The Mysteries of Biomes Explored

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					The Mysteries of
Biomes Explored
     Ms. Henchey
      5th Grade
                   Objectives
   Students should name and compare the six
    major biomes of the earth.
   Students should be able to list at least 2-3 types
    of plants and animals found within each biome.
   Students should identify the weather and general
    location of each biome.
            What is a biome?
 A biome is a large area of land that has
  distinctive plants and animals adapted to that
  environment.
How many types of biomes are there?
 There are 6 major biomes of the earth:
  Freshwater, Marine, Desert, Forest (Deciduous
  and Rainforest), Grassland, and Tundra.
Why are biomes important anyway?
   Biomes are the homes to thousands of different
    types of plants and animals. If we don’t preserve
    and respect each biome, the plants and animals
    that live within it will suffer.
    Is there a biome today that is not being
    preserved? What is happening to the plants and
    animals that live there?
             The Freshwater Biome
   The freshwater biome has a salt concentration of less than 1%.
   The plants and animals that live here adapted to the environment and could
    not survive in an area of high salt concentration like the ocean.
    Can you think of an example of a freshwater biome?
   Lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams are all good examples of freshwater
    biomes that can be found all over the world!
   The freshwater biome contains shallow and deep water zones.
   Have you ever gone swimming in a river and noticed how cold it gets the
    deeper the water goes? Just like when you swim in a river, the water is
    warmer at the top-most, shallow parts, because the most sunlight reaches
    and warms it. As you move deeper in the water, the temperature grows
    steadily cooler, because very little sunlight can reach it.
         The Freshwater Biome
    What animals are
    found here?
   Snails
   Trout (fish)
   Snakes
   Turtle
   Otter
   Frogs
          The Freshwater Biome
    What plants are found
    here?
   Algae
   Water moss
   Plant plankton
   Cattails
             The Marine Biome
   The marine biome covers 75% of the Earth!
   Marine biomes have a high salt concentration.
    Can you think of any bodies of water that have salt
    in them?
   Marine biomes are usually found in oceans, the
    biggest of all the biomes!
   Oceans are separated by 4 zones of deepness. Just
    like in the freshwater biome, the temperature of
    the marine biome depend on the deepness of the
    water. The deeper the water is, the colder the
    temperature.
            The Marine Biome
    What animals are
    found here?
   Tropical Fish
   Sea Turtle
   Jelly Fish
   Whale
   Starfish
   Sharks
   Seagulls
             The Marine Biome
    What plants are found
    here?
   Algae
   Coral
   Seaweed
              The Desert Biome
 Deserts have very dry and hot climates. Because of the heat
  and dryness, the desert’s plants and animals have had to
  adapt to its climate.
 Most deserts only get 10 inches of water a year!
 During the day it becomes very hot in the desert and can
  get up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit!
 At night, however, the desert can have temperatures as low
  as 40 degrees Fahrenheit!
 The desert contains almost as many plants and animals as
  the rainforests do!
 The desert biome is found in northern Africa, western
  North America, western Asia, the center of Australia, and
  on the west coast of South America .
Can you think of a plant or animal that has adapted to having
  only a little water throughout the year?
             The Desert Biome
    What animals are
    found here?
   Camels
   Kangaroo
   Snakes
   Lizards
             The Desert Biome
    What plants are found
    here?
   Cactus
   Yucca
   Aloe
             The Forest Biome
   There are two types of forest biomes: the
    deciduous forest biome and the rainforest
    biome.
     The Deciduous Forest Biome
   The deciduous forest biomes are found in the
    eastern United States and Canada.
   Deciduous trees shed their leaves in the fall and
    grow new leaves in the spring.
   Rainfall in the deciduous forests is 30 to 40
    inches per year.
   The average summer temperature here is about
    70 degrees Fahrenheit and about 25-20 degrees
    Fahrenheit during the winter.
          The Deciduous Forest
    What Animals are
    found here?
   Chipmunk
   Squirrel
   Black Bear
   Bald Eagle
   Deer
          The Deciduous Forest
    What plants are found
    here?
   Lady fern
   Mushroom
   White Oak Trees
   Birch Trees
            The Rainforest Biome
   The rainforest has very tall trees and a climate of warm
    weather all year round.
   The rainforests also have over 100 inches of rain each year!
   Almost all rainforests are found near the equator.
   The rainforest has different layers. The top layer is called
    the emergent layer and forms a canopy of trees that are 100-
    250 feet tall!
   Each layer of the rainforest captures sunlight and blocks
    some sunlight from reaching the layer below it. Because the
    trees form a canopy over the rainforest, there is less
    sunlight toward the bottom layers. The least amount of
    sunlight touches the rainforest’s ground- it is usually
    completely in shadow!
          The Rainforest Biome
    What animals are
    found here?
   Elephants
   Tiger
   Chimpanzee
   Sloth
   Rhinoceros
          The Rainforest Biome
    What plants are found
    here?
   Bamboo
   Coconut Trees
   Sugar Cane
   Fig Trees
            The Grassland Biome
   The grassland biomes are large lands of grasses, flowers,
    and herbs.
   The grasslands usually gets 10-30 inches of rain each year.
    Because of this the grasslands have droughts, which also
    cause fires that prevent forests from growing here.
   There are two different types of grasslands: tall-grass, and
    short-grass. Tall-grass environments are humid and very
    wet, while short-grass environments are dry, with hotter
    summers and colder winters than the tall-grass.
   In the winter, grassland temperatures can be as low as -40°
    F. In the summer, however, it can reach temperatures up to
    70° F.
   There are two seasons in the grassland biome: a growing
    season and a dormant season. During the growing season,
    there is no frost and plants can grow, but during the
    dormant season, plants can’t grow because it is too cold.
   Grasslands can be found in the center of continents.
          The Grassland Biome
    What animals are
    found here?
   Coyotes
   Eagles
   Bobcats
   Bison
   Crickets
   Prairie Chicken
          The Grassland Biome
    What plants are found
    here?
   Sunflowers
   Clover
   Crazy Weed
   Asters
               The Tundra Biome
   The tundra is the coldest of all biomes.
   The tundra biome has little rainfall, very cold temperatures,
    and frost-molded land.
   There are two types of tundra's: the arctic tundra and the
    alpine tundra. The arctic tundra is near the north pole with
    an average winter temperature of -30 degrees Fahrenheit
    and an average temperature of 3-12 degrees Fahrenheit
    during the summer. The alpine tundra can be found on
    very high mountaintops where trees can’t grow. At night,
    the temperature gets below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
   The arctic tundra has a permanent layer of frozen ground
    called permafrost.
           The Tundra Biome
  What animals are
  found in the arctic
  tundra?
 Salmon
 Trout
 Polar Bears
What animals are found
  in the alpine tundra?
 Mountain Goats
 Sheep
            The Tundra Biome
    What plants are found
    in the arctic tundra?
   Reindeer moss
   Lichen
   Flowers
    What plants are found
    in the alpine tundra?
   Dwarf trees
   Small Leaf Shrubs
           Discussion Questions
   How have animals adapted to their biome?
   What about plants?
   What would happen if we destroyed or lost a
    biome?
   Could an animal adapt to living in a different
    biome? Why or why not?
   Could we find each biome in the United States
    or are they in different parts of the world? Give
    examples.
              Activities Page
   http://pbskids.org/mamamirabelle/games.html
   http://www.picadome.fcps.net/Lab/currl/biom
    es/default.htm#Interactive%20Activities
   http://www.mrnussbaum.com/biomes.htm
                  Assessment
   Students will be given a blank world map page.
    They must then follow the legend and color in
    correct location of where each biome is found.
   Students will then be given a hand-made exam
    which asks them to list 2-3 animals and plants,
    and general facts about each biome.
          Acknowledgements
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org
http://www.mbgnet.net/
http://www.worldbiomes.com/biomes_desert.htm
http://lsb.syr.edu/projects/cyberzoo/biome.html
Thank You For Your Time!

				
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posted:6/24/2011
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