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					             Journal Entry
At some point in our lives, we all face loss – of
someone we love, our favorite pet, or even a
cherished dream. But even though the
experience of loss is universal, people can
choose many different ways to cope with
sadness and grief. What do people need to do to
face their grief and move on?
 Think about a time when you experienced
 a loss. How did you respond? How did you
 express your feelings? What did you do to
   adjust to the changes the loss created?
Edgar Allan Poe




           (1809 – 1849)
   His own life was almost as dark
and dismal as the fiction he produced.
             Edgar Allan Poe:
           A Troubled Childhood
   Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1809
   Son of poor, travelling actors
   Shortly after Poe was born, his father deserted
    the family and a year later, his mother died.
   Poe was taken in – never formally adopted – by
    the family of John Allan, a wealthy Virginia
    merchant.
   The Allan family provided for Poe’s education;
    however when John Allan refused to pay Poe’s
    large gambling debts at the University of
    Virginia, Poe was forced to leave the school.
           Edgar Allan Poe:
       Building a Literary Career
 Poe joined the army under an assumed name
 In 1827, Poe published his first volume of
  poetry, Tamerlane and Other Poems and a year
  later, published his second volume, Al Aaraaf.
 In 1830, John Allan helped Poe get into the
  Military Academy at West Point. However, within
  a year, Poe was expelled for academic
  violations.
 Poe’s expulsion caused irreparable damage to
  his relationships with his “stepfather” and the
  Allan family.
              Edgar Allan Poe:
              A Literary Career
 Poe pursued a literary career in cities all over
  the country, including New York, Philadelphia
  and Baltimore.
 He could barely support himself by writing and
  working as an editor for several magazines.
 In 1831, he published a third volume of poems,
  Poems, which failed to bring him any money or
  acclaim.
 After little success, he turned to writing fiction
  and literary criticism.
           Edgar Allan Poe:
           A Literary Career
 Five of Poe’s short stories were published
  in newspapers in 1832.
 In 1838, he published his first and only
  novel, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon
  Pym.
 Though he gained some recognition from
  his short stories and his poem, The Raven,
  he could never escape poverty.
               Edgar Allan Poe:
              An Unhappy Ending
   On October 3, 1849, Poe was found on the streets of
    Baltimore delirious and in need of immediate medical
    attention.
   He was taken to the Washington College Hospital, where
    he died on Sunday, October 7, 1849.
   Poe was never coherent long enough to explain how he
    came to be in this condition, and, oddly, was wearing
    clothes that were not his own.
   All medical records, including his death certificate, have
    been lost.
   Newspapers at the time reported Poe's death as
    "congestion of the brain" or "cerebral inflammation“,
    common terms given for deaths from disreputable
    causes such as alcoholism.
                Edgar Allan Poe:
                   A Legacy
  A long obituary that appeared in the New York Tribune
  begins: "Edgar Allan Poe is dead. He died in Baltimore
  the day before yesterday. This announcement will startle
  many, but few will be grieved by it."[ Some believe he
  orchestrated this unconventional obituary to keep his
  name alive.
 In the years after his death, Poe’s work became a
  magnet for attention.
 He is widely known as the inventor of the detective story
  and father of psychological thrillers which have been
  imitated by many modern writers.
 Though some scholars harshly criticize Poe’s writing, his
  work remains extremely popular among generations of
  American readers.
                The Raven
This poem tells the story of a man
who grieves for his lost love,
Lenore. A mysterious talking raven
appears at the speaker’s door,
prompting him to ask questions
about Lenore. The raven has but
one response for each question –
including the question of whether
he will every see Lenore again in
the after life – “Nevermore,”
leaving the man broken and devoid
of hope.
  page 309 in your textbook
       When reading the poem…
   Poet’s use sound devices to create rhythm and
    musical quality:
    – Alliteration  the repetition initial of consonant
      sounds
    – Consonance  the repetition of a single consonant
      sound though the words have a different vowel sound
    – Assonance  the repetition of vowel sounds
    – Repetition  recurrence of rhymes, phrases, words
      to
    – Rhyme  repetition of similar word sounds (Poe
      uses Internal Rhyme – rhyming words that fall inside
      a line)
    – Onomatopoeia  words that sound like their
      meaning
Follow along…
        Note examples from
         the poem of the
         poetic sound devices
         explained on the
         previous slide.
        Complete the chart.
         Provide at least two
         examples for each
         device.
           Comprehension
 Describe the poem’s setting. (Where and
  when does the poem take place? What is
  the mood of the setting?)
 What is the speaker in the poem trying to
  forget?
 What is the raven’s response to all of the
  speaker’s questions?
 What is the speaker’s explanation of the
  raven’s one response?
                    Literary Analysis
 Who is the speaker in this poem? What inference can be
  made about the speaker’s state of mind? What words in
  the text lead you to this inference?
 Describe how the raven enters the chamber in the
  seventh stanza. What is the significance of where the
  raven is perched?
 Describe the speaker’s attitude toward the bird in the
  following stanzas:
    –   Stanza 8
    –   Stanza 11
    –   Stanza 13
    –   Stanza 16
                Literary Analysis
       The raven answers “Nevermore” to six of the
       speaker’s questions or statements. Paraphrase these
       six questions or statements (use your own words).

Speaker’s question or statement                 Raven’s Reply
                                                  Nevermore
                                                  Nevermore
                                                  Nevermore
                                                  Nevermore
                                                  Nevermore
                                                  Nevermore
   What is Poe trying to say?


What is the
theme of “The
Raven”?
On a separate sheet of paper…
Write a one paragraph response (8 – 10 sentence
minimum for those of you still hanging on to
elementary school…) to the following:


When Poe set out to write this poem, he thought
of having a parrot repeat the word “Nevermore.”
Would the poem have been as effective if Poe
used a parrot instead of a raven? Be specific in
your reasons why or why not. Use text evidence.

***Make sure your name and class period are in the top
right-hand corner. Make sure your writing is legible and
composition is coherent…PROOFREAD before you turn it
into your class’ box at the front of the room.

				
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posted:6/23/2011
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