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					The Life and Times of
William Shakespeare
Early Life
• Born on April 23, 1564 (his birt
  record was issued on April 26,
  1564)
• Stratford-upon-Avon in England
• Third child of eight
• Oldest son
• Son of John and Mary Shakespeare
   –John was a whittawar (glove
    maker)
   –middle class
Shakespeare’s boyhood home in Stratford
Education
• Attended The King’s New School
• Dropped out to help his father with
  business
• All records have been lost
Marriage and
Family Life
• William married Anne Hathaway on
  November 28, 1582
• Shakespeare was 18 when he married
• Anne was 26, and 3 months pregnant
• His first child, Susanna was born on
  May 26, 1583
• Two more children, Judith and
  Hamnet, were born in 1585
• Hamnet died at the age of 9 from the
  plague
• Shakespeare left his family in 1592 to
  pursue acting
• He was a member of several acting
  companies:
The Queen’s Men
Pembroke’s Men
Lord Chamberlain’s Men
The King’s Men
• Died on April 23rd, 1616
• Left his wife his second best
  bed
Shakespeare’s
   home in
  Stratford,
  England.
The Theatre
       Put it in Perspective
  Shakespeare’s England                  World Events
• 1564 – Shakespeare is Born   •   Samuel de Champlain
                                   begins his expedition in the
                                   Americas
• 1582 – Shakespeare marries   •   The word coffee appears in
  Anne Hathaway                    print for the first time
• 1592 - Shakespeare           •   Galileo develops the
  becomes and actor                thermoscope (early
                                   thermometer)
• 1595 - Shakespeare stages
  Romeo and Juliet             •   Trigonometry is put in print
• 1616 – Shakespeare dies      •   Jamestown colony is
                                   thriving
• Shakespeare worked as an actor
  until the theatres were closed in
  1593 due to the plague
• Women were not allowed to be on
  stage
• Shakespeare produced his first play
  in 1595 once the theatres re-opened
• Shakespeare partnered with
  Richard Burbage to build The
  Globe Theatre
• Groundlings
• Open roof
• Made of straw and burned in
  1613
• Re-built
• Closed in mid 1600’s by
  Puritans
       Shakespeare’s
       Contemporaries
• Ben Johnson
• Christopher Marlowe (chief rival)
Shakespeare the Writer
• Sonnets
• Plays (37)
• Epic Poetry
• A Midsummer Night’s Dream
  (1st Play)
• Cardenio (Last Play – Lost)
  The Shakespearean Pun
• Shakespeare loved to use them!!!
• Used to achieve Comic Relief
  –Humorous use of a word with
   two meanings > sometimes
   missed by the reader because of
   Elizabethan language and
   sexual innuendo
   Familiar Expressions from Shakespeare
“Eaten out of house and home,”          Henry IV Part 2, Act 2, Scene 1

“Cruel to be kind,”                     Hamlet , Act 3, Scene 4

“Knock,/knock! Who’s there?”            Macbeth, Act 2, Scene 3

“Too much of a good thing,”             As You Like It, Act 4, Scene 1

“Neither a borrower nor a lender be,”   Hamlet, Act 1, Scene 3

“Something wicked this way comes,”      Macbeth, Act 4, Scene1

“To thine own self be true,”            Hamlet, Act 1, Scene 3

“ A tower of strength,”                 Richard III, Act 5, Scene 3

				
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posted:6/25/2011
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