The principle of transparency is one of the pillars of the embodiment of good governance. Enforcement
of the Law number 14 year 2008 on the Openness of Public Information (UU KIP) mission transparency
of state officials and public bodies throughout Indonesia. With the existence of an effective law is valid
from 30 April 2010, citizens can know the plan of public policy, public policy agenda, and public decision-
making process, as well as the reasons for making a public decision.
Thus, it will generate community participation in public policy-making through information transparency
within the Public Agency. Through law is, society is guaranteed by law to monitor any policies, activities
and budget-related public bodies and state governance relating to other public interests.
The definition of a public entity pursuant to Article 1 paragraph 3 of Law KIP is the executive, legislative,
judicial, and other agencies whose functions and duties primarily related to state governance, which
some or all of the funds sourced from the Budget of the State and / or Budget Shopping Areas, or non-
governmental organizations along part or all of the funds sourced from the Budget of the State and / or
Budget Revenue and Expenditure, public donations, and / or abroad. While public information under
this Act (Article 1 paragraph 2) is the information generated, stored, managed, delivered, and / or
received by a public body that relates to organizing and administering the state and / or the organizers
and the holding of other public bodies in accordance with This Law and other relevant information to
the public interest.
Information Commission is the mandate of the law is who will monitor and regulate the obligations of
public agencies and state non-state public agencies to provide transparent information to the public.
According to Article 1 paragraph 4 of Law No. 14/2008, the Information Commission is an independent
institution which functions execute this Law and its implementing regulations, technical guidance sets
standards of public service information and resolving disputes through mediation of public information
and / or adjudication litigation. At the central level, the Information Commission (hereinafter referred to
as KI Center) has been established through Presidential Decree No. 48 / P Year 2009 dated June 2, 2009.
KI Center commissioners amounted to 7 people consisting of representatives from government and
society (mass media, colleges, and NGOs). Of the seven commissioners, two persons from the
government and the remaining five persons from the community.
In accordance with the law is, KI and the Central Region was established as an independent institution
that functions run KIP Act and its implementing regulations, technical guidance sets standards of public
service information and resolving disputes through mediation of public information and / or
adjudication litigation. Mediation is a dispute between the parties of public information through the
help of the mediator Information Commission. While the adjudication of litigation is a dispute resolution
process of public information between the parties terminated by the Information Commission.
Disclosure in the Region
Practice transparency of public information has actually been applied in several regencies / cities in
Indonesia through the legal umbrella paraturan area (regulations) transparency. For example, in
Bulukumba, South Sulawesi Province has established Commission on Transparency and Participation
although there has been no study of the competent institutions that can evaluate the effectiveness of
these institutions and the extent to which the level of community satisfaction with the performance.
Unlike the practice of public information transparency in Lebak, Banten province. According to Abdul
Rahman Ma'mun (KI commissioner Center), the practice of information disclosure in Lebak has
contributed significantly to the progress of the area which was previously developed areas, with a
budget as low as this Banten Province. Prior to the Transparency Regulation, revenue (PAD) Lebak early
2004 was only Rp 11 billion. Within nine months to $ 20 billion, even in 2006 PAD Lebak to Rp 32 billion.
Similarly in Sragen, Central Java Province, which form the Office of Integrated Services (OPT) based
Regent Decree No. 17/2002. Establishment of Integrated Service Office (OPT) for the practice of public
information disclosure in terms of licensing. The result, public participation and the business world
increases because taking care of permits to be easy, fast, and low cost. The number of rapidly growing
companies of 6373 companies (2002) to 8105 companies (2005). The impact of labor rates in the
industrial sector rose to 46 794 people (2005) of 40 785 people