Nixon’s Politics and Domestic Policies
Strong Opponent of Communism
Smaller, less active government
Money collected by Federal Gov would be
shifted to states and cities.
Local gov would spend tax money better
than federal gov.
Nixon tried to weaken the 1965 Voting
Appealed to southern Democrats.
Wanted a slowdown of integration of
Let local government control integration.
Drugs and Crime
Wanted conservative federal judges that
would not limit police.
He expanded federal gov by increasing
funding for food stamps
Increased payments for Social Security
Rachel Carson – “Silent Spring” – effects
of chemicals on natural world.
Earth Day Demonstrations – educate
about the environment.
1970 – signed the Clean Air Act – regulate
levels of air pollution
Created the EPA – help carry out laws and
Other Nixon Policies
Occupational Safety and Health Act –
prevent work related injuries.
Set safety standards and training in the
Increased affirmative action with
businesses dealing with the gov.
Nixon’s Foreign Policies
Henry Kissinger (negotiate the end of the
Realpolitik – basing policies on realistic
views of national interest.
What is best for America
Gov should not be bound by promises to
fight communism or promote freedom.
Took steps to ease tensions with Cold War
Détente – build a stable world in which
U.S. and other countries accepted one
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)
1972 – Soviets and US limit missile
Nixon in China
Wanted to become friends with China to
make Soviets more cooperative.
Many meetings held in secret
1971 – Table Tennis Game
1972 – Nixon visits China
This led to the Soviets signing the SALT
Trouble in the Middle East
United Nations made Israel give back the
land, but Arab nations had to recognize
Israel as a nation.
1973 – war broke out in the Middle East.
Israel backed by U.S.
Egypt was backed by Soviets
Arab countries would not ship any oil to
These countries formed OPEC –
Organization of Petroleum Exporting
This would lead to an energy crisis in the
Shuttle Diplomacy – Kissinger would make
agreements with separate groups.
Major Events at Home
July 1969 – Apollo 11 – Neil Armstrong,
Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins landed on
Inflation would effect the outcome of the
Election of 1972.
Unemployment was high.
August 1971 – Nixon put a 90 day freeze
on wages and prices.
Inflation seemed to stop = this would help
him win re election.