UNIT 6 Species in danger Name (n) ad (v) adlandırmak Can you name? Can you name animals? Can you name WILD animals? Can you name some WILD animals? Extinction: nesli tükenme, soyu tükenme Species: tür,türler The extinction some species Threat: tehlike The threat of extinction: nesli tükenme tehlikesi Under the threat of extinction Nesli tükenme tehlikesi altında Some animals are under the threat of extinction. The problem of extinction Nesli tükenme problemi Human beings: insan oğlu, insanlar Threaten (v): tehdit etmek Human beings THREATEN wild animals. Wild animals are threaten by human beings. There is NOTHING unusual. There is NOT ANYTHING unusual. Be + v3 pasif Threaten: tehdit etmek Be threaten: tehdit edilmek No species is IMMORTAL. Immortal: ölümsüz, ebedi, sonsuz Mortal: fani, ölümlü, ÖLDÜRÜCÜ 25 % 25 percent 12 % 12 percent 25 percent of mammal species 12 percent of bird species Mammal species Cause : neden olma, yol acma, sebebiyet verme Human activities CAUSE all extinctions today. All extinctions today ARE CAUSED by human activities. Survive (v): hayatta kalmak, sağ kalmak survivAL (n): hayatta kalma Species Animal species The survival of animal species People THREATEN the survival of animal species. tehdit etmek Chop down (v): ağaç kesmek By chopPING down: ağaç keserek By chopping down the forestS Habitat (n): hayvan veya bitkinin yetiştiği doğal ortam ForestS are their habitat. By chopping down the forests which are their habitat. Forests where animals live Hayvanların yaşadığı ormanlar NOT ONLY ……… BUT ALSO……… Animal species are NOT ONLY dying out, BUT ALSO many species of plants are disappearing. Not only are animal species dying out, But also many species of plants are disappearing. Die out: yok olmak, ortadan kalkmak Disappear: gözden kaybolmak, kaybolmak Population: nüfus increasing population Because of increasing population Keep on (v): continue, devam etmek Keep on building houses Keep on building factories Destroy (v): yıkmak, harap etmek We destroy We destroy a habitat When we destroy a habitat When we destroy a habitat All species in the habitat will disappear. All species in that place will disappear. All species in IT will disappear. Mammals Birds Reptiles All the species Insects Fish All the species are dying out, because they are losing their homes. lizard snake turtle crocodile R e p t i l e s: sürüngenler InsectS Animals are dying because of OVERhunting. Tibetan Antelope is becoming extinct. Because poachers have been hunting it down for its skin. Poacher: kaçak avcı Tibetan Antelope Elephants are also killed because people have been using their tusks for jewellery and medicine. A tusk A tusk The danger of extinction Face (v): karşı karşıya gelmek, yüzleşmek Face the danger of extinction Start to face: yüzyüze gelmeye başlamak startED to face: yüzyüze gelmeye başlaDI Some types of whales started to face the danger of extinction. Polluting: kirletME Polluting the air havayı kirletme the water suyu kirletme the soil toprağı kirletme Polluting the air, water and soil causeS some species to die. Dump (v): boşaltmak, atmak Factories dump the waste into rivers. The waste is dumped into rivers. The waste from factories is dumped into rivers. The fish that live in the river Poison (n) (v): zehir, zehirlemek Be + v3: passive (pasif) Be poisonED: zehirlenmek Get poisonED: zehirlenmek Be poisoned = get poisoned the poisoned fish: zehirlenmiş balık The birds that eat the poisoned fish Oil spills POLLUTE the seas. The seas are pollutED by oil spills. Oil spills CAUSE terrible damage. Ecology of the coast Ecology: çevre bilim, ekoloji Coast: sahil, deniz kıyısı Fragile: kolay kırılan, kırılgan The fragile ecology of the coast The birds living there: orada yaşayan kuşlar The birds singing songs: şarkı söyleyen kuşlar Populations of most species are DECLINING because of water pollution. Population: nüfus Decline (v): azalmak, düşmek Endanger (v): tehlikeye atmak endangerED animals: tehlikedeki hayvanlar Endangered = in danger of becoming extinct Yok olma, nesli tükenme tehlikesinde Speed up: hızlanma Speed up = accelerate Speed up extinction: yok olmayı hızlandırmak Extinct species = no longer exist Nesli tükenen türler = artık var olmayanlar Ecosystem: Belirli bir alanda bulunan canlılar ile bunları saran cansız çevrelerinin karşılıklı ilişkileri ile meydana gelen ve süreklilik arz eden ekolojik sistemlere ekosistem denir. cheetah Blue whale A sea otter A mountain gorilla caretta African snow leopard Peregrine falcon A TRUMPETER SWAN Sentence Structures Lots of species will have been lost before we take some serious Precautions. The sea otter will have faced extinction by the time we take action toSave them. AS LONG AS we don’t take any precautions, As long as we see each other, As long as you study, As long as you do your job well, NOT ONLY these species BUT ALSO others will totally disappear. Because of the ban: yasaktan dolayı Because of the ban ON hunting Avlanma yasağından dolayı Because of the ban ON overfishing. Aşırı balık avı yasağından dolayı By the time scientists succeed in inventing cheap artificial ivory, By the time chimpanzees learn to use sign language, Until we find wintering habitat for Trumpeter swans, When laws are passed to protect them, They will have finished their meal by the time we arrive there.