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goat_and_lamb_letter

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									To:     Ponderosa FFA Goat Exhibitors and Parents
From:   Lindsey Kovach (530) 677-2281 Ext., 2247
Date:   January 21, 2011
Re:     FFA Goat and Lamb Project Info

Supervised Agricultural Experience Programs are an excellent opportunity for students to
apply concepts learned in their agriculture classes and gain personal qualities that will
benefit them for the rest of their lives. By raising an animal, students become better
leaders and develop the qualities of dependability, responsibility, work ethic, and
cooperation. The following information should serve as an introduction to a FFA goat
project:

Commitment and Eligibility
The market goat project will run from about March to June. Students will need to feed
and check their animals twice per day, clean pens, train their goats, and otherwise prepare
for the fair (animals will need to be cared for on weekends and holidays, too). Students
are expected to be at the fair morning and night and as required for pen duty (June 14-
19). Students should consider whether or not they have the time and energy to devote to
make this project a success.

The Ponderosa FFA has academic and participation eligibility requirements. These have
been reviewed with all students and may be found in their copy of the Program of
Activities.

Sample Budget
The El Dorado County Fair generally has a very well supported livestock auction, but of
course we cannot guarantee sale prices. This budget estimates average expenses and
income.

Cost of Animal        $150 goat
Feed                  $140
Insurance             $ 17
Other                 $ 20
Total Expenses        $

Sale of Goat
90lbs X $4/lb         $360

Purchasing and Selection
Agriculture teacher will select high quality healthy animals, and they will all have the
potential to become Group 1 at the fair. Students will then pick out the animal that they
want when they get to the school farm (in March). Students will pick animals in the order
that they paid (the first person to bring in a check picks first, the second check picks
second, and so on). Mrs. Kovach will begin accepting checks on Tuesday, February 15th
at 6:45am. All checks for goats must be in by Tuesday, February 22nd at 3pm. All
students keeping animals at the school farm must buy through the agriculture department
in order to control diseases.

Other Places to Buy Goats (if housing at home)
Students can buy animals from other places if they will be housed on the student’s
property. It is very important that students know the correct age, weight, and quality
of animal to buy so that it will be successful at our county fair. Students can get
support through our department on what kind of animal to choose (conformation). We
would caution you against going to big livestock auctions or buying low quality cheap
animals. Usually this savings in price results in less success at the fair.

Sale flyers can be found posted in Room L14. Another good source for advertisements,
sales, etc… is a magazine Pacific Showcase. You can view some of the magazine on line
at www.pacificshowcase.com. Mrs. Kovach is available to answer any questions at (530)
677-2281 ext. 2247.

      You must obtain a bill of sale when you purchase your animal.


Facilities
Most livestock animals will perform better if they have company. Consider this as you
decide where to keep your animal.

Raising a Goat At the School Farm
The school farm is available to those students who wish to use it for an FFA project.
Teachers work with students to create a feeding and cleaning schedule. Students share
cleaning and feeding chores, so they do not have to be present at the farm every morning
and night. Students need to be available several mornings and evenings each week,
including weekends and holidays, in order to house an animal at the farm.

Those students who wish to keep an animal at the school farm must complete a school
farm contract and make a $50 cleaning deposit. The deposit will be cashed and kept in
the School Farm Improvement account. When students clean the pens for the final time
after animals are hauled to the fair, they will get a check back for $50. If a student takes
his/her animal off of the farm before this time, he/she must still come back to clean the
pens one final time in order to get the deposit back. Any deposits that are not claimed will
remain in the School Farm Improvement account or will pay those students who had to
clean pens for someone else.

Showing More Than One Market Animal
According to El Dorado County Fair rules, members may only sell one market animal
through the Junior Livestock Auction. Some members choose to raise and/or show more
than one market animal.

There are several positive reasons to raise and show a second animal:
    Members’ educational experience can be enhanced by showing more and/or
      different species of animals.
    Members have the opportunity to be in the show ring longer and increase their
      chances of doing well at the fair.
    Most market animals gain more weight, stay healthier, and calm down faster with
      company.
    If one animal gets sick or dies, the member has another to show.
    The members’ family can benefit from consuming wholesome meat products
      raised at home.
If you want to show more than one market animal please by advised of the
following:
    1. The member and his/her parents are responsible for arranging for transportation
       and care of the second animal when the fair is completed. All second animals
       must leave the fairgrounds by the time designated in the premium book.

   2. It is the member’s responsibility to sell the second animal privately.

   3. It is very important that members and their parents communicate clearly with
      private buyers regarding all aspects of the sale. The majority of private buyers
      want to purchase meat products, not the live animal. A member should not expect
      their private buyer to transport the animal, arrange for slaughtering, or do
      anything else besides write a check and pick up meat from the butcher shop.

   4. The member and his/her parents are responsible for arranging for the slaughter
      and processing of the second animal. This will take place at the student’s home
      unless other arrangements have been made with the buyer. If the member or
      anyone in the family cannot tolerate the slaughtering process happening at
      their home, then the member should not raise a second animal.

   5. Animals sold through the Junior Livestock Auction are sold at an inflated price
      because buyers are there to support young people. When a member sells a second
      animal, he/she should think about what is fair to the buyer as well as the member.

       Market price is much lower than what members receive at a junior livestock
       auction. Bear in mind that if market price for a hog is 53 cents per pound and the
       pig weighs 200 lbs., it is worth $106. If a member charges a private buyer
       $2.50/lbs., the member will make $500, almost 500% of what the animal is worth.

       Market prices will be posted at the junior livestock auction at the fair. A good
       guideline is for the buyer to pay $1.00/lbs for the animal and the costs of
       slaughter, cutting, and wrapping of meat. Another method is for the student to
       charge what he/she has in expenses for the animal. The buyer then also pays for
       slaughter, cutting, and wrapping.

   6. El Dorado County Fair rules state that change of ownership may not happen on
      the fairgrounds property. This means that any exchange of money for an animal
      and the exchange of the animal (if the buyer takes it live), must happen off of the
      fairgrounds.

Help and Supervision
Mrs. Kovach will get out to see fair animals as often as possible this spring. Students may
check out the livestock scale and weigh pigs on their own. Teachers are available to
answer any questions and we have helpful parents, students, and volunteers.

This is a great opportunity for students to get involved! If you have any further questions,
please call the number above.

Insurance
Bad things can happen to a pig. It can get sick and die. The FFA has a program to protect
your investment. You can buy insurance for your project, and in the event that your
animal dies from a disease, you can be paid back for your investment. Costs are as
follows:

Coverage                                       Premium (what you pay)
$150 – Goat *                                  $9


School Farm will provide all feed:
It is estimated that it will cost about $140 to feed and worm each goat on the school farm.
Installments of $70 will be due to the farm account on February 15th and April 1st . If
more cost occur than each student will be billed accordingly. Like wise if a reduction
occurs students will be asked to pay less on the second installment.

Do you want to keep your animal at the school farm? You can write one
check.
       Make checks payable to School Farm Improvement.

       Animal                 $150
       Cleaning Deposit       $50
       Insurance              $ 9
       Feed Bill              $70 (or $140 if paid in full)
       Total                  $

								
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