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Study of Set Apart Name

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                                                                            A STUDY
                                                                                   OF

                                                THE SEPARATED (HOLY) NAME
PREFACE ..................................................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 12

IMPORTANCE OF HIS NAME ..................................................................................................................... 12
    EXODUS 3:14,15 .............................................................................................................. 13
    NOT TO MENTION OTHER (G-DS)........................................................................................ 14
    JEALOUS FOR HIS ESTEEMED NAME .................................................................................. 14
    THE THIRD COMMANDMENT ............................................................................................ 14
WHY THE TRADITION OF SURROGATES FOR HA-SHEM ........................................................... 15

KEY OF KNOWLEDGE ........................................................................................................................... 17

CURSE UPON THOSE WHO IGNORE HIS NAME! ........................................................................... 18

ADDING AND TAKING AWAY FROM HIS WORD ........................................................................... 19

SACRIFICING ........................................................................................................................................... 19

SURROGATE NAMES USED IN CHRISTIANITY AND JUDAISM.................................................. 20
    EL ................................................................................................................................. 20
    BAAL .............................................................................................................................. 21
    ADONAY ........................................................................................................................ 22
    GOD............................................................................................................................... 23
    GOD, THE INVADER ......................................................................................................... 26
    LORD ............................................................................................................................. 27
CONSPIRACY TO HIDE IAUE‘S NAME .............................................................................................. 30

WHAT IS THE CORRECT PRONUNCIATION? ................................................................................. 31
    SOURCE OF CONFUSION ................................................................................................... 31
    THE REST OF THE STORY ................................................................................................. 34
WHAT ABOUT THE NAME YAHWEH ................................................................................................ 36

DISGUISING HA-SHEM .......................................................................................................................... 39

THREE FORMS OF HA-SHEM .............................................................................................................. 40
    TRIGRAMMATON ............................................................................................................ 40
    ‗THE MISSING LINGUISTIC LINK‟ ................................................................................. 41
SUMMARY OR REASONS FOR PRONUNCIATION ......................................................................... 45

ORIGIN OF THE NAME JESUS ............................................................................................................. 48



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    TWO FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH SUBSTITUTION OF THE SAVIOR‘S NAME .......................... 50
TIME TO LISTEN TO THE ALMIGHTY.............................................................................................. 51

THE MESSIAH‘S NAME IN OLD TESTAMENT ................................................................................. 52
    FULFILLING AMOS 3:7..................................................................................................... 53
THE IMPORTANCE OF HIS NAME ..................................................................................................... 54
    OBEDIENCE OR DISOBEDIENCE......................................................................................... 55
    COMMON SENSE ............................................................................................................. 56
    SPIRIT AND TRUTH.......................................................................................................... 56
    WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE? .................................................................................. 58
HEBREW NEW TESTAMENT? .............................................................................................................. 59

REPLACEMENT OF TETRAGRAM IN THE SEPTUAGINT ............................................................ 60
    THE TWO FACTORS AGAIN ............................................................................................... 62
JESUS VERSUS YAHUSHUA .................................................................................................................. 62

GNOSTICISM ............................................................................................................................................ 64

SUNDAY, THE CHRISTIAN SABBATH .................................................................................................. 65

EASTER ....................................................................................................................................................... 66

CONSTANTINE .......................................................................................................................................... 66

‗CHRISTIAN HOLIDAYS‘ ......................................................................................................................... 66

CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................................................... 67
    MYSTERY BABYLON! ................................................................................................ 68
    COME OUT OF HER MY PEOPLE ....................................................................................... 68
REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................... 69




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                            A STUDY OF THE SEPARATED NAME

                                                    Preface


        In 1983 while attending the Seventh Day Adventist Church, Linda Sharrat
introduced Glenda Morrison to the Millers and to our family. Glenda also kept the
Sabbath, but in addition, she also worshipped the Almighty by His Name that He gave
man to worship Him by. After meeting with her, she asked if we would be interested in
having a detailed study with her brother, Leon {Sonny} Cavasos, as he was and is a true
biblical scholar. She called her brother in the State of Washington and at his on expense
and initiative he flew up to Kodiak to teach us the significance of the Heavenly Father
and His Son's Name. After 2 full days of an extremely thorough study from the Scriptures
on His Name, we all were immersed in one of our ice-cold lakes here on the ranch--but it
was a warm feeling after coming out.
        After Sonny left, Bill and I wrote to various Sacred Name organizations to obtain
as much information on the Name of the Almighty as we could, and started a concordance
on His Name. From our studies and correspondence we found all the Sacred Name groups
agreed that the Heavenly Father has only one name, and we are to use that Name instead
of the many substitutes that came out of Paganism. However, there was no unanimity as
to the correct pronunciation or spelling of His Name. From our correspondence with the
various Sacred Name organizations, we found that the Almighty was worshipped by
various names all derived from their different transliterations of the Tetragrammaton (the
4 Hebrew letters 'Yod Hey Waw Hey' written in Hebrew as
Almighty's Name in the Hebrew Scriptures). These different versions included,
YAHWEH, YAHWAH, YAHVAH, YAHVEH, YAHOWAH, YAHUWEH, YAHUEH,
and of course JEHOVAH. The Name YAHWEH was preferred by most organizations,
and seemed to be the preference of most scholars, but even that name was open to
question.
        Bishop Pearce1 brings out, that the English consonant letters YHWH are not the
Tetragrammaton, because they do not form a word or name. However, the Hebrew
letters                  -Hey-Waw-Hey)a, are the True Tetragrammaton for it is a
Pronounceable Name, when used as all vowels.
        He then shows that the idea that the Tetragram is made up of all consonants
comes from the myth that the Hebrew Alphabet was composed of 22 consonants. He
points out that this is false, easily proven by careful use of the large English or American
dictionaries. He shows that the Original Hebrew Alphabet was the Ancient Semitic
Hebrew Alphabet, which was known as the Phoenician Alphabet, which had 5
vowels in it, the very same vowels found in all European Alphabets.

a
    In the English we reverse the order of the Hebrew which reads from right to left.



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        He then brings out that additional proof can be found in the report by Dr. Miller
Burroughs (one of the 3 leading experts in Semitic languages) in 'The Biblical
Archaeologists" of Sept. 1948 on the Dead Sea Scrolls - under the title, the book of
Isaiah. In Josephus Flavius's "Wars of the Jews", book 5, Chapter 5, Section 7,
Josephus states that 'HaShem'b ('The Name' in Hebrew) was made up of 4 vowels.
        Dr. Koster in his two studies on the Name of the Most Highc also proves that the
Tetragram is composed of 4 vowels, referring to Josephus, and also to the early Greek
Church Fathers, who transliterated HaShem as all vowels, which transliterated into
English, would be I-A-U-E. Bishop Pearce used I-A-U-A with the last ' ' {Hey} ending
in a 'Ah' sound. This is a feminine ending in the Hebrew language, showing that the
Heavenly Father has both Masculine and Feminine attributes. However, even though The
Heavenly Father does have both masculine and feminine attributesd, Dr. Koster and most
Scriptural scholars use the masculine ending for the Heavenly Father's Name. The last ' '
(Hey) is vocalized as the vowel „e‟ (sounded as 'eh' as in 'met'}, simply for the reason
that every time a pronoun is used referring to the Heavenly Father it is always masculine.
Therefore it seems logical that His Name would have a masculine ending as well.
        Now the majority of the scholars in the Sacred Name organizations all quote
Josephus noting that HaShem is made up of 4 vowels, I-A-U-E. They also state these
can be sounded out to pronounced as, ‗EE-AH-OO-EH‘, or ‗YAH-OO-EH‘. From
this point on there is a split in their understanding as to how it is to be pronounced by the
different Sacred or Separated Name organizations. They all agree that the first two
vowels are combined into a diphthong, to pronounce the sound of 'YA' or 'YAH'.
However, from this point on is where all the disagreement begins, they seemed to
forget that they agreed the Tetragram was made up of 4 vowels, and went back to
tradition the Massorites originally started, referring to the Tetragram as being made
up of All Consonants.
        There developed among the Sacred Name organizations contention as to whether
the Waw { } was a 'W' or a 'V', resulting in various pronunciations such as, Yahweh,
YAHVEH, YAHVAH and others. "All these variations utilize forms that consist of
only two syllables, which clashes with Hebrew grammar, according to which the
Name has to have at least three syllables, not two, according to the Theological
Wordbook of the Old Testament, Vol. 1, p.211. Also, it must be noted that the
Massorites showed the Name as having three syllables, not two. They were Hebrews,
following the rules of their language, thus showing that the Name has 3 syllables!"e
So, since the Tetragram is All Vowels (According to Josephus, and other Hebrew

b
    Jews use this as a substitute for the Tetragram, along with other substitute names and titles, because they
refuse to pronounce the Tetragram.
c
    (The Tetragram, An Appeal for A Final Resolution, and A letter to All Brethren--About Names)
d
    (in the Hebrew language, both the Separated [Holy] Spirit and Wisdom are given feminine attributes, and
both are definitely characteristics of The Heavenly Father)
e
 Adapted from 'THE SCRIPTURES p x. For a more complete examination on how the pronunciation of the
Name developed see pages 8-20 in this study.



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Scholars) and as All Vowels can be pronounced (which then gives the correct
pronunciation) we have used the Tetragram transliterated into English as 'IAUE'
for His Name throughout this study. However there are some exceptions where we
used 'YAHUEH' which gives the same pronunciation in the English language as
'IAUE'.
         Most, who use the Name YAHUEH, or yahuweh, use it instead of IAUE
because many who first come into contact with IAUE at first glance find it difficult to
pronounce, where as YAHUEH seems easier to pronounce. However, once it is shown that
'IA' is equal to the 'YAH' sound, the 'U' to the 'OO' sound, and the 'E' to the 'EH' sound,
we feel it is logical to use the Tetragram as that is how it was given to Moses and ALL
the Prophets in the Old Testament. To add other consonants to clarify its pronunciation
is not necessary! Since the Tetragrammaton is made up of 4 vowels, and is
pronounceable as it is, why add additional letters to pronounce His Name, when the
Tetragram itself gives the correct pronunciation!
         We feel that there is nothing wrong to represent the Heavenly Father's Name in
English as YAHUEH. However, when quoting Scripture, are we not adding to His Word
when we add additional letters to His Name, since He gave His name as consisting of 4
letters? Does the Scriptures which forbid the addition to His Word {Rev 22:18;, and Prov
30:5,6}, apply here where we are adding to His Name, even if it is to help in the
Pronunciation? Because of these questions we have used IAUE for His Name in this
study in most cases.
         I would also like to state that we agree with Dr. Koster in that we are not to
substitute any title that derives from a pagan deity for the Heavenly Father's Name.
Furthermore we are not to substitute any word that describes an attribute of the Heavenly
Father that is derived from a pagan deity, since the Scriptures tell us we are not to even
mention the names of other Deities. However, where we have quoted someone in this
study, if they utilized names or titles derived from Pagan Deities, we left them in as we
felt that it would be dishonest to change their quote. Also, where we have replaced an
attribute describing an Attribute of IAUE which was derived from a name of a Pagan
Deity, we have enclosed in brackets the attribute which was replaced in order for the
person to understand what was meant. So many of the original Hebrew words used to
describe the Heavenly Father have been corrupted for so long by words which are derived
from Pagan Deities' names that in order for some one to understand what is being said,
these words have to be included, therefore we bracketed them.
         In the research on the Pagan Deities we utilized their names. We have not tried to
magnify or honor them in any way, or indicate they should be used in one's worship of the
Almighty. However, in order to communicate with people, and even to tell them about the
apostasy of using their names, it is necessary to be able to use their names. As Mr.
Bradshaw, in his Age Ending Letter on "Names and Titles of Deity" so ably brings out,
even Moses and the Prophets used the names of Pagan Deities in order to communicate
with the people!
         In this study, we first sought to show the importance The Almighty Himself
places on His Name from His and His rejection of the use of Substitute Names,
especially those derived from Pagan Deities! We therefore also touched on the
etymology of some English and Hebrew names and titles that are substituted for the


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Almighty's Name {which verifies they are derived from Pagan Deities}, before going into
the study on the Name of the Heavenly Father and His Son.
        In the latter part of the study we bring out how the removal of the
Tetragrammaton from the Septuagint and its replacement by 'Christian' translators with
various titles derived from Sun Gods correlates with the changing of the Sabbath to
Sunday. This is not meant to be a thorough study on the Sabbath, but it merely brings out
the most outstanding reason behind the change, which also is one of the main reasons for
the Substitution of Greek and Roman titles for the 'Jewish' God of the Old Testament.
Both the suppression of the True Name of the Almighty and change from Sabbath to
Sunday relate back to the emerging majority of the Gentiles in the ‗Church‘ and the great
animosity, even hatred, between them and the 'Jews'!
         This hatred of the Jews and anything 'Jewish' (which included the 'God' of
the Old Testament) was the primary reason for both the change of the Sabbath and
the Hellenization / Romanization of the Messiah IAUSHUA (Yahushua) to Christos
Ieasus (Christ Jesus). As Dr. Koster points out,2 "The Gentiles wanted a Savior, but
not a Jewish one. They loathed the Jews, they even loathed the Mighty One {God} of
the Old Testament. Thus a Hellenized Savior who did away with the oppressive
Laws of the Old Testament (especially the Sabbath) was preferred!"
        This essay is primarily a study on The Separated Name of both the Heavenly
Father and His Son. However, you can not separate His Name from His Word for
Psms 138:2 states, "...for You have magnified Your Name and Your Word above
ALL things." {NIV Study Bible}. Both His Name and His Word are a manifestation
of His Character! Deut.28: 58,59 tell us that if you do NOT carefully observe and Do
All the Words of the Law, ... and do not revere His Illustrious and Awesome Name: IAUE
your Mighty One, then IAUE will bring upon you and your descendants harsh and
prolonged disasters, and severe and lingering illnesses. Verse 60 ... because you would
not obey IAUE your Mighty One!
        You can not truly love IAUE unless you obey His Word {Laws, Commandments,
etc.}. IAUE defines in His Word what the Love of IAUE is. First John 5:3 states, "For
this is the love of IAUE: That we Keep His Commandments!..."We are told that the
whole duty of man is to fear IAUE and to keep His Commandments in Ecclesiastes
12:13. What‘s more you can not receive His Separated {Holy} Spirit, The Spirit of
Truth, which will lead you in All Truth, unless you Obey His Commandments, or Word
f

         IAUSHUA told us that man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that
comes from the mouth of IAUE in Matt 4:4. We are not to "pick and choose' cafeteria
style just that portion of the Word that we feel applies to us, or that suits our fancy. The
message of Matt 5:17 is that the Messiah did not come to do away with the Law and the
Prophets, but to complete, fully demonstrate or manifest the Spiritual meaning as well as
the letter of the Law. As a matter of fact, the House of IAUE, or Family of IAUE is built
upon the Apostles and Prophets, with the Messiah IAUSHUA being the Chief
Cornerstone {Eph 2:20}! So His Scriptures are made up from His Word which both

f
    Acts 5:32;, John 14:15,16;, 15:26; 16:13.



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the Prophets and the Apostles spoke as they were moved by the Separated Spirit {2
Kepha 1:20,21}, along with the Word of IAUE/IAUSHUA Himself, as reported by both
the Prophets and the Apostles.
        IAUSHUA Himself is the Word made flesh (Jo. 1:1,14), the Living Word of
IAUE (Rev 19:13). In His Separated Scriptures, His Word is synonymous with His
Law, Commandments, Judgments or Precepts. He is the creator of all things;
therefore whatever He speaks carries with it the force of law or commandment! He
tells us in His Word, that neither He nor His Father changes (Mal 3:6; Heb 13:8),
nor      will    the    Heavenly     Father    or     His    Son     change    any
Word/Law/Commandment/Covenant that They gave (Psms 89:34; Num 23:19).
IAUSHUA could not change or do away with the Law, or His Word because They
are Truth, according to His own words (John 17:17). Here He Asked His
Heavenly Father to Set Apart unto Him (Sanctify) His Disciples in Truth,
stating Thy Word is Truth. In verse 19, IAUSHUA states, for their sakes He set
himself apart, that they (His Disciples) may be Set apart in Truth. He is the Way,
the Truth, and the Life, and no one can come to the Father except through Him
(John 14:6). To change any of His Word, or Laws that was spoken by IAUE
(through IAUSHUA) would cause Him to lie, because He stated that they would not
change any word that they spoke, and Truth doesn't change. Truth is Truth;
anything else is error or a Lie.
        IAUSHUA tells us that true worshipers shall worship the Father in Spirit
and Truth: for such people the Father seeks to be his worshipers. IAUE is Spirit,
and those who worship Him must worship in Spirit and Truth! (John 4:23,24). We
are also told to Fear IAUE, and serve Him in Sincerity and Truth (Joshua 24:14). --
So, once it is established that the Names Christianity and the world regards as the
Heavenly Father, and His Son are Not the Names that He gave to mankind, but
are substitutesg, then we need to cast aside these false names and worship the
Father and Son In Truth! We need to go back then to the only Name under
heaven, given among men by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12)! That Name is the
Tetragram                                            {Ex 3:15}, transliterated into
English as all vowels as IAUE. His Son                IAUSHUA), came in, and was
                                       h
given His Father's Name at birth . IAUSHUA was given ‗The Name’ that is
exalted above every name (Phil 2:9), that of His Father. Psms 148:13 states: Let
them praise the Name of IAUE, for His Name alone is exalted!
        We are Set Apart unto IAUE (Sanctified) by His Word (Truth) according to
John 17:17 which says: "O Father, Set them Apart unto You (Sanctify them) by
means of Your Truth: Your Word is Truth!" Lev 20:7,8 tells us that we are to
consecrate ourselves and be Set Apart {Holy} unto IAUE: For IAUE is our Father, or

g
    That came from Pagan Deities that mankind originally worshipped in place of IAUE
h
    Jo 5:43; 17:11,12; Matt 1:21; Luke 1:31



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Mighty One. And we are to Keep His Commandments and Do (obey) them, for
IAUE to Set us Apart (Sanctify us) unto Himself. The NIV Study Bible on verse 7
refers us back to Ex 31:13, which shows that we are to keep IaUe’S Sabbaths, for
they are a SIGN given by IAUE, showing that He Sets us Apart (makes you Holy)
unto Himself. See also Ezk 20:12,20.
        In Deut 11:18, Moses says you shall store up these Wordsi in your Heart and in
your Soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hands, that they may be a token between
your eyes. In Ex 13:9; he told the Israelites that the day that they left Egyptj, shall be a
sign to you on your hand and a memorial between your eyes, so that the Law of IAUE
may be in your mouth.
        In Ex 31:13, IAUE again spoke through Moses saying: "My Sabbathsk you
must keep: For it is a SIGN between Me and you throughout your generations: That
you may know that I am IAUE your Mighty One who sets you apart unto Me"
(Sanctifies you). Verse 16 goes on to say; "therefore the children of Israel shall keep the
Sabbath to IAUE to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations for a
perpetual (or eternal covenant)." Ezk 20:12 states, "Also I gave them My Sabbaths
(again plural) to be a SIGN between Me and them, so that they might know that I
Am IAUE that Sets them Apart unto Me (Sanctifies them)."
        Now there are two factors brought out in the above paragraphs. The first is
that the Wordl is a sign or mark of IAUE along with the Sabbaths of IAUE m. By
Obeying the Laws of IAUE you are Set Apart (Sanctified) by IAUE, and it is a
sign to show that He is your Almighty. The second factor is that the most visible
sign showing that you belong to IAUE, and that He has set you Apart unto Him,
is that of keeping His Sabbath's!
        Christianity, following the early 'Church Fathers' and later Constantine's
lead in the 3rd century, rejected IAUE'S Sabbaths because of their Hatred of the
Jews (they considered them to be Jewish' Sabbath's, special days to Mark them, the Jews,
because they were SO EVIL).3 They started to keep instead the 'Holy Days‘ that
Christianity inherited from the Pagan Sun God religions that the majority of new converts
came from. Thus, because of their hatred of the Jews, they rejected the only sign of
separation (Sanctification) and the everlasting or eternal covenant given by IAUE!
        Since the majority of Christianity keeps the 'Holy' days that they inherited from
the Pagan Sun God religions (Sunday, Christmas, Easter, etc.) instead of the Sabbaths
that IAUE gave in His Word, therefore by keeping IAUE'S Sabbath's you are
readily identified as being different from the rest of the world. Once you start

i
    (the Precepts, Statues, Judgments, and Commandments of IAUE that He was teaching to His people)
j
    Which was The Feast of Unleaven Bread, one of IAUE'S Annual Sabbaths.
k
    Note plural, both weekly and the 7 annual Sabbaths.
l
    Word is synonymous with Law, Commandments, and Judgments.
m
    Which are a part of the Law of IAUE



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worshipping and praising the Almighty in the Name He gave to mankind to worship
Him with instead of names man has substituted for His True Name, along with keeping
His Sabbaths, you are even more visible as being different from the rest of the
Christian or Judean world.
         However we are told that we must separate ourselves from the rest of the
world, and be a peculiar or special people Separated or Set Apart {Holy} unto
IAUE n. You can bet that people will look upon you as odd, weird, peculiar, if you try to
live by every Word of IAUE, and worship in HIS NAME. Especially since the fiasco in
Waco Texas, and the group in Miami, Fla. who followed the one who called himself
'YAHWEH BEN YAHWEH! However, the Messiah told us that many will come in His
Name (which of course includes His Father's Name) before the end comes, fooling
many and bringing discredit to His Name. That‘s why we have to prove all things, by
the Scriptures. Isa 8:20 tells us that if they do not agree with His Word there is no light
(Truth) in them.
         The Heavenly Father's Name has been hidden for the past 2000 years. Now
that is becoming known in these last dayso, Satan will try to besmirch, discredit, dishonor,
debase, or disgrace the True Name of the Heavenly Father and His Son! At the
same time Satan will try to deceive the Almighty's people to the idea that it is not
important to know or use His True Name for the Almighty knows who we mean no
matter what name we use. Which is true! However by studying the scriptures
relating to His Name, we see that IAUE places great importance on knowing, and
using His correct Name that He gave to mankind to remember Him by, the only
Name given to man for salvation.p               In this study on the Name, I have tried to
give credit due to the different sources of information that I utilized. However, since the
study took a couple of years to compile, and I originally wrote it without referencing each
source of information as I had no intention for having it printed, I may have missed giving
credit where it was due in some places. I had to go back over it and try to find what
article, book, or organization that I obtained information from, and I'm sure that I lost
some of them in the process. I humbly apologize if I missed giving credit where credit is
due.
         That being said, I would like to state that I'm no Biblical Scholar, or Hebrew
scholar or any kind of scholar for that matter. Ecclesiasticus 38:24-34; and 39:1-6 gives
and excellent definition of a scholar. It states for one thing that a scholars wisdom
comes from having ample leisure, so he can devote time to study the Law of the
Most High, the Wisdom of the past, the Prophecies, Proverbs; In essence, every word
that proceeds out of the mouth of IAUE. I have been a farmer/rancher concerned with
the everyday chores of trying to make a living for my family, therefore I haven't had as
much time to devote to studying His Word as I would have liked. I have spent a lot of
time at night or predawn studying His Word, but after working all day, many times you
n
    2ND Cor 6:16-18; 1 Pet 2:9; Ex 19:5,6; Deut 14:2-21; Rev 18:4; KJV
o
    as Prophesied-Isa 12:4; 52:6; Micah 4:5; Zeph 3:9; Zac 13:9; Mal 1:11; Rev 15:4
p
    Acts 4:12; Joel 2:32; Isa 43:3,11; 60:16; Hosea 13:4



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are simply too tired to accomplish much. .So it was really nice to be able to study what
scholars had time to research and then compare them with the Scriptures to prove them.
        I would also like to state that I have had no direct revelation as to what is His
Name or His Son's Name. But there has been enough research on His Name that I feel
safe enough to state as John Green stated, but upgrading it to the conclusion he came to :
"Based on the information we now have available, the form 'IAUE'q is the closest we can
presently come to the original Hebrew Name of the Almighty."
        I would like to thank all the Sacred Name organizations that has sent me
information through the years. Although there are some differences of opinion on some
subjectsr, basically they have been in agreement in their teaching that we need to get back
to the faith once delivered to the saints, apostles and the Messiah Himself. The Messiah
taught that we need to live (abide, obey) by every Word of IAUE, which includes
ALL His (IAUE'S) Commandments, Laws, Precepts, and Judgments which the
Almighty gave in His Word. YAHUSHUA taught that to truly love Him and His
Father, you must keep the Commandments. He also taught, if you wish to obtain Life
(Eternal Life) you must keep them. The Messiah also stated that 'True Worshipers‘
must worship in Spirit and Truth! This is precisely the message that the various
'Holy Name' organizations through out the world have been trying to bring to the
world.
        Many Christians teach that 'the Law' was done away with at the 'Cross', and that
we live in 'the age of ‗Grace‘, so we need not worry about it or keep it, as long as we love
one another and follow 'Jesus'. Others in Christianity teach that part of the Law was done
away, the part having to do with clean and unclean meats, Sabbath days, etc., but that the
'Ten Commandments' themselves are still in effect today, with Sunday fulfilling the
'Fourth Commandment'. Other 'Commandment keeping Christians' even keep the Seventh
Day Sabbath and even some keep the Annual Sabbaths along with the weekly Sabbath.
However, none of the various denominations of Christianity keep ALL the
Commandments. The majority of Christianity violates the fourth Commandment
that IAUE stated was the one sign, which shows that those who keep it are Set Apart
unto Him and that He is their Mighty One. However, apparently all of Christianity
breaks the third Commandment in their worship of the Almighty, by their use of
substitute names and titles (that originated in worship of Pagan Deities), thereby
bringing the True Name of the Almighty and His Son to desolation and or naught.
The result is that believers have no knowledge of His Name, which is the KEY to
IAUISTIC Wisdom, and the only Name given to men, whereby we must be saved!
        By using these substitute Names derived from Pagan Deities or Idols in our
praise and worship, we are actually giving the honor and esteem that is meant for
IAUE to names that originated from Satan. Thus we are breaking His Commands
that we are not to add or take away from His Word, or to even mention the names
of Pagan Deities. He states that HE will not give His esteem or honor to any other

q
    Which may be spelled and pronounced as YAHUEH -- EE-AH-OO-EH.
r
    (including the pronunciation of the Names of the Almighty and His Son



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name, for He is jealous for His Own Name and does not want it polluted or profaned
with the names of Pagan Deities that originated from His adversary!
        The Eliyahu (Eliyah) Message that the Separated Name organizations have
brought to this world in these last days is that we need to keep all the
Commandments of IAUE, which includes worshipping the Most High by His True
Name which He gave to mankind in the form of the Tetragrammaton! EliYahu
(pronounced EL-EE-YAH'-OO) means 'My Mighty One is YAHUEH! The EliYahu
message during his life time (1 Kgs 18:21) was, "If IAUE is the Mighty One worship
Him, If the Lord {Baal} is the Mighty One, worship him." YAHUSHUA told us that
True worshippers would worship in Spirit and Truth. The Truth of His and His
Father's Name is again being manifested in these last days, which is the EliYahu
Message being brought out by the various Separated Name Assemblies!
        What we have tried to do in this study is to do an in depth review on all the latest
information available {to us} on the pronunciation of His Name. Our prayer is that those
who do not utilize The Almighty's True Name or His Son's True Name will be led to do
so. Also that those Sacred Name believers will carefully and prayerfully go over
this study with an open mind so we can come to an agreement as to the correct
pronunciation of our Heavenly Father and His Son's Name.
        The late Pastor John Green put it into words that I can't improve on. He said,
"Since pioneer days of the Hebrew Name Movement in the late 30's, there has not been --
-true and complete agreement as to the spelling and vocalization of the Name of the Most
High and of His Savior-Son among Name-Brethren. Having traced the spelling of the
Tetragram back to what scholarship indicates to be a vowel-letter word, we
prayerfully offer this as a means of fostering and perfecting true brotherly love and unity
among members of the Hebrew Name brotherhood, through the Spirit of the Most High
brotherly love and unity so sorely needed - and especially among the ranks of those
contending for either the 'V' or 'W' spelling!" 4
        I would also like to my appreciation and thanks to Sonny Cavasos who was
willing to fly up to Alaska at his own expense to give such a small group a thorough study
on the Name of the Heavenly Father and His Son. I would also like to thank Bill Miller
for his help in further study into the Name and his encouragement to write about it, and to
my wife who put up with me while I spent so much time researching and writing it.
        Shalom,
        Bill Burton
Anyone wanting copies of this booklet may write to
: THE FAMILY OF IAUE
      % Norman Leon Cavasos                 % Bill Miller            %Bill Burton
      26527 N.W. 31st Ave                   Box 1397                 Box 1608
      Ridgefield, WA 98642                  Harrison, AR 72602       Kodiak, AK 99615

This pamphlet is not for sale, as our Savior, YAHUSHUA HaMashiach has already
paid the price, many times over. If anyone wants to help share in the cost of producing
other copies, any contributions will be used exclusively for future reprinting of additional
copies. May IAUE bless you in your search for TRUTH.


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                                    Introduction
      Proverbs 30:4 asks the question, ―Who has ascended into heaven or
descended, who has gathered the wind in His fists, who has bound the waters in His
garment, who has established the ends of the earth; What is His Name and what is
His Son‘s Name, if you know?‖
        Throughout the world, in Christianity, The Heavenly Father is known by many
different names, depending on the different nation or nationality, and language of that
nation, peoples, or tribe. Some examples are the English LORD, & GOD, the German
HERR & GOTT, Polish and Russian PAN & BOG. Other names that have been
substituted are: GUTH, DIA, DIO, DEOS, DEUS, DIEWAS, DEVA, MANITOU,
WANAARI, (a Venezuelan Indian Pagan God, who has been described as being the
lyingest, meanest, immoral god that was substituted for the Heavenly Father in their
translation of the Bible). In South Africa three different pagan deities were brought into
the Bibles of the three different African languages. According to Dr. John Green, author
of the book, What is His Name, by 1983 it was claimed that there were 1,080 translations
of the Scriptures, and it was also claimed that there were 1,080 different substitute
renderings of the Name of the Almighty. All these names that the different peoples of the
world use as a substitute for the Name Of The Most High, are derived originally from
Pagan Deities that they worshipped before accepting ―Christianity.‖
         Other names of the Heavenly Father are derived from the Hebrew letters
Yod-Hey-Waw-Hey (               ), known as the Tetragram, that He gave to Moses and the
Prophets. These came about because of confusion on the pronunciation of the Hebrew
letters, due to the belief that all Hebrew letters are only consonants, and that the vowels
have to be supplied. More on that later, but this resulted in scholars and translators
coming up with different names. Examples are: JEHOVAH, IEHOVAH, YAHWEH,
YAHVEH, YAHOUH, and YAHUEH.
      So, WHAT IS THE ANSWER TO PROVERBS 30:4 and is it important to
know His Name, or to use it in our worship and praise, or to proclaim it?
                              Importance of His Name

       To answer some of these questions, first let us take up the matter of how
important if is, or should be, to know and use His Name in our worship and praise.
After all, when we worship Him, no matter what name we use He knows who we mean.
So what difference does it make what we call Him? We can call Him anything we want
and He will know who we mean, and I‟ll agree to that! However, that does not mean that
the Creator will accept our worship or praise, just because we feel it is all right to do so.
      Look up Psms. 14:12, 16:25 and Deut. 12:8. They all state that there is a way that
seems right to man, but its end is the way of life. Is that right? No? Then what is it?


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DEATH!!! Psms. 12:15 says: ―The way of a fool is right in his own eyes but the wise
will listen to counsel.‖
      There is no better counsel than the Scriptures, for according to 2nd Tim. 3:15
they make us wise unto salvation through faith in the Messiah!
        Both Matt. 4:4 and Deut. 8:3 tell us that we are to live by every word that
proceeds out of the mouth of the Heavenly Father. So, let us find out what the Heavenly
Father Himself has to say about it. Just how important is it to our Heavenly Father
that we pray, praise and sing unto Him, using His Own Personal NAME, or is it all
right to utilize or substitute names that man used at one time for other deities, or for men
themselves?
                                     Exodus 3:14,15

         Lets look up Ex. 3:14 and 15 where the Heavenly Father answers Moses‘
question as to what is His Name. In verse 14 The Almighty said: ―Ahyah Asher
Ahyah,‖5 which is translated in the KJV as: ―I Am that Am.‖ This is better translated
in Rotherham‘s The Emphasized Bible as: ―I WILL BECOME WHAT I WILL BECOME,
or I WILL BECOME WHATSOEVER I PLEASE.‖ He then tells Moses to tell the
Israelites that: ―I WILL BeCOme” (aHYaH) has sent you. Thus in verse 14, The
Creator explains the meaning of His Name. AHYAH is taken from the Hebrew verb
of existence, ―hayah,‖ which appears in the first person singular, ―I AM‖ or better,
‗I WILL BECOME‖. This then is the term used by The Most High when speaking of
Himself, HE is the great ―I AM!‖
       In Verse 15, HE tells Moses to tell the Israelites that YAHUeh (IAUE); the
Mighty One of your fathers has sent you. The Name ―IAUE‖ (               )
parallel of ―AHYAH‖ (            ) also comes from the Hebrew root of existence,
―hayah‖ (      ), but is in the third person singular. ―IAUE‖ therefore means ―HE
WILL BECOME, or HE BECOMETH‖, or as a noun ―THE BECOMING ONE‖ The Name
―YAHUeh‖ (          ) is intended to be used by others when speaking to or about The
Almighty. The Name He USED when speaking through the prophets when HE
SPOKE ABOUT HIMSELF is AHYAH! Both ―AHYAH‖ and ―IAUE‖ come from the
same root word hayah, which according to Strongs Concordance means to be, or to
become. Strongs #1961 for those who wish to look it up.
      HE then states: ―This is MY NAME FOREVER, and this MY MEMORIAL unto
ALL GENERATIONS.‖ HIS NAME that HE chose to be called by is not only a
MEMORIAL TO ALL GENERATIONS, but a GRACIOUS PROMISE TO BE
WHAT EVER IS NECESSARY TO BE to fulfill the needs of those who love Him
and keep His Commandments. Therefore He, (IAUE or YAHUEH) becomes our




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SAVIOR, REDEEMER, PROTECTOR, COMFORTER, HEALER, etc. Hosea 12:5 also
states that HIS NAME, YAHUEH, IS HIS MEMORIAL.s
                                             IaUe’S eSteem
       In Isa. 42:8, The Heavenly Father also declares that IAUE is HIS NAME
and goes on to state HE will not give his esteem or glory to any other name! In Isa.
48:11 THE HEAVENLY FATHER again states HE will not give his esteem, honor
(glory) to another name.
                                  Not to mention other (g-ds)

       We are told in Ex. 23:13 not to mention the names of other elohim (gods), or
even let them be heard from your mouth! Yahushua (Joshua) 23:7 repeats that we
are NOT to mention the names of other gods, or swear by them. David said he won‘t
mention the names of other gods in Psms. 16:4.
       Deut. 18:20 states that the prophet or preacher that speaks in the names of
other gods shall die!
       Jer. 23:25-27 states that prophets who have dreams that cause His people to
forget HIS NAME for names of Baal because of their dreams are prophets of
deception. The name Baal is from Hebrew and when translated into English means Lord,
as does Adonai/Adonay.
                               Jealous for His Esteemed Name

       In Ezek. 39:25 IAUE states that He is jealous for His Esteemed Name. In
Ex. 34:14 He tells us not to worship any other god, for IAUE, whose Name is jealous,
or who is jealous for His Esteemed Name, is a Jealous Mighty One.
                                  The Third Commandment

       Then we come to the Third Commandment of the TEN COMMANDMENTS
which has been translated into English to say: ‗You shall not take the name of the Lord
your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in
vain.‘

s
 NIV STUDY BIBLE, Psms 5:11 note -- ―...Your Name. The Name of (IAUE) is the manifestation of
His character (See notes on Ex 3:14,15; 34:6). It has no separate existence apart from (IAUE), but is
synonymous with (IAUE) Himself in His gracious manifestation and accessibility to His people. ...His
people can pray to Him by calling on His Name (see Psms 79:6; 80:18; 996; 105:1; 116:4,13,17), The
Name of (IAUE) protects (see Psms 20:1; Prov. 18:10). (IAUE) saves by His Name (Psms 54:11), and
His saving acts testify that His Name is near (Psms 52:9). According the (Righteous) Trust in His
Name (Psms 7:17; 9:2; 18:49) and rejoice in His Name (89:16). Both the love and fear that belong
alone to (The Heavenly Father) are similarly directed toward His Name (love: 69:36; 119:132; fear:
61:5; 86:11; 102:15).‖ -- Emphasis is mine, also where the NIV scholars used ‗the Lord‘, I replaced it
with His True Name -- IAUE; and (Righteous) for Godly, and (Almighty) for the pagan term, God.



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        However the word vain is a poor translation of the Hebrew word ‗shav or
shaw‘. Strongs Concordance #7723 for the word shaw shows that it means falsehood,
naught, nothingness, desolation, destruction, falsely, guile, or lie. The word take in
Hebrew is ‗nasa‘. Again form Strongs #5375 we read it means: to lift, carry, bring or
take, as in a sense of taking away.
        Angus Wootten in a letter to me in 94 stated: ―The word vain is translated from
the Hebrew word shaw. Strongs lexicon gives the following definition: the same as
sho‘ah (#7722), in the sense of desolation (devastation); evil (as destructive), literally
ruin, or more especially guile; figuratively: idolatry, uselessness (as deceptive)!!
       Not only that, but the title ‗Lord‘ is but a rank, outright substitution for the
Name of IAUE! It is not a translation or a transliteration for His Name. It is really
only a translation for the word Baal, which IAUE stated He would take out of our
mouths (Hosea 2:16,17).
        The generic word or title, ‗God‟ is the English translation for the Hebrew title
Elohim, which simply means, mighty one. It was used for a title for IAUE, and also of
pagan gods and of men. However, the English word ‗God‘ originally was the personal
name of the Assyrian pagan deity of Fortune, which was being worshipped by the
Israelites.
         IAUE condemns this practice, and the people who follow this practice in Isa
65:11, and 12. This Scripture, along with the others mentioned above (Ex 23:13,
Joshua 23:7, and Deut 18:20), and the 4 Scriptures that state we are not to add or
take away from His Word (Deut 4:2; 12:32; Prov 30:6; Rev 22:18,19), should give
enough evidence for even the blind, that the word ‗God‘ is not suitable to be used as a
title for IAUE. Especially so when it is used as a replacement for His Name (which is
how it is used a good portion of the time)!
        So the full meaning of the Third Commandment should be: ‗You shall not
bring (or take away) the Name of IAUE your Mighty One, to bring it to naught, or
desolation, for IAUE will not leave him unpunished or guiltless who bring His Name
to nothing.‘ It also means as the NIV Bible states: ‗You should not misuse the Name,
or falsify His Name’.
       Now, how do you bring The Fathers Name to naught, nothing? Simply by
following the tradition started by the Jews about the time they came out of
Babylonian captivity and followed by the Christian fathers, scholars and preachers
right up until this day. What is this tradition? It is substituting another name in place
of The Name the HEAVENLY FATHER gave to mankind as a memorial to HIM for
all generations.
                    Why the tradition of surrogates for Ha-Shem

        Why was this tradition of substituting another deity‘s name in place of the
Heavenly Father‘s Separated Name started by the Jewish priests? While they were in
captivity they saw His Separated Name blasphemed every day, (Isa. 52:5). When the
Jews returned from their Babylonian captivity, there was a strong effort by the priests to


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remove from common use the Personal Name of the Heavenly Father. To keep His Name
from being profaned or blasphemed by the common uneducated people they
legislated against anyone other than a priest pronouncing The Name Of The
Heavenly Father; making it a death penalty to do so!
        They based their decision to do so on their interpretation of Lev. 24:10-16,23
where an Israelite man had a fight with another Israelite and blasphemed the Name of The
Most High. The Hebrew word for the English word ‗blaspheme‘ is ‗naqab‘ and means to
libel, blaspheme, or curse. (Strongs Conc. #5344). It can also have the meaning to
pronounce distinctly. So they interpreted Lev. 24:11-16 to mean if you even
pronounce the Heavenly Father‘s Name you are blaspheming and are under the death
penalty.
        In the over 7,000 places where the Separated Name was written in the Scriptures,
in order to keep the people from pronouncing The Heavenly Father‘s Name, the Talmud
ordered the people to pronounce Adonai instead. ―This is My Name to be hidden‖ was
their oral command, supposedly given by the Almighty, which became a written law of
the Talmud. Another text of the Mishna reads: ―In the sanctuary the priest were
accustomed to pronounce the Name as it is written; in the town, by disguising it.‖ This
shows that they were still pronouncing it, but only in the temple at Jerusalem, and the
Name was disguised in other places or in the synagogues
         The idea that only the priest could utter The Separated Name of The Heavenly
Father and that he was to disguise or hide it from the common people, came from the idea
that the Name was ineffable or unutterable. However this was a pagan doctrine that they
adopted from the Egyptians, Babylonians and the Greeks, each that held dominion over
them at one time. Dr. Koster6 book, which says: ―The ineffability of divine names was on
old idea in Egypt...the name of Osiris himself was said to be ineffable...the name Marduk
of Babylon was also declared ineffable. The Greeks avoided the names of their deities
and preferred to call them by the titles Kurios and Theos.‖ He brings out that the Name,
IAUE became ineffable directly after Alexander, but their decision to hide the Name
began just after their Babylonian captivity. This caused the Name of IAUE to be replaced
in all the countries of the world with titles that were originally used for a pagan deity of
that particular pagan country. In many cases the proper name of the local pagan deity
was adopted to stand for the Name of Yahueh
        Still later, further restrictions were placed on pronouncing The Name. Its use was
finally confined to the high priest, and he could only pronounce it on the Day of
Atonement. After Simon the Just died in 290 B.C.E., the priests ceased pronouncing
The Almighty‘s Name. From that time until even now according to the traditions and
customs of the religious leaders, no one, not even priests in the temple were permitted
to pronounce the personal name of the Heavenly Father. To speak the Separated
Name of IAUE meant the death sentence! See Sanhedrin 56a of the Talmud
        Craig Emsweller7 further substantiates the rabbinic injunction against
pronouncing the NAME. Mr. Emsweller quotes from the book: The Old Rabbinic
Doctrine of God by Rabbi A. Marmorstein. ―There was a time when this prohibition of
not using The Divine Name was entirely unknown among the Jews...neither in Egypt, nor


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in Babylonia, did Israel know or keep a law prohibiting the use of G-d‘s name, the
Tetragrammaton, in ordinary conservation or greetings. Yet from the third century B.C.E.
until the third century C.E. such a prohibition existed and was partly observed.‖
       Mr. Emsweller then goes on to say: ―Not only was the use of the NAME
allowed in earlier times, but also as Dr. Cohen says from his book, Everyman‘s
Talmud, there was a time when the free and open use of the NAME, even by
laymen, was advocated.‖ However this does not mean that the people of Israel did
not hold THE NAME in reverence as Rabbi Cohen also states: ―Special reverence
was attached to the distinctive name, (SHEM HEMEPHORASH) of the deity which
HE had revealed to the people of Israel, viz. the Tetragrammaton, YHWH. The
NAME was revered because it represented and characterized the very person of
YAHWEH. After all it was YAHWEH Himself who announced His NAME and told
worshipers to use it.‖
       Mr. Emsweller then goes on to show through Dr. Marmostein‘s writings that it
was the combined pressure of the Hellenistic opposition to the Jewish religion and
apostasy of the priests and nobles who introduced and established the rule not to
pronounce the Tetragrammaton. This caused the Divine NAME to fall into disuse
among the Jews.
       However, he again brings out that according to Dr. Cohen, in Biblical times
there was no scruple against using the NAME in daily speech. He brings out that
most of the writers of the Hebrew bible freely but respectfully used the NAME right
down to the writings of Malachi in the fifth century B.C.E.
       These man made laws, traditions, interpretations became known as the
ORAL LAW and is contained in the Mishna, which forms the basis for the Talmud.
These added laws or traditions are what the Savior objected to in the New
Testament. In Matt. 15:3,6,9 and Mark 7:7-9,13 HE condemned the Pharisees for
transgressing the laws of IAUE by their traditions, making the laws of IAUE to be
none effect by their ORAL LAW, therefore their worship was in vain because they
kept the traditions and laws of man instead of IaUe’S LAWS.
                                  Key of Knowledge

       HE also condemns them for taking away the KEY of Knowledge, Luke 11:52.
Prov. 1:7 say that: ―The fear of reverence of IAUE is the beginning of knowledge.‖
Prov. 9:10 states that the fear of IAUE is the beginning of Wisdom and knowledge of
the Separated One is understanding. In Prov. 2:1-6 tells us if we seek after wisdom
then you will understand the fear of IAUE, and find the knowledge of our Heavenly
Father, for it is IAUE who gives wisdom and from his mouth comes knowledge and
understanding. In Ex. 3:14, 15 we learned that the Name He wants to be
remembered by is IAUE and that it means He will become and has the power to
become whatever we need Him to be.
      Knowing His Name, what it means and that His Name is a manifestation of
His Character inspires the awe, reverence or fear of IAUE that we need to acquire


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His Knowledge. Therefore to know His Name, and know what it means and stands
for, is the KEY that inspires the fear of IAUE that is the beginning of knowledge or
wisdom.
       This is precisely what the religious leaders of the Jews took away by their
added laws requiring the people to substitute another name in place of the great,
awesome, Set Apart Name of the Almighty, which we are supposed to praise.
(Psms. 99.3)
       His Name Is Holy.t Psms. 111:9 states: ―He sent redemption unto His people. He
has commanded His Covenant forever; Holy and Reverend is His Name.‖
       How can we fear the Almighty if we do not even know His Name? If you
don‘t know His Name, you can‘t call upon His Name. Without knowing His Name,
you don‘t even know whom you are fearing or calling upon. If you don‘t have
enough respect for the Almighty to even know His Name and use it, you won‘t have
the KEY to unlock the mystery of His Knowledge and Wisdom.
        Today, 90% of the world have never heard and understood His Name. This
is direct result of the tradition of substituting another deity‘s name or title for the
Name of IAUE.
                          Curse upon those who ignore His Name!

        This of course was started by the Jewish religious leaders and priests, which the
Christian scholars, priests and pastors have also followed. IAUE condemns the priests,
religious leaders, scribes, scholars, pastors and preachers for ignoring His True
Name, while substituting titles that come from pagan deities. Malachi 2:1,2 states:
―And now, O you priests, this commandment is for you. If you do not listen and if
you do not take it to heart to give honor to My Name, I will send a curse upon you and
I will curse your blessings... .‖ Further on, verse 7 states: ―For the lips of the priest
should preserve knowledge and from his mouth men should seek instruction, because he
is a messenger of IAUE Almighty.‖ Yet it was these priests who took away the KEY of
Knowledge, the True Name of the Almighty. This was the reason IAUE put the curse
on the priests because they did not give the esteem and honor due His Name.
        In Hosea 4:1, Hosea tells the people to ―Hear the Word of IAUE.‖ and that IAUE
has a controversy with them because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of
IAUE. HE then goes on in verse 6 to state: ―My people are destroyed for lack of the
knowledge. Because you have rejected the knowledge, I will also reject you, that you will
be no priest to me. Because you have forgotten the law of IAUE, I will forget your
children.‖ In verse 8 and 9 HE further states: ―They feed on the sins of my people and
relish in wickedness, I will punish both for their ways.‖ If you go back to Hosea 2:16, 17
you will see that they, (the Northern ten tribes) were substituting Baal for His Separated
Name and IAUE tells them that they will no longer call him by the name of Baal, (Lord)

t
    (Set Apart, Highly Esteemed, and To Be Feared).



                                                                                       18
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but shall call Him Ishi, My Husband, and that he would take the names of Baalim-Baals
out of their mouth and they shall no more be remembered by their name..
                        Adding and Taking Away from His Word

        This tradition of substituting another name in place of The Heavenly Father‘s
Name is adding and taking away from the Scriptures and is condemned in five places in
the bible. In Deut. 4:2 and 12:32 Moses gives IaUe’S Commandment; ‗you shall not
add to the word which I command you, neither shall you take away from it.‘ Prov. 30:6,
the prophet Agur, states: ―Add thou not unto His Words lest He reprove thee, and thou be
bound a liar.‖ Jeremiah, in Jer. 26:2 says: ―Diminish not a word.‖ And last but definitely
not least, the Messiah Himself, in the very last and one of the most important warnings of
the Scriptures (Rev. 22:18 and 19) states: ―I warn everyone who hears the words of the
prophecy of this book: if anyone adds anything to them, IAUE will add to him the plagues
that are written in this book. And if anyone will take away from the words of the book of
this prophecy, IAUE will take away his part from the tree of life and out of the holy city
and from the things which are written in this book.‖ These are extremely explicit
warnings that no one should take lightly.
                                          Sacrificing

        Ex. 22:20 warns us that; ―He that sacrifices to any other God other than IAUE
alone, he shall be utterly destroyed! Psms. 96:5 states, ―For all the Gods of the
Peoples are Idols‖. Micah 4:5 further states, ―For all the nations will walk in the name
of their gods; we will walk in the Name of IAUE forever. — When most people are
shown Ex 22:20 they say that the Scripture only applies to the Old Testament, as we don‘t
perform any sacrifices now, as the Messiah was the ultimate sacrifice according to Heb.
7:26,27; 10:1-10; 9:28. Which is absolutely true as far as we are not to perform any
blood or animal sacrifices, or burnt offerings, which were sacrifices for sin. Except, the
animal sacrifices never really took away the sins of the people but instead reminded them
of their sins (Heb. 10:3) and was a shadow that pointed to The Lamb Of IAUE Who
takes away the sins of the world (Jo. 1:29), Who was slain from the beginning of the
world (Rev 13:8). His one sacrifice took the place of animal sacrifices once and for all
(Heb. 10:12).
        However, according to the Scriptures, we are still required to sacrifice even
now! Heb. 13:15,16 tells us, ―Through Him (Messiah), then let us offer up a sacrifice of
Praise to IAUE, that is the fruit of our lips, which make confession to His Name. But
do not forget to do good and to share, for such sacrifices IAUE is well pleased.‖
Romans 12:1,2 states, ―... that you keep our body as a living sacrifice Set Apart (Holy)
acceptable to IAUE, which is your spiritual worship!‖ Old Testament Scriptures further
add to this type of sacrifice, the fruit of our lips, or the calves of our lips as in Hosea 14:2.
Psms. 116:17,18 states, ―I will offer to You the sacrifice of thanksgiving and will call on
The Name of IAUE!‖ Psms. 141:2 states, ―May my prayer be set before You as incense,
may the lifting up of my hands (in prayer) be like the evening sacrifice!‖




                                                                                              19
                                             20


        So, our living sacrifice of Praise, Thanksgiving, Worship, or even our Body
that we are trying to keep pure as a living sacrifice to our LORD or God, or to any
other Idol of the nations, is contrary to the Command given in Ex 22:20. This tells us
not to give our sacrifice (our Praise, or Worship) to any other God other than IAUE,
or face destruction! Ex 34:14 amplifies this further stating, ―Do not worship any
other Mighty One (any God), for IAUE whose Name is Jealous (or as Ferrar Fenton‘s
translation puts it, ―For IAUE who is Jealous for His Name‖) is a Jealous Mighty
One!‖
      In other words He, IAUE will NOT accept a substitute name in place of His
Name! He is Jealous for His Own Personal Name that He gave mankind to worship
and remember Him by, and from the Scriptures we have studied about His Name,
we can see that He will not accept another!
         In Jer 10:25, Jeremiah called upon IAUE to, ‗Pour out Your Wrath upon the
nations which do not know You, and on the families that do not call upon Your Name.
Psms. 79:6 also states, ―Pour out Your wrath upon the nations which do not know You
and upon the kingdoms which do not call upon Your Name!” In Jer 12:14-17 IAUE
tells Jeremiah He will uproot Judah‘s wicked neighbors, and will also uproot Judah from
them in the end times. He then says that if they will learn the laws or ways that was
once delivered to Israel, and Swear by My Name, saying as surely as IAUE lives,
even as they once taught My People to swear by Ba‘al, then I will establish them
among My people. But if that nation will not listen (will not call upon the Name of
IAUE) I will completely uproot and destroy it!
       Hosea 2:16,17 shows that in the millennium, that IAUE will remove the names
of Baals (Lords, or Gods of the Nations) from her mouth and that they will no longer
call upon or mention those names anymore! This prophecy of course applies to the
Messiah, as the Heavenly Father doesn‘t come down to the earth until after the
millennium.
                  Surrogate Names used in Christianity and Judaism

        What about the names that Judaism and Christianity uses to replace the Name of
the Heavenly Father? Where did they originate, and why were they used in the first place
to substitute for the Almighty‘s Name that He gave to mankind to use?
        The Jews, because of the restriction placed in their Talmud that they were
not to pronounce the Heavenly Father‘s Name on penalty of Death, were the ones
that first started the Tradition of Substituting another name or title in place of the
Heavenly Father‘s Name. So let‘s start with the names that they used to replace the
Heavenly Father‘s Name:
                                             El

      El— Let‘s take up this name/title first. It is used in the Hebrew Scriptures both as
a TITLE for the Almighty, and as a title and a Name for Pagan Deities and as a title for
men. The word means, Mighty One, which could be applied to Pagan Deities, Idols, Men
(Mighty men of valor, also applied to the early Judges of the Israelite nation), or as a Title


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for IAUE Himself (See Strongs Hebrew/Chaldee Dict. #‘s 410 & 430, also the BDBG
same numbering.). Now the NIV STUDY BIBLE under the note for Judges 2:13 states
that El was the father of Baal, and was the chief God of the Canaanite pantheon!
     Unger‘s Bible Dict. pp. 412 states that the word El is a Canaanite word meaning
— God or Devil. The Interpreter‘s Dictionary of the Bible Vol. 1 pp.817 under
Demonology says‖ ‗The word Elohim (Plural form of El) means Demons, or Gods.‟
        So the big unanswered question is this. Did the Israelites borrow the name of the
mightiest of the mighty ones of the Canaanites and use it as a Title for IAUE, meaning
Mighty One. Or was it first used by the Israelites as an appropriate title for IAUE then
borrowed by the Canaanites to be used as a title and as a personal name of their Chief
Mighty One. Historical evidence indicates that it was used as a name for different mighty
ones by the Nations before the Israelites took over the land of Canaan. However, I‘m not
saying that it is an inappropriate title for IAUE, but there is a question as to whether it is
or not. To be on the safe side, one can use ‗Mighty One‘ in place of it. If it was used as a
Name for the Chief Pagan God of the Canaanites and not just as a title, then it would
seem to be inappropriate to use it for a title to be use for the Almighty. This is especially
so when used as a Substitute for His Name in accords to His Word regarding His Name.
                                            Baal

        Ba‘al or Bel — was also used by the Israelites as a Title to replace the Name of
the Almighty. According to various scholarly works Ba‘al, or Bel was the Sun Deity, and
son of El of the Babylonians, Canaanites, and the Phoenicians. Unger‘s Bible Dict. tells
us that Baal is the common Canaanite word for Master or Lord. and was one of the chief
male deities of the Canaanite Pantheon. Worship of Baal involved sacred prostitution
and child sacrifice (Jer 19:5). IAUE calls this an abomination in Jer 32:35.
       According to the book, THE ANTICHRIST, 666, the priests of Baal, who were
called Cahna-Bal, sacrificed humans, most of whom were children. Then the
‗Cahna-Bal‘ ate their sacrifice to Baal. It is from the Priests of Baal —Cahna-Bal,
that we get our word ‗Cannibal‘— one who eats human flesh!!
        Deut 12:29-32 warned the Nation of Israel to completely destroy the Canaanites
because of their worship of Baal and not to become ensnared into worshipping their
Gods or to worship IAUE in the same way the Canaanite‘s worshipped Baal. However,
2nd Kings 17:23 and Psms. 106:28,34-41 show that they did not obey IAUE, and did the
very things that they were warned not to, including sacrificing their sons and daughters.
For that reason, IAUE handed them over to the nations and they went into captivity.!
      Bel, a synonym for Baal, is the Babylonian Deity who later became know in
Babylon as Marduk, was known to the Ammonites as Molech or Milcom. One of
Solomon‘s great sins was that he offered up sacrifices to Molech. 1st Kings 11:1-12.
      Israel‘s great sin was not that they totally rejected IAUE, but that they tried
to COMBINE the worship of IAUE with the worship of Baal
     Jer 23:27 shows that the people of Israel had forgotten THE NAME OF
IAUE for Baal. Israel‘s great sin was not that they totally rejected IAUE, but that


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they tried to COMBINE the worship of IAUE with the worship of Baal (Ryrie Study
Bible—see footnotes on 1st Kgs. 18:21 & 2nd Kgs. 17:26-33). But this mixture of Baal
worship ad Worship of IAUE led the Israelites away from IAUE‘S TRUE
WORSHIP, and caused them to forget their TRUE MIGHTY ONE, IAUE for Ba‘al!
Hosea 2:16,17 shows that in the millennium that IAUE will take away the names of
Baal. Baal being plural, therefore all the names of the false Gods or Lords that the
Nations have substituted for His Separated (Holy) Name (Micah 4:5). Furthermore,
they will not even be able to mention or speak those names anymore according to
Joshua 23:7 or Ex 23:13!
                                         Adonay

        Adonai/ Adonay—Next, lets take up the name that the Jews used as a substitute
name for HaShem. Just what is its origin and meaning? On pp. 35 -37 of the book Aid to
Bible Understanding under Adon it states,‖(lord, master) The Hebrew word ‗A-dhohn‘
(Adon) carries the thought of ownership or headship. It is used of God and men. The
plural form is translated as lords or masters.” Under Adonis, it shows that this Greek
God, name Adonis, derived his name from the Semitic word ‗Adon‟ or in Hebrew ‗A-
dhohn‟, (Lord), indicating that his worship did not originate in Greece. Adonis has been
commonly identified with the Babylonian God, Tammuz (Nimrod), and it is believed that
the worship of Adonis was adopted by the Greeks from the Semites of Syria and
Babylonia!
        The book, The Two Babylons, on p 312 corroborates this, stating: ―Nimrod, or
Adon, or Adonis, of Babylon was the great war-god. Odin, as is well know, was the
same.—Now, Baal and Adon both alike signify ―Lord‖... if Balder is the seed or son of
Baal, then he is also the son of ‗Adon‟, therefore ‗Adon and „Odin‟ must be the same.‖
        Dr. Koster in his book THE FINAL REFORMATION on p 35 further verifies this
stating; ―Tammuz was the young incarnate Sun, the Sun-divinity incarnate. This same
Sun-deity, known amongst the Babylonians as Tammuz, was identified with the Greek
Adonis, and with the Phoenician „Adoni‟, all of them Sun-deities...”
       Therefore, the words Adon, Adonay, or Adonai, like Baal have the same
meaning; Lord, master or husband. Both Baal and Adonay (Adon/Adonai) originally
were the names of Pagan Canaanite Deities before they were used as titles. Later,
when it was used as a title, it was substituted for the Almighty‘s Name when the
Jew‘s decided that His Name was to ‗Holy to pronounce!
        We have seen that the Hebrew names Baal, and Adonay both originated from the
names of Pagan Deities, and also quite possibly the Hebrew name El. But what about the
‗English‟ names ‗Lord and God‟ that have been used to substitute for the Almighty‘s
Separated Name? Do they also originate from the names of Pagan Deities? Since we
started with the Hebrew name or title El, which most translators translate to the English
word, ‗God‟ lets start with the title ‗God‟. But first, we need to realize that the English
language borrows heavily from many languages, and that the ‗English‘ word ‗God‘
came from the Anglo-Saxons who invaded the British Isles, and merged with the
‗Brits to form the English speaking people.


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                                            God

       God—According to THE CENTURY DICTIONARY & ENCYCLOPEDIA ;
―‘God‘ was a word common to all Teutonic tongues. It was applied to HEATHEN
DEITIES, and elevated to ‗Christian sense‘ upon the conversion of the Teutonic
peoples!‖
       The ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA states; ―God, the common Teutonic
word for a personal object of worship. It like the Greek Theos and the Latin Deus
(Zeus) applied to all superhuman beings of heathen mythologies—also, to images, beings
or trees, pillars, etc. used as symbols. The word ‗God‘ on the conversion of the
Teutonic races to ‗Christianity‘ was applied to the One Supreme Being and to the
persons of the Trinity. The term ‗God‘ first appeared in Bible Manuscripts following
the 10th Century A.D. after the Roman Church subdued that Germanic region and
borrowed and used their Teutonic Pagan religious terminology!!‖—Had the Roman
church chosen instead to use ‗Bog‟ the medieval name of the Slavic pagan deity, then
today‘s Bibles would have contained ‗Bog‟ as the NAME OF THE CREATOR. The
preachers and pastors today would be proclaiming that the ‗Pan Bog‟ is the NAME OF
THE ALMIGHTY CREATOR, while denying THE SET APART NAME of IAUE! (THE
END-TIME VIGIL, Vol. 10 p. 8)
       THE WORLD‘S POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA states; ―God (Old English Gad,
German - Gott, Dutch - God or Gud, Swedish - Gud), in Heathen times an (Pagan) idol,
or object of worship. Since the Teutonic acceptation of Christianity it is the name
reserved to the Creator of the Universe.”
        WEBSTER‘S TWENTIETH CENTURY DICT., Unabridged, 1st Ed. says; ―The
word (God) is common to Teutonic tongues ... It was applied to Heathen Deities and
later, when the Teutonic peoples were converted to Christianity, the word was elevated to
the Christian sense.‖
        The book A CRITICAL LEXICON AND CONCORDANCE TO THE ENGLISH
AND GREEK NEW TESTAMENT by E.W. Bullinger on pp. 331 tells us that the word
‗God‟ originally came from the worship of Heathen Idols, before it was accepted by man,
for the TITLE OF THE FAMILY OF HEAVEN. This word ‗God‟ also is connected to
SUN WORSHIP, to Zeus, Deus, Dios, Theos, Diva, Diu-piter (Jupiter) etc.:
         “God (s) a name reclaimed from the Heathen, and used in the New Testament for
the True Mighty One. Various derivations have been proposed, but it is nearly certain that
its origin is from the East and comes from the Sanskrit root, Dius, which means: 1. masc.
fire - The Sun 2. fem. - a ray of light or day, hence Latin Dios. 3. neut _ Divs - the sky, or
heaven.‖
        From these references and many other, we see that the Teutonic peoples
worshipped their pagan deities using the title or name, God, long before it was used as a
Substitute for The Name of The Heavenly Father. But where did they come upon the
name ‗God, Gad, Gud, or Gott‘ Just the various spellings or pronunciations used by the
different Teutonic nations or peoples). There is a strong probability that they acquired it
from the Israelites after their captivity by the Assyrians, for you see that ‗Gad‘


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pronounced Gawd, or God) is none other than a Hebrew name for the Deity of Fortune
and ancient Babylonian and Assyrian Deity!!
        From the booklet ‗The Mistaken J‘ 8 under ―Ancient Roots of ‗God‘ and
‗Lord‘‖: ―Our word ‗God‟ and its German roots ‗Gott‘ and ‗Gut‘ (and I mighty add the
Swedish ‗Gud‘) are connected to the ancient Syrian idol ‗Baal Gad‘, which Yahweh
judged Israel for worshipping. The New Bible Dictionary says of Gad, ‗A pagan deity
worshipped by the Canaanites as the God of Fortune for whom they ‗prepare a table‘
(Isa. 65:11).
        Read what The Anchor Bible Dictionary says about ‗Gad‘: ‗A Deity (or spirit)
of fortune mentioned in Isa. 65:11 as being worshipped, along with Meni (a god of fate or
destiny), by apostate Jews, probably in postexilic Judah‘, Vol. II, p. 863. Further, this
resource tells us, ‗The place name Baal-Gad (Josh. 11:17) could be interpreted as ‗Lord
Gad‘ or as involving and epithet (gad) joined to the divine name Baal‘ (Ibid.).
       Do you grasp the significance of what you just read? The heathen nations
that Joshua was directed to destroy had a place called Baal-Gad, which is note other
than ‗Lord-God‘, a reference to Isa. 65:11 and the worship of this ‗city‘ by those who
forsake Yahweh! As the Anchor Bible Dictionary affirms: ―The apostates of Isa. 65:11
were looking to Gad [God], not Yahweh, as the source of well-being and prosperity‖
        In Hastings, A Dictionary of the Bible, we find that the word Gad or God was
‗originally an appellative‘ and used as a divine name in pagan worship (see Gad, p 76).
        The prophet Isaiah excoriated Israel for their abominations in serving pagan idols.
One of the most prominent was the Syrian god of fate or luck, otherwise known as Gad:
‗But you are they that forsake Yahweh, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table
for that troop, and that furnish the drink offering unto that number‟ (Isa. 65:11). ―Troop‖
is translated from the Hebrew Gad, pronounced ―God‖ (see Strong‘s Hebrew and
Chaldee Dictionary, No. 1409, and note the phonetic Gawd in this reference!).‖
       In a Study done by Norman (Sonny) Cavasos he gives the following Hebrew
references:
           NEW COMPREHENSIVE SHILO POCKET DICT. by Zevi Scharfstein in
           the Hebrew /Eng. section pp. 34 -- (pronounced - god) means ‗luck‟.
           GESENIUS HEBREW - CHALDE LEXICON TO THE O. T. by Samuel P.
           Tregelles pp.15           1. Fortune; ... especially the ‗divinity of Fortune‟,
           worshipped by the Jews exiled among them: elsewhere called Baal, i.e.. the
           planet Jupiter, regarded in all the East as the giver of good fortune.
           A HEBREW & ENG. LEXICON OF THE O.T. by - by BDB pp.151
                 - Fortune, good fortune. 2. God of Fortune found often in
           Phoenician and Aramaic inscriptions.


        In Dr. Koster‘s book, THE FINAL REFORMATION, he brings out that
Isa. 65:11 is an end time prophecy where IAUE warns against the apostasy of His


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people. ―But you are those who forsake IAUE... who prepare a table for Gad, and who
furnish a drink offering for Meni.‖ (RSV); Most versions will say, ‗prepare a table for
Fortune or for that troop. However, in their footnotes, they show that ‗Gad‘ is the well-
known Syrian god of ‗Fate‘ or ‗Fortune‘, or ‗Good Luck‘. He then brings out that
‗Gad‘ is written in Hebrew as Gimmel Dalet or G-D (           ), but vowel pointed by the
Massorites with an ‗A‘ to make --. G-A-D. However, he brings out that in other
scriptures, the same Deity is vowel pointed to read G-AW-D or G-0-D! Joshua 11:17;
12:7: and 13:5 all are vowel pointed to read: ‗Baal Gawd‘ or ‗Baal God‘! That Baal
Gawd or Baal God was a place named after their Deity is proven by the following
references:
   1. THE NEW WESTMINSTER DICT. OF THE BIBLE 1974 edition pp. 83 says,
      ―Baal-Gad (Gad is Baal or, Lord), A place at the foot of Mt. Hermon where
      apparently Gad, the God of Fortune, was worshipped...”
   2. SMITH‘S BIBLE DICT., 1979 edition pp. 70 state, Baal -Gad (Lord of Fortune)is
      used to denote the most northern or northwestern point to which Joshua‘s
      victories extended (Joshua 11:17:; 12:7; 13:5). It was in all probability a
      Phoenician or Canaanite sanctuary of Baal under the aspect of Gad or Fortune!
   3. THE HEBREW AND CHALDE LEXICON by Gesenius, 1971 Ed. states, in
      Hebrew, Baal-Gad, so called for the worship of Gad (i.e. Fortune), situated at the
      foot of Mt. Hermon near the source of Jordan...
   4. COMMENTARY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT by Keil and Delitzsch, Vol. 1 pp.
      482,483 states, ―There can be no doubt, therefore, that Gad is the god of good
      fortune, more especially if the name of the place Baal-Gad is to be explained in
      the same way as Baal-Hamman.
   5. THE WYCLIFFE BIBLE COMMENTARY pp. 653 (Isa. 65:11). ―That troop,
      better Fortune (ASV; Gad here being THE PROPER NOUN (NAME) FOR THE
      SYRIAN GOD, GOOD LUCK!). The reader is also referred to Joshua 11:17; 12:7;
      and 13:5; these verses showing the existence of a place known as Baal-Gad
      (Pronounced Gawd, or God). The word Baal is without question exactly
      synonymous to our English term „Lord‟, as it may be proven by most references in
      most Bibles for Hosea 2:16, 17. We may think of ‗Baal-Gad‟ then, as the place
      where ‗Their Lord of Fortune‟ was worshipped!‖


       So we can see from all the above quoted references that God/Gad/Gawd was
the proper Hebrew name of the Assyrian/Syrian/Canaanite/Babylonian God of
Fortune/Troop/Good luck associated with Sun Worship. God was carried into the
English language as a title for Heathen Deities from the Teutonic people. But, as
stated above it was originally the name of the Assyrian God of Fortune that was
adopted by the Hebrews.
       George Gabler9, brings out that ‗Goode‟ is the root word from which „God‟ is
derived, and means ‗to crowd upon‟, i.e. „attack‟, and is translated „invade‘ and
‗overcome‟. It is also associated with ‗Gaw-Dad‟, meaning to crowd, or gash, and is


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translated ‗assemble‟ (By Troops), ‗gather‟ (also by troops, or individuals), and ‗cut‟
oneself.u. All these associative words carry the general meanings, to gash, or cut, to
invade, to attack, which describes the inherent nature of „God/Gad‟.v
                                  God, the Invader
       Mr. Gabler then brings out that, ―He (Gad/God) energized the force that the
events of their lives and brought them wealth, luck and fortune as they invaded and
overcame their enemies like a victorious army or ‗troop‘. That is who ‗God‘ is, THE
INVADER!
THIS INVADER, ‗GOD‘ SUCCEEDED IN PUTTING A NAME OF HIS IN THE
PLACE OF IAUE, IN THE BIBLE, STEALING THE WORSHIP AND PRAISE
EVERYONE BELIEVES THEY ARE GIVING TO THE CREATOR OF THE
UNIVERSE!!‖
       He they goes on to show how, ―Luciferw wanted to be like the Most High (Isa.
14:12-14), to have the power and rulership ... and the love, respect and devotion
(worship) of mankind all for his own! He wasn‘t content with his rulership of the earth, he
wanted it all, including the WORSHIP. He invaded Heaven and lost, BUT NOT
ENTIRELY, did he? THIS INVADER, ‗GOD‘ SUCCEEDED IN PUTTING A NAME
OF HIS IN THE PLACE OF IAUE, IN THE BIBLE, STEALING THE WORSHIP
AND PRAISE EVERYONE BELIEVES THEY ARE GIVING TO THE CREATOR
OF THE UNIVERSE!!‖
       Now both Ex 23:13, and Joshua 23:7 tell us, we are not to even mention the
names of other deities, or swear by them, or worship (bow down) to them. In Deut 12:3
IAUE told the Israelites that they were to destroy the names of the Gods of the people
they were displacing. However in verse 4, He tells them they are not to do the same unto
IAUE your Mighty One. In Isa. 42:8, IAUE states; ―I Am IAUE, that is My Name, and
My Esteem (Glory) I will not give to another... ―Isa. 48:11 says practically the same; ―...
for how shall My Name be polluted? I will not give my Esteem to another.‖ In both
these verses, the subject shows that IAUE will not give His esteem to another Name,
and definitely not to a name that the Adversary, (Satan, the one who tried to
overthrow IAUE as ruler of the universe) came up with!
        Furthermore, Isa. 65:11,12 shows how IAUE feels about those that worship
the deity of Fortune—Gad (pronounced Gawd or God) instead of SEEKING HIM.
Verse 12 says that those who set a table for Gad (Gawd/God), He (IAUE) will destine
for the sword!
        In Isaiah‘s time the worship of Gad and Meni evidently involved setting a
table of food and drink before them (Jupiter was identified with Gad according to

u
    See notes in the COMPANION BIBLE on Isa. 65:11, and Gen. 49:19, and the OXFORD ENGLISH DICT.
under ‗Gad‟
v
    (STRONGS CONCORD. Hebrew Dict. #s 1408, 1404, 1410--Gad, 1413 - Gawdad, 1464 - Guwd, Goode
w
    Haylale, the shining one or morning star.



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Arabic tradition. Since all the different false Gods and Goddesses of the world
originally came from Babylon, it stands to reason that the deity of Fortune (Gad/God),
who is identified with Jupiter, is but the Hebrew name for the Babylonian deity of
Fortune, Marduk, who was also identified with Jupiter.10
        In verses 9&10, IAUE says He will bring forth descendants from both
Yaa‘cob and Yehudah in the end time who SEEK HIM (HIS NAME). Jer 29:13,14
says if you seek Him with all your heart He will be found (see also Deut 4:29) and He
will gather you from all the nations where Israel and Judah were banished. Amos
5:6, tells us to Seek IAUE that you may Live.
                                          Lord

              Well what about the English word ‗Lord‟? In the first place ‗Lord‘ (like
the word, ‗God‘ is really only a title, that has been used to replace the full Name of
the Most High, IAUE, 6823 times in the Old Testament. The short form of the Name
of the Most High, IAU, or IA (YAHU or Yah—Hebrew-                or     ) has also been
substituted 48 times with ‗Lord‘, and only in Psms. 68:4 has the short form ‗Yah‘
been retained as ‗Jah‘ (in the KJV).
       In the New Testament this substitution of the Most High‘s Name by the Titles
‗Lord and God‘ completely did away with the Name of the Author of the Set Apart
(Holy) Scriptures!! Consequently, this as caused many if not most of the devout
worshippers of the Creator to not even know His Name. In the majority of the
English Bibles, His True Name is not even mentioned except in some Study Bibles
where it is confined to Footnotes!
       So the translators and scholars know the Heavenly Father‘s Name, but follow
the Jewish Tradition of Substituting a Title that is used for Pagan Deities (that actually
at one time was a proper name of a particular Pagan Deity), for His Name, even
though Scripture forbids this! By doing so they have caused those who seek to
Worship the Most High to forget His Name for Baal, just as the prophets in
Yirmeyahu‗s time caused IAUE‘S people to forget IAUE‘S name for Baal (the
Canaanite name for Lord -Yer. 23:26,27).
        C.O. Dodd 11 tells us to look in your Bible Dictionary, you will see that ‗Baal‟
means ‗Lord‟, and the synonym of ‗Lord‟ is „Baal‟. Also turn to Hosea 2:16,17 and look
in the margin of most Study Bibles and they will also confirm that ‗Baal‟ means ‗Lord‟.
Hosea 2:16,17 is an end time prophecy that shows that IAUE will take the name of Baal
(Lord) from His people and they will no longer call Him that name.”
        He then brings out that when you pray ‗to the Lord‘ you are in effect praying
also to ‗Baal‘, as Baal and Lord have identical meanings and the names are
synonymous! In fact he shows that since Lord, Baal, Adonai, Kurios, Herr, and Pan
are synonyms in different languages, and they were Pagan Gods of different nations,
then it is definitely wrong to Pray, or Praise or Worship the Heavenly Father using
their names. To do so would break the First three Commandments of the Ten
Commandments, where:



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   1. IAUE names Himself and tells us we are to have no other Mighty One (God)
      beside Himself.
   2. IAUE tells us not to make an Idol (God) and worship and serve them, for
      IAUE is a Jealous Mighty One.
   3. We are not to bring His Name to Naught or Nothingness, or To Falsify His
      Name
       To further clarify and emphasize the Importance He attached to these
Commandments He further commanded the people in Ex 23:13, saying; ―In all
things that I have said unto you, be careful that you make no mention of other Mighty
Ones (Gods or Lords), neither let it be heard out of you mouth!‖ Later after the nation
had sinned and Moses had to go back up on the mountain to again receive the
Commandments, IAUE again further commanded Moses to tell the people that they
shall not worship any other Mighty One. For IAUE, who is Jealous of His Name, is a
Jealous Mighty One!
        We have established the fact that the name ‗Lord‟ means the same as the Hebrew
words ‗Baal and Adonai‟, and that both of the latter were at one time the names of Pagan
Gods. The name Lord when used as a title for the Almighty is objectionable on the
grounds that it is also used as a title both for pagan gods and men. However it is
especially objectionable when it is used as a replacement name for IAUE (which most
of the time that is exactly how it is used). Nevertheless the question still remains, did it
originally stem from the name of a pagan Deity? Let‘s see what the Scholars have to say
about that.
        Pastor Gordon Pearce12 brings out that any good English Dict. (Oxford,
Webster‘s, etc.) will show        Lord‟ is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word ‗Hlaf-
Weard‟. Half is the basis for the modern word, loaf, as a loaf of bread. Weard has the
meaning of Fate, Fortune, Destiney, or Event. So the word, ‘Lord‟ or it‘s Anglo-Saxson
root stood for the ‗Queen of Heaven‟ (the Goddess Astarte, or Ishtar) whose favors are
sought through offerings of bread (Hot Cross Buns see Jer 7:18).
Wyrd‘ was also the Death Idol!! Just think, the word ‗Lord‘ (which orginated from
‗Wyrd‘, the Death Idol of the Pagans) has been substituted for the Name of the LIFE
GIVER, IAUE our Heavenly Father
        Pastor Pearce also brings out; ―That it is probable that Weard (Wyrd/Weird) came
from Babylon. Ur was the ancient center of Chaldean Moon worship and the Fate Deities.
In most systems of mythology, including Babylonian, these were allied with the Goddess
of the Moon, or The Queen of Heaven”. He then brings out that ‗Wyrd‘ was also the
Death Idol!! Just think, the word ‗Lord‘ (which orginated from ‗Wyrd‘, the Death
Idol of the Pagans) has been substituted for the Name of the LIFE GIVER, IAUE our
Heavenly Father—what a shame!
        Dr. Koster13 feels as does Robert Fergunson, that when all the evidence is
considered that the origin of ‗Lord‟ could not have come from ‗Hlaford‟, which had its
origin form ‗Hlaf-Weard‟. They both feel that the origin of „Lord‟ is from Lar, Lore, and
Loride.


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                Lar also known as Larth was an Etruscan house deity whose name signified
                 ‗Lord‟. The Greek equivalent of this name was Heros, or Zeus. All sources
                 agree that Lar or Larth means Lord. Also that the ‗d‘ and ‗the‘ were used
                 interchangeably, varing from country to country. Similarly the ‗o‘ and ‗a‘ were
                 likewise also interchangeably used. Thus it is easy to see how Lard, Lord,
                 Larth, Lor, Lar etc. can tie in with one another.
                Loride (Hlorridhl, Hloridl, or Hloride) was the Surname for the well known
                 Teutonic War God, Thor. He was also a Sun Deity. This Loride could easily
                 have been contracted to the form ‗Lord‟, or used to establish religious
                 syncretism with Larth and Lortheu or Lard, Lordeau and Lord!
                Lordo, or Lordon, another god or daimon (demon), the ‗daimon of Lordosis‟,
                 the curvature of the spine or body, which also had a sensual meaning.
        Dr. Koster feels that in accordance with the spirit of sycretism, the making of ones
deity acceptable to others, we can see how the worshippers of these 2 pagan deities with
names similiar to ‗Lord‟ were assimilated by means of compromise and through the
process of time eventually became known simply as ‗Lord‟.
       So, whether the name Lord came from ‗Hlaford‘, which originally came from
‗Hla-Weard‘, or from the Pagan Deities ‗Larth, Loride, or Lordo‘ or an assimilation
of them all, we know that it originated from the names of Pagan Deities, according
to the scholars. The Lord, like its synonyms in the different languagesx eventually
became a title for all the Pagan Deities. Later, it was used as a title for the Almighty
in Christianity, and then as a replacement name or a substituite name for the Name
of the Almighty, even though it is now used as a title!
        Smith‘s Bible Dict. under the word ‗God‟ makes this pertinent statement. ―The
substitution of the word ‗Lord‟ is most unhappy! For, while it in no way represents the
meaning of the Sacred Name, the mind has to constantly on guard against confusion with
lower usesy. And above all, the direct personal bearing of the Name on the revelation of
the Almighty (God) through the whole course of Jewish history is kept injuriously out of
sight.” In other words, by the use of this substitute word, Lord‘ z, the Key of
Knowledgeaa has been completely forgotten or hidden from those who seek to worship
Him!


x
     (Baal, Adonai, Kurios, Herr, Pan, etc., which all came from the names of the Pagan Deity from the
country that it was used)
y
     Its use as a title for Pagan Gods, it use for titles for man, its meaning to domineer, or to be haughty, proud,
or despotic.
z
     Whose origin came from Pagan Gods, and is used for a title for both „Gods‟ and man, and is used to
show that one is haughty, proud, defiant, or despotic.
aa
     (The Name above all names, the Name of our Creator, tHe HeaveNLY FatHer’S OWN
personal Name that He revealed to man)



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                           Conspiracy to hide IAUE‘S Name

       This concealment of IAUE‘S Name and substitution with various Gods of the
nations did not happen overnight. This came about through a systematic, organized
conspiracy to hide IAUE‘S Name in the Separated Scriptures!
               Yer. 11:9,10 states:
                      Verse 9; That a conspiracy is found among the men of Yehudah.
                      Verse 10: They turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers,
                       who refused to listen to IAUE‘S words, and went after hinder
                       Gods.
               Yer. 8:5,8 show how this conspiracy was accomplished, saying:
                      Verse 5. Why has this people turned away? They cling to deceit,
                       they refuse to return.
                      Verse 8. How can you say; we are wise, and the Law of IAUE is
                       with us? Behold the lying pen of the Scribes has falsified them and
                       written them wrong!
        The false pen of the Scribes (Translators) has FALSIFIED the Scriptures even
unto now! The people of this world worship ‗Lord‘ and ‗God‘ or what ever the name
of their national Pagan Deity was before they accepted Christianity, due to the
systematic, organized CONSPIRACY to first HIDE and then REPLACE IAUE‘S
Name in these same Separated Scriptures. This has caused His people to forget His
Separated Name just as Yirmeyahu wrote in Yer. 23:26,27, which as Dr. Smith states
in a classic understatement,, ―is most unhappy!‖
        From the Scriptures we‘ve just gone over, we can see that IAUE doesn‘t want
His MEMORIAL NAME to be blasphemed, profaned, or used in any disrespectful
way. He doesn‘t want it disguised, falsified, or replaced by Pagan Deities names or
titles used for Pagan deities, thereby causing the people to forget His Separated
MEMORIAL NAME, and causing the Praise Honor, and Esteem due His Name to
be Given to another name. We are also warned not to mention or let it be heard for
our mouth, the names of other Deities. All this shows that IAUE is Jealous for His
Name (He states this in Ezk. 39:25 see also Ex 34:14 and Ex 20:5,7)! He tells that He
will bring His wrath on those that refuse to call on His Name. We are also told that
we are not to add to or take away anything in the Scriptures, which would most
certainly include The Name of The Author Of The Scriptures!!
       We‘ve seen how the Jews were influenced by the pagan nations that held them
captive to follow their superstitious idea that their deities were ‗ineffable‟ and apply that
same Pagan tradition to IAUE, substituting Pagan deities names or titles in place of the
Almighty‘s Memorial Name. Christianity followed in Judaism‘s footsteps by substituting
the Heavenly Father‘s Name with various Gods of the different nations as those nations
accepted ‗Christianity‟! This tradition of substituting another name in place of the




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Heavenly Father‘s Name has resulted in His Name to be forgotten and brought to
nothing, exactly like the Israelites did in Jeremiah‘s time (Jer 23:27).
                              What is the correct pronunciation?

       Even when we eliminate all the various Pagan deities‘ names that have been used
to replace the Heavenly Fathers name, there is still confusion as to the correct
pronunciation of His Name. As we mentioned before, there is no unanimity among
Sacred (Separated) Name Assemblies as to the correct pronunciation of His Name. The
various assemblies pronounce it as YAHWEH, YAHWAH, YAHOWAH, YAHVEH,
YAHVAH, and YAHUEH (IAUE).
                                       Source of Confusion

       Now we know that the Almighty is not the author of confusion (1st Cor 14:33)
and that He gave His Name to man to remember Him by (Ex 3:15). Also that it is
Separate (Holy), that His people an all peoples will come to know His Name
(Ezk. 39:7: Isa. 52:6; Jer 16:19-21). Furthermore, He only has one Name (Psms.
83:18; 148:13 and Zech 14:9 show this, as does the fact that in the 314 places in the
Scriptures where His name is referred to, it is always singular, never plural). Since we
know that the Heavenly Father is not the author of this confusion, then we realize the
adversary must be. We know from Rev 12:9 that Satan deceives (and confuses by his
deceptions) the whole world. This confusion is a direct result of the Jewish religious
leaders decision to SUBSTITUTE, HIDE, and DISGUISE His Name because they felt
that His Name was INEFFABLE. This custom, or tradition was taken from the Pagan
Religions from the nations that they had been in captivity in (both Egypt and Babylon),
and was inspired ultimately by none other than the Adversary himself!!
       The Jews refuse to pronounce The Name bb, but they say in their various Jewish
Encyclopedias that ‗YAHWEH‘ is probably the correct pronunciation, which most
dictionaries, and encyclopedias verify. However, are we to believe the Jews, who
according to their Talmud (which is the basis of the Jewish Religion) instructs them to
disguise His Name?
          1. The Encyclopedia Judaic vol.7, pp.679 states; ―The true pronunciation of The
             Name YHWH was never lost. Several early Greek writers of the Christian
             Church testify that The Name was pronounced ‗YAHWEH‘.
          2. The New Jewish Encyclopedia 1975 Ed. pp. 766 under the title ‗God‟ states;
             ―... its original pronunciation is unknown (YAHWEH has been
             conjectured). By the time of the Septuagint (Second Century BCE) it was no
             longer pronounced (except by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement), but
             read as ‗Adonai‟”.
          3. Columbia Encyclopedia Vol. 2 under the subject ‗God‘ says: ―The Hebrews
             considered The Name ‗ineffable‟ and substituted in reading Adonai (My Lord).
bb
     (Hebrew for ‗The Name‘ is HaShem, which they use as one of the Substitutes in place of His Name,
IAUE



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          The reconstruction of Jehovah was based on a mistake, and the form
          YAHWEH is not now regarded as reliable!‖
       4. The Grote Winkler Prins Encyclopedia under the title‘ Jahwe‟ (The Dutch
          transliteration of YAHWEH), says that ‗the uncertainty as to the True
          Pronunciation of The Name constantly caused embarrassment to Bible
          Translators.‘
        This uncertainty as to the True Pronunciation of The Name is one of the main
reasons that Bible Translators and Scholars continue to follow the Tradition started
by the Jewish Priests of Substituting names and titles derived from Pagan Deities.
Ironically, this is the cause or origin of the uncertainty in the first place. Had the
Jews continued to use, praise, and proclaim His Name as it is commanded through
out the Old Testament, this uncertainty as to the Correct Pronunciation of His Name
would not have come about! —However it would have been profaned, blasphemed,
and used as a curse word just as the substitute names are used today. This is the most
likely reason that IAUE allowed His Name to become replaced by Pagan Substitute
names!
       Even though the Jews started the tradition of pronouncing another name in
place of the Heavenly Father‘s Name, they did not remove His correct Name from the
Scriptures as it was spelled in Hebrew (the Tetragram, which is the 4 Hebrew letters
which spell His Name). So you would think that all the scholars and translators would
have to do is to transliterate the sounds of these Hebrew letters into modern day
languages, but that is where the confusion starts.
      There are various reasons why there is confusion as to transliterating The
Heavenly Father‘s Name, but these are the main ones:
       1. According to various Hebrew scholars, the ancient Hebrew alphabet was made
          up of 22 letters which are all consonants with the vowels not written but
          understood by the reader. Vowel points were not added until hundreds of years
          later, so the 4 Hebrew letters (Yod Hey Waw Hey—                 which make
          up the Almighty‘s Name were translitered into English with the consonants as
          either YHWH, or YHVH. Further research by Hebrew scholars have
          shown that even though all 22 Hebrew letters have a consonant value, at
          least 5 of them also were used as vowels, which is the key to the correct
          pronunciation of the Almighty‘s Name!! We will go more unto this after we
          have fully discussed the ramifications cause by the theory that the Hebrew
          alphabet consisted of only consonants.
       2. The difference between Modern Hebrew (Askenezic) and Biblical
          Hebrew(Shephardic) especially in reference to their respective pronunciation
          of the Hebrew vowel/consonant Waw or Vav
       3. The Shephardic Jews were the Spanish or Portuguese Jews who according to
          Hebrew scholars continued to speak the most pure form of Biblical Hebrew
          and they pronounced it with a ‗OO‟ or „Long U‟ sound with in a word, or as
          the consonant ‗W‟ at the beginning or end of a word.


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       4. Askenazic Jews are the Jews from Eastern Europe and Russia and were
          heavily influenced by the Germanic languages, so they still pronounce their
          ‗W‟s‟ as „V‟s‟ and vice versa. They also interchange their ―V‟s” with their
          ‗U‟s‟. As a matter ‗U, V, and W‟ all have the same origin. In English, up until
          the seventeenth century, the ‗V‟ was commonly designated as a single‘U‟
          agreeing with „double U‘ or a ‗oo‟ sound
       5. RIPLEY‘S BELIEVE IT OR NOT states ―Gillie Beys, a printer in Paris
          France, created the two consonants ‗J‟ and ‗V‟. Before 1565 they were vowels,
          indistinguishable from ‗I‟ and ‗U‟. The ‗V‟ developed from the ‗U‟ or „OO‟
          sound of the Hebrew Waw, and the ‗‟W‟ is nothing but a ‗Double U‟ or to be
          more exact a ‗Double V‟ when the ‗V‟ still equaled the ‗U‟. “
          Confusing? Might as well add to it by tackling how the ‗J‟ got into the act and
   how we wound up with the ‗Mongrol word JEHOVAH‟ which most of Christianity
   has accepted for The Creators Name.
       The letter ‗J‟ is a comparatively late variant of the Latin ‗I‟, which was used
   indifferently as a vowel or a consonant, the consonantal value equal to the English ‗Y‟
   as in ‗yet‟. The letter ‗I‟ comes from the Greek ‗Iota‟, which came from the
   Phoenician or Hebrew ‗Yod‟. The ‗Yod‟ which is the first letter in the Set Apart Name
   of the Almighty is one of the 5 Hebrew letters that has a vowel value as well as being
   a consonant and is pronounced as the vowel „I‟ as well as the consonant ‟Y‟.
          The letter ‗J‟ was first pronounced as the letter ‗I‟ (as a vowel) or ‗Y‟ as a
   consonant. In English along about the 11th century, the sound of the ‗J‟ began to
   change to the sound ‗J‟ as we pronounce it today due to the French influence. But it
   wasn‘t until about the 17th century that the distinction of the ‗J‟ as consonant and „I‟
   as a vowel was fully established and the capital ‗J‟ was introduced.
           So originally when the letter ‗J‘ represented the sound of the vowel ‗I‘ or
   the consonant ‗Y‘ which is equivalent to the Hebrew ‗Yod‘, it was correct to
   transliterate the Hebrew ‗Yod‘ as ‗‗J‘. However, since today the letter ‗J‘ has a
   completely different sound that in no way represents the Hebrew ‗Yod‘, it no longer
   is a correct transliteration. The same also applies to the letter ‗V‘. Where originally
   it represented the ‗LONG U‘ or ‗OO‘ sound, which was equivalent to the Biblical
   Hebrew ‗Waw‘, today it has a completely different consonant sound. However,
   again, since today the ‗V‘ no longer represents the ‗U‘ or ‗OO‘ sound it is no
   longer equivalent to the Hebrew ‗Waw‘ so it is incorrect to use it to transliterate it
   for the ‗Waw‘! In Hebrew the consonant ‗V‘ is represented by the Hebrew letter
   ‗Beth — .         without the dagesh or dot in its center —           it then becomes a
   ‗V‘ instead of the letter ‗B‘.
         So up to the 17th century JHVH was equivalent to YHWH, which is equivalent
to the Hebrew consonant letters of the Tetragram. However, in both England and
France from 1100 on the letter ‗J‘ started to represent and entirely different sound and
by the 1700‘s both ‗J‘ and ‗V‘ had entirely different sounds and were no longer
equivalent to the Hebrew Yod and Waw. Not only that even in English by that time, the
letters ‘i‘ and or ‘y‘ no longer could be exchanged for a ‗j‘ or the ‗u‘ or ‗w‘ for a ‗v‘.


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However because these were the letters that had been traditionally used to represent the
Tetragram they were carried over until even today, and are the basis for the incorrect
word used for The Heavenly Father‘s Name, Jehovah, and also the forms used by
some ‗Holy Name‘ groups, YAHVAH, and YAHVEH.
                                                                              Jehovah. The
other half has to do with the vowels that are used in the formation of the name Jehovah.—
The belief that there no vowels in the Hebrew alphabet is baseless when an honest
investigation of the subject is made. A careful comparison of all the Semitic
Alphabets will prove that there are 5 vowels in the Hebrew Alphabet, the very same
vowels that are found in all European alphabets. The orginal Hebrew is the ancient
Semitic Hebrew Alphabet better known as the Phoenician Alphabet. This is the
parent of the Greek, and Latin languages, as well as the rest of the European
languages, including our English language. The modern Hebrew alphabet stems from
the Assyrian square letters that the Jews picked up while in Babylonian captivity, which
was formulized by Ezra after their return from captivity.
       As we pointed out before, all the Hebrew letters are indeed consonants, and
have a consonantal value, however some of them function also as vowels and are
used as vowels. These vowel-consonant letters are called Matres Lectionis (Mothers
of Reading or Guides to Reading).
             The 5 Hebrew letters and what they represent are:
1. Aleph        ( ) -----      -Silent letter    a (ah), e (eh), o (aw -oh)

2. Hey -        ( ) -----      H       a (may,say), a(ah–feminine-ending),
                               e (eh – masculine ending)
3. Yod -        ( ) --------   Y       I (ee - machi ne), a (ay - may), e (eh - met)

4. Ayin --      ( ) --------   Silent letter     long o (aw - oh), a (ah)

5. Waw --       ( ) --------- W or V          u (‗oo‘ - moo, or glue),
                                        o (aw- oh)


                                   The rest of the story
        Now as Paul Harvey would say; ―Now to the rest of the story‖, as to how
Christianity came up with the hybrid name ‗Jehovah‟. After the Barkochaba revolt, when
Jerusalem was completely destroyed, and plowed under, the Jews were dispersed through
out the world and a great many of their writing were also destroyed. They were
persecuted in many ways including not being allowed to keep the Sabbath or Feast days.
All these factors, plus the need for the Jews to learn and use the language of the country
they were in so they could survive, resulted in the Hebrew language to be forgotten. Also
after the destruction of the Temple, various religious sects emerged, who were tampering
with the Biblical texts in order to make it agree with their own view. Therefore, in the
city of Tiberius in 6oo AD the Scribes and Massorites developed a series of vowel
signs that could be added to the text indicating the vowel to be used, without


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                                            35


inserting the actual vowel or changing the consonants. The vowel signs are
represented by means of strokes and dots added to the consonant preceding the vowel to
be sounded, indicating the sound of the vowel to be pronounced without actually inserting
the vowel letter.
       This brought about 3 developments:
       1. It prevented further development of the Hebrew language towards
          development of a complete vowel system such as used in the European
          languages.
       2. It allowed the Massorites to preserve the consonantal text of the Scriptures
          they had been able to save from destruction after the destruction of the temple
          without any changes.
       3. It allowed the Massorites to indicate variant reading which they preferred,
          with out changing the consonants. This was accomplished by putting the
          consonants of the word that they wanted to adopt in the margin, and the vowel
          signs of that word under the consonants of the word that was actually in the
          text that they wished to be changed. The Jews were then taught that they
          were to pronounce the consonants in the margin with the vowels in the
          text, not the actual word that was in the text originally.
       The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia 1941 Ed. on pp. 7 says in effect, in
accordance with the tradition that the Tetragrammaton was not to be pronounced, it
was customary to substitute the word Adonai whenever the written form of the
Tetragram occurred. Supposedly, this occurred (in the Scriptures) so frequently,
that the Rabbis did not deem it necessary to put the consonants of the different
word (Adonai) in the margin. During the Middle Ages, Christian Scholars
mistakenly read the 4 consonants of the Tetragrammaton with the vowel signs for
the word Adonai, and came up with the name Jehovah. Later, when the letter ‗J‘
came into being, the name became Jehovah. The name Jehovah still survives in
Christian Bible translations and prayer books, however it is actually a
mistransliteration and the word itself is meaningless!
        So, we can see that the word Jehovah not only utilizes the wrong consonants,
(JHVH instead of the correct YHWH), it also uses vowels belonging to a competely
different word. Therefore the name Jehovah is a hybred, or crossbred word,--a
mongrol word made up of two entirel different words that were never intended to be
combined together and pronounced as a word in itself!!!!
       I believe that Leo Rosten in his book The Joys of Yinglish gives a better summary
of „Jehovah‟ than I can. In his book on pp. 251:
         ‖Jehovah: This is not, believe it or not, a Hebrew word, much less a Yiddish one.
It is a Latin mistranslation of YHVH the Tetragrammaton, the Holy and Ineffable name of
God.
      It is one of history‘s more ironic truths that the sacrosanct title for the
Almighty in the English language is incorrect, wrong, a flat mistake in translation.



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‗Jehovah‘ is not and was not ever the name of, or for, the Almighty. The erroneous
appellation first appeared in an English text in 1530.
      The story of the historic error is fascinating. Yahveh is the name formed by
adding vowel sounds to the sacred four Hebrew letters representing the unutterable
Name of the Lord. (The English equivalents of these four letters are YHVH: Yud, Hay,
Vov, Haycc )
      The Masoretes... who preserved the correct‘?‘ interpretation and spelling and
meaning of the ancient Hebrew texts, added diacritical marks for the vowel sounds to
YHVH as a signal to the reader to say Adonai, instead of trying to pronounce the
Name. Now it was the combination of the YHVH and its diacritical marks (for the
vowels) that was translated into Latin—incorrectly—as Jehova...and was used in this
way for the first time in 1516.
       How did this mistranslation occur? The answer is clear. Four Centuries ago, an
unknown Papa; Scribe, a German (who probably would have rendered YHVH orally as
‗Yahveh‘ and written the Y as a J), attached the diacritical marks meant for Elohim to the
Sacred Four Letters: thus, JHVH became JeHoVah
       There is a tantalizing aspect to all this: The Holy Name was pronounced only in
the ancient Temple in Jerusalem. But whenever that super-sacrosanct secret (which
the Hebrew priest never confided to a lay person) was enunciated, the musical part of
the service was designed to swell up so loud as to drown it out!‖


                             What about the name YAHWEH
         So we have seen that JEHOVAH, YAHVAH, and YAHVEH are incorrect
transliterations of the Almighty‘s Name, what about the name YAHWEH? YAHWEH is
the pronunciation that is favored by most Holy Name Assemblies and most biblical
scholars. However, many of these same scholars have at least a doubt as to the
correctness of the form YAHWEH, and some state it is based on an erroneous form
derived from the Samaritans.
        Some prime examples as to the doubt that the name YAHWEH is absolutely
correct pronunciation are:
      1. COLUMBIA ENCYCLOPEDIA Vol. 3, under the title ‗God‘ states: ―...The
         Hebrews considered the name ineffable and substituted in reading Adonai (my
         Lord). ...The reconstruction JEHOVAH was based on a mistake, and the form
         YAHWEH is not now regarded as reliable.



cc
     {From the information I have studied, I believe that consonant value of the Tetragram is YHWH, or
Yod, Hay, Waw,Hay, but whether the Waw is a ‗V‘ or a ‗W‘ is a moot question, as the evidence points to
the fact that the Tetragram is actually made up of 4 vowels, which should be represented as IAUE in
English}).



                                                                                                   36
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   2. THE NEW JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA, 1975 edition, page 776 under ‗God‟:
      ―...Its original pronunciation is unknown, (YAHWEH has ben conjectured).
   3. THE INTERPRETERS BIBLE DICTIONARY Vol.4, page 923 states:
      ―YAHWEH, the vocalization of the 4 consonants of the Israelite name for the
      Creator, which scholars believe to be the approximate original pronunciation.”
   4. The Dutch GROTE WINKLER PRINS ENCYCLOPEDIA under the title
      JAHWE says that the uncertainty as to the true pronunciation of the name
      constantly causes embarrassment to Bible translators.
        Dr. Koster 14 quotes G.H. Parke-Taylor‘s book, ‗YAHWEH: THE DIVINE
NAME IN THE BIBLE‘, p 79, states it wasn‘t until 1567 that Genebrardus, who was the
first to suggest the pronunciation JAHVE, mainly on Theodoret‘s assertion that the
SAMARITANS used the pronunciation IABE after the Jews had stopped pronouncing the
TETRAGRAM. He then brings out how Dr. M. Reisel in his book, ‗THE MYSTERIOUS
NAME OF YHWH‘, p 56-58 says that Bible scholars upon studying the TETRAGRAM
concluded that the Samaritans were wrong in their pronunciation and Dr. Reisel states
that the form IABE has no validity to it.
        Other scholars also reinforce these views. Bishop Pearce*15 quotes an article in
‗THE GOOD NEWS MAGAZINE‘ put out by the WORLD WIDE CHURCH OF GOD
which refers to Professor Eerdman‘s article, ‗THE NAME JAHU‘. Bishop Pearce again
refers to Dr. Eerdmans‘s article 16, which effectively states that the pronunciation of the
TETRAGRAMMATON as YAHWEH comes from the Samaritans! Because the
Samaritans didn‘t agree with the false Jewish belief that The Name of the Heavenly
Father was ‗too Holy‘ to be pronounced they continued to pronounce His Name in
their own dialect, therefore the modern pronunciation as YAHWEH is of Samaritan
origin, Not Jewish.
       Dr. Eerdman states that, ‗The pronunciation of the Divine Name as ‗YAHWEH‘
rests upon Samaritan Tradition as given by Theordoret (5th century A.C.) and upon
Clement of Alexander. Theordoret said the Samaritans used the name JABAI, which he
wrote as JABE (The ‗J‘ had a ‗Y‘ or ‗I‘ sound, and the ‗b‘ actually had an ‗OO‘ sound,
which they represented as a ‗V‘). These passages have induced scholars to insert the
vowels of the Samaritan ‗JABE‘ into the original Hebrew consonants, pronouncing
‗YAHWEH‘. However that is a mere guess. He then shows that this is inconsistent with
other passages in Theodoret and lacks historical probability. He then goes on to show that
the Samaritans had a different pronunciation than that of the Jews.
       The root of the whole problem of pronouncing the Name of the Heavenly
Father stems from the supposition that the Tetragram is made up of all consonants,
therefore requiring additional letters (vowels) in order to be able to pronounce it.
This originated from the assumption that the Hebrew alphabet consists only of
consonants. However, as we pointed out earlier, even though all 22 letters of the
Hebrew alphabet have a consonant value, 5 of them also are used as vowels. These 5
vowel/consonant letters are called Matres Lectionis, or ‗Mothers of Reading‘.




                                                                                        37
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      The Key to the whole problem of pronouncing the Name of the Heavenly
Father was given to us by Josephus. Josephus clearly states in his book, WARS OF
THE JEWS, that ―His Sacred Name consists of four vowels!‖
        Josephus was a Jewish historian, priest, and a general who fought against the
Romans in the Jewish revolt of 70 AD. He was captured by he ―Romans, and afterwards
tried to get his fellow Jews to surrender to prevent their destruction. In this he was
unsuccessful, but his history of this period gives us the most accurate knowledge of the
New Testament background.
        Jacob O. Meyer in his article, ‗YHWH or YHVH?‘ points out that in the past
some scholars found fault with Josephus because of his statement that the Sacred name
was made up of 4 vowels. However recent scholarship has proven Josephus to be accurate
in many areas and the statement that the Sacred Name consisted of 4 vowels is one
area where he was completely correct! As we just pointed out, that long before the
vowel points were added, the early Hebrew had 5 letters that were used as vowels, even
though they also had a consonantal value. Three of these ‗matres lectionis‘ or vowel
letters are used in the Tetragram proving Josephus to be correct. The 3 Hebrew
letters are YOD HEY WAW (             , with the letter HEY ( ) being used twice to
make up the forth letter of the Tetragrammaton
        Now the Tetragrammaton dd when used as all vowels (which Josephus said
they were) can be pronounced, and should be pronounced without any additional
letters. And without the vowel points that the Masorites used as a deception to
prevent the correct pronunciation of His name.
       All the confusion as to what is the correct pronunciation of the Heavenly
father‘s Name, and deception used to disguise His Name, stem from the use of
consonants as the Tetragram instead correctly using vowels as Josephus stated.
When the Tetragram is represented as consonants, in order to pronounce His Name,
vowels have to be added, and then it is no longer a Tetragrammaton, or a word
made up of 4 letters.
      Even when you use the correct consonants (YHWH) with the correct vowels,
(IAUE) which will give the same pronunciation as using only the vowels, it is no longer
a Tetragrammaton. Simply because it uses the YOD once (the vowel ‘I‘ is dropped)
HEY twice, WAW once, and the HEY twice again, a total of 6 letters. (YOD-Y HEY- A
HEY-H WAW-U HEY-E HEY-H) –
       The Jews by utilizing consonants as representing the Tetragram and using
their system of vowel points used the vowels ‗E‘ ‗O‘ ‗A‘ in order to disguise His
Name. Christian scholars in the 1500‘s believing these vowels sere the correct ones
combined them with the consonants JHVH and thus they came up with the false
hybrid name, Jehovah.
      Dr. Koster17 brings out because the Talmud instructed the people to pronounce the
name Adonai when they came to the Tetragrammaton. Scholars assumed that the vowels
dd
     The 4 Hebrew letters, which make up the Heavenly Father‘s Name.



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‗E O A‘ came from the name ‗Adonai‘, even though the first letter of the name Adonai
did not begin with the letter ‘E‘.
       However, not only were the Jews instructed to substitute another name for
the Almighty‘s Name, they were also instructed to hide the Name and keep it secret.
The Talmud (the book of oral law instruction which forms the basis of the Jewish
Religion, formulated in Babylonia) and the Mishna (a collection of the oral laws that
form the basis for the Talmud) commanded the Jewish clergy to hide the Almighty‘s
Name, and keep it secret. This resulted in the Name being avoided, substituted, and
disguised!
                                           Disguising Ha-Shem

        Dr. Koster points out that attempts have been made to explain why the vowels ‗E
O A‘ are not the same as the vowels in Adonai (A O AI), but none of them are very
satisfactory. He then goes to show that the Masorites vowel pointing of ‗E O A‘ under the
Name, was done for the purpose of disguising the Name, not for the purpose of
substituting the Name with Adonai as most scholars say. The 4 main reasons he gives for
this are:
        The QERE (‗to be read‟); the consonants of the word which the scribes wanted
to be read were put in the margin of the text, and added the vowel signs of this word
under the consonants of the text which they wished to reject. The reader knew that he was
to pronounce the consonants in the margin with the vowels in the text.) does not appear
in the margin or in any footnotes. NEB Scholars State that in the case of the Almighty‘s
Name the change having been made so frequently the Rabbis didn‘t feel it necessary to
put it in the margin. However, it does seem that it would have been put in once, then
explained that they were not going to do it for all changes.
        All names beginning with Yod Hey Waw–           (IAU or YAHO) the Masorites
vowel pointed to begin with YEHO, which Christian scholars wrongly transliterated as
JEHO. However, the Murashu Texts which date back to the time of the Babylonian
dispersion (around 424 to 404 B.C.E.) are much older than the Massoretic Text, which
were formed around the 6th to 10th century A.D. Therefore the Murashu Texts are more
valid both historically, and linguistically. They render all the names beginning with
Yod Hey Waw as IAU or YAHO instead of the Massoretic vowel pointing of YEHO,
which shows that the Massorites were vowel pointing these names to disguise the
first part of the Almighty‘s Name – the Trigrammaton, Yod Hey Waw–           .
        The Massorites wrongly vowel pointed Aleph Hey Yod Hey (       ) of Ex 3:14ee
from ‗Ahyah Asher Ahyah‟ to ‗Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh‟, changing the ‗AH‟ sound to an ‗EH‟
sound. This phrase is believed to give the etymology of the Almighty‘s Name, with
some scholars even stating that it is His Name in the First Person! Thus by using
deceptive vowel points here, they were trying to hide the pronunciation of the
Almighty‘s Name. The Greeks in translating this phrase used AIA. In Aramaic it was
written as AHIAH, which would pronounce the same as the Greek AIA. Since the word is
ee
     (Which states in the KJV, ‗I Am that I Am‘)



                                                                                      39
                                                       40


derived from the word HAYAH ff, it becomes transparent that the Masorites were definitly
using the wrong vowel points to deceive others.
                                        Three Forms of Ha-Shem

        Since we know that the first part of the Almighty‘s Name is Yah or more
correctly IA from the Yod Hey, which we can get from the word HalleluYah, and
from the short form of His Name, Yah in Psms 68:4. Many of the prophets also have
the short form of the Heavenly Father‘s Name incorporated either at the end, or the
beginning of their name. However, what most people do not realize is that there are 3
forms of His Name! There is the short form Yod-Hey (          or IA, which most spell as
YAH. Then there is the intermediate form, Yod Hey Waw (            or IAU, which is also
spelled as YAHU. The third form is the full name, of course, (Yod Hey Waw Hey-
           that the early Greeks transliterated as IAUE, or IAOUE, or IAOOE. The OU,
OO, and U (all sounding like the OO in MOO or BOO!
        Now, all the Sacred Name groups claim that the Heavenly Father only has One
Name, not 3, or many names like many Christian claim, and in this they are absolutely
correct. However His One Name does have 3 forms, a short form, and Intermediate
form, and the full form. My name, William, likewise has 3 forms to the name. The short
form is Will or Bill. The intermediate form is Willie, or Billy. The full form is the full
name, William. Both the short, and intermediate forms are part of and help make up the
complete name, and both the short and intermediate forms represent the full name, just as
both forms do in the Heavenly Father‘s Name!
       Many of the Hebrew Prophets and people have names that have the
Almighty‘s Name combined with a word or phrase that either tells their mission, or
describes some attribute of IAUE. When His Name is used to form the name of a
prophet, person, or place, His Name is always used in contracted form, either as
Yod Hey – equal to Eng. vowels, IA, pronounced Yah) or             (Yod Hey Waw –
IAU – YAHU).
                                               Trigrammaton

       Where His Name is in the primary position (in the front of the name) it is
almost always the Trigrammaton (           – IAU or YAHU), although the Massorites
wrote it as YEHO to disguise His Name. Even when the Almighty‘s Name appears at
the end of a name, approximately 70% of the time it appears as IAU (YAHU)
instead of the YAH that we have been taught. This fact has been hidden from all
Bible readers except those that can read the O.T. Hebrew.
      Of the two forms (IA or YAH, and IAU or YAH-OO), according to the book
CANON AND MASORAH BIBLICAL STUDIES by Professor Harry Morlinsky, the
Trigrammaton (         – YAHU, or IAU) is the older form, it alone appears in the


ff
     (―Strongs 1961, a prime root, meaning ‗to be, or to become‟



                                                                                       40
                                           41


Lashish letters. The popularity of the shortened form Yod Hey (            – IA or YAH)
is POST EXILIC and is due to Aramaic influence.
        Yod Hey Waw (             – IAU) is represented in the Assyrian transcriptions
sometimes by I-A-A-U, sometimes by I-A-U, and sometimes by I-U 18. In the book of
Isaiah a Hebrew expression ‘ANI HU‘ is translated; ―I AM HE‖, in Isa. 41:4;
43:10,13,25; 46:4; and 48:12. ‘ANI HU‘ is very possibly an abbreviation of ‗ANI IAU‘,
especially in the light of the statement the Trigrammaton was some times transliterated
from the Assyrian transcriptions as ‗IU‘. In the book, Yahweh: The Divine Name In The
Bible by Paarke-Taylor, pp. 70-78, the author states, ―The personal pronoun HU is
virtually a surrogate for the Devine Name.‖ He twice mentions that ANI HU is an
abbreviate of ANI IAUE (I AM IAUE)!
       The book, ISRAELIS, JEWS & JESUS by Pinchas Lapide19 further confirms this.
This further emphasizes the importance of the retention of the HU or Waw as an OO or
long U sound in the Name.
                          ‗THE MISSING lINGUISTIC LINK‘
        The late Professor John Green stated 20, ―The intermediate form of the Name,
the Trigrammaton (            - IAU or YAHU) is the SECRET, the KEY, ‗THE
MISSING LINGUISTIC LINK‘ to the full form of the Name of the Almighty, and
also to the full form of the Name of the Son. It should NOT be SUBSTITUTED (as it
has been in the past with a consonant, either as a ‗W‘ or a ‗V‘) or OMITTED!! Not
only has the Name been suppressed, but also the Waw as the vowel ‗U‘ sound has been
suppressed!!
        As we pointed out before, Jacob O. Meyer, in his study, ‗YHWH or YHVH?‘
agrees with Josephus. He further states, ―Now that we have established that the 3
letters (one of them is used twice) that composes the Heavenly Father‘s Name are
vowels, we shall return to the texts to detremine what value they would have in the
English language. The has a vowel sound of a long ‗I‘ (which I believe is incorrect, for a
long vowel sound should match the sound of the vowel as it sounds going though the
alphabet), however he then gives the correct vowel sound, of ‗I‘ as in ‗mach-i-ne‘
pronounced like a long ‗E‘ (ee). He then states Hey has the vowel sound of an ‗A‘, as
in aw or ah. The Waw has a sound of a long ‗U‘ (‗oo‘ as in mood, or ‗ou‘ as in you)
The Hey standing at the end of a Masculine Name has the vowel sound of a short ‗E‘
as in met. The Hebrew Long „A‟ sound (ah) is a feminine ending at the end of a name. By
combining these letters we come up with IAUE, which he says that if you pronounce
it rapidly, you come up with YAHWEH!
         Donald Mansager 21 also points out the fact that Josephus stated Ha‟Shem (which
is Hebrew for „The Name‟) consisted of 4 vowels, and that the early church fathers
transliterated it into Greek as IAUE, and gives the pronunciation as ‗EE AH OO EH‟. He
also then goes on to say that if you say it fast it sounds like ‗YAH‟-WAY‟, even though
earlier he stated that the Hey should end as a short ‟e‟ sound as in met, which would
sound more like YAH‟-WA (WEH, just short of a WAH sound), instead of YAH-WAY.




                                                                                       41
                                           42


        Mr. Mansager also brings out that Theodoret stated the Samaritans used IABE.
However, the ‗B‘ at that time was equal to the letter ‗u‘ or the ‗oo‘ sound of the
Hebrew Waw. Which explains how the letter ‗B‘ pops up in the name Bill or Billy.
This is used as a short form for the name William, and is equal to Will or Willie, because
the ‗U, V, W, and B‘ all at one time had the ‗OO‘ sound of the Hebrew Waw!
       Now, I‘d like to insert here the statement by Professor Erdman in his article, ‗THE
NAME JAHU‘, that the Samaritan pronunciation of the Holy Name differed from that of
the Jews and should not be regarded as evidence for the Jewish pronunciation.
       ―However we have to remember that the Jews from the time of the formation
of the Babylonian Talmud, starting from the time of their exilic in Babylon, down to
the present, they were under the compulsion to disguise, hide, or substitute His Name
according to the laws of the Talmud! The Samaritans and the Greeks were not under
that compulsion, as they both rejected the Talmud, as Traditions of Man not inspired
by the Almighty!‖
       Where the Jews vowel pointed His Name with ‗e o a‘ therefore giving
YEHOA, the Greeks and the Samaritans give the pronunciation as
‗IA (YAH)- U (00)- E (EH). This agrees completely with Josephus‘s statement that it
consisted of 4 vowels, and which also agrees with the Hebrew scholars that the
Hebrew letters, YOD HEY WAW HEY are in fact vowel letters. Therefore the best
possible transliteration for the Set Apart Name is IAUE, which is pronounced,
Yah oo‘ eh!
       Mr. Mansager brings out that it is the Hebrew letter Waw (or Vav in modern
Hebrew) that is the main issue in the controversy concerning the correct pronunciation
and spelling of HaShem. Should it be pronounced as a ‗W‟ as in Waw (Wow) or ‗V‟ as in
Vav? He points back to Josephus‘ statement that HaShem consisted of 4 vowels, and says
since ‗w‟ is considered a semivowel, while the ‗v‟ is a consonant; therefore we are
assured the Sacred Name should be spelled with a ‗w‟ because it is a semivowel. He also
brings out that the Vav rendition is a relatively new variation from the Waw of the Bible
times.
        Clarence O. Dodd‘s article, ‗IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER AND THE
SON‘22 is another article written to ‗prove‟ that HaShem is YAHWEH. He points out
that Vav without diacritical marks was pronounced by Sephardic Jews as Double ‗U‘
(‗oo‘), and also that HaShem was composed of all vowels! He then goes on to say that
both the Ashkenazim and Sephardic Jews used the long „o‟ or ‗u‟ when so marked. He
then states that the Hebrew Waw (Vav) has the marks of a long ‗o‟ over it so it should be
pronounced as a ‗o or ao”. Therefore the Name is pronounced YAH-O-A.
        Now up to this point (where Elder O. Meyer, Donald Mansager, and Elder O.
Dodd all agree that if you pronounce the 4 vowels in HaShem rapidly, then you come up
with YAHWEH) the majority of the Separated Name believers are in agreement. However,
those that worship in the Name of YAHUEH (IAUE) do not utilize Josephus‘ statement
that HaShem consisted of 4 vowels simply to prove that the English letter ‗W‟ is the
correct consonant or to show that YAHWEH is correct and YAHVEH is incorrect.
However, they do agree with them on this point. Those who utilize the pronunciation,


                                                                                       42
                                            43


YAHUEH, bring out that it matters little if it is a ‗W‘ or ‗V‘ if Josephus is correct,
for the vowel ‗U‘ takes the place of both of them in HaShem. However, it is important
to know that the consonant ‗W‟ was, and is the correct consonant that can be used with
the 4 vowels to further substantiate the correct vocalization.
        Those who utilize the Name of YAHWEH in their worship state correctly that if
you pronounce HaShem rapidly, you will pronounce YAHWEH, or one of its forms.
However, in the process, you are substituting the consonant ‗Y‘ for the original
vowel ‗I‘, and more Important, you are substituting the consonant ‗W‘ for the vowel
‗U‘. Furthermore you are shortening His Name from a 3-syllable word with the
emphasis on the second to last syllable to a 2-syllable word with the emphasis on the
first syllable.
       Now the consonant letter ‗Y‟ and the vowel letter ‗I‟ both carry the same sound.,
‗EE‟ , when used at the beginning of HaShem, so they can be interchanged without
changing the sound of The Name. In Fact ‗Y‟ essentially becomes a vowel, since as a
semi-vowel, when it takes the sound of a vowel, it at that point is considered as a vowel.
        Nevertheless, even though the letter ‘W‘ comes from the sound of a double ‗U‟
(long U sound, or OO) and is also considered a semi-vowel. According to the book, A
SIMPLE APPROACH TO OLD TESTAMENT HEBREWgg published by Eks Pub. Co
―When a Waw functions as a vowel, it sounds as ‗o‘ or ‗oo‘, it does not have the
sound of the consonant ‗W‘ as in water. Now, Elder Dodd brings out that THE JEWISH
ENCYCLOPEDIA states; ―Waw is a labial aspirant, identical in sound with the English
‗W‟ (double ‗u‘) ...At the beginning of a word the Waw retains its consonantal value.‘‘ He
then states that from this Jewish encyclopedia we learn the rule that the Waw has the
value of the English ‗double U‟ (with the letter ‗W‘ in parenthesis) when used as a letter
inside a word. It only has the ‗V‟ consonantal value when it is the first letter of a word.
Example - Vashti. He then states, ―By this rule, since Waw is a letter within the Sacred
Name, it would have the ‗double U‟ value, and the name would hence, be properly
pronounced as YAHWEH. ...However, this does not agree with the book published by
EKS, nor does it agree with the examples that he listed. These are, just as he spelled
them: HalleluYah, Jerusalem, Judah, and Joshua. One can see that the letter ‗W‘,
which is as much a consonant as the letter ‘V‘ when used in the Heavenly Father‘s
Name would not fit in any one of the examples that he used!!
        In Conjunction with the above rule, Elder Dodd also gave another example of a
rule to follow when seeking to pronounce the Heavenly Father‘s Name. This one is from
YOUNG‘S ANALYTICAL CONCORDANCE. Young gives a rule that is safe to
follow in our search for the true pronunciation of the Heavenly Father‘s Name.
Young says, ‗Doubtful, or unfamiliar words should be pronounced in harmony with
the general tendencies of the language, or in a way similar to other words which
gg
     SIMPLE APPROACH TO OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW published by Eks Pub. Co, p 9
          Eks Publishing Co.
          P.O. Box 11133
          Oakland, CA 94611-0133



                                                                                        43
                                                44


strikingly resemble them.‖ Thus the Name,           (Yod Hey Waw Hey –
YAHWEH), would be pronounced in harmony with such names as Halleluyah,
Yahshua, Jerusalem, etc. and would retain the ‗DOUBLE-U‘ or ‗DOUBLE OO‘
sound.
       There is another rule that Young also brings out that Elder O. Dodd doesn‘t
mention and that is, that in Hebrew when a name has 2 or more syllables the accent is
normally placed on the last or next to the last syllable. Now all 3 of these rules come
into play, or are necessary, to correctly pronounce the Heavenly Father‘s Name! So,
when you substitute the consonant ‗W‘ for the vowel ‗U‘ (OO), you are shortening
His Name from 3 syllableshh (Ia-u‘-e) which has the accent on the second syllable, to
a word with 2 syllables with the accent on the first syllable, YAH‘WEH. This is
competely contrary to the rule of Hebrew grammer given above!
        Now Elder O. Dodd uses the rule put forth by THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA,
that inside a word the Waw has the value of a double U sound to show that the consonant
(or semi-vowel) letter ‗W‟ is thus the correct sound, therefore the Name would be
‗YAHWEH‟. He then ties that into the rule put forth by Young, ‗that doubtful or
unfamiliar words should be pronounce in a way similar to other words that resemble
them.‖ Then he gives as examples words that are pronounced with the Waw used as
the vowel sound ‗double U‘ or the long ‗double O‘ sound, not the consonant ‗W‘
sound of wa as in water. The examples that he chose to use (Hallelujah - -Hal‖ le
loo‘ ya; Yahshua - Yah shoo‘ a; Jerusalem - Je roo‘ sa lem; Judah - Joo; da) all
show the vowel sound of a double ‗o‘ or long ‗u‘ sound not the consonant sound of a
‗W‘ as in water. This agrees with the law put forth by the book A SIMPLE
APPROACH TO OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW, that when Waw functions as a
vowel, sounding as ‗OO‘ or ‗O‘, it does not have the sound of the consonant ‗W‘ as in
water!
        Now the letter ‗W‘ can and does function as the vowel sound ‘U‘ or ‗OO‘ and
does so in the English words, ewe, new, blew, and can function also as the vowel ‗O‘, as
in sew. However, in the Name ‗YAHWEH‘ the ‗W‘‘ represents the shortened sound
of the consonant ‗W‘ which de-emphasizes the original vowel sound of the ‗double U‘
or ‗double O‘ of the Hebrew ‗Waw‘. This results in the Almighty‘s Name to be
shortened from a 3 syllable Name with the emphasis placed on the double O sound of
the second syllable, to a name of 2 syllables with the emphasis placed on the first
syllable. Furthermore, you are adding a consonant to the Name that Josephus
definitely stated was made up of all vowels.
       So, the Heavenly Father‘s Name pronounced as YAH-OO‘-EH (IA-U‘-EH)
meets all the laws of Hebrew pronunciation as set forth by Young in his
concordance, and also the book published by Eks Publishers, and furthermore, it
agrees with Josephus and the Greek transliterations by the early Church fathers.

hh
     (YAH-OO’-EH or IA-U’-E—the I-A or EE-AH are combined as a dipthong into one syllable to form
the sound YAH



                                                                                              44
                                          45


                     Summary or reasons for pronunciation
      To summarize the reasons why I believe the Name of the Heavenly Father is
IAUE (Pronounced as YAH OO‘ EH). This can also be written as YAHUEH.
      1. Hebrew scholars have proven that even though all 22 letters of the Hebrew
         alphabet are classified as consonants, the ancient Hebrew alphabet had 5
         letters, known as Matres Lectionis, which were used as vowels. Of these 5
         vowel/consonant letters, 3 of them are used in the spelling of HaShem.
      2. Josephus‘s statement that the Separated Name consisted of 4 vowels, long
         disputed by scholars, has been proven to be accurate by recent scholarship.
         Josephus, who was a Hebrew scholar, priest, general, and historian lived from
         37 A.D. to 100 A.D. and is considered to be the most reliable historian of the
         New Testament era.
      3. Murashu texts from the 5th century B.C.E. revealed Yahwistic Names starting
         with YAHU (IAU) instead of the Massoretic vowel pointing of JEHO, which
         the Massoretes used to begin Yahwistic Names. This has great significance, as
         the Murashu texts being much much older than the Massoretic text
         (Massoretic text was written around the 7th century C.E., so the Murashu texts
         are more than 1,200 years older) are therefore more valid, both historically and
         linguistically. Since the Murashu texts were written before the Talmud was
         written, the scribes who wrote them were not under the compulsion to hide or
         disguise the Heavenly Father‘s Name like the Massoretes, who were
         instructed by penalty of death to do so by the Talmud. This shows that the
         Massoretic vowel pointing „E O A‟ under HaShem was done for the purpose
         of disguising The Name and not just for the purpose of substituting the name
         Adonai.
      4. When HaShem is used to form other Yahwistic Names, the full form of the
         Name is never used. Instead one of the two shorter forms of the Name is used
         in its place. Of the two shorter forms of HaShem, (        – IA or YAH, and
                 –IAU or YAHU), IAU or YAHU is the older original Hebrew form
         of the Name. It alone appears in the Lashish letters. In the Murashu
         documents it is used almost exclusively when HaShem is used inthe beginning
         of a name, and over 70% of the time when used in the last part of a name. The
         modern form IA or YAH, is post exilic, and comes from the Aramaic
         influence, not from the original Hebrew!
      5. YOD HEY WAW (                ) is represented in the Assyrian transcripts as
         sometimes as IAAU, sometimes by IAU, sometimes by IU, which brings out
         that the importance or the emphasis that was placed on the Waw or Double ‗o‘
         sound.
      6. The use of ANI HU (I AM HE) in the book of Isaiah, which is thought to be
         used as an abbreviation of IAUE, also shows the importance of the double
         ‘oo‘ or long ‘u‘ sound in His Name.



                                                                                      45
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       7. The transliteration of HaShem into Greek by the early Church Fathers as
          IAOUE, IAOUAI, IABE, and IAUE. All of these different transliterations
          sounding as IA-OO‘-EH or YAH-OO‘-EH.
       8. The French Encyclopedia, GRANDE ENCYCLOPEDIA, under Jehovah
          reads‖ ―Yahvah...the pronounciation is probably more exactly reproduced by
          writing YAHOUEH.‖ (French ‗ou‘ pronounced as ‗oo‘)
        THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY, under Jehovah reads: It is now held
that the original name was IAHUEH.‖ Then it tries to show that from that transliteration,
you come up with Yahweh, much like Jacob O. Myer or others intent on proving HaShem
is Yahweh, when in fact by their facts they bring out, they actually support that His Name
is actually pronounced as THE OXFORD DICTIONARY states –IAHUEH!
          The evidence of the EITHOPIAN APOCRYPHA, as brought by the
           Frenchman Basset, that the Name was known as YAHOUE.
          The rules brought by Young in his concordance used in Hebrew in
           seeking to correctly pronounce names, along with the rules put forth by
           THE Jewish Encyclopedia, and the book published by Eks Pub. Co., A
           Simple ‗Approach to Old Testament Hebrew, all support keeping the
           double‘U‘ or double ‗OO‘ sound, with emphasis on the second syllabe
           (not the first) or the ‗OO‘ sound in the Heavenly Father‘s Name
      All these different facts all support the fact that the little known shortened
form of HaShem, the Trigrammaton,            (IAU or YAHU), is the secret, the Key,
‗The Missing Linguistic Link‘ to the full form of the Name of the Heavenly Father,
        (IAUE or YAHUEH), and the link between the Name of the Father and His
Son our Messiah,            (YAHUSHUA)!
         According to the Scriptures, Moses compiled the history of IAUE‘S formation of
the world, IAUE‘S interaction with the people of the world, and His taking out a special
people (Israel) to be a light unto the other people of the world so as to guide all people
back unto their .Creator. He, IAUE, made absolutely clear to Moses HIS NAME, and
that it was to be a MEMORIAL to all people for all time. So when Moses went back to
the Israelite people and they asked who is the Mighty One of our fathers, he gave them
the Name that the Almighty gave to him that they were to call Him by. Moses in his
writting spelled this Name with the 4 Hebrew letters Yod-Hey-Waw-Hey (                   )
which became known as the Tetragramaton.
        Throughout the Old Testament Scriptures when ever His Name is indicated,
it is always represented by the Tetragramaton. We know that the 4 Hebrew letters
can be either consonants or vowels, for those paticular letters were part of the 5
Hebrew letters that were used as either consonants or vowels, known as Matre
Lectiones.
       The Scribes and Priests from the time of their return from Babylonian
captivity have represented HaShem as being 4 consonants, therefore requiring
additional letters (vowels) in order to pronounce His Name. This gave them the


                                                                                       46
                                            47


opportunity to add what ever vowels they wanted to add in order to disguise His Name
according to the dictates of the Talmud. By indicating His Name is spelled with
consonants only (which Christian translators transliterated variously as YHWH,
YHVH, JHWH, or JHVH) they were successful in hiding the correct pronunciation of
the Creator‘s Name.
        However according to Josephus, and the early translations of the Tetragram,
it consisted of 4 vowels, which gives the correct pronunciation of the Name. So it is
spelled as Moses spelled it and pronounced from the spelling, without any additional
leters. In fact to add other letters to His Name is breaking His Commandment that
we are not to add or take away from His Word. His Name is no longer a
Tetragrammaton if we do so.
       So the Tetragrammaton to be correct has to be 4 vowels, because if it is
represented as 4 consonants, to pronounce His Name additional letters have to be
used, Then it is no longer the 4 Hebrew letters Moses used to spell His Name. All
early Greek transliterations of theName show that the 4 English letters that best
represent His Name are the vowels ‗IAUE‘. This also agrees with the Samaritan
version of His Name, ‗IABE‘, since the letter ‗B‘ at that time represented the vowel
sound of a long ‗U‘ or double‘O‘.
        Since the Greeks, or the Samaritans were not under the compulsion to hide,
disguise, or distort His name as were the Jews because of their Talmud‘s
instructions (neither the Greeks or the Samaritans considered the Talmud as being
inspired by the Almighty) we have no reason to doubt their pronunciation, or
transliteration of the Heavenly Father‘s Name.
                The only problem that can arise with the pronunciation with His Name
when using all vowels is in the last vowel. Should it be letter ‗A‘ or a letter ‗E‘, as the
Hebrew letter ‗Hey‘ can be either. The ‗A‘ or ‗AH‘ sound ending in Hebrew is a feminine
ending for a name, where the letter ‟E‘ pronounced as ‗EH‘, just short of an ‗AH‘ sound,
is the masculine ending. Granting that the Almighty has both masculine and feminine
characteristics as is brought out by Wisdom and the Shikina Glory which are a given in a
feminine light, however, whenever the Almighty is mentioned ‘HE‘ is always mentioned
as a ‗masculine personage‟. Also, almost all transliterations utilize the masculine
endings. With all these facts, unless some other facts come to light which supports
the feminine ending, I believe that the correct spelling of the Heavenly Father‘s
Name is ‗IAUE‘ which is pronounced YAH OO‘ EH!
       Taking a statement that John Green made, and correcting it to the ultimate
findings that he came up with we have: ―BASED ON THE INFORMATION WE
NOW HAVE AVAILABLE, THE FORM ‗IAUE‘ OR ‗YAHUEH‘ IS THE
CLOSEST WE CAN PRESENTLY COME TO THE ORIGINAL HEBREW
NAME OF THE ALMIGHTY‖!
                                        The Son‘s Name
       Now that we have established The Heavenly Father‘s Name according to all the
scholarly Scriptural information that is currently available, it should be fairly simple to


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come up with His Son‘s name. According to the Scriptures, the Messiah, IAUE‘S
Son, said that He came in His Father‘s Name (John 5:43). In John 17:11 He stated
that His Father gave Him His (The Father‘s) Name, and restated it again in verse 12.
It is only logical that His Father would give Him His Father‘s Name, as a father
normally gives his son his name. All the Scriptures relating to The Name of the
Messiah attest to this fact, Namely that the Son of the Most High, The Anointed of
YAH (Messiah) in fact carries His Father‘s Name in HIS OWN NAME!!
       Now in the naming of the Prophet‘s of IAUE, their names consisted of a word
or words that described their work or mission, or character, with the name of the
Creator added either in the front of the name or at the end of the name. The full
form of IAUE (         ) is never used in making up their names. Instead either the
short form IA (YAH –        ), or the intermediate form IAU (YAHU –           ) of the
Creator‘s Name is used in its place. We saw earlier that the intermediate form IAU
was the older, Hebrew version. IA, or YAH, was a postexilic form, and was due to
Aramaic influence, and therefore not Hebrew! We also showed that the
Trigrammaton, Yod Hey Waw (               – IAU), was the linguistic link to both the
Heavenly Father‘s full Name, and the Name of His Son – along with the majority of
the prophets!
       If you look up[ the name Jesus in Strongs Concordance in the Greek Concordance
# 2424 it shows the Greek pronunciation as ‗EE AY SOUCE‟ (IESOUS) but it refers you
back to the Hebrew Concordance #3091 . This shows that His Name is spelled
‗‘YOD HEY WAW SHIN AYIN‘ (                     ) or ‗YOD HEY WAW SHIN WAW
AYIN‘ (              ) , which transliterated into English either as, IAUSHUA
(YAHUSHUA), or IAOSHUA (YAHOSHUA). However in both Strong‘s and Young‘s
Concordances they use the Massorite vowel pointing which show YEHO (or JEHO)
instead of the older more correct ‗I-A-U‘ (YAHU) as shown by the older more correct
Murashu Tablets.
        So by taking the older Hebrew version (the intermediate form –      ) of the
Heavenly Father‘s Name and combining it with His Son‘s mission, which was stated
by the Angel of IAUE to Joseph that He –IAUE‘S SON –shall save His people from
their sins, you come up with the Saviour‘s Name as was given to both Joseph and
Miriam. This is the same Name that Moses gave to                (Oshea             –
which means Savior) the son of Nun. Moses changed the son of Nun‘s name from
Oshea to             (IAUSHUA or YAHUshua) to show that it is IAUE who is the
Savior– not the man Oshea. (Numbers 13:16, footnotes NIV, and Ryrie Study Bibles)
                              Origin of the name Jesus

       So, how do we come up with the name Jesus, and how does it fit in with the
Scriptures? Well we know that the name Jesus comes from the Greek name Iesous.
Iesous is supposed to be the Greek transliteration of the Jewish name Yeshua. Since the
Greek alphabet has no ‗sh‟ sound in it, it was carried over into Greek as Iesous (ee ay
sous). now, the name Yeshua means, ‗He will save‘ (from Strongs, #3442 and #3443,
where we find out that it is of Chaldean or Babalonian origin). In Browns-Driver-Briggs


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Hebrew-English Lexicon it shows it to be Aramaic, not Hebrew, which was the language
of the Babylonians or Chaldeans.
       We learned earlier that the short form of the Heavenly Father‘s Name,
    (IA or YAH) was due to the Aramaic influence, and that the intermediate form or
Trigrammaton,          (IAU or YAHU), was the older, Hebrew shortened form of the
Heavenly Father‘s Name,           (IAUE or YAHUEH). – So due to the Aramaic
influence, the Savior‘s Name was shortened up from IAUSHUA (YAHUSHUA) to
IASHUA (YAHSHUA), and later to prevent the pronunciation of the Father‘s Name it
was changed to Yeshua!!
        The Jews in order to disguise the Heavenly Father‘s Name had changed the
sound of the ‗Hey‘ (which was an ‗ah‘ sound) to ‗ay‘ or short ‗e‘ as in ebb, thus
taking out the Heavenly Father‘s Name, and making it simply ‗Savior‘. So, the name
Yeshua, or the Greek equivalent, Iesous, does not have the Heavenly Father‘s Name
in it at all! In fact, if you break down Iesous into it‘s components, it means ‗The
saving Zeus!‘
        According to J.C.J. Metford23 ―It is known that the Greek name endings of.sus
,seus, and sous (which are phonetic pronunciations for Zeus) were attached by the
Greeks to names and geographical locations as a means to give honour to their
supreme deity, Zeus. Examples given are: Parnassus, a sacred mountain in Greece, the
Greek deity of wine and son of Zeus, Dionysus, the Greek hero of the Trogan war was
Odysseus, and the Greek Deity of healing was Ieusus (which is a variant spelling of
Iesous or the Latin Iesus/Jesus)..
        The Greeks also changed the names of the prophets of the Old Testament. For
Eliyah (or EliYAHU – which means, ‗My Mighty One {El} is Yah or YAHU), they
substituted Elias (Greek for My Mighty One is Zeus). For Elisha (Hebrew for My El is
Salvation) they substituted Eliseus that also means, ‗My mighty one is Zeus‘! This was
done so often that it later was the basis for their rules of written grammar which
followed the common or vernacular spoken language – especially after the Greek‘s
main deity had become the ‗Christian‘ God. Thus though originally IESOUS or
IEUSUS meant the healing or the saving Zeus, later by making rules of grammar
showing that whenever in Greek transliterations of Hebrew names ending in an ‗a‘
(ah, ua) would end in Greek as an ‗s‘, ‗sus‘, ‗zus‘, or ‗us‘.
        According to the ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA, the name Ieusus (Jesus) is a
combination of 2 mythical deities, IEU and SUS (ZEUS). In Gnostic and Greek
mythologies they are actually one and the same Deity. In Gnosticism, Ieu is described as
the Primal Man, King of the Luminaries, who descends into the darkness of the material
world only to raise himself up out again. The Encyclopedia Britannica states: ―It is true
that a part of the formation of the myth (of Ieu) has been played by the Sun-God, who
daily descends into darkness, only to rise from it again victoriously. ...‖ 24
      Both Liddell and Scott‘s GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON and Bauer‘s GREEK-
ENGLISH LEXICON state that ‗Jesus (Iesous) is the Ionic masculine form of the
Greek goddess of healing, ‗Iaso‘! 25 Dr. Koster in his excellent book, ‗THE FINAL


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REFORMATION on p 67 further confirms this, showing that Ieso is the Ionic form of the
Greek goddess of healing, ‗Iaso‘! Thus the Ionic Greek goddess, Ieso was changed into
the masculine Iesous that became Iesus in Latin, which later became Jesus!
        Dr. Koster then shows that the abbreviated form of Iesous is Ies, which in all
capitals is HIS.. He then shows that IHS was the mystery surname for the sun god
Bacchus (alias Tammuz, Dionysus, or Osiris). According to Rev Hislop in his book,
‗THE TWO BABYLON‘S‘, the Greeks worshipped the supreme god under the title of
‗Zeus the Savior‟, which is non other than a title for Dionysus the ―Sin bearing Bacchus‟!
        James Morgan Pryse in his book, THE RESTORED NEW TESTAMENT, on p
44 states that Iesous is unmistakably identified with the solar Dionysus, the mystery-god,
who is called the winnower 26. So by using the Greek form Iesous instead of His original
Hebrew Name IAUSHUA, or the Greek form IAOSOUA/IAUSOUA it was easy to make
the pagans who worshipped Zeus, or Iaso to feel welcome. They were already familiar
with these names, because they had already been worshipping them as their pagan gods.
       Both Dr. Koster27, and Bishop Pearce28 bring out that another group of pagan
worshippers were made to feel at ease with the surrogate name Iesous or the Latinized
form Iesus (which became Jesus after the letter ‗J‟ was introduced), namely the
worshippers of Esus. Esus, also spelled Esu, Yesus, Yesu, was the Gaelic or Celtic pagan
god of spring. This pagan god who required human sacrifices was worshipped in the first
century after YaHUSHUa’S coming, by the Celts of Northwestern Europe and the British
Isles.
        THE ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA, 1978 Edition p 973, states that Esus
(Celtic: Lord, or Master) was one of the three powerful Celtic deities mentioned by the
Roman poet Lucian in the 1st century A.D.. Esus‟s victims (human sacrifices) were
sacrificed by being ritually stabbed and hung from a tree! Esus was identified with the
Roman god, mercury or the Greek god Hermes and was regarded to be the special deity of
Paris. His name was used to form personal titles. Simply by adding the letter ‗I‟ and later
the letter ‗J‟ to the pagan god Esus you can come up with the Christian deity, ‗Jesus‟.
Even as the pagan god Esus was part of a trinity of pagan Celtic gods, so also is Jesus
part of the Christian trinity, „The Father, Son, and Holy Ghost‟!! All these similarities
made it easy for these worshippers of the Gallic god Esus to come into the religion of
Christianity.
            Two factors associated with substitution of the Savior‘s Name

        Dr. Koster states 29, ―Two factors contributed greatly to the substitution and
distortion of our Saviors Name. The first was the unscriptural superstitious teaching
of the Jews that the Father‘s Name is not to be spoken, that it is ineffable, even to
speak it would be profaning it, and that it must be disguised. Because of the Father‘s
Name being in His Son‘s Name, this same disastrous suppression of the Name
resulted in the Greeks giving a Hellenized, in fact a surrogate name for our Savior.
He warned us in John 5:43 ‗I have come in My Father‘s Name ... if another comes in
his own name, him will you receive.‘



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       The second factor was the strong anti-Judaism that prevailed among the
Gentiles ... The Gentiles wanted a savior, but not a Jewish one. They loathed the
Jews, they even loathed the Elohim (God) of the Old Testament ...The Hellenized
theological school at Alexandria, led by the Syncretising, allegorizing, philosophizing,
Gnostic-indoctrinated Clement and Origen was the place where everything started to
become distorted and adapted to suit the Gentiles. The Messianic Faith, and its Savior,
had to become Hellenized to be acceptable to the Gentiles.‖
       This Hellenization of our Savior‘s Name was done so cleverly and
thoroughly, that through out the whole world He is known by both Christian and
Non-Christian alike by the surrogate Name of Jesus. His True original Name given to
Him by His Father,ii has been completely forgotten and replaced by the name of
Jesus!
        As we brought before, not one of the surrogate names jj, which have been used
to replace His True Name given to Him by His Father, have the Father‘s Name in
them!! This of course fulfills the prophecy part of John 5:43, where The Messiah
said if another comes in his own name kk him you will accept, and the whole world has
accepted this Hellenized Greek Savior!!
                                Time to listen to the Almighty

       Dr. Koster in his little pamphlet, ‗JESUS or YAHUSHUA:‘ brings out that it is
time that we listen to the Almighty who tells us in Isa 1:18; ―...to come now, and let us
reason together.‖ He also tells us through His prophet Amos, (3:7); ―Surely The
Sovereign IAUE does nothing, unless He reveals His secret to His servants the
Prophets.‖ Dr. Koster then adds, ―Note well: nothing! We must believe Him!‖
        Now, the Apostle Shaul tells us ‗To prove all things‘ in 1 Thess 5:21. So,
according to Amos 3:7, we should be able to go to the Prophets to find the answer to the
question asked by the prophet Agar in Proverbs 30:4. Here the prophet asks, ‗What is
His (The Almighty‘s) Name, and what is His Son‘s Name? The apostle Kefer (Peter)
tells us in Acts 4:12 that there is only One Name given among men whereby we must
be saved! Since the Almighty has ordained that mankind has only one Name that
they can call on to be saved by, then we must be assured that it was revealed to His
Prophets according to the promise given in Amos 3:7!!
       The Messiah Himself tells us in John 5:39, ―...to search the Scriptures, for in
them you think you have eternal life, and these are they that testify of ME. So by
following the Messiah‘s Command to Search the Scriptures, and having the
Almighty‘s promise that He Does Nothing unless He reveals it first to His Prophets,
we can prove just what is the Messiah‘s Name, whether or not it is Jesus or
IAUSHUA (YAHUSHUA)!

ii
     THE ONLY NAME GIVEN AMONG MEN WHEREBY WE MUST BE SAVED (Acts                          4:12
jj
     (The Jewish Yeshua, Greek Iesous, Latin Iesus, or English Jesus)
(Not the Messiah‘s True Name which has His Father‘s Name incorporated within His Name kk



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                        The Messiah‘s Name in Old Testament

       Can we find the Name of our Savior in the Old Testament prophecies? As Dr.
Koster states, ―HalleluYah, yes we do! In the most vivid prophecy of the Messiah to
come, in Psms. 118:14 the promise of Him (according to the Hebrew text): ―Yah is
my strength and song, and He has become My Ye-Shu (w)‘-ah.‖ (Salvation – Ye-Shu
(w)‘-ah comes from Strongs # 3444 showing the pronunciation to be, Yesh-oo‘-ah,
meaning Salvation)
        Dr. Koster then goes on, ―There it is: the Yeshu (w) ah of Yah! If we combine
it in the Hebrew manner, we have The Name that is above every name:
YAHUSHUA, or IAUSHUA! All of Psms 118 is prophetic regarding Messiah, but verse
14 is a literal repetition of Ex. 15:2, a part of Moses‘ song. (Isa 12:2 is also a literal
repetition of Ex. 15:2, except for using both the short form and the full form of the
Almighty‘s Name in it – ―                     is My strength and My song: He has become
My Yeshu -(w) ah – Salvation).
       According to the Scriptures 2 or 3 witnesses are required to establish sure proof,
and here we have 3 such witnesses. The abbreviated form of the Father‘s Name, YAH
or IAU, has the meaning of life, eternal life. The latter part of the Messiah‘s Name,
‗shua‘ bears the already established meaning of Salvation in Hebrew, ‗Y‘shua‘, or
more fully, the above mentioned form: ‗YeShu-(w)-ah‘.
       The Name IAUSHUA has meaning, a vital Scriptural meaning. He is the
Salvation (YeShu(w)‘ah) of Yah or IAU. The Name Jesus however, does not mean
‗The salvation of YAH‘ at all, by any means! What is more, the name Jesus does not
etymologically relate to, or resemble the Scripturally professed and revealed
‗YeShu(w)al‘ of YAH or YAHU at all. As a matter of fact, the name Jesus originated
from the Greek name Iesous. The evidence of scholars of early Greek Mythology,
indicate that the name Iesous is derived from the ‗pagan Greek goddess of healing,
or from Zeus himself, Iesous, means ‗The Saving Zeus‘. **
       J. David Klopfenstein 30 brings out some good points that give further proof that
the name Jesus can not be the Messiah‘s Name. Again remembering Amos 3:7 that
IAUE does nothing without revealing His Plan to His servants, the Prophets, and
that IAUE does not change (Mal. 3:6) or alter anything that comes from His lips
(Psms 89:34). Now we know that He gave His Name to the Prophets (Ex 3:15; Isa.
42:8; Jer 33:2 and others) and that He did not alter it – however man has, even
though to do so breaks the 3rd Commandment!
       Mr. Klopfenstein brings out that the Joel prophesied the New Covenant Age
and foretold the Name in the New Covenant whereby we must be saved (Joel 2:32),
and everyone who calls on the Name of IAUE will be saved. Peter conforms this in
Acts 2:21. In Acts 4:12; Peter states that there is no other Name under heaven given
among men whereby we must be saved! Iesous contradicts the prophecy of Joel for
the New Covenant Age. Joel used the Name IAUE, not ‗Iesous‘, so this would give us
2 names for salvation, contradicting Acts 4:12.



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        In Isa. 43:3,11; 49:26; 60:16; and Hosea 13:4, IAUE declares that He is the
Savior, redeemer, and Set Apart (Holy) One of Israel, and there is no other savior.
This agrees with Acts 4:12, in that there is only one Name given whereby we must be
saved! Now Scripture can not be broken, and IAUE does not lie (John 10:35; Num.
23:19).
       The Saviors Name must harmonize Joel 3:32, Isa. 43:3,11; 49:26; 60:16 with
Acts 4:10-12. Therefore the Savior has to have His Father‘s Name in order to
harmonize these Scriptures, and the name Jesus does not in any way, shape or form
have the Name of IAUE in it!!
                                  Fulfilling Amos 3:7

       Another Scripture that shows that the Son has to have the Heavenly Father‘s
Name in His Name is Amos 3:7. This states that IAUE will do nothing, but He
revealth His secret unto His servants the prophets. – So the prophets must reveal the
Savior‘s Name according to Amos 3:7.
          Isa. 11:1-5 Isaiah prophesied that a Branch would spring up from the rod of
           Jesse, which is a prophecy of the Messiah.
          Jer. 23:5,6 and Jer 33:15,16 both name the Righteous Branch that comes
           from David‘s line, ‘IAUE OUR RIGHTEOUS‘ – not Iesous!
          Rev 22:12-16 IAUSHUA states that He is coming quickly and that He is the
           First and the Last, the Beginning and the End, and is the Root and Offspring of
           David, the Bright and Morning Star. He also states, ―Blessed are those who do
           His (IAUE‘S) Commandments, that they may have right to the Tree of Life.
           Rev 1:17 also states ―...Fear not: I am the First and the Last
          Isa. 44:6 states, ―Thus says IAUE, the King of Israel, and His Redeemer,
           IAUE of Hosts: I am the First and the Last and beside Me there is no
           mighty one! Isaiah again names Him IAUE in Isa. 41:4, ―Who hasth wrought
           and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I, IAUE, the First
           and the Last; I AM HE.‖
          1 Peter 2:6 ―Wherefore also it is contained in the Scripture, Behold I lay in
           Sion a Chief Corner Stone, elect precious: and he that believes on Him shall
           not be put to shame.‖ In verse 8, this Stone was to be ‗A Stone of stumbling,
           and a Rock of offense to those who stumble or are disobedient to the Word!
          Isa. 8:13-14 ―Sanctify IAUE of Hosts Himself: ... and He shall be for a
           sanctuary: but for A Stone of Stumbling and for a Rock of Offense...So
           Isaiah names this Stone and Rock, ‗IAUE‘ not ‗IESOUS-or-JESUS‘, and
           Simon Peter declares Him as our Savior!!
          Phil. 2:9-11: Therefore IAUE Exalted Him to the highest place and gave
           Him the Name that is Above Every Name (Exalted), that in honor of the
           Name given IAUSHUA every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth.
           The KJV uses the word ‗A‘ before Name, but the original Greek uses the word


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           ‗The‘. This indicates a specific Name that is above every Name, which of
           course is His Heavenly Father‘s Name!
          Isa. 45:21-23 ...was it not I, IAUE, there is no Mighty One beside me, a
           Righteous Mighty One, and a Savior, There is none by Me...By Myself I have
           sworn, My mouth has uttered in all integrity, a word will not be revoked,
           before Me Every Knee will bow, by Me every tongue will swear!
          Psms. 148:13 tells us according to the Hebrew text, which Name is above
           every Name. ―Let them praise the Name, IAUE, for His Name alone is
           exalted! Thus Psms. 148:13 also contradicts the name ‗Iesous‟ or ‗Jesus‟ but
           harmonizes with the Heavenly Father‘s Name, IAUE!
          Heb. 1:4,5 ―Being made so much better than the angels, as He has by
           Inheritance obtained a more Excellent Name that they. For to which angel
           did He ever say, ‗You are My Son, today I have become your Father. And
           again, ―I will be His Father, and He will be My Son‖?
        You can not inherit something that does not belong to the one you inherited it
from. Thus the Son inherited ‗The‘ Name which is above every Name, the Name that
belonged to His Father. The Messiah Himself tells us in John 5:43 that He came in
His Father‘s Name, and John 17:11,12 states that the Heavenly Father gave Him His
Name! Eph 3:14,15 tells us that the whole family in heaven and earth are named after
the Father of our Savior, YAHUSHUA THE MESSIAH. So we can be assured that
IAUE‘S Son, our Savior, the Messiah does have His Father‘s Name given to Him,
not the name of a pagan deity or a SUBSTITUTE name given by man!
       It is only logical that The Son would inherit the Father‘s Name, and along
with The Name of course all the attributes of His father. The Son‘s Name was
declared to be called YAHUshua in Matt. 1:21 for He (IAUE) will save His people
from their sins. His Name combines His Father‘s Name (in the shortened form, the
Trigrammaton-           – IAU), plus His mission (Savior – Hebrew = YeShu (w)‘ah),
thus becoming, YAHUshua or IAUSHUA.
                            The Importance of His Name

       Therefore, since the Son inherited The Hebrew Name that belonged to His
Father, YAHUshua (IAUE Savior), this Name brings into harmony all the
Scriptures relating to or prophesising about the Savior in both the Old and New
Testaments. However, the hybred English/Latin/Greek name Jesus makes the Old
Testament conterdict the New Testament, for as Acts 4:12 states, there is only one
Name given among men where by we must by saved – not two, and the name Jesus
does not contain the Heavenly Father‘s Name in it, unless you believe in Zeus
              To reject the Name, IAUSHUA (IAUE –Savior) is to reject the True
Name of the Son! 1 John 3:23 states, ―And this is His Commandment: that we
should believe on the Name of His Son, IAUSHUA Messiah, and love one another,
just as He commanded us.‖ This of course is also breaking the 3rd Commandment by



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causing His Sons Name not to have the Father‘s Name in it, thereby bringing His
Name to Nought or nothing!
       So, to go back to the question we posed at the beginning of this study; Just how
important is it to know and use the Heavenly Father‘s Name and His Son‘s Name in
our worship and praise and proclaiming His Name to others?
       If one will but do an honest evaluation of all the Scriptures relating to His
Name, you will see He Places the utmost importance to the Name He gave to
mankind to worship and praise Him by. The etymology of His Name shows it to be a
most gracious promise ‗To Become‘ what ever is wisest and best for the people who
love him and keep His Commandments‘!
       He states that His Name is to be a Memorial to remember Him by to all
generations. He also states that He is Jealous for His Name and will not give the
Honor, Praise, or Esteem due unto His Name to any other name; especially if that
name is a name associated with a pagan deity. He warns us not to even let their
names be heard out of our mouths and individuals or nations that sacrifice (Give
praises, thanks, or worship) to other deities other than IAUE Himself will be
destroyed!
                                    Obedience or disobedience

       IAUE also says that those prophets (Priests, Preachers, Teachers) who cause
His people to forget His Name for Baal llare prophets of deceit and He is against
those prophets who have done violence to His Law. They have definitely broken the
3rd Commandment when they caused IAUE‘S people to forget His Name for another
name. They have brought His Name to Desolation or Naught, and have falsified His
Name by teaching the people that His Name is Lord or God, or Ba‘al or Pan, Bog,
Adonay–or whatever the pagan deity of that people worshipped before they accepted
―Christianity.‖
        These same Preachers are following the traditions started by the Jews and
followed by the Translators of the Bibles of Substituting other names which were
derived from Pagan Deities or at best their titles, for the Almighty‘s Name, either
knowingly or unknown to them. This not only breaks the 3rd Commandment, but
also the Commandment that you should not add to or take away from the
Scriptures. In addition, this causes the people to forget His Name for another name,
and causing them to worship IAUE using names forbidden for them to utter in their
worship or praise of the Almighty according to Joshua 23:7, Ex 23:13, and Psms
16:4. IAUE also tells us that in the millennium He will take away the names of Baal
(all the names and titles of the false mighty ones of the different nations) from our
mouth‘s, and we will no longer call upon them.




ll ll
        (titles or names that are, or were used for pagan deities)



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                                     Common Sense

         Does this mean that we can not use the commonly used names that derive from
Pagan Deities when we are trying educate someone as to their origin and why IAUE
doesn‘t want us to use them to replace His Name? No, absolutely not! Mr. Bradshaw in
his AGE ENDING LETTER, under ‗NAMES AND TITLES OF DEITY‘ brings out there
are many examples in the Scriptures where Moses and other Prophets had to mention
some of the pagan names in order to communicate with the people. He brings out that
while we should make every effort to avoid mentioning a name linked to idolatry. There
maybe times when it is necessary to use such a name properly for communication or
instructive purposes, as long as the idol is not glorified or praised in any way to show
acceptance or favoritism. However in his own personal worship of the Almighty, he
never uses any Name or Title that has any question about it. At the conclusion of his
article, he asked the same question we asked in the beginning of this article, but in a
different way. ―Should we be concerned about this issue of the Divine Name of the King
of the Universe, ... or should we be happy to persist in a state of indifference? He then
suggests some good advice, that we all pull our heads out of the sand and start caring
about the Word of the Most High and what He has told us!
                                    Spirit and Truth

        In John 4:23, 24 our Messiah tells us True Worshippers must worship the
Father in Spirit and in Truth! Now there are many Christians who definitely worship in
Spirit, but who are lacking in the second half of the rule He gave to worship Him by.
Many of these worshippers do not even know the Almighty‘s Name, or His Son‘s
Name. Neither do they realize that the names that are commonly used in their worship
come from pagan gods, both the names and titles! Others do know the correct name,
but do not use it in their worship or praise, except occasionally, seemly ignorant of
the importance of the Heavenly Father places on His and His Son‘s Name.
         These feel that it is not important because the ‗Holy Spirit‘ has not led them to
change from their use of ‗God‘, ‗Lord‘, or ‗Jesus Christ‘, or what ever the name used for
a different nationality. This causes one to wonder if they have tested the ‗Spirits‘ as John
tells us to do in 1 John 4:1, that leads them to worship using names that are definitely not
the Heavenly Father‘s or the Son‘s Name.
       YAHUshua said He would send a comforter, the Separated Spirit, or the Spirit of
Truth! We are told to prove all things (1 Thess 5:21). If this ‗Spirit‘ is telling them it
makes no difference what you call the Heavenly Father when the Scriptures state
otherwise, whom do you believe? The Scriptures state, ―To the Law and the
Testimony, if they speak not according to this Word there is no light or truth in
them (Isa 8:20). Second Tim 3:16 tells us that ‗All Scripture inspired by IAUE is
profitable for teaching, reproof (Proof, evidence, proving all things), for correction
(when something is proved wrong, then it needs to be corrected) and for training in
Righteousness. A note in the RYRIE STUDY BIBLE states that inspiration does not


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extend beyond the original manuscripts, even though the manuscripts we have today have
been transmitted with a high degree of accuracy... We know that the translators have
substituted other names for both the Heavenly Father and His Son, using names that
the Scriptures themselves tell us that the Heavenly Father can NOT, and will NOT
accept, nor give His esteem or honor to. – However, in the Hebrew Manuscripts His
name has at least been faithfully copied.
       IAUSHUA told us that ―True worshipers shall worship the Father in Spirit
and Truth‖ (Jo 4:23,24), and in Joshua 24:14 ―To fear IAUE, and serve Him in
Sincerity and Truth‖. We are told that The Separated (Holy) Spirit is the Spirit of
Truth that will lead us to all Truth (Jo 16:13). So that brings us to the question, the
same one Pilate asked IAUSHUA, ‗What is Truth?‘ And we can add to the question,
‗Where do, or can you find ‗The Truth‘?
       The Messiah said in John 14:6 that ―He is the Way, the Truth, and the Life;
No man comes into the Father but by Me.‖ He also told us that His Father‘s Words
are Truth in John 17:17, which we are also told in Psms 119:160. Also in the Psalms
we are told that IAUE‘S Laws, Commandments, and Judgments are True (Psms
19:7-9; 111:7,8; 119:142,151), or Righteous (right, correct, therefore True) Psms
119:172. Furthermore, we are told that His Word was settled or established in
Heaven and His Word, Laws, Ordinances, are to be forever (Psms 119:89, 152, 160;
Isa 40:8; Matt 5:18; 24:35).
       Neither the Father or His Son changes, or alters anything that they have said
(Mal 3:6; Heb 13:8; Psms 89:34). It stands to reason that any spirit that contradicts
any Word, Law or Commandment, which IAUE gave, either through inspiration to
His prophets or His Son mmmust be a false spirit! Any spirit which tells someone that
they do NOT have to obey any of the Father‘s Word, Laws, Commandments,
Covenants, Statues, Judgments etc., can not be the Separated Spirit; for according to
Acts 5:32, and John 14:15-17, and 23, it is only given to those that obey IAUE!
      If it is True that the names the different nations use as a substitute for the
Almighty‘s Name and His Son‘s Name, do originate from pagan deities, then
according to the Scriptures the Heavenly Father can NOT accept these substitute
names. All the historical evidence show that these substitute names originated from
the names the nations of the world gave to their false or pagan deities that they
worshipped before they accepted ‗Christianity‘! To do so transgresses or breaks His
Word, Laws, or Commandments that He gave concerning His Name, which is a sin,
according to 1st John 3:4!
        Therefore, any spirit that tells one that it is right to substitute the Almighty‘s
Name by a name or title that has connections with any pagan deity or idol can not
be the Set Apart (Holy) Spirit of IAUE. The Set Apart Spirit is the Spirit of Truth
sent by IAUSHUA to guide us in All Truth (Jo 14:26; 16:13), the Word of IAUE.
Any spirit that says you can contradict His Word, which is unchangeable, is the
spirit of error, sent by the angel of light – Satan!

mm
     WHICH IS THE STANDARD FOR TRUTH.



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                              What difference does it make?
         The following questions, and statements are made by those who feel that it is not
necessary or important to find out the Truth about His Name, and use it in their worship
and praise; Is it going to make any difference in my salvation what name I use? After all I
don‘t worship a name, I worship the being behind the name, his character, his being
personality, and his love! I believe that it is more important to have a personal
relationship with our ‗Lord Jesus Christ‟ than to worry about whether or not it is his
correct ‗Hebrew‘ name. If we follow in the footsteps of ‗Jesus‟ and walk as He walked,
we don‘t have to worry about the ‗Law of Moses‘ or the ‗Ten Commandments‘. ―Jesus‟
fulfilled the „Law‟ (Matt 5:17) and was the ‗End‟ of the law (Rom 10:4), besides the law
was done away with, ‗nailed to the cross‟ (Col 2:14). We are therefore not under the
‗law‘ but under grace (Rom 6:14). Therefore all a Christian has to do in this age of grace
to fulfill Jesus Christ‟s law is to love one another, to love your neighbor as yourself, for
love fulfills the Law (Rom 13:8-10). Thus all the laws mentioned in the Old Testament
prohibiting the use of other names for ‗God‘ or His Son, including the Third
Commandment have no bearing in this age of grace! If it wasn‘t repeated in the New
Testament, especially by Paul, who is the apostle to the Church or Gentiles (Rom
11:13), then it is not revenant for this dispensation!
        This is a basic concept of many (but not all) Christians. They believe that since
the New Testament was originally written in Greek, and used the names Iesous Christos
(Jesus Christ), and the Greek equivalent for ‗Lord‘, and ‗God‘ for the Almighty‘s Name,
then it must be perfectly correct to use these names for the Almighty and His Son. They
also bring out that the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, also used
the Greek equivalent for ‗Lord‘, and ‗God‘ in place of the Tetragrammaton. This further
confirms their belief that it is correct to use ‗Lord‘, or ‗God‘ for the Almighty‘s Name
and ‗Jesus Christ‘ for the Son‘s Name. They also feel that those believers who worship in
the ‗Hebrew‘ Name of the Almighty and His Son tend to make an Idol out of His Name,
ascribing to it magical powers, instead of worshipping the person!
        The ‗Christian‘ idea that the ‗Law was done away with at the Cross‘ and that
‗Jesus was the end of the Law‘ has NO Scriptural basis. Our Messiah stated rather
emphatically that He had NOT come to do away with the Law, but to fulfill
(establish or complete) the Law. And furthermore, as long as Heaven and Earth last,
not a comma or dot of the Law would be lost until its purpose is completed! (Matt
5:17, 18 J.B. Phillips, see also Matt 24:35; Luke 16:17; 21:33).
         The idea that ‗Jesus Christ‟ came to ‗do away with the harsh Laws of the Hebrew
God (IAUE) of the Old Testament‟ and that only „the Pauline Scriptures apply to the
Church age‟, sounds very similar to what Marcion advocated around 137 A.D.. While it
is true that ‗Love Fulfills the Law‘, it is not just any old mushy feeling that is passed off
as love today that actually fulfills the law. What fulfills the Law is Scriptural Love,
which is defined by the Scriptures in 2nd Jo. 6; ―Love is this, that we should live
according to His Commandments‖. Also in 1st John 5:3 we are told that ‗The Love
of IAUE is that we keep His Commandments‖.
        So, Love fulfills the Law, but the Law defines just what Love is. The Law
tells us how we are to act towards our fellow man, and to our Creator in order to


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Love our fellow man, or our Creator. All of IAUE‘S Laws are based on Love, His
love towards us, which directs us how to love each other, and Himself. His Law sets
the parameters, or boundaries of love. As long as you keep His Commandments you
will do no harm to your neighbor, as set forth in the Heavenly Father‘s Laws, which
of course are also the Messiah‘s Laws!
       Most of the misconceptions that the ‗law‘ was done away at the Cross, come
from the misinterpretation or mistranslating of Paul‘s (Shaul) writings. Peter stated
that Paul writes about things that are hard to understand, and people would twist Paul‘s
writings to their own destruction. A lot of the problems we have understanding not only
Paul‘s writings but also a lot of the New Testament is brought about by the belief that the
New Testament was originally inspired and written in Greek!
                                Hebrew New Testament?

       There is an abundance of evidence that most if not all of the New Testament
was originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic, and that the Greek New Testament
that we have today is nothing more than a translation of the original Hebrew.
         Dr. Pinchas Lapide is an orthodox Jewish Scholar, who is one of the four Jewish
scholars on the New Testament today. He stated on the John Ankerberg Show that the
Greek in the New Testament is preposterously bad in the New Testament, and cries out
for retranslation into the Hebrew it was originally decades before the Greeks got hold of
it! He asked the question; “Why read Jesus in Greek, if He never preached in Greek, nor
probably knew Greek?” In his book, Israel, Jews, and Jesus on p 1 he states; ―The earliest
writings about Jesus was composed in Hebrew, and appeared most probably in Jerusalem.
...It is certain, however, that all four Greek Gospels display distinct traces of an
original Hebrew text in their vocabulary, grammar, syntax, and semantic patterns.
Hence we cannot seriously question the existence of a ‗Hebrew Gospel‘ – No Fewer
than ten fathers of the Church testify to it!‖
        In the Addendum to The Final Reformation by Dr. Koster, he lists many scholars
that bring out many proofs that the New Testament was originally written in Hebrew. The
booklet, ‗Exploding The Inspired Greek New Testament Myth‟ by Jacob O. Myer also
quotes many modern and ancient Greek scholars that show that the New Testament was
originally written in Hebrew and translated into Greek.
        Dr. Bullinger in his Companion Bible, Appendix 94, states that if the Greek of the
New Testament be regarded as an inspired translation from the Hebrew or Aramaic
originals, most of the various reading would be accounted for and understood. – Now I
would have to agree that the Hebrew originals were inspired, but that there are no
inspired translations, for why are there various reading except for faulty translations! He
also brings out that the Aramaic (or Syriac), therefore the Peshitta Text is much older
than the oldest Greek Manuscript, and is therefore superior in authority than the Greek
manuscripts.
        George Lamsa‘s Holy Bible, A Translation from the Aramaic of the Peshitta states
in his introduction; ―The Israelites never wrote their sacred literature in any language but
Aramaic and Hebrew. ... The Septuagint was made in the 3rd century, B.C. for the


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Alexandrine Jews. This version was never official read by the Jews in Palestine who
spoke Aramaic and read Hebrew. Instead the Jewish authorities condemned the work and
declared a period of mourning because of the defects in the version! Evidently Jesus and
His disciples used a text that came from an older Hebrew original. This is apparent
because Jesus quotations from the Old Testament agree with the Peshitta Text but do not
agree with the Greek Text. This is not all, Jesus and His disciples not only could not
converse in Greek, but never heard it spoken!”
        Dr. Lamsa also brings out that the Gospels were written early, a few years after
the resurrection and some portions were written by Matthew while Jesus (YAHUshua)
was preaching. They were not handed down orally and then written after the Pauline
Epistles as some western scholars say; they were written many tears before those Epistles.
... The Gospels, as well as the Epistles (Paul‘s) were written in Aramaic, the
language of the Jewish people both in Palestine and in the Greco-Roman Empire.
       David Bivin and Roy Blizzard Jr.31 bring out: ―Our reasons for writing this
book are not only to show that the original biography of Jesus was communicated in
the Hebrew language, but to show that the entire New Testament can only be
understood from a Hebraic perspective‖. On p 17; ―Many scholars in Israel are now
convinced that the spoken and written language of the Jews in the Land of Israel at
the time of Jesus was indeed Hebrew; and that the Synoptic Gospels were derived
from original Hebrew sources‖.
                      Replacement of Tetragram in the Septuagint

       Dr. George Howard in his article, ‗The Tetragram and the New Testament‘ in the
Journal of Biblical Literature 1977, shows that the Heavenly Father‘s Name was
written in the Pre-Christian Greek Bible (Septuagint) in Aramaic or in Palaeo-
Hebrew letters or was transliterated into Greek letters. However, when we come to
the Christian Copies of the Septuagint, we are immediately struck by the absence of the
Tetragram and its almost universal replacement by Kurios. He then shows that the
Tetragram in the Christian Septuagint began to be surrogated (replaced or substituted) by
the contracted Kurios or Theos at least by the second century. As long as it was retained
in the Greek Old Testament (LXX), the Tetragram was incorporated into the New
Testament text when it quoted from the O.T. However when it was removed from the
Greek O.T., it was also removed from the quotations of the O.T. in the N.T. Thus
somewhere around the beginning of the 2nd century the use of surrogates crowded out
the Tetragram in both Testaments. Before long the Divine Name was lost to the
Gentile Church altogether except where it was occasionally remembered by
scholars!
       Now it is no mere coincidence that at this same time period that the Gentile
Church was also separating itself from the Jews. Dr.Bacchiocchi tells us that after the
destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D. there was a definite falling out between the Jews
and the Nazarenes or Jewish ‗Christians‟. The Jews felt that the Nazarenes when they
departed from Jerusalem during the lull in the siege of Jerusalem had acted as traitors to
the Jewish cause. The Jewish Rabbis introduced a ‗test‟ designed to identify those who
professed ‗Christian‟ ideas, thus hastening the break with ‗Christians‟ (Nazarenes). This


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test assumed the form of a curse or excommunication which was inserted in the famous
prayer, SHEMONECH ESREH, as the twelfth benediction – Birkath-Ha-Minum, which
stated: ―...may the Nazarenes and the Minim perish in an instant, may they all be erased
from the book of life.‖ – This occurred sometime around 80 A.D.
       The period between the first (67-70 A.D.) and the second (132-135 A.D.) major
Jewish wars was characterized by numerous Jewish riots, and Jewish revolts in various
areas of the Roman Empire resulting with high casualties on both sides. ―Christians‟
(Nazarenes) often suffered as victims of these outbursts of Jewish violence, because they
were regarded as traitors of the Jewish Faith and political aspirations, and because they
out paced the Jews in the conversion of the pagans.32
        The Jewish revolt of 132 A.D. was brought about by the provocative action of
Hadrian who prevented under penalty of death; circumcision, the observance of the
Sabbath and the study of the Law, and ordered the temple of Jerusalem rebuilt in honor of
Jupiter. The Judeo-Christians (Nazarenes) already considered traitors for having deserted
Jerusalem in the war of 70 A.D., and now repudiating the ‗Messiah‟ Barkokeba suffered
at this time massive and cruel persecution, the victims of nationalistic hatred. Hadrian
crushed the rebellion in 135 with great losses on both sides.
       After 135 A.D., Jerusalem was rebuilt as a pagan Roman colony, Aelia
Capitolina. Jews were prohibited from even entering Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem),
so a radical change in the leadership of its church took place. The Bishops were
chosen form the Gentiles replacing the Jewish leadership, also at the same time the
Gentile Christians adopted Sunday as their day of worship to avoid any possible
suspicion or connection with Judaism in the eyes of the Romans. From this time on,
the leadership of the ‗Church‘ passed on to the Roman Church as the small New
Gentile Church of Aelia Capitolina lost its political and religious prestige for both
Jews (Nazarenes) and Gentile Christians. 33
        Samuele Bacchiocchi concludes on p 115 34 that Rome is the most probable
place of origin of Sunday observance. The predominance of Christians of pagan
extraction and their conflict with the Jews led to a break with Judaism in Rome even
before this occurred in Jerusalem. The Jews were a sizable minority at Rome during the
time of Augustus. However they were unpopular with the gentile population because of
their exclusive customs. The Gentile Christians also felt that the Jews had caused
Nero to blame the Christians for the burning of Rome. These reasons along with the
Anti-Judaic measures taken by the Emperors following their constant rebellions
against Rome all helped to influence the Church of Rome to adopt Sunday as a new
day of worship forsaking the Jewish Sabbath.
       Perhaps the primary cause that drove the majority of the Christians to search
for a new day of weekly worship and a new day for the annual celebration of the
Passover was the feeling of the necessity to dissociate and differentiate themselves
from Judaism. Also, they were persecuted by the Romans as a sect of the Jews
because they kept the Sabbath. The Jews also persecuted them because they
believed that YAHUSHUA (Jesus) was the promised Messiah, and couldn‘t accept
Barkokeba as the Messiah. All this caused great antipathy towards the Jews from


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the Gentile converts that became the majority of the emerging religion ‗Christianity‘.
Thus, this hatred for the Jews or anything Jewish was one of the major reasons they
sought a different day to worship on, to separate them from the ‗Jews‘ who crucified
our Lord‘.
       This coupled with the fact that after the year 135 A.D., Gentile bishops
replaced Jewish leaders of the emerging Christian Church, indicates that a
distinction took place at that time between Gentile-Christians, and Judeo-Christians
(Nazarenes), characterized by a new Theological orientation, especially towards the
Law and the Sabbath!! The forsaking of the Sabbath and the adoption of Sunday are
perhaps the most visible aspect of this break with Judaism.
       It is more than likely that this hatred for anything Jewish was also the
primary cause which drove the Gentile Christians to remove the Tetragram (which
they considered to be Jewish) from the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures,
the Septuagint, especially since this is exactly the same time from when it was
removed from the LXX (Septuagint)!!
        Now it is true that the Jews themselves had already set a precedent of
substituting another name for the Heavenly Father‘s Name whenever it was
pronounced. However, they never removed it from their Scriptures, including the
LXX. It remained up to the Gentile Christians to do this!
                                 The two factors again

        Dr. Koster aptly brings out 35 ―TWO FACTORS contributed greatly to the
substitution and distortion of our Savior‘s Name. The FIRST was the unscriptural
superstitious teaching of the Jews that the Father‘s Name is not to be uttered, that it is
ineffable, that others will profane it when they use it, and that the Name must be
disguised outside the temple.... Because of the Father‘s Name being in His Son‘s
Name, this same disastrous suppression of the Name resulted in them (? The Greeks)
giving a Hellenized, in fact a surrogate Name for our Savor. ... The SECOND
FACTOR was the strong Anti-Judaism that prevailed amongst the Gentiles. ... The
Gentiles wanted a Savior, but not a Jewish one. They loathed (hated) the Jews, they
even loathed the Elohim of the Old Testament. Thus a Hellenized Savior was
preferred!! The Hellenized Theological school at Alexandria, led by the syncretising,
allegorizing, philosophizing, Gnostic- indoctrinated Clement and Origin, was the
place where everything started to become distorted and adapted to suit the Gentiles.
The Messianic Faith, and its Savior, had to become Hellenized to be acceptable to
the Gentiles!!‖
                              Jesus versus YAHUSHUA

       In comparing the Hebrew messiah, YAHUshua with the Hellenized Christ, Jesus
            we come up with the following findings: 36
       1. YAHUshua came in and has His Father‘s Name (YAHU) in His Name
           fulfilling the following Scriptures: Deut 18:19; John 5:43; 17:11,12; Heb.
           1:4,5; Phil 2:9.


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1a. Jesus did not come in the Heavenly Father‘s Name, unless you consider the
     Greek God Zeus to be the Heavenly Father! Jesus comes from the Greek,
     Iesous/Ieusus. Ieu-sus broken down is Ieu (Babylon God of healing) and Sus
     ((Greek suffix for the chief god of the Greeks, Zeus), and means, ‗The healing
     Zeus‟!
2. YAHUshua in Hebrew means ‗Salvation of Yah‘
2a. Jesus does not – Even if it is considered to come from the Hebrew Yeshua,
     it would only mean Savior, not Savior of Yah, because it doesn‘t have the
     Father‘s Name in it. With the subtle use of ‗vowel dissimulation‘ the True
     Name of the Messiah, YAHUshua, was replaced with the name that hid
     IAUE‘S Name, namely, Yeshua. ―With this use of ‗vowel dissimulation‘
     only a slight change occurs, but this slight change removes the Father‘s
     Name, so it would not be pronounced and therefore blasphemed
     according to their erroneous interpretation of the Third Commandment.
3.YAHUshua fulfilled (completed, established) the Law and the Prophets,
    and kept the Commandments. He said not to even think that He came to
    abolish or do away with the Law or the Prophets!
3a.Jesus as preached in most ‗Christian Churches‘ does this very thing that
    YAHUshua stated, ‗Do not even think‘, in that they preach that the Law
    ended or was done away with at the cross, which they apply especially to
    the Sabbath.
4. YAHUshua taught, and upheld His Father‘s Words and Commandments
    as was prophesied in Deut 18:18-20 (Acts 3:20-23) where His Father
    stated He would do so in His Name. YAHUshua verified He did so in the
    book of John in no less than 12 places. John 3:34; 7:16; 8:28; 8:38,40,55;
    12:49:50; 14:10,24,31; 17:8. In John 15:10 He states that He obeyed His
    Father‘s Commandments, and we are to obey His, which are also His
    Father‘s!!
4a. The churches that preach ‗in the name of Jesus‘ do not keep His Father‘s
     Word or Commandments. They instead keep the traditions handed down
     from the Catholic Church, which adopted the Pagan customs, traditions,
     ‗Holy days‘, and names they incorporated into ‗Christianity‘ to bring in
     the masses of the peoples into the ‗Church‘!
5. YAHUshua kept the Sabbath in accordance with the Fourth
   Commandment –Luke 4:16.
5a. Most Churches preaching Jesus keep Sunday, the day of the Sun God,
    which they inherited from the pagan masses of people brought into the
    Church.
6. YAHUshua and His Apostles kept the Laws having to do with clean and
    unclean meats as given in Lev. Chapter 11 and Deut chapter 14.




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       6a. Churches preaching Jesus preach this was a ceremonial Law which was
           done away with at the cross, thus they continue in the pagan custom of
           eating pork, which IAUE calls an abomination in Isa 65:4; and 65:17.
       7. YAHUshua was born most likely during the time of the Feast of
           Tabernacles according to Scripture records, not on Dec 25 which
           coincides with the pagan feasts of Saturnalia or the birth of the
           unconquered sun (Natalis invicti).
       7a.Jesus birthday is celebrated on this ancient traditional birthday of the birth
           of the Sun. ‗Jesus Christ‘ at the time that ‗Christmas‘ was brought into the
           Church, was assimilated to the sun, as the true Sun, Christ Helios. It was
           only natural to consider the birth of the Sun as Christ‘s birth day also!
       8. The Messiah who taught, obeyed, and upheld the Heavenly Father‘s
           Commandments and came in His Father‘s Name has to be the True
           Messiah – Which YAHUshua did.
       8a.Any Messiah or Christ who teaches that the Heavenly Father‘s Laws, or
           Commandments are done away with, no matter how it is justified, and
           does not have the Father‘s Name in him, can not be the True Messiah,
           and therefore must be the Anti-Messiah! The Jesus preached by the
           Churches of today seems to fit this description!
                                       Gnosticism

         W.E. Straw 37 brings out that at Alexandria was one of the greatest university
cities in the world at the beginning of the Christian era. Here there was an intermingling
of all the different religions of the empire, out of which grew a great system known as
Gnosticism. Here, nearly every religion had its school of learning with teachers and
students of the different religions coming together and discussing their philosophies and
religious ideas. This resulted in the combining of many of their beliefs and this fusion of
ideas later spread throughout Christianity. P 39
On p 44, he summarizes the general characteristics of the Gnostics.
          They allegorized the Scriptures.
          They worshipped images.
          They clung to philosophical rather than Biblical ideas.
          They practiced Sun Worship, worshipping the Sun as their Christ.
          They observed Sunday as the day consecrated to the Sun. Sunday was
           considered especially Holy and was dedicated to the worship of the Sun.
          They were Anti-Jewish in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
        He then brings out that, ―In general it may be said that Gnosticism led the way in
the amalgamation (combining) of Christian and Pagan thought and life that was to
transform the religion of Christ (The Messiah YAHUshua) and His apostles into the
Christianity of the 3rd and following centuries.‖ On p 46 he brings out that all who spoke


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in favor of Sunday worship during the 2nd century were tinged with Gnosticism, and
were anti-Jewish! On pp. 105,106 he brings out that a great many of our Christian
practices (also traditions, customs and names) and many of our Christian doctrines,
were unknown in the days of the Apostles. The various ‗Church‘ fathers who were
indoctrinated by the Gnostic schools in Alexandria brought them in. Therefore, He
concludes that Alexandria, and its Gnosticism, should be considered the origin of our
Christian Sunday!
       However it was the Church at Rome, because of its emerging dominance of
Gentile Christendom after the fall of Jerusalem, which carried forward this
Hellenization of the Messianic faith. Rome, being the center of the empire was also
the center of all the Sun worshipping religions that were brought from all over the
empire.
       As the flood of pagan Sun worshippers came into the Roman Church, the Church
leaders influenced by the Gnostic Christian leaders of Alexandria allowed most of their
pagan traditions to come in with them to accommodate them so as not to turn them away.
Thus, when the leadership of the Church passed from the Nazarenes (Messianic
Jews) to the merging Gentile Christian majority, many of the traditions, customs
and doctrines that were unknown in the times of the Apostles (and are contrary to
the Scriptures), started to come into the Church at that time.
        Because of the hatred for the ‗Jews‘, and anything ‗Jewish that had
developed and been fostered by the ‗Church Fathers‘, and the reluctance of the
Gentile masses to give up their pagan traditions and ‗Holidays‘, the Gentile Church
rejected the Old Testament ‗God of the Jews‘ (IAUE). Furthermore, they rejected
all the ‗Jewish Laws‘ (IAUE‘S Sabbaths, both annual and weekly, and the laws of
clean and unclean foods), along with the Jewish Messiah with His Jewish Father‘s
Name (IAUSHUA or YAHUSHUA) that taught and upheld His Father‘s Laws and
Commandments.
        In His place they instead adopted a Hellenized and/or Romanized Christos or
Christ, Iesous Christos (Jesus Christ) who fulfilled the law and the Commandments,
and did away with them at the cross. Thus they were no longer required to keep the
Sabbaths which were ‗given to the Jews as a sign to show their wickedness‘, and
instead brought in their beloved Holy Days from their pagan religions after they
were ‗Christianized‘.
                            Sunday, the Christian Sabbath

        Thus the First Day of the week, Sunday, became the ‗Christian Sabbath‘
replacing the Seventh Day Sabbath of the ‗Wicked Jews‘. The reasoning they used to
justify this was that it commemorated the first day of creation, and as a secondary
reason at that time, the resurrection of Jesus. It is no small coincidence that Sunday
was the day of the Sun God, and that the majority of the Gentiles entering the Church
were coming from Pagan Sun Worshipping Religions. This along with the fact that all
the titles that were used as a substitute for the Heavenly Father‘s Name came from




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titles and names that they had been using for their pagan deities, made it easier for
them to accept ‗Christianity‘! 38
                                         Easter

       Easter was substituted for the Passover for the time of the Death and
Resurrection of Jesus in Rome and Alexandria at this same time. ―The Resurrection
was presented by both Barnabas and Justin as an additional reason for keeping
Sunday, will become in time the fundamental motivation for Sunday worship. This
would lead us to suppose that the commemoration of the resurrection as the dominant
reason for Sunday worship, imposed itself as a result of the gradual acceptance of the
Easter-Sunday custom!‖ 39
                                      Constantine

        However, it wasn‘t until the forth century at the time of the Emperor Constantine
that the EASTER/PASSOVER dispute between the Western Church and the more
Scripture-adhering believers of the Eastern Churches was settled. It was settled in favor
of keeping Easter on Sun-day, on the same Sunday through out the world – that ‗none
should hereafter follow the blindness of the Jews‘.40
        The Nicene councilor letter of Constantine explicitly reveals a marked anti-
Judaic motivation for the repudiation of the Quartodeciman Passover. The Emperor, in
fact, desiring to establish a religion completely free from any Jewish influence wrote:
        ―It appeared an unworthy thing that in the celebration of this most Holy Feast we
should follow the practice of the Jews, who have impiously defiled their hands with an
enormous sin, ... All should unite in desiring that which sound reason appears to demand,
and in avoiding all participation in the perjured conduct of the Jews. ―41
        Thus Constantine was able to accomplish the merger of the New Testament faith
with the prevailing Sun-God Worship of the Roman Empire that started back in the 1st
and 2nd centuries. More and more traditions, customs and Holy Days of the Pagan
Religions were being brought into the Christian religion in order to accommodate the
influx of Pagan converts. Christmas was brought in at this time by the Roman Catholic
Church to help bring in some of the Pagans into the Church. All the main religions of the
Roman Empire were Sun God Religions, and they all celebrated the birth of the Sun (or
their Sun God) around Dec. 25th. The Roman Church merely called this the Birth of the
“Son of God”, and since Christ at this time was assimilated to the Sun, as the True Sun,
Christ Helios, it was only natural to consider the birth of the Sun as Christ‟s birthday
also.
                                 ‗Christian Holidays‘

       Christmas like ever-other ‗Christian Holy Day‘ is built upon lies and
deceptions! It is a proven fact the Festivals of Christmas, Easter, New Years Day,
Halloween, and even the Christian Sabbath (Sunday), are the worship to the same
Pagan Gods that YAHUEH says are an abomination to Him!




                                                                                      66
                                            67


        Satan has made these ‗Christian Holidays‘ appear as beautiful and
appealing. These worldly Holidays are set up to play on the emotions and senses of
mankind! They seem so right, but only a little research show that they come out of
Paganism, and are used by Satan to get Christians to keep these Holidays that come
out of Paganism to replace YAHUEH‘S Commanded Set Apart Days!
       IAUE said in Hosea 4:6, ―My people are destroyed for lack of Knowledge;
because you have rejected Knowledge I will also reject you...seeing you have
forgotten the Law of your Mighty One, I will also forget you children.‖
                                       Conclusion
         Christian leaders have been responsible for teaching people to forget IAUE‘S
Set Apart Name (Which is the Key to Scriptural Knowledge), to reject His Set Apart
Days, His Truth, and His Way! The people themselves because of their love of the
worldly traditions and ways, seek those teachers that preach only what they want to
hear (2 Tim 4:3,4; Isa. 30:10; Jer 5:31). Because they have not the Love of the Truth
(IAUE‘S Truth), they are deceived by Satan‘s deceptions. 2nd Thess. 2:10-12) ...
Christianity has denounced IAUE‘S True Sabbath‘s as Sin and keeps Sunday,
Christmas, Easter and other Pagan Holidays, which IAUE has denounced as sin—
fulfilling Isa 5:20, 24; and Ezk 22:25,26,28!!
       Isa 5:20,24; ―Woe to those who call Evil Righteous (good), and Righteous
       Evil: who put Darkness for Light, and light for Darkness; who put Bitter for
       Sweet, and Sweet for Bitter!‖ Verse 24, ―...because they have cast away the
       Law of IAUE of Host, thereby despising the Word of the Separated One of
       Israel.
       Ezk 22:2b, 26,28; ―There is a conspiracy of her prophets in her midst ... 26
       Her priests have violate My Law, and have profaned My Holy Things. They
       have made no distinction between The Holy and the profane, they have not
       taught the difference between the unclean and the clean: they have shut their
       eyes to the Keeping of My Sabbath‘s and I Am profaned among them.
        IAUE commands us not to learn the way of the heathen (Jer 10:2,3). He gave
specific commands not to combine the worship of Himself with the worship of the
Pagans (Deut 12:30-32), yet Christianity has rejected the Commandments of IAUE,
and embraced the traditions, customs, practices and Holidays of the Pagan Sun
Worshipping Religions of the world.
              In the Old Testament, the apostasy that the Israelites fell into was that of a
Mixture. They did not totally reject IAUE, but mixed heathen rites with the worship
of IAUE! Because of this mixture, their songs of worship, sacrifices, and offerings
were rejected by IAUE! (1st Kings 18:21; 2nd Kings 17:41; and their footnotes in the
Ryrie Study Bible, also Amos 5:21-26). It is clear that IAUE is not pleased with
worship that is a Mixture.




                                                                                         67
                                          68




                               MYSTERY BABYLON!

      It is also clear that Christianity is a mixture of Pagan traditions, customs,
Pagan Holy Days, and Pagan Deities names that have all been substituted in place of
the True Names of both the Heavenly Father and His Son, and His Sabbath‘s.
Because of the clever ways that Paganism was mixed with YAHUshua‘s True
Worship to form Christianity, the Babylonian influence became hidden—A
MYSTERY, therefore ―MYSTERY BABYLON!! (Rev 17:5) 42
                             Come out of Her My People

        We are called to come out of Babylon so as not to share in her sins. (Rev 18:2-
4) We are not told to try to reform her from within. Christianity has a lot of Truth
in it, but has so many Pagan traditions, Customs, and Names that it would be
impossible to be a Christian and not succumb to the Mixture, that is – Mystery
Babylon!
        Almost everyone recognizes that we are living in the last days, whether they are
Christian, agnostic, or what. One sign of the End Times is that Knowledge will greatly
increase, and that includes Scriptural Knowledge. Along with this Scriptural
Knowledge has come important knowledge about His Set Apart Name: His Name is
becoming known through out the world as it was prophesied to become known by
His people again (Isa 52:6). Just in this last ½ century there has arisen many different
‗Holy Name‘ Assemblies throughout the world. The great majority of these
‗Assemblies‘ are seeking to contend for the ‗Faith which was once, for all, delivered
to the Saints.‘ They have rejected the many Pagan Customs, Traditions, and ‗Holy‘
Days that came from Pagan Religions which most of the Christian denominations hold
sacred, and have gone back to keeping the Sabbath‘s of IAUE, along with the rest of
His Laws and Commandments.
       THE BIBLE SABBATH ASSOCIATION 43 put out a Directory of Sabbath-
observing groups which lists over 200 Sabbath keeping organizations and their
addresses. Included in these are many of the Sacred Name organizations through
the world and the U.S. for anyone who is interested in finding a local assembly to
worship with, or an assembly to write to, to obtain their studies, magazines or even
copies of ‗Sacred Name Scriptures‘.
       May IAUE bless you in your search for His Truth!




                                                                                     68
                                                       69



                                             References


1
    'The Revelation for the Last Days', by Bishop Pearce
       In the Chapter, ―The Name of the Heavenly Father‖, p2 and,
       in the reference section, p 6 under ―The Revelation of the Name of the Holy One of Israel‖
2
    Dr. Chris Koster, THE FINAL REFORMATION, p 67 Now out of print. Has been reprinted and
       renamed, COME OUT OF HER MY PEOPLE, and can be ordered at:
           INSTITUTE FOR SCRIPTURE RESEARCH
           PO Box 4347
           2125 Randburg, Republic of South Africa, or
           INSTITUTE OF SCRIPTURE RESEARCH
           545 Newport Ave., # 151
           Pawtucket, R.I. 02861, U.S.A.
3
    From Sabbath to Sunday by Samuele Bacchiocchi pp 186-7,205-207, 226-7
                   Samuele Bacchiocchi
                   Lisa Lane
                   Berrien Springs, Michigan 49103
.
4
    The Shofar, Vol. 2 No2, Published by John Steed, P.O. Box 513, Coffs Harbour, N.S.W. 2450, Australia
5
    The study, ―THE TETRAGRAM – AN APPEAL FOR A FINAL RESOLUTION‖ by Dr. Koster,
       pp 15, 16. Also, HOLY BIBLE From Ancient Eastern Text, by George M. Lamsa, Ex 3:14
6
    The Final Reformation By Dr. Koster on pp. 54 and 112, he quotes the book, Forerunners and Rivals of
       Christianity by Legge
7
  A Monumental Cover-Up, and article by Craig Emsweller in the 1992 Nov-Dec issue of ‗Light Magazine‘
     published by
                  Yahweh‘s New Covenant Assembly
                  Box 50
7
  'The Revelation for the Last Days', by Bishop Pearce
       in the Chapter, ―The Name of the Heavenly Father‖ , p2 and,
       in the reference section, p 6 under ―The Revelation of the Name of the Holy One of Israel‖
7
  The Final Reformation By Dr. Koster on pp. 54 and 112, he quotes the book, Forerunners Kingdom City,
    MO 65262
8
  The Mistaken J
                 Yahweh‘s New Covenant Assembly
                 P.O. Box 50
                 Kingdom City, Missouri 65262
9
  ―A Rose is a Rose...God Defined in Paganism‖, and article by George Gabler in the Nov/Dec 1991
    issue of ‗The Master Key‘ published by:
                 Yahweh's Assembly in Messiah
                 Roby Farm Rd.



                                                                                                       69
                                                70



                   Rocheport, MO 65279
10
   AID TO BIBLE UNDERSTANDING put out by WATCHTOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY
    pp.667, 668).
11
   The article, ‗HAVE YOU PRAYED FOR BAAL?‘ by C.O. Dodd, In ‗THE FAITH‘ magazine, Aug.
1966
                  Assembly of YAHWEH
                  Box 102
                  Holt Mich. 48842
12
   THE REVELATION FOR THE LAST DAYS, by Pastor Gordon Pearce
         The Assembly of Yahowah The Eternal
                  Fraser St.
                  Vancouver, B.C., V5V-4G4, Canada
13
   THE FINAL REFORMATION, p 64
14
   A LETTER TO ALL BRETHREN-ABOUT NAMES‘, a booklet by Dr. Koster on pp.          2&3
                  Qodesh
                  P O Box 4347
                  Randburg, 2125
                  Republic of South Africa
15
    OUR ISRAEL INHERITANCE on pp.1-3 of the chapter INCORRECT PRONUNCIATIONS
     (HEAVENLY FATHER‘S NAME) by Bishop Pearce
                  The Assembly of Yahowah The Eternal
                  Fraser St.
                  Vancouver, B.C., V5V-4G4, Canada
16
   OUR ISRAEL INHERITANCE‘ Also on pp. 82,83 in chapter ‗PART TWO‖ WHAT ABOUT THE
     NAMES AND TITLES THAT THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHES USES?‘
17
   Dr. Koster‘s booklets, ‗THE TETRAGRAM‘ and ‗A LETTER TO ALL BRETHREN ABOUT NAMES‘
     (both excellent studies on The Almighty‘s Name)
                  Address to Qodesh
18
   OUR ISRAEL INHERITANCE Part 3: Names and Titles Christian Churches uses pp 118,119.
19
     ISRAELIS, JEWS & JESUS by Pinchas Lapide on pp.116,117
20
     What Is His Name? , p 6


         THE NAME OF THE MOST HIGH by Pastor John Green
                   "Keys to Understanding"
                   Box 11
                   North warren, Penn. 16365
21
   ―PRONUNCIATION PROOFS THAT HIS NAME IS YAHWEH‖ by Donald Mansager a 2 part article
     in The Master Key
22
   ‗IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER AND THE SON‘ an article by Clarence O. Dodd‘s in The Faith
     Magazine (March/April 1985)
23
   DICTIONARY OF CHRISTIAN LORE AND LEGEND by J.C.J. Metford p 126, under IHC/IHS,
24
   The End Time Vigil, Vol. 6, p 5]
     (p 34 line 16)
25
   ETV vol. 3 # 11,12 p7
     (p 34 line 25)
26
   OUR ISRAEL INHERITANCE, PART 3 PP 145-156
     (p 34 line 34)
27
   THE FINAL REFORMATION, p 69
28
     OUR ISRAEL INHERITANCE on p 149-152 part 3




                                                                                     70
                                                        71



29
     THE FINAL REFORMATION p 66,67
30
     ‗REMOVING THE CREATOR‘S NAME‘ by J. David Klopfenstein In an article in ‗THE FAITH
       MAGAZINE‘ Sept/Oct. 1983
31
     Understanding the Difficult Words of Jesus by David Bivin and Roy Blizzard Jr, p 4
32
   From Sabbath to Sunday by Samuele Bacchiocchi p 170
33
   From Sabbath to Sunday by Samuele Bacchiocchi p 163
                  Samuele Bacchiocchi
                  Lisa Lane
                  Berrien Springs, Michigan 49103
34
   Anti-Judaism and the Origin of Sunday by Dr. Samuele Bacchiocchi on p 115
35
     The Final Reformation by Dr. Koster on pp. 66,67
36
     Adapted from Dr. Koster‘s study, ―Jesus or Yahushua? p 3
37
     Origin of Sunday Observance by W.E. Straw on p39.
38
     Anti-Judaism and the Origin of Sunday by Dr. Samuele Bacchiocchi p 112
39
     Anti-Judaism and the Origin of Sunday by Dr. Samuele Bacchiocchi. p 110
40
     The Final Reformation /Koster p 26
41
     From Sabbath to Sunday p 206
42
     . Adapted from: Babylon Mystery Religion by Ralph Edward Woodrow
           p. 145
                    Ralph Woodrow
                    P.O. Box 124
                    Riverside CA 92502-0124
43
     The Bible Sabbath Association
           3316 Alberta Drive
           Gillette, WY 82718
           Phone – toll free – 1-888-687-5191




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