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Acute Renal failure (DOC)

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					                                          ACUTE RENAL
                                            FAILURE
                     CAUSES
                   uses
                                                      Acute renal failure is a rapid loss of renal
                                                      function due to damage to the kidneys,
                                                      resulting in retention of nitrogenous and non-
 PRE-RENAL           RENAL             POST-          nitrogenous waste products that are normally
- altered blood   - previous           RENAL          excreted by the kidney.
volume            kidney diseases   - kidney stones
- systemic        - medications     - urinary tract
infection         - hemolysis       obstructions
                  - acute           - abdominal
                  glomerulo-        malignancy
                  nephritis                                 Swelling, especially of the legs and
                                                             feet.
                                                            Little or no urine output.
                                                            Thirst and a dry mouth.
                                                            Rapid heart rate.
                                                            Feeling dizzy when you stand up.
                       SYMPTOMS
                                                            Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
                                                            Feeling confused, anxious and restless



                                                            Pulmonary edema
                                                            high potassium levels in blood
                                                             (hyperkalemia)
                     POSSIBLE                               cardiac arrhythmias
                   COMPLICATIONS
                                                            encephalopathy
                                                            pericarditis

				
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posted:6/25/2011
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