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DESEGREGATION Powered By Docstoc
     Plessy v Fergussen

Separate but Equal
One drop laws

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             Separate but Equal
   The separate but equal doctrine allowed public
    places to be completely segregated. Rest rooms,
    water fountains, restaurants, schools, and trains.
   Often these facilities were separate, but not
    exactly equal.
               One Drop Laws
   This dictated that if an individual has as much as
    one drop of minority blood in their heritage,
    that person was deemed a minority.
   Plessy was one-eighth black, meaning one of his
    great-grand parents was black, with all other
    lineage being white.
Plessy, a minority under the one drop laws,
attempted to challenge the ‘Separate but Equal’
doctrine, by boarding a ‘white’ train. He was
discovered and arrested, most likely this was his
plan from the outset.
The courts upheld his arrest which was what
those who had staged this incident had desired.
     Brown v Board of Education
   Linda Brown
   Oliver Brown
   Thurgood Marshall
   Dr. Hugh Speer

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             Linda Brown
Linda Brown was a grade school student in
Topeka, KS. She lived close to a ‘white’ school,
but was enrolled in a black school further away.
             Oliver Brown
Father of Linda Brown, he attempted to enroll
his daughter in the closer school. This attempt
was denied by the principal. He took his case to
the NAACP.
 National Association for the Advancement of
                Colored People
The NAACP had developed a strategy to
dismantle segregation. They began with higher
education and began working their way down.
They were eager for a case to take to court, the
Brown case came at the perfect time.
        Thurgood Marshall
The lead lawyer for the NAACP team that
would take the Brown case to the Supreme
Court. He was practiced in front of the
Supreme Court having appeared there multiple
times previous to this case.
           Dr. Hugh Speer
Provided valuable testimony for the Brown case.
His testimony suggested that segregated schools
did not prepare students for the reality of a
world with multiple races.
             Virginia Response
   Harry Flood Byrd
   Massive Resistance

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         Harry Flood Byrd
Senator Harry Byrd initiated a state of Massive
Resistance to the Supreme Court ruling. This
campaign was adopted by many other southern
states. His goal was to use interposition,
propaganda, political insurgency, and coerced
conformity to combat the Supreme Court
mandate to integrate schools.
        Massive Resistance
This campaign, began by Virginia senator Harry
Byrd was adopted by many southern states and
was used to openly oppose desegregation of
public schools. This resistance was non-violent
allowing for a more peaceful desegregation over
a longer timeline when compared to the more
violent responses in other states.
     What standard did Plessy hope to

a)   State’s Rights
b)   Separate but Equal
c)   Restaurant Menus
     What standard did Plessy hope to


b)   Separate but Equal

Plessy v Fergusen failed to overturn this doctrine.
What lawyer lead the case for Brown?

a)   Harry Byrd
b)   Chris Webber
c)   Thurgood Marshall
What lawyer lead the case for Brown?



c)   Thurgood Marshall

Thurgood Marshall was the young lawyer to take
   the case to the Supreme Court.
 Who Began Massive Resistance?

a)   Harry Byrd
b)   Hugh Speer
c)   Moses Malone
 Who Began Massive Resistance?

a)   Harry Byrd


Harry Byrd began Massive Resistance to the
   Supreme Court ruling to integrate Public
Learning made possible by John McMeekin.
 Important help provided by the sources.