Jamaica Presentation

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					By Diana Barroeta
   INTRO
                         Contents
 SYMBOLS   GEOGRAPHY




 HISTORY     CULTURE




                         Government
GVMT / ECON STATISTICS




DID U KNOW QUESTIONS


                             Economy
           Symbols
                  FLAG: Adopted in 1962
                  GREEN: stands for land and hope,
                  GOLD: for sun and wealth, and
SYMBOLS
                  BLACK: for the people and the hardships       they face.



               COAT OF ARMS: Granted in 1662.
               Tainos, pineapples, crocodiles and
               royal helmet.

               MOTTO: Out of many, one people



          BIRD: Streamer-tailed hummingbird , or
          “Doctor Bird”

                      ANTHEM: Eternal Father, Bless our Land,
                      Guide us with thy mighty hand,
                      Keep us free from evil powers,
                      Be our light through countless hours,
                      To our leaders, great defender,
                      Grant true wisdom from above,
                      Justice, truth be ours forever,
                      Jamaica, land we love,
                      Jamaica, Jamaica, Jamaica, land we love
                           Geography
            Jamaica is part of the Greater Antilles.
            It is south of Cuba
            Jamaica is in the Caribbean Sea.
GEOGRAPHY
            The total area of the country is 10,991 sq km
            It is 10 times as big as Margarita Island in Venezuela
            Coast line: 1,022 km
            Jamaica is a very mountainous island.
            Rains come in May and October.
            Hurricanes are possible from June to November.
            Jamaicans plant: Sugarcane, banana, coconut, cocoa,
            coffee, citrus…
            It’s primary natural resource is tourism.
            Jamaica’s main cities are: Spanish Town, Kingston,
            Mandeville, Montego Bay.
            It’s main tourism river is called “Dunn River Falls”
GEOGRAPHY




             80% of the island is mountainous.
                Principal Range: Blue Mountains

                                                  land: 10,831 sq km
                                                  water: 160 sq km
                                                  total: 10,991 sq km




            Less than 20% suitable for cultivation
          Pre-Colonial and Colonial
                  History
                                                                1655-70
                                                             English kick-out
                                                            Spanish. Jamaica
                                                              becomes an
                                                             English Colony
HISTORY
                                                1510
                                            Spanish bring
                                             slaves and
                                                sugar

                                1494
                              Colombus
                               arrives in
                              “Xaymaca”
               AD 900
               Arawaks
            (Tainos) settle
              in Jamaica
          Pre-Colonial and Colonial
                  History
                                                               1872        The
                                                                Capital moves
                                                               from Port Royal
                                                  1860           to Kingston
                                              Status changes
HISTORY
                                               from colonial
                                               possession to
                                               British crown
                                                   colony

                                1838
                            Slave rebellion
                           force English to
                            abolish slavery


             1700–1838
                Sugar
             plantations
                       20th         Century

                                                                  1988
                                                                Hurricane
                                                             Gilbert destroys
                                                              thousands of
                                                  1962            homes
HISTORY
                                                 Jamaica
                                                 becomes
                                               independent

                                   1944
                               Jamaicans can
                                   vote

                1938
           Manley founded
             the Peoples
          National Party. He
           fought for self-
             government
                      21st          Century

                                                                    2007
                                                                Hurricane Dean
                                                                 kills 3 people
                                                                but didn’t hurt
                                                   2006            the tourist
HISTORY
                                                   Portia           industry
                                               Simpson, First
                                                female Prime
                                                  Minister
                                  2004
                              Hurricane Ivan
                               leaves many
                                 homeless
               2001
              Jamaica’s
               violence
          increases. 1300
          killed during the
                 year
            People & Culture
          • CULTURE: Jamaica culture was fashioned around the mixture
            and influences of its many different people.
          • POPULATION: 2.7 million. African ancestry (76 %), Afro-
            Europeans (15 %), Afro–East Indians and East Indians (3%),
            Whites of European descent (3 %), others (4%).
          • RELIGION:
             • 61 % of the Jamaicans are Protestants.
CULTURE
             • 21 % are other groups including the Church of god.
             • 9 % are Baptists.
             • 9 % are Seventh-day Adventists.
             • 7.6 % are Pentecostals.
             • And only 4 % of the people are Roman Catholic.
          • LANGUAGE:
              • Most people in Jamaica speak English.
              • A native Jamaican language also known as “patois”.
              • Most people are bilingual in English & Jamaican patois.
                        Food
          • Jamaicans eat food that is flavored with spices
            such as ginger, nutmeg, and allspice (a type of
            pimento native to Jamaica).
          • Many meals are accompanied by bammy, which is
            a toasted bread-like wafer made from cassava (or
            yucca).
          • Seafood is plentiful in the Jamaican diet. Lobster,
            shrimp, and fish such as red snapper, tuna, and
CULTURE     jackfish are in abundance.
          • Fruits are abundant: Mangoes, pineapple, papaya,
            bananas, guava, coconuts, ackee, and plantains.
            Ackee is the national fruit.
          • The national dish of Jamaica is ackee and saltfish.
          • Special meals for Christmas: Black Cake, curried
            chicken and goat, and rice with gungo peas.
          5 famous Jamaicans
                                             Sara Lawrence

          Asafa Powell


                            Bob Marley    Miss Jamaica 2006
CULTURE
          A great athlete                  Zahra Redwood
            Sean Paul

                            The king of
                            reggae


          Reggae singer      Miss Jamaica's a Rasta role model
                    Holidays
          Jamaican holidays include:
          • New Year's Day
          • Ash Wednesday
          • Easter (Friday–Monday)
CULTURE
          • Labor Day (23 May, a day for
            community improvement projects)
          • Independence Day (first Monday in
            August)
          • National Heroes Day (the third
            Monday in October)
          • Christmas
          • And Boxing Day (26 Dec.). Boxing
            Day is a day to visit family and friends.
              Government & Economy
                GOVERNMENT
                •Government type: Jamaica has a Parliament to make the laws.
                The government leader is the Prime Minister. A governor-general
                represents the Queen.
                •National holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1962)
                •Constitution: 6 August 1962
                •Legal system: Based on English common law
                •Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                •Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the
                governor general on the advice of the prime minister); Court of
                Appeal
                •Political parties and leaders:
                Jamaica Labor Party or JLP [Bruce GOLDING];
                •People's National Party or PNP [Portia SIMPSON-MILLER];
                •National Democratic Movement or NDM [Michael WILLIAMS]
GVMT / ECON
                ECONOMY
                Jamaica makes most of its money from mining bauxite (the ore
                used to make aluminum), growing sugarcane, and serving tourists.
                •Their money is called Jamaican dollar.
                • 1 US Dollar = 72.00 Jamaican Dollar
                1 Jamaican Dollar = 0.01389 US Dollar
                            Statistics
             PEOPLE                                          HEALTH & EDUCATION
             •Population:                            •       Infant mortality rate:
             2,780,132 (July 2007 est.)                      total: 15.73 deaths/1,000
             •Age structure:                                 live births
                                                             male: 16.4 deaths/1,000 live
             0-14 years: 32.5% (male 459,968/female          births
             444,963)                                        female: 15.01 deaths/1,000
             15-64 years: 60.1% (male 822,486/female         live births (2007 est.)
             848,310)                                •       Life expectancy at birth:
             65 years and over: 7.4% (male                   total population: 73.12 years
                                                             male: 71.43 years
             91,856/female 112,549) (2007 est.)              female: 74.9 years (2007
             •Median age:                                    est.)
             male: 22.6 years                        •       Total fertility rate:
             female: 23.7 years (2007 est.)                  2.36 children born/woman
                                                             (2007 est.)
             total: 23.2 years
                                                         •   Ethnic groups:
             •Population growth rate:                        black 91.2%, mixed 6.2%,
             0.777% (2007 est.)                              other or unknown 2.6%
STATISTICS   •Birth rate:                                    (2001 census)
             20.44 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)       Literacy:
                                                             definition: age 15 and over
             •Death rate:                                    has ever attended school
             6.59 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)        total population: 87.9%
             •Sex ratio:                                     male: 84.1%
             total population: 0.978 male(s)/female          female: 91.6% (2003 est.)
             (2007 est.)
                      Statistics
             ECONOMY                             COMMUNICATIONS

             •GDP (Gross Domestic Product. A     Airports:
             measure of the value of goods       34 (2007)
             and services produced in a year):   Airports - with paved runways:
             $12.84 billion (2006 est.)          total: 11
             •GDP - real growth rate:            2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
             2.5% (2006 est.)                    914 to 1,523 m: 4
             •GDP - per capita (PPP):            under 914 m: 5 (2007)
             $4,700 (2006 est.)                  Roads (1988): 4,738 km (2,944
             •GDP - composition by sector:       mi)
             agriculture: 5.4%
             industry: 33.8%
             services: 60.8% (2006 est.)
                                                 •Number of tourist visiting
                                                 Jamaica in 2005: 2.6 million

STATISTICS   TECHNOLOGY
             •Telephones - main lines in use:
             319,000 (2005)
             •Telephones - mobile cellular:
             2.804 million (2005)
             •Internet users:1.232 million
                 Did you know?
             • Nearly as many Jamaicans live outside of Jamaica as on
               the island.
             • Most expatriates live in England and the eastern United
               States.
             • Cricket and football (soccer) are the most popular sports
               in Jamaica.
             • Also, people enjoy playing “table tennis”.
             • Port Royal in Jamaica was once labeled 'The wickedest
               (malicious, immoral) city on Earth? (When the pirates era)
             • Better yet, did you know that the Jamaican Flag is the only
               flag in the world that doesn't have one of the colors that is
               in the American flag?
             • Jamaica was the first country in the Western world to
               construct a railway, even before the United States!

DID U KNOW
    Questions about Jamaica
            • What region of Latin America does my country
              belong to?
               Jamaica belongs to the Caribbean islands.
            • What makes my country different from other
              Latin American countries?
               One difference is that in many Latin America countries
               the main language is Spanish, and in Jamaica the main
               language is English. The type of government is different.
            • What makes my country similar from other
              Latin American countries?
               Some crops are similar. Some holidays also.

            • Who was the first president of Jamaica ?
              Not president, Prime Minister. Sir Alexander
               Bustamante (1962-1967)
            • Who is the current Prime Minister?
Questions


               Bruce Golding (Sept 11, 2007 to date)
                       Sources
• Encarta Encyclopedia:
  http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761567043/Arawak.html
• Culture Grams
• CIA The World Fact Book:
  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-
  factbook/geos/jm.html
• Jamaica TasteBuds: http://www.jamaicantastebuds.com/history-
  .html
• Book: Latin America
• My Island Jamaica: http://www.my-island-jamaica.com/index.html
• Jamaicans:
  http://www.jamaicans.com/childsguide/activitysheet.shtml
• Food by country: http://www.foodbycountry.com/Germany-to-
  Japan/Jamaica.html

				
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