Nixon’s Politics and Domestic Policies

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					Nixon’s Politics and Domestic Policies
 Strong Opponent of Communism
 Smaller, less active government
 Traditional Values
 “New Federalism”
 Money collected by Federal Gov would be
  shifted to states and cities.
 Local gov would spend tax money better
  than federal gov.
Southern Strategy
 Nixon tried to weaken the 1965 Voting
  Rights Acts.
 Appealed to southern Democrats.
 Wanted a slowdown of integration of
 Let local government control integration.
Drugs and Crime
 Wanted conservative federal judges that
  would not limit police.
 He expanded federal gov by increasing
  funding for food stamps
 Increased payments for Social Security
Nixon’s Environmentalism
 Rachel Carson – “Silent Spring” – effects
  of chemicals on natural world.
 Earth Day Demonstrations – educate
  about the environment.
 1970 – signed the Clean Air Act – regulate
  levels of air pollution
 Created the EPA – help carry out laws and
Other Nixon Policies
 Occupational Safety and Health Act –
  prevent work related injuries.
 Set safety standards and training in the
 Increased affirmative action with
  businesses dealing with the gov.
Nixon’s Foreign Policies
 Henry Kissinger (negotiate the end of the
  Vietnam War)
 Realpolitik – basing policies on realistic
  views of national interest.
 What is best for America
 Gov should not be bound by promises to
  fight communism or promote freedom.
 Took steps to ease tensions with Cold War
 Détente – build a stable world in which
  U.S. and other countries accepted one
  another’s place.
 Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)
 1972 – Soviets and US limit missile
Nixon in China
 Wanted to become friends with China to
  make Soviets more cooperative.
 Many meetings held in secret
 1971 – Table Tennis Game
 1972 – Nixon visits China
 This led to the Soviets signing the SALT
Trouble in the Middle East
 United Nations made Israel give back the
  land, but Arab nations had to recognize
  Israel as a nation.
 1973 – war broke out in the Middle East.
 Israel backed by U.S.
 Egypt was backed by Soviets
Oil Embargo
 Arab countries would not ship any oil to
 These countries formed OPEC –
  Organization of Petroleum Exporting
 This would lead to an energy crisis in the
 Shuttle Diplomacy – Kissinger would make
  agreements with separate groups.
Major Events at Home
 July 1969 – Apollo 11 – Neil Armstrong,
  Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins landed on
  the moon.
 Inflation would effect the outcome of the
  Election of 1972.
 Unemployment was high.
 August 1971 – Nixon put a 90 day freeze
  on wages and prices.
 Inflation seemed to stop = this would help
  him win re election.

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