                           savings per      anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                       Actions                              ton GHG            state or
                       (Option                        2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                       Number)
                      28           Active          0.732      0.073        $3.00          Implementation
                                   Softwood                                               of      appropriate
                                   Increase                                               practices        by
                                                                                          large     industrial
                                                                                          forest managers;
                                                                                          Utilization       of
                                                                                          existing      non-
                                                                                          industrial forest
                                                                                          initiatives



BFM (Residential,                  Energy          0.317      0.422        -$128.00
Commercial,                        Efficiency
Industrial)


                      19           Improve        0.1819      0.251        -$139.00       Builds on and
                                   Electrical                                             expands current
                                   Efficiency:                                            "Efficiency
                                   Commercial/Ins                                         Maine"      C&I
                                   titutional                                             Program




                      22           Electrical      0.1565     0.207        -$30.00        Tax incentives;
                                   Efficiency                                             financing
                                   Measures:                                              mechanisms;
                                   Manufacturing                                          rebates        and
                                                                                          grants; technical
                                                                                          assistance and
                                                                                          training;
                                                                                          interruptible
                                                                                          power programs;
                                                                                          real time pricing




                      23           Fossil     Fuel 0.0766     0.204        -$34.00        TBD
                                   Efficiency
                                   Measures
                      26           Energy          0.0843     0.129        -$134.00       Require
                                   Efficiency                                             legislative
                                   Appliance                                              mandate
                                   Standards
                      Climate                        Estimated Annual GHG
                                                      Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                     Mitigation
                                      Climate             (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                     Mitigation                             savings per      anticipated in
Action Categories    Categories
                                      Actions                                ton GHG            state or
                      (Option                          2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                      Number)
                     29           Increase Public 0.025        0.071        -$55.00
                                  Expenditures
                                  for    Electrical
                                  Efficiency



                     31           Voluntary         0.0345     0.058        $0.00          Voluntary
                                  Partnerships                                             agreements.
                                  and
                     30           Recognition
                                  Improve           0.0247     0.064        -$35.00        Legislative
                                  Residential                                              mandate,
                                  Building Energy                                          outreach, code
                                  Codes                                                    enforcement




                     35           Efficient Use of 0.0293      0.039        -$6.00         TBD
                                  Oil and Gas:
                                  Home Heating



                     37           Enforce         0.012        0.034        -$61.00        Legislative
                                  Commercial                                               action, training
                                  Building Energy
                                  Code

                     38           Solar   Hot 0.012            0.033        $16.00         Legislative action
                                  Water Heater                                             to establish tax
                                  Program                                                  credit          or
                                                                                           revolving    loan
                                                                                           fund



                     40           Green Campus 0.011           0.03         -$18.00        Promotion     of
                                  Initiatives                                              existing
                                                                                           programs,
                                                                                           integrate   with
                                                                                           environmental
                                                                                           management
                                                                                           systems       on
                                                                                           campuses


                     42           Voluntary      0.0235        0.028        -$45.00        Education     and
                                  Green Building                                           outreach
                                  Design
                                  Standards

                     45           Energy Savings 0.0079        0.021        -$37.00        Mandate
                                  in        State
                                  Buildings
                       Climate                      Estimated Annual GHG
                                                     Reduction Potential    Estimated     Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                       Climate           (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost    mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                      Mitigation                           savings per     anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                       Actions                              ton GHG           state or
                       (Option                        2010       2020       removed        provincial plan
                       Number)
                      47           Procurement     0.018      0.018        $0.00          Executive Order
                                   Preference for
                                   Concrete
                                   Containing Slag



                      48           Promote         0.0043     0.011        -$19.00        Voluntary
                                   Energy                                                 program;
                                   Efficiency                                             technical
                                   Buildings                                              assistance;
                                                                                          education       and
                                                                                          outreach

                      49           Specification 0.009        0.009        $0.00          Department     of
                                   C150 Portland                                          Transportation
                                   Cement                                                 rule amendment

                      50           Reduce      HFC 0.0012     0.009        $1.00          Mine        GHG
                                   Leaks       from                                       reporting
                                   Refrigeration                                          requirement   in
                                                                                          Ch. 137

                      55           Solar         0.0001       0.0002       NE
                                   Photovoltaic
                                   (PV) Buy Down
                                   Program



Agriculture           33           Support        0.0349      0.052        TBD            Market
                                   Purchase    of                                         mechanisms.
                                   Local   Grown                                          Pilot program
                                   Produce



                      39           Soil     Carbon 0.0154     0.031        $28.00         Development
                                   Buildup,                                               and deployment
                                   including                                              of        Best
                                   Increase                                               management
                                   Organic                                                Practices
                                   Farming (#51)
                      Climate                      Estimated Annual GHG
                                                    Reduction Potential    Estimated      Implementation
                     Mitigation
                                     Climate            (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost     mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                    Mitigation                            savings per      anticipated in
Action Categories    Categories
                                     Actions                               ton GHG            state or
                      (Option                        2010       2020       removed         provincial plan
                      Number)
                     44           Agricultural    0.0159     0.023        $13.00         Regulatory and
                                  Land Protection                                        market-based
                                                                                         standards      and
                                                                                         goals;       direct
                                                                                         incentive
                                                                                         payments;
                                                                                         cluster     zoning
                                                                                         requirements or
                                                                                         incentives;
                                                                                         revised
                                                                                         transportation
                                                                                         infrastructure
                                                                                         investments;
                                                                                         improvements to
                                                                                         farm profitability;
                                                                                         education



                     51           Increase       0.0044      0.009        $28.00         TBD
                                  Organic
                                  Farming
                     52           Maine Biodiesel 0.0055     0.006        $40.00         Expand       pilot
                                                                                         projects; expand
                                                                                         distribution
                                                                                         network        for
                                                                                         product




                     54           Nutrient       0.0018      0.002        $0.00          Education/outrea
                                  Management                                             ch program

NOTE        NEW
INITIATIVE:
ADAPTATION




                                                                                                CONTACT




                                                                                                WEBSITE
                       Climate                  Estimated Annual GHG
                                                 Reduction Potential    Estimated     Implementation
                      Mitigation
                                    Climate          (MMtCO2e)         cost or cost    mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Action Sub
                                   Mitigation                          savings per     anticipated in
 Action Categories    Categories
                                    Actions                             ton GHG           state or
                       (Option                   2010        2020       removed        provincial plan
                       Number)




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                            Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Needs attention: Market activities to date may be producing fewer     May have to be re-
opportunities than modeled, even to meet the                          framed to account for
difference between RGGI gains and additional savings through          voluntary    markets
offsets.                                                              instead of regulatory
                                                                      imposition.

Implementation on target for 2009 start-up. There may be a short-
term loss against Maine's original target due to increased regional
need for Maine's lower-GHG output after 2009. 2020 reduction
gains are likely to be greater than originally forecast, thus
offsetting likely losses against the target in #1. Cannot be
quantified with existing resources.




Depends to some extent on actions related to Option 11. No            If the policy choice were
legislative action to date. Unlikely to be met, and some losses       made to institute an
($2.6M p.a.) to funding enacted 2007 (RGGI): expect loss against      SBC        to     promote
target. However, all the modeled 2010 gains from wind , LFG,          renewables, it should be
solar that this would have paid for are likely to be met without      separate from the EE
subsidy. A small voluntary program at the PUC, the "Renewable         efforts of Effic. Maine.
Resources Fund," expends about $300,000 p.a. for small energy
efficiency projects.




No regulatory action needed. Maine emitters have already
lowered emissionsw below the standard of 900 lb/Mw originally
modeled, with a state average of 780 in 2007, when co-generation
is taken into account. Will offset losses in #1.



Proposed mechanism not currently needed, as all existing
biomass plants are in full production on market basis. Option may
need to be re-evaluated. Goal could be considered accomplished,
at…


One LFG-to-energy facility due to go online January, 2008; 2
more likely by 2009. Flaring on track overall. Avoided emissions
will likely exceed original projections by 2010 and thereafter.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                     Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Legislation approved 2007. Original called for 5% by 2010; 10%
by 2020. Legislation changes this to 3% by 2010, 10% by 2017.
Accomplished. Re-calculation needed to account for new gains
2017-2020 against losses 2008-2010.



LD 406 (2006), explicitly affirming goals in option, enacted. For
2005, rate was 36.4%, an increase of 1% from 2004. Goal is 45%
by 2010, 650% by 2020. This year, 'single-stream recycling'
programs were adopted by communities in the greater Portland
area, and are now expanding outward. Also, with sustained value
and strength in recycling markets, and the visibility of 'being
green', the commercial sector is becoming a stronger player in
collecting and managing recyclables. Uncertain whether 2010
goal will be met. SPO intends a major review in 2009, to
determine if additional actions are needed.




See #8




Essentially accomplished. Incorporated with #9.



P.L. 2007 ch. 34 requires 100% renewable power by 2010, thus
reachign the original goal a decade earlier than projected. 2007:
100% renewable energy certificates being purchased for core
state government; not all state universities participating.




Requires development of a separate implementation plan,
probably involving PUC, etc. No policy action to date. One project
(EMMC) installed; several others in planning/development stages.




Economics and local concerns make this unlikely to advance. Will
need to be re-evaluated and replaced. Possible waste-to-fuel
facility (Biddeford) would meet this goal; too soon to evaluate.

Adopted by rule, 12/1/05. EPA has refused to grant the CA waiver
required to put this info effect in 2009; however, market
penetration of these vehicles already exceeds original estimates.
Due to rise in fuel prices, cost savings will be greater than
originally modeled.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                              Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Regional distribution (2006) of low-sulphur diesel in advance of
EPA 2007 heavy-truck standards will require vehicle technology
changes likely to meet a significant portion of this goal. As of late
2006, almost all diesel fuels in the Northeast meet the 15 ppm
standard for sulphur.
Identified as a future priority by New England Governors'
Conference. Section 1501 of the Energy Policy Act provides the
statutory basis for the RFS program which requires EPA to
establish a program to ensure that the pool of gasoline sold in the
contiguous 48 states contains specific volumes of renewable fuel
(or low GHG fuel) fo reach calendar year starting with 2006. In
Maine, ~1% of all motor fuels meet the E-10 standard, with an
expectation of at least 2% in 2008. Goal is likely to be met.




No action to date.



Multi-agency and stakeholder working group began work 6/05. Likely to require some
Policy   recommendations     on    promoting     transit-oriented legisltative action in
development expected 2008. Significant re-thinking and refining 2009.
of goal needed. Will have data from Center for Clean Air Policy
work, DOT, poss. GrowSmart.




LD 197 would have implemented; died in committee. Some trial Issuance         of    an
use by DOT. In pending report to the Legislature, most effective executive order should
state policies to encourage bio-fuels area a renewable fuel be explored further.
standard (#6), followed by state use.
Implemented by Resolves 2005, ch. 66. Accomplished. 26% of
the vehicles delivered to dealers to Maine in 2005 were partial
zero emission vehicles (PZEVs).


No action as yet; LD 2056 (2008) would begin implementation.
Some local and voluntary activity (Freeport) already in place.




LD's 2, 302 in 123rd killed.                                            Additional         effort
                                                                        needed.




Continued DEP/DOT discussion. LD 308 to extend current tax Additional state support
exemption (2005) killed. City of Portland has implemented CNG needed.
infrastruture to support public and school bus fleet. Limited FAME
funds for infrastructure grants.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                    Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Measurement of this activity is a trailing indicator, so no data
available until 2010. At present, no additional data.




Goal is to reduce annual losses by 10% by 2010, 20% by 2020,
equivalent to 2,800 acres per year. 2004 reported acreage loss
8,400 acres; 6,200 in 2005; 2006, 6,400. On the other hand,
evidence of increasing easements for protection, most recently
48,000 acres York County. Slightly below target rate.




See option 10. Subject of Environment Northeast/Main Forest May      require   some
Service study, 2005                                         specific outreach to
                                                            forest landowners.




See option 10: similar constraints on data availability. No specific May require some
initiatives to date. Some anecdotal evidence that previously specific outreach to
underutilized wood waste is being recovered for bio-mass use forest landowners.
(see #21)


Probably on target to reach projected goal.




No specific program in place. Maine Forest Service continues to
explore implementation options.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                        Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Dropped by stakeholdr group as unlikely to produce gains as Recommendatins      for
modeled; will need to be accounted for.                     how to account for this
                                                            gap will need to wait
                                                            until after 2009 Forest
                                                            Inventory.




Several statutory enactments (2007) to promote this. "Efficiency
Main" program lifetime emissions reductions continue to increase.
Significant reductions (voluntary) in both commercial (75
participants) and municipal (5) sectors are saving about 12K
MTCO2 per year (2006 data). However, "Efficiency Main" kWh
savings in this sector have not met intermediate annual targets.
RGGI revenues are likely to improve this further, but nto until after
2008.




"Efficiency Maine" and voluntary efforts related to GCC, etc. are
producing significant results. Examples: BIW, Fairchild. However,
"Efficiency Maine" kWh savings in this sector have not met
intermediate annual targets. RGGI funds may improve this
situation, but not until after 2010.




No specific program in place. Voluntary efforts rleated to GCC,
etc. are producing significant results. Examples: Poland Spring,
A.F. Lemforder.
No Maine standards adopted. Some gains in this area due to
improved Federal standards.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                       Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Existing funding mechanism has produced a slight increase over
baseline, but not sufficent to meet proposed target. However,
RGGI funds directed to this same end will produce more than
twice the original projection. Will lag behind 2010 goal, but likely
exceed 2020.


Governor's Carbon Challenge is fully implementing this Option;
accomplished.

P.L. 2005 ch. 88 was enacted 6/05 and became effective on the
same date. An additional law, P.L. 2005 ch. 350, refined the
procedures associated with codes, became effective 9/17/05. P.L.
2006 ch. 534 created new efficiency standards for rental
properties. Task completed.



Will need further work with Energy Office to identify best
opportunities and design a pilot program. P.L. 2005 ch. 110
(natural gas conservation) enacted.



Outreach program will be needed to implement. Some progress
Resolves 2007 cc. 46,93.



LD 1586 implements this and Option 55. Enacted and
subsequently (2007) extended.




Probably accomplished, and will likely produce greater savings
than anticipated.




No specific program in place. Some gains due to actions by
Maine State Housing Authority,
independent voluntary activities.


Work with BGS/DAFS to set more aggressive timelines and
implement existing mechanisms. See LD 711 submitted to 122nd:
died in committee. A performance contract for the prison in
Warren is an example of action toward meeting this goal.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
    Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                     Next Steps
       released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
         http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

No specific action presently needed. Goal will likely be met as a
result of Executive Order requiring LEED certification for new and
renovated state buildings.




No specific program as yet.




Department of Transportation action. No action to date.



Outreach program through DEP Bureau of Air Quality.




See Option 38: enacted and extended (2007).




Has been accomplished by market forces. Like to produce greater
GHG savings than originally projected.




A wide range of activities through Dept. of Ag, MOFGA, SWCD,
are actively engaged in this.
 Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
   Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                                    Next Steps
      released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
        http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/

Farms acres in conservation easement have increased by almost
200% since 2004, and actual farm acreage has increased over
same period by 1%. All metrics indicate that this measure will
probably exceed original goal.




(See 39 Soil Carbon Buildup)



Needs stakeholder action to identify specific implementation. LD
1534 (122nd; Rep. Judd Thompson) would have promoted this;
KILLED.




(See 39 Soil Carbon Buildup)




Legislation: ―Resolve, To Evaluate Climate Change Adaptation
Options for the State‖. Calls for DEP to establish a stakeholder
group; build upon Maine’s Climate Future: An Initial Assessment ,
(University of Maine Climate Change Institute, 2009), and make
recommendations to legislature by 2/27/10. Process involves a
coordinating stakeholder group of -40- from business, industry
and trade; public interest orgs, and state agencies. Additional
work by 4 working groups: Natural Environment, Coastal
Environment, Built Environment, Social Environment, each with
20+ additional members.
Climate Program Manager: Gary Westerman
Gary.Westerman@maine.gov ; Coordinator for Climate Action
Plan/Point Person : Malcolm Burson, Maine DEP Commissioner's
Office, Malcolm.c.burson@maine.gov, 207.287.7755 or
207.287.2814

http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/
Implementation Status (Per Biennial Report to Natural
  Resources Committee, January, 2008) Biennial Report
                                                        Next Steps
     released in January, 2010 needs to be added -
       http://www.maine.gov/dep/air/greenhouse/
RELEASED: 3/2009


MICHIGAN
                                                                                         Estimated Annual GHG Reduction Potential
                                                                                                       (MMtCO2e)
                        Climate Mitigation
  Climate Mitigation
                           Action Sub                 Climate Mitigation Actions
  Action Categories
                           Categories                                                         2015            2025



Cross Cutting          CCI-1                 GHG Inventories, Forecasting, Reporting and Not Quantified
                                             Registry
                       CCI-2                 State GHG Reduction Goals and Targets       Not Quantified




                       CCI-3                 State, Local and Tribal Government GHG      Not Quantified
                                             Emission Reductions (Lead-by-Example)




                       CCI-4                 Comprehensive Local Government Climate      Not Quantified
                                             Action Plans (Counties, Cities, etc.)




                       CCI-5                 Public Education and Outreach               Not Quantified
                       CCI-6                 Tax and Cap/ Cap and Trade                  MCAC approved creation of a new Market-
                                                                                         Based Policies Technical Work Group as the
                                                                                         lead for this policy recommendation


                       CCI-7                 Seek Funding for Implementation of MCAC     Not Quantified
                                             Recommendations
                CCI-8           Adaptation and Vulnerability                   Not Quantified




                CCI-9           Participate in Regional, Multi-State, and      Not Quantified
                                National GHG Reduction Efforts
                CCI-10          Enhance and Encourage Economic Growth          Not Quantified
                                and Job Creation Opportunities Through
                                Climate Change Mitigation




                CCI-11          Enhance and Encourage Community
                                Development Through Climate Change
                                Mitigation: Address Environmental Justice

Energy Supply
                RECENT ACTION   PA 295 Clean, Renewable and Efficient          2.7                 2.2
                                Energy Act
                ES-1            Renewable Portfolio Standard and Distributed   5                   14.6
                                Generation "Carve-Out"
                                Renewable Portfolio Standard                   4.6              13.7
                                Distributed Generation "Carve-Out"             0.4              0.9
                ES-3            Energy Optimization Standard                   0                13.6
                ES-5            Advanced Fossil Fuel Technology (e.g.,         Not Quantifiable
                                IGCC, CCSR) Incentives, Support, or
                                Requirements
                ES-6            New Nuclear Power                              0                13.6
                ES-7            Integrated Resource planning (IRP),            Not Quantifiable
                                Including Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

                ES-8            Smart Grid, Including Advanced Metering        Not Quantifiable

                ES-9            CCSR Incentives, Requirements, R&D and/or Not Quantifiable
                                Enabling Policies
                ES-10           Technology-Focused Initiatives (Biomass Co-
                                firing, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, etc.),
                                Including Research, Development and
                                Demonstration
                                Co-firing at 5%                                0.2                 0.2
                                Co-firing at 10%                               0.5                 0.5
                                Co-firing at 20%                               0.9                 0.9
                ES-11           Power Plant Replacement, Energy Efficiency,    2.5                 2
                                and Repowering
                ES-12           Distributed Renewable Energy Incentives,       ES-12       Fully
                                Barrier Removal and Development Issues,        incorporated in
                                Including Grid Access                          distributed
                                                                               generation
                                                                               "carve-out"
                                                                               under ES-1
                ES-13           Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Standards, 0.4                       0.5
                                Incentives and/or Barrier Removal
                      ES-15   Transmission Access and Upgrades           Not Quantifiable



Market Based Policy

                      MBP-1   Cap and Trade
                              20% below 2005 by 2020 (Free-Granting      92.48
                              Allowances)
                              20% below 2005 by 2020 (Auctioning         92.48
                              Allowances)
                      MBP-3   Michigan Joins Chicago Climate Exchange    Not Quantifiable

                      MBP-6   Market Advisory Group                      Not Quantifiable


Transporation and
Land Use
                      TLU-1   Promote Low-Carbon Fuel Use in             2.6                5.9
                              Transporation
                      TLU-2   Eco-Driver Program                         1.1                2.2




                      TLU-3   Truck Idling Policies                      0.36               0.76




                      TLU-4   Advanced Vehicle Technology                0.01               0.03
                      TLU-5   Congestion Mitigation                      0.08               0.18




                      TLU-6   Land Use Planning and Incentives           0.14               0.43
                      TLU-7   Transit and Travel Options                 0.13               0.54
                      TLU-8   Increase Rail Capacity, and Address Rail   0.1                0.19
                              Freight System Bottlenecks
                      TLU-9   Great Lakes Shipping                       0.24               0.27

Residential,
Commercial and
Industrial
                      RCI-1   Utility Demand-Side Management for         0                  13.6
                              Electricity and Natural Gas
                          RCI-2     Existing Buildings Energy Efficiency          17.6               53.8
                                    Incentives, Assistance, Certification and
                                    Financing
                          RCI-3     Regulatory (PSC) Changes to Remove            Not Quantifiable
                                    Disincentives and Encourage Energy
                                    Efficiency Investments by IOUs
                          RCI-4     Adopt More Stringent Building Codes for       3.6                9.8
                                    Energy Efficiency




                          RCI-5     MI Climate Challenge & Related Consumer       Not Quantifiable
                                    Education Programs
                          RCI-6     Incentives to Promote Renewable Energy        0.7              1.5
                                    Systems Implementation
                          RCI-7     Promotion and Incentives for Improved         15.6             47.6
                                    Design and Construction in the Private Sector

                          RCI-8     Net Metering for Distributed Generation       Fully
                                                                                  incorporated
                                                                                  into RCI-6
                          RCI-9     Training & Education for Building Design,     Not Quantifiable
                                    Construction and Operation
                          RCI-10    Water Use and Management                      Not Quantifiable



Agriculture,   Forestry
and Waste
                          AFW-1     Expanded Use of Biomass Feedstocks for        3.3                10
                                    Electricity, Heat, or Steam Production
                          AFW-2*    In-State Liquid Biofuels Production           Included in the
                                                                                  Results of TLU-
                                                                                  1
                          AFW-3     Methane Capture and Utilization from Manure   0.09               0.14
                                    and Other Biological Waste
                          AFW-4     Expanded Use of Bio-based Materials
                                    A. Use of Bio-based Products                  0.08               0.21
                                    B. Utilization of Solid Wood Residues         Not Qualified
                          AFW-5     Land Use Management That Promotos
                                    Permanent Cover
                                    A. Increase in Permanent Cover Area           0.08               0.21
                                    B. Retention of Lands Conservation Programs   0.05               0.11

                                    C. Retention/Enhancement of Wetlands          Not Qualified
                          AFW-6     Forestry and Agricultural Land Protection
                                    A. Agricultural Land Protection               0.46               1.1
                                    B. Forested Land Protection                   Not Qualified
                                    C. Peatlands/Wetlands Protection              Not Qualified
                          AFW-7**   Promotion of Farming Practices that Achieve
                                    GHG Benefits
                                    A. Soil Carbon Management                     0.7                1.7
                                    B. Nutrient Efficiency                        0.05               0.12
                                    C. Energy Efficiency                          0.13               0.32
                                    D. Local Food                                 Not Qualified
                             AFW-8                      Forest Management for Carbon Sequestration
                                                        and Biodiversity




                                                        A. Enhanced Forestland Management            0.53            1.42
                                                        B. Urban Forest Canopy                       1.2             2.9
                                                        C. Reduce Wildfire                           Not Qualified
                             AFW-9                      Source Reduction, Advanced Recycling, and
                                                        Organics Management
                                                        In-State GHG Reductions                      1.4             3
                                                        Full Life-Cycle Reductions                   14.5            35.3
                             AFW-10                     Landfill Methane Energy Programs             0.91            2.7




*The quantification resutls for AFW-2 were
used as inputs to the quantification of the
results of TLU-1, which covers consumption of
biofuels in Michigan.


**The analyses for AFW-5, AFW-7 and AFW-9
include the full life-cycle costs fo the policies. In
the case of AFW-9, it is estimated that a
significant fraction of the reductions will occur
out of state. In-state to those occuring from
reduced landfilling and waste combustion
(these are broken out separately in the table
above).




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
 GHG Reduction Potential     Net Present                                               Implementation Status
MMtCO2e)                     Value 2009-
                            2025 (Million$)   Cost-Effective-ness
                 Total                            ($/tCO2e)
                 2009-
                 2025




                                                                    Governor Granholm signed Executive Directive 2009-4 that
                                                                    implements a number of the recommendations included in
                                                                    the final report of the Michigan Climate Action Council.
                                                                    Amongst those, the Governor's order sets new targets for
                                                                    Michigan in reducing greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent
                                                                    below 2005 baseline levels by 2020, and 80 percent below
                                                                    those levels by 2050. The Department of Environmental
                                                                    Quality shall develop a formal performance tracking
                                                                    mechanism to gauge progress toward achieving the
                                                                    greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals identified
                                                                    above. Beginning in July 2012, and annually thereafter, the
                                                                    Department will report in writing to the Governor and the
                                                                    Legislature on the progress of the State of Michigan in
                                                                    attaining the greenhouse gas emission reduction goals.
                                                                    Per EO 2009-04 the Departments of Environmental Quality
                                                                    and Natural Resources shall designate appropriate
                                                                    representatives to participate in the Tribal-State Climate
                                                                    Change Forum established under the June 11, 2009
                                                                    Intergovernmental Accord between the Tribal Leaders of the
                                                                    Federally Recognized Indian Tribes in Michigan and the
                                                                    Governor of the State of Michigan to Address the Crucial
                                                                    Issue of Climate Change. The purpose of the Forum is to
                                                                    share information, develop analyses and propose action
                                                                    plans to address global warming through methods including,
                                                                    but not limited to, pollution control, alternative clean energy
                                                                    technologies and conservation.


                                                                    Per EO 2009-04 The Department of Environmental Quality
                                                                    shall endeavor to partner with one more signatory
                                                                    communities to the U.S. conference of Mayors Climate
                                                                    Protection Agreement to co-host a conference on climate
                                                                    change. The is conference should provide information about
                                                                    he Climate Action Plan, increase awareness of climate
                                                                    change issues, and provide guidance on the development of
                                                                    local climate change programs and initiatives.



 reation of a new Market-
chnical Work Group as the
recommendation
                             The Department of Environmental Quality shall pursue
                             federal and other available sources of funding to conduct or
                             have conducted on its behalf, analyses on adaptation and
                             based on this research, determine the need for developing
                             adaption plans for Michigan.



                             Per EO 2009-04 In consultation with the Michigan Economic
                             Development Corporation, the Department of Environmental
                             Quality shall conduct, or have conducted on its behalf, a
                             macro-economic analysis of the recommendations identified
                             by the Michigan Climate Action Council in its Climate Action
                             Plan through the use of regional economic modeling and
                             other appropriate evaluative tools. the macro-economic
                             analysis will provide valuable information in prioritizing the
                             recommendations identified in the Climate Action Plan




30.8    $1,024     $33

137.5   $6,600     $48.00

128.5   $5,546     $42.83
8       $1,054     $131.51
86.3    ($1,632)   ($19)




86.3    $1,001     $25.98




3.3     $34.48     $10.60
6.5     $69.43     $10.70
13      $134.09    $10.30
33.2    $313.00    $9.40




7.8     $31.91     $4.09
                     ($25.83)

                     ($19.33)




53     $820          $16

22     ($3,921.00)   ($176)     Per EO 2009-04 with the assistance of the Department of
                                Environmental Quality, the Department of Management and
                                Budget will develop an Eco-Driver Program for all employees
                                using state vehicles. This program will include the
                                development of written and electronic education and training
                                materials designed to maximize vehicle fuel economy by
                                educating drivers on how driving patters, vehicle technologies
                                and vehicle maintenance can impact a vehicles' fuel
                                economy. The Eco-Driver Program should be developed to
                                serve as a model for the later development of an Eco-Driver
                                Program that can be made available to the general public.



7      ($596)        ($85)      Per EO 2009-04 the Dept. of Management and Budget
                                Department of Transportation will together develop a Truck
                                Idling Program for the ate fleet of motor vehicles, buses and
                                heavy-duty equipment
0.19   $281          $1,458
1.7    ($135)        ($81)      Per EO 2009-04 the Department of Transportation will
                                continue to implement and expand on Congestion Mitigation
                                programs to reduce vehicular congestion in major urban
                                areas, including, to the maximum extent feasible, expanding
                                the use of Intelligent Transportation Systems, identifying and
                                improving key bottlenecks, constructing modern roundabouts
                                where justified by traffic volumes and safety needs, and
                                promoting the development of intermodal freight terminals.


3.2    ($598)        ($189)
3.5    $655          $185
2      $69           $35

2.5    NQ            NQ




86.3   ($1,632)      ($19)
428.6   ($12,107)   ($12)




82      ($2,865)    ($35)    Per EO 2009-4 The Department of Energy, Labor and
                             Economic Growth will accelerate plans to revise existing
                             buildign codes to adopt higher energy efficiency standards for
                             exisiting an newly constructed industrial, institutional,
                             municipal, commercial and residential buildings.




14      ($1,958)    ($140)

380     ($11,693)   ($31)




79      $1,649      $21




1.5     $4.70       $3



1.7     ($108)      ($62)




1.8     $63         $34
1.1     $24         $23




10      $864        $85




15      ($200)      ($13)
1.1     ($27)       ($35)
2.9
                                             Per EO 2009-4 the Michigan Department of Agricutlutr will
                                             expand, to the maximum extent feasible, the ichigan
                                             Conservation and Climate Initaitive and expand the advice
                                             offered by its conservation technical corps to include
                                             implemnation of carbon sequestration practices.
12.05   $800          $66
26      ($346)        ($13)




28      ($3,136)      ($112)
314     ($3,136)      ($10)
22      ($35)         ($2)



            CONTACT Vinson Hellwig, Chief,
                    Air Quality Division,
                    Michigan        DEQ,
                    517.373.7069



            WEBSITE http://www.miclimatech
                    ange.us/
Released 4/2008

MINNESOTA
                                                                                Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                        Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                        Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                   2015          2025      (2008–
                                                                                                            2025)
Cross-Cutting        CC-1          GHG Inventories, Forecasting, Reporting Not Quantified
                                   and Registry




                     CC-2          Statewide GHG Reduction Goals and Not Quantified
                                   Targets

                     CC-3          State and Local Government          GHG Not Quantified
                                   Emissions (Lead-by-Example)




                     CC-4          Public Education and Outreach             Not Quantified




                     CC-7          Participate in Regional and Multistate Not Quantified
                                   GHG Reduction Efforts

                     CC-8          Encourage the Creation of     a business- Not Quantified
                                   oriented    organization      to    share
                                   information and strategies.    Recognize
                                   successes, and support         aggressive
                                   GHG reduction goals.

                     CC-9          Dedicate greater public investment to Not Quantified
                                   climate data and analysis




Residential,   RCI-1               Maximize savings from the utility              Quantified as "recent action"
Commercial and                     conservation improvement program
Industrial                         (CIP)
Residential,
Commercial and
Industrial
                                                                              Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                      Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                    Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                   2015        2025    (2008–
                                                                                                        2025)
                     RCI-2         Improved   uniform   statewide building 0.004             0.005    0.077
                                   codes




                     RCI-3         Green building guidelines and standards 0.62              0.94     11.1
                                   based on Architecture 2030




                     RCI-4         Incentives and resources to promote 0.96                  4.95     33.1
                                   combined heat and power (CHP)




                     RCI-5         Program to reduce emissions of non- 0.02                  0.05     0.5
                                   fuel,  high-global-warming potential
                                   GHGs



                     RCI-6         Non-utility strategies and incentives to 0.25             1.3      8.3
                                   encourage energy efficiency and reduce
                                   GHG emissions




                     RCI-7         Conservation    improvement-type     of 0.05              0.05     0.7
                                   program for    propane and fuel      oil
                                   efficiency



                     RCI-8         Energy performance disclosure           Not Quantified




                     RCI-9         Promote technology-specific applications Not Quantified
                                   to reduce GHG emissions
                                                                               Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                       Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                            Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                  2015              2025       (2008–
                                                                                                                2025)
                     RCI-10        Support    strong federal appliance 0.8                      1.4        15.3
                                   standards and require high state
                                   standards in the absence of federal
                                   standards.




Energy               ES-1          Generation Performance standard         0                    0          0




                     ES-3          Efficiency improvements, re-powering 1.8                     3          33.3
                                   and other upgrades to existing plants




                     ES-4          Transportation     system     upgrading, 0.2                 0.4        3.9
                                   including reducing transmission line and
                                   distribution system loss




                     ES-5          Renewable        and/or   environmental Quantified      as
                                   portfolio standard                      "recent action"




                     ES-6          Nuclear power support and incentives    Recommended
                                                                           for further study




                     ES-8          Advanced      fossil  fuel   technology Recommended
                                   incentives, support or requirements, for further study
                                   including carbon capture and storage.
                                                                                   Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                           Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                           Climate Mitigation Actions                                          Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                      2015         2025       (2008–
                                                                                                               2025)
                     ES-10         Voluntary GHG targets                        Not quantified




                     ES-12         Distributed renewable energy incentives 0.021                 0.023    0.37
                                   and/or barrier removal




                     ES-13         Technology-based           approaches, Not quantified
                                   including research and development,
                                   fuel cells, energy storage, distributed
                                   renewable energy technologies, etc.




Transportation       TLU Area 1:
and Land Use
                     TLU-1         Improved   land-use    planning          and 0.7              1.9      14.9
                                   development strategies




                     TLU-2         Expand transit, bicycle, and pedestrian 0.1                   0.3      3
                                   infrastructure




                     TLU-5         Climate-friendly              transportation 1.1              2.1      20.9
                                   pricing/pay-as-you-drive




                     TLU-7         "Fix-it-First"   transportation   investment Not quantified
                                   policy and



                     TLU-9         Workplace        tools      to   encourage 0.3                0.4      4.5
                                   carpooling,      bicycling,    and   transit
                                   ridership




                     TLU-14        Freight mode shifts: intermodal and rail     N/A
                                                                            Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                    Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                 Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                 2015      2025     (2008–
                                                                                                     2025)
                     TLU Area 2:
                     TLU-3         Low-GHG Fuel Standard                  1.7            3.6       36.2




                     TLU Area 3: Reduce Carbon per Mile and/or per Hour
                     TLU-4         Infrastructure management              0.04           0.1       0.7




                     TLU-6         Adopt California clean car standards   0.74           1.16      13.1




                     TLU-12        Voluntary fleet emission reductions    0.4            0.46.1




                     TLU-13        Reduce maximum speed limits            0.4            0.40.4


Agriculture,     AFW-1             Agricultural crop management
Forestry,    and
Waste
Management



                                   A. Soil carbon management              0.72           1.3       15
                                   B. Nutrient management                 0.79           1.3       15
Agriculture,
Forestry,    and
Waste
Management
                                                                                 Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                         Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                      Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                      2015      2025     (2008–
                                                                                                          2025)
                     AFW-2         Land use management approaches for
                                   protection and enrichment of soil carbon




                                   A. Preserve land                            0.15           0.44      3.7
                                   B. Reinvest Minnesota - clean energy        0.09           0.19      1.8




                                   C. Protection of peat lands and wetlands Not quantified




                     AFW-3         In-state liquid biofuels production




                                   A. Ethanol carton content                   1.8            2.2       27

                                   B. Fossil Diesel displacement               0.03           0.19      1.4
                                   C. Gasoline 35% displacement                2.8            9.1       73
                     AFW-4         Expanded use of biomass feedstocks for 1.3                 3.8       31
                                   electricity, heat, or steam production



                     AFW-5         Forestry management         programs   to
                                   enhance GHG benefits
                                                                                Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                        Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                     Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                   2015        2025     (2008–
                                                                                                         2025)
                                   A. Forestation                           0.55             2.2       17

                                   B. Urban Forestry                        1.2              2.7       26




                                   C. Wildfire reduction                    Not quantified




                                   D. Restocking                            2.1              8.4       65




                                   E. Forest health         and   enhanced Not quantified
                                   sequestration




                     AFW-6         Forest protection - reduced clearing and 2.2              2.7       34
                                   conversion to non-forest cover




                     AFW-7         Front-end        waste     management
                                   technologies




                                   A. Source reduction                      0                3.6       20
                                                                              Estimated Annual GHG Reduction
                       Climate                                                      Potential (MMtCO2e)
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                   Total
Action Categories     Action Sub
                      Categories                                                   2015      2025     (2008–
                                                                                                       2025)
                                   B. Recycling                             3.1            3.4       45




                                   C. Composting                            0.29           0.41      4.9




                     AFW-8         End of life waste management practices




                                   A. Landfill methane recovery             0.07           0.73      4.4

                                   B. Residuals management                  0.52           0.53      8.1
                                   C. WTE preprocessing                     0.37           0.84      7.9




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
           Implementation Status
                                                               Legislative
                                                            Recommendation


See GHG Emission Reduction Progress section of      MPCA should continue to
this report. MPCA, DNR, and Met Council will report develop an emissions
GHG emissions as The Climate Registry reporting     inventory system.
members. U.S.EPA is due to propose rules for GHG
reporting.




See RES summary in main report and Appendix ES          No new legislation
10                                                      requested at this time

Many examples of state and local government       State departments
leadby- example in reducing greenhouse gases. See should continue to
Appendix.                                         lead the way.



Much activity, including Eco-                       Recommend continued
Experience, Living Green Expo, and other public and support for outreach and
private efforts                                     education efforts.




See Midwest Governors Association report filed          See MGA report filed
separately                                              separately for
                                                        recommendations
Minnesota Chamber of Commerce Energy Smart              New program underway.
program was launched in Fall                            No legislation requested
2008                                                    at this time.



DNR, OES, MPCA will continue                            No legislation requested;
efforts to measure and analyze                          additional support will
improved data. MPCA, DNR, Met                           allow expanded efforts.
Council are founding reporters
in The Climate Registry


Utility CIP plan review process: 2 IOUs approved;       Entire program was
110 municipals & 6 generation and transmission          revamped through 2007
coops in review (representing 45 distribution coops);   Next Gen Act. No new
6 remaining IOUs will file in June 09                   legislation anticipated
                                                        until revised program
                                                        results evaluated.
            Implementation Status
                                                               Legislative
                                                            Recommendation


New residential bldg code 2007; new energy codes        None at this time; New
2008 (eff.2009). DOLI is now authorized to enforce      ASHRAE commercial
standards statewide                                     code with 30%
                                                        improvement due in
                                                        2010.

2008 MN legislation focuses on state govt. buildings; None at this time;
SB 2030 implementation plan due to Leg. July 09       anticipate updates after
                                                      review of implementation
                                                      plan

Under new CIP legislation, utilities                    Will assess effectiveness
can use up to 5% to install distributed energy          of new actions before
projects, including CHP.                                deciding
                                                        if new legislation should
                                                        be considered.




See separate MPCA report on high-GHG warming            Separate MPCA high-
potential                                               GHG-potential report
GHGs.                                                   contains policy
                                                        recommendations.

A number of voluntary efforts, such as MnTAP            Ascertain scope of
projects and OES federal EE programs, already           federal stimulus funds,
exist; anticipate new federal stimulus dollars will     where funds can fit.
enhance efforts




OES to propose a pilot CIP low income project:          Evaluate results of CIP
conservation measures provided by electric utility in   pilot; additional legislation
propane/fuel oil heated home.                           may not be necessary.



No existing programs identified in MN requiring         Need to look at this
energy disclosure at time of home sale; mixed           concept after the MN
results in other states                                 real estate market
                                                        recovers.



New federal stimulus funding could finance this         Assess need for
recommendation more fully; state agencies are using     additional state legislation
new technology in operations as                         after looking at impact of
appropriate                                             new federal funds.
           Implementation Status
                                                            Legislative
                                                         Recommendation


Although Congress enacted stricter stds in 2005,     Recommend that
many items like some electronics, ice makers, pool   legislation be enacted to
heaters, transformers, etc. are not covered. For     adopt standards for
many of these, a multistate group (CA, CT, RH, OR,   certain products that are
and WA) is assessing                                 not covered by national
and adopting state level stds                        standards thus
                                                     unrestricted by federal
                                                     law.




PUC has authority to address GPS in an individual    U.S. EPA is likely to
certificate                                          propose national
of need case and/or power purchase agreement if      emission standards under
facts of                                             the Clean Air Act; no
case support.                                        legislation requested at
                                                     this time.

Some upgrade and repowering projects are             No legislation requested
underway or proposed, and reviewed on a caseby-      at this time. Emission
case basis.                                          reduction rider has
                                                     provided incentives for
                                                     projects underway.

OES is reviewing transmission requests to            No legislation needed.
recommend upsizing to mitigate losses. New CIP
allows utility infrastructure
upgrades.




See report summary;                                  Additional legislation
significant progress                                 is not requested at this
in implementing                                      time. Utilities continue
renewable energy                                     to focus significant
standard occurred in                                 effort to achieving the
2008.                                                RES
Current legislation prohibits development of         Recommend repeal of
additional nuclear facilities in MN                  nuclear prohibition to
                                                     allow for consideration of
                                                     cleaner, Next Generation
                                                     nuclear technology



There is an advanced fossil fuel project currently   No legislation will be
under consideration; high cost, environmental        considered until
issues, and risk                                     evaluation by Midwest
assessment are ES-8 current concerns.                Governors Association
                                                     is completed.
           Implementation Status
                                                            Legislative
                                                         Recommendation


A number of public and private entities have set     Investigate incentives to
GHG targets, such as Cargill, UMN Morris, Met        encourage voluntary
Council, MPCA and many others.                       reporting.




Phase II distributed renewable energy study is now Recommend reviewing
underway. A number of incentive programs, such as results of the Phase II
Xcel's RDF and NextGen Funding, support this item. study before deciding
                                                   whether legislation is
                                                   considered.
The RDF and NextGen funds support this               Recommend evaluating
recommendation, but much funding is needed;          MGA study and seeing if
federal funds may become available. An MGA study     federal funding is
is also underway.                                    available next year before
                                                     considering legislation.




Efforts underway, i.e. Met Council Development       Will need to better
Framework, Livable Communities grants, Open          assess the effectiveness
Space Protection.                                    of existing efforts to
                                                     design effective
                                                     legislation.


Northstar and Central Corridor LRT are examples of Existing authority appears
expansion; MnDOT and Met Council administer        adequate; expanding
funds supporting this rec                          programs is cost-
                                                   intensive.




Several states have enacted legislation supporting   Recommend evaluating
pay-as-you-drive insurance pricing                   effectiveness of programs
                                                     in other states before
                                                     considering legislation.




This is the de-facto policy of MnDOT, Met Council,   No legislation requested;
and county agencies; new federal infrastructure      policy is already being
dollars can enhance actions                          followed

Many programs at all levels in public and private    Legislation does not
sectors.                                             appear necessary;
                                                     better reporting and
                                                     evaluation mechanisms
                                                     for existing efforts would
                                                     be helpful.
Met Council, MnDOT, and MN                          Legislation not requested
Freight Advisory Committee promote regional freight at this time.
               Implementation Status
                                                             Legislative
                                                          Recommendation




Mn is a leader in the use of renewable fuels due to   Recommend continuing
E10, B2, and E85. E20 and B20 laws are enacted. A     efforts to increase the
Low Carbon Fuel                                       use of and reduce the
Standard Study is underway at the UMN to be           carbon intensity of
completed in Oct. 2009                                transportation fuels.
                                                      Minnesota should
                                                      investigate infrastructure
                                                      needs for supporting
                                                      electric vehicles.




MnDOT and Met Council administer federal funds        Recommend seeing
supporting infrastructure                             whether additional federal
management; additional new fed                        funds are available in this
funding can enhance these actions.                    area before deciding if
                                                      legislation should be
                                                      considered.


We anticipate EPA will propose new federal clean      Evaluate upcoming
car standards.                                        federal regulations.




A number of voluntary efforts ongoing, such as        Recommend evaluating
Project Green Fleet, MPCA Small Business Loans,       effectiveness of state
and many public and private clean fleet and clean     fleet emission reductions
fuel actions;                                         before deciding if
                                                      legislation should be
                                                      considered.




No activity.                                          Legislation not
                                                      requested at this time

Dept. of Ag has several land                        Existing authority appears
mgmt programs supporting sustainable soil practices adequate; additional
                                                    support would be needed
                                                    to expand efforts.




See above.                                            See above.
See above.                                            See above.
             Implementation Status
                                                            Legislative
                                                         Recommendation


Mn Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration Initiative and   Expanding existing
Task Force, a UMN study requested by the             programs will require
Legislature (MN Sess. Laws 2007 Ch. 2, Sec. 35)      additional support.
has assessed the potential for terrestrial carbon    Continue to evaluate
sequestration in Mn and developed                    terrestrial sequestration
recommendations                                      science and policy
                                                     options.




See above.                                           See above.
BWSR completed the RIM-CE                            RIM-CE is only recently
program study earlier this year                      underway; no additional
and is in implementation phase                       legislation requested at
                                                     this time

Existing law protects both peat land and wetland     Expansion of existing
areas;                                               programs to protect
DNR's Wildlife Management Area program also          additional peat land and
protects wetland wildlife habitat.                   wetland has not been
                                                     evaluated to date.




The state is working actively on B20, E20, and E85   Legislative funding for
expansion.                                           instate biofuels has been
Also low carbon fuel study is                        provided in recent years.
underway at the UMN to be                            No legislation beyond
completed by Oct. ‗09                                continued funding
                                                     support is requested.




See above.                                           See above.

See above.                                           See above.
See above.                                           See above.
NextGen Energy Act grant programs support            No new legislation
biomass energy activities                            requested at this time



DNR is the state's lead agency in this area          Recommend fuller
                                                     evaluation of existing
                                                     programs and cost
                                                     effectiveness
                                                     of GHG reductions from
                                                     expanded or modified
                                                     actions before
                                                     considering new
                                                     legislation.
           Implementation Status
                                                            Legislative
                                                         Recommendation


DNR assists private landowners in establishing        See above.
forest cover
Existing programs include DNR Relief and              Additional support would
sustainable land practice actions                     be needed to expand
                                                      efforts.




DNR is the state's lead agency in this area           See above.




Forest land managers, including DNR, have             See above.
restocking programs after harvest.




DNR research, monitoring, and assistance to others See above.
to protect
forest health and prevent pest and disease
outbreaks.



DNR 2008 bonding proposal included $9 million for     Additional support would
Forest                                                support enhanced activity
Legacy Easements; other                               in this area
DNR programs support forest
conservation easements


Solid waste multistakeholder group process recently   Solid waste stakeholder
underway to recommend changes to waste system.        group process should be
A number of frontend efforts at                       completed before any
state and local level                                 new legislation is
                                                      considered. Continue
                                                      support for county
                                                      recycling programs.




MPCA and counties have source reduction programs See above.
in place; measurement of results is difficult
             Implementation Status
                                                         Legislative
                                                      Recommendation


Expansion of recycling programs necessary to       See above; continued
achieve MCCAG goals                                SCORE support




Composting demo project (combined yard waste and See above; also should
compost site) shows potential                       evaluate results of
for cost-effective expansion of organics collection composting demo project
                                                    before considering new
                                                    legislation


Waste-to-energy expansion and landfill methane     See above.
capture and recovery for energy are MPCA strategic
goals


See above.                                         See above.

See above.                                         See above.
See above.                                         See above.

                                       CONTACT: David Thornton, Assistant
                                                Commissioner,
                                                Minnesota Pollution
                                                Control Agency,
                                                651.284.0382,
                                                david.thornton@state.mn.
                                                us


                                        WEBSITE: http://www.mnclimatecha
                                                 nge.us/MCCAG.cfm
Plan    Released:
12/2007


MONTANA
                                                                              Estimated GHG
                                                                                Reductions          Estimated cost
                      Climate
                                                                                (MMtCO2e)               or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                         Climate Mitigation Actions                                  savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                              Total    ton GHG
                     Categories
                                                                            2010     2020     2007-    removed
                                                                                              2020
Cross cutting        CC-1         GHG Inventories and Forecasts                           Not quantified
                     CC-2         State GHG Reporting                                     Not quantified


                     CC-3         State GHG Registry                                      Not quantified




                     CC-4         State Climate Public Education and                      Not quantified
                                  Outreach
                     CC-5         Options for State GHG Goals or Targets                  Not quantified


                     CC-6         The State‘s Own GHG Emissions                           Not quantified


Agriculture,      AFW-1           Agricultural Soil Carbon Management – 0.15        0.37     3.7      $0.00
Forestry, & Waste                 Conservation/No-Till
Management
                                  Agricultural Soil Carbon Management –                    Not quantified
                                  Organic Farming

                     AFW-2        Biodiesel Production (Incentives    for 0.02      0.15     0.9      $14.00
                                  Feedstocks and Production Plants)

                     AFW-3        Ethanol Production                       0.02     0.39     2.2      $4.00


                     AFW-4        Incentives for Enhancing GHG Benefits 0.5         1.6      15       $12.00
                                  of Conservation Provisions of Farm Bill
                                  Programs

                     AFW-5        Preserve Open Space and Working 0.003             0.02     0.12     $32.00
                                  Lands – Agriculture
                                  Preserve Open Space and Working 0.03              0.1      0.9      $3.00
                                  Lands – Forests

                     AFW-6                                                         ** AFW-6 was folded into AFW-7 through AFW-9 **
                                                                                 Estimated GHG
                                                                                   Reductions       Estimated cost
                       Climate
                                                                                   (MMtCO2e)            or cost
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                 savings per
Action Categories     Action Sub
                                                                                              Total    ton GHG
                      Categories
                                                                             2010    2020     2007-    removed
                                                                                              2020
                      AFW-7        Expanded Use of Biomass Feedstocks 0.04          0.15     1.1      -$23.00
                                   for Energy Use




                      AFW-8        Afforestation/Reforestation Programs – 0.09      0.5      3.4      $12.00
                                   Restocking




                                   Afforestation/Reforestation Programs - 0.001     0.006 0.04        -$3.00
                                   Urban Trees




                      AFW-9        Improved Management and Restoration 0.05         0.2      1.3      $119.00
                                   of Existing Stands




                      AFW-10       Expanded Use of Wood Products for                       Not quantified
                                   Building Materials

                      AFW-11       Programs to Promote Local Food and 0.01          0.02     0.12     $5.00
                                   Fiber
                      AFW-12       Enhanced Solid Waste Recovery and 0.05           0.55     3.3      17
                                   Recycling



Transportation       - TLU-1       Light-Duty Vehicle Clean Car Standards   0       0.95     4.92     –$100
Land Use
                      TLU-2        Fuel   Efficient   Replacement      Tires 0      0.03     0.14     –$90
                                   Program
Transportation       -
Land Use




                                                                                    Estimated GHG
                                                                                      Reductions          Estimated cost
                          Climate
                                                                                      (MMtCO2e)               or cost
Climate Mitigation       Mitigation
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions                                    savings per
Action Categories        Action Sub
                                                                                                    Total    ton GHG
                         Categories
                                                                                 2010     2020      2007-    removed
                                                                                                    2020
                         TLU-3        Consumer Information on Vehicle Miles            Included in TLU–1 and TLU–2
                                      Per Gallon (MPG)




                         TLU-4        Financial and Market Incentives for Low             Included in TLU–1
                                      GHG Vehicle Ownership and Use
                         TLU-5        Growth and Development Bundle             0         0.14     0.77     <$0




                         TLU-6        Low Carbon Fuels                          0         0.04     0.39     N/A




                         TLU-7        Heavy-Duty      Vehicle        Emissions 0          0.02     0.16     $79
                                      Standards and Retrofit Incentives

                         TLU-8        Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Locomotive Idle 0.01       0.02 0.13      –$44
                                      Reduction
                         TLU-9                                           Included in TLU-1, TLU-6 through TLU-8, and TLU–11
                                      Procurement of Efficient Fleet Vehicles




                         TLU-10       Transportation System Management                           Not quantified




                         TLU-11       Intermodal Freight Transportation         0.02      0.09     0.59     N/A

                         TLU-12       Off-Road Engines and Vehicles GHG                          Not quantified
                                      Emissions Reductions
                                                                                   Estimated GHG
                                                                                     Reductions         Estimated cost
                      Climate
                                                                                     (MMtCO2e)              or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                          Climate Mitigation Actions                                     savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                                  Total    ton GHG
                     Categories
                                                                                 2010   2020      2007-    removed
                                                                                                  2020
                     TLU-13       Reduced GHG Emissions from Aviation                          Not quantified




Residential,         RCII-1       Demand-Side Management Programs, 0.04                 1.15     6.6      –$21
Commercial,                       Efficiency Funds and Requirements (and
Institutional,   &                Financial Incentives)
Industrial
                     RCII-2       Market Transformation and Technology 0.03             0.3      1.9      –$23
                                  Development Programs

                     RCII-3       State-Level    Appliance   Efficiency 0.05            0.2      1.5      –$36
                                  Standards and State Support for
                                  Improved Federal Standards

                     RCII-4       Building Energy Codes                         0.03    0.25     1.6      –$10


                     RCII-5       ―Beyond     Code‖    Building   Design 0.07           0.52     3.4      –$5
                                  Incentives and Mandatory Programs

                     RCII-6       Consumer Education Programs                                  Not quantified


                     RCII-7       Support for Implementation of Clean Quantified in Coordination with the
                                  Combined Heat and Power            Energy Supply TWG (as a part of ES-
                                                                                      4)


                     RCII-8       Support      for   Renewable         Energy    Quantified in Coordination with the
                                  Applications                                  Energy Supply TWG (as a part of ES-
                                                                                                 4)

                     RCII-9       Carbon Tax                                       Not Quantified; Considered in
                                                                                 Coordination with the Energy Supply
                                                                                          TWG (as ES-8/9)


                     RCII-10      Industrial Energy    Audits    and 0.07               0.56     3.6      –$26
                                  Recommended Measure Implementation



                     RCII-11      Low-Income and Rental Housing Energy 0.05             0.75     4.7      –$9
                                  Efficiency Programs
                     RCII-12      State Lead by Example                         0.03    0.33     2        –$6


                     RCII-13      Metering Technologies With Opportunity 0.02           0.12     0.9      –$12
                                  for Load Management and Choice
                                                                                  Estimated GHG
                                                                                    Reductions        Estimated cost
                      Climate
                                                                                    (MMtCO2e)             or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                         Climate Mitigation Actions                                    savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                                Total    ton GHG
                     Categories
                                                                             2010      2020     2007-    removed
                                                                                                2020
Energy Supply        ES-1         Environmental    Portfolio    Standard                      (see below)
                                  (Renewables and Energy Efficiency)

                                  Efficiency/Conservation                   0.03      0.92     5.4      –$15

                                  Renewable Energy                          0         1.6      5.5      $10


                     ES-2         Renewable Energy Incentives and Barrier       Not quantified separately (see ES-1
                                  Removal                                                    and ES-4)
                     ES-3         Research and Development (R&D),                            Not quantified
                                  Including R&D for Energy Storage and
                                  Advanced Fossil Fuel Technologies

                     ES-4         Incentives and Barrier Removal for                          (see below)
                                  Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and
                                  Clean Distributed Generation (DG)

                                  Distributed Renewables                    0.03      0.1      0.8      $21

                                  Combined Heat and Power                   0.2       0.7      5        $16


                     ES-5         Incentives for Advanced Fossil Fuel                         (see below)
                                  Generation and Carbon Capture and
                                  Storage or Reuse (CCSR)
                                  Reference Case                      0               1        4.5      $30



                                  High Fossil Fuel Scenario                 0         5.2      24.4     $30



                     ES-6         Efficiency Improvements and Repowering                     Not quantified
                                  of Existing Plants

                     ES-7         Demand-Side Management              Not quantified separately (see ES-1 and RCII-1)



                     ES-8/9       Market-Based Mechanisms to Establish a                     Not quantified
                                  Price Signal for GHG Emissions (GHG
                                  Cap-and-Trade or Tax)

                     ES-10        Generation Performance Standards or 0.1             0.8      4.7      $13
                                  GHG Mitigation Requirements for New
                                  (and/or Existing) Generation Facilities,
                                  With/Without GHG Offsets
                     ES-11        Methane and CO2 Reduction in Oil and                        (see below)
                                  Gas Operations, Including Fuel Use and
                                  Emissions Reduction in Venting and
                                  Flaring
                                  Reference Case                         0.1          0.5      3.9
                                                                                                              Likely net
                                  High Fossil Fuel Case                     0.3       0.8      6.6             benefit
                                                                              Estimated GHG
                                                                                Reductions      Estimated cost
                      Climate
                                                                                (MMtCO2e)           or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation
                                         Climate Mitigation Actions                              savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub
                                                                                          Total    ton GHG
                     Categories
                                                                          2010    2020    2007-    removed
                                                                                          2020
                     ES-12        GHG Reduction in Refinery Operations,                 (see below)
                                  Including in Future Coal-to-Liquids
                                  Refineries
                                  Coal-to-Liquids – High Fossil Fuel Case 0      9.9     35      Not estimated


                                  Petroleum Refining - Reference Case    0.02    0.24    1.5     Not estimated
                                  Petroleum Refining - High Fossil Fuel 0.03    0.38 2.2       Not estimated
                     ES-13        Case Capture and Storage or Reuse
                                  CO2                                        Incorporated in ES-5 and 12
                                  (CCSR) in Oil & Gas Operations,




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                    Implementation
               mechanism(s) anticipated         Implementation Status
               in state or provincial plan


              MT DEQ Regulation
              MT DEQ Regulation


              MT DEQ Regulation              Charter member of The Climate
                                             Registry



              MT DEQ Regulation


              None


              Lead-by-example,
              education and outreach,

              Rebate           programs,
              educational       outreach,
              other incentives
              Rebate           programs,
              educational       outreach,
              other incentives
              TBD



              TBD


              Programs, education and
              training


              Funding       mechanisms,
              information/education
              Funding       mechanisms,
              information/education

ded into AFW-7 through AFW-9 **
     Implementation
mechanism(s) anticipated        Implementation Status
in state or provincial plan


State    Lead-by-example,
source          reduction,
agreements,       funding
mechanisms, codes and
standards, market based
mechanisms, pilots and
demos,      R&D,       tax
incentives


Information/education,
technical       assistance,
market-based incentives,
state lead-by-example




Information/education,
technical       assistance,
market-based incentives,
funding       mechanisms,
hazard        identification,
improve           inventory,
increase forest productivity


Policies, tax incentives,
education/outreach

TBD

Educational    outreach,
market      mechanisms,
programs

Regulatory program

Information/education,
promotion/marketing,
technical       assistance,
funding
mechanisms/initiatives,
agreements, market-based
mechanisms, codes and
standards,    pilots    and
demos,        enforcement,
reporting
     Implementation
mechanism(s) anticipated       Implementation Status
in state or provincial plan


Information/education,
promotion/marketing,
technical       assistance,
agreements, codes and
standards,    pilots   and
demos,        enforcement,
reporting




Executive order

Codes and standards, tax
incentives,      regulation,
state lead-by-example




Funding,            market
incentives,     alternative
revenue sources




R&D, tax incentives

Promotion/marketing,
technical     assistance,
funding
mechanisms/incentives,
agreements, codes and
standards,  pilots   and
demos

Promotion/marketing,
technical     assistance,
funding
mechanisms/incentives,
agreements, codes and
standards,  pilots   and
demos,      enforcement,
reporting


R&D

None
     Implementation
mechanism(s) anticipated      Implementation Status
in state or provincial plan


Promotion/marketing,
technical      assistance,
funding
mechanisms/incentives,
agreements, codes and
standards,   pilots    and
demos,           reporting,
enforcements
     Implementation
mechanism(s) anticipated      Implementation Status
in state or provincial plan
     Implementation
mechanism(s) anticipated         Implementation Status
in state or provincial plan




               CONTACT: Lisa Peterson, DEQ Public Affairs
                        Coordinator, 406.444.2929,
                        lpeterson@mt.gov
                WEBSITE:      http://www.mtclimatechange.u
                              s/
RELEASED 3/2009

NEW HAMPSHIRE
                                                                                    Estimated Annual GHG Reduction Potential
                                                                                                  (MMtCO2e)
                           Climate
 Climate Mitigation
                      Mitigation Action       Climate Mitigation Actions
 Action Categories
                      Sub Categories                                                 2012              2025          2050

(Legend for Economic $ at bottom)

Residential,          RCI 1.1             Maximize Energy Efficiency in New
Commerical,                               Construction
Industraial
                                          30% more efficient                  0.2               0.86          2.08
                                          70% more efficient                  0.36              2             4.85
                                          100% more efficient                 0.46              2.85          6.93

                      RCI 1.2             Maximize Energy Efficiency in
                                          Existing Residential Buildings
                                          30,000 homes/year; 15% more         0.19              0.82          0.82
                                          efficient
                                          30,000 homes/year; 30% more         0.39              1.64          1.64
                                          efficient
                                          30,000 homes/year; 60% more         0.78              3.29          3.29
                                          efficient
                                          15,000 homes/year; 15% more         0.1               0.41          0.82
                                          efficient
                                          15,000 homes/year; 30% more         0.19              0.83          1.64
                                          efficient
                                          15,000 homes/year; 60% more         0.39              1.65          3.29
                                          efficient
                      RCI 1.3             Maximize Energy Efficiency in
                                          Existing Commercial, Industrial
                                          and Municipal Buildings
                                          15% more efficient                  0.16              0.69          0.84
                                          30% more efficient                  0.32              1.38          1.68
                                          50% more efficient                  0.54              2.29          2.8

                      RCI 1.4A            Upgrade Building Energy Codes
                                          25% more efficient thermal          0.1               0.44          1.06
                                          50% more efficient thermal          0.21              0.87          2.13

                      RCI 1.4B            Improve Building Energy Code
                                          Compliance
                                          50% compliance (3% more 0.01                          0.05          0.13
                                          efficient thermal)
                                          80% compliance (6.6% more 0.03                        0.12          0.28
                                          efficient thermal)
                      RCI 1.5             Establish an Energy Properties
                                          Section in MLS Listings


                      RCI 1.7             Preserve Older Buildings and
                                          Neighborhoods as Components of
                                          Sustainable Communities
                      RCI 1.8             Conserve Embodied Energy in
                                          Existing Building Stock




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                         Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                         Page 264
                     RCI 2.1         Create Incentive Programs to
                                     Install    Higher     Efficiency
                                     Equipment,    Processes,     and
                                     Systems
                     RCI 2.3         Require Annual CO2 Emissions
                                     Reporting
                     RCI 2.4         Develop Best-Practice Guidelines
                                     for Energy Efficient Process
                                     Equipment
                     RCI 2.5         Promote Net-Zero or Minimal-
                                     Emissions     Industrial and
                                     Commercial Clusters
                     RCI 3.1         Promote Renewable Energy and 0.03           0.13   0.24
                                     Low-CO2e    Thermal   Energy
                                     Systems
                     RCI 4.1         Include Energy Efficiency and
                                     Conservation in School Curriculum

                     RCI 4.2         Increase Energy Efficiency through
                                     Building Management Education
                                     Programs
                     RCI 4.3         Reduce   Residential   Energy
                                     Demand through Education and
                                     Outreach
                     RCI 4.4         Establish    a    Comprehensive
                                     Energy Efficiency and Renewable
                                     Energy Education Program

                     RCI 4.5         Create an Energy Efficiency and
                                     Sustainable Energy Systems Web
                                     Portal



Electricity
Generation and Use
                     EGU 1.1         Revenue Decoupling
                     EGU 1.2         Energy Efficiency Procurement
                                     5% reduction in NH consumption       0.08   0.29   0.38
                                     by 2020
                                     10% reduction in NH consumption      0.17   0.59   0.76
                                     by 2020
                                     15% reduction in NH consumption      0.25   0.88   1.14
                                     by 2020
                                     20% reduction in NH consumption      0.33   1.17   1.52
                                     by 2020
                                     24% reduction in NH consumption      0.4    1.41   1.83
                                     by 2020

                     EGU 1.3         Combined Heat & Power Resource       0.15   0.53   0.69
                                     Standard
                     EGU 2.1         Renewable Portfolio Standard         0.28   1.4    1.81
                                     (RPS)
                     EGU 2.2         Regional       Greenhouse     Gas    0.47   2.79   5.92
                                     Initiative (RGGI)
                     EGU 2.3         New         Source    Performance
                                     Standard (NSPS)
                                     250 lbs co2/mwh                      0.28   1.44   3.68
                                     400 lbs                              0.21   1.1    2.8
                                     600 lbs                              0.12   0.64   1.63


Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                 Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                 Page 265
                                     800 lbs                            0.03   0.18   0.46

                     EGU 2.4         Low and Non-CO2 Emitting Supply
                                     Side Resources
                     EGU 2.5         Changes to Exisitng Generation
                                     Capacity
                                     Nuclear Case 1: Replace nuclear 0         0      -4.05
                                     capacity with natural gas in 2030

                                     Nuclear    Case    2:   Replace 0         6.23   6.23
                                     petroleum, coal and a portion of
                                     antural gas base generation with
                                     new 1000mw nuclear
                                     Replace petroleum, coal and a 0           6.23   6.23
                                     portion of natural gas base
                                     geneation with 1000mw of new
                                     renewables
                                     Replace coal base generation with 0       4.22   4.22
                                     an equivalent amount of new
                                     renewable generation
                                     Replace coal base generation with 0       2.6    2.6
                                     an equivalent amount of new NG
                                     generation

                     EGU 2.6         Import low carbon power from 6.09         6.09   6.09
                                     Canada – mainly Quebec Hydro
                     EGU 2.7         Utility Investments   in   New 0.14       0.56   1.12
                                     Renewable Generation

Transporation and
Land Use
                     TLU 1.A.1       Support    Stricter   Corporate
                                     Average Fuel Economy Standards

                                     35 mpg                             0.09   1.13   1.85
                                     40 mpg                             0.15   1.64   2.64
                                     45 mpg                             0.21   2.04   3.25
                                     50 mpg                             0.27   2.37   3.75



                     TLU 1.A.2       Support Fuel Economy Standards 0.22       0.94   1.82
                                     for Heavy-Duty Vehicles

                     TLU 1.A.3       Adopt California Low Emission 0.16        1.78   2.62
                                     Vehicle (CALEV) Standards
                     TLU 1.B         Influence Consumer Demand for
                                     Higher Fuel Economy Vehicles.

                     TLU 1.B.1       Create a Point-of-Sale Financial
                                     Incentive for Higher Efficiency
                                     Vehicles
                                     Feebate     of    $500 per .01 .23`       0.73   1
                                     gallon/mile (new vehicles 14%
                                     more fuel efficient)
                                     Feebate of $1000 per .01 0.34             1.07   1.47
                                     gallon/mile (new vehicles 22%
                                     more fuel efficient)




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                Page 266
                     TLU 1.B.2       Implement      a     Carbon-Based 0.23       0.73   1
                                     Vehicle Registration Fee Structure

                     TLU 1.C.1       Adopt     a    Low-Carbon   Fuel 0           0.89   1.32
                                     Standard
                     TLU 1.C.2       Promote Advanced Technology
                                     Vehicles       and     Supporting
                                     Infrastructure
                                     Electric Cars
                                     Light duty sales 1% electric by 0            0.04   0.16
                                     2020 (3.5% by 2050) (electricity at
                                     NE margin).
                                     Light duty sales 5% electric by 0.01         0.18   0.79
                                     2020 (17.5% by 2050) (electricity
                                     at NE margin).
                                     Light duty sales 10% electric by 0.04        0.56   2.45
                                     2020 (35% by 2050) (electricity at
                                     NE margin).
                                     Light duty sales 20% electric by 0.08        1.11   4.9
                                     2020 (70% by 2050) (electricity at
                                     NE margin).
                     TLU 1.C.3       Install Retrofits to   Reduce Black
                                     Carbon Emissions
                                     Employ     DOCs        (reduce   PM 0.07     0.4    0.7
                                     emissions by 25%)
                                     Employ      FTFs       (reduce   PM 0.14     0.8    1.39
                                     emission by 50%)
                                     Employ      DPFs        (reduce    PM 0.23   1.3    2.25
                                     emissions by 85%,      increase diesel
                                     fuel use by 3%)
                     TLU 1.D.1       Reduce Speed limits
                                     Enforce current speed limits on 0.06         0.18   0.25
                                     highways
                                     Lower posted speed limites on 0.11           0.35   0.48
                                     highways

                     TLU 1.D.2       Reduce Vehicle Idling            0.01        0.02   0.03
                     TLU 1.D.3       Improve Traffic Flow             0.01        0.04   0.06
                     TLU 1.D.4       Reduce      Emissions    through 0.03        0.09   0.12
                                     Enhanced      Vehicle Inspection
                                     Programs
                     TLU GOAL 2      Reduce       Emissions    through
                                     Enhanced      Vehicle  Inspection
                                     Programs
                     TLU 2.A.1       Implement       Commuting     Trip    0.03   0.13   0.17
                                     Reduction Initiative
                     TLU 2.A.2       Implement Congestion Pricing          0.03   0.03   0.04
                     TLU 2.A.3       Create a VMT-Based Insurance
                                     Premium Structure
                                     2.7% reduction in total light duty    0.15   0.16   0.22
                                     VMT
                                     5% reduction in total light duty      0.28   0.3    0.41
                                     VMT
                                     7% reduction in total light duty      0.39   0.42   0.57
                                     VMT
                     TLU 2.A.4       Implement VMT-Based Vehicle
                                     Registration Fees
                                     2.7% reduction in total light duty    0.15   0.16   0.22
                                     VMT



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                                     5% reduction in total light duty 0.28          0.3    0.41
                                     VMT
                                     7% reduction in total light duty 0.39          0.42   0.57
                                     VMT
                     TLU 2.A.5       Increase the State Gasoline Tax  0.22          0.67   1.47

                     TLU 2.A.7       Create      initiative  to    reduce
                                     availabiltiy of free and inexpensive
                                     parking
                     TLU 2.B.1.a     Expand          Local/Intra-Regional
                                     Transit (Bus) Service
                     TLU 2.B.1.b     Improve      Existing    Local/Intra-   0.01   0.11   0.29
                                     Regional Transit (Bus) Service
                     TLU 2.B.1.c     Expand and Improve Bicycle and          0.02   0.08   0.11
                                     Pedestrian Infrastructure
                     TLU 2.B.2.a     Maintain and Expand Passenger           0      0.05   0.15
                                     Rail Service
                     TLU 2.B.2.d     Implementation Recommendations          0.12   0.13   0.17
                                     of the I-93 Transit Investment
                                     Study
                     TLU 2.B.2.e     Expand           Park-and-Ride 0.03            0.04   0.05
                                     Infrastructure
                     TLU 2.B.2f      Provide financial support of
                                     tansporation      management
                                     associations
                     TLU 2.B.2.g     Expand Inter-City Bus Service
                     TLU 2.B.2.h     Improve Existing Inter-City Bus 0.01           0.02   0.15
                                     Service to Increase Ridership
                     TLU 2.C         Develop Land Use Patterns that
                                     Support a Balanced Multi-Modal
                                     Transportation     System     and
                                     Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled



                                     Directing in-community only growth 0           0.03   0.16
                                     to their cetner areas (0%, .5% and
                                     2% light duty VMT reduction by
                                     2012, 2025, and 2050 respectively)


                                     Directing 60% of all NH growth to 0            0.24   0.65
                                     center area of 14 largest, densest
                                     communities                     in
                                     central/southern/southeastern NH
                                     with walkable design and an
                                     integrated mix of uses (0%, 4%
                                     and 8% light duty VMT reduction
                                     by 2012, 2025, and 2050
                                     respectively)

                                     Directing 90% of all NH growth to 0            0.42   0.9
                                     center area of 14 largest, densest
                                     communities                     in
                                     central/southern/southeastern NH
                                     with walkable design and an
                                     integrated mix of uses (0%, 7%
                                     and 11% light duty VMT reduction
                                     by 2012, 2025, and 2050
                                     respectively)




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                     TLU 2.C.1.a     Assess GHG Development impact
                                     fees


                     TLU 2.C.1.b     Streamline approvals for low-GHG
                                     development projects


                     TLU 2.C.2       Develop model zoning to support
                                     bus/rail transit


                     TLU 2.C.3       Develop model zoning for higher-
                                     density, mixed-use development


                     TLU 2.C.4       Use state funding and grants to
                                     encourage        low-GHG-impact
                                     development

                     TLU 2.C.5       Enable/apply a two-rate tax
                                     structure based on GHG-impact


                     TLU 2.C.6       Promote availability and use of
                                     location efficient mortgages


                     TLU 2.C.7       Establish entity(ies) to support
                                     compact land use patters and
                                     open space preservation
                     TLU 2.C.8       Continue/expand           funding,
                                     education and technical assistance
                                     to municipalities
Agriculture,
Forestry and Waste


                     AFW 1.1.1       Increase Cover Crops                  <0.01   <0.01   <0.01

                     AFW 1.1.2       Increase Conservation Tillage/No- <0.01       <0.01   <0.01
                                     Till Farming Practices

                     AFW 1.1.3       Protect Agricultural Land

                     AFW 1.2         Avoid Forest and Land Conversion 0.17         0.33    0.52

                     AFW 1.3         Promote Durable Wood Products         0.1     0.1     0.1

                     AFW GOAL 2      Fuel and Electricity Generation

                     AFW 2.1         Encourage the Use of Bioreactors
                                     for Landfills
                     AFW 2.2         Maximize Availability of Biomass 1.63         1.81    2.25
                                     for Electricity and Heating within
                                     Sustainable Limits
                     AFW 2.2.1       Maintain Infrastructure for Biomass
                                     Production and Support Regulatory
                                     and Business Efficiencies


                     AFW 2.2.2       Ensure Biomass Consumption is
                                     within Sustainable Limits




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                        AFW 2.2.3    Ensure the Most Efficient Use of
                                     Energy/Biomass Stock
                        AFW 3.1      Implement a Pay-As-You-Throw
                                     Initiative (PAYT)

                        AFW 4.1      Strengthen Local Food Systems      <0.01   <0.01   <0.01




$: $0-$2.5 million,                                                                             Contact
$$: $2.5 million -$25
million, $$$: $25
million-$125
million, $$$$: $125
million-$500
million, $$$$$: $500
million - $1 billion,
$$$$$$:       Greater
than $1 billion




                                                                                                Website




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488




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Economic Impact (2008
      dollars)
                                      Implementation Status
      Costs    Benefits




$$$           $$$$
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$


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$            $$




Chris Skoglund
Energy and Transportation Analyst
Air Resources Division
NH Department of Environmental Services
29 Hazen Drive, PO Box 95
Concord, NH 03302-0095
603-271-7624
Fax: 603-271-1381
christopher.skoglund@des.nh.gov

Stacey Doll
Energy and Climate Collaborative Coordinator
603-271-6947
stace.doll@des.nh.gov


http://www.des.state.nh.us/ard/climatechange/ActionPlan/index.html




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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 678
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 679
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 680
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 681
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 682
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 683
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 684
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 685
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 686
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 687
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 688
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 689
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 690
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 691
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 692
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 693
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 694
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 695
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 696
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 697
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 698
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 699
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 700
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 701
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 702
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 703
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 704
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 705
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 706
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 707
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 708
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 709
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 710
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 711
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 712
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 713
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 714
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 715
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 716
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 717
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 718
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 719
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 720
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 721
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 722
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 723
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 724
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 725
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 726
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 727
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 728
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 729
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 730
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 731
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 732
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 733
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 734
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 735
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 736
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 737
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 738
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 739
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 740
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 741
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 742
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 743
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 744
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 745
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 746
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 747
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 748
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 749
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 750
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 751
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 752
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 753
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 754
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 755
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 756
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 757
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 758
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 759
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 760
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 761
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 762
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 763
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 764
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 765
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 766
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 767
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 768
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 769
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 770
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 771
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 772
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 773
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 774
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 775
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 776
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 777
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 778
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 779
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 780
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 781
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 782
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 783
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 784
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 785
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 786
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 787
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 788
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 789
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 790
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 791
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 792
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 793
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 794
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 795
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 796
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 797
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 798
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 799
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 800
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 801
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 802
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 803
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 804
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 805
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 806
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 807
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 808
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 809
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 810
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 811
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 812
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 813
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 814
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 815
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 816
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 817
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 818
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 819
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 820
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 821
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 822
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 823
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 824
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 825
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 826
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 827
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 828
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 829
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 830
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 831
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 832
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 833
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 834
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 835
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 836
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 837
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 838
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 839
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 840
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 841
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 842
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 843
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 844
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 845
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 846
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 847
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 848
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 849
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 850
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 851
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 852
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 853
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 854
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 855
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 856
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 857
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 858
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 859
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 860
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 861
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 862
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 863
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 864
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 865
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 866
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 867
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 868
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 869
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 870
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 871
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 872
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 873
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 874
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 875
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 876
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 877
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 878
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 879
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 880
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 881
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 882
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 883
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 884
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 885
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 886
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 887
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 888
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 889
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 890
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 891
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 892
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 893
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 894
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 895
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 896
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 897
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 898
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 899
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 900
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 901
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 902
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 903
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 904
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 905
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 906
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 907
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 908
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 909
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 910
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 911
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 912
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 913
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 914
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 915
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 916
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 917
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 918
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 919
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 920
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 921
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 922
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 923
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 924
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 925
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 926
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 927
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 928
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 929
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 930
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 931
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 932
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 933
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 934
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 935
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 936
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 937
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 938
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 939
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 940
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 941
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 942
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 943
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 944
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 945
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 946
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 947
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 948
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 949
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 950
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 951
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 952
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 953
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 954
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 955
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 956
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 957
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 958
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 959
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 960
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 961
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 962
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 963
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 964
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 965
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 966
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 967
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 968
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 969
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 970
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 971
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 972
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 973
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 974
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 975
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 976
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 977
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 978
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 979
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 980
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 981
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 982
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 983
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 984
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 985
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 986
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 987
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 988
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 989
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 990
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 991
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 992
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 993
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 994
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 995
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 996
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 997
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 998
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                   Page 999
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1000
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1001
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1002
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1003
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1004
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1005
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1006
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1007
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1008
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1009
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1010
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1011
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1012
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1013
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1014
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1015
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1016
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1017
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1018
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1019
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1020
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1021
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1022
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1023
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1024
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1025
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1026
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1027
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1028
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1029
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1030
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1031
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1032
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1033
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1034
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1035
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1036
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1037
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1038
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1039
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1040
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1041
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1042
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1043
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1044
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1045
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1046
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1047
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1048
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1049
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1050
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1051
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1052
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1053
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1054
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1055
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1056
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1057
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1058
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1059
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1060
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1061
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1062
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1063
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1064
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1065
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1066
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1067
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1068
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1069
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1070
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1071
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1072
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1073
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1074
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1075
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1076
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1077
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1078
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1079
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1080
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1081
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1082
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1083
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1084
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1085
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1086
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1087
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1088
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1089
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1090
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1091
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1092
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1093
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1094
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1095
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1096
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1097
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1098
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1099
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1100
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1101
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1102
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1103
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1104
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1105
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1106
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1107
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1108
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1109
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1110
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1111
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1112
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1113
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1114
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1115
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1116
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1117
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1118
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1119
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1120
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1121
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1122
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1123
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1124
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1125
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1126
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1127
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1128
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1129
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1134
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1135
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1136
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1137
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1138
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1139
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1140
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1141
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1142
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1143
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1144
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1145
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1146
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1147
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1148
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1149
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1150
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1152
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1153
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1154
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1155
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1156
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1157
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1158
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1159
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1160
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1161
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1162
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1163
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1164
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1165
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1166
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1167
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1168
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1169
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1170
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1171
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1172
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1173
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1174
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1175
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1176
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1177
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1178
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1179
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1183
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1184
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1185
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1186
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1189
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1190
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1191
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1192
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1193
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1194
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1195
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1196
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1197
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1198
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
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Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1201
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1202
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1203
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1204
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1205
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1206
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1207
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1208
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1209
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1210
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1211
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1212
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1213
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1214
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1215
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1216
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1217
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1218
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1219
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1220
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1221
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1222
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1223
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1224
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1225
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1226
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1227
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1228
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1229
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1230
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1231
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1232
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1233
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1234
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1235
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1236
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1237
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1238
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1239
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1240
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1241
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1242
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1243
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1244
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1245
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1246
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1247
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1248
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1249
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1250
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1251
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1252
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1253
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1254
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1255
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1256
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1257
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1258
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1259
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1260
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1261
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1262
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1263
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1264
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1265
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1266
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1267
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1268
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1269
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1270
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1271
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1272
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1273
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1274
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1275
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1276
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1277
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1278
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1279
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1280
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1281
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1282
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1283
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1284
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1285
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1286
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1287
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1288
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1289
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1290
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1291
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1292
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1293
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1294
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1295
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1296
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1297
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1298
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1299
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1300
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1301
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1302
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1303
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1304
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1305
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1306
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1307
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1308
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1309
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1310
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1311
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1312
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1313
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1314
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1315
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1316
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1317
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1318
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1319
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1320
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1321
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1322
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1323
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1324
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1325
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1326
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1327
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1328
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1329
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1330
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1331
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1332
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1333
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1334
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1335
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1336
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1337
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1338
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1339
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1340
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1341
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1342
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1343
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1344
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1345
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1346
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1347
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1348
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1349
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1350
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1351
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1352
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1353
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1354
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1355
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1356
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1357
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1358
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1359
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1360
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1361
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1362
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1363
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1364
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1365
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1366
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1367
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1368
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1369
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1370
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1371
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1372
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1373
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1374
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1375
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1376
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1377
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1378
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1379
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1380
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1381
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1382
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1383
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1384
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1385
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1386
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1387
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1388
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1389
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1390
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1391
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1392
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1393
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1394
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1395
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1396
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1397
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1398
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1399
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1400
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1401
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1402
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1403
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1404
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1405
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1406
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1407
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1408
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1409
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1410
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1411
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1412
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1413
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1414
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1415
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1416
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1417
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1418
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1419
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1420
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1421
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1422
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1423
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1424
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1425
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1426
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1427
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1428
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1429
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1430
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1431
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1432
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1433
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1434
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1435
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1436
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1437
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1438
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1439
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1440
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1441
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1442
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1443
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1444
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1445
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1446
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1447
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1448
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1449
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1450
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1451
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1452
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1453
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1454
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1455
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1456
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1457
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1458
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1459
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1460
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1461
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1462
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1463
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1464
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1465
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1466
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1467
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1468
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1469
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1470
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1471
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1472
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1473
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1474
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1475
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1476
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1477
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1478
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1479
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1480
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1481
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1482
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1483
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1484
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1485
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1486
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1487
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1488
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1489
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1490
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1491
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1492
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1493
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1494
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1495
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1496
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1497
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1498
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1499
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1500
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1501
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1502
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1503
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1504
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1505
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1506
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1507
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1508
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1509
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1510
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1511
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1512
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1513
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1514
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1515
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1516
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1517
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1518
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1519
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1520
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1521
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1522
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1523
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1524
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1525
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1526
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1527
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1528
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1529
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1530
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1531
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1532
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1533
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1534
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1535
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1536
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1537
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1538
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1539
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1540
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1541
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1542
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1543
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1544
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1545
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1546
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1547
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1548
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1549
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1550
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1551
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1552
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1553
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1554
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1555
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1556
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1557
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1558
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1559
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1560
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1561
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1562
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1563
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1564
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1565
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1566
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1567
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1568
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1569
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1570
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1571
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1572
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1573
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1574
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1575
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1576
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1577
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1578
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1579
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1580
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1581
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1582
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1583
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1584
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1585
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1586
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1587
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1588
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1589
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1590
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1591
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1592
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1593
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1594
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1595
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1596
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1597
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1598
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1599
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1600
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1601
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1602
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1603
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1604
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1605
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1606
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1607
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1608
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1609
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1610
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1611
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1612
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1613
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1614
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1615
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1616
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1617
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1618
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1619
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1620
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1621
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1622
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1623
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1624
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1625
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1626
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1627
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1628
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1629
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1630
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1631
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1632
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1633
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1634
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1635
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1636
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1637
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1638
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1639
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1640
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1641
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1642
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1643
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1644
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1645
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1646
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1647
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1648
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1649
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1650
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1651
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1652
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1653
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1654
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1655
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1656
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1657
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1658
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1659
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1660
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1661
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1662
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1663
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1664
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1665
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1666
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1667
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1668
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1669
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1670
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1671
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1672
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1673
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1674
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1675
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1676
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1677
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1678
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1679
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1680
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1681
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1682
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1683
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1684
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1685
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1686
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1687
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1688
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1689
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1690
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1691
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1692
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1693
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1694
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1695
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1696
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1697
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1698
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1699
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1700
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1701
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1702
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1703
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1704
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1705
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1706
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1707
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1708
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1709
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1710
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1711
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1712
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1713
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1714
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1715
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1716
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1717
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1718
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1719
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1720
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1721
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1722
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1723
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1724
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1725
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1726
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1727
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1728
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1729
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1730
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1731
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1732
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1733
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1734
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1735
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1736
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1737
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1738
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1739
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1740
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1741
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1742
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1743
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1744
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1745
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1746
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1747
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1748
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1749
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1750
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1751
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1752
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1753
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1754
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1755
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1756
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1757
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1758
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1759
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1760
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1761
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1762
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1763
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1764
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1765
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1766
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1767
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1768
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1769
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1770
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1771
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1772
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1773
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1774
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1775
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1776
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1777
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1778
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1779
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1780
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1781
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1782
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1783
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1784
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1785
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1786
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1787
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1788
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1789
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1790
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1791
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1792
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1793
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1794
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1795
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1796
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1797
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1798
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1799
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1800
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1801
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1802
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1803
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1804
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1805
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1806
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1807
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1808
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1809
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1810
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1811
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1812
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1813
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1814
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1815
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1816
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1817
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1818
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1819
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1820
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1821
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1822
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1823
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1824
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1825
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1826
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1827
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1828
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1829
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1830
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1831
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1832
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1833
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1834
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1835
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1836
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1837
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1838
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1839
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1840
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1841
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1842
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1843
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1844
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1845
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1846
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1847
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1848
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1849
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1850
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1851
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1852
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1853
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1854
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1855
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1856
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1857
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1858
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1859
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1860
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1861
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1862
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1863
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1864
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1865
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1866
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1867
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1868
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1869
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1870
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1871
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1872
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1873
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1874
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1875
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1876
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1877
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1878
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1879
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1880
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1881
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1882
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1883
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1884
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1885
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1886
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1887
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1888
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1889
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1890
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1891
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1892
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1893
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1894
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1895
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1896
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1897
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1898
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1899
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1900
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1901
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1902
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1903
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1904
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1905
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1906
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1907
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1908
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1909
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1910
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1911
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1912
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1913
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1914
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1915
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1916
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1917
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1918
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1919
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1920
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1921
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1922
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1923
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1924
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1925
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1926
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1927
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1928
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1929
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1930
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1931
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1932
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1933
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1934
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1935
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1936
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1937
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1938
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1939
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1940
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1941
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1942
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1943
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1944
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1945
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1946
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1947
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1948
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1949
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1950
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1951
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1952
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1953
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1954
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1955
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1956
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1957
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1958
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1959
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1960
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1961
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1962
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1963
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1964
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1965
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1966
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1967
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1968
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1969
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1970
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1971
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1972
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1973
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1974
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1975
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1976
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1977
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1978
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1979
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1980
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1981
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1982
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1983
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1984
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1985
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1986
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1987
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1988
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1989
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1990
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1991
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1992
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1993
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1994
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1995
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1996
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1997
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1998
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 1999
Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation   Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                  Page 2000
RELEASED: 2006

NEW MEXICO
                                                                                          Estimated
                      Climate                                     Estimated Annual GHG                       Implementation
                                                                                         cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                    Reduction Potential                        mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                           savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                        (MMtCO2e)                          anticipated in state or
                                                                                          ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                               provincial plan
                                                                   2012        2020       removed
Cross Cutting                     State     Greenhouse      Gas                                         Reporting, regulatory
                                  Reporting




                                  State    Greenhouse       Gas                                         None
                                  Registry




                                  State     Climate      Public                                         Public education        and
                                  Education and Outreach                                                outreach
                                                                                             Estimated
                       Climate                                     Estimated Annual GHG                         Implementation
                                                                                            cost or cost
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                    Reduction Potential                          mechanism(s)
                                     Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings per
Action Categories     Action Sub                                        (MMtCO2e)                            anticipated in state or
                                                                                             ton GHG
                      Categories                                                                                 provincial plan
                                                                        2012         2020    removed
Forestry             F-1           Decrease the Conversion of 0.1              0.1          $22.00         Information/education,
                                   Forestland to Developed Uses                                            technical      assistance,
                                                                                                           funding
                                                                                                           mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                           codes and standards,
                                                                                                           market-based
                                                                                                           mechanisms,
                                                                                                           administrative, R&D
                     F-2a          Improve Forest     Ecosystem 0.2            0.2          -$46.00        Funding   mechanisims,
                                   Management -       Residential                                          market-based
                                   Lands                                                                   mechanisms, codes and
                                                                                                           standards
                     F-2b          Improve Forest Ecosystem 0.5                0.5          -$15.00        Funding   mechanisims,
                                   Management - Other Lands                                                market-based
                                                                                                           mechanisms, codes and
                                                                                                           standards
Agriculture          A-1           Manure Energy Utilization      0.3          0.8          $3.00          Information/education,
                                                                                                           technical     assistance,
                                                                                                           funding
                                                                                                           mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                           market-based
                                                                                                           mechanisms,
                                                                                                           agreements, pilots and
                                                                                                           demos, R&D, regulatory




                     A-2           Use Biomass Feedstocks for 0.2              0.3          -$76.00        Information/education,
                                   Electricity or      Steam                                               technical     assistance,
                                   Production                                                              funding
                                                                                                           mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                           market-based
                                                                                                           mechanisms, R&D
                     A-3           Increase Ethanol Production 0.5             1            $3.00          Information/education,
                                   and Use                                                                 technical     assistance,
                                                                                                           funding
                                                                                                           mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                           market-based
                                                                                                           mechanisms, codes and
                                                                                                           standards, pilots and
                                                                                                           demos, R&D
                                                                                               Estimated
                       Climate                                     Estimated Annual GHG                           Implementation
                                                                                              cost or cost
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                    Reduction Potential                            mechanism(s)
                                     Climate Mitigation Actions                               savings per
Action Categories     Action Sub                                        (MMtCO2e)                              anticipated in state or
                                                                                               ton GHG
                      Categories                                                                                   provincial plan
                                                                         2012          2020    removed
                     A-6           Conservation Tillage/No Till   0.1a          0.1a          $15.00         Information/education,
                                                                                                             technical     assistance,
                                                                                                             funding
                                                                                                             mechanisms/incentives,
                                                                                                             agreements,      market-
                                                                                                             based       mechanisms,
                                                                                                             pilots and demos, R&D,
                                                                                                             reporting



                     A-7           Convert Agricultural Land to 0.4b            0.4b          $7.00          TBD
                                   Grassland    or   Forest  to
                                   Increase              Carbon
                                   Sequestration
                     A-8           Reduce         Permanent 0.1                 0.2           $62.00
                                   Conversion of Agricultural
                                   Land and Rangeland to
                                   Developed Uses
                     A-9           Programs to Support Organic 0.2              0.4           $0.50          Information/education,
                                   Farming                                                                   technical     assistance,
                                                                                                             funding
                                                                                                             mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                             market-based
                                                                                                             mechanisms, codes and
                                                                                                             standards, pilots and
                                                                                                             demos, R&D, registry




                     A-10          Promote     Consumption    of 0.3            1.1           $0.20          Information/education,
                                   Locally Produced Agricultural                                             funding
                                   Commodities     to    Reduce                                              mechanisms/initiatives,
                                   Transportation Emissions                                                  agreements,      market-
                                                                                                             based       mechanisms,
                                                                                                             codes and standards,
                                                                                                             pilots and demos, R&D,
                                                                                                             reporting




                     A-11          Biodiesel Production           0.1           0.3           N/A            Pilots and demos, R&D
                                                                                             Estimated
                      Climate                                        Estimated Annual GHG                       Implementation
                                                                                            cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                       Reduction Potential                        mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                              savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                           (MMtCO2e)                          anticipated in state or
                                                                                             ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                  provincial plan
                                                                      2012           2020    removed
                                  aThe GHG benefits for
                                  this options overlap with
                                  the soil carbon benefits
                                  derived from Option A9
                                  on Organic farming. The
                                  overlap     has     been
                                  adjusted in the first set
                                  of totals.
                                  bEmission reductions are
                                  taken against emissions that
                                  have not been built into the
                                  existing forecast for NM. They
                                  refer to emissions associated
                                  with acreage assumed to be
                                  coming       out      of     the
                                  Conservation            Reserve
                                  Program and returned to
                                  active cultivation. Since they
                                  aren't included in the baseline,
                                  these reductions are left out of
                                  the totals.


                                  dDoes not include A-7. See
                                  footnote b.
Transportation/La                 Adopt the Clean Car Program 0.4              1.9          -$117.00       Regulatory program
nd Use
                                  Encourage       Low   Rolling 0.5            0.6          -$92.00        Information/education,
                                  Resistance Tires and Promote                                             standards
                                  Proper Tire Inflation
                                                                                            Estimated
                      Climate                                     Estimated Annual GHG                         Implementation
                                                                                           cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                    Reduction Potential                          mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                        (MMtCO2e)                            anticipated in state or
                                                                                            ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                 provincial plan
                                                                       2012         2020    removed
                                  Implement     Practices    and NQ           NQ           NQ             Administrative order
                                  Procurement      Policies    to
                                  Achieve     a     Lower-GHG-
                                  Emitting State Vehicle Fleet




                                  Incentive/Disincentive Options NQ           NQ           NQ             Pilot program, R&D
                                  Bundle
                     TLU-6        Alternative Fuel Use           0.4          1.7          -$13.00        funding
                                                                                                          mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                          codes and standards,
                                                                                                          agreements,       market
                                                                                                          based        mechanisms,
                                                                                                          pilots and demos, R&D
                                  VMT Reduction Bundle           1.2          1.3          $0.00          Information/education,
                                                                                                          technical     assistance,
                                                                                                          funding
                                                                                                          mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                          codes and standards,
                                                                                                          market-based
                                                                                                          mechanisms, pilots and
                                                                                                          demos
                                  Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance     0.2          1            $0.00          Pilot project, evaluation
                                                                                                          and promotion
                                                                                                  Estimated
                       Climate                                      Estimated Annual GHG                              Implementation
                                                                                                 cost or cost
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                     Reduction Potential                               mechanism(s)
                                     Climate Mitigation Actions                                  savings per
Action Categories     Action Sub                                         (MMtCO2e)                                 anticipated in state or
                                                                                                  ton GHG
                      Categories                                                                                       provincial plan
                                                                        2012           2020       removed
                                   Reduce Vehicle Idling          0.4            0.7            $4.00            Information/education,
                                                                                                                 technical     assistance,
                                                                                                                 funding
                                                                                                                 mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                                 codes and standards,
                                                                                                                 agreements, pilots and
                                                                                                                 demos


                                   Lower Speed Limits for 0.2                    0.3            NQ               Education/outreach,
                                   Commercial Trucks                                                             codes/standards
                                   Intermodal Freight Initiatives 0.1            0.5            NQ               Information/education,
                                                                                                                 technical     assistance,
                                                                                                                 funding
                                                                                                                 mechanisms/initiatives,
                                                                                                                 agreements, pilots and
                                                                                                                 demos
                                   Targeted Open Space and Included            in Included    in Included   in
                                   Croplands Protection            AFW            AFW            AFW
                                   Diesel Retrofits                Included    in Included    in Included   in
                                                                   TLU-5          TLU-6          TLU-7
Residential/Comm                   Demand Side Management 0.2                     1              -$18.00
erical/Industrial                  (DSM)      Programs,    Energy
                                   Efficiency       Funds,and/or
                                   Energy               Efficiency
                                   Requirements for Electricity
                                   Demand Side Management 0.03                   0.2            -$55.00
                                   (DSM)      Programs,    Energy
                                   Efficiency    Funds,     and/or
                                   Energy               Efficiency
                                   Requirements for Natural Gas
                                   and Other Fuels
                                   Government           Agency 0.04              0.2            -$20.00
                                   Requirements     and  Goals
                                   (including procurement) --
                                   Focus on operations
                                   Voluntary Emissions Targets    0.3            0.7            N/A

                                   Education and Outreach for NQ                 NQ             NQ
                                   Building Professionals
                                   Consumer             Education NQ             NQ             NQ
                                   Programs
                                   Increased     Emphasis      on NQ             NQ             NQ
                                   Energy and Environmental
                                   Consideration     in    Higher
                                   Education
                     RCI-3         Regional                Market 0.1            0.5            -$27.00
                                   Transformation Alliance
                                                                                             Estimated
                      Climate                                      Estimated Annual GHG                       Implementation
                                                                                            cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                     Reduction Potential                        mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                              savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                         (MMtCO2e)                          anticipated in state or
                                                                                             ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                provincial plan
                                                                        2012         2020    removed
                                  Use of Alternative Gases (Non- NQ            NQ           NQ
                                  Energy Emissions, Indus.
                                  Process Gases)
                                  Improved Building Codes       0.9            2.4          -$12.00
                                  Building Energy Performance 0.01             0.04         $1.00
                                  Requirements      for  State-
                                  funded and Other Government
                                  Buildings (―Reach Codes‖)




                                  Building Energy Performance 0.3              1.3          -$2.00
                                  Promotion and Incentives for
                                  Energy             Performance
                                  Enhancements          (Attaining
                                  ―Reach Codes‖) in Non-
                                  Government             Buildings
                                  (Including Existing Buildings)



                                  State Appliance Standards 0.1                0.3          -$46.00
                     RCI-7B       Solar Hot Water-ready and NQ                 NQ           NQ
                                  Solar-PV-ready Codes for
                                  New Buildings

                                  Regulatory/Legislative     Grid, NQ          NQ           NQ
                                  Pricing, and other Policies to
                                  Support             Distributed
                                  Generation
                     RCI-7C       Solar Hot Water Systems as NQ                NQ           NQ
                                  an Element of Building Codes
                                  for New Buildings
                                  Incentives and Promotion for NQ              NQ           NQ
                                  Renewable Energy and Clean
                                  Combined Heat and Power

                                  Participation in Regional (or NQ             NQ           NQ
                                  National) Industry Emissions
                                  Cap and Trade Programs




                                  Rate Design (Including Time 0.3              0.3          -$40.00
                                  of Use Rates, Increasing
                                  Block Rates, and Seasonal
                                  Use Rates)
                                                                                            Estimated
                      Climate                                     Estimated Annual GHG                        Implementation
                                                                                           cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                    Reduction Potential                         mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                        (MMtCO2e)                           anticipated in state or
                                                                                            ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                provincial plan
                                                                       2012         2020    removed
                                  Green Power Purchasing         0.3          0.1          $7.00




                                  Solid   Waste     Recycling,
                                  Source    Reduction,    and
                                  Composting:
                                  Scenario                    A: 0.2          0.5          N/A            Laws, ordinances, gov't
                                  Financial/Technical Support                                             programs,
                                                                                                          information/education
                                  Scenario                 B: 0.5             1.1          N/A            Laws, ordinances, gov't
                                  Financial/Technical  Support                                            programs,
                                  and Mandatory Recycling                                                 information/education




Energy Supply        ES-1         Mandate(s) for Renewable
                                  Energy (RPS, etc.):




                                  Scenario B: 10% in 2011, 1% 1.1             2.6          $6.00
                                  increase/year to 2021
                                                                                              Estimated
                      Climate                                      Estimated Annual GHG                         Implementation
                                                                                             cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                     Reduction Potential                          mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                               savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                         (MMtCO2e)                            anticipated in state or
                                                                                              ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                  provincial plan
                                                                    2012          2020        removed
                                  Scenario C: 10% in 2011, 2% Included     in Included    in Included   in
                                  increase/year to 2022         ES-4          ES-5           ES-6
                     ES-4         RPS with Financial Incentives 1.2           4.2            $8.00
                                  for Centralized Renewables:
                                  10%       in     2011,    2%
                                  increase/year to 2021




                     ES-5         R&D including Energy Storage NQ            NQ             NQ




                     ES-3         Renewable             Energy NQ            NQ             NQ
                                  Transmission and Storage




                     ES-2         Financial    Incentives    for 0.02        0.4            $105.00
                                  Distributed Renewables




                     ES-6         Advanced           Coal/Fossil 0.8         4.3            $29.00
                                  Technologies (e.g., IGCC with
                                  carbon capture)




                     ES-11        CO2 Capture and Storage or 1.6             3              N/A
                                  Reuse (CCSR) in Oil and Gas
                                  Operations
                                  Nuclear Power                 NQ           NQ             NQ
                                  Participation in Regional (or NQ           NQ             NQ
                                  National) Industry Emissions
                                  Cap and Trade Programs

                     ES-15        Generation        Performance   1.2        3.8            $21.00
                                  Standard
                     ES-10        Transmission Capacity and       NQ         NQ             NQ
                                  Corridors
                     ES-16        Clean Energy Development for    NQ         NQ             NQ
                                  Electric Cooperatives
                                  Methane Reduction in Oil and    2.7        3.4            N/A
                                  Gas Operations: BMPs and
                                  PROs
                                  CO2 Reduction from Fuel 0.6                1.4            N/A
                                  Combustion in Oil and Gas
                                  Operations
                                  Incentives   and     Barrier 0.3           0.9            $4.00
                                  Reductions for Combined
                                  Heat and Power (CHP)
                                                                                            Estimated
                      Climate                                    Estimated Annual GHG                         Implementation
                                                                                           cost or cost
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                   Reduction Potential                          mechanism(s)
                                    Climate Mitigation Actions                             savings per
Action Categories    Action Sub                                       (MMtCO2e)                            anticipated in state or
                                                                                            ton GHG
                     Categories                                                                                provincial plan
                                                                   2012          2020       removed
                                  Demand-Side Management, Included        in Included   in Included   in
                                  Energy      Efficiency,   and RCI-1        RCI-2         RCI-3
                                  Integrated Resource Planning

                                                                                                                        CONTACT


                                                                                                                         WEBSITE




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors

http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
     Implementation Status


Directed by EO 06-69: Mandatory
reporting rule adopted in 2007. The
program as currently designed requires
refineries, cement manufacturers, and
power generators to report 2008
emissions in 2009 and for the largest
sources of emissions (Title V) to report
GHG emissions under the current
inventory regulation. In addition, NMED
will work closely with stakeholders and
other states to develop reporting
protocols for the oil and gas sector.




Directed by EO 06-69: NMED is
collaborating with 40 other states, tribes
and Canadian provinces to develop a
GHG registry program as part of the
newly formed ―The Climate Registry‖.
NMED has a member of The Climate
Registry‘s Executive Committee and
technical staff working on the technical
subcommittee. Building upon a GHG
reporting program, a registry reflects
measuring and recording of GHG
emission reductions in a central
repository with the capacity to support
tracking, management, ownership and
exchange of emission reduction. ―The
Climate Registry‖ is scheduled to be in
place by January 2008, meeting the
deadline in the Executive Order.




NMED has hired one FTE in July 2008 to
manage the education and outreach
program. EO 06-69 directs NMED to
develop a plan for a state climate public
educatin and outreach program by
December,        2007     and      begin
implmentation of the plan in July, 2008.
NMED convened a group of stakeholders
to develop this plan. NMED will seek
resoruces in the 2008 legilstive session
to support the plan.
      Implementation Status




EMNRD is seeking a legislative authority in           Southwest BioEnergy of Las
2009 to include a ―carve out‖ for dairy waste in      Cruces and Ridgeville, Ohio is
the Production Tax Credit. The New Mexico             currently pursuing a power
Department of Agriculture (NMDA) brought the          purchase agreement with El
Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) to Las                 Paso Electric which would use
Cruces in September, 2006 to meet with                275 tons of manure collected
agricultural producer groups and discuss CCX          from dairies and produce
offset programs for agricultural projects. At this    approximately 5 MWH with
meeting, an Environmental Credit Corporation          expansion possibilities to 18
(ECC) representative also discussed their role        MWH. Southwest BioEnergy
as an aggregator for offset projects. This            would utilize a gasification
spurred greater interest in carbon credit trading,    process rather than digesters to
and in late 2006, ECC met with dairy producers        process the manure into
in Roswell and Clovis to discuss covering             energy.
lagoons for offset projects. To date, no
producers have taken ECC up on their offer to
cover lagoons in exchange for carbon credits,
however most producers are trying to decide if
that is best or if they can afford to cover lagoons
themselves.
     Implementation Status


Much of the conservation tillage and no-
till crop production will expand or
contract based upon the passage of the
conservation title of the 2007 Farm Bill.
The Environmental Quality Incentives
Program (EQIP) (USDA-NRCS) allows
for payments for conservation tillage
practices in counties that make this
conservation practice a priority.




: The New Mexico Department of
Agriculture funds the New Mexico
Specialty Crops Program, which focuses
on small-scale agriculture, farmers'
markets, and farm-to-school activities.
NMDA funded numerous stores under
the Retail Assistance Program, which
provides funding to retailers to promote
and advertise NM foods and produce.
NMDA provided funding for programs
that provide school children with access
to NM foods such as the Child Nutrition
Reauthorization Program and partners
with other programs such as Farm-to-
Table, Cooking with Kids, and several
school districts to promote the use of
local produce in salad bars and meals at
schools. NMDA also helps develop
market share for fresh produce in local
restaurants, retail stores, and schools.




(See TLU-6)
    Implementation Status




New Mexico adopted the CA emissions
standards in 2007.
     Implementation Status


To ensure state government consistency
with implementation of the executive
order, a Fleet and Fuel Working Group
(Group) was formed to develop an
implementation Action Plan. The group
included representatives from the state
agencies that have authority over state
fleets, operate the majority of state
vehicles, or agencies that work directly
with issues impacting state vehicles
purchase and use. Representatives
included       GSD,    Department         of
Transportation (DOT), Department of
Public Safety (DPS), Regulation and
Licensing Department (RLD), New
Mexico       Environment      Department
(NMED) and Energy Minerals and
Natural        Resources      Department
(EMNRD) staff. The GSD representative
organized and facilitated a total of four
meetings. Through a series of group
discussions focused on agency vehicle
use      policies,   budget     shortfalls,
procurement schedules, alternative fuel
infrastructure and vehicle availability, the
group gained a common understanding
of agency procurement and vehicle use
practices, identified existing barriers to
alternative vehicle fuel use and
formulated ideas to address those
barriers.




Biodiesel    Standards     Act:  Rule
development. Biodiesel Infrastructure
Tax Incentive: Rule development.
     Implementation Status


EO     06-69     directs  New   Mexico
Environment Department to propose to
the EIB by July 2008 an an anti-idling
regulation and develop guidance on
idling alternative. NMED has assigned
this directive to technical staff and
intendes to meet this deadline.




EMNRD regulary interacts with regional
energy efficienty-related organizations,
and is prepared to actively particpate on
a RMTA, if formed. EMNRD participated
on a Regional Energy Efficiency
Workshop in Denver in July, '07
sponsored by the Western Governors'
associaton.
     Implementation Status




Energy Efficiency and Renewable
Energy Bonding Act Amendments:
$350K of Land, Wildlife and Clean
Energy Funds were awarded for upfront
energy audits of state buildings. Audits
will then lead to energy efficiency
renovation projects. FY'08 EE in Shcools
Funding: Program to spend up to $2
million for energy efficent, sustainable
building elements being developed by
HiP Schools Task Force and the Public
Shcools Facilities Authority.




Sustainable Building Tax          Credits:
Rulemaking on schedule.




"Solar-Rady Roofs" ct: CID/EMNRD -
being incorporated into "Beyond Code".
Solar Covenants Legislation: Outreach
underway.




(See RCI-7B)




New Mexico is a founder member of the
Western Climate Initiative. As a member
of the WCI, the state is seeking
legislative authority in 2009 to implement
a cap-and-trade program as outlined in
WCI September 2008 design docum
      Implementation Status


The General Services Department will
not meet the July 1, 2007 deadline to
establish a policy, but will be working to
establish this policy before November of
this year. BSD has hired a new Energy
Engineer starting July 1, 2007 to develop
this policy. Progress has been made in
establishing which State Agencies are in
compliance with the Governor‘s 10%
renewable directive issued in June of
2004. Agencies were informed of the
Governor‘s directive that 15% of energy
purchased by September 30, 2007 be
from renewable sources. Of the agencies
that responded to a query, current
renewable energy purchased at this time
is about 9.6%.




The General Services Department (GSD),
Building Services Division (BSD), and the
Purchasing     Division    worked      with    the
Environment Department to establish a state-
wide price agreement, 70-000-00-04025AA
Collection and Processing of Recyclables, for
recycling materials. Mandatory recycling is
already established in statute in the Solid
Waste Act, Section 74-5-15 State Government
Recycling and Reduction . BSD will work in the
future with the Solid Waste Division to inform
Agencies and track program progress. Most
buildings currently have paper recycling
programs that BSD maintains. The Property
Control Division has issued a Request for
Proposals that will require recycling in buildings
leased by the state. GSD legal is reviewing a
―Building Use Rule‖ draft which requires
mandatory recycling in occupied space
assigned by the Property Control Division. An
energy engineer, hired by BSD, begins work on
these goals July 1st.

Revised/Increased Renewabel Portfolio
Standard: PRC finalized new RPS rule
that    includes    source   diversity
"minimums":     10%    for distributed
generation, 10% for biomass, 20% for
solar.
(see ES-1)
     Implementation Status


(see ES-1)

Renewable      Energy    Tax    Credit
Amendments: Planning metings have
already occurred and draft rule
amendments are being developed.
Stakeholder group meeting on draft rule
scheduled for 8/27/07, with Public
Hearing in late September. Advanced
Energy Tax Credits Act.
"Energy Innovation" Funding: 5 projects
awarded: 3 solar and 2 biofuels.
EMNRD/ECMD ar finalizing contracts
with awardees.
Renewable      Energy      Transmission
Authority (RETA): Board appointments
announced by Governor on 8/21/07. An
Executive Director was hired in 2008.

Gross Receipts Tax Exemption for Solar
Energy Systems: Rule development.
Distributed Solar Tax Credits Program:
Program implmentation.

EMNRD developed a report last year
identifying regulatory barriers to carbon
sequestration in the state. As a result,
the state is seeking legislation in 2009 to
identify pore space ownership.


(see ES-5      -   applies   to   biodiesel
production)




See ES-1
     Implementation Status




Sandra Ely, sandra.ely@state.nm.us,
505.827.0351
www.nmclimatechange.us/
Released 10/2007


North Carolina
                                                                       Estimated
                       Climate                                        2020 Annual Estimated cost or        Implementation
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                         GHG      cost savings per          mechanism(s)
                                       Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories     Action Sub                                       Reduction      ton GHG           anticipated in state or
                      Categories                                        Potential     removed               provincial plan
                                                                      (MMtCO2e)

Residential,         RC-1          Demand       Side     Management 11.6          –25                 Develop        programs;
Commerical,                        Programs for the RCI Sectors -                                     financial     incentives;
Industrial                         Recommended Case: "Top-Ten                                         rebates; loan programs;
                                   States" EE Investment                                              market      mechanisms,
                                                                                                      technical    assistance,
                                                                                                      R&D

                     RC-2          Expand Energy Efficiency Funds     8           –25                 Programs              with
                                                                                                      incentives;      training;
                                                                                                      marketing and promotion;
                                                                                                      education and outreach;
                                                                                                      funding; R&D; financial
                                                                                                      incentives


                     RC-3          Energy Efficiency Requirements for 1.1         –14                 Funding     mechanisms;
                                   Government Buildings                                               Information         and
                                                                                                      education; promotion on
                                                                                                      energy technologies



                     RC-4          Market     Transformation    and 2             –32                 Promotions;          tax
                                   Technology Development Programs                                    incentives;     financial
                                                                                                      incentives; funding of
                                                                                                      R&D



                     RCI-5         Improved Appliance and Equipment 1             –63                 Standards    and codes;
                                   Efficiency Standards                                               develop        assistance
                                                                                                      programs
                     RCI-6         Building Energy Codes              3.5         –17                 Incentives;      training;
                                                                                                      marketing and promotion;
                                                                                                      education and outreach




                     RCI-7         ―Beyond Code‖ Building Design 5.2              –14                 Funding     mechanisms;
                                   Incentives     and     Targets,                                    Information         and
                                   Incorporating   Local  Building                                    education;
                                   Materials     and     Advanced                                     measurements;
                                   Construction                                                       standards and codes




                     RCI-8         Education              (Consumer, Not quantified                   Education
                                   Primary/Secondary,            Post-
                                   Secondary/ Specialist, College and
                                   University Programs)
                                                                       Estimated
                       Climate                                        2020 Annual Estimated cost or      Implementation
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                         GHG      cost savings per        mechanism(s)
                                       Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories     Action Sub                                       Reduction      ton GHG         anticipated in state or
                      Categories                                        Potential     removed             provincial plan
                                                                      (MMtCO2e)

                     RCI-9         Green Power Purchasing (required 0.5           3
                                   for state facilities) and Bulk
                                   Purchasing Programs for Energy
                                   Efficiency or Other Equipment

                     RCI-10        Distributed Renewable and Clean 4.6            12
                                   Fossil Fuel Power Generation
                     RCI-11        Residential,   Commercial,     and 2.1         –33
                                   Industrial Energy and Emissions
                                   Technical      Assistance      and
                                   Recommended                Measure
                                   Implementation
Energy Supply        ES-1          Renewable Energy Incentives        0.04        45.1
                                                                          Estimated
                       Climate                                           2020 Annual Estimated cost or      Implementation
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                            GHG      cost savings per        mechanism(s)
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories     Action Sub                                          Reduction      ton GHG         anticipated in state or
                      Categories                                           Potential     removed             provincial plan
                                                                         (MMtCO2e)

                     ES-2          Environmental Portfolio Standard




                                   a) Original Analysis                  44.3         5.7
                                   b) 20% Combined Target                23.4         2.5
                                   c) Load Growth Offset Target          22.3         2.5
                     ES-3          Removing Barriers to CHP and          2.8          6.4
                                   Clean DG
                     ES-4          CO2 Tax and/or Cap-and-Trade
                                   a) Electric Sector Only               3.3           5.8
                                   b) Economy-wide                       7.1           6
                     ES-5          Legislative Changes to Address        Not quantified
                                   Environmental and Other factors
                     ES-6          Incentives for Advanced Coal
                                   a) Replacement of New 800 MW          3.9          30.6
                                   Pulverized Coal Plant
                                   b)Replacement of Existing 800 MW      5.4          48.1
                                   Pulverized Coal Plant
                     ES-7          Public Benefit Charge                 3.4         13.5
                     ES-8          Waste to Energy                       0           -36.8
                     ES-9          Incentives for CHP and Clean DG       Combined with ES-3
                     ES-10         NC       GreenPower      Renewable    0.2         37
                                   Resources Program
Transportation       TLU-1a        Land Development Planning             8            Net savings
and Land Use

                     TLU-1b        Multi-Modal   Transportation      and 5.8          -25
                                   Promotion (formerly TLU-2)
                     TLU-3a        Surcharges to Raise Revenue           2.2          -117
                     TLU-3b        Rebates/ Feebates to Change Fleet < 0.5            -$40 to $10
                                   Mix
                     TLU-4         Truck stop Electrification        Included       in Net savings
                                                                     TLU–8
Transportation
and Land Use



                                                                          Estimated
                       Climate                                           2020 Annual Estimated cost or      Implementation
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                            GHG      cost savings per        mechanism(s)
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories     Action Sub                                          Reduction      ton GHG         anticipated in state or
                      Categories                                           Potential     removed             provincial plan
                                                                         (MMtCO2e)

                     TLU-5         Tailpipe GHG Standards                8.09          UR
                     TLU-6         Biofuels Bundle                       4.5           NQ
                     TLU-7         Procure Efficient Fleets              Included in TLU–6
                     TLU-8         Idle Reduction/Elimination Policies   0.2           -4



                     TLU-9         Diesel Retrofits                      Not quantified




                     TLU-11        Pay-As-You Drive Insurance            5.3           Expected    net
                                                                                       savings
                     TLU-12        Advanced Technology Incentives        Not quantified

                     TLU-13        Buses – Clean Fuels                  Included in TLU–6
Agriculture,         AFW-1         Manure      Digesters   &     Energy 0.9           32
Forestry, and                      Utilization
Waste
                     AWF-2         Biodiesel Production (incentives for 0.8           56
                                   feedstocks and production plants)




                     AWF-3         Soil Carbon Management (including 0.2              –5
                                   organic prod. methods incentives)

                     AWF-4a        Preservation       of      Working 0.3             114
                                   Land–Agricultural Land
                     AWF-4b        Preservation       of      Working 4.3             3
                                   Land–Forest Land (formerly AFW-7)

                     AFW-5         Agricultural Biomass Feedstocks for 0.02           54
                                   Electricity or Steam Production

                     AFW-7         Policies    to  Promote    Ethanol 6.9             5
                                   Production
                     AFW-8         Afforestation and/or Restoration of 2.4            9
                                   Nonforested Lands
                     AFW-9&10      Expanded Use of Forest Biomass 5.9                 –13
                                   and Better Forest Management
                                                                         Estimated
                       Climate                                          2020 Annual Estimated cost or      Implementation
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                           GHG      cost savings per        mechanism(s)
                                       Climate Mitigation Actions
Action Categories     Action Sub                                         Reduction      ton GHG         anticipated in state or
                      Categories                                          Potential     removed             provincial plan
                                                                        (MMtCO2e)

                     AFW-11        Landfill Methane and Biogas Energy   2.9          1
                                   Programs
                     AFW-12        Increased Recycling Infrastructure   0.5          1
                                   and Collection
                     AFW-12        Urban Forestry Measures              4.3          –11
Cross Cutting        CC-1          GHG Inventories and Forecasts        Not          Not quantified
                                                                        quantified




                     CC-2          GHG Reporting                     Not             Not quantified
                                                                     quantified
                     CC-3          GHG Registry                      Not             Not quantified
                                                                     quantified
                     CC-4          Public Education and Outreach     Not             Not quantified
                                                                     quantified
                     CC-5          Adaptation                        Not             Not quantified
                                                                     quantified
                     CC-6          Options for Goals or Targets (for Not             Not quantified
                                   CAPAG in support of LCGCC)        quantified
                                                                                                                     CONTACT




                                                                                                                      WEBSITE




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
         Implementation Status




Session Law 2007-546, Senate Bill 668, Energy
Conservation in State Buildings: Promotes the
conservation of energy and water use in state,
university, and community college buildings




Session Law 2007-381, Senate Bill 851, Building
Permit Fee Reductions/Rebates to Promote
Energy Efficient Building Construction: Allows
counties and cities to provide building permit fee
reductions or partial rebates to encourage
construction of buildings using sustainable design
principles to achieve energy efficiency
          Implementation Status




Session Law 2008-397, Senate Bill 3, Renewable
Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio
Standard (REPS): (1) promotes the
development of renewable energy and energy
efficiency in the state through implementation of a
renewable energy and efficiency portfolio
standard (reps), (2) allows recovery of certain non-
fuel utility costs through the fuel charge
adjustment procedure, (3) provides for ongoing
review of construction costs and for recovery of
costs in rate in a general rate case, (4) adjusts
the public utility and electric membership
corporation regualtory fees, (5) provides for the
phase out of the tax on teh sale of energy to
North Carolina farmers and manufacturers, and
(6) allows a tax credit to contributors to 501 (c) (3)
organizations for renewable energy property
          Implementation Status



Session Law 2008-397, Senate Bill 3, Renewable
Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio
Standard (REPS): (1) promotes the
development of renewable energy and energy
efficiency in the state through implementaiton of a
renewable energy and efficiency portfolio
standard (reps), (2) allows recovery of certain non-
fuel utility costs through the fuel charge
adjustment procedure, (3) provides for ongoing
review of construction costs and for recovery of
costs in rate in a gneral rate case, (4) adjusts the
public utility and electric membership croprtaiton
regualtory fees, (5) provides for the phase out of
the tax on teh sale of energy to North Carolina
farmers and manufacturers, and (6) allows a tax
credit to contributors to 501 (c) (3) organizations
for renewable energy property
          Implementation Status




The Idle Reduction Rule has been proposed. For
more       information,      please refer   to
http://daq.state.nc.us/rules/idle/
Session law 2007-420, Senate Bill 1277, State
Diesel Vehicles, Warranties/B20 Fuel: All
vehicles transferred to or purchased by the State
that are designed to operate on diesel fuel are
covered by an express manufacturer's warranty
that allows the use of B20 fuel
Session Law 2007-423, Senate Bill 1452, Diesel
School Buses to Use Minimum B20: Requires
public school buses or other vehicles for student
transportation that are capable of operating on
diesel fuel to be capable of operating on diesel
fuel with a minimum biodiesel concentration of
B20




Session law 2007-524, Senate Bill 1272:
Definition of Biodiesel: An Act that exempts
biodiesel that is produced by an individual for
personal use in a private passenger vehicle from
the motor fuel excise tax.
          Implementation Status




The 2008 NC GHG Emission Inventory
Instruction s were release in June 2008 and can
be found at
http://daq.state.nc.us/monitor/eminv/forms/GHG_I
nstructions.pdf. Furthermore, a Draft North
Carolina GHG Inventory and Reference Case
Projects 1990-2020 can be found at
http://daq.state.nc.us/news/leg/ghg_dft_inv_1010
2005.pdf




Charter member of The Climate Registry




Tom Mather
Public Information Officer
NC Division of Air Quality
tel: (919) 715-7408
fax: (919) 715-7175
Tom.Mather@ncmail.net

http://www.ncclimatechange.us/
RELEASED: 1/2010


New Jersey
                                        Climate
                                       Mitigation
Climate Mitigation Action Categories
                                       Action Sub
                                       Categories




Electric Generation


Industrial

Residential/Commercial




Waste Management




Non-CO2 Highly Warming Gases




Terrestrial Sequestration




Transportation and Land Use
Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                                                                                         Estimated Annual
                                                                                          GHG Reduction
                                                                                        Potential (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                               Estimated cost or
                             Climate Mitigation Actions                                                       cost savings per ton
                                                                                                                GHG removed

                                                                                        2012      2020


Establish standards for fossil fuel EGUs


Implement requirements for non-EGU industrial sources

Develop and facilitate the use of State Green Building Guidelines for all New
Residential and Commercial Buildings

Develop and facilitate State Green Building Remodeling, Operations and
Maintenance Programs for all Existing Residential and Commercial Buildings

Provide incentives to reduce the carbon footprint of public water supply and
wastewater treatment facilities

Implement initiatives designed to support the creation of electricity or heat from
waste sources

Monitor the development of other states‘ actions to reduce non-CO2 highly
warming gases and consider if they are appropriate to be implemented in New
Jersey

Broaden scope of building codes to address high Global Warming Potential (GWP)
gases

Add high GWP gas requirements for HVAC contractors


Institute a Leak Detection and Repair program for high-GWP gases from
commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment

Reduce HFC emissions from the do-it-yourself servicing of motor vehicle air
conditioning systems

Require State-funded projects to comply with the no net loss goal of forested area
and tree replacement provisions of the ―No Net Loss Act"
Establish legislation, develop policies (e.g. financing via Garden State Preservation
Trust (GSPT)) or implement through existing programs (e.g., re-adoption of the
stormwater rules) on-site tree preservation percentage requirements for new
development
consistent with tree canopy target recommendations of American Forests (formerly
the American Forest Association)

Develop Agricultural Best Management Practices to address energy efficiency,
renewable energy and the release of GHGs in agricultural operations and
structures

Determine needs for implementing infrastructure alternatives to
conventional motor vehicle fuels (i.e., gasoline and diesel) in New Jersey
Implement transportation-related initiatives and demonstration projects

Develop and implement a LCFS through a multi-state effort

Establish a carbon footprint standard for transportation projects

Employ efforts for effectively implementing the State Development and
Redevelopment Plan (SDRP)

The NJDOT and the NJDEP will work cooperatively with all three
Metropolitan Organizations (MPOs) to ensure that they incorporate growth
management and GHG reduction goals into their plans and programs

The State will work in partnership with local and regional entities to conduct an
infrastructure capacity assessment of the 113 municipalities that will benefit from
the ARC9 tunnel as well as the municipalities that are served by, and feed, the Port
Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO) rail and bus lines, and whose residents
commute to Atlantic City, Camden and Philadelphia

Explore fuel-efficient vehicle incentive programs




                                                                                       CONTACT NJDEP Office of
                                                                                               Climate and Energy:
                                                                                               Marjorie Kaplan,
                                                                                               marjorie.kaplan@de
                                                                                               p.state.nj.us;
                                                                                               Christine Schell,
                                                                                               christine.schell@dep
                                                                                               .state.nj.us Phone:
                                                                                       WEBSITE http://www.state.nj.u
                                                                                               s/globalwarming/
                       Progress on Plan as of




  Implementation
   mechanism(s)
                                         Implementation Status
anticipated in state
 or provincial plan
Plan Released 1/2010

NEVADA
Climate Mitigation Action Categories          Climate Mitigation Action Sub Categories



Electricity                            Utility environmental protection act Siting Restrictions
                                       (Uepa)




                                       Greenhouse Gas Reduction (intensity)
Energy Transmission Corridors




Renewable portfolio Standard modification proposal
                          Energy Efficient Appliance/
                          Equipment Standards for Public Facilities




                          Continued Support for Biomass Conversion to
                          Electricity and Fuel




                          Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Support Federal Efforts)




Residential/Commercial/   Demand Side Management
Industrial




                          Create New Efficient Building Standards




                          Continued Support for Brownfield Development




                          Water Impacts
                 Energy Efficient Building Codes




Transportation   Advanced Travel Center Electrification
Clean-Fueled Bus Program




Clean Fuels and Clean Vehicle Incentive Program




Monitor the Status of California Motor Vehicle
Emission Standards for Greenhouse Gases




Reduce GHG Emissions from Motor Vehicles
(DEP/DMV)




State Fleets Alternative Fuel Cars




Incentives for Ethanol-Blended Fuels
                   Incentives for Bio-Diesel Fuels




                   High Speed Train between LA and Las Vegas




Waste management   Recycling Market Development Board




                   Continued Support of Solid Waste Recycling Efforts
Agriculture   Dairy Waste to Energy




Other         Develop a State Climate Action Plan




              Streamline Governmental permitting and Review
              process at State and Federal levels




              Sequestration Initiative
                                    Education and Outreach




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                                                                                                   Estimated Annual GHG
                                                                                                    Reduction Potential
                                                                                                        (MMtCO2e)
                                  Climate Mitigation Actions



The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
amend the UEPA statute, specifically 704.890(b) to require any utility facility built in
Nevada pursuant to NRS 704.820 which emits greenhouse gases or consumes water
resources be needed to ensure reliable utility service to customers in this State. Also,
NRS 704.860(a) should be amended to remove the language ―that are or will be located
entirely within the boundaries of a county whose population is 100,000 or more.‖
This law is necessary to further the compelling state objectives of reducing the
greenhouse gases and other harmful pollutants emitted in the state, maintain the
availability of crucial water supplies, keep vital transmission corridors available, and
ensure reliable utility service to customers in this state. These changes should explicitly
apply to UEPA applications received by the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
consider establishing a bureau within the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
that would be charged with establishing and monitoring a realistic annual target on the
intensity of greenhouse gases emitted per megawatt hour from all electricity generators in
a Producer‘s portfolio in the State of Nevada. ―Intensity‖, for the purposes of this program
is defined as follows: the sum total pounds of greenhouse gases emitted from all the
electricity generators in a Producer‘s portfolio in the state divided by the sum of the
megawatt hours produced by such portfolio. A specific target of reduction percentage
should be set as a target and a baseline year established for the intensity requirement. A
Producer with responsibility to serve retail electric load in the state will include, as part of
its portfolio, in state generators that it does not own but with whom it has long term
contractual agreements to purchase the electrical output. Entities with responsibility to
serve retail electric load that had no GHG emissions in the established baseline year, or
Producers that had no GHG emissions in the established baseline year and obtained all
required permits for generation facilities before the year 2020, should be required to
reduce portfolio emission by the same target reduction percentage established by the
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection by 2020, unless the Producer already meets
the statewide average for GHG emissions. Producers that obtain all required permits for
generation facilities after the year 2020 will be required to meet the average of the GHG
intensity targets set for all other Producers to whom the intensity standard applies.
This provision makes the GHG targets reachable by parties currently planning to build
facilities in Nevada, while maintaining the responsibility to offset GHG emissions and
encouraging the development of renewable resources. Any future change in this target will
be based on a Public Utilities Commission of Nevada study of impacts on rates, economic
impacts to the state, and the feasibility and achievability of increased targets. This goal
can be achieved through a combination of adding new renewable energy sources, fuel
switching to lower carbon fuels, and increasing the overall efficiency of the existing
electrical generation and transmission system. Producers will have the option of
purchasing renewable energy generated in Nevada by third parties for purposes of
meeting the intensity target. This energy, if agreed to by contract, would be removed from
the calculation of the system average from the seller of the renewables, and added to the
system average calculation of the buyer of the renewables. Producers of renewable
energy will still be able to trade Portfolio Energy Credits per NRS 704.7803, independently
of the intensity requirement.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends that the State of
Nevada assist federal land management agencies to develop and utilize a streamlined
and environmentally sound analysis and decision process that address the need for
expanded energy transmission corridors. The State should also provide timely and
constructive input to the Department of Energy and Bureau of Land Management
concerning the West-Wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Analysis.
The Nevada Climate Change Advisory Committee also accepts and supports the
Governor‘s Nevada Renewable Energy Transmission Access Advisory Committee Report
released by the Governor‘s Office on December 31, 2007 (Appendix D).



The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
consider amending Nevada‘s RPS statute to implement the following changes:
1) Cooperative associations, nonprofit corporations, or providers of electric service who
provide service only to members should be required to maintain a percentage of electricity
sold in the form of renewable energy.
2) Allow all entities subject to the RPS standard to pool the sum and kind of renewable
energy produced in order to comply with the RPS and allow the Public Utilities
Commission to establish a transfer pricing system that would equitably allocate the costs
and benefits of the transfers between the utilities to help reduce costs for ratepayers.
3) The 25% limitation on PECs derived from Energy Efficiency Measures as defined in
NRS 704.7802 used to meet the non solar component of the RPS standard should be
increased to allow more use of Energy Efficiency Measures towards meeting the RPS
standard.
4) Amend the Portfolio Energy Credit System to remove the monetary value of portfolio
credits, but only between entities subject to the RPS standard. A debit and credit system
between entitles subject to the RPS standard should be established to reduce costs for
ratepayers, while a collateral open and competitive market for PECs is maintained.
5) Also, an economic analysis should be conducted by the Public Utilities Commission to
evaluate increasing the RPS standard beyond the 20% required by 2015 to a reasonably
achievable number (considering expected load growth) based on impacts on rates,
economic impacts to the state, system reliability, and the feasibility and achievability of
such an increase.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
adopt regulations to require appliances and/or equipment purchased for or installed in
public facilities to meet certain energy standards. (See Appendix E for matrix from the
Environmental Protection Agency).

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
support the development and use of biomass for the generation of heat and electricity in
order to reduce the consumption of coal, oil and other fossil fuels. The Committee
recommends a two-pronged approach to improving biomass utilization in Nevada.
1) Producers, transporters, regulatory agencies and users collaborate, communicate, and
co-operate in order to understand each others‘ concerns and needs.
2) The State of Nevada evaluate an incentive based program to encourage the
construction and operation of biomass facilities in Nevada. This evaluation should include
cost incentives for the utilization of biomass generated power and tax or emission
reduction credits. Such incentives should apply whether or not the power is placed into
the grid.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
work with our state government and our federal delegation to ensure federal legislation
recognizes and takes into account Nevada‘s unique position, high rate of population and
economic growth, and existing efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The
Committee supports legislation that provides a limit and reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions, in a matter that best fits Nevada, rather than an absolute cap on carbon
emissions.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends municipal utilities,
electric cooperatives, gas utilities, and independent power producers should also be
required to participate in or create cost effective DSM programs, or be required to pay into
an energy conservation fund. Sierra Pacific Power Company and Nevada Power
Company should be required to work with municipal utilities, electric cooperatives,
independent power producers, and gas utilities to provide information and share strategies
regarding participation in DSM programs. All DSM programs should be required to
consider new solar thermal energy sources that displace electricity or any fossil fuel
consumption by using solar radiation to heat water or provide space heating or cooling.



The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends local governments and
the State of Nevada enact new or support existing energy efficient building standards to
reduce energy consumption as necessary.


The Governors Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
continue to support Nevada‘s Brownfield‘s program for the redevelopment of
environmentally impacted lands, the revitalization of urban cores and to encourage livable
and sustainable communities.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State Engineer, in
association with the Governor of the State of Nevada and the Nevada Legislature, conduct
a review of Nevada water law to ensure it has the flexibility to accommodate climate
change and associated impacts to Nevada‘s water resources.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends Nevada improve
energy efficiency of all buildings but particularly new construction with the goal of
achieving carbon neutrality for all new buildings by 2030. This will follow the American
Institute of Architects‘ 2030 challenge. To achieve this it will be necessary to reduce
energy consumption in a stepwise manner:
• Require that in 2010 all new buildings and major renovations meet or exceed a 50%
reduction in the annual operating energy consumption (fossil fuel consumption per gross
square foot) of the regional average for each building type.
• Increase the reduction in annual fossil energy consumption for new buildings to 60% by
2013, 70% by 2017, 80% by 2021, 90% by 2025 and 100% (or carbon neutral) by 2030
through a combination of energy efficiency, on-site renewable energy generation, and/or
certified renewable energy credits.
Much of this will be accomplished through working with federal agencies on important
aspects such as:
• Work with our federal delegation and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to identify
the barriers that inhibit timely action on appliance efficiency standards, including staffing
and funding needs and unnecessary requirements imposed by Congress – for example,
requirements in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) that DOE conduct a lengthy
rulemaking process after consensus already had been reached by consumer groups and
manufacturers. Champion the necessary appropriations and procedural reforms by
Congress.
• Require DOE to review and update each existing standard on a regular timetable.
• Work with our federal delegation and the DOE to set the maximum cost-effective
efficiency level for appliance and equipment standards.
• Have our federal delegation propose that Congress give DOE the authority to set
regional standards for heating and cooling equipment to reflect differences in climate.
(Under current law, all standards must be uniform nationwide. Regional standards for
space-conditioning equipment would produce greater efficiency gains.)




• Have our federal delegation propose that standby power (the power that certain
appliances use while turned off) be incorporated into federal standards. Standby power
represents 5% of residential electricity use in the United States.
• Have our federal delegation propose legislation to set an efficiency standard for
lightbulbs, sufficient to phase out incandescent bulbs by 2012 and to increase the
standard in 2020. The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE)
estimates that by 2030, the standards could save more energy than all previous appliance
standards combined and could avoid the emission of more than 100 million metric tons
(MMT) of CO2.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends Nevada expand the
Advanced Travel Center Electrification (ATE) program providing energy-efficient heating,
ventilation, and cooling systems (HVAC), cable TV, and phone connections for use by
truckers at travel centers and other areas where drivers stop and idle their vehicles. The
ATE systems reduce idling, fuel consumption, and associated emissions.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends through a resolution
signed by the Governor, Nevada encourage local transit organizations to implement a
Clean-Fueled Bus Program that provides funding for the incremental cost of a clean-
fueled bus over a diesel bus to transit authorities, state agencies, universities,
municipalities, and school bus fleets.


The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends Nevada provide grants
toward the purchase or lease of new technologies/low emission vehicles, and provide
incentives for use of clean renewable fuels such as natural gas, ethanol and biodiesel.


The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the Governor direct
state agencies to closely monitor the status of the California Clean Car Waiver litigation
currently pending in the federal courts and formulate, in coordination with the Governor‘s
Office, a consolidated Nevada position.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends a bill draft be
developed by the 2009 session of the Nevada Legislature to modify Nevada‘s motor
vehicle sale requirements to mandate the posting of greenhouse gas emission estimates
for all new vehicles.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
change the definition of alternative fuel in NRS 486A.030 to remove reformulated gasoline
and ultra low sulfur diesel. It is also recommended the Department of Conservation and
Natural Resources review the appropriate regulations on a regular basis to ensure all
potential cleaner burning fuels and cleaner technologies are included under the definition
of alternative fuel and alternative fueled vehicles. Additionally, the State of Nevada should
direct the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources to update the schedule in
NAC 486A.160 to allow for reasonable phase-out of reformulated gasoline vehicles and
implementation of new standards.



The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
promote use of Federal tax incentive programs that positively impact the alternative fuels
industry. Section 1344 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 extended the tax credit for
alternative fuel producers. These credits are recognized by the Internal Revenue Service
and include the following23:
• Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit – IRS Form 8911
• Credit for Alcohol Used as Fuel – IRS Form 6478
• Non-conventional Source Fuel Credit – IRS Form 8907
• Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels – IRS Form 4136
o $0.51 per gallon of ethanol at 190 proof or greater
o $0.0051 per percentage point of ethanol if fuel is used in a mixture
o $0.51 per gallon of E100
Nevada must propose legislation to change the point of taxation on ethanol to the time of
importation or production, rather than at the time ethanol is blended with gasoline. By
including ethanol in the definition of motor vehicle fuel, ethanol will be subject to the same
requirements and fuel tax rate as gasoline. By taxing ethanol fuel at the time of
importation, and pursuing Federal tax incentives, the State of Nevada can reduce the
potential for fuel tax evasion, while still encouraging increased availability and usage of
alternative fuels. With the expansion of ethanol usage in Nevada, our citizens can reduce
tailpipe carbon monoxide emissions by as much as 39% - 46%.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
promote use of Federal tax incentive programs that positively impact the alternative fuels
industry. Section 1344 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 extended the tax credit for
alternative fuel producers. These credits are recognized by the Internal Revenue Service
and include the following:
• Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit – IRS Form 8911
• Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Production Credit – IRS Form 8896
• Non-conventional Source Fuel Credit – IRS Form 8907
• Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit – IRS Form 8864
o Biodiesel credit
o Renewable diesel credit
o Biodiesel mixture credit
o Renewable diesel mixture credit
o Small agri-biodiesel producer credit
• Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels – IRS Form 4136
o $1.00 per gallon of agri-biodiesel
o $0.50 per gallon of waste-grease biodiesel
o $0.01 per percentage point of agri-biodiesel used
o $0.0050 per percentage point of waste-grease biodiesel
Nevada should propose legislation to add a definition for a manufacturer/blender to
Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS), requiring the payment of fuel taxes to the State upon
placing biodiesel or biodiesel blend fuel into the supply tank of a motor vehicle. In
addition to proposed legislation, a public awareness campaign is essential to the success
of collecting the tax due on biodiesel produced on private property throughout Nevada.
The average consumer producing biodiesel at a home or business location only thinks
about the savings when compared with the cost of purchasing petroleum-based diesel fuel
at a retail location. They simply do not realize they are evading fuel taxes. The public
awareness campaign should include announcements in the various media as well as
posting literature at restaurants where consumers are most likely to purchase the oil they
are converting to biodiesel.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
continue supporting the development, construction, and operation of a high speed train
between Southern California and Las Vegas. Through the coordination of the Nevada
Department of Transportation, the necessary NEPA documentation should be completed.
The State of Nevada should work in cooperation with the congressional delegations of
Nevada and California to secure federal dollars making this project a reality.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends local Recycling Market
Development Programs be established for the Las Vegas Valley that will reduce landfill
waste, reduce transportation impacts, and save energy and natural resources by
strengthening the recycling at a local level infrastructure.

The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the State of Nevada
encourage and support waste recycling in the State of Nevada. The committee strongly
encourages attainment of the statewide recycling goal of 25%.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends Nevada encourage
―green power‖ generation from dairy waste on Nevada farms, reducing methane emission,
and producing electricity for participating farms. The Committee also encourages power
utilities and dairies to work together to provide for long-term power contracts at
competitive market rates.



The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the Governor support
the development of a State Climate Action Plan for Nevada that will set objectives and
performances standards for activities related to the reduction of greenhouse gases. The
Committee further recommends that adequate funds be secured for the State Energy
Office and other appropriate agencies to accomplish this objective.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends the Governor pursue,
through the Western Governor‘s Association, a resolution requesting the federal land
management agencies seek a coordinated approach for energy applicants especially
those exploring alternative energy sources. Although the federal government and some
individual agencies have promised responsiveness the federal government needs to
coordinate its process, this should be done in concert with our Congressional Delegation
who in the past have shown enthusiasm for alternate energy resources.
Finally, Governor Gibbons should consider an ―Energy Summit‖ to reach consensus on
the approach by which the federal and state regulatory agencies operate. Although much
rhetoric has been expended about cooperation, the result has been less than acceptable.




The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends;
1. The State of Nevada should establish a collaborative inter-agency research
program/partnership to explore viable carbon dioxide sequestration site locations and
management options in Nevada. The Desert Research Institute, the Nevada System for
Higher Education, the Nevada State Energy Office, the Department of Conservation and
Natural Resources, the Nevada Bureau of Mines, and private companies could
participate. Such an organization should pool resources and expertise in search of the
most favorable storage sites and management options for the transport and permanent
and safe storage of carbon dioxide emissions. The research should be tailored to the
needs and limitations that are unique to each project planned or underway and the
resources available. These institutions should also provide information to state and
federal agencies in the development of sequestration regulatory programs.
2. The state must seek and encourage the awarding of technology grants to the state‘s
research institutions for the mitigation of coal burning emissions and development of cost
effective carbon capture technologies. All funding sources in the private sector as well as
all levels of government should be evaluated to support this recommendation.
The Governor‘s Climate Change Advisory Committee recommends a Climate Change
Education/ Outreach Committee be established. The committee should include
representatives from State‘s Energy Office, Division of Environmental Protection and
Governor‘s office. The committee should receive input from all interested parties including
the general public. The education and outreach activities should focus on the following
audiences: policy makers (e.g., legislators and Executive branch agencies; community
leaders; k-12 students and home-schoolers; local civic organizations, and the general
public.
The committee may conduct the following:
1) Education and marketing of GHGs mitigation actions;
2) Identification of existing resources and programs within the state and nationwide;
3) Identification of additional needs and supplemental sources of funding for climate
change education;
4) Development of a clearinghouse for Nevada climate change information and education
resources (i.e., a dedicated website);
5) Annual evaluation for the achievement of climate change education/outreach (including
co- benefit issues, such as clean air and public health).




Contact: Energy and Science Advisor to the Governor and Director, Nevada State Office
of Energy: Dr. Hatice Gecol
(775) 684 5670; hgecol@gov.nv.gov
Estimated
 cost or
   cost
            Implementation Status
 savings
 per ton
  GHG
removed
Contact: "Dr. Hatice Gecol, Energy
and Science Advisor to the Governor
and Director, Nevada State Office of
Energy, hgecol@gov.nv.gov
(775) 684 5670
Documents: Nevada Climate Change Advisory Committee Final Repo
dvisory Committee Final Report: http://gov.state.nv.us/climate/FinalReport/ClimateChangeReport.pdf
New York
STATUS




CONTACT




WEBSITE


DOCUMENTS




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
             On August 6th, 2009 Governor David A. Paterson signed Executive Order No. 24 setting a goal to reduce
             greenhouse gas emissions in New York State by 80 percent below the levels emitted in 1990 by the year 2050.
             The Executive Order also creates a Climate Action Council with a directive to prepare a draft Climate Action
             Plan by September 30, 2010. The Climate Action Plan will assess how all economic sectors can reduce
             greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change, as well as identify the extent to which such actions
             support New York‘s goals for a clean energy economy.




             http://www.dec.ny.gov/60.html


             http://www.ny.gov/governor/executive_orders/exeorders/eo_24.html




eventh Generation Advisors
eventhgenerationadvisors.org/
na Haddad, 310.581.5488
RELEASED: 12/2004

OREGON
                                                                                          Estimated
                                                                                                     Implementation
                        Climate                                                          2020 Annual
                                                                                                      mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                                           GHG
                                                 Climate Mitigation Actions                           anticipated in
 Action Categories     Action Sub                                                         Reduction
                                                                                                         state or
                       Categories                                                          Potential
                                                                                                      provincial plan
                                                                                         (MMtCO2e)

Integrating Actions   IA-1          Recommend the Governor adopt near-term,              N/A         Setting goals
                                    intermediate and long-term greenhouse gas
                                    emissions goals for Oregon.
                      IA-2          Urge the Governor to renew the charter of the        N/A         Evaluating/report
                                    Advisory Group on Global Warming (or a successor                 ing,
                                    body) to continue the Advisory Group‘s unfinished                education/outrea
                                    agenda.                                                          ch, policies,
                                                                                                     programs
                      IA-3          The Oregon University System should develop      N/A             Funding
                                    strategic and targeted research, development and                 mechanisms
                                    demonstration (RD&D) programs for greenhouse gas
                                    reduction technologies.

                      IA-4          The subsequent Advisory Group should work with       N/A         Education/outrea
                                    state agencies, colleges and universities, schools,              ch
                                    non-profit organizations and businesses to develop a
                                    global warming education program that will provide
                                    information and outreach to the public.


Energy Efficiency     EE-1          Meet the Northwest Power and Conservation Council N/A
                                    (NWPCC) goal of implementing cost-effective
                                    electricity efficiency measures for electric users and
                                    an equivalent goal for natural gas users. (see a-I
                                    below)

                                    a) Expand and coordinate electric incentive programs 3.2
                                    for Investor-Owned Utilities (IOUs).




                                    b) Upgrade Oregon building codes to reduce energy    0.52
                                    use by at least 15 percent by 2015 (building shell
                                    measures).




                                    c) Amend building codes to set minimum space and     0.09
                                    water heating/cooling standards.
                                                                                           Estimated
                                                                                                      Implementation
                       Climate                                                            2020 Annual
                                                                                                       mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                                             GHG
                                                 Climate Mitigation Actions                            anticipated in
 Action Categories    Action Sub                                                           Reduction
                                                                                                          state or
                      Categories                                                            Potential
                                                                                                       provincial plan
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)

                                   d) Adopt state appliance efficiency standards.         0.41




                                   e) Advocate with Bonneville Power Administration       1.24
                                   (BPA) and Oregon electric consumer-owned utilities
                                   (COUs) to meet the NWPCC goal.




                                   f) Support Oregon Public Utility Commission (OPUC) 0.24-0.48
                                   actions to evaluate NW Natural/ETO and ODOE
                                   natural gas incentive programs.




                                   g) Advocate with OPUC for Avista and Cascade           0.05
                                   natural gas utilities to meet energy savings goals
                                   comparable to NW Natural.
                                   h) Advocate for federal equipment and appliance        0.4
                                   efficiency standards.
                                   i) Strengthen state marketing of energy efficiency and N/A
                                   incentive programs; initiate Governor‘s Awards.

                      EE-2         Support OPUC and COU efforts for modified rate         0.16
                                   designs to reflect daily and seasonal peak demand.




                      EE-3         Support OPUC initiatives for natural gas and fuel      N/A
                                   switching.



Electric Generation   GEN-1        Increase the renewable content of electricity:      0.8
and Supply                         Increase retail energy sales from renewable
                                   resources by one percent or more annually in Oregon
                                   through 2015.

                      GEN-2        Recommend the Governor create a special interim         7.0+
                                   task force to examine the feasibility of, and develop a
                                   design for, a load-based greenhouse gas allowance
                                   standard.
Electric Generation
and Supply




                    GEN-2                                                                   Estimated
                                                                                                       Implementation
                      Climate                                                              2020 Annual
                                                                                                        mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation  Mitigation                                                               GHG
                                                Climate Mitigation Actions                              anticipated in
 Action Categories   Action Sub                                                             Reduction
                                                                                                           state or
                     Categories                                                              Potential
                                                                                                        provincial plan
                                                                                           (MMtCO2e)

                                  a) The GEN-2 interim task force should also consider N/A
                                  an Oregon Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) and
                                  potential changes to public purpose charges as tools
                                  to meet a greenhouse gas allowance standard and
                                  overall state CO2 goals.




                      GEN-3       Support the Oregon Public Utility Commission‘s           0.54
                                  review of rules and tariffs for renewable and
                                  combined heat and power facilities.
                      GEN-4       Encourage state government to purchase                   0.08
                                  renewables.

                      GEN-5       Advocate for specific federal policies or legislation.   N/A

                      GEN-6       Advocate with BPA to support Oregon‘s renewables         N/A
                                  measure.


                                  Other Notable policies - Electric Generation and
                                  Supply




Transportation        TRAN-1      Convene an interim task force to recommend a             >6.24       Standards and
                                  proposal for the Environmental Quality Commission                    regulations
                                  or the Governor and the Legislature to adopt
                                  emission standards for vehicles: LEVII plus Pavley
                                  standards
                      TRAN-2      Integrate land use and transportation decisions with     0.4         Planning,
                                  greenhouse gas consequences.                                         policies,
                                                                                                       programs

                      TRAN-3      Promote biofuel use and production.                      1           Standards
                                                                                           Estimated
                                                                                                      Implementation
                      Climate                                                             2020 Annual
                                                                                                       mechanism(s)
Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                                              GHG
                                                Climate Mitigation Actions                             anticipated in
Action Categories    Action Sub                                                            Reduction
                                                                                                          state or
                     Categories                                                             Potential
                                                                                                       provincial plan
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)

                     TRAN-4       Review and enhance state tax credits and local          N/A         Tax incentives
                                  incentives for citizens purchasing high efficiency
                                  vehicles

                     TRAN-5       Incorporate greenhouse gas emission impacts into        N/A         Funding
                                  transportation planning decisions.                                  mechanisms
                     TRAN-6       Expand "Transportation Choice Programs" and             N/A         Programs,
                                  "Travel Smart Pilots."                                              incentives



                     TRAN-7       Adopt state standards for high efficiency/low rolling   0.12        Marketing
                                  resistance tires.                                                   program,
                                                                                                      standards and
                                                                                                      regulations
                     TRAN-8       Reduce GHG emissions from government fleet              N/A         State lead-by-
                                  purchase and vehicle use.                                           example



                     TRAN-9       State and local governments should switch to ―clean     0.1         Voluntary
                                  diesel‖ fuel, vehicle purchases and retrofits                       agreements, tax
                                                                                                      incentives

                     TRAN-10      Adopt state and local incentives for high efficiency    unknown     Revenue
                                  vehicles.                                                           incentives
                     TRAN-11      Set and meet goals for reduced truck idling at truck    N/A         Projects, R&D,
                                  and safety stops.                                                   funding
                                                                                                      mechanisms,
                     TRAN-12      Set up traffic flow engineering ―Best Practices.‖       0.08        Projects




                     TRAN-13      Set and meet goals for freight (truck/rail)             N/A         Funding
                                  transportation efficiency; achieve this through                     mechanisms
                                  equipment, coordination and land use.




                     TRAN-14      Establish consumer awareness education link to          N/A         Information/educ
                                  transportation choices.                                             ation
                                                                                           Estimated
                                                                                                      Implementation
                        Climate                                                           2020 Annual
                                                                                                       mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                                            GHG
                                                  Climate Mitigation Actions                           anticipated in
 Action Categories     Action Sub                                                          Reduction
                                                                                                          state or
                       Categories                                                           Potential
                                                                                                       provincial plan
                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)

                      TRAN-15       Improve mass transit and inter-city transit links.    N/A         Funding
                                                                                                      mechanisms




                      Other Transporation Actions of Note




Biological            BIOSEQ-1      Reduce wildfire risk by creating a market for woody   3.2         State incentives,
Sequestration                       biomass from forests.                                             tax-credits




                      BIOSEQ-2      Consider greenhouse gas effects in farm and forest    0.6         Programs
                                    land use decisions.
                      BIOSEQ-3      Increase forestation of under-producing lands.        0.5         Market
                                                                                                      mechanisms,
                                                                                                      state and federal
                                                                                                      programs, tax
                                                                                                      incentives


                      BIOSEQ-4      Expand the application of water-erosion reducing      0.2         Incentives
                                    practices for cereal production.




                      BIOSEQ-5      Leverage the Conservation Reserve Program to          0.2         Programs,
                                    expand reserved acreage.                                          incentives




                      BIOSEQ-6      Establish a municipal street tree restoration program. <0.1       Funding
                                                                                                      mechanisms
                                                                                             Estimated
                                                                                                        Implementation
                       Climate                                                              2020 Annual
                                                                                                         mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                                               GHG
                                                 Climate Mitigation Actions                              anticipated in
 Action Categories    Action Sub                                                             Reduction
                                                                                                            state or
                      Categories                                                              Potential
                                                                                                         provincial plan
                                                                                            (MMtCO2e)

Materials Use,     MW-1            Achieve the waste generation and recycling goals in      5.2         Tools,
Recovery and Waste                 statute.                                                             education/inform
Disposal                                                                                                ation
                   MW-2            DEQ should develop guidance to clarify alternative 0.53              Regulation
                                   final cover performance at larger landfills:
                                   Demonstrate control of gas emissions comparable to
                                   geomembrane cover.
                      MW-3         Provide incentives for larger landfills to collect and   0.47*       Funding
                                   burn a minimum percentage (65 to 80 percent) of                      mechanisms
                                   methane generated.
                      MW-4         Provide incentives to increase salvage of reusable       0.02        State incentives
                                   building materials.
                      MW-5         Increase the ―Bottle Bill‖ redemption value from 5-      0.05        Funding
                                   cents to 10-cents and expand the Bottle Bill‖ to all                 mechanisms,
                                   beverages except milk, including juice, water, liquor,               policy change
                                   wine, tea and sports drinks; and consider alternative
                                   redemption methods.
                      MW-6         Develop statewide recovery infrastructure for            0.03        Funding
                                   consumer electronics waste, with shared                              mechanisms
                                   responsibility among producers, retailers,
                                   nongovernmental organizations, and government.

                      MW-7         Change land use rules to allow commercial                <0.01       Policy
                                   composting on land zoned High Value EFU
                                   (exclusive farm use).
                      MW-8         Increase public awareness to discourage on-site          0.02        Funding
                                   burning of garbage, especially fossil-carbon                         mechanisms,
                                   materials.                                                           information/educ
                                                                                                        ation
                      MW-9         Continue landfill regulation with additional reporting   N/A         Regulations,
                                   and analysis.                                                        reporting

                      MW-10        Evaluate methane emissions from closed landfills      N/A            Funding
                                   and options to reduce such emissions.                                mechanisms
State Government      GOV-1        State agencies should use their agency Sustainability N/A            Reporting
Operations                         Plans as the tool for agencies‘ dynamic involvement
                                   in greenhouse gas reductions with respect to both
                                   their internal operations, and their external program
                                   or regulatory activities.


                      GOV-2        Through a collaborative effort, the Departments of       N/A         Reporting
                                   Energy, Environmental Quality and Administrative
                                   Services should develop a process to educate
                                   agency personnel about opportunities for GHG
                                   reductions including how to set goals and calculate
                                   GHG reductions.
                                                                              Estimated
                                                                                         Implementation
                       Climate                                               2020 Annual
                                                                                          mechanism(s)
 Climate Mitigation   Mitigation                                                GHG
                                                Climate Mitigation Actions                anticipated in
 Action Categories    Action Sub                                              Reduction
                                                                                             state or
                      Categories                                               Potential
                                                                                          provincial plan
                                                                             (MMtCO2e)

                                   Other Notable Policies - General




                                                                                              CONTACTS




                                                                                                WEBSITE
                                                                                             DOCUMENT




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                   Implementation Status



Complete - Greenhouse Gas Targets adopted by Legislature in
2007 session through the passage of HB 3543

Complete - Permanent advisory body on climate change issues
established by 2007 Legislature though the passage of HB 3543.




Sub-set of current charter




Underway




Ongoing




In progress: Residential and smaller commercial HVAC standards
are established by the National Energy Policy Act (EPACT). We
have upgraded the proposed residential energy code to meet new
federal standards and are offering builders the choice to install
more efficient HVAC equipment as a means to comply with code.


A joint effort of the Oregon Building Codes Division and the
Department of Energy is underway to reduce energy use by 15%
in all new homes. As this report is being finalized there are no
apparent unresolved issues to delay adoption of this policy. SB 79
(July '09)creates a Task Force on Energy Performance Scores,
which will develop recommendations for a voluntary system to
measure energy performance. This bill also directs the Department
of Consumer and Business Services to develop a ―reach‖ building
code and update the state building code to increase energy
efficiency 15-25 percent by 2012 in nonresidential buildings and 10-
15 percent by 2012 in residential buildings.


Residential and smaller commercial HVAC standards are
established by the standards. National Energy Policy Act. Oregon
has upgraded the proposed residential energy code to meet new
federal standards and is offering builders the choice to install more
efficient HVAC equipment as a means to comply with code.
                   Implementation Status



Oregon has passed legislation minimum energy efficiency
standards for 17 categories of appliances and equipment not
regulated by the federal government. As a result of similar actions
taken in about a dozen states, the federal government has
subsequently adopted standards for five of the categories, and
standards are pending for several more.
In progress: BPA and Oregon electric COUs have been working on
new 20-year power-sale contracts. These contracts will likely place
the responsibility for meeting load growth on the COUs. This will
provide better incentives for Oregon COUs to actively pursue
energy efficiency and renewable generation as their alternative
would be wholesale power at market prices.


Completed. Both the Residential Energy Tax Credit (RETC) and
the Business Energy Tax Credit (BETC) saw large increases in
energy saved and renewable energy produced. There were
increases
across all fuels and program types with the sole exception of
BETC electricity saved. Total energy saved and produced more
than doubled between final certifications in 2005 and 2006. Energy
from final certifications for 2007 will be substantially more than in
2006.


Avista adopted a comparable program on October 12, 2006.
Cascade adopted a comparable program on June 28, 2006. These
are also operated by the Energy Trust of Oregon.
Ongoing

In progress: Continuing activity of ODOE, OPUC, and other
agencies. No progress on Governors' Awards concept.

In Progress: ODOE is working with OPUC and others to install
advanced two-way communication meters for virtually all PGE
customers over the next few years. This technology will facilitate
rate designs to reduce peak demands. This proceeding should
conclude in 2008.
In progress: High retail prices for natural gas have made the
economics of fuel switching
to natural gas more difficult. There has been no change in
programs in this area.
Many (if not most) action identified in the Renewable Energy
Action Plan (REAP) are on track, due in part to passage of recent
energy legislation. Re retail energy sales: Addressed by passage
of Oregon's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) in 2007 Session
(SB 838). See GEN-2a.
Carbon Allocation Task Force appointed by the Governor finished
work in January of 2007 and submitted median proposal to
Governor. Median proposal was drafted as HG 3545 for the 2007
session. The bill did not make it out committee, but work on
carbon cap and trade continues as a part of WCI.
                   Implementation Status



A Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) was passed in the 2007
session (SB 838) that requires 25% of electricity sold by large
utilities to be renewable by 2025 (with lesser targets for smaller
utilities). Changes to the public purpose charge were also made.
HB 3039 (July, '09) addresses renewable energy, directing the
state‘s Public Utility Commission (PUC) to develop a pilot feed-in
tariff to obtain up to 25 megawatts of new solar photovoltaic
electricity. Only systems with a capacity of 500 kilowatts or less
will qualify, and the program has a goal of obtaining 75 percent of
its electricity from small-scale sources (to be defined by the PUC).
In addition to the feed-in tariff, this bill also establishes a solar
photovoltaic standard within the state renewable portfolio standard.




ODOE participated in OPUC proceedings to adopt standard tariffs
and rates for renewable and CHP facilities under 10 MW. Those
tariffs are in place.
In progress: The Governor committed the state to using 100%
renewable energy for state facilities if it proved to be feasible.
Feasibility analysis is continuing.
Normal activity of Governor's Office and agencies.

In progress: ODOE staff has participated in discussions about a
new BPA service to integrate
and firm intermittent renewable generation, such as wind.




SB 101 (July, '09)establishes new greenhouse gas emission
performance standards for electric generation facilities. Generators
of baseload power must have emissions equal to or less than
1,100 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2) per megawatt-hour, and
electric utilities may only enter into long-term agreements to
purchase baseload power from complying entities regardless of
whether this power is generated in-state or out-of-state.
Completed - The Oregon Environmental Quality Commission
adopted California's Low Emission Vehicle rules (including "Pavley
standards") to become effective with the 2009 Model Year.



In progress - Strategies to reduce VMT are being developed.




The 2007 Legislature passed HB 2210 to expand property tax
incentives for biofuels, establish a new tax credit for producers and
collectors of biofuel raw materials and create an income tax credit
for consumer use of biofuel. It also establishes a Renewable Fuel
Standard (RFS) for biodiesel and ethanol based on meeting a
threshold of in-state production.
                   Implementation Status



In progress: Rules for tax credits have been improved to ensure
that only true hybrid vehicles qualify. Change in tax credits to
reflect mpg rather than technology would require new legislation.

In progress - Strategies to reduce VMT are being developed.

In progress: ODOT has funded TravelSmart pilot in Salem, Bend,
and Eugene. No station car
funding exists. Carpool matching and online transit services
expanded considerably.
Yet to be implemented.




In progress: State fleet continues to purchase more hybrid vehicles
and to pursue alternative fuel options. There is continued progress
on incorporating efficiency into procurement practices.

In progress: Waiting for response from DEQ. Some progress
known to occur.



Yet to be implemented.

n progress: Truck stop electrification project well underway, with
first units installed. Overall goals have not been set for the project.

In progress: Signal coordination project underway. Ramp metering
and other ITS strategies
have been put in place throughout state. Variable speed limits and
congestion pricing
programs under consideration but not deployed.
In progress: ConnectOregon I, approved in the 2005 session, has
40 projects under way. A second bill (ConnectOregon II) was
successful in the 2007 Legislature, with 78 projects received.
ConnectOregon II is on schedule for decisions by the Oregon
Transportation Commission in
June 2008. ODOT‘s revised guidelines to local jurisdictions on
preparing their Transportation
System Plans (TSPs) contain stronger guidance about land use
planning for freight and industrial activities.

In progress: The Oregon Department of Transportation, Metro,
TriMet, City of Vancouver and other public and private partners
launched the Drive Less/Save More Campaign in February 2006.
Other areas of recommendation have generally not been pursued.
                  Implementation Status



In progress: In 2004 ODOT used flexible federal funds to initiate a
small program to assist urban transit providers in replacing older
mass transit vehicles. ODOT has Federal funds for rural and
intercity bus service to fund new or expanded service in Welches,
Sandy, Yamhill County,
Curry County, Linn County, Hood River, The Dalles, Columbia
County and other areas of Oregon.




On July 22, 2009, Oregon Governor Ted Kulongowski signed into
law H.B. 2186, which allows the Oregon Environmental Quality
Commission (EQC) to adopt rules for the reduction of greenhouse
gas (GHG) emissions from transportation fuels. The EQC may
adopt a low carbon fuel standard (LCFS), which would require a
reduction in fuel carbon intensity of 10 percent from 2010 levels
by 2020. The Oregon LCFS is similar to a LCFS passed in
California in May 2009, which also requires a reduction of 10
percent below 2010 levels by 2020. In addition to the LCFS, H.B.
2186 allows the EQC to create other programs to reduce
emissions, including requirements to reduce aerodynamic drag in
medium- and heavy- duty vehicles, tire efficiency standards, and
idling reduction requirements for trucks and ships.
In progress: Since 2004, 22MW of biomass capacity have been
put into operation with approximately
20% of this additional capacity using forest sourced thinnings (a
reduction of 0.14 MMTC02). Oregon now has MOUs with federal
forest managers for forest stewardship acreage guarantees. These
MOUs address over 700,000 acres of forest over 30 years, and
eliminate some 1 MMTCO2 annually by reducing uncharacteristic
crown and stand clearing wildfire.


Yet to be implemented.

Yet to be implemented.




In progress: Research has shown that continuous winter wheat
yields are generally not economically competitive with winter wheat
after fallow. Low-till and no-till practices have proven more
promising in some areas of Oregon. Wasco County is roughly 70
percent direct seeded.
Most eligible highly erodible lands are now enrolled in the program.
With present rental rates for CRP and the program cap limits,
there probably won‘t be much more enticement to enroll more
acres in Oregon unless rental rates significantly increase or the
program caps are adjusted, both of which are unlikely.


Yet to be implemented
                    Implementation Status



In progress: Recycling goals close to being met; prevention goals
are not, but new programs are under development.

Yet to be implemented.




Yet to be implemented.



Grants dispersed.

In progress: 2007 legislation added water bottles (in 2009) to bottle
bill and formed a task force to study other issues.




2007 legislation created program; collections start 2009.




Yet to be implemented.



Yet to be implemented.




Yet to be implemented.


Yet to be implemented.

State Agency Inventory completed by DAS and OUS in 2007.
Sustainability plan efforts around greenhouse gas mitigation are an
ongoing activity in most agencies.




Yet to be implemented.
                   Implementation Status




SB 38 (July, '09) directs the state Environmental Quality
Commission to create greenhouse gas emission reporting rules for
electricity or fossil fuels that are imported, sold, or distributed in
the state. HB 2626 (July '09) targets energy efficiency as well,
requiring the Oregon Department of Energy to administer various
loan programs to support investments in energy efficiency.
Bill Dremheller, bill.drumheller@state.or.us, 503.378.4035




http://oregon.gov/ENERGY/
Final Report to the Governor: A Framework for Addressing Rapid
Climate         Change        released      January       2008
(http://oregon.gov/ENERGY/GBLWRM/docs/CCIGReport08Web.p
df)
Plan Released 1/2010

PENNSYLVANIA
Climate Mitigation Action Categories Work Plan No.



    Energy Generation,                    2
      Transmission,                       3
  and Distribution (EGTD)                 5
                                          6
                                          7

                                          8
                                          9
                                         10
                                         11
                                         12
                                                     Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                                                               Recent State Actions
                                          1
                                         4a

                                         4b

                                         4c
                                                         Sector Total Plus Recent Actions
      Residential and                   1-4
     Commercial Sector                   1
                                         2
                                         3
                                         4
                                         5
                                         6




                                          7



                                          8
                                          9
                                         10
                                         11
                                         13
                       14
                       15
                       16
                                Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                                   Reductions From Recent Federal
                                 Federal Appliance Standards -Electricity
                                Federal Appliance Standards - Natural Gas
                                   Sector Total Plus Recent Actions
   Land Use and        3
Transportation (LUT)   5




                       6
                       7
                       8
                       9
                       10
                       11
                                Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                            Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
                       1

                       2
                       4
                                    Sector Total Plus Recent Actions
  Industry Sector      1
                       2
                       3
                                Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                            Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
                                    Sector Total Plus Recent Actions
   Waste Sector        1
                       2
                       4
                       5
                       6
                                Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                            Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
                            Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
 Agriculture Sector    1
                       2
                       3
                       4

                       5

                                Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                            Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
                                    Sector Total Plus Recent Actions
Forestry            Forest Growth and Protection/Avoided Conversion
                           1
                           3
                         Total
           Option     acreage
                      protected
               A        80,000
               A        80,000
               A        80,000
               A        80,000
               A       240,000
               A       240,000
               A       240,000
               A       240,000
               A       400,000
               A       400,000
               A       400,000
               A       400,000
               B        64,745
               B       129,556
               B       259,046
               B       129,556
               B       129,556
                    Increased Utilization of Durable Wood Products
                          2
                          6



                    Reforestation, Afforestation, Regeneration
                         4
                         5
                     Scenario
                         2
                         3
                         4
                     Scenario
                         1
                         2

                         3
                    Urban Forestry
                        7



                    Wood-based Energy
                       8
                       9


                                      Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps
                                  Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions
                                            Sector Total Plus Recent Actions




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/




Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                                                                                             Annual Results (2020)

                             Work Plan Name                            GHG Reductions
                                                                                               Costs (Millions $)
                                                                         (MMtCo2e)

Reduced Load Growth                                                                      7                 ($432)
Stabilized Load Growth                                                                   9                 ($593)
Carbon Capture and Sequestration in 2014                                                 5                  $291
Improve Coal-Fired Power Plant Efficiency by 5%                                          5                    $8
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) Emission Reductions from the
Electric Power Industry                                                             0.1                    $0.10
Analysis to Evaluate Potential Impacts Associated with
                                                                                                                                Se
Joining RGGI
Promote Combined Heat and Power (CHP)                                                    4                    $53
Nuclear Capacity                                                                         4                    $74
Greenhouse Gas Performance Standard for New Power Plants
                                                                                                                     Qualitative W
Transmission and Distribution Losses
         Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                      21              $248
                    Recent State Actions                                                15 -$1,001 to $285
Act 129 of 2008 (HB 2200) (Already in Electricity Baseline Forecast)                     4             ($258)
Alternative Energy Portfolio (Act 213 of 2004) Tier I Standard
(No Price Suppression)                                                                  11                  $285
Alternative Energy Portfolio (Act 213 of 2004) Tier I Standard
(Moderate Price Suppression)                                                            11                 ($358)
Alternative Energy Portfolio (Act 213 of 2004) Tier I Standard
(Full Price Suppression)                                                             11                 ($1,001)
             Sector Total Plus Recent Actions                                        36                 See Ranges above
High-Performance Buildings (Total for RC-1 Through RC-4)                           31.9                ($256.30)
High-Performance State and Local Government Buildings                               2.7
High-Performance School Buildings                                                   1.9
High-Performance Commercial (Private) Buildings                                       9
High-Performance Homes (Residential)                                               18.3
Commissioning and Retrocommissioning PA Buildings                                   1.5                     ($17)
Re-Light Pennsylvania                                                              12.9                    ($823)
Residential                                                                         3.5                    ($328)
Commercial—lighting power density                                                   5.3                    ($367)
Commercial—fixture performance                                                        4                    ($136)
Commercial—daylighting                                                              0.8                     ($64)
Commercial—controls                                                                 2.1                     $108
Commercial—parking lot lighting                                                     1.1                    ($117)
Commercial—exit signs                                                                 0                      ($1)
Re-Roof Pennsylvania                                                                1.4                     $472
Light-colored, insulated roofs                                                      0.2                      ($4)
Green roofs                                                                         0.1                      $77
PV roof                                                                             1.1                     $399
PA buys EE appliances                                                               1.9                     ($68)
Geothermal Heating and Cooling                                                      1.4                     $224
DSM - Natural Gas                                                                   7.3                     ($51)
Conservation and Fuel switching for Heating Oil                                     5.7                     ($21)
DSM - Water                                                                         0.1                    ($255)
Renew PA buildings PA Values Embodied Energy in Building Materials,
Including Historic Structures
                                                                                                                     N
Sustainability Education Programs
Adaptive Building Reuse
         Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                 32.25           ($538)
              Reductions From Recent Federal                                         5.07          ($145)
           Federal Appliance Standards -Electricity                                  4.77
          Federal Appliance Standards - Natural Gas                                   0.3
              Sector Total Plus Recent Actions                                       37.4          ($683)
Low-Rolling-Resistance Tires                                                         0.68          ($212)
Eco-Driving PAYD                                                                     0.43          ($277)
Eco-Driving Feebates                                                                 0.41          ($133)
Eco-Driving Driver Training                                                          0.62          ($129)
Eco-Driving Tire Inflation                                                           0.09           ($27)
Eco-Driving Speed Reduction                                                          1.96           $185
Utilizing Existing Public Transportation Systems                                     0.05           $300
Increasing Participation in Efficient Passenger Transit                              0.12            <$0
Cutting Emissions From Freight Transportation                                        0.99          ($293)
Increasing Federal Support for Efficient Transit and Freight Transport in PA         1.17            $92
Enhanced Support for Existing Smart Growth/Transportation
and Land-Use Policies                                                          0.76-1.84             <$0
Transit-Oriented Design, Smart Growth Communities, & Land-Use Solutions Included in T-10             <$0
          Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                   6.6          ($494)
   Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                                  15.7        ($1,093)
Pennsylvania Clean Vehicles (PCV) Program                                          0.095                0
Federal Vehicle GHG Emissions and CAFE Standards                                     12.2            NQ
Biofuel Development and In-State Production Incentive Act                            3.47           ($89)
Diesel Anti-Idling Program                                                           0.07           ($20)
              Sector Total Plus Recent Actions                                       22.3          ($603)
Coal Mine Methane (CMM) Recovery                                                     0.57         ($5.90)
Industrial Natural Gas and Elecricity Best Management Practices                         5          ($348)
Reduce Lost and Unaccounted for Natural Gas                                           0.1           ($11)
         Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                      6          ($365)
  Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                                      0          $0.00
           Sector Total Plus Recent Actions                                             6           ($365)
Landfill Methane Displacement of Fossil Fuels                                         0.1          ($0.10)
Statewide Recycling Initiative                                                       5.44            ($41)
Improved Efficiency at Wastewater Treatment Facilities                        3.8 x 10-3           ($0.50)
Waste-to-Energy Digesters                                                             0.1           $0.10
Waste-to-Energy MSW                                                                  0.24          ($8.10)
         Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                    5.9            ($50)
  Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                                      0           $0.00
  Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                                    5.9            ($50)
Foodshed Development Strategy                                                                                         N
                                                                                 Cost and GHG Savings from biofuels are
Next-Generation Biofuels
Management-Intensive Grazing                                                        0.62             ($59)
Manure Digester Implement ation Support Dairy                                       0.26           ($0.30)
Manure Digester Implement ation Support Swine                                       0.04            $0.10
Regenerative Farming Practices                                                     0.059            $2.10
Soil Sequestration from Continuous No-Till Agronomic Systems                        0.44              ($5)
        Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps                                   1.42             ($62)
  Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                                     0            $0.00
           Sector Total Plus Recent Actions                                         1.42            ($62)
Forest Growth and Protection/Avoided Conversion
           Forest Protection Initiative -- Easement                        0.178        $0
           Forestland Protection and Avoided Conversion --Acquisition

            Development threat

            100%                                                           0.178         $0
            50%                                                            0.178         $0
            20%                                                            0.178         $0
            10%                                                            0.178         $0
            100%                                                            3.72      $37.1
            50%                                                             2.13      $37.1
            20%                                                             1.17      $37.1
            10%                                                             0.85      $37.1
            100%                                                            7.26      $72.2
            50%                                                             4.07      $72.2
            20%                                                             2.16      $72.2
            10%                                                             1.52      $72.2
            100%                                                              1.7    $18.50
            100%                                                              3.5    $36.99
            100%                                                              6.9    $73.99
            20%                                                               0.9    $36.99
            10%                                                               0.6    $36.99
Increased Utilization of Durable Wood Products
            Woodnet                                                                            Qual
            Durable Wood Products
            1.12 Bbf/year (2006 PA harvest)*                                0.73        NQ
             1.5 Bbf/year                                                   0.98        NQ
            80 Mbf/year (2006 State Forest harvest)                         0.04        NQ
Reforestation, Afforestation, Regeneration
            Reforestation, Afforestation, Regeneration                      3.98     $41.90
            Improved Forest Management
            Shift to uneven-aged management
            Shift 20% of even-aged management to uneven-aged                0.26        NQ
            Shift 50% of even-aged management to uneven-aged                0.65        NQ
            Shift 75% of even-aged management to uneven-aged                0.97        NQ
            Restock understocked forestland
            Restock 100% of poorly stocked forest                           -5.1     $66.80
            Restock 100% of poorly stocked forest and 50% of moderately
            stocked forest                                                 -26.3    $264.40
            Restock 100% of poorly stocked forest and 100% of moderately
            stocked forest                                                 -47.6    $462.10
Urban Forestry
            Urban Forestry
            Increment existing urban forest by 10%                          1.20      ($560)
            Increment existing urban forest by 25%                          2.99    ($1,400)
            Increment existing urban forest by 50%                          5.98    ($2,800)
Wood-based Energy
            Wood to Electricity                                             0.26      $0.18
            Biomass Thermal Energy Initiatives
            Combined heat and power                                         0.47    ($21.10)
            Fuels for Schools                                               0.61    ($33.90)
                     Sector Total After Adjusting for Overlaps              11.3    ($1,376)
               Reductions From Recent State and Federal Actions                0      $0.00
Sector Total Plus Recent Actions   11.3   ($1,376)
Results (2020)                                      Cumulative Results (2009-2020)

                  Cost-Effectiveness   GHG Reductions        Costs (NPV,        Cost-Effectiveness
                      (4/tCo2e)          (MMtCo2e)            Million $)            (4/tCo2e)

                               ($64)                    23           ($849)                  ($36)
                               ($64)                    27           ($990)                  ($36)
                                $58                     13            $391                    $31
                              $1.50                     55         $101.90                  $1.80

                              $0.60                 0.7               $0.30                 $0.40
                             See Appendix D
                                $12                     23            $209                     $9
                                $20                     20            $233                    $12
                 Qualitative Work Plan -- Not Quantified
                                $12                120              $638                      $5
                         -$91 to 26                116 -$2,790 to $1,560             -$37 to $21
                               ($65)                40           ($1,409)                   ($35)

                                $26                     76          $1,560                    $21

                               ($33)                    76            ($615)                   ($8)

                               ($91)                  76           ($2,790)            ($37)
   See Ranges above                                 236            See Ranges above
                             ($8.00)              139.7            ($1,653)         ($11.80)
                                                   11.3
                                                     7.8
                                                   37.4
                                                   83.1
                            ($11.20)                 9.6              ($71)                ($7.40)
                               ($64)              103.2            ($4,020)                  ($39)
                               ($95)                  30           ($1,887)                  ($63)
                               ($69)               30.7              ($806)                  ($26)
                               ($34)               33.9            ($1,039)                  ($31)
                               ($82)                   5             ($204)                  ($41)
                                $52                14.3               $511                    $36
                              ($103)               10.5              ($613)                  ($58)
                               ($64)                 0.1               ($6)                  ($44)
                               $327                  4.3            $1,064                   $247
                               ($18)                 0.8               $13                    $17
                               $614                  0.3              $147                   $462
                               $359                  3.2              $903                   $282
                               ($36)               12.4              ($291)                  ($24)
                               $158                    8              $879                   $109
                                ($7)               40.5              ($357)                   ($9)
                                ($4)               35.8               $140                     $4
                            ($1,944)                 0.8           ($1,011)               ($1,285)
                        Not Quantified

                          ($17)              214.5            ($3,668)               ($17)
                          ($28)               29.9              ($567)            ($19.00)
                                              28.7
                                               1.2
                         ($18)               244.4           ($4,235)               ($17)
                        ($310)                 4.1           ($1,244)              ($300)
                        ($651)                1.76           ($1,065)              ($605)
                        ($320)                2.74             ($810)              ($296)
                        ($206)                4.53             ($605)              ($134)
                        ($282)                0.58             ($137)              ($238)
                          $94                   23            $4,153                $181
                       $6,000                 0.55            $3,000              $5,454
                          <$0                 2.02               <$0                 <$0
                        ($295)                6.67           ($1,495)              ($224)
                          $78                12.87           $10,082                 $78

                          <$0            3.79-9.18                <$0                 <$0
                          <$0     Included in T-10                <$0                 <$0
                         ($75)                 60.1            $2,805                 $47
                        ($313)                    72          ($3,803)              ($253)
                             0                 1.27                  0                   0
                          NQ                   57.3               NQ                  NQ
                         ($26)                 14.8             ($203)               ($14)
                        ($273)                   0.7            ($177)              ($238)
                         ($27)                  132            $2,425                 $18
                      ($10.30)                 6.38           ($51.80)             ($8.03)
                         ($68)                    25            ($972)               ($38)
                         ($84)                     1             ($48)               ($55)
                         ($62)                    33          ($1,072)               ($33)
                        $0.00                      0            $0.00               $0.00
                          ($62)                 33            ($1,072)              ($33)
                        ($0.80)              0.56                ($11)              ($19)
                           ($8)              34.4               ($246)               ($7)
                         ($126)             0.023              ($3.20)             ($143)
                         $1.00                 0.6              $0.70              $1.20
                          ($34)              1.42                ($40)              ($28)
                           ($8)                 37              ($299)               ($8)
                         $0.00                   0              $0.00              $0.00
                           ($8)                 37              ($299)               ($8)
                         Not Quantified
Savings from biofuels are considered in Transportation - 2 and Residential - 11
                          Work Plans
                          ($95)                5.5              ($369)              ($67)
                           ($1)              1.46                  $2                 $2
                            $4               0.23                  $1                 $5
                           $36                 0.3                $17                $56
                          ($11)                2.7               ($31)              ($12)
                          ($44)              10.2               ($380)              ($37)
                         $0.00                   0              $0.00              $0.00
                          ($44)                10.2            ($380)               ($37)
      $0                12.22     $67.50        $5.53




      $0                14.60     $236.4      $16.19
      $0                 8.23     $236.4      $28.71
      $0                 4.41     $236.4      $53.58
      $0                 3.14     $236.4      $75.33
   $9.99                41.68     $590.9      $14.18
  $17.47                22.57     $590.9      $26.18
  $31.74                11.11     $590.9      $53.20
  $43.62                 7.28     $590.9      $81.12
  $10.23                68.76     $945.3      $13.75
  $18.23                36.91     $945.3      $25.61
  $34.35                17.80     $945.3      $53.11
  $48.70                11.43     $945.3      $82.71
  $10.69                10.98     $226.6      $13.22
  $10.69                21.97     $453.4      $13.22
  $10.69                43.94     $906.7      $13.22
  $40.11                 5.47     $453.4      $53.14
  $61.16                 3.40     $453.4      $85.35

Qualitative Work Plan

      NQ                 8.77         NQ          NQ
      NQ                11.74         NQ          NQ
      NQ                 0.46         NQ          NQ

  $10.52                25.89    $568.70      $21.97


      NQ                 0.82         NQ          NQ
      NQ                 2.04         NQ          NQ
      NQ                 3.07         NQ          NQ

  $13.08                 -75.1    $1,063      $14.15

  $10.04 359.1)                   $4,209      $11.72

   $9.71                -643.1    $7,355      $11.44


($468.15)                7.78     ($4,399)   ($565.74)
($468.15)               19.44    ($10,997)   ($565.74)
($468.15)               38.88    ($21,994)   ($565.74)

   $0.67                 1.71       $2.80       $3.14

  ($45.30)               3.03    ($151.50)    ($50.03)
  ($55.23)               3.99    ($258.80)    ($64.78)
    ($121)                 98    ($10,177)      ($104)
    $0.00                   0       $0.00       $0.00
($121)              98            ($10,177)                ($104)




         Contact:        DEP Deputy Secretary of the Office of Energy and Technology: Dan Griffiths
                         Griffithsdgriffiths@state.pa.us
Progress on Plan as of




           Implementation Status
the Office of Energy and Technology: Dan Griffiths
RELEASED: 2002


RHODE ISLAND
                                                                                    Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                        Estimated cost
                                                                                     Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                                      or cost savings
                                         Climate Mitigation Actions                   Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                        per ton GHG
                                                                                       Potential
                   Categories                                                                         removed
                                                                                     (MMtCO2e)

Buildings    and 1              Commercial/Industrial Fossil Fuel Retrofit 0.37                    -$54.55
Facilities                      Initiative


                  2             Compact Residential Appliances Initiative           0.29           -$150.00


                  3             Energy Efficiency        Targeting        Initiative 0.15          -$49.09
                                (Industrial)


                  4             Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Initiative 0.13                        -$19.09
                                (Industrial)

                  5             Electric Energy Efficiency Retrofit in Non- 0.11                   -$54.55
                                Residential buildings and Facilities

                  6             Efficient Residential Fossil Fuel heating 0.09                     $2.73
                                Initiative




                  7             Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency                   0.06           -$40.91
                  8             Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Initiative 0.06                        -$24.55
                                (Non-industrial)

                  9             Efficient Residential Electric Cooling 0.04                        $0.00
                                Initiative
                  10            Retrofit Program for Electricity Heated 0.03                       -$1.91
                                Residences
                  11            Retrofit Initiative for Fossil heated 0.02                         -$1.91
                                Residences

                  12            Electric Equipment Retrofit Program (Samll 0.02                    -$40.91
                                Commercial & Industrial)

                  13            Public Facilities Efficiency Initiative             0.02           -$436.36




                  14            Efficient    Residential   Lighting    and 0.02                    -$61.64
                                Appliances Programs
                  15            Efficient Non-Residential Construction     0.02                    -$54.55



                  16            Energy Star Home Construction Program               0.00           $0.00
                                                                               Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                   Estimated cost
                                                                                Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                                 or cost savings
                                         Climate Mitigation Actions              Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                   per ton GHG
                                                                                  Potential
                   Categories                                                                    removed
                                                                                (MMtCO2e)

                  17            Use of Lower Carbon Fossil Fuels               TBD            TBD

                  30            Compact Floorspace Initiative                  0.02           -$109.09

                  31            Switching From Electricity To Fossil Fuel 0.00                $46.36
                                Heating
                  32            Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Buydown Program 0.00                  $327.27




                  33            Active Solar Hot Water Heating Initiative      0.00           $300.00

                  34            Non-Residential       Natural      Gas      Air 0.00          $81.82
                                Conditioning Initiative

                  45            Upgrade New Residential Construction 0.07                     -$5.45
                                Building Code




                  46            Upgrade New Commercial Construction 0.15                      -$81.82
                                Building Code
                  48            Upgrade and Extend Appliance Efficiency 0.37                  -$13.64
                                Standards



Transportation    18            Local Fuel Economy              Improvements 0.46             -$81.82
                                (Feebate) Initiative
                  19            Transit    Oriented  Development    And 0.07                  -$136.36
                                Enhancing Transit Options And Operations
                                Initiative
                  20            Bicycle and     Pedestrian      Infrastructures 0.07          -$136.36
                                Initiative

                  21            Commuting Efficiency Program                   0.07           -$136.36



                  22            Commuting Trip Reduction Initiative            0.07           -$136.36




                  23            Government Owned And Private Fleet- 0.01                      -$81.82
                                Vehicle Efficiency
                  35            Fleet Fuel GHG Content Mandate      0.15                      $27.27

                  47            Increase The Gasoline Tax                      0.14           $0.00

                  49            National Fuel Efficiency Standards for Cars 0.92              -$81.82
                                and Light Trucks (CAFÉ)



                  51            Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)-Based 0.40                       <0
                                Insurance Premium Structures
                                                                             Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                 Estimated cost
                                                                              Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                               or cost savings
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions             Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                 per ton GHG
                                                                                Potential
                   Categories                                                                  removed
                                                                              (MMtCO2e)

                  52            Transportation Infrastructure Planning       - TBD          TBD
                                Commuter rail/light rail and its potential
                                electrification
                                - Advanced bus rapid transit               -
                                Barging
                                - Shifting transportation resourcse to
                                preserving RI's transportation infrastructure


Land Use          24            Urban/Suburban Forestry Program              0.44           $0.00




                  25            Open Space Protection Program                0.22           $0.00




                  36            Conversion of Marginal Cropland to Forest    0.15           $6.82
                                Initiative
                  37            Conversion of Marginal Cropland to           0.01           $6.82
                                Wetlands Initiative
                  38            Low Input Agriculture and Improved           0.00           $0.55 - $1.64
                                Cropping Systems Initiative
                  39            Forest Management Initiative                 NRA            $0 - $10.91

Energy Supply     26            Renewable Portfolio Standards                0.51           $12.55          &
                                                                                            $62.73

                  40            Promote New Renewable Electricity 0.03                      $68.18
                                Supply Using System Benefit Charge
                                Funds

                  41            Promote Green Power Purchases Using 0.05                    $81.82
                                System Benefit Charge Funds

                  42            Incentive Package Initiatve (1-4 below):

                                1. Production tax credit                     0.01           $113.73
                                2. Investment tax credit                     0.01           $113.73
                                3. Net metering                              0.00           $80.18




                                4. Backup rates                              TBD            TBD



                  43            Direct  Government     Investments Or 0.00                  $54.55
                                Expenditures in Renewable Energy
                  50            Carbon (And Multi-Pollutant) Cap and 0.51                   $12.55          -
                                Permit Trade System For the Power                           $62.73
                                Sector
                                                                      Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                          Estimated cost
                                                                       Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                        or cost savings
                                       Climate Mitigation Actions       Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                          per ton GHG
                                                                         Potential
                   Categories                                                           removed
                                                                       (MMtCO2e)

Solid Waste       27            Resource Management (RM) Contracting 0.26            <0
                                Initiative
                  28            Pay-As_You-Throw (PAYT) Initiative   0.20            <0

                  29            State Facilities Renewable Purchase 0.00             $68.18
                                Requirement
                  44            Deposit Bottle System ("Bottle Bill") 0.07           >0




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
                                                                            Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                Estimated cost
                                                                             Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                              or cost savings
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions            Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                per ton GHG
                                                                               Potential
                   Categories                                                                 removed
                                                                             (MMtCO2e)




                                Public Facilities Efficiency Initiative     0.02           -$436.36
                                Compact Residential Appliances Initiative   0.29           -$150.00
                                                                              Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                  Estimated cost
                                                                               Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                                or cost savings
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions              Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                  per ton GHG
                                                                                 Potential
                   Categories                                                                   removed
                                                                               (MMtCO2e)

                                Transit    Oriented  Development    And 0.07                 -$136.36
                                Enhancing Transit Options And Operations
                                Initiative
                                Bicycle and Pedestrian Infrastructures        0.07           -$136.36
                                Initiative
                                Commuting Efficiency Program                  0.07           -$136.36
                                Commuting Trip Reduction Initiative           0.07           -$136.36
                                Compact Floorspace Initiative                 0.02           -$109.09
                                Upgrade New Commercial Construction           0.15           -$81.82
                                Building Code
                                Local Fuel Economy Improvements               0.46           -$81.82
                                (Feebate) Initiative
                                Government Owned And Private Fleet-           0.01           -$81.82
                                Vehicle Efficiency
                                National Fuel Efficiency Standards for Cars   0.92           -$81.82
                                and Light Trucks (CAFÉ)
                                Efficient    Residential    Lighting    and   0.02           -$61.64
                                Appliances Programs
                                Commercial/Industrial Fossil Fuel Retrofit    0.37           -$54.55
                                Initiative
                                Electric Energy Efficiency Retrofit in Non-   0.11           -$54.55
                                Residential buildings and Facilities
                                Efficient Non-Residential Construction        0.02           -$54.55
                                Energy Efficiency Targeting Initiative        0.15           -$49.09
                                (Industrial)
                                Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency             0.06           -$40.91
                                Electric Equipment Retrofit Program (Samll    0.02           -$40.91
                                Commercial & Industrial)
                                Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Initiative        0.06           -$24.55
                                (Non-industrial)
                                Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Initiative        0.13           -$19.09
                                (Industrial)
                                Upgrade and Extend Appliance Efficiency       0.37           -$13.64
                                Standards
                                Upgrade New Residential Construction          0.07           -$5.45
                                Building Code
                                Retrofit Program for Electricity Heated       0.03           -$1.91
                                Residences
                                Retrofit Initiative for Fossil heated         0.02           -$1.91
                                Residences
                                Efficient Residential Electric Cooling        0.04           $0.00
                                Initiative
                                Energy Star Home Construction Program         0.00           $0.00

                                Increase The Gasoline Tax                     0.14           $0.00
                                Urban/Suburban Forestry Program               0.44           $0.00
                                Open Space Protection Program                 0.22           $0.00
                                Efficient Residential Fossil Fuel heating     0.09           $2.73
                                Initiative
                                Conversion of Marginal Cropland to Forest     0.15           $6.82
                                Initiative
                                Conversion of Marginal Cropland to            0.01           $6.82
                                Wetlands Initiative
                                                                                Estimated 2020
                    Climate                                                                    Estimated cost
                                                                                 Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation Mitigation                                                                  or cost savings
                                        Climate Mitigation Actions                Reduction
Action Categories Action Sub                                                                    per ton GHG
                                                                                   Potential
                   Categories                                                                     removed
                                                                                 (MMtCO2e)

                                Fleet Fuel GHG Content Mandate                  0.15           $27.27
                                Switching From Electricity To Fossil Fuel       0.00           $46.36
                                Heating
                                Direct   Government     Investments   Or        0.00           $54.55
                                Expenditures in Renewable Energy
                                Promote New Renewable Electricity               0.03           $68.18
                                Supply Using System Benefit Charge
                                Funds
                                State Facilities Renewable Purchase 0.00                       $68.18
                                Requirement
                                Incentive Package Initiatve-Net metering 0.00                  $80.18

                                Non-Residential       Natural   Gas       Air   0.00           $81.82
                                Conditioning Initiative
                                Promote Green Power Purchases Using             0.05           $81.82
                                System Benefit Charge Funds
                                Incentive Package Initiatve-Production tax      0.01           $113.73
                                credit
                                Incentive Package Initiatve-Investment tax      0.01           $113.73
                                credit
                                Active Solar Hot Water Heating Initiative       0.00           $300.00

                                Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Buydown Program 0.00                   $327.27

                                Low Input Agriculture and Improved 0.00                        $0.55 - $1.64
                                Cropping Systems Initiative
                                Carbon (And Multi-Pollutant) Cap and 0.51                      $12.55          -
                                Permit Trade System For the Power                              $62.73
                                Sector
                                Renewable Portfolio Standards                   0.51           $12.55          &
                                                                                               $62.73
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial         Implementation Status
               plan


Technical       and       financial State Energy Office (OER)pilots 7-05.
assistance     (incentives     and Superceded by National Grid 2007 program
financing)
Education       and     outreach, Narragansett     Electric   did   some   public
technical assistance              education
Industry-driven  program    to No action.
support state-of-art targeting
approaches and technologies

Funding, technical assistance        General Permit Regs for Small Electric
                                     Generating Facility adopted May 15, 2007

Technical       and       financial Underway –Nat‘l Grid incentive
assistance     (incentives     and
financing)
Funding              mechanisms, Underway – residential boiler rebate;
incentives,   training, program National Grid filed proposed plans for
marketing                        natural gas energy efficiency programs:
                                 $2.7 million for all customers filed
                                 December 2007 and program for low
                                 income customers Jan 07, 2007.
Legislation                          Discussed and tabled
Funding, technical assistance        General Permit Regs for Small Electric
                                     Generating Facility adopted May 15, 2007

Incentives, training, program Underway – Nat‘l Grid incentive
marketing
Information     and      financial Underway – Nat‘l Grid incentive
incentives
Information     and      financial Underway – Nat‘l Grid incentive
incentives, new funding source

Company arranged measure Underway – Nat‘l Grid/OER incentive
installation; rebates and interest
free financing
Multiple                             Exec Order 8-05, implementation underway
                                     $41 M per year for new and major
                                     reconstruction for FYs 2007 & 2008. Final
                                     Draft Standards for High Performance
                                     Schools were submitted for public hearing
                                     April 2007.
Information    and     education; Underway – Nat‘l Grid/OER incentive
marketing; rebate incentives
Technical      and       financial Underway – Nat‘l Grid/OER incentive
assistance    (incentives     and
financing)
Measurement,          monitoring, Underway – Nat‘l Grid incentive
marketing, and limited rebates
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial            Implementation Status
               plan


                                        See Natl Grid gas energy efficiency above
                                        #6
Education       and           outreach, No action.
technical assistance
TBD

Financial incentives                   OER supports modest PV for larger
                                       systems; companies that install smaller
                                       systems are urging restoration of support
                                       for smaller systems
Funding       and         market Law change 05 allows OER to fund Low
mechanisms; incentives            Income
Technical     and       financial No action.
assistance   (incentives     and
financing)
Standards and codes                    Upgraded code includes most IECC 03
                                       standards. Stakeholder letter endorsed
                                       Building Standards Committee‘s intent to
                                       use IECC2006 & ASHRAEE 90.1-2004;
                                       enforcement of code needs attention
Standards and codes                    (Ssee Residential Construction above)

Analyze and develop information        Laws adopted 7-05 & 06 for 13 appliances
on     target       technologies,      of which 9 preempted by 2005 EPACT.
disseminate to policymakers and        OER drafting regs for 4 non-preempted
advocates                              appliances
Tax incentives, revenue neutral Work with other NE states on hold pending
feebates                        states adopting CA Standard;
Coordinate support of local gov't, State/municipal projects underway (See
private developers, and transit Description from Technical Committee)
agencies
Coordinate support of local gov't, Underway - RIDOT/RIDEM expanding bike
private developers, and transit paths
agencies
Coordinate support of state and No action on draft state employee parking
defderal DOT, local gov'ts, cashout
transit agencies
Coordinate support of gov'ts, No Action.
businesses,        employers,
employees      and      labor
organizations
Stakeholder          processes,        Exec. Order 8-05; implementation underway
commitments
Stakeholder          processes,        No Action
commitments; public outreach
Stakeholder          processes,        Discussed and tabled.
commitments, public outreach
Standards                              No local action. NHTSA adopted minor
                                       increase in standard for light trucks in 2003.
                                       Under discussion in 2007 Fed Energy bill

Consultation           with         all Researched in 04. Waiting for other states
stakeholders                            to take lead before revisiting.
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial          Implementation Status
               plan




Raise awareness to decision Recommendations                 developed,      not
makers; provide increased legal implemented
protection for trees and forests

Raise awareness to decision Ongoing
makers; zoning and land use
planning       and     ordinaces;
incentives         for      urban
densification, etc
Financial incentives                 No action.

Financial incentives                 No action.

Education and outreach               No action.

Regulatory; support     for   local 7-04 draft forestry recommendations. No
landowners                          action
Market mechanisms                   Law adopted 7-05; PUC issuing regs 12-05;
                                    PUC RES reg revision docket 3798, Jan 07,
                                    2007
                                     OER loans for feasibility, design, build of
                                     renewable systems; commissioned wind
                                     study; working with local small hydro
                                     projects & wave project
Financial incentives                 OER green power incentives supplanted by
                                     renewable energy loan program




Tax incentives                       Restored in 2005 EPACT
Tax incentives
Incentives                           §39-26-6 amended 2007 to increase total
                                     capacity that can be net metered from 3 to
                                     5 MW; Individual systems cap is 1MW
                                     except that cities & towns & NBC can have
                                     up to 1.65 MW
                                     PUC order #18037 exempts up to 3 MW of
                                     renewables from backup rates; establishes
                                     DG committee
Establish targets                    OER buys renewable energy credits for
                                     selected projects
Establish targets                    RGGI law adopted 2007. DEM drafting regs.
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial         Implementation Status
               plan


Incentives                           RIRRC considering issuing RFP

Financial incentives                 7 Communities have some form of PAYT

                                Contract signed for 100% renewable energy
                                for State House 12-05
Incentives                      No Action.
                       CONTACTS unknown Chief of Strategic Planning &
                                Policy at the RI Department of
                                Environmental Management, 401-222-3434
                                ext.4400




                        WEBSITE http://righg.raabassociates.org
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial   Implementation Status
               plan
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial   Implementation Status
               plan
 Implementation mechanism(s)
anticipated in state or provincial   Implementation Status
               plan
Released 8/2008

SOUTH CAROLINA
                                                                            GHG Reductions (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                                     Cost-
     Climate      Climate Mitigation                                     GHG           GHG
                                                                                                          Total    Effective-
Mitigation Action    Action Sub         Climate Mitigation Actions     Reductions    Reductions
                                                                                                         (2009–       ness
   Categories        Categories                                        (MMtCO2e)     (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                          2020)    ($/tCO2e)
                                                                         2012          2020

Cross-Cutting     CC-1                 Inventories and Forecasting                        Not quantified

                  CC-2                 GHG      Reporting       and                       Not quantified
                                       Registry
                  CC-3                 State government       GHG                         Not quantified
                                       emissions    (lead       by
                                       example)
                  CC-4                 Comprehensive       Local                          Not quantified
                                       Government Climate Action
                                       Plans (Counties, Cities,
                                       etc.)
                  CC-5                 Public    Education    and                         Not quantified
                                       Outreach
                  CC-6                 Adaptation and Vulnerability                       Not quantified


Residential,      RCI-1                Energy efficiency programs, 1.5              8.2            43             -$26
Commerical                             funds, or goals for electricity
and Industrial                         (residential, commercial and
                                       industrial)

                  RCI-2                Demand-side                 0.2              0.8            4.5            -$85
                                       management/energy
                                       efficiency programs, funds,
                                       or goals for natural gas,
                                       propane and fuel oil


                  RCI-3                Incentives and regulatory 0.2                0.6            4              $41
                                       reform        to   promote
                                       implementation            of
                                       renewable energy systems,
                                       including solar hot water
                                       (residential, commercial and
                                       industrial)


                  RCI-4                Energy           management                        Not quantified
                                       training/training of building
                                       operators
                  RCI-5                Incentives, resources and 1                  8.2            39.5           -$8
                                       regulatory    reform   to
                                       promote energy recycling,
                                       including combined heat
                                       and power


                  RCI-6                Incentives and policies for 1.6              7.2            40.4           -$16
                                       improving             building
                                       efficiency, including building
                                       energy codes
                                                                                                                        Cost-
     Climate      Climate Mitigation                                      GHG              GHG
                                                                                                             Total    Effective-
Mitigation Action    Action Sub         Climate Mitigation Actions      Reductions       Reductions
                                                                                                            (2009–       ness
   Categories        Categories                                         (MMtCO2e)        (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                             2020)    ($/tCO2e)
                                                                          2012             2020

                 RCI-7                 Improved     design     and 0.5               5                24.6           -$33
                                       construction in new and
                                       existing state and local
                                       government        buildings,
                                       "Government     Lead      by
                                       Example"
                 RCI-8                 Participation   in voluntary 0                0                0.05           Not
                                       industry-         government                                                  quantified
                                       partnerships        (including
                                       incentives)
                 RCI-9                 Incentives and policies for 0.3               0.9              5.6            -$17
                                       improving         appliance
                                       efficiency,        including
                                       appliance standards
Energy Supply ES-1                     Efficiency and renewable 1.9                  12.6             66.5           $10
                                       portfolio  standard and
                                       statement of support for
                                       nuclear energy

                 ES-1A                 Energy Efficiency: 5% of 0.8                  4.2              22.4           -$26
                                       energy met with
                                       energy efficiency resources
                                       by 2020
                 ES-1B                 Renewables: 5% of energy 1.1                  3.8              25.3           $19
                                       served by new renewable
                                       resources by 2020
                 ES-1C                 Nuclear: 6% of energy 0                       4.6              18.9           $42
                                       served by new nuclear
                                       resources by 2020
                 ES-2                  Technology research and                               Not quantified
                                       development,    including
                                       state funding
                                                                                                                       Cost-
     Climate      Climate Mitigation                                      GHG           GHG
                                                                                                            Total    Effective-
Mitigation Action    Action Sub         Climate Mitigation Actions      Reductions    Reductions
                                                                                                           (2009–       ness
   Categories        Categories                                         (MMtCO2e)     (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                            2020)    ($/tCO2e)
                                                                          2012          2020

                 ES-3                  Renewable             energy 0.4              0.9             7.1            $84
                                       financing, tax    incentives,
                                       loans




                 ES-4                  Regulatory       model      to                       Not quantified
                                       equalize utility earnings on
                                       energy     efficiency     with
                                       earnings     on    traditional
                                       power supply
                 ES-5                  Nuclear fuel reprocessing                            Not quantified

                 ES-6                  Green power purchases 0.2                     0.2             1.7            $27
                                       and       marketing,  1%
                                       participation by 2012
                 ES-7                  Attract renewable energy                             Not quantified
                                       technology businesses to
                                       South Carolina

                 ES-8                  Distributed       renewable 0.05              0.1             0.8            $50
                                       energy incentives and/or
                                       barrier removal (including
                                       interconnection rules)
Transportation TLU-1                   Adopt a South Carolina 0.21                   1.14            7.04           -$46 to $227
and Land Use                           Clean Car Standard

                 TLU-2                 Transportation        system 0.01             0.04            0.22           <$0
                                       management
                 TLU-3                 Tax credits for      efficient 0.02           0.12            0.68           $359
                                       vehicles
Transportation
and Land Use
                                                                                                                           Cost-
     Climate      Climate Mitigation                                         GHG           GHG
                                                                                                                Total    Effective-
Mitigation Action    Action Sub         Climate Mitigation Actions         Reductions    Reductions
                                                                                                               (2009–       ness
   Categories        Categories                                            (MMtCO2e)     (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                                2020)    ($/tCO2e)
                                                                             2012          2020

                   TLU-4               Improve          development 0.41                2.31             14.02          <$0
                                       patterns
                   TLU-5               Transit & Bike pedestrian 0.02                   0.02             0.22           -$1
                                       (incporates TLU-11)
                   TLU-6               Alternative-fuel              0.02               0.24             0.77           $70
                                       infrastructure
                   TLU-7               Diesel Engine emission
                                       reductions       and     fuel
                                       efficiency improvements
                                       Efficiency improvements           0.03           0.19             0.96           -$114
                                       Biodiesel                         0.05           0.38             1.95           -$15 to $164

                   TLU-8               Stricter enforcement of 0.1                      0.12             1.18           NQ
                                       speed limits
                   TLU-9               Make full use of CMAQ                                    Not quantified
                                       funds
                   TLU-10              Commuter     choice   and 0.12                   0.43             2.63
                                       commuter           benefits
                                       programs
                   TLU-12              Low GHG Fuel Standard             0.38           3.67          17.89             $1 to $183
                   TLU-14              Rail                                                  Not quantified
Agriculture,       AFW-1               On-farm energy efficiency         0.052          0.16          1                 -$41
forestry     and
waste
management
                   AFW-2A              On-farm      waste      energy    0.006          0.019            0.13           $5
                                       recovery - swine/dairy
                   AFW-2B              On-farm      waste      energy    0.01           0.031            0.2            -$16
                                       recovery - poultry litter
                   AFW-3               Expanded use of local             0.012          0.03             0.21           NQ
                                       agriculture
                   AFW-4A              In-state    liquid     biofuels   0.12           0.13             1.5            $17
                                       production - biodiesel
                   AFW-4B              In-state    liquid     biofuels   0.86           1.5              13             $22
                                       production - ethanol
                   AFW-5               Expanded use of biomass           2.7            4.9              41             $4
                                       feedstocks for electricity,
                                       heat or steam production

                   AFW-6A              Terrestrial           carbon 0.21                0.39             3.1            -$62
                                       sequestration - agriculture

                   AFW-6Bi             Terrestrial       carbon 0.33                    0.85             5.8            $9
                                       sequestration - Forestry:
                                       Forest management
                   AFW-6Bii            Terrestrial           carbon 0.81                2.4              16             $10
                                       sequestration - Forestry -
                                       Afforestation/reforestation

                   AFW-6Biii           Terrestrial            carbon 0.37               1.2              7.5            $60
                                       sequestration-       Forestry:
                                       Urban forestry
                                                                                                                      Cost-
     Climate      Climate Mitigation                                    GHG              GHG
                                                                                                           Total    Effective-
Mitigation Action    Action Sub         Climate Mitigation Actions    Reductions       Reductions
                                                                                                          (2009–       ness
   Categories        Categories                                       (MMtCO2e)        (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                                           2020)    ($/tCO2e)
                                                                        2012             2020

                 AFW-7A                Conservation          and 0.08              0.21             1.5            $37
                                       restoration of agriculture
                                       lands for enhanced carbon
                                       sequestration
                 AFW-7B                Conservation              and 0.42          3.1              16             $7
                                       restoration of forestlands for
                                       enhanced               carbon
                                       sequestration
                 AFW-8                 Advanced recycling and 1.18                 3                20             -$2
                                       composting
                 AFW-9                 Waste-to-energy             0.41            1                7.2            $0.03
                                       reclamation
                 AFW-10                Water    and    wastewater 0.16             0.18             1.6            -$21
                                       energy           efficiency
                                       improvements




Compiled by Seventh Generation Advisors
http://www.seventhgenerationadvisors.org/
Contact: Kristina Haddad, 310.581.5488
Implementation
 mechanism(s)
 anticipated in         Implementation Status
    state or
 provincial plan




                   Charter member of The Climate Registry
Implementation
 mechanism(s)
 anticipated in    Implementation Status
    state or
 provincial plan
Implementation
 mechanism(s)
 anticipated in          Implementation Status
    state or
 provincial plan

                   Under law ---,S.C. rural electric customers
                   will be able to take out low-interest loans
                   to pay for energy efficiency upgrades.

                   This program would allow homeowners
                   and renters to borrow money to make
                   energy upgrades and pay off the loans
                   each month on their energy bills. The
                   loans can be paid off with savings
                   generated from the upgrades. The loan
                   money would go toward the purchase of
                   new heating-and-air units, roofs, insulation
                   or other items such as weather
                   stripping.Typical loans would range from
                   $1,500 to $7,000 and would be paid back
                   over five to 10 years. The loans would be
                   made to cooperative customers at a 2.5
                   percent interest rate.

                   Read                               more:
                   http://www.thestate.com/2010/04/01/1224
                   398_sanford-signs-law-for-energy-
                   efficiency.html#ixzz0lgFtw7Q6
Implementation
 mechanism(s)
 anticipated in    Implementation Status
    state or
 provincial plan
Implementation
 mechanism(s)
 anticipated in     Implementation Status
    state or
 provincial plan




    CONTACT Jeff Schilz, 803-734-2100,
            jschilz@gov.sc.gov

     WEBSITE http://www.scclimatechange.us/
Released 12/2008

VIRGINIA
                                                                                      Estimated Annual
                                                                                       GHG Reduction     Estimated 2020
                       Climate                                                            Potential                     Estimated cost
                                                                                                          Annual GHG
Climate Mitigation    Mitigation                                                         (MMtCO2e)                      or cost savings
                                             Climate Mitigation Actions                                    Reduction
Action Categories     Action Sub                                                                                         per ton GHG
                                                                                                            Potential
                      Categories                                                                                           removed
                                                                                                          (MMtCO2e)
                                                                                       2012     2020

                                    Improved state building codes
1. Virginia will reduce GHG emissions by increasing energy efficiency and conservation.
Energy               1A             Mandated utility conservation programs
Conservation and
Efficiency

                     1B             Support investments in advanced metering
                                    infrastructure
                     1C             Establish locally-implemented energy
                                    efficiency services
                     1D             Require commercial buildings to be LEED
                                    or equivalent
                     1E             Increase Weatherization Assistance
                                    Program funding
                     1F             Implement business specific educational
                                    and technical assistance efforts

                     1G             Implement an energy efficiency consumer
                                    education program
                     1H             Require the state's electric utilities to pilot
                                    voluntary real-time rates to residential and
                                    commercial customers
                     1I             Provide capital funds or tax credits to
                                    commercial and industrial businesses to
                                    expand implementation of energy
                                    conservation and efficiency in their
                                    operations
                     1J             Increase energy efficiency requirements
                                    into the 2009 and 2012 uniform statewide
                                    buildings codes
2. Virginia will advocate for federal actions that will reduce net GHG emissions.

Federal Actions      2A             Ask Congress to act as soon as possible
                                    to pass comprehensive climate change
                                    regulation
                     2B             Ask Congress to fund research for carbon
                                    capture and sequestration, energy
                                    conservation and efficiency, and renewable
                                    energy
                     2C             Ask Congress to support the accelerated
                                    establishment of CAFÉ standards for
                                    heavy trucks and stronger CAFÉ standards
                                    for passenger vehicles

                     2D             Ask Congress, as part of its renewable
                                    energy policies, to consider long-term,
                                    reasonable, predictable, and sustainable
                                    financial incentives
                     2E            Work with stakeholders to develop specific
                                   goals and priority
3. Virginia will reduce GHG emissions related to vehicle miles traveled through expanded commuter choice, improved transportation system efficiency, and im




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                              Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                             Page 2130
Transportation     3A            Coordinate transportation and land use
system                           planning
improvements

                   3B            Expand use of telework
                   3C            Increase availability of transit and rail
                                 services
                   3D            Target transportation funding to built-up
                                 areas and urban development districts

                   3E            Expand HOT/HOV network, evaluating the
                                 impact of HOT lane networks of
                                 greenhouse gas emissions
                   3F            Expand use of pay-as-you-drive insurance

                   3G            Require environmental analysis and review
                                 of major transportation projects/networks
                                 should include projections of the resulting
                                 GHG emissions

                   3H            Explore ways to send consumers better,
                                 more accurate signals of the costs of
                                 transportation
                   3I            Fund and support a statewide region-by-
                                 region scenario analyses of local
                                 transportation and land-use planning
                   3J            Evaluate the cost/benefits of a commuter
                                 tax credit
                   3K            Ensure that funding is available for
                                 localities to implement new road
                                 construction standards, develop and
                                 provide funding and technical assistance to
                                 encourage local governments to construct
                                 pedestrian and bicycle improvements, and
                                 compile and coordinate local and regional
                                 plans to develop a pedestrian and bicycle
                                 network


                   3L            Promote the expansion of broadband
                                 access to our homes and businesses
                   3M            Authorize and encourage cities, towns, and
                                 older suburbs to adopt the split rate
                                 property tax
                   3N            Work with lenders to provide and promote
                                 location efficient mortgages
                   3O            Amend corridor analysis and project
                                 analysis process to make sure that transit,
                                 freight, and passenger rail, and other
                                 transportation modes are included in every
                                 analysis
                   3P            Adopt a "complete streets" policy to design
                                 and operate roadways
                   3Q            Enhance the convenience of using transit
                                 compared to driving
                   3R            Work with regional and local governments
                                 to harmonize the state transportation plans
                                 and local land use plans on the same five-
                                 year schedules
                   3S            Expand local governments' current ability
                                 to flex secondary and urban road funds to
                                 provide the most efficient GHG emissions
                                 options



Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                 Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                Page 2131
4. Virginia will reduce GHG emission from automobiles and trucks by increasing efficiency of the transportation fleet and use of alternative fuels.

Fleet efficiency and 4A             Increase rate of fleet turnover to more
use of alternative                  efficient vehicles
fuels




                     4B             Expand alternative fueling infrastructure

                     4C             Support diesel vehicle retirement/retrofit

                     4D             Increase speed limit enforcement
                     4E             Implement anti-idling policies and
                                    incentives
                     4F             Promote EchoDrivingUSA practices
                     4G             Create signalization standards to improve
                                    the timing and intelligence of traffic
                                    signalization
5. Virginia will reduce GHG emissions through accelerated research and development.

Energy Efficiency    5A             Provide for long-term, sustainable clean
and Clean Energy                    technology R&D funding
Research and
Development


                     5B             Promote research at Virginia's colleges
                                    and universities on alternative fuels
                     5C             Sponsor research to assess the relative
                                    costs, benefits, and effectiveness of
                                    various mechanisms to place a price on
                                    carbon emissions through a cap-and-trade
                                    or pollution tax on GHG emissions


6. Virginia will reduce GHG emissions by increasing the proportion of energy demands that are met by renewable sources
Renewable            6A             Increase waste to energy generation
Resources            6B             Meet a 15% renewable portfolio standard
                                    goal
                     6C             Increase use of net metering
                     6D             Increase purchases by consumers under
                                    green power tariff
                     6E             Promote Virginia as a green industry
                                    center for excellence by expanding its
                                    economic development marketing efforts
                                    to focus on green industries
                     6F             Allow the VDOT's rights-of-way to be used
                                    for connection of renewable power projects
                                    or combined heat and power projects to
                                    the power grid
                     6G             Expand the Energy Star sales tax credit to
                                    cover certified renewable energy
                                    equipment
7. Virginia will reduce GHG emissions by increasing the proportion of electricity generation provided by emissions-free sources of energy.

Electricity          7A             Adopt a statement of policy supporting
Generation                          nuclear energy and encouraging the
                                    development of additional nuclear energy
                                    capacity
                     7B             Adopt a policy statement supporting and
                                    encouraging the development of emissions-
                                    free renewable electricity generation




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                               Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                              Page 2132
                    7C            Include in the State Corporation
                                  Commission review of applications for
                                  certificates of public convience and
                                  necessity, for new generation projects and
                                  high-voltage transmission lines greater
                                  than 250 kilovolts in capacity, an analysis
                                  of the GHG emission and climate change
                                  impacts of the project
8. Virginia will reduce net GHG emissions by protecting/enhancing natural carbon sequestration capacity and researching/promoting carbon capture and stora


Carbon capture      8A            Fund carbon capture and storage research
and geologic                      and development in unminable coal seams
sequestration                     and emission-free energy sources

                    8B            Improve the economic viability of farming
                                  by capitalizing on Virginia's natural
                                  resources and advanced renewable fuel
                                  technologies
                    8C            Promote increased adoption of high-priority
                                  agricultural best management practices
                                  that reduce agriculture's fuel and fertilizer
                                  consumption and associated GHG
                                  emissions and that provide methods for
                                  increasing carbon sequestration on
                                  Virginia's agricultural lands


                    8D            Provide funding for the acquisition of high
                                  resolution statewide land cover data to
                                  accurately assess the land use status over
                                  time
                    8E            Establish a no net loss goal for natural
                                  carbon sequestration areas based on the
                                  2010 baseline
                    8F            Virginia's universities should supply the
                                  research that is necessary to incorporate
                                  carbon sequestration information into the
                                  next iteration of the GHG emissions
                                  inventory
                    8G            Develop a natural sequestration carbon
                                  crediting and debiting system for carbon
                                  storage and sequestration projects

                    8H            Encourage local governments to establish
                                  tree canopy preservation goals through
                                  incentives and ordinances and provide
                                  technical assistance to localities seeking to
                                  establish goals


                    8I            Reduce the loss of critical natural habitats
                                  and native species by incorporating data
                                  from the Virginia Natural Heritage program
                                  and the DGIF as a factor to consider in
                                  biomass conversion incentive programs for
                                  agricultural- and forestry-based biomass
                                  production and alternative energy facility
                                  development planning


                    8J            Amend VDOT landscaping standards to
                                  minimize mowing, support tree
                                  preservation, and increase carbon
                                  retention



Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                         Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                        Page 2133
                                    9. The Commonwealth and local governments will lead by example by implementing practices that reduce GHG emissions




Governments to      9A              Require all new renovated public buildings
lead by example                     to meet LEED energy requirements

                    9B              Require state and local fleets to meet
                                    federal CAFÉ standards by 2015
                    9C              Require state fleets to use B-15 (The
                                    Commonwealth recently implemented
                                    state-wide E-10 state bulk fuel purchases)

                    9D              All state agencies and institutions and local
                                    governments should take necessary
                                    actions to minimize vehicles miles traveled
                                    related to state and local operations

10. Virginia should consider a more aggressive GHG reduction goal.

GHG Reduction       10A             Consider adopting a more aggressive
Goals                               GHG reduction goal that more closely
                                    reflects the IPCC recommendations
11. Virginia will focus and expand state capacity to ensure implementation of the Climate Change Action Plan

Implementation      11A             Establish a Sub-Cabinet on Climate
                                    Change Response
                    11B             Utilize existing state programs to
                                    implement recommendations in lieu of
                                    creating new state programs
                    11C             Continue working with neighboring states
                                    to develop strategies for collaborative
                                    engagement in the national discussion on
                                    federal climate change legislation and to
                                    implement complementary regional GHG
                                    emissions reduction and adaptation
                                    strategies


                    11D             Formalize the use of Planning District
                                    Commissions (PDCs) as a bridge between
                                    the state and local governments

12. Virginia will educate the public about climate change and the actions necessary to address it.

Education           12A             Develop an outreach and educational
                                    campaign to increase understanding of the
                                    causes and impacts of climate change and
                                    to build public support
                    12B             Create a voluntary climate action plan for
                                    Virginia citizens
                       12C
13. Virginia will continually monitor, track, and report on GHG emissions and the impacts of climate change.




Prepared by Kris Haddad and Renee Bell, New America Foundation                                                       Draft date 6/24/2011
Contact: kristinahaddad@yahoo.com or reneecbell@gmail.com                                                                      Page 2134
Monitoring,         13A            Fund a network of scientific and
Tracking, and                      technological institutions to regularly
Reporting                          produce Virginia-specific predictions of
                                   climate change and to evaluate the impact
                                   of climate change on Virginia
                    13B            Establish a GHG reporting system
                    13C            DEQ should annually update and enhance
                                   GHG emissions inventories and forecasts,
                                   assess progress toward achieving GHG
                                   reduction goals at least once every five
                                   years, and report the results of this
                                   assessment to the public.


                    13D            Monitor changes in harmful algal blooms
                                   frequency, toxicity, and geography and any
                                   impacts on human health through the
                                   Harmful Algal Bloom Illness Surveillance
                                   System (HABISS)
                    13E            Develop a system able to track changes in
                                   allergic or respiratory illnesses and
                                   cardiovascular disease that might be
                                   associated with increasing temperatures
                                   and/or pollution


14. Virginia state agencies and local government will prepare for and adapt to the impacts of climate change that cannot be prevented.

Preparation and     14A            Adopt shoreline protection policies that
Adaptation                         emphasize the use of living shorelines and
                                   seek to avoid shoreline hardening
                                   whenever feasible
                    14B            Develop adaptation plans to minimize
                                   impacts of climate change on Virginia's
                                   economy
                    14C            Local governments in the coastal area of
                                   Virginia should include projected climate
                                   change impacts in all planning efforts

                    14D            Implement a statewide effort to conserve
                                   5% of the critical conservation areas that
                                   are currently unprotected by 2015 and 20%
                                   of these areas that are currently
                                   unprotected by 2025


                    14E            Ensure that climate change impacts are
                                   taken into account in all transportation
                                   planning, project design, and prioritization