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     6                           usoF sniloC gnI .rD  sertem 01 ot 5                  5                                                                                               usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                      sertem 01 ot 5
                            eporuE n sn atrep tahw ot e barapmoc
                            eporuE nii sniiatrep tahw ot ellbarapmoc
    )ESNV( rorrE metsyS no tag vaN ac treV deve hca anahG
    )ESNV( rorrE metsyS noiitagiivaN llaciitreV deveiihca anahG                           SONGE o stn rptooF b1 g F
                                                                                          SONGE ffo stniirptooF b1 giiF                                                                                     SAAW o stn rptooF a1 g F
                                                                                                                                                                                                            SAAW ffo stniirptooF a1 giiF
    fo renroc nretseW-htroN n saera emos dna ageneS rakaD
    fo renroc nretseW-htroN nii saera emos dna llageneS ,,rakaD
    ni 2002 yluJ ni tset SONGE eht gnirud SMIR fo noitallatsnI                                             Fig 1b Footprints of EGNOS                                                                        Fig 1a Footprints of WAAS
                                                                                                 150     100       50           0              -50            - 100            -150
                                                                                                                          M ini mu m e eva o angl e contours for E=5 deg
                                                                                                                                      l   ti n                          rees
                                                                                                                                                                                        -80
                      b2 erug F
                      b2 erugiiF                         a2 erug F
                                                         a2 erugiiF
                                                                                                                                                                                        -60
                                                                                                                                                                                        -40
                                                                                                               65.5E            1 5.5W                                                  -20
                                                                                                               I OR     25 E    A OR-E 5 E
                                                                                                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                                                                                        20
                                                                                                                                                                                        40
                                                                                                                                                                                        60
                                                                                                                                                                                        80
                                                                                                                  SONGE dna SAAW SABS tnen morp
                                                                                                                  SONGE dna SAAW ,,SABS tneniimorp
                                                                                     tsom eht fo owt fo stn rptoof eht yb derevoc s areneg
                                                                                     tsom eht fo owt fo stniirptoof eht yb derevoc sii llareneg
                                                                                                                                                                                                     o
                                                                                                                                                                                                     o                             o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   o
                                                                                     ni acirfA dna ralucitrap ni anahG . 0 edutignol dna 0 edutital
                                                                                     si taht htraE eht fo ertnec eht ta tsomla sa noitisop sti htiW
             cont’
             cont’d   SABS DNA N OITISOP S ACIRFA
                      SABS DNA NOITISOP S’’ACIRFA                                                      S A B S D N A N O I T I S O P S’ A C I R F A
     4                           usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                 usoF sniloC gnI .rD                                  3                                                                                               usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                                                                                                      usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                          .SABS
                                                           SABS                                                                       noitagivan ria dna
                                                                                      retaw dna gn ppam dna gn yevrus n ycne c ffe eht evorpmI
                                                                                     retaw ,,dnall ,,gniippam dna gniiyevrus nii ycneiiciiffe eht evorpmI
    eht ezilitu ot erutcurtsarfni yrassecen eht eriuqca ot deeN
                                                                                                                                   esnopser ycnegreme
                                setilletas morf slangis eht fo ecivres                 yt ruces doof ed vorp sretsas d arutan tnemnor vne
                                                                                     ,,ytiiruces doof ediivorp ,,sretsasiid llarutan ,,tnemnoriivne
    fo ytiunitnoc dna ,ytilibaliava ,ycarucca eht evorpmi SABS ehT                   eht fo tnemeganam eht ot etubirtnoc ot laitnetop taerg
                                                                                      sah ygo onhcet s hT–ec ohc suo vbo eht erofereht s SSNG
                                                                                     sah ygollonhcet siihT–eciiohc suoiivbo eht erofereht sii SSNG
                      UE fo SONGE ,napaJ fo SASM ,ASU fo                                                                                            ytiroirp
     SAAW -)SABS( smetsyS noitatnemguA desaB-etilletaS                                ruo eb d uohs meht er uqca ot sdohtem dna no tamrofn
                                                                                     ruo eb dlluohs meht eriiuqca ot sdohtem dna noiitamrofnii
                            metsyS noitatnemguA lanoigeR                             l a taps TCI n sdnert tnerruc eht ht w enut n eb ot ac rfA roF
                                                                                     laiitaps ,,TCI nii sdnert tnerruc eht htiiw enut nii eb ot aciirfA roF
                                                )8002( OELILAG
           gniimoc-nii eht sa llllew sa SSANOLG naiissuR dna
           gn moc-n eht sa ew sa SSANOLG na ssuR dna                                               tnemnorivne eht fo tnemeganam dna tnempoleved
    SPG naciremA ,smetsys etilletas ecaps lanoitarepo owT                             c monoce-o cos rof dna fo eu av c sn rtn eht kco nu
                                                                                     ciimonoce-oiicos rof dnall fo eullav ciisniirtnii eht kcollnu
                 fo stsiisnoc ytiilliitU noiitamrofnI ediiW dllroW siihT
                 fo sts snoc yt tU no tamrofnI ed W d roW s hT                       ot htraE eht tuoba egdelwonk sedivorp noitamrofni laitapS
                                                                                                                        no tamrofnI a tapS n esaercn
                                                                                                                        noiitamrofnI llaiitapS nii esaercnii
         erutcurtsarfnI noitamrofnI eht fo tnenopmoc yek a si SSNG                   detnedecerpnu eht no tnedneped si )TCI( seigolonhceT
                                                                                      no tac nummoC dna no tamrofnI nredom fo daerps d paR
                                                                                     noiitaciinummoC dna noiitamrofnI nredom fo daerps diipaR
                                      cont’
                         INTRODUCTION cont’d                                                                                            INTRODUCTION
     2                           usoF sniloC gnI .rD                                  1                                                                                               usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                                University FAF Munich Germany
                                                                                                               Prof. Dr.-Ing. Günter Wolfgang Hein
                                                                       Conclusion
                                                                                                                                         Ghana
                                                                                            Building and Road Research Institute, Kumasi Ghana
                                         Implementation of GNSS in Ghana                                    Yaw Poku-Gyamfi
                                                       Some Potential Applications
                                                                                                                                 KNUST Kumasi Ghana
                                                             Infrastructure Needs                                              Dr.-Ing. Collins Fosu, FGhIS
                                  Africa’
                                  Africa’s Geographic Position and SBAS
                                                                                     SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
                                                                                     SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
                                                                     Introduction        SYSTEM (GNSS): A UTILITY FOR
                                                                                         SYSTEM (GNSS): A UTILITY FOR
                                                                                       GLOBAL NAVIGATIONAL SATELLITE
                                                                                       GLOBAL NAVIGATIONAL SATELLITE
                              OVERVIEW
2
     21                            usoF sniloC gnI .rD                        11                            usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                                                   ffonur diiu f
                                                                                                                                    fo ur c r f
                                                                                                       stneverp sdleif fo gnilefvelnesideullP •
                                                 etsaw cixot ,sllips liO •                                                             s
                                                                   punaelc                                            se
                                                                                                             or a nossu r in fd nee u eer
                                                                                                           spdnc deeisaclitascidmfehtc ezictaadorL •
                                                                                                              or a noit er f tneo d em aco t
                                                                                                                                  d nm t
                                                                                                           spdnc destacitfsiiitd eoiitdezilltacerL •
                                                      lairetam suodrazaH                                   stcapmi latnemnorivne eziminiM
                                                     noitavreserp tatibah
                                                 dna seiceps deregnadnE
                                                              tnemecrofne                                                     sdleiy porc retaerG •
                                                       yradnuob seirehsiF                                               , en ep , reni
                                                             tnemeganam                                           fo           ega
                                                                                                            dnall fo tnemeganam devorpmI
                                                                                                          ,,dnaemittnlemnosrnamydevohcam •           rpmI
                                                          ecruoser larutaN                                        e io ep re pp ezill ef
                                                                                                              sdesesdfc tssno tac tawa rderoltraT •
                                                                                                                  e o ep re pp ez ef
                                                                                                            ,,sdesesdifciitssnoiit,,aciitllawa,,rderioiiltiiraT •
                                                  tnemeganam sdnalteW                                     swor porc fo gniwolp dezimitpO •
                                                                  yrtseroF                                           secruoser fo esu ezimixaM
                            Environmental Management                                                                Precision Agriculture
     01                            usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                   usoF sniloC gnI .rD                        9                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                            usoF sniloC gnI .rD
               gn ppam n a p doo F
               gniippam niiallp doollF
                         noitarolpxe
              larenim dna ,sag ,liO                                                   SNOITACILPPA
                            senilepiP                                                 SNOITACILPPA
        tnemeca p rewot moce eT
        tnemecallp rewot mocelleT
                noitacifirtcele laruR                                                LAITNETOP EMOS
                                                                                     LAITNETOP EMOS
                       robal & ,tsoc
     ,emit ni sgnivas %003-%001
         ycarucca retem tnec-buS
         ycarucca retemiitnec-buS
                          Surveying/Mapping/GIS
     8                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD                        7                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                                ac rfA rof metsys no tatnemgua
                                                                                                                aciirfA rof metsys noiitatnemgua
                                                                             nalp lareneg eht ni deweiv eb dluohs snoitallatsni
                                                          reviecer           hcuS esaercn             w no s cerp no tag van et etas dna
                                                                             hcuS ..esaercnii lllliiw noiisiicerp noiitagiivan etiilllletas dna
    gnivor a knil ot ti rof ,gnitsacdaorb sseleriw hguorht yllausu           ec vres a tnereff d aera ed w fo egarevoc ev ecer ot ac rfA
                                                                             eciivres llaiitnereffiid aera ediiw fo egarevoc eviiecer ot aciirfA
    SROC ,noitats lortnoc a morf dna ot slangis dnes nac taht nac            elbane lliw sihT .slangis SSNG eht tnemgua ot dellatsni era
    taht tnenopmoc yrtemellet eb dlluohs erehT -noiitaciinumoC
    taht tnenopmoc yrteme et eb d uohs erehT -no tac numoC                   SAAW dna SONGE fo SMIR dna SPGD – smetsys no tatnemguA
                                                                             SAAW dna SONGE fo SMIR dna SPGD – smetsys noiitatnemguA
                                                                                                                                 .snoitacilppa sti
                                                                                                                                 .snoitacilppa sti
            .dlrow edistuo ot etacinummoc ot msinahcem dna ylppus            dna SSNG morf tifeneb ot anahG rof deriuqeR– spam latigiD
     rewop retupmoc rev ecer SPG fo sts snoc y ac sab SROC
    rewop ,,retupmoc ,,reviiecer SPG fo stsiisnoc yllllaciisab SROC
    ..snoiitaciillppa SPG llanoiitiidda ot sutepmii eviig dna troppus
      sno tac ppa SPG ano t dda ot sutepm ev g dna troppus                                              acrifA rof semarf ecnerefer lanoiger
    yeht seitivitca gniyevrus SPG ot tnemecnahne tnatropmi na                dna atnen tnoc nommoc a hs batse ot FERFAW dna FERFA
                                                                             dna llatneniitnoc nommoc a hsiillbatse ot FERFAW dna FERFA
    era SROC .)SROC( snoitats ecnerefer gnitarepo ylsuounitnoc               tnemilpmoc ,na metsys gnippam lacol ot setanidro-oc SSNG
                                                                             gn kn – sretemarap no tamrofsnart dna mutad ano taN
                                                                             gniikniill – sretemarap noiitamrofsnart dna mutad llanoiitaN
    lanoitcnuf ro snoitatS ecnerefeR fo krowteN SSNG
    fo tuo tseb eht teg ot se rtnuoc nac rfA rehto dna anahG roF
    fo tuo tseb eht teg ot seiirtnuoc naciirfA rehto dna anahG roF                                                    se t caf emos ed vorp
                                                                                                                      seiitiilliicaf emos ediivorp
                                                                             dna erutcurtsarfni cisab emos llatsni ot deen seirtnuoc nacirfA
                                                                             SSNG fo laitnetop gnisaercni reve dna suomrone eht tiolpxe oT
                                    cont’
               INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS cont’d                                                  INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS
3
    81                                     usoF sniloC gnI .rD    71                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                     ecrofkrow
            derewopme erom ,rellamS                                                                                      senohp ra u ec
                                                                                                                        senohp rallullllec
                                    selloh tsallb
                                    se oh tsa b                                                                                   otn SPG
                                                                                                                                  otnii SPG
           gniilllliird roff gniiyevrus diipaR
            gn rd ro gn yevrus d paR                                                                                      fo noitargetnI
                                                                                                                                     stroser
                                                                                                                                     stroser
                           s tned cca stneverp
                           stnediicca stneverp                                                                               iks ,sesruoc
                       no tpmusnoc eu dna
                     ,,noiitpmusnoc lleuff dna                                                                          flog -- seitilicaf
                                  ecnanetn am
                                  ecnanetniiam                                                                              lanoitaerceR
                           srewol ,emit sevas                                                                                           .cte
            lortnoc enihcam devorpmI                                                                                    ,stsilcyc ,srekih
                                      y etomer
                                      ylletomer                                                                                     sretnuh
                                                                                                                                  ,,sretnuh
         ,emit-laer ni dekcart ssergorP                                                                                          nemrehs
                                                                                                                               ,,nemrehsiiff
                           tnempiiuqe ,,stessa
                           tnemp uqe stessa                                                                                rof sreviecer
             ffo tnemeganam decnahnE
               o tnemeganam decnahnE                                                                                               elbatroP
                                     Open Pit Mining                                  Consumer/Recreational
    61                                     usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                           usoF sniloC gnI .rD    51                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                 usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                                       yticapac ecapsria
                                                                                                                        sesaercni senalp
                             secivres                                                                                  fo gnicaps resolC
                           decnahnE
                           decnahnE
                                                                                                                                       ytefas
                            yrevocer
                    ellciihev nellotS
                    e c hev ne otS                                                                                     secnahne tfarcria
                          ecnatsissa                                                                                   fo gnikcart retteB
                            ediisdaoR
                            ed sdaoR                                                                                                 sgnivas
                     tnemeganam                                                                                 leuf ot sdael gnituor
                                 tee F
                                 teellF                                                                           thgilf tneiciffe eroM
                          no tag van
                          noiitagiivan                                                                           noitagivan etuor- ne
                           draob-nO
                           draob-nO
                                                                                                                       rof devorppa SPG
                                      Car Navigation                                       Aviation
    41                                     usoF sniloC gnI .rD    31                             usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                  • Disaster relief
                                                                  • Paramedics
                                                                  • Search and rescue
                                                                  • Fire fighting
                   seirtnuoc 43 ni elbaliava                      • Law enforcement
            ytefas dna ycarucca decnahne
                 roff eciivres SPGD emiitiiraM
                 ro ec vres SPGD em t raM                        Emergency response
                                  ecremmoc                        • Snowplows
    emiitiiram sesaercnii yteffas devorpmI
    em t ram sesaercn yte as devorpmI                               (ROBIN)
                syawretaw fo ssenevitceffe                        • Road Billing Network
           seziimiixam tnemeganam ciiffffart
           sez m xam tnemeganam c art                            Transportation infrastructure
           dna gn kcart essev desab-SPG
           dna gniikcart llessev desab-SPG                       City planning
                       Maritime Navigation                                                Public Services
4
                                                                      12                              usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                                                      usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                                                     economy.
                                                                     betterment of our people and be competitive in the global
                                                                     search for the benefits of this space technology for the
                                                                     African countries to take the necessary steps to join in the
                                                                     receiver technology at affordable costs, it is imperative for
                                                                     Augmentation Systems, EGNOS to Africa and the improved
                                                                     With the proposed expansion of the Satellite Based
                                                                     GNSS is becoming more accessible around the globe.
                                                                     of fully civilian GALILEO by the year 2010. Improved
                                                                     which is increasing its orbiting satellites and the introduction
                                                                     of GPS which is undergoing modernization, GLONASS
                                                                     a sustainable manner, especially with the improved services
                                                                     exploited for national development and poverty alleviation in
                                                                     enormous and ever increasing potential which can be
                                                                       It is obvious from the above sections that GNSS has
                                                                                      noisulcnoC
                                                                                      noisulcnoC
     02                          usoF sniloC gnI .rD                  91                              usoF sniloC gnI .rD
                                       .tsoc a ta ti ssecca dluohs
                                       .tsoc a ta ti ssecca dluohs
    sresu oslA .seiraicifeneb tcerid era ohw senim eht ekil
    sresu oslA .seiraicifeneb tcerid era ohw senim eht ekil
    seinapmoc lanoitanitlum ,seicnega ronod ,spihsrenteap                                                e c r e m m o c -e r o s e r u t a n g s a t g D
                                                                                                         ecremmoc-e roff serutangiis llatiigiiD
    etavirp cilbup ,tegdub etats morf eb dluohs gnidnuF
    etavirp cilbup ,tegdub etats morf eb dluohs gnidnuF
                                                         seirtnuoc                                                                                no taco
                                                                                                                                                  noiitacoll
    rehto dna snoitzinagro lanoitanretnI htiw noitaroballoC                                  t l u a f & t n e m e g a n a m d i r g r e w o p l a ci r t c e l E
    nevird dnamed eb lliw taht metsys a hsilbatse dna poleveD
    nevird dnamed eb lliw taht metsys a hsilbatse dna poleveD                                                               sno tcasna rt a cnan F
                                                                                                                            snoiitcasnart llaiicnaniiF
       troppus nac ti woh dna troppus nac yglonhcet eht erehw
       troppus nac ti woh dna troppus nac yglonhcet eht erehw
    ymonoce eht ni sae ra erolpxe otseiget arts gnitekraM
    ymonoce eht ni sae ra erolpxe otseiget arts gnitekraM                                              tenretnI ,sNAW ,sNAL •
                                                                                                       tenretnI ,sNAW ,sNAL •
                   secruoser namuh yllaicepxe gnidliub yticapaC                             smetsys sselleriiw ,sregap ,senohP •
                                                  srekam noisiced                           smetsys sse er w ,sregap ,senohP •
    yllaicepxe cilbup eht fo noitazitisnes dna noitacudE
    yllaicepxe cilbup eht fo noitazitisnes dna noitacudE                                                     tne me gana m & noitazinorhcnys
                                .noitcudortni sti sdrawot krow ot                                                 k r o w t e n s n o i t a ci n u m m o c e l e T
    level lanoit an e ht ta strepxe fo puorg SSNG fo noitamroF
    level lanoit an e ht ta strepxe fo puorg SSNG fo noitamroF                             tnempiuqe gnimit ecnanetniam hgih ,yltsoc
    g niwollof eht no sd neped SSNG fo noitcud ortni lufsseccuS
                                                                                              o t e v i t a n r e tl a e v i s n e p x e n i n a s r e f f o S P G
          ACIRF A NI SS N G F O NOIT AT N EMELPMI
                                                                                                  Timing
          ACIRF A NI SS N G F O NOIT AT N EMELPMI

				
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posted:6/24/2011
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