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					                               CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri
 and higher education, compiled by UM System University Communications as a service for UM System
 officials. The report may include articles dealing with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher
 education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

 The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or
 representation of campuses, University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from
 Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not an effort to measure the University‘s
 public information efforts.

                                              August 17, 2007

UM forms Missouri 100, 1
UM curator draws fire over connection to ballot initiative, 4
Letters: MU name change, 6
MU tuition, funding increases both exceed inflation rate, 8
MU and private donations, 10
Op-ed: Ellis Fischel serves all Missourians, 13
MU opens health research facility, 15
MU website helps MU grads, students find employment, 16
MU unveils cyclotron at research reactor, 17
Magazine, military clash over MU alum‘s reports, 18
Marching Mizzou holds band camp, 20
Electronic motor glitch causes brief MU evacuation, 22
UMKC student sues, 23
UMSL study: How will mobile-only crowd impact polling?, 25
UMR again among top universities, 26
UMR freshman get an official welcome, 27
UMR mining engineer on Utah mine collapse, 31
SEMO prepares for students, heat, 33
Classes begin at OTC with more students, 35
Fighting for a diploma, 36
Class action lawsuit filed against MOHELA, 37
Campus safety tops orientation agenda, 52
Letter: Stowers complaints on politics are unjustified, 54
Cell phones on campus make cutting the umbilical cord more difficult, 55
U.S. New & World Report releases annual college rankings, 57
ACT scores suggest many students are unprepared for college-level work, 60
New York attorney general investigates study abroad programs, 62
Report says slump on Wall Street should not significantly hurt most college endowments, 70
Universities fail to reward science and math professors for working with schoolteachers, 71
The Rolla Daily News
The Missouri 100 advisory group is being formed
Friday, August 17, 2007

The Missouri 100, an advisory group being formed by Interim UM President Gordon H. Lamb, will be
made up of leading citizens dedicated to assisting him in uniting support for UM‘s statewide missions.

As he builds The Missouri 100, Lamb is inviting prospective members including prominent alumni
representing the four campuses and leaders from a variety of fields. Alumni from the University of
Missouri-Rolla, soon to become Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T), will
be a part of the group.

The Missouri 100 will work with Lamb as advocates for public higher education, and assist him in
carrying statewide a unified message about the unique role of the University of Missouri. With one
voice, the group will promote the University‘s missions of excellence in teaching, world-class research
and economic growth through scientific discovery, Lamb said.

Meanwhile, it will be up to Dr. John F. Carney III, the Rolla chancellor, to spread the word about the
unique UMR mission and the unique offerings available on the UMR campus; therefore, one of the
reasons Dr. Carney successfully pushed to have UMR become Missouri S&T. (The name change is
effective Jan. 1, 2008.)

Lamb says his The Missouri 100 theme is, ―Your University. Missouri‘s Future.‖

He says, ―The theme embodies a deep conviction that Missouri‘s future prosperity and growth can be
maximized by preserving and strengthening our state‘s only public research University with roots in
the land grant tradition.
―The Missouri 100 will advise and support the president in nurturing and building on the University‘s
strengths, and will provide a sounding board for new ideas.‖

Lamb expects the membership in The Missouri 100 to grow in stages until it reaches the century mark.
He expects to host the first gathering of The Missouri 100 this fall.

THINKING AHEAD: Gov. Matt Blunt is encouraging Missourians to plan ahead for their future.
On Tuesday, Blunt launched his ―Own Your Future‖ long-term care campaign that suggests
Missourians need to start planning and preparing for their long-term care needs. Missouri has now
become the 16th state to participate in this educational and research project.

He is encouraging residents to order a free Long-Term Planning Kit that features information about
long-term care insurance, financial planning, legal issues and future living and care options.

With help from Blunt, Missouri now has legislation in place that allows Missourians to deduct 100
percent of the cost of their long-term care insurance. Previously, only 50 percent could be deducted.
The state will be sponsoring town hall meetings about this subject, and you can acquire more
information by going to

ABOVE AND BEYOND AWARD: U.S. Cellular, a relatively new wireless provider in Rolla, has
received an Above and Beyond Award for its support of associates in the military.

The Missouri Committee for Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve recently honored U.S.

Cellular for going above and beyond government requirements to support its associates who are also
guardsmen and reservists.

What U.S. Cellular does is pay the difference between their associates‘ active duty pay and their regular
U.S. Cellular pay and continues paying the employer portion for all other benefits.

U.S. Cellular provides service to six million customers in 26 states.

FRAZIER TO TEACH: Dr. Brad Frazier, general manager of the Wal-Mart Distribution Center in St.
James, will assume extra duties next January when he becomes an adjunct professor at the Boeing
Institute of International Business at St. Louis University in St. Louis.
He will teach international business.

Dr. Frazier will continue to live in Rolla and manage the distribution center.

The Kansas City Star
Across Missouri: Citizen group will advise MU president
New group to advise MU president
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Gordon Lamb, University of Missouri interim president, announced Tuesday that he was forming a
group to advise the president of the four-campus system.

The Missouri 100 will assist him in building support for the university‘s statewide missions, including
teaching, research and economic development. The group will continue after a new president is hired.

Missouri 100 members will be asked for a donation to the university. Lamb is inviting as prospective
members prominent alumni representing the four campuses and leaders from a variety of fields.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
University starts new network
President aims for coherent message
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

Gordon Lamb, the acting president of the University of Missouri system, is forming an organization
called The Missouri 100 to provide feedback to the system president and to provide a statewide
network of support for university initiatives.

"The idea is that we would have an organization of outstanding Missouri citizens who will assist the
president with some advice and counsel as well as helping the president and the university, carrying a
united message around the state about the unique role and status of the University of Missouri," Lamb
said today.

Lamb became acting UM president April 5 as President Elson Floyd was preparing to depart. In the
early days of his interim presidency, Lamb said he recognized the need for the university to have "a
more coherent message throughout the state." Lamb is occupying the president‘s chair until a
permanent president is found.

Once that happens, Lamb said, The Missouri 100 organization would be a resource for the new

Influential people throughout the state would be invited to make a donation and join the organization.
The amount of the donation has yet to be determined. The membership would be in the
neighborhood of 100 people, but it could grow, Lamb added.

"It‘s going to grow in stages until it gets to whatever that final growth mark is," Lamb said. He
expected it to be up and running in the fall.

There are now local booster organizations for each campus. For example, the Columbia campus has
the Mizzou Flagship Council. In addition, there is the Jefferson Club, a group of wealthy university
supporters, and there is the UM Alumni Association.

Lamb said the new organization would not compete with existing ones and that The Missouri 100
could include in its membership those from other university organizations.

Bo Fraser, a UM Board of Curators member from Columbia, said he was aware that Lamb was
considering forming the group but that the curators had not discussed it in a formal setting.

"I, personally, think it‘s a good idea," Fraser said. "Many times there are campus issues that are unique
to the campuses," he said. "I think there are issues that are bigger than the campuses from time to

Lamb said the new organization would not attempt to influence legislation. Money raised by donations
would be used to fund the group‘s events. An example of an early event the group would host would
be receptions around the state where people could meet the new president, once that person is

"The new president will need to know how the university can best position itself to serve all the people
of Missouri," Lamb said. "I think this group will be a great sounding board for new ideas and useful
feedback about the university statewide."

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
UM curator draws fire over connection to ballot initiative
Sunday, August 12, 2007

COLUMBIA, Mo. — As a University of Missouri curator, David Wasinger has sworn to uphold
affirmative action laws in hiring and admissions at the system's four campuses.

As a private attorney, Wasinger and a colleague are aiding the effort to persuade voters in 2008 to
dismantle racial and gender preferences in public employment, contracting and education.

Opponents of the anti-affirmative action proposal, known as the Missouri Civil Rights Initiative, call
Wasinger's involvement a conflict of interest that also damages the university's credibility.

"This is an initiative that can do harm to the university and its admissions policy," said Jim Kottmeyer,
a Democratic political activist. "Yet you've got a curator out there representing the group."

Wasinger, who initially declined to comment Wednesday, later said those concerns were politically
motivated by allies of state Attorney General Jay Nixon, a Democrat who plans to challenge
Republican Gov. Matt Blunt next year.

Kottmeyer is a former executive director of the state Democratic Party. Jane Dueker, former chief
legal counsel to Democratic Gov. Bob Holden, is one of three attorneys challenging the ballot
initiative's wording in Cole County Circuit Court on behalf of two Missouri residents.

Joining Dueker in that effort is Chuck Hatfield, treasurer of Nixon's campaign committee and his
former chief of staff.

Blunt appointed Wasinger to the Board of Curators in 2005 to fill a seat reserved for those who
identified themselves as Democrats.

The curators' conflict-of-interest policy prohibits members from voting or "attempting to influence the
decision of the university" on any issues that would result in "material ... or personal financial gain."

Under that standard, Wasinger's dual duties would seem acceptable, barring a curator vote to support
or oppose the ballot proposal.

But the perception of undue influence remains, said Gwen Grant, president of the Urban League of
Greater Kansas City.

"If it's not a conflict of interest, it certainly smells like one," she said.

Tim Asher, executive director of the Missouri organization pushing the ballot measure, said Wasinger's
law firm was selected on the advice of the American Civil Rights Coalition, a group based in
Sacramento, Calif., that has led successful efforts to overturn affirmative action laws in California,
Washington and Michigan.

"It was a matter of finding someone in Missouri who was familiar with constitutional law," said Asher.
Wasinger said his role in the case was secondary behind colleague James Cole of the Murphy Wasinger
law firm.

The names of both men appear on a July 26 court petition challenging the wording of the secretary of

state's proposed ballot summary, but Wasinger said Cole was the lead attorney. The petition bears
Cole's signature, and Wasinger said his name was included because he directs the firm's litigation.

However, Dueker said Wasinger had taken a more active role in the legal complaint by calling
opposing attorneys to discuss the pair of lawsuits.

The July 30 petition filed by Dueker, Hatfield and Nicholas Frey complains that the proposed ballot
summary omits mention of religion, disability and veteran status as other protected classes.

The complaint also charges State Auditor Susan Montee with approving an incomplete and inadequate
summary of the proposal's financial impact. Both challenges will probably be consolidated into a single
case, Dueker said.

To get on the November 2008 ballot, supporters of the anti-affirmative action measure must collect
roughly 150,000 signatures from registered voters in the state.

The Missouri battle is part of a larger fight that its backers, including former University of California
regent Ward Connerly, are calling a "Super Tuesday for Equal Rights." Ballot initiatives also are being
organized in Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma and Nebraska.

In the University of Missouri system, high school students whose standardized test scores and class
rankings do not qualify for automatic acceptance can be considered for admission by a special
committee that considers a number of extenuating circumstances, including an applicant's race.

On the flagship campus in Columbia, as many as 1,000 students — about 8 percent to 10 percent of
applicants — undergo that "holistic review process" annually, admissions director Barbara Rupp told
the Columbia Missourian. No more than 10 percent of the freshman class can gain entry through such

As for Wasinger's colleagues, three curators contacted by The Associated Press on Wednesday said
they did not know enough about the proposed initiative, nor Wasinger's role, to comment.

Wasinger demurred when asked if he supported the proposed initiative, responding that a hired
attorney's opinion was immaterial.

"We are simply advocates for our clients," he said. "That's what lawyers do."

Wasinger suggested that his firm's involvement was limited to the narrow legal questions surrounding
the ballot language.

"The University of Missouri is not a party to this case and will not be influenced regardless of the
outcome of the litigation," he said

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: City name not needed in university moniker
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

Editor, the Tribune: There are many reasons why the word "Columbia" should be dropped from the
official name of the University of Missouri. The University of Missouri is the oldest land-grant university
west of the Mississippi and, without question, is known as the state‘s flagship university.

Whatever reasons existed in 1963 for giving each of the four campuses in the University of Missouri system
a regional designation no longer exist.

To enhance its name recognition on a national level, the University of Missouri-Rolla recently changed its
name to Missouri University of Science and Technology. There is simply no reason why the word
"Columbia" - a designation often ignored - should remain in the official name of the University of Missouri.

No one refers to the University of Michigan as the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. The University of
North Carolina is never identified as the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. For more than 100
years, the name "University of Missouri" worked just fine.

I urge the Board of Curators to restore to MU its original name of the University of Missouri.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Column: Name could foster renewed MU pride
Sunday, August 12, 2007

The MU Alumni Association and Chancellor Brady Deaton want to change, or restore, our university name
to its original University of Missouri, dropping the Columbia reference. An enthusiastic student body and
supportive faculty and staff councils will soon join the effort

Until 1963 the institution was the University of Missouri. With the creation of the four-campus system,
each of the schools took on the references of their host cities. The additions of "Columbia," "Kansas City,"
"Rolla" and St Louis" were added so no campus could claim primacy - flagship status, if you will.

All well and good, except for the inconvenient truth that there was and is a flagship school. MU is by any
reasonable measure the leading public university in our state. It is both the traditional center of higher
education and the land-grant designee. MU is one of only 34 public universities holding membership in the
prestigious research group the Association of American Universities. Few major state universities have the
breadth of graduate research that exists here. More often we see a system like Kansas, Oklahoma or Iowa,
where the liberal arts, law, medical and business schools, among others, have their home at the original state
campus and the agriculture, vet medicine and other technical sciences serve as the base of the "state" school
with the land-grant designation. Here all those disciplines are found in Columbia. Our campus is the
primary major public graduate research institution in the state. In most cases, if the research is not done
here or at Washington University, it is not done in Missouri. That wide spectrum of academic disciplines is
one of the chief strengths of the university. It provides an almost unique opportunity for the cross-field
research that is so important today in medicine and in the hard sciences. Some of our finest research
achievements have come about as a result of cross-field collaboration.

Campus and alumni leaders have long thought the Columbia designation demeans the institution, making it
sound like a regional school rather than the Category One research university it is. They want to restore the
original name to reflect the statewide nature and mission of the university. These advocates rightly think
prospective applicants for admission and for employment are put off by the appearance of regional
designation, that the name restoration will help in our efforts to recruit the best possible students and

professors. They also think this university community deserves a name that fairly communicates this
university‘s primary role and status among the institutions in this state.

All of these justifications for the name restoration are well reasoned and justified. They provide an objective
basis for the name restoration. If the curators are wise, they will redesignate the Columbia campus at the
earliest opportunity, thereby removing the matter as a rallying point for MU advocates.

None of these objective reasons, however, really tell us why the issue is arising now and why the strong
sentiment for the change. Something much more important and more basic is happening. I think MU might
be arising. After enduring regular slights from the curators, after years of financial deprivation by the state,
after a parade of insulating and demeaning comments by politicians in Jefferson City, after regular attacks
on the core function of this institution - which is unfettered, responsible academic inquiry - this community
might just be saying, "Enough!" We mean something.

We are important to the cultural, economic, medical, scientific and legal well-being of Missouri. We care
enough about this university and this state to stand up. We are willing to fight for MU.

I am especially encouraged by the close union between Jesse Hall and alumni. MU must be more than
buildings and ballgames. It must be a community. That community needs a rallying cry and a sense of pride.
It needs to believe the University of Missouri is worth fighting for. The name, University of Missouri, might
be that catalyst.

Some say the name change is meaningless, that it carries with it no new money, no new construction, no
new faculty; that it is purely symbolic. That is true. It is symbolic. It is emblematic of an institution whose
administrators, faculty, alumni and students have pride in the university and are willing to fight for it. I
welcome such a symbol because history teaches us any human endeavor undertaken with pride is on the
road to success.

It might be this awakening is only a futile hope beating in the breast of too few alumni. It might be the
emboldened administrators will be overruled. For now, though, the sky above us is blue. It is time for every
true son (and daughter) to remember honor, duty and fight for old Mizzou.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: Name-change hypocrisy to be expected from MU
Saturday, August 11, 2007

Editor, the Tribune: I chuckle over the déjà vu in the University of Missouri-Columbia‘s desire to change
its name by dropping the Columbia designation because it makes the university appear to be "regional"
rather than the flagship university it is.

For years, UMC and its supporters fought tooth and nail to deny Southwest Missouri State a change from a
name it believed too "regional." If turnabout is fair play, then all southwest Missouri legislators as well as
Missouri State University should work themselves into a frenzied opposition to UMC‘s proposed change.
Of course, what UMC calls itself should be of no concern to MSU, but the precedent UMC established
must be followed, or MSU will have its prestige, funding, programs and students siphoned away by the
UMC change.

After several years and thousands of wasted legislative hours and agreeing to never duplicate offerings of
other state universities, UMC might accomplish its mission of eradicating that demeaning "Columbia" from
its moniker. But is that enough, given the behavior UMC supporters repeatedly demonstrated in their
opposition to the MSU name change? Perhaps UMC should seek an appellation that is more descriptive,
reclaims the "stolen" name lost to MSU, satisfies the most ardent MU supporter and eliminates the need to
ever again seek another change: The Omnipotent Omniscient Omnifarious First and Singularly Great
Missouri State University of Missouri.

Columbia Business Times
MU tuition, funding increases both exceed inflation rate
Saturday, August 11, 2007

The University of Missouri-Columbia has raised tuition for the 2007-08 school year at a rate higher
than the inflation rate for at least the eighth consecutive academic year. But this could be the last time
that happens.

A tuition cap tied to inflation will go into effect among for Missouri universities for the 2008-2009
academic year. University administrators expressed concerned that the tuition restriction could put a
financial stranglehold on MU unless state funding increases at least exceed the inflation rate. But if the
funding level for the 2007-08 continues, that concern could be allayed.

―If the state supports us at a level in excess of inflation, the tuition cap will matter less,‖ said Cuba
Plain, University of Missouri System vice president for budget planning and development. ―But if they
don‘t, it matters a lot.‖

Simply maintaining the status quo will not ensure that the university will thrive in a competitive
market, she added. ―If they just support us at the rate of inflation, there‘s no room for innovation and
new programs,‖ Plain said.

Gov. Matt Blunt signed a bill in May that limits increases in university tuition to the rate of inflation
unless a waiver is granted by the Missouri Coordinating Board of Higher Education. If a university
raises tuition without a waiver, the university will be fined 5 percent of the year‘s total state

Gary Nodler, vice chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee and the bill‘s sponsor, said the
legislation was a response to his constituents‘ concerns about rising tuition costs. The Republican from
Joplin said they appear to want more oversight, which his bill will provide.

At MU, tuition has been increasing faster than inflation and personal income for the past 7 years,
according to a 2006 audit by then-Missouri State Auditor Claire McCaskill.

For the winter semester, MU will charge $8,170 in combined tuition and fees for an average
undergraduate course load, up 5.2 percent from last year. In June, the Consumer Price Index was
calculated at 2.7 percent.

Plain said that tuition hikes have been the university‘s response to falling and plateaued state
appropriations for higher education and rising enrollment.

―We have a lot more students and less state money,‖ Plain said. ―What that means is that you have to
really cut the expenditures that have on impact on the quality of what you‘re providing, or you have to
charge more because it‘s really a zero sum game.‖

This year, the state appropriated the university $413 million for 2007, $29 million less than state
appropriations in 2001 but $11 million more than 2006 appropriations.

Nodler said that the Coordinating Board for Higher Education is specifically mandated to consider the
rate of state appropriations when debating waivers.

He said if universities feel a need to charge more tuition, they can, so the legislation doesn‘t actually
create a set, impermeable tuition cap.

―Under the bill, institutions can do whatever they want with tuition,‖ Nodler said, ―But to get their full
state appropriations, they won‘t raise it above the rate of inflation without the Coordinating Board‘s

Plain said, ―While it‘s not technically a cap, for practical purposes, it is.‖ She also said university
administrators ―only raise tuition to offset marginal expenses that cannot be funded from other

Even with a more efficient operation, the university could face a grim future if state appropriations do
not compensate for restraints on tuition. Inability to pay staff and faculty competitive salaries could
mean the loss of ―the best and brightest‖ educators and administrators, Plain said. Loss of quality
faculty could cause a blow to the university‘s reputation and a slump in enrollment.

Though extra money is tight, the university hopes to pay teaching faculty more. The university has
launched a 3-year financial plan called Compete Missouri to attract and retain faculty.

The average professor at the University of Missouri is paid $68,600, almost $6,000 less than the
national average for similar institutions, according to the Association of American University
Professors, a group of the nation‘s most prestigious public and private research institutions.

The effort to retain faculty comes amid growing concerns about high-level departures. University of
Missouri System President Elson Floyd left in February, and John Gardner, the UM System‘s vice
president for research and economic development, left in June. Both went to Washington State
University. Jim Coleman, vice chancellor for research at MU, will take a job as vice provost of research
at Rice University in Houston, Texas, next month. Less than a month ago, Steve Lehmkuhle, senior
vice president for academic affairs at MU, said he will take a job as the first chancellor at the University
of Minnesota-Rochester.

Quality employees are at the heart of the university‘s success, but they‘re also at the heart of the
institution‘s financial worries.

―The university is a very people-driven organization,‖ Plain said. ―Seventy-five percent [of the
operating fund] is spent for people.‖

With so much of the University‘s operating budget devoted to people, it‘s the people who are affected
by cuts.

―Maybe class sizes have gone up and there aren‘t as many [class] sections on some campuses. Lines are
longer at financial aid and some of the student services,‖ Plain said. ―On the administrative side, travel
reimbursements take longer and administrative support for faculty has declined.‖

Plain said that when the budget has been tight, the university has attempted to reduce cost and increase

For example, proposals for making Compete Missouri possible include library consolidation,
elimination of some centers and a new strategy that will pay for essential faculty positions with money
from open positions that will not be filled, MU Provost Brian Foster said.

Tucson Citizen
Private money needed to attract top professors
Monday, August 13, 2007

One way to keep faculty from whisking off to other schools is lacking at the University of Arizona.
It's the donor-supported endowed chair, a stature often held above tenure.

Tenure is generally the preeminent perk for faculty because it can bring higher levels of pay, prestige
and autonomy. It's also harder to fire a tenured professor.

The common amount to start an endowed chair at universities across the country is $1 million, which
includes UA.

Endowment pay often comes with the same perks tenure does, such as job security - but it also comes
with pay from a permanent investment. Salary paid to tenured faculty by the state may or may not
increase from one year to another.

How a chair is defined and minimum funds required to start one may vary campus to campus, but
their stature remains the same.

"It is considered by faculty to be the ultimate recognition," said Wanda H. Howell, UA faculty chair.
"Most faculty get tenure but most faculty clearly don't get endowed chairs."

UA's first, the Riecker Endowed Chair in Anthropology, began in 1970. Today, more than 60 endowed
chairs exist.

Arizona State University has 56 chairs and Northern Arizona University has six, but many officials at
UA say too few exist there compared with peer universities.

The University of Washington has nearly 100, the University of Missouri-Columbia has nearly 150
and the University of California, Berkeley, has more than 360, each school reported.

UA President Robert N. Shelton wants at least 200.

"That's a good place to start. This is one way of focusing on the most important dimension of the
university - and that's faculty," he said.

Shelton hasn't put forth a deadline, opting instead to say "the main thing is to make progress each

Chair holders receive interest off the initial gift, which is invested. The endowment can grow or shrink
depending on the investment.

"The source of the funds gives additional flexibility," said Laurence H. Hurley, a chair holder and
BIO5 Institute associate director. That's because faculty members have more discretion on how the
money is spent - unlike federal or state funds.

The interest from the initial investment is often used for salary, publishing, travel, pay for research
assistants, to invite speakers and to create programs.

"This is the value of this money," Hurley said.

Having more chairs would support efforts to become more globally competitive and free other money
for UA.

It could also mean more research to help improve healthcare research, more arts programs, sharper
students and better trained professionals, UA officials said.

In recent years, the College of Education was able to line up donors to funds chairs. That move
brought three chairs that focus on areas such as educational policy, reading and literacy.

"Education is about changing the world and making improvements," said Ron Marx, the education
college's dean. "We're looking for more (chairs) and talking with potential donors."

More chairs would put UA in a better position to compete with salaries nationally, said Juan R. García,
UA's vice provost for academic affairs.

The 2006 faculty retention and loss report showed UA lost 50 of the 95 faculty it negotiated to keep.
Pay was listed as one of the chief factors by faculty who left.

That's among the reasons some deans spend up to 60 percent of their time fundraising, García said.
"It's becoming an area of focus for deans and department heads," he said.

Establishing chairs isn't easy, said William Dixon, UA political science department head.

Relationships must be cultivated with donors who can contribute at least $1 million. This often takes

It's normally done by fundraising professionals across campus and the UA Foundation, a nonprofit
that raises money for UA.

But few fundraising professionals work in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, where
Dixon's department is, he said. The college, which is the largest on campus, has three development
professionals helping raise money.

"I'm not trained at this and have never done it before, but when I became a department head, it was:
'We'll, you'll be fundraising now,' " said Dixon, whose department doesn't have an endowed chair.
For now, his department is raising funds for a $500,000 professorship.

"If we're going to compete with other universities, private donations is the way to go," Dixon said.
"Unfortunately many of us, frankly, are not good at it."

Other universities have advantages.

Some have been established longer, have state-supported initiatives to add chairs or are in the midst of
multibillion-dollar fundraising campaigns.

Officials also say if UA improves its number of chairs, it could improve its national standing in areas
such as research.

"If we were to even double what we have in the next five years, that could move us up in several of
those ranking systems," said Howell, the faculty chair, who is also a nutritional sciences professor.

"With the endowed chair concept, you're looking at a definite influence on the quality of the faculty."
One problem is the unequal distribution of chairs at UA, she said.

With 27, the College of Medicine has the most chairs. Many UA colleges have five or fewer.

"That's why we need to do a yeoman's job of talking to potential donors," Howell said.

That's what Wendy Davis and two of her peers set out to do, and it took about two years to raise $1
million for the Race Track Industry Program Endowed Chair.

Davis, the program's associate coordinator, said her 34-year-old program's advantages were being
small, unique and having a history of industry support.

"Because we're one of very few who deal with education in this industry, we looked at it as something
we could offer as outreach to the industry," she said. "We're awfully excited about it and can see this
really moving this program to the next level."

Something similar happened at UA's College of Pharmacy.

It was impossible to recruit Hurley, a world-famous scientist, until a chair came.

Hurley said his first job offer from UA came in 1975. He didn't take a job here until 1999 after the
college dean spent 10 years developing relationships that led to a $2 million gift.

The funds created the Howard Schaeffer Endowed Chair in Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Hurley has used his funds to bring in speakers for lectures and to hold seminars where consultants
from other countries come to critique his programs.

"The initial impact is on the students and faculty," said Hurley, a researcher who helped develop
acyclovir, the first drug to be effective in fighting viral diseases.

"But the more important and long-term effects is the economic development and health care for
Arizona citizens these chairs bring," he said. "You can use them in creative ways - in ways where you
couldn't with state and federal funds."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Op-ed: Ellis Fischel serves all Missourians
Keep politics out of new cancer center debate.
Sunday, August 12, 2007

Cancer knows no political party or ideology; it strikes as an equal opportunity disease. Patients with
cancer can be found in every county and legislative district in the state and every state in the union.
Each year, patients from all over Missouri travel to the Ellis Fischel Cancer Center in Columbia for
one purpose: to benefit from the compassionate, high-quality care that is offered to each of our

Though cancer is the second-leading cause of death in Missouri, claiming more than 12,000 lives
annually, to the physicians and nurses at Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, the disease is more than a
frightening statistic. They get an up-close, personal view of cancer every day, working with patients
such as Byron Hines, Randy and Carol Meyer, Olivia Hobbs and Roger Mitchell.

Nine-year-old Byron Hines, who lives in the small town of Novelty in northeast Missouri, was
diagnosed in 2005 with a type of cancer called stage II embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and was referred
to Ellis Fischel Cancer Center and University Children‘s Hospital for more tests and treatments. He
completed chemotherapy in December.

Byron‘s parents, Randy and Shirley Hines, are pleased with the coordinated care he received.

"They were wonderful to him," Shirley said. "I would recommend Ellis Fischel and Children‘s Hospital
to everybody."

Randy and Carol Meyer of Columbia are cancer survivors who received help at Ellis Fischel - Randy
for colon cancer and Carol for non-Hodgkin‘s lymphoma.

"It‘s scary, but I know Randy and I are at the right place, and we‘re in good hands at Ellis Fischel,"
Carol said.

Olivia Hobbs of Boonville was 13 when she was diagnosed with Hodgkin‘s disease. Olivia is now out
of treatment and was in complete remission as of July 2006. Her mother, Gilda, said, "The support we
received from Olivia‘s doctors, nurses and the social worker was amazing."

Roger Mitchell, former dean of the University of Missouri-Columbia College of Agriculture,
volunteered for a research project at MU, and as a result his chronic lymphocytic leukemia was
discovered and treated in its earliest stages. Of Ellis Fischel, Mitchell said, "There is no place else I
would want to be."

Ellis Fischel Cancer Center had its origins in a standing committee on cancer appointed by the
Missouri State Medical Association in 1931. The committee planned and executed a five-year general
education program aimed at informing Missourians about cancer and educating physicians and medical
groups about methods of treatment; chemotherapy had not yet been invented.

The program was a success. A Jan. 10, 1937, editorial in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch said, "In view of
the alarming increase in cases and deaths, in view of the deplorable shortage of facilities for needy
sufferers, Missouri needs a state hospital for this purpose and clinics at various central points. The
Legislature should consider this problem seriously at its next session."

Ellis Fischel, a prominent St. Louis surgeon, had a vision to establish a state cancer hospital equipped
with all the latest facilities for treatment, a staff of specially trained physicians and a provision for
scientific research into the causes and clinical manifestations of this disease. Also in the plan were
diagnostic tumor clinics established in various larger cities and a statewide plan for the control of
cancer. With great determination, he began to translate these dreams into reality.

On Jan. 11, 1937, Gov. Lloyd Stark, in his inaugural address, stressed the desirability and importance
of a cancer hospital, which he said should be available to "the humblest citizen." Sen. Michael Kinney
of St. Louis introduced a bill to the 59th General Assembly to establish such a cancer hospital. The bill
was agreed upon and signed by Gov. Stark that same year. On Nov. 23, 1937, the Missouri State
Cancer Commission selected Columbia as the site because it was located in the heart of the state and
the two major state highways of the time - highways 40 and 63 - intersected in the city. This was all
meant to facilitate statewide access for cancer care. As a mark of enormous pride, Missouri was the
first state to establish a freestanding cancer hospital that provided top-quality care to all our citizens
and a safety net for all in need of such care.

Today, with the projected growth and aging of our population, along with advancements in diagnosis
and treatment, we know the number of people living with cancer will continue to increase each year.

The five-year survival rates for cancer have increased 50 percent to 63 percent during the last 25 years,
which means more people are living with cancer who will need to be treated and monitored.

In 2005, University of Missouri Health Care embarked on a strategic planning process to guide the
system through 2010. As part of this process, Cannon Design of St. Louis performed a facility review
of Ellis Fischel. Among the findings: Fifty percent of the Ellis Fischel campus is more than 70 years
old; the last update was completed in 1974; the building has a useful life of seven more years only if
major renovation is performed; based on facility concerns, only outpatient services are currently

When the Missouri General Assembly convenes in 2008, legislators will consider providing
supplemental funding of $53 million to Ellis Fischel. The funding will help us:

    Deliver the high-quality, comprehensive cancer care Ellis Fischel is known for in a new, state-of-
     the-art facility on the University Hospital campus and offer patients across the state improved
     access to the latest therapies.
    Increase the capacity of our cancer clinics to accommodate projected increases in new cancer
     patients attributable to an aging population. Last year, Ellis Fischel saw 1,100 new cancer cases,
     representing a 10 percent increase.
    Increase the potential for improved outcomes through timely screening, diagnosis and treatments.
    Enhance our ability to recruit and retain leading physicians and clinical staff.
    Improve communication, coordination and efficiency of care between physician specialists at
     University Hospital and Ellis Fischel.
    Advance the goal of achieving national prominence by meeting requirements for designation as a
     Comprehensive Cancer Center by the National Cancer Institute.

Few among us have not been affected in some way by cancer, and many have benefited from the
foresight of the governor and the legislature in taking steps to help Missouri residents back in 1937. In
2008, let‘s debate funding for a new cancer center building on the merits of the need and benefit alone,
not on partisan politics. Remember, cancer is nonpartisan.

Physician Bill Caldwell is medical director of Ellis Fischel Cancer Center.

Columbia Missourian
MU opens health research facility
Thursday, August 16, 2007

The MU Research Reactor Center celebrated the addition of a new cyclotron facility Wednesday with a
ribbon-cutting ceremony. The addition will be used to research new ways to diagnose and treat cancer
and heart disease, as well as new laboratory and office space for reactor personnel.

This fall, the facility, located on Carrie Francke Drive, will be open to patients in the area in need of
PET scans. The cyclotron will also provide area hospitals with supplies of F-18 FDG, a fluorine
isotope used in imaging heart and brain functions as well as potential tumors throughout the body.

―Local hospitals using PET imaging have to rely on F-18 FDG supplies from St. Louis and Kansas
City,‖ said Ken Brooks, associate director of the MU Research Reactor. ―This presents logistical
challenges since the half-life of Flourine 18 is 1.8 hours.‖

A partnership between MU and Mid-America Cyclotron, Essential Isotopes LLC., will run the facility.

Columbia Business Times helps University of Missouri grads, students on the prowl for
Saturday, August 11, 2007

On Aug. 15 the job-placement Web site will change its name to The site caters to current students as well as recent graduates and alumni
searching for employment opportunities ranging part-time work, seasonal jobs and internships to
graduate assistantships and long-term, full-time jobs.

―We‘re changing the name to reflect the fact that this is the one employment site on campus that
includes graduates and current students,‖ said Amanda Nell, director of employer relations for the MU
Career Center. ―We debuted the site two years ago and now realize that the name is misleading‖
because is excludes current students. is a free service. Employers can post jobs, search job-seeker profiles, download
résumés, register for career fairs and recruitment events, and request on-campus interviews. In the past
year 11,600 job-seekers have paid more than 75,000 visit to the site.

―One of our significant goals this year is to increase the number of responses from site users,‖ said
Nell. ―We haven‘t received the response rate we had hoped for. We‘re going to try to increase
communication and maybe have some incentives.‖

In the past year 20,000 résumés have been referred to employers in response to nearly 7,000 posted job
vacancies. Ellen Friedman, a human resources specialist at Midway USA, has utilized the site to hire a
few graduates for salaried jobs as well as several students for hourly positions.

―We get the majority of applicants right around the time school starts and in the springtime,‖ said
Friedman. ―The site is a good resource because, generally, the caliber of employee you encounter is
better quality than if you just advertised randomly.‖

Fifteen percent of the site‘s 11,600 users are MU alumni who graduated more than two years ago, so
the Career Center encourages employers seeking more experienced professionals to utilize the site as

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU unveils cyclotron at research reactor
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

For David Robertson, the science of isotopes has come a long way since the cyclotron was invented at
the University of California-Berkeley in the 1930s.

The University of Missouri-Columbia unveiled a cyclotron of its own this morning at a new addition to
its research reactor. "We anticipate here at the University of Missouri that this cyclotron will allow us
to continue our efforts to both diagnose and cure disease and will allow us today to pursue vital energy
needs for the United States," said Robertson, the associate director of research and education at the
MU Research Reactor Center.

The MU device produces isotopes to help diagnose health problems such as cancer and heart disease.
A cyclotron is a particle accelerator that uses a large magnet to boost the speed and energy of protons.

Once the protons smash into water molecules, a type of fluorine is created that is commonly used by
health facilities to diagnose medical problems.

Robertson added that with proper investment in the cyclotron facility, researchers at the Life Sciences
Center will have certain tools to unravel key chemical processes in the life sciences. Marc Weichelt,
vice president of operations for Essential Isotopes, said in a statement that the machine will make it
easier to get a supply of fluorine, which before was only available from Kansas City or St. Louis.
Essential Isotopes is a joint venture between MU and Ashland-based Mid-America Cyclotron.

"Having this tool here along with the research capabilities at" the reactor "will allow us to not only
offer this radiopharmaceutical to Mid-Missouri health-care facilities, but also help us develop new
radiopharmaceuticals in our fight against cancer and heart and brain disease," Weichelt said.

The addition also will provide more office space and work space for scientists, MU Research Reactor
Center Director Ralph Butler said.

"Sometimes folks are somewhat surprised when we have a staff of 150 … and they say, ‗Where?‘"
Butler said. "Behind the building is five double-wide trailers. We‘ve been living double-layered and
triple-stacked for many, many years. So this is very much-needed space for us to continue our growth
and our expansion."

Jim Coleman, MU‘s vice chancellor for research, said the addition of the cyclotron is a testament to the
change around the reactor.

"There is transformation going on, and the transformation you‘re going to see today is happening at
MU‘s research reactor," Coleman said.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Magazine, military clash over MU alum’s reports
Saturday, August 11, 2007

Days after a report surfaced that Pvt. Scott Beauchamp had signed military statements recanting three
articles he wrote for the New Republic about the Iraq war, the magazine is asking the Army to release
those documents and allow the former University of Missouri-Columbia student to talk to reporters.

The New Republic released a statement yesterday that said Beauchamp told editors July 26 that he
"signed several statements under what he described as pressure from the Army." That was the same
day Beauchamp, who is on active duty in Iraq, revealed himself as the author of the essays. He had
written them under the pseudonym Scott Thomas.

In the third part of the first-person series "Shock Troops" for the political magazine, Beauchamp -
who attended MU from 2002 to 2004 - wrote about troops mocking a handicapped soldier in a dining
hall, playing with children‘s bones and running over dogs.

"It is our understanding that Beauchamp continues to stand by his stories and insists that he has not
recanted them," the New Republic statement said. "The Army, meanwhile, has refused our requests to
see copies of the statements it obtained from Beauchamp - or even to publicly acknowledge that they
exist. … Unless and until these things happen, we cannot fairly assess any of these reports about

This week, the Weekly Standard posted an online article citing an anonymous source who said
Beauchamp had signed a statement recanting parts of his articles. In yesterday‘s statement, the New
Republic said efforts to conduct an investigation "have been severely hampered by the U.S. Army."

"Although the Army says it has investigated Beauchamp‘s article and has found it to be false, it has
refused our - and others‘ - requests to share any information or evidence from its investigation," the
statement said. "What‘s more, the Army has rejected our requests to speak to Beauchamp himself, on
the grounds that it wants ‗to protect his privacy.‘ "

Major Steven Lamb, an Army spokesman, sent several e-mails to the Tribune this week, including one
that said Beauchamp‘s allegations "were found to be false." He added that Beauchamp‘s platoon and
company were interviewed, and "no one could substantiate the claims he made."

Lamb declined to elaborate further on the investigation.

Charles Davis, an MU professor of journalism, said this week that the Army‘s denial of Beauchamp‘s
reports is not surprising.

"I think their position is generally prudent," Davis said. "This stuff is anecdotal; these stories are a
collection of experiences. … It looks like the New Republic has done a fair amount of the work
themselves. It looks like they triangulated all their sources. So if the anecdotes are corroborated, what
possible good does it do for the Army to talk about the anecdotes?"

Davis and other journalism experts have been monitoring the controversy as major media outlets,
including the Washington Post, Newsweek and the New York Times, have picked up the story.

One observer questioned the New Republic‘s actions.

"I think in this case there are a number of reasons to seriously question the wisdom of the New
Republic publishing those pieces," said Bob Steele, the Nelson scholar for journalistic values at the
Poynter Institute. "They had an alternative here if they truly believed that these soldiers‘ allegations had
merit. They could have done a reporting piece interviewing him, interviewing other soldiers, examining
the issue with the independence of another journalist guiding the story."

The magazine released a statement this month saying it had spoken with five other members of
Beauchamp‘s company who corroborated Beauchamp‘s anecdotes. But the magazine conceded that
the dining hall incident actually took place in Kuwait before the unit went to Iraq; Beauchamp wrote
that it took place in Baghdad.

That error, Steele said, puts Beauchamp‘s whole series into question.

"The editor and publisher of the magazine have significant responsibilities in asking multiple layers of
questions and carrying out multiple steps of verification before publishing," he said. "In this case,
there‘s at least one major clue that that may have not taken place."

If the articles are retracted, Davis said, there would be a "devastating" effect on the New Republic. But
he questioned how much the controversy would fit into the dense mosaic of the Iraq war.

"I‘ve looked at the series, and what it looks like is what, by and large, everybody‘s been saying Iraq
looks like for the last couple years," he said. "I‘m not sure what it adds to the sum of human
knowledge as far as Iraq is concerned."

Tribune reporter Jonathon Braden contributed to this report.

Columbia Missourian
Holding a steady beat
Marching Mizzou holds its first day of camp
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

COLUMBIA- Almost 300 MU students stood in a circle Tuesday morning warming up under the hot
August sun for the first full day of Marching Mizzou‘s band camp.

―Make sure you are breathing, especially bearded people and trombones,‖ said Head Drum Major
Bryan Koerner, his voice blaring through a speaker loaded in the back of a pickup truck in the Hearnes
Center parking lot.

Koerner, wearing a wide-brimmed straw hat, was encircled by a mass of marchers, barking orders
through his microphone headset.

The MU marching band‘s practice signaled the beginning of the football season, the start of the school
year and the promise of cooler weather around the corner. Though Marching Mizzou only performs
during football season, it is a nearly yearlong process for everyone involved.

Michael Knight, the associate director of bands at MU, said preparation for this year‘s edition of
Marching Mizzou began in April with freshmen auditions and the musical lineup.

Marching Mizzou will be practicing from 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. every day this week as they seek to
perfect dazzling displays to wow the masses of Missouri football fans starting with the first football
game against Illinois on Sept. 1 in St. Louis.

―I am beyond excited,‖ said first-year drum major Chris Barchesky. ―I‘ve been looking forward to this
all summer.‖

Marching Mizzou has a lot to be excited about this year. Enrollment is up in the band due to more
than a hundred freshman joining, including one of the nation‘s most decorated twirlers, Candice
Canida. Preseason buzz points to the Tigers as a Big 12 favorite, and that means the team — and
Marching Mizzou — may get the chance to go to a bowl game.

―Honestly, I am looking at 11-1 and a BCS bowl,‖ said the third drum major Nate Edwards, of

A winning team is not the only thing that motivates Marching Mizzou.

Marchers usually put in about 20 hours a week practicing and performing on game days during the fall
semester while studying full-time.

A positive attitude is another source of inspiration for the marchers. Throughout Tuesday‘s steamy
practice, they shared smiles and laughs, reminiscing about past trips with the band, friendships built
around Marching Mizzou and Knight‘s uncanny knowledge of all of the marcher‘s names.

―We like to be a bit of a spark that gets everyone in the crowd going,‖ Koerner said. ―At the end (of a
game) when you look back, and the Tigers win, it‘s a fantastic feeling and it‘s all worth it.‖

The culmination of this week‘s Marching Mizzou practices will come at 7 p.m. Sunday on Francis
Quadrangle, with the annual Concert on the Quad. The public is invited to bring lawn chairs and
blankets and enjoy the free event.

And Marching Mizzou, as always, will march on.

―Words can‘t describe being in control of this sound,‖ Edwards said. ―It‘s one of the most incredible
experiences in my life.‖

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Electric motor glitch causes brief MU evacuation
Monday, August 13, 2007

A handful of graduate students and teenagers evacuated Noyes Hall on the University of Missouri-
Columbia campus after an elevator motor failed this morning.

The Columbia Fire Department responded to the research hall at 408 S. Sixth St. just before noon and
had the problem identified within minutes.

―It was just a motor failure and some smoke, no problem,‖ said Capt. James Weaver of the Columbia
Fire Department.

Gretchen Hendrickson, a graduate student in the psychology department, said she smelled smoke on
the first floor when the fire alarm sounded.

―It was probably no worse than the smell of burnt toast,‖ she said.

About five young teenagers inside the building being observed as part of a child development study
were evacuated along with a few graduate students and staff.

No one was injured.

The Kansas City Star
UMKC student sues, claims professor used N-word
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

A UMKC graduate student has sued university officials, claiming she was humiliated by a professor
who addressed her using the N-word and other profanities in front of her classmates.

The discrimination lawsuit, filed Aug. 2 by DeLana Sattarin, claims the incident led her to drop out of
the professor‘s class, which kept her from having enough credit hours to graduate in May as she had
planned. Sattarin was seeking her master‘s degree in sociology at the time of the alleged incident.

Sattarin could not be reached for comment Wednesday. Her attorney, Larry D. Coleman, declined to
comment other than saying, ―The lawsuit is my comment.‖

The lawsuit filed in Jackson County Circuit Court names the University of Missouri curators,
University of Missouri-Kansas City Chancellor Guy Bailey and professor Peter Singelmann as
defendants. It seeks ―fair and reasonable‖ damages and the cost of attorney‘s fees.

The alleged incident occurred Jan. 18 during a sociology class. The lawsuit claims that during a class
discussion of the Patriot Act, Sattarin suggested that the act should never have been passed, because it
violates people‘s rights. According to the lawsuit, the professor reluctantly agreed.

Sattarin‘s comment followed a question asked of the professor by a white classmate. The lawsuit claims
that Singelmann addressed the white student‘s question calmly but went into a ―tirade,‖ including using
the N-word three times along with several expletives when addressing Sattarin, who is African-

Sattarin filed a complaint with the university‘s Student Life Office. At least two other students wrote
letters complaining about the incident, which subsequently was investigated by Affirmative Action
Officer Grace Hernandez, who compiled a report.

The report says that while being interviewed by the UMKC Affirmative Action Office, Singelmann
admitted to using the N-word several times but said ―he was using it to make a point within the class
discussion about freedom of speech.‖

Also during the interview he ―expressed regret for having hurt and offended students of the
university,‖ according to the report.

While the report says ―there was insensitivity‖ on the part of Singelmann, the Affirmative Action
Office could not substantiate the claim of racial discrimination.

But the lawsuit says, and Hernandez confirmed, that the university reimbursed Sattarin for the tuition
she had paid for Singelmann‘s class, and the professor was ordered to write her an apology. He also
was given a letter of reprimand and required to attend sensitivity training.

Sattarin, in the lawsuit, said Singelmann‘s apology letter was weak and the apology was couched in a
verbose justification for using the N-word. The university declined to release the apology, saying it was
protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act because it is part of a student‘s file.

The letter was not included in the lawsuit.

Singelmann did not return calls made to his office Tuesday and Wednesday.

―I think with any institution or company, you are going to have complaints and a lot of complaints.
Some are valid, some are not,‖ Hernandez said.

―Unfortunately, sometimes they go to litigation,‖ she said. ―I think I‘m safe in saying that with this
particular situation, we went above and beyond. There are times when regardless of what we do, it‘s
going to go to litigation.‖

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Cell mate: How will mobile-only crowd impact polling?
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Local political science prof Terry Jones wonders if the all-mobile set might change polling as we know

The UMSL instructor penned a story in the most recent St. Louis Journalism Review exploring how
the explosion of cell phone use may affect the science of taking public opinion.

It‘s not so much the increase of cell phones that concerns Jones — it that‘s more and more folks are
getting eschewing their landlines and relying exclusively on their mobiles.

This presents some obvious difficulties for pollsters.

For one, cell phone numbers are unlisted. For another, respondents are less likely to be patient with
pollsters when they are paying by the minute.

―Cell phones are exceedingly difficult to include in a telephone sampling framework,‖ Jones writes.
―Most users pay for air time so that crimps cooperation (―I‘d like to ask you some questions and, but
the way, it‘s on your nickel.) even if you reimbursed respondents.‖

Jones also points out that using an automatic dialing device — a key tool to achieving a random
sample — on a cell phone is against federal law.

According to Jones, surveys indicate that cell-phone only use has doubled in the last two years,
growing to 12.8 percent of Americans. In the 18-34 age bracket, one in four rely exclusively on their
cell phone.

But how much will pollsters bend to accommodate the cell-phone only crowd?

My guess is, for now, not much. Jones quotes ―insiders‖ as saying that it would cost four to five times
more to poll a cell respondent than to interview someone on a conventional phone.

What‘s more is that many of those who use their cell phones only are probably young and somewhat
transient — like college students. That‘s a great if your doing market research for MTV or ESPN, but
not so much if you‘re looking for voters or taxpayers.

The stalwart of a successful political base are sedentary citizens who have built a track record of voting
year after year — just the opposite of the cell-phone only demographic.

That said, there is one distinct advantage to polling cell phone users — you don‘t have to worry about
them not being home.

The Rolla Daily News
UMR again among top universities
Friday, August 17, 2007

ROLLA, Mo. -- The University of Missouri-Rolla is again listed in U.S. News and World Report‘s
annual listing of the nation‘s top colleges and universities.

UMR is ranked No. 118 among the nation‘s doctoral-granting universities, according to the U.S. News
guidebook, ―America‘s Best Colleges 2008,‖ which hits newsstands next week. The university, which is
known for its focus on engineering and science, also made the magazine‘s list of top undergraduate
engineering programs.

The university has set a goal of becoming a Top-Five technological research university by 2011. While
the ―technological research university‖ designation does not appear in ―America‘s Best Colleges 2008,‖
it aptly conveys UMR‘s essence, says UMR Chancellor John F. Carney III. ―The U.S. News rankings
are important, but they don‘t tell the whole story about our university,‖ Carney says.

―America‘s Best Colleges 2008‖ features rankings of colleges and universities in a number of
categories, including top national universities, liberal arts schools, business programs, engineering
programs and master‘s-level colleges and universities by region. UMR is ranked 52 on the list of
engineering programs.

Carney developed his definition of a technological research university last fall, when he first proposed
the university discuss the idea of changing its name to something that ―better describes the intrinsic
nature of our university.‖ The university will become Missouri University of Science and Technology,
or Missouri S&T, on Jan. 1, 2008.

For a university to fit Carney‘s definition, it must have at least one-fourth of its students majoring in
engineering; a majority in engineering, the sciences, business and mathematics; graduate and research
programs in each of those fields; and comprehensive liberal arts, humanities and social sciences degree

The U.S. News rankings are just one of several criteria UMR uses to measure itself against other
technological research universities. Other criteria include graduation and retention rates; the student
body‘s average ACT and SAT scores; the number and percentage of students who were in the top 10
percent of their high school graduating class; the number and percentage of merit scholars; the number
of doctorate degrees awarded; research expenditures; the number of students participating in
cooperative education programs; and the number and percentage of faculty who receive national
awards for their research, such as the National Science Foundation CAREER, presidential or young
investigator awards.

The Rolla Daily News
UMR freshmen get an official welcome
Monday, August 13, 2007

The 2007 freshmen class received its first official welcome from the University of Missouri-Rolla
during a Convocation ceremony Monday.

Those attending the ceremony at the Gale Bullman Multi-Purpose Building included more than 1,000
new students, upperclassmen leaders and volunteers, university faculty, staff and administration, and
representatives from the City of Rolla.

Convocation began with opening remarks from Dean of Enrollment Management Jay Goff, who said
the purpose of the ceremony is to mark the start of the new students‘ journey at UMR, while
embracing the traditions of the university.

Goff said the freshman class also is arriving at a time of change for UMR, which will become Missouri
University of Science and Technology (MS&T) on Jan. 1.

Goff introduced some of the distinguished guests from UMR and the City of Rolla who attended the
event, which included, among others, Provost Warren K. Wray, Vice Provosts Robert Schwartz,
Harvest Collier and K. Krishnamurthy, Rolla Mayor William S. Jenks, III, and of course, Chancellor
John F. Carney, III.

Goff then turned the podium over to Carney.

―I want to welcome all of you to our campus community,‖ Carney said to the freshman class. ―I look
forward to meeting you. Starting right now, this is your university, and we enthusiastically welcome you
to the family.‖

Carney said the incoming class is comprised of students from 29 states and nine foreign countries,
contains 225 women and 9 percent of the class is made up of underrepresented student populations.

Carney encouraged the freshmen to get to know their peers and to change the world by getting
involved with UMR activities, such as the Solar House Team, Engineers Without Borders or faculty
research projects.

―Go for it,‖ Carney said. ―Work hard; make new friends. I urge you to get to know your classmates
with different backgrounds and different life experiences.‖

Carney also told the students the degrees they earn at UMR will be worth even more after the
university becomes Missouri S&T, because the new name will enhance the institution‘s reputation.

After Carney‘s remarks, Jenks spoke about the strong partnership between UMR and the City of Rolla,
and encouraged the students to get to know their new home.

―I want to welcome you to the university,‖ Jenks said. ―Please be safe and enjoy our community.‖

Beth Groenke, Student Council president, told the freshmen class there are four things to remember
during orientation week at UMR.

The first, she said, is to meet people during Open Week, the second is to get involved, third, students
should ask for help when its needed, and finally, students should always feel free to contact the Student

Next, keynote speaker Ted Weise, former president and chief executive officer of Federal Express
Corp., spoke with the freshmen about his experiences attending UMR. Weise graduated from the
university in 1967 with a degree in electrical engineering and in 2000 he received an honorary doctorate
from UMR.

Weise currently serves on the UMR Board of Trustees and the boards of several not-for-profit

―I can assure you that Rolla is a wonderful place to live,‖ Weise said to the incoming students. ―You‘ll
love it here.‖

Weise enjoyed his time in Rolla, where he met and married his wife, and credits his experiences at the
university with his success in life and in business. He told the students to look to their left and to their
right, because the person sitting next to them could be their future best friend, spouse or business

Weise told the new class to make good choices and work hard throughout their college careers, and he
told them to take advantage of the opportunities offered at UMR.

―Study hard, truly, study for your life,‖ Weise said. ―Good luck. May your future be what you desire.‖

To conclude the Convocation, Collier, vice provost of undergraduate studies, reviewed the University
of Missouri-Rolla Values with the students, who each had a copy of the values in a packet provided at
the ceremony. Along with the values, students also received Joe Miner mascot pins.

The first of UMR‘s values is Excellence, and Collier told students to, ―At all times, exhibit your very

The second value is Respect, and Collier said this value should be reflected in the way students treat
university faculty, staff and administration, as well as their peers.

UMR‘s third value is Integrity.

―Academically, its very simple -- don‘t cheat or plagiarize,‖ Collier said. ―As a professional with a
professional degree, integrity is especially important.‖

The fourth value is Entrepreneurial Spirit, and the fifth value is Collaboration.

―Work together to learn,‖ Collier said.

―These are values we want you to assume right now, because you are a part of the UMR family,‖ he

Finally, Collier asked the students to put on their Joe Miner pins, which stand as a symbol of UMR,
and told the class to keep the pins and wear them proudly when they complete their education and
graduate from the university.

―Joe Miner represents campus support,‖ Collier said. ―Joe represents the newness and excitement of

getting involved. Joe represents the challenges, and Joe represents the experience at UMR. Joe should
always be a reminder of our expectations.‖

―Once a Missouri Miner, always a Missouri Miner,‖ he said.

The Rolla Daily News
New UMR students discovering downtown Rolla today
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

New students at the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR) are getting to know Rolla during orientation
week this week, and particularly this evening during Discover Rolla.

Discover Rolla is a joint project involving the Rolla Downtown Business Association (RDBA), the
Rolla Area Chamber of Commerce and the UMR Admissions Office. It encourages new students to
explore the downtown business community.

Many downtown businesses are staying open later than normal this evening to give students an
opportunity to check out the central business district and take advantage of several special Discover
Rolla offerings.
Discover Rolla will get under way at 3:30 this afternoon with a barbecue catered by Chartwells at the
corner of 11th and Pine Streets.

Gift certificates and prizes donated by Rolla merchants will be given away during the barbecue. To top
off the meal, the RDBA will be giving away cups of ice cream at the Bank of America‘s main bank on
Eighth Street.

During the rest of the evening, students are invited to stroll through the downtown area and stop off
at the open houses being hosted by some 12 downtown businesses.
Many door prizes, giveaways and special buys will be a part of what is offered during the Discover
Rolla event.

The Rolla Daily News
New UMR students are encouraged to ‘Discover Rolla’ on Wednesday
Monday, August 13, 2007

University of Missouri-Rolla students will get a glimpse of what Rolla businesses have to offer
Wednesday night during Discover Rolla.

Discover Rolla is an event coordinated by the UMR Admissions Office, the Rolla Area Chamber of
Commerce (RACC) and the Rolla Downtown Business Association (RDBA), and is designed to
welcome incoming freshmen, transfer and international students to the Rolla community.

During the Discover Rolla, students will be encouraged to explore Rolla‘s downtown businesses, many
of which will be open late for the event. Clue Quest, a scavenger hunt that leads students to businesses
throughout Rolla, also will kick off Wednesday evening.

―It‘s a chance for new students at UMR to get to know the local business community and see what‘s
here,‖ RACC Executive Director Stevie Kearse said. ―Some of the students could be here for a couple
of years and may not even know that a business exists.‖

Discover Rolla will start at 3:30 p.m. Wednesday with a barbecue catered by Chartwells, the university
food-service vendor, at the corner of 11th and Pine Streets next to Sunny Wall Flowers. Gift
certificates and prizes donated by Rolla businesses will be given away at the barbecue, and the RDBA
will be serving ice-cream cups at Bank of America.

After dinner, the students will be urged to explore Rolla‘s downtown and visit its businesses.

―The Rolla Downtown Business Association is sponsoring an open house where businesses will stay
open until 7 p.m.,‖ RDBA President Lonna Sowers said. ―The businesses also will have refreshments
and door prizes.‖

Just a few of the businesses participating include Kent Jewelry and PC Technologies, each of which is
holding a drawing for a 1 gigabyte USB drive; Eclipse Books & Comics, which is giving away a free
comic book to every student that visits the store during Discover Rolla; and Phelps County Bank,
which is holding a drawing for a backpack and Excursion Coleman Cooler.

―We thought that this was a great opportunity to join in and welcome our newest residents,‖ Sowers
said of the event. ―We really want the students to feel at home.‖

In an effort to promote businesses throughout Rolla, students are invited to participate in the Clue
Quest scavenger hunt.

On Wednesday, students will receive Clue Quest game cards that prompt them to visit more than 35
local businesses in order to find the answers to the questions appearing on the game card. The
students will have until Oct. 15 to visit all of the businesses on the card and receive a stamp from the
business owner

Students who have visited each of the businesses by Oct. 15 will be entered into a drawing for prizes,
including a semester‘s worth of books from the UMR Bookstore, according to Admissions Office
administrative assistant Amanda Norton.

―We want students to benefit by checking out all of the businesses in Rolla so they really know what
Rolla has to offer,‖ Norton said.

To further enhance Discover Rolla, the RACC has scheduled August‘s Music Under Starts to coincide
with the event. This month‘s Music Under the Stars is being sponsored by U.S. Cellular and will
feature jazz music from Sounds of St. Louis from 7 to 9 p.m.

―For those who participate, the event is going to be a lot of fun,‖ Kearse said. ―The whole idea is to
connect to the students and welcome them to the businesses in Rolla.‖

The Salt Lake Tribune
Regulator, miners rule out ceiling collapse
Debris seems to have crashed in from walls, floor rising, they say
Walls crashed in and the floor rose, which miners call a ‘heave’
Sunday, August 12, 2007

HUNTINGTON - The damage to the Crandall Canyon mine and the trapping of six workers appears
to have been caused by the floor rising and the walls falling in and not a ceiling collapse, a federal
regulator and other sources say.

Instead of raining rubble from above, debris seems to have crashed in from the mine walls, said
Richard Stickler, the director of the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration.

"The roof line has not collapsed and even in the area where we're doing the cleanup work, we do not
see any collapse . . . of the roof itself," Stickler said Saturday.

Also, pressure appears to have pushed up the floor, breaking it into chunks of rock and coal, according
to two sources with knowledge of the damage.

"It was a heave," said a source who is a family member of one of the trapped miners and has been
briefed on the condition of the mine by those who have assisted in the rescue effort.

"Heave" is a coal miner's term for what happens when the floor rises.

Another source, who has been a coal miner for decades and has assisted in the rescue effort said: "I've
never seen anything like this."

The veteran miner said the floor rose about 2 feet.

The sources spoke on the conditions their names not be published because they fear they or their
family members will lose their jobs at the coal mines owned in part by Robert Murray, whose holdings
include the Crandall Canyon mine.

The descriptions do not necessarily shed light on whether the Monday accident was caused by an
earthquake or by the removal of pillars in the mine. Jerry Tien, an associate professor of mining
engineering at the University of Missouri-Rolla, said floor heaves have occurred both as a result of
earthquakes and downward forces on pillars.

Murray has insisted an earthquake early Monday caused the accident.

Seismology experts have said their data indicates the collapse itself appears to be the cause of the event
which registered as a 3.9 magnitude earthquake.

The ownership of the Crandall Canyon mine told the state of Utah last year it would be "pulling
pillars." The action refers to the removal of coal deposits which previously were left in place to provide
structural support for the mine. The coal industry often refers to the method as "retreat mining."

Both sources who spoke on the condition of anonymity believe the downward push on the pillars
suggests retreat mining was to blame for the accident. Critics of the practice have said it is dangerous
because of how it eliminates a mine's ceiling support.

Murray in a press conference last week said implications retreat mining had anything to do with the
accident were false. "And the damage in the mine was totally unrelated to any retreat mining," he said.

A representative of Murray's company did not respond to requests for comment Saturday.

The veteran miner said the effect on the pillars and floor are similar to what happens when pressure is
applied to the top of a cardboard box. The sides of the box are forced down while the bottom rises.

Tien said if removing the pillars did cause the floor to rise, that would not necessarily indicate the
mistake lies with removing the pillars. There could have been an error in determining the strength of
the floor, he said.

"We're dealing with a lot of unknowns when we go underground. We try to know as much about the
floor as possible but we can never know everything."

Southeast Missourian
University prepares for students, heat
Thursday, August 16, 2007

Southeast Missouri State University plans to provide relief to students at its aging Dearmont residence
hall by renting temporary air-conditioning equipment for the first month of the fall semester.

Trailer-mounted air-conditioning equipment powered by its own generators will blow cool air into the
building through flexible ducts.

"These are high-end," said Bruce Skinner, Southeast's residence life director. "We haven't tried it
before, so it is sort of a learning experience."

Southeast will spend about $30,000 to rent the equipment for a month.

School officials say the cost will be paid from the campus housing contingency budget. Students in
Dearmont won't be charged higher rates to pay for the expense, Skinner said.

School officials believe it's worth the cost.

"We believe we can drop the temperature down," Skinner said. "When it is approximately 100 degrees
outside, we can get it into the upper 70s in the rooms," he said.

The trailer unit was used last weekend at the Professional Golf Association tournament in Oklahoma.

The equipment should be on site later today and up and running by Friday morning at the latest,
Skinner said.

Some 1,200 freshmen are expected to move into campus residence halls today, signaling the unofficial
start of the fall semester. Dearmont is the only campus residence hall that isn't air-conditioned.

Two of 10 sections of the three-story residence hall have been outfitted with portable air-conditioning
units in the rooms. That will serve about 70 students.

The remaining 260 students would have had to deal with the sweltering heat without the rented air-
conditioning equipment, Skinner said.

When classes begin Monday, a record 2,600 students are expected to be housed on campus, Skinner
said. That's about 150 more students than in any previous year, he said.

Campus residence halls will be so full of students that the university isn't admitting any more freshmen
who need campus housing for the fall semester.

Admissions director Debbie Below said the university has received 200 applications for enrollment
since Aug. 1. But more than half of them are seeking to enroll in courses at the university's satellite
campuses. Many of the others live within commuting distance of the school and don't need campus
housing. Others don't meet the eligibility requirements, she said.

In all, Below expects only five or six applicants seeking admission to classes on the main campus will
have to be turned down because no space is available in the residence halls.

More than 500 campus housing staff members and student volunteers are expected to help haul in
freshmen's carloads of clothes, televisions, computers, mini refrigerators and other personal

With temperatures expected to approach 100 degrees, Skinner said the university will do its best to
combat the heat. "We have more than 5,000 chilled bottles of water," he said. Water bottles and big
water coolers will be available at all the residence halls.

Southeast will have two nurse's stations set up on campus today, one near the Towers complex and
another near Dearmont to deal with any medical emergencies that might be caused by the heat,
Skinner said.

Springfield News-Leader
Classes begin at OTC with more students
Early Childhood Center open despite flooding in July.
Thursday, August 16, 2007

The new Early Childhood Center at Ozarks Technical Community College will open when classes begin
today, despite mid-summer flooding that threatened to keep it closed until next month.

The center serves as a day care for youngsters and a training center for early childhood education students.

It sustained damage from floodwaters in July and its scheduled opening was pushed back Sept. 10.
"We'll be ready to go," said Connie Harmon, the center's director on Wednesday. "We worked a lot of long
hours. I haven't been home much."

The new 14,000-square-feet center is four times the space of the former center. It cost $2.2 million and
includes preschool and college classrooms, offices, and resources for parents.

It has room for about 76 children and between 150-175 college students.

Floodwaters damaged carpet, walls, equipment and furniture. A total cost of the damage has yet to be

"I was ready to move back to the old building," Harmon said after seeing the damage.

The Gillioz Theatre in downtown Springfield will house the OTC's fine arts programs starting in mid-

OTC's Center for Workforce Development has moved into a new facility, west of the main campus on
Chestnut Expressway. The college partnered with Mercury Marine for the use of the former West Plains
Veterinary Supply building on Chestnut Expressway.

It is home to the new Mercury Marine employee training offices, a new construction readiness program and
a welding program. The marine engine company will use the facility for customized employee training
through the Training Resource Group, the workforce development division of OTC.

Training will be coordinated and conducted by the college, with Mercury Marine employees providing and
maintaining the equipment.

OTC President Hal Higdon says the program will help the school and the company.
"Mercury Marine will benefit from the training we can provide for their employees and dealers, and the
college will have the necessary space for our expanding workforce development programs," said Higdon.

In Christian County, the Richwood Valley facility on Missouri 14 between Ozark and Nixa will open for its
first fall semester.

The new building was open for classes last spring with about 500 students enrolled. More than 800 are
expected for the fall semester.

Nearly 10,000 students are expected to attend OTC classes starting today, a 3 percent increase over last fall.

TIME Magazine
Fighting for a diploma
Thursday, August 16, 2007

So much for one weekend a month, two weeks a year. Since Sept. 11, nearly 425,000 National Guard
and reserve troops have been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Like temp workers with no benefits,
however, these citizen-soldiers find that when they leave the reserve forces, they are not entitled to the
same tuition assistance as regular Army veterans.

To some lawmakers like Virginia Senator Jim Webb, this double standard is unconscionable. The
former Navy Secretary and highly decorated Vietnam vet is trying to goad Congress into updating the
G.I. Bill, whose benefits have failed to keep pace with the rising cost of a college education, by
providing full tuition to a state university plus a $1,000 monthly stipend to all veterans who have
served a total of two years in Iraq or Afghanistan since 9/11--reserve forces included. His rationale for
extending equal benefits to National Guard veterans: "Same battlefield, same soldier."

Sounds fair, right? Not to the U.S. departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs, with each testifying
last month that giving all veterans the same benefits could hurt National Guard retention as well as
active-duty recruitment. Tom Bush, the Defense Department's principal director of manpower and
personnel (and no relation to the President), says that for active-duty service members, tuition
assistance is a powerful recruiting tool. In fact, according to a 2004 survey commissioned by the Army,
education benefits were the most common incentive cited by young adults considering an enlistment.

Those benefits are also a good reason for National Guard members to keep renewing their
commitments. Under the current G.I. Bill, Guard members and reservists who have spent two years in
Iraq or Afghanistan get $860 a month in tuition assistance if they attend college full time (compared
with the $1,075 a month that active-duty veterans receive), but this benefit ends the moment they leave
the Guard. Bush also argues that reservists don't need as much help transitioning to civilian life. "They
can go back to their jobs, but an active-duty member is really changing careers," he says.

Aside from retention issues, Webb's bill faces another significant hurdle: cost. The VA estimates that
the price tag for improving education benefits for post-9/11 veterans would be $74.7 billion through
2017. Webb counters by pointing to 1944, when the G.I. Bill was expanded to give tuition benefits to
all service members who fought in World War II. "Nobody asked these financial questions when they
had 8 million returning veterans," he says.

The funding question is worse at the state level. In Missouri a bill that would have significantly cut
costs for all vets at state universities stalled in May because state schools pleaded that the proposed
benefits would cost them nearly $2 million a year. Says Scott Charton, spokesman for the University of
Missouri: "If the state feels that this is a priority, then it's worth it for the state to fund it."

Meanwhile, California's cash-strapped state legislature is debating whether to approve Governor
Arnold Schwarzenegger's proposal to start allocating tuition-assistance funds to help boost
membership in the 20,000-strong California Guard. Democratic state senator Lou Correa sent a letter
to his colleagues this summer urging them to fund the additional benefits for Guard members. "A lot
of these guys are losing their jobs, their houses, their cars because they're being called back to Iraq for
a third time," Correa says. "Would we try to deny tuition assistance to World War II veterans? What's
the difference between those heroes and these heroes?" The answer may be our fiscal priorities.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
State digest: Missouri student-loan recipients challenge plan for campus construction
Friday, August 17, 2007

STUDENT-LOAN LAWSUIT: Two recipients of student loans provided by the Missouri Higher
Education Loan Authority are suing to block the state's plan to use $350-million from the sale of some of
the agency's loans to pay for construction on college campuses. In their lawsuit, which was filed in Cole
County circuit court, the former students argue that the loan authority was violating its fundamental mission
and should instead use proceeds from the loan sale to help student borrowers. Gov. Matt Blunt, a
Republican, advocated the construction plan and helped push it through the General Assembly.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Column: MOHELA: Whose money is it, anyway?
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

A quarter century ago, the elected Republicans and Democrats of state government worked together to
create the Higher Education Loan Authority of the State of Missouri — MOHELA. The goal was to make
sure that qualified Missourians who wanted a college education could get one, even if they couldn't afford
one. Providing a way for would-be college students to pay for their educations was, the founding legislation
declared, "an essential public function."

When then-Gov. Christopher "Kit" Bond signed the bill creating MOHELA, the loan authority was starting
from scratch. As of June 30, 2007, it held assets of $5.078 billion, mostly in the form of outstanding loans
to college students. According to the loan authority's financial statements, it ended its 2006 fiscal year with a
fund balance, accumulated over many years, of $233.9 million.

The question neatly distilled in a lawsuit filed last week against MOHELA, its top executives and the
members of its board is this: Whose money is it?

The petition for Michael McGennis and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam — Columbia residents and former
students who are MOHELA borrowers — answers the question this way:

One way or another, all of the money that MOHELA has accumulated came from students who paid back
the principal amounts of their loans, plus interest. They did so believing that they were getting the best loan
terms possible and that MOHELA was using any excess funds only to cover the reasonable costs of doing
business and to offer lower interest rates and loan forgiveness programs to its borrowers — as its mission
and founding legislation clearly indicates.

Therefore, they argue, any excess funds in MOHELA's possession at this point can be used only to help the
state's college students.

MOHELA executive director Ray H. Bayer Jr. declined to comment on the legal filing, citing the advice of
the loan authority's special counsel, St. Louis law firm Thompson Coburn.

The essence of the lawsuit, it seems to me, is that the loan authority was designed as a kind of compact
among generations of students. Its creators envisioned an elegantly simple process: With their hard-earned
degrees in hand, borrowers take their place in society and repay their loans.

MOHELA's duty is to manage efficiently the "profits" from those transactions and recycle them to help
successive borrowers pay for their educations, earn their degrees, get better jobs and improve their lives,
pay back their loans and keep the cycle going.

That's what borrowers thought their relationship with MOHELA represented, the suit contends, but that's
not what they got.

The suit argues that MOHELA "defrauded" borrowers by "advertising, marketing, and selling student loans
under the misleading and deceptive premise that borrowers would receive reduced interest rates and loan
forgiveness, but instead were saddled with unreasonable fees and charges." Such practices, it says, violate
the Missouri Merchandising Practices Act.

According to MOHELA's financial statements, its loan forgiveness program accounted for $6.16 million in
the 2006 fiscal year. That same year, MOHELA took in $25.4 million more than it spent.

The allegedly unreasonable fees, the suit says, also amount to breach of contract, and the authority and its
executives and directors knew that its marketing was "false and misleading." The approach, the suit
contends, allowed MOHELA "to benefit economically from the ownership and servicing of student loans
at the expense of their college student customers . . . [who were unaware that MOHELA was] accumulating
a massive surplus of assets that could have been used to benefit their college student borrowers."

That "massive surplus of assets" brings us to legislation passed in May by the Missouri Legislature and
subsequently signed by Gov. Matt Blunt. It calls for siphoning off $350 million of MOHELA's available
assets over the next several years and dumping it into a state treasury fund. The money in the fund, in turn,
is designated for construction projects on several college campuses around the state and for pumping cash
into a limp effort to boost the commercial applications of campus technology discoveries.

It took more than a year for legislators, the Blunt administration and clashing special interest groups to
concoct a scheme that got enough votes for passage. Before the process ended, we'd witnessed enough
hubris, vindictiveness, cynicism and hypocrisy for a couple of Shakespeare plays and a sequel to "Animal

The lawsuit filed in Cole County last week — the names of plaintiffs from St. Louis County and Scott, Cape
Girardeau, Boone and Perry counties could be added to the class action petition in coming days — cuts
through all those distractions, and with good reason.

The new law, which takes effect Aug. 28, changes MOHELA's mission. Instead of focusing exclusively on
ensuring student access to low-cost loans for college, the loan authority now is permitted to pay for campus
building projects and support the commercial development of university technology efforts.

What the lawsuit challenges is the idea that it can use the money it has on hand to do it.

MOHELA accumulated hundreds of millions of dollars in surpluses from hundreds of thousands of
student borrowers who entered into contractual relationships with the loan authority under a specific set of
assumptions. The fact that it accumulated large surpluses indicates that MOHELA was not helping students
as much as it was required to do.

The question now is whether those past and present student borrowers also are going to get stuck with the
bill for their government's raid on MOHELA. In this case, it really is their money.

St. Joseph News-Press
Lawsuit might stall funding
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Plans for two construction projects slated for universities in Northwest Missouri forged ahead on schedule
this week despite an eminent threat to their cash flow.

A lawsuit filed recently in Cole County could stop the controversial funding Missouri legislators approved
for capital improvements to Missouri Western State University and Northwest Missouri State University,
among other statewide educational institutions - part of Gov. Matt Blunt's more than $300 million Lewis
and Clark Discovery Initiative.

The sale of student loan assets would send more than $30 million to Western for upgrades to a math and
science building, Agenstein Hall, and roughly $24.4 million to Northwest to finish its Center for Excellence
in Plant Biologics.

Two student loan borrowers from Columbia, Mo., however, have asked a judge to declare the plan illegal,
according to The Associated Press. They're also seeking an injunction to stop the Missouri Higher
Education Loan Authority from financing the capital initiative, which would've gone into effect Aug. 28.

"We're going to continue to go forward," said Ron Olinger, vice president of financial planning and
administration at Missouri Western.

Mr. Olinger said Agenstein Hall is far from danger, even if resolution of the lawsuit drags into next year.

The project is still in a design phase and wasn't scheduled to go out for bids until spring 2008, with a
tentative 18-month construction schedule set to start that summer, Mr. Olinger said.

"That's still nine months away," he said of the bids, noting Western isn't yet committed to a contract. "...
That doesn't mean we wouldn't use some of that money in the in-between time."

In Northwest's case, the pending lawsuit won't interfere in any construction schedules for at least a couple
of months. The university is still seeking a tenant for its Center for Excellence in Plant Biologics. The shell
of the center already has been constructed, while half of the interior awaits a yet-to-be-determined client,
who will drive internal construction plans.

So far, word of the lawsuit hasn't hurt negotiations with two prospective clients, President Dean Hubbard
said. But Mr. Hubbard said he'd hoped to start construction on the other half of the building once funding
became available, which he had anticipated in October.

"We'd have to put it on hold," he said. "I'm hoping the suit will get thrown out ... The Legislature has dealt
with this already. The law is the law. At some point, a decision has to be made and we move on."

The lawsuit's argument is similar to the one Democrats used when they unsuccessfully fought the legislation
this spring - MOHELA assets should be directed to the borrowers, not to finance building projects.

The suit contends such an action goes against MOHELA's mission and fiduciary duty.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Closed records slow MOHELA audit progress
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

State Auditor Susan Montee said an audit of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority won‘t be fully
complete without access to minutes of the agency‘s closed meetings.

Montee‘s office sued MOHELA last April to get access to documents that she said showed minutes to
closed meetings. She said they were vital to completing an audit of the agency that provides low-interest
loans for college students.

She said yesterday that her office and the Chesterfield-based agency were still sparring about access to the

"We have finished our field work on the audit, but we still have this lawsuit going forward," Montee said,
adding that she hopes to get a hearing by the end of the month.

MOHELA countersued Montee in April, arguing that her request for the documents went beyond the state
auditor‘s constitutional duties. Because the documents could relate to such things as pending litigation,
personnel matters and attorney-client communications, the agency said, the papers could be legally closed
under Missouri‘s open-records law.

The agency isn‘t commenting on the status of the lawsuit, but it issued a statement in April saying, "In light
of the sensitive nature of these closed records, MOHELA believes disclosure could have a deleterious effect
on the affairs of MOHELA."

Montee said, however, it is common practice for the auditor‘s office to take a look at closed meeting

"We‘re not saying that they improperly closed their meetings or that this isn‘t information that would be
otherwise confidential," Montee said. "We deal with this all the time. I mean, everyone that has closed
minutes allows us to review them as part of our normal operating process in doing these audits.

"It isn‘t so much that there‘s going to be something in them that may influence one way or another, but we
have to rule out whether there‘s something in them. And so for an organization to take the position that we
already know there‘s nothing in there that we could use is just counterintuitive to the way that we operate."

Gov. Matt Blunt sent a letter to the Democratic office yesterday asking for progress on MOHELA audit.
He praised Montee for undertaking the audit in January - even after a Republican spokesman called the
move a "political ploy."

Montee said shortly after her swearing-in as auditor that a review of the agency would be a priority. At the
time, she said the report would provide lawmakers with more knowledge about a plan to sell some of the
agency‘s loan assets and use $350 million in proceeds to fund capital improvement projects.

Even though the General Assembly passed the capital improvement plan, Montee said the audit is still
worth pursuing - especially if lawmakers want to alter MOHELA‘s purpose in the future.

"This entity is still sitting out there and under the radar has amassed an incredible amount of assets,"
Montee said. "And so, the purpose for this entity is to make education more affordable.

"And our goal is to make sure they are doing what they‘re supposed to be doing and find out how they
could have amassed these assets in the first place."

St. Joseph News-Press
Governor seeks movement on MOHELA audit
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

Gov. Matt Blunt pressured Missouri Auditor Susan Montee on Monday for an update on her pending audit
of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.

Ms. Montee pledged a thorough investigation into MOHELA when she assumed office in January. She had
planned on releasing her findings by the end of spring's legislative session but hit a roadblock when loan
authority board members refused to disclose minutes from closed meetings.

In April, she filed a lawsuit against MOHELA, but board members still won't hand over the documents and
a hearing date for a judge to consider the injunction she's seeking still hasn't been set, Ms. Montee said

The governor previously commended the St. Joseph accountant for the audit, which she pledged to conduct
during her campaign for auditor. She had voiced concerns over the severance package that a former chief
executive officer received before the MOHELA board fired him last year.

"MOHELA can fill a very important need for Missouri students if it is operated in an efficient and
responsible way," Mr. Blunt wrote in a letter to Ms. Montee Monday. "I feel it is critical to identify and
correct any long-standing practices that may prevent MOHELA from achieving that end."

Ms. Montee told the News-Press that assistant auditors have completed their fieldwork and are compiling
their findings. She said she'll decide in September whether to release partial findings, based on the court's

Mr. Blunt's inquiry comes on the heels of another lawsuit filed in Cole County, which aims to stop the
governor's $350 million capital improvement program for Missouri colleges and universities. Northwest
Missouri and Missouri Western state universities stand to gain $54.4 million for construction projects under
a new law that will sell off student loan assets, effective Aug. 28.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Politics Blog: Sparring match continues for MOHELA documents
Monday, August 13, 2007

State Auditor Susan Montee said today that an audit of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority
won‘t be fully completed without access to minutes of the agency‘s closed meetings.

Montee‘s office sued MOHELA last April in order to get a hold of documents that she said showed
minutes to closed meetings. She said they were vital to completing an audit of the agency specializing in
providing low-interest loans and debt forgiveness for college students.

She said Monday that her office and the Chesterfield-based agency were still sparring over access to the

―We have finished our field work on the audit, but we still have this lawsuit going forward,‖ Montee said.
―And all of the filings, all of the summary judgment motions and the reply briefs and all of that will be
filed… this week. And we‘re hoping to get a hearing by the end of the month. And that‘s pretty much
where we are.‖

―We‘re working on the report, we‘re putting it together now even without these [documents], so I don‘t
know at this point whether we‘ll be able to go ahead and issue something separate from the is-sues we‘re
not able to deal with because of the lawsuit,‖ Montee added. ―And I won‘t be able to make that
determination until some time probably next month.‖

MOHELA countersued Montee in April, arguing that the request went beyond the state auditor‘s
constitutional duties. Since the documents could relate to such things as pending litigation, personnel
matters and attorney-client communications, the agency said, the papers could be legally be closed under
Missouri‘s open-records law.

"In light of the sensitive nature of these closed records, MOHELA believes disclosure could have a
deleterious effect on the affairs of MOHELA," the student loan agency said in a written statement in April.

But Montee said it is common practice for the auditor‘s office to take a look at closed meeting minutes.

―We‘re not saying that they improperly closed their meetings or that this isn‘t information that would be
otherwise confidential,‖ Montee said. ―We deal with this all the time. I mean, everyone that has closed
minutes allows us to review them as part of our normal, operating process in doing these audits. It isn‘t so
much that there‘s going to be something in them that may influence one way or another, but we have to
rule out whether there‘s something in them. And so for an organization to take the position that we already
know there‘s nothing in there that we could use is just counterintuitive to the way that we operate.‖

Gov. Matt Blunt sent a letter to the Democratic office yesterday asking for progress on MOHELA audit.
He praised Montee for undertaking the audit in January — even after a Republican spokesman called the
move a ―political ploy.‖

―As you may recall from my letter of January 9, 2007, I requested that your audit include the last ten years
of MOHELA‘s operation,‖ Blunt wrote in his letter to Montee. ―I also requested that your audit examine
the pension plans and any other ‗extra‘ compensation plans for MOHELA employees and executives.
Thank you again for your efforts to bring accountability and transparency to MOHELA‘s operation.‖

In regards to demands from several Republican lawmakers to apply meetings of the Appellate Judicial
Commission under the Sunshine Law, Blunt told reporters that the process needed to be more transparent.
When asked whether MOHELA should be more forthcoming with documents, Blunt spokesman Rich
Chrismer said: ―The Auditor is charged with obtaining the records she needs for her audits and we support
her effort to acquire whatever documents she truly needs to complete the ten-year audit of the loan

Montee said shortly after her swearing-in as auditor that a review of the agency would be a priority. At the
time, she said the report would provide lawmakers with more knowledge before a plan to sell assets from
the agency is presented. Even though the $350 million plan to use sold loans from the agency to fund
capital improvement projects is passed, Montee said the audit is still worth pursuing — especially if the
General Assembly wants to alter MOHELA‘s purpose in the future.

―This entity is still sitting out there and under the radar have amassed an incredible amount of assets,‖
Montee said. ―And so, the purpose for this entity is to make education more affordable. And our goal is to
make sure they are doing what they‘re supposed to be doing and find out how they could have amassed
these assets in the first place. Because if there are changes that need to be made in the structure of that
entity — and I think it‘s been suggested out there that the General Assembly wants to give them more
power to do certain types of things — we‘re operating in the dark if we don‘t know how they were doing
business in the first place.‖

Southeast Missourian
Suit seeks to block MOHELA
Saturday, August 11, 2007

Two student loan holders have filed a lawsuit with the help of a Jackson lawyer to block Gov. Matt Blunt's
plan to finance college construction projects by taking $350 million from the state's student loan authority.

The lawsuit against the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority and its officials claims the agency is
violating both its state-mandated mission and its financial duty to students by allowing its money to be used
for campus construction rather than lower loan rates for its borrowers.

The suit, filed Thursday in Cole County Circuit Court, seeks an injunction barring the loan agency and its
board of directors from funding the building plan and declaring it illegal. A law authorizing the deal is
scheduled to take effect Aug. 28.

The agency has sold off hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of loans made to non-Missourians in
anticipation of transferring money to the state. The agency has stockpiled the money.

Jackson lawyer John Lichtenegger, a former curator for the University of Missouri, is one of the attorneys
representing plaintiffs Michael McGennis and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam of Columbia.

"We are asking for injunctive relief which would prohibit the defendants from diverting and giving away
this money," Lichtenegger said Friday.

The suit accuses MOHELA executives and members of an "illegal scheme" to divert MOHELA assets and
asks for unspecified damages, including punitive damages. MOHELA's board of directors has no legal right
to spend the loan money for campus construction, Lichtenegger said. "Obviously, this isn't their money,"
he said. "They are holding these funds in trust for the students of Missouri."

Blunt had lauded the conversion of student loan profits into brick and mortar as part of "a historic higher
education plan."

Lichtenegger said college students in Missouri graduate with $40,000 in debt and have to pay it off at 9 or
10 percent interest annually for 10 or 15 years, he said.

"Those interest rates should be brought down for those students and they shouldn't be in perpetual
bondage on college loans," Lichtenegger said.

He also worries that the spending plan could lead state officials to siphon off more money from MOHELA
for future spending plans.

MOHELA was created under a 1981 state law to help ensure college students have access to loans.
The nine-count lawsuit contends that the Blunt spending plan amounts to a diversion of money
accumulated over the past 26 years. The money should have gone to Missouri students in the form of lower
interest rates and loan forgiveness programs, the plaintiffs allege.

Lichtenegger and other lawyers for the plaintiffs want the circuit judge to certify the case as a class-action
lawsuit, clearing the way for other student loan holders to join the litigation.

"I have four or five women in our office who have now or had in the past MOHELA loans," he said. They
would be eligible to join the suit as plaintiffs if the case becomes a class-action suit, he said.

Southeast Missouri State University president Dr. Ken Dobbins said the lawsuit could hold up $24 million
in state funding for construction projects at the school. That includes $17.2 million for the River Campus
arts school and $2.6 million for an autism center.

The River Campus is almost done. It's scheduled to open for classes Aug. 20.

The university borrowed money through the issuance of bonds to finance the construction of the River
Campus. Without the state funding, Dobbins said, Southeast by next year would have to raise student fees
to retire the bonds.

Construction of the autism center won't proceed without state funding, he said.
Dobbins said he hopes the case can be heard, appealed and decided by the Missouri Supreme Court by this

Lichtenegger said he isn't opposed to the state funding campus construction and that the projects could still
be done if lawmakers appropriated money from the estimated $320 million state surplus.

Dobbins, however, said such a move is unlikely.

State Sen. Jason Crowell, R-Cape Girardeau, said state government needs a surplus.

"Just because you have the money doesn't mean you need to spend the money," he said.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Suit challenges transfer of Mo. student loan assets
Saturday, August 11, 2007

A class-action lawsuit has been filed seeking to stop the transfer of $350 million from the Missouri student
loan agency to fund Gov. Matt Blunt's plan for college buildings.

If successful, the effort could derail Blunt's controversial plan, which he unveiled in January 2006. The plan
was revised many times, filibustered in the Legislature before being passed, and is finally due to take effect
Aug. 28.

The suit could affect public universities around the state that are counting on the money for various
building projects, some of which are already in the works. Projects in the St. Louis area include a $15.7
million early-childhood education center at Harris-Stowe State University and a $28.5 million renovation of
a science building at the University of Missouri-St. Louis.

This is the first legal challenge to what the Blunt administration and a host of lawyers have argued is a
permissible use of the loan authority's money.

The lawsuit was filed Thursday in Cole County Circuit Court on behalf of two borrowers, Michael
McGennis and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam, both Columbia, Mo., residents. It asks for class-action status
among an unknown number of borrowers over the years. The suit suggests that the class could include

The Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority, or MOHELA, its seven board members and two of the
agency's executives are named as defendants.

The suit alleges that the loan authority breached its statutory mission and its fiduciary responsibility to
students in diverting the money for Blunt's plan. Using the money for college buildings is illegal, the suit
says, and goes against the fundamental purpose of MOHELA, which is to help students afford college.

The suit says the loan authority accumulated hundreds of millions of dollars from student loans over the
years that should have been used to keep interest rates down and to fund loan forgiveness programs.
Because that did not happen, borrowers were victimized by unreasonable fees, the suit says.

One of the plaintiffs' lawyers is John Lichtenegger, a former member of the University of Missouri Board
of Curators appointed by then-Gov. John Ashcroft. In March, he and another former curator wrote an
opinion piece in the Post-Dispatch asserting that Blunt's plan "could give rise to potentially the largest class-
action lawsuit ever to hit a quasi-public corporation created by the state of Missouri."

After the piece ran, Lichtenegger said, he was inundated with phone calls, e-mails and letters from people
who wanted to be part of such a suit.

Ray Bayer, MOHELA's CEO and executive director, is named in the suit. He said that while the MOHELA
board approved earlier versions of Blunt's plan, it was the Legislature that passed the bill that called for the
transfer of loan authority funds to the state.

He acknowledged that MOHELA officials provided input to the bill and requested certain provisions.

"It wasn't done in a complete vacuum, we did express our concerns and interests at MOHELA," he said.
"But ultimately it was up to the Legislature to draft Senate Bill 389, and they approved the final version."

Bayer said that the loan authority has the first installment of $230 million on hand and expects to transfer it
on Sept. 14. The rest of the $350 million is to be sent in $5 million installments over 24 quarters, he said.

At one point, Blunt had tried to pass his plan without legislative approval. But his administration decided to
send it back to the Legislature when loan authority board members reportedly became skittish about being

MOHELA is a quasi-public organization created by the Legislature in 1981 to ensure that all college
students have access to guaranteed student loans.

Lichtenegger said the Legislature could fund the construction projects with the state's surplus revenue
instead of through student loans. He noted that the Legislature will discuss the surplus at a special session
later this month.

The Kansas City Star
Class action lawsuit filed against college building plan
Friday, August 10, 2007

JEFFERSON CITY | A lawsuit by student loan holders seeks to block Gov. Matt Blunt‘s $350 million plan
to finance college construction projects by taking money from the state‘s student loan authority.

The lawsuit against the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority claims the agency is violating both its
state-mandated mission and its fiduciary duty to students by allowing its money to go to buildings instead of
better deals for its borrowers.

The lawsuit asks a Cole County judge to issue an injunction barring the loan agency and its board of
directors from financing the building plan and to declare it illegal. A law authorizing the deal is set to take
effect Aug. 28.

The loan agency has sold off hundreds of millions of dollars worth of loans made to non-Missourians in
anticipation of transferring money to the state. So far, it has just been stockpiling that money.

Blunt has lauded the conversion of student loan profits into bricks and mortar as part of ―a historic higher
education plan‖ that also expands student scholarships and imposes limits on university tuition increases.
The lawsuit does not challenge tuition caps or scholarships, which are to be funded with general state tax

It describes the building plan as an ―improper raid on the MOHELA coffers in an illegal and misguided
scheme to shift funds to a program that is contrary to the fundamental purposes for which MOHELA was
originally constituted.‖

The agency was created under a 1981 state law to help ensure college students have access to loans. A bill
signed into law this year by Blunt would expand its mission to include the financing of the building projects.

But the lawsuit says that amounts to a diversion of money, accumulated over the past 26 years, that should
have gone to Missouri students in the form of lower interest rates and loan forgiveness programs.

The plaintiffs in the lawsuit, which seeks class-action status, are MOHELA borrowers Michael McGennis
and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam, both of Columbia. Among the attorneys filing the lawsuit on their behalf is
John Lichtenegger, a former curator for the University of Missouri.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Politics Blog: UM, others issue statement on MOHELA suit
Friday, August 10, 2007

Dr. Gordon H. Lamb, Interim President of the University of Missouri, on Friday issued the following
statement regarding the lawsuit filed in Cole County Circuit Court against the Missouri Higher Education
Loan Authority and its members:

―The University is monitoring this litigation because the issues it raises are obviously important to the
University and to Missouri‘s other public institutions of higher education. To fulfill the University of
Missouri‘s unique missions of teaching, research, service and economic development, we must confront
critical needs for updated facilities to support our students and those missions. The University deeply
appreciates the efforts of Missouri officials who provide leadership and resources to address these needs.‖

ADDENDUM: Gov. Matt Blunt's office sent out quotes from three college presidents expressing worry
over the lawsuit. Here are the unabridged quotes:

―The passage of the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative was extremely important to four year and two year
public institutions of higher education in Missouri. The facilities provided in this historic legislation will
strengthen and benefit all of the institutions as well as students throughout the state.

Harris-Stowe State University is grateful to have received a long-awaited early childhood and parenting
developmental center. Such a center is extremely critical in the large urban area and inner city where Harris-
Stowe is uniquely located. The governor, members of the general assembly, college and university
presidents and all others are to be commended for their support and leadership of this greatly needed

Dr. Henry Givens
President, Harris-Stowe State University

―Missouri‘s public higher education community has great concern about the questions being raised
regarding the funding of capital projects in the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative through MOHELA
funds. We hope that the questions will be resolved quickly so that the public four-year universities can plan

Dr. Michael T. Nietzel
President, Missouri State University

―We are concerned this suit could cause additional delays in vital building projects on campuses around the
state, including the renovation and expansion of Agenstein Hall at Western. Any delay could further
escalate the cost of the project, and would postpone the building of facilities that will support students in
mathematics and science, students who are fundamental to the economic future of our region and the state.
We appreciate the leadership of the governor and the legislature in approving the Lewis and Clark
Discovery Initiative, and we hope for a quick resolution of the lawsuit so that the projects can move

Dr. Jim Scanlon
President, Missouri Western State University

The Joplin Globe
MOHELA lawsuit filed
Friday, August 10, 2007

Missouri Southern State University may have to put its plans to build a health-sciences building on hold —

A lawsuit by student-loan recipients seeks to block Gov. Matt Blunt‘s $350 million plan to finance college
construction projects by taking money from the sale of the state‘s student loan authority.
MSSU is slated to receive almost $19 million for construction of a $24.2 million building. Crowder College
is also to receive $2.2 million from the plan.

MSSU President Julio Leon said in a prepared statement that the university was ―concerned‖ about the
lawsuit, and that he supported Gov. Blunt‘s plan.

―We are obviously concerned about this lawsuit and the effect it may have,‖ Leon said in a statement.

―We believe that Governor Blunt, the General Assembly, and MOHELA addressed the issues raised in the
lawsuit in a proper manner.‖

An architect is to present building plans at a Board of Governors meeting soon. Leon said that he hoped
the university could seek bids before the end of this year.

The lawsuit against the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority claims the agency is violating both its
state-mandated mission and its fiduciary duty to students by allowing its money to go to buildings instead of
better deals for its borrowers.

The lawsuit filed Thursday asks a Cole County circuit judge to issue an injunction barring the loan agency
and its board of directors from financing the building plan and to declare it illegal. A law authorizing the
deal is set to take effect Aug. 28.

The loan agency already has sold off hundreds of millions of dollars worth of loans made to non-
Missourians in anticipation of transferring money to the state. So far, it has just been stockpiling that

But it intends to turn over the first installment of $230 million by Sept. 15, the date called for under the
recently passed law, said executive director Raymond Bayer Jr. Instead of buildings, the lawsuit seeks to
direct the money MOHELA has amassed to student-loan recipients by lowering interest rates on existing
loans, forgiving portions of existing loans and making more low-interest-rate loans in the future.

MOHELA was created under a 1981 state law to help ensure college students have access to loans. A bill
signed into law this year by Blunt would expand its mission to include the financing of the building projects.

But the lawsuit says that amounts to a diversion of money, accumulated over the past 26 years, that should
have gone to Missouri students in the form of lower interest rates and loan forgiveness programs. Instead,
the lawsuit claims some students are paying unreasonably high interest rates on their loans. The suit argues
that people should be entitled to have their MOHELA loan agreements invalidated and receive a refund on
their loan payments.

But the governor‘s office expressed confidence the building projects could go forward, despite the lawsuit.

―This action appears to miss the point in that it does not acknowledge that the Legislature approved this
infusion of resources for our schools,‖ said Blunt spokesman Rich Chrismer.

The plaintiffs in the lawsuit, which seeks class-action status, are MOHELA borrowers Michael McGennis
and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam, both of whom live in Columbia and already have graduated from college.
Among the attorneys filing the lawsuit on their behalf is John Lichtenegger, a former curator for the
University of Missouri.

―It‘s one thing to go forward saying to all the students, ‗We‘re going to take the money we make off your
loans and we‘re going to pledge that for buildings,‘‖ Lichtenegger said Friday. ―But it‘s quite another to take
the money that was generated the last 10 years and do that, because no (student loan recipients) were
consulted, and they thought they were getting the best low-interest rate loans.‖

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

The Kansas City Star
Lawsuit seeks to prevent use of MoHELA funds for capital improvements at state universities
Friday, August 10, 2007

Student borrowers have gone to court to stop Gov. Matt Blunt‘s plan to use $350 million in Missouri
college-loan agency funds for college construction and technology projects.

A class-action lawsuit filed late Thursday in Jefferson City against the Missouri Higher Education Loan
Authority contends that Blunt‘s plan is an ―illegal and misguided scheme to unlawfully divert MoHELA
assets.‖ The attorneys representing two student loan holders include John Lichtenegger, a former University
of Missouri curator.

The lawsuit asks a Cole County judge to bar the loan agency from financing the building plan and declare it
illegal. The law authorizing the plan was to take effect Aug. 28.

The lawsuit threatens millions of dollars in construction proposals and other improvements at several area
colleges, including the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

If the MoHELA money cannot be spent to build new facilities on public campuses, then ―we urge all state
officials to immediately find an alternative source of funding,‖ said Dean Hubbard, president of Northwest
Missouri State University in Maryville. Otherwise, he said, Missouri will continue to lag behind other states
in their investment in higher education.

Rich Chrismer, a spokesman for Blunt, called the lawsuit ―politically motivated‖ and destined for failure.

―This action appears to miss the point,‖ Chrismer said. ―It doesn‘t acknowledge that the legislature and the
governor approved this infusion of resources.‖

Chrismer added that officials at universities around the state strongly supported the governor‘s plan.

But the lawsuit asserts that shifting funds to construction is contrary to the state loan agency‘s
―fundamental purposes.‖ The agency, which was created by state law in 1981, offers low-interest loans to
Missouri college students. In the past, the agency has used excess revenue to forgive loans or provide more
favorable terms.

Lichtenegger, of Jackson, Mo., said Friday that MoHELA‘s duty was to provide low-cost loans to college
students, not to erect buildings.

―Those buildings should not be funded on the backs of low- and middle-income students who needed the
loans to go to school in the first place,‖ he said.

Even though the Missouri General Assembly approved the plan this year, students who paid into the loan
agency were never informed that their money would be used for a construction program, Lichtenegger

―We‘re asking for those funds to be used for interest-rate reduction and loan forgiveness,‖ he said.

Lichtenegger added that he and other lawyers involved in the lawsuit had been contacted by numerous
college-loan holders who complain that they are paying loans with interest rates as high as 10 percent.

―Those rates are just outrageous,‖ Lichtenegger said.

Lichtenegger suggested that the legislature look to surplus funds in the budget for such capital
improvement projects.

Going forward, he added, the state loan agency might be able to tell students that profits from their loans
could be used for a state college construction program.

―But that does not correct or eliminate the fact that the money they‘re using now was created by students
who were never part of the bargain,‖ Lichtenegger said.

The plaintiffs in the lawsuit are borrowers Michael McGennis and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam, both of
Columbia. Neither could be reached for comment.

The lawsuit may set up an interesting wrinkle in the Missouri 2008 race for governor. Democratic Attorney
General Jay Nixon, who is expected to challenge Republican Blunt, has gone on record opposing the use of
the loan-agency funds for construction and other projects unrelated to loans.

―Every penny MoHELA has is from students, and every penny should be used to benefit students in the
form of low-cost loans,‖ Nixon said.

But would Nixon be involved in the case? Neither he nor Blunt‘s office would respond to that question

John Fougere, a spokesman for Nixon, would say only that ―the attorney general‘s office is reviewing‖ the

Chrismer, in Blunt‘s office, said he was not prepared yet to answer the question.

At MoHELA offices Friday, people answering the phone were directed to say that the agency would not
have any comment on the lawsuit or speculate on its outcome. Raymond Bayer Jr., MoHELA‘s executive
director, did not return phone calls.

University presidents across Missouri expressed concern Friday that the lawsuit could harm not only their
building plans but also students and the state‘s economy.

Chancellor Guy Bailey of UMKC said not getting the $3.4 million in MoHELA money he was planning to
spend on new dental equipment would ―significantly‖ affect the university‘s dental school program.

―They are working with equipment bought in the 1970s,‖ Bailey said. ―We are training dentists for today on
outdated equipment.‖

Aaron Podolefsky, president at the University of Central Missouri in Warrensburg, which expected $13.2
million for building renovations, said it was critical that the lawsuit be resolved in favor of the state schools
so those projects could move forward.

―We have pressing facility needs in our state-owned university buildings,‖ Podolefsky said.

Northwest Missouri State stands to lose $24.4 million to construct a Center of Excellence for Plant
Biologics where genetically manipulated plants would be used to produce pharmaceuticals, synthetic fuels
and nutritional food supplements.

Hubbard said fund problems a few years ago halted plans for the center and resulted in the loss of two
potential tenants.

Missouri Western State University in St. Joseph is expecting $30.1 million in MoHELA money to renovate
and expand a science and mathematics building. The design for the building is ―well under way,‖ said Jim
Scanlon, president of Missouri Western.

Scanlon said he was worried that delays could drive up construction costs.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Lawsuit filed to stop state MOHELA sale
Diversion of loan proceeds ‘misguided.’
Friday, August 10, 2007

Two former students who used the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority to help pay for a college
education have filed a class-action lawsuit against the agency for breaching its philosophical and fiduciary

Michael McGennis and Aaron Izadi-Moghadam filed the lawsuit in Cole County Circuit Court yesterday
against MOHELA and its board. The suit challenges the state legislature‘s decision to sell off MOHELA
assets to construct $335 million worth of new buildings around the state.

The student loan agency was established in 1982 to work with private lenders to issue low-interest loans to
Missouri students going to college. Gov. Matt Blunt initially proposed selling a portion of the loan portfolio
to fund college construction projects in early 2006 and signed the provision into law in May.

The plaintiffs called the sale an "improper raid on the MOHELA coffers in an illegal and misguided scheme
to shift funds to a program that is contrary to the fundamental purposes for which MOHELA was
originally constituted."

The lawsuit claims a new capital appropriations program called the Lewis and Clark Discovery Fund should
be funded, if at all, by Missouri taxpayers, not just college students.

The plaintiffs are seeking to declare MOHELA‘s conduct unlawful, award an injunction preventing
MOHELA from "engaging in their illegal scheme to unlawfully divert MOHELA assets" and awarding
appropriate compensatory and punitive damages.

John Lichtenegger, a former University of Missouri curator and one of the attorneys representing the
plaintiffs, said the two people suing MOHELA are former students who still owe the agency money on
their loans. Both live in Columbia.

Lichtenegger said during the past several months, his firm has received several letters from people who
have MOHELA loans and who are upset by the legislature‘s decision to sell the assets.

MOHELA has a history of using excess funds to forgive a portion of students‘ loans.

"The gist of the suit is that MOHELA as a low-cost provider of loans in this state amassed $350 million and
is about to give it away to the state of Missouri, and according to their charter and statutory mission and
according to all the founders of MOHELA, the whole idea was to create a pool of money to loan back to
students with no profit to be made," Lichtenegger said.

Lichtenegger said the fiduciary duty of the MOHELA board members is to provide loans, not build
buildings. He noted that there is a budget surplus of $320 million in the state treasury that could be used for
building construction.

"Those buildings should not be funded on the backs of low- and middle-income students who needed the
loans to go to school in the first place," Lichtenegger said. He pointed out that with the up-coming special
session of the legislature, lawmakers have a chance to use the budget surplus for capital improvements.

The sale of assets could have taken place after Aug. 28 when the bill Blunt signed was to go into effect.

"This is a frivolous lawsuit that appears to be politically motivated," Blunt spokesman Rich Chrismer said.
"Missouri colleges and universities support the governor‘s initiative, which will provide $335 million for
new state-of-the-art learning centers for Missouri students."

Raymond Bayer Jr., MOHELA executive director, said he had received a copy of the suit but that he had no
immediate comment.

The Kansas City Star
Campus safety tops orientation agendas
Sunday, August 5, 2007

At colleges around the country this summer, one topic has vaulted to the top of the agenda at
freshman orientation: campus safety.

The nation's first incoming freshmen since last spring's shootings at Virginia Tech are heading to class
soon, and colleges have been fielding more questions from parents and students about security and
mental health issues.

Some, like Binghamton University in New York, have added or augmented some orientation sessions -
expanding time devoted entirely to campus safety. Others, such as Delaware Valley College in
Pennsylvania, are explaining new mass text-message systems put in place to help reach students and
parents quickly in an emergency, be it a situation like the Virginia Tech shooting spree or a scenario
such as a fire or chemical spill.

Colleges say they don't want to scare parents but want to convey they take security seriously.
Stephen F. Austin State University in Texas used to refer students and parents to the school's
emergency response plan. This year, the campus police chief briefed orientation leaders to prepare
them for questions, and spoke directly to parents as well.

Campus safety has always been on the agenda, said Hollie Smith, the university's orientation
coordinator, "but I'm sure people are really listening now."

Small colleges often have orientation just before the academic year begins, in August or September.
Larger schools tend to have students and parents visit in shifts over the course of the summer.

At Binghamton, broader issues such as dorm locks have been raised at orientation sessions, but the
major topic in talks with parents was, "How do we communicate?" said Kenneth Holmes, assistant
vice president for student life.

New emergency procedures there include a campus bell tone that can be sounded to signal
emergencies. There's also new technology for sending text messages en masse, and for flashing
messages to students over campus computer or cable television networks.

Binghamton's efforts impressed Seth Bykofsky, of West Hempstead on Long Island. He had one
daughter graduate from Binghamton this year, and then attended orientation for another who starts
there this month.

"You want to know that they're aware of the problems and the situation, that they're keeping with
whatever the latest modes and methods are in security and information," he said. "One of the big
problems with Virginia Tech was a lack of communication on many levels, and at many different times
before the incident occurred."

Hope College in Michigan says communication is also a big topic - but it's also emphasizing the
responsibility of students to communicate with each other and with authorities about potential
dangers. Campus safety will figure into new vignettes students will perform at orientation later this
month, and into the college president's address to parents.

Security has always been on the orientation agenda and a top priority, said Richard Frost, Hope's dean
of students. "However, because of the anxieties of Virginia Tech and Eastern Michigan" - where the
university president recently lost his job following a high-profile slaying that was covered up - "we
need to be clearer about that to parents," Frost said.

At Delaware Valley College, near Philadelphia, director of public safety and security Chris Daley has
been giving visiting parents details about a new communications system that sends emergency
information to students who have registered their cell phone numbers and e-mail addresses.

The parents' interest was "extremely heightened," said Daley, who will explain the system to new
students later this month. "I spoke to 700 parents, and they were like, 'Our child will sign up for this.
We'll make sure it happens.' You pitch it to mom and dad, who's paying the bill."

But other schools - including the University of Florida and Georgia Tech - reported that that parents
turned out not to be as inquisitive as they expected.

"It's not that I don't think parents are concerned about this," said John Stein, dean of students at
Georgia Tech. "I just think either they have reached a point where they're thinking a little bit
differently about it, or they think colleges basically have things in place."

At Virginia Tech, most of the more than 5,000 incoming students have finished orientation, which
took place over several sessions on campus last month. Each group was welcomed and observed a
moment of silence for the victims of the shootings last April. After that, spokesman Chris Clough said
security was discussed in much the same way as in past years - covered in general group discussions
and in breakout campus tours for students with orientation leaders, but not dwelled on excessively.

Clough said there was not any noticeably higher level of interest by students and parents in security
than in past years.

"They're obviously aware," of the events of last April, Clough said. But, he said, "There really was a
fresh start and a lot of enthusiasm shown by students and families."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: Stowers complaints on politics are unjustified
Tuesday, August 14, 2007

Editor, the Tribune: The front-page article in the July 22 Tribune, "Lab Warns of Politics in
Research" by Jason Rosenbaum, was ironic because the Stowers Institute complained about politics
interfering in medical research. It was the Stowers Institute that initiated the political process by openly
supporting and financing the deceptively worded Amendment 2 to redefine cloning as well as deny
that it would promote human cloning.

They sought Missouri tax dollars from the public trust when they were unable to get private research
funds customarily solicited for this type of research. They bypassed the normal oversight of the state
legislature and created an amendment to avoid such control. They expect to take advantage of women
who become "egg farms" by giving women huge doses of female hormones to increase the production
of eggs - which can produce complications itself.

Opponents of this amendment do not oppose stem cell research altogether; in fact, they are supportive
of adult stem cell research because it is already showing remarkable progress in providing cures. The
problem lies in the destruction of live human embryos, for this process kills one human to treat or save

No real, successful cure with human embryonic stem cells has yet been developed by other laboratories
around the world. A prominent University of Missouri research scientist has said there is no apparent
advantage to using embryonic over adult stem cells obtained from umbilical cord blood or amniotic
fluid, which can be obtained without the destruction of maiming of human embryos.

The Kansas City Star
Cell phones on campus make cutting the umbilical cord more difficult
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

All those cell phones on college campuses aren‘t just talking to each other.

They‘re speed-dialing home. A lot.

Got a problem with university bureaucracy? Mom and Dad will know what to do. Time to kill between
classes? Chat up Mom or Dad. Think you just blew a chemistry exam? Unload on the folks.
Not to mention the calls going the other direction.

―One mom mentioned that she calls her son to wake him up in the morning,‖ said Sandy Waddell, assistant
dean of students at Rockhurst University. ―She said if she didn‘t, he might not make it to class. I told her I
thought that was a bit over the top.‖

Cell phones are a godsend for parents of high schoolers. The ―electronic leash,‖ as some teens call it,
assures that the kids have little excuse for not informing parents of their whereabouts. And mom and dad
are quickly reachable if something goes awry.

But young adults in college are supposed to practice and prove their independence. All that cell-phone
contact, used the wrong way, can impede those goals, student affairs experts say.

Waddell said about half the students on campus had cell phones a few years ago. Now, nearly every student
does. At orientation sessions, Waddell tells parents the college years are a time for emancipation, when
young adults learn to handle matters on their own.

―The parents have to give their child the permission to do that,‖ she said. ―It has become increasingly
difficult because the students are so used to using their phones and talking to their parents. I just think it
delays that maturity.‖

The cell phone no doubt can be a conduit in a close parent-child relationship. One thing is certain:
Everyday contact between young adults and their parents is the new normal.

―It‘s the way families are,‖ said Marjorie Savage, parent program director at the University of Minnesota.
―One thing we really have to keep in mind is that life is not like it was when we went to college, even if you
went to college five years ago.‖

Emylie Leonard and her parents, Mary and Michael, confronted the cell-phone issue last year when Leonard
first left Kansas City for the University of Missouri-Columbia. Now 19, Leonard had a rough go at first,
with roommate troubles and a bad case of homesickness. She called home often, sometimes more than
once a day.

―It made me feel better to call them so much,‖ Leonard said.

―She‘d call and say, ‗I have my long walk now between this building and this building, and we would have
this 10-minute chat,‖ Mary Leonard said.

It‘s not that Leonard lacked self-assurance, Mary Leonard said. But ―she was very, very used to always
having us here to talk to.‖ Leonard and her father often talked late into the night over bowls of ice cream.

Still, Mary Leonard found the frequent contact curious, especially thinking back to her college years when
calls home were fairly rare.

―You want them to be independent, to be on their own two feet,‖ Mary Leonard said.

The Leonards‘ experience isn‘t unusual. In a study released earlier this year by the Pew Research Center, 82
percent of all 18- to 25-year-olds said they had talked to their parents in the past day.

―I‘ve heard, ‗Hi, Mom. The test was OK. See you later,‘ ‖ Savage said. ―That‘s the entire conversation.
Or, ‗Yeah, Dad, I got the tires checked. Everything‘s fine.‘ ‖

Parents should analyze the content of calls rather than worry too much about the frequency, said Karen
Levin Coburn of Washington University in St. Louis. It‘s a problem, said Coburn, co-author of Letting Go:
A Parents’ Guide to Understanding the College Years, if students want their parents to swoop in at any sign of

If asked to help solve a manageable problem, parents should not provide step-by-step instructions. They
shouldn‘t brush off the problem, either. Realize that students can feel overwhelmed at first, Coburn said.

Instead, parents should coach their children to take advantage of campus services, which are numerous, she
said. Using parent handbooks and college Web sites, parents can get to know what‘s available.

Registration and professor problems, writing assignment troubles, roommate disagreements, all can and
should be handled by the student with resources on campus.

―They learn that‘s what you do, that there‘s another way to solve problems,‖ Coburn said.
Several Kansas City area parents said they‘re aware from orientation sessions that colleges want their help in
nurturing student independence.

Barbara O‘Neill, whose son, Joe, is headed to Missouri State University in Springfield this week, said they
don‘t have a specific phone-calling plan, at least yet.

―I know I don‘t need an everyday account,‖ said O‘Neill, a single mother of two sons whose husband died
eight years ago. ―But I was thinking a couple times a week.‖

She‘s comforted that her son is ―pretty self-sufficient‖ and just a three-hour drive away. While she wants to
hear if he has problems on campus, she said, she also wants to hear he‘s working to find the solution.

Rita Berry, whose son, Alex, will attend St. Louis University, admits to being a worrywart, but she‘s
committed to keeping her distance.

―I want him to develop his world,‖ she said.

As for Leonard, she‘s adjusted well to campus life and this year is a residence hall ―community leader,‖
which means she‘ll help freshmen get acquainted.

Her calls diminished last year along with her homesickness. She still likes that the cell phone is available, she
said, and that she can instant-message her dad during the day.

Ironically, Leonard looks forward to old-fashioned mail. From the start, Mary Leonard regularly sent cards
by snail mail, plus occasional goodie boxes. Despite technology, students love to check their mailboxes,
Leonard said.

―It‘s just fun to get things in the mail,‖ she said. ―And my friends love my mom‘s cookies.‖

The Chronicle of Higher Education
College rankings from ‘U.S. News’ change little, but response rate to reputational survey drops
Friday, August 17, 2007

As usual, U.S. News & World Report's annual college rankings, released today, offer a heavy dose of déjà
vu. Princeton topped this year's list of best colleges, just as it did last year, while Harvard remained in
second and Yale again took third. And the same institutions as last year rounded out the top dozen
spots. But in one possible sign that organized criticism of the rankings is having an effect, the overall
response rate to the magazine's controversial reputational survey plunged to its lowest level ever.

The rankings arrive as the U.S. News survey on which they are based weathers a season of intense
scorn. Some college presidents have publicly renounced the rankings and vowed to stop touting them
in their promotional materials. Next month dozens of higher-education officials plan to meet at Yale
to discuss possibly creating an alternative to so-called commercial rankings that would provide
"educationally relevant" data about colleges and universities.

"Rankings use a rigid formula, which can be highly misleading," said Jeffrey Brenzel, Yale's dean of
undergraduate admissions and the conference's host, "but they currently fill a vacuum."

It's true that the U.S. News rankings are Coke in a world without Pepsi. That is unlikely to change. One
reason is that many presidents and admissions deans continue to support the survey, or at least to
tolerate it, just as they have done in the past.

Looking back a decade reveals that the rankings have survived previous challenges. Rewind to 1997,
the year Gerhard Casper thumbed his nose at the U.S. News survey. Mr. Casper, then president of
Stanford University, publicly called the rankings misleading and inaccurate. He announced that he
would stop filling out the magazine's so-called reputational survey, in which officials rate the quality of
peer institutions. That survey is a significant factor in determining the rankings.

Mr. Casper also said he would give prospective students a different way to evaluate colleges, with data
that did not rate colleges like cars or toasters. He directed Stanford to publish various statistics --
including its tuition, class sizes, and graduation rates -- on its Web site. Mr. Casper urged other college
presidents to follow his lead. Then, he waited. "Some might have viewed me as Don Quixote," he
recalled this week.

As the leader of one of the nation's top-ranked institutions, Mr. Casper sparked many discussions but
little action. A Stanford spokesman at the time told The Chronicle that while other colleges shared Mr.
Casper's concerns about U.S. News, they could not reach consensus on what to do about it (The
Chronicle, May 2, 1997).

Presidential Pushback

Ten years later, consensus remains elusive. The man who is now trying to build it is Lloyd Thacker,
director of the Education Conservancy and sponsor of the planned conference at Yale. The former
high-school counselor has urged colleges to look beyond the rankings and the competitive strategies
used to game them.

"We've got a chance," Mr. Thacker says, "to push back against a force that's hurting us collectively."
His challenge is to persuade individual colleges, with their many different pedigrees and priorities, to
act collectively. This year Mr. Thacker circulated a letter that urged college presidents not to complete

the U.S. News reputational survey and to stop mentioning the magazine's rankings in their promotional

As of this week, 62 presidents had signed the letter -- more than a handful, for sure, but a fraction of
the 1,000 who had received copies of it.

Moreover, there are notable absences. The letter contains not one signature of a president of a top-25
national university or liberal-arts college, as ranked by U.S. News.

The president of one highly ranked liberal-arts college said privately that he hesitated to publicly
criticize something that benefited his college in the eyes of trustees and alumni.

Another president, William D. Adams of Colby College, said such thinking was understandable. "U.S.
News has helped some institutions more than it's hurt them, and it's not immediately in their self-
interest to see that entity change." Mr. Adams, whose college ranked 22nd in this year's list of liberal-
arts colleges, said he was sympathetic to Mr. Thacker's letter but needed to discuss it further with
members of Colby's board, which he described as having a wide array of feelings about U.S. News. "It's
not just a personal or presidential matter," he said.

Officials at some high-profile colleges, including Princeton, said they did not sign the letter because
they had already observed its requirements. Meanwhile, a handful of colleges that signed the letter
continue to cite U.S. News. Kenyon College's Web site states that, according to the magazine, it is
"among the top liberal-arts colleges in the nation." The Web sites of Gettysburg and Ursinus Colleges
note the same.

A Very Palpable Hit

It's possible that Mr. Thacker's letter had one quantifiable effect on this year's rankings. Among liberal-
arts colleges, the percentage of institutions that completed the U.S. News reputational survey dropped
to 56 percent from 69 percent. Over all, 51 percent of the colleges and universities completed the peer-
assessment survey, a drop from 58 percent last year. As recently as 2000, the rate was 68 percent. (See

U.S. News officials have said that if a sufficient number of administrators stopped completing the
survey, the magazine would find other ways to compile it.

Nobody doubts that rankings will endure. That's why some presidents are less interested in criticizing
the survey than in devising other means of evaluating colleges. Many such projects are well under way
among several education associations that are responding to federal calls for greater transparency.

Next month, for instance, the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities will
unveil U-Can, an in-depth online information database for prospective students. So far, nearly 400
colleges have agreed to provide a range of data about themselves. Meanwhile, the Annapolis Group,
which represents liberal-arts colleges, is considering whether to develop its own information template.

Yet it's not clear how -- or if -- the different information sources now under consideration would fit
together. There is reasonable worry among some officials that higher education will end up with a
confusing mess of data, sponsored by an alphabet soup of different groups.

"Raw data is not going to be very useful to most consumers," said Brian Kelly, editor of U.S. News.
"It's not going to be in a form that's in context."

This year, for the first time, U.S. News included the percentage of Pell Grant recipients at each college
as a criterion in its ranking of colleges' "graduation-rate performance." U.S. News officials said the
change would allow colleges with a high proportion of Pell Grant recipients to be measured more fairly
against colleges with fewer low-income students. By considering and weighting factors like that one,
U.S. News goes far beyond the presentation of raw data in its rankings. Such calculations would be
difficult for parents and students to figure out on their own.

Mr. Casper, the former Stanford president, doubts that any database could capture the attention of
students and parents the way U.S. News does. But he thinks that colleges now have an opportunity to
hold a crucial discussion about what can and cannot be measured in education. He has no illusions,
however, about the universal popularity of top-25 templates.

"The quantification of society," he said, "we are not going to stop."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
ACT scores edge up in 2007 but suggest that many students are unprepared for college-level
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Core courses in American high schools must be more rigorous in order to prepare students adequately
for college courses, ACT officials said on Tuesday as they assessed the incremental increase in
students' scores on the 2007 ACT college-admissions test.

Among students who took the ACT in 2007 after taking Algebra I and II and geometry -- the
minimum core courses in mathematics -- only 15 percent met or surpassed a "college-readiness
benchmark" established by the organization that administers the ACT tests.

By comparison, 40 percent of students who took trigonometry in addition to the core courses met or
surpassed the benchmark. Results from the test's science section show that a meager 20 percent of
those who took general science, biology, and chemistry -- the minimum core courses in science -- were
ready for college biology, while 40 percent of those who took physics instead of general science met or
surpassed the benchmark.

"These data make it clear that students are not, by and large, learning all the essential skills they need to
succeed in college simply by taking the minimum core curriculum in high school," Richard L.
Ferguson, chief executive of ACT Inc. and chairman of its board, said during a telephone news
conference. "It suggests also that these courses, in most cases, lack the proper level of rigor. Taking the
minimum courses should enable most students to be ready for their first year of college, and,
unfortunately, that doesn't appear to be the case, particularly in math and science."

The ACT examination consists of four sections: English, mathematics, reading, and science. Each
section is scored on a scale of 1 to 36, and the four scores are averaged to compute the total score.
ACT officials have long recommended that students take a minimum core curriculum of four years of
English and three years each of math and science to prepare for college.

To further that goal, ACT officials created a system called "quality core" that it plans to introduce in
high schools this fall. The core consists of 16 subject-specific end-of-course assessments, along with
blueprints and outlines of the courses. ACT officials plan to use the core to work with teachers and
staff to strengthen existing programs.

"We are not looking to replace classroom initiatives," said Mr. Ferguson. "What we are saying is, We're
going to help to inform you. This is what a rigorous Algebra I class looks like. Here are the skills the
students need to have when they leave that class." In addition to developing course assessments, ACT
officials are looking into how they can hold training sessions to help teachers better understand what
rigorous courses are.

Although the 2007 ACT showed serious problems with college readiness over all, average composite
scores rose from last year by one-tenth of a point, to 21.2, according to the report, "ACT High School
Profile Report: The Graduating Class of 2007: National." Scores have increased three times in the last
five years, indicating that the number of high-school graduates prepared for college courses is at least

Scores have increased for all racial and ethnic groups since 2003, and all groups with the exception of
African-American students posted increases in their scores this year. African-American students

dropped one-tenth of a point, while Asian-American students showed a sizable gain of three-tenths of
a point.

A record 1.3-million students took the ACT this year. The increase stems in part from some states'
decision to make the curriculum-based test mandatory and to use the results as part of their statewide
academic-assessment program. Colorado and Illinois have been administering the ACT since 2001,
Michigan began this past year, and Kentucky and Wyoming will begin administering it this coming

"While scores have improved in all four required subject-area tests, more than half of all test takers still
fell short of the college-readiness benchmarks," U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings said in
a written statement. "This is unacceptable when 90 percent of the fastest-growing jobs require at least
some postsecondary education."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Cuomo spokesman says attorney general’s office finds problems ‘under every rock we turn over’
Friday, August 17, 2007

A day after New York State Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo began issuing subpoenas to organizations
that provide study-abroad programs for students, a spokesman for Mr. Cuomo said that his investigation
into ties between colleges and study-abroad providers was likely to expand and that more subpoenas may be

"In many cases, vendors have relationships that are too cozy with schools, and benefit the schools and the
vendors but not the students," said the spokesman, Jeffrey Lerner. "Under every rock we turn over it seems
like we find a new program that needs more oversight."

He said the investigation, which began this week, was part of the attorney general's increased scrutiny of
higher education. It comes on the heels of an extensive examination of the links between colleges and
student-loan providers that revealed a number of questionable practices and cost several influential college
staff members their jobs.

Whether study-abroad programs are similarly vulnerable remains to be seen. Mr. Cuomo's office delivered
subpoenas to five study-abroad providers late Wednesday, two days after The New York Times published a
front-page article raising questions about the programs (The Chronicle, August 16). Study-abroad experts have
defended the programs but acknowledged that some of their relationships with colleges should be more

A day after receiving one of Mr. Cuomo's subpoenas, the director of the Danish Institute for Study Abroad
said he planned to eliminate per-student payments to colleges and universities that the institutions' staff
members have used to defray the cost of attending professional-development conferences in Copenhagen.

Anders Uhrskov, director of the institute, said: "We have decided to terminate that system because it creates
misunderstanding." But he added: "We feel completely innocent and clean."

The institute, which is affiliated with the University of Copenhagen, offers study-abroad programs in
English, primarily for American university students. The programs are based in Copenhagen, but include
travel opportunities in Europe, Russia, and China.

Mr. Uhrskov said the institute had set up "coordinators' accounts" for each college and university whose
students studied through the institute. Those institutions received $200 per student each semester, and the
money could then be used to pay part of the cost of attending the conferences, which are held twice a year.

Mr. Uhrskov said the conferences were intended to educate study-abroad advisers about the institute and its
offerings. Though attendees did sometimes go to the opera or to parties, he said, they paid for those
outings on their own.

In the future, instead of providing money to universities on a per-student basis, the institute will set up one
large fund for underwriting conference travel for study-abroad advisers. He said the institute's board of
directors would have to approve the change.

Mr. Uhrskov said the subpoena from Mr. Cuomo's office asks for information and documentation for the
past six years on 16 broad questions. He said he thinks the attorney general's office is looking for
"kickbacks" from study-abroad programs to colleges and universities.

Though some study-abroad programs sponsor conferences like the Danish Institute's, visits to locations
where students study are more common. Study-abroad officials said such trips familiarize university officials

with the programs and locations and are important because they encourage outside scrutiny of the
programs, and quality control.

John C. Sunnygard, director of the Center for Global Educational Opportunities at the University of Texas
at Austin, said he has traveled internationally to evaluate study-abroad programs at the provider's expense,
but the trips are not free vacations.

On a recent trip evaluating a program in Rome, Mr. Sunnygard decided to temporarily remove the program
from the university's offerings until improvements could be made. He said that if universities had to cover
the costs of such trips themselves, "very few of these programs would have outside oversight."

Other programs besides the Danish institute that have received subpoenas include the American Institute
for Foreign Study, the Institute for the International Education of Students, Arcadia University's Center for
Education Abroad, and Butler University's Institute for Study Abroad.
The Chronicle contacted roughly a dozen additional institutions and third-party study-abroad providers, but
all said they had not received subpoenas. Two study-abroad providers declined to comment.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Study-abroad providers are new target of investigation by New York state attorney general
Thursday, August 16, 2007

New York State's attorney general, Andrew M. Cuomo, began issuing subpoenas on Wednesday to
organizations that provide study-abroad programs to colleges. The subpoenas seek information about the
organizations' business practices and financial arrangements with colleges.

The president of one organization said that it had received a subpoena Wednesday evening. The chief
executive of another said that it had not yet received a subpoena, but that he had been told by a reporter for
The New York Times to expect one.

On Monday, an article in the Times compared the relationships between colleges and study-abroad providers
to cozy, perk-filled arrangements between some college financial-aid offices and student-loan companies
they have done business with. In recent months, Mr. Cuomo's office has conducted an extensive
investigation of the student-loan business.

In the aftermath of the Times article, many overseas-education experts have defended the practices of
colleges and study-abroad providers (The Chronicle, August 15). But the experts have acknowledged that
arrangements between providers and colleges are not as transparent as they should be.

Mary M. Dwyer, president of the nonprofit study-abroad consortium Institute for the International
Education of Students, said the subpoena her office received early Wednesday evening asked for
information about a broad range of practices, including payments her organization has made to foreign
universities for tuition, any compensation the IES provides to American colleges, and the type of
scholarships and grants her company gives to students.

The consortium "has nothing to hide and has always complied with the best academic and business
practices," said Ms. Dwyer. "We have total confidence in our business and ethics, and plan to comply with
the investigation to the extent that is required by law."

Butler University's Institute for Study Abroad also received a subpoena. The organization was mentioned in
the Times article for its practice of offering colleges financial incentives in exchange for exclusive access to
their students. A spokeswoman for the institute did not respond to phone and e-mail inquiries Wednesday

But Nancy Belck, the president of the institute, did send an e-mail message Wednesday to the 120 members
of the organization's National Advisory Council defending her organization's practices.

"We don't agree with the implications of the article," Ms. Belck wrote. "... Although the New York Times
story briefly mentions some advantages of using a program provider, the article failed ... to point out the
high level of student services offered and our wealth of experience in crisis management."

Ms. Belck, who became president of the Institute for Study Abroad last week, left her previous job as
chancellor at the University of Nebraska at Omaha following a controversy over the use of money from
athletics boosters (The Chronicle, September 22, 2006).

The American Institute for Foreign Study, another study-abroad provider mentioned in the Times article on
Monday, had not received a subpoena as of Wednesday evening. But William Gertz, the company's chief
executive, said in an interview with The Chronicle that he had been told by Diana Jean Schemo, the Times
reporter who wrote Monday's article, that the attorney general's office had supplied her with a full list of the
companies that were being subpoenaed, and that his company was on the list.

Mr. Gertz said he thought it was curious that a reporter was informed about his office's receiving a
subpoena before anyone in his organization had received it.

"When we do receive the subpoena, we will obviously cooperate," said Mr. Gertz. "We want to do what's in
the best interest of the students."

A New York Times article posted online late Wednesday evening named five study-abroad programs that
were subpoenaed. In addition to the IES and Butler's Institute for Study Abroad, they are the American
Institute for Foreign Study, the Center for Education Abroad at Arcadia University, and the Danish
Institute for Study Abroad, which is affiliated with the University of Copenhagen. The Times reported that a
senior lawyer in Mr. Cuomo's office said more subpoenas were expected.

No one at the attorney general's office responded to The Chronicle's repeated e-mail and telephone requests
for comment.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
As interest in studying abroad grows, colleges struggle with cost, quality, and oversight
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

As studying abroad grows in popularity and appears to be on the verge of getting more federal support, the
pressure on colleges to evaluate the quality of programs and keep costs in check is rising.

But evaluating overseas programs can be difficult. The study-abroad business has traditionally been a
cottage industry with a confusing hodgepodge of domestic and foreign universities and independent
organizations, some of them for-profit, providing thousands of programs in more than 100 countries. The
task of separating the good and bad programs, and even deciding what constitutes a worthy program, is
becoming more complicated -- even as it becomes more necessary in an increasingly crowded and
competitive field.

Traditionally, foreign study has evoked images of sightseeing and socializing, with a few randomly chosen
courses thrown in. Now administrators and study-abroad directors want students to take academically
rigorous classes, improve their foreign-language fluency, gain cultural literacy, and return home with a better
understanding of the global economy.

Students want cheap deals despite the wilting power of the U.S. dollar, and faculty members are demanding
proof that foreign-study opportunities fulfill their departments' requirements.

Champions of foreign study are the first to admit that their field needs to mature to keep up with demand.

"We have to change the infrastructure and regulation of study abroad," says William Hoffa, a seasoned
adviser who also teaches graduate students about intercultural service and leadership at the School for
International Training, in Brattleboro, Vt. "The quality and standards applied to programs overseas need to
improve before we can rapidly increase the numbers of students we send abroad."

Making Sense of the Hodgepodge

Some of the pressure to expand study abroad is coming from colleges themselves, as they rethink their
educational missions. Goucher College, in Baltimore, has made studying or working abroad a requirement
of graduation. And some of the rising popularity of overseas study is a result of broader political support. In
2005 a government-appointed panel known as the Lincoln Commission recommended that a million
students should be studying abroad annually by 2016, about a 400-percent increase from existing levels.
This past June, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill appropriating $80-million annually toward
meeting that goal.

To understand the gargantuan task each institution faces in monitoring the quality of its study-abroad
programs, consider Indiana University at Bloomington. The university sends 1,600 students, with more than
60 different majors, abroad every year. Even though the university has 150 programs in foreign countries,
roughly one quarter of the students going abroad each year use programs run by other American
universities, other foreign universities, or independent companies.

That adds up to about 300 programs for the staff of 12 to monitor, according to Kathleen A. Sideli, the
university's director of overseas study. Every one of those programs must be vetted for its academic quality,
safety standards, costs, and housing options.

"It's like a mini-university rolled into one that's all over the world," says Ms. Sideli. "It's a very complex

Almost every institution, large and small, is in the same position as Indiana -- no matter how many
international options they provide, they must rely on other universities and companies for additional
programs if they are going to meet all of the academic and geographical interests of their students.

How does someone in an office in Bloomington figure out which program in Budapest best serves the
needs of his or her students? Traditionally, universities have relied on word-of-mouth referrals from their
colleagues and their own knowledge of a university's or company's reputation. Those old rules of thumb,
however, are becoming less reliable as more providers flood the study-abroad market. In London alone,
more than 200 programs cater to American students.

Many study-abroad experts also say they are seeing more opportunistic providers on the Internet, where
they try to recruit students directly and look to profit from offering fun-in-the-sun programs.

"One of the difficulties is, there's a low cost of entry to the field, and anyone can put up a Web site," says
Geoffrey Bannister, president and chief academic officer of Cultural Experiences Abroad, a for-profit
provider of study-abroad programs. "There are a fair amount of crummy programs run by for-profit
organizations that are attracting students by promising vacationlike experiences that may not be
synonymous with educational values."

Emerging Benchmarks

In response to concerns about the difficulties of evaluating and monitoring study-abroad programs,
professionals in the field formed an independent organization, the Forum on Education Abroad, to act as
an arbiter of standards.

Since it was founded six years ago, the forum has focused on identifying reputable programs. Using surveys
and research, the group devised a set of standards for judging programs, and it just completed a pilot
project reviewing the foreign-study offerings of 19 institutions. One of the first things peer reviewers
discovered was that many colleges lacked clear goals and rationales for their stated commitment to provide
overseas study. Furthermore, aside from anecdotes, the industry has little proof that its programs are
accomplishing the lofty goals of global understanding, language proficiency, and good will.

"We tend to think of study abroad as a silver bullet -- that it's going to make students more academically
engaged, better citizens, and help our country in globalization," says Brian Whalen, the forum's president
and chief executive. "And in some ways, it's very powerful. But we lack precision to our programs, let alone
a way to measure what we're accomplishing."

In July the forum released a 14-page list of standards for study-abroad programs. It is a start, according to
Mr. Whalen. But those guidelines lack any information on how an institution can evaluate programs run by
outsiders. Though the forum plans to create standards for that soon, the time-intensive process of
evaluating other providers will still most likely be done on a case-by-base basis, and will not get much easier.

Mr. Hoffa, who spent more than 20 years as a study-abroad adviser at Amherst College, says that every year
the advisers he teaches at the School for International Training tell him they wish he had given them more
guidance on how to find the "really good programs."

"There's no A-list of study-abroad programs," says Mr. Hoffa. "It's difficult to know, and you just have to
gain a lot of experience to learn how to evaluate them specifically so that they fit with what your institution

Faculty Control

Faculty members can be the greatest enemy or ally of an institution looking to improve study-abroad
participation. If professors have little jurisdiction over the programs, they are often suspicious about the
level of academic rigor and the relevance of such experiences to their discipline. But when an institution lets
the faculty design the curriculum for courses abroad, professors frequently become dogged champions of
international study.

Take Millsaps College, in Jackson, Miss. Seven years ago, the college purchased 4,000 acres in Mexico's
Yucatán peninsula to create a biocultural preserve. Initially, the students who participated in the programs
there were studying environmental science or engaging in archaeological excavations of Mayan ruins.

But soon faculty members from other disciplines designed courses to be taught in the Yucatán, giving
English majors the opportunity to study the literature of the Spanish conquest while exploring 16th-century
Spanish convents, and math majors the chance to study Mayan mathematics and astronomy.

The longest courses offered are six weeks, and most take place during the summer break. Despite their
popularity and the faculty's enthusiasm for creating new Yucatán programs, Millsaps is proceeding slowly in
rolling out new courses and will not add semester-long programs until spring 2009. Why the wait?
According to George Bey, the college's first associate dean for international education, faculty members
made a conscious decision to take the time to carefully craft courses that will directly relate to Millsaps's
educational priorities.

"There was a random growth pattern of programs, and it was reaching a point where we were sending many
more students abroad but didn't have any vision of what the overall mission should be," says Mr. Bey. "Our
programs were a patchwork."

At Millsaps, overseas study for its own sake is not reason enough to ship students off to the Yucatán, or
anywhere else for that matter.

A similar approach to getting faculty involved has helped quell a controversy at Harvard University over the
value of foreign study. When Harvard faculty and administrators began revamping the undergraduate
curriculum last year, one of many hotly contested proposals suggested making international study a
mandatory graduation requirement. Harry R. Lewis, a professor of computer science, was one of a vocal
group who questioned the purpose of sending students off to another institution for a semester when they
had worked so hard to earn their place at Harvard.

"If the objective is to turn students into global citizens, there are ways to do that in classrooms here," says
Mr. Lewis. "We think it's important for sociology majors to learn about issues of race and class, but we
don't say that can only be done by making them live in slums for a semester."

After the mandatory study-abroad requirement was postponed indefinitely, Harvard's office of foreign
study gained more allies by creating a curricular-innovation fund to give faculty members money to design
their own international programs for undergraduates. Catherine Hutchison Winnie, director of Harvard's
office of international programs, says faculty members have been very receptive to that option. Instead of
fretting that students will participate in programs that are not up to Harvard's standards, she says, the
professors create their own.

Preferential Pricing

Like every division at a college, study-abroad offices are under growing pressure to keep costs of the
programs down while improving their quality. In many cases, administrators are demanding that study-
abroad advisers provide even cheaper options for students, but that can be difficult.

The growing weakness of the dollar compared with the euro is an immediate concern to many institutions
because 60 percent of American students go to Western Europe. Tuition and fees for many programs must
be set a year in advance, so when the dollar devalues between the time the price is set and the trip is taken,
institutions end up absorbing the difference.

"A lot of study-abroad programs that provide a high level of student support and services now cost as
much or a little more than the typical tuition and fees at an American institution," says David Larsen,
director of the Center for Education Abroad at Arcadia University in Glenside, Penn. "That wasn't the case
even 10 years ago."

Some colleges deal with escalating expenses by steering students to countries that have more-favorable
exchange rates. Instead of studying French in France, students can go to Senegal or Quebec. Spanish
programs in South and Central America -- as opposed to Spain -- are catching on for similar reasons.

The higher price tags are also prompting students to become more vigilant consumers. Though some of
Ms. Sideli's students now have to take out more loans to study abroad, she says, they more closely compare
programs based on their services, like excursions within a country and the quality of housing.

As competition for students intensifies among international-education providers, study-abroad
professionals say more institutions are taking advantage of special pricing. To differentiate themselves from
other companies, many independent providers will offer a college a special rate if the study-abroad office
can steer a predetermined number of students into their program. That practice creates the risk that
advisers will approve programs for students based on financial considerations rather than academic quality.

One company, however, has already discontinued the practice of giving deals to institutions.

According to Mr. Bannister of Cultural Experiences Abroad, one of the first things he did when joining the
company nine months ago was to persuade its administrators to abandon the special-rate practice. Colleges
should not be making recommendations based on the relationships they have with outside companies, Mr.

Bannister says. He also predicts that the recent student-loan scandals will bring greater scrutiny to this
practice in the field of overseas education.

"Study abroad is a highly interconnected field where past practices have reflected more of a club than a
profession," says Mr. Bannister. "The standards are going up all the time, but it's still coming out of its
cottage-industry beginnings."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Colleges defend the cost of study-abroad programs
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Not many people outside of college study-abroad offices understand the complex cost and pricing
structures involved in sending a student overseas, experts say. In response to an article Monday in The New
York Times that scrutinized the relationships between study-abroad providers and colleges, experts in the
field are defending their practices and explaining that factors like foreign-exchange rates, inflation, and
financial-aid considerations are the main elements in study-abroad pricing -- not perks or discounts offered
to colleges by organizations that provide overseas programs.

But Brian Whalen, the president and chief executive of an independent organization called the Forum on
Education Abroad, said that he and many of his colleagues agree that their field needs more transparency.
In the wake of the Times article, which many study-abroad officials have criticized as presenting an
incomplete picture of study-abroad arrangements, the forum's Standards Committee has planned a meeting
to discuss ways they can further refine their guidelines for colleges.

Overseas-study experts said the article greatly exaggerated similarities in the relationships between study-
abroad providers and colleges, and those between financial-aid offices and student-loan companies. The
relationships of the latter have been sharply criticized by state attorneys general and others for involving
incentives, perks, and other undisclosed elements. But the experts concede that some study-abroad
providers and colleges have made arrangements that should be rethought, or at least better explained.

One reason the study-abroad and financial-aid situations differ is the number of students each program
affects. Last year, over 200,000 students studied abroad, but only about 20 percent of them used
independent providers -- the balance of the students attended programs run by their own colleges. And two
of the most popular independent providers, the Council on International Educational Exchange and the
Institute for the International Education of Students, have explicit policies forbidding any incentives to
institutions for exclusive access to their students.

Both of those providers, and many others, do offer discounted or free trips for study-abroad advisers to get
a closer look at their programs. But advisers said such trips are hardly free vacations, as the advisers spend
the bulk of their time sitting in on classes and sizing up the safety of housing options provided to students.

"That's part of the due diligence that a study-abroad office is charged with doing," said Gayly Opem,
executive vice president of marketing at the Institute for the International Education of Students. "I don't
know of any other way for them to do it than to visit the program."

Furthermore, most study-abroad officials only have the time to attend at most one overseas program a year,
and these trips are made without any obligations to enroll students in a given program.

Some critics of overseas-study programs contend that students would be best served by enrolling directly in
foreign universities, which in many cases charge lower tuition than the students' home institutions. For the
vast majority of students interested in going abroad, however, that option would be implausible.

To enroll directly in a foreign university, students need to spend at least a semester there, and the majority
of students who study overseas -- 56 percent, according to a 2007 survey by the Institute of International
Education -- enroll in programs that are shorter than a semester.

Few students have the language skills needed to complete course work at a foreign university where English
is not the language of instruction. And English-speaking countries, such as Britain, Ireland, and Australia, all
attracted a smaller percentage of students in 2006 than they had in years past. Meanwhile, more students are
interested in countries where they do not speak the language and thus need programs tailor-made for
American students.

More difficult to answer is a question many students and parents ask: If foreign universities are cheaper to
attend, why do U.S. colleges charge the same amount for a semester overseas as they do for staying
stateside? Why don't students going overseas pay correspondingly less?

There is no doubt that some institutions charge students who are going overseas more than the institutions
pay to send them there. According to the most recent figures from a survey conducted by the Institute for
the International Education of Students, 75 percent of public institutions and 34 percent of private ones are
tacking an administrative fee on top of the program cost.

But more often than not, colleges also transfer their institutional financial aid to students when they go
abroad, experts in the field say. When a college transfers that aid, it must pay that money out of pocket to
the study-abroad provider.

This is one reason why, when study-abroad providers give a per-student discount to a college for enrolling a
given number of students in a program overseas, the college keeps the difference.

"We view our discounting as a contribution to that financial-aid loss that the school is incurring," said
David Larsen, director of the Center for Education Abroad at Arcadia University in Glenside, Pa.
"Nevertheless, we do encourage colleges to pass that discount on to their students."

His institution offers discounts ranging from $300 to $800 per student on an average program cost of
$12,000 per semester. Mr. Larsen said these lower rates are typically far less than the average amount of
financial aid a student receives from his or her institution.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
A slump on Wall Street should not significantly hurt most college endowments, report says
Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Washington – Most colleges and universities are positioned to withstand a downturn in the financial
markets, but some institutions with inadequately diversified investments or weak investment
management could be vulnerable to large losses should the economy sour, according to a report
released on Tuesday by Moody's Investors Service.

On the day the report was released, the Dow Jones industrial average fell more than 200 points, to
13,028.92, a loss of 1.57 percent, less than a month after the market indicator saw record highs over
14,000 points.

Colleges tend to have significantly higher levels of liquidity than do many other borrowers, such as
those in the health-care sector, and the liquidity of private colleges and universities is especially high,
according to the credit-rating company's report, "Most Universities and Endowed Not-for-Profits Are
Well-Positioned to Weather Investment Market Volatility."

That high liquidity makes higher-education institutions more sensitive to market fluctuations than
other investors are, but many colleges have increasingly diversified their holdings and improved
oversight of their investment managers, helping to shield them from rough stretches on the market,
the report says.

Some universities, however, have put an increasing percentage of their endowments in alternative
investments like hedge funds. Such investments have risen from 2 percent of the median allocation of
endowments in 1997 to nearly 10 percent in 2006, according to figures compiled by the National
Association of College and University Business Officers and cited in the report. With those types of
investments comes "the increased risk of severe loss to individual funds," the Moody's report warns.
Universities with poorly diversified investments in funds that are highly leveraged or highly illiquid run
a particular risk of very large losses over a short period of time, said Roger D. Goodman, the report's

The report, which is available to Moody's clients and for purchase, cites several high-profile examples
of hedge funds that have collapsed or suffered sharp declines in the last year, such as Amaranth
Advisors and the Sowood Capital Management fund. However, the report points out that most
universities that invested in funds that have lost all or close to all of their value have been only
minimally affected because of the relative size of their entire investment portfolios. For example, even
though Harvard University lost hundreds of millions of dollars in a single investment in the Sowood
fund, the report says, the loss is likely to represent less than 1 percent of Harvard's total endowment,
valued at more that $33-billion.

Private universities' fund-raising and tuition revenue could also be affected should the market take a
protracted turn for the worse, the report says. Large donors may feel "less wealthy" if their investment
holdings decline, making them more reluctant to make large gifts. Also, families often pay tuition from
savings or home-equity borrowing, rather than current income.

In that respect, public universities are better protected from the risks of a volatile market than their
private counterparts are, the report says. Even though public universities may face cuts in government
funds during a poor economy, those institutions often are better able to adjust by increasing tuition yet
remain lower-priced than private universities.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Universities fail to reward science and math professors for working with schoolteachers
Thursday, August 16, 2007

Arlington, Va. – Science professors receive few professional rewards for joining projects financed by
the Math and Science Partnerships program, the federal government's principal effort to improve math
and science teaching in elementary and secondary schools, a recent report says. The report calls this "a
major roadblock" for the program.

With one exception -- the University System of Georgia -- many universities that lead projects paid for
by the program have not adjusted their promotion and tenure processes to encourage participation by
mathematics and science faculty members. Universities continue to base promotions largely on
professors' research productivity, even though one goal of the partnerships is to encourage faculty
members to participate and even though some universities have received millions of dollars from the
National Science Foundation to lead the projects.

Westat Inc., a research organization based in Rockville, Md., evaluated the faculty members' role in its
report for the NSF, which has financed 48 of the partnerships since 2002. The projects typically team
several universities with multiple school districts. Professors, for example, provide summer workshops
for schoolteachers to help improve their knowledge of math and science.

The study, which was completed in May, was presented last week to the National Science Board, the
NSF's governing body. The report is titled "Effect of STEM Faculty Engagement in MSP -- A
Longitudinal Perspective: A Year 3 RETA Report." (STEM stands for science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics.)

The report presents mixed news. In some of the projects, both academic performance by students and
schoolteachers' knowledge of science have increased. A comprehensive evaluation to determine
whether those results occurred across all the projects is incomplete. The number of math and science
faculty members involved has steadily grown, to 1,021 in the 2005-6 academic year.

A Waste of Time?

However, professors told Westat's evaluators that their colleagues reacted to the partnership projects
with apathy and sometimes resistance. The Westat report says that a dean who viewed one such
project as a waste of time said it "sullied the reputation of the college."

The findings are significant because Congress has made the Math and Science Partnership program a
centerpiece of efforts to help school districts raise the low performance of American students on
mathematics tests when compared with peers in other countries (The Chronicle, May 27, 2005).

In designing the program, Congress emphasized education of schoolteachers by college science
professors because many schoolteachers who lead science classes did not major in that field. Just this
month, Congress and President Bush enacted a law that authorizes doubling the program's budget (The
Chronicle, August 10).

In all, more than 150 universities and colleges are participating in the NSF-financed projects, which are
expected to affect 141,500 schoolteachers.

However, Westat's report pointed out that most of the universities leading these projects viewed that
work by their faculty members as "outreach" or "service" when evaluating them for promotions. At

most of those institutions, administrators and faculty members ranked those activities as far less
important than research or teaching.

"This presents a serious institutional problem," the report says. "Some institutions specifically
discourage junior faculty from participating in these activities so that they do not have to sacrifice time
that could otherwise be spent on research. Continuing to define the work as 'service' perpetuates the
general public impression that [universities] are intentionally disengaged from the most pressing needs
of our society."

The report elaborates on the motivations and tribulations of the science faculty members involved in
the projects. The most common participants were mathematicians, biologists, and chemists, in that
order. Despite -- or perhaps because of -- the lack of professional rewards, the participants were often
highly motivated personally, the report says. Many volunteered because they had school-aged children
or their spouses were schoolteachers.

Faculty members told the Westat evaluators that it took a special breed of professor to succeed in the
projects. Especially important was a willingness to interact respectfully with schoolteachers who knew
less about the subjects they taught than did their university counterparts. Teamwork was also vital
because many of the projects included faculty members from the universities' colleges of education,
who reported being looked down upon and treated as "second class" by their scientist colleagues.

Over all, the professors' investment of time was substantial: 59 percent of the science professors
surveyed said they spent more than 80 hours annually on the efforts, and 37 percent devoted more
than 160.

Differences in Expectations

The university participants reported working hard to bridge the cultural gap between the ivory tower
and the schoolhouse. Some professors' instruction for schoolteachers went far over their heads. The
report quotes the leader of one partnership as saying that "STEM faculty are typically clueless. They
don't understand the content needs of K-12 teachers. They don't know where to start."

What is more, schoolteachers often expressed more interest in learning about effective techniques for
teaching science than about its content. But, the report says, the professors frequently lacked
experience and knowledge in effective pedagogy, which is not consistently taught in graduate school to
future professors.

As a result, six of eight universities that Westat examined in detail as case studies have begun providing
professional development to help faculty members function more effectively in the partnership
activities. One principal investigator warned, "Do not turn them loose before any training."

In some projects, professors redesigned college courses for undergraduates intending to teach science
and math in schools and used the redesigned courses for the teachers. The professors reported that
their schoolteacher partners helped them improve their own teaching and better understand the
challenges of improving science teaching in schools. One environmental-engineering professor
reported, "I‘ve learned more about education than I‘ve ever known in my life."


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