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					Language of Art
 First Impressions.

   Anders Rodin
            Language of Art:

• Indentify the elements of art and the principles of
• Describe media used it is used in art
• List the process used in drawing, painting,
  printmaking and sculpture
• Name and identify the subject, composition and
  content in a work of art
              Language of Art:

•   Composition              •   Perception
•   Content                  •   Principles of design
•   Elements of art          •   Relief
•   Freestanding             •   Subject
•   Medium                   •   Symbol
•   Nonobjective art
               Language of Art
• When the meaning of ideas
  and feelings are shared, we
  call that communication.
• Art is a way to
  communicate; it is a
  language that is used to
  express things that
  everyday words alone can
  not explain.
• The language of art goes
  beyond simple description.
• The arts cross cultural

                                Debbi Kenote
                Language of Art:
                 The elements

Every language has it’s own system for communication

The language of visual art
also has a system. All of the
objects you look at in a work
of art are made up of
common elements and are
arranged according to basic
                                Debbi Kenote
           Language of Art:
            The elements
• A symbol is something that represents
  something else. In the language of art, we
  use visual symbols to communicate ideas.
• The visual symbols in the language of art
  are known as the elements of art
• Just as there are basic words( ie. nouns
  verbs, adjectives…etc.), there are basic
  kinds of art elements
              Language of Art:
               The elements
•   Line       No matter how an artist expresses their
                 idea or feeling, the work will contain
•   Value        some or all of these elements.
•   Color
               When you look at an image, it can be
•   Shape       difficult to separate one element from
•   Form        another. Like reading a sentence, you
                read all the words at once to gather
•   Space       the meaning.
•   Texture
A mark with length and direction.

Ansel Adams           Gustave Caillebotte

A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point.
The lightness or darkness of a color.

MC Escher                  Pablo Picasso
                Consists of Hue (another
                word for color), Intensity
                (brightness) and Value
                (lightness or darkness).

                 Alexander Calder

Henri Matisse
               An enclosed
               area defined
               and determined
               by other art
               elements; 2-

Jean Arp
                                    A 3-dimensional object;or
                                    something in a 2-dimensional
                                    artwork that appears to be 3-

For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is
a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is
a form.                                               Lucien Freud
The distance or area between, around, above, below,
or within things.

                                               Robert Mapplethorpe
                                               Positive (filled with
                                               something) and Negative
Claude Monet   Foreground, Middle ground and
                                               (empty areas).
               Background (creates DEPTH)
The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
Textures may be actual or implied.
            Language of Art:
             Principles of design

• After you learn to recognize the elements,
  you can start to recognize the ways in
  which they are organized. Think about a
  language; communication is more than
  understanding the meaning of the words.
  The words must be organized in to a
  sentence, which is organized into a
  paragraph, which is organized into a larger
                 Language of Art:
                  Principles of design
•   Balance
•   Emphasis
•   Contrast
•   Harmony
•   Rhythm
•   Movement
•   Pattern
•   Unity
•   Proportion
•   Variety
              Alexander Calder

The way the elements are arranged to
create a feeling of stability in a work.
                   Symmetrical Balance

Leonardo DaVinci       The parts of an image are organized
                        so that one side mirrors the other.
 Asymmetrical Balance

When one side
of a composition
does not reflect
the design of the

     James Whistler

                      The focal point of an
                      image, or when one area
                      or thing stand out the
Jim Dine              Gustav Klimt
              A large difference between two
              things to create interest and tension.

                       Salvador Dali
Ansel Adams

          A regular repetition of
          elements to produce the
          look and feel of

Vincent VanGogh
                          and Repetition   Gustav Klimt

Repetition of a design.

When all the
elements and
work together
to create a
                Johannes Vermeer
                       The use of
                  differences and
               change to increase
                the visual interest
                      of the work.

               VAR      IE   T   Y
Marc Chagall
     PROPORTIO        N

The comparative
relationship of
one part to
another with
respect to size,
quantity, or
degree; SCALE.

           Media and Process
The material used to make art is called a Medium
A medium can be almost anything; as simple as pencil to as
  elaborate as gold. When using more than one type of
  medium, the plural is called media.
           Media and Process:

• Drawing is the process of moving a pointed
  instrument over a surface and leaving a mark.
• The most common media for drawing includes
  graphite pencils, pens, charcoal, crayons and
         Media and Process:

• While the general process of drawing is
  the same for these media, each one also
  has a unique specific process. For
  example, using pen and ink is much
  slower and more deliberate than creating
  charcoal sketches. The choice of media
  and the process is selected based on the
  artists purpose.
               Media and Process:

There are many different purposes
for drawing. Some of the most
important are to help the artist
develop stronger perception skills.

Looking is not necessarily the
same as perceiving. Looking is
simply noticing and labeling what
you see. Perception is the act of
looking carefully at every detail,
thinking about what you see and
then analyzing it.

                                      Paelle Powell
             Media and Process:
• In History, drawing has
  traditionally been used as
  a first step in completing
  a painting or other art
  projects. Rough
  sketches, or studies, are
  almost always done
  before creating a work in
  another medium.
• In recent times, drawing
  has developed into an art
  process that is accepted
  on its own merits.

                                   Hannah Holtgeerts
               Media and Process:

• Painting is the
  process of applying
  color to a surface.
  The surface is the
  material to which the
  paint is applied.
• All paints have three
  basic ingredients;
  pigments, solvent
  and binder.
                          Hanna Holtgeerts
              Media and Process:
• Pigment is the finely ground powder that gives every
  paint it’s color.
• The binder is the glue that holds the pigment together in
  a form that can be spread over a surface and allows it to
  remain there
• Solvent is the material used to thin the paint.
• The binder for tempera paint is egg. The binder for
  watercolor is gum arabic and the solvent is water. The
  binder for acrylic paint is an acrylic polymer. When
  acrylic paint is went, water is the solvent; when it is dry it
  is water proof. Oil paints use different kind of oil as the
           Media and Process:

• Printmaking is the process where the artist
  transfers the original image from one prepared
  surface to another prepared surface. Often this
  original image is transferred multiple times.
• Printmaking is different that a photographic
  reproduction. All prints made by a printmaking
  process are made using three basic steps.
             Media and Process:

• Creating a printing plate: This is the surface onto
  which the image is placed
• Inking the plate: The artist applies the ink to the
  plate with something a brayer (a roller)
• Transferring the image: The prepared surface is
  pressed against the inked plate and the ink is transferred
  to the new surface.
                    Media and Process:

There are four main techniques artists use for making
  prints; Relief, intaglio, lithography and screen printing.
Relief printing: a process consisting of cutting or etching a printing surface in
   such a way that all that remains of the original surface is the design to be
Intaglio: the ink forming the design is printed only from recessed areas of the
Lithography: ink is applied to a grease-treated image on the flat printing
   surface; blank areas, which hold moisture, repel the lithographic ink. This
   inked surface is then printed—either directly on paper, by means of a
   special press
Screen printing: is a stencil method of print making in which a design is
   imposed on a fine mesh, with blank areas coated with an impermeable
   substance, and ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface.
          Media and Process:

Sculpture is a work of art that takes us three
  dimensional space. It can be free standing
  which can be viewed from all sides. It can
  be a relief sculpture where the form
  projects from a flat surface.
Artists use a variety of sculpture media, (ie.
  Clay, plaster, stone, metal or wood). The
  process includes carving, modeling,
  casting and assembling.
            Media and Process:

• Carving: The artist cuts or removes material to
  reveal the desired form
• Modeling: The artists builds up a form by
  adding and manipulating the material
• Casting: Melted material is poured into a mold
• Assembly: The artists finds and connects a
  variety of different materials.
              A work of art
• The Subject: This is the image that the
  viewer identifies in the work
• The Composition: The is the way that
  the artist uses the principles of design to
  organize the elements
• The Content: The is the message that
  the artist is communicating